Newspaper Page Text
Every Wednesday Morning,
AT SO.OO PEIl ANM73I.
Jladletl lo Foreign Subscribers t S1MO.
Office On Merchant street, west of
he Post Office. Honolulu, II. 1.
Printed and published l.j J. Mott Smith, at th
Government PrintinR OSVe, to whom all business
communications roust be addressed.
ami 1. . itnniflt. a. s. cootx.
CASTM Jfc COOKC,
IMPORTERS, GENERAL 1HRCHAKTS,
AKD GENERAL AGENTS,
No. 80 Kins Strrrt, opposite I he Seamen's Chanel
The Kohala Pupar Compauv, Hawaii,
The llatkn Sujrsr Company, ManI,
Tlie Hawaiian Sugar Mills, Maui.
The Walatua Sumr llantatinn, Ohn. and other
ngar Planters of Waloll and Knlua, Kauai,
The Lnniahai Klce Plantation, Kauai,
Dr. Javne's Celebrated Fauillv Medicines,
Wheeler L Wilsnn's Sewlnc Machine.,
The Olant Powder Companv.
Tlie New England Mutual UMnnuranee Co.,
221 The American Steam Fire-proof fcafe Co. flyS
IMPORTER & DEALER IK BOOTS, SHOES,
Fine Clothing, Tarnishing Goods. Perfnnierjr, It,
corner f Fort and Merchant Street. Honolulu.
Als. A pent for tlie Hawaiian Soap Co. Orders re
ceived, ami promptlj executed.
particular attention paid to the Shipment ofOonds
to the other Islands
A. C. ItJIFtXn. si.
PORT PHTSICIAH, AKD SURGEON.
OIHce and Residence Xo. 64 Fort Street, Honolulu,
Drat Imuse maltal of the Catliolle Church.
At home day and night, when not iirofesslonallr
IILMSIIA3I As CO.,
IMPORTERS & DEALERS IN HARDWARE,
Cutlery. I)rT Gauds. Paints and Oils, and fleneral
Merchandise. No. 95, King Street, Honolulu. flS-lva
rnxxK nnows. gopfret brows.
imoTO .t co..
IMPORTERS & WHOLESALE DEALERS
In Wines, Spirits, Ale, Porter, ic, Merchant St.,
E. T. ADAUS. S. O. WILDER."
AIKV3IS .fc AVII.WKSt,
AUCTION & COMMISSION MERCHANTS
27 Queen Street, llouolnln, II. I. fy4
II. IIACKFEIVO Jt CO.,
GENERAL COMMISSION AGENTS.
S-5 Queen Street, Honolulu, n. I. ft
ED. HOFFSCHLAEGER & CO.,
IMPORTERS & COMMISSION MERCHANTS
41 Honolulu, Oahu, II. I. PyS
TIIKOIMMtE C. IIKIJCIa,
IMPORTER & COMMISSION MERCHANT,
1-5 nonolnln. Paha. H. I. py
F. A. SCIIAEFEK Jfc CO.,
3S nonolnln, Oahu. II. I. fly4
C n. LEWEttR. J. C D1CKS05.
IVCIVEItS Jfc niCKSOX.
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN LUMBER,
And all kind, of PoUding Materials, Fort Street,
JOH, S.JIcGKEIV, SI. !.,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Office in II. L. Chase's Building, Fort Street. Office
lioun, from Eight to Ten a at, and from Three to
Fire r. M. Residence on Chaplain Street, Iwtween
Nnuann and Fort Streets. S-3m
ALLEN & CHILLIHGWORTH,
Will continue the General Merchandise and Shipping
business at the above ort, where they are prepar
ed to furnish the Justly celebrated Kawalhae Pota
toes, and such other Kecrnita as are required by
whaleshlr. at the shortest notice and on the moat
reasonable terms. Firewood always on hand. S-ly5
"jOII.-V X. 1VAXEKIIOUSE,
IMPORTER AND DEALER IN GENERAL
2 Queen Street, ltouolnltt, H. I. Iy5
w. i. onrcnrv.
Office in Fire-proof Ttnlldinga on Queen Street,
2S Honolulu, II. I. Py4
C. JT. SPEXCER. H. VACrARLASE.
CITAS. SS. SPESCER at CO.,
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
21 Queen Street nonolnln, n. I. fly
McCOEGAW Jk aOIEVSO,
10 Fort L, Honolulu, opposite T.C Ileuck's. lyo
C. E. IVIEEIAIS,
MANUFACTURER, IMPORTER & DEALER
Io Furniture of every description. Furniture Ware.
Boom n Fort Street, oppueiteCbase's Photograph
Gallery. Worltshop at theolil sUnd on Hotel
Street, near Fort. Orders from the other
41 Islands promptly attended to. PyS
BOOT AND SHOE MAKER,
41 King Street, next to the Bethel. Honolulu. PyS
31. X. DO.WELL,
CABINET MAKER AND UPHOLSTERER,
King Street, nonolnln, opposite Lewis Cooper Shop.
41 Will buy and sell second-hand Furniture. PyS
JOD.1 TIBBETS. THOS. SOKENSO
XIIIIIEXS & SOItErVSOIV,
SHIP CARPENTERS & CAULKERS
jfflQ AtD. Toster & Co's Old Stand,
37j Near the lionolulu Iron Works. PyS
XIIEO. II. JOAVIES,
Lin Jistox, Gun t Co.
IMPORTER & COMMISSION MERCHANT,
ixn ACE5T roa
Lloyd's and the Liverpool Undenrritera,
British and Foreign Marine Insurance Co., and
Nortliem Assurance Company. 3-ly5
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS
In Fahlonabe aothlng. Hat. Caps, Boota, Shoes,
and every variety of Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods.
Saow'a Uuilding, Merchant Street, Honolulu. 5G-lj5
J, S. WALCER. 8. C. ALX.EX.
WAXiKEK sfc ALLia,
SHIPPING & COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
18 Queen Street. Honolulu, IL I. PyS
I. E. TORBERT,
DEALER IN LUMBER AND EYERY KIND
OF BUILDING MATERIAL.
13 Orrici Corner Queen and Fort streets. lyS
llOLLES & CO.,
SHIP CHANDLERS AND COMMISSION
Queen Street, Honolulu. Particular attention paid
to the purchase and sale of Hawaiian Produce.
azraaa ir PKaMlsaiOff TO
C L Richards t Co, - U UaekfeldaOo,
C Brewer Co, C L lUchardt t Co,
D C Waterman Ztq, (Castle a Cooke. '2-lyS
GROCER AKD SHIP CHANDLER,
Money and Recruits furnished to Ships on the most
10 favorable terms. PyS
Commitiios Merchant and General Agent,
Importer of Teas and other Chinese and Foreign
Goods, Wholesale Dealer la Hawaiian Produce, and
Agent for the Paukaa and Amatrolu Sugar Planta
tions. Fire-proof Store on JCunann Street, below
TURNPIKE STORE CHOICE GROCERIES
189 Corner nf Nnnua At Prince Streets. P2-Iy
VOL. V NO. 45.1
11. C. CnALLAVEL. K. A. BIXUE.
CIIAEEA3IEI.. afc CO..
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN "WINES,
Spiriu, Ale, tc, No. 8, Kuuanu Street, opposite
Merchant Street, Honolulu. Vi-l)i
D. H. HITCHCOCK,
IS into, Hawaii. PyS
A. S. CEEGIIOU.-V,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER
In Merchandise, Fire-proof Store, corner or Queen
and Kaahunianu Streets. Uetaii Establishments, on
Xuuanu Street, and on the corner o Fort and Hotel
II. A. P. CAETE.
C. BltEWEIt CO.,
IIOXOTjUI.TT, II. I,
AGKVTS Or the Hoston and Honolulu
AGENTS-For the Mnkee, 'Wnllnku olid
AREXTS-For the Purchase nntt Sole or
Islaml Produce. WyS
B. F. F.nLERS. A. JAEOEE.
II. K. EIIEEKS fc CO.,
DEALERS IN DRY GOODS AND GENERAL
Fire-proof Store on Fort Street, above Odd Fellows
I A. SCIIAErEK.
GENT for the rtllEJIKJf BOARD
JL of CNDEltWUITCBS.
Acent for the Dresden Board of Underwriters,
Arent for the Vienna Board of Underwriters.
C. S. BAIiYOW.
Salesroom on Queen Street, oue door from Kaahu.
inanu Street. K-ljS
SI. S. GKEVKAIJM CO.,
IMPORTERS AND "WHOLESALE DEALERS
In Fashionable Clothinff. Hats, Caps, Iloota, Shoes,
and every variety of Gentlemen's superior ruraish
ine Goods. Storo in Matee's Block, Queen Street,
Honolulu. II. I. P0"1!5
AFOIVG at ACIIECK.
Importers, "VvTiolesale and Retail Dealers
In General HIercliandie and China Goods, In the
Fire-proof Store on Xuuanu Street, under the Public
JOII.A II. PATV,
Notary Public and Commissioner of Deeds
For the State of California. Offlce at the Bank of
Bishop a Co., Kaahunianu Street, Honolulu. (2-lyS
II. A. wnnaiAw.
6J OfBce at the Interior IVpartment. PyS
a. xv. soitxo.
COOPER AND GAUGES.,
At the New Stand on the Esplanade.
He is prepared to attend to all work in his line
at the Shop next to the Custom House, where he can
be found at all working hours. He has on hand
and for sale, Oil Casks and Barrels or different sizes,
new and old, which he will sell at the very lowest
Market Kates All work done in a thorouch manner
and warranted to give satisfaction. All kinds ot
Cooperinc Materials and Tools for pale. l-3m
I'. II. at . SCGEIiKI,
TIN, ZINC AND C0PPEE SMITHS,
AND SHEET IRON 'WORKERS,
Nnnann Street, between Merchant & Queen.
Have constantly on hand. Stoves, Pipe, Gal
vanized Iron Pipe, Plain and Hose Bibbs,
Stol'-cocks, India Itubtier Hose bert3-ply,
i In lengths of2S and 50 feet, with coupliufrs
I and pit complete. Uatn-Tubs, and also a
verv larce atock of Tin are of everr description.
articular attention given to Ship-Work. Orders
Tram the other Islands will be carefully attended to.
Thankful to the Citizens of Honolulu and the
Islands penerally for their liberal jtatronape in the
past, we lioie by strict attention to business to merit
the same for the future. 37-ly5
JAJIES E. EE1V1S,
COOPER AND GATJGER,
At the Old SUnd, corner King & Bethel Sts.
A 'Large Stock, of Oil hook.i and all kind of Coop
riing It-rial constantly 3D band. He hope by
attention to buiine to merit a continuance of the
patrunape which he baa heretofore enjoyed, and for
which be now ret ami hi thanks. lm
- J. II. XIIOJIISOf
Queen Street, Honolulu,
Has constantly on hand and for sale at the Lowest
Market Prices, a paid assortment of the llest Refined
Car Iron, and the Beat Blacksmith's Coal. ZS-lyS
J.M. KtlTT. Sm'.SJTT.
ioiEv hroTT & co.,
COPPER AND TIN SMITHS,
Eaahuinann. St, one door above riitaer'a,
Hep leare to Inform the pnblic that they are pre
pared to furnwh all kind of Copper Work, ncb as
StilU, Strike Tans. Sorghum Pans, AVornH. IumpM,
etc Also on band, a full assortment of Tin Ware,
which we offer for nale at the Lowest Market Price.
All kinds of Hepairinc done with Neatnes and
PUpf tch. Order from the other Island will meet
with prompt attention. . l-3m
3IK. -J. COSTA,
Port Street, opposite Odd Fellows Hall,
Is prepared toexecute with promptness, all work Id
his line of l-utuneet, sacb as Watch and Clock repair
Injc, MMofcturinp Jewelry and EnraTinc- l-3m
LICENSED SHIPPING AGENT,
Office on James Bohinson & Cos 'Wharf,
Continues the bneinem on his old plan of ttUng
with officers and seanirn immediately on their tbip
pinT at hit office. HaTing so direct or" indirect cpr
nection with any outfitting establishment, and allow
ing no debta to be collected in his office, he hopes to
Eire aa good satisfaction in the future as he basin
the past. I -3m
HOUSE ACT SHIP PLUMBER.
King- Street, next to the Seamen's Bethel.
Ila on liand, Bath-Tubs,. Water-Closets, Wa&h-Ba-slni.
Force and Uft lumi. Lead and Galranized
Iron Pipe, and Plumber's Crass-works. Being the
only Plumber In the city, he will execute all orders en
trusted to him in a workmanlike manner. 1-Cia
iickso:v fc bolster.
House, Sign & Ship Painters,
Kins Street, near. .Xnuano.
fm ' Graining, Marbling, Gilding, CaUominlng,
JlfpkPaper-bangiog, Ic, tc execnted on the
OJBbortest notice, and on the moat reasonable
PIANOS and other Musical
.Instruments Tuned and ReTMired. br
TfCIUULES DEH11Y, at the Ilavaiian
Leisoni girenonthe Piano &. Guitar.
he best of refgrencesgiyen. 61-Iy5
WAGON AND CARRIAGE BUILDER,
7G Itlng Mrref, llonolaln.
Kepairint: done with care
and neatnet. Also, psrtico-
; lar atientioa pren xo uiacE-
amithing and Ilarsehoeing. Orders from the other
Islands promptly executed. 40-1 y
10N )L0LU, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 18G9.
uoa Ktrr-u. units. iucx,
i.ros it. jiKiuits .t co.,
1MP0TEES AND KANTTFA CT0EEES OF,
IT ALIAS & AMERICAN MARBLES,
Slantrla, GratM, Monnmrnts IlrJultonrs. Tombs,
Washstan j, Iturvaa and Couatf r Tp. Billiard Bfsls,
Fire Bricks, I'latter. Jte X MarVrt Strrtt, op
positr. Catholic Cbnrcb, San Francisco, Cal. S3-1 J.
B. vf. sKTCaacr. c t. cliar.
SEVERANCE, CLAEK & CO.,
ADD SHIPPING AGENTS,
405 Front St, corner of Clay, San Francisco.
T will attend to the sale of Snf r and all kinds
of Island iToiluce, alto to the porrliastng and fjr
ardlnc of JlercliandiHC Cash AdTancea mads on
J0U.1 X'CAtt, J. C. MISKIU.
INirtland. S. T. CaL
M' CRAKES', MERRILL & CO.,
HaTing been engaged in onr present business Uvr
upwards of t el rehears, and ling located in a Fire
proir Ttrirk rinilding, we are preKired to receiye and
dipxe 4f Island Staples, such as Supir, Syrups, liice,
Tulu, CoflW. etc.. to adrantnge. Coiifpnmentti es
pecially (Elicited for Ibe Oregon Market, to which
jrertftoual attention will 1 paid, and uon which cash
advances will be made when required.
Cbarlefl IIrtks San Franciwco
J C Merrill a Co
Rtulera Lindenl-erger... ...... ......
James Patrick k Of. '
AViu T Colemnu a Co.....
Stevens, Baker a Co
Allen a Lewis ... Tortland
Ladda Tilton "
e. si. vxx ii:i;i.
HaTing the be? t facilities through an Intimate con
nection ith the Japanese trade for the past eight
years, is prepared to transact any business entrusted
to bis care, Itb dispatch. 17-ly5
H. B. WILLIAMS, 11. P. BLAJSCniBD. C S. MORGAN.
WILLIAMS, BLAKCHAED & CO.,
SHIPPING & COMMISSION MEE CHANTS,
4c 305 Front Street. Sau Francisco. Cm
LA1TGLEY, CE0WELL & CO.,
32 Cor. Battery 4; Clay Sts, San Francisco. Cm
SniiRomr Street. Sau Frnnclico,
Extending from Sacramento St. to llalleck Street.
HAVING 1IEKX KECEXTLT RE.V
oTnted aud newly Fumibed, makes it the
mot quiet, economical and comfortable FAMILY
HOTEL in the State. Being centrally located, it of
fers eTery inducement fur Business Men and the lub
Tlie Tables will 1 constantly supplied Tilth every
luxury the matket aflord The American Exchange
Coach, with Ked Lights, will be at the WharTes and
Depots, to conTey rnvengers to the Hotel free,
7-lyS TIMOTHY" SARGENT, Frop'r.
B0AED OF UKDEEWEITEES.
rHIIIE CXDERSICVED UnviiiR been
JL appointed Agents for the San Fransitco liuard
of Underwriters, comprising the
Callforula luburaitce Compaiiy,
Jtlercliaiitk lutunl?lnrlne Ins. Co
Pncldc Insnraiicc Comjauy,
California Lloyd's, and
Home Mutual Insurance Company.
Beg leare to Inform Masters of Vessels and the pub
lic generally, that all louses of Vessels and Cargoes,
insured by either of the abore Companies, againtt
perils of the seas and other risks, at or near the
Sandwich Islands will hare to be verified by them.
l-3m II. IIACKFKLD k CO.
THE UJVnEItSIG.VED, AGENTS of
the abore Company, hare been authorized to
insure risks on Cargo, Freight and Treas
ure, by Coaaterst from Hoooluln to all ports of
the Hawaiian Group, and rice Terna.
8-ly5 II. IIACKFKLD & CO.
MAE IKE INSTJEANCE COMPANY
Of San Francisco.
THE UNDERSIGNED Having been
appointed Agents for the above Company .are
prepared to is-ue 1'olicieson Cargocs Fret gilts
WALKER I ALLEX,
3-3m Agents, Honolulu.
TUB UADERSIGXED, AGENTS OF
tlie how Company, hare been authorized to
insure risks on Cargo, Freight and Treas
ure, from Honololu to all ports of the world, and
18-1 j II. HACKFFLD & CO.
EIEE INSUEANCE COMPANY.
THE UNDERSIGNED having been
appointed AgenUof the abote Company, are
prepared, to insure risks against Fire, on Stone and
Brick Buildings, and on Merchandise
stored therein, on tbe most ZaTorahle terms. For
particulars apply at the office of
WyS F. A. SCHAEFEK k CC
THE AGENT FOR THE BRITISH
Foreign Marine Insurance Company, (Limit
ed), hisrtceiTrd instructions to reduce the rates ol
Insurance beta een-Uonoluln and Ports in the Pacific,
and Is now prepared to Issue Policies at the Zxncett
Hates, with a special reduction en Freight per Steam
ers. T1IE0. II. DATIFS,
43-tf J sent SriL br. Mar. Ins. Q. tLimited)
UIPERIAL FIRE ISSFRAKCE CO.
Of London. Established A. D.1803.
CASH CAPITAL, $8,000,000 In GOLD.
THE UXDEHSIGSID HATING txn appointed
agents vf the abore Ciraipanj for tbe Hawaiian
Islands, are prepared xo insure against Fire on Brick,
Stone and Wooden Buildings, and on Merchandise,
on tbe, niot favorable terms. For particulars, applj
at the office of
29-1 j ITALKEE. ALLEN.
CRATER OF KILAPEA. HAWAII.
THIS ESTABLISHMENT IS (f
now opn fur the reception of visitors to '.2Ef
toe Volcano House, who uiaj relv on nndisj; com
frtable rooms, a guod table, and prompt attendance.
Experienced guides for the Crater alwajs on hand.
STEAM AKD SULFHUE BATHS !
Hones Grained and Stabled if Desired
Partlrs Tisiting the Tolcano rla Hilo, can procure
animals warranted to make the journey, bj D. IX
Urtcacocx, Esq. SMt5.
DST'S HANDLED AXES.
Best quality. Tor sale by tbe case or rets I
(14m) B0LLES CO.
DRY GOODS, &C.
CASTLE & COOKE,
Consisting in Tart of
Finest White all Wool 4-4 Flannel.
Finest White all Wool and Angola White
Flannels, Good Grey and White all Wool
Flannels. 10x4 Bleached Sheeting,
Thompson's Glore-Fitting Corsets,
Amoskeag Denims, Jeans, Drills and
.Bleached and Unbleached Cottons.
A Sup'r ass't of Stationery,
"Water Lined Note Paper,
"White llulcd Note Paper,
White Ruled Laid Leaf, Letter a
Bill Taper, White, Buff a
Amber Laid Letter a
Payson's Indelible, and Carter's Copvinj; Ink,
Artists' Book-keepers' Flexible Balers,
Smith tt Wesson's Pistols i Cartridges,
Hair Girths, Stirrups I Leathers,
Spanish Trees, Croupers and
Bridles, Oak Belting,
Iiallsm 5:icliiii;r I.ace Leatlier,
Paints, Oils, &c.
Vhile Zinc t Lead, in 1,2 k 25 R containers,
Paris and Chrome Green,
Chrome Yellow, TTmbcr, Sienner,
Patent Drjer, A'crmillion,
Prussian lilue. Whiting
Bladders of Fitty,
Carriage and Coach Varnish,
Bright, Copal and Furniture Varnish,
Boiled Linseed Oil, Turpentine,
Mason's BlacVing, Coflec Mills,
Axe, Pick, Sleige, Adz, He, Oo,
Hammer A Chi?cl Ilsndles,
Wool Cards, Sadiles,
Crozcrs, llotrels, and Champering Knives,
Fore, Smooth, Jack i, Jointers,
Cnt Nails, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12. 20, 30,4(,50 and
COd, Boat Nails, 1, U.IJ 1 2 inch.
Pressed Nails. 2 a 2J Inch,
Cooper's Ilirets. 4, 7 a S lbs,
Copper Rircts t Lars, i, I,
it inch, G imp Tacks,
Iron . Copper Tacks
of all sizes.
Best Rubber Hose, i, j, 1, 1 j I 2 inch.
Centrifugal, Varnish, Paint, White-AVash
and Scrub Brushes, Cnv'd Tin Tails,
i, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, S, 10 1 12 quarts,
Corcred Slop Pails, Dippers,
' DUh and Milk Pans,
Hammers, Ganges, Squares, Chisels,
Angers, Sieves, Lime Squeezers,
Yard Sticks, Bung Startcre, Axes,
Shovels, Spades, 0os, Lanterns,
agle Horse, A and 0 Plows and
Points, Paris Plows, extra
heavy and strong.
Protoxide of Iron,
Poland's White Pine Compound,
Pails, Tabs, Brooms, Etc., Etc.
Downer's Ii"croeiic Oil,
From the Boston House.
And Many Other Articles
ALL TO BE SOLD LOW.
IS TiLIS SO?
Sound Health to be obtained at last 1
The way to obtain Sound Health I
1ST CLEAXSE the Stomach from
all offensive accumulations, which so unallr pro
duce functional derancement vitiating the food.
2nd Purify the lllooil from all acrid and corrupt
bnmors, and jou will remove the causes of the great
est mass of the diseases which afflict so many of the
A ltKMEDV, proved by thirty years eiperi
ence, capable of effecting snch a deeiraMo and im
portaut purpose, is still before tbe pnblic in
VEGETABLE PUIUFUXG PILLS.
This Famons Medicine baa proved Its value In Dis
eases of the HEAD, CHEST, BOWELS, LIVER, aud
DIGESTIVE OROAXS, KIDNEYS, ie. Also. In
RUEDMATISM, ULCERS, SORES, and SKIN DIS
EASES it being A DIRECT FUKUTEK OF TUE
BLOOD and other Holds or the human bodj.
See Handbills pfren away by Agvntt.
Prepared and sold, wholesale and retail, in boxes,
price M. Is. 16I, and d. earh, bj G. WIIELP
I0.V k cOX, 3 Crane Court, Fleet Street, London,
And maj be had of Mr. J. T. WATERIIOCSE, llono
lnln, and of all Chemists and Medicine Vendors in
Great Britain and the Colonies.
Tbe undersigned has heard so conch In praise of
TVIIELPTOX'S SAFE VEGETABLE PILLS from par
ties who bare used them, that he can recommend
them with perfect connencc.
4-ly5 JOHN THOMAS WATEEH0USE.
C. W. CREY & CO.,
Hawaiian Soap Works,
At Leleo, Manufacturers and Dealers
In all kinds of Soap. Beef, Mntton, and Goat
Office, 30 Fort Street, where orders will be re
ceived and promptly attended to. 39
Sole and Saddle Leather,
Tanned'Goatand SIiccp Slinn,
COXSTAJETLY OX HAND and for
Sale, from the well-known
WAIMEA TAXNEKT C. Xotley,
t,j A. S. CLEG HORN,
Improvement ii the Order of the Say.
HAVING CONSTRUCTED A NEW SKT
Light, and made various other improve
ments, I hope now to be able to suit the most
A Pliotoca-npli of any Size,
From a Crystal to a Mammoth, taken in the
Best Style of Art, and on the most reasonable
Also, for sale, views of the Islands, Port
raits of tbe Kings, Queens, and other Nota
bles. H. L. CHASE,
3I-1y Fort Street.
Corner Hotel and Fort Streets,
HUGHES & IIJE
flS Having lately renovated and rerumished CF
I&3 the above wrll-known nlace of entertain-
tnnt wonU resnectfullv inform the nnhlic that toev
have on Land and wUl keep. nothing bat tbe best of
Liquors, Wines, Alee, at tneir car is-om
Supreme Court 1st Irolatc.
BEFORE HARTWELL, J.
In Re, Estate of Hannah Maughan, denoted.
Tho petitioner, Fauahi, (her husband join
ing",) by petition filed In this conrt Ang. 10th,
JSG9, asks to be decreed sole heir to the
tstatc of Hannah Manghan, widow, deceased,
liy virtue of the following-articles of adoption:
"Articles of agreement made and concluded
this twenty-seventh day of August, a-d. 1S55
lictween Moewale the father and onlysur
vivlngparcnt of Pauahl, a female child about
thirteen years old, and Hannah Maughan of
Honolulu, wltncsseth: That the said Moe
wale docs hereby give unto the said Hannah
Maughan his child, the said Pauahl to be
adopted by her as her own child, and doth
release all control and right over the said
child unto the said Hannah Maughan in con
sideration of the covenants herein after en
tered into by the said Hannah Maughan, and
the said Hannah Maughan agrees to adopt
the said Fauahi as her own child and to
clothe, educate and In every way care for tbe
said child as becomes the duty of a good
parent. As witness our bands and seals the
day and year first above written.
Signed. Moewale 0.
Signed. IUnxaii Mjxguan 0.
Personally appeared before me the above
named Moewale and Hannah Maughan and
acknowledged that they had executed the
written Instrument for tbe purposes therein
mentioned. In witness whereof I have here
unto set my hand and caused to be affixed
the seal or the Supreme Conrt at Honolulu,
Oahu, this 27th day of Augnst A. D. 1S35.
G. M. Robertson',
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
Registrar Office, Honolulu 1
July lfltb, 1S69. f
I hereby certify that the foregoing is a true
and correct copy of an Instrument on record
in this office in liber G on pages 7G9 and 770
of miscellaneous Records.
Registrar of Conveyances."
The facts proved In this case show that
Hannah Maughan died intestate at Honolulu,
June 23d, 1SG9, leaving no issue, but leaving,
as her sole surviving blood relative, a sister,
Nancy Wirt, who, at the hearing, contested
the petition, and claimed as sole heir of her
sister. As appears by the records of this
Court, In Probate, tbe decedent's husband,
Captain Joseph Maughan, died at Honolulu,
March 29th, 1S53, and by his will, duly ad
mitted to probate May SOth, 1S33, devised
certain real estate to his wife Hannah, for
life, remainder to his children by a former
wife; and also bequeathed to his said wife a
share in the proceeds of certain othcrspccific
real estate, and In tbe residue of bis estate.
The decision was rendered Dec 10th.
Per Curiam: Out of regard to the im
portance of this question, and from the fact
that now, for the first time, it seems to have
come up on argument, for solemn decision,!
have considered, Bomewbat at length,
the statutes and tbe principles of law which
I am not aware that the view I have taken
in this matter will commend itself to the
reason of the majority of this Court. Con
fident as I am In that view, I know well bow
ever, that It will not establish the law and
tend to the desirable result of giving assur
ance to holders of land titles, and allaying
litigation, unless that view be based on
The statutes providing for adoption and
descent of property are as follows :
"It shall be competent to parents to con
sent In writing, and in the presence of a
Judge, to the adoption of their children by
any snitable third party; bnt in that case,
the terms cf the adoption must be definitively
stipulated in the agreement, and must not be
a beneficial consideration to the parents, bnt
to the child, satisfactory to tbe judicial offi
cer acknowledging the adoption. All such
acts shall be recorded by n notary, as In and
by tbe firth part of this Act provided. Every
person so, adopting a child, sAatt become in
late entitled to the parental rightt oivrhim dur
ing minority, and Halle from the day of adop
tion to all ita parental dntief and obligation."
Sec. 3, Chap. 1, Part 5, of an Act to organize
the Executive Departments, approved April
27, ISfG, the Chapter being entitled "Of the
Sec. C, Ii., provides that the rules of de
sccut and of natural inheritance shall be those
defined by the Civil Code, although no Civil
Code was enacted until May, 1S59. The
statute of 1850, upon the descent of property,
is substantially tbe same as Chap. 32 of the
Civil Code. Sec. 7, of the Act just cited,
provides for the edncatlon of children by
parents, guardians and adopten. Sec. 1, of
Chap 2, 76., entitled, "Of the Filial Duties,"
prescribes the duty of children to obey pa
rents, and "If adopted, as bylaw allowed,"
to obey "the parents by adoption. Sec 4,
lb., provides that children, after becoming
of age, shall support their poor and aged
parents; Iprovlded, however, that no child,
having auumed obligations towards his
adopted parents, shall be obliged to maintain
his natural parents." Sec 0, lb., provides
that children legally adopted during their
minority, shall be liable only "to do tbe
filial duties prescribed by law towards pa
rents; provided, however, that In case the
adoption of a child shall have endowed such
child, upon attaining majority, with an outfit
or settlement In life, tbe child, by accepting
snch endowment, shall be deemed to have
assumed the filial duties towards his or her
adopters, due from a child to its parents
after majority." Sec 12, Chap. 2, Part 0, 76.,
provides that the act of adoption shall be
void, unless the written act and terms of tbe
adoption, attested by a judicial officer of this
Kingdom, be duly recorded. (Sec 1263 of
tbe Civil Code declares that without such
recording, the instrument "shall not be
binding, to the detriment of third parties.")
Sec 3, Chap. 4, Part 1, 76., provides for
courtesy, or the husband's right to a life
interest In the real estate of bis deceased
wife, In the event of there being " legitimate
tune of the marriage," "the Arfr of the body
ot the wife" otherwise taking. This section
is re-enacted In Sec 12SC, Civil Code Sec
1, Chap. 6, Part 5, of the Act first cited, pro
vides for certain liabilities of parents and
adopters for offenses of their children.
By Sec 737, Civil Code, under the title
" Of tbe Parental and Filial Duties," children,
if adopted according to law, are to obey their
parents by adoption.
By Sec 853, 76., Justices of the 8upreme
86.00 PER YEAR.
Court " may legalize tbe adoption of chil
dren." So may Circuit Judges, by Act of
Dec 30, 1SG4.
By Sec 8, Art. 2, Chap. 7, Part 5, of the
Act first referred to, lands held under royal
patents shall never revert nor escheat, except
by attainder of high treason, nor be diverted
from the patentee or his assigns, except by
sale under order of Court, for non-payment
of taxes, " or for utter default of heirs of the
testate or intestate owners; but the pa
tented lands tfialt descend to the lineal or col
lateral heirs," etc, unless otherwise devised
Sec 1, Chap. S3 of the Civil Code, en
titled, "Of the Descent of Property, both
Real and Personal," reads thus: "When
ever any person shall die Intestate, within
this Kingdom, his property, both real and
personal, of every kind and description, shall
descend to and be divided among his heirs,
as lurtinafter tnentioncd." This chapter,
throughout, refers to children as "Issue,"
"kindred," and "lineal descendants." Sec
1451, 76.,, provides that, "If the intestate
leave no kindred, his estate shall revert to
the Hawaiian Government" This chapter
declares all the inheritable relations known
to the laws of this country. It expressly
provides for iiosthumous children, and for
illegitimate children, tbe latter class inherit
ing only from the mother; bnt there Is no
reference to adopted children- Sec 1448
provides that If the intestate " shall leave no
fiic,n nor" father nor mother, bis estate thatt
dcieend, one half to his widow, and the other
half to his brothers and sisters. The last
section of the chapter defines "Issue" to
mean, "tbe lawful, lineal descendant ot the
By the Act approved Aug. 24, 1860, chil
dren born in wedlock take the father's name,
and all children under the age of twenty
years adopt It, and "It shall not be lawful
to change any name adopted or conferred
under this law." This gives no power to
change the name of tbe child adopted.
I am unable to find anything in the statute
giving to adopted children the right to In
herit as children of tbe blood, unless It be
found in the words or the original Act con
cerning adoption, by which parents arc made
"liable to all the parental duties and obliga
tions." That statute ts expressly repealed
by the Act of May 17, 1S59, but It was In
force when tbe articles of adoption In, this
case were executed; at which time, also, the
present statutes or descent and or wills were
In force, but the sections of the Civil Code
concerning the Parental and Filial Duties
were not then enacted.
Is the devolution of property from parents
to children one of tbe "parental duties and
obligations f" This requires a definition ot
the expression " duties and obligations." If
we mean such as are Imposed by statute,
such a transmission of property Is clearly
not required. Tbe statute gives the power
to devise by will, and prescribes tbe rormal
ltics requisite for a valid will, but does cot
restrict the powerof disinheriting blood rela
tives. If no will be made, the statute pre
scribes what kindred shall inherit, what Inter
est remains to the husband or wife, aud what
provision shall be made for posthumous and
illegitimate children. The statute defines
"Issue" as lineal descendants. The estate
escheats, or reverts, In default or kindred.
That word can mean only a blood connec
tion; it is derived from, or Is analogous to,
the Greek gennao, and Latin glgno onasco.
We look In tbe statutes In vain for a con
struction of parental duties and obligations
which shall Include ndopted children with
heirs or the body, or which gives articles of
adoption the force of a valid will. Shall we
find such a construction in some other law,
religions, moral, customary or natural, which
the statute may have contemplated?
To Increase the family power and perpetu
ate Its name seems to have been regarded as
as a matter of first importance, from tbe
earliest times. Abraui was anxious lest one
born In his bouse should be his heir, and
Eliezer of Damascus the steward of his bouse
Tbe larger portion, which In tbe Mosaic law
fell to the elder son, was called his "birth
right." The blessing, of Jacob was the so
lemnity of declaring him the heir. Joseph's
brethren sat before him, "tbe first-born ac
cording to his birthright" By tbe Israel
ltisb rules, the estate went first to the son, and
If no son survived, to the daughter,, and if
there were no children, to the brother, to the
paternal uncles next, and finally to the near
est kinsman. To prevent the daughters' shares
from going out of tbe tribe, Tnter-marriage
was encouraged, "that the children of Israel
may enjoy cverv man tbe inheritance of his
There is significance In the illusion to tbe
younger son In the 'Parable, who claimed,
during his fathers' lire time, the portion or
goods that fell to bfm.
The customs and laws In patriarchal so
cieties are better understood when the ten
ure Is examined on which projerty was held.
It seems to have been thought that no one,
not even tbe head of tbe family, bad a right
to alienate the property out of the family or
tribe, except by the consent of aiL Primi
tive society knew nothing of 'separate, Indi
vidual ownership, as now understood. Tbe
Hindoo son at his birth had a vested right in
his fathers' estate, which interest could be
partitioned off against the fathers' consent
Tbe Roman Paterfamilias was little more
than steward of the family possessions. Tbe
German Attod from which comes our word
allodial, or land held by Indefeasible right,
was tbe joint property of fatberand children.
Tbe Highland clans are said to bare bad, even
until recently, a voice and an Interest In thi
disjHDsal of tbe lords' or cnlcftalna' posses
slons. Among the. Russian villages, and in
some of the Indian tribes, a similar communl
ty of Interests Is said to exist
Tbe custom of adoption was probably dn
to the desire of keeping tbe property witbli
tbe family, and io those members of the famil;
whom tbe adopter desired to succeed blm, a
well as to the desire of perpetuating tbe fam
fly name Tbe Hindoo adoption was notblut
else but a will. In ancient Rome, as well a
In India, and now in France, there wer
many restrictions upon the right to adopt.
The right of tbe adopted person, an.
also of both families, were definitely se
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cured. The Cods Napoleon permits adop
tion by those only who are fifty years of age,
and fifteen years older than the one adopted,
and who bare no lineal descendants- The
husband and wife mnst join In the adoption.
The person adopted must bo of age, and
must, during his minority, have 'been aided,
for six jcara by the adopter, unless .he had
saved tbe adopter's life The adopted person
takes his adopter's name, loses no right In
his own family, and inherits his adopter's
property; but tbe descendants of the adopter,
and not of tbe person adopted, succeed as
heirs to such property. Tit 8, 8ec 1
There are similar provisions In the Civil
Code of Justinian. It was from tho desire
to prevent strangers from succeeding to the
estate, that the Roman will took effect Im
mediately, and was Irrevocable as a deed of
bargain and sale
In all, tbe communities of men family,
tribe, commonwealth, aristocracy, and the
rest we find this same spirit of aggrandizing
the power of the association. Tbe early law
of primogeniture, by which the eldest son
was heir, did not in fact disinherit the rest of
tbe family, but he simply acted as their rep
resentative While custom has thus kept
property within the family, there has been
variety In the rules of distribution. Polyga
mous, monogamous, warlike and peaceful
races have required different rules. Brothers
usually had the preference to grandchildren,
and males always controlled rather than fe
males. The males descended from the same
pair came first, by Roman law, and wero
called agnatic kindred. In this class, adopted
children were Included. Then came' cog
nates, whose relation was from females of
the agnatic class, and finally came the remote
kin, who were gentiles.
Distinguished writers, such as Dr. Taylor,
have regarded it as a moral, even a religious
duty, that parents should leave sufficient
provision, If they can, Tor their children.
Such, certainly, Is tbe prompting of natural
affection; and there sound reasons why this
Impulse should be encouraged. Tbe accumu
lation of property for posterity ; tbe strength
ening of family tics and home Influences'
have much to do with the well-being of the
State, and tbe purity and happiness of life
among its members. Whatever tends to this
end has the sanction of moral law. Other
and equally distinguished writers, find la
civil enactments the origin of the right of
succession. Pothlcr writes: "Pour etre ca
pable de sncccder, 11 faut avoir l'ctat civile,
11 faut joulr de la vie civile;" and goes on to
mention certain classes, as foreigners not
naturalized, Frenchmen who have abjured
the realm, persons condemned for a capital
crime, and others of the religions orders',
who could not Inherit (Vol. 8, Chapter1
1, Sec 1.) Montesquieu says: "La lol nat-.
urelle ordonne aux peres do nourtir lenrs en-
fants, mats elle n'oblige pas de falre heritlcrs.
Lc partage des btens, les lots sur ce partage,
tout cela ne pent avoir ete regie
que par la socletc" (Espr. des Lois, lib. 20,
chap. 6.) "The law of descents is a positive
regulation." (Reeves on Descents, Intr. 25.)
So says Paley. Grotlus thinks the law of
succession has been exceedingly varied In
different countries and ages, and that the law
of nature Is not of precise and absolute obli
gation on this subject. (See 4 Kent, 437.)
The object and result of Statutes are, to de
fine and declare such obligations of kindred
as tbe law will recognize We bavo made
great advances over ancient customs In our
laws for distributing undevised property, and
concerning parental obligations- But the
parental duty to support tbe child In Infancy,
and liability for the child's misdeeds, and the
filial duty of obedience, and of supporting
aged and helpless parents, comprise tbe sub
stance of parental and filial duties and obli
gations known to the English law. The
Roman law gave the child larger rights, but
tbe father's power over tbe child not only
Included the child's acquisitions during
tbe parents' life, but extended to the pow
er or taking the child's life, "Jus vtta
ncclsque." By the common law, tbe hus
band who took Into his family the wife's
children by a previous husband, Is liable
for their support, in loco parentu, but they
are not bis heirs.
I think that our statute Is to be read In the
light of tbe English common law, In a con
struction of the technical legal expression,
"parental duties and obligations."
Tbls Court decided In Robinson vs. Keell
kolani, 2 Haw, p. 514, that there was a' cus
tomary natural law of Inheritance in this
country, what that custom was In regard to
adopted children, or what Its force would be.
at the present day, does not enter into this
question. Our laws of descent and of wills
were intended to make that certain which
varied according to circumstances, and I
think they would lose their force and definite,
meaning If any but a common law meaning;
were pnt upon tbe words used In tbe statute
of adoptions. The Intestate may have said,
"I will treat this child as my own." So he
may have said, "I will treat this woman as
my wife," but falls to marry ber. Does the
law regard the former as an heir, any mora
than the children of the latter? Certainly
not, the statutes of descents and wills would
be as much set aside In the one case as in
By force of onr own statutes, anoT by com
parison with tbe laws and customs of other
countries, the contestant as sister and sola
blood relative of tbe Intestate deceased, Is
berhelr. Let Judgement be entered accord
ingly. A. F.Judd forPetltloner, R. G. Davli
Appeal taken to tbe full Court In banco.
A QPESTioir tor Lawtkbi. Suppose a man
owns a skiff;' he fastens tbe skiff to the shore
wjth a rope made of straw; along comes a cow;
gets into the boat; turns around and eats the
rope; the skiff thus let loose, with the cow on
board, starts down the stream, and on it pas
sage is upset ; the cow is drowned. Now, has
the man that owns the eow got to pa for the
boat, or the man that owns the boat (tottopajr
for the cow?
A Yocxo man In New Haven rushed Into
a drug store, and in great alarm asked the
cleric If benzine was poisonous. " No," said
the cleric "Why?" "Because," said the
fellow, ' father went to tbe closet to take
down the. ein bottle, and by mistake took
several swallows before be knew It" " He's
all right" replied the clerk. "The only dif
ference between benzine and modern gin Is
in the smelL"