Newspaper Page Text
UOQKi j'VtNJ) .JOB
THIS OTFrCR h sew Tfmtxtm
TO KXKOOT.K AalLilORDKR
For Plaiii nsd Pasoj Priitk
Every "Wednesday Xorainf,
AT IX POLL.IHS PR AX3TU3C
Ottkse O Qaeen Street, in tb U
PrtgrJ aj W r U. Ear-Ax. as a Oerga- -vtVx 1
HOKOLl7LIIv WEDNESDAY, FEBKTJAEY 23, 1870.
' BUSINESS NOTICES,
. s. cwca.
2JJPCS3XS, fcLLAl ri IT.
"ESCHAXTS, HTP '
GEM .IT. AGXXIS.
5 Atlf BtM. IH Hill fUMH Caspat
- --- a.n.
1K.V K 1 CII A K I50.-. )
jxpohh axd rr boots, esoes.
. Pe-ffaaia-. Ax..
n tfc r - Ant.
DILLUCIUJt J CO.
ruse Mm arxxz J
BBOin A: CO.
U . . Ate. drw.
U. lUCJiFELU Jl CO.
6XXXSA1. COXJClSSIOy A6E5TS.
VT tM.IMlaAlc&I j- i
SB. HQ5T5CELASGS3. & CO.
ncrasrxss xsn camssos xrECHjjrrs,
k s i ;tj
THEODORE C 11EICK.
ti v i-r-i caxxissiax
V4 i n tali . R ill
f. a. ciiA.i:ri:ii a co.
C X. uaiat. J. s- HOm. i
UStVEIt A DlCUSO.t. I
1 r Tit 1 mni-n" - - r - tr 1 Ti '
JOILX S. JlrGKEir. 2J. D.
tank L CaUM-a TaaHit. Kin Smt ffir knsv "
CtsaVtanii ae aa Tarn arm t- k.
ITTTV A- rii 1 1 T T"CreH"nT?T'Tr
aaauaaaafcajaorttel TM aataiaithriM.
aatk aa fan rr ta7 an Jtqa. w jaiata. tbt
J aaiatf naal taafaaa Winn. aa4 vackMlxrEi.
araJa ag I naaiil tj ti) i. nt Aqaiji
aaa a aw maawa aaiaariaia- fcsaa JVi I avaaa am
JO II A T. 1V.VTEKII O I..S E.
AX3 3rtTrS IS crSTZAL
tr. I GKlXt.
MM CSJCSCSSOS" AEEST AS3 SSOTES,
at. JfcvaWSaatfkvp a CaM St Bfaaatatc H. r
- aroexx. c. zxcraxXAxx-
CI1A!- A. JaIECEK Jt CO..
G1A TIT, CCXSISSIOS XXECEAXTS,
St' (anTStna; aauaanla. K 1 1i
JIc-COLGAJY A: JOIKSOX,
Partaa.. BaaaWcaaatacT C Bratfa. J.
C E. inT rnw.i
gtTTTrrrrgT-; ZZPOSTXZ AXS titt
lfiaf.iCaWrViaaCTaafcey. Wart- '
. aaaa aa at aat aaaaX Baaat fm. aMcTirt. '
SOOT AXD SHOE TMrrzl
51. T. IJO.AXKLL.
CaTTSZT vtrra SZ1 tTSOLSTESZS i
n'Jteaa. W11 1.1, aai -itai Lrw-' O.-.T" S-T- IZ
a TO4-Lai rii--rr-Tv IrC
XIIEO. II. OA.VIES, ,
DPOaTTT. ASS C01EETSSI05 JfZSCEAST,!
aaaa aa4 yrj-a Xartee AtaaraaKe m&l
ia-ltn Aaaaaaaca Owafaay S4jl
UEP02H3S AI3 "SaHOLXSAXE T1TTT-Pe
aw Ti.Waiailti CaaaaaactV BaU. Ctyav S. Sm. ajrf I
t. C AIXAXA
TTJLXJCEK Ar tr.iri, J
tSUTISQ A5D coxrissiox xxzcexsts,
ftaaaat tPrat. BiartUa. H. L
, . . . a. I
a. I TOEBEET.
IS ZXTTT. AXD XTEST TrT-m or!
aLILSISG v-rr-TtT. ;
C-Ta-Orraar Cflaa4 laat asaaaa. lji I
ItOLLES & CO. j
EE33 CEA531XZE k. COXESSIOS XE2CSA5T5,
CjaaiaaagaC r4ini"ali. Panxeadar acteaasos rail t tl
a asa aM atBaaimi Pratea.
GEOCEB. iSD 5TRTP CHASDLES,
X-awyaact racrvaa f-ajap a Srija am aaa aa
aaia tttaaa. lyi
0 Hv ei XerciArt 1 ' Ctscxl Agent,
!ta--aet- aa TVaa aaat a-W CNBiac. aaj TarrLn (Vni.
Wrfiaalilalaf ta Baacaaa PiafhK.. aaat AaaatfjrrAa
TxxxFTxa sresx choice trsocrsijs
I Ccraar v Xaaasa A Pmica fcrwea ftHj
D. E. HIIliHTOCir.
Ba. EawaH. '
Kcuse, Sispa and flup Piiaters,
la T6 Part BLre-rC
Gniadaa-. tartij-. GSStc e.- m Pasar.
I ' TTy- A-, aac. aTwnian re ic3rnal aaa-a.
TiaaUaatanxV Wfc. Watt
ktakke ?"-ii-Twa. KAa. azit C-5ajfW
It-Ere, Crr. Tart V Hcai S6a.
X. C CaATl IT-tA. S
jxrasnss axd ur
zss is "srrsrs,
tritv Aba. Is. 5. 5, XraSBw,srTl
A. S. CIXGROU.
vsousjlls asd smn ar.nrs is
nr.s?: i, xiscEAsaiEE,
rSrtsSlw fct-- a-i KaAs-iaa-s Srt.
tMOJM&Sna, mAoR Ssa-rat.'aaUaa ta nmc
yrni n rtrs.
JtCKSTs or tin BntiMt PxVrt
ACKXTTS rr tfce Hlln, IViUkLs mm. IUm
TT-g EST 600BS ASU 6SSESAL
' - A. 4. "
Y. A. SrilAKKKK.
ACK.VT tf t ER1UIKX BOARD erf
Afy&l fir to TWm Xk9r rf T2rvTun.
C S. RVKTOIT,
31. S. KKniUITt Jfc CO.
AX3 rH0LSSAlE riFT'S
la fa Oxtte Bait. Cap. iMt i2M ai
aazait? aT Ciaaanrofa'a aanr Iviaaax 0k&.
fba-r ta Xatrr't Mad. (cm fTrl. fiaxUh. R. X. .
ATO; Jt iCUl CK.
lirun- TrirZiI a eaO Ilfn (
JO HA II. PATV.
Tr-ca iaaat f ttWKn lii l a; ii luil Kolo
COOPER AKD GAUGES,
Alii Se-r Slaii ti art-iJe.
al at aa awy ir XarlK Xalt. AS .rfc ku as a
fcbeflia?r -rarraab t a'a'aaeattii&. - II
Xiaaii OaaTynafalcnaaf a2 TwAr fcr sa).
F. H- Jk7G. SEOKLKIIX.
us, use ash copper sxrrss, asd
SEZXT IMS "1702X123.
Ki fMOtftr a& tia-nf 34aw. 7. Gaivaaafvj
Inn ffr. rtaa as Bm SrVtafbT-cvcXa. Infia ;
Hon r. 3E fcfatfc rf a ant S i
iarf a rrj- larp ted. tTStlrr sTrtr t- .
rartaraftidr azaattwaa pnaia t f.a-r)L
eWr ldan&a val ht onfcErasaMta
Itaitial c at CTbxrar Binaixix as XaSasit
HaiaBy ar sktar parasapr S4v.- arlap Vr
fsnrt asaeasaae aVasmb latrs&ausf fxS&afcRrn.
JAMES 1 LEH UJ.
on nT)T-T A-arrv r tt-tt
1 lafp fuel tfOajiacti aat aatiaai aTCwnnK
XaUrtab tawteMijr aa inL Hi txfn V anna aa
tnnwuai a aurax a awtaanaaea af ti aamaur vaEk k
J. II. THOBPSOT,
Eaaeaeifullv aa laaj a3 aVr saj ms tv. Tw- V
Iw. arariamitasl ("tl Ea tnfl Xarlnacaxi
JXSaTT. . ! aAar"uTT.
JOILt SOTT Jc CO.,
GOPPEE AND TUT SMITHS,
TtivT 1--. S-rtet e4 ttocr alv Jlit-Ler't.
Ketr Vfair la t-Axra ti -acaeSr tisaatWr acajaiiaiij t
far-uat. to6 v-CCt-:7r Wert, aura a sitaEi. Xr& Pass. '
Sxttaa Paa. Waaar. Pasafa. iti. Afc as ImI, afaat ,
arfawrr-Maa aflaa Ware vfck&tairy -tSer f ar a as ttia Lav- f
a Xa-a.as Praraa ,
Aat l36. t X-i2: i. -iti 'iiw Sif5ci :
aVoica fcraa taw acawr laia--af v9 aziacc xi Jr-nsra it j
e- 3 .-a.
LICLSSSD SETPPISG AG EST,
0ce ex, Jtzztt SeTczscz t Co's Vlirl
- (iapxser tasiiia aa KM lj liaa ca aaasabf -
atSetra aar aaa-aia euvWt c& raicar aiaacax;; as las
n-2aa-bci3Dcss. iia-!3 aatvtei ta fjt cattacsacy
ixAaaarSalaW-KTt.iTa pri aar'a'arri-aa'ta tAVftS
kit a mm aaa aa c pa-. a.-w
J2ir Strtet. 2xi ta lie Seaes't ti.nl.
Ea as taut. Kaatt-Taaa. Wascr-CSaMCa, Wa3-lUsxa,
rtaxr aaf LSa PJ. Laa! astt Ga-raxai Ires Pk. '
aat -teawea Eraa-ant. bastlaaPlcaa-acriatar
ctty. a araa ira aa criara aVraMbbsaixaa-ari:--TiiTiFrtaBaaaae.
YAGOS AXO CAESIASE SuILBEH,
6 Klata; -stia, naaaalattat.
AVe-iaric' caa ca.-, IT. axau
aaa, Acx rartirala- anmziaa x-im
lew, lixzx ti mdjer Iiifif yc-Tarr-Ij rJircz.
K. a. COSTA,
JEWELER ASH ,S5G2AYER,
Jert Ssatt. r;poc- Oii FcHsws' tr.n,
1 p-pa-Tt tacxaeaa arirA pnaafCaicA. aS arxt; aa Li Ksa
ca trii'ia a, taara aa Waacai CVrV rrfartrr-Tj: X'T-i Trr
lnr Jatr-iirT az T2rri. la
Sl is ila Or&Er tf tie Say.
TT aying coKSTErr-rrn nrr-r5;rv-7Tirr-- ,
1 1 aaa Baca) -ranaci Otter isprrrassea-U, I bap :
" ta I aiJ to nil tLe cost tti-iiwts wili j
A r-iotojjrapJi r xtaiy- Sijte,
Fr-asr a Cr-rsta! ta a Vt nd. lakea in tbe Et '
SlyVe t Art, aaj c-r tia nt reicibilrtia. !
Alsa. far ria-a-i cf tie Iiliiii, PertraiU ef
the Krcgs, Qtaois, axi ccier XotaKo.
H. L. CHA5E.
"V"0. x ate CteUE KICK alaraya ana aaavatat
yALEXI A ALIX-T, Atta-a.
i . .
I fill .lU'JWil-irrK aatAS.fe ML, ' 9ttAmtimiA4
a ns-iaic, aaa aar aaat ty i
I I-Ssi S0IUSA00. I
B. J. &OSSKV,
axs mrssisfs aghtx, . i
C XKTtexfV Xuimc. Cai3mi $cn. Su
A CV . ...
3 cv KnA,T A Xr-iiba ...
Mom. R Klt.M A. l.
imiram laxta a. u-x.
1.KOA K. Mi;KKS A CO.
xxsia6-r x lx cfatt-wb3s -er-TTiixix
XuMi. Cra-as, X.ws,am. "tlai Stan. Ttain.
aet IKnx turf ClnaorT.Th SiBM (&. firr Ifvi, i
WILL1AXS. SLA5GHAKD i CO.
UTIXC rOKKlSilOS 3CESCEA5TS,
x. t. umua , Vv t fun '
SKVSSiKCS. CLASS & CO, S
axd sEnrnre agists, ;
40 SVcrt SsvU. r-rir tS.pU.j, Si.rrxsds.
i. c inr,;
rosvAiorxG Asa !
i awr iXWnaii vial
IMC . ' ' ' I
' Rpie a lihnrsArc(r. .
; jktiw ir aw ...
lva-. J. . c- a...
Jtwraa. air a 04. J.JTL - Ji. .Ui. . .1..
lttDli ... . - '
UMiTlu, , , ..
-. - -3E. -Tl. TAST I!B. . -
iwakltaara, Japan, j
- XA5GLSY, CEOWEaaL fc CO..
IT-lVnC BKR7T KKCKNTLV RrlaaTailrd
JULaa4a ranatxl. I IS 3i-3 e- f
ai 15. laCir cratraXr.
X Licay. X as tht IHarrra aar XVavUs ta etaTCJ t
JBOASD OP ITSJERWBITKK.S.
riUIE UDE1UIGSEO aaaalaar- taxes ap.
JL t.-axa Arret fx tia- faa laa43ta-wivard tfCaafT-
CaU3mla lusaraattr Caaaapaayvf
' ?t r-raTmai t ?1 arXl iHoe'lxl- Ca
1 PaetAc Xaaaau-aaier Campajay,
! (.axuaraala luayal a. aaix
a e 7i a taLaJ laisauraJHre Caaaipaaiy-.
Sv Ckaijaaat. tiaait Ja a IV aaaa aai
ss' 'T r u iaaics latacif acS! kara ta
rmtrl J- tV. J
TIlEfra-BERSICSEbAtSEXT-S OP TSEj
aWarrteJoj ia- lxt&tiiiit tut? iiU' i
a Caia, Freilat aai Tiaaaart, raaa OfaCxia
taaapteo ftf Ii ax. aaeaara- aarra.
Wj it HACErrxc t ox
; - - Cj-V 1 .1 a O ai.a .V
TTf StJ Tg.A Sl't'K flOlTP A M. V. . I
f ar-IU- C5DERS1G5ED. aCEXTS af (tie
, aaa Caa-ara. Fa-cit-t-t aai Trratarr, kf Caaatcrs,
' rcoa Haaxtaix ta ad yvra cf tbe Baaaaaa Gr-aE-v tsti rare
a HiC-Krnrr a ax
IMPERIAL FIRE LXSrBlSCE C0.
0f-.-XataJuiei A.B. UOS.
CASH CAPITAL, 55,000,000 tal COLD.
TEE rXPrXiW nr HA VUG arevulad agroca
as tlir arie Gesr-axr f-r tba Banasaa IsiUaia, are -
prafaraiS ta issxraaraixaa ftra ce nrA. S&aa aS Wcojcs
Itar;aMiX aag ca 31a iaaa&,,aa ijsa aacataatraca tar-sat
r aarlicim. ai ti e.-aif i . -:. ; .
S-lri TlUItiXlUX !
X&SLSS LSSimASCS COSLPASY
. - ffc Saaa FTauaeiaea.
Iaas-1-ag a can ap.
't JL pu&ad Accal i.a- rAa.aaae Ceaajnc-Ara rernarrS
ta asex PaGcaaa cat CarcMa, S'raltr-il asc Tiaaa- ,
! an. WAUtti a ttlrv. !
I Kaa AfTUa.
IIAyiHL Ktill HKEM ES
PIRS 1XSU2.ASCS O0XPA5Y.
fTlHE rXD EltvIG.VED HaTTlBC t-ea-aa IT-
JL Aaaat at - atC7rejCXcaaT. are -raj-area
ta iaiaara ri3a aaaaar lire aaa St aae aat Brie L Boild- ;
lac, aat cat juet-cata-ac-ata- aueae tlmn. a ta
, aaact aaara-Ma taras.1 Tar panrfTar aCy aaaireafi-act
I S-ly . . 1 Ji A-CilACTl-X a. CC
! a- 'ii aa i -f J
' JL auca
ACK5T FOR THE BRITISH Far-
JL aucaf ariac' XauaxaacavOaaaiaaj; f1 z ' has Te.
t caaaaa -xtf-racaacca' ta rr-dacc U raaea at larsruae
lCva-a Bjaajcxla aaaf 1-seta tx tbe Paac, aaj a aa-ar jrr
: pazadtaSaraa FwjciM ai ia r P . tttHe a special
; rtatTarsas aat rrasflt per feaasaiea.
THK). BL JJATXTS.
j O-tf JfaU ZriZ Tsr JStr. ili Ck. lUmJlv?)
Ctmtr llaael aod Kart suctt.
HCGEIES ic- XIOTE
'' Uatix laiaty raraarra-ej sal raCsnaaaVd ta f&
ff? aliorgwar'-r-wa-agaee ca as-artaaa-aaaA waala BBC
11 1 1 h t'fafit 4 ! I tal ia BiTa 11? II' f ibj I in aai Ianlaj4
mm t i. i n w 1 1 TT
.VOLCANO HOUSE, T
CEATZE OF SaXADSA. HAlTAIL
mTHIS ESTABLI5HKEIT IS SOW A
caaa Uf tba raetaaiaa tf -riassan ta tto Tcacaaa
ta!ia; aaal praaa
aaxa!oaa-tat4a raacaar, a a9
sra.Vb7ran-aa fUt tar the
ETXAX ASB .SLFSXS 2&XS !
axi Staaaleal it SsrtaL
Tia Tlll J
atazaxK-aat la ataAa Tawjceria-y, t78.IL TTC-artxx. Xaaj.
SUGAll & 'MOLASSES.
H. HACKFELD & CO.,.
xocir Jetvnr or
The Ssb Traneisco and Pacific
Ssr and Molasses,
FlOJt THK KCAdJL. PLAXTATIOX.
SSJ&s H.HACKrEU Jl CO.
TTIRttK THI S1ST SiH Pt. AST ATI OX.
KJLa 11- nACKTEUS A CO.
Sagar aad SColaes,
-rrvKBM TKKlBlti rLA5XAXiOX. Crp
. EACKFELD 1 CO.
Suar and Xolasses,
-rTUCOJC THE HOBROX PXJLXTATIO.T.
Ko- H. MACKFELD Jt CO.
Sugar aad Molasses,
j!Jn H. HjCKFKU) X CO.
Sugar and Molasses,
TUIOH THK VTAniSE PLAVTATIOX.
H. HACKFELD 1 CO.
Sugar and Molasses,
FtOM THE HKKIA Pt-AXTATIOJC.
f 1I. ft tale by
itCra. II. HACKFKtP Jt CO.
Sugar and" Kolasses, J
FUOJt THE SEH ALF PX.ASTATIOX.
Ctm ef &f ! tr
iiia H. HACKFELn 1 CO.
: Sugar and "Molasses,
CROP SOW COMIXG IV. -and for tale
ia caaa&Ms X taia rarebasers. by
tTATJC ER S 1LLEX. AjtaU.
Salr iind 31elasse Crop 1S7
C0M1SG EC. FOE SALE EC QC.OCTITIE5
VTALKEK. A ALXSr Afests..
Sugar anal .?HiInc ..Crvp I8?0
a-OMENG IS, FOE SALE IX CCAXTtTIES
WALKKR1 ALLEN". Afeats.
Acaa- Cr-ora of Snsar Ar Jtolasscs !
--nw- mtrtvr- rx- i vr voe cm t v tv or-Vv I
.Toir cojoxb i. ax i) for sale qcax-
i tiacattailrrebars ay
l-Scs C. ERrVTEE i. CO AfenU.
TafEtT CKOP SOU COJIDCG IS. FOR SALE
Xa is asaaliraes Ca rait pcebasers. be
1-ln a BREWER A CO.. Agesls.
Vacuum Pan for Sale!
IROS Vacuum Fan, 5 feet.
J -I iseb9 ia dcaraefier. wzib CaVrferVTarai,
Ecpze, dacVe aciiar; Air Paaps. Ac,, eaaefjete.
Far sale by
5Ttf "H. HACKFELD A CO.
DIIL'GS & AlEDIICNES.
IS 'JL'H IFi SO?
Sound nlLb to be ObUiard at Last!
The Way to Obtain Seand Health!
XltlRST-CLEAXSE Uae Stettucta n-am all
A. c-assir acrs-aalaijCQa, a aaauj ra-caiaca faac-.
S.id Piitfr tBifina-l a-r mi4 mrcrt
fcCTf-. x-,1 --. aC -t-tt- 5. rasja cC ri frexrt rxanF '
Pt522SS JS!0 5t? . -w uaaaaa rataJlJ.
1 1 r r r- 1 - t 1 r r - 1 -
pttia tt fCtaxcf x-aeb a ceuaite aad rarpxtaat paTroiav
j fessional men. By neituerol tnese modes w reier
W HELPTON'S j eace are you debarred from employissprofesslonal
VEGETABLE PUBIFYING PILLS. 1 penseby sunply retaining coucsel to argue your
7-a ra-aaaaa llaSaat Laa prearf Sta TaJaa ia Kiaaars tt j se before the Arbitrator, or iu Court, (as the rcf
t& tt y t tt rursr isjwzl-l TTTTJi aj uiGC-Ti ve , erence mav be a prime or a public one) on the pa
0I1S1;T KIDNETt. Ac. -111. ia AHEVJ'AriV. CL-
ta-?. r'i-i, as .fii- vist 1 -f - at caaa; a liuuu
-"CAUTKK Or THE KU.1I) aid (lfT laiil cf th ktjua
S-e HaaadBlIU Clren Aarajr by Af-eaata.
P.ttaugit ad Kt. aacsaa UZ ratag. ia beats, pric
Tlii- U. 1-U. ai 7-. Vi- enh. tr G. ITIIILLPTOX a rOX.
Mr. J. T. WATEXHOCsE. U.-aatata. aad cf all Caaaaista
M Xaaacas Teaaar aa Graat Britt a&a taa CaScaue.
Tht caarffad aaaAaaxi aaxaJt ia aaM-crt ffHXp-
TfflfS SATE VEGETAELr PILLS frcea parUaa a baaa
4 aaaaal tbaaa, that ba caa xacfrarwfi 'Ibaaa wga -prrfecl caea
My JOES THOHAS WATESE0U3E-
Roriia Water of the Best Quality.
BR0WSS TROCHES. BAltBCEG
A Great Aiscrtext cf Esse till Oili,
Mm It aa OU r Baw, Oil r Btrrarut, &r, &r.
Glyeetise, yrisget ia Tanety..
Breast Pacps, Scrsiag ettes.
Trusses. Ac., Coeea Batter,
VTbiu tTaA, Sptrrsaeetti,
TTbita CasiZe Saap,
Pain Killer, ic. Ac.
For Sale ait tbe Larareat ITieea," jy
32-tf H. L. CHASE.
ftegiriaaf Packet far KtAala Hits.
Schr. Pauahi, 21k
Htat. BAECOCE, . . . . - Xatlcr,
tTili ran rtgaUriyAtaaia Haaalala and the abcrre
porta. Far fretght cr paasat-e apply to
51 CASTLE A COOKE. Areata.
Fer Keia ari Kas, Hawaii.
SL Schr. Active,
. HELLISH, . . . ' .
nitl r-raas a regular packet ta tbe above ports.
Fer frtirbt ar passage apply to
1-Iaa WALKER A AIXES, Areata.
Reptir PMtetftf mkm.
Schr. Ksmaile, 3s
BULIITK-L . . 1 . . . Kaairr,
t 111 ran a ta regalar packet Leta-een' Honolulu
aai Kalekai, tocscbiBg at it tmratitti aid Patad.
Fer frtij-ht cr pa-aaje-apply to the Ctpftiu en
board arr j
I-3ts H. PRESBESS AST, AjasL
CJhnrs Sj- Sir KilTartl l(ernby thr
II. Provincial CXirt t
ll U cstcoirT, for th Jsirrt t boon,- vthta on
cirnsil. tnkJjRttbcGrI Jario of th tnfjvctltc
Urna. Here titer i Ro Grtcl Jut; ol h U v-clj-br
tb Japrttae Cvrt I tnivrni; prcMstla
Ji(aa (bit tbe nkr of lit Ojwaion Jcrj Tiect
cua be otlot tr. Is KeeUml. Ibe ubtmatlocit
kf tbe Jailcrw ns rucSori l& the Uta of friiat
vltbla tbe jiiilrict u)J hire no nicRacc to civil
ctt. I nacot bat tbtafc. kowenr. tbit U i oatte
4avtat Hut a Julct! iroli. if tbe cxcJoo
xcesu to ciii lor it. otwrre oa tne nnni conwe-
ImmrT sbe lllrtko twltrjf In bU coart, on tbe
abait tbrrctore tafce tbb oppjrtnultr belore IraTtng
XoXokuaa to male aab.obenatloBt omhe nature
of tbeci attdeb bare cocae before meat tbrr
aeea to ikoaoi
Aad Srit let tae draw year attention. pcotraHy to
nttraU.xj. IU voe:neae. aad tbe true means ot
aroMlB It, crat aer rale JimlabMnc it n 11 retalts.
llKrc uo const tnai una Rrcal cm. ,11 tn
boarerer to be a tawt neeeMarr one: men taVc dif-
fereut Vlear of tbeir rccbt and obltirtloa. aad a
cctermlaatioo tn rrcard any unwtion that arie
fnaa or polat c4 ricar valy, ia one of tbe tawt fer
tile exact ot lltlcatron, ir men wonld tike a taore
cocanM mit Tiewof tbelr ova latere! a? Uell aa
tbe iatrmtt of tbers. nenerallT peakioc. a calm
deeaisloa of tberlat at fesa between tbe partlea
Kilt lead to oaesideor tbeotber feela that riht
azd taitet deoaail eonceuiooa. If not onttslon
of beicc In tbe vroc. Even it tbit mode of arnid
isir l(uUna it not tneceMiui tccre it anotctr,
namelr. of asreeloc to refer tbe toblect matter la
diffcrrote to tbe decltlon f as impartial tbird par
tr, eacb ide tct oe boand by bU opinion. In ruer
castDc affair Ifee deciiivn of an experienced mer
chant U frcqnentlr cf fir more TilaC tban tbat ot
a NxafctiMoaal joii"e j and mercantile men thouHi
nadertake tbe olSce ot referee not for reward, but
mtultossly at a duty whkb they Owe to tbeir
brotber merebantt. Arbilratioa by more tban one
ladiTidtul I object to; because it generally rttnlU'
ia tbe parties waeh- wtaif- frieodf-ruore for tbe
parpo; ot protecticc bi. iaterctta- and adrocatins;
his view, tban xrilb tbr object of pettier an impar
tial deciaion. Morrorer, when men act at arbitra
tort, tlaey ara apt not so niccb to ttrirc to arrve at
a co ration conclstloa fonaded on a correct appreci
ation or tbe merits of tbe cate tnbmltlrd to ibesi ai
to endeaor to cvnTlcce each, other that tbe hastily
or preeooeeiTed optsloa which each may hare form
ed it the correct one; and fiititc taccett in thit en
dcarur, they too frojuentle tarrificc richt. principle
aad joiticeto what 1 call aHpliltimrthe diaerenee'"
cocrx, eaeb raakiuirconcettioDt .or Khkb, it called
oc fee conld astisv no reaton or exente. except
tau of eamiB to a rosclnca.!acd' tbe molt It
dliMtWaCK-a to both tbe part4e IaicrwtcvL More-or.-r
arbitrator bare a ccrioct fiDej for imaiinlnt;
that by- sadtrtaUag to fettle aditjereoce that bis
arUea betaeea -two oT tbeir celctbor. tbet hare
trastfaraed tbemtelrca into a court of justice ; a
lore of tbe jedieltl office teemt to take posaetaton
of tbem. they attsme Doner which Jnd-t ncrer
dream prof. ejrxj ofluioQioa rcittert wholly Ir
relevant to tbe pointt at ittne. and are for commlt
nS all peroat who dkTrr with thetn to all torts of
tcxrrble psaUhmeat for that terrible, offence, e.m
tempt of 'Coart.' 1ow a ttojle referee teldom falls
tsto tcrb ralttaket ; be' hat aobody to rob cp hit
ptsmae. no one to back him In cither an assump
tion of Benlty or power, no one to ight ' with, and
coquc,fu conciliate; fo be; -penera!Iy7lf . ht It at all
a'cesretest macacd cot oter nerroct, come to a
correct asd speedy cocrlntiotv
IwUh I coaSd oaona heartily bate recommended
to yon the seujemcnt of yonf diSereocct by refer
ence to arHirdtroir anbestt yonrtclrcf or by tbe
tabmlsslon oi any qnesrtoa la dispute between you
especially on tahjectt lof cjercaaUic importance
to a Committe of Arbitration dependent on, or ema-caSi-"froci,
yodr Chamber of Commerce; bp I my
(.ate expericcce in this cocntry has tassht me that,
to trerer excelled ru eh crf Courts or Conciliation
are: ja Urys tunn. ti-d whero the coroiaucltlet are
very large, and nide-spread, the objections to any
mode of procedure wbicb eotailt tbe tSitcIosnre of
pecenl basinets arracsttuents to rirait ic-.trade, or
carries with It the wstlbtUtt cf the Arbitrator's
bcicr in3aeced-iT Dieiadicetin farorof. oracainat
iodiriduals or by motives of personal interest, are so
uuns, laeouis; more lean a reference to a late in-
dividual, are not fikelv to be-firccly availed of.
Cotil, tbea, soma arrangement can be made for
providicc more inmediate and direct judical assis
tance to IL M'a Cniiuia.es In Japan tban at prrtent
exists, I cannot do better than remind yon that you
can, M you think proper, more larsrelr avail your
scire ol the assistance of tbe Judicial Offlct-ts. of
tbe Supreme Court at Shanghai, tban you have
uttberto cone. A X!o cob mean lay way of appeal
from the decisions of tbe FroyUiont Court, but by
: . - . - J
" m rmiectc iu uc ui. iwuun. auu tan . bills, ttiey mtgut nave louno inemfejves extosea 19
se-reii to refer any maUcrs ia ditterence between you action for damages, besides the-certalnty or biUtf
to the sole and final arbitration of either or both of , KTerely reprimanded by their governing bodies at
HerMajestv'a Judges In their private capacity, or u0me- I have no doubt thatl Wat thought very ob
sitting as Jodges; Uking care tbat your submission tuuetire, but people whumake. tudj demand and
to saeh arbitration, whether It be private or public, trc Tcrj sore at their not being Immediately com-
; ol theSapreme Court. In order to facilitate this
! course I will settle aud send over printed forms of
ordinary agreements to refer, forms of submission,
and also forms or Rules of Court, wblehwIUbate
. tbe effect or ritinir to the award of arbitrators.
when made, tbe force of a Judgment The expense 1
o such a proceeding will be eomjairatively slight.
ouuio5aKiuauaj.w any quea- j
liwh u-i.wBjuBi-Bsiujiw.-; j wu nu gx- uauie t
tbe Provisional Court on a temmons, -under Sections
1 ana 3 01 ice rules 01 rroceauretoie iianaagrce
to frame a case )ebich shall be forwarded to the Sa
preme Court for decision aithont formal suit. The
practical diCenltr, bowerer; which merchants' ex
perience tn pa-suing thit coure is, that tkey can
seldoccf, if ever, t"Tee on the question of law or of
fact to be decided. Hence this mode of procedure j
lift DM hmi ui larwle avatlMt nf aa tf intTht haac-.
u i; to reaclrr- the assistafaee of tiro- !
ram you have mutually agreed to tend up. But do
oce of two things either agree to refer, or go Into
Court : do not throw your case into Court : and
then asree to rrfrr; for what earthly nse Is it to
commence lezal proceedings and carry them to the
eve of trial, thus incurring the expense of fret and
costs, and then to refer the questions at issue to Ar
bitration? Ton then have to begin as It were, etc
BOfa to art-utge your it-ruia. of reference to choose
arbitrators, and to pay them, and to pay, over and
above your Court fees and lawyers charges, other
Coort fees and other charges.
Ajesicy. I should cow like to draw your atten
tion to an Important subject closely connected with
roert-actjle.pursuit. J"rcfrr to the matter pr agency.
Tbe ctsr which haep come before me show that no
subject is. In its legal aspect, feat understood. An
idrcsea-ms to prevail tbat an agent has, necessarily,
all the power and authority of his principal ; tbat
the latter Is, in ail cases, bouad by bis acta, and not
only Is little or bo care taken to ascertain the extent
or nature of tbe agent's authority, but a species of
general reputation appears to suffice. Sow, tbe
very first thing to doit, when dealing with an agent,
to ascertain Ibe nature and extent of bis authority.
If be decline to disclose this, either refuse to deal
with bim. or in-lit upon dealing with bim as a prin
cipal, acd then take tbe ordinary precautions which
are necessary aud common to ail dealing. The case
of the Otaea furnishes a pointed illustration or the
i folly and risk of engaging in transactions without
j first ascrrtaltJcg whether tbe parties to tbem arc in
a position to do all they assume to do. Here is a
! ship sold by fires, as agents for the owner, under
x power which bad expired beiere the sale took
place: a very little inquiry would "hare shown that
their agetieybad, quoad the authority to tell, ceased ;
and .even supposing they had a right to consider
I themselves1 as -still representing the owner, and act-
lag la accordance with bis wishes, yet, Inasmuch as
i tbe Act ofTiriiamect regulating the sale acd tracs
I fernf TTek.praexUtespariicilars vhictj they were
pot in a position to taicu, tbey, in attempting to
effect a sale. Irregular it was and void in law, un
dertook immense responsibility, wbicb might have
resulted in serious pecuniary loss. The formal
arency-powerto sefl tbe vessel bad expired; tio in
formal or imnlied agency, to be collected from a
inasa of eorrespoodet-ce, eoaid supply its place, the!
Act or raruamesi teing tnear ana positive as to
bow. acd in what manner. Teasels are to be sold.
j Tel, is tbe tare of this, tbe firm ra willing tin, and
actually aio, give a oooa in a urge amount, 10 pru-d8e-9
a daenment wbicb they irM no- control over;
asd wbicb, as it tamed out) . were unable to
prod ace, and to Incur tbe lis . suit tn Equity
on tbe pC fit -fbf purchaser, tv: tbe specific per
formance of a contract which they must have
known they bid no power to perform, or an' action
at law at the same suit to recover beaty daaaage
for tbe breach of eoctrtcL To neither of these
suits would the fins in a nation hare bad say jfte
fecse, nor to the bond wbicb it was competent to
tie Coosal to put io suit. And when, to the annoy
ances of ntigaliocwould bare been added tbe cost,
tbe cxpeeier.cy cf errrrislBg a little caatioa beeomet
"Sorb tbe miscbirf confined to the. agent; It ex
tfarX ear-tally asat sou-crimes wKb 'evea tt-ort fatal
roweqsenets to the party wllb whoso be is dealing.
Is tbe ease' cndei- cosiiarersOoa the pnrciiurr not 1
etals-mlj-fct set bars' got late artkre.'be bought and
vM for, brf be tnlfbt alo bun: tot iU parcUM
nwaey. Cttrtonslj caeasb, the mlhlcf-ttl cUns
viRbout latbttilT uote lvtk In Hi l"tW v.
Plopatc bitlnf irin from abtcoec uf fnKctcnt an.
tboritj-vn tba rrt of thate-aiba oM tho rrcl; H
va tlctrnuUeJ to rrfcr tbem to ttbllratlon. An
trbltntlOR ctrJhitly atrcetl on tail 4nttlv
til by tbe Court. Sat bv (honi was tbo f trmRt
tA refer aMrntrd tn? llj-an cvat nbo lud no o
tbrtty to f nbatt the narslloo bttttren bt pr!ncl
pit aad tbe ntber title ! Uencc a ptt deal or tlm
va lv ml cotulderabb: upente lucurrrJ, wblett
tba lUsfclat tanlrj to tbe. power of tba acot
waM mvA aroMcil. JforI'tWn. Tbe rice In
tUchrtail Tnvmllrur ra to hte run through
tbeatbOle cae, and cropped up at cm; torn and,
way not Improbably Will crop an at unrruturcttcp,
Tbe orislnal att Tt ronrcrted "Into an rbUratlon.
bkh failed; tbtrti tbe attltntrd agent of the
tblp-owacr araa aacd penonally, and altbonjelt be
did not plead that be u only an acent, a portion
Tt": lUble bU Prindl mfcbt.be, he, tbant,,
Ol lap erOMon vw ronnara on ine laci mt, mw
pcrtouallr. drcldedle wai nbti and tbit third act In
tbit dratna of llttratlan fell dead upon tbe ttiRe.
Another .matter on which tahoold Ith to touch
ha reference to Wbat'lt called the Cottomof the
rorA or tbo 'Custom of the Trade,' More than
once. In tho coarse of tbe eatea'that t barb been cal
led on. to decide, tny attention bat been called to
these to-ttylcd customs. 1 hate never been abla ex
actly to understand what It realty meant by these
terms, hut wltncssesa bare been called and I hare,
been favoured with tbeir views of tht subject; I
teed hardly tay that thev bare been generally con
tradictory. I hare, bowercr, beard enourb and seen
enbucb t feel tatUfied tbat a creat mlatako exitta
at tot he value of thcactollcd Customs,' and It
teemt to me advisable that 1 should recall to your re
collection that 'Csttom, to brf of any value, must
be first reasonable; secondly, clear and without
doubt; thirdly,, of universal application and nnlter
sally admitted-that Is to tay, atteastln the Port,
and fourthly, that thev should be notorious to all
who can by any salbUty be affected by them, I
often bear It said that the Chamber of Commerce In
this or the other lVrtbaa declared ac-and-to, and
this on matters affecting not only the Interests of
members cf the Chambers, but or others not mem
bers, and who know nothing f the, rules aad rrgn.
lattons framed, who have never tecn consulted, out
who are nevertheless to be held bound by tbem.
Again, I have been told that In certain trades,
there are certain customs! to ctve an Instance,
"not to examine articles bought bv sample," and
this. It has been urged upon tae. not bcim; the 'cus
tom.' the teller ibeld responsible until tbe purcha
ser, to the fourth or fifth generation as it were,
thinks fit to fcratnluc the roods he has- bought.
This, If It It A'custom.' aud 1 may here remark, it
has oeterbecn proved to my saiUuctlou to be one
Is decidedly a bad one; for It. U aaiiitt law,
apdiut reaton aud acalntt what I am tempted to
call tbe morality of Trade, and muttluiTltably lead
to litigation; and any conduct, any custom, wllch
lucitetto, orla ptovucativcoC lltlsatlon Is Is bad
as bad can be. Do not think 1 lutend to speak ills
rvspectfutlv of mercantile usages or customs, but to
entitle Ihem to respect, they runsl be reasonable,
such, in short, as recommend themselves by their
evident utility and Imiortaucc to thu mind o( alt
persons engaged or Interested In mercantile pur
suit they'must also be'rene rally or universally ad
miaed and acted on any practical dissent trom
tbem, auv evidence tbat snows tbat they ar not
universally admitted or acted on, is fatal to tbem.
Aitd, moreover, thj cannot be proclaimed and act
ed on by one section of tbe commercial community
which is to be benefitted by their adoption, unless
consented to by that and other sections whose inter
ests they may, or are calculated to, affect.
A cood deal or error seems to exist with reference
to aConsuTsdutlcs, cspeelallyai rrsards that portion
or them which are ofa Jodicarcharactcr. It teemt
to be tmacincd tbat he it 16 do whatever he Is asked
to do. If someone wants a sblp stopped, a man
held o bail, or to be prevented leaving the port, or
a cheque, or bill not to be paid ; tbe Ccusnt is expect
eilln the first case, li-detaln lie ship's paper's, in
tbe second, to lay an embargo on the liberty ol the.
sabiect, lathe: third to tend round his compliment!
to tbe manager uf tho bank or merchant, aud. re-iarat
or order bim not to pay the MIL Perhaps, tbe for
mality of an a3dtit,.lo which. nothlnx generally of
Importance Is sworn to. Is cone throuch; and If
theft requests aru not Immediately attended to, tbe
applicant tblr.kt hlmsell very ill used. I bare, been
here now about two months, and In that short time
I bar? been asked to dclain two ships, both of.tbem
ou the very eve of leaving the harbor with Uielr
cargoes on board, to stop three persona from leaving
tbe pott, on the ground that they owed money to
some one, who, up to thit last moment bad never
thought of suing for tho amounts, and three timet
have I been asked to order Managers ol Rinks not
to ply bills tbat had been accepted. Ir I bad acce
ded to these requests I should hare been guilty of
a most Improper nte of my authority and of a great
abuse cf my judical power. To the tblp owners,
charterers, or shippers, I might have done previous
wrocr. To the reputation and credit of the Indi
viduals I was asked to -hold to bail. I might have
done irreparable Injury, and if the Managers of tbe
tl . V. . . ....... I. . 4 V-T ..! .1 ...1 aMM It,.
MUUIt til J injvm IMU J I UU (IV. uv.t
to-day In the position, to use Scotch term, of
"pursuers," they may be to-morrow in that of the;
pursued," and then I imagine their notion of
what Consul's duty Is, would be maUrlally altered.
i.h tm-raiivMt ih-ntn Tren-rtna A verr If 1 tie
inquiry into the merits of one of the ship caeca
stowed conclusively that neither the ship nor her
owners bad incurred tne least iiaDtniy; ana in tne
other, alter a little ct
conversation, no one was more
dcarlv convinced tban tbt applicant himself, that
so far from; the Captain being to blame, or tbe slip
liable, it was no one but tbe consignee himself
whose battle my applicant was so ready to take bp,
and on whose behalf be was ready to stop, the blp,
sue tbe Captain, and put every one connected with
Uieeaseaof applications to bold to ball, all the three
t it.ii 1 . . 1 in.A. n-m.. n ,T,.n
.1 . r fJ,!t!.l.i.nHn0- .r. .till l.,Va .mi
for all I know to tbe contrary, hare never bid the
slightest intention of leaving. With reference to
tbe bill cases, Idool think much damage would
have here followed, because I think the Ban: Man
agers are fac too acute and alive lb tbe Interests or
tbe establishment they preside over to liare paid
much attention to my requests, and If they had been
inclined to do so, or bad my requests been put in
the shape of orders, I should bare been politely
warned that whatever they did, they did on my per
But thereis another little matter connected with
tbe occasional apparent disinclination of a Consul
to do all he is asked, and in the extct mode in which
tbe request is maae, which it may be just at well to
mention, and just as well to bear In mind ; ind tbat
ii not only does a certain responsibility attach to
his actions, bnt even graver and rn6re Important,
because capable of pecuniary calculation, attache
to those who set bis power in motion. If. Tn each
of the eases I bare mentioned, serious injury, bid
resulted from my granting tbe applications made o.
rue, those who suffered might bare recovered 'dim
ages from the; applicants, and Juries as well as
judges are apt to visit heavily condnet which. heed
Irsslr impcrilsa man's character and reputation, or
the success of, a commercial venture.
I do not mean to say that prompt; decided action
Is not very often necessary to prevent great lostet,
or to bring an offender to justice, but as decision
Implies forethought and consequent responsibility
tbe greatest caution should be exercised and the
soundest discretion employed, before extraordinary
or unusually energetic measures are retorted to.
There it nothingso annoyingas tbe feeling of, being
over-reached of having been deceived or Imposed
on, and in tbe first excitement 'men are apt to think
more of gratifying their aoger and revenge, than of
the consequences. which may fblltjw ill-considered
measures of retaliation or punishment, and a Consul
often does a greater service in refusing a hasty and
ill-judged request, than he would do in tranting iL
Moreover the Consul mnst hold the scale equally;
be is not an advocate empl-rerlto'act for one of tbe
parties to a misunderstanding or a quarrel; he bis
no mori right 16 act on tbe Impulse of tbe'tDoment to
please one man than be hit to please Mother; be ii
a judge to decide fairly between them, and every act
that he does should be done deliberately and only
after be has bad ample time afforded him to ascer
tain" tbat he is acting within the authority" confided
to him, within the law and the rule of practice Iai0
down for bis guidance, and in conformity with fair
ness and justice. Should be act, moreover, be'
should generally insist ou all applieatious being re,
duced to writing, and I hat the fullest information,
and when necessary, on pith, be given him. .A mat
ter looks very different 00 paper to what It does
when it come pouring forth in a flood of words
frora tbe mouth of a man- wbb fee! biaueif very
much iggrieved, and is himself convinced that be,
and no one else, it In the rig&L
This bring me to tbe consideration of. another
matter to which it may be as well to direct four at
lestion, as it will materially assdt yes raerreet sally
prosecuting your claims or -eaisjlB--' those brought
against you, especially 'when -yew lave no profes
sioiwl iisittipce. I was aacb sarack tbe other ity
when' f lying a case, with tbe eompeteWes wllh
wMeh one of Ke parties teitbra'-sgaat.lt Bdr tay
Botiee. .Be i-ad reduced bis tUttnunt to writlsf
He bad ttri tsirl.ttatetT le'faS; srn Hstet lie r
tied, the rrridesce byirbich be soaatbt to prr-Te llsoat ,
tacts, ind tbea the srMeaU wbfeb' W tbowkt '
beat calenlstad to indee tbe Coart to agrae tWi
tBe taaw Last sc toae ot Mae case. rbe. -ptMie-nae
did bo( pf cad to be a sawyer, bet I mst say Us.
J I I I aj am vtf at aat fl tt ftrtaaaaBaaar M-. 4mA aAmaaaj
VaVVaSSaffraTaTv - aTHSl aaaaSSaasapTaTaBaarc aaaaaraT, vaasaTa SHaaTaa1 aaTBBaaai
well arrsajreJ: there waatKihatrj; V4o wrMtn
cumrnti on which bo relied weru qaoted by hl 1m
their ot-icr, laMrad of Mm cotifasKI my h wbtaA
they are porrally thrown. al.t,h bench, ttmi wtvea
be wllrd on Ms wUnwsea the quettlona which he
had pre;wrcd,-although, technically, perba-at, aoaie.
"what Icadlngla tho raodo In which they were put,
wctw to tho point ; thu prevtntrt-g wtach wta of
it was from no want of car of fbrcUthtiftM or t
cbmplctcnca that the Rtutletr.tn I alloaVd tOiHd
hot win bit ct; he tlrstirved to do to If U was on
ly for tba ability and assiu he ttvowM la nraetac K
btroru mo. Sow I wish when non-nroJea-.i taaaj
cottdaet their own case they woald rollow tbla ex
ample. In the first place, there are very flow wea,
even In the ph-fcsalda, who can put ft caae, or rather
III. f..t. r. I . . W . . . . I. . ,
i-. a Aato air, w WHifn a v-mri . tar-QJ
I geuerally ramble on, get contused, forget half they
autre ttairaty. reatctiart aau artuat liaponattt pome,
and then, thoroughly dissatisfied with tkenielvct,
they get angry with their t-ppowenit aiwry with the
Court, ind gcDcraliy end by wakingthelr case whol
ly unlnlclllclble not bnly to thcmselvrt but to every
one else, Stiw when avmaw tlta down to wrHu
ttateraent, h doe so, naually, at hit ease; hemtr
tballt hit ftetiqalcUy and In order, aa they nttnnal
ly present Ihcmselvea to hit ralnd: Wfttrtlier, Ibrtl
flca'tbcnt by rcfiireuce. to ht TOtrcfondcnco frotm
which bvr-uotr "extracUV bearing on hi view
and, being thoroughly master of his own case front
hi, own point oi viaw, hd It' able to Support it by
argument, ami not being disturbed by remarks -
Interruptlona1 ho mtket ont a pcrfcclly Intelligible,
tttteuieuL lie comoa Into Court Inlly prepttrcd, he
neither excites bttntelf nor hi opponent, and be
SAVet an cnormou amount of Taluablo time, aud
secure by this meant the bett chance, of hi cat.
being1 tully and 'fairly heard and determined ou It
r-at nicrits. irheloseisbe batbosttlrctlrn, at
any rale, of Tecllng tbat the lost I not owing to any
ntrrowncss. fbrgtlftilne, or from bating been put
out or from bating tild what he did not mean to say.
But there Is another adractags In putting Into
wrltlngyour case, epccltlty If yob do. o at ths car
lieit possible stage of litigation, if when in tbo posi
tion of plalutio; yottdo It uvea before you commenctj
legal pr-jceedlngs. An old, tollcltor In very largo,
practice anil of great cxierltnce, assured rae thatlf
cilamtt would; only show their tente by prrpariafr:
tbeir own case In w'-Itlng far a legal opinion, and'
not pour out their grief and Injuries byword of
mouth Into a solicitor's cars, there would be com-'
parstlvely very little litigation at all; a half of thcta
would find out before he had, finished writing oat
his statement, bow bad his case was and how little
cbauce bo had of success. IB. taking aad explain-'
tng himself Hns roof, a man get excited; esag-.
gtralea facts, often calls on his Imagination, abuses'
bis opponent to his heart' content behind hi back,!
and seems to think that be haa up other object but.
to convince his: lawyer that be haa been 'very much
wronged or, III used. lie teem, to Tor-ret that he baa,
come to hi legal adviser for an opinion Which, If
not based 90 a true kno-vledgti of facts, and, not oa
imagination, cxaggeration'or misrepresentation, la
absolutely worthless and certain ta lead to expen
sive disappointment To bear manr clients talk.
you Would fancy them advocates, and" the" lawyer,
judge, instead of a confidential adviser. Now:
a man sciaom romances wncn ce la at, bis drtk,
aud tnrrouttded' by hi documents and without
au admiring audience or a sympathising, in Judg
ing Wend. The mere- fatigue of writing' Is 16 tt
certain extent a safe-guard against exa-rgc ration, or
Invention. He reads' and ro-reAd what he bas writ
ten, correct and. alters, aud, in nine cases out of ten;
with the characters and word before him In black
and white, he seldom trie to, or succce-i In deceiv
ing hlmscir; the cnsequenca is, that, before he ha,
finished, be comes to" a pretty correct conclusion as
to whether the case Is worth fighting.
Some misapprehension seems to exiit at to what la,
tertutd " standing n one's rights.' To explain'
more nearly -that I mean by this cotnrnon taprtt
slon I wilt gtv yon an instance. A man buys roods.
Well, the gtdi da not tome np tithsrin quantity or?
quality to tba representation, muster or guarantee,
Tbe mm who ' standi on hit right " does nothing t
if the goods; are perishabla ,h let thera perish ; if
they are goods easily affected by flactnatiug, dslleata.or
fAlluig market, h tatesno ear to tell' them at tba best
price. In fact bo rtU,.as.he tarmt it, so at U wash his
hands of all rspontilily ; ha reels ha Is In the, fight,
that he will get datnaret astoanas ths oats gttiinto
Court, and. ho does not care a straw what are the eon-v
tequences to tho man with whom banat'been dealingV
and who may, quite aa likely as not. b as iuncecat
as be himtclf, of any Intention to defraud. I eonTet
that when a man- conies Into Court before me, biting
acted in this way (qeiv a very decided distaste'
for bfru. and if I can make oat that his conduct, his,
-standing en" hi rights' orbit disrtgard of theuin.
tcrtsta or others has caused thote others any damage.
I take very good cam to awarding him the dan-age"
that others may bar eansed him and which the lawi
may award him, to make a eommeniurate deduction
in rtpeet'of that woIcS"he may have caused them.'
Under all circumstances men are bound, to do the belt
theycau'far ob-s, as well 'na for themselves, aten
when others ,are. causing them damage. Loss, no:
clatter on which lid it fallt tn tbe first inttaace, and
whether caused wilfully or nnderirgnedly, is not to
be voluntarily increased, and the best must bo done, 10
far as Is practicable, to redeem it, or at any rate, to1
prtrent its Inert-as. Sotiee, as early as poaiible,
iboulJ always be given ofihe error, mtitako or wrong,
and vf what is inttnJed to le'done. In eases whtra'
a contract is conceived to b broken, if it effects roods
efifaer in quality, quantify or description, examfnatitfr
shtatld be invited and, every ear should b taken to.
make as apparent and clear at possible, tho difference
or wrong" complained of A claimant then comet Into 1
Court clean banded ; he. tits don all b ermld do, not
only In his 0 wnint eras ta" but of ibe IndnriJual of whom
be complaint In tom ease, however, tt may be hai-i
ardoat to act quite alono ; there, may be doubta as to
tho rights or merits ofihe case. It may be, and gen
erally is, aeeesisry tn verify fact, and independent 1
part jet should be called in to assist in so doing. Both
parties to duTereaee may eaeheonteientlonily be-'
lieve himself right in tba view ho takes, and both
iSbuid'n6t take up a petition of hotlOlty, each bent
on increasing tit loss whith may result to one of them,
but agree, pending the reference to a competent
tribunal, to' do the barflbey can In the' meantime.
That, 'for instance, agree, to Sell tht goods on tht
best market offering, or in the ease or a ship,
use it to ths best' adtahtags f depositing either the
proceeds in some Jbank at interest, or in tha
hands of tome person in whom each bat confidence,
and this all without prejudice, to the rights of either.
If thit Conduct was mare frequently adopted, litiga
tion would not be ti ruinous, losses to heavy, nor so' '
much ill feeling and personal raaeor he excited aad
exhibited. I always take matters of this kind into
my ebntidtration wbetf called upon to decide a ease,
and when I find tbat one of two parties has shown ,
any disinclination td act In concert with his opponent '
lo p ft rent an additional lots accruing or continuing,
I have alwayt given doe weight to what really amounts
to miseecdaei. ' 6b also In compromises ; there I nev
er any objection to lh offer of a compromist or an arrangement-
itean always be made'' witboutprejudice-"
it then involves hit eoaceiaion of a right or of an opi
nion, bat simply evidence- p honest desire to aToht
litigation ertn 'at the coif of a sacrifice, and always
operates in favor of the party making it, in the light
of eitbera jury ora judge. I remember when I was
a boy, there were1 several streets of wlndowless, rat
io fei ted bouses in London, uninhabited and going, to
rack and rum ; these were generally supposed to bo
in Chancery ; in fact they wre only so many eviden
ce; of people standing on tbeir 10-called right: now
sdeh ibimeful sights are seldom if ever teen ; mea
have growri -wiser m ore thoughtful and less ravenoM,
and the law too bas sensibly become milder and more
equitable and however much, men may occasionally
wish, obstinately to. stand on, "their rights" to thaar j
own ruin, or'the ruin of others, they are cot allowed
to heap Tot ion lot to' satisfy tbtir rrreng or ihetr
idiotic folly t nd if they cannot be pertuadtd to tot
by each' other rightly, the courts if law and equity
step ia asd. appoint persoat ta pr-mst A wantoti
waste of eapitaL and an indecent disregard ef giAs
wbiah were -given men' to use and profit by, and not'
to. abandon ta mitaie and rein.
a Again, there are eases when to pursue a strict lea-si
tight Is to eomalt au injutrtee or a wruae. !1V
may appear to ,be.eontr-Ldietry in terras, bst k ia,
nevertheless; true. There 'are many ease la whiefc '
men iboald forego their legal righto and wkaa Mt
to forego them evidence a lack of gtaaroattr,
Unaroidiljle altrortoae the errors of ofarers Ik
mistakes vti ef judgt aad.jarias stay pleattaan t
perfectly inaooe&t of any BUco-ielaet, ! posit so of
tbo greatest embarrasseaeaC To giro as lasiiaeo r a
shin, from bs faak of its atasteror crew, was so. la.
jired by aaotfcer ship fmtitig e'er, as to prerefit her
captain tvH,oaazyas; vaa a avartaar paaay M J.BT aap-.
tain did all be eouid to prorat that his iaaaHity ta
lrforil' sastrse aroee f rta- M fsaVt tfkii! He '
Proogbt.aa actios ia a cottrtof aomsrtf t jamdjatioa,.
and was" emMmia'j perOBi ihiaa: i is properly. V,h
charterer eataravor to fefwa'baea ta paararia aai haa-.
possibility, or to. Bay aUstaga oa seeoauat of kas (a
tbinty, FortiaIy for Use Bat-tain, tb rfe-r tttat I
took of, U law, aad paaatUy . asaay. a 1 agio aaaaafawi:
I was wrei'g eioVteaatal kiat t tttit tt avtalWaw,
was not as I laM ltrowB, I rhrsk it. arMtd aravtbaett
very hard "to bare isaiaaad (w a ban lasal riaM, X .
it bad been oae, ia saewa oae. Tia lutU, 7X iti
basinets, as, W SVaay sHat isW,aaaaaaat ttf
asd take; K will ( do alaayi to taaaal aae "aatratt
rtg4U," ws waist 'aW stWwsaH wiahea Wawawi lay.
i-roe SMaf iaaalfrtsg .Ngbt,, ta teas UfHHaag
wrong, the Uaattaoa Kaaiy. . It is, path ays, aiHhir
au-SeaaawSHr tar) ata-trwas. iatVr" aaaarr aalataval aatwaawja-r
isaaeaat is taesate'vM, besmt tba saarsa af aim
aad of ' ooaie-taent aahaaplaHat aad tatf sbaia "