AT SiX PER ANNW.
BOOK AND JOB
THIS OFFICE 13 NOW PREPARED
TO EXECUTE ALU ORDERS
For Plriin and Fancy Pmting,
OP EVERT DISCRETION.
WITH NEATNESS tfc DISPATCH
, - tm 5 KV.OO-
Street, ta W old
FOL. Yl-m 50. 1
HONOLULU, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1870.
186.00 PER YEAR
Mea"3i:iiW . 31.
aaaaa-ai r itMf.)
iitjiitiikkys .v inioivw.
v. f. Jimn. 1
LSB M3iSBES AT IL"ST.
TfHO. O. THKIT3VS
rsjcncrj . Outtory and News Depot
awl Ch ring Library,
a3 HUB 15 SOTSS. ia"M
A- C IXU1'I'C3I. 31. I-
J)II II. IMTV,
miaiiMin.vji a co..
IS SAS97AEE, f
i aa4 CAl aaa 8 lauraT Umr-
SV V 1MV a. . wxaaasB.
AIiV3tS A AVII.imiE.
.a i !
II. HACUrtiI.il A CO..
snu cxxitsis asests.
TIIIIOII. C. HULCK.
AS3 CaUQStCMS 2EEEAST.
I'. .V. CIIAItI'Iilt A CO..
oi a i fir
raraam. 4- aacta
uniims A ItICK0.
JSUSS & CHIIiINGWETH.
iX ym ttrK IS exSEEAL
. laaV a.
A4ESTT ASS SaVF?., i
IerCOI.OA. A JOIISOA.
Varaac- saaaaark. ip mis T C aVwesr. lym
C C 11 II.l.I.l?I.
r jjsm ssk x&xes.
w. ft. aw fcfkH. I
71. T. DOKLL,
y'TTIWt ASS VPaKSTEZZE
aaaw 1 0..
1VAI.KIIR A .VLI.rO.
ASS Se30aSSS XTECSASTS,
i i Toi:uuir.T.
-vrnJ-r- q ;sw AS3 ETEZT USB 0T
HOLLHi A CO..
53S ccrrar- k mXJOSSlSS XEECSASTS
BMd a. rke
B.-r irrirr YrrTrt xzi trtscrxl Arcztv
l eekeT fkdi i aaol fro (aaads.
GEOGES. AND SHIP CHANDLER,
Maawaat i ui alu kssa.kud a. Sara aa tke
taf ta. Ia.
Gaa; Sowet, Parawatw. 21 1 eke Bxtr Drrsaia-s;
Faeaav. San..' af kasc aad rexx. JJt Wurkea
EeaaKS. ai nil if. Z ic
M Ware-ifi mi
a.w.aaaaB. j a .tbbbb ...
iVTTIU .V. COOKU. i
UgaOH. B 3SESHAXTS. AND 1
a, SB tax Mm' BJB 'ni bsbwob". (M
IMwW Witosmd tJflMl.
fctt; S2J?t 108.0 Oa.
f t e aw a mm Ok )edm taBSSaal.
aiaBa eaaaaaaaat Kaaaaaw. Pnear-w. aaa aaak aakar kW
ha. tan i farascant w m i B aaa ea
aaasr a.i ilill 1. Wark.
a a a eaaad So. iiiit aaar
C ai awaw arvoet- mil lie. .Tm i mi laanainj
- j Ptaa. a Baawl
kaaa I i i .
sxeaMa: jus wmxxBems
. itrs- raa
IIA7I.13 imOTIIIIR, ,
iACamJaMB- ASS VBKSEAXZ DEALEES
CastaawaOa. - Ouala . aa.
lONQLULU IRON "WORKS CO.
t&2 S.TEAJI INCISES Sngar ?tlll.
U.Iltn,CWm lr. Sim MJ Lm4 Cutwci.
Machinery of Every Description,
W Hade to Order "VI
artieslar x"e-tin paid to Skip's Shrkvsi thing.
r -ju wom mc tw VTt fsa-irs
J. S. D1CKSOJ,
louse, Ship and Sign Painter,
So. -i Kins: Street,
pteerty in it. MeMa. Twlt.ria 1 Ok
liliim !tarUk(.(M. 01 l I a. Ftr
r?;y 'niij In I . ic , tmMa la. saarli.t mHh.
dice, Ctr. Tsrt & Haiti StreVj.
. r. cumin. s. a. xLtrxr.
SPftSTZSS AND DEALEES IN "VTL5TS.
A. S. CLVGIIOn.'X,
H6I.ES ATE AND EETAIL DEALEE IS
Sweat aif Sccc. ot Qmb Uki Kaakaata&a Stmb.
tail fctaUfcaato . Naaaa SCert, Md M the terser
SW1 SK.. smU tt-lt
c. iuti;-vi:i a- co..
GOMJUSSION HER CHANTS,
no.c)L.t-i.r, il. I.
SHVTS Or ihr liotou Md Honolulu Packet
ttUVr-Hur tbe JtaLre. WalluLu and liana
2KVr Kpr the PntrhiKind ale of Itland
. r. IIIM A. JAE4EK.
it. r. mi i. nits a- co..
STXKS IS SET GOODS ASD GESEBAL
ame--lii ayrt?tW.aJ TiBi i .
A OrXVT for the
UKB)IB. IIUAUO of
Aaeat iz tka Kuata Board of r..h ai rial I
eat a-etaeTieaaaaVuanlef gaaaiailUH.
C. S. IIAIIXOIV,
k aa Qaeea frreet, et.e aoor fnaa EukaHH
31. S. GIII1IAI"3I A CO.,
LKP6ETBES AND 'WH6LESALE DEALEES
le tin it ailll OacklBC. Hats. Gftfa, aaoat. faeee iml
Ai'orw: a aciiucic.
aaacten. tilnth aa Betail Dealer ii
aCcnh. ta taeff ireargac stare 2aataax Street.
D. H. HIICHCOCE,
WAG9S ASD CAEEIAGE BUTXSEB,
76 ICtacr street, lltHMIola.
A V, partireJr. acttraCMe
aichtoc ea. H ire ibiuetag
jetBA- O ff
i Haute waker !. i aeoeaaelr tMilat -lre.
J. NOTT-& CO.,
nOJU'EIt A TIN S3IITHS, aaafce erery Je
aiiipthiM ef wvrk ia tketr !'ae. aseel PUnta
jtm e aieeaaare. TkeT also area am kaad a fall
; Cuner, ikeet Tis,
Sbaae Lead. Stoet Iroa,
Iraa Win. Ceoaer Wire,
Soft 1 BrM SaUar, Fail Ears,
Pi tai ad Baa it Cavaes,
Bkaafc aad Taeaad JUrets,
Cafater ttrratf, etc.
ttn eat hueai. a fcr aee af
those: splbsdid cooking stovxs,
atracrtcd ky Ik Bjnu."
" Cltlia rknt" aad "tJrT Jaeieti." tajwW
wm a TaeietT mi Jiaaaaed War, aad aaaay artieiee
attad ia the Kttefcea. Work oa aaiUaags,
ach a. xalaii i, ifiau. waaariaee. Ac- Skia-a-ark
nil aaart wi& Beaarpt ataaatioa at X. 9 KaakaaMn
J.4JIIi I LEIVIJi.
! COOPER AND GAUGER,
( Vt ltd 0td Suai. erser Eisg aid Eetiel Streeti.
A Uaaw Kark tt CM Skauks aad aB ktade ef Cooperis;
, ekaaaaaa caaataatr, aaa. He koaas J atwaraia t
' aaaaaat a aak a :..tlna.a- of the aatreaaav wtaek ke
m aaiatiai nj-jt aad (ar wtnrk ke aaw rerara. at.
J. II. X03IISO.
Qua Street, Ksnaiatc
to kaad aad (ar ab at lae Laweot HarkU
it aftaeBest liaa.d Bar Iraa. aad
r. II. A C. SEfiELKirV,
TIN, ZINC AND COPPER SMITHS, AND
SHEET IB0N -WOaSXES.
street, scTta jtereurz izc Qse3.
Mill wS b carers, artnaard !.
aauM ta law tSoaaa. af a aad ale aad tha beaads
Haerariy aw akakr EaVerat aaCraaap ft duaaat, wakeaebr
Carriage and Sign Painting.
4Tr. nin t. iuisitit.5rju
anal a. kauw areaared caarar..
ia tke aaaaC C13ML1SZ aad eeS5 PAISTKG
xs- In a Jfannjr to 'Wirrint Ealiifacrirx -a
Siaggftwet, n. natal l.
E0UHE ASD SHIP FLTXBES,
KTrg- Eotet, text to too Seazss'i E'tbtL
Bu aa kaad. eatth-Tuhe. TaterlaHta, 7ata-Euia,
rasa aad (a Paataa. laad aad tialnaw.1 bua rtces,
aad Pa ail ft Brw-warks. Bfaip tke say PluavUrfa tke
nay. ke aa axMaaeael der eacrssaed a. htat ta . wark-
THE rXDEDSIKVIJU bejr lo Edify the
ptshsae that tkey hare re-apeced tke aawea . elt
txows Mai pacotar Sahsaa, where sR alwayx he
faaarf aa arsorlsieat af tie
Best Wines, Liquors and Ales,
that tkcssarkrt aswrds. aari easfacers csay be asssr
ed that they atS i sc exferiexced har-eadar, aad
eeary aneassaa ta their eotsfertr.
The BhSard Roea. which is thrt larjext as.i coolest
aa theeiay. ewala-E
THREE SUPERIOR BILLIARD TABLES!
With aB tile Latest. I&FBreecsxe&tf.
G. C. SIDEE5.
J. C. CUTSET, i
Bn-Azht, Stf. IT. IS7I- 7-3a
"tAilFORXIA RED BniCK, rewind per
J D. C. Marray,raad fcrsa-rty
4 E0LLE2 A CO.
saaaeoioateatiyaa kaad. etw.ea.Plae.flil . laiii I
fZVL. Iraa Ha. rUa aad Bw falt.- Na aiUiah
, gaSgw1" Bwa l.al a.taleaajrasaf aaaadaw
I 6ftCtan.w nipaadaiae r natit i. Baak-Ta.,
, J aad aW eery fcira. Kirt of Tlaware af eeery de
I Pftirlialn .rt.ari.. ria a, jaae-Wark- OaaarsSraatta.
2L W. SEVERANCE & CO.,
General Shipping & Commission
3X K It C II A TS .
405 Treat Street corner si Clay, San Fnstitco
The Australian Steam Na ligation Co's
Patent Slip & Engineering "Works,
SYDXEV, N S. "XV.
All cb..IEH.Mkt Wort. Iron
2Lfci, Saariaitar. aad reorral .kky. rerb.5SS
... . . ..1 . hJ .imJitiuiMlt. f3 Trrb 'I tE
I krtt heaui (U te tatea r-
I H6 rUt. II- THOITON. Maaaxer.
I LEARMONTK. DICKINSON & Co.,
sYDXB'V, 3f. S. W.,
General Commission Agents,
Wo attetal. to Ue nU ef ItkaH mdsce. aad
B- a. TOUUC3, H. T. (U.1CUU, C. XtHU.
WILLIAMS. BLANCHARD & CO..
SHIPPISG AND COHXISSIOS KEE CHANTS,
tc No. as CaMa-sat Street, Sin rraariw. p
jo x-ckalix, J. c. xniai
pjrt)u4. r. 00.
1TCEAKEN, MERRILL & CO.,
MAriac Veea earszed ia ear preMat bafae5 foe ar wxrii
aTtwerre jam. a Veiae; heated t rjre-peoof Brirt BaiM
alr. we are anpand t recatTe aaaTin lll StaBtee.
.era a afar. Seraa. KaWkPata. OaOee. ee&, te aJiaaure.
Cl imiiIi iiaecailrr foJkitW rjr Ike Orettoa Varkrt. t
kkk aenaaal attiataia D be nai. aa apaa vkica cah
adiaaces vfn k aai4e bea n,afai'.
J C Marrfil i C
Piltir i Uaaia.iif.ir. .
lejan Petriek k C
Wat I Cateaava a 0. . . .
Sleeea. Baker a Ce
Allee a Levt
FLINT, PEABODY & Co.,
AND A8E.NTS OF
PACIFIC BAEEEL ASD KEG COM? AST.
Are preaared te faraiek Kkc aad Buin Skook ia aaj
aaaatltf reatdred, aad reaectfaUT Mlirlt caaaaMate e(
ear aad lUad rredace.
Xmn BWt t Co.
lienn II HackteM 1 Ca
awn Ct!e t Couke
MN Wafter a Attn
&U California Street, $au FraneUco.
IJ. 31. -va iiiji:i,
yrlaK tke keel tariltta-. tbroaak an istiaMtt. eoaaeetkn
vick tke" Japaaaw trade fur tk rat ett jears. w peepari
to traaeaeraay k laei eatrasted tq ku care, witk diepatck.
17- lf .
LANGLET, CR0WELL & CO.,
WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS, !
32. Cor.BatterytClayStj.SaaFrazeisco. Ca
THE WORLD, j
RiMMEL'S IHLANG-IHLANB. VANDA. HEN
na. Jnekey Clab, Frangipaae, aad other per
fuases of exquisite fragraaee.
RIMMEL'S Laresdar Water, dbtilkd fnm MU
Biaassei's Toilet Viae far, cefebrated f.r its Diefal
aad Maitary praaerties.
Kiaiatei't Ex tract af Lime Jaaee aad Giyeeriee, the
beet preearatiee far the fcitr, especially ia warsa eH
BhBsefi Dagacg 08 Saap, ferfamed with Aastra
Siaasai'ir 61yeriee, ITocey, Windsor and other
SisaBiers Base Water. Ostaate and FWral Craek
crs. Tery ansasesfg far Vatht aa4 patties.
Bssamef's Yiatet, Be4eaf, Rate, aad ather TaSet
A Hheral aBawaaee to shipaers.
PerfenartaHR Hrk.Prfa.wfi W.leW,Strad,
1S-. Raaaat atrnt, aad il. Cxnasll. L Ita
17. aVsahrrardaVs Itatieas, Puis, aad
t-J- Sakt ky aB rarfaatery Tessiers.
So. I Xerrkaat Street, eaeoitte tke Sir"i lire,
GENERAL UPHOLSTERER, j
.V AIL ITS BBJSCBES, j
HAS CONSTANT! V ON HAND a Tarletjr
.- HOMF,M AbE sTBNriTCE. afcwk he after, tar
tale AT IBB LO WEST JfJEKET PBK. coaeurias tt
I feuaf I
BEST BLACK WALNUT PAEXOP. FTJESITDEE,
SfiBir-&Kk Eary Ckalrs. Loaap aod Katlraw.
Hair c Sanai MUnutn. Dai. Shade aad S9p- !
Co.ee. aticr ta .-wder I
Old X'n rn i t ur-f IZol.'phoItereMl, f
B pair id aad lalaliki f. wttk satfaaaetjaa wyraated. j
JCaOanaad exaalse my stock aetwe iwekaesas; else
kaTeraw Beuacaale. An atdsis fraat Shis, wail.ri .ad
tK .tkee tsfaad.. wiB a aiaeapcty .treaded ta. k-iy
Iaajmeseat-ii the Order cf th. Day.
HATISG CONSTRUCTED A NEW SKYLIGHT,
aad made rarssns ather fasprarectcirls, I hope
sraw ta be ahi ta sak the toast fastidiea. with
A Photograph of any Size,
Fram a Crystal ta a Maausoch. takra is the Beat
Style of Art. asd sm the aast rnsaaxble terras.
Alto, far sale. Tie I of the Isia&it, Porlraits ol
the EIrgl. Qaeesi. and other Satables.
II. L CHAFE.
32-ly F-rt Street.
C. W. CREY & CO.,
Hawaiian Soap Works,
At Ltfce, aTurefsetartra and Dealer
la all kiads af Sap. Beef. Matlao, aad Goat
QSec. 39 Feci feet, where orden w3I te recetred
aad praeaptly trtasded ta rs
GEORIJE M II.I.IAJIS,
LICENSED SHIPPING GENT,
0e S3 Jxmts Echinxan ft Co's "Wlart
CattUore tke Ws-w aktial otaa t Htlliag wit
dtSerrs Aad seaaMk tatraednt.ty .ct tkee rklpeesf at ks.
Basia aa direct ar tadlrf nna. ilk aay eat.
Btgag artAStfF.hTn.at, aadaAewias; aod.lt. h. ecanctfld
ia id. eCce. kw kioe. tocirr aa t'JrA aitM&etioa Jt tke fa
tare a. k kas fa tk ran. l-Zak
Cctwr af Haul and Fart Streets.
THE CHOICEST ASD BEST OP ALES, WISES
asd Sftrfit alaayi to It baud at the Ear, S-Iy
Sl'GAK &, MOLASSES
IIILO, II. I. 'Op.
Sugar and Molasses,
CKOV SOW CO.UISG IS, and for sale
in qusntitir to 3i! purchutrs. br
WyALKER 4 ALL EX. A gents .
Sttnr antl 3Iolucs Crop IS70
COMINO IN. E(jp SALE IN QUANTITIES
ta uit pu'rchiMrs. fcr
l-3o wULKMR i ALLEN. AgenU.
Sumr Jtntl .tIuIav--K Crop 1S70
COMING IN. FOR SALE IN QUANTITIES
ta (tut purchaser!, be
J-3 WALKER t ALLEN, Astat.
IVeT- Crop ol" Susntr A 3IoI:t-.fH
T0WC0MINl! IN. AND F0R-SALK IN QCAN-
titles to suit purha5erc be
I-" C. BREWER i CO..
VTEw-jCROP now- coming in. for sale
X in qaantitici to ;nit pnrchirerj. br
l-3m C. EREWKR t CO.. 'Agent;.
SUGAR of SUPERIOR QUALITY,
TS QUAJfTITIKS TO SUIT PURCHASERS
X and at Reasonable Price, fur sale br
Ira F. A. SCI1 KFER i CO.
THE NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY,
Oltr.AXIZEU IS 1S43.
Cash Assets, January I,
Gross Ineom. fir 1S&)W
DirMecUs for 1S9
Preninras callrcted frim IS43 to 1S6S..
Losves paid fram 1;43 to 1563.
READ WHAT OTHERS SAY OF US.
Frecn tbc " baeetater" of New Trk Citr we ex
tract as follows : "Tile New EnglinJ Mutual stands
forth as a SttiBg tjfe or what a company shook! be
in regard to its uetbol of business. Seeking rather to
establish a repalatioi for stability and soundness,
lb. a t Breeeat Buret and pruaUing. bat untried and
aaapproeed ieatores in uuderwritiog; eandoctiDg all
tbc eoaipaBT s affairs with the strictest economy and
adopting only those aeasures proTcd by experience to
ke the wisest, the directors of the company hare sue.
seeded is estiblkbiojfor it a reputation f.r reliability
secoed to no other simSarorganitation in this country.
Tet. great as fs the degree of caution manifested in
the adoatiaa of errry new measnre, the company is
coadaeted in a oanaer falty in unison wiib the pro
gressire spirit of the age. As regards its dealings
with policy holders, few companies are more liberal
" The easiness of the New England 3Iutual is cen
daoteJ ia the saost eeoemieal and able manner; its
terms are liberal and jhst; its success bas been nni
faraj aad extended and its ytifttt rrfsalii'tyaa toftty
the natural e:nequesces atteBdant upon the posses
sfon of such reatoree, aod which sboald be the great
desideratum with an insurance company, art ia ao
For further particulars please call upon
m CASTLE A COOKE.
Vie Agents f.r the Hawaiian Islands.
THE- MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE
OF XEIT YORK.
Cash Assets, over... $36,000,000!
Cash Dividends in 1S6S, $3,257,137.26.
The Largest Life Insurance Company
IX THE WOULD!
Premiums must be I'nitl -Scmi-.titi
nnally or Qunrterl.
ADAMS & WILDER,
1 t-lyS A;ents for the Hawaiian Islands.
UIPERiAL TIRE IXSrRAXCE COjIPAM"
Of London. -las titsted 1803.
CASH CAPITAL, 000,000 in COLD.
TUE CXDERiWXEO ara areaared U lt poKdesea
Fire Risk, twuh or wttkect the .fence cUae aa
ruautan catktian aad Naetdaer.. rnnta I.fHnrt,
Drirk. Maw .ad Waudea .'tore', slsreiuadfee, Ceab, Lom
ker. saias I. Purt, Ac. -m tk. SM4t ftrueaafe Itrat.
m All Lcues Adjsitei and Paid, far here. "Ea
For panKahvr Ff4y at tb. .ffic .
WALKER A AH.EX.
3S-Iy - AreaUaw tke Ilawaa.aI4.luls.
3IUII CHARTS' 3Ii;'riiAI .
MARINE ISsijRANCE COMPANY
Or Sati PraocUco.
U.MJKIISIG.VKO liavlnir keen ap.
Babsteil Arzt let the abate Caatpaar. ar. mcarrd
a hwae Pock-ie. ea Cargoes, Frelslit. od Trea.-
urc. ttsuu. a aLLU,
1 Ja Arats, lloaelala.
BOARD OP UNDERWRITERS.
a-HE LXBnnSIC.VKD h.rln? been ap
pealed Aceals jr tke caa Frautam Urd af Coder.
writexc, eaeaiamsaa; tk
California Insurance Company,
ylerrhant.'ylntnaiytarlne Ina. Co.,
Pacific Insurance Company,
California r,!oydfr and
Home JIntnal Ininrsner Company.
Beztea.etotttiirsa Xaaisrs af Tceis aad the poMie rene
nUj, tkatf Uhi ti TeMeW.n4Carr,iorjrrd by either
of tke .lwe Cfapaatrs, azaiatt griU .f the aea. aod
ether risks, at or Bear tk 2adwie& IsUads wQl has. to
te eer&ed by tt.c;.
Mas tt. IUCKPELD A CO.
THE CiOEBSIC.VED, AGENTS OP THE
.toe. Coaaaay, ka.c eea aatkoriied to iasorc risks
mrt Cargo, Freight aad Trea.nre, frocs Ilcoslala
ta all aorta cf tke wdtid, a&dric Tersa.
U-ty( IL HACK FEU A CO.
THE C5DEHS1CJED, AGENTS of the
aim.. Coorouy. kasa lra aatkosfsed to tarcrt risks
a Cargo. Freight aed Trea.nre, ky Coaster.,
trans HaaeCala to att oorts af tkc'IUwaOaa Oroca, aad rice
e-Ij IL UACEFZLD t CO.
1 1 A3i i j i; k (i i r- ii k i; jYkx r
EIRE a INSURANCE COMPANY.
THE TJXDEBJIICXED hiring hern ap
pxatd Areata a4 tk aaov. Cuaoaay. areprtrd
toinarernksaiatt Fire, aa Stan aad Brick. Bnlid
ings, ni an. S rrcliandl.e sttwed rJwrria, ao tk
aui f.. oraM leraas. 7or partiraUn at tk cSa f
-lj T. A. tCHXZTZKA CC
FTmE AOBJT POR THE BRITMII Par
M. eixa Xarfa lawraacr Cncacaay. Lisaitedi, has r
ceieed taetracskc t rrdaec tk rate, el lararaaee
Utww Uaacisla aad Parts la tke PadSe, aad is bow pre
paroiutrss PUIcies rat tk Xowetf Ada, wttk sspKlal
redaexsaa oa rntrhi teTlteaaers.
THEO. H. MIIH,
U-ty A?rt BrO. fwr. JLzr, Iju. O. (UmlUJ)
'I'll c GruntI Duchy ol' Dadcn.
We give. Mote, sUtUlics of the area, popul..'
tion. an resources or the (.Irand Duchy or
HaJen. nhicb has Uef been incorporated into
tha great (Jt-rwan Confeilerution :
Sirtreiin Ilia Itoyal Highnejj th Grand
Duke FrieJerich Willitlm Lniiwig, born 9th Sep
tembor. 1826; marrieJ on the 20th September,
lS'iC. to Louiie Mario Elizabeth, I'riucess of
I'rajsia. Children : Friederich Wilhclm Ludwig
LeoH)!J Augnst, Crown Prince, born 9lh July,
1S5T; Sophie Marie Victoria, Princess, born Tib
August. 1SG2; and Ludwig Wilheim, l'rince,
born 12tb January. IS65.
The Government is Constitutional, with two
Chambers, whose members meet every other
year, and have a resolving vote.
Extent. The Grand Duchy covers 278.064
l.:,t ......... r.nnn l.l:.l.
square miles, of which 16 per cent, is level
country; 40 per cent., rolling country; and 44
per cent., mountainous country; divided into
garden land, 40.000 acres; tillage, l-52.000
acres ; meadows, 440,000 acres ; vineyards, CO.OOO
acres: pasture, 300,000 acres; forest, 1.411.000
acres ; quarries, turf-bogs, and waste land, 22,000
acres ; house-lots, yards, streets, roads and waters,
TcwpmifHre. The medium temperature of
the level country is 10i Cent.
Population. The population amounts to
l,42S.n3o, divided as follows: Protestants, 472,-
941 ; Roman Catholics. 929.SC0 ; Jews. 25.2:14 ;
of whom 41 per cent, are fanners ; 11 per cenL,
laborers ; 33 per cent., artisans and laboring
classes ; 7 per cent., merchants, railroad and tele
graph officials, and 8 per cent., sundries. There
were 53,117 births, and 20.G05 deaths;, gain,
32,512 : of emigrautj, officially reported, there
were 2.S59. showing a net increase in the popula
tion of 29,653, or 2.07 per cent. Hesidcs. tberen
were living in the country. 52.91C foreigners.
National Debt. The national debt amounted,
on the 3lst Dec. 1867. to fl.32.2S5.00t ; and on
the 31st Dec-,-186S, to fl.31,235,003 decrease.
National IFrtiM. The national wealth is es
timated at fl.1. 500.000 000, or $600,000,000, or
$400 per head. This is divided as follows : real
estate. 11.950.000,000; industrial capital, A.2C0.
000.000 ; casht stacks, bonds, ic. 11.240,000.000 ;
other personal property, fl 50,000,000.
Taxable Ckipilal -The taxable capital, in 18.C8,
amounted to fl.l.2S9.605,554 ; in 1867. td fl.1,275,
642.034 increase, fl.13.964.470.
Ttrres. The direct taxes, amounted to fl.5.54
Croirn Lands. The Crown lands comprise
452 acres of garden laud ; 31,733 do. tillage ;
21,383 do. meadows; 116 do. vineyards ; 23S.603
do. forest ; and 1.690 do. waste land total,
293.992 acre3, yielding a net produce -of
fl.2.529.991, and representing, at the present rate
of discount, a capital of fl.65.500,000.
Crops. The crops of ibis country, with the
exception of tbe vintage, which turns out below
the average, both as regards quantity and quality,
have been above the average, as the following
figures will show : of cereals there were 7,378.SSrf
cwts. ; straw, 10.S24.S73 do.; potatoes, 14.129,892
do.; bay and clover, 19.979.742 do.; roots, 15.-
717,130 do.; tobacco, 195.903 do.; bops, 33,774
J . 1 . ii i, j . ct n rt , . a I ,.l- 1
iiu.; uemp inachitu.j oj.oi- uo.; uax inacMeu.j
j-.uj uo.; cnicones. jjo.jj( uo.; vegetables, jcc,
878,832 do.; fruit, 1.412.322 do.; and of wine,
533.867 ohms 1 ohm containing 40 gallons. In
middling years, the agrarian produce, is estimated
at 2.115.000.000 ; add fl.15,000.000. produce of
the forests, and the total is fi.130,000.000.
Slock. The live stock con.-isted of. horses,
75.223; horned cattle, 603,242; sheep, 174.127 ;
swine. 340.713; coat?, 57,302 ; mules and asses,
163 ; poultry, 1 ,544.507 ; beehives. 83375 : tlogs.
31.543, raying a tax of fi.6 each. The vdlue o!
tbe homed cattle represents a capital of about
fl.70.000,000. yielding a gro3s produce of fl.33.
000.000. Storms and Floods. The damace done by
haH-storms amounted to flJ45.013, on 25.330
acres, mostly covered by insurance. Of floods,
there were none of importacce.
JFtspef. The tiaily wages for field laborers,
without food, male, from 24. to 11.1.30 ; female,
from 15. to S.I.' With food, male, from 12. to
8.1 ; fenalo. from 5. to 36.
Farming. The prevailing system is the small
farming sy.lem. that ia. there are few or no
landed proprietors who own ground of 200 acres
or more ; tbe greater part of the country peopto
hare split lots of 30 to 40 acres. To form an
idea of tbe division of land in this country, il
may be stated that of tbe 155,933 cattle owners,
only 1,331 have more than 20 head of cattle; of
I he 33.589 horsa owners, only 120 have more
than 10 horses; ami of the 20.591 sheep owners,
only 31 flocks exceed 500 sheep.
The value of land for tillage and meadows
ranges from fl.900 to fl.1.200, and above, per
acre. The difference in value of vineyards is too
great to allow even of an approximative estimate.
Regarding cattle, .table feeding" is, from the
above reasons, the most suitable system, and is
therefor most generally adopted.
Jfina. Tbe produce of tbe mines is only of
minor imporUncebeing as follows : salt, 400.0(10
cwts.; coals, 24i.0O0 do.; iron. laOOO do.: lead.
1,800 do. ; manganese, 400 do. ; arsenic ore", 300
do. The produce of the tion: quarries, for roads
an I building purposes, can not be ascertained.
The prodaee and sale of salt are monopoly
owaed by the Government, and represent a net
profit of per annum.
'. Instruction. School attendance is obligatory.
ttat is, aritn. tbe choice of public KhooU or private
ones, or tuition at home by examined and au
thorized teachers. Of public schools, thtre are ;
126 national retool', 30 higher schools. 15 Latin
schools. 2 universities, 33 indojlriil schools, 5
agricoltaral schools. 1 polytechnic school, nd 3
seminaries, all onder tbe supervision of the Gpr.
ernment. Of private and boardfaz tcbools, every
town of any consideration b. erral.
ibit-There is peif r- religious liberty.
so long as it does not interfcte with the laws of
Pauperism Tbe care of tbe tanpen remit
with th; different parishes. About four per cent.
01 the death wets paupers.
IfospitaU, &cJTmt are 131 hospitals for
both the poor aad sick, bat of which 41 are for
tbe sick only ; besides these, there are 2 lunatic
asylums. Tbe number of fnsase and idiots
amounted, in 1 to, to 4.377, ervl iu 313 Inbab
IUnt,'of which 1,913 were really lstsase, ar 1 ia
715. Thero am 593 examined and aathorited
pbrsiciabs, and 153 privileged drtijr-eliopa. Of
th! dea,h$ 54 ,er ctnU w,ra allendc,!
sicians. Kaden possesses many mineral springs
and watering places, some of which have gained
a name far beyond tha boundaries nf the country.
Crime. Tbe criminals bear a proportion Of 1
to 2.401 inhtbitants.
Tradt. Commerce antl Jiulusby. If iho con
sequences of tbe war of 1666 hive fallen' mora
intp the background, and confidence improved
upon last year, yet the general feeling is that
Franco certainly will be opposed to tbe prevailing
Idea in politics, which is " German Unity," and
will try to preyent it even at the risk of a war,
and therefore full confidence has not yet been
A. Itailroads. The total length of railroads
opened to the public amounts to 112.17 geo
graphical miles, of which 107.43 miles belong to
the Government, and the rest to private compa
nies. The total cost of the present lines is
fl.l 10.023.000.- and- they netted Q.5.40G.OOO, or
9.50,833 per mile, or 5.03 per cent, interest upon
the capital. They forwaided during 18G8 5.470,
660 persons, with 212,760 cwts. of luggage ;
19,892.352 cwts. of goods xent out of the country!
21,317.929 cwts. received into the country, and
335.053 head of cattle.
D. Trnjfitht IVater. The traqspnrtation by
water amounted, at the port of Ksehl, to 275,370
ct3.; Maxau, 389 235 do.; Leopoldsbafen, 75.S68
do.; Mannheim. 8.35S.993 do., and Constance,
628,427 do., making a total of 9,727,893 cwts.,
besides 2,611 head of cattle. - The uumber of
persons forwarded by steamers tm the Lake of
Constance and on the lihine is not ascertained.
C. Post-Ojfiie; Tbe different post-offices for
warded 19,796.000 letters, or 13.8 per bead of the
population; 12,672.000 newspapers; 2.130,000
registered letters and parcels, of a declared value
of fi.197,536.000; 5.175.000 post-office orders,
that is. payments received and made by the
post-office, amounting -to. fl.11,266,000, and
589.763 persons were forwarded by post-carriages.
The rato of postago for a single letter of )"ounco
weight throughout Germany and tbe Empiro of
Austria is 3k., or 2 cents U. S. gold
D. Telegraphs. The length of telegraphs
amounts to 209.8 geographical miles, with 514.8
geographical miles of wire, and they forwarded
630.959 dispatches. Doth tho last establishments
belong to the Government, and gave the follow
ing net proceeds : From the post-office. 0.33.6,315 i
telegraphs, 9.76.421 total, fl.4G2.736.
E. Insurance. The tables for firo insurance
show for buildings ol every description insured
by the Government, fl 503,303,730 ; do. by pri
vate companies, fl.59.578.838 ; also by tbe latter,
for furniture, fl.4 12,595,034 total, fl.975.476,602.
F. Savings Banks. Tbe capital in the 98
savings banks amounts to fl.25,923.292 ;' in the
21 do. for laborers in the different industrial es
tablishments. fl.147,569- The 4G mutual loan
banks, with 13,185 members, (Schultze-Delitscb's
priociple.) did business amounting to 9.19.017,372,
with a profit of fl.43,532. and a loss of fl.44, leav
ing a net profit of fl.43.4S3.
G. Newspapers and Periodicals. Of news
papers and periodicals, there exist in this country,
67. political ; 7, church and school ; 5, medical ;
1 9, agricultural and commercial; 6, law;C, art
i and science ; and 14 purely advertising sheets
! 104 altogether.
H. Commercial Indurtry.-Tbe 109 jewelry
manufactories at Pforgheim used, during the
year, 10,510 pounds of pure gold, at '9.810 per
pound. 98,537,400 ; 4,960 pounds of pure silver,
at fl.523 per pound. 9.260,400 total, fl3.797.800.
The articles manufactured from tbe above sold
for fl.l 1.200. 000, whilst the labor paid for tbe
same amounted to 2.1,819.000 for 4,763 hand3. '
The 36 foundries produced 59,000 cwts. pig
iron ; 90.000 do. cast iron : 73,000 do. bar iron ;
5,400 do. sheet iron ; 732 do. litharge, 18,000 do.
iron wire ; and 3.93 do. gold and silver.
Of the different manufactures o( this country,
the spinning and, weaving establishments are tbe
most important, as they employ 34.000 hands, at
301.380 spindles and 21.491 weaving frames,
which industry comprises wool, cotton, hemp and
flax. Resides the above, there are in nearly every
farmhouse eeverar common spinning wheels, nsed
by tbe females during the long winter evenings,
and by which means tbe country people spin all.
tbe linen goods for their own ue.
Tbe silk manufacture is carried on in 23
establishments, with 1,390 looms, and gives em
ployment to 4.200 hands.
Tbe manufacture of wooden clocks employs
3,f2 hands, and that of plaited straw, 1,603.
The hardware and general iron industry is
represented by 49 establishments, with 1,200
hands, for tools, tmils. Jfcc. ; 27 engineering works,
with 1,100 bands, and 3 establishments, with 300
bands, for railroad carriages and wagons, and
every other description of enmages.
Porcelain, stone and earthenware employ 724
hands, in 6 establishments j paper, paper-banging,
4c 1200 bands, in 36 establishments'; glass,
(grinding, ia, dec) 350 bands, 3 establishments ;
furniture, wood-carving, ic 390 hands, 20 estab
lishments ; chemicals and colors, 560 hands, 21
establishments ; leather, colored aod japanned
525 hands, 5 establishments ; leather, fancy work,
331 bands, 8 establishments; beetroot sugar,
12.100 hands, 2 establishments ; tobacco and ci
gars, 41)00 bands, 172 establishments; bleach
greens, dyeing antl finishing works, MOO bands,
53 establishments ; chicory,' chocolate. Sec, 400
bands, aod 'il establishments.
There are 1.922 floor mills and 649 saw mills,
all driven by water power. The Committee on
taxes valued the buildings end machinery at
1222,000.000. Tbe jealousy of tba different
parties encaged in this Industry will not permit
even an approximative estimate ol tbe value of
goods produced per annum to be made, and it
would only lead to error if an estimate were at
tempted. Army, The Dadith army forms one division
of tlw German araiy. of which the Commander-in-Chief
is His Majesty the King of Prnssla. It
eoRiUts of tb genera! Staff; 6 regiments of
infantry, of 3 battalions each; the battalions
comprise 4 companies of 240 men each, tbe whole
forming three brigades ; 3 regiments of dragoocs,
of h squadrons, each of 140 men, forming one
brigade ; 1 regiment of field artillery, consisting
of 1 battery of horse artillery, 6 guni,4 pounders :
4 batteries foot artillery. C gont,4 pounders, and
4 batteries foot artillery, f guns, C pqacder ; 1
train division ; 1 Itatu fortress artillery, con
iitingof 1 company light artillery, and 4 com
panies of heavy artillery 1 division of 2 compa
nies sappers and miners; J saoitary company,
aod I division for ttW Military woraafcop, Tm
army numbers, oe a peace fowtlBer. UAtt mtm 'i
ad on a wr tboticjr, 43,37 .
LATE FOREIGN NEWS!
Lo.idox, Nor. S2d. The 7Wl correspondent at
Antwerp telegraphs oa tb. 2Iit :
" Early this morning, Banrbakt patted through
Amiens, oa his way to assume his. new command
against I'nnce Frederick Charles."
It Is reported that Oeneral Miehet, having objected
to act with Oarabaldl, was replaced by General
The TWta.s correspondent at Garabaldi't head
quarters at Autun, writing under date Nov. 13th, says
the reported quarrel between Qarabaldl and the
j Franct-Tirenri is utterly unfounded. Largo numbers
I of tbe latter throng the headquarters asking to be
I placed under the General's command. From Mar
f teilles, and tba Departments of Jara and Esone-et-
Loire, they come" faster than equipments can bo
The General it la good health and spirits. Ills
troops bare greatly improved.
Difficulties continue to exist between him and tha
Autun priests, most of whom aro either Bonapartists
or Prussian spies ; but military matters, nevertheless,
are growing daily better. .Tha battalions are mag-
1 niSeently organised and disciplined. General activity
j prevails in various direction.
A special despatch from Berlin, dated to-day, lays
! the tteaty with tbe South German States of Baden
and Itesse for the establishment of the German Bund
I was signed on tha 15th intt. It adopts the North
German Constitution and a protocol makes tha follow
' ing stipulations t The Constitution to go Into elect
January 1st, 1371, with the introduction of the com
mon military budget; the transfer of the postal and
j telegraph service ia Baden to the bund will be -pott-I
ponedtothelstof January, 1872; Baden and Ilesie are
in uo way responsible for too recent loan of tha exist
ing Bund; the law concerning the press and pnblio
meetings will be plaeed within the jurisdiction of the
! Bund ; Hesse will have two mora votes in the Bund
and Baden three, making 43 la all; on questions af-
footing only particular States their rotes only are
I taken ; a declaration of war can only be made with
the assent of tho Council j Southern Hesse is to re
' turn sjx members, and Baden fourteen to the German
Diet. It will bo necessary to hara a majority of
three fourths and not two-thirds as heretofore.
Lo.inox, Nor. 23d Special to the irbrfd. Tho
j news sent tp the New York IPorW exclusively on tho
I 19th, of the abandonment of the German. attempt to
i inrado tho .Northwest and Southwest of France, and
the concentration of all their forces in the immediate
neighborhood of Paris, is confirmed to-day by a des
patch from Berlin, stating that all the German forces
are concentrating at Paris to form a defensive semi
circle from Etampes, by Chartres and Dreux to Nan
tes, with Frederick Charles on the south, Duke of
Mecklenburg on tha west, and General MauteuSel
on the north.
A special despatch from Tours on the night of tba
22dr says Bourbaki has just arrived hero from LiUe
to command the Eighteenth Corps.
A great battle is imminent. Tho design, it seemt,
is to pierce the enemy's centre at Etampes by a col
umn of 150,000, moving from Augerville, while si
multaneous attacks will be made all along bit attenu
ated line west and northeast of Etampes.
A correspondent has visited the whole French lines
from Nevres to Rouen. At Rouen tbero Is an en
trenched camp of 15,000 of tbo Garde National and
Garde Mobile, and from thence an almost unbroken
line, of entrenched camps extendi tc Dreux and Lo
Mans. Between Le Macs and Boniliere there is an
extremely strong fort, mounting 02 guns, manned by
sailors and Mobiles from the south of France.
La Mans Is garrisoned by the Pontificial Zonaves.
From Le Mam the lines extend west to Orleans,
and northwest to Augerville.
The. correspondent was forbidden to give further
details but says the whole strength of tbe army Is
under-estimated at 300,000, while its equipment, teal,
and discipline are perfect.
Lc.idox, Nor. 23d Special cable despatch to tha
New York Iftratd. General Bourbaki has just is
sued a farewell address to the Army of the North, on
being called to eommand tbe Eighteenth Corps. Ho
said he could felicitate all the corps of the Northern
Army on the excellent and patriotls spirit which had
animated them; bo would follow their movements
with interest, and be proud of the eourageous efforts
tbey would put forth to resist tho enemy and repot
the Invader from tbe soil of Franee.
Advices from Paris to the 19th have been received
by balloon. For two days the Prussians fired on the
engineers working on Fort d'lvry. The fire was re
turned by the French.
The Franes-Tireurt surprised the enemy near Boa
get on the IStb, killing four.
Tbe hiepeadnet It tig t learnt of the organisation
la Paris of a Civic Guard, mainly of foreigner), to
enroll inhabitants fit for service and execution of
orders. Tbe Government superintends the distribu
tion of rations.
Tbe morale of the people is excellent.
Advices from Tours fre received to Nor. 22d. Oa
tbe 21st tb Gards Mobile opposed tha Prussians four
.hours near La Loup. Giving way, the Crustiest
threaten Nogtnt-Ie-Rotroa and Mans. Another foica
mores on Argentajn.
Tbe German line extends from Senoehes to Auxero,
taking in Dreux.
Beacse, Not. 28th. Tbe ' main body of tbe
French attempted to force a passage towards Fon
ttlnebletu, by a heavy attack. Tbey encountered
tbe Tenth Prussian Corp at Beauue, reinforced by
tbe Fifth Infantry and tbe First Cavalry Dlrljons.
Tbe French were repulsed with heavy losses In dead,
wounded and prisoners, especially tbe latter. Tbe
Army of tbe Loire was consequently withdrawn.
Loxdov, Nor. 30th 3 p. M Tbe rumored capitu
lation of Paris canset buoyancy In tbe stock market
New Yobk, Nov. &9tb. A Tribune St. Petersburg
cable says tbe OaittUU glad a Conlerence Is to be
beld, and says It showed tbe wisdom of tbe form 0
tbe Russian note, for In no otlier wsy could a Con
ference be obtained. Russia will be glad to accede
If tbe other Powers admit tbe fact accomplished by
Viessi, Nor. 29th. It Is reported bere that the
recent declarations received from 8t. Petersburg de
mand that preparations be mads by European Pow
ers for early action.
St. Petebibcko, Not. 30. Letters from all quart
er show tbe loyalty of tbe people and makes Rus
sia unassailable, and fearless of hostile alliances.
No ministerial instruction are given tbe press.
Lokdos, Nov. 80. Lyons awaits the decision of
the Tours Government before sending splenlpoten
tliry to the Conference.
Tbe London Timet is nrgleg tbe King- of Prnstla
as sn ally to urge ou tbe Czar tbe folly of hi pre
tentions, which tbe civilized world refuses to grant.
VxasaiLtM, Nov. HO. On Monday and Tuesday
tbe eannoBsde wj maintained by the Paris foils,
followed by1 sortie In force, supported by gun boats
In tbe direction of 1" flay, on tbe position seld by
tbe Sixth Prussian Corps, simultaneously. Other
sorties were made In different directions. All were
repulsed, and 860 French prisoners were taken.
Tbe Prussian lots was 7 oSctrs and 136 mea.
The French were beaten near Amies tmi tti la
disorder towards Arras. Four guo were Mesa.
BciLnr, Not. Sh. Private adrkes from Vienna
represent that Anstrl, Xngland, tad lul accept
Russian propotl for a Conference, with tfo inter
standing that tbe claim of Raaak are not ta be pre.
judleed by bcr participation therein.
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