Newspaper Page Text
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a. retaally third otteer of tbe
i on hoard the ship in
, f aaaaas mt a tackle at-
AtW toe jib-boom was
gmt mm areata! ftat, dja (tn of tke Work partaj,
Bmmi baaar easaa hw st: aa tbeaw. Mr. Brsghtmao
: tsaaaadi ef ha knight heads, and the
i eaaaght aaf lngagmlaat the ehocV,
aaaataely Maw the knee, and rf-
afMdlBNlaatdla rer se weatytalnotes In
aatB taaU he retwred. He
1 1 the Aeaaaean HosfdUl, attended
IrVtaaVCat. tttde, of tke ship Marengo, and
aftntsaasl osd of Dr M-Grcw.
. Sargeen as well as tbe
Up to Satarday
: that his leg would
W iid,nhl i linr hrta wtt. hat martinoatian
. aad he dart darrag Satarday sight- We
wvatd hare been per-
jhauiaV feast far Ike weak eaaditiM of the paUest.
the teas of bload aad the terrible
I atWA aadeseaee. Tbe foaer-
a! lc ok. Saadar aAeraaaB Irea tbe Bethel
. he Ar. ykr. Itasac aSeiatisg. and was
ty seanfeaeadv attcsded by ahip-aattcn, oSccrs of
aflapa aad Jilllllti Mr. Brigataiaa was a native of
T l ltd Mom., alwec 14 years of age, and a very
1 1 naalir aSeer. a fteadfasd exemplary yosng man.
Be m aanrmdIctieaTes in.bii native town a;
' aaiiaad 'satW to twos tbe jrEiicc'y leu of her'
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Phases fit iht Moon for December, 1870,
rurftib ir em. jran txnn.
JI0X0LULV 31EAS TUIE.
Boe. Tlh. Ttit UMn 4 05 rv
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Iter. in. w Mom .' Iti
bee. 2Mb, lat Qwter. 6 07 AH
TIME SUN IUtlXO AND SETTINO.
lit. Sun Eim 6SiM....SanSeU S13rx
Mk. tetlw 6M ...S?M... Sll ..
Uth. 8b Kfa 6SI Sonirte 17..
CM. n Hmi. ... 6S bsu . til ..
9th. Sn Riff 649 mSM tSi ..
21 M. Pan Mwa 641 Son SMl S3 ..
Wc would eH attention to the gooJs adrertffed liy
Xwn. BilKcgbun L Co. in this iisue. Jlejsrs D.
A Oo. Let one of the Lest (elected assortments of
hardware In town, wbteh they tell cheap.
A JEW CosBHftnci:. jHow to make a Venetian
Wild ? Pot Ml bit rf e. That is original here, and
thai tact maj he accepted as an a polo; j for the per
prtratkin of eoeh an atrocity. It was made by a
Strong Tiudes. The Schooner Mary which ar
rived as Sunday frora Kanalhae, experienced to
theirfalleet extent the ft runs trades which swept-
tbtrHqch the ciMnoela and over I he islands last Fri
day and Saturday. Oct ol thirty bollocks taken on
board at Kawalbae, she lost ferentecn.
We pablbh is this ifue the able and interesting
diaewrse deltrered by theTter. Mr. ileColly at the
Fort Strrft Cbareh on Thnrtday, the 25th ult-, before
a large aadienee of American residents and others ;
the oeearion being the day of thanksgiring.appointed
by tin PreaMeot of the United States to be obserred
by too people of that conntry. Wo commend the
paraaal of this ditconrte to oor readers.
LxHaisa Packet. Communlcallonbetween Maul
aad llonololn Issri-atlr fadlltaled by the tleamer
Uke nrgBlarfty of the weekly trips ol the clipper
scam oner Keltic Merrill, CapL E. D. Crane. Her
quality as a fast caller and an excellent sea-boat are
too well known to require comment, and her accom
modation for passengers are excellent. She punc
tually teavvfi Hooolnlu every Monday, and Lahalna
A PEaiUBlLATiao KaaTADRAXT. Going onr usual
roaads oo Satarday bight, looking after " unconsid
ered trifles." that we might snap tbem up, we lighted
pes a ooloradgoatleman, Goodwin by name, who
had on his arm a large basket, from which he unearth
ed tins of piekled tripe, souied pigs feet, boiled eggs,
bread aad better, etc. Everything looked clean and
appeuaing. To any one obliged to work at night,
eah a Isaoh wouldn't oorae amiss.
, Ghng AwATOur lrlends the Whalers, arc fatt
naklnt; Ibrfrexltf, either lor cruises or for home,
and onr barbor, so lately lull or sble, will by the
end of next month be comparatively bare of square
iltged Teasels. Some go South, some West, to
lookfbr sperm wholes, and some ore' bound home
So ersfls lite season ol 1570, which but for the low
prices of stl'aad boiie, would have been one of the
moot renumeratlve for several years past.
PmrccTias Hook and -Lauder. This veteran
aomnany of firemen beldtbcir annual election of of
teers for the ensatng year on ilonday evening last,
with the feUowing resolt -.
i'oronnn. U. E. Wakcman.
Atntlatt Foreman. II. 0: Crabbe.
Scemary. William Humphreys.
Trtmiurer. W. B. Herrick.
Ihyljj. C. E. Williams.
The two latter bold over from the last election.
Tbe Fhibni). Oar liouorcd friend, who C6tab
IMied (A V-iesMf some twenty-seven jears sgo.an
Boancee that be bujK-s to commence a new volume
o tht'lst of January, 1871. All old residents must
Joie with its In congratulatim: the l'.cv. Mr. Damon
apon tbe success with whlcUhehascouducted this
Jutuaal for over a quarter of a century. His "Edi
tor notes while WMinr along through tbe old
World," have Lcen attentively read. They ought to
be printed In a book. So far from "wearing the pa
tience" of bis readers, lias simply excited their curi
osity to bear more. P. 0. A.
4)cxnT or Jiiss UosuER. On Saturday evening
laat, Ajiee Kellie Uosmer, the aceomplisbed danseuse
and songstress of llogere Troupe of Minstrels, took
a bsnett at the Hawaiian Theatre. The Huu;o was
jaauaed to its utmost capacity, showing the apprecia
tions whieh the performances of this lady are held
by (tie theatre-going public. Miss Uosmer, in her
mirth-proroki ng Imnersonations,' was received tith
nnbounded applause. The amateur glee club of
Honolulu composed mostly of young Ilawaiians
gave some of their best pieces?, which were encored
eatbaeiastieally. It was one of the nights of the
Sdcb a Head of Hair 1 Hearing this remark en
thusiastically enunciated tbe other day, while passing
along Kaahnmanu street, wc turned and saw a head
of bsir indeed, and one which we shall not soon for
get. It was no chignon, nothing artificial about it,
bat just such a natural redundant mass of flowing
ringlets that we might imagine to have adorned moth
er Eve in the garden of Eden. Tbe owner of it was
a jeeng Hawaiian5, lady, a stranger in the city, very
neatly and even fashionably dressed in " the latest
style,' asd who jtrippedrgracefully along, seemingly
quite unconscious of the admiring gaio which her
" nobby bead of bair " attracted from every passer-by.
UejiEFiTOF Fuamc JuhES. This Inimitable dan?
cer, Jokist, and general performer, announces by a
qaite characteristic handbill that "his numerous
friends and bis brother professionals" are going to
give biro a benefit at the Theatre tomorrow (Thurs
day) night. Frank is truly a most extraordinary
dancer, Tn the negro characters, and besides, what
cannot 'betald of all performers In that line, nex
treaeiy good low comedian. Anyone who wants
to bare a good laugh, to shake the cobwebs out of
tbe bralD, ought to go to the Theatre to morrow
night. The v. hole lorco of tlit Company and ama
teurs will be brought out.
Insbmuus. It is surprising to observewhat ex
treme pains some people who probably did not pay
much attention to school In their youth will take,
and what ingenuity they will display in misspelling
some of tbe most common words. We saw .a letter
the other dy inwhich the writer had occasion to
speak of the property of a deceased person to which
be applied the very original term of "S State."
Another we remember, living on another Island,
who seat for some poison to keep autB from bee
hives, and wbo wrote lor "halfe a dollars worth of
Korosy aopplement" meaning of course, corrosive
sublimate. However, as tbe old Vaukee ship-owner
said, when tbe painter objected to his & ay of spell
ing tbe name of a new ship, "II A-s-b-a don't spell
Adw, what oo earth does it spell ?'"
A Goon Siico Shake. Capt. Hatfield of tbe C.
M. Ward teUs us a true shark story which wc commu
nicate to our readers : During the recent visit of tbe
above vessel to Jarvis Island, a fish known as the
Leopard Shark was washed ashore, which measured
S0 feet in length. The distance between tbe eyes of
this monster was four feet and the width of the jaws
nearly three feet. This fish is called the leopard shark
from the fact that its skin is covered with dark spots
similar to those of the leopard. We .believe it is the
mo'st voracious shark known, and this one probably
would not hare made two bites aany man who
night have come in reach of his jaws. We advise
these visiting Jarvis Island not to bathe outside tbe'
reef, as although this shark is no more, thero are,
probably others in tbe vicinity which are able to
swallow, any ordinary shed man.
CurFER Tike. The schooner C. M. Ward, which
daring her last two trips to the Guano Islands, has
beeo under, tbe command of the well-known coating
master, Capt. J. W. Hatfield, proved herself an ex
tremely fast boat. On the return passage from How
land's Island, the first trip, she came up in nineteen
days, and ran a distance of 702 miles, from Jarvis Is
land to Phoenix, in sixty-two hours. On the last
trip from Jarvis Island, she was only, six days from
land to land. Xot only it she a remarkably fast
sailer, making nine knots on the wind, but CapL
Uatfiefd than whom there is no belter or more capa
ble judge pronounces her a most excellent tea-boa
dry.easyand comfortable. Capt. Hatfield has retired
from the Ward, and is succeeded by Capt. Bickman,
late of the bris: Kam'ehamhay., which Tessel will;
we understand, be ofleredforfllale. We doubt not
that Capt- H 'a well-kfjowa'qualifieations as a master
will secure Mm a command in the island trade
Miss Rose ErAics.-apn Friday and Monday eve
nings last, this lady gave two of her dramatic enter
tainments to select and delighted audiences. She has
proved herself one of the most accomplished and
talented of tragedeinnes that have ever. Tidied our
city. Her rendition on Monday evening, in tbe
sceneMn Borneo and Juliet, where the friargircs Juliet
tbe potion, was superb, while the recitation of tbe
" Colliers Dying Child," drew tears from eyes unused
to weep. In the great denunciation scene from
' Leah, the Forsaken," Miss Evans took the hause
by storm, and equalled any actress we have ever seen
in the same character. To-night, as will be seen by
notice in another column, will be her last appearance
in some of her most attractive impersonations.
The Grand Prize. Mr. Theodore Hellman, the
lucky winner or the $100,000 prize In the San Fran
cisco Lottery, isaracmberof tbefirm'8rtJ. W. Selig
man & Co., a rich firm In New York, with branch
Ikiuscs at New Orleans and San Francisco. He sent
orders that ten thnnsand dollars of tbe amount was
to be expended Immediately for charitable purposes,
2re thousand In Sin Francisco and five thousand In
Kew York. The man who drew the next best prize,
fo0,000, was "an honest miner," with a wife ond
several children. When tbe fact was announced to
him of his luck, hen as In the act of drilling for a
blast. Quietly putting dow n Lis hammer and drill,
he said "Guess I won't finish Ibis blast; I might
get blnwed np and killed." So he went to San
Francisco and drew the cool fifty-thousand. For
tune is not olaoyt blind, although she did not ap
pear to have particularly turned her gaze in this di
rection. As Old Pair or Trowbers. How natural it is that
we should become attached, from constant, familiar
use, to an old coat, hat, pair of boots, or any other
article of clothing, which has served us well. We
saw the chief mate of a whaler coming up town the
other day, neatly if not handsomely dressed in fash
ionable clothing, carrying under his arm an old
and somosrhat dilapidated, but still servcicable pair
of duck pants. Ho called in at a store to make a
purchase. While thus engaged, one of the proprie
tors, noticing the old pair of trowsers on tbe counter
and not knowing to whom they belonged', was about
to throw them into the street. "Stop." said tbe
owner of tbe "ducks;" "I've got an affection for
thera pants. They've served me well for seven years,
and with tbem on, I're stewed down more oil than
this building wouldhold." He added that he meant
sto hkve the' old ducks nicely cleaned and put away as
an heir loom in the family, as well as a reminder to
himself of the different eruites on which he had worn
them. We, were reminded strange bow opposites
bring about reminders of the words of the poet :
" Woodman, spare that tree,
Tt.cch not tingle bough,
In yceth it alit-ltered me.
And I'll prolett It now."
jjIsterlocctort Decisiox. On Monday morning
last, Mr. Justice Hartwell delivered an interlocutory
decision in the' admirality esse of John Paubiwa vs.
Kobert Briggs, master of the bark Manna Loa. This
is a. case which has created considerable interest,
there being an important legal question involved.
The men were shipped at this port for aecaling
voyage, and under tho head of " remarks," it was
stipulated that they were to be paid off on their return
at the rates which would be fixed by tho American
Consul. Instead however of returning here, at the
conclusion of the voyage, the bark proceeded to San
Francisco, where the cargo was discharged, and the
-rew were paid off before II. W. Severance, Eq., tbe
Hawaiian Consul, with orders on the owners at Hono
lulu. The Consul fixed the price of the skins at $.1
each. The American C2nsul at this port, however,
fixeft the rate at SI, SO per skin, and the crew refusing
to settle at this rate, libelled the vessel for the balance.
His Honor, in giving judgment, held that the cargo
having been discharged and disposed of in a foreign
port, and the voyage thus ended, the crew were en
titled to be paid at tbe cash prices prevailing at such
port. The Master, L. .McCully, Esq., was directed to
take testimony as. to tho actual net proceeijgvof the
sale of the Cargo at San Francisco, and report there
on tboSith inst. Wt shall publish the decision in
tho above case in our nextjssue. E1
Jiiiu--iit; Court In Atliiiirnlly.
IJAETWE1X, J. KOV. 26, 1870. THE TIUDENT.
Panee rs. Samuel Green Libel in personam.
This was a cause for wages civil and maritime.
Tho libel alleges tliat tlie libeljant shipped on
board tbe American whaling bark Trident, of
Xetv Uedford, as a boatsteerer, nbnut the 3th of
December, 1669, at Honolulu, for a whaling
vovoge, not to exceed twelve months, and was to
receive as his compensation the sixty-fifth lay of
the net proceeds ol said whaling voyage, and that
in pursuance of said terms of shipment the said
vessel proceeded to sea, with libellant on board,
about the '26th of said month of December. lie
alleged that he well ond truly performed his du
ties as a boatsteerer. but that the master of said
vessel, about the 3d day of September. 1870, with
out just cause, degraded him from the position of
boatsteerer, and placed him a3 a seaman before
the jnast for the remainder of the voyage ; that
the, alleged cause of his degradation was the
missing of a whale in the Arctic Ocean, which
the libellant attributed entirely to the mate, who
was steering the boat at the time, and who did
not obey his directions in steering the boat on to
tli3"whale. The libellant averred that he was
teady and willing at nil times to act as such boat
steerer, but was prevented by the master, and
that ho had been obedient to all the lawful com
mands of the officers ol said vessel, and that he
was entitled to his pay at the C5th Iny, for the')
full voyage as boatsteerer, on tho basis of the
real value of oil in Honolulu, which he alleged
was 40 cents per gallon. The answer of the mas
ter admitted most of the facts except tbe per
formance or his duly as boatsteerer, and alleged
that be had on two several occasions missed strik
ing whales, onctr'off the coast of California, when
the whale was very near, and th.- alleged cause
was that said libellant conld not strike with a
left-hand dart, and that he so admitted. The
master informed him on that occasion that if he
missed again, he would degrade him from his po
sition. The second occasion vaus in the Arctic
Ocean, about the 3d of September last, the oc
currence referred to in the libel, and the master
tiliegcs that he missed the whale when very close,
and so near that it conld have been touched by
the oars of the boat, and attributed it to the
game cause, that libellant could not throw a left
hand harpoon. and for that reason he was de
graded from his position. He further averred
that he had made a tender of the amount jnstly
due the libellant, to wit, the sum of SI 62.38.
IT Tho mUEtornhnilllmitla I lint IttiAllant liwl Df.nft.
6ve whales. , Upon tbe above issue the case pro
ceeded to trial.
The libellant introduced two witnesses, rTeoni
and Kcnweli, who wero oarsmen belonging to
the same boat with the libellant, who concurred
in their testimony on the main facts of the case:
That they were seamen- on board the bark Tri
dent,; had been engaged in the whale fishery-)
.ieveral years ; that libellant had, performed his
llnty as boatsteerer ; that his missing the whale
on the coast of California was caased by a ware
triking the bow of the boat and knocking him
lown, and that the whale was too far off when
hu did strike for the stroke to be effective ; they
jitated the distance to bo between two and three
fathoms. Relative to tbe facts of missing tba
whale in the Arctic, their testimony tended to
nnpport the allegations in tbe libel, that tbe libel
lant told the mato to luff and ran the boat nearer
U the whale, and he either did not hear him or
did not obey him, and the chance of a near stroke
was lost, and consequently' when libellant did
ptrike, the whale waejtwo or three fathoms off.
mm,.. .nv.tiii.y vife-
The third witness, Kahananbf, introduced on tho
part of the libellant, corroborated the above
evidence in the main points bnt .differed as it
regards the cause of the libelant's missing tbe
first whale off the coast of California. He stated
that the libellant fell at the tjme he was preparing
to strike the whale irr the Arctic, and that the
cause of his missing tbe whale off the coast of
California was the greatness of the distance.
The testimony of P. 0. Jones and B. F.
tionles established the fact that oil was worth
33 cents per gallon in Honolulu. The counsel
for respondent admitted the demand made by
libellant. The libellant here rested his case
The respondent produced the ship's articles, and
introduced on the stand CupL Daniel Smith,
who testified that he was the agent of the Gov
ernment to settle with Hawaiian teaineu ; that
it was his general habit to explain the articles to
seuti en on their shipmei.t; that he knew tho
libellant, and that he told Kuhanu, who acted as
his interpreter, to explain the articles to him, bnt
that be (Capt. Smith.) did not understand the
Hawaiian language. Kalianu was then called:
stated that he knew the libellant, but did not ex
plain the articles to him, as be was not piesent at
the time of his shipment, and that he does not
understaud how to read the English language.
.Mr. Keely was sworn, and testified that he was
the first mate of the bark Trident during her last
voyage. He shipped defendant a3 boatsteerer;
had known him and served with him on a former
voyage, and told him before he shipped him that
he wanted a good man, and that if he missed a
whale be would be broke. The libellant missed
a whale off the coast of California ; the boat was
on tbe left-hand side of the whale at the time,
about 7 J j reel off when he darted the lance ;. be
struck with a Iefthanded dart ; witness was steer
ing the boat, which was going before tho wind at
the time, after ,iho whale. In the Arctic tbe
libellant struck'witb a left handed dart; the whale
was inside of ejght feet when he struck. Witness
thinks libellant told him to luff or lay on, but he
was afraid to; do so, us he would have run on
to tho whale. In darting a left-handed lance, a
good boatsteerer ought to strike a whale a
distance of twelve feet. '
Tarpolina, another of the boat's crew, testified
that he wa3 bow oarsman; libellant was two
fathoms ,6tT when he struck tho whulo off the
coast of California ; heard him say that if he had
been on the,. right side he would. have struck it;
a good boatsteeror could have struck it. The
libellant told the Captain he could not strike on
the left side. When libellant struck at the whaje
in tho Arctic, he was scarcely two fathoms from
it. and on the leftside; the sea struck the boat
and libellant fell ; the lance went into the whale
about two inches. It was a largo whale, and
would have produced one hundred barrels.
Jn, tho sbipkei'per, was an old boatsteerer;
heaid libellunt say he missed the whale because
it was a left-hand dart which he threw ; said he
told the mate to luff up tuir the whale, but he
did not do so. A man can'not strike so far with
a left as with a right-hand dart. Has known
whales frequently missed by the bestboatsteerers.
Carroll, a witness for respondent, stated that
he had been elevoa; years cttgased in whaling. A
good boatsteerer should bo able to strike with a
left-hand dart. Here tlie respondent rested.
After the arguments, the Court said that,
under the circumstnnccs, he would decide tho
case promptly, That the principle of law was
well settled that the master, for good cause, might
brenk or disrate an officer or one of the crew,
That the Courts would only interfere where there
was an abuse of that authority. That witnesses
to a transaction of this character must necessa
rily vary as it regards the important fact of
distance, ond very frequently ns to the causes
alloyed for the unsuccessful striking at a whale.
That the master and mate showed no animosity,
but. on tho contrary, a kind feeling towards the
respondent, and especially that there was no
object for which they would be likely to act un
fairly, it being for the common interest to have a
good boatsteerer- That the master, who had
all the ajicts fresh before him at the time, was
able to judge and exercise a sound discretion,
and there dors not appear such an abuse of
authority, from the testimony, as would warrant
tho interference of tho Court. He would there
fore cive judgment on fhcjbasis of the 65lh lay
as boatsteerer, on the amount of oil taken up to
the 3d day of September, and according to the
140th lay. 'the rate nl a common seaman, on that
taken subsequently. 'Iiat' as it was in proof
that the shipping articles were never explained
to Ihn libellant, he should consider he was not
bound by any stipulations therein as to the value
of oil, but should value it according to the proof,
at 35 cents per gallon. The aniotiut due on
this basis being agreed upon, decree was entered
for 8184.12 cents and costs.
W. C. Jones for libellant.
H. II. Stanley fur respondent
WIio Ijiscor:rcl lli; ISntvaiian I,
Mr. Editor: It is not the object of this arti
cle to detract from the just fame of the great
navigator, whose name wilj be erer associated
with Ihese IslandSj as the first who brought u
knowledse of them prominently before the civi
lized world ; but it is to lay before the public
fuels, which are conclu.-ive as to their discovery,
more than two hundred years, before the alleged
discovery of Captain James Cook, in 1778.
Not only do the Spunfsh'maps tt the last cen
tury, but those of the 16th and 17th centuries,
give the position of these Islands, with u great
approximation to accuracy, and name the discov
erers. TheDlder English maps also indicate tho
came'. (Jaetano. Mendana and probably Quiros,
passed by them, made their discovery known, and
laid down their position, whichjs so nearly cor
rect as to be nnmistakeabls. The names indica
ted on the old Spanish charts, arc, La Mesa (the
table land) Desgraciada, (tbe unfortunate) Lo
Monjos, (the monks) and La Tecina, (the neigh
bor.) These were not all discovered at the same
time by any one navigator, but at different times
by those above referred to. From their relative
positions on tlie maps. La Mesa, was Hawaii, and
the name would evidently suggest itself to the
Spanish discoverers by the broad and regular
dome of Mauna Lon, and its high 'table-like ap
pearance. Maui, was La Desgraciada. or unfor
tunate, so named, probably from some misfortune
having befallen the discoverers vessel or crew, at
the time of discovery. Las Monjos, or the monks,
were very probably Oahu, Mobkai and Lanai, for
they occupy the exact relative position of these
Islands, on the older maps. Their namea may
have originated from some appearance of tbe in
habitants or some mountain or configuration of
the coast, as the early Spanish navigators were
very capricious in their nomenclature, and where
their saints were excluded from the catalogue,
they named their discoveries after the first prom
inent object or circumstance that presented it
self to their mind3. The land discovered by Men
dana, placed much farther westward on thechails
than the others, waj evidently Kauai and Niibau.
AVe cannot resist the conclusion, that Captain
Cook was acquainted with the reported fact of
Islands, near the position of this group, before he
sailed on his thin! voyago in the South Pacific
Ocean. I le was careful in selecting all tho works,
maps and charts that could be procured of all
proceeding navagators, Spanish, French, German
and Portugese, and , he. had educated, scientific
men connected withjflBipcdition. It would be
almost impossible to omit possessing and seeing
the older Spanish ch irts, containing tho discov
eries of (Jaetano, Meudana, Mendozu and Quiros
it wonld certainly be a most unpardonable
omission in a navagator setting out on a voyago
The discoveries or Gaettno wero known in the
latter part of tbe 16th century, and were familiar
in England when Captain Cook sailed on his
third voyage. In a work we have before us at
the present time, by Charles Theodore Middleton,
published in London in 1777, entitled a new and
complete system of Geography," in two volumes
quarto, there are three maps," on which the posi
tion of tbo Hawaiian Islands, is laid ddwn with
the same approximation to correctness as tbe
Spanish charts.and probably copied from them.
The latitude is correct, the longitude a little too
far to the east, except Kauai, the land discovered
by Mendana which is in the correct position. The
Hawaiian Islands were visited by Captain Cook
in 1778 the alleged date of the discovery by him
one year after the publication of .Middleton's maps.
He may not have seen the maps, but the pre
sumption is strong, that he was familiar with
thoso charts from which Mi.dleton copied.
We have also before us the extensive geograph
ical work of professor James I'layfair, published
in Edenburgh, in 1814. in six volumes quarto. On
pages 838.and 839, of vol. 6 we find the followinfi :
Sandwich Islands, lie between 19 and 22 15'
N. latitude and between 154 41' and 161
W. longitude. They were first discovered by
Gaetano a Spanish navagator, in 1542.". He then
proceeds to describe them with some accuracy.
The author, a man of eminence and ability, did
not ever ascribe the discovery to Captain Cook,
but regarded the question of discovery as com-
Lpletelv settled. . In the London edition of Ansons
voyages, published in 17S0, the position of Las
Monjos, is approximably laid down on the map.
and there is no doubt, but further research would
bring to light, earlier uud mure iudulitable testi
mony. Anson himself, sailed almost in sight of
The early Spanish navagators, were the pio
neers of discovery in Pacific Ocean. Mendo-
za discovered the Marquesas in 1595, they- were
visited by Cook in 1774. Gaetano discovered
those Islands in 1542 ; Thoy were right in tbe
path of the galleons from Acapulco, by way of
Guam tn Manila, and there is no doubt but they
passed near them every voyage ; but jealousy and
exclusiveness prevented them from making the
fact known to the rest of the world.- Quiros saw
tbem in 1606 and Cook visited them in 1778 and
Thero are Hawaiian traditions of vessels pass
ing these Islatusin ancient times, and also of one
being cast away near Kealakeakua bay on Haw
aii, and of a white man and woman being cast on
shore at Nnpoopoo, who intermarried with the
natives, aad whose uescendents ran be point
ed out in the light complected and yellow haired
natives in that vicinity. In about the year 1740.
the King of Oahu, on-his passage to Molokai. in
a canoe, passed a ship. Was uot this a Spanish
galleon ? There are also traditions of boats being
cast away on the Islands, and of the landing of
white men, one of whom afterwards became
priest in Hawaii. The natives call him Paao,
evidently tho Pablo, of tho Spanish. All these
traditions point to tho discovery of these Is
lands, before the visit of Captain Cook. There
is another argument which has some force. Iron
and its ues were known to the natives, and
sword blade existed on these Islands, at the time
of the visit of Captain Cook. Grant that nails
and other small articles of iron might float to the
Islands on pieces of wrecks, yet there is not much
probability that a sword blade would be thus con
veyed. Again there are several customs and
some words in the Hawaiian language, which
bear a close affinity to the Spanish, and point to
an early communication with that people.
We conclude ns we commenced hy Saiyng that
wo do not wish to plui-k a board from the brow of
Captain ( ook; tint vindicatingthe truth of history.
win not detract irom ins well earned lame. . 1
E0YAL HAWAIIAN THE ATEE
Croat Success of
Rogers' California Troupe
Thursday Evening:, Dec. 8,
BENEFIT OF Mr. FRANK JONES
Several New Novelties in Preparation
Tobacco and Cigars Just
A large and varied assortment for sale at
47-lrnc F. A. SCIIAEFER A CO.
Black Silk, Alpacca & Cotton Umbrellas
Per A. J. Pope, from Bremen,
For sale at reasonable rates, at
F. A. SCHAEFEfl A CO.
Licences Expiring in December, 1870.
TJKTAIL. OAHU HoDolnlu, 7th, II I, Cbase,
XL 7th, E O Adderly, Hlb. Dr McKibbin, I81I1. Ah
Sam. 31st. C Brenic;. KAALAF.A 2nd, Tai Kau.
PUNALUU 8th, Ahana. HAWAII, Hololu, Ki.na
8 h. Cbew Hon. HALAYVA, K01IALA 1-ltb, Ah
Man. . KIL.AI. KONA 2Stb, Ah Ko. iTAIOHIXO,
KAU 1st, Chalao Brothers.
Wholesale Oahu, Honolulu, 27th A W Busb
A Co. 18tb, J Kartell.
Itctuil Spirits. Oahu, Honolulu, 9th, R Gilli
land. Victualling. Wailnkn, Maui 5th, Ai.
Horse. Oahu, Honolulu. 1st, Kapehe, No 189,
4tb, Opiopiu. No 190, -1th, Eainoa. Xn 191, 10th,
Ioane Malie. No 192, 131b, Pan, So 193, ISth, Ka
liko, Xo 194, 31st, Koko. No 191.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN,
THAT THE -
In again put in IVorltlnp Order.
T I. i - ; I .... S- .onnlilfl nt tnLinc
2?t nn Vessels measuring np to 45 metres (113 ft.
abt.) of keel.
The draft of water forward must not exceed 2me
tres 20 centimetres (7 ft- abt.), tbe draft ftcalcn
lated at tbo maximum increase of S centimetres (2j
inches) for each metro of keel.
The. charges for taking np a rrel, and staying the
same upon the Kailroad, reov' 'he same as fixed
per tariff of 13th Dec, 185 :
Ilnl (Uj. clause dtrof
Vessel nnder 100 tons .. EGf. SIS 00 0f. 3-00
Vessel from 101 to 200 t'ns.lSO 24 00 SO 12 00
Vessel from 201 to 30te" 180 35 00 S9 18 00
Vessel from ?01 to 400 " 240 48 00 120 24 00
And besides for each ton.... 1 20 25c. i
TUE UNDERSIGNED hereby forbids all
persons trespassing or pasturing horses or other
animals ou the I.ASD OF KAKAKAU, In Sooth Ko
na, Hawaii. If any estray are found, on the (aid
land they will be dealt with according to Uw
45-3U MOaEa BARRETT.
--Wyiaw ?-ft smmm
By ADAMS & WILDER.
REGULAR ROOM SALE!
ON FRIDAY, ... - DEC fith
At lO A.. "II., nt Sale Roam,
A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF
. . . ADAMS A WILDER, Aucl'rs.
ON SATURDAY, DECEMBER 10,
At 1 31., at Sales Room,
WE SHALL OFTEE
The Sugar Plantation
Koolaupoko and Koolauloa, Island of Oahu,
Lands of Kaawa,
Of which Lands there are 3315 Acres lie Id in
Fee Simple, and about 1500 acre on Lease,
which has U years to run. Together with all the
Of. all descriptions.
HORSES, CATTLyMS, Etc., Etc.
THE BUILDINGS COMPRISE
I Stone Sugar House, Shingled Roof,
140 ft. by 40.ft., with L part 100 ft. by 30.
One Stone Blacksmith and Carpenter Shop,
O i: 'S T OKI),
SAY SIX STONE AND GRASS HOUSES, FORi LABORERS.
Trash House, Etc.
ONE DWELLING HOUSE,
With Appurtenances, at Kualoa.
Comprising Cottages, Kitchen, Store Houses, Bath
House, XNaltre liouse, varriago aiduso,
Stables, etc., etc.
One Dwelling Hons
THE MACHINERY COMPRISES
OREE l&GftS IV3ILL !
4 feet by 21 inches.
One 46-Horse Power Engine.
One Multitubular Boiler, 104 3-inch tubes, 6 feet by
Two Flue Boilers, 3 feet by 15 feet,
Three Steam ClariCers,
One Traiu oi Kettles,
. One Conner Worm Steam Pan,
One CopperPipe, McOney's
Clariner, used as a strike fan,
One Juice Pump,
One pair Centrifugals, with Engine and
Fifty Coolers, etc., etc
The Tools Comprise Fifteen Ox Carts,
CIinlnH, Ox Volirx, Ploivs,
And all the Tools properly belonging to a first class
Plantation. There are on tne place
OO Yoko of Working Oxon,
About 200 head of Cows,
Calves, and Steers,
All of which hare been raised on the land from Im
The Place is well fenced, and has abont seven miles
of stone wall. There is also about
100 TONS OF SUGAR TO BE TAKEN OFF THIS YEAR
The above Plautation will be otfered subject to cer
tain mortgages which will allow the terms to be made
For further particulars, inqniro of
30 ADAMS A WILDER, Anctioneer.
No. lO Store !
New Silks, New Silks, New Silks
TUST ItECEIVKD, per Steamer' .Hoses
t) TAYLOR, and imported by the Undersigned, di
rect from Europe. So advance in pried in conse
nuenceof tbe war. A zrcat variety of Now Goods
about to be opened, ond well worthy the attentiSa of
tho. Ladies, 'bupenor quality of uoods and reason-
JOHN THOMAS WATERUOCSE
WHARF STORE. ,
PEIt STCA-HEIl "MOSES TAYLOR."
Jnst received a great variety of New Goods, suit
able for native and country trade, t or sale oy
JOHN THOMAS WATERHOUSE.
P. S. Orders from Country Storekeepers will bo
attended tv promptly, and charged reasonably.
Ship Wm. Le.Lacheur,
EXri;CTi:i within Thirty l)nr, con
taining about UIOO Tons of Goods, suitable for
the market, and for sale by the Undersigned. Par
ticulars at a future time.
JOHN THOMAS WATERHOUSE.
Nov. 30, 1870. 46 Into
Marshal's Sale--F.orclosure of Mortgage.
Before the Hgn. A:S. Hartwell. First Associate Jus
tice of the supreme Court and Vice Chancellor.
JOHN tWALKER, Executor under tbe Will or G.
G. HOWE, late of Honolulu, deceased. Complain
ants, vs. LEONARD MITCHELL, and KOMO
KUULEI. his wife, Defendants.
BY VIKTUE OF A DECREE issued by
tbe Supreme C"urt of Law and Equity of the
Hawaiian Islands in favor of tho above named Com
pluinants, azsinst the above named Defendants, for
the sum of One Hundred and Fifty-three 17-100 dot
lxrs (S:l,17.) I shall expose for s.le at public auc
tion upon the premies at Keoneula, Honolulu, Island
of Oahu, on FRIDAY, tbe 7th day of January, a. d.
1S71 at 12 o'clock noon, all tho right, title and inter
eat of the said Defendants, in and to all and singular
the mortaged premises set forth and described in the
the mortgage of the Complainant, in this cause filed,
and therein described as tallows, vis : ,
The undivided half of that certain piece of land
sitnated at Keoneula, Honolulu, Island of Oahu, II.
I. granted to Kalnntaina for Lope, by Royal Patent
No 4123, dated tbe 7th day of April, 1857, and more
particularly described in a Deed from M. Lipoa, to
Leonard Mitchell, one half, Caroline Mitchell, one
quarter and "Amelia Mitchell one quarter, dated Jnly
8th. 1853, as follows : E boomaka ana ma ie kibi
biklna, e pili ana me ke ala obti a e holo alias. 41s
30' kom. 151 2-12 kap. ma ka Lipoa, a hiki i kapa 1
olelois no K. Hooliliamana kibi, alalia hem. 470 kom.
123 3-12 kap. ma ka pa o Hooliliamana kibi, alaili
hem. 393 30' hik. 147 2-12 kap. ma ka Kap'oookfhi,
alalia akau 50 hik. 12S 8-12 kap. ma ka kibi akau
ala ololi i bookawaleia no leia Din aina a hiki 1 ka
oomaka ana. Eia ka Hi aina 51 8 1-5 anana oi a imi ill
paba, together with one half of the tenements, hered
itaments and appurtenances thereunto belonging.
Unless the judgment, interest, eost of suit, my
fees and commissions are previously satisfied.
' Honolulu. Dec. 6th. 1870. 47-41.
ONE-FIFTH INTEREST ta the HAIKU
SUGAR PLANTATION. For tanas iaquif)f
46 3te M. B. BECKWITH.
'!BgBM""g J''iPiiP.. 1 1
Br C. S. BARTOW.
"lVcd.BC9day, cc'r 7th, at 1 A. X.
SALE OF NEW GOODS !
ALL SAMPLE LOTS PUT OPTO BE SOLD
A SHORT CREDIT. TERMS AT SALS
Dry Ooods, Cutlery, Fancy Goods, Groceries,
Stationery, Una Powder, fehotJUts.
Kerosene Oil, Castile Marina Soaf .
About 10 Tons of Fine Grocery Sugar
AT ONE O'CLOCK P. il.,
Four cases of Brandy Sample of a Lot to be sold in
xiond, casks of quarts and pints or uutness
Porter, and Cases of Champagne.
C. S. BARTOW, Anct'r.
On Saturday Evening, December lOtii,
AT SEVEN P. M. AT SALESROOM. ;
Will b Sold
A VARIETY OF FANCY GOODS
Imported Expressly for Christmas Presents.
Ja- Goods may be Inspected Saturday morning.
C. S. BARTOW, Anct'r.
-A.-t tlio Storo of
Messrs. H. HACKFELD & CO.,
On Wednesday, Dec. 12,
Will bo Sold
A Large & Varied Ass't of Dry Goods!
Dress Goods, Clothing and
JUST RECEIVED PER R. C. WYLLIE & A. J. POPE I
ST- Term's Liberal.
47 C. S. BARTOW, Anct'r.
FOR SALE !
THE COTTAGE PIANO
i FORTE, belonging to MADAME CAU-
45 C. S. BARTOW.
Tax Collector's Notice
DISTEICT OF HONOLULU, EONA, OAHU.
THi: UiNOERSIGNED WHO, Commence
the collection of Taxes for tbo year 1370, at hit
office on Marine street, opposite the Honolulu Iron
Works, on Saturday the 10th Instant, for the follow
ing divisions in the above district, and all penaaus li
able to taxation in either of the said division's no re
quested to mike immediate payment of tho same.
Kalia ' PalamWa
Waiklki-waena Leleo 9
Manoa Kamakela. ,
Makiki " ' Kauia."
r Geo. U. Luck,
Tax Collector's Office, Dec 6th 1870. Tax Collector.
OfSco open from 9 a. x. to 4 p. m. every day except
M'COLGAN & JOHNSON,
ZVroicIa.io2Ll; Tailors 2
WOULD most respectfully inform the
Citliens of Honolulu asd the Islands generally,
that they hare
Just Received per City of Melbourne,
A very choice and well-selected Stock of
Cloths and Cassimeres
Sydney Tweeds, from the celebrated Steam Mills of
0. II. Ebswortb, These goods we can safely recom
mend to planters and others for durability,
Light and Dark Gray English Tweeds, good pat-"
terns; English, French and German Black and Bins
Droadcloths and Doeskins; Linen Duck and Drills,
Marseilles, and in fine
A Whole Lino of Tailors' Coods I '
Which we are prepared to tell
An Cheap an the Chcaxet!
Sr All Clothing manufactured by ut guaranteed
a good fit and well shrunk.
Orders from the other Islands kindly solicited and
promptly attended to. 45 3to
THEO. H. DA VIES
Ofo2?i fox- Salo
The Well Assorted Cargo
4ust Arrived From Liverpool !
consisting of almost all descriptions of
GENERAL MERCHANDISE k MACHINERY
Expressly Selected for this Market.
Fine Ulalii and Pink Pad Prints,
Madder striped Cambrics of tha newest stylet,
Canary ground Orange andGreen Fancies, and
An assortment of beautiful Drest and Furniture
Chintzes, Horrocks' wide and narrow white
Long Cloths of various qoalities.
The well-known "Family Whita Shirting,"
Fine Cotton Drills and Twills, grey andwhite,
Heavy Domestics, Heavy Englith'Denimi.
White, Brown and Cream Drills of various pat'nt,
Bloase Linen, Fine Holland, Whita asd Cream
Russia Sheeting, a fine assortment of plain and
Fancy Muslins, Lappets, Crossovers,
Harness and Leno Curtains, etc., etc,
WATER-PROOF TWEEDS & FINE CRIMEAN SHIRTS,
Heavy Worsted Ponebos a variety of colors.
White and Bine Flannel of various qualities.
Black Lasting. Fine Green Woolen Cloth,
Pekin Cloth, Handsome Sofa Rogs,
BRUSSELS CARPET a variety of patterns,
, FLOOR OIL-CLOTH from 6 to j yd wide,
of various designs.
Leather and Robber Belting, Roofing Felt,
Sheathing Felt, Merchant Kavy Canvas,
Bagging, Twine and Manila Cordxg.
A Small Invoice of Stationery,
John, Cornell t Co's Perfumery,
Afrosaes and other toilet requisite,
Gos'saga's English Soap.
Hockln's Crocerles fc Oilmen's Stare
Tainsh't Jams and Jellies,
Crushed Refined Sugar,
Currants in Barrel,
A FINE ASSORTMENT Bf ALES, LffjWRS & Wffltt,
Ind, Coope A Co's Pals Ale.
Machea A Co's Celebrated XXX Stout,
Dunrille's V R Whiskey and "Shamrock" Wfcta
key, in eases and quarter casks,
Martelle's s-nd Hennessey's Brandy,
Geneva, in cases and baskets,
Ginger Wine, Demarara and Jasixiea Ram,
Ruinsrt's and Terrier's CbampagBO,
Very Superior Old Port, D G Sherry,
Pale Amontillado Shery, tc., etc.
ASSORTED SIZES OF BAR IROM,
Hoop Iron , Fence Wire, bright aad ttaalt.
Slack Coal ad Batata CL,
W. t A. MACMHCS SWm CUMfICK I MH 'tMUK,