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TlTTt yL'il. tbe Qwfn oT Great Britain. Our great
mat good friend, accredited onto tJs, to reside near Oor
Oowrt, Jaxne 115 wcaeboase. Esq., la character of Com
snisstoeer ud Osoeol General of Her Britannic Majesty, at
Xbe Hawaaan xalands : and We require kll Ocr objects
suse aS XWptnaah of Oar GarernnMiit to py high con
ssderartoo te Iste pmn, bis property, his family and re-
OBRVutMrm M Mt,ul attach fall cretTt to a3
Ig.e2cla2 oca at snch Oimmnwiootr and Consul General.
January, A. U ISTC LCXALILO E.
Csue. IS. Elmer, Minister far Foreign Affairs.
Wc would call attention to tbo commencement
of Volume X. of the Gazctte, on January
The eubsenntion price is S6.00 per annum. If
paid for in advance, on or before the 31st of Jan.'
nary, a years receipt will be given for $5.00.
II. SI. WHITXEV,
Proprietor and Editor.
.fjs.fas-TsTVatMBibASbecntnis ay appointed Com
srAeaonerof rrrrate Wars and Water Frlrliefes for the
Zaar-kt of HaBaM. Island JT KauaL
Ifffae board now eensista of Messrs. A. WDeox. Z. Seta
aanrrx O. Ilaix, Minister of the Interior.
lalertsrOSee. Jan. JI, ISTL 470
T-rcaarcfloaof Xnspettois of Election is called to the
"lflisinin of a Jodce of the Sapreoe Court, In leCl, br the
ejealof orbk-h Insp-ctors are cot Smiled. In qualtfymg
voters, so those pers-ns who ba re paid their taxes previous
Xojaaoarj- 1st. ICt.
:reimeacd those who par their taxes subsequent to
3ana--r 1st mar be added u the tot br the Inspectors,
lioioiaa ax abtT regular wsslous. These sessions must be
SW!I--olfl number: the Srst cannot be held earlier
than Xll3i January, and the last not later than Ice J
Jattnararter which date no sddrtkms to the list of T-oters
casfcetnao. The e-etanoas znest be duly advertised by
ssttee-bf the same upon the aiphabetval list of volcrs
Juan-d at the JUace of hotSng the election and a: two otter
pahtajsCacn In xbe District. Jtt the Election no rote can
fceltewlttd ssatesi the dame of the person offering the
same he borne on the hst of voters, and ttnless he present
xOe Inspectors ax the pons his Tax Becetpt Impressed
-n-2h Xhe words. - 0-ulf.aof t rut.''
A. r. Jcsn, Attorney General.
OotinIXocise,ZthJaoaarr. 1CT4. 70
AS INDEPENDENT JOUENAI,
DEVOTED TO HAWAIIAN PROGRESS.
PUBLISHED AND EDITED BY
lTEXRY SI. WHITXEr.
- Jfomh jbrrtby jjtw that Xiw ktw rtore-bow at
jala&piKuk4 rf HoiotA, In .xt apn as a econtl
piv rwyfTMig iwi jar Ktptrmuxiret to tnencxt
IacxlXSZt AamttfaSr frea mM Iftstrtct-
Evwzx O. Hall, 3UnJtter oftlie Zsterlor.
ImerteOice. Jan. 3, lf-74. 463
a flf BnrrrtMtaSrps to the acxt lrli!axiri
JLuea&ir. wlB taKe place tlumi-tfkoat U; Tartans 3ecttn
3JttEit nectar n tbe ITrct aioadaj- of Tebra
TlK lafcr-tiaC jUor arr i-l-PSiaatra for h&Jdla
JVjstnct of XTJo Oemniocae la Bo; School-bonse,
'TSKcnal ef ITsttisVcs Opgn-faonse In Walplo; echool
B ease. Honokaa.
1 ea sTohsIs Cbcztiottse, Walraea. and Coart-
Xsscietof Sorxh Koiu--&3oo.-fciue,Xa3aa.
-ajatra-nJ lnaa a-oi-heose. nalepoaa.
TJssz1st-s ZAhaloa CbsCT-beose. XAhalna.
Tx-ntatot- VsirnpsM Scjool-oaose. nonoina.
fsaarssMT "- u OB3n toar. WaSntn. and School-
TmiliMsC 3Saairao Cbart-honse. 21acarao.
aW sC Hitii Open hoes, nana; ischool-hou-e.
lasuamof 3fanVsi and T arts 1 yew Oo-ttvboose. 1-otoo.
3-aatli Saslsajhooose. Eaobal. Lanal.
I off Kia--QicQT&80se, TIenolzth-, at both the
WEDXESDA T, JAKUART 21.
Ox Wednesday night of last week the steamer
Kilaaea, which had been despatched to Kailna
to convey Ills Majesty home, retnrned for his
physician, who, accompanied by His Excellency
tho Minister of the Interior, left at seven o'clock
on Thursday morning, arriving at Kailaa early
Friday morning. It rained all that day, prevent
ing the King's embarkation. On Saturday the
weather cleared np, and lie was conveyed on
board, accompanied by his physicians and other
attendants. The steamer returned direct to
Honolulu, reaching her dock abont 9 A. M. Sun
day, the King's arrival being annonnced by a
royal salnte from Punch Bowl and from II. B.
SI.'s ship Tenedos. On landing, he entered bis
slate carriage and was driven to the palace, look
ing by no means as well as when he left for Kona.
On Thursday last he had a severe hemorrhage
of the langs, which reduced bis strength and has
rendered him very feeble. All will no doubt join
ns in the ardent wish that the royal patient's
health may be restored and his life prolonged.
Daily bulletins reporting his health will be issued.
i and Waianae cheol-hoizse. Walasra:
lima lsim . Walaaae.
3sstTMtirWatslDa--cbool faoose, Walalus.
sstrsnvtsT ICoeistana School-bonse. Hatmla.
Soiaia cf riMftT-rota Cosrt ttecse. Exnecbe.
-Dlsi.iu. cf Wstmea fhoa-hone, Wabnea; School-
-Efte-iex of rci.a Srfipol becjj. LBioe; Kiool-hasae,
-Kegrt-lof Hii-nX Osnn house. Hanaiel ; SchooHio-ae,
IHncxv fA, Hall, -SOnlfc-er oftbe Interior.
. Xtec IT. IsTZ. 4SS
A3asa.T TBI; BCNrVOLrxT. T5l- Iner Asrlnm at
Jlsal iHslatrreal sieed of oWBenand cotton ferbos-
barsnr srorn t ataoVs of cotton
rafassaromm the aSSseted br maVlnr
and seattcc them at Sir. ii G. WBdefs. who
veelhat Is-er are rara-areed to their clestbiatbm.
BrvesX-of ane Board of Health.
CHas. X. GttllCK. Secretarr.
. 1. JC1.
r strcc. lhat rrean aaal after this date
-EbeXajtasesT Kalaarapa, Walolo.as Ealanao, on the
Haw a i c aaSeef the lausd of Slaiocal. set apart br the
-sa--f Heaem for the ItoU-ton oT Lepers, are strtcUr
.- aJs-nstia, boats or canoes are prohlbUed from
liiuiMbiii' tar lins-rc at either of them, except br special
X ssiiilis r soe lioire. The road leadxsc over the paa
baa the alws, mrrtissnguiiosfa aan tabu, aad all per
oaaa as3rl-ar fartsUden to pass (rrr It sclUxwt special
reassssataoa saw Board or bsaceaa. rabnc attention It
x-uis-i ofledia Seeaes x A ofOiapter XXXIII oT the
: a Ls-per. shall be sUowed to islt
-Tes-aoi ssrao aar Lao, rtare or InekMire. set apart br
"-MBoardear BeaJxh lor the Isolation aad cocnoement of
ITC3. hoci the -rrmen p-rraissioo of the VmiAmi of
"X-snlBoard, ec oscae oCaoer aothotizre thereto bribe Board
twjz cj, ic. i-joo. cirlnrio-airt. iil!H;i i ""c-i re-ignauou ana instsiea on His accept
IX. "Dte, and the President at once recalled him.
thtt Test tar snore than One Hundred SoUars for such
. at-ax xa Aexaast or parxoeat. to he Imprisoned at
Ox Monday the 19th instant, Slajor James
Hay Wodehonse, H. B. SI.'s Commissioner and
Consnl General, requested an audience or the
King for the purpose of presenting his new cre
dentials from bis government ; hut as the state ol
Ilis Slajesty's health rendered it imprudent for
him to receive Slajor Wodehonse in person. He
empowered and directed His Slinisterof Foreign
Affairs to receive, on His behalf, the letter of
It is quite unnecessary to prolone the disens
6ion with the Advertiser, regarding the standard
of Hawaiian newspaper literature. All our read
ers know that native tales, in prose or poetry,
are more or less tainted with what to refined
tastes are clearly impurities, but which to the na
tive mind, however well educated, does not exhib
it the same taint. To illustrate what we mean :
any man familiar with the vernacular can converse
in it with the most refined Hawaiian lady with
out the slightest sense of impropriety, on sub
jects and in language which, if literally interpre
ted, would shock the refined modesty of American
or European ladies and gentlemen. It is in this
way that language may and is sometimes inadver
tently used Tn the Hawaiian papers, which a
closer revision would exclude. This, however,
is very different from the articles in the Xobon,
which gave rise to the discussion.
The resignation of General Sickles as Ameri
can Sliuister to Spain has been announced. It
appears from the published correspondence lhat,
finding that he was not in harmony with his gov
ernment, he tendered his resignation, which Pres
ident Grant declined to accept. He again re
-&a-aT1rhsrsaiXC the fine ana costs cf Opart are a-charred
thtos-rse esT ts-r.-
To- ahoe re-ra-aaoai arB be strietir enforced from and
-BsorO-r of the Board of Sea-lh.
Chav X Srucc. See Board of Health.
I-lcenc -Cxptrln In Jan. 1S74.
et nfarlagy fort Street.
X llonoicia Iron Works,
Is Alex Andre Ktoc Kreet.
xl Ah rnT Nagano Street.
St Ah San Noaa-m Street,
I J-asc Coonc Hotel street,
a-axu P r-peacer-.
11 N sjeccce , , Kealwa
1 Altsns . , Hslaara
3- Alona ft Ahx Tahoeboe
Z HsnchTics: -t Coochln-, 2Iokae
Oastc I n CXcIntrre A Bra, Kin-: 8trset, Xtonolnla
Ossn 3 W -.Green Tlorsl Hotel, Uonololn
lOuJrr 1 QnoracHn makohea, Honolulu
Oaxrc - aTapn. No I,
0 Kahea. "o X
IS John Fetrr. Xo 4
.4-Tauuel 'nhl. Ko S
j Eeopoahlsra. 2to
. --I-eawe, "Co 3" .
---Kane-rahtne. No S
Zi A B Kaaalnra, No 9
a- Katr.-Vo 10
Si VansTiloraTos. 5o 11
-s-napo. so 12
3 XalhetTit-a. No II
3J W A Ksnsl. H, IS
as Ohale.So Is. II
Xarat -TT S. LoreS, Hanaiel
. OljEr I W A Vsrtrhsm. Honolola
"1 F K llric. Kona
17 San.net Kaal, No I Honolulu
IT ltlcbard Wcnuns, No t
IT LSua. No X
Tbcsssat, Jastast 15, 18T4 Justice Hakiweix
'rpO. Hill Minister or Interior vs. IL HacUeld
& Oo. Counsel rjoti&cd the Court tbit this use
wBI be aetUed by aereemrut acd withdrawn.
John Stcceck vs. A. S. Httfcins Discontinued,
the cue baviag abated by the death of the plaicllfT.
tW. IL Divil vx. Cnarlce Brewer Continued until
Jan. IT Minister of Interior vs. Ruth Keellko
IacL Jcttice Hartwell this morning delivered de
cision overrallns the demurrer. Leave given to
plaintiff to amend, and time given for defendant to
file answer. Notice giien of motion to continue
the case, motion to be beard on Monday. A. .
Jcdd, Attorney General, for plxictiff. R. U. Stanley
Jan. 18 Rex vs. JUau Seioil lntereonrse with
Ctrl ender 11 ycarfc. Solle prosequi entered. The
Coort adjourned until 10 o'clock A. M. tomorrow,
wben cases In Banco will be In order.
Police Coart Honolnl u.
Jan. 13 Chuchu (Chinaman) Larceny. Com
mitted for C months to bard labor and pay costs,
-R.10. Sxmol (Chinawoman) Larceny. Sentenced
to 6 months bard labor and piy costs, (1.10.
Jan. 15 G. C Siders Selling intoxicating drinks
to Exllres. Tincd t300 and costs, $1.60. Amta
(Chlnx man Drunk. Forfeiud ball, $8. Aalona
(t) Drtmfc. Fined (3 and tl costs. Maitn (k.)
Drock. Fined t2 and II costs. ICtb Kanoho (k.)
FaUridiog. Fined J10 and tl costs. 17tb-Ka-seai
(k.) Tbreatenlcg the wile of another. Ordered
to give bond In SS00 to keep the peace for one year
and ptyf30 costs. IBth Alan (Chlniman) For- j
rJcaUon. Fined t!5 and tl costs. i
General Sickles, nltbough he proved a brave
soldier and left the battle field with a record
which any one might be proud or, is hardly the
man to fill tho portion of minister during such
a crisis as has lately passed. He is tho represen
tative of a rowdy class in America, of which
Gen. Butler is another conspicuous one, a class
who seek to embroil the country that speculators
and gamblers may profit thereby. In time of
war and great political crises, it is well that cau
tious statesmen should be selected to represent
the country abroad. While Gen. Sickles' prompt
resignation has been honorable to him, his retire
ment will be as acceptable to the Spanish people
as to the American.
Tue appointment of Caleb Cashing to be tho
successor of the retiring minister at .Madrid, is
the fittest selection yet made by General Grant,
who has been extremely unfortunate in some of
his appointments to civil service. Sir. Cashing
is a lawyer of ripe experience, beimr over seventy
years of age, liberal in his views, and possessed
ol qualities which render hira admirably fitted to
represent the United States in Spain at the pres
ent critical junctnre. If we remember rightly,
he was formerly a democrat of the Jacksonian
school, from which some of the best conservative
statesmen of America have graduated, and havo
proved the Eafest leaders of the nation during
the past few years. The telegraph, under date of
Dec. 30, says that he would leave for Madrid
about tho close of the year, and that his appoint
ment would be ratified by the Senate.
China Mall Company's WcTr Fleet.
This large steamship company, a list of whose
vessels we published a short time sioce, has late
ly been making extraordinary efforts to restore
its credit and prestige, since it nd itself of the
gang of Wall street speculators which had as
sumed control of it, and since the new board of di
rectors have taken charge. Its expenses have
been largely cut down by the discharge of sinecure
officials, and the reduction of salaries. The con
tract with tho railroad companies, under which
the latter could dictate its rales of freight has
also been terminated, so that its income from this
source promises to be increased. The company
has recently built eight iron propeller steamships,
four of which, the Acapulco, Colon, Colima and
Granada, are now in service. These ships nre
from 3.000 to 3,500 tons each, and cost from
500,000 to $600,000 each. Two others of G.000
tons each, tho City of Pekin and the City of
Yeddo, costing $1,127,000 each, are nearly ready
to launch. Thpse are for the China service, and
are said to be the most splendid vessels ever
built. Still two more propellers, of 1,700 tons
each, to be used on the Panama route, are nearly
ready for service. When all these steamers are
finished, tho company's efficiency will bo very
Mosquitoes. Tbec little pests have been quite
troublesome during the past lew weeks, more espe
cially in the evenings. Iu some localities they are
so annorlng as to prevent persons from writing,
reading or doing anything else but look after them.
The other evening, when several ladies and gentle
men were amusing themselves In warding off their
attacks, a little girl, who eat by eagerly reading a
story, Epoke np and said, Why don't yon do as I
do? let em bite," And there she sat with her
face covered with twenty or more of these merciless
bloodsuckers, quietly drawing their evening meal
from her fair cheeks.
W'mn.v the past few years, the United States
government has introduced a system of regis
tering valuable letters sent by mail, either to do
mestic or foreign places. It is only within the
past two years that this service has become so
systematized as to prove a most valuable arm of
the postal service. As it is not generally under
stood, wo will explain its operation. The charge
for registering a letter, no matter what its
weight may be, one-half ounce or four pounds,
the largest weight allowed by mail is 15 cents,
which is the same as was formerly charged in the
United States, where it was reduced January 1,
1B74, to 8 cents. A single registered letter sent
from Honolulu to New York, or any other point
in the United States, will cost:
Hawaiian registry fee.
American registry fee
The only extra charge for heavier letters is the
Hawaiian postage, so lhat a letter weighing 12
ounces (twenty-four single rates) will cost SI. 67.
The great advantage of this system is tho seen
rily which attends it. The postmaster gives a
receipt for all registered letters, and such letters
are not delivered, at their destination, except the
party addressed gives a receipt, which is returned
to the person who mailed or sent the letter.
These letters are then put in a separate bag,
sealed and forwarded to San Francisco, where
they are passed to a special registry clerk, who
puts them with other registered letters destined
for the East. They are enclosed in an iron chest.
and sent by a special mad agent, who accompa
nies bis charge to Chicago and Xew Tork. It is
stated that out of 19,000 registered letters sent
from Xew York during 1872, only three failed to
reach the parties addressed, and the value of these
was recovered from the agents to whom they had
been entrusted. Owing to the security attending
this system as now conducted, its growth in Am
erica has been extraordinary, and every mail from
San Francisco carries more or less gold coin, green
backs, jewelry and other small valuables, on which
the postage is very light. As it costs less than
one per cent to send gold by mail froLi San Fran
cisco to Xew York, the registry system has had
the effect of reducing the rate of exchange on
Xew York to about one-half of one per cent.
Gold or greenbacks can be sent in a registered
letter from Honolola to any point in the United
States in the same way. Thos if forty dollars in
gold are sent, the charges will be :
Hawaiian postage, 6 rates 38 cents
Hawaiian registry fee , , M
Cnltcd States registry fee-
Or about one and a half per cent on its value.
On ono hundred dollars gold sent by mail the
cost is only a trifle over one per cent. We have
not learned of a single registered letter sent from
this office, to the United Slates, or England, ever
having failed to reach its destination. Postmas
ter Brickwood and his assistant. Sir. Fenard, havo
paid special attention to this new and very im
portant service, and justly take pride in seeing it
work so satit fxctorily, and in its becoming so pop
ular to correspondents. The only change they re
commend is that the Hawaiian charge Tor registry
be made to correspond with that of England and
the United States, which is S cents. 1 hey also
give notice, on the departure of each mail, tlut
all registered letters must be entered one hour
prior to the time of closing the mail.
XHe Alcltenoc IVnr.
The Dutch havo began their war with the At-
chenese in earnest, and though wo hear but little
from the scene of contest, it is evident that they
have the advantage from the start. A telegram
from Penang, dated December 30, says that the
Dutch troops encountered and defeated tho At
chenese near Kenton, and now have possession
of all tho left side of the river. Tho baltlo wa
considered decisive, and the enemy was routed
in all directions. Their loss was heavy in killed
and wounded. The health of tho Dutch troops
was reported as good. Tha Dutch Colonial Min
ister announces that this war will render it neces
sary for thegoverumenl to extend its sovereignty
over Atcbeen, as the only way to secure perma
nent peace. Hitherto the native government has
been allowed to do pretty much as it liked in all
matters or internal government, simply acknowl
edging the Dutch as allies, and paying them a
nominal tribute. The contest will result, as
all wars between half civilized and European gov
ernments do, in the subjugation of the weaker
party to its more powerful rival. So far as this
may tend to stop piracy in the Sumatra seas and
coasts, it will be well for all parties.
Sunk Iu Eight l'alliom..
The sinking of the steamer Virginiu9, on the
26tb of December, near Cape Fear, off the port
of Wilmington, X. C, puts an end to the com
plications attending the capture, demand and res
toration of this now celebrated vessel. Whether
the sinking was accidental or designed, it is none
the less fortunate for the United States and
Spain. It reminds us of the sinking of the Flor
ida during the late civil war, which took place in
Chesapeake Bay, while nearing her destination.
The Virginias had been sent by the Spanish ou
thorilies from Havana to the port of Uahia Hon
da, sixty miles west of Havana. On the 16th of
December she was delivered up to Copt. Whit
ney and taken to Eey West, where after coaling
she left for Xew York, accompanied by the Ossi-
pee. 1 hey proceeded on together till near Wil
mington, when the water in her hold increased so
much that it was deemed best to head her for
that port, but Ehe sunk in eight fathoms just out
side the entrance. Xo investigation will proba
bly ever be bad as to the causes of her sinking
it is enough that she is out of the way and a
vexed question settled.
The world has lately witnessed a singular spec
tacle, the scene of which was France. It was
the arraignment and trial of a gallant soldier,
who had served his country lor forty years, and
woro the emblems of a score of victories. It will
be remembered lhat at tho date of the surrender
of the Emperor Xnpoleon at Sedan on the 2d of
September, Slarshal Bazaine was in command of
the French forces at Sletz. He had there 170,
000 troops with ample war material and supplies,
but was confronted by Prince Charles, with an
army of equal strength, which hedged bun in,
and rendered him and bis forces useless us a sup
port to the Emperor and afterwards to Paris.
For his inability to extricate himself from the
critical position, and finally for surrendering to
the Germans, he was tried, found guilty and sen
tenced to military degradation and death. His
brother soldier, in this trying campaign, SIcMa
hon, now at tho head of the French Republic,
commuted this severe sentence to twenty years
" seclusion " and relieved him of a public degra
dation before the army which he had led and
fought with. On the 26th of December he left
Paris for tho Island of - Slargarite, off Cannes,
where he will be confined till some change in the
politics of France may bring him his pardon.
We cannot avoid the conclusion, after perusing
all the facts connected with his trial, that ho has
been made tho ecape-goat to bear the whole
odium of the defeat in the late war. French
honor and bravery are now fnlly satisfied, for if
Bazaino had done his duty, the army would have
been victorious, and France never havo been
compelled to surrender and pay tribute 1 Wo
cannot better close this tragic affair than to quote
the closing scene of the trial as given in the
Xew York JYmes:
Bazaine's sentence was military degradation
and death degradation in the Legion d'Honeur
and the cost of the whole process and trial,
This latter would take 300,000 francs, every son
lhat Bazaine has in the world, and would leave
bis wife and three children destitute. When the
sentence was passed Bazaine was not present,
His counsel Lacbeaud, delivered him the news
privately, and the Prosecutor, with a file of sol
diers, soon after read it to Bazaine. Bazaine de
sired to be shot immediately, if they wanted his
life. He was very calm, while all the others
were agitated. He asked that his son might be
permitted to be with him for the whole day after
the sentence, which request was granted, as they
feared he might commit suicide. Bazaine's wife
acted heroically. When informed that her hus
band might escape death by military degradation,
she exclaimed, ' He never would consent to that,
if you even proposed it. I shall goon be a
widow.' In this interpretation she made prepar
ations for entering a convent. When the sen
tence was announced to President SlacSIahon,
who was at the head of a large dinner party, he
exclaimed, ' Condemned to death 1' He tnrned
very pale nnd sank into,his chair, letting his head
fall into his hands. .On being informed that the
Court bad signed the sentence, he reproached
them with having thrown all the responsibility on
him. He declared lhat fear of unpopularity
would not deter him from using bis right of
mercyj He treated the Due D'Aamale coolly.
The Bishop ol Orleans and Theirs had an inter
view with the President, in which the latter
urged him to mercy. These other influences,
beside his own inclinations, brought about the
commutation of Bazaine's sentence to simple
About nm Tweed.
Xcver was the halter drawn most deservedly
around a roguo than when the champion of the
Xew York ring of thieves was led to Blackwell's
Island, clothed in a felon's suit, and assigned duty
as a steward in the hospital of that penitentiary.
For onco justice has been rightly meted out to a
great scoundrel, who, however, had so much confi
dence in his power thai np to the time or his
sentence did not doubt but ho would escape on
some technicality. We are told that ho now
proposes to write a book giving a history of tho
dark transactions which took place, while ho was
in power, and telling who shared his plunder, and
tnrned against him in his hour of adversity. Xo
doubt ho can make disclosures which will mako
the ears or some of the rich men of Xew York
tingle, aud show that there wcro others who de
served his Tate. But wo doubt whether any such
book will be published, even if he should write it.
If it were published it would prove a startling
book, and find an extraordinary sale.
A. Few Fuels nnil ((notation.
Tho Adcertiser ol last week believes that la
we must suppose it is the JrfrT'ir lhat thu
suspension of tha " Act to Slitigate." .tc, in tho
summer of 1872, " was unwarranted and injuri
ous." As this law will probably come up beToro the
next Legislature, nnd as it should bo thoroughly
understood, in all its bearings, wo refer to it again,
in order to present it lairly, in connection with
the stand taken by our cotemporary.
Tho opinion of the Adcertiser in Slay last was :
" We have taken occasion in times past to criti
cise our own 'Act to Slitigate,' and havo nd-
" Tocatcd its repeal, not by any means that wo
did not appreciate tho grave importance ol do-
"ing something by legislation to uiiligato the
" evils and miseries arising from the breach of
the seventh commandment, but because we had
ample evidence that the law failed of accom
plishing the purpose for which it was enacted,
nnd further that its operation, in some instances,
led to unjustifiable infringement of personal
In ono breath it says that it has ample evi
dence that the law ailed of accomplishing the
purpose for which it teas enacted, which was tho
mitigation of the evils and diseases arising from
prostitution, and in the next says that the act
was generally highly beneficial on tho public
health." The same paper says, in its issue for
December 27, 1873 : " This pitiTnl trifling with
tho fate of a whola people is far worse than ab-
"surd it is cruel and criminal. Upon those in
whoso hands is tho power to check this great
evil by promptly using the means" (tho law re
ferred to) "wiihin their control, rests a very
In Slay, when there was a pressnro on the
Slioistcr of the Interior to put the Act into op
eration, the same paper thought as follows :
Some urge that the present law should be again
put into operation, the late King having re
turned without his signature tho Act for its ro-
' peal. Hre caiinof support tho proposition.
" The voico or the people, expressed in tho very
'decided Legislative majority that voted to re
peal the law, is entitled to respect and consider-
" ation. Besides, the legislature adjourned with
out providing the means for carrying out the
law, and it therefore stands virtually suspended
"and inoperative nntil a succeeding Legislature
" shall vote the necessary supplies. One of the
' provisions of the law is to the effect that the
" funds for its execution shall, from time to time,
41 be appropriated by the Legislature. There be
" ing no sucfi appropriation, the Minister of the
" Interior wonld assume a grave responsibility
" were he now to put the law into operation."
So, whether the Minister enforces the law, or re
fuses to enforce it, for the very sound reasons set
forth by the Adrertiser, he assumes "a grave
responsibility." "Verily, it is hard, very hard in
deed, to adopt a policy to meet the Advertiser's
inconsistencies on the subject.
Our cotemporary goes on to say that " the ap
plication of similar laws in other countries is in
these days beginning to be fairly appreciated."
Against this assertion, we beg leavo to interpose
the following from the 2f. T. Nation, almost as
good authority : ' In France, too, the only coun
" try where the eocial evil lia3 for years been sub-
ject to efficient police regulation, it may fairly
" be donbtcd whether tho health of the popula
" tion has been improved. Ii still remains to be
u proved that medical examination affords any
"reasonable guarantee of impunity." In Great
Britain "A Contagious Diseases Act" is enforced
in localities where soldiers and sailors congregate,
but public opinion was so strong against the Act
that a royal commission appointed to consider the
Act recommended : " That the periodical exami
nation of the public women be discontinued," and
Parliament carried out this eoggestion in 1871.
It is sneeringly said that the sentiment op
posing this style of legislation is puritanical and
Pharisaical; but the late John Stuart Slill whom
none will be so wild as to call a Puritan, says :
" to provide securities against the consequences
of immoralities of any kind is no part of the busi
ness of government." The same authority, Mr.
Slill, says, " moreover, that it is the man, not the
woman, on whom the law should ba bronght to
In the native newspaper Kcokoa, we find a
letter from Sir. William B. Castle, dated Xew
York, December 8, 1873. Sir. 0. is a. stndent
nnd assistant in the law office of Wm. SI. Evarts,
tbo distinguished attorney who so ably argued
tho American case before the Geneva Board of
Arbitration. His letter refers to the political
questions which have lately been discussed here,
and after alluding to the interest which he has
taken in them, expresses his sentiments at con
siderable length. We extract a few paragraphs
to show bis views :
" Let mo say just where I stand "regarding
reciprocity. I am strongly in favor of it, be
cause I know it will be of great benefit to onr
nation, but I am opposed to giving np Hawaiian
territory But if it would bring reciprocity to
lease Puuloa to the United States while the
treaty lasts, I should favor that, with the clear
understanding that at the end of the treaty Pan
loa bo returned. I want that clearly understood.
But when tho great question of annexation to
the United States comes and the end of Hawaii
an independence, then I stand firm and strong
against annexation. I think lhat Hawaii's truest
interest is to remain independent and govern it
self. " Let ns see what the argument that reci
procity means annexation amounts to. The
United States and Canada for many years had
such a treaty, and is Canada to-day annexed to
tho United States ? Xo 1 It is to-day a free
and independent nation and strong, because it
had the great benefit of reciprocity so long. Has
the United States annexed any country with
which it has had treaties ? Xol and I defy any
body to show that this connlry ever used a treaty
to annex any other country. William 11. Seward,
when Secretary of State, bought Alaska of Rus
sia, and Congress confirmed the purchase so as
not to dishonor his act ; but the whole connlry
were so angry and made such loud murmurs that
no officer of this nation has ever dared to do
such a thing again. President Grant wanted
very much to get San Domingo, and some said.
'Why don't you do itt You are tho head of
this people t' But ho did not dare, lor ho knew
that in this nation the people rule, and tho people
will not act foolishly, so he urged very strongly
upon Congress to get possession of that country,
' because, ho said, all the people of that nation
wish to join this nation." But did Congress for
this reason annex San Domingo! Tho people
of San Domingo wanted and asked to be allowed
to join tho United States. Xo. Congress re
fused, because tho people of tho United States
did not want San Domingo. Xow, you will all
ask, "Why did not this people want San Domin
go, if that peoplo knocked at the door, and cried
to bo lot in ?' This is tho reason. Tho neonlo
of this country do not care to extend tho nation
any wider, tho country is not yet full, nnd they
alt look at the cost of a thing before they do tt.
They ask shall wo gain anything if San Do
mingo is annexed ? And because they know it
will cost far moro than it will bring, they all say
no, let us not annex that country 1' So it is
with Hawaii. If our nation should go to tho
door of Congress and say,' Wenro from Hawaii,
wo aro poor and weak, please let us enter your
great family nnd become annexed V the mem
bers of Congress, and all tho American peoplo
would say, Shall wo gain anything, or will it cost
us much money to annex Hawaii t' and if they
found it would cost much, they would say to tho
messengers of Hawaii, standing at tho door, Wo
are sorry because you aro poor and weak, but wo
do not want to let you in, it will cost us loo
much." So yoo will see how foolish it is to tear
this nation, aud believa that it wants to gobble
up Hanaii, for even ir Hawaii asked it, it would
But I mnat say adieu. Always reuicmboring
Hawaii as my home, as tho most beautiful land
on which tho sun ever shono ; a laud which may
bo most richly blessed and whose good influence
may bo spread far and wido over the quiet Paci
fic, ir her people only will havo it thus. Tho na
tions look upon Hawaii us tho land where darkness
has given place to light, ignorauce has fled beforo
education, aud where justico and law are well
observed, till Hawaii, no longer a pupil, can
teach the world. Oh Hawaii 1 will you erase
this bright record, and restore tho blindness of
olden limes! I cannot believe it. Slay the God
of nations and of power watch over and guard
you, rendering true our motto ' Ua mau ka ea o
ka aina i ka ponol'
Sin. Editor: The article in your paper oftlie
14lh inst, treats of a subject so important that
I feel constrained to call attention to its closing
paragraph, and to earnestly urge any one who
thinks he can do it, to draft "a brief law of three
or four sections " to meet tho case.
This is just what the great, as well as small,
cities of tho whole world want, and what many of
them have been trying to flDd, time out of mind.
And if it can ba achieved here, it will be a boon
to civilization, that will entitlo the lucky individ
ual to the lasting gratitude of humanity.
I for one, should greatly rejoice if tho evil
could be cut up by the roots, but tha difficulty at
odco stares one in the face of " secluding all per
sons affected with syphilis, (males and females),
in a hospital."
now are they to be reached! A system of
espionage and surveillance that would be effec
tive, would ba Intolerable, nnd wonld not bo sub
mitted to ; nor ought it, because a little malicious
information would subject innocent persons, of
both sexes, to intolerable insults.
But still, it is very desirable that the law
should be drafted, and as it seems so easy to be
done, I anxiously hope some one will try it.
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Do not listen to any recommendation, but come and see
;o 'r - II. I. C1TASE.
Oregon Sugar-Cured Hams.
"OOR SAXE BY
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CUTLERY OF EVERY DESCRIPTION !
H GREAT ASSORTMENT OF HOLLOW-WARE !
Viz: Sauce Pans, Fry Pans, Tea Kettles, Iron Pots and Furnace Boilers,
Galvanized Iron Tubs from 14 to SO Inches;
Galvanized Iron Buckets, 10, 11, 12, IS Inches,
Gnus, HIBcs, Pistols, Caps, Catrldgts, Powder, 8bot and Barii.
Seine Twine and Wrapping Twine, Fish Hooks and, Tish liaia
KEROSENE LAMPS AND CHANDELIERS !
Downer's and Dcvoc's best Kerosene Gil,
DIRECT FROM THEIR FACTORIES, EXPECTED SOOX TO ARRIVE.
Dealers desiring to purchase the GESUiyS ARTICLE at a Low Figure, will forward their orders
We would also call the attention of local and Country Dealer to onr fresh iteck o
HUBBUCK'S BEST PAINTS AND OILS!
Jnst Received, the largest and Best Assortment in the Harket
Brushes of every kind and quality,
Byam's 8 Card Hatches, on hand and to Arrive
PURE MANILA AND NEW ZEALAND CORDAGE,
Bits, Bridles and Spurs, Mule Collars and Hames,
Ox Chains, Trace Chains, Topsail Chains,
Bar Steel and Iron, Wrought Nails,
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Now is the Time to Buy Goods at 30 per cent, below their
Real Value, at the
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6 BOLLES & CO,
SviMir.m: oii:iit or thh ii.vvaiia
Islamla. tn Probat. Island nf nahu. it. i
In the matter of the Katat or JOHN HTKSKCK, lata of
Honolulu, ricrfavl. Ontrr appointing; tlmo for probata of
will ana illrrrtlng publication of notlra of Um samr.
A document, pnrporUn to be the last will ant trstamrnt
of John MennMc, deceased, having: on the llth ilajr or Jan
uary, A. D. 1ST!, been presented to said ProbMe Court,
and a petition for the probate Uiereof, and for the tsroance
of letters testamentary to r. A. Schaefer, halni betn
Bled by P, A. Whaefrr,
It Is hereby ordered, that THURSDAY, the t:th day of
February, A. 1). 1T4, at 10 o'clock: A. M, or said day, at
tho Court ltoom of said Court, at Honolulu, be, and the
same Is, hereby appointed the time Tor pn Ing; said will
aud hearing; said applk-allon, when and where any rersou
Interested may appear and contest the said will, and the
granting; of letters testamentary.
tt 11 further ordered, lhat notice, thereof be given by
pnblKatlon, for three successive weeks In the "Hawaiian
Uaiette," a newspaper printed and published In Honolulu.
And It Is runner ordered, that citations be Issued to the
subscribing witnesses tn said will, and to the heirs of the
testator In Honolulu, to appear and contest tho probate of
said w III, at the time appointed.
Hated Honolulu, II. I., January ijlh, IS7I
ALFltKI) H. HAlmVEtX,
Attest! Justice, of the Supreme Court.
J no. E. riARXAnp. Iieputy clerk. 171 St
Surni:.Mi: i-otuvr or tub iiaw.wia.v
Islands, lu lTobate. Iu the matter or the Estate or
CI HACK K. ItOOKK, late or Honolulu, deceased. Order
or notice or petition for allowance or accounts, discharge,
and final distribution of property. At Chambers, beTore
Mr. Justice Hartwell.
vOn readlog and llllnsj the petition and accounts of Herr
mann A, Wldcmann, administrator of the Eststo ortlrace
K. llooke, late of Honolulu, deceased, wherelu he asks to
be allowed f :i,UT.II, and charges himself with M,SO.:,
and asks lhat the same may be eiamlned and approved,
and that a final order may be made or distribution of the
property remaining In his hands to the persons thereto en
titled, and illst barging him and his sureties from all further
responsibility as such administrator.
It la ordered, that MOXDAY, tho 53d day of February,
A. I). ISTl.at 10 o'clock A. M., before said Justice at cham
bers, In the Court House, at Honolulu, be and the same Is
hereby appointed as the time and place for hearing said
petition and accounts, and that all persons Interested may
then and there appear and show cause, If any they have,
why the same should not be granted, and may present
evidence as to who are entitled to the said property.
And that this order, hi the English and Hawaiian lan
guages, be published in the " Hawaiian dazette" and "K.U
okoa and Au Okoa," newspapers printed and published In
Honolulu, for three successive weeks prevlons to the time
therein appointed for said hearing.
Dated at Honolulu, II. I., this 13th day of January, 1971.
ALF11KU H HAItTWELL,
Attest: Justice of the Supremo Court
Jko. K. IIabxabd, Dep. Clerk, Hup. Court. ,;o It
SUPREME COUIIT OP THE HAWAIIAN
Islands In Probate, Island of Oahu, Hawaiian Isl
ands, .. In the matter of the Kstate or JOHN HUIUST
THOMPSON, late of Honolulu, deceased. Order appoint
ing time for lrohate or Will and directing publication of
hotlce of the same.
A document, purporting to be the last Will and Testa
ment of John Hurst Thompson, deceased, having on the
I3d day of October, A. U. 187 J, been presented to said Pro
bate Court, and a petition for the probate thereof, and for
the Issuance of Letters Testamentary to MAllEI'lIA ADE
LINE THOMPSON and CHARLES T. OULICK, having
been tiled by It. II. Stanley, Attorney for petitioners.
It Is hereby ordered, that MONDAY, the SOtli DAY of
JANUARY, A. I). 1871. at 10 o'clock a. M. of said day, at
the Coort Room of said Court, at Honolulu, In the Island or
Oahu, n. I be, and the same Is, hereby appointed tho
time tor proving said Will and hearing said application,
when and where any persun Interested may appear and
contest the said Will, and the granting of Letters Testa
mentary. It Is further ordered, thst notice tnereor be
given by publication, for three successive weeks. In the
Hawaiian Gatetit, a newspaper printed and published In
Honolulu. And It Is f urtlier ordered, that citations be Is
sued to the subscribing witnesses to said Will, and to the
heirs, and to the mother, Mrs. Sarah Thompson, of the
testator. In writing, to appear and contest the probate of
aald Will, at the time appointed.
Dated Honolulu, II. L, October 13, 1873.
ALFRED 8. HARTWELL,
ARest ! Justice of the supreme Court.
Walteu R. Seal, Clerk. sMt
THE nOrSE AND PREMISES FORM-
eriy occupied by the late Dr. a. I". Ford. For parti
culars, apply to 3-tf ) R. OILULAND.
HOUSES and PREMISES
MA COJirOKTAIlLE FL'It.VISIIKD COT
TAOE to let at WalklkL
ALSO, A IIOI'SE LOT anil K.1LO PATCH
at ine eutrance or rauoa valley.
ALSO. A COTTAGE OS BERETAKIA HI Hi. IT
near the bridge.
ALSO, A COTTAGE OJf EMMA SQUARE,
AIko, Slorncc ami Yard Room on
For particulars apply to
W. L. GREEN.
TO FOREIGX PUBMCATIOJiS, WISIIIO
any Changes made in their Supplies, are re
quested to give notice as loon as convenient.
As a rule, all Subscriptions to PerindieaU should
commence wiih the First Date in January ; and where
they bare not done so heretofore, they can readily be
changed so as to terminate with December 31it, 1871.
This will be more convenient for the subscriber and
All orders promptly ittended to
t5-3t U. M. WHITNEY.
CIItft'IT t'llfltTOl'THK KIXOXIs JIUI.
rial circuit, Manl, as. December Term, 1S7A JOll.T
WAONF.lt, Ubctlant tot Divorce, terras MARIA WAO.
NF.R Tuesday the ststrenth day of December, 11T3L
In the atove entitled libel fur divorce, ll la aow enters
that a decree of divorce from th. bond of malmnoay b en
tered In favor orthe said John Wagner of th.ca.ae of ta
will ml and utter desertion or the said Maria Wagawt for Um
or three yrars. to be mails absolute arur the eiraratasn term
of sit months from the date of this decree upon compliance
with the terms thereof, utile suolclent cana. shall appear
to the contrary.
And tha Ubellant Is ordered to poUUh an attested eery
or this order In the (iovernuient (Uikttk and Kroaoa
axdA17 0icoi for six snccslve weeks; lb. first pabttra
tlon to be within one month from the date of tale orders
that all persons Interested may within sis. months anew
cause why said decree should not be made absolute.
UytheCoort. lir.ItV MO'KKMKlX. ji.
Clerk circuit Court, Id Jud. Circuit.
I hereby certify that the above and foregoing k a ire
and correct copy of the otutlnal order In th. above eatlllerf
cause, now on the files of tnta Court,
Witness my hand ami the riral of the Clrcnlt CMrt f
theCecondJuiuclalUrculLthla UUi da of December,.!.
(Seal HKXHY DICKEXhOX. Ja..
" t aetfc Circuit Court. !d Jud. clmtL
ClIlt'l'IT t'Ot'RT OP THE NIXO.XD J I'D I.
rial Circuit, Maul. as. December Term, A. D. IS7I.
KEUIMAIIIAI WALLACE. Llbellant for Divorce, terra
CIIARI.EH WALLACE Saturday th. thirteenth day of
In the above entitled libel for divorce. It Is now mdereit
that a decree of divorce from the bond of matrUaoay ss
entered In favor ol the said Kelliwahlal Wailac.cs' ttw
cause or the adultery of the said char Ira WaUace to fr.
made abaclnt. after the cspirauon of at month, from ta.
date of thlsdecree upon compliance with th. terms thereof,
unless sufficient cause shall appear to th. contrary.
And tbo Ubellant ta ordered to publish, an attested eooy
of this order In the Government Uszkttk and alroxoi
A!YI Ad Oxnt for six successive weeks; th. first publica
tion to be within one month from Um data or thai order;
that all persons Interested may within au moats. s.w
cause why aald decre. should not be made absnlabt.
Ily the Court. HENRY MCKE.VMJ.V. Ja..
Cleric circuit Court, Sd Jud. Circuit.
I hereby certify that the above and foregoing ks a traw
and correct copy of the original order In th. abov. entitled
cause, now on the filea of this Court,
Witness my haod and the seal of th Circuit Conn of ta.
Hecoud Judicial Circuit, this Itth. day of December, a. c.
(SeaLJ HEXRY DICJCENSOX. Jei.
mt Clerk Circuit Court, Id Judicial Circuit.
SUPREME COURT OP THE HAWAIIAN
IbLANI-In l-robate. In th. matter of to Ea
tate of AXTONIO MAItIA, late or Honolola, decease.
Order of notice of petition for allowance of accoaata, dis
charge, and final duufbution of property. AtCnambers,
before Mr. Justice Wklemann.
On reading ami filing the pentlon and accounts of Manuel
de Suva, lit ecu tor of the Will of Antonio Maria. lata of
Honolulu, deceased, wherein he aska to be allowed M! n.
and charges hlmseir with Ul o, and aaka that Lot saaaa
may be eiamlned and approved, and that a final order
may be made of dlstrthutkm of the property remaining t3
his hands to the persons thereto entitled, ami dbarbarglnff
him and his sureties from ail further responaUanty aa sues
Ills ordered, that THURSDAY, the UOIIi DAYofJAX
UAItY, A. D. 1171, at 10 o'clock A. K before ta. sail Js
tlce. at Chambers, In the Court House, at Honolulu, be and
the same hereby la appointed as the tlm. and place Iftr
hearing said petition and accocnts, and that au persons to.
teres ted may then and there appear and abow none If any
they have, why the same should not tw granted- and may
present evidence as to who are entitled to the aald property.
And that this order, la the English and Hawaiian language,
be published In the Hawaiian GauU and A'aaAsa m4 Jn
OLoa newspapers printed and publlabed la Uotwlatu, ft
three successive week, previous to In. time therein ap
pointed for said hearing."
Dated at Honolulu, IL L. this 23th day of December.
A. 11. 173. 1IERIUIAN A. WIDEMA32T.
Attest: Justic of tha Supreme Court.
Jso. E. BAttSAnp. Deputy clerk.
THE UXDEKSIGXED HAVING BEEXdatr
appointed Administrator of U Latate of GOTT
FltlED FER11EAU, late, of UOa, deceased, reioesa alt
persons having claims against sakl EsUle. to present them
with, the necessary vouchers. If any. within atx months
from the date of this publication or they wU b forever
barred, and all persona Indebted to ssJd Estat. an request
ed to make Immediate payment to
, , EDWARD a HtTCIICOCX.
Administrator of the Estate of a Ferreaa. deceased,
llllo, December Snd, U7I. Wt
WE. THE r.-VDERSIUXEn, IIATKfO THB
day been appointed executors, by tTa Baa. A.
Fornander, Circuit Judge, MauL under th. wta of the lar
CHARLES COCKETT, of Waikapu. UJa Is to gtv an Oct
to aa persons Indebted to aald etuu to makt immediate
payment, andallwna have claim, against aaU rsacare
requested to present the same within six months from
date or they will be forever barred.
Waflnkn. Dec 3rd. U71 ta Ira
A Valuable Property
A lOT OP O AC REN OP IXSB.fnTB X
good SEW DWELLING HODE and KITCHZ5
attached. A frontage of about CM feet ea Beretesla
btreet and 1 feet on Punahoa Avenue. Near tn. aonss
Is a well yielding abundance of never falling frcsn water,
with a WlndmBi attached. Tbo proepsct seatward add Is
land tn unsurpassed In the suburb, of Honolulu. Tie pases
may be sold aa a whole or In loU to suit ssircsaaers. ft
further Information Inquire of IL B. DOLE,
ete-tf or J. D. TXS23.