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BOOK AND JOB
THE GAXETTE" OFFICE
It &ov prepared to execute all order for
so ffl mcr rami
or uteet Bixxirnox.
WITH XEATITESS AST) DISPATCH
Every Wednesday Morning,
AT 96.00 PER AK3TOX.
Mallei! to Foreign Subxcrttcra at JT.UO.
Orricx On Merchant street, west of
ho Post Office, Honolulu, II. L,
Printed aad published by J. Mm Same, at the
aovernment Printing Office, ta whom all baslneaa
comniualcatioas must be addressed.
VOL. Y NO. 17. i
HONOLULU. "YEDNESDAY, MAY 12, 1869.
S6.00 PE11 YEAR.
MU.IAGIIA3X Sc CO.,
MPOSTEES & SEALERS HI HASD WAKE,
Cutlery. Dry Goods. Faints sad OOs, ul General
Mmbnte, So. M, King Strut, Honorola, lS-ly
BROWS. CQDFEIT BKOWW.
KROm A: CO..
I2tP0BTEES & "WHOLESALE DEALERS
In Wlaea, Spirits, Ale, Vcrter, it, Merchant St,
X. C. CHALLAKEL. 3. X. ILCME.
ClIALI-.OIEL fc CO.,
IMPOBTESS AKD DEALERS 13 "WISES,
Spirits. AIM, it.. So. 8, Nunaan Stmt, tppoeite
Mrrrbaat Street. Iloaoturo. lr
C D. LXWEBS. J. G. EICXSOS.
LEAVERS Sc DICKSON,
DIPOETEHS AST) DEALERS IK LTJHBE2,
And B kinds ef BuSding Materials, Fort Street,
A. C. BOFFIOT, 31. I.,
POBT FHYSICTAK, AKD STJBGEOK.
OSce and Residence -AMrfch nouse," Tort Street,
JOin S.JICGRKAV, 31. !.,
FHTSICIAS A5D STJBGEOK,
Oflee hi II. L. Chase's Babn& Fort Stmt. Oflc.
bcmrs.fruBa Eight to Tena sc.. and from Three to
FIT p. x. lUMdeetee Chaplain Stmt, between
Nsdui Had Fort Stmts. S-3ra
AILEK & CEH1OTGW0ETH,
TVia continue tb General Mrr-fcanJi- i4 Shipping
busifiesa at the above port, where they are prepar
ed to furnish tbe Jostle celebrated Kawalhae Pota
toes, and such other Becruits as are required fey
whaleships at tb shortest notice and on tb most
rflTTmNrtfrrm Firewood always on hand. S-l j5
JOII T. IVATEKIIOUSE.
nCPOBIES AITD DEALER IK GEKEBAL
1 Cmeen Stmt, Honolulu, JL L. lvS
IV. I.. GliEKV,
GEKEBAL C02O1TSSI0K AGEKT & BBOEEB
Ofic in Fire-proof Buildings on Queen. Stmt,
15 Honolulu. IL I. lvl
c. 5. tnini. b. XAcrisiaxs.
CIX.VS. IV. SPEVCEK Sc CO.,
GEKEBAL COMXISSIOK JtEBCHASTS,
SI) Queen Stmt, Honolulu. 1L I. H jl
3IcCOI.GA A: JOIEVSOrY.
10 Fort it.. Honolulu, opposite T. C. Hnck'a 1 jS
C. I". AVILIOAJIS,
KASTIr ACTtlBEB, rUPOETEB & DEALEB
In Furniture of every description. Furniture Ware
Boom o FortStreet,cppointe Chase's Photograph
Gallery. Workshop a: the old stand on Hotel
Stmt, ttnr Fort. Orders from the other
41) islands promptly attended ta. flji
BOOT A5D SHOE 'HArTTTR,
) King Stmt. nxt to tap BthA H'otala. PtS
31. X. DO3fELI.
CABINET TTnrrt A5D UPHOLSTZEEB,
Kins Stmt, IIonoMo, oppwite Lewfa' Cooper Stop.
) vnil boy and aril rcood-hanj Fnmlturt. lji
JOBS TIJBETS. THOS. (OBX3S05.
SHI? CAKPESTEES & CAULKERS
At D.Foster 4 Co'i Old SUrd,
Sear tta Uooolnla Iron Worti. llji
TIIEO. II. 1AVIES,
Laii Janox. Gaixs i Co.
IHPOBTEB & COHJUSSIOH" KEBCHAKT,
a aanrt rox
LloTiTa and tbe Iircrpool Uadnrritert.
BritUb and Forties Marine Iusranc Co, and
Xortborn Asreraaoo Company. 3-ly
IKPOBTEBS AKD WHOLESALE DEALERS
In FubioaaMc OotMns, Hata, Capa, Boot, Show,
and every variety of Gentletaea'a Furnbblng Goods.
SnoVs Banding, Jlercbaat Stmt, Ilooolaln. iO-lyi
1. S. WALKEB. S. C. ALLEX.
ITALKER Sc. ALLEX.
SHrPFCTG & COSQIISSIOK 2EBCHA5TS,
19) Qneen Stmt. Ilooolnla. IL I. P.'t
E. 1 TORBERT.
DEALEB IS LU2LBEB ASD EVERY KIND
OF BTJTLDISB MATERIAL.
13 Omci Corner Qneea and Fort itmta. Iy
llOEEES Sc CO.,
SELF C HASD LESS ASD COltjaSSIOK
Qnren Stmt, nonolnla. Partiralar attenrisa paid
to tbe porebaae and sale of HawaOan Prodsce.
urtxs r rrxxtHM ro
C L Itlthards a Co, U UackfeUaCo,
C Brewer a Co, C L Bicbards a Co,
D C Waterman Zsq, Cajtle a Cooke. 2-lr5
IHPOBTEB & DEALEB IS BOOTS, SHOES,
And Gentlemen's Farnisbinf; Goods, corner of Fort
and Merchant Streets. Hanoi ale. 9-ljS
GEOCEE AKD SHIP CHAHDLEE,
Lalialn , 31 uI.
Sloney and Becmlta f arnSabed to Sblpa on tbe most
10) tiTcrable tenaa. Pt
Conzdsiios Herchmt Bad General Agent,
Importer of Teas and otbr CMnee, aad Foreign
Goods. Wholesale Dealer la Hawaiian Prodnor, and
Agent far the Pankaa aad Amasnln Sugar Planta
tions. Fire-proof Store oa Ssnana Stmt, below
AI'O.AG Sc AcnrcK.
Inportin, "rTkolcJiln sd Eetsil Deilers
In General MerthandM and China Goods, in the
Fire-proof Stora on Xanana Street, nader the PnhUc
GEORGE G. IIO.TE,
Dealer in Bed-cood ard Scrthwe it Lsatber,
Shlaglea, Soon, Sashes, Blinds, Sails, Faints, etc
36 at hiscld stand sa the Esplanade. ljl
F. A. SCIIAEFEU Ac CO.,
SS) Hoorinln. Oahn. IL I. fly
ED. HOFFSCHLAEGEE & CO.,
IKPOBTEBS & C0M3HS SI05 JtEBCEASTS
41 Honolnlo, Oahn, IL L Pi
THEODORE C. HEUCK,
IXFOBTEE & C0UKISS1OS KEBCHAST.
nonolnla. Oahn. H. L Pt
II. HAClaFELD fc CO.,
GEKEBAL COXXISSIOS AGESTS.
5-J) Queen Street, Iloaclnln, H. L. pT
CHAUaiCEY C. BEWETT,
DEALEB IS SEWSFAFEBS, ItAGAZLSES,
Aad Periodicals, Tort Stmt, nonolnln. p-ly4
1. I. X1UXBS. A JAISEE.
B. V. EHXERS Sc CO.,
DEALERS IS SBT GOODS ASS GEKEBAL
sTIre-cncfftsnoo Tort Street, abort Odd Trilows'
D. H. HTTCHCOCX,
15 Ilflj. HawaiL py
A. J. CLEGIIORX,
WHOLESALE ASD BET AIL DEALEB
In Merchandise, Fire-proof Stare, corner cf Qneea
and Kaabasaaas Stmta. KetaH KstabUsbmenu, on
NananB tmt, and on tbe corner of Fort and Hotel
EODSE ASD SIGS FAISTEB.
King Sffeet. l-etween Ihlfin's Market, and Camp
belTs Tailor Shop. IMj
luxxax nxc b. a. t. uxtix.
C. IIKE1VEK at CO.,
IIO.VOLCL.C, II. I.
At; K.VT Or tbe Itoston ami Iloiiolala
ACEVTS For the 3Iakrc, WalluVn sod
AGEXTS For the Purchase and Sale of
Island Pnxlnce. S-ly5
F. A. SCIIAEFER,
A CEXT for the UltEMSX 1IOAHD
3L ef UXDESW KITfiES.
A teat isr the Dresdea Board of Caderwritrn,
Arent Jbr the TIenaa Board of Underwriters.
. r. ASAI1S. S. C. WILDEE.
AI.V3IS Sc WIEDEII.
AUCTION & C02KISSI0S MERCHANTS
Qoeen Street. Hoootelc, H. I. fljl
C. S. ItAItXOW,
AU CTIO N EER,
Salesroom oa Qaeea Stmt, one dour from Kaahn
mana Stmt lT-lyl
II. A. AIE."IA3f,
8) Ol5ce at tbe Interior Department. fljS
31. S. GKEV1IA;3I Sc CO.,
IMPORTERS AKD 'WHOLESALE DEALERS
la Fashioaable Ctothias. Hats, Caps, Boots. Shoes,
and every variety of Gentlemen's superior Furnish
ing Goods. Store in Miee"s Block, Qseen Stmt,
Honetnln. H. L PMr5
TCEKPIEE STOBE CHOICE GROCERIES
Corner of Snnaaa i Panoa Talley Hoods. P2-Iy
JOII. II. PATV,
Notary Faille aad Coairausioaer of Deeds
For tbe State of California. OSce at tbe Bank of
Bishop a Co., Eaahnmana Stmt, Uonolnln. 3-ly&
G. IV. AORTOS,
COOPEE AND GATJGEE,
At the Xev Stad the splaa&de.
II U prtparcd ta attend to all wcrt In bis tin
at th Shop nxt to the Ccstom. Uotue, vher be caa
be fjen-i at all workiaz hocrt. lie has oa hand
and for nl. Oil Ck and Barrel of different tlxe,
nv and old, which be wQl tell at the rerr Lowest
Market Eates. AU work dooe in a thoroozh manner
and warranted to gire aAthfactioo. All Id&d oi
Cooperifis Materials and Tool fur rale. 1-Cm
F. II. Sc G. SEGELKO,
TUT, ZTNC ASD COPPEE SMITHS,
AKD SHEET IRON WOBEEBS,
Kcaaaa Street, letreea Kereaaat & Qaeea.
Have cooftantly on hand, Stoves. Pipe, Gal.
rVI k vaniaed Iron Pipe. Plain aad Hose Bibbs,
fFjJSJ Stop-cork,, India Robber Hoe best S-ply,
SVSTaB 'a lenztas of S ul W feet, with ctrapting
H "Ll and pipe complete. Batb-Tubs, and also a
very large stock of Tinware cf every description.
Particular attention given to Ship-Work. Orders
from tbe other Islands will be carefully attended to.
Thankful to the Citizens of Honolulu and the
Islands generally far their l&eral patronage in tbe
past, we hope by strict attention to business to merit
the same far the foture. S7-ly5
JAMES E. LEWIS,
COOPEE AlfD GATJGEE,
At the Old SUad, corner Blag & Bethel Sts.
A Large Stock of Oil Shocks aad all kinds of Coop
ering Materials constantly oa hand. He hopes by
attention to business to merit a continuance of tbe
patronage which he has heretofore enjoyed, and far
which he now returns bis thanks. l-3m
J. II. XIIOMISO,
Qaeea Street, Hoaolalo,
Has constantly on band and far sale at the Lowest
Market Prices, a good assortment cf tbe Best Befined
Bar Iron, and tbe Best Blacksmith's CoaL Slj5
ISO. SOTT. SAit'L 30TT.
JOIEV ZVOXX Sc CO.,
COPPEE AND TIN SMITHS,
Kaahniza St. one door above Hitner!.
Bet? leave to In&rm the pahUe that they are pre
pared to fnrnisih all binds of Copper Work, inch as
Still, Strike Pxau, Sorghum Pans. "Worms. Pomp,
etc AUu iQ hand, a foil ataortinent of Tin Ware,
which we offer for sate at tbe Low eft Market Pritr.
All Jdads U lfri& diwe with eaines and
Dittpatch. Orders from th other Islands will meet
with prompt attention. l-3m
HOUSE ASD SHI? PITJitB EE,
King St, taro doors vest of Cutle & Coo1ces.
Has on band. Bath-Tntxt, Water-Ckt. Wab-B-tas,
Frce and lift Pmnptt, Lead and GalTaniied
Iroo Pipes, and Plssier Brass-works. Beiss the
oelj nsmberlnthedtr.btwillexecate all orders en
tnuted to him In a workznanlike manner, l-2xa
3IR. J- COSTA,
JEWELER AKD ENGRAVEE,
Port Street, opposite Odd Tello-oV Hill,
Is prepared to execute with promptness, all work, in
hi line cf bosine, such as Watch and Clock repair
inz, Xurfart arias: Jewtlryand EnfraTic;. 1-Cni
LICENSED SHIPPING AGENT,
Ofice Janes Eobinsos & Co's
Continue the basines oa hl old plan of Mttiins;
with oCcers and seamen immedlatelj on their ship
pins: at hi (Ccf. I ia rios; no direct or indirect cvo
nectioa with an j outfit lis g egtaMUhment. and allow
ins & debu to be coUected in hi cOce, he hope to
jrfve a good eiuttion in the future a be has la
the put. I-3m
Z Sear Fort.
TIIIS FAVORITE and YrelUknotrn
Establishment is now open far Boarders aad
Tbe Best tbe Market aSords, est every variety, win
always be provided, with rood attendance.
Board per week 6.00 np stairs. J4-G0 down stain.
S-3m An I10X. Proprietor.
Piano-Forte Maker & Timer,
Has Returned Again.
AQ orders left at the Brag Store cf
r. M. Smith A Co. corner of Fort aad
lUotel Streets, or at Wm. Fischer's
furniture Booms. Hotel Street, win
meet with immediate attention. 9-Cmc
DICIiSOA Sc BOLSTER,
House, Sign & Ship Painters,
Kins Street, near Xanana.
Graining. Marbling, Gildinr. CaUomicing,
Paper-bangiag, Ac, Ac cxecnted a the
srjurteet notice, find ca the most reasonable
uos a. xiTias- lum x. uocx
LEO.A IS. 3IE"EISS Sc CO.,
IMP02TEBS AKD HAKDTACTUBEBS OF
ITALIAN & AMERICAN SIABSLES,
Mantels. Grates, Mooumenta. Ilsadstonee, Tombs,
tTasbstaad, Bureau and Counter Tops, Billiard Beds,
Fire Bncks, Pla.ter, Ac-. Ac !C0 Market Stmt, op
posite Catholic Church, Saa Francisco, CaL psSmc
e. w. arrxxaacr, c a. ctaix-
SEVEEANCE, CLAEK & CO.,
AND SHIPPING AGENTS,
405 Treat St, eoraer of Clay, Saa Fraaeisco.
He will attend ta the sale of Sugar and all kinds
cf Island Produce. alo to the purchasing and far
warding of Merchandise. Cash Advances made on
S. r. CaL
M'CEAEEH, MEEEHL & CO.,
HaTis; teen enaxed in our present bosiness tx
trpwards of twirlve years, and being lurated in a Flr
pnwf Brirk noikiiBj:. we are prepared to receire and
PbJb. Ceflee. etc to adrastage. Coainateitts e
pvcially Mkited for the Oreioo Market, to which
perietal atteatiea will be paid, and cpou whkh cash
adTance wUl be zaade when required.
Charl W Bnkj Soa Francisco
j v Jiemu a ue..
Jame Patrieit a Co
Wm T CoieMM a Co .
SteTees, Baker a Co
Alien a Lewi Portland
Leonard Green. " i-ij5
12. ?i. vxv i:kci,
Having the best facilities through an intimate con
nection with tbe Japanese trade fur tbe past eight
jears, is prepareu to transact any business entrusted
to his care, with dispatch. 17-lyl
B. k. waits vs. h. p. atasTHatn, c a. aoacav.
WILLIAMS. BLAKCHASD & CO..
SHIPPING it COianSSION HEBCEAKTS,
b S05 Froat Street, Saa Fraaciseo. 6m
LANGLEY, CEOWELL & CO.,
32 Cor. Battery & Clay Sts, SaaFraacisco. 6m
Saniomc Street. San Francisco.
Extending- from Sacramento ft. to Ualleck Street.
HAVIXG 1IECX UKCEXTIaY RE..
orated and newly Furnished, make It the
most quiet, econoniical and comSjrtable FAMILY
HOTEL in the State. Beinz centrally located. It of
fers erery indacement for Business Men and the Pub
The Table wUl be constantly snpplied with erery
luxury the market aSjrds. The American xchanre
Cbach, with Bed Lights, will be at the Whai-re and
Pepotss to conrey passenirers to the Hotel fret.
7-ly4 TIMOTHY SAKOENT, Prop'r.
SEEDS T SEEDS!
FRESH SUPPLIES OP
GARDEN, FLOWEE, PEUIT
AND TREE SEEDS.
Eeceired by Erery Steamer Also
CRASS & CLOVER SEEDS,
Of suitable Tarietie for this Climate, comprising
Xlie Inrres-t collection of Seed
To be frond oa this Coast. Orders ty Mail or Ex
pire promptly attended to In their turn. Addres
GEO. F. SYIaVESTEII,
5-tmc 317 Washinstoo Street, San Franciico.
BOARD OF TJNDERWEITERS.
TIIE CA'DEItSIGXED harlnr been
appointed Apeots fur the &m Fransijco Board
cf Underwriter, comprising the
California Insurance Company,
.Merchant' 31ntnal Marine Int. Co.?
Faclflc Insnrancc Company!
California LMoyd. and
Home Mutual Insurance Company.
Beg Xeare to infirm Marten of Vessel and the pub
lic FeneraBy. that all Testis and Cargoes, insured
by either of the aboTe Coapanle. against perils of
the seas and other rUks. at or near the Saadwkh
Islands will hare to be refined by them.
l-3m IL HACKFELD CO.
THE TJXDEUSIG.VED, AGEXTS of
the abore Company, hare been authorized to
Insure risks oo Cargo. Freight and Treas
ure, by Coaster, from Honolulu to all port of
the Hawaiian Group, and rice rersa.
My IL HACKFXLD CO.
MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY
Of San Francisco.
THE TJXDERSIGNED hawing been
appointed A treats fur the above Comrny .are
prepared to Uiu Pciicieaoa Cargoes, Freights
WALKER k ALLEN,
l-2m Agents, Honolulu.
EIRE INSURANCE COMPANY.
THE UXDEHSIGXED hawing been
appointed Agents of the abore Company, are
prepared to insure risks against Fire, on Stone and
llrlclc Buildings, and on Merchandise
stored therein, oa tns must iaTorxble terms. For
psvrticulan apply at thecficeof
Wy5 F. A. SCHAXFER k CC
THE AGENT FOR THE BRITISH
Foreign Marine Insurance Company, (Limit
ed), has recet red instruction to reduce the rate of
Insurance between Honolulu aad Port in the Pacific,
and I now prepared to issue Pulide -at tha lsrxL
RnUx with a ipecial inaction ca Freight per Steam
ers. THEO. IL D ATI Ft?,
iZ-tl JLfait BriL Jbr. Mit. In. Co. LimitttT)
CEATEE OP KLLAQEA, HAWAIL
ETIIIS ESTABMSaStEJCX IS g
now open fJrthe reception of visitors to ZT
elcan. House, who may rely oo finding com
fortable rooma, a good table, aad prompt attendance.
Experienced guides for the Crater always on hand.
STEAK AKD SULPHITE BATHS !
Horses G raised aad S tailed If Desired
ParUes visiting the Toleaas via HHo, caa procure
warranted to make the Journey, by D. H.
nrrencoer, Es 374y.
THE TOM MOOSE TAVEEU",
bv jr. o'AiEur,
S Corner of King aad Fort Streets. pyl
l'vnminntlnn of Archluieil's
School, lVuiiinue, April O.
Who! R. J), sate at the second examina
tion of Archimedes Ebha's School at
At about S o'clock; In tbe afternoon, another
meeting was held respecting foreign tongue.
Koha remarked, that In the morning -co
prayer had been made before the examina
tion, and therefore he had had a headache.
To prevent a second one, a prayer wa made
by a native kahanapnle. I retired, and staid
outside until the end of eald prayer. Koha'a
school does not belong to the GoTernment,
therefore he had a right to hare this kind of
prayer made. Bat it is not the tame when,
i in the examination of Government schools,
i a prayer is made in the Calrinist fashion, in
, the presence of children and parents of differ
ent religions. This is done against the rules
of the Board of Education.
They pity the Devil, (WcTtiffy.)
Doctor Koha announced what was to be
treated at this meeting, and among other
things, the judgment of Satan. Soon alter
appeared the dreadful foe of nankind. He
advanced proudly, in pompous cress, a royal
hat on his head, a cane in hand, and two
large leaves of the cocoanut tree crossed oa
his back, figuriog his numerous trrows. He
looked around with fierce eyes aad hissings;
blew in his hollowed cane, and darted out,
several times, bis Infernal tongnr, (a flexible
rod.) Here comes, behind, another devil,
with a similar dress, mournfully commiserat
ing bis dear lord for the judgment be is about
to undergo. They both blow aid hiss aw
fully on the same cane. Behold, again, two
monstrous devils, covered with dry banana
leaves, and drawing long tails. They walk
like bears on their hind legs, pointing to
the people around them. Suddenly an iron
chain takes hold of them. They rear and
pitch, crying for help, but are pitilessly
driven back to hell, with a roar of laughter
from the assembly.
They hate a critical liblicat discussion.
Archlmed Koha then began to speak of the
number of books, chapters and verses of the
Bible, adding that in the Catholic Bible there
are many more. But he called the Catholic
Bible apocryphal, without naming, however,
the pretended apocryphal books, and with
out giving any proof of his bold asser
tion. I remembered the adage yioJ jto(u
aueritur, grata negatur, and did not think
the circumstances fit for engaging In a con
troversy on the canonical books of the Holy
Scriptures. But I asked Koha to avow, in
the presence of the assembly, on account of
his great firre for knowing foreign tongues,
that the Greek Bible has been very badly
translated into Hawaiian. I added that, on
this avowal from him, I would recognize
that be knew something about foreign lan
guages. Koha refused to make this avowal.
I then told him that in the first verse of St.
Matthew, there are three mistakes in the
Hawaiian ew Testament, even in the last
edition, printed in 1S6S. We are obliged
to omit the particulars of the verbal criti
The examination proceeded by Koha's re
lation of a long history or story about the
Cross of our Saviour. He said that tbe very
piece of wood of which the Cross was made,
had been formerly a column in Solomon's
Temple; that afterwards it was taken sway
from the Temple by one of Solomon's suc
cessors. The learned teacher related how it
bad been wonderfully preserved from that
time down to the day our Divine Redeemer
took It on his shoulders, to be nailed upon
it. A member of tbe Committee asked my
opinion on tbe subject. " Koha knows more
than 1 about it," was my answer.
After that, a Lion of the North, or a Bear
of the Rivers, I can't 6ay exactly which, went
to the black-board to write the Hebrew word
Jehovah, in Hebrew characters. The word
consists of four letters, of which he wrote
three wrong and these he wrote from left
Kext, Archlmed Koha, requested one of
his scholars to write two words expressing
two titles or Jesus Christ. He said : " Write
Aiepb (Instead of Alpha), and Omega." In
fact, the scholar wrote the Hebrew Aleph
and the Greek Omega, the latter of which he
made wrongly. Koha bantered him, saying,
pleasantly, (as be did frequently at any schol
ar's iault), that there was confusion in the
pupil's head, on account of the abundance
of his learning. I said the letter written by
the scholar was a true Omega the capital
one. A member of the Committee looked
into tbe Greek Grammar of Koha, and said I
was right. Koha had not specified what
Omega he wanted, and he denied generally
the scholar's letter to be an Omega. Here
is another mistake of his about Greek: He
said that KatolikA means makua, (father). I
told him that the Greek word katbolikot
means universal, from kata, (OTer), andolos,
(all). The renowned Hellenist said, Iondly
enough, that he was nearly puixled, because
there was present one who knew too much
Koha forgot (or did not dare), to examine
his scholars In Lilin. I asked him if be would
be pleased, in order to prove his knowledge
of Latin and Greek, to answer some ques
tions on declensions and conjugations. The
Committee told me not to ask him such
questions, and Koha, not contradicting them,
indicated that be was truly unable to answer
questions on that subject. But be signed
(crossed) himself in Latin, saying, "in nom
ine Patris, et Filil, et Spirtns Sanctl"
That was his answer to ray' demand. He is
never abort an of answer.
The new Archlmed, to be an accomplished
linguist, bad learned, during one month, some
words of the Chinese language, and taught
them in his school. He did not omit to ex
amine his scholars la that language. A. Chi
naman present said some words were right
and some wrong.
Here ended the crer memorable examina
tion of Archimed's in foreign languages, on
Friday, April Sth, 1S69, at 6 o'clock, p. if.
Another meeting took place after supper,
when a female scholar, of Honolulu, deliv
ered a sneeeb in English, taken out of Solo
mon's Canticle. After that, tbe numerous
assembly were again amused by the exhibition
of human devils; and Koha gave tbe long
expected solution of his own question about
Pozzolana, os PrzxoULXA, Is the name
of the article of cement latety discovered on
ilolokal, and not as It was, by typographical
error, spelled last week. It has been de
scribed by various authors, during the last
century, as one of the best fireproof, and
hydraulic cements. Some French Architects
have thought It so superior, that they have
attempted to produce it artificially, by calcin
ing pure clay at the great beat of IScO
Fahrenheit. Nature has saved these Islands,
that expense, by pouring it out from her hot
ter furnaces, the volcanoes of MolokaL
This material Is found abundantly in the
neighbornood of Pom la, and of Rome, in
Italy, It is formed of volcanic ashes, and
has been used extensively In hydraulic orks
on the Continent and in England. German
builders particularly speak oi it as " the best
cement." Gwllt, an English writer on
Architecture, says, "It suddenly hardens
when mixed with one third of its weight of
lime and water, forming a cement more dura
ble under water than any other." It is
mixed in other proportions than the above ;
Eome rccomend one third common mortar,
others, one fourth fresh slacked lime; all
speak of its hardening properties under
water, and its resistance to fire.
On Molokal, as in Italy, it is of various
colors, from red to gray. A writer says,
"The ashes which overwhelmed Pompeii,
now form an immense bed of Pnzzolsoa."
It certainly is profitable, in more ways than
one, to exhnmo the old city. Bergman's
analysis finds it composed ol 55 or CO per
cent of siiicious earth, 19 to SO of argilla-
clous earth, 5 or C of calcareous earth, and
from 15 to 20 of Iron. It is said to harden bv
the long continued action of water without
lime. Such Is not the case on Molokal,
though we can readily conceive that it might
In sea water, which contains more lime than
the waters of these Islands.
It is used in making tubes and pipes, and
wonld prove invaluable in the manufacture
of conduits for water Authors do not speak
of its being used as paint for the protection
of Iron, or other substances from rust, and It
Is doubtful whether it would prove suffi
ciently penetrating to answer the purpose of
The ancient Romans called it the "Pow
der of Puteoli," and used it Tcry extensively
in building their houses in tbe shallow
waters of their Bays. Even in that early
time It was regarded as the best cement, and
has stood the wear ot ages better than their
brick or stone.
"The only preparation it undergoes, is that
of pounding and sifting by which it is re
duced to a coarse powder; in this state it Is
beaten up vtlth lime, either with or without,
sand, wmcn forms a mass of remarkable
tenacity that sets under water with great
celerity, and at last acquires a strength and
hardness equal to that of free-stone."
Here then, we have a new source of com
merce, and with it a demand for labor, cer
tainly less exciting, but not less remunera
tive In the end, than "White Pine." L.
Ax Awkwakd MextDiO. Here is a Pa
risian story, the hero of which is an artist
A few weeks since, Marchioness de , a
Iidy of ancient family in the Faubourg St.
Germain, asked one of her old friends to get
a drawing master for her two daughters.
Great stress was properly laid on the habits
and manners of the drawing master: it was
necessary that he shonld be talented, respect
able, and very sedate and grave. Her friend
obtained for ber the services of an able artist
who possessed all tbe desired qualities, and
gave tbe artist a letter of introduction to ber.
When the artist called at the old family man
sion, he was told the Marchioness was absent,
bnt was momentarily expected, and had given
orders to show him Into the drawing-room,
which looked so like one of the saloons of
Versailles, the artist conld scarcely refrain
from thinking be must be in Louis XlV.'i
To pass away the time, the artist examined
tbe articles placed on a stand with shelves,
on'one side of the fire-place. They were ob
jects of art collected in Italy and Germany.
While examining one of the articles, the nse
and nature of which defied bis acuteness, a
portion of it fell down his sleeve, and in his
effort to recover It, the portion fell down bis
drawers. He was greatly embarrassed. Were
he to undress to get it, there was danger the
mistress of the bouse would return at a most
critical moment of the process so that was
not to be thought of. He shook himself
almost to pieces, with no result but to drive
the object into his boots. To pull off bis
boots and stockings in tbe Faubourg SL Ger
main, was as heinous an offense against good
manners as to undress.
At last he remembered his skill in walking
on bis bands, and he argued that as the re
versal of a bottle brought to the orifice tbe
objects at the bottom, so If a man placrd bis
heels over his head, the heels would sur
render all unattached objects which might be
at them. Time pressed, and he at once
turned a half summersault, and etood on his
hands, bis feet in tbe air. He walked about
the room in this position: kicking bis heels
together prevented 1dm from hearing the
door open, and as bis face was directed to
tbe floor, be conld not see that several per
sons bad entered the room. Tbe newcomers
were the Marhioness and her daughters.
We can not pretend to express their sur
prise at seeing a gentleman promenading
about tbe drawing room on bis bands. Tou
may easily conceive it. They stood some
minutes in silent confusion. A turn In bis
course brought the. artist's face in their di
rection ; he looked np, and, quicker than we
can describe it, was on his feet, and as silent
and confused as they had been. Hefnlly ex
pected to be shown tbe door. A smile on
the face of the 3larcbIoness re-assured him,
and be confessed to ber wbat bad occurred.
She laughed heartily over it, gave him her
band, and became at once his warm friend.
CoERrmoy Itiitthui ass u almost
all TnrsGS. Not long ago Henry Ward
Beecher delivered a sermon upon a " corrupt
judiciary," and a son of jadge Peekhsm ven
tured a reply. Mr. Beecher declines to take
back, explain, or soften anything he said, and
concludes as follows :
" We have jart finisheded one battle for
tbe life of the republic. Another one lies right
before us. It is the battle of mammon.
Capital rightly employed is civilizing and bene
ficient. Asacormpterit is almost omnipotent.
Already our Government is assailed by it. If
a new administration can find no remedy and
things go on as they have, the end Is at hand.
The parse will outweigh the Coastitation.
The lobby wUl control the public policy. If
sot arrested mammon will soon be mightier
than President, Eeaate, and Representatives I
Is it for the eitiieci to sit calmly by, with
out a cry or protest, and see one thing after
anotberswept away by this yellow stream that
beats against Congress, legislature and tbe
judiciary, and threatens to undermine them?
Mr. Beecher has uttered a truth that can
not be too strongly emphasised. Corruption
the power of capital is jost now the izaminrnt
danger. It remains to be demonstrated, that
the people are so virtaoul that they will not
tolerate corruption in their servants.
The new back-gi m m on The Grecian bend.
One of the beauties of London, or rather
of its neighborhood, consists in the extent
of still unbroken coinmous. The most
plcturesaue of those still remaining is
Wimbledon, at the distance of some six
miles from the heart of the town. Emerg
ing from tbe long rows of suburban villas,
one Ends one's self oa the edge of a
broad level pliteaa, with long stretches of
turf, bounded by gorse and heather, and
to all appearance as wild as a moor in
Scotland. Beyond the plain, the common
descends pretty steeply to the edge of a
little stream, on the other side of which
are the picturesque slopes of Combe Wood,
belonging to tbe Duke of Cambridge.
j Several little ravines break the crest of
! the hill, and may stand for very fair minia
tures of a Highland glen, standing at
tbe bottom, one has on each side broken
banks of gorse, and tho vista is closed by
the foliage of Combe Wood. For any
thing that strikes the senses, London
might be as distant as it is from Uelveliyn
or Hen Lomond. Indeed, the extreme
seclusion of these glens recommended
them in former days as the scenes of duels,
at the last of which the notorious Lord
Cardigan was a performer, and he ban be
queathed the name of Glen Cardigan to
its scene. How it comes to pass that so
much unbroken ground has still been pre
served from the uuiversal plague of brick
and mortar, would be too long a story to
tell ; only I may say that a vigorous legal
battle is raging between the commoners,
who maintain their right to keep it open,
and Lord Spencer, the lord of the manor,
who is anxious to establish hi3 right to
inclose it. Threatened by tbe constant
anxiety of annexing so valuable a bit of
property, and by the ambition of numerous
railways to force a passage through it, it
has hitherto held its ground; perhaps,
however, its best chance of permanent
safety consisU in the fact that it has been
unanimously chosen as the great meeting
ground of our volunteers. Tht level
plateau does well as a parade-ground, and
along the edge of the slope aro erected
tbe butts. Missing bullets aro supposed
occasionally to cross the valley, and slaugh
ter tbe game in the recesses of Combe
Wood ; bat till the wood is displaced by
villas, human life will not be endangered.
Hence it comes to pass that Wimbledon
Common is, at the present moment, a
place of great resort. The annual shoot
ing matches are going forward, and volun
teers from all parts of the Kingdom are
swarming to this centre. There is the
prizo of given by the Queen for the
distinguished volunteer who will, for a
year, be the champion shot of England.
There ore innumerable supplementary
prizes, given by all sorts of persons from
all sorts of motives, from the Prince of
Wales to retail shopkeepers, and from
pare patriotism to simple desire of adver
tising. There are matches betweeu Eng
land, Scotland and Ireland ; between the
Houses of Lords and Commons ; between
Oxford and Cambridge; and between Eton
and Harrow. There are prizes to be won
in all sorts of competitions, and with all
sorts of rifles. There are prizes for firing
as many shots as possible in a minute, for
firing at a moving object shaped liko a
stag, for firing whilst running fifty yards
between each shot, and for excellence in
any other imaginable variety of competi
tion. Xow, to my mind, there is no stu
pider sight in this world than arifie-matcb.
Von see a gentleman lying on his stomach
for a long time carefully adjusting a rifle :
he fires it, and yon aro informed that he
has done something wonderful, or the re
verse; bnt when nil is said, there has been
nothing to see but a gentleman on his
stomach. Moreover, there are so many
competitions going on at once, that tbe
mind of the ordinary civilian becomes
hopelessly bewildered, and he strays
vaguely from one butt to another, without
a guess as to what is going on, till he reads
the results in next day's newspaper. In
another way, the eight is interesting
enough. The rifle-shooting has become
the centre of attraction for a gigantic pic
nic It has become fashionable to camp
out on the Common, and some three
thousand men pass the time under canvas,
by way, a3 I suppose they intended origin
ally, of initiating themselves in the hard
ships of campaigning. If this was their
design, it was laudable, but has been rather
a fail tare. The tents hare become as lux
urious as tents can be. They are supplied
by skillful caterers from London ; there is
abundance to eat and drink, and plenty of
conviviality for those, who do not fear the
effect upon tbe firmness of their nerves.
The volunteers seem to be having a very
jolly time of it, and they consequently
swarm in every variety of uniform. The
most popular color, owing to some tradi
tion about riflemen, was a dark green,
which, at a small distance, appeared to be
positively black- A lighter gray has now
become commoner, and some of tbe volun
teers stick to the good old British scarlet.
Tbe consequence is, that a brigade of vol
unteers presents tho most singular mixture
of colors conceivable, and I fear that the
variety of their dress represents only too
faithfully the heterogeneous composition
of the force in other respects. Indeed, a
walk across Wimbledon. Common would
suggest to the " intelligent foreigner" of
newspapers, some very obvious reflections
as to our volunteer army. In one respect
it has certainly succeeded beyond expecta
tion. Rifle-shooting has become a popular
amusement, and there are few towns of
even moderate size which do not reckon a
certain number of enthusiastic shots among
their inhabitants. Although it is regarded
with some contempt by tbe devotees of
cricket, rowing, and other sports favored
by the genuine athlete, it seems to have
taken root as a kind of subsidiary amuse
ment. In towns it has supplied a very
useful recreation for the tradesmen, who
who have been very much in want of some
open-air exercise; and the number of
really good performers steadily increases.
Considered as an army, tbe volunteers are
much more open to criticism. Some thirty
thousand of them went down the other
day to a grand review at Wimbledon, and,
provoked by some railway mismanagement,
they became dissolved, on their return,
into a confused and chaotic mass. Some
of their leaders have described them, in
consequence, as an utter sham ; and they
have received some harder language than
they have hitherto been accustomed to.
To fay tbe truth, they have the faults
which are incident iojsen merely " play
ing at soldiers." Thtir officers, with few
exceptions, have not been trained in tnj
way, and know next to nothing about their
business. They have no authority over
their men, and tbe discipline is universally
of the laxest description. Wbat would bti
still more fatal to the body, considered ,!
an army, is that they have scarcely any
organization ; they stand in no particulai
relation to the regular army or to the mi
litia, and if ten thousand of them were
collected together, they could not march a
hundred miles for want of commissariat.
They would be simply a largo body of ex
cursionists. What we have Is simply two
hundred thousand men possessing a tolera
ble knowledge of drill, and well skilled in
the use of tbe rifle. They are the raw
material, but not the manufactured army.
London Correspondence of the ATation.
Tbo lunufjural Reception.
I hare discovered tho utmost test of
the powers of human endurance it is on
"Inaugration Boll." I can understand
how one might go to such a place from a
"sense ofduty," from the purpose to please
another; but from personal pleasure, nev
er. I went on tho high ground of philan
thropy. It 13 true I expect yon to pay
me for it. Independent, and to Jay ma well
a fact wnicu casts a aount upon my en
tire disinterestedness. Nevertheless, my
highest compensation comes from tho
knowledge that Molly, and Polly, and
Susy, and Sally, and their sisters all over
tho land, may read everything about it,
while they are toasting their toes and
leaning back in their rocking-chairs, with
out being as nearly squeezed to death as I
was, or without nursing their bruises for a
week afterward, I suffered for your sakes,
my dears. When tho committee wrote to
President Grant concerning this recep
tion, ho replied: "Gentlemen, you will
pleaso me best, if you dispense with it al
together." And all future committees
owe it to tho people of the land never to
attempt to hold such a national reception
again until Washington owns a fit assem
bly hall in which to hold it. It is the veri
est cant to err out against this reception
in itself. It is the most innocent and nat
ural impulso possible that the thousands of
people here, from Maine to Florida, should
desire such an opportunity to see tho
chiefs of the nation and their families.
They camo to tbe Capital at great cost
and "(tains, and wish to carry back to their
remote homes as many pleasant memories
a3 possible. Then somebody was terribly
to blame for selling thousands of tickets
at ten dollars each, to guests for whom
there was no possible accomodation. Tho
rooms in the new Treasury extension aro
spacious and beautiful; and, if no mora
persons had been admitted than could bo
accomodated, tho reception would have
been most delightful. But with ten thou
sand persons making their ingress and
egress through tho same doors, there
could bo but oco resnlt the most cruel
jamming that ever mortals endured. Yet
there were four floors U3ed, and the halls
in each were ninety feet long by twenty
feet in width. Ihe marble room, the
principal reception room, is perfect in it
self. Its walls and trimmings are compos
ed of six varieties of marble tbe Penn
sylvania black, the Vermont dove, the
Tennessee chocolate, Italian white. Bar
diglio mottled dove, and the Sienna yel
low. The pillars of tbe room blossom out
at tho top into Corintnian leaves. Around
the upper portion of tbe room extends a
bronzed balcony, resting on white marble
stabs. Tho room wa3 decorated with flags
and evergreens, blazing with chandeliers.
Here at half post ten p. v., the committee
received the President, Vice-President,
and their families. Before that time the
main hall leading to it hud become hope
lessly jammed with tortured mortals. As
they were vainly trying to move in both
directions at the samo time, imagine the
conflict. The heat was stifling. If every
body bad smelled sweet, tbe " close com
munion" would not have been quite so
dreadful. But, 0 dear II perceived posi
tively more than the seven distinct odors
of the city of Cologne. One poor little
woman was compelled to keep her chignon
shut against my mouth. I assure yoa it
did'nt send np a pleasant savor. It must
bavo been her own. Though yon nev
er come to an inauguration reception again,
let me recommend to yon, my dear, a puri
fying wash of camphor and borax. Tho
only chance we bad for movement, was
when some lady fainted, and a half-frantic
policeman beat a passage for her distres3d
gentleman to carry her through. When
the pushers from behind crushed yon on,
it was not only the utmost test of endur
ance, but of temper. Extract froma wo
man's letter. Independent.
A curtiocs Mauiuage Law. A carious
case lias been brought to the notico of tbe
State Department, by a, resolution of the
tbe Illinois Legislature, which will un
doubtedly give nse to considerable diplo
matic correspondence, at leant, between
this Government and those of Wurtem
berg and Bavaria. It appears that some
forty years ago a member of the royal
family having left Wurtemberg to marry
in opposition to the royal will, a law was
enacted declaring all marriages of the sub
jects of that State, when contracted abroad,
to bo nau ana void. A. similar law was
also enacted in Bavaria.
A case has now for the first time arisen
where a marriage in tbe United States has
been pronounced illegal under this law.
Not long since, the widow of a naturalized
citizen of Illinois, and a native of Bavaria,
retnrnd to that country to claim an inher
itance bequeathed to her husband, when
she was informed that the Government of
Bavaria recognized no marriages in the
United States as valid, so far as tbey re
lated to Bavarian citizens, and she was
compelled to drop tbe namo of her hus
band and take her maiden name, thus vir
tually declaring ber children illegitimate,
and herself an adulteress. It is undoubt
edly tbe duty of this Government to have
the obnoxious laws repealed immediately,
or at least rendered inoperative 03 far as
they relate to American citizens.
Had not thebk! Incipient booknwker:
" Now, then, what are yon going to lay oa
tbe next race, old cock I" Ancient Party,
(with mild dignity) : " My lad, are yoa not
aware that old cocks' never lay V
It yon are wise, you will treat the world is
tbe moon treats it show it only ose tide of
yourself, and seldom show too much at a ttae.
ana let west yoa ao snow, oe eaim, cool ana
polished; bat look at every s4deof the world.
Quarrelling would not lat long, if the
fault was only oa ose iWe.