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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, October 12, 1870, SUPPLEMENT, Image 5

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HA.WIISr GAZETTE SUPPLEMENT.
Tlie Culture of ilk.
We translate tlie following interesting
jrtieie from the JTuokoa, native news
paper: la eswversation lately -with an intelli
cmt Germsu. Mr. F. J. Junker, who has
ooe to these Islands for tlie purpose of
esgazin:; in the business of raising silk
trormi and producing silk and eggs, we
cere to srocb. interested in his plans that
ere requested him to write out for this
paper bis thoughts about this new busi
ness. He has done so, and we give his
statement belo, merely remarking now
tfe&t setne tfcirty years ago llr. Titcomb
rwierioot the same business, and from
eatet wsicb were beyond his control,
fiulrd to meet success, and abandoned the
Whucm. IoteUtpent foreigners who have
-rifrni iltese Islands have often remarked
tftetT apparent fitneis for silk culture; but
a yet tMng Was ikh done to prove it.
Lrt a b4 to Mr. Junker's statement:
In xeply to jor mjueht, I wild you a
few taWttfrfct about silk culture. In a
coud locality, silk culture yields to those
who intake it the most astohhhtng
rataks. VTomea and chiWren can perform
lb -a-ork almost as well as men, for it is
i. very etvf-y a ad pleasant occupation.
Then, loo, it is profitable, and not liable
to tfae fiMMatiotis of trade, and does not
require heavy outlay for freight. The
Lutnmptirm of silb is w immense all
over tin; worM that a few million pounds
more in the taarket will not materially
aSect tin.- price. The same may be said
of silk-wom eggs, which are also an
arte of conwierce, and yield a larger
proft to tfce grower than even silk.
0t of ike way places offer advantages
for stfk-CMlWr over other localities near
citie asd villages, on account of the
ctWper iaWr ami land. It can be started
wkli rery i-oMit capital, and gradually
extended mU1 it becomes, as in some
coaatTH, a UHHes jnoduciiig to its pto
prirtor a income of ?200,000 a year.
Bt i8k-woras can not be raised every--trttvtv.
It is very iiaportaut to have a
pood IoooIkt, 'itWe Air both the silk
worms and tbe mulberry trees, the leaves
of wWek fomiii the best food which tlie
wonts -ill eat. The mulberry tree wants
a kiojar soM, but will thrive in a sandy or
gnrUr loom, and requires abundance of
na or imsauosi. It sJkwW also be pro
tected fnm heavy winds. If, in addition
tothk, yo have nt even tenieratiire,
nawit' frotn TO : to SO Fahrenheit at
aooB, and sot Mtaoii k.s at midnight, I
wnh three or four month of tine weather,
wit boat anteA rain, tltew you have the
rid phot fcjr ilk eoltnre, Much as the
OaifonNaiK praWe their dry summer as
brt good Jot the silk-worm, it is not so
good as if they had occasional rains,
which is shown from tbe fact that they
water tbe floors of their breeding houses
srrcral umt-z a day to make the atmosphere
store moist, and thas lessen the percentage
of destits antong the worms.
This shows that many places on these
I4ad are for taperior to California for
taJkcahara. For instance, the weather
flos of each of the Islands have three or
fmar, and tome years even six, months of
, drv weather, with occasional show
Now for the inaccessible, weather
of the Islands, silk culture is the
very best basiiiess that natives can engage
m Tbe best land is there almost worth
less, beea the produce raised there can
mk be shipped to market. But what docs
ilk aokww eare for a good harbor, when
$9,000 worth of silk, or Si 0.000 worth of
.jlk-wor eggs can be packed on a mule's
book, aad at a trifling cost sent 100 miles
to a harbor ?
The district of Hamakua, Hawaii, is, in
my opinion, oae of the best locations for
silk eakare, and every native living there
ooeM, in a short time, become a rich man,
if he would nuke up his mind to be steady,
dffigent, and persevering. The common
iHim v (JUras Xiffra,) grows there
mw. and with outlines inanv acres of
trees oan be grown in one year, which
wHI faraish leaves enough to begin the
ctslutre of worms. Therefore let every
native obtain mulberry limbs and plant
seae trees. Any native owning a bmall
piece of land, can then commence the
basiaess by purchasing a few of the eggs.
One aore of five years old trees, planted
mi a locality such as I have described, will
farauh 50,000 pounds of leaves, and it has
be&Biband by experience that 100 pounds
of sood loaves produce one pound of
Ik, worth in Europe, from 6 to S9.
The whole acre would thus produce 500
pounds of silk, worth, at the lowest price
named 8,000. It will require the work
of twelve men to take care of the 1,000,00(1
silk-worms which this acre will sustain,
sad to red the silk which the worms pro
daoa. After making all allowance for la
bor, Josses, ifcc., it will be seen that a
large profit remains to the silk grower.
The growing of silk-worms for the eggs
does Hot take so long a time. The whole ;
prates last only about forty day6, when
the eess can be sent to market, where one
oaaee is worth in California say 5 to 6,
and in Europe, from $6 to $T.
Suppose you succeed in raising only 1,
dM,O80 worms with one acre of leaves,
whioh is a low estimate, perhaps one half,
of them will be females, which lay on an '
average 300 eggs each. But in practice,
we find that unless the females come out
in equal numbers at one time or in pairs,
there is no impregnation, and the eggs
are worthless. This and other occur
rences which can not be prevented, reduce
the number of valuable females and eggs,
so that out of the 1,000,000 worms only
300,000 can be reckoned on, averaging,
at a low estimate, 200 eggs to each, or in
all, 60,000,000 of eggs. It takes 35,000
to 40,000 eggs to weigh one ounce, so
that the whole product of the acre will
be at least 1,500 ounces of eggs, worth to
the native here at least 84 an ounce, or
$6,000 for his acre's yield.
In this letter I have desired only to call
the attention of the natives and others to
the profits which silk cultivators in other
countries are now obtaining for their la
bor, and to show that if these Islands are
adapted to the business, as I think they
are, large profits may be obtained here.
In another letter, I will give some par
ticulars about the mulberry trees, and
how to plant them ; also about the man
ner of feeding silk-worms, how to take
care of them, and the homes they require ;
how to reel the silk thread from the
cocoons ; how to put up the eggs, aud
other particulars necessary to instruct
those who desire to engage in the cultiva
tion of silk-worms. F. J. Ju.vkeh.
Remarks. After visiting each of the
Islands, 3Ir. Junker has decided to locate
in Hamakua, on Hawaii, as he thinks that
the best place, and will proceed thither
in the steamer on Monday. He will com
mence operations on a land which he has
obtained between Waipio and Honoka,
and we hope to hear in a few months that
he has succeeded in his expectations, aud
also that the natives living around him
are copying his industrious habits, and
raising silk-worms. Ed. Kuokoi.
Ex-Secrelarj' Seward lit Home.
An Auburn correspondent of thn Commercial
Adcertiser writes as follows :
A few dajs aeo. in his lovely Anburn home
our honored friend and neighbor. Mr. tiewurd
celebrated his sixty-ninth birthday. He was in
his liappiest mood, and pave a heurty welcome to
tbe fair younp girls wlio, from a neighboring
school, came to honor him and the day. To their
graves they will carry the memory of the genial
hospitality aud unostentatious kindness which the
did not consider it a trouble to do so much to
make the day a led lettered one in the calendar
of their lives.
Glad us we. who loved him, were to have the
day a happy one, a feeling of sadness would he
uppermost when we thought of his near approach
to the three score years and ten. after which the
only strength we are permitttd to hope for is
but " labor aud sorrow." Still, though wo may
not look for the vigor which has sustained him
thus farn his eventful life, we pray that for many
years yet he may he spared to enrich other minds
with the treasures of his own, and to make glnd
his own happy home. Of this home, abounding
as it does with treasures both of nature mid of
art. th world may like to know something, be
longing, as it does, to one whom no amount of
flattery and attention has succeeded in making
vainglorious.
There are in this land many mansions far more
imposing than this of Mr. Seward, but there can
scarcely be one more pleasant, or filled with so
much to intfrest. Although situated in the very
heart of the busy city it is curreunded by so
dense a tallage that it is as secluded as if far
away. In this Mr. Seward rejoices, and in the
Spring time watches with delight tbe putting
forth of the leafy screen which protects him from
the view of all around. All who come through
the open gate, up the broad walk into this happy
pnclosure are bidden welcome, hut he would hav
no curious outside gazers. More especially, how
ever, be enjoys these Insurant trees, because their
wide-spreading branches offer so many safe and
pleasant homes for the birds he love, so well.
From the terrace on the South side of his house,
or on the long avenue bordered on either side
with lilacs an syriiigas, he hastens to their sweet
songs and watches their pretty wayB, as they
bathe in the beautiful fountain or gather up choice
morsels for the littU ones in their nests. Believ
ing! as we do. that the bright tunligbt H essen
tial to the healthful development of public life as
well as vegetables, we have feared, eomelimes.
that this dense foliage was not quiet conductive
to the health of the dwellers in this home, but
latterly openings have been made abont the bouse,
so that the life-giving rays of the sun are no lon
ger excluded.
The house, built many years ago, was not ori
ginally very largo, but has since had so many ad
ditions that it may now be called a spacious man
sion. The original style of architecture having
been preserved, it has still an antique appearance.
The drawing-room, a long, beautiful apartment, is
hung about by fine paintings, to each of which
belongs a history ; its floor is covered with a car
pet woven expresely for it in the looms of Tur
key and scattered all alxjut are specimens of the
workmanship of all parts of the world.
Through the large double doors one may pass
from the examination of tbee beautiful things
into tbe dining room, a place suggestive of op
portunities for ample hospitality with great com
fort, so lanre is it and m gnificent withal, within
its polished inlaid floor, and heavy wainscottings
of natural wood. One that is desirous to know
all that is possible of this world on which we live,
would turn with great interest to a globe in one
corner or tbe room. It came from Berlin, and
there is but one other like it in the country, and
that is in the State Department. The mountains
are elevated in proportion to thei: different
height, and the valleys depressed so that by the
touch one may know something of the face of
the country. In n niche over tbe mantel is a Vi
fhun. one of the gods of tbe Hindoos, bearing
such marks of antiquity that those learned in
such matters, believe it to be one of the verita
ble "graven images " against which " Moses ful
minated his commandment," one of tbe proofs
being tba red lines used to show the indentations
of the figure, the sculptors of those days know
ing no other way to produce ibeni. In the yel
low parlor above stairs, so numerous are tbe ob
jects or interest that they are all numbered, and
a guide-book explains them to the stranger. Then
tbe blue parlor down stairs is filled with choice
paintings, exquisite carvings from Switzerland,
and much else that is beautifnl, and every availa
ble space in tbe hall is covered with Alaskan ar-!
rows, implements of warfare, etc The page3 of
a book would be necessary to describe in detail
the treasures of this house. Each Saturday
evening, for many weeks, this beautiful place has
been brilliantly lighted and thrown open to friends
and strangers, that tbey might see both Mr. Se- j
ward and his surronodings. I
About ten miles from here there jots oat iqto i
tbe beautiful Owssco tbe prettiest point in all tbe
lake. It is owned by the family, and has a com-1
forlable, convenient bouse. Here Mr. Seward I
delights to go when wearied with the duties of
hospitality, and seeks new strength in the invigo
rating air, and in the healthful employment of
rowing -and fiihing. The world-wide friends of
Mr. Seord will be glad, to know that he is thus
enjoying his well-earned rest.
Late Foreign News.
Fabu, September 12th. Senor Mordlneau has ar
rived lu Paris. lie bring tbe assurance tbat tbe
Dalian Government bas determined to forestall all
revolutionary movements Inltaly and in Rome by
an official occupation of Roman territory, without
tbe slightest Intention ol banning tbe Pope. To
preserve the Catholic world from the great cataitro
pliy tcveral membcra of the College of Cardinals
have given In their aduetlon to the neccetity of this
step. The Italian army now hold all roada north
and south leading into Roman territory, aud tbe
Italian rquadron ia at Civlla Vecchia. No conflict Is
anticipated with the Papal Zouaves. Gen. Kenlater,
WarMlniater, having given bis opinion tbat tbe
Papal forcedoesnotjuitlfyanyattemptat rcaiatance.
The Prussian Government baa notified tbe Italian
Goverumeut that It has no intention of Interfering In
any ay wltbtbequettlunofRoineorthe occupation
of the city. A popular vote will be taken through
out the Papal States upon the annexation of the
Papal territory to Italy.
London, September 12th. Advices from Florence
are to tbe effect tbat the Italian troop; enter the Ro
man territory to-day. Tlie Italians will Immediately
atrip the Pope of his power. Tbe local authority of
the Italian territory, however, remains undisturbed
by the Italians.
Okneito, September lltb. A despatch states that
In the Province of Viterbo there" hat originated a
movement of formidable character. Shouts of " Long
live tbe King of Italy I" are heard on all aides. Tbe
male portion are armed aud have formed Into guer
rilla bands for the purpose of barrasting the Papal
Zouaiea. These latter are entrenched at Viterbo,
Fiusononnd Volenano.
General Daruics has disarmed the Insurrectionists,
and tbe Kluj; of Italy has guaranteed tbe maintenance
of order.
Adricce received from Florence of tbe 11th, state
that the entire country is deeply agitated. Italian
flaea are everywhere displayed, and placards upon
which is inscribed the motto of "Tjargllit YictorEm
Tttanud." Maiikid, September 12th. Demonstrations of
'tyiiip.itby wllli the French Republic rontlnur in the
northern provinces. The Republicans In Puris linve
aiued an address demanding the convening or the
Cortes.
Brcssels, September 12th. Italy, Austria and
Russia are agreed in principle, and have authorized
Russia to ask Prussia loran armistice. A despatch
to that effect waa sent by telegraph to Berlin, but
no answer as jet. Lord Lyons, who heretofore acted
as Intermediator between France and Prussia, has
resigned the task in favor of Olazaga, the Spanish
Minister.
Pakis, September 12th. Minister Washburne to
day, while on his way to the Central Telegraph at
tbe Bourse, to send a despatch, was recognized In
front of the building by the crowd and cheers arose ;
the crowd Increased, and the Minister received a
most enthusiastic ovation. Mr. Washburne was much
moved by this event.
The employees of theTclegrapb Company and many
others, assembled in front of the American Legation
and made demonstrations in honor of the Govern
ment nf the United Slates and its representative.
Le France says, bile the Republic is every where
wcleomedltlie delay in the meeting of the Constitu
tional Assembly causes dissatisfaction.
London, September 12tb.f Associated Press Ca
ble. Tbe Catholic Bishop of Liverpool forbids
wakes on penalty of forfeiture of their rites.
It is reported tbat 500,000 francs have been offered
for a messenger who will succeed In communicating
with the Commander of Metz. One man who un
dertook the service has been shot by the Prussians.
It is said tbe Pope le considering the offer of refuge
on board one or the British frigates.
Among the rumors from Paris is one tbat a sub
terrauean passage has been discovered extending
from tbe heart or the Capital to a point beyond tbe
fortifications.
London, September 12th. Cable to the World.
Paris will fight to tbe last. The peasant material
for the army is splendid, and plucky. There It noth
ing no singing, uo revelry now. Perfect ordcrpre
vails. The streets are full of armed men. General
Trocbu Is satisfied be can hold out.
Part of tbe enemy's force arc to be near Paris on
Tuesday, and the rest will follow rapidly. Families
are speculating as to when tbe bombs will fall. Tbe
walls are a mile and a half from tbe outer boulevard,
aud the outlaying font area mile from tbe nail, so
the enemies guns must be put Into position three
miles from tbe outerbouievard. Tbis calms their
fears of the Prussians. Meantime negotiations are
actircly going on.
London, September 12th. Special despatch to
the Herald. A correspondent writes from Paris on
the 10th: In the streets of Paris there is general ac
tivity and preparations for defence. The Garde Sa-
ttonale occupy the ramparts, and the forts are fully
manned. Tbe arming of tbe population is going on
rapidly, all being drilled.
Thousands of Zouaves and Tirailleurs have been
sent to join tbe 40,000 regulars In obstructing tbe
Prussian advance.
All tbe bridges around Paris have been blown up.
It la asserted that McMahon wished to retreat to
Paris, but was prevented by Palikao's order. He
will Justify himself to tbe public when be shall have
recovered from bis wounds.
Tbe Supreme Tribunal of Law hat been removed
to Tours, where it It now in session.
London, September 12th. Six French lron-cladt
were seen off the Godwins this morning; tbeir
course was southwest.
Brussels, September 12th. The Empress Eu
genie, while on ber way to England, remained con
cealed la the environs of tblt city. (
Berlin, September 12tb. The official report of
tbe capitulation of Sedan, ttates the total amount of
prisoners taken at 123,000. Tbe crowd of wounded
bat beeu reduced tlnce tbe re-openlng of tbe rail
ways, and all tbe dead bodies in the fields around
tbe city are buried.
4 V. M. Tho following despatch from tbe King to
the Qneen It received, dated 10 o'clock Sunday
nlgbt: "Tbe citadel of Laon exploded, after its sur
render, just as the Prussians were entering. There
were many killed. Including 200 Mobile guards;
many were shockingly mutilated. William of Meck
lenburg wat wounded. There mutt be treason."
Lokdon, September 12tb. AgesUbavt arrival! I
here froa Berlin, who, It it anticipated, are seeking
to place the Prcsilsn loan on tbe market.
Tbe statement in tbe Gavlolt that England de
mands an armistice Is not true. It has been ascer
tained from official anlhority that England bas tent
a note to Prussia.
Jules Fa vre Is expected here to-night; If he asks
tbe English Government to present terms It will do
so, but not lfnnatked. Earl Granville will be pre
sent at the conference with Favre. This Intelli
gence It official.
The Arch Bithop of Canterbery orders that pray
ers be oSered for tbe tick and wounded. In all tbe
chnrcbes of his diocese.
Londox, Sept. 12th. The Trttnmc'e special corres
pondent, writing from Carltrabe, September 8tn,
tays that the Strasbonrgh besieging army It constant
ly reinforced. It numbers nearly 70,000. The sor
ties of the defenders are desperate and futile. Bat
teries are being rapidly completed, and heavier gnnt
placed In the nearest ftrallelt.
The French sharpshooters are doing much mis
chief on tbe npper railway between Batle and Frie
beiy; they fired rapidly at the Schlengen pastenger
trains, even on tick and wounded.
Earl Granville replied he would gladly be the
means of communication between tbe two belliger
ents, and that tbe good offices of England, to far at
they could avail, were entirely at the service of eith
er Power.
It Is not understood tbat he was asked to address
to Prnssia any representation or request of any kind,
as coming from England. It bas not, therefore,
been necessary to reject any sncb application, but
tbe Foreign Office has necessarily considered the
possibility of such a request being made, aud, while
it does not desire to make any announcement of its
advance, it has no reason for concealing its views,
nhicbare, In fact, believed to be well understood
by both. Tbose views are not favorable to Inter
vention; tbe efforts which the English Government
made to avert tbe outbreak of hostilities having
been rejected by France, Earl .Granville does not
think circumstances now warrant interference to
tare France from tbe contequence of her own delib
erate act.
Yesterday tbe Lubeck Chamber of Commerce, tele
giapbed Jo tbe German Consul at Copenhagen, ask
ing whether tbe French war fleet was still In the
Ball ic, as it had not been seen for more tban.a week.
Notwithstanding tbe reported return of the French
fleet, preparations for defence are unrelaxed. Advl
ces to-day from Alsen Sound warn against entering
the roadstead, all communications having been just
closed by a triple row of torpedoes.
Hamburg bas been notified to receive 1S0O French
prisoners, who are to be placed on tbe American
steamers In the harbor.
A Tribune correspondent with the Baltic fleet
writes from Copenhagen September 7th: "There
have been no serious demonstrations by tbe fleet
tlncc the affair at Colberg, wberethe Prussians hols
ted a hospital flag and ladles crowded tbe pier, aud
tbe Admiral refused to fire. News of the capltnla
tlon and inauguration of the Republic produced no
disturbance.
Fournichon't appointment at Naval Minister was
well received and Imparts fresh hopes. Tbe squad
ron will now receive practicable orders, or be re
called. Despatches order all squadron to rendez
vous atSauget and await Instructions. Since tbe
above was written It Is believed one division of fleet
bat been ordered borne and has patted the Straits of
Dover.
- Louis Blanc bat a stirring article In tbe IttvtiUe,
which proposes that Prussia shall leave the people
of Ai.-ate aud Lorraine to vote whether they will
attar h themselves to France or Germanay.
The Triimie'i correspondent at Paris, Tuesday,
writes: "The ramparts are divided into nine sec
tions, each under a separate commander. The gnns
there and in the forts are manned by sailors from
Cherbourg and Toulon. Tbe National Guard are
camped on tbe glacis; the forts are garrisloned by
National and Mobile Guards, who ate under strln
gent military discipline."
A line of troops It stationed between the exterior
forts and tbe ramparts, supported by volunteers and
Provincial Mobiles; there Is little confidence among
officers that tbe city can resist.
The Government Is dally more anxious for peace.
Glrardin quitted Paris yesterday.
Malls at London are still made np for Paris, but
tbe railways to-day refused to sell passengers tickets
bejond Calais."
Washington, September 13th. A report which
comes from Lgndon that three energetic dispatches
have passed through tbat city for Berlin from this
Government urging an armistice is an exaggeration
of the action of the Government, which bat thus far
been entirely confined to the dignified, firm and very
courteout dispatch agreed to upon Friday last, when
the President was here and forwarded it to Mr. Ban
croft at Berlin by Secretary Fish. The Government
will only assume the position of mediator upon tbe
Juint invitation of tbe respective Powers, and not in
conjunction with the neutral Powers of Europe, and
tbat meditation is to be confined to tbe exercise of
Its offices, and not extend to the responsibility of
makiug a new map for Europe.
London, September 13th. A letter contains a
statement tbat tbe German losses, on the authority
of a medical man connected with tbe Prussian army,
In battles down to and Including Gravelotte, are 37,'
603 killed; prisoners, missing, and wounded, 07,'
0j0.
Pakis, September 13th. Portugal has recognized
the Republic
M. Cremieux represents tbe Government at Tours.
M. Bcuard bas been appointed Ambassador to Flor
ence, and entrusted with an extraordinary mission.
The Uhlans have cnt the railroad and destroyed
tbe telegraph lines near Nolsy-Ie-Sec, eighty miles
from Paris. Tbe Uhlans are also at Provleux and
Cressy. Tbe Prussian troops are at Carcport, and
two of tbeir corps, numbering 80,000 men, last
nlgbt occupied a position on tbe Strasbourg high
way, between Coulommlers and La Ferte.
Tocus, September 13th. Tbe arrangements being
made here to receive the Diplomatic body have been
discontinued by tbe Minister of Foreign Affairs who
bas decided to remain In Paris. The representatives
ofthe foreign governments will also (stay some days
longer.
The people here are much impressed in favor of
tbe American Government, and anxiously await the
arrival of Mr. Washburne, tbat .they may testify
tbeir gratitude for bis prompt recognition of tbe
Republic
Imposing demonstrations were made in Mtrteiliet
yesterday in honor of tbe United States. 20,000
people assembled In front of tbe American Consul
ate, and the city authorities, through Mesguiret,
presented an address to Milton M. Pric, Consul of
the United States. Speeches were made ; the bands
played the national airs of America and France, and
the Immense crowd cheered, with great enthusiasm,
tbe Consul and tbe Government of tbe United States.
London, September 13th. Communication be
tween Brussels and Paris is ttill maintained via Da
nla and Querion. The chancel of a tuccetsful de
fence of Paris are thought here to Increase hourly.
The Independence Edge says tbe policy of the
American Government occasions no surprise, consid
ering tbe close intimacy of Minister Bancroft and
Count Bismark. It it denied, however, at Berlin
tbat Bancroft has made any representations In favor
of meditation.
The Journal de SL Pcteriburg, discussing the mis
sion of Theirs to the neutral powers, bopes be it
carrying in bis own house cenvictions favorable to
peace: to do to be most sacrifice many prejudicial
Ideas; be will then set France a great example and
make bit own Influence more powerful than ever.
London, Sept. 13th. Bismarck's official report to
King Wllllaa, dated Donehery, 2d Instant, recites
at length the Interview held with the French Em
peror at Sedan, which lasted for an hour. Napoleon
thought better conditions In tbe matter or capitula
tion ought to be made, than had been offered at first
by the Germans. On this a military point Bis
marck refused discussion, butannonnced to tbe Em
peror tbat he was quite willing and ready to discus
questions looking to peace. Tlie Emperor replied
that be was a prisoner; that It was impossible to
treat for peace, but referred the Count to the actual
Government at Paris. Bismarck said tbe situation
at Paris offered no entering point for such over
tures. The Emperor then proposed that tbe French
army be allowed to pass tbe Belgian frontier, and
there surrender their arms. This was also refused.
Tbe Emperor stated further tbat be deplored the
horrors of war, but that he had yielded wholly to
public opinion In declaring war. Bismarck accom
panied tbe Emperor to Bellevoe where General
Wloipffen was at that time negotiating with King
William relative to a capitulation. The Emperor
wat not allowed to tee the King till the negotiations
for a surrender were concluded. When these were
finally announced, they destroyed tbe Emperor'a
bope for better terms. Tbe French officers were
then dismissed on parole.
London, Sept. 13th. Tbe TtUgravkU Paris cor
respondent saya tbat Americau recognition it really
but little valued there and Is regarded merely as tbe
good will of a power without material weight In
the European system.
On Sunday a Prussian reconnoltering party en
countered a body of French at Chateau Thierry; a
sharp engagement occurred and tbe Prussians were
repulsed with considerable Inst. Tbe Commander
of Solssons has relumed to surrender in response to
a snmmons of the Prussian commander.
Theirs Is here, communicating with the Foreign
Office.
Pakis, Sept. 13th. Tbe defiance of the Comman
dant at Soissont to tbe Prussians, demanding sur
render, is enthusiastically approved by the inhabi
tants, all of whom declare tbeir determination to
fight to the last, and endure any hardships iu the
service or France.
Paris, Sept. 13tb. Wilfred de Fonviile, author
of several treatises on aerial navigation, I constant
ly on the watch for tbe approaching Prussians from
a balloon. He hat alto prepared other balloons,
which will be properly anchored, to serve as out
looks from different parts nf the city.
New York, 8rpt. 13th. Reports of the surrender
of Metz are announced as having been received iu
London.
Tbe ex-Queen Isabella of Spain, with the Prince
Asturlas, has withdrawn to Bavaria.
Paris, Sept. 13th. Two corps of the Prussian ar
my, of 40,000 men each occupied last night a poat
tlon on the Strasbourg highway, between Coulom
miers and La Ferte.
The ministry promulgated an edict that uo persou
be allowed to leave Paris aftcrsix A. M., of tbe 151 Ii
of September without special permit. Martial law
Is practically enforced within the city.
Tbe exact position of tbe French advance It an
known. According to varied accounts the enemy
had arrived at Meaux and Melun.
Another report says tbe main body of the Prus
sians arrived at a point twenty-eight miles from Pa
ris yesterday afternoon.
London, Sept. 13th. Bernstoof, the Russian Am
bassador, who has been in conference with Eail
Granville at Windsor Castle since Saturday, return
ed to London.
Granville, learning of tbe arrival in London of
Thiers, also came to the city, and was iu consulta
tion with him at the French Embassy.
The Jbst, speaking scmi-officially, says neutrals
have abandoned all hope nf suspending hostilities.
Bancrolt Is making no further efforts towards tnedi
atlon.
London, Sept. 13th. The steamer A'apoleon Third,
of the General Trans-Atlantic Line, is now engaged
transporting French refugees to England.
There Is an active inquiry proceeding at Paris into
the distribution of the vast Secret Service Fund of
the Empire. The Figaro regards tbe tender of
Americau mediation as an opportunity for peace.
Tbe reported unconditional surrender of Metz to
the Prussians is credited by the Prussian Embassy,
though unofficial.
Madrid, Sept. 13th. Mr. Sickles, American MIn
later, for some weeks past has been rusticating, oc
casionally visiting tbe capital. Last week an armed
party stopped tbe usual diligence and demanded Mr,
Sickles by name, but fortunately be was not there.
The Government now provides him a guard.
Rome, Sept. IStb. Immense placards have been
posted on tbe dead walls of the city proclainlug a
universal Italian Republic The document is signed
by the Republican Revolutionary Committee.
Florence, Sept, 13ib. Gen. Claldlnl, in com
mand of the Italian troops on the Papal frontier,
bas Issued a proclamation to tbe Romans, it. which
he assured them tbat he does not bring war to them,
but peace and order, leaving to tbe Administration
full freedom of action. The Independence of the
Holy See will not be violated. Tbe King's troops
in tbe march to Rome met everywhere with an en
tbuslastlc welcome. Tbe garrison ofMontlfiscoauo
withdrew before tbeir advance without opposition
Should no resistance be offered to the entry or tbe
Italian troops, tbe Government will secure to the
Pope a residence in Borne, and provide for a civil
list Including tbe College of Cardinals. Tbe Pope
Is preparing a protest against the entry of the Itall
ans and the occnpatlon or Papal territory, bnt will
not resist.
New York, Sept. 12th. A special dispatch to the
World, from Ostend, the lltb, says: Tbe ilorgcn
Zeitung of Hesse Cassel, gives tbe particulars of the
arrival of Napoleon. He was accompanied by Gen
erals Felix Douay and Lebrun, as prisoners on pa
role, and a brilliant staff of French officers on pa
role. The Prussian civil and military authorities of
Hesse Cassel, in full uniform, received them at tbe
station with a company of infantry, as a guard of
honor, and a squadron of Hussars, keeping back tbe
people. The Emperor, who was received with an
Imperial Salute, wore the uniform of a Lieut. Gen
eral, but no sword. His breast was covered with
orders. He Is quite corpulent and; looks very grey.
London, Sept 12th. The Empress Eugenie is
ttill at tbe Marine Hospital at Hastings, attended by
Ferdinand de Lesseps and Madam Thiery. All tbe
ladies of the Court who came with Her Majesty to
Belgium remained in that country.
Ostznd, Sept. 1L Tbe latest Intelligence from
Prussian headquarters Is that, In reply to proposi
tions made through the Austrian Legation, King
William declares that be will listen to no proposi
tion except from tbe Imperial Government of
France
Paris, Sept. 12tb. The Wortfe Paris special
correspondent says: Tbe city is beginning to be
isolsted. We bare no mail to-day from London,
and no deapatches have come through by telegraph,
except for the newspapers. The Government ex
ercises supervision at the office at the PI ce de la
Bourse from which alone despatches are allowed to
be sent. It Is conducted fairly but positive Tbe
aspect of the city is perfectly tranquil, though not
at all gay. No fears of mob violence are entertain
ed by any one, notwithstanding the rumors to the
effect which spread abroad in England and Belgium.
I repeat tbat I bave never seen order more perfect
than since tbe proclamation of tbe Republic
Henri Rochefort, who wat to much feared, it In
office and manifests tbe most conservative temper.
He Is or great use in controlling tbe extreme radicals.
Tbe legations of Austria and Russia are buty at
work in tbe Interest or peace, and It it beleived
tbey would bave already secured an armistice had
not the Government or England blocked the way
by itt hesitating and half-hostile attitude. The
English Government it beleived to bare a secret un
derstanding with the King of Prussia, contrary to
wishes of Count Bismarck, in order to crush, If
possible, the Republic I bave It on high authority
that Bismarck desires neither Alsace nor Lorrlane,
and It tnxloci to secure peaci as early as possible; ;
m4 akav stliVUJ VW) W All.
, . -M,vZrtr,. -mStoik
but tbat King William It bitterly opposed to any
negotiations with tbe Republic,- and Insists on ad
vancing on Paris to crash the revolution belore the
fever can extend to Germany.
The Ministry hat Jutt made public tbe following
important Intelligence: The Prussian attacked
Toul on Saturday, at 5 o'clock In the morning, and
persisted until 9 In tbe evening, Tbey Were, how
ever, constantly repulsed, ocd many nf their batter
lea dismantled. More than 10,000 Prussian were
placed Aora du comkit at Montemedy on Thursday.
The garrison splendidly repuUed the Prussian
attack.
Tbe Prussians have surrounded Meaox. They
bave arrived In force at Crecy, aud are approaching
Bolsty. Paris l cheered tblt morning by the re
port that the Russians are Insisting on an armistice;
also that tbe United States ha sent decided des
patches to Berlin. It It said tbat the Prussian ad
vance has beeu stopped In consequence.
London, 8pt. 12th. The Standard and other
Sritijh journal urge Engll.b Intervention In the
French and Prussian war as a dnty and a right, the
neglect of which would Involve dishonor.
The Prussian authorities surrounded tbe Emper
or Journey to Wllhelinshobe, wltb an exquisite
delicacy of care and provision for tbe dignity and
feelings of the prisoner. Advices from Cassel saj
nothing In the magnificent treatment nf Napoleon
would denote that be wat regarded aa a prisoner.
He seems rather an honored guest of Prussia.
Berlin Sept. 12th. The remainder ot tbe Prus
sian expedition for the North Pule has returned.
London, Sept. 12l h. A special to the Evening
Telegram says the eeige or Paris may now be said to
bave fairly commenced. Tbe friendly feelings to
ward tbe French Republic is greatly stimulated by
America's recognition. The Prussian forces In de
tachments form a semi-circle around Pari at a dis
tance of abuut 23 miles. In this position the army
has been halted, at the reqm st of tbe Russian Min
ister, In order that King William and Count Bis
marck may consider tbe proposition of an armis
tice emanating from. Russia aud Austria. Paris re
mains tranquil, and tbe Inhabitants are firm In tbe
belief tbat the city can be defended. The roads
leading to tbe lily are alt closed, and no more pro
visions are now going In. What the city now con
tains must prove sufficient for tbe emergency. The
Prussians will in a few weeks march triumphantly
through the streets.
Telegrams Irum the seat of war In papers here to
day are perfect chaos or wild and contradictory
statements. Tbe telegraplc bureau In Paris bat be
gun to refuse to receive private telegrams for trans
mission. Garabaldl Is expected at Paris.
The declaration of tbe Fn-nch Republic bas
brought great change in public sentiment here. In
regard to the demands for compensation. The
movement in France towaidt free lustitutiout, ob
tains the sympathy of a powerful Republican party
lu Prussia whose Influence will be used to modify
tbe claims hitherto asserted for satisfaction and
indemnity. The proposition comprising assurance
of tbe destrnciion of all fortifications on the fron
tier line with a guaranteee against their being re
built, tbe destruction ot the fortifications of Paris
and the reduction of war expenses wonld, without
cession of territory, be accepted by tbe party at
quite sufficient to satisfy German honor and provide
for the maintenance of the future peace of Europe.
Paris, Sept 12th. It Is officially announced that
Thiers leaves hero this evening for London.
Tbe Prussians were at Melun last night.
Reports of an armistice Increase In consistency.
The Diplomatic Corps defers Its departure from
the city
Marseilles, Sept. 12. The Governor bearing
tbat two cruiser had passed through the Straits
of Gibraltar, has ordered preparations to be made
for repelling an attack. Twenty thousand volun
unteers left here yesterday for Paris. The Munici
pal Council unanimously declared tbat tbe munici
pal corporations must participate in tbe natiooal
defences.
Praoue, Sept. 12th. A Berlin telegram to the
IUitique of this city says a great sensation was cre
ated by the despatch of the American Government
to Its envoy at the Prussiau Capital, requesting tbat
there should now ue a cessation or war In view or
the faut that Its aim the dethronemeut or Napo
leon had been accomplished. No sooner had the
Minister communicated the despatch to You Hell
and Galeuberg, thau it wat sent to King William by
a special courier.
London, Sept. 12tb. Orders arc Issued by the
Government at Paris for the fortifying nf Havre,
Marseilles, Dunkirk and other points, and quotas of
large French war ships are to be filled to the utmost,
and the vessels made ready to weigh auchorat a
moment's notice
New York, Sept. 12th. Paris advices of French
successes at Toul and Montmedy, together with the
reported halt In the Prussian advauce, have led to
more activity in tbe Bourse, and considerable buy
ing on speculative account.
Cable special to tbe Herald. London, Sept.
13tb. A special despatch from Beauvois says within
the, past week advances have been made toward the
King of Prussia, conctrning overturea of peace.
Official Intimation is glyen that the King cannot
have the means of knowing the authority of tbe
persons making tbe propositions ; tbat tbe time bas
not arrived to receive blm, and tbat it will be time
when the Prussian array bat arrived before Parta.
Tbe King is ttill anxlons for such a peace as will
gire salety in tbe future, and will make a formal de
mand and be ready to receive proposal of the pro
per antboritlea.
London, 3:pt. 13th. The Empress F.ugente and
the Prince Imperial are ttill at tbe Marine Hotel in
Hastings. A number of the servants or tbe Im
perial household, two carriages and twenty-three
borset, arrived at Hastings yesterday, by apecial
train. The Prince goes out frequently and mingles
freely with people. He It already popular with all
classes.
Tours, Sept 13th. This City is over-crowded with
Parisians and foreigners,' whose flight from Pari
was bastrned by tbe proclamation forbidding any to
leave after the 15tb Inst Many Americans are
among tbe refugees. A large number of Govern
ment employees also arrived with tbe tiansfer of their
Departments. Minister Cremelux I now coming
here. Tbe bead of tbe Department ol Justice, Is
sued in the name or tbe Minister, a proclamation to
France It tays :
"As tbe enemy approaches Paris, the Government
or the National Defence bends all Itt energies to
provide for tbe tecurity or the Capital. Tbey bave
therefore charged tbe Minister of Justice with tbe
care nf tbe invaded departments. The delegate or
tbe Minister of Justice, In common with other min
isterial delegate now In Tours, appeal to tbe pa
triotism of the people to erect impregnable ramparts
against the force ol invasion. He recalls tbe me
mories or 1792, and declares tbat France must and
will drire back now, as then, the enemy which a
firevlous Government, weak and odious, allowed to
Lvade the land."
It It reported that tome Prussian spies have been
arrested here.
LONDON. Sept. 13th. The SorUi German Gaiettt
say rrnssia i tint oouiia lo rtcvgmr- me rn ncb
Provisional Government; and tbe Frxmiau Crou
Gazette tays it Prussia does to to-day tbe will be ob
liged to lecognlze Rochelort's friends ;o-morrow.
London, Sept. 13ib Midnight. The last or the
French fleet left Heligoland, on the approach or a
German ironclad.
Paris, Sept. 13th. The troops here to-day patted
in grand review before General Trocbu.
Tbe brl ge at Creil. In the department or Oite.
wtt blown an vctterdar. The destruction of all tbe
bridges will follow.
A party of Ublans are at Nogeat-snr-Marne, and
tbieatcn to bombard that town should tbe bridge
there be blown up.
tigui inousana rrostian pioneers are at sjnaiont.
The white Cuirassiers at Cbaumv are waiting the
arrival ot tbe army to attack Soissont.
Several thousand Bavarian are in the neighbor
hood of Vaucoulcurs.
Tbe Pre'ict of Laon bat been made prisoner and
will be taken to Meliko. for examination in regard
to the cants ol the oatastxope The French Gtueral
vi ii,, ii i-- rrrtiT riwi iiititry
who commanded Laon and la wounded, t under
guard at tbe hospital.
Nxw YohX. Sept. 13th. Special cable dcsptek .
to the ITorld. A apecial despatch to the World bs
some detail ot the interview between Thiers and
Granville, which concluded by an expression of opi
nion from the lormerthat he saw not bine to be look
ed Tor from England, and negotiation Undertaken
by continental powers with the hope of ber co-operation
must probably be s offered to fall tbrocgh.
It It believed to-nlzbt that all hope of prarcmnst
be abandoned, and that no treaty will be tlgued na
tes in Paris or on the hank of tbe Rhine
Florxnce. ScdL 13tk On Sondsr. General Brx
ct, with a strong force, encamped at MontlOatronr,
nine miles inmi vueruo, rne garrison reunuar to
Viterbo. Stations were also occupied at Bagnarra,
where twetitr Papal troop were surrounded. Tbe
commander or the native Papal force was arretted
lor refu-Ing to fight the Invader.
Florence, Sept 13tb. The Pope hat ordered a
cessation uf resistance to the occupation of the Pa
pal Si ales ty me Italian troops, a large tiearoer
baa lell Marseille for Clvlta Vecchia. to bring bark
the Pontitlcalloii Zouave aud other French aoldlcl
In Ibe Papal service.
London, SepL 131 b. Gen. Williams, tbe defen
der of Paris, 1 appointed Governor or Glbarilta.
An Impromptu mcttlng ha Just been It'.i D Tra
falgar Square, at which the Government aa de
nounced lor Itscourse towards the French R. public
A democratic meeting i railed lur&ucaay mmoe
Park, and others are announced for Manchester, Bir
mingham, Preston, and Edinburgh, lu sjQjpalhy
with France.
There I a great influx of gold to the Bank of Eng-
landubut the slock market la weak and demoralized.
a iciegraui iron rtnreiice announce mat tbe Ita
lian troops bave advanced to Moute Moreno with
out collision.
Rome. Sept. lSlh.f Sixclal despatch to tbe Herald. I
The Pope ha called together tbe Member ul the
Diplomatic Body to protest against tbe entry or Ita
lian troop uuw within a few miles of the city Col
llsrum. Tbe rumors of the Pope' Intention Intake refuse
on a British man-ol-war, ire authoritatively denied.
J! LORXNcrc sept. ioi ii. a proclamation signed by
the King to the Romans savs. ' Peace, order and
self goiemment, not war, are brought and offered
oy rue luuaus, aua me rapai leiruory win remain
Inviolate"
Demonstrations were made at Terrecina. in favor
of the Itaiiaus' occupation.
Tbe Papal troop relate to fight tba national sol
diers. General Bexio, whocommaudeu tbe advance,
encounters no resistance.
Tbe Railroad to Rome la In tbe bandt of tbe Ita
lians, but btt been cnt by tbe retreating force of
the Pope.
London. September 131b. Cable special to tbe
Herald. Theirs look careworn and III, and shows
disinclination to conversation. A few word wire
interchanged with an old acquaintance at Dover,
who Inquired whether he came as an accredttrd en
voy of the French Republic: be Intimated tbat he
knew no Republic, only tbe Government for the de
fence or Pari.
There I good authority fur believing definite pro
positions for pece will be offered lu behalf of the
Provisional Government of Paris, and tbat Theirs U
authorized to lay them before the English Govern
ment. Intervention I solicited on term, lollow :
Payment to Prussia nf the warexeiisc: destruc
tion of all fort. In Alsace and Lorraine Territory;
occupation ol Melz and Strasbourg by German
troop nnlll the election ol an authorized Govern
ment for France, and ratification of a treaty by the
proper autboritlea.
London, September 13th. A Tribune Special.
Thiers baa arrived and had an interview with Gran
ville, which I not telleated to have altered the pre
viously known purpose of tbe English Goverument
respecting Intervention; but Their ha authority
to present certain distinct and uuvel proposals rep
resenting the utmost limit of concession the French
Government is now ready to make for peace. He
will find England prepared and ready to communi
cate tbtte otter to Prussia, but not ready to urge
them npon her acceptance, nor to assume any kind
ol responsibility lu presenting them for considera
tion. I have authority for saying there I no truth what
ever In the slatemiut tbat England ha for warded a
note to the Prussiau Goverument demanding an
armistice in the name of tbe neutral Power. What
has happened Is this: The French Government ad
dressed an lntormal communication to England, ex
pressing facts that would convc to Prussia the
readiness of France to accept an ar nil.! lor, and tbl
sent through her own Foreign Office to the
Prussian Camp.
Pro Bono Publico !"
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