Newspaper Page Text
.jsvery weaueBuajr muibi
AT $0.00 PER ANNUM
Mailed to JFortlS" Sntiacrlber at $7.00.
Orncs On Queen Street, in the old
Custom House, Honolulu, H. L
Printed and published by M. IUrtxi, 'et b.
Government Prlntine; OtSee, to whom ll business
communications mut be addressed.
i. . ant j. b. xtEitroj. a. i. cooix.
CASTJLB fc COOKE,
UCP0KTEE8, GENERAL KEKOHAHTS,
Ho. 80 King 8treet, crllte tbe Seamen's Chapel
The Kabul SoRir Company, Hawaii,
Tbe Haiku Suaar Company, Manl,
The Hawaiian goRar Mills Manl,
The tV-ialna Sueur Plantation. Oanu, and otter
Sorar Planter of Waloll and Kola, Keali,
The Lumahal Rice Plantation.. Kauai,
Dr. Jatne's Celebrate Family Medicinal,
Wheeler t Wilson's Sewing Uachlnea,
The Oiant Powder Company,
The Sew England Mutual Life Insurance Co,
22 The American Steam Fire-proof Bate Co. lys
IHFOBTEB & BEALEE IN BOOTS. SHOES,
Tine Clothing, Fnrnlihlng floods. Perfumery, e-.
corner of Fort and Slerdiant Streets. Honolulu.
Also, Agent for the Hawaiian Soap Co. Ordera re
ceived, and promptly executed.
Particular attention paid to the Shipment ofi Boodi
to the other lilandi -TS
.A. C. BUPFBM, HI- !..
POET PHYSICIAN, AKD STOGEOK.
OBce and Residence Jfo. S3 Fort Street, Honolulu,
-.Srst home maial of the Catholic Church.
At home day and night, when not professionally
DILMNCHAM Sc CO.,
IMPOBTEES & DEALEES IH HAEDWAEE,
Cutlery. Cry Goods. PalnU and OIU, and Oeneral
Merchaniaie, So. 95, King Street, Honolulu. 16-ljo
i-iUaK brow. oodpeet bbowk.
BKOAVIV Sc CO.,
IMPOETEEB & WHOLESALE DEALEES
In VHnel, Splrita, Ale, Porter, Ac., Merchant St,
r. P. ADAMS. s. wildze.
AtJCTI0N & COMMISSION MERCHANTS
27) Queen Street, Honolulu, II. I. lyt
II. HACKFEI'tt Sc CO.,
OEKEEAL COMMISSION AGENTS.
8-S Oneen Street, Honolulu, II. I. It
ED. HOFFSCHLAEGER & CO.,
IMPOBTEES & COMMISSIONMEECHANTS
41 Honolulu, Oahu, H. I. lyo
THEODORE C. JIECCK,
IMPOETEE 4. COMMISSION MERCHANT.
- l-J Honolulu. Oahu. II. L y
,F. A. SCIIAEFER A; CO.,
.38 Honolnln, Qahn, II. I. lyt
C. n. 1BWERS. J. a. DICESOX.
LE1VERS Sc IWCKSOIV.
XMPOETEBS AND DEALEES IN LUMBER,
And alt kinds of Building MatertaU, Fort Street,
.gOIIIV S.McGKEH', M. .,
PHYSICIAN AND SUBOEON,
Office In H. L. Chase's Building, Fort Street. Office
hours, from Eight to Ten A M., and from Three to
Fire . k. Residence on Chaplain Street, between
Nuuanu and Fort Streets. 8-3m
ALLEN & CHILLLNGWORTH,
Will continue the General Merchandise and Shipping
business at tbe abore port, where they are prepar
ed to furnish the JustlV celebrated Kawaibae Pota
toes, and such other Jleerulta aa .are i required by
wnaleshlps, at tbe shortest notice and on tbe most
reasonable terms. Firewood always on band. S-lyS
.JOHI x7 WATERIIOUSE,
IMPOETEE AND BEALEB IN OENEBAL
2 Queen Street, Honolcln, H. I. Iy5
W. )L. GREEIf,
GENERAL COMMISSION AGENT & BEOEEB
'Office In Fire-proof Buildings on Queen Street,
88 Honolulu, 11. I. lyj
C, JC. SPEXCER, U. XACFARLASE.
CIIAS. IV. SPESCER Sc CO.,
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
24 Queen Street. Honolulu, II. I. U4
HcCOLGAN Sc JOHNSON,
10 " Fort at, Honolnlo, opposite T. C. Hcnck's. Iy8
C. E. WILLIAMS,
XANUPACTUEEB, LMPOBTEB 4. DEALER
"In Furniture of every description. Furniture Ware
Boom on Fort Street, opposite Chase's Photograph
Gallery. Workshop at tbe old stand on Hotel
Street, near Fort. Orders from the other
41 Islands promptly attended to. 1?5
BOOT AND SHOE MAKER,
1 King Street, next to the Bethel. Honolulu. Pj5
M . T. WOIViVECL,
CABINET WAKKR AND UPHOLSTERER
King Street, Honolulu, opposite Lewis' Cooper Shop.
M Will buy and sell aecondiaodFnrnllure. (lyo
iOn.t TIlBETt. THOS. SOREKSOX.
T1BBETS 4c SOREIVHOIV,
SHIP CARPENTERS & CAULKERS
AtD. Poster & Co'i Ola Stand,
Near the Honolulu Iron Works. lyi
THEO. if. DATIES,
Late Jastov. Gucx A Co.
IMPOETEE ft COMMISSION MERCHANT,
1XD AC ITT FOE
Lloyd's and the Lirerpool Underwriters,
British and Foreign Marine Insurance Co., and
Northern Assurance Company. S-ly5
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALEES
In Fashionable aothlng. Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes,
and erery rarlety of Oentlemeu's Furnishing Goods.
Snow's Building, MercbantStreet, nonolnlu. 60-lyt
J. B. WALKEE. S. C. ALLEE.
WALKER & ALLEIV,
8SPPINS COMMISSION MEE CHANTS,
1 Qneen Street, Houolnlu, H. L Psi
L. I. TOKBERT.
SEALEB IN LHM2EB AND EVERY mmi
SB BOTLDLNS MATERIAL.
18 Omn Corner Queen and Fort streeta. lytj
BOLLES Ac CO.,
SKIP CSAKSLBBS AND COMMI66I0H
Queen Street, Honolulu. . particular attention paid
to the purchase and sale of Hawaiian Produce.
J uios st nuaasiox to
OL JUcharJsaCo, H Hackfeid a Co,
C Brewer a Co.
L Richards a Oo.
V O Waterman Eeo,
SOCEK AND SHIP CHANDLER,
Money and EcmIU fumUhfd'to SMp on tfeemort
HtHBilritiii. Jtorrkajit tM 4tutnl As-eat.
Importer of Teas and other ChioeM and Foreign
' Qooa. Wholesale Dealer In Hawaiian Produce, and
Agent tut ras Pswtsai and Amauulu Sagar PHnta-
vos. sue-proox snore on auuanu street, dcjow
-ms. asm ai-iyo
M sever at Kea A Priaee StreeU. mr
VOL V NO. 50.1
" OSte, Cor. Fort & Hotel Streets.
H. C. CnilUXtL. A. BLUKE.
IMPOBTEES AND DEALEES IN TONES,
Spirits, Ales, Ail, No. 8, Nuuanu Street, opposite
Merchant Street, nonolnlu. . 12-Iy
D. H. HITCHCOCK,
IS Hllo, IUwaiL lyo
A. S. .CEEGIIOEIY,
WHOLESALE AND EETAIL DEALER
In Merchandise. Tire-proof Store, corner of Qoeen
and Kaahumann Streets. Retail Establishments, on
Knnanu Street, and on the corner ol Fort and Hotel
b. a. r. ciatis.
tIKEWER & CO.,
HONOLULU, II. I.
AGENTS Or the Boston and Honolnln
AGEXTS For tlie Mnkee, Wsillnkn and
liana rlnntat Ions.
AGENTS For the Purcliaae and Sale of
Island Prodnee. 5-lyS
B. P. EHLBRS. A. JAEGER.
B. E. EHXERS Sc CO.,
DEALEES IN DBY GOODS AND GENERAL
Fire-proof Store on Fort Street,boTe Odd Fellows
F. A. SCIIAEFER,
AGENT for the BREMEN BOARD
Agent ror the Dresden Board of Underwriters,
Agent for the Vienna Board of Underwriters.
C. S. BARTOW,
AU CTIO N EER,
Salesroom on Qneen Street, ono door from Kaahu
mann Street. 17-ly5
M. S. GREVBAVM & CO.,
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALEES
In Fwhlonable Clothing. Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes,
and erery variety of Gentlemen's superb Furnish
ing Goods. Store In Makee's Clock, -Qoeen Street,
Honolulu, H. L PM?i
AEONG Sz. ACUIICR.
Importers, Wholesale and Betail Dealers
In Oeneral Merchandise and China Goods, In the
Flreproof Store on Nnuanu Street, under tbe Public
JOIIIV II. PATT,
Notary Public and Commissioner of Deeds
For the State of California. Office at the Bank of
Bishop a Co., Kaahumann Street, Honolnln. 2-lyt
II. a.."viiejia;v, .
6J Offlce at the Interior Bepartment. tyo
G. IV. IVORTOIV,
C00PEE AND GAUGEE,
At tbe .New Stand. on the Esplanade.
lie is prepared to attend to all work in his line
at the Shop next to the Custom House, where b 4 can
be found at all working hours. He has on haud
and for sale. Oil Casks and Barrels of different sizes,
new and old, which he will sell at the Tery Lowest
Market Rates All work done In a thorough manner
and warranted to give satisfaction. All kinds of
Coopering Materials and Tools for sale. 1-Cm
F. II. A; G. .SEGEI.KE."V,
TIN, ZINC AND COPPEE SMITHS
AND SHEET LEON "WORKERS,
.Nnnanu Street, between Uterchant & Qneen.
Hare constantly on nana, gioree, ripe.uai
ranlzed Iron Pipe, Plain and Hose Bibbs,
Stop-cocks, India Rnbber Hose best3-ply,
in lengths of US and SO feet, with couplings
and nine complete. Batb-Tuba. and also a
Tery large stock of Tinware of erery description.
Particular attention glren to Sblp-Woik. Orders
from the other Islands will be carefully attended to.
Thankful to the Cltlied or Honolulu and the
Islands generally for their liberal patronage In the
past, we hope by strict attention to business to merit
the same for tbe future. 37ly5
JA.1IES E. LEWIS,
C00PEE AND GAUGES,
At the Old Stand, corner King & Bethel Sts.
A Large Stock of Oil Shook, and all kinds of Coop
erlog Materials constantly 3a hand. He hopes by
attention to business to merit a continuance of the
patronage' which be has heretofore enjoyed, and for
which he now returns his thanks. l-3m
j. ii. Tiioaipsox,
Qneen Street, Honolnln,
Has constantly on band and for sale at the Lowest
Market Prices, a good assortment of tbe Best Refined
Bar Iron.and tbe Best Blacksmith's Coal. 38-1 J 5
3X0. SOTT. SAV'LXOTT.
JOIEV NOTT Sc. CO.,
COPPEE AND TIN SMITHS,
Kaabamanu St, one door above Flitner'i,
Beg lei r e to f storm the public .that thej are pre
wed to famliU all kind of Copper Work, neb u
fiUlla, Strike r&si, Sorghom Pans, Wormi, Pumpf.
etc Alo on hand, a fall assortment uf Tin Ware,
vhlch ve offer for sale at the Lowest Market Prices.
AU kinds of Kepalrinfr done irith Neat nets and
Dltpetcb. Onlers from the other Islands vlll meet
with prompt attention.
LICENSED SHIPPING AGENT,
Offico on James Scbinsos & Co'i "Wliarf,
Continnet thelastneM on hb old plan of settling
with oeicen'a&d seamen Iramediatelx on "their ship
ping t his office, flaring no direct or Indirect con
nectioo with anr outfitting establishment, and allow
lot no debts to be collected tnhls office, he hopes to
giro as good jaUs&cUon.in ,th fat are as he has in
the puL l-3m
HOITSK AKD SHIP PITTMBEB,
King Street, next to Hie Seamen's BetheL
lias on hand, Bath-Tnbc, Water-doeets, Wash-B
sins. Force and lift Pumnc Lead and Oalranlzed
Iron Pipe, and PI amber's Bra-worka. Bejogthe-
oui j r tmnner in uie ciij, &e wui ezecnie au oraers en
trusted to htm In a workmanlike manner. l-3m
House, Sign & Ship Painters,
Jfo. 76 Fort Street.
Graining, Marbling, Gilding, Calsomlnlcjc,
hMeMiijrki4C." le.. tcw, :eiKoted oo the
Fshortett Notice, and oa the most reasonable
P1ASOS and other Musical
instruffieeU Tuned and Keoaked. br
CHARLB8 DURRr, at the Hawaiian
Leuou siren on tbe Piano fc CoJtor.
" he beat of reeeregceagiTen.- 51y
WAeOH.AJfB CAXXIAGE BimVBZS,
76 King Street, Honolnlo.
jaarsflL Kepalring dona with care
BPX n'' aeatnees. Also, Bartlcu.
faejapqsaejL&r tar anenuon giraa 10 jkmck.
anuSinc and gosas'skrissiir.- Bians lessu t
Talsnsls ajosawMf 'acaenisst. 44-1
HONOLULU, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1869.
II. J. DORSET,
AITIJ IKSTOAKCE AGE5T,
41 and A2 Mercbaut'a Exehsiure, Call&rnla Street,
8J San .Francisco, CaL rij
Ueesrs.'llron A Co... .....San Trancisco.
Messrs. C. Adolphe Low-A Co. Ssn Francisco.
Messrs. nolladar A Brenbam ...Sen Francisco.
ilessrs. n. llackfeld A Co.. Honolulu.
1XOK E. Utlli. JAMZS IC. ELOCt,
LEOS -K. METERS Sc. CO.,
ntPOETERS Aim MANUFA cttteees of
XTALIAir-& AKEEICAN WABBL'KS,
Mantels, Grates, Monumenta. Headtones, Tombs,
TCaslistand, Bureau and Counter Tops. Billiard Beds,
Fire Bricks, Plaster. Ac Ac, 030 Market Street, op
posite Catholic Church, San Francisco, CaL 33-lj.
h. w. nmuia c x. cuu
SEVEEAWCE, CLAEK & CO.,
AHD BHIPFIKG AGEHTS,
405 Front Bt, corner of Clay, San Franciico.,-
VTe lll attend to the sale'or Scpiraod all kinds
of Island Produce, also to the purchasing and for.
warding of Merchandise. Cash Adrancea made on
joajt m'cxaiu, j. c. mum.
Portland. B. F. CaL
M'CEAKEN, MEREILL & CO.,
llarlnp been engaged In our present business for
upwards of twelve 3 ears, and being located in a Fire
proof Brirk Building, we are prepared to receive and
dispose ..f Island Staples, such as Sugar, fijrupt. Bice,
Palu. Coffee, etc., to advantage. ConRfgnments es
peclallj sollcitnl for the Oregon Market, to which
personal attention will be paid, and upon which cash
advances will be made when required.
Charles TV Brooks ...San Francisco
JC Merrill a Co :
Fred Iken ', "
Badger a Lindenberger
James Patrick a Co
IVm T CoJemao a Co...
Stereos, Baiter a Co
Allen k Lewis Portland
Leonard a Green. Uj$
E. M. TjUV REED.
Harinir the beet facilities througlran Intimate con
nection irith the Japanese trade for the put eight
years, Is prepan-u to transact any business entrusted
to his care, with dispatch. 17-lj5
R. B VnLUlfS, H. T. BLUTCHAaP, C. B. MOaoax.
WILLIAMS, BLANCHAED & CO.,
SHIPPING & COMMISSIOH" LEECHAKTS,
c 305 Front Street, San Francisco. Cm
LANGLEY, CE0WELL & CO.,
32 Cor. Battery & Clay Sti, San Francisco. 6m
Ssniomc Streett San Francisco,
(Extending from Sacramento St. to lfs.lleck Street.
HAVING XI EE IV" RECENTLY RE1V
oTated and oewljr FurnUbed, makes it the
motft qnlet, ecunomical nod com far table FAMILY
1I0TBL In the State. Being centrallr located. It of
fers every Indocement for Business Men and the Pub
The Tables will t constantly supplied with every
luxury the market affords. The American Exchange
Cuach, with Bed Lights, will te at the b aires and
Deimts, to convey passengers to the Hotel free.
7-ly5 - TIMOTHY 8 A BO EXT, lTopr,
B0AED OF TJHD EE WBITEES.
rjHE CNDEKSIONED lia-rlng been
M- appointed Agents for the San Fraustsco Board
of Underwriters, comprlsint; the
CsLllfornta Insurance Company,
Slcrclianla Mutual Marine Ins, Co.9
Faclfle Insurance Company,
California Lloyd', and
Home Mutual Insurance Company.
Beg leare to Inform Masters of Tesaels and the pub
lic generally, that all losses of Teasels and Cargoes,
Insured bj either of the abore Companies, against
perils of the seas and other risks, at or near the
Sandwich Islands will hare to be verified by them.
l-3m II. IUCKFELD A CO.
TUB TJ.VDERSIGXED, AGENTS or
the abore Company, hare been authorized to
Insure risks on Cargo, Freight and Treas
ure, by Coasters from Honolulu to all ports of
the Hawaiian Group, and vice versa.
My6 JL UACKFELD CO.
MAEHfE INSUEANCE CO MP AS Y
or San Francisco.
THE UNDERSIGNED liaTliiR been
appointed Agents for tbe abore Company .are
prepared to issue Policies on Cargoes, Freights
WALKER A ALLEN,
1-Cm Agents, Honolulu.
THE UNDERSIGNED, AGENTS OF
the above Company, have been authorized to
Insure risks on Cargo, Freight and Treas
ure, trom Honolulu to all pons of the world, and
18-ly H. UACKFELD A CO.
FIEE INSUEANCE COMPANY.
THE UNDERSIGNED hawing been
appointed Agents of the above Company, are
prepared to Insure risks against Fire, on St one and
Brick Buildings, and on Merchandise
stored therein, on the moat favorable terms. For
partleulars apply at the office of
6-lyS t. A. SCHAIFEE CC.
THE AGENT FOR THE BRITISH
Foreign Marine Insurance Company, (Limit
ed), bas received instructions to reduce the rates of
Insurance between Honolulu and Ports in thePacffie,
and Is now prepared to Issue Policies "at the XowesC
JZaUs, with aspedaj reduction oo Freight per Steam
era. THXO: B.SATIFS,
i3-tf Jftnt Brit. For. Mar. Int. Ou (United)
IMPERIAL FISE INSURANCE .
Of Eonaon-SstabUsked A. S. 1808.
CASH CAPITAL,, $S,8B,0Q0 in GOLD.
TOE CNDKESlaXED HATUCQ been assolated
ageztts of tbe above Company for the MtwaHau
fataads, are srepared to Insure ajMst Fire oa Bnck,
Ssom and Wooden BsiWngs, aad oa Mercheadiie,
on the saort favorable teraa. For particaJtre, asply
as-ly WALKKK A AIXBN.
MR. J. COSTA,
JEWELER. AND IKGEAYBE,
rrt Street, epofite Ml renews Hall,
Is prepared to execute wiUiprossptneea. ail vrorSt in
Us line of business, such as Watch and Cssok: psfisV
tag, Yinussntarlnc Jeirelry sad Ingis i Iss,. l-Sm
SUGAE & MOLASSES.
IIII.O, II. I.
Serar and Molasses.
GR0P, COMING, XS AND FOB SALE IN
quantities to suit purchasers, by
WALKER A ALLEN,
1-3 in - Agents.
Sugar and Molasses Crop 1S6B
COMING IN, FOR 'SALE IN QUANTI-.
ties to suit porc users, by
WALKER i ALLEN,
Nnsrii" aad Molasses Crop 1869
COMING IN, FOR SALE IN QUANTI
ties to suit purehssen, by
WALKER & ALLEN,
1-3 in Agents.
IVc-w Crop of Sugar Sz Molnsscs
VTOW COMING IN, AND FOR SALE IN
JSi quantities to suit purchasers by
C: BREWER 4 CO.,
VfEW CROP NOW COMING IN". - FOR
X Sale in quantities to suit purchasers,
by C. BREWER & CO.,
DHY GOODS, &C,
CASTLE & COOKE,
Consisting in Psrt of
Finest White all Wool 44 Flannel,
Finest White all Wool and Angola White
Flannels, Good Grey and White all Wool
Flannels, 10x4 Bleached Sheeting,
Thompson's Glove-Fitting Corsets,
Amoskeag Denims, Jeans, Drills and
Bleached and Unbleached Cottons.
A Sup'r ass't of Stationery,
Water Lined Note Paper.
White Ruled Note Paper,
White Ruled Laid Leaf, Letter k
Bill Paper, White, Buff
Amber Laid Letter A
Payson's Indelible, and Carter's Copying Ink,
Artists' & Book-keeperB' Flexible Rulers,
Smith & Wesson's Pistols t Cartridges,
Hair Girths, Stirrups t Leathers,
Spanish Treei, Croupers and
Bridles, Oak Belting,
Italian Packing: I.nce leather,
Paints, Oils, &c.
White Zinc & Lead, in 1, 2 A 25 lb containers,
Paris and Chrome Grccs
Chrome Yellow, Umber. Sienner,
Prussian Blue, Whiting,
Bladders of Putty,
Carriage and Coach Varnish,
Bright, Copal and Furniture Varnish,
Boiled Linseed Oil, Turpentine.
Mason's Blacking, Coffee Mills,
Axe, Pick, Slelge, Adi, Hoe, Oo,
Hammer & Chisel Handles,
Wool Cards, Saddles,
Croxers, liowels, and Champering Knircs,
Fore, Smooth, Jack & Jointers,
Cat Nails, 3, 4. , 8, 10, 12, 20, 30. 40, 50 'and
60d, Boat Nails, 1, U, H 2 inch,
Pressed Nails, 2 t IJ inch,
- Cooper's Rivets, !, 78 lbs,
Copper Rirets t Burs, , ,
jsi inch. Gimp Tacks,
Iron a Copper Tacks
of all sizes.
Best Rnbber Hose, i, 3,1, 1 a 2 inch,
Centrifugal, Varnish', Paint; White-Wash
' and Scrub Brashes, Cor'd Tin Palls,
i, I, 2, 3, 4, 6. 8, 10 t 12 quarts,
Corered Slop Pails, Dippers,
Dish and Hilt Pans,
Hammers, Ganges, Squares, Chisels,
Angers, Sieves, Lime Sqneeiers,
Yard Sticks, Bang Starters, Axes,
ShsTeli; Spades, Oos, Lanterns,
Eagle Horse, A and 0 Plows and
Points, Paris Plows, extra,
heary and strong.
Protoxide of Iron,
Poland's White Pine Compound,
Pails, Tubs, .Brooms, Etc., Etc.
Downer's Kerosene OIL,
From the Boston House.
And Many- Other Articles
AX1VTO BE SOLD LOW.
CEATEE OF KLXALTEA, HAWAII.
THIS KSTABLISHMEKT IS JjB
now ooeo for tbe recevtioa of visitors to 37
oleano I loose, who saar rely on flodiBC coea-
furtaMe rooms, a gooa tewe, aad Brossps atseadanee.
SiperfettedguMes fee tbe Grater sjwaysoa band.
STEAK ADD SULPHUK BATHS 1
Horses G rained, aad Stabled if 3eird
PartTWitBgtfceTassaaoJTta Sgo, caa procure
aueauus warrautea to. ssaxe lb jeersey, w n. n.
HlTCBOOcr, Bee,. X-ljt.
Corner Hotel and Fort Streets).
MUG HUM Sc. UA7E
MHarhsc WMy reswratsa tmt i sai hkiti ai
W aSjSri wstl fcaswra rase 0T'ea4erMlo-JL
sasat, asss riih 'Sawj fcasgfwi im aaejaw tkM wmr
JamsaastsrfaMwsj. Xmo aMUiac Ma
LiSjSars, WSb, Ales, c-, at Sketr in
Letter from, South Carolina.
''Pzhdletox, S (l,lor. 5,1869.
EorrOB Gazette: The condition of tho
South of tbe'CottonSutcs is'stcadlly lm
proTln. The land owners no longer liaTlsg
sacha supply ol labor under absolute con
trol as In .former days, id not lay watte
timber to open np fresh land, ,bnt strife to
fertilize their old fields; hence they work J
wuu inure sain, sou euro inoirioresta. iney
begin to appreciate the Talae of their water
power, and of thijir mineral resocrccs. They
have learned, what Is most important, to
economize labor, and make It more available,
and are making as large crops aa In tbe old
daya of slavery. It is tbe labor of tbe white
rare IbaLfe producing' tbe larger portion of
tbe corn and cotton of the South. No peo
ple In the world work harder than the South
erners. They are laying up money. They I
care but little ior tbe political' situation.
They ttrlreforpersonal Independence. They
are hopeful of a bright futuru. They doubt
sot that the lines of power will again be re
stored to their hands ; but I don't think tbey
are nursing any revenge.
Tbe freedmen are quiet and harmless, and
perhaps too content with a small subsistence.
Tbe condition tbey like, is a but and a patch,
and no regular duty. To have a few chickens
to tell, and to catch a few opossums, la suf
ficient good fortune for a genuine child of
Africa. Of course, education can work won
ders with them Education, discipline, ana
tome subordination will be needed to tare
the race from extinction. They are harmless,
I say, but It is on account of their indolence,
and devotion to their vices. Tbey have op
portunities not formerly enjoyed. Before,
prudent planters, like despotic chiefs In tbe
savage condition, looked after the chastity
of girls, and hence there were prolific
women; but now, concubinage and polyg
amjrbave no restraints and no limits of age.
Few children are born, and those few are
neglected and allowed to perish. It was
owing to tbe fostering care of the white
women of tbe South, that the larger portion
of tbe children of slaves lived and grew up.
Of course, interested motives prompted tbe
care; but the poor black race hat need of a
fostering help to replace that which they
have lost. Freedom, and free schools, do
not supply it. A 'wise legislation can do
much good in tbe regulation of labor. Tbe
whites and tho blacks want to work together
harmoniously. Of course, the whites are
more willing' tbau the blacks. Both races
are beginning to understand their mutual
Interests, and mutual dependence, and are
less and less atTectcd by outside influences.
Tbe old masters and mlstreescs will become
the truest and beet educators of the freed
men; and the former alone can become the
saviors of the latter. I was present a few
days ago, at a pleasant blending of tbe two
races, on tbe occasion of an old time
- My brother-ic-Iaw bad gathered in bit
crop. He bad a long, high pile of corn In
tbe shuck, alongside of Mb crib, the top of
which was partly removed, to afford an op
portunity to throw in the clean ears. About
eeventy neighbors, whites and blacks, assem
bled on a clear, October evening. They
ranged themselves along the pile. Two
captains were selected, and, as usual, tbe
good humor of the whiles deferred to tbe
blacks a selection from amongst tbemcelves,
on account of tbelr superior skill In corn
songs. Tbe rival leaders, Jim and Jake, di
vide tbo tbe pile. Tbey stride about on tbe
top of their several divisions, and with
about and song encourage' tbe busy hands in
line below, who are stripping off and throw
Ing behind them tbe husk, and stowing
tbe crib with corn. How tbe corn filet I a
tteady shower of golden tbot pours into tbe
crib; bnt a heavy ear, not well aimed, misses
the opening, strikes a log, rebounds, and
strikes a busy frecdman, who cries :
"Who dat bit me on de bombazine?" at
which peals and screams of langhter eneue.
Uow tbe leaders about: ''Throw de corn
away, boys, jets a few more nnbblna and
yon It done; for de Lord's sake, walk in,
walk in," and tbe shout and song grow fast
and furious. Of tbe com-tongt, here I an
example, and it it to be hoped that education
will improve the native Ethiopian minstrelsy
In tense, If not In melody.
Oh, Juliana was a'ladr,
A bright yaller cat and a ten dollar boazy,
Gst a smart court de yatler Trldow,
' Possnm pie and de whisky-Jut;,
Good for nigger, and de buckrah, too,
llo a Hoi
Old massa he has cooe to glorr,
Aud whilst teventy stout throats and lungs
thrill oa your ear, their busy hands keep up
the shower ol corn, and piling up an em
bankment of husks in their rear.
There b a lull when tbe" proprietor ap
pears, jag In band. It It full of good old
corn whisky, smuggled out of the mount
aim, in tpite of the heavy excise, and the
watchful Federal detective. It U sailed
with ehonU of humorous-appreciation. And
now tbe brown stone fount passes from lip
to Hp, without respect of hue, and the gen
eral smack tbowt do shade of difference of
taste. Whisky tt the Southern working
man's wine and beer; and I tblak H it no
worse for bit constitution than teger, claret,
sherry, or root beer is for that of the Ger
man, the'FrcBehtaan, the Englishman, or the
Northerner. Tou would think to, should
yon observe these hardy, stout fellowt, who,
though they have been worklog all day,
have cheerfully and joyously shacked .corn
from 7 till 11 o'clock at night Aa tbe two
piles, by tblt time, have dwiadled to little
mounds, tbe two captains are frantic 1b ap
peals to their men .to "jft throw away tie
com." They do throw tt away. A terrige
shower of corn k poured IbIo tbe crib. The
excited espials spread tite rvtMlniag ears
aaaoBK their baajr men. What a sight of
btf ha ads, aad what, a cJaag of riagtag
voiced The but shsek it paired, aad tlte
last ear I IJtrown by the Tieioriotta party; aed
bow they er aad hoot, good bgmoradiy,
,tbe laajrieg partr, w fee are jaat iBMaieg f
their pB. ' ,
The eoti avr hy wWch tlx propsWor
.au get sVotw a Ueh would hMssrat cast
fctsa aad hit feree tw w4t of Mt-r aft
$6.00 PER TEAR.
hands are Invited to the house to partske of
a bountiful supper. There are the1 great
Southern dish a three-decker chicken pie
fine-flavored, sweet hams, Carolina sweet
potatoes, p:nty of peach' and apple pies, the
substantial corn pone, tbe hoe cake, bUcuHt,
waSrs, aad oversowing whisky and cofwe.
The blacks, contentedly and good uaturedly,
wait their turn at thti second table fiddling
and dancing outside daring, the disposal of
the first. All are feasted and satisfied; aad
now the white young men of the shucklng
party join the young ladies la the house,
wbo have been waiting for them, and, en
livened by tbe hilarious air of tbe "Arkan
sas Traveler," they dance till the grey of the
Though the races unite ajt the corn pile, tbey
separate at the "meeting bouse. White and
black brethren no longer ting and tboat to
gether at the camp meetings, at in tbe olden
Hatta time." Tbe bhteka have their sepa
rate conventicles, where tbey Induce fa
visions and assumptions of spiritual know
ledge somen bat In advance of their orthodox
white neighbors. They Indulgelnan extrav
agant latitude of Interpretation. They work
Incantations, and, although they do sot be
lieve In more than one God, yet they conjure
up many demoua beside the devil; and If a
vigorous missionary effort bo uotmadoln the
South, the Africans scattered about In tbe
woodatwampt, and on the old. plantations,
"will toon laps; into a barbaric pandemoDlem.
Tbe Roman Catholic Church ia vigorously at
work to catechise and train free young Afri
ca; and with Its drill and discipline will do
much to tare the race. I bear of priettt and
chapelt in many places, where tbe name of
Soman Catholic was hardly known In former
In respect to labor, tbe freedmen, when
hired In gangs, and well directed, do good
work; but, like our Hawaiian, do not like
to work alone, and teem incapable ol organ
izing a well appointed farm. I am In hopes
that Gen. Armstrong's Industrial Institute
will turn out tome practical colored farmers.
No better men than these ttonl black fel
lows can be found, when well directed, for
slasbingtlown a heavy timbered forest, cut
ting ditches, splitting rails, and hoeing corn
and cotton, yet, when tbey rent land and
work on shares without any oversight, their
work Is Invariably bad; and a " free nigger!
crop" tlgnlflee a waste of weeds, or nothing
at all. Let them, however, gratify their so
cial or gregarious instincts, In being employ
ed in gangs, when as they work they can
keep step to a ringing chorus, tben they are
the best plantation bands in tbe world.
The subject of scientific agriculture Is now
receiving great attantlon in tbe cotton Statet.
Toung men of wealth and talent atudy ge
ology, chemistry, engineering, drainage, and
Irrigation, rather than belle lettret and pro
fessional literature at In former daya. The
conseqnencc will be, more eminent and suc
cessful farmers, and fewer lawyers aud doc
tors lu the South than formerly. Every tab
jeet pertaining to agriculture and mechanical
development it closely scrutinized. Cotton
culture ia likely to receive an Impetus from
discoveries of vast bedt of phosphate of
lime, about thirty miles square, on tbe coast
of this State. I dare tay we will find a great
fertilizer, If needed, In our coral reefs.
Much attention Is now paid to' the cultiva
tion of grasses In these Statu. A beautiful
vegetation it mantling over the once bare
red landa of Georgia and the Carolina. Va
rious trefoils and grasses : the herd', the or
chard, tlmoiby and Bermuda, are assiduously
cultivated; but a recent stranger In the pas
ture, a rich trefoil, eagerly devoured by stock,
it contribnting more than any other plant to
improve tbe range of the Soutb, and this
tbe leapedita ttiata or Japan clover.
I was astonished at the Increase of verdure.
Where once" I beheld naught hut red clay bar
rens, I found thlt trefoil, with itt pretty light
purple blossom, Insinuating Itself among tbe
native broom straw grass, under tbe leaves
In, the woods, by the roadside, and overrun
ning the land like ou r man itn (sin tbe Islands.
Mow, by the way, tblt latter It no other than
the well known Bermuda grass of the South,
brought hither from tbe West Indies, and
originally from the plaint of lllndosttn.
The name tnanUnle was given to it by Ha
waiiant on account of itttmootb appearance.
It was known In India at Barbuda, or "God't
grass." But the Japan clover It superior to
the moulcnfe or Bermuda, at It tpreads and
growt rapidly, It liked by all kind of stock,
and It easily uprooted when yon want to cal
tlvate the land, which you know I not the
case with the Bermuda. It may be that tbe
Japan clever b already ihtrodneed M the
Islands, bet aa I have not heard of Ht being
there, I am oollaetfeg aH the teed I caa for
distribution when I gat borne, for g rasing
mutt eoBtiene for toae time aa Iraporttst
Industry at the Maed.
At I happen here In the teed time, I am
making other collection for borne experi
ment. Too may bare observed tbe " kmb't
qaarter," tbe water leses, and tbe ladies;
bean or pea, and notleed what exteettve
bos be and vine tbey beeewe oo tbe Mb4 ;
whereat in these climate aad aoH thef are
bat paltry weed. Tbe ' stab's quarter,"
called osffoaw by tbe Hawairane, it ia' Soeta
Carolina, a weed seldom taller than .two feet
high; bat on Laoai K aetata a beffrbt ef
twelve or more feel; aad fosithe tbe beat
of fseL Tbe water lemoa or grfnadlUa, tbe
MUnh of HawalitBt. ht the tttile ioay-pop of
Sonth Carolina, a petteraome weed, two or
three feet loeg, 'treebleeOBe te Soatbera
trsten ; bet I have tees a ttssnV viae sf Use
water lemon on Laei, ibade a aorttoa of
yard fifty feet square, and eavtted with
thousand of pleasant, pulpy tabeetd trait.
Tbe Indian pea It never barber taa-a tare
feet in these woods, and wilt bear a best half
a doxea'podt lew than aa inch tong; bet os
Bawatf it buconet a Mttie tree twelve- te if.
tees feet high, covered with Mrpbt yettow
Mottomt, sad a Her e re baa a heavy load of
M aatritious pM beerine: iU liiavb to tbe
earth. Oar fine'y h tbe rsasrored s,naad
cherry of this eoaatry.
I hope to eipariassnt with a irw atore
cot!oa pieat of Jiajarire, w-bMl nMs-r be
beet seised tv oar grovp, M.Mseg taare e
as Airic tbaa aa .1 sasth 1mmMm
sad so I have oUecied ta-bt tf esMty jshart
aad graee of tbe wood ant
book ip jncar
THK "8AMTTB." 0
as aew friaariid to mstts
or jtbrt BBMnurnoK,
WITH NBATirSeW AKD DISPATCH
attracted nty thsartta; aad nota of every
forest tsM, amusag ffMab a: Westers, lo
cust, with the Boaey teed,
mo. Veeeh. fearwoed. tweet msb, i
ok"aiLrtrsfia, ail tortt of oak- state
aad cedars ; alee Bowtborn, w i
ttfel speck for hedge, black haw, i
ry, with many varieties of been and berry,
and hand reds ef miiiMsts-at "aad Mt piaatB
IreaUe ia tbe vicinity of Fort Mitt, the
old estate ef Joke C. Care-. awd !
Berne wbieb ought te be lcrtirarig (a Ha
waiian, laeeaMMh as H wee Mr. Carhaaa
wba.wee Ut; ludniaiiietl ia, aee-sear. aad
procBfise; tbe rteoffs-ivfoe ef rHwataa hV
pendence by the United State Oevsettssat.
Mention of Mr. Ctsbew't adveeacy it to be
found ie tbe printed' symaena ef m be
Mtjetty, Kamebameba IT. Tblt fcer, aad
other circumstances, bare coettfbated te
stir np la tbete moaatala dletriet ef tbe
StaatVa. VfafAj , fB-a4lflBj( Q- a-a-laf-Mt taarit
Island. There le bete a enaatar liaasa abut
tbe FaeMe etfcra a piuuiht ef aeeet peaee
aud plenty. The BraaUiaa, tbe Texas, tbe
Nevadaa, ted even the Califoraiaa Maniat,
have bees tried by rpeveribed gtatbtrntrt
and found wanting; aad tbe httt lteae ef'a
paradlte for broken down pkntett it ia the
many 11 ad that cover the great Pteaa.
Tbee adventaren, ef tbe South weeM be
well satkvfied fa the Ietoade, bT MterMM
get lead oo eeay teraw, aad yea weak be
atlficd with tben a eoetrteaier aa the
agricultural development of tbe eoaatry.
Bratll, thoagh having rfefc hade, e-aVred M
geaeroa efierarageeteat ta So here et
tlcrt; they were aaaeyed by a bttteri; aa
t agonistic populatlea, and by tbe dHkaltlea
of language; tbey had no socWj, a tvede;
and no market facilities; asd tbey bebatd a
land of terror la d4teseea aad teeket ; bet la
tbe people of the blend tbey boce to meet
with a quasl-Araetlcan ec-swaaHy ; there,
they would find their owb toegae, r-t-sWct a
sure-founded, protecting Goveraaseaf, aa
intelligent Sovereign, a coaetHBtraaal seder,
an able and just administration of lews, the
freedom of ballot, churches, Kbeobr, newt
papert, old and allver, Hetl crept,
comparatively no taxes, and. aa seate. Ia
tbe Isltnds, they eoald get $78 to $1 for
their labor In produclsg "an acre of cane, la
tho vicinity of a all); whereat, here, ,they
are content to tcratchrovcr their poor ridges,
and produce tlx bnebcle of wheat er tea of
corn, or 360 poasee of cotton to the acre,
more than half of which maet be ajvea,awiy
for State and Federal taxes. Svery old
broken ikillet It taxed; every tln paa, old
hickory tpllt-bottora chair worth 'ten cenU
apiece; even fire-dogs, old axet, old Iron la
the blacksmith shop, the wretched beading
and ragged quilts of the freedmen; every
trifling article, tome really too aieaa to men
tion, I have teen enumerated by the tax
assessor in this State; and when I tell them
that an estate In tbe Island worth W,69tor
$20,000, may not pay more than $10 or $00,
tbey hardly believe me, and tome think, that
I am blowing and' HunchausonlalBg, beeeats
tome newspaper cerreepoadeat trem tfce
island have said to. Bat there are plenty
that believe, and want to go to tbe peaceful
Island of Kamebtmea, where there are
happy opportunities for workfag pWatert,
and nothing worse to be ei countered tbaa a
little BOcbariUblenjst, which wifl be rsaet.
Ing awty when iBduttrioaa. cambers are
filling np our vallejt, and terracing our hill
sides, tnd making tbe Hawaiian real as a aig
nlficaut power m the world.
I am charged with tpeaklse; la too high
praise of the Island. 1 tea b op.lBiUt, aad
tee, perhape tea vWhtly, the aitrtta af ibe
land where I H-ve; aad of (he Meeds wheat I
love; bat It It taste tbe ttattaidnt that
$100, and even $115, ia gold wet paM to
people For as aere of reae, at -Uhaitaf Is
It fahe, to say tbat Te batheat ef eeea bee
been made to the aereT (for I aiyteb? asede
a crop of 264 beted, aliowieg M pa-Reda te
to tbe bethel, from three aad a-bahT M of
ordinary" fretti biBd, oa LaaeL) U H asite
for me to declare, that yea eaa predate
three, of 'even ve, toe ef ttxear ft-o 'a
acre of good tagar teed; aad mtflttt tiiif
lay that yea beet the wstM ia prodeseag
rice, or evea iebeeea aad eoHea ? And why
are there not greater retaHt la the BaweHea
Kisgdomf asd why hi there set a rata ef
emlgrattea to tbe leaked!
the Government be no eoeveahtai i
of taltable lead to otfcr at a low peiee ta
poor settler, asd bteaata ail yew tieh terri
tory is held br a few proprietors, wha.aaa
not develop the mad, aad who, th
ateet Mbatride raetr dost eta, K tks-f i
have a rich, popaleat, tad aoaihhtas; saaam
try. Let the Hrgt ked-owner aot te sthr
aaertieaof their Urrrtory, say bBl tasrea,
or more, at a sheep rate tor esaejtaaste, aatl
tbey eaa here, right wy, sa May ef mek
bvbafers aa will itistdfry mattta! yew pit.
daett aad year aseriut. I !
terrrtery of the Istaaet h set
adapted for sea It tesltieaaeat ea liioaat at
the tearerty sf water; bet aa nana-tSia
plaetheg pofmttttoa weald aisseWi itstj
the detWieaey. The Itiaaat tatett aaahf raw-
gtd asd doaVatt feat are, teat asaalal
pepvktlea ef ates, wHh
piaatiatr tktil, it) give tbeaa taaar i
eel earn tat., levne a al
Tbe Weed Btatt be atatM the besawaaft
of uslfalsiiiaiBt Bat let
harp away, ttet yoit Itn si
aad aBiarapaieaM. aejiiletry ; a:
aad lauwsasfatrt iadtcharrr the
at atop fce obta aad fxalat; tati a
iav-releaML and jam will hare s raah of
T-htatert sad lantf'lu.to ;
I eaa set tiag i
treey t aar teste, at both
mrr J-T- 1 snatrtr that taaeW fjfjMi
epa.iitarti-a httha aataaa km
uiet uafiisi, or fejta pfttMsMMj
the voTid, aad I araat ta aaf M aak
eeaa wttboat atiiaif tad nMiaa alM,
race: these' that eaa haimnaha wh aba
Mawsttass, sad' shja absee that