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BOOK AND JOB
THE "OAZETTE" OFHOS
Is now prepared to execute all orders tor .
Ftior in mn mm.
WITH NEATNESS AND DISPATCH
Every Wednesday Morning,
AT SCOO PEIL ANSCM.
Milled to Foreign Subscribers nt S7.UU
Office On Merchant street, west o(
ho Post Office, Honolulu, II. I.
Printed ! published by J. SIott Sxltn, at the
Government rrfntin- Office, to whom all business
VOL. V NO. 37.1
HONOLULU, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1869.
$6.00 PER YEAR.
communications mast he addressed.
I. Jr. CUIU. J. -- AIHtSTOX. A. . COOtL
castli: Ac cooui:,
IKPOETEES, GENERAL MERCHANTS,
AND GENERAL AGENTS,
No. 80 King Street, opposite Ibe Seamen's Chapel
The Kohata Sugar Company, Hawaii,
The Ilalkn oKar Company, Maol,
The Hawaiian !ncar Silllf, Maui.
The Waialua gujrar Plantation, Oahu, and other
Fo-ar I'lantrri of Waloli and IColoa, Kauai,
The Lumabal Illce IMantation. Kanal,
Dr. Jayne'e Celebrated Family Medicines,
Wheeler k Wilson's Sewing Machines,
The Giant Powder Company.
The New England Mntual Life Insurance Co..
22 The American Steam Fire-proof Safe Co. lyS
a. c. KjjrrnM.
POET PHYSICIAN, AND SURGEON.
OClce and Residence No. Fort Street, Hoooluln,
first bouse niaaai or the iMhoiie inorcii.
At liome day and night, when not professionally
III,I,IiVGIIA:tI fc CO.,
IMPORTERS ic BEALERS II? HARDWARE,
Cutlery. Dry Good. Paints and Oils, and General
MerchandUe, ao. 95, King Street, Honolulu. 15-lj5
riUMC browx. conrnrr nrtow.f,
11KOW1V at CO.,
IMPORTERS & WHOLESALE DEALERS
In Wines, Spirit!, Ale, Porter, Ac., Merchant St
E. P. ADAMS. S. G. WILDER
AA3is &. AVia,ii:i:,
AUCTION & COMMISSION MERCHANTS
27 Queen Street, llooolnlo, II. I. pyl
II. HACKFIII,! A: CO.,
GENERAL COMMISSION AGENTS.
8-5 Queen Street, Honolulu, II. I. ly
ED. HOFFSCHL&EGER & CO.,
IMPORTERS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS
41 Honolulu, Oahu, II. I. lyS
TMEOUOKTC C. HKIICK,
IMPORTER & COMMISSION MERCHANT.
1-5 Honolulu, Oahn. II. I. ly
r. A. SCHAEI'ER .V: CO.,
Honolulu, Oahu, II. I.
c. n. levers. j. a. nicKsox.
LCn CRS Sc. I)ICKSO,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN LUMBER,
And all kinds of Dulldlng Material!, Fort Street,
JOIIA S.IcGIEKW, ill. D.,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Office In II. L. Chase's Building. Fort Street. Office
hoars, from Eight to Ten A m., and from Three to
aire r. N. Residence on Chaplain Street, between
Xuuanu and Fort Street. 8-3m
ALLEN & CHILLINGWORTH,
TTI11 continue the fleneral MeirhanIle and Shipping
businefii at tbe abor. port, where tliey are prepar
ed to furnlih the Jnitly celebmtM Kawalhe FoU
toes, and ueh other IWruIU as are required by
trhaleililpft, at the thorteat notice and on tbe nwt
reuonable term. Firewood always on band. 81 j5
JOIIiV X. "IVATEKIIOIJSK,
IMPORTER AND DEALER IN GENERAL
2 Queen Street, Honolulu, II. I. Iy5
GENERAL COMMISSION AGENT & BROKER
Ofllce in Fire-proof BoUdlngs on Qneen Street,
28 Honolulu, II. I. lyj
c. K. srr-xCER. n. kacfarlane.
CHAN. A. SPEIVCEIt fc CO.,
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
21 Qneeu Street, Honolulu, II. I. Iy4
JIcC'OLGA' te JOH.S()i,
10 Fort St., Honolulu, opposite T. C nenck'a. lji
C. E. WIEsIsIAMS,
MANUFACTURER, IMPORTER & DEALER
In Furniture of every description. Furniture Ware
Room on Fort Street, opposite Chase' Photograph
Gallery. Workshopat theold stand on Hotel
Street, near Fort. Orders from the other
41 islands promptly attended to. lyS
E00T AND SHOE MATTER,
41 King Blreet. next to the Ilethel. Honolulu, flyi
31. X. UOIWEIaL.,
CABINET MAKER AND UPHOLSTERER,
King Street, Honolulu, opposite Lewis' Cooper Shop.
41 Will buy and sell second-hand Furniture. lyS
xjuiiexs & sorkxnoiv,
SHIP CARPENTERS & CAULKERS
At D. Foster &Co's Old Stand, yi
37 j Near tho Honolulu Iron Works. Ilj5
XJIEO. II. iavii:.s,
Lati Jaxiox, Oud k Co.
IMPORTER & COMMISSION MERCHANT,
ASD A0EXT TOR
Lloyd's and the Liverpool Underwriters,
llrilish and Foreign Marine Insurance Co., and
Northern Assurance Company. 34y5
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS
In Fashionable Clothing, Ilata. Caps, Hoots, Shoes,
and every variety of Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
Snow'e Building, Merchant Street, Honolulu. 50-lv5
J. 8. WALKER. S. C. ALLEN.
WALKER Jc ALLE.,
SHIPPING & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
19 Qneen Etreet, Honolulu, II. I. lyS
Xj. Xj. XOKUERX.
DEALER IN LUMBER AND EVERY KIND
OF BUILDING MATERIAL.
ISOrnci Corner Queen and Fort streets. lyS
noix.Es & co.,
SHIP CHANDLERS AND COMMISSION
Queen Street, Honolulu. Particular attention paid
to the purchase and sale of Hawaiian Produce.
ixrus ax ruMissiox to
C L Richards a Co, III Hackfeld a Co,
0 Brewer A Co, C L Richards a Co,
D C Waterman Esq, Catle a Cooke. 2-lyS
I ISA IUCIMKU.SOS,
IMPORTER & DEALER IN BOOTS, SHOES,
And Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods, corner of Fort
and Merchant Streets, Honolulu. 9-lyi
GROCER AND SHIP CHANDLER,
Money and Recruits furnished to Ships on the most
10 fatoraUe terms. ly5
cuurtG no ox
Commiiilon Merchmt and General Agent,
Importrr cf Teas and other Chinese and Foreign
Goods, Wholeaale Dealer In Hawaiian Produce, and
Agent for the Paukaa and Amaunlu Sugar Planta
tions. Flre-projf Store on jiuuann Street, t.elow
AFOAG &. AC1IVCK.
Importors. "Wholesale and Retail De&Ien
In General Merchandise and China Goods, In the
Fire-proof Store on Xanana Street, under the Public
at. C. C1IALL1MCL. jr. A. ELDHE.
CIIAI.I-AIEI &. CO.,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN "WINES,
Spirits, Ales, 1c, Xo. 8, Kunann Street, opposite
Merchant Street, Hoooluln. l'-lj5
D. H. HITCHCOCK,
IS Hllo, Hawaii. lyS
and retail dealer
In Merchandise, Fire-proof Store, corner cf Queen
and Eaahumanu Streets. Ketail stabll.hments, on
Nuuanu Street, and on the corner of Fort and Hotel
U. A. P. CABTZK.
KilinrEK A: CO.,
Honolulu, ii. i.
AGENTS Or the Iioston and Ilonaluln
AGEXTS For the JIaUee, AVallukn and
AGEVTS For the Purchase and Sale of
Islnitd ProIitee. My!
B. r. E11LERS. A. JAEGER.
It. I EIILEKS &. CO.,
DEALERS IN DRY GOODS AND GENERAL
Fire-proof Store on Fort Street, abore Odd Fellows
r. A. SCHAEFEK,
GENT fur the IIHEMEX HOARH
Agcut for the Dtenden Board of Vndertrrlters,
Agent for the Vienna Board of Underwriters.
C. S. KAISXOIV,
Salesroom on Queen Street, one door from Kaahu
inanu Street. 17-ly5
M. S. CICIAltA8J.lI &. CO.,
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS
In Fashionable Clothing, Hats, Caps, Boots. Shoes,
and every variety of Gentlemen's superior Furnish'
Ing Goods. Storo in Makee's Block, Queen Street,
Honolulu, II. I. llD-lyo
TURNPIKE ST0EE CHOICE GROCERIES
199 Corner of Nuuanu t Pauoa Valley UoaJj. 12-ly
JOIB.-V II. PATY,
Notary Public and Commissioner of Deeds
For the State of California. Office at the Bank of
Bishop a Co., Kaanumanu Street, Honolulu,
11. a. ivioejiaiy:,
6 Oince at the Interior Department. lyo
. iv. ivoitxorv,
C00PEE AND GAUGER,
At the Kew Stand on the Esplanade,
lie U prepared to attend to all work In his line
at the Shop next to the Custom IIous?, where he can
be fun nd at all working hours. He hw on ha mi
aod for sale. Oil Caskt and lUrrels of different lzen,
new and old, which he will eell at tho rerj Lowest
Market Rates All work dons in a thorough manner
and warranted to give satisfaction. J. II kinds of
Coopering Materials and Tools for sale. l-3m
i iff. v a. aSB;Gfi:i.iii:,
TIN, ZINC AND COPPER SMITHS,
AND SHEET IKON WORKERS.
Xanana Street, between Merchant & Qneen.
Have con slant I j on hand. Stoves, Pipe, Gal
vanized Iron l'ipe. Plain and Hose Ribl8,
Stop-cocks, India Rubber Ho&e best3-Ij,
In lengths of IS and 0 feet, with couplings
and pipe complete. Bath-Tubs, and also a
Terjr Urge stock of Tinware of eterj description.
Particular attention given to SbipWo:fc. Orders
from the other Islands will bo carefully attended to.
Thankful to the Citizens of Honolulu and the
Islands generally for their liberal patronage In tbe
past, we hope by strict attention to business to merit
the same for the future. 37-I5
COOPER AND GATTGER,
At the Old Stand, corner King & Bethel Sts.
A Larce Stock of Oil Shocks and all kinds of Coop
er ing Materials constantly au hand, lie hopes by
attention to business to merit a continuance of tbe
patronage which he has heretofore enjoyed, and for
which be now returns his thanks. 1-Gm
a. II. THOMPSON",
Qneen Street, Honolnln,
Has constantly on hand and for aale at the Lowest
Market Prices, a good assortment of the Best Bellned
Bar Iron, and the Best Blacksmith's CoaU 3S-ly5
J.V0. XOTT. SAMX K0TT.
.IOIKV KOTT & CO.,
COPPER AND TIN SMITHS,
Xaahumanu St, one door above riitner'e,
Beg leave to Inform the public that they are pre
pared to furnish all kinds of Copper Work, such as
Stills. Strike Pans, Sorghum Pans, Worms. Pumps,
etc Also on hand, a full assortment of Tin Ware,
which we offer for sale at the Lowest Markttt Prices.
All kinds of Repalrinir done with Neatness and
Dispatch. Order from tbe other Islands will meet
witu prompt attention. l5m
MK. J. COSTA,
JEWELER AKD ENGRAVER,
Port Street, opposite Odd Fellows Hall,
Is prepared to execute with promptness, all work In
his line of business, such as Watch and Clock repair
ing. Manufacturing Jewelry and Engraving. l-3m
LICENSED SHIPPING AGENT,
Office on James Robinson & Co's "Wharf,
Continues the business on his old plan of settling
with officers and seanirn Immediately on their ship
ping at his office. Having no direct or Indirect con
nection with any outfitting establishment, and allow
ing no debts to be collected In bis office, he hope to
give as good satisfaction la the future as he has In
the put, 1-Zm
HOUSE AND SHIP PLUMBER,
Sing Street, next to the Seamen' Bethel.
Ilaa onliand. Bath-Tubs. WaterCloets. Wash-Ba-
sins, Force and Lift Pumps, Lead and Galvanized
Iron Pipes, and Plumber's Bras-work. Being the
only Plumber in tbe city, be will execute all orders en
trusted to him in a workmanlike manner. l-3m
iickso;v fc uolster,
House, Sign & Ship Painters.
IClng Street, near A'uuanu.
Graining, Marbliog, Gilding, Calsomlnlng,
taperbanging, Ac, t, executed on the
StJKubortest notice, and on the most reasonable
Piano-Forte Maker & Tuner.
All order left at the Drag Store of
J. M, Smith A Co., corner of Fort and
Hotel Streets, or at Wm. Fischer's
Furniture Booma. Hotel Street, will
meet with immediate attention. Mmc
I'lAXOS and other aiualeaU
'Instruments Tuned and Repaired. bT
TCUAKLES DKKBT, at the Ilavaiian
Ijeiaons glTrn on the Piano & Guitar
he best of referencesglTen. Sl-lj5
Ltoy E. terms. javes y. block
MOS II. MEYERS &. CO.
IMPORTEES AND MANUFACTURERS OF
ITALIAN & AMERICAN MARBLES,
Mantels, Grates, Monuments. Headtones, Tombs,
Wuhitand, Bureau and Counter Tops, Billiard Beds,
Fire Bricas, Plaster, 4c, Ac, 830 Market Street, op-
umimiiic mural, so rrucun UJ. lr-lj
a. w. airzsAxcr.
c x. clake.
1 SEVERANCE, CLAEK & CO.,
ASD SHIPPING AGENTS.
405 Front St, corner of Clay, San Francisco.
Ve will attend to tbe sale of Ecf ar and all kinds
of Island Produce, also to the purchasing and for-
.....u... v. jtciwjBuuwo, vosu Aarances mane on
J. c. arzEsnx,
a. r .
H'CEAKEH, MEEEHL & CO.,
Uarinf; been enied In our present business for
upwards of twelre jears, and belnj; located In a Fire-
pro.)! jjrira isuiiiiin;, we are prepared to receire and
dispone .if Island Staples, sncli as Sugar. Syrup. RJce
Pulu, CuOrr, etc., to adrantage. Consignments n-
vmuHj -oiicneu lor ine uregon larlfet, to which
personal attention will be paid, and upon which cash
wivaiices wm oe made wnen required.
Charles V Brooks San Francisco
j v Jierriu a uo......... . ........
Kadjjer a Llndcnberger
James Tatrick l Co.
Wm T Coleman a Co.. j...
Allfn J5fwl Portland
Leonard a Green
i:. m. v,tjv iei:i:i.
-- o " - ...v.. nil vrun nil llllliuaia ctn-
nection with the Japanese trade for the pat eight
years. Is prepami to traus.ict any business entrusted
to his care. n(tlwIiinMt-h -i-i-e
II. B. WILLIAMS. H. P. EU.NCniBD, C. B. JfOROAX.
WILITAMS, BLANCHAED & CO..
SHIPPING & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
J 305 Front Street. San Francisco. tCm
LANGIEY, CE0WELL & CO.,
32 Cor. Battery & Clay Sts, San Francisco. Cm
Saniome Street, San Francisco.
Extending front Sacramento St. to Hal leek Street
EAVIXC IJKEIV RECENTLY REX
ovated and newly Kurnlshefl. nukes It the
infHt quiet, economical and comfortable FAMILY
II0TKL In the State. Bains centrally located, it of
fers eTery iudacement for Business Men and the Pub
The Tables will be constantly supplied with every
luxury t lie market affords. The American Excbanre
Coach, with Red Lights, will be nt the Wharves and
uepou, io conrey iusengeri to tne Hotel free.
-ljo TIMOTHY SAKuENT, PropTr.
B0AED OF TJNDEltWRITEES.
ff HIE UXDERSIGXED having been
-it. aii)uintcd A cents for tbe San Fransisco lioard
of Underwriters, comprising tbe
Calirnrnla Insurance Company,
Merchants' Mutual Marine Ins. Co.,
Pacific Insurance Company;
California Lloyd, anil
Home Mutual Insurance Company
Beg leare to Inform Masters of Vessels and the pub
lie generally, that all biases of Vessels and Cargoes,
Insured by either of the above ComtvLnles- asminat
perils of the eas and other rlks, at or near the
bandwich Islands will hate to be verified by them.
THE UaVDEKSIGlVED. AGENTS of
the abore Company, have been aothorlzecl to
Insure risks on Cargo, Freight and Trens
ure, by Coasters, from Honolulu to all porta of
tbe Hawaiian Group, and Tice rersa.
o-iya II. 1IAUK1ELU & CO.
MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY
Of San Francisco
THE UNDERSIGNED having been
appointed Agents for the abore Comnanr .are
prepared to feme Policies on Cargoes, Freights
WALKER k ALLEN",
1-Sni Agents, Honolulu.
THE UNDERSIGNED, AGENTS OF
the above Company, hare been authorized to
insure risks on Cargo, Freight and Treas
ure, from Honolulu to all ports of the world, and
lS-ly H. HACKFELD & CO.
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY.
THE UNDERSIGNED having he en
appointed Agents of the above Company, are
prepared to Insure risks against Fire, on Stone and
llrlck Dulltllngs, and 6n Merchandise
stored therein, on tbe most favorable terms. For
particulars apply at the office of
O-IVA . A. 2&UAElK UC
THE AGENT FOR THE BRITISH
Foreign Marine Insurance Comnanr. Limit
ed), has received instructions to reduce the rates o(
Insurance between Honolulu and Forts In the Pacific,
and Ls now prepared to issne Policies at tbe Lowest
jcazejt wua a special reduction on reigiit per steam
ers. THE0. H. DAYIFS,
43-tf Jfftnt BriU ibr. Afar. Ins. Cb. (Limited)
IMPERIAL FIRE INSURANCE CO.
Of London. Established A.D. 1803.
CASH CAriTAL, $8,000,000 in GOLD.
TUE USDERSIOSED IIAV1.N0 been appointed
accnta of tha aboTa Compan j for the Hawaiian
Islands, are prepared to Insure against Fire on Brick.
Stone and Wooden Bnildinga, and on Merchandise,
on tbe most farorable terms. For particulars, applj
at tbe office of
JS-ly WALKER ALLEN.
CRATER OF KILAUEA. HAWAII.
gB THIS ESTABLISHMENT IS
now opn for the reception of visitors to ZT
tbe Volcano Uonse, vho maj relj on finding com
rtaMe rooms, a good table, and prompt attendance.
Experienced guides for the Crater always on band.
STEAK AND SULFHTJE BATES I
Eorsea Grained and Stabled if Desired
Parties risitinr the Tolcano Tia II Uo. can procure
animals warranted to make the Journey, bj T. n.
HST'S IIAXDI.ED AXES.
Best quality. For sale ly tbe case or retal
(Mm) BOIXES k CO.
MORE TIIAX 100,000 PERSONS
BEAR. TCSTIKOXT TO
The "Woaderful Curative Effects of
Dr. Joseph "Walker's
CALIFORNIA VINEGAR BITTERS !
TEE GBEAT BLOOD FtTEIFIEB.
"The Life of all Fltth u the Blood thereof.
Purify the Blood, and tbe health of the
whole system will follow. It is a Gentle Pur
gative, as well as a Tonic.
These Bitters are not a gilded nill, to do
light the eve or nleaeo the fancy, but a Medi
cal 'reparation, composed of the Best Vege-
table ingredients known.
Cleaute the Fiffafetf Blood, whenever yoa
find its impurities burstinc through the skip.
in Pimples, Eruptions, or Sores; Cleame it
wlien jou una it obstructed or sluggish in the
reins.- Clcame it when it is foul, and your
jteimgi win ten tell you when. Iveep the
liioou Healthy, and an will be well.
Dyspepsia or Indigestion,
Headache, Pain in the Shoulders, Tightness
of the Chest, Coughs, Dizziness, Sour Eructa
tions of the Stomach, Bad Taste in tbe Mouth.
Bilious Attacks, Palpitation of the Heart, In-
naniation of tbe .Lungs. Copious Discharges
of Urine, Tain in tbe Region of tbe Kidneys,
and a hundred other painful symptoms, are
the offspring of this Dyspepsia. For these
troubles, tako Dr. Walker's Vinegar Bitters,
and quickly all painful symptoms will disap
pear. it is a uentle r urgatrre.
As well as a Tonic, possessing, also, the pecu
liar merit of acting as a powerful agent in
relieving Congestion, or Jcflamation of the
Liver, and all the Visceral Organs. In this
respect, these Bitters haTe no equal.
For Female Complaints,
Whether in the young or old. married or sin
gle, at the dawn of womanhood or the turn of
life, these Tonic Bitters display so decided an
influence, that a marked improvement is soon
perceptible in the health of the patient.
For Inflammatory Rheumatism,
Chronic Rheumatism and Gout, these Bitters
have been must successful. They arc caused
by vitiated blood, which is generally produced
by derangement of tho Digestive Organs.
Pin, Tape and other Worms, lurking in tbe
system of so many thousands on the Pacific
Coast, are effectually destroyed and removed.
Morbid Condition of the Blood.
This is the fruitful source of many diseases.
such as Tetter or Salt Rheutn, Ringworm
Boils, Carbuncles. Sores, Ulcers, Pimples, and
Eruptions of all kinds. For the cure of these
various affections, whicb are merely symptoms
of a Morbid Condition of the Blood, medical
science and skill have not, as yet, discovered
a Blood Purifier equal to Walker's Vinegar
Diseases of the Blood,
Liver, Kidneys, and Bladder. It thoroughly
eradicates every kind of humor and bad taint.
and restores the entire system to a healthy
condition. It is perfectly harmless, never pro
ducing the slightest injury.
Bilious Bemittent Fevers,
And Intermittent Fevers, which are so preva
lent in the Valleys of the Pacific Coast, during
the Summer and Autumn, and especially dur
ing seasons of unusual beat and dryness, aro
invariably accompanied with extensive de
rangements of tbe Stomach and Liver, and
other abdominal viscera. There are always
more or less obstructions of tho Liver, a weak
ness and irratable state of the Stomach, and
great topor of the Bowels, being clogged un
with vitiated accumulations. In their treat
ment, a purgative, exerting a powerful influ
ence upon these various organs, is essentially
necessary. There is no cathartic for this pur
poso equal to Dr. J. Walker's Vinegar Bitters,
as they will speedily remove tho dark-colored
viscid matter with which the bowels are load
ed, at the same timo stimulating the secretions
of the Liver, and restoring the healthy func
tions of the Digestive Organs generally. The
universal popularity of this valuable remedy
in regions subject to miasmatic influences, is
sufficient evidence of its power as a remedy in
For full directions, read carefully the circu
lar around each bottle.
For sale by all Druggists and Dealers.
b. h. McDonald & Co.,
Druggists and Agents, corner Pine and San-
some btrccts, San Francisco, Cal., and Sac
ramento, Cal., and 34 Piatt Street, N. Y.
GEORGE C. McLEAN, Agent,
16-6mc Honolulu, DI.
IS T H IS SO?
Sound Health to be obtained at last 1
The way to obtain Sound Health!
IST-CLEAfSE the Stomach from
all offensive accumulations, which so usuauv pro
duce functional derangement vitiating the food.
Hud Purify the Blood from all acrid and corrnpt
humors, and you will remove tbe causes of tbe great
est mass of the diseases which afflict so manv of the
A REMEDY, uroved by thirty Tears experi
ence, capable of effecting such a desirable and im
par taut purpose, is still before tbe pnblic in
VEGETABLE PURIFYING PILLS.
This Famoos Medicine hu proved its T&lne In Din
ettes of the HEAD, CHEST, BOWELS, LIVER, tid
DIGESTIVE ORGAN'S, KIDNEYS, e. AUo, in
RHEUMATISM, ULCERS, SORES, and SKIN DIS
EASES It being A DIRECT PUKHTER OF TUE
ULWii anaotnernnids or tue nnmaa ikhIj.
See IlandbUls gicai away by J gaits.
Prepared and told, wholesale and retail, in boxes.
nHce 714J. la. lUd. and 2. 9d. earh. br G. WHELP-
TON k SON", 3 Crane Court, Fleet Street, London,
And may be had of Mr. J. T. WATER II 0 CS E, Hono
lulu, and of all Cfcemlit and Medicine Vendors In
Great Britain and the Colonic.
The nndertiiraed has heard so ranch in Brake of
WHELPTO.VS SAFE VEGETABLE PILLS from par
ties vho hare ued tbem, that he can recommend
them with perfect confluence.
4-lj5 JOHN THOMAS "WATZEH0USE.
O. 1 and COOLIE ItlCE alvvars
on hand and for sale bv
l-3m WALKER k ALIEN, Arenta.
rroBBrcK's patent zijtc paint
JOL The beat article of tbe kind imported. Tor
sale bj (l-3m) B0LLES k CO.
TJEST ENGLISH Boiled Paint Oil.
For sale bj
B0LIXS k CO.
the genuine article, per I0LAS7. For sale
bv (l-3m B0LLES k CO.
The Ecumenical Council.
Dr. Ccmmi.vq axd the Cockcil.
"We published, recently, an account of
a correspondence, unlortunately lucouipiele,
on a eubket absolutely wltbout precedent In
recent ages. Tbe Pope lias called a "Gen
eral Council" for the bib of December next,
to assemble nt Roufe. Tbere have been times
In which such a summons would bavc filled
all Christendom with commotion, but in this
countrv, and at the present day, it is proba
ble euou!!b that the invitation, if not com
monly unknown, Is, at any rate, entirely
unappreciated. Such an event, however,
has not occurred for mora than 300 years,
and it was only rarely and at ions Intervals
that It occurred in formertimes. The Coun
cil of Trent, opened in the year 1545, and
continued till the year 15G3, was the last
General Council, and in all the centuries pre
ceding, tbere were but eighteen others.
Councils of less authority succeeded each
other perpetually, but a General or " Ecu
menical" Council was a rare and awful
phenomenon. Its essence was this: that
inasmuch as it represented the Christians of
tbe whole inhabited earth, it could not pos
sibly go wrong in its decrees. This Idea was
expressed very tersely by St. Augustine,
when be 6a!d, "Securut judieat totiu orbit,"
meaning that when the entire world was on
one side in pronouncing an opinion, no op
position need be apprehended; which Is
doubtless true. But what was to be regarded
as the entire world, and bow was the entire
world to begot together? Could a General
Council assemble, except by authority of the
Fope? When assembled, bad it an authority
equal or superiorto mat 01 me rontiu atone r
Would its "Ecumenicity" or universality,
be destroyed by the absence of delegates?
Ana, it so, accoruing to wnai estimate;
How, in short, was it to be ascertained
whether tbe voice of the real Church Uni
versal bad or had not been so lward on any
particular occasion as to command the un
hesitating obedience of the Faithful ? These
questions, which it would be by no means
easy to answer, will show readily the author
ity of a Council might be disputed, and bow
extraordinary Is the agency which Pius IX,
after so long a suspension, has invoked once
However, the summons has gone forth.
addressed io due course to the Christians of
the whole Inhabited world, schismatics and
heretics included. The Pope sent a bidding
to tbe Patriarch of Constantinople, repre
senting a Church which repudiates the au
thority of Koine, and he invited also " Pro
testants in general," who, according to Ro
man Catholic doctrine, have strayed still
farther from the true lold. The Patriarch
returned a distinct refusal, so that the "Ecu
menicity" of the twentieth General Council
may already appear questionable, but from
Protestants, His Holiness has received a dif
ferent response. Dr. Cumraing was "pleased
rather than otherwise," with tbe Pope's invi
tation, and resolved on accepting it. Being,
however Us he unpretendingly puts it, "in
some degree acquainted with tbe subject,"
be Judiciously determined to communicate
first with Archbishop Manning, in order to
discover. If possible, what kind of reception
he, asa Protestaut, was to expect. The Arch
bishop, with his custotaary coartesy, replied
that Ibe modes of procedure to be observed
at the Council would be determined by .the
supreme authority; but he was obliging
enough to send his correspondent copies of
certain works in which useful and pertinent
information might be found. In one of these
works there was certainly a passage very
much to the point, for it contained nothing
less than the infallible judgment of a Pope
"on the reception to be accorded to a
schismatic or heretic appearing and claiming
to be beard at a General Council." From
this ordinance. Dr. Cumming learnt that as a
preliminary proceeding be would be required
to "give in his adhesion to tho tribunal
and the judge," or, In other words, to recog
nize tbe authority of the Council according
to its own pretensions, and to promise
submission to its behests, under penalties
exceedingly serious. Not liking this pros
pect, he addressed hlmsell directly to Rome
for more distinct or satisfactory assurance,
but to this communication he has not yet
received a reply, and the correspondence
therefore stops short at Its most interesting
The truth Is tbe Pope and bis advisers are
in a little dilemma. It is hardly to be sup
posed tuey desire mcattenaanceoi Dr. uu ru
ining, but then why did they sent him the
invitation? They sent it as they sent a simi
lar bidding to the Eastern Patriarch, for tbe
sake or the "Ecumenicity" ol the intended
Council, but It was never meant to be accep
ted, nor would anybody, Indeed, ailer read
ing Dr. Cumming's letter to ourselves, be
prepared to anticipate much advantage from
the meeting. Dr. Cumming proposes, If np
portuuity be given him, to explain to the
prelates in Conncll assembled, why he and
his brother Protestants, reject the authority
and doctrines of Rome, hut thongh this de
monstration wonld, we doubt not, with all
the "candour, courtesy, and charily" which
our correspondent promises, it could hardly
be a very agreeable, nor, we fear, a very Im
proving lecture. It might possibly, indeed,
degenerate into something wursc. Such un
dertakings as these, for instance, do not pro
mise much for harmony: " Whatever the
approaching Council may decree, I shall be
prepared to adduce a contrary decree from
the cannons of previous Councils, or from
tbe Bulls or Encyclicals of Popes, or from
both." Nothing more likely, but would
that be to tbe satisfaction or edification of
the Pope or Council? What Dr. Cumming
engages to show can be shown peyond ques
tion by advocates of far less experience than
himself, but whether Cardinal Patrizzi wonld
welcome the exposition is another matter.
"In the history of bis Church I have found
that Council decrees against Pope and Pope
retaliates against Cocncil, and Pope contra
dicts Pope and Council anathematizes Coun
cil, and that in tbe Romish Church there is a
historic concordia discort wblch renders It In
all respects the most disunited Church in
Christendom." Is that the text on which
Dr. Cumming proposes to preach before the
Council ol Rome?
Nevertheless, our correspondent stands on
6trong ground. He was invited to attend
the Council, and, unless the ivltatlon was a
mockery, be must have been invited on terms
extending at least to freedom of conference.
Dr. Cumraing is a fair, indeed an eligible
representative of a numerous body of Chris
tians, and be states with great fairness tbe
case between his friends and the Roman
Council. " We scperated from Rome in the
slxtenth century. Rome may fairly Invite us
once more to return, or give our reasons for
standing aloof." Nothing could be more
plausible, but still we fancy the Cardinal Se
cretary will not admire tbe Dropositlon, any
more, we (ear than be will recognize the
"accustomed ecclastiacal Latin" in tbe lan
guage in which it Is conveyed. The univer
sality of tbe Invitation was only a form, and
though the company of the polemical Protes
tants might have been actually requested, It
is hardly to be supposed that it is desired.
Our correspondent may go to Rome without
fear of being burnt by sentence of tbe Coun
cil, or even attacked in the streets like Pro
testants in Spain, but tbe freedom of speech
which he respectfully solicits for an expo
sure of Romish idolatory Is not, we should
think, likely to be accorded to him. Per
haps most persons would be of opinion that
the collision would be of little good, but
as the Pope undoubtedly sent the invita
tion, and the capacity in which Dr. Gum
ming proposes to accept It Is inevitable, our
readers may possily look with some interest
for tbe conclusion of so remarkable a corres
pondence. London Mail, Auq. 20.
Binox Betst asd the Cous en.
Tbe following Is Baron Beast's answer te
the Circular of Prince Hobenlohe regarding
the approaching Ecumenical Council:
A government which, like tbe Austro
Hnngarian, bos adopted tbe freedom of all
religious denominations within the liberally
constituted civil society as its leading principle-,
would, in our view, not adhere to the
consequences of that principle if It were to
oppose a system of preventive and restrictive
measures to an affair which, such 06 the con
vocation of a general council, Is an act that
has its foundation in tbe constitution of the
Church. It having been
laid dowu as a general rule that the fullest
UDcrty must oe given io ine recognized re
Ilglous communities, in tbeir internal nctlv
ity. as long as it does not come in collision
with the stand-point of the State, the Impe
rial and royal Government has not been able
to sec sufficient motives, cither of right or
opportunity, as the matter stands, to-day, to
concur in tbe proposal of tbe royal Bavarian
Government, at present, however worthy of
consideration mat proposal ue in itseir. .Re
specting the proceedings of the council, only
suppositions, more or less probable, can be
made at present. Not even of the pro
gramme ot tne subjects ol deliberation of the
council has any official Information been
given, except the general intimation con
tallied In tho-Papal bull of convocation.
Moreover, nobodv will dlsDUte tbe ircticral
council of tbe Cburcb tbe province of purely
dogmatical questions, lion ever, as regards
tbe ecclesiastical off.iirs of the State, as well
as those matters wuicu, in common witu re
ligion, affect at the same time also tbe civil
rigbts, it is difficult to lorm. to-day. a ludg
meut as to whether tbere Is danger to be
apprehended that tbe diucrences which bave
oecome manliest in tuis respect win ue
widened uy ine ueiioeraiions ana resolutions
of tbe council, and raised to such a pitch as
to Increase the danger of tbe security of the
otates. tve can neither deny nor confirm
the existence ol such a danger.
But, iu general, it may be presumed that
the Catholic bishops, the great majority of
wuom mu6i reside ana penorm tiieir sacrea
functions In countries which are governed by
completely secularized laws, will bring with
mem to iionic an exact Knowledge oi tne
practical necessities of our age. And If tbe
expectation be justified that advocates in
favor of tbe preservation of peace between
Stateand Church, will not be wantlngamong
tne prelates oi ine council, it win not, per
haps, be in the interests of the governments
to let those voices appear being patronized
by the State, which might preudicu their
authority., furthermore, it can not, as yet,
be discerned what tho attitude ol the Papal
See (n hlch, In tbe present state of the woUd,
will neither be able nor willing to renew tbe
precedents of past centuries regarding the
participation of the secular princes in the
council,) will be towards the governments
relative to these subjects of discussion, re
specting which the resolutions of tbe coun
cil can not be carried into effect without tbe
recognition of tbe State. In our opinion, the
governments are, however, in sucb a posi
tion that they can await tbe steps ol the
Church government that they may become
necessary in this respect. Should the ap
proaching council really show signs or adopt
means to trespass on tbe sphere of right of
the executive power of the State, or should
certain Indications of such a tendency mani
fest themselves In an authentic manner, the
Imperial and Royal Government is of opinion
that in that case the question could surely
not be avoided to consider how far, besides
npnrtln -..H AUenaMni it.n, nf li
several States, combined deliberations of the
Cabinets might become advisable or neces
sary for the common protection of the sove
reign rights of the States. On the other
baud, we can not agree to a diplomatic con
ference on the mere presumption of possible
encroachments upon these rights, and raise,
thereby, the appearance, perhaps, not to
speak of the increased difficulty of coming
to a distinct understanding on so uncertain
a basis of ou Intended control and restric
tion of the liberty of the Catholic Cburcb,
aud Increase the anxiety of minds without
PnoTOORAFH Sitters. The publie does not
appreciate the fact that very careful dressing
is required to obtain a satisfactory audience oC
tbe sun. Sol is even more inexorable than
any court llankey in such matters. Tho pub
lie seems to think that the sun takes cogniz
ance of any color that may be presented to
him, and finds out its mistake when too late.
Yellow or orange may suit the brunette, and
mauve, or the lighter shades of blue and gray,
may harmonize irith the blonde; but in the
camera it is far otherwise. The yellow ray of
the spectrum does not affect the silver plate,
irhile mauves, purples and blues do most ac
tively ; thus when the printing process reverses
the shades on the photographic plate, the yel
low becomes black, and the delicate light col
ors above mentioned print nearly pure white.
Thus sitters sometimes become so altered in
their photographic portrait that they scarcely
recognize themselves. Gloriana with golden
hair comes forth with raveo tresses, and the
yellow rose in Rebecca's coiffure is as black as
tbe locks they adorn. A certain class of people,
again, like the sun to register their finery.
Ladies who but seldom go to court, w isb to
make the most of the occasion, quite regardless
of the fact that stiffbrocades, especially during
the crinoline fashion, give anything but an
elegant contour to the figure. Tbere has been
of late, however, a very great improvement in
this respect, and all the better-class photo
graphers have learned to impress npon their
sitters the value of simplicity, both as regards
poso and dress. In certain quarters of tbe
town, however, tbe rage for pretence is as
great as ever, both on the part of the sitter and
the photographer. It will be observed that
the lower the neighborhood the more varied
the amount of properties and scenia decora-,
tions to bo found in the studio. Possibly the
carpenter would prefer being working at bis
bench, but tbe photographer, who artfully pre
fers pleasing Jones' wife, places him upon a
terrace with a far-stretching landscape as a
background. Servantmaids, again, are seat
ed in splendid boudoirs, and rcspectablo trades
men are placed in extensive libraries, whereas
the only books they feel at home with, are their
day-books and ledgers. All this is tbo mere
snobbery of the art, which we rarely see prac
tised in better-class studios. A flat gray back
ground, which throws up tbe figure without
catting up its lines, is now almost universally
employed. Nevertheless tbe ignorance tbat is
occasionally displayed by people of the better
class with resptet to the manner or taking tbe
photograph would scarcely be believed. On
one occasion two ladies entered the sitting
room of a studio, and placing themselves be
fore a mirror, after some time wished to know
if the portraits were not finished, evidently
thinking the looking-glass was the operating
agent. In another ease we heard that a young
lady intimated her desire that her hair should
be made a little longer ; and it has been desired
that even jowelry should be omitted in the por
trait, the sitter making no attempt fo remove
it herself. Onefold gentleman, in the country,
even sent up the color of bis hair to tbe color
ing artist of the Stereoscopic Company, and
called four days afterward the inquire if tbe
portrait was done I Xoung lady sitters during
the present fashion of dressing the hair are
not photographed to advantage, tbe ehignon
affording a very unsubstantial foundation for
tbe head-rest. From Good VTord.
jLorils and Commons.
'When we look at the composition of the two
nouses, at the aristocratic element of tbe Com
mons and at the plebeian proportion of tbe
Lords, we cannot fail to see tbe mistake made
by political teachers who would congratulate
the country on the ability of iU Commons,
while they denounce the incapacity of the
Lords. The natural position of a yonag Lord
an unfledged Peer is the House of Com
mons. If we look into the records of all our
great noble families, we find that it is so. The
young cadets of our great houses are the most
popular candidates at oar hustings; nor have
they become less popular than heretofore un
der the operation or the household -suffrage.
This basbecomeso muehthe ruleof life among
noble families in England that a Peer, in the
dispossl of his son, looks almost as a matter of
course to a career for him as a Commoner ia
the Lower-House. And noblemen succeed
there, nroportionably beyond other men. be
cause they begin tbeir work young, and are
hampered by no demands on their time mads)
by other professions. Who can remember a
Cabinet in which has not sat the son of tome
Peer as a commoner, a Hartington, a Stanley,
a Seymour or a Lincoln? In tbe course of na
ture these men beeomo Peers and take with
them into the Upper House the education they
bave acquired in the Lower. To suppose tbat
because they become Lords Lords in tbe leg
islative sense, they therefore become fools, is,
we think, to indulge a revolutionary passion
at tbe expense of common sense. To quarrel
with tbem because their energy Is less promi
nent than it was heretofore is to cast a censure,
upon the all-engrossing appetite for govern
ment of tbe House of Commons. And if the
Lower House be composed to a large decree of
young noblemen, so is the Upper House re
vigorated from day to day by old commoners.
Olthe Peers who spoke in the late debate, very
nearly one-half bad won their peerages for
themselves : and of the hereditary Peers who
spoke, very nearly one-half had earned for
themselves a parliamentary reputation In the
House of Commons. Wa insist npon this now.
not because we like the work tbat the Lords
hare just done which, however, we regard as
work very natural for them to do, but because
we like tbe energy with which they did it.
And we fneciatlr dislike that fonlinir of dnr
own nest whieh is toa sad degree effected when
our own leading men -allow themselves' to use
expressions of contempt toward a branch of
our Legislature which is not only absolutely
essential to ourexistingconstitution, but which
does, in fact, conduct itself with exemplary
diligence and most patriotio seal in discharge
of its duties. We all know the class of argu
ments which Is used against hereditary legis
lators, and how flagrant are the instances of
men who, born to this high position, disgrace
their rank by low vice and by egregious folly.
Talcs are told of this vice and folly in our own
great colonies. In the United States, and all
orer Europe, which are easily understood and
easily believed, and the argument against here
ditary legislation seems to be complete. But
vice and folly are more easily recognized than
wisdom and patriotism, and, alas I have great
er charms for tbe tongues of men and women.
A Duke who has wasted a princely patrimony
in five years gives more subject for exciting
conversation than an Earl who has been thrice
Prime Minister. Tbat this Duke or that Mar
quis should have dissipated his patrimony will
become matter of notoriety throughout all the
nations, whereas the life's work of a man who
had all means of pleasure at hiseommand, but
has been stirred to work by a high ambition,
is for the moment disregarded. For every
Peer disgraced among us, we have ten Peers
who are, as it were, tbe very salt of the earth
to us. And such is the constitution of our
House of Lords that it oust be so. Our Up
per Chamber Is so constantly refreshed with
new waters that it cannot become a stagnant
pool. Our Commoner is so near to being a
Peer, and our Peer was so lately a Commoner,
that it is fatuous to speak of difference between
the capacity and the patriotism of the one and
the other. We will regard our country as a
land which is destined to make progress. In
matters of legislation, Publie Opinion aits on
the box. The House of Commons is the team
of horses, and the House of Lords is the drag
at the wheel. So excellently does the contri
vance perform its part that we go down all the
hills with a safety unknown to other nations.
First Societt ix Bouinsnx CaLirortxn
stranger, visiting a Southern California
town, was taken about the streets by a promi
nent citizen to see the lions and lionesses, and
thus tells bow they were interpreted to him :
ion see that man there! be remarked to
me, upon one occasion, at the same time point
ing with his finger, which resembled the
tongue of an ox-cart, to a dilapidated looking
shrimp, with a yard of tobacco Juice coursinz
its way through a ditch in his whiskers. I
answered in the affimative. " Well, sir," re-
:oined my cadaverous companion, ' I am go-
g to introduce you to him. lit $ the smart-
man in this town : he sbot a fellow at a
ball about three weeks ago." A short time
after my companion's fit fell upon my should
er like a trip hammer, and bringing his enor-
ous finger to bear upon a bind of about
three hundred avoirdupois, he ejaculated:
"There's the man I want you to know; he
shot a Mexican right through the head last
Wednesday." Hardly ten minutes had elap
sed, when down came the ponderous fist of my
man acquaintance npon my port arm, with,
Tbere doggoned my buttons he's a brick.
en bet I ycur bottom dollar he put a charge
of buck-shot into a Dutchman last week, and
ug a hole into his bead lirge enough to saw
wood in." I was on the point of making ex
pressions of sympathy for tbe unfortunate
leaton when my attention was turned to a
lymphatie looking female, right across the
street, with, " Tbere 1 by juniper I there's the
smartest girl in town ;you ought to know her
her father's jackass took the first prize at the
fair, last Fall you bet she's smart." I want-.
to ask bim if she bad shot anybody within
week, but for fear that I might get a dose of
buck-shot which would dig a hole in my bead
g enough to saw wood in, 1 auected indes
cribable amazement at the brilliant creature.
the much joy of my cicerone.
A Dcrcn CajiaL. The great shin canal
hich Is to connect Amsterdam with the North
ea, at a cost of 27,000,000 guilders, is now
once more in progress, the government of the
Netherlands having relieved tbe contractors of
certain difficulties which for a time hindered
the work. The canal will bo about fifteen
iles in length ; one portion Of its course lies
through the sea known to the Dutch as the T,
and through Wyker Meer, where it will be
strongly embanked. The sandy peninsula be
yond, about five miles wide, will beeut through,
and a harbor will be built at its mtfath, at a
part of the coast where a harbor is greatly
wanted, r or tbe proper utilization ot this ean-
the Zuyder Zee is to be shut out from Am
sterdam, and tbe Pampns dam by which this
to be effected is already half finished, and
the locks and sluices connected with it are in
progress, liy this understanding Holland will
add one more to her grand engineering works,
but it appears to be an hngliiu firm who hold
the contract. The opening of the new port as
harbor of refuce will be a boon to all the
mariners who navigate tbe North Sea.
Ax ingenious German of New Britain, Conn..
named Linder, during recent confinement with
uease, made aremarkablepieceofBecban ism.
It consists of a complicated clock work, in
closed in a miniature castle, si watchman
walks round the' tower, completing lis circuit
once in gfteen minutes. Once in fifteen min
utes a porter opens a gate in the castle, steps
out, ana men retires, closing tue gate alter
bim. At eleven o'clock the main entrance of
the castle opens, and a number of figures ap
pear under tbe arch, and remain while a mu
sic box within plays several airs. Figures aL.
appear now and then at tbe windows. Un
the top of the castle is a ball, one side gilded
and tbe other black. The gilded side turns
from behind a screen with the moon, indicat
ing the changes of that planet from tbe first
quarter to tbe full.
Watxbixo Ilosses Without Sromao. A
Jersey genius has invented a device for water
ing horses when travelling or at work, by
which their thirst may be assuaged wit-hoot
stopping. It appears to be more particularly
designed for tbe benefit of the draught animals
of city street cars. The bit of the bridle or
head-stall is made hollow, and bas attached to
it a flexible tube connected with a tank carried
in or on tbe vehicle. By pulling a string the
water is caused to Sow into tbe bit, and thesea
through a suitable orifice into the horse's
mouth. This beats tbe apparatus for fijSfig
locomotive tanks without stopping.
Dcxetb. Minn., has nat ud 1M boshs is