Every "Wednesday Homing',
J T SIX DOLLARS PER ANNUM.
Jorrlr S,nWcrtfcer, J.00 to 810.00.
Oma -On Qoeen Street, is the old
( 3 totm Homme Bnuading, Hoeolulu, II.
BOOK AKD JOB
THIS OFFICE 13 NOW PREPARED
TO EXECUTE ALL. ORDERS
For Plain and Fancy Printing,
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
WITH NEATNESS & DISPATCH
VOL. VL-KO. 40. f
HONOLULU, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1870.
IS6.00 PER YEAR.
U1jHj 1 1 Jlii
T til tasi faMeM Vf X. Xanrr. at taw Govern
Maa: Oaftee, nfeM all ititain naMri
. canoeta. C E. WDSta" Fmuluue
Tfa--c Hn am: lyt
AsTB "VHOIXSALE DZAIXE
a. vim nwtrnia. . -. . Kerens Hteet
CASTIsK A: COO Kit,
SnSttE&AL XEECHAXTS, AMD
ate. t UK. m as the 8 1 1 i ' fl rl
StoSSSrS'r' Pli entha !0ania. Ml
aw Jaywe'.CllilllI .
v. niawaa i-ewc waaiai,.
ir,i men tniso:v.
IXMSK A3" SB&LBl IN BWTS. SHOES
niifc. rsifiei 1 iy. !-. cesser
1 Co. Oilm niilut
past seats. WlaiiiiHof gaaos utfcc
a. c iici'rrai. 31. i..
7Kr FETStCIA-N, AND SU2GE0N.
saw, an BJI T IT " MM, Hotel SUtX,
'rrri'r 1- 1 n ffwi,
- --- tiii 0H MM P.. tar, Oakeaa,
JOII.A II. r.VTV,
-Mj NHk aat OmoUisrr ef Dd
DIU.I.ACIIA7I .V CO.,
AXI SEALERS IK HA2DWARE,
fl t Paasas w4 Oik, and DtMnl )!
. ftx Ctac AnM. Haowealo
E- r- tNM.
. e. wiuae.
i AXS WKKISMON KEECHANTS,
. tan. Haaalala, H. I. fly
II. HACKI'BI.lk A: CO.,
XXXX&L CeXXlSSION AGENTS.
. m Km HnacJnln. H. I. 16
EB. EOFFSCHLAEGER & CO..
ASB 00XXIS6I0X KEECHASTS,
r l iw. ob. H 1. iy
TIIIiUDOKK C. IIISUCK,
AX3 WXHIS610N JCEECHAKT.
1 . Q H I- IV
r. a. sciiAiinnt a: co.,
Mliil. 0. H I. Pt
c. b. um J. KKiX
X.KWUIIS .V. KICKSOS,
jlimilll ASS BEALEES !! LUJIEEE,
.i Mix kMWi, Ft SikmC, HM.
joiis ju:itinv. .ti. i).,
nrmciAX ass susjeon.
ALL EX & CHILLIKGWORTH,
i. 1 1 pal. ! 1 Ikqr M ii I. fkraMi Hw
JM4 ftMMto PolallM, Hi MMB llllig R-
JOII.A T. irATKItllOIJSK.
OBdOS AKB BEALEE IS GEKEEAL
t tewt, 111. M H. I. r
V. I fiRBIW,
WXQHWS AOEKT AKB BBflKEH,
Van at . ihli fT C HA'. lj
C IU 1VU.I.IA3IS,
KAXWACItreiS- I1JPSE1XS AND
CWiipN 0.Vtjt. Uark..
uW M Haul Vim. av rtt.
.rjfl) miii.il w 1)8
AKB SHOE II AXES,
31. t. i.m:i.i
MatSET XAEBE ANB UPH0LSTEEEE
XIIIIO. II. IAYIItS,
AAB OeSIKlSSieX YEECHANT,
BBWmtSS AXB 'WH01ESAIX BEALEES
ta Mak Curtly Nh. Of. 1r, t, 4
amr M) f tulli '. mates a4i, SwHi
wl na 4uf.- fwya
. C. ALLEX.
IVAIaSCltR t AI.I.ICV,
ASS MlQaSSIOK XEBCHASTS,
H- I. I
MIXER IS UTXBEB AS3 EVEEY KIND OF
V aWaaca Cayaac a I'att . lft
IIOI.I.I3S Ax CO.,
SSXt SX&SXEBS & HEECHAITIS
-at. (aMi Partmlar mwHw faU t. Ibt
atf aah f BaaaSa. IN aim.
OwaBaWtlas. Utrchxnt xsi Gestral Agent,
laffataar af TWaa aoi fJI.II u4 Fardca Oarll,
Daalar is Waaa Hiafwe. ao4 Afot fr tie
?aau aaa IwnMH fepr Hutaaau. Fln-arat
aaw-a Cajaa atai. aW- glag.
CSJLTES OF KTLAPEA. HAWAIL
STtTIS ESTABUISUSIEXT IS SOW gl
ax lar tka rarttiM r nJ4n u lb. Tokaas
. iaj raH aaVmcanmr.taM nsocot. a g-jol
UWa. aaal ajnl .naaiinfa lpartncad nUa (jr tt.
Owe ataraa. tM4-
STEAS AXD StTLFHTTB SATES !
Eeaa Crnsed and SuUed if Desired.
,.CtIAnGlfs REASON ADLE.
T-r JM. fcaTfra fa rtVi rai
"'ml a. il t.jaiutj fcj n.
SOLE & SADDLE LEATHER,
Tanned Goat and Sheep Skins,
COSTTAXTI.T OS IIAXD and Tor Salt,
XTAXXIZA TiXSEUV, C. SOTLET, PrpV.
I-111 A & CLEQUOtX, tpat.
r Pis am
B Sa iln I -mmmi lata laiean Ov.
aaa. Banaat tar Ska nasi nasi
nam M iiuhhwh
C,1H.k, ;H Hll Oa.
CMwaaraCa. ICarfUaOaaka. 'Iljl
HONOLULU IRON "WORKS CO
-C STKA5I EXBIIKS. SPi-ir Mlll.
i r ' n 1 1 t. 1 1 .j - .i
Machinery of Every Description,
C5- Slade to Order. "So
Particular attention paid to Ship's Blacksniithing.
A.- JOR WORK eet.d ifi the ehorte. ""IIt (X-l j
.IO II A -S. IcKi:.l, 31. !.,
(Lai. Eoroa U. & Army.)
Ofra tt ooatiItf-4 at lib refoVnc tm Cltaplala SL, ttwn
- aoann aaa ton stj., Jra
j. s. dicksox
House, Ship and Sign Painter,
So. 02 King Street,
(Xearijr tffaf 3Ieun. DUHnthan It Co.
Srahusc JlarMiag, UiMtof. CahunlBisr. raper
iSS "a la avwft rcanMe trriai. SAai
iS Office, C r. Fort & Hotel Streets.
. C. ORALLAMCL. X. A. BLCMK.
CII.I.I.A.tir.I. Ax CO.,
IilPOETEES AND DEALEES IN WINES.
SpirHs. Ale. Ac, o. 8, Nnoa&a street, opwitrM.rtunt
g treat. Ilaautalu. a 12-lje
A. S. ,'I.i:lIOItA;
WHOLESALE AND BETAIL DEALER IN
Hre-wnof Sfoie, corner af Qnen and Kiabumana Streets.
Itatall JbtablMiaieou. i, 'uaanu Street, aod uo the corner
I t-wt awl lime' frMt. lf-le
'ui recx. b. a. r. CAKtia
C ItltKWIIK A; CO.,
iiooi.ri.r, a. i.
ACHXTs-(Jf (lie Itotton a. ill Honolulu Packet
At:EXT-ror the Maltee, WalluUu auI liana
ACI!STS-Kor the Pllrehae anil Sale of I.laiul
t. r. EBLEBJ. A. JAEGER.
it. i'. i:iii-i:i:s a: co..
DEALEES IN DEY GOODS AND GENEEAL
rire-nraaf Sfrrr tm Fnr I Slrrel. Vti- OH Fellw HH S7-lj
r. A. SCIIAI'.FKIt,.
RENT for the IiltE-MEN ItOAIlD of
SL U.NDKRn B1TBKS.
Agent fia- the Irew!eo Hoard of Uo'lenrriter,
Arvat for the Viaana Board f Underwriter!.
C. S. IIAItTOir,
AU CTIO N EER,
aWeroosi on Qseea treet, one door from KaabnsiaiiQ
31. S. GKIAIIAI'JI A: CO.,
I1SP0ETEES AND WHOLESALE DEALEES
la FajfcUmbie OolLing, IIt, Ca, Dootf, Sboni and
evarf eariecj of Geatlemeo's Oieri'kr FarnhfbiDjr Go1b.
Stan, la M.hee'i Block, Qncea street, Uraolalu. II. I.
AFOSC A: ACIIIj'CK.
Impartersi Wholesale and Betail Dealers in
A ad Cain Ooada, ia tbeFfre-rroof Store co Nuuan'i Street,
raeramtrii.il - 4.t.ir
D. H. HnCHCOCK, .
WAGON AND CAEEIAGE BUILDEB,
?G Ilnt; trret, Honolulu.
nevairine duoe with care ami noat-
aaM Al. partleolreatleatfon giren
to BUcLrtantbiae aau Io--biJn,'. Q ,
Ine ptW Maad. proat.llr executed. 40-lr6
J. KOTT & CO.,
Ctll'rnit & TI.V SMITHS, make ererj de
Knptl'iO t WMrk in their line, nted oy Planta
tia. or eleewbexe. Thej- also keep on band a fall
Sheet C.ppef. Pket Tin.
Obtct Iad. Sheet Iron,
Iroa Wa. Copjier Wire,
S ft Brass Solder, lil Ear.
Preaeed tlocket Cre.
Black and Tlnaed Ritrll,
Cnijper Eiiels, ete.
Alfa an hand, a few ran re of
THOSE SPLBXDID COOK1XG STOVES,
Reeetved by the "bjren,"
"Cation Plant" ind Orae Jackets," together
a-lik variety of JaMnDed Ware and many article
wefal in tke Kitehen. jSr W..tk on lloildingj.
litk as patlers. foats, waier-pipes. e." 5hip-w'irk
will ateet with prompt attention at No. 9 Kaaburaann
.IA.1II.S I.. LEWIS,
, COOPER AND GAUGER,
At the Old Stand, corner King and Bethel Streets.
A Large Stock of Oil Shoots and all kinds of Coopering
Matanab eooeUntly JO band. Ue hope, by attention to
kcHfeets to merit a contlnuaore of the patronage whkh he
bs beretfre enj.yed, and fr which be now returns bis
this 1.1. l-3m
J. II. TII03IPSOX,
Queen Street, Honolulu,
lias coaltantly on band and for sale at tbc Lowest Market
Price, a cond aetaetit r.f the Best Refined Bar Iran, and
the Bt BtocUanth s Coal. 3g-ly8
V. II. at G. SKGKI.IK,
TII5", ZINC ANP COPPER SMITHS, AND
SHEET LE0H WORKERS,
Snnann Street, between Merchant and Qneen.
,2 Ilaseooatntli band, SU,ie, Pipe, Gal-ranlzed
iroa ipe, t-iain aoo none tlilibs.Miaxocks, India
Rsbber Hose Lt xdv in tMrih, af and ft
Stsfeet.wltbcawpllnsriarai pipecwKete. Batb-Tnbs.
i aiso a rery large siocx ot ilawsre ot erery de
PartkaHr attention ciren to bin-Work. Ordera from the
-tier Island, will fc earefaOy atteoded to.
Twaakfal to the Citizens ef Hooolfta and the Islands
gaaeralry tor then- libera! patronage la tbrpast. we bene by
strict attention to tusice. to raent the same for tb. fulnre.
Carriage and Sign Painting.
THE CXOEnsiOXEU baTlnf-
premria in. seicrs , I a ronrrarenl jse
.riDu, is now prrpirea 10 execnr'
an orders In tte line cf CARKlAOt and SI0N PAIM15G
S3- Is a Manner to Warrzat Satisfaction. tz
M. BEX FIELD,
30-m 76 Kirg Street, ll.coiulq.
HOUSE AND SHIP PLUMB EE,
King Street, next to the Seanen'B B'theL
lias as band, EatbTnbs, Watarloiets, Wasb-Eas!ns,
Fsree and Lift Punts, Lead and Galvanized Iroa Pi par,
.Bd Ptaaber's Braswoeks. Being Uie only PImaberin the
city. b. will execute all orders eatrasted to him in a week
maaHke faaaner. fl-Sa
WILLIAM ni GnES,
Comer of Hotel ami Fort Street.
THE CHOICEST ASD BEST OF ALES. WINES
and Spirits always to be f.mnd at the Bar. 22Iy6
TTIXUOW GLASS, Assorted Eites, for sale
33 H. HACKFELD A CO.
IfLXO. 1 t COOL.IE RICE: alirays on hand
I-3oi WALEE4 ALLEN, Areata
H. W. SEVEEANCE & CO.,
General Shipping & Commission
405 Frcnt Street, comer of Clay, San Franc! so
The Australian Steam Sav igation Go's
Patent Slip & Engineering Works,
SVBSEV, X. S. XT.
All claa.es of Engineering Work, Iron
hio-boildinr and aeneral ship's rerair.
executed cheaply and expeditiously. Vessels of the
larjrest toonaze can Le laaen np.
lily FEEB. H. TH0CT0.V, Manager.
LEARMONTH, DICKINSON & Co.,
S T D X E V, X . 8 . XV.,
General Commission Agents,
Will attend to tbe sale cf Sandwich Iland Produce, and
arrange for advances on sxme.
fW. L. GHEES Honolulu
llrrix JO.. . JJACFAKLANK. BLAIP. 4 Co... San Francisco
it. a. oksi:i,
AtiD INSURANCE AGENT,
11 and 42 Merchant's exchange. California Strtet. San
46 Francisco, Calirurnia. Ij6
Mesars. Brown & Co San Frsnel-co
Messrs. C. Adolplte Low A Co... -au FrancUc,'
Mesrs. Ilolladay A Brenliani .......San Fraiicic
Mrs.il. II.- Ilackfeld A a, Il.uvliiln.
uox a. xenas. jtxts .x. euki,
li:o.a ir. .iii:yi:ks a. 'o.,
IilPOETEES & MaNUFACTUEEKS OF ITALIAN
AND AMERICAN JIAP.BLES,
Mantels, Gntes. Monuments. Head Stone. Tomb.. Wash
stand, Barean and Counter T -p.. Billiard lied. Fire Brirk.
Plaster. Ac, 4c. 030 Market Street, oppositeCatbolic Chareh.
San Francisco, CaL -ly 6
b. a. wruisxs.
n. r. BLAXCnxlD,
C B. Sf9S0AX.
WILLIAMS. BLANCHAED & CO..
SHIPPING AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
4c No. 218 Califirnta Street, San Franrbco. 3
J. c aznuu.
Portland. S. F. CaL
1TCRAKEN, MERRILL & CO.,
Port land Oregon.
IlaTirjctwn ncarri In our rrent Ltiiins for upwurds
of twelve reara. trntl btlaz locmteti lu FIre-rroof Crir k Catlcl-
.inp. we are prrj Art-d to rrcrirc ftTHl'INrKt-e ,.f Island Staples.
aehaji Snjptr, srrripr-, Itice,l'uta. Coffee, etc., to u rant age.
OmlRnnrits efpPclAllj elicited Ur tbe Oregon Slur bet. V
which terH,al attentioo will le piM, and upon which caah
advanced will be made when reiimrrd.
Charles TT BronWi San Francisco
J C Merrill Co".
Radrer Idindrnltrer ......... '
Jam Patrick Ou
Steren, lUkemCo "
Allen it LrwU Portland
UJd ft Tiltno , "
LeonanI(ren " 1-16
Sau rVancisco, Cala.,
Johnson & Co., : : Proprietors,
Late or the Islck House.
JOHNSON 4 CO., who ft the It $x yers haTe bem tbo
ttvrmlir pruiirietors of the "Licit llu-tue," with plaare
inform their minr friend nvidlnK in tlonotoln and the Ha
wal.an Islandi. that they hare left the 14 Lick House' and
opemd th "Grand Hotel," which is tbe finest Hotel itnic
tcre yrt erected on the Pacific coat, and Is cot fnrptud la
architectural beaotr. elegance of farnlturr, and comfjrt, b
any llotel in America.
uur om Kirtm. ana tue iniTeiing pnbiic, will nnd at tbe
Graod Hotel.' all the old familiar fet. and all cmestt ro-
conin.eniel tn us. will bt rvceirtd with the tarae attention
Mnd ot-urte"j which mude tbe "Lick IJimse1 su r-opular when
under rmr omtml. With minj thanks fr pst fivnrt, we
repttfullj solicit a continuance of the same. 2-3mc
FLINT, PEABODY & Co.,
SHI PINO AND
ASD AUEXTS OF
PACIFIC BARREL AND KEG COMPANY.
Are prepared to furnish Kre aud Bificn. cbooks in any
qo4atilxteuhed. aod respectiully solicit o nsfgumeuts of
eagsr aad Inland Pruuuce.
Mrnrs Bi.-h.'p A Co
ilessis II ll.rlfeld A Co
Messis Cast e a C.ike
)1.IS Ualker A Ai,eo ....
. . .. Ibaiolnlu.
Xa. 4'i'M California Stidt, San Francisco.
ii. M. VA3 iti:i:i,
Harirg: tlm best facthtie through an intimate ronnecti.n
witD the Jafmnese trade f r the (ut eight years. r;re(ari-i
to transact any LtMnt en true ted to his care, with daSjsatrh.
LA2TGLEY, CR0WEIL & CO.,
33 Cor. Battery & Clay Sts.SaaFrancisco. Cm
Lit aViiv aoi:s,
GROCER AND SHIP CHANDLER,
Money and Recruits furnished to thlirs on the most faror
10) able terms. fly6
No. S Merchant Street, opposite tbe Sallor'a Home,
IX ALL ITS BRAXCnES.
IYAS CnXSTAXTLT OX HAND a wartcty
J or 110HK-JIADE Fl'RKITCRr. which he offers
sal. A T THE LO WEST MARKET PRICES, consisting of
BEST BLACK WALNUT PARLOR FUBNOTJEE,
Spring.Bsck Easy Chairs, Lounre and Slattrassea.
Hair and Spring Mattrassea, Uindow Shades and Slip
Corers made to order.
Old Furniture ICe.VpIioIiteretl,
Repaired and Tarntehei with satisfaction warranted.
Oil and exainin. my stock before purchasing else
49r Term, BeaHmahia. AU orders from Ship-masters and
th. '4fcer Island, will be promi.tly attended to. S-iy
C. W. GREY & CO.,
Hawaiian Soap Works,
At Leleo, Jlansfsetorers and Dealers
In all kinds of Ecap. Beef, Mutton, and Goat
OEee. 30 Fort Sect, where ordera will be teeeired
apd promptly trtended to. . 3a
InproTBraent is the Order of the Day.
HAVING CONSTBUCTED A NEW SKTLIOnT,
and made various other improvements, I hope
now to be able to rait the most fastidious with
A Photosrrapb or any Size,
From a Crystal to a Mammoth, taken in the Belt
Style of Art, and on the most reasonable terms.
Also, for sale, riews of the Islands, Portraits o
tbe Kings, Queens, and other Notables.
H. L. CHASE,
SMy Fort Street.
SUGAR & MOLASSES
IIII.O, Mil. 'Ofr
Sugar and Molasses,
CROP NOW COMING IS, nnd for sale
in quantities to ruit purchasers, by
l-3m WALKER i ALLEN. AfjenH.
Su;ar nciil 3IoIuhcs Crop 1870
COMING IN, FOE SALE IN QUANTITIES
to suit purchasers, by
l-3m WALKER'S ALLEN, Arents.
Snjar aiitl 3Io1:i.v.cm Crop 1870
COMING IN, FOR SALE IN QUANTITIES
to suit purchasers, by
l-3m WALKER A ALLEN. Arents.
IVcw Crop ol SiiKJti. A .11 oIas-.cn
0W C0MINI! IN. ANP FOR SALE INQUAN-
tities to suit purchaser" nv
0. 11 It EWER A CO., Atents.
NEW CROP NOW COMING IN. FOR SALE
in quantities to suit purchasers, by
l-1m C. BREWER .t CO.. Agents.
SUGAR of SUPERIOR QUALITY,
N QUANTITIES TO SUIT PURCHASERS
and at Reasonable Prices, for sale by
6 2m F. A. SCIIAEFER A CO.
For Kona and Kau, Hawaii.
Schr. Active, d&
P. .MBI.L1SII Master,
Will run as a regular packet to the abore ports
For freicht or passage apply to
1-3m WALKER A ALLEN. AeenH.
Regular Packet for Molokai.-
Will run a sa regular packet between Honolulu
and Mnlokai, touching at Kaunakakai and PnkOo.
For freight or passage apply to the Captam on
I 'm II . PREXDERrMST. Agent.
THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO.
OF NEW YORK.
Cash Assets, over. . .$36,000,000 !
Cash Dividends in 1SGS, .... $3,257.137.26 ,
The Largest Life Insurance Company
1JST TUB WORLD!
Premium must lie Paid Scml-Aii.
nuully or Quarterly.
ADAMS & WILDER,
14-ly6 ' Agents for the Hawaiian Islands.
I3IPERIAL FIRE IXSCRAXCE COMPANY
Of London. Institnted 1803.
CASH CAPITAL, $8,000,000 lu GOLD.
THE UXPKRSION'ED are piepared to Issue policieson
Fire Ilisks iwilb or witliont the asemice clan.; on
Plantitlon Boiliiiias and Machinery, Itirat. Dwellings,
Brkk. !ton and Wonlen ijture-, Xtrcliandise, Goals, Lum
ber, chips In Port, Ac., on the m,t f irorable terms.
- All Losses Adjnstei and Paid for here, "is
For lartkulars apply at the kfjlce of
32-1 y Agents f,r tbf Hawaiian I'lands.
ilABINE INSURANCE COMPANY
Or San Frnnclaen.
rjjtlli: UM)HItSIGXUI having teen p
JL poiated Agents tr the above Oemi-any, are prepared
tn iue lWicfes on Cargoes, fTrelslit. and Treas
ure. WALK .11 A ALI.K.V,
llm tgrnts. Ilimolnln.
BOARD OF UNDERWRITERS.
rS'IIE U.VDIiltSlG.VKD harliK been ap.
JL pointed Agents fur the San Fransisco Ikncd of Under
writers, comprising the
California lnsnranre Company,
.Mrrrlinnls' Jlnt nl 3Iarlne Ins. Co.,
Pacific Insurance Cnmpauy,
California I.loyil'a, and
Home Mutual Insurance Company.
Ceg tear, tu inform Masters of Vessels and the public gene
rally, that all luses of Tessel. and Larries, Inrna-d by either
of tbe abave 0VmnUs, arainst perils of the seas aod
other risks, at or near the fiaodwicb Islands will have to
be verified by them.
1-tni " II. IUCKFKLD A CO.
The u.vm:itsic.VKi), agkxt.i op tub
aUiT. Company, bate been autbvrized to Insure risks
on Cargo, Freight and Treasure, from liooolalo
to all ports cf tbe world, aadvice vetsa.
18-1.6 II HACKFr.LD i CO.
The: u.mjkiisio.ved, acests of the
above Corn party, have been aothorized to Intors risks
on Cargo, Freight and Treasure, by Coastera,
from Honolulu to alt frts cf tbe llawjiian Oroup, and vice
8-ljS IL HACKFELD A CO.
PIRE INSURANCE COMPANY.
TUB CXDEKSIOSF.I) having been p
pianted Agents of the above Company, are prepared
to Iniure risks against Fire,. a St one sad Uriels Onllrt
Ings, an! on Merchandise tored tbereia, oo the
nn.t Uvcrabla terms. For partkuUrs apply at th. cmc. of
S-ly6 F. A. SCIIAETrit i CC
THE 'AGEXT FOR THE BRITISH For
eira Marine Insurance Company, (Limited), has re
cited instructions to reduce tbe rates ol Insurance
between Honolulu and Prrts in tbe Pacific, and is now pre.
parol to isvne Policies -at the Ltnettt KiUi, with a special
rtdoctlon on Freight per Steamers.
TIIEO. H. DAT1TS,
43-1 y6 A pent B-iL Par. Mar, hi. Cb. (LimUe.1)
A TWO norse-Potrer, Dark's Patent,
in good working erder. Two Fanning Mills,
One Thrashing Machine. For further particulars
35-lm J. T. WATERII0USE.
BKST WALLS END STEAM nOUSE COAL,
Also a lot of second hand Fire Bricks. Apply to
April JSth, 1S70. 15-tf W. L. 0KEEH.
The IXattlc of Sedan.
A New York Triiiine correspondent, a French
officer In MacMahon's army, who witnessed the bst
tle of Sedan on the French side, and the rout, and
was shot np in Sedan Willi the French army, lia-Int
been released, reached London with the following
Early in the mornlns; of the 31st orders were gl
en to bring into town all wagons, trains, and oxen
which had been left ontslde tliegiacis. By this lime
the streets were blocked up by troops of every kind,
which hadeutered thetownduringtiieiiight, Itried
to ride down to Porle Ue Paris, where the train was
stationed to carry orders. I was obliged to et otf
my horse and make my way as best I could between
horses and caissons, whlcii chocked up every street
and equare of the town. As I reached the Porte dc
Paris, I met the wagon train entering as fast as pos
sible, followed closely by the rushlur; uxeu, and in
termingled In weeping and terror, the stricken pea
santry of the neighborhood Bj inn into town furpro
tcctlon. They little knew it wa about the worst
place they could have chosen. Tbe galea on that
slue were immediately closed, while tbe troops slow
ly tiled through the opposite rate towards Douzy,
where all MacMahon's forces were posted, expect
lug to ue a;lii attacked by the Prussians, who had
closely lollowed np the French army. About 10
o'clock that morulngsome cannonading was beard six
or seven milee away toward tbe village of Bazeilles.
I went up on the rampart looking over tiie country
in that direction. Thence I could &x the Prussian
position, and with my t;Uss could natch the tiring
plainly, but could not see the French lines well,
which were hid from me by trees about a mile Irom
town. I, therefore, at noon, walked out of town at
the Porte de Patau, and asceuded, on my left, thu ri
sing ground, which Is close by the town, not more
than half a mile from the gate. I passed through
regiments of reverse Infantry. Their arms were
piled and the fires smoking, soup baring not long
ago been eaten. I continued ascending, and every
where passed reserve corps of Infantry and artillery.
I got higher aud higher, Irom hillock" to hillock, till
1 reached a battery of reserve, the guns ot which
were nulimbered, and placed facing tbe rear of tbc
French left. This battery was so pointed as lo fire
over the crest of rising ground on which I. stood,
about u quarter of a mile in front of the littlu church
yard. Here stood also several officers of tbe differ
ent corps, stationed on my tight aod led, all of tbe
reserve. From the point I had now reached, u char
ming scene was In view. The French line of battle
extended right In front, spreading on the slope of
ground which forms ono side of this basin of the
Meuse. Iu front of the centre French lines, and
lower down Iu the rale was the village of Bazcillcs,
then bceinnlng to burn, the Prussian shells hating
set fire to it. Parallel almost tu the front of tbc
French positions ran the Meuse. Thu French right
was upon a kind of wsoded ground, held by mllrull
leures. The wooded ground extended near the
grounds of Sedan. The French' 1 ft was lost to im
sight behind tho Irregularities of ground, tow. d
the road to Bouillion. As far as I could see, right
and left, In front of me, were massed regiments of
all arms, but toward the left on the second Hue, was
a very large force of heavy cavalry, dragoons und
cuirassiers. The sun wasshlniug brightly and every
thing was plainly visible. The glittering of wea
pons, the bright and showy colors of the French
uniforms, the white smoko curling under tbe blue
sky, or lingering, vapor-like, beneath the trees, the
crackling flames arising from the burning village of
Bazeilles the whole seen from a commanding posi
tion, formed a spectacle one seldom finds himself in
a position to witness. Tbe principal Prussian bat
teries were directly opposite the French centre on
a plateau, or table land, which terminated abruptly,
aud made It a very strong positiou. For some time
cannonading continned on both sides. At 2 o'clock
a force of Prussian Infantry advanced acros-i the
bridge In the village ol Djuzj, and immediately
there began a very sharp fasiladr, lasting, however,
ot more than ten minutes. I think the FreLch
must have lost ground in that encounter, although I
could nut see for some trees that intervened, but a
battery of six mllrallleurca advanced aud opened fire
through tbe trees.. Six volleys came all at once.
The Prussians fell hurriedly back. leaving whole
ranks behind, which had gone duwn like leaden siol
diets children play with. About half-past 4 tiring
bad ceased everywhere. The village, which bad
been blazing all day, was still smoking. The Freuch
remained In the same position, though tbe day bad
apparently been without result. lis description Is
a necessary prelude to the bitter slory of tbe mor
row. At hulf-past 5 I returned lo town. ' The Ein
pcror, who had arrived during the night, had issued
a proclamation which was posted on the wall, say
ing he had confided the commsnd of tbc armies lo
Ibe Generals whom public opinion bad seemed to
select as the most capable, snd that be himself in
tended to tight as an offlcer, forgetting for a while
bis position as soverelgu. The next morning
(Thursday) I returned as the gates of the town
were opened to my post of observation ou the ele
vated ground where tbe battery was still placed.
The French positions did not seem to me much al
tered but tbe right nas now on the other side of Se
dan. At 7 o'clock cannonading began in earnest,
some slight firing having taken place earlier. Tbe
Prussian batteries facing us appeared te tne much
more numerous. Indeed, it teemed that there were
batteries everywhere. They roared from eTery
point of tbe Prussian line, which then stretched"
nearly parallel in front of tbe French. I could lol
low tbe falling of their shells which exploded as
they touched the ground, and fell with wonderful
prcibion, I noticed bow quickly, also, they changed
and correcled their fire. As soon as a Freuch corps
took a position, it was instautiy assailed by shells.
Tbe first would, perhaps, fall a few feet abort or be
yond, but tbe third was more sure to find its way to
the troops and do Its awful work among them.
Tbe French shells, on the contrary, exploded gener
ally before they reached ihe gruund, and the smoke
of explosion formed innumerable little clouds at
different heights, some so high that they could do
no harm tqthe enemy. I noticed some inexplicable
movements. A few eqnadrons of Prussian cavalry
madeaslf they would charge the French force which
was toward tbe left. Immediately two regiments
or French cavalry charged In turn upon the Prussian
squadron, which fell back and fled, but tt tbe same
moment the Prussian corps of Infantry opened a
murderous tire upon those too eager French cat airy,
and tbey came back, badly shattered from their rash
"About 9 o'clock I could not help fancying that
the Prussians were seeming to extend more to the
left, for on asking whether certain new batteries
were French, I was told that tbey were Prussian.
The Prussian line was evidently curling round ns.
I have learned eiuce that tbe Crown Prince had cross
ed tbe Mecse daring tbc night, about five leagues
from Sedan, and Ibis had not been known to Mae.
Mabon. A large farce of Bavarians must also hare
arrived (fler Ibe commencement of the battle, for it
wis Bavarian troops who began pounding us from
tbe left. At half-past 10 tbesdranceof tbe Prussians
was perceptible on both wings. At the same time
some French infantry which was close to town on
tbe east side gave way, it seemed to me rather quick
ly. Soon after shells were coming-- from behind roy
left, and It became evident that the French position
bad been turned, and that a fresh German corps bad
taken position In our rear. Tbe reserves were now
obliged to be directed against those points. Tbe
battery near where I stood was already In action.
and I thought It quite time to beat retreat. Tbe
place was becoming fis dangerous s any In tbe field.
Among tbe guns close to me tbe Prussian shell be
gan falling with their usual beautiful precision, so I
got on tbe other tide of tbe slope, and made my way
toward tbe town, ss Ibe road to Bouillon, which
crossed tbe field of battle, was wholly doted to me.
Now, also, I perceived I should be shut up tn that
circle which tbc Prussians had been drawing about
the -army and town, and which was at last complete.
I made my way as last as I could by tbe safest paths.
When i reached the snburb before tbe Porte dc
Balan, I found It encumbered with soldiers of
all the corps. It was a defeat evidently, yet not
II o'clock, and the battle was destined to continue
at different points for some time longer, though
continuing nithout any rial hope of. victory. There
wa no longer any battle to describe. It was first a
retreat, aud too soon a rout. I thought myself
luckey to get away from thefleldasl did, for, an
hour afterwards the rout of these forces was nearly
complete. Already soldiers were crushing against
each other in the struggle to get lusidetbe town.
Dismounted cavalry were trying to make way even
by (he ramparts, leaping down from the counter.
scarp; others forcing their way by tbe postern gates.
From a nook ol the ramparts, as I rested a moment,
I saw also, cuirassiers jumping, horse and all, into
the moat, tbe horses breaking their legs and ribs.
Men were scrambling over each other; officers of
all ranks, Colonels, and even Generals lu tbe uni
form. It was Impossible to mistake, mixed In this
shameful mcltt. Behind all came guns with their
heavy carriages and powerful horses forcing their
nay into the throug, maiming and crushing fugi
tives ou foot. To add to the confusion and horror,
tbe Prussian batteries bad by this time advanced
within range, and Prussian shells began falling Into
tbe midst of tbe struggling masses of men. On the
ramparts were tbc Garde Natlonale, manning the
guns of the town, and replying with more or less
effect to the nearest Prussian batteries. It was a
scene horrible euough to have pleased the fancy of
Gustavc Dure himself. I could form but ono idea
of ourunhappy army that is It was atthe bottom of
a seething cauldron. 1 hurried back as best I could
to my hotel, following the narrow Btreets where
shells were not likely to reach tbe ground. Where
ever there was a square or open place, I came upon
the bodies of boises and men quite dead or still
qulverlug, mowu to pieces by bursting shells.
Reaching my hotel, I found the street choked like
the rest, nllh wagons, guns, horses and men. Most
luckily the Prussian fire did not at this moment en
filade this street, lor a train of cassions filled with
powder blocked It, itself unable to move back
ward orfornurd. There nas every chance that these
cassious Would explode, the town being then on fire
lu two places, and I began to thluk Sedan wns a
place more uncomfortable than even the battle field
over which tbe victorious enemy was swiftly advan
cing. From friends w hoin I found at thu hotel, I
learned thai the Emperor who had started early In
the morning for the field of battle, had returned
about tbe time that I did, and passed through the
streets with his stuff. One of my friends was near
him on the Place Turenue, when a shell fell under
bis horse and bursting, killed-the horse of a General
behind him. He himself nas untouched, and turn
ed around and smiled, though my friend thought he
saw tears lo his eyes, which he wiped away with his
glove. Iudeed he had cause enough for tears that
fatal first of September. Meantime-, shells began to
fall in the direction of our street and hotel. Wc all
stood under the vaulted stoue entrance, as tbe cap
tions were still in the streets, and filling all the
space frujai end to end. It was at this time, while
ne waited watching painfully for the shell which
would have 6ent us altogether into another world,
that General Wimpffcn came past, making a tain ef
fort to rally and Inspirit his flying troops. lie
shouted I'ite la Frame tn avant, but there was no
response. He cried out that Bazalne was taking tbe
Prussians In 11m rear. This news which had been
current all the morning at Intervale, coming from
tbe mouth of General de WIinpfTen came to be be.
lieved, and a few thousand men rallied and follow
ed him out of the town. People becau to havo
hope, end lor one brief moment we believed the day
might yet be saved. Alas I need I say that this in
telligence was a patriotic falsehood of tbc brave
Genual WimplTeu. Mad with anguish, and In di
rect opposition to the Emperor's orders, be had re
solved to rally what men be could and make a stand.
My friend l'ere D'Qalraye, of the Chatxurt TAfri
que, whom I havejjst met, alter losing sight of him
for ten or 'nelve years, got on horseback again and
joined the General This Is what took place In the
sortie. They nent out at tbe Porte de Balan. The
houses of the suburb are urarly full of Prussians,
who fire on the French out of every window. The
church, especially. Is strongly garrisoned. Tbe
heavy doors are closed. Tbe Geoeral sent De Gur
ray to fetch two pieces of cannon. These soon ar
rived, and willi them tbe door of tbe church was
blown in. Two hundred Prussians were captured
and brought back with tbc Flench, who in spite of
all efforts, were toon obliged to retire again into the
town. It was thu last Incident of the battle the
" While Ibis took place at the Porte de Balan tbc
Prussian shelling went on, and the shells began to
fall Into tne hotel. Shocking scenes followed. A
boy, the son of u tradesman round the corner of tbo
street, came (n crying add asking for a surgeon, say
lug bis father's leg had been shot off. A woman in
front of the house met the tame fate. The doctor
who went to tbe tradesmen found him dead, and re
luming attempted to carry the woman to an ambu
lance. He bad scarcely made a step when the was
shot dead In his arms. Those of ns whostand In the
gateway end witness such scenes have got beyond
any feeling of personal fear. Any of ui, I will ven
ture lo say, would have given his life to spare France
this dreadful day. Yet we stand pale and shudder
ing at the tight of the fate which befalls the poor
people of the town Civilian., and even tbe jadded
soldiers, at helpless as they. I pats over details. I
care not to dwell oo horrors which, nevertheless I
shall never be able to forget. I could mention more
than one brave officer who did not fear,, to shrink
from the sight of what bad become ame-e massacre.
Those who were safely out of Ibe way as prisoners,
whether officers or men, need not be pitied. When,
after a time. It became clear that there was no sign
of Bazalne, the hopes of the French again departed.
A sullen sort of fight still went on. The guns of the
town answered tbe Prussians. An Aid de-Camp, of
tbc Emperor went by on foot, and I heard him ask,
the officers near by to help him to pnt out the fire
such being tbe Emperor's wish. At length the
white flag was raised on thecitadel. The cannonade
ceased suddenly at about half post four. Eager as
we wero to know iue cause, wc cannot Irsve tbo
house for the street Is Impassible, and wc shall hare
to be content with learning the mere fact of sur
render. As night grew on tbe crowd s Utile dimin
ished, and by some effort il was possible t j make
one'a way about town. The spectacle it otTcrrd a
few hours before was more horrible than ever. The
dead were lying everywhere, civilians and soldiers
mingled In Ibe same slaughter. In one suburb I
counted more; tban fifty bodies of peasants and
Bourgeois, a few wnmen among them aud one child.
The ground was strewn with splinters of shells.
Starving soldiers were cutting deed bones to cook
and eat, for provisions had again failed, ail every
thing has failed since this campaign begun. I wat
glad to get away from the scene of our disaster, and
loew their memory in a few hoars' sleep.
"The next day we were told that the Emperor had
gone to the King's headquarters to treat for surren
der. At 11 o'clock bis household and carriage left
town, and we knew he was a prisoner, and the Em
pire no more. About tbe same hoar was posted in
tbe street a proclamation from General Wimpffcn,
taylog that, notwithstanding prodigies of courage,
the army, having no more ammunition, found Itself
unable to respond lo tbe summons of Its chiefs and
to force Its way to Mountmeady, that, being sur
rounded, be had made tbe best condition be could
conditions toch a wontd inflict no humiliation oa
tbe army. These condition prove to be tbe sur
render of-tbe whole army, not lest than a hundred
thousand men as prisoner of war, with all their arms,
baggage, horses, standards sd gas. Tk3 enfeers
who sign an agreement not to light against Prussia,
during the war, may return to their homes, the re
mainder to be sent to garrison towns in Germany.
Many offlcer refuse to sign preferring to share the
captivity of their men. On Saturday, the whole
force laid down their arms. Not a few soldiers, ia
their rage broke, rather than give up, their arms,
and tbe streets were Uttered with fragments or all
klud of weapons, broken swords, rifles, pistol,
helmets, cuirasses, aud even mitrailleuses covered
the ground, aud, in one place, where the Mense runs
through tbe town, the heaps of inch fragments
choked tbe stream and rose along the surface. The
mud of the streets was black with gunpowder. The
bones bad been tied to houses aud gun-carriage,
but nobody remembered to-feed or water them, and,
in the frensy of hunger and tblnt they broke loose
and run wild through tbc town. Whoever liked
might have a hone, even officers bones, which
were private property, for the trouble of catching
them. When the Prusstaus came Into the town
they were very tore and angry at the sight of all this
destruction and waste. What must have pleased
them still less was tbe state in which they found the
military. As soon a surrender was resolved on,
the French officers were told to make out tbe best
accounts they could, present them immediately, and
receive payment. Natarslly the statement thus
brought in soon proved snQcient to emptythe
Treasury. I know of officers who demanded and
received payment for bones that -were not killed,
and baggage which had not been lost. Demoraliza
tion showed Itself la every way. Even standard
were burned or bulrcd an act of bad faith not to be
palliated even by the grief and rage of a beaten army.
Their rage Is greater against no one than General De
Failly. He bad a room in the hotel where I wat
stajlng on Friday. A great multitude of soldier
gathered before the bouse, tbe doors of which were,
closed, demanding General De Failly, with such
shouts and menaces, that tbe landlord thought it
prudent to hurry him out at a back window. The
soldiers, could they have reached him, would have
torn him to pieces. Since my return to London, I
found it stated that he was shot by one of his own
men, but no snch event bad happened on Saturday,
and conld not well happen later. It was a relief on
Saturday when the Prussians came and occupied
the town and restored order. I am sorry to hare ta
acknowledge that all through the -campaign the
French have acted much more like a conquering
army, in a hostile country than tbe Prussians, All
the annoyance I have experienced personally cime
from my own countrymen, from the peasants, above
all, who saw a ipyln every stranger 'VEen I f ell
Into the hands of the Prussians, 1 found them cour
"I wrote the last of this letter in London. Oo
leaving Sedan, and thence to the frontier, In passing
through Prussian ports, I was stopped. I bad but
to say I was a correspondent of an American Journal
and was at once sent kindly forward. On tbo back
of my French military pass tbe Prussian staff bad
endorsed a Prussian safe conduct. Afterwards I was
not obliged even to show my papen. My word was
taken, and once out of Sedan I came specially through
When I left Sedan Sunday morning things were get
ting rapidly to rights. The streets were cleared of
dead bones and men. The indescribable filth of the
town was being swept into the river. Shops were
opening again, and discipline had taken tbe placo
cfdlsorder. I saw enough of tho Prussian organi
zation and energy to change, If tbe grievous defeat
of a noble army bad not already obannad, the opin
ion I have so often expressed to yon that ultimate
victory forFrance was sure. I have followed Mc.Ma
hon from the day when I found blm re-organlzlcg
hls army at Chalons, to tho fatal day at Sedan, when
he surrendered tbe last organized force in France,
save the remnant of that shut up in Metz. Certainly
when I was at the camp at Chalons, and then at
Rheims, I had observed that the number of strag
glers was enormous, and I continually met soldier
who did not know where their regiments were. I
had seen men nnd officers disabled by wound, which
French soldiers of other days would have despised.
I had remarked bow untidy and catelets the men
were allowed to be sbout their equipment. These
things, slight, but significant to a military eye, bad
caused me, no doubt, some misgivings a to tbe
rapidity of success we bad tbe right to expect. I
saw, alto how prone the Freuch officers were to
avoid the fatigues of long marches and discomfort
ofblvousces. I remember how often I travened
tbe French lines at the dead of night and at early
dawn, and never heard a qui rite, never came across
a French vidette, never fallen in with a party of
Eclalrns. On the other band how often I have seen
officers spend tbe time that ongbt to hare been given
to their men In cafes or in poor village Inns f How
ofltn even, officers of stsff bavo neglected their du
ties for paltry amusements, showing themselves Ig
norant, sometimes, even of tbe names of the depart
ment In which they were, so that I bare known a
French General obliged to ask bis way from peasant
at tbe meeting of two road. I struggled long
against all this kind of evidence, hut the end Is only
too clear. Painful It Is to mr, but I am bound to
declare my belief that any further offort France may
make can only cause useless bloodshed, and that a
means of escape from her peril mutt now be sought
otherwise tban by arms."
Love's Cocsisijio. In 1660, a highly Intelligent
and promising son of one ot tbe most respectable
families In Columbus, Ohio, betrayed a strong Incli
nation for his beantlfut cousin, a girl then cot more
than thirteen years old, and was encouraged rather
than otherwise by bis parents snd her to cultivate
her girlish affection. Having no titter of bit own,
it wat believed by the elders that his feeling toward
the young lady was that of a brother, her youth and
their conianguinity being deemed sufficient guard
against any unwise attachment. At it turned out.
however, the conalnt were in love with escb other
to a romantic extreme, snd hsd actually entered into
an engagement for mtrriage before tbelr parent
could interfere between them. The discovery was
a severe shock to both families, with whom tbe
thought of marriage between cousins wis almost a
crime ; snd, in great bstte, tbe girl wss sent to rela
tives lo another State, and tbe young man persua
ded to undertake a business venture In Boston.
After his tepantlon to which neither cousin offered
tbe violent opposition tbst might have been expec
ted, tbc Miss jrrew to womanhood, and was lately
wedded to a gepVlemen with whom ibe h now liv
ing happily. From the time of ber first lover de
parturu for tbe East she maintained a purely cousin
ly correspondence with blm, snd he seemed entirely
resigned to the fate preventing a closer relation ; bat.
npon receiving tbe letter announcing her marrbge.
he answered with a violent passionate protest, snd
warned bar that he should still bold ber boned by
ber old "engagement" to blm. While tfc dis
mayed bride and her family were (till wondcriat;
overfill unexpected outburst, tbo poor young fel
low himself snddenly reappeared among thea lii
a ghost and reproached tbe lady for ifbn he ,
ber treachery. She received blm kindly,
with blm like a sister upon tha Icjaitlee cf bit coi
duet, and, apparently, soothed blsa into staaly res
ignation. In fact, troubled ber oo more; tntt-s
conduct with others became to strange that, be
alarm for bit safety, friends closed bis rttrslst by
tbe police; Tbo arrest occurred oa Tuesday of hvat
week; but upon tbe promlte"of tbc prlsoBcrUvtt.-if
released, be would return at once to bit 1
the East, be wat discharged afala oa Ww
morning, and immediately returned to Sotton.
Suez Queen Victoria took her place op the Eosr
liatt throne, thirty-three yean ago, every other
throne In Europe, from the feast auto tke pittitt,
hat changed ocenpnta.
A XEWAac rata It gettlsg very tetf ieiosa ef hi
wife, beeacte tte arfe Mas.' to apply far weak ai
fke ollro-ajljcerla itttarft wait law f ilajaat
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