Every. "Wednesday Morning,
BOOK. ATD rJQX
AT SIX DOLLARS PEE AKXXBl.
Foreign Subscribers, S8.00 to 910.00.
TWMTK3C 2ir FXSPAJM
Office On Queen Street, in the old
Costom House Building, Honolulu, IL 1
For Plain, and Fuey fiismg,
rrintea and published by IL lUrxzr, at the Govern
.id ect IMc iir Ofilce, to whom all business coinmcnlcn-
VOL. VII-.Nx0. 1.
HONOLULU, WEDNESDAY, JAJSTUAEY 18, 1871. .
IS6.00 PEE, YEAE.
WITH NITA TNZSS diaiSPATCM
wmoim ue aoure-arxi.
t . ? c. ir . if m
TJ7jMif, 7 rift
X. t. WJJ.CXJ(. -
WALKER Ac ALLCI,
Shipping and Commission Merchants,
Queen Street, Honolulu, II. L
AgtaS for the Hawaiian Packet line.
Prioecvrtle ManUUte, I Fntnat'i plantation,
OaantaMiatiths, . .Vaalebu Plantation,
laweftal Hre Insurance CuniDanr. London.
Ucrfet' Mutual Uaritie laauiance Co., Francisco.
aaa. m rtma, I. a. mzasox.
A. V. PKIUGE fc CO.,
lEunm U C. L? Uicilaaw A- Co..)
Ship Cfiaadlers and General Conmissloa Herehants-
-imu fr tlie I'uulo twit Works.
IlatMala. Hawaiian Islands. 'lyc
E. P. ADAMS,
Auctioneer and Commission Merchant,
7J Qoeea Street, Honolulu, IL L lyc
O. I'. AICIIOLS, 31. !.,
Osrner Feat and jlerebaat streets. At Office forenoon after 8
li ,'ttnt; tmr.a. ReeidenwW BereUnla tt. 6m
ICOI.L.ES fc CO.,
SHIP CHAKLLEES & COMMISSION MEBCHAHTS
Qaerb bWet, llonolul.. Particular attention paid to the
parcJsae. a4 eal. f Hawaiian produce.
arms sr s-taMisstes to'
P C Waleftaaa ,
tl Ilarkfeld a Co.
lOaatle a Coole.
.IOII. S. 3IcGKi:V, 31. !.,
(Lata fcurgeaa U. & Army. )
Caa 1 foatatted at ali rettdeace on Hotel r'L.'hetween Ala
a kea auJ Xuuaau Streets. ' lyfl
v. mmm. ' r. bjwws
IHPOKTZES ACT WHOLESALE DEALERS
In Ware, Spirits, Air, Porter, le., Ac, Merchant Street
a. r. .imi,
attorney and counsellor at law.
ill OSes So. SO fort Street, Ilonolnln. 1,7
xnos. g. xiucuai'N
Stationery, Cutlery and News Depot
and Circulating Library,
Merekaat Street, Honolulu. AIM Stencil CutUnp. En
graving. CaHcrafiy and Copying, promptly executed on
reaee4e tstiaa 41-ly7
Fort Street, Honolulu, oppoaile C. U. Williams' Fornltnre
19 Wars-ltooiaa 1,0
a . cum.
j. a. araiaroa.
CIKTLG Jc COOKE,
IMPOETEES, GENERAL MERCHANTS, AND
No. 60 King Street, prpoelta tha Seainen'a Chapel.
The Kehala ner Ooman,, IlaoslI,
The Haiku u?r Onmpan,, Haul,
Tba HxraHan eugar S1HU, Manl.
The Walalua Sarar PlanUtton, Oaho, and other Sugar
I'Unteri of WaMi and Kolca, Kni,
The LaMMoai IUca I'lanUtlun. Kol,
Dr. J ijne'e Celebrated Family Medicine",
Wheeler 1 Wiltou'a Setring Machloea,
The 0.at Towder Compao,,
Tb New Kttfrland Mntoal Life Ininrance Co.,
ill The American Steam fire-rrosf Safe Co. 1,
IMPORTER AND DEALER IN BOOTS, a SHOES
Fine flotfaiag, Fnrnithlng tloudt, rerfainer,, Ac, corner
of Fort and Merchant Mreela. Honolulu.
Auo, Agent for the Hawaiian Soap Co. Order! rccelred,
and prompt!, executed.
PartknUr attention paid to the Shipment of floods to the
otber Ulanda H
A. C. JtUFEUJI, 31. !.,
PORT PHYSICIAN, AND SURGEON.
Offlee and raHence ubder Bnffam'i Hall, Hotel Street,
a few doort weat of Nuuaoa Street.
liaa a pal aioortnient ofDruga and Medlclnea, Perfumer,
Soapa. Hair Oill, Bruahea, .Cvuibe, Toilet Powder, Cologna,
Dlrd Seed, etc . ett.S'hlell he sella cheap for canh. 9-l. 6
JOIIiV IE. l'ATV,
Notary Public and Commlisioner of Deeds
For the State or California Office at the Bank of Bishop
a Co . Kaahomann Street, Honolulu.
IEE.IGIIA3I & COp
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN HARDWARE,
Cutler,, Dry Cooda, Paints and Oils, and General Mer
chandise. So. W, Klne Street, Honolulu. P"!8
ii. iiACicri:L.i & co.,
OENERAL COMMISSION AGENTS.
Queen Street, Honolulu, II. I. . yt
, ED. HOFFSCHLAEGER & CO.,
IMPORTERS AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
41 Honolulu. Oahu, H. L P,
XIIi:OI. C IIJ3UCK,
IMPORTER AND COMMISSION MERCHANT.
1-OJ Honolulu. Oahu. II. L 1,
I-'. A. KCIIAEFEK fc CO.,
St Honolulu. Oahu. 11. I. 1,8
LEWCBS. 0. DICM0S
I.EWEUS &. IICKSOX.
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN LUMBER,
And all kinds of Building Materials, Fort Street, Honolulu,
ALLEN & CHILLINGWORTH.
Will continue the General Merchandise and Shipping business
at the abova port, where the, are prepared to furnish the
Justl, celebrated Kawalhaa Potatoes, and such other Re
cruit aa are required b, whaleahips, at the shortest notice
and on the moat reasonable terms. Firewood always on
JOIIIV T. IVATEltllOUHK,
IMPORTER AND DEALER IN GENERAL
Qneem Street, Honolulu. 11. 1. 1,8
W. la. CltECS,
GENERAL COMMISSION AGENT AND BROKER,
Office in FlrJ-proof BuEdicgs on Queen St Ilonolnln, II.
Fort sL, Ilonoljln, eppoa'.te T. C Henck'i. 1,8
C. B. lVIIalalAJIS,
MANUFACTURER, IMPORTER AND DEALER
In Furnl'ure of erer, description. Fnrnlturo Ware-Rooms on
rort Street, opposite Chaae's l"hotocraph Gallery. Work
shop at the old stand on Hotel Street, near Fort.
41) Ordersfromtheothertolandsproniptlyattendedta. 1,7
BOOT AND SHOE MAKER,
.King Street. t,ext to the Bethel, Honolulu.
XII EO. II. OAVIES,
Lart Jasiox, Gaxia A Co.
IMPORTER AND COMMISSION MERCHANT,
jlxk xcixi rca
Lloyd's and the Llrerpool Cnderwrltart,
British and Foreign Marine Insurance Company, and
Northern Assurance Company. -l,b
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS
In Fashionable Clothing. Hats. Caps, Boots, Shoes, and
etery rarltty of Gentlemen's mrnlshlng Goods. Snow's
BnUdlag. Merchant Street, Honolulu. IM-lTI
la. Ia. XOKBE5RX.
DEALER IN LUMBER AND EVERY KIND OF
IS Or reel Corner Queen and Fort streets. lyo
King Street, Honolula, next the Hair Dressing
Saloon, corner ef King and Fort. All .Watchea
ana ttepairea, ana guara uaeca sor avsatuuaua'i
Teacher on the Piano Forte and Singing.
al(9Miuicraniitbeda.tPriTftte B11j, etc AH the Utcst
Ordf n left At Mr. T. C. Thmin't, Mr reliant street, or at
the retidf dc of Mr. lDper, next door above Jlr. Adderley'a.
Nnmnn ATenoe. pcnpIJ attended ta 50 3mc
llu Opened a New EttablUhmeot,
and wfl gire hi atteotton to
Carriage Trunciisg, Saddle and .Harness Halting,
and Repairing in all its Branches-
Etery detcriptlon of Articles connected with the Batinu
cootantlj on hand, at
Moderate Prices. Give II I m a Trial.
Tort street, next door to GoTeramcDtllo.Id.ngi. SO 6mc
HONOLULU IE0N WOEKS CO.
jrpf- STEAM KNGINKS, Sugar Mills,
TrrY'-r ltfil Coolers, Iron, Brass aod Lead Castings.
Machinery of Evory Description,
Mm Made to Order. "WO
Particular attention paid to Snip's Blacksmlthing.
5-JOB WORK executed on the ahorteal notice. 3S-1,8
j. a. iicksoi,
House, Ship " and Sign Painter,
9To. 92 ICtnir Street,
Nearly opposite Messrs. Dillingham A Co.
Graining. Marbling, Gilding, Calsomluing. Paper-
E-VaafS gauging, c, ic, executed on luesLortest notice,
nd on the mof t reasonable ierins.
Office, Cor. Fort & Hotel Streets.
CIIAIaIaA3IEIa & CO.,
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN WINES,
Spirits. Ales, Ac, No. 8, Xuuanutret,oprjositeMerehant
Street, Honolulu. 12-1)6
A. S. ClaEGIIOICIV,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
GENERAL MERCHANDISE, ,
Fire-proof Store, corner of Qoeen and Kaahumanu Streets.
Retail KataMLlitnente. on Kuuauu Street, aod on tbe corner
ol Fort and Hotel Streets. 14-1,6
a. a. r. cxaiu.
C. ItIEEVi:R A: CO.,
HONOLULU, ii. I.
AGENTS Ortlio IJostoii Atid Honolulu Packet
AGENTS For the Mnkce, Wallnku nnd liana
AC.K.NT.S Kor Oie Purxbaae and Sale of Islnnd
Prod ure. 8-1,6
B. T. EBLERS. A. JAEGER.
It. EIIEEICS & CO.,
DEALERS IN TDRY GOODS AND GENERAL
Fire-proofStore on Fort St aboTe Odd Fellowa Hall. 37-1,6
I A. SCIIAEEEU,
AOEKT r.ir tlie' IIUK3IKN BOARD oT
Aaent fr the Dresden Board of Underwriters,
Agent for the Vienna Board of Underwriters.
C. . BARTOW,
Salesroom on Queen Street, one door from Kaahnmanu
31." S. GKIIVIIAtm & CO.,
IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS
In Faahionable Clothing, Uatj, Caps, Boots. Shoes and
every variety of Gentlemen's superior Furnishing Goods.
Store in Makee's Block, Queen Street, Honolulu, H. I.
AFOZVG aV ACIIECK.
Importers, Wholesale nnd Retail Dealers in
General Merchandise, '
And China Goods, In theFire-proof Store on Xuuan-a Street,
under the PnMicllsll. 43-1 7
D. H. HITCHCOCK,"
S Hllo, HawalL 1,6
31. X. DOlVIN EIala.
CABINET MAKER AND UPHOLSTERER
King Street, Honolulu, opposite Lewis' Cooper Shop. Will
41 bu, and sell second-hand Furniture- 1,7
WAGON AND CARRIAGE BUILDER,
70 King .street, Ilonolnln.
Tjb Reiialrlni- dune with care and neat
Ji-Pneas. Also, psrticulre attention giren
Cigse to Blackamltblng an llorse-enoeing.
Orders Ironi the other Islanda promptly executed. 4il,6
J. NOTT & CO.,
COl'PER & TIN SailTUS, make every de
scription of work in their line, used on'Planta
tioni or elscnhere. They also keep on hand a full
Sheet Copper, Sheet Tin,
Sheet Lead, . Sheet Iron,
Iron Wire, Copper Wire,
Soft & Brass Solder, Pail Earl,
Pressed Bucket Covers,
Black and Tinned Kircts,
Copper Uirets, etc.
Also on hand, a few more of
THOSE SPLENDID COOKISG STOVES,
Received by the " Syren,"
"Cotton Plant" and "Oray Jackets," together
with a Tariety of Japanned Ware, and many articles
useful in the Kitchen. JSS Work on Buildings,
such as gutters, spouts, water-pipes, 1c. Ship-work
will meet with prompt attention at No. 9 Kaahumanu
COOPE AND GAUGEE,
At tie Old Stand, corner King and Bethel Streets.
A Large Stock of Oil Shooks and all kinds or Coopering
Materials constantly Jn hand. Ho hopes by attention to
business to merit a continuance of the patronage wbich h.
baa heretofore enjoyed, and for which he now returns his
J. II. xho3ipso:v,
Has constantly on hand and for sale at the Lowest Market
Prices, a good assortment f.f the Best Kenned Bar Iron, and
the Best Blacksmith's CoaL SS-1,6
E. II. & G. SEG ELKEif,
TIN, ZINC AND COPPER SMITHS, AND
SHEET IRON WORKERS,
Nnnann Street, between Merchant and Queen.
naveeoustjntlyon hand. Stoves, Pipe, Gal-Tanlxed
Iron Pipe, Plain and Him Blbbe,Stop-cocks, India
p.nbber Hose Utt 3-ply. in lengths of S and SO
Ieet,wltn couplings and pipe complete. uaio-iuDs,
and also a rerr large stock of Tinware of every de
Fartlcnlar attention given to Ship-Work. Order, from the
other Ialaads will be carefully attended to.
Thankful to the Citizens of Honolulu and the Islands
generally for their liberal patronage to thepaat, wa hope by
strict attention to cosiness to merit the same for the future.
17-1 . 1,8
Carriage and Sign Painting.
THE USDKRSICSED baring:
procured tbe services of a compelenlj
workman. Is now prepared to execute'
all orders In the line ofCARRlAGE and SIQX PAI'TISG.
"JO- Is a Masier to Warraiit'Satis faction, "a
M. BESFIELD, .
S0-6m . 76 King Street, Honolulu.
- R. R1CROFT,
H8USE AND SHIP PLUMBER,
King Street, Best to' the Seamen's B'thel.
Has on hand, Bath-Tubs, Water-Closets, Waab-Basiaa,
Force, and X Pumps, Lead and Galranixed Iron. Plyea,
and number's Braaa-works. Being the only Plumber l Mht
,dty. fcs.wtU Mccateall orders eatrtiatedMhsalaavjBk.(
H. W, SEVERANCE & CO.,
General Shipping & Commission
405 Front Street, corner of Clay, San Francisco
The Australian Steam Navigation Co's
Patent Slip & Engineering Works,
SYDXST, If. S. AV.
59. All clasaes of Engineering Work, Iron
iiTiiisji avir u"tM'-r and grneral ahi;i'a repair
rxttuim cheaply and expediUoualy,
JI- Vessels of tb.
larKeat tonnage can oe taaen up.
S4-116 FRED. II. TR00T0N, Manager.
LEARMONTH, DICKINSON & Co.,
sidsey, ar. s. iv.,
General Commission Agents,
Wm attend to tbe sale of Sandwich Island Produce, and
arrange lor advances on same.
fir. L. GREEN Honolulu
MACFARLAXK. BLAIR A Co... San Francisco
IS. B. WIUUX5, H. r. BULXCHAXD, C B. M0X0A3.
WILLIAMS, BLANCHAED & CO..
SHIPPING AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
1,7 Ko. 218 California Street, San Francisco. 30
J. c Msauu.
Portland. S. T. CaL
M'CEAKEN, HEEEILL & CO.,
IlarlnR been enfiarfd In uux present bn!nei! ftr opwirds
of twelre jeari, and being located In a Fire-proof Brick Build
dinjr, w prewired to receUe anddinpuse f Island Staples,
eochaff Snear. frrrun. RIce.Folu, Coffer, etc., to adrantace.
Consignments eptclftlly solicited for the Oregon Market, to
vnicn jiersonai aiieniiOD win ie put ana upon wujcu cud
aarance win te maae wuen reqmrea.
Charlea W Brooks San Francisco
J C Merrill C
Fred Ikcn :
Bdrer Undenbercer .....
-Jarar-K Patrick a Co....
vm T Coleman a Co
Sterens. Baker Co ,
Allen a Lewis ,
Leonard a Green ,
E. 31. VAaA REI.D,
HaTitifr tbe l?sjt facilitiM tlirongh an Intimate connection
with the Japanese trade for the past eight years, is prepare-i
to transact anj borines j entrusted to his care, with dispatch.
LANGLEY, CROWELL & CO.,
32 Cor. Battery Sc Clay SUt San Francisco. 6m
PATRONIZED BY ALL THE WORLD.
RIMMEL'S IHLAKG-IHMXG, VANDA, HEJf.
ua. Jockey Club, Frangipane, and other per
fumes of exquisite fragrance.
1UMMEI6 Larendar Water, distilled from M it
chain flowers. J "
Riajmel'e Toilet VIcegar. celebrated for its ueeful
and sanitary properties.
Kim Eel's Extract of Lime Juice and plycerine, the
best preparation for the hair, especially in warm cli
mates. Kt mm el's Dugong Oil Soap, perfumed with Austra
Kimmcl's Glycerine, Honey, Windsor and other
Ki tnLu el's Rose Water, Costume and Floral Crack
ers, very amusing for balls and parties.
Kimmcl's Violet, Rose-leaf, Rice, and other Toilet
A liberal allowance to shippers.
Perfumer to II R IJ the Princnss of Wales. 00, Strand,
'- VZS, Regent Strret, and :!, Cornhill, London;
17 Boulevard tl-s Itallcns, Paris, and 76, Kicg'i
43 Sold hj all Perfumery Vendors. C7-lj6
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN,
Is uguin put in IVorltlng: Order.
fS This Railway Is capable of taking
up Vessels measuring up tu 45 metres (148 ft.
abt.) of keel.
The draft of water forward must not exceed 2 me
tres 30 centimetres (71 ft. abt., tbe draft aft calcu
lated at tbe maximum increase of 6 centimetres (2
inches) fur each metro of keel.
Tbe charges for taking np a vessel, and staying the
same upon the Railroad, remain the same a fixed
per tariff of 13th Dec, 1SS4:
Ennnlaj tlmri, tn-
Vessel under 100 tons- 80f. $16 00
Vessel from 101 to 200 t'ns.ISO 24 00
Vessel from 201 to 300 " ISO 36 00
Vessel from 201 to 400 " 240 48 00
And besides for each ton.... 1 20
40r. $8 00
60 12 00
99 18 00
120 24 00
MAUNAKEA MARKET I
Ao. -i Hotel Street.
ROI1ERT LETT bees to In-j'
!tl ru m form the Dublic that he baa opened thet!
aoote aarket and that he has procured the services of
a 2T"ii-ist Class Butciior.
He trn.ta that by killing only tbe UEsT CATTLE, and
paving- every attention to the business, to merit a sbareof
tbe public latronage.
Beef & Pork Sacsagci, 3olognax & Blood Pnddisgt
r. 3Iade to Order.
i3 TERMS CHEAP FaT. CASH. tl-3mc
Ko. 8 Merchant Street, cpposlte the Sailor's Home,
IS" ALL ITS BBSXCHES,
HAS COXSTASTLT 03T IIAXD a Tariety
of UOME-MADE FCRNITCRE, which he offers for'
sale AT TBE LOWEST MARKET PRICES, consisting of
BEST BLACK WALNUT PARLOR FURNITURE,
Spring-Back asy Chairs, Lounges and Mattraeses.
II air and Spring Mattrasses, Window Shades and Slip
covers made to order.
Old Furniture Kcllpliolf teretl,.
Repaired and Tamiahed, wltb satisfaction warranted.
49-Call and examine ms stock, before purchasing else
.SeT1 Terms Reasonable. Allcsrdersirora Shlp-mastera and
the other Islands, will be promptly attended to. fi-ly
LICENSED SHIPPING AGENT,
0c, oa Jasiej Rchiaeo S: Cp'i Wtirl
' Continues the buainesa oa his old plan of settling wit
oSccrs and seamen immediately en their shipping at his
oSca. Maving.no direct orlndirecteonnao. -lthacymt-Bttlng
establtsbment, and allowing ao debts u collected
la bis office, be hopes togiva ai good satlafactKn la tbe fo
tnre as be has la the past. 1-2-a
QBOCEE AND SHIP C HANDLES,
Money and Recruits furnished to Ship, on the moat favor
10) ' able .terms. ' fl,8.
v CBlinG HOOX
CommiHioa Merekaat Bad 6eaecaJ Agtmt,
Iraeerter of Teat and other Chines, and Foreign Cooda,
wholesale Dealer In Hawaiian Produce, and Agent forth.
Paukaa and Aaauula Sugar Plantations. Fire-proo
Store on Xanana Street, below King. 33.-1,0
THE NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY,
OnCASlZED IK 1843.
Caih.AsteU, January 1, 1870..
Gross Income for 1860......
Premiums collected from IS13 ta 1863.. $11,093,564
Losses paid from 1-43 to 1663 .. 3,236,800
READ WHAT OTHERS SAY OF US.
From lhe"fc'uectator" of New York City we ex
tract as follows : "The New Eiglind Mutual stands
forth as a fitting type of wiat a company should be
In regard to its method of bnsioees. Seeking rather to
estabhah a reputation for stability and soundness
than to present novel and promising, but untried and
unapproved features in underwriting; conducting all
the company's affairs with the strictest economy and
adopting only tbose measures proved by experience to
be tbe wisest, tbe directors ol tbe company bare suc
ceeded in establishing for it a reputation for reliability
second to no other similar organixation in the country.
Vet. great as is tbe degree of caution manifested in.
the adoption of every new measure, tbe company it
conducted in a manner 'fully in unison with tbo pro
gressive spirit of tbe age. As regards its dealings
with policy holders, few companies are more liberal
" Tbe business of theNrw England Mutual is con
dueled in the most economical and able manner: its
terms are liberal and just; its success has been uni
form and extended and its yerect reliability uni otty
the natural consequences-attendant upon the posses
sion of such features, and which should be the great
desideratum with an insurance company, are ta no
For further particulars plearo call upon
CASTLE. A, COOKE,
49-3n.c Agents for the Hawaiian Islands.
IMPERIAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY
Of London. Instituted 1803.
CASH CAPITAL, S8, 000,000 In GOLD
THE UNDERSIGNED are prepared to issue policies on
Fire lliska (with or without the, average clause) on
Plantation Boildloga and Machinery 'private Dwellings.
Crick. Stone and Wooden Stored, Xlarchandise, Coals, Lum-
Der, culpa in rort, tc, on tne mtat livormoie terma.
3AU Losses Adjusted and Paid for here."
For partlcubire apply at tbe officii of
WALKER A ALLEN,
32-1, Acents for the Hawaiian Islands.
MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY
Of San Francisco.
TUB UN D EH SIGNED having teen np
pointed Acenta fur the above Comranr. are prepared
to iwue Policiea on Cargoes, Fretctits and Treai-
urc. WALKER ALLEN,
l3m A dent. Honolulu.
BOARD OF UNDERWRITERS.
rjlIIE U,ni;USlGM;D having been op
JL pointed Agtnts for the San Fransisco itoard of Under
writers, comprising the
California Insurance Company)
3Irrrlianta Ulutuai Marine Ina. Co..
Pacific Insurance Company,)
California Lloyti's. and
Home Mutual Insurance Company.
Bejj Ieae to inform Masters of Veoselsand the public Vene
rally, that all looses of Testis and Cargoes, insured by either
of the above Com pan if 9, against perils of the seas and
other riits, at or near the Sandwich IalandswUI hay to
be Terlfied by them.
l-3ra II. IIACKFELD k CO.
THE UMnHSIG.KiO, AGENTS OF THE
aboTe Compaay, have been authorized to insure risks
on Cargo, Freight and Treasure,, from Ilonoluln
toalliorts of the world, andvice versa.
1M6 ' H IIACKFELD k CO.
TUB UMJEU.SIG.VKD, AGENTS of the
almre Company, haTe been authorized to Injure risks
on Cargo, Freight and Treasure, by Coasters,
from Honolulu to all ports of the Hawaiian Group, and vice
8-1 j 6 II. IIACKFELD t CO.
IFIRE INSURANCE COMPANY.
THE UNDERSIGNED having been ap
pointed Agents of the above Cotupanyy are prepared
to Insure risks aga!n-t Fire, on Stone and II rich. El u tid
ings, and on Merchandise stpred therein, no the
mot favorable terms. For particulars apply at the office of
AV1j6 F. A. ECU A E FEU t CC
THE AGENT FOR THE BRITISH For
eizn Marine Insurance Comnany. f LI mi ted), has re
ceived instructions to reduce tbe rates of Insurance
between Honolulu and Ports in the Tacific, and is now pre
pared toiitae Policies at the Lowtil RaUs, with atpecial
reduction on Freight per Steamers.
THEO. II. DATIFS,
43-ly7 Agmt Brit. Fbr. Mar. Int. Q. (Limited)
SUGAJl & MQLASSES
Sugar and Molasses,
CROP NOW COMIXC I.V, and for sate
in quantities to suit purchasers, by
l-3m WALKER -i ALLEN. AgenU.
Snsjar and Jlolnsses Cfop 1870
COMING IN. FOR SALE IS QUANTITIES
to suit purchasers, by
l-3m WALKER t ALLEN, Agents.
SufZiir nxtsl r?TulntifCis Crop 1870
C0MINO IN, FOR SALE IN QUANTITIES
tu suit purchasers, by
l-3m WALKER A ALLEN, Agents.
MAKEE PLANTATION. ,
IVc-r Crop of .Sagnr A; IfloInHKCHlP
OW COMINO IN, AND FOR SALE IN QUAN-
tities ta,tuH purchasers hy.
c or.r.ntn i t.u., Agents.
NEW CROP NOW COMING IN. FOR SALE
in quantities to suit purchasers, by
l-3m 0. BREWER 4 CO.. Agtnts.
Comer of Hotel and Fort Streets.
THE CHOICEST AND BEST OF ALESWINES
and Spiilts always to he found at the Bar. 22-ly
Quick Sales and Small Profits 1
ETAN'S EAILROAD STORE
32 Cor. Nnnana and Jndd Streets. 6ss
X. DICKSON has fitted Bp
tha Gallery oa Fort Street, sut
side, between King asl Hotel 8(.,
and is now prepared to take Pic
tares of any dcakad atvla or tlx..
Island Views for Sale. 4Z-ce
- V .r09 y
IIILO, II. I. '(ty.
A Olancs at the Australasian Colonies.
Nonj that a regnlar line of first-class steamers
is likely to be established, wfiich will bring Hono
lula into constant and rapid communication with
tbe Australian colonies, and seeing- the lack of
information in regard to them which exists in
our community, sure what is gleaned from those
who occasionally take np their abode amoDg us,
a few remarks from one who is thoroughly ac
quainted with them will not be deemed oat of
place at tbe present time.
To commence, then, with New Zealand it
being the first colony after leaving here, and
consequently our nearest neighbor. The Colony
consists of three islands the North, Middle and
South, tbo two former being known as New Uls
ter and lSew Mnnster. On tha North Island the
principal towns are Auckland, Urahamstown
(Thames Goldfield), Wellington (the seat of Gov
ernment). Taranuki, Whanganui. and Napier ; on
the .Middle Island, Dunedic. Omam, Christchurch,
Lyttleton. Nelson, The Orey, and Hokitika.
Auckland contains a population of 15,000 ; Dun-
edin about 20,000. On the Southern Island there
are but few inhabitants. . ' v.
The following is the system of government in
tbe colony : A Governor (the preseut one being
Sir George F. Bowen) is appointed by the Impe
rial authorities, and iu, laws are enacted by a
General Assembly, the members of which are
elected by the people. This body meets annually
at Wellington. In addition to this, the colony is
divided into provinces, each province having a
Superintendent and Provincial Council. It is
the business of this latter body to frame measures
to meet such requirements of tbe Province as are
not immediately provided for" in tha laws enacted
by tbe General Assembly.
Tbe nature of the coontry is generally moun
tainous, although there are many large tracts of
land admirably adapted Tor pastoral aod agricul
tural pursuits. It is also extremely well watered,
tho.-e being innumerable rivers and streamlets ;
indeed, it is doubtful whether there is another
country in the world so well provided for by na
ture in this respect. In many parts it is densely
wooded ; in other (following a strange contrast),
there is no vegetation to be seen for miles. On
the Middle Island the mountains rise to a great
altitude, and are capped with snow all tbo year
round. The climate throughout tbe islands is a
temperate, and on the whole, a healthy one. But
a great drawback to the growth of seaport towns
is the existence of "bars," generally of .a shifty
nu'.ure, at the mouths of rivers and tbe entrances
to ports, which prevent the entrance of ships of
large tonnage. Add to this tbe Maori difficulty,
wbich for many years past has so effectually
checked tbe settlement of the interior, and" itQtill
be easily accounted for why Netv Zealand is so
far behind ber sister colonies in regard to her
population and productions.
The principal productions of the colony are
gold, copper, coal and flax. Gold is found prin
cipally in the provinces of Otago, Westland and
Nelson, in the Middle Island ; in the North,
Auckland may be said to be the only gold pro
ducing province, although small quantities of tbe
precious metal have been found at Wellington.
It is about ten years since gold was discovered in
Olago, which attracted large numbers of miners
from the neighboring colonies, owing to tbe many
rich " fields " reported ; and since that time the
population has been steadily increasing. File
years later tbe West Coast (Westland) Gntd&elds
were discovered, and so mauy stones were told of
their richness that thousands flocked to the new
El Dorado. Never was a more wild country
opened to the enterprise of white men than this
earns West Coast. Along its entire length a
heavy surf is continually beating, making u.noise
like the distant roar of thunder ; a few miles in
land rise the great chain of Southern Alps, cov
ered with snow ; and between the sea and moun
tains there is nothing but a vast expanse of sand.
The richest -claims "on this goldfield were on
the beach, the gold being found in a black sand
washed up by the ocean. To a certain extent
the claims were inexhaustable, as on the recur
rence of each spring tide a fresh supply of the
precious sand' was washed up. It is presumed
tbat.the gold came originally from the monntuir.s,
being washed down by the rivers into the sea, and i
then cast np again. To tbe discovery of these
fields the, towns of Hokitika, The Grey, Iloss,
Stafford. Charleston and West port one their ex
istence. They will never rise to any great im
portance, as they are nearly all built on bar-bound
rivers, and it has more than once occurred that
a river, owing to the accumulation of sand at its
mouth, has changed its course and swept away a
great portion of a town. In addition to gold, coal
is plentiful on the coast, and of a good quality;
but owing to the nature of the country it is only
available for internal supply. There are at the
present time fully twenty thousand persons en
gaged in mining pursuits in Westland.
Three years ago Auckland was in an almost
hopeless state of insolvency, when tbe Thames
gotdfields were discovered, aod saved for tbe time
being. Of the richness of the field, bow it was
puffed by tbe Auckland papers, how it attracted
an enormous population, and how tbe bubble sud
denly burst and, left Auckland in almost as bad a
condition as it was previous to tbe discovery, a
correspondent, has already acquainted you.
Coal is principly found at The Grey (Westland),
prury and Waikato (Auckland), and tbe Bay of
Islands. The most plentiful supply is obtained
from the latter place, and is of an excellent qual
ity. Owing to its close proximity to Auckland,
tbe pew line of steamers will doubtless draw their
supplies from tbe Bay of Islands.
The manufacture of Six is perhaps, neit to
gold mining, the greatest industry in New' Zea
land. It is only within the last few years that
attention has been ta-reed lowwsif it a profit
able source for the investment of capital. The
country abounds in the raw material, asd mills
are being constantly erected for its conversion
into a marketable article. () is Waikato Hirer
this industry is being parsaed ub a large scale,
and also in other parts of tbe colony. When
converted into rope it ie foetid. to be of greater
strength than the Ma-ntk artiele, and will k time
doablless supersede k. '
The agricultural iotereat w sot so weB rere-
ssMtedasit might ke.owiag ta tbe fact that sei-
ttera in the oat-fKeArieU are ia eMtiswd Va4 f
being attacked bf tbe Maoris; mm mtit Ibis fcai
inf is removed Xw Zeabad wiH b oWpaasfont
oa other cosatrwg far her ttffif of cre.li.
The principal' newspapers in New Zealand are
the Southern Cro$s, 2T. Z. Berall (Auckland) ;
Thames Advertiser, Taranaki Herald. Welling
ton Post, LyUteton Timet, NtUon Examiner,
Wist Coast Times, and Otago Daily Witnett.
Before concluding these remarks on New Zea
land, let me say a few words that may be of in
terest to the good people of Hawaii, although my
friends on the otber side of tbe lioi? may not like
my exposing their weakness. The people of New
Zealand are not all Good Templars ; they like to
" liquor-up" pretty frequently, and when they do
so, as a rule it is either in Colonial ale or Jamaica
rum. Now to manufacture the .former there are
plenty of breweries, and what reason is there that
they should not use Hawaiian instead of Mauri
tius sugar in compounding the beverage T It
could be placed in the market. I should think, at
even a Id we? 'late than the Mauritius article.
And I do not see why rum should not be manu
factured here and supplied to tbe Colonies ; but
being a comparative stranger, there may be some
strong argument against its manufacture that I
wot not of. N.
Apia, ZVaTlKaior'is Islands).
The port of Apia, which is the principal entre
pot of commerce for the Navigator's or Samoan
Group, is situated on the north side of the great
island cf Upola. It has been the evil fortune of
Apia and tbe inhabitants to have been ut sundry
times end divers manners grievously misrepre
sented. Captain SirKverard Home in bis report
of his visit says of them that, with the exception
cf the consuls, and the members of the EDglisit
mission, tha foreign population consisted of about
sixty Europeans and Americans of .the worst
character: and ia a lato report of tbe Iter. Mr.
Lawcs, of the London Missionary Society, resi
dent at Savage Island, he describes Apia as 'the
Saint Giles of Polynesia." No statements could
be more nnjust and untrue, as the greater num
ber of the parties in question are still residents
of the group, engaged in trado or the cultivation
of lands, and are men of considerable property
and nnquestionable respectability. Indeed, the
foreigners who have been located at this place for
many years back are well known to all men ac
quainted with those isles, to form one of the.
most orderly and peaceful of all the communities
of civilized men, who, from the exigencies of
business, or from choice or necessity have estab
lished themselves in tbe "No Man's Land" ot
Oceanica ; an assertion wbich I am satisfied Her
Britannic Majesty's Consul of Apia will willingly
The permanent foreign population of Apia is
at present upwards of 200, consisting of English,
Americans, Germans' and a few French. The
settlement consists of afioot 100 European hous
es. There are three consulates those of Great
Britain, the United Stales, and the North Ger
The principal trade of the port is in the bands
of Messrs. Goban, Cxsar, GodefTroy & Son, of
Hamburg, who have here a very large establish
ment, consisting of a wharf, extensive storehous
es, and a building yard for the construction of
anal I vessels suitable for the island trade.
Upon tbe opposite or eastern shore of the har
bor are the extensive storehouses of 'Messrs.
M'Farland & Co., the Oldest established firm on
the Samoan Group. In addition to these, the
great Panjandrums of Samoan trade, are one
American, one German, one French, and six
English retail shop keepers, all doing a satisfact
There are five hotels, all of them small, but
orderly and well conducted. Attached to two of
tbem are American 'bowling alleys, and to one a
very handsome billiard-room. Besides the fitting
shops and yards of Messts. GodefTroy and M'Far
land, in which their own repairs are executed.
there is a very good blacksmith's establishment
near the British Consulate. Carpenters are like
wise attainable at reasonable rates. There is a
resident surgeon Dr. E. Graeffe, a naturalist of
great ability, and of considerable celebrity in the
scientific world. Supplies for shipping ore at all
times on hand with the merchants of Apia.
In consequence of native war, live pork and
vegetables have been for some time back scarce
and expensive; but these disturbances being now
happily settled, there is no doubt that the Samo
ans will, as they were formally wont to do, labor
energetically in tbo production of these necessa
ries. There is here an establishment of the London
Missionary Society, consisting of schools and a
building in which worship is conducted on Sun
days for the benefit of such foreigners who wish
to attend. There is likewise a French Catholic
Mission, in tbe diocese of Monseignouc Battalion
a Bishop of Oceanica, who generally resides here.
The church is a plain but substantial structure,
with a tall spire and cross, situated on the sea
shore. It forms a conspicuous land mark to the
mariner, and imparts to tbo harbor an aspect of
peaceful civilization. There are quite a number
of French clergy here, who. by their superior
ability and unobtrusive goodness, bave secured to
themselves the respect and esteem of merchants,
mariners, and mechanics' of all countries and
creeds. There are also several sisters of mercy
who teach a school and take care of orphan
Her Majesty's Consul may be regarded as the
patriarch of the settlement. He is a son of the
famous John Williams, who so bravely laid down
his life in the endeavor to impart tbe good tidings
ot salvation to tbe savages of Erromanga. Here
also, be was buried; his remains having been
transported ,to Apia in one of Her Majesty's
ships. Mr. Williams, whose same will te long
remembered ia connection with Samoa, by bis
Kind and generous disposition, and persistent en
deavours to promote peace and good feelmg alike,
between 'natives a ad foreigners, possesses tbe
universal esteem and affection of 'the eosssa unity.
The eolored population ef Apia are professing
Christkas, the greater nam ber bsisg Socsm
CathuKes. They bave betw lately eagaged is
war, wbich. however, bas is ao degree affected
tbe oeefort or prosperity of foreigners, except k
so ftu-rtbat it bas eaaiod a scarcity of fresh pre.
vtioa4.aed gives o'scasioB to coach tbieriag
frosB tbe plantation acd coaeeqaeat squabbles
with tbe delinquents.
Tbe trade of tbe Sseoaa GfOf) is osna'aotstt'
chief y by barter ef Esfptsji aiinbisslse he
eottoa, ceces-sat evil, dried eoees-Mte, aasdts
Bats, Ac for wbich Users seem a great demand
in tbe EarofMan sMrkeU. Many otber iadigvo
oss prodoets are also bscoaiiog utilised, asMOf
these aay be rarssitiotrsd tarisric, ginger, and
nutmegs. There are also assay TsJaahle dnserip-
tions of large timber. f ,
The soil of Upola U areiiie, asd TegeiaUoa ar?
rives rapidly at maturity, especially the coeaa-mt.
which bears in fire yeais tram tbe date of phtst.
ing. There are, as yet, bo pkatationa of ceflfe ' j
on the island, although many trees which bare
been planted by way of experiment. Bare suc
ceeded remarkably well, rice also yields ar heavy
crop. In prospect of frequent commaw'catioa
between the colonies and California, Apia pre
sents an excellent port of call, poseesttrtg. every
advantage, and being entirely free frosa biddea
dangers. The harbor of Apia ia safe a&d ceat
modious for any class ot vessel, with good hold,
ing ground. It opens to the north-west, so that
when stronsr breezes occur f.-oaa that quarter
there sets into itaeeesidfrsae'fs swelL This be
ing In the region of the south-east trades sech a
contingency is unfrequent, jrolesa In thejsaoeths
of January, February, or March ; and ciSiaalties
to shipping ore vey rare.
The island of Upola is of volcanic offj and
the mountain ranges precipitous, coWakMg of
extinct craters and their connecting ridges, the
highest point about 3,000 feet. Immediately op
posite the entrance of tha harbor on tha face of
the range is a stupendous cataract visible 20 miles
ont at sea. In tbe neighborhood of Apia4is a
vast quantity of sloping rich fertile land, large
sections of which have lately been port baaed
from the natives, and are being devoted to th '
cultivation of cotton.
The Samoans are a handsome race, to a certain
extent intelligent; in their manners j courteous,
and of a dignified aspect. Tbe women hiujndus
trious, reserved, and generally handsome. In
the language of the ill-fated and gallant La Pey
rose "its ne sont pas des dents, mais veritablo
colliers de perles quils portaient dans leer touch
es on sent qui la vie doit circnlera a l'abe avec
ces belles creatores."
There are several European ladies at Apia, as
many of Samoan parentage on their mother's s
side, some who have visited SydoeyMSan Fran
cisco, and even Europe, and who, in the mattsr
of beauty, accomplishments, and amiabilityjfate
not to be excelled. f
The residents of Apia are gregarious, ia theirs
habits, they are in the practice of extemporising .
pic-nics, regattas, Ac, and arranging friendly rs-
anions. Altogether it would be difficult to lind
a more pleasant place of residence, or a commu
nity more sociable and deservedly happy. Aus.
Town and Country Journal.
Tiik Gebman Co.trusioM or To.iotis. A Ber
lin correspondent of tbe Chicago Tribune, writes:
It is amusing to get among a squad of soldiers 4
as one sometimes finds tbem in the hospitals, and
hear tbe difference and often confusion in their
language. Many cannot understand each other
at all, especially of those living in widely sepa
rated rural districts. Tbe people of tbo cities
and tbe educated classes speak tbe same language
everywhere, and yet even among these a Ma-V
nich soldier nses words that a Berliner never
heard. 'As Hamburgers are accused of speaking
flat, tho Saxons of singing, the East Provinces of
a Polish, and the I'balz of a French accent, aod
so on, each thinking that he speaks the correct
German, and being surprised 'that others speak
differently. Germany offers a very Babel -in its
languages. This war is having tbe good effect
the opposite of that of the Babel Scattering of
bringing tbe people together and working a nnity
in their manners and views. Tbe- nnity of Ger
many would hardly be possible without some such
previous unity of the people. We experienced
some good from this soorcj in our war. in break
ing down sectional and sectarian differences ; bat
here tbeie is much more need of itvthere being
more difference in the customs within fifty square
miles than one will find between the Atlantic and
tbo Mississippi. Among the French, the differ
ence is perhaps still greater, asnbe prisoners
abundantly illustrate. Both French and Germans
speak of the " literary" language (1. e., the gram
matical) as quite distinct from the conversational.
Bosrox as x Bcsa Dbiskiso Citt. A Cotton
letter to tbe Chicago Journal aaya : Tbe official
figcres sent to Washington last week show that
230,11" barrels of beer were manufactured byjW s
r. c i . i . t n-i 1 t . , t.
uucen urewenes id toe i mru internal ueveaee
District daring the past nine months. Daring
the samo time but year 192331 barrels were
made, or 93,286 barrels more this year, thus &
than last year, an increase of about fifty per cent.
which shows that the Hub Is rapidly becoming
a beer drinking city. It is estimated that Boitoa. .
and its vicinity consumes aunoally.pot leu tbad
450,000 barrels of lager and ale. There was a
time when a Boston nose elevated welt at a hish
angle when a mug of beer wits placed near tt; bat
a bilious Legisletnre forced its introduction, and a
little liberal legislation in turn encouraged its sse
as a beverage, until now tbe people haTe become
quite Tentooized. The aluoit universal cse of
lager and ale has demonstrated the folly of the
extreme temperance men in seizing a man by tie
throat, and telling him what be shall drink and
what he shall not drink. The Legislature onset
make the community temperate any more than it
can make people pious at tbe point of the bayonet.
Kin? Gambrinus is worshipped by the descend-
ants of the -Puritans, who, having no barlsJto
make malt wnen they landed at rlymostk, were
content, and thought it no bait to swuits? these
lips with liquor made of pu&pkias anal parsMps
and wslnat chips. Bat they awe sot long ia
finding awa who hod," learned 'spjjgsecret
how to brew," aad as early as 1137 there were
quite a Btanber of brews is Btsttoa.
- j ft
The LrraaTiEWijfa Nctci. Iaterviswiag,
as an acteality, shows elwy?sii aasl Is TsaVssssac.
for tbe usipsiis ef obtsurrisg the tissis ef tfSHfe-'
tieswbea they easaet beledejsjri to aasssk ia aey
otber way. "WWs, however, it ai be as
imngiealife daafagae betw the mm psttisas of
a reporters siW uiisisiuilaiss', jar has fee aba
" views of the aSstiopisbia )fejSe-dtl
paragraphs of a passphtt with tsadiaf ejaasassM
ktsristftM.it taeasss to be a deeiiahsi tmimjjft
joiinaHw. aad ao loajtr isap mm asaa asjr st
the eztNtaeiy CTedsJowg auesarity who tsSe tha
daily aswapspsr far gospeL Starmij AsfpassMS,
bat what seas dtstiayisah i i - tales itad " aV
aies the stsstssisata bsade ist aa taaiiasss, cad
area dssits that the istiriisjir sas bad at sst. M
is bw sss loafer a i
of reporMrsal inpiauiy aad
Lootv"IXU sms set rid est t
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