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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, January 14, 1874, Image 2

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I kv AsXriiore.TV. I SPECIAL HOTIOE.
I f
Xa.CnAaTrrcoiiB baiben this day appointed Cem
WKieref Private Mfaya and Water Prrrtlegee for the
tam lei of Henalel, Island of Kauai.
The Board sow consists of Messrs. A. WTIcox, Z. Seta
axG-Titcomh.
Enrcr O. Haul, 2nlster of the Interior.
Interior Oace, Jan. 13, 1!7. 470
''Tatngonof Intpectaii of Bet-aon Is called to the
OKHam of r. Jo Aft of the Suprrnie Court, to 2169, by the
effect of which Inspectors are not Smlt In quslifylng
voters, to those persons who ha ve paid their taxes previous
to January In. 1174.
Tbe names of those who par their taxes aubteonent to
January 1st. raar be added to the list by the Inspectors,
TOTAcslyettberrrrnlarseseloriS. Torse sessions must be
cj Ucxt rwo In number; the Cm cannot be held earlier
than the lhJaoBai7, and the last nee later than theCd
January after which data no additions to the list of voters
on be made. The Melons mast be duly adrertUed by
notice at the aame upon the alphabetical Hat of voters
posted at the place of boldicg the election and at two other
poboc places In the District. At the Section no vote can
berecdred unless the same of the person offering the
name be borne on the fist of voters, and snless he present
to the Inspectors at the poSa his Tax Receipt Impressed
wta the words, - Oatytaf to Tou."
A. r. Jens, Attorney General.
Ooon Boose, Clh January, 1C74. 170
emcx li hereby given that the new store-boose at
Xalarmepa, Wand of JlolotJ. Is set apart as a second
piact for receiving votes for Representatives to the next
Lcgirstlve Assembly from said Untried
En wet O. IIall, Minister of tSs Interior.
Interior OSce, Jan. 2, 117 1. CI
Tex TTectlon of JlepresenuMves to lis next Legislative
Assembly, will tafce place throughout the various Election
Hatrlcu of the Kingdom, on the First Slonday of Febru
ary next- The following jcacet are detonated for holdlrj
the elections :
HAWAII.
Sattrlct of Silo Oourt-houM In Uto; School-house,
Osomea,
Wstnct of Hsmstns Court-house In Walplo; School
Bcuae. Honokea.
District of Kohala Coort'hoase, Palmes, and Coort
boase. North Eohala.
Bacrtrt of dearth Eona Scbool-honse, JJallna.
District of soatb Eona Scbool-hcDW, uonauaan.
District of Ean-CDGrt-hoose, Walohlno.
District of Puna Hcbool-bouM, Halt puaa.
ilAUI.
District of Xahalna Ooun-bouse, lAhama.
District of KaagsnaH-Schooi-honse. Jlonolna.
District of CaIlnLn Coon house, Waantu, and School
faunae, Ulupalakua.
Dlxtrtct of Xaxawao Coon-bouse. Uakawao.
TWttrlct of Tfsna Conn-noose, liana; bchool-hoose,
Seanae.
District of Jlolotad and Lanal Sew Court-home, Pnfcoo,
Moioial ; school-house, Kaobal, IahsL
OAI1U.
District cu EonaCourt-house, IXonolnln, at both the
front aud rear eatrancue.
District of Ewa and Walanae School-house, "tFelawa ;
School-boose. Walanae.
District of Wsli'ns School bouse, Walalna.
District of KfWanlos School-bouse, llauula.
Dlstnctof Koolaupoto conn-boose, Kaoecbe.
KAUAI.
District of ralmea &chool-honse, Walmea; School
bouse, yilhsn.
District of Puna School-house, Ubue; Hchool -house,
JColoa.
Distrla of nanald Court-hsuae, Saaalel ; 8choo!-honse,
&nm O. Hall, 2Qnlster of the Interior.
Interior Pact. Dec 17. 1BT1. scs
A Calx. to Titc firszvoLcxT. The Leper Asylum at
3f aiottal Is la crest need of old linen and cotton for bos
Tdtal sse. and tsruUlet bsvlnc worn out articles cf conon
or Cnea win confer a favor upon the arsicted by making
sp bandies and leaving; them at Mr. cL a. wndera, who
wia see that they are forwarded to their destination,
liy order of the Hoard of Health.
Ciias. X O click. Secretary.
Honolulu, Dec I, IB 72.
gorier. Tit public are hereby cantlooed aralnst tres
pasatnc upon any Government Land In this Klocdom, by
the cnanthonxed cutting of timber or wood, or otherwise
despolllnc said lands of their natural productions.
Enwi o. Hall, Minister of the Interior.
Honolulu. x-pL n. 1872. si
otzch TbeOovenimentl'rlntlncJstabllshment Lav
1st been leased from the 1st of April. 1572, to Mr. Henry
31. Whitney, tocetber with the rood will or the Ha wahax
OAZTTTCandAn Okoa newspapers, the retponsloUlty of
pnvisnini said newspapers Is entirely his; and Ills JMa
JesLTa uoveroment Is Ih no wise responsible for any views
expressed In said newspapers, except for what may appear
under the head of - llj- Authority.
Eswlv a Hall, Minister of Interior.
Hosolsls, March 716, 1873. tf
Ucenscti Xxplrlns' In Jan. 18741.
Bctall.
1 P Dal ton ,...rort Street,
t wert & Dlctaon. Kort Straet,
20 Honolulu Iron Works,
It Alex Andre Slot btreet,
2& Ab ral, , ,7'uoann Strset.
II Ah Sau-
54 Sine Cbonc
u 7 T bpeucer .
AXina
11 K Ceorte-
uuanu street,
-Hotel btreet,
Ionoxaa.
-Cealwa
lawa
Xacai.
Oaxtc.
OaSX.
Oaitc.
Oajtc.
It Herd & Richardson
2 Aiona d: Aloot Pahoehos
IS Cbooncncau Abnna
S4 Mascboca & Coocblur, Motae
SC Pshsns,
HSo
Hamalcua
Kau
Kohala
UOo
JEona Hema
Kanpo
Hana
Koloa
Mliolesale.
I H 2McIntyre d: Ero, TOnr Strset, Honolulu
Itctall Nplrltt.
, W L Green Itoyal Hotel, Honolulu
VictutAline;,
l QuontHn .inaxohea, Honolulu
Ilorac
. Papa, Sol,
jit Tffstnspsnt
Ttl rshea. Hot
TT-lolin Peter. 270 1
It Daniel Sum. Ko (
S7 Keopuahlwa, 2Co I
Keawe. So 7
Kanewahlne. So ft
It A B Kssnlran. So
"l-gslrr. So 10
7T rsnsnlnrslns. So II '
rs nnpcsKo 12
30 SalbcEu knL So 11
JO-W A JahaL So It, IS
' JO Ohuie. So It, 17
X)-Sapna,u
Bntclier.
LoveO, Banalei
Shipping.
1 TTX Msn-HSTn. Honolulu
Ftre Anna,
a TK Parle Kona
Bout.
27 Samnel Kaal. So 1 Houolulu
17 lUchard WCllama,Soz
27 Uloa, So 3 '
IoMal.SoJ
Wo wooH call attention to the commencement
of Volume X of the Gazette, on January 7.
The subscription price is S6.00 per annum. Jf
paid for in adrance, on or before the 31tt of Jan
nary, a year's receipt will be given for S5.00.
H. M. WHITNEY.
Proprietor and Editor.
HAWAIIAN GAZETTE
AN INDErESDEHT JOUESAL,
DEVOTED TO HAWAIIAN PROGRESS.
rUBUSUEI) ASD EDITED BY
HENRY M. WHITNE?.
The Courts.
floprrme Court. Jaxcakt Trx, 187.
Juitics Haktwell, presidinf.
-Jan. ttis. Rsi vs. A. TJaua Msjhem. Verdict
afuUt; as cbarced. Eeclence one ;ear at hard labor
and toed 174 and colli. I29.B5.
Sex vs. Eabele Larceny. Appeal front the Police
Jcstice of Honolulu, .appeal withdrawn.
Rex vs. Eahalepouli Jnrj drawn and case 'cos-
tinned until tomorrow, on account of the absence of
witnesses.
Jan. 7th Bex vs. Eahalepouli Forgery of a hill
of ssl. Ths Court appointed . Preston to conduct
the prisoner's ease. Unanimous verdict of guilty,
Eenteooe 3i years to bard labor and a o of SI.
Hex vs. F. B. Swain Motion by W. C. Jooes for
defendant, that this ease be entered on the calendar.
Tho Attorney General opposed the taction on the
ground thattto oosts had been paid, and the appealnot
perfected. Motion denied.
Jan. Sth E. O. Ball, Minlfter of Interior vs,
Hath Eeeliholanl Assumpsit for mosey had and re-
ceired. A. F. Jodd and W. C. Jones for plaintiff.
B. H. Stanley and C. C. Bsrris In defendant. D
lendaal's connsel in this eae led a demurrer on the
ground that it was a question of title and could sot
b tried in a personal action For money had and re-
eeitad. The cue was argued at some length os both
tides, and submitted.
Jan Six Ths Court adjourned until Monday, the
2 "Mb. instant.
Jan. 11th. Tbeophilus H. Savies tt el vs. Hack,
2eld A Cov Continued by agreeaienL
Eomohai vs. Eahele Fjectmeat. The Court res
dered juigmost for the Defendant. (See printed de.
cisiom)
Sex vs. Alts (Pale) Sexss) Intercourse with girl
csder 14 years of age. The witnesses not btring tr-
xirad from Molohal, Court adjourned until tomorrow
at 10 A.M.
Police Court Honolulu.
Jan, tti KaU Furious riding. Fined M and $1
costx. Vth Densing Tonney Adultery. Fined $30
'and fUti eoiti, Baehae (w.) Adultery. Fined
SIS and $2.M costs Boaua Disorderly. Ordered
to giro bond ror.S&O to heep the peaoe for .one year
aad'pay costs, J30. 10th Olnm Instigating an
ether to obstruct justice. Committed for trisl at Sn-
Court, liti Kamslsc Drunk. Fined S2
Zscd tl eota. Ceorge Drurk. Fined 43 and tl
e .sail, LaaiiDpooIe Axitnl 1 and battery. Fined ti
aad (I cotta.
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 10.
His SIajestt's health remained on Sunday,
about the stmrt as It was at prerioui datea from
Eailoa. The 6teamer was dispatched thither on
on Monday, and it Is thought that the King will
return in her, arriving here on Thursday after
noon. The Advertiser, in some remarks in its last
Issue, refers to obecene publications in Hawaiian,
and censures ns for permitting alleged indecorous
language in the native paper. If reference is
made to the story published on its first page, we
reply that the story is from the Arabian Nights
Enteflainments. that the manuscript has been
regoltrly'read over by a careful Hawaiian scholar
before publication, and the proofs revised by the
native editor. If anything of the kind has ap
peared in the slory. it has been after every pre
caution has been taken, and is only accounted f
by the doubtful signification of Hawaiian wo
and phrases, which to a foreigner moy nj
quite proper, while tbey convey to a Hawaii p
very aiuerent signincauon, or vice, vcrea. -m
our last week s issue we nave oeen miorm
a competent jadjje, tbst as vile stuff has aK
3, -t t-. tt Tt .- : A r?3S
ea in tue lo jjiiwaii unut, ib.u huu-sk,;
office of the Advertiser, as any to which publi?
attention has been called. If so, It has probably
not been done knowingly, but it is owing to the
uncertain signiBcalion given to language used in
tales and poetry. As an instance in point the
ancient story of Laieikawai, after having been pub
lished in a newspaper, was reprinted in book
form at the particular request of two foreign gen
tlemen, who were well versed in Hawaiian, and
had attentively read the story as issued. And
jet this story, which is probably the finest speci
men of pure Hawaiian literature in existence, is
said not to be free from the objection of having
indecorous language in it. This will show the
almost utter impossibility of issuing anything in
the form ol a Hawaiian story or song free from
censure. We freely admit that every publisher
should be on his guard, and check uny known
tendency in this direction ; ir not, then the law
should step in and compel bim to do it.
Xlic Election for Itcprcscntatlvea
Takes place two weeks from Monday next, and
as we have before remarked, is likely to be warm
ly contested. In every district there will be from
fire to twenty-five candidates, and the number of
ballots printed for the occasion will probably not
bo less than one hundred thousand a pretty
liberal supply, considering that there are less than
ten thousand qualified voters in the kingdom.
In the larger districts, where there are two or
more representatives to be elected, no ticket
should be approved and voted which does not
have on it foreigners for one half the number to
be chosen. All right-minded natives will see the
justice of electing foreigners as well as natives.
in tuch places.
Jl a general rule, no government officer should
be a candidate, for representative. By a govern
ment officer we mean one who derives bis sup
port from the public treasury. No man thus de
pendent on the Ministry can act independently
on all questions which may arise in the Legis
lature. Nor should any district or other judge
be a candidate, not only for tbe above reason,
but because he cannot constitutionally hold a
seat in the legislature. Nor is it wise to elect
any clergyman as representative, for the reason
that his vocation is a sacred one, which ehoald be
kept entirely separate from politics. White we
admit that the exclusion of these three classes
reduces the number from whom worthy candi
dates can be selected, and in soma districts may
leave the voters a poor list to choose from, yet
we would much rather see men of moderate
ability elected, if they are only honest and pre
pared to take an independent stand on all ques
tions affecting popular rights as well as ministe
rial privileges and conduct.
Wo call tho attention of voters to the official
notice in another column, which slates that all
persons who huve paid their taxes prior to the
final meeting of the election board, on the 22d
of January, will be qualified to vote. In some
districts, all who paid their taxes before the day
of election have been allowed to vote. This is
decided to be contrary to tbe law, however un
just its operation may appear to be in some in
stances.
Sanitary L,crIsiIatIon.
There can be no doubt that measures which
tend, even partially, to alleviate misery and heal
disease should receive the public support, at
least so far as to giie them a fuir trial, when
there is any doubt about them. It was with this
intent that the government, a few years since,
brought forward a bill designed to cure syphilis
among a small class of the native females living
in this cily. It met with considerable opposition
notwithstanding which it passed the Legislature
and became a law. It was enforced in this city
fur several years, nnlil the benefit attending its
operation began to be questioned. No action
was taken, however, tilt the Legislature met in
1872, when petitions came before that body ask
ing for a repeal of "the law to mitigate," as it
was called, and a bill to repeal it was introduced
and passed utmost unanimously. The petitions
were referred to the sanitary committee, which
held several protracted sessions, and made a
tharougb investigation ol the operation of the
law. The report presented by it was one of tbe
most startling documents ever reed before our
Legislature. The evidence of leading physicians,
females, and others, taken before the committee,
showed that the law had actually been need to
aid prostitution, that it hsd produced little or no
good in curing the disease, and that its general
influence had been pernicious. Moreover, it was
partial in its operation, as it reached only females,
leaving tbe males to spread the disease through
out the group. At this period ot the session, or
perhaps prior to the presentation of the sanitary
committee's report, a bill was introduced by the
Minister of the Interior himtelf a most skillful
and experienced phyeiclan designed to give this
measure n furl her trial on a mure comprehensive
basis. It. read as follows :
-An Act to prevent tbe spread of Syphilitic and
VcneialDlsettea.
Sec. I. There shall be established In tbe city or
Honolulu, a dUpcn&ary for furnishing medical ad
vice and medicine to persons of both sexes afflicted
wlih syplilllilc and veneral difwees. fcWddlspensa
rvsnsll be under the eenersl control and dlri-clloii
ol tbe Minister of tbe Interior, who shall have power
to appoint a competent pbyslclsn to have chrce or
the time and to mske all needlul rules and regula
tions for tbe administration of said dispensary.
Sac 2. All women known to be prostitutes shsll
attcd and be examined by the pUj-ficIsn In charce
of such dlspenisry !mm time to time upon due
notice from the Msrshsl of the Klnedom or bis dep
uty, to be approved by tbe Minister of the Interior
or some Kcnt appointed by him, and shsll submit
themselves to such treatment at in the Judement tr
the phyeiclan In chsnre shtll be neccst-sry to pro
mote their cure. In like manner any other persons,
mite or female, who my be suffcrine; from such dla-csst-s
and who neglect to secure proivr medical
treatment elsewhere, shall be rrquirrd to submit
themselves for examination and treatment upon no
tice as aforesaid.
Sao. 3. Any peiron who after due notice as pre
scribed In tbe precrdlne: srcllnr shall fsil to attend
t arurvsaid or who thall fsil or nrclcct to obey, the
prescriptions of the physician In charge of the d i
penssry. shsll upon the written order of the Minis
ter of the Interior be summarily Imprisoned, for to
lone a time as their dUetse endangers tbe public
besltb.
8 ec 4. Tbe expenses of the rncdlcil treatment
and medicine furnished at aforesaid thall be at the
chsrjrc or the pertont reciivlrg lb- ssme, lr able to
pay lor the tame, otherwise at the charge or tbe
government.
Sec 4. Tbe physician tppolnted to the care of
such dbpensary shall be paid euch reasonable com
pensation as may he determined by the Minister of
the Interior, and shall account to the department for
all monies received under this act.
Sec 6. For the purpose of carrjlnir Into effect
the provisions of this act, the turn ( five thousand
dollars Is berebv appropriated out of the monies of
the public tress'ury not otherwise set apart. This
appmprlstlon shall have the same effect and be ac
counted for in the same manner as If lnser!i-d In the
irencral appropriation bill.and shall be payable npon
tbe order of the Minister of tbe Interior.
The provisions of this bill were so clearly un
constitutional, especially its .third section, that
when it was brought before the House for discus
sion, it was at once rejected, and no further at
tempt was made to pass a substitute. Its second
section embodied a desirable feature which the
first lacked, that or making it apply to nit per
sons affected with the disease. Its philanthropic
provisions were intended to reach and cure males
as well as females. Tho ministry, finding that
there was no prospect of getting a new law en
acted at that session, advised tbe King to with
hold his signature from the bill already passed,
repealing tbe old law, which had been sent to
'nm for his signature. In consequence of this,
th.iv.ll of tbe Legislature was frustrated. And
been, u otter now stands.
AfJns.'aw of three or four sections only
is needed, providing (1st) for the seclusion in a
hospital or all persons (males and females) affect
ed with syphilis, after examination by tbe physi
cian, and commitment to the hospital by a police
magistrate, until they are cured ; (2d) the ar
rest of all deserters from auch hospital, who shall
be brought before the police magistrate, and
on due proof be committed to prison, where they
may be treated as in the hospital till cored and
discharged ; and (3J) repealing the present law.
A bill of this kind, properly drawn up, and im
partial in its operation, would meet with no seri
ous opposition. Any less comprehensive taw
would prove to be partial in its operation, and
ineffectual in reaching all wbo are tainted with
the disease.
From Auatrulnnia.
Our files from Sydney are to December 20th,
on which dny the mail steamer left. Parliament
was in session, but beyond local political ques
tions, we note nothing important transpiring.
The Sydney Morning Herald congratulates
the colony on the opening ot the new steam line
connecting it with England via San Francisco.
After referring to the two previous attempts to
establish muil lines, first via Panama, and then
with Sao Francisco by the former Hall line, it
stye : " Warned by this previous experience, it
is prudent for ns to be modest in our expectations
at a fresh start ; but at the same time tbe service
is now reopened under entirely new' conditions.
We are adopting what is at preseut supposed to
be the most direct route. We have larger and
faster boats, and we hare the benefit of a dearly
bought experience."
The vessel to follow the Macgregor is the Mi
kado, a new and sister steamship to tbe former
named, and which has just made a fine passage
out from Eogtaud to Honkong in 45 djys. She
would leave Sydney January 17.
We notice that Commodore Goodenough, in
command of the naval forces at Fiji, has reported
against Kandavu as a coaling station for the
new line of steamers.
The reports from Fiji are very favorable to the
new crop of cotton, which will prove -large and
of a fine quality. However, owing to low prices
of cotton, the planters propose to embark in su
gar manufacture, and are planting cane.
Simultaneously with the opening of tbe Cali
fornia mail route, the first steamer bringing tbe
European mails trotn Singapore arrived at Syd
ney, making the passage iu thirty days. It is a
lung route, and tbe mails via Singapore will occu
py trom fifty to sixty days in coming through
from London.
Our latest dates from New Zealand are to De
cember 22. The papers speak of the affairs and
prospects of the Colony as very prosperous.
The Nelson Exhibition was opened on the 26th
November. There were targe crowds from all
parts of tbe province. Alt kindd of minerals of
the province are on view, including gold, eiltei,
copper, iron, coal, marble, limestone, and flagging
stone.
Tbe natives are showing a friendly disposition.
The Hauhau chief, Tapihaue, is visiting the Wai
kato settlements.
The prospectuses of two sugar refining compa
nies, one at Wellington with a capital of 120,
000. and another at Dunedin with a capital of
100,000, have been issued. The project is favor
ably regarded, but competition between provin
cial towns for supremacy is likely to ruin the
attempt to establish a colonial refinery.
Nutive prospects are improving. A deputa
tion of Kingites has gone to Euiti, to urge tbe
Maori King to meet the Governor at Ngaruara
hiu early next year.
Good Templars are Increasing rapidly; their
ufluenco was felt in the luto provincial elections.
for Australia via San Francisco will require 10
cents postage. ' This postage will secure the
transmission of the letters by the new line of
steamers, and they will be conveyed to" their
destination, no matter to what part of Australia
they may be addressed. In every other colony,
however, except New Zealand, tbey will be sub
ject, in addition, to tho colonial rate of postage,
which will be collected there. '1 he treaty wun
New Zealand is entirely reciprocal, that colony
and tho United States retaining respectively the
postage on the letters forwarded. This nrraoge
ment will go into operation as soon as the
steamers commence to run. There will be a
saving in po6toge on all American letters posted
in America, ci'a San Francisco ; as by way of
England each letter is charged sixteen cents and
by way of Europe twenty-two cents. News
papers will be charged two cents each ; by way
of England they are charged four cents. Thus,
even if there.thould be no postal treaty between
this country and Australia, great advantages will
result from the running of the new line of stea
mers, although tbe highest advantages will not
be realized until a postal treaty shall have been
negotiated between tbe two Governments. To
those who have business relations with Australia
tbe caving or time will be of the greatest im
portance, lor instead of taking three or four
months to get answers to their advices, as at
present, Utile more than fifty days will.be re
quired. " It has been said by uninformed parties that
England, by virtue of her postal treaty with the
United States, would be enabled to send her
Australian mails across the continent without
additional expense to berself, and with an enor
mous extra cost to this cotntry. This is not
true. According to tbe treaty referred to, Eng
land is required to pay to tbe United States so
much per pound tor all her mail matter carried
by the overland railroad. Tbe rate of payment
is more than sufficient to cover expenses, no
matter if twenty or fifty additional carriages were
required to perform the service. So nicely, too,
is the weight determined that fractions of pounds
are charged for. Under the existing postal
treaty, no loss can possibly fait upon this country
under any circumstances wlatever by the convey
ance of British mails, aileqiate remuneration be
ing in every case provided for."
Prcnldcnt tirnnt'ai Views'.
The Colonial 51 all Set-rice.
Tbe following statement, taken from tbe San
Francisco BuLttin, contains so much information
relating to tbe mails, postages, ic, on the new
route, that we transfer it to our columns. The
present postage on single letters from any point
in the United States to any point in this King
dom, or vice versa, is six cents, and an additional
six cents is charged if from or to England. Tbe
postage on papers going or coming, is two cents
Hawaiian, two cents American, and two cents
additional to England, making six cents to Eng
land, and four cents to soy point in tbe United
States.
The new Australian steamship line, of which
J. C. Merrill & Co., are the agents will soon be
fairly inaugurated. Those who have correspond-.
ence with the colonies will be interested to know
bow ths postal service will be affected when
direct communication is established between this
port and Australia. Tbe Postmaster-General
has already issued lis instructions respecting
American letters for Australia. The old postal
treaty with New Zealand will continue in force,
that is, all letters posted in the United States
The annual message of President Grant, of
which we give n synopsis on our fourth page,. is a
very interesting elate document, particularly to
Americans. In discussing the rights of citizen
ship residing in-foreign countries, and the Virgi
nius affair, he gives utterance "to political ideas
which may be termed peculiarly American. Re
specting the captured steamer, he lakes the
ground that she was in every respect an Ameri
can vessel, properly registered in Now York in
1870. He then refers, in the following extracts,
to what tbe government has done in the matter :
" It is a welt established principle, asserted by
the United Stales from the beginning of our no
tional independence and recognized by Great
Britain and other maritime powers; and stated by
tbe Senate in a resolution passed unanimously on
the 16th of June, 185S, that American vessels
on the high seas in time of peace, bearing the
American flag, remain under the jurisdiction to
wbicb they belong, and therefore' any visitation,
molestation or interference which such vessels,
by force, on the part of a foreign power, may.sus
tain, is in derogation of the sovereignty of the
United States. In accordance with this principle,
the restoration of tbe Virginia and tbe surren
der of the survivors of her passengers and crew,
and due reparation to the honor or the' Sag and
the punishment or the authorities who bad been
guilty of tbe illegal act ot violence, were demand
ed. The Spanish Government has recognized
the justice of the demand, and has arranged for
the immediate delirery of the vessel and for tbe
eairender of the survivors of ibe passengers and
crew, and a salute lo tbe flag, and for proceedings
looking to the punishment of those wbo may be
proved to have been guilty of illegal acts of vio'
lenco towards citizens of the United States ; and
also towards indemnifying those who may be
shown to be entitled to indemnity. The, embar
going of American estates in Cuba; cruelty to
American citizens who have been detected in no
act of hostility to the Spanish Government ; the
murdering of prisoners taken without arms in
their bands ; and, finally, tbe capture upon the
high seas ot a vessel sailing nnder the United
Sates flag, and having a United States registry,
has culminated in an outburst of indignation that
eeemed for a time to threaten war. Pending
negotiations between the United States and the
Government of Spiin on the subject of this cap
tore, I have authorized tbe Secretary of tbe Navy
to pnt our navy on a war footing to the extent of
the entire annual appropriation of that branch of
tbe service, trusting to Congress and the public
opinion of the American people to justify my
action."
What ComtltatcH American CItl.
zcneiltip?
In his annual message to Congress, read De
cember 2, 18T3. President Grant, discusses the
topic of Americans residing in foreign countries,
shows what the present law is regarding their
rights, and invites farther legislation, in order to
define more clearly what constitutes expatriation,
and when citizenship ceases. Tbe following are
his views :
" I invito tbe earnest attention of Congress to
existing laws ot the United States respecting ex
traditions and the eligibility of nationality by in
dividuals. Many of the citizens of the United
Stales reside permanently abroad with their fami
lies. Under tbe provisions of the net approved
Febuary lOih. 18SS. tbe children of such persons
are to be deemed and taken to be citizens of tbe
United States, but tbe rights of citizenship are
not to decend to persons whose fathers never re
sided in the United States. It thus happens
(hat persons who have never resided within the
United States have been enabled to put forward
pretensions to the protection of tbe United
States, amongst which is exemption from the
military service of the Government under whose
protection tbey were born and have been reared,
In some cases unnaturalized citizens of the
United States have returned to tbe land of their
birth to remain there, and their children, issue of
a marriage contracted there alter return, and
who have never been in the United States, have
laid claim to our protection when the lapse of
many years has imposed upon them tbe duty of
military service to tbe only government which
has ever known them personally. Until the
year 1868, it was left to tho embarrassed and
conflicting opinions of courts and or juries to de
termine how far the doctrine of perpetual allegi
ance, derived from our former colonial relations
with Great Britain, was applicable to American
citizens. Congress then wisely swept tbe doubts
away by enacting tbat any declaration, instruc
tion' or opinion of any officer of the Government,
which denies, restricts, impairs or questions tbe
right of expatriation, is inconsistent with the fun
damental principle of this Government. But
Congress did not indicate in tbat statute, nor has
it.since done so, what acts are to be deemed to
work expatriation. For my own guidance, in de
termining each question I required under the
provisions of the Constitution the opinion, In
writing, of tbe principal officer in each of tbe ex
ecutive departments on certain questions relating
to this subject. The result satisfies me that fur
ther. legislation has become necessary. I there
fore commend the subject to the careful consider
ation of Congress, and I transmit herewith copies
of the several opinions of the principal officers
of tbe executivo departments, together with
other correspondence and information on the
same subject. Tbe United States, which led tbe
way in the overthrow of tbe leudsl doctrine of
perpetual allegiance, are among the lest to Indi
cate how their own citizens may elect another na
tionality. These papers, submitted herewith, indi-.
cato what is necessary to place os on a par with
other leading nations in liability of legislation on
this international question. We bavo already,
in our treaties, assented to principles which
would need to be embodied in laws intended to
accomplish such results. We have agreed tbat
citizens of the United States may cease to be
citizens, and may voluntarily render allegiance to
other Governments. We bare agreed tbat resi
dence in a foreign land, without intent to return,
shall of itself work expatriation. We bare
agreed, in some instances, upon tbe length of
time necessary fur such intent. I invite Con
gress now to mark out and defino when and how
expatriation can be accomplished, to regulate by
law tbe condition of American women marrying
foreigners ; to fix' the status of children born in
u foreign country, of American parents, residing
more or less permanently abroad, and to make
rules for determining such other kindred points
as seem best to Congress."
Tlic Ralnitili Tor 1873.
We have received from Captain .Daniel Smith
and John S., Wilder, the records kept by them
or the rainfall during 1873, tbe former sbowfng
the amount (or Honolulu, and the latter fur Koo
lau. Capt. Smith's residence is two miles from
the Post Office, on tbe road to Diamond Head,
and probably bis record shows several inches less
rain than falls in tbe cily.
Jaooaty 2.3S Jnly 0.83
February. ;i. .... ,. .... so August .sy
March 8.13 September 21
April 2.H1 October 5
Mr 47 Notsmlier 4.15
Jans 7 2-05 December ;7.82
Tutal M.5A.
Mr. Wilder's residence is at Kaalaea, in the
Koolau district, on the windward side of this isl
and, where the rainfall is generally about, double
what it is iu Honolulu. The following is bis
record :
Jsnutry 4 (7 Jnly. 3.21
selirnsry..... i.. 8.73 Aoxuit , 1.73
March 19. ScpttQlber 1 201
April, 3.41 October 1.89
Mat 1.71 NoTember 2.62
June : 1.41 December'. ...18.52
Total .-, 69.40.
It will be observed from Capt. Smith's data,
that the full of rain in May, July,,Aogust, Sep
tember and October, was very trifling. The sum
mer months, throughout the group, were noted
as being very dry, and in many districts tbe crops
suffered from drought. '
Spain and Germany-.
No sooner has Spain terminated her difficulty
with tho United States than anew trouble springs
up with Germany. It arose out of tbe seizure
by a Spanish war ship of two German merchant
vessels in tbe East Indies, which were taken to
Manila and there condemned. The commander
of one of the vessels writes home tbat himself
and crew were sent to prison, and kept there two
months, receiving very harsh treatment at the
hands of the Spanish officials. A dispatch from
Berlin says that public feeling in Germany is
much exercised over tbe seizure of the vessels,
and the fullest satisfaction for the insult to the
German flag is demanded. With the prudent
and cautious statesman at the head of affairs in
Spiin, the trouble will doubtless be honorably ad
justed. In this connection, however, the follow
ing data taken from an exchange may be of in
terest :
"In the budget Jnti returned for 1874, Ibe strength
of the German navy Is fixed at follows: 293 officers,
13 chief engineers, 43 pursers, 4,S90 warrant officers,
petty otSccrs and teamen, 911 engineers, etc., and
583 artificers, etc.; or altogether, 6,100 of til ranks.
The German Xevt tays tbey will nut bo sufficient,
and the number of sblpt will be Increased during
tbe year by five viz., the three armored frigates
Deutschland, Kaiser and Born-sis, tbe armored cor
vette Hanst, and tbe unarmored corrette Louise.
In future, a considerably greater number of men
will be called In for active service, tbe more to be
cause It it tbe Intention of the admiralty to com
mission every year more ships than hitherto. Be
sides a number of utitrmored vessels, four lron-cltd
frigates will be commissioned next year, and these
alone will require from 8.000 to 2,100 men. InIS74,
the German lron-cltd fleet will consist of tlx fri
gates, ol which three will be of tun first-class, and
one corvette, ot altogether 6,200 horse-pdwerj and
armed with E6 guns. Of tbete, twelve will be 23
centlmetre guns, or 450-pounders, and 24-centlmetre
guns, or 00 pounders.
The Einprror AVilUuru.
The telegraph states tbat on the 21st of De
cember, the Emperor William of Germany bad
an attack of apoplexy, which created much
anxiety. The Emperor has been reported ill
several times of late, and considering his age, 77
years, no one need bo surprised .that it should he
so. He was born March 22d, 1797, and ascend
ed the throne of Prussia January 18, 1861. Since
that dato bis Empire has grown to become the
most powerful nation in Europe, and no doubt
with its expansion the cares of state have also
increased. Among his people be is idolized, and
his name Is known throughout the world, and
wherever known is respected. May helm many
years yet.
The Signal Serrlce.
This important service, which Is an institntlon
that has grown up in England, Europe and Amer-
ca. during tbe past ten years, is proving to be of
great public value. Not only has it been valu
able to commerce, but to inland industries. The
annual report of Col. Myers, the. bead of the ser
vice in America, who is familiarly termed "Old
Probabilities," from his dally predictions of tbe
weather, has just appeared. It shows that the
American Signal Office has proved correct in its
predictions in eighty-one per cent of the cases.
Tbe whole number of the stations from which
the office now receives its reports is ninety-two,
of which seventy-eight are in tbe United States,
eleven in Canada, and three in the West Indies.
During the last year signals have been displayed
in anticipation of eighty probable storms. In
seventy cases the storms anticipated manifested
their effects at some of the stations. By the dif
ferent modes of application adopted for the ser
vice, each of which has been arranged with a
definite view and inclnding tbat had through tbe
press, it is estimated that the information emin
atingfrom Washington reaches daily ths people
of one-third of the country,,
fa)- It is stated tbst Queen Vktorii, while on a
recent visit to Dundee, Scotland, partook of tbe
communion In a Presbyterian Church. This Indi
cates that Her Majesty Is not so exclusive la her re
ligion as Bishop Totcr would have the world believe
that all' trne churchmen are.
HARDWARE ! IIARRWAR !
0)
H
CUTLERY OF EVERY DESCRIPTION!
AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS.
A GREAT ASSORTMENT OF HOLLOW-WARE !
Tlx: Sauce Pans, Fry Pans, Tea Kettles, Iron Pota and Furnace Boilers,
Galvanized Iron Tubs from 14 to SO Inches;'
' Galvanized Iron Buckets, 10, 11, 12, IS laches,
' - Guns, Rifles, Pistols, Caps, Citrldget, Powder, Shot and'BaJls.
Seine Twine and Wrapping Twine, Fifjh Hooks and. risi Lines
KEROSENE LAMPS AND CHANDELIERS I
Downer's and Devoe's best Kerosene Oil,
DIRECT FROM THEIR FACTORIES, EXPECTED SOON TO ARRIVE.
Dealers desiring to purchase tbe GENUINE ARTICLE at a Low Flgnre, will forward litlr orders
Immediately.
We would also call the attention of Local and Country Dealers to our fresh stock o
HUBBUCK'S BEST PAINTS AND OILS.
Just Receivedi the Largest and Best Assortment in the Market.
Brashes of ever; kind and quality,
Byam'i 8 Card Matches, on hand and to Arrive
PURE MANILA AND NEW ZEALAND CORDAGE,
Bits, Bridles and Spars, Mule Collars and Hames,
Ox Chains, Trace Chains, Topsail Chains,
Bar Steel and Iron, Wrought Halls,
Cat and Wrought Spikes.
Now iB the Time to Buy Goods at 30 per cent, below their
Eeal Value, at the
Concrete Block, Nos. 95 and 97 King Street, Honolulu.
469-3m
DILLINGHAM & CO.
LEGAL NOTICES.
SUPREME COlTltT OF THE IIAtVAIIAX
lslajids, lu Probate. In the matter or tbe Estate or
OltACF. K. KOOKK, late of Honolulu, deceased. Order
or noUce nr petition for allowance of account, discharge,
and llnal distribution of property. At Cbambers, before
Mr. Justice UartweU.
On reading and fillnsr the petition and accounts of Herr
mann A, Wldemann, administrator of tbe Estate of (Jrace
K. Cooke late of Honolulu, deceased, wherein he asks to
be allowed (28,997.91, and charges himself with ):S,SW 32,
and asks that the aame may be examined and approred,
and that a final order may be made of distribution of the
property remaining; In bis bands to tbe persons thereto en
UUed, and discharging him and his sureties from all further
responsibility as such administrator.
It Is ordered, that MOXDAT, the :M day of February,
A. I). 1S74, at 10 o'clock. A. 5L, before said JosUceatCham
bers. In the Court Hoose, at llonolnla, be and the same Is
hereby appointed as the time and place for bearing said
petition and accounts, and thattdl persons Interested may
then and there appear and show canse, If any they, have,
why the same should not be granted, and may present
evidence as to who are entitled to the said property.
And tbat this order, lis the English and Hawaiian Ian
gnages, be published In the " Hawaiian Gazette" and "Ku
okoa and Au Okoa,' newspapers printed and published in
Honolulu, for three successive weeks prevlons to the time
therein appointed for said hearing.
Sated at Honolulu, II. I., this 13th day of January, 1S7I.
ALFUED 8 HAKTWEIX,
Attest 1 Justice of the Supreme Court
Jtto. E. Bahnard, Dep. Clerk, Kup. Court. 470 3t
SUPREME COURT OF THE HAWAIIAN
Islands In Probate. Island of Oahu, Hawaiian Isl
ands, B.a. In the matter of the Estate of J01IJT HcrtSTT
TIIOM t80N, late or Honolulu, deceased. Order appoint
ing time for Probate of Will and directing publication of
notice of the same.
A document, purporting to be the last Win and Testa
ment of John Hurst Thompson, deceased, having on the
23d day of October, A. l. 1973, been presented to said Pro
bate Court, aud a petition for the probate thereof, aud for
the issuance of Letters Testamentary to SAIIEPHA ADE
LINE THOMPSON and CHARLES T. OULICK, having
been filed by ft. H. Stanley, Attorney for petitioners.
It is hereby ordered, that MON1JAV, the 20tl DAY of
JANUARY, A. D. 1S74, at 10 o'clock jl.ic.oF sold day. at
the Court Itoom or said Court, at Honolulu, In thwlstind of
Oahu, II. I., be, and the same Is, hereby appointed the
tune tor proving said Will and hearing said application,
when and where any person Interested ma)' appear and
contest the said WW, and the granting or Leiiera Testa
mentary. It la further ordered, tbat notice thereof be
given by publication, for three successive weeks, la tbe
Hawaiian Gazette, a newspaper printed and published lu
Honolulu. And It la further ordered, that cltatlona be Is
sued to the subscribing witnessed to said Will, and to the
heirs, and to the mother. Mrs. Marah ThomDson. of the
testator. In writing, to appear aud contest the probate of
sua in, a. ine unie appointee
Dated Honolulu, 11. L, October 23, 1S73.
ALPitED 8. 1IARTWELL,
Attest : Justice of the supreme Court.
Walter It. Seal, Clerk. 4 85-3 1
(SUPREME COURT OF THE IIA1TAIIA1V
IO ISLANDS In Probate. In tbe matter of tbe Es
tate of ANTONIO UAItlA. late of Honolulu, decvamtd.
Order of notice of petition for allowance of accounts, ills-
cuarge, ana nnai uisiriouuon or property. At Chambers,
before Hr Justice Wldemann.
On readmit and filing the netition and accounts of slannM
de bUva, Executor of the Will of Antonio Maria, late of
jioiioiuiu, aeceasea. n herein he asks to be allowed f 031 90,
and cbargea himself with 05l 90, and asks tbat the same
may be examined and approved, and that a final order
may bo made of distribution of the uroDertT remalnlnr in
his hands to the persons thereto entitled, and fiiharclns
nuu auu cia sureues irom ail runner responalbdlty as aucn
Ills ordered, tnat THURSDAY, the UOlli DAY of JAS
TJARY, A. D. 1874, at 10 o'clock a. x., before the aald Jus
tice, at Chambers, In the Court House, at Honolulu, be and
the some hereby Is appointed as the time and place for
bearing aald petition and accounts, and that all persons In
terested may then and there appear aud show cause. If any
they have, why the same should not be granted, and may
jjteacm evidence as to wuo are eutiuea to the caia property.
And that this order, lu the English and Ifawalian I
be published In the Hawaiian Ga title and Kucloa aad Au
Okoa newspapers printed and published In Honolulu, fur
three successive weeluaprevlous to the time therein an-
jjuuiicu iur saia ueanng.
Dated at Honolulu, It. I., this :9th day cf December,
A. D. 1J73. HERRMAN A. WIDEMAIfN,
Attest: Justice of the Supreme Court.
Iso. E. Babnabd. Deputy cleric 4ts-3t
Subscribers
TO FOREIGN- PUBLICATIONS, ITISIIIJfO
any Changes made la their rjupplics, are re
quested to give notico as soou as convenient.
As a rule, all Subicriptioua to Perl"dicali should
commence niib the First Dato In Januarjr ; and where
tbey have not done 10 heretofore, tbey can readily le
changed so as to terminate with Deeember31st, 1874.
This will be mora convenient for the inbioriber and
tbe agent.
All orders promptly attended to
466-.1t II. M. WHITNEY.
A Valuable Property
For Sole.
A LOT OF O ACRES OF I.ASD, 'VTITTf A
good NEW DWELLING HOUSE and KITCHEN
attached. A frontaa-e of about 630 feet on seretanls.
btreet and (73 feet ou Punsbou Avenue. Sear the house
Is a well yielding abundance of never faster fresh water.
with a Windmill attached. The prospect seaward and In-
jaua u unsurpassed in tne suourue or Honolulu. The place
ruay be sold as a whole or la lots to suit purchasers. For
furtberlnformatlonuQutreor s. B. DOLE,
4-tf ; , f OT J.'D. PARIS.
BFEBK CANDLES,
A,6S0BTED,SIZES,,PUT,UP IN CABT00NS.
and warranted the genuine article;.' ! iiiKt'
For sale bjr
LEGAL NOTICES.
CIRCUIT COURT OF THE SECOND JCDI
clal Circuit. Maui. as. December Term. U7I. JOILTff
WAONEIt, Libellant for Divorce, nrru MAEIA WAQ
NER Tuesday the sixteenth day of December, 1171.
In the above entitled libel for divorce, it la now ordered
that a decree of divorce from the bond of matrimony be en
tered In favor of the said John Wagner of the cause of the
willful aud utter desertion or the aald Maria Wagner fcr the
of three years, to be made abaoJate afur the expiration term
of six months from the date of this decree upon compOance
with the terms thereof, unless sufficient canae shall appear
to the contrary.
And the Libellant la ordered to publish an attested copy
of this order In the (lovernment Gazxtte and Xcoxxxa
and Ac Okoa for alx successive weeks : the first publica
tion to be within cue month from the date of this order:
that all persona Interested may within six aoathe shew
cause why said decree ahould not be made absolute.
By the Court. UENKY DICXENeON. Jjl.
Clerk Circuit Court, Id J ad. Circuit.
I hereby certify that the above and forrgatcg b a tne
and correct copy of the original order In the above cnT&lerl
cause, now 00 the files of tbta Court
Witness my hand and the 6eal of tbe Circuit Court of
the Second Judicial Circuit, this ljln day or December. A.
D. 1373.
Seal IIENRY DIQCENS0T7, Ja,
4t Clerk Circuit Court. 2d Jud. Urcntt.
CIRCUIT COURT OF THE SECOND JCDI
clal Circuit, Maul as. December Term, A. XX 171,
KELIIMAHIAI WALLACE. Libellant for Divorce, wrra.
CILUUXa WALLACE baturday the thirteenth day of
December, I37J.
In the above entitled libel for divorce. It la now ordered
that a decree of divorce from the bond of matrtrnony be
entered In favor ol the aald KeUlraahlal WaSaeeotne
cause of the adultery of tbe aald Charles WaBace to be
made absolute after the expiration of six months from the
date or this decree upon compliance with the terms thereof,
unless sumclent cause shall appear to the contrary.
And the Libellant la ordered to publtsa an attested eooy
of this order In the Government Oszxrrs and Kroxru
AXDAuOxot for six successive weeks; the first pv&fea
tlon to be within one month from the date of IMs order :
that all persous interested may within alx moatba shew
cause why said decree should not be made absolute.
By the Court HENRY DICKENeON. Jat,
Clerk Circuit Court, 2d Jud. Oretat.
I hereby certify that the above and forvgotug hi a tree
and correct copy of the original order In the above entatted
cause, now on the flies ot this Court
Witness my hand and the seal or the Circuit Coon of the
Hecoud Judicial Circuit, this uth day of December, A. D.
Seat) 1IKSHY DICKICVTOS-. Ja..
ttt 8t Oerk Circuit Court, 2d J odkUl UrcUt
IX THE MATTER OF THE EXT ATE OF HI
RAM FREDINBERO of Koloa. Kauai, fleet and. In
Chambers, Circuit ludge 4th JodlckU Circuit, 3. L
On reading and filing the petition of Paul I sen berg and
W. IX. Wright, admlulatrators with the will annexed of tse
Estate or Hiram Fredinberg. lata of Koloa, KanaL tat ap
proval of accounts, discharge and final dfetrfsat!ca.
It Is ordered that SATURDAY, JANUARY 3rd. A. B.
1)71, 12 o'clock noon, at the Court Houae.WahUwa, be set
aa the time and place fur the hearing of said petition aud
objections that may be made thereto.
D. licit B.YDE.
Clr. Judge, 4th Jud. Circuit, H. t.
Wahlawa, 3rd Dec, 1173. 13,
Administrator's Notice.
THE UNDERSIGNED HAVING BEETfdaly
appointed Admix latrator or the Estate of GOTT
FRIED FERREAU. lata of Kilo. lecAMd, rvoevu ail
persons having claims against aald Estate, to present tfcra
with the necessary vouchers, if any, within atx months
rrom the date or this publication or they wm be forever
barred, and all penooe Indebted to said Eetato are rteneet
ed to make immediate payment to
EDWARD O. n ITCH COCK,
Administrator of the Estate of 0. Ferreao, t
II Ho, December 22nd, 1973. 4s-3t
NOTICE.
II7P. THE TTvnrfuriivpn i wv-et
WW !- hawtn inMli4.l I .... .
Fonundttr. Circuit Jodje. MxcL nnder tht wttl of Ui feu
CHARLES COCKETT, of W4ls.pn. thia to to ctr actfc
to ail persons indebted to uld nuts to mxK tamtam
payment, and all wko bave clalzna agaiiui aald tstat ax
rtqootted to prratnt the auto within six mootBi frco
data or thtr will be forerer bsrmL
JOSEPH COCKCTT,
nrARi.ra COCKT.
x testers.
WaUnka. pec 3rd. 1171. m im
HOUSES and PREMISES
TO Ti MM.'.
MA COHFORTABLE FCKOSHZB COT
TAGE to let at WsixiaL
ALSO. A HornnirfT and HAM PATCH M
at the eu trance of Fauoa Valley. BP
AtbQ. A COTTAGE ON BERETANIA ffZHXTT
near the bridge.
ALSO, A COTTAGE ON E3THA SQUARE.
Also, Stornce and Tnrtl Koora on
Qneen Street.
Tor particulars apply to
431 W. T. QUEEN.
British Bark Adventurer.
NEITHER THE CAPTAIN NORTH!
TTndeTslruMl. artnt of the Hartc ADVENTCJtEJ,
will be responsible for any debts contracted by ths icrrsret
the above vessel. THEO. H. DAYTJ9.
Honolulu, govember SI, IKI-
(?)-
, B0LLES i CO.
Oregon Sugar-Cured Mams.
OK SALE BY
4J9 ... B0UES at CO.

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