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title: 'The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, January 11, 1871, Image 1',
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Image provided by: University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
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BOOK AND JOB
tEvery Wednesday Morning,
lfSCT DOLLARS PER AXXU2L
FwrrtCm talwriUn, S).00 to 310.00.
Qrrtrc - Qmeii StW!, in tJic old
THIS OfnCE'B 2OW PldffAMH)
TO EXECUTE ALL ORDER
For Plain and Fancy Frinti
lltum BvMhiz, Honolulu, 11. I.
aa lasWasVsl W X. brm, at UK Oortrn-
OF EVERT DESCRIPTION.
WITH NEATNESS DISPATCM
sS. tmtnm eemtaiaaea-
VOL. YIjSt0. 52,
HONOLULU, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY ll,- J871.
mm PER TEAR.
tV. riilRCII V CO.,
fiai-il Ceasis-sica Kerthaats-
br Ha- tataMi UTarka.
E. P. ADAMS,
JlnrfimctiT aad Ceranassion Merchant,
h.,.joi. n j. ijc
c r. :iciioi.s.-si
n tan alliilt mi- r it Ofcc fom ifirr 8
y?i;Wr.c a.ana.'r.taBeraUasaSt. (m
IIOI.I.IJS A: CO..
i k. oeanassioN siebchants
hitMu anaattan IM to tie
aaaiaa-af Haiia h-
jOMUc e Oaafce.
-JOII S. JIoCItKiV, 31. I.,
I at su. n..a..r. on Hawt ft., Wtrrn AU
m;jiiiiitKYS .v. mtoiva',
nsnecBSS and "wholesale dealees
Hi lull i. AK Hanar, Mwcbaat Smt
A. I Jtl.
ATXLT AXD C0C5SELL0R AT LAW.
JK SaWl I r 9, Fart lax. Hoawlala. ly.
THUS. . this liars
Stationery. Cutlery and. News Depot
and Circulating Library,
H iiaal nal. aloaftaara. Aaw HmmeU Colli oc Ed
avaaaaa, raaaji 1j aa Cujwia, pmptlf execaftaioo
i. isajiiislu C K. Wiiliuap' Farahare
. au caaaaa. J. a. afmmas. a. r. wo.
ISPSEUES, OEXERAL XERCHANTS, AKD
ta Saaaea'. Cbapel
SawSaaaaaaaftaaaa- Was itiia. Patau aaa atWr Sggar
pi 1 f aTudi aa4 .,. Kaaai,
r aaav'OaraM4 Futlly Maalsciara,
r at waaaar n a la, saacaiavs
Mataal LaV laaanaea 0a.,
Tin. asaat aaseua.
rx3PEsm anb sealer in boots, shoes
taaaCMaaas. Faranaanx Oauda, rerfnaarT, ic, carsffr
af tart aa nrtiaal fawK HoaulaJa.
Ala. Aaaaa asr car naaanaa saap vo. uraar. reocTu,
of Gaols to tie
v. c m'i'i';3i. si. i..
rBT BEXStCIAN, AND SURGEON.
Bar aart 1 1 il i aar Baaai'. Hall, Halal Strett,
LtSal"'a7?i n HNa)naa Mi ah-lan. VwAnery,
aa ab eV ttwa-r.. Oaari TallK lNer, MagM,
aaaiaat.ar..Tac-aai a aafc far OMb. (-l?C)
JOII.A II. l'ATV,
Xury FsMic sad Cemoisticncr of Deedi
fartw fwar af CkSfarala.
OOkc at the But ef Bbbop
. all I III! ajiH,
ii.i.ia:iia3i cV co.;
mSCRBS AKS DEALERS IK HARDWARE,
Caaaaj. Bn ft li. Iaiau aid 00a. ao4 Ulnl Mrr-rani-iB.
faKnat u H..4la. U-ljt
II. IIACKI'IJI-I CO.,
SEXEEAL C0XK1SSI0N AGENTS.
i ftraat. Hooolol.. II t.
ZB. HOFFSCHLAEGER & CO.,
ZXPSSTEES AKD C0K2I1SSI0K MERCHANTS,
4" Basatala Oaha, II I. 1)6
Tiiicon. c. iii:i;cii,
JXETEE ASB COMMISSION HEECHANT.
Ii HaaaM. Oahn. II. I- ly
I'. A. JCIIAIJI?UIt X. CO.,
J HnlaJa. Oaha. II 1. Q)S
x. acvsaw. . o- DICESOX
i.mviii:s .v icuso.,
TEF6EXEES AND DEALERS IN LUMBER,
Mauriab, fort Irtct, HunolDla
ALLEN & CHLLLLNGWORTH,
aaajaaataaar laitiaanil MrrraMad w aa4 hipfWag Lume
ataa. aaaaa fan. aakarr tkay an nrd to foruuh tlie
r i I lull I kaaate I'atawea, aaa tatn otuff i
M M ara iaaatn aalraaipr, l lb bortHt nattce
aaaaal ia,iaial'lf tenm. i irrwuud alvay eu
JOII.A X. AVAXIIItllOUSIJ,
HCF8BTES AND DEALER IN GENERAL
t Smrt. Ilaaoala, II. I. 1?6
iv. i iiti:i:A,
OZKEEAL COMMISSION AGENT AND BROKER,
ajaawaa 11 1 rf BaJatiag tjata St. llrnolttlo, II.
3IcCOI4GAK A: JOII.AjiOA,
N FartH-. Haaalala, f!Ut T. C. lUncfi. 1)6
C. K. WII.I.IA3IS,
KAKUTACTURER, IMPORTER AND DEALER
la faaajl an ii i i r T '-' r Famiti
fartSataat, aaynltr CkW, rixKup Ji
Vfaaa at Hm ata Us4 an Hotel trr
4D Oiau i b mm tb ataaj Um' procipHj
Fomitorr Vrr KtxHil, ou
ltriet. near Fort.
promptly attcttjed to. 1)7
BOOT AND SHOE WAKTR,
4U Klag StaaH, t to Iht CKhfl, llanolnlo.
XIICO. II. IATIKS,
IinJuw, Gtxrs Co.)
LKP0STI3 AND COMMISSION MERCHANT,
ap ao&kt roit
UaaaTa aa4 la UtmtokI rnJetrriter,
BrtS Fatalpi lUHne Inmraoce Comruy, and
raai li JlKcraat Cccapuy. 3-ly
IMTOETEES AND WHOLESALE DEALERS
IrflfcrnbHr-"- "-ir IUta. 0i, lloott, Shorn, and
vraiy VvWty rf 0iUam FsrnUhloe Goodi. no'l
WaMtiiA MrefcantStrat.lloaolila. 1MJI
i.1. 9TJL1JCEB. C- AU-ESt-
WALKER JC AII.E',
EHTPPIKO AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
3f Qaets Street, lltmolnlo, IL 1. P)6
l 1 TORBEKT.
DEALER IS LUMBER AND EVERY KIND OF
Oma Corner Qoeenmid rort ttrttU. 1)6
-x. iij - iinaJnln xt the Ililr DrruiDaT
5aW career of King and ForU All Watches
b Oeuied asd Sejired, and puia a teed for 12 mentbi;
CBmrret moo erne.
CM I AG HOQS.
Corusiiilca litre hint sad Geaeral Agent,
Iisparur of Teal and other Chlneae aad Foreign Goodi,
VcBleaale DeaUr is tUnllaa Product, and Agent for the
Fmskaa aad AraauuJn far PUntaUoiu. Fire-proa
Sura oa Xcaaau Street, beltnr Klnr. r Sl-lyC
aSk Baaar aaa,
Jff Taijai l iiMao
Teacher on the Piano Forte and Singing.
MuficfcroiibedrntlTiTate lUlla, etc. All the latest
Onlmlfrt H Sir. T. 0. Thrntn', Mprcbnt rtrt, or at
tbe reridence of Sir. fcinper, next door aboTe Mr. Adderlej,
Nntutta Arenne, prompily Kttendfd to. 50 3nic
JrL I1m Opened a New Establishment,
and will gire hi attention to
Carriage Triniming. Saddle and Harness Making,
and Eepairing in all its Branches-
Etctj description pf Articles connefted with the Bnilnet0
constantljr on hand, at
3Iocerate Prlcea. Give Illm n Trial
Frt treft, next dour to GoTeramentBoilding. 1VQ 6nic
HONOLULU IRON WOEKS CO.
r5 STF.AJI KXGIVES, Sugar Mill.,
llcllrr.. Cuolen, liun, hints and Lead Caatiuga.
Machinery of EveryDe3crlptIon,
S3- Made to Order. S
Particular attention paid to Ship's Blacksmithing.
i-JOn WORK executed on the thtirtet' notice. 33-1)6
J. S. 1ICKS().
House, Ship and Sign Painter,
No. OZ King Street,
Kearly opposite Messrs. DilllDgkani A Co.
rV "'-v nlnDS MarhliDg, Gilding, OAlsoraloinp, Paper-
a; naogiufu &c., ic, esrciueu wo tue suorvest uglier,
ysnd uo the most reasonable terms.
Office, Cor. Fort & Hotel Streets.
U. C. CnaLLAXEU il. X. BLU1IE.
;iiai.i.a3ii:i. & co.,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN WINES,
Spirits, Alee, T.t No. 8, Nunsnn Street, opposite Merchant
Street, Honolulu. ' 12-1)0
a. s. ci.i:;nit,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
Fire-proof Store, corner of Queen and Kaihumanu Streets.
Iletail sUUihmeuts. on Xnasna Street, and on tbe corner
el Fort ud Ilofl Streets. lt-l)G
tUl PICI. H. A. P. CAKTZS
c. ititmvi:it a: co.,
IIOXOL.VI.U, il. I.
ACK.VTS or tin llmtim null Honolulu Packet
ACR.VTS-ror the JIakte, IVallnku mid Ilnnn
AG i:T.-i-Kor the I'dtxlinse and Sale of Iilaiul
B. F. KBLEH9. A. JAEGEB.
ii. i'. i:hi-i:i:s &, co..
DEALERS IN DRY GOODS AND GENERAL
Fn-e-nnwf Store on Fott St., abore 0.1.1 Fellows Hall. 37-1)0
F. A. .SCIIAKFIIK,
AGEST for (lie BREMEX HOAItD of
Areat for the Dresden Hoard of Underwriters,
Aeent for the Vienna Hoard of Underwriters.
C. S. JIAKXOIV,
Salesroom on Queen Street, one door from Kaabmnanu
Street. - 17-1)8
31. S. OmiVKAIJM fc CO.,
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS
In Fashionable Clothing, Hats, Caps, Hoots, Shoes and
every variety of Gentlemen's superior Furnishing Goods.
Store In Makee'e Block, Queen Street, Honolulu, II. I.
AI-'Ort'G fc ACIIUCK.
Importers, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
And China Goods, in IheFire-proof Store n Nuuanu Street,
under the I'uMiclIall. A3-lt7
D. H. HITCHCOCK,
IVOXAItY IM JIMC,
31. X. I0I3l,L,
CABINET MAKER AND UPHOLSTERER
King Street, Honolulu, opposite Lewis' Cooper Shop. Will
bay and sell second hand Fnrntture.
"WAGON AND CARRIAGE BUILDER,
7G IClnf; Mrt-t, Honolulu.
A KerairintT done with care and neat- ft
i&PnvM. Also, particnlrr attention glu-n jSfiSfl
lSj to BUckdmi thing ana Ilortre-shoeing. SjLMS
Urdera lrgoi the uther Ifbanrti promptly eiecmea
J. NOTT & CO.,
OI'l'EIl Ac TIX SMITHS, make every de-
fcription of work la their line, used.on l'lanta-
lions or elsewhere. They also keep on band a full
Sheet Copper, Sheet Tin,
Sheet Lead, Sheet Iron,
. Iron-Wire, Copper Wire,
Soft A Brass Solder, Tail Ears,
Pressed Bucket Covers,
Black and Tinned Rivets,
Copper Rivets, etc.
Also on hand, a few more of
THOSE SPLENDID COOKING STOVES,
Received by the " Syren,"
"Cotton Plant" and "Gray Jackets," together
with a variety of Japanned Ware, and many articles
useful in tbe Kitchen. jfcT Work on Uuildings,
such ns gutters, spouts, water-pipes, Ae. Ship-work
will meet with prompt attention at No. 9 Kaabumanu
lAMUS L. 1.KWIS,
COOPER AND GAUGER,
At the Old Stand, corner King and Bethel Streets.
A targe Stock of 0:1 Snooks and alt Mods of Cooperiog
Materials constantly Jn hand. lie hopes by attention to
business to merit a continuance of the patronage which he
has heretofore enjoyed, and for which he now returns his
thanks. t l-3m
J. II. T1MWIPSOS,
Queen Street, Honolulu,
Has constantly on hand and far sale at the Lowest Market
Prices, a good assortment of the Best llefined Car Iron, and
the Best Blacksmith's Coal. 3S-1)6
F. II. .to G. SEGEIAilirV,
TIN, ZINC AND COPPER SMITHS, AND
SHEET IE0N WORKERS,
Ncuanu Street, between Merchant and Queen.
Hare constantly on band. Stoves, Pipe, Gal-ranized
Iron Pipe, Plain and llose Bibbs,Stop-cocks, India
' Rubber Hose best S-ply, In lengths of 25 and 50
afeet,wIthcouplingsaud pipe complete. Batb-Tubs,
(andalsoa very large stockofTinaare of every de
Particular attention given to Ship-Work. Orders from the,
other Inlands will be carefully attended to".
Thanlfal to the Citlzena of Honolulu and the .Islands
generally for their liberal patronage la tbepast, we hope by
strict attention to business to merit tbe sain, for the future.
Carriage and Sign Painting.
THE UXDEltSJGXED having.
procured tbe services of a competent
workman. Is now prepared to execute
all orders In the line of CARKUaE and SIGS PAINTIMJ.
7 In a Manner to Warrant Satisfaction.
M. B ENFIELD.
76-Klng Street, Honolulu.
HOUSE AND SHIP PLUMBER,
King Street, next to the Seamen'i B'theL
Has on hand, Bath-Tubs, Water-Cloeets, Kash-Baalirs,
Force aad lift Pumps, Lead and Gal vaulted Iron .Pipes,
and Plumber. Brass-works. Being .the only Plmnberinthe
city, he will; execute all orders entrusted UyUm in a work
0aajke manner. P-3m
EC W. SEVERANCE & CO.,
General Shipping & Commission
31 Kit CHAIN-XS.
405 Front Street, corner of Clay, SanrraneUco
The Australian Steam Navigation Co's
Patent Slip & Engineering Works,
snxsr, x. s. iv.
05 All classes of Enelneerlmr Work. Iron
5LJisliibu!;diDr and ceneral sbio's reijairs,.
executed cheaply and expeditiously. Vessel of the
largest tonnage can ue taxen up.
;-H6 FRED. II. Tr.OCTON, Msnaper.
LEARMONTH, DICKINSON & Co.,
SYDNEY, X. S. .,
General Commission Agents,
Will attend to tbe sale of Sandwich Island Produce, and
arrange for advances on same.
fV. L. 0IIEEN Honolulu
.liarx to- . MACFA11LANK, BLAIR t Co.. .San Francisco
H. B. WILUAaS,
B. P. BtAXCHlED,
C. B. MOKQAX.
WILLIAMS. BLANCHAED & CO..
SHIPPING AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
1)7 No. 218 California Street, San Francisco. SO
Jons VCBAIIX. 3. C. MEBBILL
Portland. S. F. Cat,
M'CRAKEN, MERRILL & CO.,
Hating been engaped in our present buslneps for upwards
of twelve yearo, and being located mat tre-prooi ant, ltuna
dinp, we are prepared to receive atiddipoe "f If laud Staples,
tnrhu Sccar. Simnn. IUce.ru la. Coffee, etc.. to adrantare.
Cousignrueuts e-peciallv solicited tor the Oregon Market, to
which perttonai aiieution win ue pna, anu upon wnicn caan
adTaoce win be maue wuen repjireu.
Charles AV Brooks. San Francisco
J C Merrill Co
Fred Iken "
Bidger Lindenberger "
James X'atrick Co "
Wm T Coleman a Co
SteTenj, Baker a Co "
Allen a Lewi? Portland
Leonard a Green " I-lyC
i-:. ji. tax iei:i:i,
HaviugtliB best facilities through an intimate connection
with the Japanese trade for the pa&t eight years. Is prepared
to trausact any business entrustwl to bis care, with dispatch.
LANGLEY, CROWELL & CO.,
32 Cor. Battery &: Clay Sts, San Francisco. Cm
Rl MM EL'S
PATRONIZED BY ALL THE WORLD.
"piMMEIS IiILAXtJ-IllXANG, VAXDA, HEN
XX) na. Jockey Club, Trangipane. and other per
fumes of exquisite fragrance.
HI M.MEL'S Lavcndar Water, distilled from Mit
Ritumel'g Toilet Vinegar, celebrated for Us useful
and sanitary properties.
Itimtuel'ij Extract of Lime Juice and Glycerine, the
best preparation for tho hair, especially in warm cli
mates. Kim in el's Bugong Oil Soap, perfumed with Austra
Rim m el's Glycerine, Honey, Windsor and other
Rimmel's Rose Water, Costume and Flor&l Crack
ers, very amusing for balls and parties.
Rimroel's Violet, Rose-leaf, Rice, and other Toilet
133, A liberal allowance to shippers.
Ferfumer to II It II tbe Priucess of Wales. 96, Strand,
128, Regent Strret, and Hi, Corn hi 11, London;
17, Boulevard des Italians, VaiIs1 and 76, King's
43" Sold by all Perfumery Vendors. 37-1yC
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN,
Iw ngrnfii put In Working1 Ortlcr.
This Railway is cnpable of taking
up V essels measuring up to 45 metres ( 143 ft.
abt-l of keel.
The draft of water forward must not exceed 2 me
tres 30 centimetres (7 ft. alt.), tbe draft aft calcu
lated at tbe maximum increase or 6 centimetres (2
inches) for each metre of keel.
The charges for taking up a vessel, and staying the
same -upon the Railroad, remain tho same as fixed
1 rer tariff of 13th Dec., 1854 :
Bonn in it ayin'
Flmt dj. cludlo Aaj of
Vessel under 100 ton SOf. $16 00 -lOf. $S 00
Vessel from 101 to 200 t'ns.120 21 00 00 12 00
Vessel from 201 to 300 " ISO 36 00 89 18 00
Vessel from ?01 to 400 " 240 48 00 120 24 00
And besides for each ton.... 1 20 25c. 5
?io. 4. Hold Street.
RODKI1T 1.ET1 lieca to in
form the public that be has opened 1T--aiS pilaff
.bore utjrket and that be has procured the services of
.V JPirmt Olca.813 Btitclior.
He trust, that by killing only the IlKbT CATTLE, and
laying every attention to the business, to merit a share of
the public patronage.
Beef & Pork Sausages, Bolognas & Blood Paddings
Made to Order.
15- TEBMS-CI1KAP PUR CA Ml. 51-3mc
IS'o. 5 Merchant Street, opposite the Sailor's Home,
.V ALL ITS BRAXCUES,
HAS COXSTAKTLT ON HAND a variety
of 110MK-MADE FURNITURE, which he offers for
sale AT THE LOWEST MARKET PRICES, consisting of
BEST BLACK WALNUT PARLOR FURNITURE,
Spring-Back Easy Chairs, Lounges and 31attrasses.
Hair and Spring llattrasses, Window Shades and Slip
covers made to order.
Old Furniture IEcUpuoIs-tercd,
Repaired and Tarnished, with satisfaction warranted.
fie- Call and examine my stock before purchasing else
where. JGr Terms Reasonable. All orders from Ship-masters and
the ctber Islands, will be promptly attended to. 5-ly
LICENSED SHIPPING AGENT,
Office on James Robinson & Co's Wharf,
Continues tbe business on his old plan of settling wit
officers and seamen immediately on their shipping at hU
othce. Having no direct or indirect Conner Mthanyout
fitting establishment, and allowing no debts u. e collected
In his office, he hore togive a. good satisfaction in the fu--tnre
as be has in the past. 1-Cm
GROCER AND SHIP CHANDLER,
JJoney and Kecrulta furnished to Ships on the most favor
10 able terms. fljB
THE COTTAGE PIAIfO
FORTE, belonging to MADAME CAR-
ANDINr. ApphUQ -
-C. S. BARTOW.
THE NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY,
OllCASlZED IX 1843.
Cash Assets, January. . 1870
Gross Income for 1S0O.HW .....
Dividends for 1S69 -
Premiums collected from 1843 to 15G3 $11,093,564
Losses paid from to 1863... ..... 3,236,500
READ WHAT OTHERS SAY OF US.
From tbe " spectator" ofA'ew Tork City wo ex
tract as follows : "Tbe New England Mutual stands
forth as a fitting type of what a company should be
in regard ti its method mT bi'siness. Seeking rather to
establish a reputation for, 'Stability and roundness,
than to present novel and promising, but untried and
unapproved features io underwriting; conducting alt
the company's affairs iritB tbe strictest economy and
-adopting only those measures proved by experience to
be the wisest, tbe directe.e of tho company hare suc
ceeded in establishing fofit a reputation for reliability
second to no uther similar organization in thecountry.
Yet. great as is tbe degree of caution manifested in
tbe adoption of every new measure, the company is
conducted in a manner fully in unison with the pro-
fessive spirit of the age. As regards Us dealings
th policy holders, few companies aro more liberal
' The business of the Kw England Mutual is con
ducted in tbe most cconomicil and able manner; its
terms are liberal -and just; its snccess has been uni
form and extendedandits ytrfect reliability and tafcty
the natural consequences atendant upon the posses
sion of such features, and vhich should be the great
desideratum with an insunnce company, are in no
For further particulars phase call upon
CASTLE fc COOKE,
4 9-3 a, c Agents for tbe Hawaiian Islands.
THE MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE CO.
OF NEW YORK.
Cash Assets, over. . :$36,0O0,0G0 J
Cash Dividends in ISIS,.. . .'$3,257,137.26
The Largest Life Insurance Company
IJST THE WORLD!
Premium must le Pniil Seml-.Au.
iiuully . or Quarterly.
E. P. ADAMS,
" 14-lvO Agent for the Hawaiian Islands,
IMPERIAL FIRE INSURANCE C031PANT
Of London.-Insdtnted 1803.
CASH CAPITAL, SH)00,000 111 GOLD.
THE UXUEItSIQNKD are irepared to Issue policies on
Fire Risks twith or witlout the average clau-e) on
Plantation Buildines and Machinery, l'rlvat. Dwellings,
JJrlcb. Mone and Wooden Morr, MercnarKiiee, uoais, .um
ber. Ships In Port, Ac,.oii the Host ftrorable terms. -
3-AU Losses Adjustol and Paid for here.'ffa
For particulars apply at the ofice vf
WALKEP. 4 ALLKN, '
C2-ly Ageats for the Hawaiian Inlands.
MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY
Of San Francisco.
nnUK tIMJKltSIGNED linvlng leen np-
JL iHelnted Agent for the above Company, are prepared
to isuf rolfcles on Unrgof, reignta and Treas
ure. WALKEK St ALLKX,
l-3m Apenta. Uonoluln.
BOARD OF UNDEUWRITEHS.
npIIE U1VDERSIONED linrlnp; been np-
JL pointed Aoants rr the can ransico itoara 01 uoaer
writer, comprising the
California Insurance Company
3Ierrliaiits Ulntaal larlne Im. Co.
Pacific Jnaurancc Comjiany,
California Llnflf. and
Home JItitital Insurance Company
Itec leare to Inform MatTs nf Ve?eli and thoimliKc eene-
rallr, that all losees vt VteseU and Cargoes, inrjred by either
of the above Conipanief, upajoKt perils of the teas anJ
oilier rlaJii, at or near tbe Sandwich Islands will hare to
1-Zm II. IIACKFKLD& CO.
mm: undersigned, agents op the
JL aboTt Company, hare been authorized to Insure risks
on Cargo, Freight and Treasure, from Honolulu
to all ports of the world, andrlce versa.
1S-1v6 II. 1IACKFELD tt CO,
nnilE U.VDEUSIONED, AGENTS of the
X above Company, have been anthorized to I run re risks
ou Cargo, Freight and Treasure) by Coasters,
from Ilopolula to all ports of the lUwiMn Qroup, and vice
8-1)6 II. IIACKFELI) I CO.
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY.
rsiIIK UNDEKqIGNED having been op-
JL pointed Agent uf the above Company, are prejuirej
to Insure risks againstTire, on Stone and Ilrlck Uulld
lugs, and on Merchandise stored therein, no the
most favorable terms. For particulars apply at the office of
THE AGENT FOR THE URITISH For
eign Marine Insurance Com nary, (Limited), has re
ceived instructions to reduce the rates ol Insurance
between Ilonolutn and Ports In the Pacific, and is now pre
pared to Ismio fyllcies 'at the Lovrat JlaUt, with a special
reanciion on sreigui per Meaciers.
TIIEO. II DAVIFS.
43-lr" Art'nt Prft Fhr Mar. Jn On. Lfmitt
SUGAK & MOLASSES
Sugar and Molasses,
CROP NOW CODING IN, and for sale
in quantities to suit purchasers, by
l-3m WALKER A ALLEN, Agents.
Sngar and 3IoI:imwcm Crop 1870
OMINO IN, FOR SALE IN
J to suit pui
tVALh.HK i. ALLEN, Agents.
. PRINCEVILLE PLANTATION.
Supir and SIolaeneH Crop 1870
COMING JN, FOR SALE IN QUANTITIES
' to suit purchasers, by
l-3tn WALKER t ALLEN, Agents.
IVeiT Crop of Snar &. Jlolasncst
NOW COMING IN, AND FOR SALE IN QUAN
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rFromtb.N. V. Independent.
General Von .HollUe,
Among living masters of the art of war, a
high if not the highest place must be assigned
to ilelmntb Charles Bernard Count Ton iMoItke.
chief of the Staff to Ihe i'russiaa army. To the
skillful combinations of this great strategist were
due the remarkable success of the Seven Weeks'
War with Austria in 186G, as well as the still
more amazing triumphs of the recent campaign
It is a notable illustration of., the truth that
geuius is largely dependent for its recognition
upon external circumstances, that MoUko was
unknown to the world nine years ago. though be
had already reached tbe mature age of sixty-one.
No reference to him could then be found either
in Vaperau's comprehensive Dictionnaire des
Contemporains, the LeipzigJnii ner 'der Zeit,
or the voluminous Noytelle Biographie of
H Offer, nor as late as 1BC8 does his name appear
in the literary annual, Men of the Time. Yet
even then he had exhibited the military abilities
which were highly appreciated by the Cabinet ol
Berlin, and only needed a wider theatre of action
to gain a world-wide fame. The reputations of
the distinguished members of his family whose
names are preservedjn the Conversations Lexi
kons, and other biographical dictionaries among
whom is Count Adam von Moltke. prime minister
of Denmark about twenty-five years ago have
been eclipsed by his renown.
lie was born at Samrow, near Gnewitz, in
Mecklenburg, on the 26th of October, 1800, the
same year as the historians Macaulay and Ban
croft. Soon after his birth, his father removed
to Holstein.nnd it was among the Banes that the
future general first cultivated the military talents
which many years later were .effectively turned
against them. When only twelve years of age,
he became a member of the Academy of Military
Cadets at Copenhagen, being only two years
older than Napoleon when he entered the mili
tary school at Brienne. Thus, even in childhood,
was laid the foundation of the succe$3 which was
crowned with its highest honors at the ripe bed
of seventy. The next ten years of his life were
turned to good account. He must have been a
diligent student, for a part of this time at least,
for at twenty-two he passed the severe examina
tion which admitted him to the I'ruisian service
with the rank of second lieutenant. The corps
to which he was attached was the eighth regi
ment of infantry, then stationed at Frankfort-on-the-Oder,
and commanded by General vdn Mar
wick, whose wife was by birth a Countess von
It was fortunate for the youthful officer, who
was the youngest second lieutenant in the regi
ment, that he had influential friends at head
quarters, for, as his parents had lost almost nil
their properly, he was wholly dependent on his
slender pay. This was the more aggravating, as
he wislied to obtain instruction in the modern
languages, for the acquisition of which he had
peculiar aptitude. By rigid economy he contrived
to save enough for this purpose, and was so suc
cessful in bis studies that he soon became distin
guished as a linguist. This proficiency did not,
however, diminish the taciturnity which lias al
ways been one of his striking characteristics, and
has gained for him the humorous distinction of
being silent in eight languages. His diligence
was rewarded by the appointment of Director of
the School of Division, and his successful man-,
ageinent of lliis somewhat insubordinate body
led to his being placed on the commission for
topographical surveys in Silesia and. elsewhere,
under that able and genial officer, Gencreal von
Muffling. Not long afterwards, he was promoted
to the rank of captain, and'in two years became
a member of the general Staff.
His next Ecene of action was in the East,
where he traveled, in 1835 j and, at the request
of Sultan Mahmoud, prepared plans of important
places on the Danube, and organize i the Turkish
army on the Prussian .model. One fruit of this
absence was bis historical worl, "The TurcO'
Ku-sian Expedition, 1828-9 ;" which, though de
predated by its author, has been highly com
mended by competent critics. Iranng bis visit
to the East, where he passed four'laborious years,
he explored Asia Minor on. horseback, observing
with the keen eye of the strategist the prominent
features of the country, being the first military
observer who had examined this region since
Xenophon passed through it on bis memorable
Itetreat with the Ten Thousand. Escaping death
by murder, which had overtaken other European
explorers. Von Moltke was spared for grander
destinies. His sketches of notable places in this
region were highly appreciated by Bitter, the
great German geographer, who compared them
with the accounts of tbe campaigns of Alexander,
the travels of Marco Polo, and the Crusades.
In 183'J, he returned to Europe,' and, not long
after receiving his major's commission in the 4th
corps el'armee, was married to MiS3 Bart, of
Holstein. Five years later be was appointed
aide-de-camp to Prince Henry, of Prussia, node
of the present King, with whom he resided in
Romn, where that unfortunate scion of the Ho-
henzollerns soon after died, havine been for years
a hopeless invalid. After bringing back Prince
Heinricb's dead body to Prussia, Moltke rapidly
rose in the scale of promotion, being inadn chief
of the general staff of the 4th army corps in
Magdeburg, where be was ordered in tbe stormy
days of '48; lieutenant-colonel in 1856; and
lieutenant-general in 1859. In this year, he was
appointed aide-de-camp to the Crown Prince,
whom be accompanied to Balmoral on the occa
sion of bis marriage with the Princess Royal.
His second visit to England with the Crown
Prince was in December, 1861, when be attended
the funeral of the bride's father, the lamented
husband of Victoria.
When old Field-Marshal Wrangel retired from
the command of the Jinny, after tbe storming of
Dnppel, in 1864, ' Prince Frederick Charles, his
saccessor, made Moltke Unlet or tbe general
Staff, and to hyn were the PriJan3 Indebted for
tbe strategic movements wIm h tnlminated in the
capture of Alsen and the occupation of Jutland.
The Danish war opened the eyes of his country
men, though few discerned the powers which
have since gained for him the' title of the first
strategist in Europe.
The breaking out of the Aostriaa war soon
afforded him an opportunity of eXWfeiting, his
mastery of grand tactics. Intrusted wfth' the
chief direction of the -campaign', it was-by hi,
skillful coriiBIiations-' that " tira - thread Pra6iaB
is, sUrUeg froffi' widely efferent pokte, asd
moving with astonishing rapidity, overwhelmed
tbe forces of Marshal Benedek on the field of
Sadowa. This battle was noticeable as being the
first in which he appeared in front of tbe armies,
being usually seated at bis desk in the rear, where,
by means of'thq field telegraph and his excellent
maps, he realized the exact position of the con-
tending forces, and flashed his orders to the
Prussian generals with lightning rapidity. Such
was the ability which he displayed in the conduct
of this campaign that in seven weeks the Aus
trian hosts wen! overthrown, and the road to
Vienna lay open to his conquering legions. Na
poleon, too, was overawed by. their unexpected
success, and may well bjive read the doom of his
dynasty in the triumphs of the silent chief.
At the splendid fetes of the 20th and 21st of
September, in honor of tho successful termina
tion of the war, the victorious armies, preceded"
by the representatives of foreign powers, marched
with drams beating and colors flying through the
Brandenburg Gate of Berlin, to the grand square
in front of the royal palace, where they passed in
review before the sovereign. It was observed as
a curious coincidence, that while King William,
took his place in front of the statue of Blucher,
with his staff around him, Von Moltke was acci
dentally placed beside the statue of Gneisenau,
the Prussian chief-of-staff in the War of Inde
pendence. In tokeu of appreciation of his inestimable
services, the King conferred on tbe great soldiei.
the Order of the Black Eagle, the highest hogor
in his gift. But grander achievements were in
store for him. The invasion of Napoleon found
him thoroughly prepared. As the -agercssive
tendencies of the Empire had been scanned by
tbe vigilant eye of Bismarck, so its warlike pow
ers were accurately gauged by Moltke. That he
clearly apprehended the defects of its military
system was manifest in his remark to a French
officer who visited him in Be.lin, not long before
tho war : " Do not talk to me of your military
education in Africa. If yon have never been
there so much the better ; when yon become a
General, you will bo glad of it. Tho war you
have been carrying on against the Arabs for
forty years is gueiittnrie of an inferior order.
With that school you' will do no moro than form
other schools like It. The first great war will
demonstrate your inefficiency." Among the im
perial correspondence recently discovered at the
Tiuleries, is"a dispatch from a French captain to
the Minister of War at Paris, date'd Forbach,
April 9th, 1868, informing him that an old Prus
sian soldier was then visiting the frontiers of
France, carefully studying its strategic points,
and, in spite of bad weather, mounting the heights
commanding tte surrounding country. " Is it
necessary to follow him ?" telegraphed the officer.
Tho reply flashed over the wires was : ' Follow
him." The iudefatigable old soldier, whose pene
tration nothing escaped, and who was followed in
vain, was no less u personage than Von Moltke.
It is said that when first informed of the declara
tion of war by Franco against Prussia, ho pointed
to his cabinet and remarked to bis secretary :
"Third drawer to the right 1" Tho secretary
opened it, and took out a mass of manuscripts,
which proved to be Von Mollke's plan for the
invasion of France, prepared three years ago.
History has no more impressive lesson than is
afforded by the fate uf Napoleon and his armies
when within tho iron clntch of the great Prussian
strategist. It recalls the noble lines in which
Byion depicted the overthrow of Xerxes. In a
mouth from the time when the Prince Imperial
received his baptism of fire at Saarbruck tbe
very place where more than two years before the
movements of Moltke had been watcbed by the
anxions t rench captain the Empire was crushed
at Sedan ; and its only remaining army, shattered
in many a hard fight, was driven to its doom
within the fortifications of Metz. Indeed, the
battle of Gravelolte, two weeks before, clearly,
foreshadowed the final issue. On that beautiful
August morning, the sun rose over the peaceful
valley, unconscious in its serene loveliness of the
carnage that would redden it before tbe day was
over. At nBoti, Moltke stood on the hill over
looking the battle-field, waiting for tbo success of
the combinations he bad formed. Around him
were Bismarck, tbe Richelien,and Boon, tbe Car
not of Prussia; while the grand old King, (the
chivalrous absolutist who "Imilded better than
he know,") with Prince Frederick Charles, and
our own Sheridan, watched with intense interest
the progress of tho hard-fought contest. Their
suspense was relieved after nightfall by the ar
rival of Steinmetz ; who, in accordance with
Moltke's plans, struck the right Sank of Bazaine's
army, as, four- years before, Prince Frederick
Charles assaulted the right of Benedek at Sado
wa, and as Blucher swept in upon the French at
Throughout the war, the conduct of the Prus
sian troops has vindicated the merits of tbe
system steadily upheld by Von Moltke, which,
instead of a national army, sends an armed na
tion into battle. The Algerian guerillas, the
holiday soldiers of tbe Empire, were powerless
against the thinking bayonets that drove before
them tbe belmeted cuirassiers' of France. St.
Cyr went down before Tubingen, and the Imperial
Guard, the veterans of Magenta and Solferino,
fell back before tbe onset of German scholarship
and culture. Bat even this splendid material
would have been wasted in the hands of incom
petent commanders, as surely as tbe French
forces could never have been so speedily over
thrown under Davoust or Massena as in the man
agement of those military incapables, the Mar
shals of the Second Empire.. Nor is the fame of
the Prussian strategist lessened by modern im
provements in tbe art of war, fort he skill required
to master their complications, and provide against
their multifarious cootingencies,is proportionately
greater. Difficult as it is to handle a large body
of troops on tbe field of battle, it is infinitely
more difficult to direct the operations of great
armies from the cabinet. - Talent can accomplish
the one ; only genias can perform the other. The
mere tactician may be formed by practice'; bat
the stnttegistrdike.the poet, is born, nor made.
In tbe last analysis, Von Moltke, so far from
being a man of war, is emphatically a man of
peace. His thoughtful reticence is ef happier
augor.lhan the blatant utterances of tfeege pro
fessed peacemakers who. provoke tbe scoarge
which tney condemn. W hat Palef said of tfc .
law may aptly be applied ts him he never speaks
bat to command, nor cam moods bet when he. eu
compel. Like William tbe SifefltifPriae ef
Orange, bis atteraasw U tU Ksiaw 'of -ieto-y. j
H gajaews, 'Mr. a lMMi IM MOM I
days of peace; bat hie speech is the craih of
solid shot, nnd tbe shriek of the angry shell. Tee
man who is silent in eight? laggaagea spoke
through the needle-go n of Sadowa, and the can
non of Grarelotte. His Totee was heard jn the
thunders of Sedan. The thoroeghneea with
which he elaborates principles from facts gives
great weight to these deliverances, and-justifies
the remark of a German critic, that "'Concretes
GestaUen des Gcdanktns ist Xollke's bedeutendslc
The French aad German Iues.
Th? successes lately won by the Preach, slight
as they ere, can not be, claimed as the achieve
ment of tho French army organized by. the late
Emperor, and his Algerine and Mexican Gen
erals. Mgre than three-fourths of that, army
have already been killed, wounded, or captured
by the Germans. A correspondent of the Worli
gives the number of regular Fibtroops last
juiy.as -wu.uuo.and rays that 286,700 have been
captured, while the, losses by death. in action, and
in hospital by wounds and' sickness, ha- been
81,300 men. which makes a total ofa3G7,0O0.
There remain of the 430,000 only 63,000 men ;
of these 50,000 are with Trochn in Paris undine
others are with Gen. Aurclles on' the Loiro. Be
sides this loss in men, France has had takes
from her since the war began more than 3,500
cannon and 35,000 horses. But the heaviest
loss is to replace the trained officers ; for, op to
this period of the war, France has been deprived
of near 10,000 of her officers. Up to the capitu
lation of Metz the number of French officers un
wounded and prisoners in Germany or on parole
was 3,557. The surrender of Bazalne included
over 6,000 officers. The number of non-commis
sioned officers who are now prisoners is about
30.000 and this is a loss, almost impostible to
repair. Everything else there i3 rjenty of; therjj
are a million men with arms ; every sl ip that
touches the shores of France comes laden with
rifles, cannon and amunilion ; there is nj lack of
money ; there is no deficiency in braverjrj patriot
ism -and devotion. But without the officers to
drill, instruct and discipline this million of men,
it cannot be a match for tho smaller bat better
drilled forces of Germany.
The present strength of the German armies is
variously stated. A Berlin account says there
are now in Fradce 856,000 German soldiers, of
whom 740.000 are froui Prussia and the North
German Confederation, the remaining 116,000
belonging Jo the South German States. If the
German army corps and divisions now in France
were full if every regiment, battalion and divi
sion numbered the full quota of men which its
paper organization calls for there would be 856,
000 German eoldiers in French territory. Bat
as it happens that many of the battalions havo
been reduced, notwithstanding the constant rein
forcements that have gone forward to fill np the
gaps made in theip ranks by death in battle,
death by wounds, death by sickness, and deple
tion by tho crippled men sent home, to as few as
500 men ; as it happens that many of the divi-
, sion.i number but 9,000 or 10,000 men, instead ot
15,000, and that many of the corps have but 18,
000 or 20,000 effectives, instead" or the full quota
of 30,000, a very large deduction mast be mado
from the figures of the official statement. The
whole number of Germans now in France does
not exceed 550,000. Half this difference of 306,
000 men represents tbe losses that Germany has
sustained in the war. tbns far her losses in bat
tle, in hospital, and in wounded and crippled men
who have not died, bat who have been rendered
useless by the loss of their limbs or tbe destruct
ion of their health.
A FrencbJonrnal, tho Pnyj, sums np the
money losses of France fiom tbe beginning of
the war until this time as follows: .War arma
ments from 1868 to 1870, 10,000,000 ; fortifica
tions destroyed, which will have to bo rebuilt,
X60.000.000; losses of muskets, camon, and oth
er war material destroyed or captured, 60,000,-.
000 ; destruction of buildings and fields by both
sides, 80,000,000 ; total, -160,000,000, or S2,
500,000,000. The whole amount expended in
the war by both powers is hardly known ; 200,
000,000 has beet) mentioned, bat that. Prof.
Levi, an eminent English statistician, thinks a low
estimate. In all probability 50,000.000 will not
cover tbe direct military expenditure of Germany.
Tbe indirect losses are heavy. He takes the num
ber of killed and wounded at 100,000 men, tho
capitalized valae of each man comes to 564, say
600, or for 100,000 men 60,000,000. Bat tbo"
income of tbe laborers represents only, a third, at
most, of the property produced, and the 60,000.
000 loss by the individuals killed and wounded
really represents 180.000,000 loss to tbe nation.
To (his be add3 the Ios3 suffered from tho com
plete distraction of tbe mind of the nation from
all kinds of useful occupation, This he puts
down at 20,000,000. Farther, there are the,
losses of trade and navigation, which he calcu
lates at least at 20,000,000. In round numbers,
therefore, Germany is, he thinks, entitled to
claim from France nearly 300,000,000, ot some
thing mora than 1,500,000,000.
A Sunday school teacher was giving her clan
a lesson on Ruth'. She. wantedTto-ihow the
kindness of Booz in commanding the'reapers to
drop their bundles of wheat. ,r Now, dear child
ren, Boaz did another nice thing for Rath. Tell
me what it was." " Married ber' ai a boy.
The Titusville Herald says the latest dodre to
raise the wind in dull times .is that euployed by
Lorry barbers, who, when c customer eaters fora
shave, give him chloroform, and avail themselves
of its stupor tocut hi hair and shampoo him. It
is called cliptomaniav
A singular ecene occurred in a field aear Pell-
cera' in Italy, last meets. A narseer of Floren
tines and PiaLS met there to Sgfct oat aa old
foed wbkfa had existed bet wees t two eitiea
ever sisee the mtddfe ages. Im'wtre raaad
freely aad a Baneer of turn were sari. '
Thb mt married wesamn's prrwatr Uw ia
England, ha gone iato effect, A wewan', tsni-
ing. are her Own, WaatWf a pofcer of life la- '
m ranee is bar own ; a baaiaad is wK Kabb for
his wife's aste-marriage dbtav
"Cows," don't ba lieud aid eoepk of
foolish twos to two meebeoiea'; "set oWa aaei
Matte yoTOaJvaa osjr aejbak.1' fWe'efbara to
Mow-oar brains oat to b tat," waa the repiy.
Taxaa, alter several tesvrn of thavoosra trial.
baa. dacided tbu whiskey m not paamUtire of
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fStW 1 aeMiiaa.