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Evory Wednesday Morning-,
AT SIX'DOIJLAJtS I'JZK AXXUJI.
at TIW3 OFFICE & '0W FBEPARXO
"TO EXEOUTE ALU ORDERS
For Plain and Fancy Prating,
- OF EVKR1 D ESCUfTtON,- -
WITH XEA 7WESS DISPATCH
Tt.rt-tpav tihcribtn, ss.ee to $10.00.
Qmcb Suwl, in the old
JMKbng, IIoBorata, IL L
YOL. YII-KO. 6.1
f HONOLULU, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY -22, 1871.
IS6.00 PER YEAR.
MM 4 MM T V Ima, M t Barern-
CASTLE & COOKE,
lifalrrs ill Central Merchandise,
IV. .""I- lVAIalaACE.
Xwc OaOrrur. Also, General
son A- Jmmt. fcs.lfe E. hnor. Kp . li
. Ska. bat So it 1 AoW. IJa
mam. t . c. iu.
"WAI.Itllll .V AI.I.IL,
. H. L
l FhI( lis.
Mi OMMOHtNi Xerohant,
Sana. laWi. H I fljo
r S. arajr.;
oa Uotrt St.. Inewaaa Akv
aaaana r. mman
liisnniKnYs ,t iiicova.
AS "rHLXALE BEiXTES
A. I'. Jl'DH,
AS CWXa&IAB AT LAW.
, CiMe7 and News Depot
Oti ualalnag Library,
and f.-rta: araaatT
jsm isuB ix mis,
a. c m;i'i'i;3i. 51. i..
IX. AJTB SVB9S8N.
aaanv oaaa djam. naaaaia. Oaa. Toiax ruaiaar, OaawpM,
J Oil A II. lVVI'V,
nix.i.i.A;iiAi .v co..
1 and Oda. aad Baaainl Hor-
11. uACiri'm,i .v co.,
aOTaCKOX C3fXISSI0X ANTS.
9. JWPgJOHLAJBGES & CO.,
ACT MXX1MI9X KZSCHANTS,
Tiinoii. r. iinijci:.
K amaaanala. Oafca. SI ly
ciL.vnrnK .v co..
oaala. Oanv B 1 ;lrl
r Lrwaaan- j. a. bvccios
i.mvnii.s .v hi cijso.a,
afaafaaataaaC KM anKTTBt IN LBXEES,
irfaBaaaanarateadaatataaarkaa, Fort aaratt. SSaaaaata
JLITBS & CrrTTT.T.TTTGWORTZ,
and III tj 1 1.1 1 .is ,
JHa X. IVXXIIICIIOUSI!.
aaMMatK JOB MALSS IN GENERAL
IV. I- IIK1KV,
ACENT AND BSwEZS,
?lrOOI.:.V .V. JUILSO,
aaaat, ' ' li al llli T C aboxa'a lr
C It. AVIU.IAJIS,
XmSC32. ANB DEALER
r ill i TTei i M 1 1 e m
hff tin. Mfc.
da. aaTM tbt OMM flat MaW-M Wat, SBraafaT rOX.
TIIIIO. II. liAVIIIS,
PacB Jaaaaa. Cud a Oa '
ANB WICKISSWN KTS CHANT,
II V?IAT I1KOTIIECS
yjgafSQns UTS WHStESALE DEALERS
Oatl ai. fjaaa Caoa. Baata, Saaa,aad
aaaaWaaaa raraahiat eWads. Saaw'i
EUS IN UHMTt AND EVERT KIND OF
oaaaan--4aaaar djanaaaarart ana,!. 1yd
O-SeCBE A5B SHI? CHANDLER,
OCCTSE3 SHrpplNQ AGEST,
6Sa a Jau ScUraas k Co's Whirl
aaaa ef aatlMarVitli
sleeeta Wlaai ityn w t-5o4 iziabcses 2a tb fe-
A. IV. IMlIUCIt A: CO.,
owaaaaaana tC I bouua Jt V,)
jSiSIlIL ft ta M tin Warn.
IMIaVlkl e aa SJfcr'ail..tt. janr
JOII.A N. JlrA
Ham la aawaawad at tab naka
lav aaaaMnm, nraaaanaj Hi ay rMtananj. ic, imaic
at fori and ataaaaant fcama, H,lal
darny aaa tar a, nn Eaa Co. Oraora rararraa,
I iMlJai aaaalani aaMlotaa aVaamaat af flood, (aake
eaV. .ad li lui ill asaftma'e Sana, Baari Sttaat,
daan aa r laaaaaaftnM faafanan
LI it laeaattaali i naraaai a v
taaak aad P-aaaan laafaaa aaa aar. CocaaaaT aad
fcawaaaa aaaaana.aoa.aa A-lyC
asaaan aaa aaaa laaai ibj on State aairranx' ax au
aflai atianaya da?i i. aiaSaiiiS laa aa.Tn I wUl. aOTcat
nantaa ii inoatii fcanal, aat a. .aar af adnu U b coliartad
c e lw aw m ear r-w.
JtOI.I.US .V CO.,
Ship Ciaa&len and Comraiasicii Merchants.
Iajfertors aad Dealers la General MmiuaM, Qceen Street,
ummdh, uantiua ItWBSA.
"- Atttti tor tli KairriikaVal. Meaxalna, and KaVuVo
ean nwu. x 17
Teacher on the Piano Torts and Singing.
3- Unit ImkM at Print. Balls, etc- All ta ltt
erder left .1 Mr. T. O. Tbrom',, Mfrehant rtwt, er-at
im imdaars M Mr. Mager, ml oour .oot. Mr. Adderley a.
Aaaaa ab, proatfujr atseaaoa i. hi ante
!lu Opened a New Estabikbment,
aad ill rife hid attention to
Carriage Trinnitg-. Saddle and Harness Mating,
and Beeainng la all its iSrancnei-
Ererr description of Article maMil wrtb tb Easiness
LWIIHBJ OW "fc
?IolerU IMm. Ulu Illm a Trial.
So. 13 Klac SW. aat to Ifm' Cooperage. 0-oc
HONOLULU IRON "WORKS CO
STCIM 15nixns. Snr-ar Mills.
aHollere, Oaotars, lion, Braes sad Load lasting.
Mnchlnory of Every Doscrtption,
tO" SM to Order. -TO
FartieBlar attention paid to Ship's Blacksmithing.
JOSWOSKoaecatodoataaamortMt notice. (li-ljC
.1. S. WICKSOS,
House, Ship and Sign Painter,
No. 93 Iwiug Street,
(Naartj opporit kteesrs. PtlUagaam A Co.
. Oraiaref. Marblrea:, OiMiar, OI okIiiUit, raper-
fjyVzj fci,aaaa. at, ae oioatoa oa tao aaocuoi nonce,
CSJ9a4 oataeMuat Teaconaaie toraw. SSm
OS:, Car. Fort & Hotel Street!.
cii.vi.i.a?ii:i, .v co.,
I5IP8ETEES AND DEAIEES IN
Sairita. A tra. le.
No. 8, Xanana Street, aafualtu Mercaaat
a. s. ;i,i::noit.,
WHOLESALE AND BETAIL DEALER IN
Wii 11 1 Store, corner C Qaeon aad Kaaaantaaa StreeU.
Rotail bubeaauaeab. oo Nonaaa Street, aai oa tke corner
af tmt aad Natal Hroota. 1Hj
taaajux Hot. H. a. r. 0AKTIZ
C. intt!Vi:it A: CO.,
ii((.oi,ri.u, ii. i.
AUBXTS-Urthc lloston anU llunululu Packet
AUHXTS For lite Maker, AValluklt anil liana
ACBOTS-For the Pnrcliaaeaiul i-alc of Iilnnd
i. r. Eauia?. a. jaeger.
it. v. kiiz.i:hs co..
DEALERS IN DEY GOODS AND GENERAL
1 A. SCIIAKPIIK,
OHXT far tlie BltEJIEX nOA
i&. CXpna MTUt?
.treat Sar the Drcaden Beard of TJudei aiitert,
Aijoat tor too Vienna Hard of Undei ailteea.
C. S. IIAKXOlV,
AU CTIO NEER,
rah 1 1 nasi oa Qaeea Street, one door from Kaabajaano
31. S. GltlHAlI & CO.,
LKP0KTE2S AND WHOLESALE DEALERS
la raaaionaMo Onlhior. UaU, Capa, Boot., Siaoea and
oaarj wtMf of eeatlaaiea's taperior Faraiaktlis; Sonb.
Star ia Jtakoe'a Hack, Qaeea Street, Uaaaeals, II. I.
AI'OAG Jk AC1IUCK,
Ispdrters, Wholesale and Betail Dealers in
AadCalaaGoooa, ia thrtra-aof Store .-a Saaaai Street,
D. H. HITCHCOCE,
31. X. UXELU
CABINET '''HrR AND UPHOLSTER TTR
Kiar Street, Hoaoiara. apporfte Leia' CaosarShiip.
11) bay and aatt neaad aand i'arnUara.
Cesaission Merchant and General Agent,
lajaertar of Taaa aad other Cainee and roraiga Sooda,
Irtahsa, Daabr in Uaaaaan Pnadaca. aad AaaaUor the
Asaaaala Saaar ItaataMoaa.
Starooa Naaaaa Street, below Km.
JA3IKS I.. LEWIS,
COOPER AND GAUGER,
At the Old Stand, corner King and Betid Streets.
A larfja Stock of Oil Soooks and all kind, of Conperinr
to uaan may a aaac tie way, a ar
i u taarlt a coadnaaaca of the patrasafje wha ha
enjoyed, and lor ahich be now retarnf aw
J. II. XII03IPN03T,
Qseea Street, Honnlcls,
111! 110111.11 - - "- r Slarket
riln.'aaJajjaatiaMit of tke Beat Bcdaaat Car Iran, aal
r. ii. Jc g. jKi:iiti:."v,
TIN, ZINC AND COPPER SMITHS, AND
SHEET EBON WOHKEES,
Naaann Street, between Merchant and Qneen.
Have eoaatantly oc bao.l, Sb'Te. Pipe, Oalraafxad.
Iroa Pipe. Plain ao i Km Bibb. Sbip-cocka, Inaat
Kaaaer Hoae Lot py, ia leartaa of 3 aad 90
, tart, wta caaol a;i aad pipe nawpli Ta Bath-Tnba,
I aad ataoa Tory largo atuca oc lloairt at erery oe-
partical.r atteatixo ziren to Sbtp-Work. Orders from Ibe
ataar lataada wOl b. carefaOy attaadtd to.
Taaaklal ta the Ciuaeaa of Uoaotala and tba Maada
aaaarnsty far tair liberal pattaaago la the rait, Vf-hano by
faaaaaaatiac to baiinaia to merit the sarae for taa sstore.
WAGON 'AND CARRIAGE BUILDER,
TG Klnr; Street, Ilonolnln.
BeralrJnc done with care and neat-
aaaa. Aba barticaUe attention siren
Eg s maearmltainr aaa ujrnoetnj
l tba otber lataaaa promptly execnieo.
Carriage and Sign Painting.
TI1K CXDERSIGSED baTinr,
rrerarea u aenarea a, . aaEn,,
aU orvera ia the tit ef CAH1UAGE maA SIGN PAIXT1XG
-t9- In a vy T- to Warrant Satiifacticn. t
3i. Bern ELD.
waramaa. unow prrpareo ntcair-
76 King Street. Ilorarfalo.
HAVixc opesed a prioTocaxpiiic
0 At-LECT. aeatiy cfpottU ay Crmer staad. cm Tort
Street, I aball t laort fcappT to tee mj cU ralnms aad
ethers wish fw fint-cUaw rktarea. and shall try, J at
iMtba ta tbe Uatee of my ctutecaers, t raerU their patroo
aee. XX Sjt saXa, PttaAtreraplu of eelcbrater. persooagee,
ittvm, Xc. Plctttica of afi iia4s taken on th meat nsat-
LwtAJ IA. im, .HACXi.
Trn: csLixsiGsin, Bicnrxon 07 sciences and
Arta, rrrfactlatJT befl to IcLra tilt EiOCe. ct Honolala
tkat be b ptrpared to fin Jesacoa ta tbasTeacn; fpealsB aaJ
Latia Uapurea. EM. FE3AXD, BL S. ai
Address PoatOSc Box a. l-s
H. W. SEVERANCE & CO.,
General Shipping & Commission
405 Front Street, corner of Clay, San Francisco
LEAEMONTH, DICKINSON & Co.
STDXET, X. S. IV.,
General Commission Agents,
Will attend to tbe ole cf Saodxich Itland Prwlace, and
arraora I,a advance, oa aame.
fir. L. GRECX HonoJnlo
io... MACfABkAXK. ELAllt A Co... fin rraaebeo
IS r lj
n. . wuuLyts. b. r. ruCHiu. c. ft. uiy.
WILLIAMS, BL Alt CHARD & CO..
SHIPPIMO AND COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
1;7 No. at Califernia Street, Son rnceUco. SO
JOB M'CXAKZT, J. 0. XZKKHL I
rortlaad. S. T. CaU
H'CEAKEK, MERRILL & CO.,
UftYtar been ncd in oar prwtnt UuinoM fi spvardi
Itoc. ve JrpAfrJ t retreive o4 iirMe 4 1U&1 Staple.
neh as Su-vr. Sttup. Kk.Pula. Coffee, rtc la felrant&xe.
CoiiigBMat epectelljr Mslklll tor tl Oregon )Urkct, t
wbtcii ter pmii fcLiiHimm wm l paw, ana uioo wnicn casu
CharlM W Brpok Pa Francisco
J C .MmiH Co
Fred Iten "
Datlsera Iif-trnWrcr..... '
James I'ltrkk Oo "
St !. IUk?r 4 Co "
Allen a lawu rartiaiu
Leoarti a Green w " 1-1 jfl
i:. 31. vaiy ic::i:i,
ICaiinsaw a, Japan
Harfnc the tet Ctfilitiee thrroch an Intimate ttmnrettoi
with the JdVpki&eee trade for the put eight yean, 1 prtfarHl j
10 iranaaci anj DaaBs caixiuiea 10 uu car, viin aupeicn.
LANGLEY, CROWELL & CO.,
tt Cor. Battery & Clay Sts, San Francisco. 6m
PATRONIZED 'BY ALL THE WORLD.
T) IMMEL'S IIILANU-IIILANO, VANDA. IIEN-
X on. Jockey Club, Frangipane, and other per-
fames tf eaauisite frserance.
RIMMEL'5 Larendar Water, dlitiUeJ from Mit-
Rimmel's Toilet Vinegar, celebrated for its useful
aad sanitary properties.
Jtimmers Kxtraet of Lime Juice and Glyeerise, the
beet preparation for the hair, especially in warm cli
. Itiaimel's Dago eg Oil Seap, perfumed with Austra
Risapel's Glycerine, Honey, Windsor and other
Toilet boa as. -Iliin
lael's Rose Water, Costume and Floral Crack
ers, verr amnatng for balls and parties.
Urn 01 el's Violet, Itooe-Ieaf, Rice, and other Toilet
E3- A liberal allowance to shippers.
rerfamer to II It 11 the Princeae of Walee, W, Strand,
1 Eegeat Strret, and "t, Corntill. kundon;
IT, Btleranl d., Italiens, Paris, and 76, !iiag
OS Sold lj alt Perfumerr Tenilors. 37-ly6
RrlAUKAKEA MARKET I
o. 4 Hotel Street.
t'jSj ItOIIEKT LETT beg. to lii-p"
KjL frm tb pnblte thit be hu upmed tbeiiwiian
aavT. market and tint be aae prixrared tne eertiees rf
i JPirst Class Tliitclior.
Ue tmoU tkat br kBIiar aalr tba I; 1ST CATTLE, and
payias eTerjr attention to tho bosiucai, to merit a anare ef j
in pontic patronage.
2ecf & Fork Sausages, Bolognas & Blood Paddings
Mide t Order,
ti- TEBMJ-CIIKAP fOK GASH. il4u
No. & Mercaaat Street, oppoaile the Sailor's Home,
.V ALL ITS BHAXCIIBS,
K IT AS COSSTAXTI.T ON HAND a -rarletj-
J.JL of IIOHt-HADE rCBNITCRfL Uch La oaVr. fur
aata AT THE LOWEST it JBKET FklCBh, eoOfHtlog of
BEST BLACK WALNUT PARLOR FURNITURE,
?rla'Back Dur Caaira. Loance. and llattcaaeat.
Hair aad Sprins MattraaMa, Window Shades and Stfp-
COTen mad to erwer.
Oltl I'ttrnltnrc IJol7iIioltcrcfl,
Bepalred aad Tarniehed, with aatiataciioa warranted.
ffa- Call and examino my slock befcre parchaeing ebe I
S3- Torau KeaaaaaM. All order, from SMp-masters aad
ta otker IriaaaS, win b proaaptly atleaaoa to. b-ly
J. NOTT & CO.,
GOITKIt Sc TIN S3IITIIS, raake every de
scription of work in their line, used on Planta
tions or eJeewbere. Tbcy alio keep on biod a full
Sheet Copper, Sheet Tm,
Sheet Lead, Sheet Iron,
Iron Wire, Copper Wire,
Soft A Brass Solder, Pail Ears,
Pressed Bucket Covers,
Black and Tinned Rivets,
Copper RiveU, etc.
Also on hand, a few more of
TIIOSK SPLENDID COOICINfl STOVES
Received by the "Syren,"
"Cotton Plant" aad "Gray Jaakets," together
with a rarietj si Japanned Ware, and many articles
useful in the Kitchen. ' BSr- Work en Buildings,
tusk as gatiers, spouts, water-pipes, Ac Ship-work
wBI meet with prompt attention at No. 3 Eaahsmann
AVI I.I.I A3I iniGiins,
Comer of Hotel and Fort Street..
ITIUE CHOICEST AND BEST OF ALES, WINES-1
I J C?lklll 1 a .. a J iL. T- rM 1 I
, M IQ'l J pit I lt"WlWAJ ku ln lUBU'J J. k IUC till. j
CHATEE OF KILAtJEA. HAWAII.
THIS SSTAniwISIIStEKT IS 3TOW
br own for tbe receptfon of visitors to tbe Toteaao
Howe, wbonay rely en fi&dloiTesxfcirtabIe rooots. a gooi
table, utsl preopt attendance experienced guides fx ibe
Crater alvijstm hand.
STZAil A27B ETTLPHUil
Horses Grained and Stabled
Tart!ea rUItinc tbe Tokaoo via nila,canprbccreanunals I
wamated to mak. tbejoornej, by D. IL Hrreacocr, Tjq.
Quiet Sales and Small Profits !
Corner Kenans and Jndd Streets. Ct '
SUGAR & MOLASSES
into, ii. i.
Sugar and. Molasses,
1KUI' SOW COMING IN, nnd for alc
J la qaanlitiei to rut purchaterf, br
l-3" W.ALKKR Jc ALLBN, AgenU.
StiRnr mid IoIjisrc! Crop 1S7I
0JlUa IN, FOU SALE IN QnAXTIIIES
w to salt pcrcauers, tiy
1-3-' VTALKER A ALLEN. Agents.
Sti-nr nnd Iol:es Crop 1871
pOMa IN, FOR SALE IN QUANTITIES
V to suit purcuasers br
-'t'n WAJ.KER A ALLEN, Agtats.
IVeiv Crop of Sujitr & Molasc
NOXT COMING IN. ANL FOR SALE IN QUAN-
tides to suit purcbareu by
C. EEET'ER- A CO.. Asents.
"VIEW CKOr NOW C0J1TN0 IN. FOR SALE
JLA in quantities to suit norcbarers. br
l-3na C. RRFIVER A CO., Agents.
For Kona and Kau.
THE CLIPPEt KETCH
03 Tone Keglster, Ilcury Eiigllah, floater.
Will run as a regular pactet to K-na aod Kau.
D0W6ETT A CO.. Acents
For Kohala, Hawaii.
P. MEl.LISII Maater,
Will run as a regular paciet to the abore ports.
T. r , . i
cur ircigui nr passage apply to
l-3m WALKEn & A I.I. EX, Agents,
Regular Packet for Holokai.
Will run as a reirtlar rsc'ict between Honolulu
and -Mololni, touebine at Kiunakakai and Pukoo.
or ireight or passago appy to tho Captain on
II. PRUNDEROAST, Asent.
THE HEW ENGLAND MUTUAL
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY,
01UiA.UKU IN 1843.
Cash Assets, January 1, lSiO...
Gross Inoame far IS69
Diridends far 1S69.
Premiurm Atleeted from IS 13 to 1SC3
Losses paid from 1S13 to 1S6S .......
read v;hat others say of us.
Frem the 44 SrtMtatcr " of New York Citv wo ex
tract as follows : "The iNcir England Jlntnal sUndj
forth as a fitting tjpe of what a cutopany rhoald be
in regard to its method of bailnesa. Seek in 5 rather to
establish ik repatatwn fer stab. 1 it j and reundnes,
than to present norel and prombinff, bat untridl and
unapproTod features in underwriting; conducting all
the company'-affairs with the itrictesf economy And
adopting only tboie measnrej proved by experience to
be the wUest, the directors of tha company bare suc
ceeded in rttaMisibiogfor it a reputation fur reliability
seeond to no other limilar organization in the country
Yet, great as is the degree ef caution manifested in
the adoption of erery new measure, the company is
conducted iff a manner fully in unison with the pro
gressive spirit of the age. As regards its dealings
with poliey holder?, fctr companies are more liberal
and hot.ee t."
The business of the Sw England 3Iutaal is con-
ducted in the rotwt economical and able manner; its
terms are liberal and last: its success has been uni-
furm and extended and iu jrftl rtlntbitity an i $afety
the natural wnsequences attendant upon the pon ca
tion of sueh features, and which should be the great
desideratum uith an insurance company, are in no
For further particulars please call upon
' ' CASTLE d COOKE,
49-3 tiic Agents for the Hawaiian Islands.
uircniAL riRE ixser.ixce coir.vxv
Of London InstitTited 1803.
CASH CAPITAL,, $8,000,000 In GOLD.
riTUIi: UIVPEIbitZOXKD are prepared to issue policieon
JL Fire Rf.ks fwtrh or wiibuat tbe arenpe elaa en
riaaUtion Bo tiding end Machinery, iTirate Dwellings,
Drkk. Slatf aaJ Woden Stores. 3IercLiiIi-. Cuds. Lum
ber, Stir fn Port. lc, oa the xait UTtvalle terms.
5" All Losses Adjusted and Paid for here.2
Tr p4UtinUars appJy at the otSce of
U Ala tn .11 JlL.lata.1.
33-1 j Ajrente tur tit HawalUn Inlands.
Md&EINE INSURANCE COMPANY
Or San Francisco.
haTlutr lecn ar-
JL r-friated AgenU vj tbe abOTr Cuntrauyv are prepai
to issae Policies on Cargot, Freight an Tree
r-friatej AgenU tnr tbe aborr Cuoirauyv are prepared
BOARD1 OF UNDERWRITERS.
rfllUK U.VDCltSIG.XEU Uavlnp been up
JL peiated AgcnU fer tbe San rraasisco CaafJ cfUtKler-
writers cotaprtstair tbe
California. Insurance Company,
Sfcrchanta Jlntaal 3iarlne Ins. Co.,
Pacific Insurance Company, '
California LloytV., ami
Home Mutual Insurance Company.
teg leaTe to inform Masters tvf Teasel aad tbe public yene-
rany, inat au tones 01 rnri ana wgocs. tarjret or ettber
f tbe lote 0npanie, tvfu.t perils ef tbe seas and
ether riks, t ? near tbeaMo4wIcl. ItJaads will bare ta
b Tirt&ed by tbenu
l-3n II. n ACK PELD k CO.
rmilB O.VI1ERSIC.TED, AGENTS of the
JL abets Compaar. bare ben antborised to lotors risks
on Cargo, FrelRbt asd Treasure, trCoaatera,
' from Uonolola ta all porta of the Hawaiian Group, and Tire
8-1 IL HACKrrtD A CO.
IIAJIIintG II-UREJI K
FIEE IHSUBHCE COMPAKY.
rflHE CSDKltSIGNEU baTlns " ap-
jl. poiatM ajnu 01 w wo,, tympany, arc prepared
to inrsre rlaka aralaat lire. on'SIoue and Brlebr Hnlld.
liiRa, and on Xerebandlie stored tberrln, oo tbe
roots favorable- term., for partienUrs applr at tb onV of
a-ijn a. sciuim a CC
THE AGENT FOB THE IHtlTISII For
elra Marina Inraraac. CutapanT, (limited baa re-
ceirea tnitmcuozia ao reunce in. raze, ot inraranee
between neclala aal Jarta In tb raci&e, aad Is now pre
pared to itroa Tulkiea -at tbe Xovat A'ufcr, with a spAal
TTIEO. B". niTira
4J.1T rU. For. JUr;Jt; pi. (Umlud)
fTtHE UNDERSIGNED, ACEXTI OP TBS
JL abore CompaoT. bava beeu aatborhod to lanrr rfaka
m tarro, Fnirni iu ireamrt, frota Hoaciila
toall porta of tb worM, asdrice versa.
IS-lja Ii. HACKrELXl A CO
Supreme Court In AtlnitrnlSj-.
BErORE CIIIKT JCSTICB AU.ES.
Henry May rs. Schooner Sorereign, John Chnm
hers, Master, el aL
This is a libel filed against tho schooner Sove
reign, by tba owner of cargo brought in the same,
from San Francisco to this port, for damage dono
to the goods in the, coarse of the Yoyage.
The libel charges, that Horace Davis & Co.
shipped on board the schooner Sovereign, at San
Francisco, in good order, and consigned to the
Libellant at Honolulu, a certain quantity of floor,
bread, and crackers in tins, which the master of
said schooner has failed to deliver in part, and in
food order, to the valuo of $450.
The Libellant nlleges that owing to the Sorer
eign being in an unsound and unseawotthyjCon
dition, and owing to careless, negligent,, and ira
proper stowage, anu me isrge ana excessive
quantity of freight, and by reason of want of
proper care on tho part of tho master, etc., largo
quantities of sea-water camo on board the deck
of said vessel, which deck was falsa and open, by
which tho merchandise was damaged to the
extent of &159.02.
Tho Respondent admits the shipping of the
goods, bat denies that any damage was sustained
which was not caused by danger of the 5eai ; and
bo avers that any damage incurred was caused by
one of the perils excepted by the bill of lading;
that the Sovereign, on the 28th of Xovember,
sailed from San Francisco, laden with assorted
cargo; was then staunch, tight and strong; that
the merchandise was well and sufficiently stowed
and secured, hatches well secured, caulked, cov
ered, &c ; that tho deck was not false, and open
or leaky, bnt sound ; that the schooner was well
and sufficiently manned, victualed, furnished, Sec. ;
that bio encountered rough weather, and gales
and heavy seas, which caused her to labor heav
ily, and that tho damage was by winds, weather,
and accidents of voyage.
The goods having been received at San Fran-
.cisco as per bill of lading to be delivered here in
good order, and tho Respondent having failed to
fulfill the contract, it is incumbent on him, in
order to excuse himself, to show that tho damago
was occasioned by the dangers of tho sea, as that
is the unly exception ia the bill of lading.
The issue is, then, formally made. The prin
ciples of law which are recognized a3 applicable
to a case of this kind aro very well laid down in
the notes in Smith's Leading Cases, at page 333.
The carrier is always liable for injuries resulting
from his own negligence, including, of course, de
fects in the mean3 of transportation provided by
him. lie is therefore, liable for those injuries
which the violence of motion causes in conse
quence of his negligence or defective means. By
proving the delivery of the thing to bo carried
by him, the burden of accounting for, is thrown
upon him, and he may either show tho safe de
livery of the goods or prove that tho loss occurred
by ono of tho excepted causes.
ll the authorities agree that after the damage
to cargo has been established, it is incumbent on
the Respondent to show that it was occasioned
by tho perils excepted by the bill of lading, and
in doing this ho mnst show that tho ship was !
seaworthy and well found, and properly manned,
and managed in a scamanlike manner, and that
the cargo was properly stowed and dunnaged. In
the case of Clarke vs. Barnwell, 12 llannard, 132,
tbe Court say that although tho loss occurs by
tho peril of the sea, yet if it might bavo been
avoided by skill and diligence at the time, the
carrier is liable. But in this stage of the case,
burden is on tho plaintiff to establish tho negli
gence, as tue auirmauve lies, upon linn, ice
doctrine of Ia Motte et al. vs. Angel, in 1 Haw.
R., 140, is somewhat at variance with this case,
for there the Conrt say, that to impose upon tho
merchant the obligation to prove negligence ou
the part of the carrier would be a great hardship,
for he does not usually accompany the ship; he
is not acquainted with the incidents of the
voyage ; whereas, it is an easy matter for tbo
master, when he has nsed care and diligence in
transporting the property, to show that care and
the absence oi negligenco on his part." Prac
tically, there may not be much difference in pre
senting a case to the Court, but it is clear to my
mind that it should bo inenmbent on the Re
spondent to prove that the !os3 was occasioned
by the perils of the seas, after having done his
full duty in furnishing a seaworthy vessel, and
sailing her in a seamanlike manner, with her cargo
well stowed and dunnaged. After he has thus
made a prima facie case, the Libellant may, of
coarse, introduce rebutting evidence that the
loss might hare been avoided by skill and dili
gence at the time.
For the defence, the first officer, ia introduced.
who testifies that he has been a mariner for
twenty-three or twenty-four years, and has been
attached to the Sovereign jinco Nov. 21st, last ;
ha3 always served in schooners, except two or
three years ; has been a master, mate, and fore
mast hand. " I had oftenfeen this vessel before
I went on board in San Francisco, and have
known her for eighteen months. She had been
newly painted in her upper works, and copper
painted on tbe bottom ; her tonnage wa3 93
tons." Ho Ears, further, that she wa3 in a sea
worthy condition, in his judgment ; that she was
well found for a voyage of this kind, in sails and
rigging, cables- and anchors, manned, and not
lesking, and was apparently a strong vessel.
" She didn't work or complain," to use bis lan
guage ; tho decks were apparently in good order,
and so were tbe pumps. He testifies, further,
that they bad rough weather before reaching the
Fatallones, encountering strong winds and a
heavy sea ; reefed tbo sails ; the vessel labored
very heavily ; shipped some water, and lost gome
lumber overboard ; tbe pump3 were promptly
attended to ; after tbe heavy weather, the vessel
made 160 strokes an hoar. On tbe third day oat,
tbe vessel labored heavily, and tho was hove to ;
ha made no water till the second day out ; that
tho weather was stormy the first fifteen days out,
and that she labored heavily ; no sails were split
or carried away ; thero was a rip in the mainsail.
He eayg that the vessel wax full below, and her
deck lead wa3 Sash with the rail, being some
twenty-eight inches high. We bad on, and be
tween decks some 30 II. lumber ; on .the Coutr-
eho would carry 40 M. or SO M. oa deck.
Tba second officer cdrrcratea' the teUpBy
of tbe first officer, and aaya thai they bad roagh
weather and heavy sea oa the second and third
day oat ; hid to lay ccder clow sail, hating a
heavy sea all tbe time ; the vessel labored heavily.
One of tbe foremast "sands corroborated jbe
testimony of tho officers of the. schooner as to
her being seaworthy, and also as to tho rough
weather. Ho says that the schooner lay to under
trysail and jib at ono time, and that a gale made
a hole in the jib, and parted the flying-jib
stay. At times, part of mainsail was close-
hauled. Ha says, further, that tho water camo
on board over the bows, amidships and- quarter.
and that the vessel labored heavily most ot tho
way dqwn. Ho saya that tho schoanerlkid to
a part of one day ; that tho foresail was double-
reefed ; that reefs were taken in tha mainsail
that the trysail was set ; that tho mainsail was
old ; that tho trjjai! and foresail were good.
The first question to bo settled is as to the
seaworthiness of the vessel. It appears that th8
vessel, in tho opinion of these witnesses, who
havo sailed her on this voyage, is staunch and
strong, and in all respeets seaworthy ; that she
encountered a gale of wind and heavy sea. They
are all experienced seamen. Tho officers were
well acquainted with the sailing of schooners,
and tho Court is obliged to regard their testi
mony, unimpeached 03 It is, as conclusivo in the
absenco of all opposing evidence.
The next question which arises is as to tho
sufficiency of tho stowage On the arrival of tho
schooner, tbe U, S. Consul, at tha request of tho
master, appointed Capt. McGregor, an experi
enced shipmaster, to make a survey of the
hatches, which ho did, and bo testified that they
wcro well secured in all respects, and that the
cargo was well stowed with proper dunnage, and
that it had not shifted, but it was owing to being
wet with salt water that tho injnry aroso ; the
leak was from the deck as the water appeared
to have run from one bag to another. This tes
timony is in corroboration of tbo testimony oi
tbe second officer, who superintended the stowage
of the vessel.
But it is contended by tho counsel for the Li
bellant that it was unsafe to havo had a deck
load of lumber, especially when carrying an
assorted cargo. It is in evidence that the cargo
did not shift, although a few boards were blown
off by tho gale. Tho vessel was deep in the
water, and Capt. Babcock says- that it is not a
heavy deck load, if tbe vessel. .was strong. Tho
mato says he thiuks there was some 30 M. on
board, above and below, but that on the Coast
thi3 vessel would carry 40 M. or 50 M. on deck
it is very evident therefore, that this was not an
unreasonable deck load for a ssawor'.by vessel.
It is contended, further, that as the leak was
made on the second day outLand near the Fara
ellones, it was tbe duty of tbo master to bavo
returued to San Francisco ; but the second offi
cer says that it would havo been unsafe to havo
returned, ns thero was a gale of wind and a
heavy sea from tho sputh-tast and south-west.
Tho decision or a question of this sort must bo
left to the discretion of the master.; and unless
it appears that he was reckless, it is not proper
to hold tim responsible for any advantage which
shippers may sup'posa they would havo derived
011 taking a different course. It is very evident
that the flour was injured beforo they possibly
could have made sail for San Francisco, and nioro
especially beforo she could havo reached that
The Respondent has shown that the vessel en
countered a gale of wind and boisterous weather,
and that she labored heavily ; that tho sea broke
on her amidships and on the quarter, and that
she shipped much water, p that it was necessary
to keep tho pumps in almost constant operation
to keep the vessel free. It is very evident that
tho leak wa3 occasioned by the straining of the
vessel in the gale and heavy weather encountered
after leaving tho port of San Francisco.
After carefully examining the testimony and
the principles of law applicable to it, I am of
opinion that tho damago arose from tho dangsrs
af tho seas, within thr exceptions of tbe bill of
lading, and therefore, tho libel must bo dismissed
Let judgment be entered accordingly.
January 9th, 1871. -
A.iF. Jndd and F. H. Harris Proctors for Li
bellant. R. H. Stanley Proctor for Respondents.
A Strnnjrc .SlorV-
A curiou3 ca3o recently tranpired in the vi
cinity of Pcoiia, Illinois, and a3 it has never
been in print, I send it to you The Cincin
nati Commercial In 1802, a man by the namo
of John Talbert married a young lady by the
namo of Rebecca Farmer. Soon after the cele
bration of the nuptial ceremonies, Talbert enlist
ed in the Cavalry ltej;iment : and went to
tbe front. He was at homo on a furlough in 18
63, and returned to his regiment in a few weeks.
In one of the battles in M13.3i3.ipi ho became mis
sing, and the body of a person supposed to be
Talbert was found nnd hurried. His friends were
informed of bis death, and mourned for him many
days. When the Regiment returned, with
flyjng colors, hU place was vacant, and hia wife
looked at the horsemen as they marched proudly
up the streets of tbe city, but looked in vain for
tho form she would most loved to have seen.
Talbert had been a good citizen, and bad long
paid his devotions to the lady whom he married.
Feeling it Lis duty to join the army, he had mar
ried her before be enlisted, that he might havo
the right to protectjher when bo jturned. Ho
was a good soldier, always doing his duty faith
fully, and when tho battle raged was In his placo
unflinching and determined. When his supposed
body was found, not one of bi3 former comrades
but mourned that,ta.had been taken from their
The war closed, and Talbert was, almost forgot
ten. Not much long than d year ago, his widow
took of tho weeds' off m earning, and gave her
band to a ycuDg carp ntr in Peoria,' by tha
name of Simpson, fa'ho bad borne a child to
Talbert ia bis absence, and all her loro for her
father had centered in the iuago of tbo departed
About three months after Simpson aod Mrs.
Talbert were married, tho young carpenter fell
from the scaffolding of a largo building bo was at
work upon, and his brains wero dashed out upon
the ground. Rebecca Farmer was for tbe tecoB! -'
time) a widow, asd ft Milimal.&f saoyawy
were SoinetL Loving: Banefe bariad fer 'dotal
Jro her sight, arid the world moved on a befirsf
utterly regardless of the twice rtrfekes.
The child of Talbert lad grown into a lovely
girl of seven gammers, sod wai tat) only lore and
hope of her mother. Tiro weeks since tha Utile
one suddenly sickeaed and died, and tha mother
supposed herseli bereft of aUthat know or loved
But now comes the grxsd uenoument. WTiila
tbo corpse of tho child by In her nother 'a hoosa,
awaiting burial on tho morrow, a stranger called
at tho poor woman' door. A neighbor lady, who
had charge of tbo mourning house, admitted him,
and ho asked to sea Mrs. Simpson. The lady
came down, and found in the supposed stranger
her long-lost husband, John Talbert he for whom
ho had mourned as dead.
Ho explained his long- absence ia this) wisa :
After the battle In which ho was suppooed to
have been killed, he found himself a priaonarrla
the hands of tba rebels. Ho was hurried from
one post to another, nntil at last ho was taken to
Andersonville, In.that prisop-pen he languished
for months, until ha forgot tho passing timo;
until tho intense longing for homo completely
broko his heart. Whan ha was tiberated.na say,
everything was a blank to him. Ho wandered to
New York City, and lived there for mora than a
year, and then passed to the great West, where
he lived until a yenr'ago. Ho recovered hia health
of body nnd mind, but for several years could not
bring himself to think of returning homo. Ha
said there was an intense yearning to sea bis wife
and child, but by soma curious, morbid feeling,
ho suppressed tha promptinc; of hia heart, and re
mained away from the beings ha loved, brooding
over his carious, self-imposed condition. A few
months sinco bo was .taken with an Irresistible
longing to return to'llllnois, and the scenes of
his former happinesilmt' bo desired to do to
without being recognized. He camo tack, much
changed in appearance, visited Peoria, and found
his wife married to another man. "
There was a fresh agony of mind and poignancy
was added to the thought thatnf ho bad returned
when his imprisonment ended, or even after his
faculties had been fully restored, ho would havo
found his wife still mourning for him, and could
have gladdened her heart by showing her that ha
was still alive. Now thero was nothing wr turn
to do but to go away, as Enoch Ardcn bad done.
and leave Philip Ray to his happiness. Ho could
not tear himself completely from the spot, how
ever. Ho had seen, his child and its mother on
tha street, and ho had felt liko going forward and
claiming his own. So ho removed himself about
a hundred miles from his old home ; for to havo
remained in Peoria, where ho had lieen pretty
well known, would havo betrayed him, finally.
The news of the death of Simpson did not reach
him. Though he received a paper regularly frota
Peoria, this, to him, most important item of news.
failed to meet his eye. But the-otber day ho did
seo a notico of tho death of his child, and in less
than five hours he was besido its coffin. Not till
then did he learn of tho death of Simpson. But
his wife, tho girl ha had loved, and thought bo
had lost by a strangawork of Providence, fell
into lira arm3, and' ha realized that ha hail
still something to livo for. The wife received her
husband again, in tho placo of the child sho had
lost, and the, neighbors rejoiced at her good
fortune, notwitstandiog a few of them felt soruo
indignation that he had remained away go long
after his imprisonment had ended.
As Island or Silvtsr. Wo havo beforo al
luded to the Silver Island of tbo north shore of
Lake Superior, in the British Possessions, just
below Thunder Ctpc, and soma fiftoen mile, be
yond Fort William. Tba island ia qnita small in
dimensions say 100 feet by 40 and tho most of
it is submerged at high wafer a small part at
one end is about eight feet abc7e the lake level.
TbU island was rented by the Montreal Mining
Company aa part of a tract embracing 108,000
acres. It was only last Summer that Capt. Frew
and bis company completed their bargain with, tho
Montreal Company for tho island, and secured it
by paying, or agreeing to pay 8250,000 for tha en
tire 103,000 acres. They went immediately to
work at improving tha mine in a "workmanlike
manner." Tbo first step was to surround tba Is
land with cribs of timber, filled with stone, to serve
as s break-water and an Ice-breaker; and withies
these cribs a cofferdam was built, and puddled
with clay, having the effect of making (he whole
interior of lbs island nearly water-tight, at least
from tbo intrusions of tbe lake. The next step
was to set np two largo syphon, pumps, worked
by steam, by which tho insidowas pumped dry,
or nearly so, and it has since been found that a
very little working of the pumps dally keeps tha
jsland clear of water entirely. Then they went
to work laying bare the vein, and now have ex
posed seventy feet in length, and find it to be a
truo fissure vein, with perpendicular wa!ls, tberf
vein of silver matrix being calcareous spar- with
soma little quartz intermixed. The vein la eight
feet wide, and eyewitnesses from there (late that
for ono-quarter of this width it will average
seventy per cent of pure silver. On tba first
trial, after tho water was gotten oat, six men
took out 335,000 worth of silver in four days ; aod
up to tho latest accounts, the working has been
continued at about this rate. Already 123 bar
rels of native silver, estimated to be worth $75,
000, have been shipped, Tbe yield of the mine,
computed by the too, is not less than SI to tha
pound. Tbe mine employs now about forty men,
and the Company will increase their force imme
diately. From the DuluA Minnesotian.
"I lit "the Rcab G da no." A propai ot McMa
uoo's reply, tbo Cnlrasalenrs are no more," an anec
dote It related of Manual Key.
It Is well known that this officer fought dnrfcsj
tbe retreat from Buttla, with heroic courage, keep.
Ids always by the tide of bit soldiers. TbstjM sur
vived tbo balls, and cold aad hunger that battled In
cessantly with bis corps, was the result of a miracle.
One day, as (Jen. Domat occupied tha village of
Etoloppdea, he wa Informed that a peataat wished
to see him. Bo wa brooght ia coveted from head
to loot la sheepskin clothing.
" Where do you come from 1 Whit do joa with V
demanded' the Genera, braaqaery in PoUafa. Vfca
Individual threw ou bit bonnet. TSo General raado
a gesture of surprise.
"You, Marshal I"
It was Sty. lis remained standing and lllcat.
"I believe that joa eosfimand the rear gaard,"
laid the General.
"V' ald Ney, "n 'b rearguard i"
dai HaaaT'laaaaaar 'ad atalaa.
ass tae qasoMsa, " Warn I
oaeedor" listttaUaaj wa oat tay-ai f s
Mo pec ataar weaaiwt, Wwss mm a nam seat aatae
the reply, ajvett vriafc aolttast pi tstitasat w4 a-yas-
ittibly 1-ktHM acsK : "Jta west stewa tastotrc
tbe raiUtlnea aaa get wife,"