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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, September 21, 1870, SUPPLEMENT, Image 5

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1870-09-21/ed-1/seq-5/

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HAWAIIAN GAZETTE SUPPLEMENT.
Boupsnc taztsl Blvmnrclc A Polltl
cal PzUr.
A great ressattoa w proc'cced' oa Monday by
Ibe puV&atioa in a London ps-per or a drift Irmly,
pKjrtter to biaJ ibe French Emperor and th
Kwc of Prussia ia a c&CTacrfol bargain for the
draetMB of Beldam mad the absorption of its
U..try by France, ia consideration of the Utter '
Pawer t,neiag that Prussia shoaH straltew all j
tbe Ceraoaa Sut except Atrii tad Lutein-
btsr. af whtcb tbe former was to remain indr-
paVt aasl the latter to b dttmj to France, j
Tbe Kiac of Prussia. accerAer; tothe ooeaaeat, !
was W sit with bis troeps ic rrsisiia- any eSert
tint aaebt be oaoe by pararteeioir Powers to
iccse.ic tke iisdeyeaoesce ef IVlpssv The King
ol HtMini. as Grasi Duke of Luxembourg, was
ta be iowacc1 that is. ceerccd to the cessien
of tba puce f teriHary ta France. Another
story at a tiowUr character came out through
anathsr Loatat paper, f importance, bet
kaoa u x nWc for the ciusetaiaatiea of the
MR af aeceoee Botsapsrtism JiVes to spread.
TVe Srst story tbat of ike Treaty was iatesd
ad to eaafce Ma8c tiisaasa against the Freech
the sjoead. af the real, er preteaded.
i af that personage with certain Etg-
lbheavwas fM to aferate iraiesi Bismaick.
wl was actmseti af pcopctiBT to steal HoKaad
waafe Pre stale rtefcrosa a project of joint
rascalay by which sHeoasbsp was to be promoted
bae tbe Overt of Pari aad Bertie. The
Tires itatj was geaerafty supposed to bare some
ia aaaatws. tboagh se jaaraaSsts did not hesi
tate is iedare k a farrery. for wbkh they had
aot, ta tfe-bteet ressoa. A W'.lk ceossderatioB
fjwi that the saai Treaty was aat drawa op
tfcc rerahf sarte at sntamatic Freseh. aad bis
yUftttf af Prassia was sat ia al the clauses be-
iata hat MaM- tf af Fraace. Oc Masday eveaiag.
Lars OraaiMs aad Mr. Gkastaae speke so
gMia as ta lead ta tbe iafereace that they.
U teas. 4ai aat regard the secaaMt as fteged,
aaiaa IVesaaf tbey stated that Lard Loft as bad
teat aVeai wed irM Bectai that a decsaieat of
tat urn jiaif art was aaaat ta be pafefcsaed ia
tee GttmiM pafers. aad that th arigiaal msaate
was saii ta be ia tbe baad'sitiac of Ceaat Beae- 1
dilti Oar MaaWtars ats repaned a visit they ,
ai jast received 6k M de Lsvalette, tbe !
Fnaah AaAmaadar. wfca said tbe icspesal casae i
k. that it bad aat farmed tbe basis !
af
rersatiaa with M. Be a- '
rejected by bath Gavera- i
He added stiaag exaressioas af tbe Em- :
Haar'i ik ta reseect tbe iadepeadeece af Bel-
giw. WbOa the Gaorts af Paris aadJBerka are
eaah teniae ta aa)are the ather is the. opiaina efj
we awf ream c that aa iaae persas
I bee ealhar Bkaautk ar Baaaparte. if H !
eathec ae bad aay iaterest ie de-1
Miihasl The First Baaaparte wa, ,
the greatatt Saraf bis day. aad the j
i Thai af the f i aaty has ased eatbs aad j
aeamiiaai as saere iastracneats or :
aaalki atfey. aad dW the shgbtest regard 1
far teaak. As far Bisawfck. he belaags eaiahati- i
ca ta the sahaat af dariac. dejpatic uassrapc
taas aaaahaaas. aad he is aaite as capaWe af joia- '
har iaaalaaa III- ia aay aifcriais traasaetioa as
af acaaiac aawaast haa whest that is hiseae. He ;
it aVataraaaed ta laiaadiie Psassia. aad ta keep i
i lit nab at check. Xapoleaa is deters- '
I at afaaafce Fiaaee. aad kee Fraaee Lih
iaa aWwa. Ta-dif thase aea Seat ; to awr-
ahar awr white ia aav rcheate of wicked-
i waaU fcrthac their desisas.
Tbe Kieg j
whack a
onaMtcM frei. He woaid ike GeeaMay to be j
rati aad to he Ci-nosey hiatseif. If he is aot
eaaw at had as has Mtaester. it is beceese he has '
teeseaaias. Paafc ft a; at this eooatry cost- .
'mm ' - i eel so ior I laaaig a parery aggres- ,
te war. aa as syaytaifj go eearury wttc tae
the defcoce of their hoaies.
a a aeay woahi have aeea wit, the Freaeh
yeapte aTaboy had heoa waetoalr assaaW. We
ceaaet. hower. iiaaiatbi ' with the Gerers- .
aat of taaW Biaatry ; aad X the Freaeh Gov-'
oataeoat is She ;t aeagetoas to Baropeae m- .
taaisat. it is aat heeaafre Beat parte is worse than
fr r. hot heetase he has aore power which j
heaaasaae.
State at Earape is ie daager frooi '
Fiaaee. Bttawrcked Gei aiiey. or
j.ileinati; Ibassu. HifmUr, it k very diffiiiit '
far t of these ea Goveraawats toagree ;
ht f leeg as She people of Barape have seittle I
powt; there wal be eeesttat tear lest their raters
shaaht aaaaot toaw great eriae. If Baaapartist
lahiaifi ehaaU aiiinal, there eoaU be aa sasety i
Jar lLm SwitTiraied, ar Hakaad. aad aot '
ataah 1 1 earitf far haty arSaaaa. It is ako a part ,
of aVe Xaaalaoaic anaaaohisios of Eope ta ca- i
late or faaae Dieaark iato its aeafrets ; aad if
-this saoKodtd. pirtwiia. ar sr alin rioa woald be
aVe let af lee Suae. Bfcaanek woohi.ae doeht, i
ke a skew of Diamine or Holaod. or both, to !
SMk hit Ciianay a great saval as weB as a great
- aaaaary power ; aad Bsssia aot eery covets Oh-
(UotaweaW. Vet waats as excese tar wrestieg j
Cillii faaa Aastria.ia order ta sUase oat the j
i laaauH ai Paajeh urioaiBir that stat fiads its j
haaa hi that hxaaty. EassM. of course, week
aat Koto see either Fraaee erGerauey ie vineal f
1 ftr.i'.im of Daoash territory is the '
: aad it is to he hoped that the three daa- i
tin' Peej wal aot agree opes ptass ef joint
phaaler aad agfiessaw.
Thoi liaiiha let of truly popefarGaveraBents
ie Ftaaee aad Geranar woaid refeeve Ecrepe
feaa mech peaL aad save Geraaas aad Freech- 1
awa etea the sfeetrteae of beieg pot to base oses ;
as Saaae Moll. It is sost earaesttyto b desired I
that the Fraaee Frsssiaa wars&aaai besbort. aad j
thatkthoeat BeJt&erieav Bisearck cor Boca-'
paste at initial, of too laaeh pawer. Aeolipse
of Seaafortfcss is esteatinl to the aehVbeieg of !
Fnaee. aad a cheek te Btsaarckisa is esseacM j
to the ah scti;. of Gersaay. N'osoaeer bad Baa- j
vrranr pleaged Fraaee iato war thaa the Rerty
acqovW ay lie Press was takes away. It is sow ;
a aost peraoss pesal Owesce far aay paper to j
prtet aay sews whoteTer rejaaog ta the war. ei
cept ll eases directly Iron the Imperial eso kshep.
A Freech Prefect ergu ai his tusordieaies to
esd his iautajeece that inay lead to the pro
ecarioc of ai penosa who aay - eay mythic?
ntrrif to cSsoasrare patriotic fetSer." The
Esacararaat dedarttioa rf war is thsa the deatruc
Siss of what BtsV Bberty Tears of exxrtiea had
regaised ar Frasce. For the oosest, Geraza
nrian' fee&sg suataics Btssarck asd the Kjc?.
A perihac war afsds cs tsse for Cocsdtutiecal
ppposioiac to despotic authority, and whea the
jit is ever, it is to be feared Germany may Bzd
bere!f poSticiiy tirawu back.
The" War Cerrespoadecco" which oar GoTera-
est has pcbEshed after a delay wfcxh looks ua
reosccablc whes the quantity U ccly setectv
seves pares, asd the matter of Ettle ialerest, does
"cot ia artch credit to cut diplomacy. If Lord
CTTT-," was the tea tr asd weg-irfcraed Miais
Ltr Hi adslrerj pre trod, why did he cot take sp
tie Hs&esxoSera caadidaisre Cr the Spassh,
thfeae at th very beginning T cr, if he did to, why
does Mr. Glaistoce cot psbCsb his part of the
ocntpxaeceel AH tial we cow kzo it, tilt
aaataaar saare thaa
edeatt. aad bad beea
Lord GranriDe wrote several polite and well-ex
pressed epistles at a time when they were of no
practical use. He found the French Government
determined oa a war, aad the Prussian GoTern-
meat believing that bo negotiation could avert it
Lord UranviHe cave rood-nttcred advice to both
parties, and both informed him eveats had cade
it too late. Oa the 6th of July Lord Graavflle tells
Lord Loftas (at Berlin) that Mr. Gladstone and
himself " were taken by surprise" by the cews-of
the previous evening, that Frio hid offered the
Spanish Crown to Prince Leopold of riohecxol-
lera ; bat if, as has beea stated, the project was
not so new. bet had beea spoken of for some time
why were they " surprised V The correspondence
i leads to the conclusion that our costly diplomatic
service is ot very Httle use.
What taost concerns us is. how we rasr do our
duty to Earope. and especially to the weaker
States, without inTolTias oarselres ia another
war. Oar M iaisiers deserre credit fer the caution
of their speeches, but the simple avoidance of error
is net aH we want, nor will it saSce. if fresh
sources or danger are opeBed before us, to find
that oor Foreign Minister has made a further con-
tributioa to the Kit of elegant epistles of no earth
ly use. Are we to behere that U oor Cabinet
had been better informed, and acted in time, it
would hare been impossible to induce Russia.
Austria, IIoBand, and Italy to hare joined ia steps
which, if they had not prevented war, would have
left Xapoleoa not even a momentary pretext for
declaring that he was supported by the pubEc
opiaiea of Europe ia his demands 7 Is our Glad
stone stiH drifting, or making any rational exertion
to regulate the current of events ! However
peacefully we may be iadised. would it not be
prudent to commence treatiag our Volunteers
with a little decent care ? Occbt thev not to
i have Heary -Martini riSes without detay.and ought
not ra nasal steps to be taken to improve their
capacities of operating in the field ! Was it a
jedkiocs time to lose the services of Mr. Reed,
the ablest naval constructor we have ever hid I
We are far from going the tesgth of some of oar
coatemporaries, who woeKl fight for the inde
peBdeece of Belgium under aay circumstances, or
if we stood alone, bat we with oar Government
to rececsise the fact that esormoos masses of
armed cea are not only ranged agaiast each other,
bat in the hands of persoss is nhose tosoar no
ceaSdesce whatever can be placed, and that we
caaaet tell from hour to hour to what uses they
Tasy be pat. The Crimean War grew oat of a
coovicboa ia the mind of Nicholas that, do what
be woaid, we should not fight. It is cot safe to
let asy despot entertain, this idea, aad a prudent
preparatke for the worst that is Kkely to happen
is obviously the safest coarse. We say be thank
ful that e are aot uader a Tory Gorerssent Ux
proatpl to meddle; but is aot the Gtadstoae Cab
ieet ia danger of ccaoittisg the opposite error
of betag unready for esiergeacies, or too late !
London Tbtss July 31.
'floral J uduic-ui upon tbe "War.
Many of the Ecghih newspapers procoasce
the ar a -causeless oce." Mr. Gladstoee evi
dently takes that view of it, though he does not
use the word. - But he speaks of it as the - most
Boorafcl and miserable (aarj ever witnessed by
maakiad (aa exaggerated statement), and the
whole tone of his remarks iadkales that in his
opieaoa the war could have bees avoided, and is
totally certifiable. As Frasce threw down
the gage, this observation is a reflection cpoa
that aatioa rather thaa upoa Prcscia. Abobz
Assericas joeraals, we remark a prepofiderance
of seatiaeot lieHfcr ta that wbkh raas tbrocgh
theEaghsh press. Writers aad speakers who
veet these oracular opiaioas, either ia EBgiaad or
here aay fatter theatres that they are capre
jcdiecd, that they are ie a position to judge with
eotirt: sapartiabty betweea the coaAatants, aad
aay hoeestly think that their coedemcatioa of
the war as " causeless " settles the queation.
Bst expeneece teaches cs to attach but btlle
iaieorUBce to their dicta. We maintain, as a
geoeral propositMia, that each eatsoa u the best
jedge of the cifcueistaaees is watch a saiSeient
casse of war exists ; aad that the adverse criti
cisab of other statioas cseaSy Lelray a waat of
saewKcge 04 aa tee tacts ot tae case, a struez
aattwaal prejodice, aad are is aost instances, in
pertiaeet aad vaiceiess.
The EagfcsB goveracent asd the EcgSsh press
coespiaeeatiy regarded ocr civil war as -cause
less.'" They did sot uaderslaad, or pretesded
aot ta, why the United states shook! cot hare
aaowed taessseives to be torn asunder. Ihey
symjataised as keealy with the South as they
bow do with Prussia ; though ia tbe preseat war,
they writ be a huie acre carefri to keep thetr
bias ia wholesome check thaa they did ia the
late retaJhaa. Scarcely a ctni war has occurred
ic aay aeateed part of he giooe, a; asy time,
wieh soae catiec er eoae Urge sectioa vf a aa-
tios, has aot termed - causeless, aad reprobated
as vigorously as Mr. Gladstoee does this ose.
CoccerciEg the Russia a war, oa which Eeeiaad
asd Frasce always plained theeuelves as taiic?
undertakes it ta the iaterests of ataakiad, a hrre
ccaber of Americaa ciuxecs (probably a aujority
of thea) held the oytatoa that co cuSceatly
good cause existed far it that it was a wan tan
ioteriere&ce with Hessian rights and Russian de
vefepaest, and that no beaefit was secured to the
worhi from the defeat of Russia, that could have
warranted the sacrifices f hfe made to achieve it.
"apoteOB's caapaB agaiast Austria ia 1639
wis deemed - causeless " by aiffiocs of observ
ers ia difereat parts of the world cctside of
Frasce aad Italy). There were few people, ex
cept in Austria asd Prussia, who did not regard
the attack cf those two powers oa httle Deacurk
as really coprsrsked. waateaiy cruel, and inexca-
sabfcupoa any plea tare that of "right makes
might-" Prussia's cesbught against Austria ia
"66 was the latest iestauce ia which a large pro
portion ef what is somewhat cscceitediy styled
the meral jsdgmeet" of other nations was ex
pressed is ttrosg cecdeenalios. Aad vet ia
each and every ose of these wars, the natiacs
wagsaj thea aad victorious ia thea, were ahao-t
er wboey uaited ia heSeviaj the wars were nec
essary, were icevitabie.aud were as entirely justi
fiable as any wars is history.
Frsox these fads we learn to be carefal of ae
cepticj the - awral judgemeet ' of any oce ca
tioa or of aay number of natiacs. npoa wars en
tered iato by other peeplea. Ignorasce. preju
dice. leKioterest. eoamoaly dictate the refider-
oc renticxs troo such -moral "tritweals. We
told that erery oaaoa is the best judge of the
dmsstiscti ia which it is cecessary to declare
aad wace war; aad whea we find a nation, as we
cow do France, united aad eager for the eoatest
with Prussia, we may safely eocdade that the
war ia cot -causelesi aad thai, if we do cot
see tie causes clearly, it a became we do cot tee
aH the facts, and eaaoot eater iato tie feefiegs
asd purposes ef the Freech people. If tier con
sider themselves endangered L the future by
Pnassaa aggra.-af-Teaegt, manifested is her past
tiitory for a few years, and diplomatically (as
Frecchmea iosst) at a receat period, it is cot for
us to say tiat they are wroc ia taktc; time by
tia fcretcck, ad icpronrg tie opjorUsily to
give Prussia a decisive check. Whether right or
wrong, this is doubtless, the animating motive of
a majority or the Freech people. To persons
setticg themselves op as moral judges in England
or America, the cause may appear to slight to
occasion a war, but the French nation is as much
entitled to claim for herself tbe right of exercis
ing her own judgement as to circumstances and
the time when war is necessary, as the United
States were ia 1861. or as England was in under
taking tbe war againt Russia in M, or Prussia
in grappling with Austria in '66.
At some future period Heaven send the day 1
wars may cease oa tbe face of the earth ; bat
ta the preseat stage of human development they
seems to be parts ol the appointed instruments
by which, though the operation is bloody and
painful, the race as a whole, is advanced to a
higher aad better standard. To every nation, at
the set time, is assigned the destiny of taking its
part in the dreadful work. The United States
have bat btely acted ihei rolts ia the great tragi
edy of human progress. England, Fraaee, Prus
sia, Austria, aad other continental powers have
been engaged in the same sanguinary occupation
during large portions of their existence as nations
And now France, moving as one man, and Prus
sia, and her German allies acting with equal unity
and fixedness of purpose, step oat oa the stage,
and cross their swords- The philosophic observer
while he shudders at the terrible spectacle, and
prays that it will soon pass from his vision, dis
cerns the profound significance of the strife, and
does not accuse France or Prussia ol engaging in
a -causeless " war, but believes that both na
tions were iresistably impelled to the contest by
most powerful causes, some of which stand re
vealed to human scrunity. and others of which
can be koowa in their fullacss only to the Author
aad Director of all things. 3". F. Journal of
Cxnataxe.
American Aeutralit j Iaira.
Some of our German friends, carried away by
their yearnings for tbe Fatherland," talk about
raising regiments for the war. In one cr two of
the Germanized wards ia this city, we hear of
facds contributed, enlistments made, and organ
izations perfected fur this object. Perhaps all
these efforts will come to nought- A little re
Section will convince alt reasoning American
Teutons that King William does not need the
loaa or their arms. The few meo who could be
sent to him from the United States would count
fur nothing in his vast armies, and might arrive
at the scene of war after the fighting was all
over. Any money that the Xew York Germans
bare to spare could be much better bid out in
subscriptions to sanitary funds than in shipping a
few hancfuls of soldiers to Prussia, which would
be much like sending coals to Newcastle. Ia
this connection, it is proper to call attention to
the state of oar neutrality las about enlistments
ia this country, to serve against cations with
which we are at peace ; though we regret that
the President of the United States should have
left the subject to newspaper exposition instead
of pubBshicg a proctamatioa of neutrality, which
would make everything officially clear, and put a
stop to enterprises commeaced in violation of j SO.COOWt with McMabon fljinj west thronzb J"in
those taws, whether by Germans or Frenchmen,! cy towards Chalons- The next object of the Prus-
citizens of, or residents ia this Republic These
statutes, (for the fall text ot which sea Brightly's
Digest, pp. 658, 659 and 690J prohibit, first,
aay c&iren of the Uaited States, within the ter
ritory or jorisdict:oa thereof, from accepting or
cxercisieg a commission to serve a foreign prioce,
4c-, oa land or sea, agaiast any foreign prince,
tc, with whom the United States are at peace,
and aay person so oifeadiag shall be fined not
more thaa $2,000, and imprisoned not more than
three years ; second, any person within the terri
tory or jorisOictioa of the United States, from
eoKstisg or entering himself, or hiring or retain
ing any other person to enlist or enter himself to
go beyond the Emits of the Uaited States with '
intent to be enlisted or entered ia the service of
cay foreign pnece as a soldier, or marine, or sea
man, under penalty of a fine of not more than
$1,000, aal imprisonment not exceeding three
years. There is a proviso, however, that any
subject of a foreign pnnce, traasieatly within the
Uaited States, may ealist himself, if he pleases,
oa board aay vessel of war, letter of marque, or
privateer, belonging to such prince, and being in
United States waters, if the United States are
at peace with the government owning the vessel.
It has also beea decided, (Uaited States vs. Ka
zioski.) that it is cot a eriae to leave tats country
with inltTii to enlist in a foreign military service,
oor to transport persons out of the awn try with
their own consent, who have an intention of so
eaGsting bat to constitute a crime under the
statute, such persons must be hired or retained j
to go abroad with the intent of so enlisting.
These are aH the important provisions of our j
neutrality laws touebisg the business ot enlist-
meats here, either by naturalized citizens or
foreign residents. While they impose no re
straint upon Germans or Frenchmen, unnatural
ized, enlisting fer service oa board any German
or French man-of-war ia Americaa waters, they
distinctly prohibit th eafistmeat of such persons
oa Americaa soil ; aH other persons violate the
law if they enlist anywhere within the jarisdic
tion of tbe United States, oa land or sea, or are
hired or retained here to enfist, or leave this
country for the purpose of tcfisting, except at
heir own expense. It is dear that the raisiog
of money to pay for such enlistments, or the
offering of inducements to enlist, or the accept
ance of the same, or the organizing of regiments
or companies in the United States are violatloas j
of the aeutrality laws, into which oar local ad- !
rairers of King W3Basi or Xapoleon will be
Skely to blacder throcsh ignorance cf the statutes
upon the subject. Some time aro, it was given
at tf,t tka PnU..! M . I
- - - - .mui uu. A prO-
damation of neutrality until after hostilities sfaaH
have commeaced on a Urge scale. It seems to
cs that hostilities have so corasecced. aad that
now is ice time for th Uaited States to speak, i
ii me rrestaeni waits nnta one or two great
battles have been feczfct and meanwhile" the
neutrality laws are grossly violated here, we may
End ourselves unpleasantly situated with oce or
other of the rente edict: cations. We are now
at peace with both, and should strire to preserve
with each the most amicable rrfitioca-3 Y
Jovnudc Commerce.
FratAix Beaoisx Taa Lr er a Woxaji ira
Cairo Satis. Aa tastaaee of reeale heroism oc
curred at Two MsT Eon daring the heavy storas cs
Txrsday evening, wises is we! w.r.h recoriiar.
The rsa ia th vicinity f Gardseih' raffia? srin
Mesa greatly tvottea by the raia. zed daring tho i
afteraocn
tae we. Xr. Milhostasd. a. eaxtwt 1
weaver at Hi Sshhield atraeC hxA Uft I-..-
flaying tb opposite sid f the rss nu wher
aha resided, asd after th stem hd raised the 13 ill
streaa ai becaz greatly aiaxseti, aad csdnvand
ta cms t reseu her ekSd, fcufsl thai it mi-it
pisare lata the ragtag torrent
Sb itarted irrai frail bet cridgt that wis al
ready rabsterred. asd wtea reearsisg with her eh24
ia hex arsis the frail ttmetare gar way ic4 sotsr
aad ms wr iwecc dwa. itxtaa by th raging
tcmnt aad their in-w&ing tecatd tscritabU.
Tw mm stW ac3 ti bul feared ta at
tempt their meo. bat a Genua wemaa. wb?t
aeox reporter wuuiu ta ueertsia, with rare
prexacc of Biaai. Kiied a rait frasi a fesc sar by
asd flanged Uu the itnaa, wading Mtaaril her
lead wa barely ahor water. Mad thea th rase
rat th rail, which was dstched by tha alaat
drswsiag wous iauirsrsf despair, tad by this
sa wa paCad aaber. TL child becasc mantel
free th mother, and with tU EttW haad graned a
Jettea afaiait .wisei it grated aad -wi fortsxstalr
Xiao Theatre or War.
Let the reader conceive of the Shine and the Mo
selle rlvrra Sowing nearly paraUtl asd TO to Wmllr
apart. In a northetly direction; tho Moselle from
Tout to Slerck ( 73 miles ) ; the Rhine from Basle to
Lautrrbur;, (11S miles). Between thcao rivers are
the Vosgea Mountains, about 50 mllea west of the
Rhine, sloping off to the north scar BIncen and
Havener. In this area tbe French force were
stationed at tbe beginning of tho war, as follow:
tbe Ninth Corps, under Gen. Bourbakt, at Xancy.
13 mile cat of Tool, oa tbe Meurthe; tbe First
Corps, under MeMibos, at Strasbourg; tbe Seventh
Corp, under Marshal Felix Douty, at Bcllort, S8
miles west of Basle; tbe Eighth Corp, under Can
robert, at Cbalons, 00 miles west of Nancy. Stras
bourg Is ST miles south of Wlssenburg and Lautcr
bare; and none of these corps was within striking
distance of the enemy.
Near tbe frontier ( which runs nearly east from
Sieret, on tbe Moselle, through Forbaeb, Saargne
mlncs and Wlsenburg, to Lauterburg on tbe
Rhine X were tbe following: the Fourth Corp,un
der L'Admlrault at Ttlonvitle, on the Moselle, 13
miles sonth of Si trek,; tbe Third Corps, coder Ba
zalne, at Metr, 19 miles south of Metz, and SO miles
north of Nncy; the Second Corps, under Fiotsard,
at St. Avoid, SO miles from Metz, on tbe railroad
running noitbeast Iron Metz, tbrongb Saarbruck to
Mannheim ; the Fifth Corp under FalUey, at Bitcbr,
43 miles east of St. Avoid, on the Vosges, and with
out any railroad communication east or west : tbe
Sixth Corps, under McMahon, at Blrthweller, 15
miles north of Strasbourg, with a (Ingle Division
(5,000 men) thrown out at Wlssenburg, under Gen.
Abel Douay. The total or the French armies, near
and far did not exceed 300,000 men. '
The Pecssias A kiii is iso thus Fosmox.
The forces of tbe Prussians, by their own ac
count, consisted of 70,000 under Stelnmetz, between
Sieret and Saarbruck; 50,000 under Prince Freder
ick Charles, rapidly concentrated on the railroad
quadrilaterial north of Saarbruck and Saarguemlces;
and 250,000 under tbe Crown Prince, collected at
Landau, (10 mile) and Mannheim (34 miles) north
of Wlssenburg. These Immense forces were gath
ered from all parts of Prussia, over a distance of
TOO mlle, in two weeks, all travel and business on
railroads being stopped for that purpose.
Pbcssisx Strategy.
Seeing the French right Isolated from the centre
by tbe Vosges, and with no railroad connection
except around by Saverne and Nancy to Metz, a dls
tince of nearly ISO miles, the Crown Prince began
tbe campaign by massing three corps (tbe 5th and
llth Prussian and 2nd Bavarian) on the single di
vision of Douay at Welssenburg, who seemed to
have been taken by surprise, and wiped out that un-
soldierly fault with his blood. Douay's decimated
division fell back to Worth, 11 miles, where it was
Joined by McMahon, with the corps at Blrschwciler,
and some divisions from Bitcbe and Strasbourg.
Tbe Crown Prince followed up, and was checked at
Woerth, till he received his full corps of five corps,
when McMahon fell back three miles to Retcbs
hoffen on the railroad, and was there crushed;
Falllej's troops retreating on Bitcbe, and McMabou
on Bsguenau, where another conflict resulted in
again separating tbe French, part going to Stras
bourg, and about 30,000 under McMahon falling
back on the railroad to Saverne. Thence they were
pursued west by the Crown Prince through the
Vosges to Nancy, a Prussian force being left to
mask Strasbourg, till relieved by Baden troops.
Thz Oejzct or the Pbcssiass.
The Crown Prince had thus shattered 60,000 ot
the French; 20,000 to 30.000 being killed, wounded
or captured, SO.OOO shut np In Strasbourg, and onlj
' 'k111 ws5 to destroy the army of Bazalne, which
they found scattered as above described. Their
movements for this purpose were combined and
rapid, as a few dates will show.
The Emperor's attack on Saarbruck was on Aug
ust 2nd. On August 3d, Elcg William took com
mand. On the 4th, the Cruwn Prince assailed
Weisseoburg; defeated McMahon on the 5th and t
6th; and his advance retched Nancy on the 12th.
On August 5th, the Prussians tdvanced from tbe
Saar. Stelnmetz moved from Slerck, Ssar-Louls
and Saarbruck up the Moselle valley; and Prince
Charles by way of Saargnemlnes and Sivelbrncken,
threatened Bitcbe, from which Faitley fell back to
St. Avoid and Metz. On the 6tb, Stelnmetz' corps
fighting from 11 A. M. until 9 P. M., drives and
Canks Fossard back from Saarbruck to Forbch,5
miles, with nearly equal forces engaged and equal
losses.
COSCXSTBATIOX OF THZ FbZSCH.
A concentration of the French troops had evident
ly become necessary. L'Admlranlt, from Thlon
ville, fell back to Metz; the corps at Nancy was
brought up, and that at Belfort probably took It
place till McMahon was heard from. Fillley and
Frossard, from St. Avoid to Metz, held their portion
for a time to prevent tbe Prussians from pssslng
Metz to Intercept McMahon. Gradually, the wbole
French army fell back on the right and gathered on
tbe Sellle, between Metz and Pont-a-Mossun, (15
miles below.)
Tax Mars A km lis Fid to Fact.
The total French force, thus penned near Metz,
appears to have been sir corps, which, considering
their losses, could not have exceeded 200,000 men,
of which 150,000 were available for retreat from
Metz, after leaving a garrison In that city. In front
of them, 333,000 Prussians stretched threatlngly to
ward Nancy, where they might, by prompt des
patch of a tingle division, (which with them Is half
a corps, or 20,000 men, have intercepted McMahon.)
Thz Rxtsxat raoK Mrrz.
The only object of the French stay at Metz was to
facilitate McMshon's escape. That effected, It be
hooved then to march at once west to Verdun, on
the Mecse, 40 miles, or south-west, 33 mile, by
Pont-a-Mocsson or Thlancourt to Com mercy on the
Mease, and on tbe railroad from Nancy to Chalons,
where tbej could have joined McMahon and defeat
ed or checked the Crown Prince. They stayed st
Metz one day too long. On Friday, the 12th, at 4
P. M-, McMahon evacuated Nancy, which was oc
cupied by the Crown Prince In force on the 12th,
McMaboo then being at Tool, 12 miles west. On
tbe fame day, (Saturday), Stelnmetz and Prince
Cbarles were reported 20 miles east of Metz, and
King William's headquarters at Faulquemout, on
tbe railroad to St. Avoid. Then was tbe time for
Bazalae to quit ; aud cot to stand upon the order of
hit going, bat go atouce. He waited till Sunday.
when the Prussian lints had closed ia within a few
aBa ct iUtz- M 2 p- M-i on Sunday, the 14th,
"efBJprt tppt" to ta'
the Emperor left Metz and appears to have gone by
, ... ... u.tUit u, uojbu.
iSX BATTLES EAS1 Mztz. ,
On Sunday, the Prussian perceivlig the French !
retreat, assailed tee outlying corp. near Metz acd i
drove thea within the entrenchments. At tbe I
same time three or four corps of the French de
bouched west from Metz on the main road to Ver
dun, which there rasa along the great eastern bend
cf the Moselle for four mile. At Gravelotte, six
mile from Metz, acd two mile from the Motclle,
they encountered a corps of Pruasiact, which had
apparently crossed north of Metz. The French re
pulsed this corps; but other Prussian corps cams
up, aad the fightlcg continued tin eight, and was
renewed oa Mocdsy morning. Bazaiue ays he .
waited for a sapply of munition (from Metzt and j
probably also to shield the escape of the other corps
troo before Metz, and at the south from Poct-a-
v - it.
diverging fines of retreat towards the Messe, with
the Intention to scatter the enemy, and concentrate j
his own army behind that river. From Gravelotte, I
the mala road reus by Mart-la-Tocr, Frescea, Har- ,
Tffls aad Manhandle to Verdun. Another road i
f,Hf,.hh,.rv. a x-...- -
er ruaa 1 ,
or to CocsecTcy. W miles north. Another to i
goe, frouHf-Toar south-west to Vlgneuu '
tain or Verdun
A cotter road I
to Vlgnealles. ,
where It meets the mad west from Font-Mosa- I
west from Pout-Mous- I
son. From TIgaeunes, the road branches aemth-
wot, to Tmjcm and St Mi Mel on the Mciuc.
VIgaeanes, the road brai
yon acd St Mlhlel on the
The Pans ian Pints err.
The Prussians appear to have concentrated their blockaded with wagons tbat I finally concluded to movement of the Prussians and of the gradni! dt
tCaiU on themala road to Verdun. This may hare do the rerminlng siz or seven miles cm foot, to I rot velopment or tbe line to the north or Mel z, ind thst
enabled part of the Freseh to march oa Mocdsy j off the carriage and began to walk and ran swiftly they were able to extend their line tradotllr furthar
from Gravtlotte by Etaln, where we tear of thea. "ahead. At Montolentein, on tbe Moselle, abont half and farther, until the Freneh were oatfaoked tol
Ezilze bdd cm the mala road 10 rallt west of j way to Mttx, I found rstt bodiea of car airy, Chits begin to be tbrctteaed, H h topeareo, with ta tU
Graritott to Xira-la-Tosr, -when tbtr wi a bi-) asd tawrs, croastog & rtr-r by s poetooc bri J Udr oa ta rear af tit trsa rSffct' Ba toaf ss
tie on Wednesday. At thit point he could leave the
roed to Verdun, and move south-west to Vltneullea,
meeting there his deticbment from Pont-a-Mouiion,
which i attacked by tbe Prusslsns from tbe cut
on Tuesday, and driven back to Thlancourt. From
Thlancourt, this dlvlston could take the road direct
to St. Mlhlel, while Bazalne could takn tbe route to
Troyon. These operations extend over a front of
25 miles, by four roads, (Including that to Etaln);
and. If effected nccefully, will Indicate lbt Ba
zalne bat managed hi retreat with great tactical
ability. Tbe "scattering" of tbe French army re
ported by tbo Prussians, would simply facilitate It
escape, by giving it several roads to more upon,
and putting Its pursuers at lault.
Taa On Sisz.
The above account assumes that the French tne
eeeded on Sunday and Monday In brushing the Pros
film off their route, and that tb French fooebt after
this in rttrtat, fciag aorth-oast. On tb other
band, tbe PrailUn and English aeeonnt ofSondij's
battle refresent tbe French as driven baek to Met,
which is not reconcilable with their still ficbtlng at
Mars-la-Tonr, ilxteen mile west, on Thursday. Fur
thermore, wo have no definlt rrautan reports of tbe
battles later than Sunday, while their brief telegrams
confirm the fact of battles to tb west, which tbe
French claim victories. Tb Prussian also claim
tho conflict at Mars-U-Teur as a victory; 'but it Is
plain that Basalce was not driven Into MeUfrom that
distance. nd tbat tb Prussian can only b follow,
log him np. It Is possible, however, tbat part cf th
Freneh may hart been ent off and sought refuge In
Met. Tb report are too conflicting to be recon
ciled. Tb readtr has paid hi shilling and can tale
his choice.
SmxAUT.
Tbe campaign, tbu far, may bo summed np as fol
lows: Tb Crown Prince, with 230,000, struck sontb
thirty-seven miles to Strasbnrg, putting 50,000 French
troops out of the flcbt; and thence moved west seven
ty miles to Nancy, and Is pushing on towards Cbal
ons. ninety miles further. At tbe same time. Stein
met aad Prince Charles, with 310,000, moved sonth
from tbe Saare and held th main body or the French
at Mets, vrepared to pursue and cut It np on it re
treat. In tbe battles at Saarbruck and around Mets,
tbe Freneh have lost probably 50,000 killed and
wounded, and the Trussians a many. Basalne will
be lucky if he rallies 100,000 men of his army west of
tbe Meuse. Meanwhile, the Crown Prince is moving
on towirds Cbalons, his cavalry vanguard being with
in twenty miles of tbat place on Thursday, and bia
main body had probably then reached Comercy, on
tho Meuse, slaty miles from Chalons. His army must
be 100,000 strong, after leaving detacbmenfi to msk
Strasbnrg, Pbalsburg, Toul and other fortresses.
Thb Fctcre.
When Basalne reaches the Mense, he will bo fifty
miles from Chalons, or from Vitry-!e-Francaie, (twen
ty miles sonth-east of Cbalons on the Marne) wbicb
is said to be bis point of junction with McMahon,
who now seems to bo in command at Chalons, Trechn
being transferred to Paris. Together, they will bare
130,000 men; bat tho recruits at Cbalons, thrown for
ward on the Chee and Ornain rivers, axe said to Bom
ber by tho hundred thousands. It is doubtful that
they will check the Crown Prince, or if they do, ho
ean pass to the south toward Paris, while the main
army of tb Prussians follows Basalne npon Chalons.
The Prussians, however, may court a general battle
near Chalons, sine there is no defensible position
there; and tbey ean concentrate a veteran force of
450,000. The Freneh will scarcely accept the contest
with raw troops, but will be content to effect a concen
tration there, if they ean, and fall back npon Paris,
ninety miles farther. Around the fortifications of the
capital tbey ean gather a million of defenders, of
whom, a fifth at least, will bo of the regular army.
Here will be danger for the Prussians. The capture
of Paris will be apparently impossible, while not to
eaptnra it and end the war with a stroke, will be se
rious to the Prussians. They will be two hundred
miles from their own frontiers, in a country bitterly
hostile, with the fortresses of Thionville and Verdun
Bitcbe and Mets, Strasbnrg. Phalsburg, and Toul,
on their only lines of supply. These mnst be masked
with large detachment of troops, or else the immense
trains of ammunition necessary to supply 500,000
needle-guns and 1,500 cannon, in constant use, will
be cut off by tbe garrisons. It appears certain that
tbe Prussians eannot keep more than 500,000 men be
fore Paris: and in time, that number can be over
whelmed, and their retreat be made as disastrous as
that of Napoleon from Moscow. If Bismark Insists
npon humiliating terms of peace, or that there shall
te no peace till Paris is taken, be may yet find all bis
plans foilsd, either by a defeat in France, or by Aus
trian attack on bis defenceless frontiers, which every
week's delay makes more probable, and which a de
feat will render quite certain. If the French had the
coolness and perseverance of tbe Anglo-Saaons, there
would be little doubt of their winning in tb long
run; bnt if they beeom panic-struck or revolution.
ary, the Prussian eocqoest will be easy and rapid.
S. F. Daily BMttin, Ang. 20.
Tbe Battle of Grarellotte.
Nzw Toek, Angust 24tb.
Following Is a detailed account of Thursday's
battle at Grarellotte, wbicb was received this mora
ng InLondnn from our special, who witnessed tbe
battle at headquarters, and stocd by tbe side of
Bismarck and tbe King. Tbe first realization tbey
bad at Paucblen, where they found themselves on
tbe 17C), of tbe extent to which flzbtlng had been
going on, on Tuesday and Sunday at tbe front, was
tbe coming In of the wounded. At first. It was
thought they had been wounded la" skirmishes, bat
oa the 18tb there were sign of the work being
warm- On tbat evening, Midlers with ghastly
wounds walked about tbe market-place In Poncelles,
surrounded by eager groups of tbelr newly arrived
comrades. This told a story of disaster. Poor fel
lows! It surely was galling to them to be borne
away, as they bad been, from the field wlthont Lav
ing hardly any result. I stood among these troop,
and the narration of the men all amonnted to their
having been to confront a much larger force than
their own, acd tbat their division had been cut up.
I was struck by tbe fact, tbat though there was some
dissatisfaction suggested by tbelr tone of voice, I
beard no word uttered, by the narrators or listener,
which accused any one. They dwell rather on the
fact that tbey tad dealt a heavy blowon tbe 14th, and
that tbougb tbe Tentc Divuion bad, a an available
uu m ii me
dearly. Oa tbe 17th, tbe wounded from tbe preced-
Ing day began to pour Into Pont-.- Mouswo. Tbey
were brought In on a long line of grain cart, lying
npon nay. ciuui mj nwuow, wiucu ovenooaea I
tbe main street and commanded a Tew of the mar-
ket place. I counted over ninety carts, each holding
inmnjeu ,utoira. 11 -a tiranze io ee
,heQ t?? J ''T' UV".U
71 l'V".,,. .Al
. i
Ing with other wagons, all the wounded being tie
I wearer of the red trousers; aud cow and then
came a batch of on wounded prisoner. At length
I came a carriage with a French general. It was fol
lowed by a vast crowd of French, and for a little
time it seemed a If tbers might be a collision be
tween tbe Inhabitants and Prussians, so earnest were
tbe demonstrations of tbe people. But It was cow
at last rrldtnt Itat the ttrnggle w very serious t
the front. At midnight, or a BtUe after, oa the 17th,
all tbe trumpet for miles began to sound. This
w. tbe flrtt time we had been startled br such wild
mntf. Tnniwt inivm tn fmniMt Himnvh ff.
. r ---
Utile city. For eTeraI day previously there bad
been almost perpetual marching or troop through
tbe ttreet, but nowtbej tramplbronsti every ttreet
acdby-wiy, making between midnight aud dawn a
continuous roar. Hastily dreulag, I ran ont Into
tbe dark and managed to get a seat on a wigoo go-
. ... ., r ... r . . ... 1
K e ""' " "" -crcn -"no" 01
10 008 'V" """p ' '
f 5. iT. TJT JSL""
w 3 " ,r? " J ' ZZ
:' P Tn ,. I t 1
the conUnnoo. line of German soldier, with whom
. i
toward prisoner, was beard. Tbe war wa so I the
and hurrying at the topoftbelrtpoed towards florae.
Hurrying my own step I heard the first thunder of
cannon, tctmlngly coming from th heart of a rang
of hilts oa the right
AnaiVAL at tku Sczxs or CosrucT.
Pasting through tho village and ascending a high
plain beyond I found myatlf on a battle-field strewn,
as fr a the rye could reach, with dead bodies. In
one or two pirt of tho field companies were still
seen burying tbe dead, chiefly Prussians. The
Freneh, being necessarily buried last, were still ly
ing In vast numbers on tbe ground. A few of thoso
I saw were not dead ; at I hurtled on a splendid reg
iment of cavalry came oa behind, and when they
reached tbe brow ol tbe hill they all bioke out with
a wild hurrah and dashed forward. A few more
lep and I gained Ibe summit and taw the sccno
which had woked their cry, and teemed to thrill
even their horses. It would be difficult to Imagine
a grander battle field. From tbe hill to wblch I bad
been directed by good authority to come, the entire
sweep of the Prussian and French centre could be
seen, and a considerable part of their wing. Tho
spot where I stood was fearful. It was amid ghast
ly corpses and burdened with the stench of dead
hoisre, of which there were great cumbers. I was
standing on the battle field of the lGth. On tho left,
stretched like a silver thread, lay the road to Verdun
and to Paris. It ran between lines of poplars, wblch
stood against the horizon. On my left, as tar as the
rye could reach toward Metz, with military regular
ity, strung on this mad like beads, were the pretty
villages, each with Its church-tower, which, al.
though tbey have separate names, are really only a
few hundred yards apart. They are Mars-la-Tour,
Flavlgdl, and, a little South of tbe road, Vionettl,
Rczonvllleand Gravelotte which Isdlvided Into Great
and Ltttle Gravelotte. On my right were tbe thick
ly wooded hill, beyond wblch lies tho most Import
ant village of tbe neighborhood, tbe one I Just left,
viz: Gone and Its environs, was the foreground of
tbe battle which should not! be called tbe battle
of Gravelotte, for It was mainly over and beyond
tbat devoted town tbat ll raged. The area I have
Indicated Is perhaps four miles square. Owing to
having come on foot rather than along tbo road, I
arrived Just as the battle waxed warm that Isabout
coon or tbe lSlh. At that time tbe King or Prussia
was standing on the ground watching the conflict
wbicb bad Just begun. Among them I recognized
the King, Bismarck, Gen. Moltke, Prlnco Frederick
Charles, Prince Carl, Prince Albert, Adjutant Krou
ky, and Lieut. Gen. Sbcrldan, U. S. A, wo alto
present At tbls time the French were making tbe
most desperate effort to hold on to this last bit ol
the Verdun road tbat lies between Rezonvllle and
Gravelotte, or tbat part or Gravelotte, wbicb, in
some maps, Is called "St MarloL" Desperate, but
unavailing, for every man In the French ranks bad
two to cope with, and their line was beginning to
waver.
Fiuuicn Coasoe or Position Change ot Battls
Field.
Soon It was plain tbat this wing of tbe Frencl
ri;ht was withdrawing to anew position. Thlswa.
swiftly taken up nnder cover of a contlnnnus fire o
tbelr artillery from the heights beyond tbe village.
The movement was made In good order, and the po
tltlon was reached at 1:30. I believe nine mliltart
men out or ten would have pronounced It Impregn
ble. Wbcn once this movement had been effected
tbe French retreated from the pressure of the Pru
lanartlllery fire, the Prussians as rapidly advancing.
Tbe battle-field was no longer at Rezonvllle bnt bat'
been transferred and pushed forward to Gravelotte
tbe junction of tbe two branching roads to Verdun,
The Held In front of tbtt village were completely
covered by Prnsslan reserves, and over It Intermln
ble lioes of soldiers were marching In tbe wood, dia
appearing Into the village. Tbls part of tbe battle
field was mnre extensive than tbe first, and brougb
the opposing forces Into fearfully close quarters. I
peculiarity of It Is ,bat It consists of two heights hi.
tersreted by a deep ravine; tbls woody ravine nvr.
one bundreed feet deep, and at tbe top some SO'
yards wide. Tbe side ot tbe chasm next to Grave
lotte, where the Prussians stood, Is much lower tba
tbe other side which gradually ascended to a grea
height From their commanding eminence tb'
French held their enemies fairly beneath tbem an,,
poured upon tbem a scorching fire.
Platiso or Artillert A Grand Siodt.
Tbe French guns were In a position far np by the
Metz road, hidden and covered among tbe tre
There was not an Instant's cessation ot the roar of
artillery. Distinguishable among all was the curiou
grunting roll of tbe mitrailleuse. The Prussia t
artillery was posted upon tbe north side, belli ;
necessarily raised for an awkaid half-vertical fire,
TbeF rench stood thelrground and dkd by bnndredi-,
and I bad almost said by thousands. This lasted fc
an hour or two, which seemed gc, so constant w
tbe slaughter. Tbe bill wbere I stood commandc
cblcfly tbe conflict behind the village and to tb
sonth of It. The Prussian reinforcements comln
up on their right, filed out or the Bols d'Agneu
and It was at tbat point, as tlicy marched on tb
field that I could perhaps get the !et Idea or th
magnitude of this Invading army now In tbe heart i..
France. There was no break whatever for Ion,
bonrs In tbe march of tbe men out of tbat wood. If
seemed almost as If .11 tbe killed and wounded rt.
vived and came back, and marched forth again
"Barnaul Wood advancing to Dunslnanc," was nci
more an omlnlons light to Macbeth than these me.
of Grn. Goeben' army, shielded at they were by tl.
wood until tneT were ftlrly within range and ree
of tbelr enemies. So tbe French must have felt, ft .
between four and five o'clock, they concentrate.
npon tbat spot their beaviest fire, massing all the! T
available guns, and shelling tbe wood which cor
ered the Prussians unremittingly; t heir tbot reachi .
the Prussian llnea, then tore tbiongb them, an ;
though tbe men were steady, It was a trial to whlc .
no general coold long subject bis troops. Thf
presently swerved a little from tbat line of adrsnci
and there wa no longer a continuous column vf In
fantry pouring out of those woods. Tbe attack i
the Prussian In the centre was clearly checked
aooui uve o'ciock, uowever, another brigade o
fresh Infantry was again formed in tbe wood ant
eraergea irom n cover. Once oat from under tb.
tree they advanced In qnlck time. I watched tb
movement, for the French guns had not lost tb
range of tbe wood nor of tbe ground in front fieri
at a distance through a powerful glass, tbe brigad
wat like a hnge serpent, beginning with tbe undula
tion or the field, but It leftadark track behind It and
tho glass resolved tbe dark track Into falling and dy-
Ing men. As tbe horrid significance of that palb j
iracea, came npon me. 1 ezed on raor lntnii.
Many of those who had fallen lped no amln and
ran forward a IlHle way, striving loco on wlthin-i.
comrades. Of those whoM! backward. In.t
lorward. tbevwrn- f, iKnn.i, r-n
palofnlly endeavored to follow tbe advance.
I do not know whether alter tbe vain movement n
mas ongaae, snotber movement waa .tt.mntwi
'""V" bUt bllf " bonr """"d. great
"""" opa oegan to march over the bill
- "... v . a ana moven rnririH
the field, wbere to hard a struggle had been so long
1" ""-'"- BCT were, A inmK, a portion of Gen.
Gocben't troop, who bad been directed on a direct
route, ifie conflict from tbl point on tbe PrnMlan
letl became o fierce It was toon almost lost No
and then a thick clood would open a Utile and drift
away on tbe wind and then we could tee tbe Freneh
I tried to get a better view of tbls part of tbe field.
I went forward about a half a mile, iu4 from my new
tacd, found mytelf not far from Almazon. The
French were ttUI nnbroken, and to ill appearance
tbey were having tbe beit of the battle; bnt this sr
n.. h . . . .j ... . '
s-"i uuc, pernap inat the freneh were
visible on tbelr broad belgbtb and flgbtlnr with
oeh obttlniey, tbat tbey plilnly silenced a Prnatlin
batterr now and then. Bat the Prutlin line wss
also ttrengthened by degree. On tbe northern
point Infsntry and artillery were brought np and
from far In tbe rear, awarteemlnrlr in h.i..t.-
- -
snionviiie, .hot and be!lt reached the F,P,
" attt Ind SW-metz
"""fl .Jo0e,,0 ,be of Prince
raP,ctt1 lbe l"e!ment of
., , mine reinioreementt that
continually arrived on both sides, Ibe battle grew
"'"'""" mere coma bono doubt
French nndenforut ih. ,t
tho ttaoka from tbe rmtfca ft hovered oaly
over their front, the Frwcb c4g to tbelr position.
Th dhtaaee from the he4-qMr(r waert tt
Prottka sank attack ttretcbtd forward wa great,
and to add to tha ulSculty of eefg tot profr of
the battls, darker carat oa.
Thz Faca MTU wat.
I know not how loos; the French held oat, sort
what precise moment tha Prulan onset became Ir
resistible, What I taw wa tbl: tbe paSs of
tmoka from tho French gas with Saaae brlghtnlng
at tba darknct Increased receded a tha Tvry thick
pillar of cloud and flame from the north gradually
and teadlly approached ; aad with tbatadvanca the
fire every moment became more alack It wa not
far from 9 o'clock when the ground waa yielded an
ally on the north. The last tbot fired oa that terri
ble evening were beard ta tbat direction.
Battle or the 16th.
A correspondent describe tha scene ot the battle,
of tha IStlt a ono tcldom witnessed. Thirty mile
of ground were covered with tbe dead and wounded
of both tide. Tbo cannonade Irom tha Germta
tide and rattle uf tba needle-guns were terrific.
The defeat of the Flench was total. Their lonr co.
amn could be een to be pushing toward the north
to evade pursuit by Bricy.
The lot oa both tides was enormous. Many
French prisoners were taken. The King, himself,
wa attentive to tbe French wounded. A Trench
peatant wa taken while killing a wounded German,
and was banged at Gonze. Out of 1,080 inhabitant
of the neighborhood scarcely any remained.
Battle or the 14th.
The battle of the Ktb, b described aa hardly lest
bloody thaa al Sadow. In tbe morning a party of
German bad pushed forward on the position of the
French, who retired a they advanced. The French
ubseqnently received trong reinforcements, and in
trenched themselves behind tbe city, at a distance
of two or threo mile In tbe circle Including the vU
llagea of Borney, Colaborg, Montay, Nevllle aud
Kolllcr. On the tide of the Uermsns, there were
encamped In tbe Immediate neighborhood, tbe 7th
and lt Army Corp, which, with the 8th Army
Corp, which w further to the rear, loog tha wy
from St. Avoid to Metz, formed tbe first army under
Stelnmetz, which was tho extreme right of the Ger
man combined armies. The number of German
troops actually in tbe battle, tW,00a The French
had a great deal ol artillery aud cavalry. The Ger
man carried all the breatworks glnt a murder
ou fire of the French, who were alway compelled
to retire before tbem ; but tho murderou fire ol tha
Cbassepot told very severely on tbe German, who
In tbe engagement took many more than tbe French.
It wa the uperlor couragn of the Germans which
compelled the enemy to retire. They did this slow,
ly, contesting every Inch of ground until they were
driven almost agalntt the wll of Metz. Every
account agree that the battle wat more tangninary
than any during tbe campaign of 1S6S. No nn
woanded prisoners was taken on cither tide.
ScBsrcjcz.iT OrzuATioxs.
Vebdcn, August 3Mb.
A reconnaissance made the day previous to It,
bowed that tbe French army was retreating on Ver
dun. The column was cut In two by tbe advance of tha
Germans, and tbo last part driven back between
Gravelotto and Sletz. The retreat of the French to
Verdun was cnt otl Tho German were potted In a
north-east direction from Gravelotte, commanding
tbe road from Brlsy to Metz. The PruIan Corp
formed tho right of line; next came the 8th, potted
on tbe rotd to Gravcllotte. Then the 9th and 12th
Corp. The guard were on tha extreme left Tha
flrtt, third and tenth corp were held In reserve.
Fire wa kept up long tho wholo line from 11
o'clock. Tbe Prussian artillery teemed overpower
ing, nc inc irencli batterle were gradually driven
back on a econd line. I pushed forward to test tbe
French Hue, thinking their position ws abandoned,
but to my surprise we found the enemy still there
nd myeir a prlaoner; or what happened afterward
I can give bat little account Tbe cannonade was
renewed oa both tides, listing till nearly 1 o'rlock,
when the French appeared to be retiring and the
Prnssiau gunt alone maintained a fire. I wa treat
ed kindly by my captors, who went eff tbrongb tha
woods, lost tbelr way In tbe darknc; whllo they
slept, I escaped and reached St. Marie, which was In
possession of the Germans. In this village, many
house ire battered down. Erery available spot la
crowded with wounded, and even tbe street wera
covered with ttraw French and German wounded
were lying there lu group together for tbe night.
Beyond Rezonvilld tbe country Stripped bare and
little fodder I to be had.
Metz Comtletelt Scbsocxszd.
Metz I completely urroonded. The Prussian
forces, Fourth army corp, having moved round from
tho wet to Ibe north. A zon corps of Floorers
has been sent to the front, four Prnsslan corp will
be left abont Metz to carry on the tlege and Ibe re
mainder of tbe army I to advance toward Verdun.
The King's heidquirter will be removed In a dy
or two to the Southwest
Aquation in Rcssia-tiie Poles ro raises A
rAJiTT isr r-Avoa or annexation to Pecssia.
New Toee, Angust 24th,
A cable special to the New Tork JWsfroia Paris,
Angust 23d, says: Iawa letter lo-dy from a per
on high In office at St Peterabnrg, tatlng that th
Russian Government I seriously iltrmed it the ttat
of affair In Poland. There Is grcit agitation In U
vor of France, and number of Pole are leavlnr to
offer their service In the French army. On Ibe oth
er hand a movement la on root In tbe Baltic provin
ce nMho Russian Empire, In favorer annexation to
the Germio Confederation, and It is gaining groand.
Tbe Russian Government it on the horn of a dilem
ma. It I believed that In sclf defente, Rntst win
be compelled to take, patt In tbe war.
Paris adtices-a iur at the London Tntxt
Pakis readt tob a Stxoz.
. Pakis, Angust 24th.
Telegraphic eommanlcxtlon with all part of tha
Department of Aube and Cote d'Or (aonth of at.
Dialer) I cutoff.
The MlnUternf the Interior authorize tbe state
ment, tbat additional advice or favorable charac
ter have been received from the armies In tbe field,
but tbe Information I purposely with held, u som
Journl Indiscreetly giro detail which .bonld be
kept back.
Tbe OmilUullontt eonldering the assertion of
the London Itmcs, that the Freneh are la a deaoerata
condition, shows Ibst tbat Journal arrive at It con
clusion wlthont waiting for complete or authentic
report of recent event; and defle It todeeld who
I now In the best military poritlon, Btzaln or
King William. It adda, tbat tbe hotmtr 0r tba
Tlma I to be accounted for by tbe fact that aoma
one of lu proprietor married a daughter of th
Prussian Ambassador it London; and tome penoca
say tbat In addition to this, th Journal ha beea
heavily subsidized by Bismarck.
Tbe ConUUutiand senil-olBclslly say: " Wlth
ont entering Into deti.lls, we may aalnn tbat tha
work of tbe fortification of the capital I progress
ing with wonderful rapidity, and tbe Aim of the po
pulation I Immense. Tbe Pnuslsn piper repre
tent that Pri 1 not tbe Paris of 17W, and 1815.
They will discover their mistake. The capital
prove now, as ever, thst tbo 1 the heart ef Franc.
1 r"dy to receive tbo enemy. XeltbcrtpH
nor bttUon can break down tha wall of dtfeaa
which her dinger ha cemented. Should the Pns
slan advance to tbe rampart of Pari, they win
find tbem out"
The procen of Incorporating th National Gootat
with the regular annr ba commenced.
The present war will probably moke tha debt at
Fraaee greater thaa that of aay aatloo la the world.
rue debt or England, which te the greatest at crea-
ent, 1 even now but a little la escoM of that of
rrance, and Ibe extraordinary credit of Me.00Q.00or.
vofed by tha Corp LegUUtlf no the two debU
!mot eqaaL Bat tbe French Mfobtry acknowl
edge that tbl sasa wlH be ea-tlrdy toteqattc for
such a war, and to we cm expect that aew
sy be voted at any saoateot. The Ckaaaber of
Prnk bare ako voted a rrrJit at laaaa aaa ta..t.
uniiacocBtoi iaH cotwtry I o Maafl taatrvca a
le Increase wW aot pat tie rrtHisalitussUt
prerfo coedUioa.
. . ... .... . . . . . . . - -. . - -,
WaaTSasf chraalat tha aat nf "tk. trt
whe eMM kcrw 1 OMa t tfc u of aSj. ..... n
A ratoer bsofcwortl Mas, taat '
tnrrioT.
MHjiai.
bowon w-f t

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