Newspaper Page Text
. gmmuian alette I
Every "Wednesday Xornin?,
AT nx AMl'X.
XaUnt to YWalcw Srtmttnt JXJKfc. f
Omca On QnMc. Sswt. tie c&i I
Ccsieei Hems?. Heaefciiz, H. I.
BOOK AND JOB
THK ,aAMrrtR, OTTKX
Is aw trtfartj' t uct all 4r ft
run hi fiki mini.
Of SVkUT PKSCKlrTIWf,
WTTK JTKATJTSB8 AND DISPATCH
EOXOLCLU, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 15, 18(59.
S6.00 PER YEAR.
t 1 caffSa. r. B. B 1 UJ11A . s- WCL
CATLE Jt COOKE.
neosrsss, r;t.':aL jessscaxr.
Ta tjvti -f it. aumrs,
Jfca. Bo$ StnvC S3 SunN Chapit.
T avil-v Svr Qbbdbii?. Htwa.f.
Ti bV.---i. ar XjttA. Xuu.
Tl V-iailea pr r.aaaaaffi. tXhx. aaX othr
SCir ftaBr f Wvwff BO-f. XfMM. CuiC
Ti "- tin rtoaBBExre. Kama, -Sr.
2a t ibcrrl rudr MtJtaDB.
Warl: Wbbub; italic Xic&jjim.
Tj Baas Is Cnea
E3 '&XiMcxsa$luinn-trcwfACft- fSj'
. bxjxzs. rx 300TS. shoes.
Tta Obbbhe. FttruDtuc tudk PwriLiwe.. Ax.
nrat at. mud Maai Sta Humsta.
A. Airlt Vt ktv KHvaSjus-StMe-Ca. ttriMT dj.
twa. ai pcrapti? aeBJ.
ParBKBav IMJIM paoa to til iiipnumS rf Simla
2031 PHTSICiAT. AX3
Gen aa4 Mnn-5 Slirt Street. Smutati,
At &m Air 3i if'. . iwa nut grefiiwimniBy '
ogy .' .
1UX(GILUI Jt CO
Otfjrv. Vrr tmuifck Puidv Olte. tf ibitJ
run 9rar sun. !
BKOHTf Jt CO 1
x- r. A3u.nl. ..nuu.
AIAJ1.4 Jt WILDER. I
ATCT10X COXXI5SI9X rZSCHAXT5 i
IT' iMSrK.Siinhi. H-1 Tjli
II. ILICKFELD Jt CO..
$-4; hm Stre. SmWv. II Or
ED. EOiTSCHLASGSS & C0
ncosnss ccxxsstn xeschasts
4 Smutala. S. L Til ,
THEODORE C. HECCK.
V. A. SCUAEFEK Jt CO-
3T; gm.taltt. (Mil. H. L flj
AC tvlf lumis rf WTtiMWr,- Xttttnain, Fort 5trt,
A.T.T.Ky & CHTLLISQWOSXE.
ft02nM&ta Jiscctlr3t CxvaAMha
ai( Reft car Mrvite m rv irarW r
wI;Btup. at til. aaurCHC oacc ujZ ao. tft m
JOIET T. WATER HOES E.
AV. I GREO.
CIIAS. -T. SPC1CER Jt CO.,
coxanssiai jcsscsasts. i
neCOLClX A JOITISOX. j
C E. VILI.IAJIir
JCASTTACT72Z2. rJEcCSIZS TTT
IV. BE.1AETT, I
EOOT AXD shoe y.T?
31. T. DO-TSELL.
ciT;5fT y.vrra aid rpHoisrzaES.
Xlsf iSTT.C, HtniiifelXa, opDuH Irr Cwivc i!Up.
41 Wat b7 Bolca KCOQiiraAa fSTBiCan. Ij5
jS3 raim. TfM. muHiJ
TIBBETS Jt SOROSOX,
&1 D. Inar t Ca t Oli Saii.
TIIEO. II. DAYIES,
lXa Jinv. dm A CB. '
XJ5302XE3 & COXXIASIQX XZ2CEAST,
XriBBtla aol f 4rnd Xdrmtf bMnon Cow ui t
5V3ULX BROTHERS I
DE02TE2S AXD ,-''"jrr T)7IT?.
Ii rMaBjBB&b Cfacfuny. ffvi Cbo Bmck, 9umm.
BaxtavBrr raBC7f Imi&mmu fanfMningBB.
KirAlttif XKHaacSCmc. H.iBulnln,
. rum. I. c mn. t
WALKER Jt AIXEX, i
SBHZrtG COXKdlQX 3CE2CHAXT3, I
a Oaa tec TfamiJTTfTi. g. I. pji j
X- I TO KB EXT. I
nrtTT? or LCX2Z2. AXD ETE2T ZEE
07 37IIBI5S -riTryrtr ;
BOLLES Jt CO- j
ETT? nriTTiTTrre AXD COXXIUZOX
t t&M- BBTSBIIB B3j
I f OB3jBa VfiBOB.
BEDCEE. A5S SHIP CZA5DLE3,
SLbutb&X Xtrm fimBAnC bb &?b at t& bum
drifts ii Gcsal Ajcit,
IsrStf f Tm ct&ir Cbbrbbw Baii frpi
Gtbb&i. Wartfutanj CBB&ariai Eivutu 1b4bxb. mml
AcBOlBBrCaB' PaafcLa boA Irft Soxr FIbbSb.
ttBBft. YbcbbX fern (tz Junann- StwC Ww
TSntXFUE ST02Z CEOICZ 636CBIB5
139 CBBMrirXaBBnAnBE2bBBfiL JS-Ir
Kiivf bin til t9.-w tff Dc SmitV itfm hi
.. KJ ta Joflbc ta rer iprenraC f ta
C1IA1-EA31E1 Jt CO
AX2 TyTTt IX TETXS3.
Srtfa. -aJ. e-. . . 5aaaa Strxtt.
3. H. HUCHCOCX.
a. r. cum.
BSCAHX Jt CO..
1CETT-Kr t& Prc&u mnd NaW or
B. K. EHLKKS Jt CO-
'J-,.'-.'.-s 13 Ml bUUiBiJK vi .
K. A. SniAEKEK.
ACEST for Ikr BOARS I
AjriE fee Mta 9rN(tiffx B0rf CaAfL.iLnnv
C. S. B-VKTOIV.
nut Sa-raC It-ijS
33. . GKWBAtTIJt CO-
tos. GuutU. SUn fa. Jtilw" SUick, Qruwa Jtnt
aimrfaJtt. H. I. lWIJ
.vro.c .v ACiircii
JOII.X II. PATY.
BiMtop C-, Ktiirmiwin iciC Sjnfciiu. 1jS
II. -. AliDEJlA-TT.
c iv. rvoKTorv.
COOPHE AND GAU&EE,
H b Brvpar!. D xtra tu xll war It :a kjf Ua
itit 1up Beit ttrti Ctoteur Shim, vftm It e&a.
ft tramt X voiHbaic kxsn. Hr htw- to. Ksuui
alftirM(v liCwks a Barri bffuW. km,
at-w Mil tMy wHjcft b viU Mil rnt th Terr- Ln-sC
KtrVrt JLiAm. All wrV litma uz j. tftncamji Ji.in ntt
usil wtfruftft t ml&Sictwa. Jit lmi jt
h 21. A: C S KG BLKH
ITS, ZKC C0PPE2 SXTTS5, '
AXD SHZZT EflX
Xrnxz Stmt. btva Xcrtri & Qeez. I
Ea OTQjftaatfT nt IkaailV SbrrvK Ftp. j
xniwMt Irm Ptp. Ikn at Bswt BiJilW.
S vaI dim eumolatc. BrftTaft, aat aIw &
my IC5 ajc of Xurran ;C tt iincTTgCuiii
from. & KtliutilW wi& t)r csnftlliy altalVt Co.
ThanSfil La tbr Cfimu f HraHafa aaE tfb?
IIitaii rMnflr llrf" tSuir HWral patnmiz in tbr
7vc v twpt fty atnet asBun tuuMi ta mens I
tta m S.r tt their. 3T-Z;&
C00PSE AXD GAUGES,
X2t OH exzztz Trry t Bdthil Sa.
J. lUrxv Stick. f 6ti Shmiaj aa aX tf Covp
asan&ia. B biMRM L ovnt a eua tuiaaac f
viur& It. ntw nfeirM lkua tiiaaljl. XSax.
J. II. THOJtPO.X,
HMCBiutBatlf an-Boaif aaii tirmLt iX theljwac
X.u-tC PnrM. B mm! uMrnBB4rtBSnft R6jortl
Bar lrm.BaiiauRHtH7nrBmitf gQial. 5SS
.SBTr. iAr-!- 3-rrr-
JOUT 50TT Jt CO-
COPPEE AND TEN SMITHS, ,
TtiT-"nT St. a iizr aJjiT Tlitur'i,
BiT Lt ralim tAt pniifitT thf tilBry an pn- j
purwl t SirafaA a2 kfoilW Orppar WHt. nch an (
icffiiy Sm1 Puv Sjndimn PV Wjtsm. Pompt,
eg. JJwo ate boott. a fislt aMrtaiiie oT Tin. Vatb.
v&jtdt v atfWr Sic aaL aS tft Lowest XatxjC Ptkp.
fcinL fltT Qrpairih Mm vixjl tadfta aot
SufwOdt. Orien ttom; HW ocliac- Iataaita wM bzhc !
xi pnmjt anaat&io. l-3m.
LICE3SSD SEIPPI5G AGS5T,
Ce 3. lists ?nVtca tk Ca's "Wtrl
Gmtiuvi t& bqiiiBta an. if otd pDux af crSn-1
vitik. atScvrs aat aeaaiwit tainunaafiafr an. t!kavBin
Btaif ax &LiCtt. OsrtixM firwrt r fanfinct cuo- j
aacoro wtsSi aay anTiTTtnoT wt7i ftfiahmirag. aat a&fa-
mil ww w w CTiiBnani nx an aisce, B atota w
Ztr w iaC aaffwfairr&ia tb fatara
W UM BjM u
Xirj Street,, 3H ta ti Seazct's
ELwaa. &aaiC SaxbrXabdt, Vatar-Cl.rCx. Vaabe.
ataav aaI lift Tmtapm, Ll at GalvBooe-t
Iran fmm. aarf Pteabvr' BrkM-awU Saiii; cba?
WFrrhar ir - - ----
DICKSO.T Jt BOLSTER.
tt r- -trt.-Tl - j.
noose, aign & Snip Painters, '
Klrnf itml, Bnr Sbbbbk. f
7evJlMntjnG. Ac. l.T bxbcbZbJ bk Cb
PIAJtO- avaal Mlur Xula 1
icgjrrr? BEEST. as ta. fr
Zbb Irnratae Pima at CaUtmr.
1 Bet af rBfiiriaeettffeg. L-If
3C BES HELD, j
W2X-SX AX9 CA22IAEX 2CIU1Z2,
X9BtriBaT Abtb ff2a ear
r2i ear faa '
MM Batai. JuB
tar aCZanalnia f .wa
annTTiiiTg aait Bl ia ifliw T 1 fc. (Braacs tit Bear 1
l timid prwactj i ari raf &if
f FOREIGN NOTICES.
AX3 rXSTiAXCS AGEtT,
4S. aaj J v.rcaaa!fY lacoaae,, Cataraia. !tM
T Sao. Fbucim. Cai. Jj
3(n. B. KjciUAI Of . iKwhtlt.
IJIOA K. MEYEKS Jt CO..
X3CSQSXE3S iXD X AJTCT A OS
a. w. c s. out
SETSSAXCE. CLASK & COL.
l AX3 SHIKCtS AGSTTS.
3TCSASSK. V7rgT?TTT- & CO.
Vg.!. alto, . rw
k rust- unw Mr attn.. tnMuw.te
J-V2I- rvyxi A CiV
I Win. T Wm Ot.
E. 31. V.X REED,
t& btt ci2H3e tAronfi ua. tnthni era-
awo wtco: tut 4Aiu)m cxOi Srr ta put ixit
xJ SU. c,.
"WTLLTAXS. BL AS CHARD & CO-
SHI22IXG A CQ3QHSSI0X2E2CHAXTS,
LA5GLST, CSOWEfX & CO,
52 Car; 2asary A Clay Sa.Saarnidica.
! AMERICAN EXCHANCE
' SaviBoi Strt $an fnncl4av
JLaV vaawl aai navtr rixmjjhfl. DaX fx tlk
muwC BaiftC aefiiwmueal asd cumftirtabfe T
ftn iry ooBiofliJis BjC naafcma nan jwui U ru
putrft u oraw DMHtajC9rf w ti Bicat fiwh
T I4 TM.JTHT S ASS EXT. Pwp.
BOAED OT TODEWITRRS.
rilHE C.VDER5XGXED tuvlBr lVcn.
JL ippouiLnI Avats f d Sta Jnasino Bmr-i
Ca-ILfaml XAABirucc Campii j-
Pacific IiunniKt Cnapavnjv
California IJajnd and
Uame Intmal Xnaurmmce Companr.
Bx am bt mfl.ra Stutan af Tw&r aat slta- ooft-
aiKirvil by aititar af tiitt abua Onnpaofe. aiaaC
prtf af ta &Naa aot dtber nitt, a aaar t&a
jiHric!L Ifaatta wfll ba b b irvll &t tbenu
npHE MDERSICSEDV AGEJTTS ar
JL ta alwa Cumyaaj-. aara boa aaQuriaaii b
iaiwr nati on Carra. Fralfbic aa Trcaa-
Btrr. by Coavatarv frra EomJaLx L aSpurtaof
VI K. HJ.CSTZLI Jt OEX
XAP.HTE I5"SUEA2fCE COXPASY
Or Saa FranclMa.
THE 175DER5ICJED baring 1mb
appauitel AjanCi fir t&a abwa- Ganpatrj- arv
prvpan.t tMMu Man an Carga frc ttata
THH U3DERSIGXED,. AG EXT OP
ta aJW Ooagaay baa bn aatbnati L
fawtr rwfc a Caurav Prallkt aal Trtai
xrcy frwa Smulgfit u all gtirsa af tb wli, asi
IHf K. UXCS.TTLD a Ca
, FTR2 ISSUE ASCS COMPAST.
THE LAUERSICSTID bitu;
BflpofBl ACS f AfitfT GcOBBar. BT
- yi ubi -rf bnrart rub aauoiic 7ir. Si Bat
Brlk BaOMtBigB, asrf u XntBullH
cmnt tafm, n to bubc CtnnUt umB. 7jr
MjJ r. A. KSAZXZX A CC
. f SMITH ACCIT FOR TBS BKIXI4H
bj. bbb mitii BagtractiuBB L fWm iX raca(
u jrtyi k poQd-B a akb:
XaBfa;wteBflpMBlrBeCBMlBn FmtiU Btf SCBaaB.
r TSUI H. DAT1T
EriZ. JWlJAzr. Jttx. Cb. (rtmififj
1 Of Ttfa.fas.-EttJ Vfirf A. D. 1MH.
i CASH CAPITAL. 91,09000 tm COLD.
TUX C3SESSS3tX9 BATT5C tm BS(i3la
cf Xa aonWB CangBTiy t- ta Emraui
XjtaaoB, btb prBBBil fc fctBBT aBB Tn sa Enek,
Suae aa Wbsbw TiriMTBfm, Ba4 bbi Xtcbbbm,
bv fi& awe Mnai teau. Fdr BartacaUcB, BBplT
TTACtrz i iirrr.
31 K- J. COSTA,
JEWELER SD ZSGSAVES,
Tsrt Stztes- epeaU Oil reEoTn7 SiQ,
1 f rrjl tiujm iritijrami ci a art ta
hm Bxm f bbb&xbm, a Bda aaA OacA rtttair.
;JaarelE7aaaZS4?xt?3C. t "1
SUGAK & iMOLASSES.
1ULO. II. 1.
CHOP COKDTC IX ASD SALE IX
WALKE5 A AIXEX.
: Sopiraiumola.v Crwp ISO
Coxlvs nr. toe sale i- QrAXxr
ties to jait ;tnbND. r -.
tTALKES A ALLEX,
k -tftJttXG IX. Ft)K SALE IX QP.1XTI-
Vy la ;j sou pon&ajc$. 6t
J WALKER A ALLEX.
t Ma -Strati.
' op oC smpxi- Jt 3iias
f "ye" comexg ix. axd tor sale ix
C. BSEWXR A co
"TEW CROP XOW CQIILXG IX. FOR
JLi caI ix qtLaatitics ti oxt pttrcouers,
C. BREWER A CO
DET GOODS, &C.
GASTLE & GGOKEj
Onuistiay ia Part of
Ht Witt a3 Wool t- FUaael.
TbMSt TCtt aS aail AaU WSiti
Fltnnb. GoI Gnj asA White aS Wwl
Thampwa! Gbr-F!ltin5 CurcU.
Arau4&.x DrcLus. JVaas. IhrilL aai
A Sup-'r ass-'t of Stationeryj
"Warer LhI Xit P?r.
Wti Eolcd Xate Yzftr.
Wilt Rnla Laid Lf. Letter 4
AatVer Laid LctUr 4
Pxsoa'f IniitKble. CaiteKj Copjis Iai.
ArtHts' A RwkapV FliiW Ralen,
Soiti A Wessa'i Piull 4 CartrilfM.
Ft' Girtii. Stimp 4 Leaden.
Spaaish Trej. Cmopert aa d
BiiH. Oak Bdtias-.
Italian raclin Ij Iailicr.
Paints, Oils, &c.
Wait Zie A Leai, ta I.I 4 E eoatalaen.
Paris aal Caracie Greea.
Cirooie TeH. Cater. Sieaser.
PaUat Orrer. TenaEffito.
Pruaiaa Blae. Widen
BUiien of Purr.
Carriage and Coach. Vanush.
BrijlU Cvpai aai Faraitare Varaiaa.
BcHed Liaieed OB. Tarpeatiae.
k LvMa'i Bttesiar. Cafe illlLf.
Aae. Pirk. Slel j. Ail. Hoe. Oo.
Finrmer A Cauel XlaaiBea.
Wt Carli. SHIe,
Crcxcr, HveU. aad Caaaiperiaj' Karru,
Fare, fciMta. Jtsi A Jsiatert.
Cat XaSj. 3. i. S. S. 19. I. 19. M., M aad
Md. Eet XaH.. 1, I. IJ 4 : iaea.
PreaMd Xa35. ; 4 li iaea,
Cooper'j Rircu. 4. 7 4 S 2f ,
Capper EhcU 4 Barf. . i,
I 4 i meh. GiatpTacki.
Ins 4 Cupper Taeki
af all 3rre5. .
Bet Rasoer Ha. J, J. 1, 1 4 I tneh.
Ccatrix2L Varaba. Palat. WHte-Wuh
sad Serati Braia, Car'd Th Pa3i,
i. I, 2, 3. 1. 1. . It 4 li qaaru.
Ctrered Slop- PaiU, IHcperl,
Dtia aad M3k Pxaj.
Haatsen, Gaaii. Spun. ChlseU,
Aaen. Sutm. LEm Siaeerf,
Yarl Stasti, Baa; Starteri, Axel.
SaaTelf . Spade. 0j. Laateru.
Eagle IIbtk, A aad 0 Plon aad
PoiaLf. Parb PliwT, extra
laTT aad rtrsaf.
PratBxile af Iraa,
Polaad's Wait Pia Cemposad,
PaiU. TaW. Braau , Elev, Eic
Dowaer' Kctombc OH,
Fnet ta Boetsa Hsaie.
And Many Other Articles
1U TO BE SOLD LOW.
CEATER OP SHAOEA, HAWAII.
THIS ESTABLTSlUfEXT IS IbSb
f t&B rBCBBCaM OK TMBtfir I
taT aWaa ItMCa. W mar RfT cbi r cbbb.
XX9neC gcUe Bur ta Qaxcr alvaja aaufca.
STZAX AXD SULPHUR BATHS !
KaneJ Graiad aad 8txa!ed If Belirtd
ranBTlrftfadUTaleas rfa H3a oi frarxr
BBtBttafl warraaled t Bat tk JtMxwtj, fcr Ik. H.
Hrrrrrwrr. L.J. S-lri.
Crar Batel mjad Part ttmti.
HLGHEM Jc BlTCtE
ta aksn nfttam piat af enterrtia- BB
BBtaa. nU nnctia5r hLLra Ik taat ta-r
karBBamAaa41B ka aarkisx bttt tacteatal
Supreme- Court 1 at Atlualralty. ) cw of toh natttiv, a W tabrrrt the JUcK
J,Jtf,twill iJWW ptaUhaB Uordlarjc. bo rcqaUla
j prompt actUia, norallowls tbo tuatotaroo-
Ii, A irrw. fcr daaaj fho ) t ,uh Mtu xt dbcUQ0 la tuch
aU aad htUrry br tae Mate, .ad blt oattr can not t arinjatrd to tubordloate
trvatBKBt or tte Atattr. Lltwl fiW tv-c f piScrr
t, 1. aad o dUaa-Jaratwrcaattoa aad de- ln; ctn roBsll ratn wbo
pit of U fcr pro aad oa hoitlus, , but ther m not fU
tie twpwadcBU r cited to Frt 1 rrOw tl prrity of PanWtat
6, aad ak .b aa-, orhur b Ue JboN.Tt5S
caa war taey ltoald kU b- oCctt3 i, An u,.,,
.w- to ta UbcL Tt. aawrada5ti nooe b 3W ktll to w foa8(1 l(1 tbjll
of ta alfcswi Fobat I ,M th under offlvtrr of whka. take tt
aoa. - replicatJoa u Ul Oa the hw. lat0, xtelr owa t0(1 ajs)n the lm.
rrtara dar,taUtttint' proctor toQTtd for p,, aad passion of the moment, while
eootlacia aatB th aext day, to coarfder , 5law- ta trew at thrlt UVor, vwl to
thtsaaawer. The twotiattiow wa graated, j lafikt jamavarraod uiatrwtl vonlsharat.
the UNiQaat to par cost therebr locarrrd. ' Another principle of la w, u wU of com
Taetxxtdir. tW proctor for the rcspood- : moa datr, raltr the mater, while he
eat ttwred that a rtpKcatJoo be fiird, bat ,BUlo hi .ahordiaate orSr la all their
the Coart rated that ander the statatw aad i w., m.arrilo -Ire irr exaailaatlon
oractlee stone wu rwairtsL ami that th
raase w as. l$bc oa lac aun ot tae aa-
"r. laereBpoa, toe tejllmoor m the
caaae wxs jna, aad recorded by the
Clerk, aad a poo the Sta. of Dceember the
Court rccdered lu optaloa, ii follons:
There are certaia alhrsatloaa, both la tha
libel aad la the aaawer, to sepport which
there U b erldecce. There U eoafilctlasf
ertdecce of the sererity aad circaautaacea
of the taprboocient lealcted cpoa the 11
beBiat, aad of the biowi struck by the
mate; bet apoa ascoatrxtiieted trstlmooy,
orapoathe respondent' admisslaaa ia their
aaswer, 1 10 atUSed that the foUoxto; EuU
are tree: Oo the moralo of Feb. StS," 1S8
the UawaiUa whaleahip Jmtim, of which the
respondeat are taajter aad mate, aad the
libettiBt, coaaxoa tcamin, waa cruUlc near
the Uae; the libvlUat and the rest of hi
watch wire oa deck cJea&iBg- old catUttses
aad Iroa whaling laiplemeata; the mate
told the Ubellaat to 59 to work clcaainc the
irocs, to which the libelliat rt plied that he
had bo knife, whereupon, the mate told Mm
ta jp and get a knife, and npoa the libel
Iint'a detiy to comply with thi order, the
mateKized Ma by the collar and palled Mm
aft, aad. Bear the hatch, struck hua repeat
edly with a broomstick aad with hi fiat,
aad kicked Mm screnl times ; sear the trj
worts, the mate seized an Iron Implement
known asaGrteaerlrooorwhaliej lance; the
the tibetlaat went into the store where he
had been ordered to set a knife to eleaa the
iron, aad while ia there the mate poached
him, first with the bloat end of the lacce,
aad then attempted to punch Mm with the
sharp end. bat the libelbat seized the
iastrament; oa their way to the try-work,
the libellaat tried to ward off the blow?, bat
did not strike the mate; he called oat for
the ere w to help, aad they came toward Mm
with the cctlasses aad irons in their hacdi,
a if to release Mm, bat the mate got the
libeUtat below, where the Captain wa, and
afterward had Mm Ironed, and tied up to
the mlzzen-mat part of the time, and con
fiaed, first, in the ronnd-hoase, aad then la
the tool-room, until March 1, when he was
released. There was no evidence that the
libellant had been la aar prerioc difficulty.
The maritime law ires the master cf a
sMp power orer the liberty of person, which
is a a paralleled on the land, except In the
The interests of commerce aad carl
xtloo, and the lire of passengers and of
the sMp" company, require that all lawful
orders on shipboard recelre prompt obedi
ence, and that discipline and good order be
sustained. To this end, large discretionary i
power I riren to the master. Be I In- I
trusted with interest of the highest magni-1 sport among the men and inciting a mutinous
tade. In times of emergency, he must 1 spirit, instead of o beting orders. The mas
often rely upon Ms own unaided Judgment, ter used Ms Judgment, and thereupon ordered
steady eye, and strong arm. Impressed, as j confinement, which I do not regard as ex
he cast always be, with the absolute neces-1 eesstve under the case, then by hint tup
sity of maintaining discipline, he may often , posed to be true, and which confinement
take measares on the spur or the moment, continued for only twoortlireedaja. There
or even after anxious deliberation, which, is no evidence that the libellant was refused
for their excuse, require us to place ourselves , aa examination of his case, or of witnesses
in Ms position, and to reflect that Ms action i ia bis behalf, and the presumption Is, that
may have bees Influenced, not merely bj the I the master performed his doty in this
single act which appears to u to call It forth,
but by a course of bad conduct on the part
of the seaman, or by Indications of ill feeling
In the crew, which can not be put la evidence,
but which were all the more to be guarded
against because they were hard to place a
finger on. I do not, therefore, regard It as
my duty, sitting here in Judgment upon the
conduct of master and mate, to require of
them the same moderate and consistent
course towards seamen which woald be ex
acted of persons oa lasd ; nor, 00 the other
hand, would I forget the position of the sea
man, dependent upon the master for bis
comforts, If he have any, for his rights, and
even for life itself. Excuses are often to be
supplied the seaman, for acts dose by him
while under Intoxication, or for words used
towards Ms officers which may tare been
well meant, although rough, and not such as
landsmen would term respectfuL
Making allowances of this kind for the ne
cessities of ship, and for the situation both
cf officers and seamen, the rules ot maritime
law are dear, that ssnecessary cruelty and
severity mast not be used ; that although a
seaman be knocked down, tied up and Ironed,
he is not to be assailed with weapons, the
usual effect of which Is death, or extreme
bodily Injury, unless there Is actual mutiny,
or an emergency from which there is reason
able cause to apprehend that a mutiny may
result. It ia only la this last case of a ma
tiny, or of mutinous appearances, that
while the master is on board, the mate Is
authorized to inflict corporal punishment.
The mate's duties and responsibilities are of
a high character, and it is the master's duty
to uphold and sustain the mate in all his
reasonable acts aad lean! remeets with the
crew. If the mate. lawful orders are dls- j Si"f fhj'.L,0.
. for three miles, Use same trace serves both
obeyed, or obeyed only with a ttnggish and ! rooia, and then two tracks diverge, onersa-d-tcEipered
manner, provided the emergency ' nlng to llarwood and the other to Y.ilcjo
be not such as to reoclre instact eorooral i Mills Stockton, etc. Both route are now
. . . . . - ,
pcnWuaeot, If the master be at hand, it is J
the Bates duty to report the case, asd ob
tain the Baster orders, before resorting' to
personal violence. If be do not so do in such
ease, and if be psccced to use unwarrantable
Z , , n?Jl T,,
tie legal exmaequescra. There need be co ,
&r IbU Usk Co3rt wHi take seen aetioa, la I
f ta a caae oerore omcno:
The seamen hare a right to look to
the master for protection against abase, a
well as to expect from hi hand punishment
for their own misconduct. If he sanction
the unlawful action of the mate, he 1 lUble
a a Joint trespasser with him.
In this case, something was said of the.
anomaly f the mate acting a the witnesses
ay he did, without farther apparent cause.
It Is always surprising that men will girt
way to violent bursts of passion, aa 11 they
were not controlled by moral forces; bull
do not know why I should refuse to bellere
the story of common seamen, so far a It la
consistent with Itself, any more than I woald
refuse to disbelieve the evidence ol any other
members of the rommnnlly. The characters
of the witnesses and of the libellant are
good, so far as I know. The evident desire,
on the part of one or two witnesses, to par
ticularize very exactly to the extent, no
doubt, of sayiog that they saw some things
wMch they hare only heard or imagined,
and that the blows, were more numerous and
severe than they really were,! not, incon
sistent with a narrative wMch Is truthful In
I do not see. In all the evidence, any occa
sion, or legal Justification, for striking the
libellant. There Is not a particle of evidence
that he used any Improper language, or
showed any disrespectful manner, except in
hesitating to obey the order to get a knife,
or that he tried to incite any mutinous spirit
In the crew. Until the crew were excited
by the scuffle and by the calls of the libellant,
there was no appearance of any attempt or
intention on their part to resist the authority
of their officers. Their approach, with the
weapons In their bands which they had been
cleaning, and wMch they might use for deadly
purposes, was certainly a cause for appre
hension. I regard the mate's action in striking the
libellant, either with fist, broom-handle, or
Iron implement, as utterly unjustifiable by
any law, or by the evidence. The appear
ance of the men approaching to rescue their
comrade, would have the effect ol removing
the appearance of malice from the subse
quent action of the mate.
The confinemest of the libellant In the
manner described by the witnesses, was not
an excessive punishment for disobedience of
orders. The only difficulty In regard to It Is
that, being done by the direct orders of the
master. It appears to approve the assault and
I bare no doubt that the master heard the
mate's story, which was to the effect that the
libellant refused obedience, and, as the mate
swears In his answer, that he was making
regard, and after bearing the case in detail,
discharged the man, although cot so promptly
as might be welL
There Is no evidence of pecuniary loss
caused to the libellant, but he Is entitled to
receive, as against the mate, a reasonable
sum as Indemnity for the Injury done to his
feelings, and to the dignity which belongs to
all men, and for his physical suffering.
I do sot wish, in inch cases, to set the
datnaze so high as to induce seamen to pro
voke disturbances, or to bring petty com
plaints Into Court. In fact, the Court will
always discountenance puerile complaint In
connection with the stern and manly catling
of the sailor. Bat I must prevent, so far as
I can, the practice of subordinate officers in
exceeding their powers and abusing their
,otBOritr jn UJ. iBeh manner as appears in
Let decree be made that the master be dis
charged, and that the mate pay the libelUnt
$73, and costs of these proceedings.
W. a Jones, Proctor for libellant.
A. F. Jodd, Proctor for respondents.
A terrible collision of trains happened on
, the Western Pacific Kail-Road, on Flitch's
! ranch, near the High Street Station, Almeda,
, by which IS persons were Instantly kHlrd,
aad a large camber serioaaly injured. The
j jhiScttJt gives the following account ; "
i The Almeda and San Leandro Railroad
j has been in operation several years. Tiie
j Western Pn rifle Railroad, recently finished,
I uses three miles of the trick of the first naia
1 ed road. The Oakland track and the Aimed
. . .a- - . i. -r it
meds and are connected by what Is known as
obwo am openua oj ik nnuni nose
Railroad Company. At 8V o'clock the
Western Paetfc- Train left Osklasd a usual.
On rracnin: the nigh Street Switch It woald
be impossible for the engineer to know
wttetfcer the train frotw Haywood bad arriv
ed and passed oat ot sight toward Alsacda or
not. A switch lender Is therefore stationed
there whose- doty It Is to give the engineer
uif fDfonB.tlon. If the train ts tt fc
goes forward, nmri ttot he wHt casegpter
1. . . ., . .
nothing upon the track. If tha train has
not russrd. he remain t the Juoctlox until
U arrive. In this lastancA the. switch lcnd
er signalled, the engineer of th Western IV
clUctraln, who had 'slowed down,' tsat li
was .11 rlxht, and to gvi ahead. To this fl
tBfrrciattoa tha terrible tragtdy la solely
We wer ansMe'to learn the nama Of the.
.witch tender. He was . new man appoint
cd three or four daysato. U appear that he
went to his breakfast a short tlino before the.
accident occurred, and while there a loco
motive with a train or gravel cars passed.
Without looking out to satisfy himself, ho
presumed this tu be the passenger train from
Haywood, cad reporting It as such to the. en
gineer, he precipitated the lialn to speedy de
strncttou .nd a number ot passengers to un
timely and terrible deaths. The ground over
wnich. this portion ot tneroaa runs is lent,
wooded onlv by such orchards . grow upon
j some of the farm. Ordtu.rlty, a train of
car could rte seen several tuues anrau, oat
on this occasion . dense fog prevailed, ud
no object could be seen many rod distant.
The train trom Haywood seem to have,
been a little behind time. Each train vu
moving at the rate of 3) mile per hour.
When a mile and a half south of Brooklyn
Park Station, and six or seven mile south of
Oaklapd, they collided. A passenger in the
htudcarof the Vetem Pacific train state
that he heard a whistle, the signal fur 'Mown
breaks," and .lmost instautly a Jar and the
sudden stoppage of the train. There w no
prolonged noise perceptible above the usual
noise of the train, and he supposed the train
had been suddenly stopped without any es
pecial lnjurv. On getting out he wsa utterly
astounded in finding the biggest half of tha
two trains a mas' of ruin. The nearest
house was about the elshth of a mile, snd
several others stood within the fourth bf a
mile from the scene of the collision. The
residents of these houses, the nearest one ex
cepted, could see nothing whatever of cither
of the train. They heard a uolse so sudden
sharp and load that many supposed the boil
er of a locomotive had exploded. There
was no continued or prolonged crushing of
timbers, such accompanies the falling of
a building. Tbl fact show, how tnstaiita
neouslv was achieved the terrible work of
death and destruction. The noise, hdwever,
was accompanied by a terrible Jar and tremor
of the earth, resembling that of a violent
The Western PaclSc train was made up as
follows: The locomotive snd tender, the
express and mall coach, a baegage car, a
smoking ear, two ordinary passenger cars,
and a sleeping ear. The train from Haywood
was made up as follows ; The locomotive
and tender, a freight. car, a box car, and two
passenger cars. Fortunately neither train
wai crowded with passengers the Aimed,
train having but few .board. Those who
emerged from the cars unbanned did so to look
upon such a scene as has rarely been wit
nessedeven In the Eastern States, where
railroad disasters bavo become matters of
dally occurrence. Both locomotives were
thrown from the track, each falling In a
diagonal position on the southwestern side
of the road. The boiler of each remained In
tact, but with this exception, that they
were literally shattered to fragments.. Tha
wheel, cylinders, smoke-stacks, piston rods,
wood sou Iron work were scattered In all
directions. The track of the road was torn
up, and Iron and tic were forced out of
place In the direction opposite to that on
which the engines had fallen.
The boilers and fragments of the engines
were nearly buried, by fragments or wood
and loose earth. The tenders were as com
pletely wrecked as the locomotives, and
their fragments were plied on the boilers or
scattered In the vicinity. The mall and bag
gage cars of the Western Pacific train were
not much injured, bat the smoking car and
passenger car immediately behind presented
a wonderful Mid horrible spectacle. These
cars are about 43 feet in length. The
smoking car was completely telescoped'
into the passenger car. As the two ends of
these cars were brought together by violent
shock, the bind end ol the smoking car en
tered the front end of the passenger car and
slid Into It the entire lenslb except .bout six
feet By this ojeratloo the sides ol the pas
senger car were forced together, and the top
was forced upward. As the one car was
thus forced Into the other, all the passengers
In the passenger car, together with the seats
of the car, were Instantaneously swept to
the hind end and compressed Into a space of
six or seven feet. There was of course not a
moment's time for precaution or self-preservation.
This space of six feet was fonnd to
be filled with dead and wounded human
belnsrs, crammed together In a gory mass.
The passengers in the smoking car escaped
In comparative safety. The hindmost pas
senser car and the sleeping car sustained but
little Injury, and their occupants, therefore,
suffered but little damage. The box car of
the Almeda train was thrown backward on
one end where It stood erect nntll lowered
for the purpose of removal. With the two
passenger cars of this train the effect was
very similar to that of the other train, except
that they were nearly empty, and therefore
there was but little loss of life or limb pro
duced by the crash. The forward car of the
two was driven Into the hiitdmost one about
three fourth of it length.
When the pasaengers who had escaped In
jury emerged from the cars their ears were
at once saluted with the moans of the djlng
and the piteous appeals of the wounded.
Some, when they attempted to render assis
tance, fainted at the sight of the torn and
mangled, and were for a time unable to ex
tend any aid. Others seemed bewildered or
affrighted and were therefore Inc9cient,
while others were so entirely Indifferent to
all save themselves that they took their car
pet sacks and walked away as rapidly as
possible. There were others of the passen
gers, and some of those who were qnlte se
verely wonnded, who were perfectly cool
and acted and advised with deliberation.
Several procured horses and started to Oak
land, Almeda. and San Leandro for surgical
aid. All the ranchmen of the neighborhood
rallied promptly to the succor of the suffer
ers. Bringing axes and Implements of vari
ous kinds, tbey and the passengers aided In
culling away the timbers of tbewreck wbere
evernecesssryln order to remove dead bod
ies or relieve those who were llviur. White
! this work wa going on, many heart-rending
Incidents occurred:, uae man woo was nor
ribly mntllated begged a bystander to shoot
bim to put him out of his misery. In .boat
three minutes afterward he expired without
the Interposition of the bullet,
A dead man and a wounded one were
wedged In between the timbers in ancb a war
that the wounded one could oot be resaorea
for some time. He Aegged a bjsUnder to
cut off the leg of tbe dead man in order that
be might be extricated. The operation was
performed with an ax.
It was nearly eleven o'clock before H the
bodies were removed from tbe wreck.
Justice Clement, of San Leandro, Itopsa
neledajury with a view of holding an In
qoeat, bat It was afterward decided to re
move the dead bodies to Oakland, aad post
pone the Inquest on til. to-day. The (Bust of
those who were wounded severely or dasget
onsly were taken to the Aimed Ashless."
Pans excels all other cities in the taMfse
Ura of artiscial eye. There an two larra,
and qoite a number of small maaaEaeUiriel of
artificial eyes in the Preaeh capital, wkleb to
gether esploy Bar!y a tbcmaai bms aad
women. Artificial eje ar exported frota
Paris ta all parts of ta eivilised werM ; ska
Ea gi Ui artiefe U so Bweh Isvfsrisr ta tin Pssaeh
ca that it fadj sojearket.
Tbe Eawrsss Eoftwie prtieated tk sMf af
AJaeeio, dnrtsg bar lata visit, with a coHsstsd-
rOTpoB4ese cf Xayoieoa I. Use eapy ft
salaadldly bod fai Taskey ssoroase,. assd
bears tie Isspatial arm oa. both sUa of tk
eavcr. To saak ska gift saor preeloaf, rfc
fair giver had 'aaxatVktr latofttyk to ska