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BOOK AND JOB
Every Wednesday Morning,
I PRINTING ESTABLISHMENT I
at i' en Ajwuai.
Slallnl to Foreign Subscriber at $7.UU.
THE "aAMTTS" OFFICE
Is now- prepared to execute all orders for
Office On Merchant street, west of
he Post Office, Honolulu, H. I.
run in uky niirti
Printed and published by J. Men 5 sun, at the
Government Printing Office, to wiwa all business
VOL. V -NO. 30.1
HONOLULU, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 11, 18G9.
$6.00 PER YEAR.
conunualeatis out be auareeseo.
WITH NEATNBSS AND DISPATCH
a. a. rum. J. a. ATKixr&. a. s- cooii.
CASTLE fc COOKE,
EEPOBTT&S, GEKEEAL JfEECHASTS,
MS GO KH AT. AGENTS,
J"o. 80 King Street, opposite the Seamen's Cbapel
4GEXTS TO j.
The Kobala Sugar Company, Hawaii,
Tbe Haiku Surar Company, Uaul,
Tbe Hawaiian Snear MOU. .M.uL
Tbe Yf aialna Sugar Plantation, Oahu. and other
ragar rianter. or w aieti and Kuloa, Kauai,
The T.nm.i.i juee Flantation. Kauai,
Dr. Jayne's Celebrated Family Medicines,
"Wheeler k Wilson's Sewing Machines,
The Giant l'lnrdcr Company,
The New llncUnd Mntoal life Insurance Co..
221 The American Steam Fire-proof Safe Co. flj5
A. C. IIUFFUM. St. I).,
POET PHTSICIAK, AKD STJBGEOS.
OSce and Residence So. (3 Fort Street, Honolulu,
nrst iKxi-e macat ol me lamoiic enure n.
At heme day and night, when not professionally
IiLLI.AIlAI A: CO.,
nrPORTEES & DEALERS IN HARDWARE,
Cutlery, Pry Good. Paint, and Oik, and General
Merchasdbe. So. 5. Etna; Street, Ilooolnln. fl5-ly5
teJl.sk bbovtx. cocrncr mow.
itKOivrv & co.,
IMPORTERS & WHOLESALE DEALERS
In Wines, Spirits, Ale, Porter, ic, Merchant St,
C. H. LXWEKS. J. G. CICESOX.
LEAVERS Ac DICKSON,
IMPORTERS AKD DEALERS IS LUMBER,
And all kinds of Building Materials, Fort Street,
JOIEV S.McGREW, St. !.,
PHTSICIAK AKD STJHGEOK, '
Office in IL L. Chase's ButUfaiz. Fort Street. OSce
hour, from Eight to Ten a St., and from Three to
Fire T. u. Residence on Chaplain Street, between
rtuuann ana t ort streets. EKsm
ALLEN & CHTLLIKGWORTH.
Will eentiane the General Merchandise and Shipping
. business at the above port, where they are prepar
ed to furnish the Justly celebrated Kawaihae rota,
toes, and sneh other Recruit as are required by
wnaleehtps. at tne soonest notice ana on ine moss
reasonable terms. Firewood always on band. S-lya
JOIIX T. WATEKIIOUSE,
IMPORTER AKD DEALER IK GENERAL
2 Queen Street, Honolulu, IL I. lyS
XV. Is. KEE,
GEKEEAL COMMISSION AGENT & BROKER
OfSte In Fire-proof BnHdings on Queen Street,
Honolulu, H. I.
c. jr. srssCEB. n. XAcrABLAXE.
CIIAS. A'. SPEACER A: CO.,
GEKEEAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
1 Qneen Street. Hopolnln, H. L Py
McCOEGAA Ac JOllXSOSi,
10 Fort st, Honolulu, opposite T. C Ueuek's. lyS
C. E. AVIEEEV3IS,
MANUFACTURER, IMPORTER & DEALER
In Furniture of erery description. Furniture Ware- I
Kitim an Vtwt KtTMt nnnra I, Phaui. lfiAtacmttih I
Gallery. Workshop at the old stand on Hotel
Street, near Fort. Orders from the other
41 Islands promptly attended to. (lyS
BOOT AKD SHOE MAZES,
41 King Street, next to the Bethel. Honolulu. PyS I
SI. X. DOXXELL,
CABINET MAKER AKD UPHOLSTERER,
King Street. Honolulu, opposite Lewis' Cooper Shop.
41 Will buy and sell second-hand Furniture, lyo
JOH.X T2BBETS. THOS. SOBE5S05.
XIIIllETS &. SOREASOZV,
SHIP CARPENTERS & CAULKERS
Afc v. x oster dbul via. ouma,
Xesx the Honolulu Iron Works. lyS
XIIEO. II. IAVIES,
Lati Jasiox. Gun t Co.
IMPORTER & COMMISSION MERCHANT,
A9 AGENT TOB
Lloyd's and the Lirerpool Underwriters,
British and Foreign Marine Insurance Co.. and
Northern Assurance Company. 3-ly5
IMPORTERS AKD WHOLESALE DEALERS
In Fashionable Clothing, Hats. Caps, Boots, Shoes,
and every Tariety of Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
SnoWi Bunding, Merchant Street, Honolulu. S0-ly3
J. S. WALKER. S. C. ALLE.1.
1VAEKER c AU.ES,
SHIPPING & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
18 Qeeen Street. Honolulu. It. I. Py5
E. E. XORBERX.
DEALER IK LUMBER AKD EVERY KIND
OF BUILDING MATERIAL.
13 Omcx Corner Queen and Port streets. ly
1IOEEES A: CO.,
SHIP CHANDLERS AKD COMMISSION
Queen Street, Honolulo. Particular attention paid I
10 me purcnase ana sale ol Hawaiian rroaoce.
. arrrza bt rxxaisaiccr to
C L XUchards a Co, H IiackWJ a Co,
C Brewer a Co, C L Richards a Co.
D C Waterman Tgq, (Castle a Cooke. 2-lyS
IMPORTER & DEALER IK BOOTS, SHOES,
And Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods, corner of Fort
ana Merchant streets, tlonotniu. -iys
GROCER AND SHIP CHANDLER,
Motley and Becruita furnished to Ships on the most
ioj EiToraMc terms. jiy
Conmitaion Merchant and General Agent,
Importer of Teas and other Chinese and Foreign
Goods. Wholesale Dealer in Hawaiian Produce, and
Agent tar the Paukaa and Antauulu Sugar Planta-
imos. rire-proox tore oa unaau e-treei. ocaow
Importen, 'Wholesale and Eetail Dealers'
In General Merchandise and China Goods, In the
Fireproof Store on 'uuanu Street, tinder the Public
F. A. SCIIAEFEK Ac CO.,
38 Honolulu. Oahn, JL L Py4
ID. HOFFSCHLAEQER & CO.,
IMPORTERS & C0MMISSI0NXERCHANTS
41 Honolulu. Oahn. H. L Py5
THEODORE C. IIEUCK,
IMPORTER & COMMISSION MERCHANT.
1-S nonolula; Oahn. IL I. Py
II. HACEFELD Jc CO.,
GENERAL COMMISSION AffENTS.
8-i Qneen Street. Hoeolnle, ILL py
CMAE1VCEV C. BEAiVEXX,
DEALER IK NEWSPAPERS, MAGAZINES,
And Periodicals, Fort Street, Honolulu. pMyi I
X. C. CHAU-AKEI. 5. A. 1LCXI.
CIIALIOIEl. A: CO..
IHPOHTSES AXD DEALERS 15 WDTES,
Snirits. Ales. Ac No. 8. .Xanana Street, opposite
Merchant Street, Honolulu. I5-ly
D. H. HITCHCOCK,
IS line, HawalL fljS
A. S. CLEGIIOIt.'V,
WHOLESALE ASD RETAIL DEALER
In Merchandise. Fire-proof Store, corner cf Queen
and Kaahnmann Streeta. Retail Establishments, on
JCnnanu Street, and on the cornered Fort and Hotel
HOUSE AKD SIGK PAINTER,
Kine Street, between Dufin's Market, and Camp
bell's Tailor Shop. 14-ly5
sax as ricx. n. a. r. caxtxx-
C. DREM'KK Ac CO.,
hoxoi.ui.tj, ii. i.
AGEVTS or the Uoston anil Honolulu
AGENTS For tue Ilakre, Walluku and
AGENTS For the Purchase and Sale of
Island Produce. 5-lyS
8. r. ehlebs. a. jAcecc
II. i EIIEEItS Ac CO.,
DEALERS IK DET GOODS AKD GEKEEAL
Fire-proof Store on Fort Street, aboTe Odd Fellows
F. A. SCElAEFEIt,
GENT for the IIHKHEX BOA11D
Agent for the Dresden Board of Underwriters,
Agent lor tne lenna iwoxu oi tnun.nK".
E. p. ADAMS. S. C. WILDER.
ADAMS & WIEUEIS,
AUCTION & C0MMISSI0K MERCHANTS
27 Queen Street, Honolulu. IL I. ljl
C. S. MAKTOIV,
Salesroom on Queen Street, one door from Kaahn
mann Street. l.-lys
St. S. GKEVXIA179I & CO.,
IMPORTERS AKD 'WHOLESALE DEALERS
In Fuhiooable Clothinr. Hats. Caps. Boots. Shoes.
and erery Tariety of Gentlemen's superior Furnish
ing Goods. Store In Makee'e Block, Queen Street,
Honolulu, u. i. ip-aj
TURNPIKE STORE CHOICE GROCERIES
Corner of "uuanu Panoa Valley Koads. P2-ly
JOHN" IE. PAXY,
Notary Public and Commissioner of Deeds
For the State of California, otnee at the Banc or
Bishop a Co. Kaahumanu Street, Honolulu. 2-lyo
II. A. WIDEJIAN'N",
6 Office at the Interior Department. Py5
G. VV. N'ORXON',
COOPER AND GATIGER,
At the New Stand on the Esplanade.
He U vrrvared to attend to all work la Mj line
at the Shop next to the Custom Uotue, where he can
be fnind at all working bors. He hu on hand
and for sale. Oil Cast and Barrel of dilTtrect sizes,
new and old, which he will sell at the very Lowest
Market Kates. All work done In a thorough manner
and warranted to giva MtlsfacAon. All kinds oi
Coopering Materials and Tools for sale. l-3m
r. ii. g. si:GL:ia:i:A,
TIK, ZINC AKD COPPER SMITHS,
AKD SHEET IE0N V70KKEES,
Ncuanu Street, between llerchant & Qneen.
IlaTe constantly on hand. Stores, ripe. GsJ-
raaized Iron Pipe, Plain and lie Bibhe,
Stop-cocks India Knbber llose bt 3-pIr.
i in lenshs of 25 and 50 foet. with cocplingi
land ripe complete. Bath-Tnlw, and also a
Terr large stock of Tinware of erery description.
Partkiilsr attention riven to Ship-Wot k. Orders
from the other Islands will be care full j attended to.
inanKini to toe tituens or lionoiaia ana ine
IsUnds generally for their liheral patronage in the
past, we hopa by strict attention to business to merit
the same for the fntnre. 37-lj5
JA5IES E. LEWIS,
COOPER AND GATJGER,
At the Old Stand, comer King & Bethel SU.
A Large Stock of Oil Shouks and all kinds of Coop
ering Materials constantly on band, ne hopes by
attention to business to merit a continuance of the
patronage which he has heretofore enjoyed, and for
which he now returns his thanks. l-2m
J. II. XIIOMPSON',
Qneen Street, Honolulu,
Has constantly on hand and for sale at the Lowest
Market Prices, a good assortment of tbe Best Refined
Bar Iron, and the Best Blacksmith's CoaL SS-lyJ
jso. jtorr. sax'l jtott.
JOIIN NOXX & CO.,
C0P.PER AND TIN SMITHS,
Kaahnntann St, one door above Hitner'i,
Bee leave to inform the vcblic that ther are pre
pared to farnlih all kinds of Copper Work, such as
Stills. Strike Pans, $on&nm Pans, Worms. Pumps,
etc Also mi hand, a full assortment of Tin Ware,
which we offer for sale at the Lowest Market Prices.
All kinds of KepairinsT done with "etn and
Dispatch. Orders from the other Islands win meet
with prompt attention. 1-Cm
It. R VCR OFT,
HOUSE AXD SHIP PLUMB EE.
Xing St, Uro doors veat of Castle t Coote
lias on hand. lUth-Tnbs, TTater-CIosets, Wash-Ba
sins, Jorce ana Lut ramps, Leaa aaa uairaouea
Iron, Pipes, and Plumber's Brass-works. Bin:the
only Plumber In tbe city, he will execute all orders en
trusted to him in a workmanlike manner. fl-Cm
MR. J. COSTA,
JEWELER AKD ENGRAVER,
Tort Street opposite Odd Fellows Hall,
Is prepared to execute with promptness, all work In
bis line of business, such as Watch and dock repair-
Ipg, jiaauucturin Jewelry ana tnfrrartnj. i-3m
LICENSED SHIPPING AGENT,
Office on James Boblssoa & Go's "Wharf.
Continues the business on his old plan of settlicr
with officers and seamen Immediately on their ship
ping at his office. Havinx no direct or indirect con
nection with aov ontfitLinr establishment, and allow-
ins no debts to be collected in his office, he hopes to
pre as gooa sausxacuoa in tne istnre as ne nas in
the past. l-3m
PIANOS and otber Musical
Instruments Tuned and Bepaired, br
CHABLES DKEUr. at the Hawaiian
Zcasona gtren on tne Piano 3L Guitar.
he best of referencea giren. 51-lj5
NO. 1 and COOLIE RICE alwaj-'
oa band and fcr sale by
l-3m tVALKER A ALLCf, A rents.
BBCCli'S PATEXT ZTXC PAT5T
Th beat article of the kind imnorted. For
tj G-im) BOLUS k CO.
laos B. xntxs. jakis x. bucx
LEO.A II. MEYERS & CO,
IMPORTERS AKD MANUFACTURERS OF
ITALIAN & AMERICAN MARBLES,
Mantels. Grate, Monuments. Ueatlstones, Tombs,
tVahstand. Borean and Oocnti Ten. Killtard
Tire Bricks, plaster. Ac. ic 030 Market Street, op
posite Calholk Church, San Francisco, CaL Uimc
a. w. SITHAJCI. c I. CIAIX.
SEVERANCE, CLARK & CO.,
AKD SHIPPING AGENTS,
40S Front St, corner of Clay, Sin Francijco,
VTa will attend to the sale cf Scjr and all kinds
cf Island Produce, also to the purchasing and fot
wanliliff of Merchandise. Cash AdTaneea made on
M'CRAKEN, MERRILL & CO.,
HaTing len encared in our nratent LmlnM. r.
upwards of twelre years, and belnr loratnl In . rtr.
r unra nuuomg. we are preparea to receire and
dispose of Island Staples, such as Sugar, Syrups, Rice
Tula, Coffee, etc- to advantage. Consirament. r.
pedally solicited for tbe Oregon Market, to which
personal attention will be paid, and upon which cash
Mutauccs wlu oe made wnen required.
Charles W Brooks s.hh
ivJinmiivQ . ..........
Badger a Liodenbercr 4
James Patrick a Co
Wm T Coleman a Co " ......
Sterens, Baker a Co
AUf? Jf wU Portland
Aeonaru a ureen. .............. ....... " 1-lyS
E. St. VAN' REED,
Hartnc tbe best firilitlntit.nn.h it..-
nection with the Japan trade'for the past eight
3tK prrPri to transact any businesa entrusted
H. "E. Wlliuuis, H. T. BtA5CBABH, C. B. aOBOAX.
WILLIAMS, BLANCHARD & CO,
SHIPPING & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
l 303 ront Street, San Francisco. 6m
LANGLEY, CR0WELL & CO.,
KJCor. Battery & Clay S ts, San Francisco. Cm
Sausome Street, San Francisco,
Extending from Sacramento St. to Ualleck Street.
HAVIXG I1EEX KECES'TLT ItEX.
orated and newly Furnished, makes it th
most quiet, economical and comfortable FAMILY
HOTEL in the SUte. Being centrally located, it of-
. 1 1 j uiuuveuieat lor business iitn and tne 1 ub-
The Tables will be constantly supplied with erery
luxury the market affords. The American Exchange
Coach, with Red Lights, will be at the Wharres and
uepois, 10 conrey passengers to the Hotel free.
?-lyi TIMOTHY SAROEXT, Prop'r.
B0AED OF UHDEKWBITEHS.
nmiE UXDEItSIGXED liavlntr
J- appointed Agents for tbe San FransLco Board
oi unaerwncers, comprising tne
California Insurance Company.
merchant' Mutual 3Iarlue Ins. Co.,
laclflc Insurance Company,
California Lloyd's, and
Home Mutual Insurance Company-.
Beg leaTe to inform Masters of VcsAel and the pub
lic nerallr. that all Yrcl anrf rirMlA. in.ni
by either of the above Companies, against perils of
v n:a tvnu wucr r Uavs, at or near tne candwich
isianu wm nave co oe venfiea by them.
l3ai U. HACKFELD & CO.
Tlllllf: UA-DEIISIGA'ED. ACEXTS of
- ine aoore company. lure been aathorized to
Insure risks on Carco. Frelebt and Trrm.
ure, by Coasters, from Ilonolula to all ports of
" awaAAii UaVUp, iUlU T1C3 Vf rSA.
S-lya II. UACKFELD X CO.
JIASnTE INSURANCE COiTPANY
Of San Francisco
TUB UXDEUSIGXED having been
appointed Agents for the abore Company, are
. I-5m Agents, Honolulu.
nnHE TJXDERSIGXED. AGEVTS f!P
JL the above Company, hare been authorized to
iueuic iiiu on wjirgo, x re i gut and Treas
ure, from Uonololn to all pert of the world, and
is-iy H. HACEFELD & CO.
FIEfi IKSUEAKCE COMPANY.
THE UXDEItSIGXED bawlnfr been
appointed Areata of the abore Companj, are
j" i"-. .u uiwic ium against sire, on alone ana
llrlck Bnlldlngt, and oa Jlercbandise
stored therein, on the most farorable terms. For
pairicuiars appij ax ine omce or
S-ljS t. A. SCIIAEFER k CC.
THE AGEXT FOR THE BRITISH
Foreiffn Marine Insurance Company, (Limit
ed), baa receired instructions to reduce the rates ot
Insurance between Honolulu and Ports in the Pacific,
and is now prepared to issue Policies at the Xosrert
Rolu, with apedal reduction on Freijht per Steam
ers. THEO. II. DATIFS,
43-tf AqoI Brit Tut. Jlar. . Cb. (Lin Bed)
DICKSON" Ac BOLSTER,
House, Sign & Ship Painters,
King Street, near Xanana.
Graining, Marbling. Gilding; Calsotnlninr.
Paser-hanrinc. Ac dx executed on the
shortest notice, and on th. most reasonable
Piano-Forte Maker & Tuner,
Hu Returned Again.
AH orders left at the Drue Store of
ii. Smith k Co- corner of Fort and
Hotel Streets, or at tTm. Fischer's
Furniture Booma. Hotel Etreet- win
meet with immediate attention. 0-6mc
Sole and Saddle Leather,
Tanned Goat and Sliccp Skins,
CONSTANTLY OS HA5D and for
Sale, from the well-known
WAI3tEA TAJTSERT C. XoUcj",
by a. a. CLranoE-f,
S-'F A rent.
Losdos, July 17th. The debate on tho
Chnrch Bill tru coctinoed till a late hocr I
this morning. Disraeli rccrctted the course
of the Government ou the amendments, in
timating that an agreement had been violated.
Gladstone replied that If any harm liad been
done, it came from the otber side; alt the
pledges naa Deen more man luiuuca. uatn
orre Hardr thonsbt the House of Lords bad
been unworthily treated by the House of I
uommons. nrigui rcsponaca tnai a com
mittee bad been appointed to frame reasons
for the disagreement with the Lords.
The bill for the Government to purchase
me leiegrapu lines in uic runjjuom was rcao.
a second time. !
London, July 17th. The debate on tho
amended Irish Church Bill was continued In
the House of Commons until a late hour this
tnornlnr. After the relectlon of the amend
ments proposed by the Peers, Disraeli took
the floor and spoke at some length; he re
gretted the repudiation of the amendments
adopted by tbeLonUrthaagrecmcntof the
Lords to send the bill a second time was an
act of malignancy; considering the majority
unfavorable to the measure, the agreement
was only given under tbe understanding that
the Commons would consider the amend
ment in a conciliatory spirit; he could not
understand how the coarse the Government
had taken could bo reconciled to the expec
tations held out to tho Mouse of Lords.
Gladstone replied, and said the promise
given to the House oi Lords was inat inc
amendment would oercspcctiouy consiaereu.
lie maintained uiai ine meu'c uaa not oecn
violated, and that he had conceded much In
deference to tbe Lords; he had fulfilled
more than fulfilled the pledge he had given.
Great cheering. He was certain that Ifany
barm had been done to tueChurcli, It was ny
those who desired the grievous and enervat
ing effect the disestablishment would have.
Gatborne Hardr took the floor, and accept
ed the appeal made to posteritv in rccard to
the beneficial effects ol the bill. He snnoort- I
cd Disraeli's statements, that John Airignt
bad used threats of the dissolution of Parlia
ment to keep the party together, and coerce
tncm. llio iiousc oi Loras a co-oruinatc
authority thought they bad been treated In
an unworthy manner.
jlr. iirizut denied that ne had ever used
threats. The only reference to the sublect
was as to what might be the expression of I
popular opinion 11 the suoject oi concurrent
indorsement were reicrrca to tue nation.
He resetted this charge which was brought
forward, but which the great majority of the
Loxdox. July 17th. It Is said that the
Lords tv ill give up their amendment to the
Irish Church lilll in regard to the concurrent
endowment and Ulster grants, but n ill ad
here to the amendments refusing to devote
tie surplus proceeds of the Church property
to tbe relier ol those suncriug lrom unavoida
ble calamity, as proposed in the original pre
amble, and deferring the appropriation of
London, June 17th. The public news-
ropers sav new that It Is certain that the
new Ministry will be as follows: Minister of
the Interior, De Forcadc Roquette; Minister
of Justice, Dnvcrgicr; .Minister ot rorcign
Affairs, Anvogue; Minister of Finance, Pierre
Masne: Minister of Commerce. Alfred De-
croix; .Minister ol 1'uulic uorKS, urecoir;
Minister of Marine, Admiral Genternilly;
Jlinistcrof War, Marshal Jieil, Konhcr will
be 1 resident ol the senate.
milieux' Su;rur Aiiparntiis.
Xew Obixas, Feb'y 1, 1S4S.
Sin As the sublect of tbe enclosed Is of
such great Interest to onr Mate, 1 do not
deem it necessary to offer any apology in
presenting it to you for your consideration.
I applied to Mr. Rlllieux, as the person
best qualified, by his known talents as an
engineer, and experience in sugar making,
for information on the subject, and I feel
assured that his letter and tables will be
found well worthy of the careful attention of
our enterprising planters. I have olhercom
munlcatlons on this subject, but as his letters
and tables arc so full and complete, I think
it only necessary to refer to the comments of
Mr. Y. Elihu Thompson, engineer, who took
off the last two crops of Messrs. Armant and
Brothers, with a "24,000 pound X. Rillieux
four-pan Apparatus." lie says that they
nave run it at me rate oi 3?,uuu pounds in
twenty-four hours, with perfect ease. and.
that on a trial made In presence of Mr. Val
cour Aime's engineer, and others, on the 5th
of January last, they proved by actual meas
urement, mat toe consumption oi wood was
bnt one-half cord per 1000 nannds of snar.
Mr. C. G. Allen, the engiueer who took" off
the last two crops ror Mr. Uamllle Zeringne,
with a "9000 ponnd X. Rillicnr three-pan
Apparatus," 6ays, that they made 21,000 ifis.
first sugars, and 3500 9s. second sugars In
forty-eicht honrs. Mr. Lessens' "12.000
ponna n. uuneux tnrec-pan Apparatus " nas
maac io,iuj ins. ursi. sugars, ana iaaju ids.
molasses sugars In twenty-four hours. And
similar results have been produced with, oth
er ot mesc Apparatus.
Professor McCnlloh who was appointed
by Act ol Congress, 3d March. 1543. to inves
tigate the different methods of sugar-making
In the West India Islands and in this State
In his report to Congress on the 1st of March,
IS47. remarks on the process of X. Riilienx:
"The use of the latent heat of the vapor
irom one portion oi syrup, ior tne evapora
tion ot anotner portion, nas oeen accompusn
ed fcir more nerfecllv and fnllr hv an AnMr,
atns invented by N. Riilienx, of New Orleans.
than by the system of M. Dcrosne. This
Apparatus has also the merit of being sim
ple, and therefore, the more easily construct'
cd or repaired; so that it Is less liable to de
rangement, and less expensive. It may now
be considered as fully tested, and as perfectly
successiui, so mat it may oe adopted wttn
entire security and certainty of results.
He also adds: "When in Louisiana, I visited
the plantation of Messrs. Benjamin & Pack-
wood, at their invitation, and carefully cx-
aicinea tne Apparatus ot .m. tttiilcux, con
structed for them by Messrs. Merrick and
Towne. From what I learn from these In
telligent crentlemen, as well as what I then
saw, I can bear witness to the entire success
of the system." He adds also: "Liquoring
may oepenonnca in pneumatic pansortera,
but there is some dflllcnltr experienced in
the operation, in consequence of obstruc
tion, ii it oe urged very rapidly. When I
was in Louisiana, Mserrs. Benjamin & Pack
wood bad tried unsuccessfully, to overcome
tne anove mentioned dimcuity or obstruc
tion: they have since succeeded entirely.
and their present crop has been manufac
tured, wim Hiiiieux's Apparatus and pneu
matic pans, into 'liquored sugar of perfect
quality, a specimen oi tuis sugar, presented
to me by Messrs. Merrick and Towne, has
been analyzed by mc. and fonnd to be cfoml-
cotty pure. Its crystalline grain and snowy
whiteness arc also equal to tnose of the best
double-refined socar of our northern refiners.
To Messrs. Benjamin and Packwood must
therefore be awarded the merit of having
hi a l xnaae. uirccuy irum Ycirciaoie mice.
sugar of absolute chemical purity, combined
with perfection of crystal and color. This is
indeed a proud triumph in the progress of
tne sugar mans try. in tne wnoie range ol
Instance In.wblch a perfect result is in like
manner obtained immediately."
If there is any error in the statement of
tbe results or tbe Apparatus, or cither of the
methods, I shall be most happy to be Inform
ed of it by tbe planter, and to have it cor
rected. As tbe factor for several of tbe
planters having the "X. Rillieux Apparatus."
I am enabled to verify the statement of K.
Rillieux, as to the prices of the sugars, and
The terms for the Apparatus are so easy,
that tbe most cautious planter need not hes
itate in getting it. It is important that early
application be made by those who want it
for tbe next crop, to insure the execution of
their order in time.
Tour most obd't serv't.
Agent for Merrick & Towne, PhlladelplAi.
5 K t? Co!; 3
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Srz: To anTtrer your inquiries as to the
result of the different methods of sugar-making
now In use nnon tbe plantations In this
State, I deeply regret that I cannot give yon
the fall Idea of a crop taken this season by
each method. To do this would require tbe
correct tniormation posscsseu only uy the
planters who have used each method. But
to fulfil your wishes as far as I am able, I ol-
ier tue luuowiug remarKs accompanied by
two tables the first table, showing In the
last column, tbe "Scarsdale" crop taken off
uyjir. iueoaorcd. rackwood witu a three
pan "X. Rillieux Apparatus," as contrasted
with the other methods therein shown. The
second table will show you the results bv
four dlffcacnt methods of taking off a crop
ot w,w pounas nrst sugar.
There are now In Louisiana eight different
methods used In making sugar, viz:
1st Tbe Old Set of Kettles.
2d Set of Kettles for Syrup, and Strlko
Hbh Pressure Steam Pan.
3d Set of Kettles for Svrnn. and Strlko
4th Open HIirh Pressure Steam Pans for
syrup and t-trilcc.
5th Open Hlrh Pressure Steam Pans for
Svrup and Strike Vacuum Pan.
em uue syrup and one Striko Vacuum
Pan, Cl.irllkrs and Filters.
ith "Descrand's" Apparatus. Clarlflera
Sth X. IUllIcux's Three and Four Pan Ap
paratus, Clarificrs and Filters.
The first and second methods give very
nearly the same Suirar and exactly tho samo
cjuanuiy. .cariy me wnoie proiit Irom a
Steam Battery arises from the boiling of the
Molasses. Tbe different Strike High Pres-
sura Pans give the same result, but the
t orms are the best as they cost less, and are
easier kept In repair same consumption of
luci, irom turco to lour cords to the 100U
3d Suzar mado in Set of Kettles and fin
ished In a Vacuum Pan of any description.
when well made, is worth V (i it cent per
pound more than when made by Kettles
alone. 1 lie profit arista? from a Strike Vac.
uuni Pan pays back twice the outlay in one
crop, xueru is no saving oi iucl
4th method Sugar made altogether In open
high pressure pans, U worth less by
cent per pounu man u made uy the set or
kettles, and tho consumption of fuel Is 15 to
per cent, greater.
sth metuou is interior to tho set of kettles
and strike vacuum pan, and the consumption
ot met truin i idi per cent, greater.
Cth method gives as much, and as irood.
sugar as the next following, but consumes
from 3 to 3 cords of wood per 1000 pounds
tit method onght to clvo as much, and as
good, sugar, as the following, but has not
yet done so consumes 1&H cords of
wooa per tuw pounas sugar.
Sth method elves as much snzar as the
beforc-mentioucd Cth and "III methods, and
bcttersugar than all tbe other methods. The
three pan apparatus consumes from V-lOths
to IK cords wood per 1000 pounds of suzar:
the tour pan apparatus, from to of a
coru per iiaai pounas oi sugar.
The 1st and 2d methods are in ireneral nse
In Louisiana; the first table shows the re-
suit. Ibeproutor a bteam battery arises
from the boiling of the molasses.
The 3d method the Vacuum Pan. Is used
as a strike ran on the following plantations;
Messrs. Mot-can's. Gordon's. Mlllaudon's.
Judge Butler's, Colonel Keys', Urnuhart's,
Davenport's, Klttcredge's, P. Rtilicux's, aud
.Messrs. -Morgan and uoruon make syrup
' mould sugar. Messrs. Urquhart sold their
unsyrupeu uua. vacuum pan suirar at a cent
per pound more than that made by their set
of kettles. P. Rillieux sold his vacuum pan
sugar In bhds. at ( cent per pound more
man nis Kettle sugar.
The 4th method Is used by Messrs. R. Wil
kinson, and Forstall. . I have no certain
information about Mr. N ilkini-ou's: Mr.
Forstall's, It is said, consumes 4(35 cords of
woou per iiuj pounds or suirar: ana the
sugar Is of lower quality than by a set of
kettles. His apparatus, including the filters,
The 5th method is used on the plantations
of Messrs. Gordon, Johnson, and Osgood,
with filters. Mr. Gordon has irlvcn up his
syrup high steam train, on account of the
great consumption oi mel, and come back to
tbe the 3d method with filters. Mr. John
son has made his whole crop in syrup mould
sugar, and sent it to Xew Orleans In hhds.
marked A. B, and C : sold at IX. GV. and
G. Mr. Osgood has made unsyruped hhd.
sugar, wnicu sola at irom mau cents, and
molasses sugar, at Si4 cents per pound. This'
apparatus consumed from 4 to 5 cords of
wood per 1000 ponnds of suirar.
Tbe Ctb method, nsed on the plantations
of Messrs. Wilkinson, Morgan, and Janln.
Mr. Wilkinson's works very well, and makes
good syruped sugar price unkuown. His
hhd. sugar sold at C cents per pound. This
gentleman thinks his apparatus consumes
3j cords of wood per 1000 pounds of sugar ;
the apparatus SOOO Sis. bolng power. I am
not informed if Mr. Morgan has used his two
vacuum pans tuis season, lie took ou his
crop in syrup mould sugar price unknown.
Mr. Janin bos a splendid refinery: bavlnirno
wood on his plantation, he uses altogether
coal to lite ou bis crop, i nave no exact
data, either of consumption of fuel or boil
ing power of his apparatus, but I think he
must consume nearly as mucii as jir. v iikin
son, which would require about 10 barrels
of coal per 1000 pounds of snpar. at 5 barrels
per cord of wood. As his apparatus worked
this year, Its boiling power Is 25 to 50 per
cent, greater man Jir. v HKinson's.
i lie i tn method, Desgrand s apparatus,
built by Messrs. Stillman. Allen k Co., at
the Xovelty Works, Xew York, is used on
Messrs. Valconr Almc's. and Laplcc's planta
tions. I do not believe tbe boiling power of
mesc two apparatuses to be over lt.wo and
13.000 ponnds of suirar in 24 hours: their
apparatuses consumed and 1JX cords of
wood per luuu lbs. oi angar. Air. valcour
Aime made svrnncd mould suirar and hhd.
sugar. I am not informed of the price of
sales oi ills sngar. Jir. Lapicu s made syr-
upcu tiger sugar, sent to rew urieans in
hbds., marked Nos. 1, 2, and 3, and sold at
7, 6, and 5 cents.
The 8th method. X. Rilllenx's patent three
ana lour pan apparatus, omit by Messrs.
Merrick & Towne, of Philadelphia, assignees
ol !s. llilltcux's patent. Is in nse on the follow
ing plantations: Three pan apparatus on Mr.
Packwood's, one of 12,000 tbbs. : Mr. Les-
seps, two or 12,000 fts.; Messrs. Murphy &
Gardanne. one of 0.000 fis. : Messrs. Chao-
vin & Lcvois, one of 9,000 lbs. ; Mr. Camille
Zeringue, one of 9,000 lbs.; Mr. J. Pack
wood, one of 10,000 lbs. , four pan apparatus
on Messrs. Benjamin & Packwood's, 18,000
as. ; Messrs. Armani uromcrs, ids.
1 he boning power or ail these apparatuses
is one-third greater than their nominal pow
er. Air. 1. i. raekwood's three pan appa
ratus consumed, this season, 9-10tbs cord of
sens' two apparatuses ljf cords of wood per
1000 pounds of sugar; Messrs, Armant &
Brother's four pan apparatus, is of a cord
of wood per 1000 pounds of sugar.
Mr. T. J. Packwood has made this season
the best unsyruped hhd. sugar; his first su
gars sold at 6 cents, his molasses sugars at
K5 cents. Messrs. Benjamin & Pack
wood have made the best syrup tiger sugar,
sold at 8 cents per pound, and I have been
told that Messrs. Armant &. Brother made
the best syrup mould sugar.
The first table shows the result of a crop
which, by tbe set of kettles, cives 433,000
pounds of sugar, taken by methods 1, 2, 3, 4,
5, and 8; the worst method is the 4tn- The
last line of the table gives tbe profit by
method 8 over each of these, and allowing a
deduction of (2,000 for tbe vacuum pan al
ready In tue in methods 3 "and 5, the profit
on one crop exceeds tbe entire cost of an X.
Tbe second table shows the proceeds of a
crop of 800,000 pounds of first f agar, taken
by methods 8, 7, and 8, In unsyruped sugar;
such a crop requiring a 16,000 pounds boiling
power apparatns. Tbe profit oyer method
6, by methods 7 and 8, three and four pan
apparatus, are $2,700, $9,737.73, and $10,
772.75. But, in supposing by some improve
ment and better management, each method
could give the same crop, as well in quantity
as in quality, then the difference trill be only
In tho saving of fuel: and' the jeatly profit
of 7 and 8 three an J four pan apparatus
over method 6, will be only $2,700, $3,600,
and $4,633. And allowing that capital la
vetted In apparatns ought to return 20
cent., those last apparatuses are worth $13,
500, $18,000, and $23,175 more than appa
ratus of the 6th method. Therefore, U a
doublo pan apparatns of 16,000 Btv bollteg
power Is worth $18,000, then, comparatively,
a Desgrand of'tho same power, is woria
$31,500, and a three pan X. Rillieux appara
tus oi tne same power, Isj,uai, anu a iubt
pan Rillieux, of the same power, $41,175.
If a Dcsirrand apparatus of that boiling
power costs $24,000, then the price of a
double vacunm ran comes down to $10,500,
and Rlllleux's three and four pan apparatus
to $28,500 and $33,675.
If Rlllleux's three pan apparatus cost
$13,000, then the doable vacuum pan appa
ratns la worth nothlnir: the Dcsirrand. $13.
500, and Rlllleux's four pan apparatns $33,175.
If a 10,000 Jbs. boiling power of Rillieux'
fonr pan apparatus cost $20,500, then tbe
double vacuum pan apparatus set up ought
to be given for $2,675 leu than nothing; the
Desgrand' for $10.82, and Rlllleux's threo
pan apparatus lor $15,325.
Mr. Wilkinson' 8,000 S. boiling power
double power vacuum rtan apparatus has
been built by tbat gentleman lu adding part
to part, but it would cost. If made now at
once, and set up, $12,000; it consumes 3K
cords of wood per 1000 pounds of sugar. A
G.ttOO lb. Rlllleux's three pan apparatus, of
S.000 lbs. boiling power, costs, set up, $10,
000, and saves 2V cords of wood per 1000
us, oi sugar, malting a saving on a crop ot
400.000 Sis. of sngar, or 400 cords of wood,
at $3.23 cord. $2,023; say $2,000, at 20 fl
cent. then a 6,000 lb. three pan Rlllllcax
apparatus is worth mora than Mr. Wilkin
son's double vacuum pan apparatus.
If. as I believe, the foregoing Is correct,
and If the outlay In apparatus should give aa
much as 20 $ cent, yearly, then yon perceive
that at the price Messrs. Merrick A Towne
sell the "Riilienx apparatns," preference
should be given to the double vacuum pan
apparatus, only If they can be bad already
set up for nothing ; aud Dcsgrand's appara
tus Is ouly worth hair the prlca of Rlllleux's
four pan, and three-fourths of the price of
Rilllenx's three pan apparatus, of the same
itcspeciiuuy yours, n. uillibux.
Mscntxtat in detail rroairal to tompStti a full tin 4
Jituuux sugar .ipparaius : toptuniy, ii.ow to, o
Sugar in 2ihcun.rvm Qine-juict of itfi tUnrity.
Two on In. x 3d ft. boilers, each with two
17 In, fines S 4,000 00
Two sets cf boiler fixtures, with ltillleux
Furnace, with one 4 In. valre tor each
boiler, and connectlnc ripe between. ... 1.820 00
1st, or Juice-pan, S4 in. dlanu with
03 screw tubes S3. 800
2nd, or Sjrnp-tw.n, M in. dlam. with
147 screw tubes 4.330
3rd, or Striae-pan, M in. diam. with
on screw tunes a,zou
1 Hot water Reservoir 10011.500 00
2 Condensers and Kecptacles 700 00
l'lattorm or timner, witn iron raiuns; ana
wooden stairway 4,500 00
1 slie 4 Pumping Engine, 10 In. cylinder x
30 la. stroke; with s onus air pumps, 19
X 15 la.: 1 iron force pump, 4x8: 1 brass
syrup pnmp, 6 x 8 1 1 brass Juice-pump,
Bxtt; zsweet waier pumps, ojx is
In., and 1 hot water reservoir
9 Bone-black Filters, i ft. diam. at top x 10
ft. high, complete
5 Cupper Desstcators, 52 in. diam
2 Syrup Clarinets, 53 In. diam. x 30 In. deep
1 Molasses filow.up, do, do do
1 Hone-Mack Furnace of 20 oval retorts, and
SOOO fire bricks
1 Bone-black Waiter and Elevator
2 Cars, with truck for emptying and filling
Crane Bucket, and crane clasps for do
2 Sprnp Tanks, 10 x 5 x 5, complete
i jioiasses uo no uo uo
1 Cold Juice Tank, 1x4x4, complete....
1 Filtered Juice Tank, 10 x 5 x 5, complete
1 Sweet-water do do do do
1 Strike Heater, 8 ft. diam
AH the cocks, valres and pipes for connec
tion All the paints and touts required lor erec
(U. 8. Currency)
Total weight about 230,700 lbs.
ilaj 1, ISO, Currency 135.
DILLINGHAM & CO.
HA VINO PURCHASED
The Entire Stock in Trade,
IIE.-VIIY DIMOit'D, ESQ.,
Of All Descriptions,
Of Every Variety,
A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF
Of Every Description,
Would most respectfully invite tbe attention.
and solicit the trade of tbe old custom
ers of the House, and the Public
IS generally. Sm
Just Receired ex R. W. Wood.
In Xew Oak Barrels, and for sale by
29- II. HACKFELD 4 CO.
Just Received ex R. W. Wort.
LAGER BEEH, pints Ac qaartf,
A Prime Article. Also, Hollas Gls.
For sale by 23 H. HACKFELD t CO.
Just Received ex R. W. WomI,
TlyfTJNTZ YELLOW METAL,
JjlL And Composition Xalls, for sale) by
29- H. HACKFELD A CO.
LEWIS' PRESERVED .MEATS-;
An aatortEstst, For sale by
18 BOLLB8 & CO.