Newspaper Page Text
it Mum Fort
I H. mm a alrt
city, are hereby
murulu- of Frtdar nut, April
Joax U. BMW,
Acer! of the Board of Health
'--'"..- ' ' -i- . r l., . a: I'll: a-i.l on til
ont M at tkr Wttota . and between tbe m
' l-ai-. s.k.a Is art apart an a I-.. an.! for lb.
t .a earrays. Mar BW mn-l of ootn Konala
U l. M L it M t
Sfflnliur of lotartar.
: 'nor 1-epartmrrii. April Ha. IsT.
li.ra.r-. I.xpirinc in April. I"?."..
l-Ab Lima. EokaAi. Kara.
I B F Urn A Cxv. Fort Bonolalo.
1 Mrlaerriy. rar Fort A Merrhant Kta. Hon
1-C w rolfr. Waialua
X (.hunt I -boa. Naaanu
: v. m Hall. Bef-tank. Hi.
r Jrtc Not! A OB, kaatjrmanu at, Honrrlnta
J Mrltaacall. Fort at, HmioMla.
V.m,k. St. H.
xbata A (X Kuur ft.
-Tasa A L Wllta. alloc St. Hooolnla.
M L Aan. car Klaf and Xuoan. sta, Hanotaltt.
U-Uwba. No taw a . Honolulu.
14-Ah Sru A Alt lib. Nuuana St, Honolnl'i.
IV M IHrkajn. Fort B, Honolulu.
17 H Veins. Smith's Lane. Honolulu.
1 Ah Baa. M Market. Honolulu.
da Mrlurrny. Merrhant St. Honolulu.
3t MuaaTaaa At fata, oar Kmc A Nuuanu Sta. do.
a BJaBaB Hu. l'kkok. Honolulu.
Valley Road. Honolulu.
K 'tKULt-jK MK"otxari. Kamaloo.
atari a A W Needham.
II Ak, Maaraalae. Hana.
rrtar Ottt, Makawao.
II .wall l J no Grace. Walpto. Hamakua.
AN IXPETEXIIEJIT JOURNAL,
PEYOTEP TO HAWAIIAN PROGRESS.
ri'BLlSIIED AND SPITED BT
HEN RT M. WHITXEV.
WJBDMB8DAY, APRIL 14.
From this ilstt- the siilincription price of the
Gazette i rvc'.iiwl to Five Doi.Lit a year.
This is the first U-iietU which the public derive
from BBC new Treaty. If we can pet printiiip
paper dutyfree from America under the treaty,
are are willing that our subscribers shall share
the benefit of the reduced cost. This conces
sion will apply t.i both foreign and domestic
; suliscribers. We make the change now, a I it
I tie in advance of the treaty going into effect,
in order that onr subscribers and the public
j generally may see that the press, which has
I firmly advocated the reciprocity measure, is
I the first to confer on the public the benefit
which has been expected from it.
IT lias Notre? . Walmea.
Apana At Co., Walrnea.
H Harkft Id A Co.. uuwn St. Honolulu.
HI nil Ok.
4 Lam Lai. Canton Hot!, Honolulu.
AJ. Ta.. NliUtiu St. Honolulu.
;i -L.hu Nam. I'bxkulieu. 1
au. No. 7. Ho
1 E P Adams. Dan si. Honolulu.
1 1 -author k) Hanoa. Kona. Oahu.
Psxwllr show .
II Edward Williams. BmTum't Hall. Oahu.
shim . in. onr(.
April 2d In re the Guardianship of Hannah.
B Minor Petition ol S. B. Dole for settlement
of his account as guardiati. and discharge. The
Court eiaauued the accounts and vouchers pro
duced, apprured tiie same, ordered the guardian
discharged and bord caoeellad.
lie the proof of Will of Jobaon Franz Drewes.
deceased Pelition of J. C. tilade, Acting Im
perial German Consul, for proot of will. The
Court, after bearing tbe testimony, admitted the
will to probate. Letter testamentary to issue
to J. C. Glade without bonds. Inventory to be
fijed in 30 days. Notice to creditors to be adver
tised for tour weeks.
Apr,l 3d Be the proof of Will of Alex. Prys
dale Dow. deceased Petition of Daniel Smith
tor probate of will Tbe Court, after bearing the
evidence, admited tbe will to probate aud ordered
that letters testamentary be issued to Daniel
Smith, of Ilonoloia. and Alexander Drysdale. of
Kd.uborouch. Scotland, tbe executors named io tbe
will, without bonds. Inventory to be filed io 30
days of tbe property io Honolulu, and notice to
creditors to be advertized for four weeks.
In tbe matter of the Kstate of Theopbilus
M 'i calf, deceased. Testate Fetition of Frank
Metcalf. administrator de bonis oon with will
annexed of said estate, praying for confirmation
of the sale of tbe real estate, which was ordered
by the Court to be sold at Public Auction on tbe
"Tib March last. Affidavits of tbe publication
of notice of the sale and of OL S. Bartow the
auctioneer, together with his account sales, were
filed ; the same baring been approved, tbe Court
made the usual order of confirmation, directing
said administrator to deliver to the purchasers
thereof the necessary Conveyances to convey all
the right, title, aud interest of said Theopbilus
Melcaif. deceased. in and to the said real estate.
Tuf. San Francisco liuSetin under the cap
tion of" Royalty and Business," pays a merited
compliment to King Kalakatia. in the tollowing
extract : "If the Hawaiian King never does
another thing, his one enterprise of securing a
reciprocity treaty with this country will dis
tinguish him from all his predecessors. He
was no sooner fairly settled in his place than
he began SB work for the treaty. He went ab ut
the business in a sensible sort of way, corre
sanding with intelligent business, men collect
ing data, ami putting his facts into documents
in a way to have the best effect. Theu he had
the good sense to talk the matter up. Instead
of retiring out of sight, he chose to leave his
own country and to present his case in person.
It was a good stroke of (tolicy to make known
the intention some time in advance. There was
a Federal ship placed at his disposal, and he
came with just that degree of circumstance and
publicity which would best promote his ulti
mate purpose. His visit had a national char
acter. He went on change, talked with mer
chants and men f olitical influence. In short
he so managed that wherever he went he melted
down all antagonisms. Here was a King, and
something more. For, aside from this he was
a clever business man who knew exactly what
he wanted and pushed for that by the only
method in which it was possible to gain his
Late Foreign News.
Bt the Steamer sfacgrc-gor, w received S. F. files
to March 30, th date of bcr departure. The most
tmportaat news u that referring to the passage of the
Hawaiian treatv. the details of the debate on which
are gives on oar fourth page.
The Senate adjourned on the 24th of March, the
preetdeat having ommaoteaued that he had ao far
ther business to lay before them.
Sawalor Johnson has taken a strong stand against
the administration. The telegraph reports : The
galleries of the Senate were crowded long before the
hour of meeting to hear the speech of Andy Johnson.
Be was very decided in his remarks against the course
of the President in the Louisiana affair. Bis speech
was about two hoars long.
A bill for tbe srm of $-11.9:5 has been presented to
tbe Brooklyn Board of Supervisors for dinners fur
nished jurymen in the Tittoo-Beecher case.
A letter from Commander Lull, in charge of the
United States later-Oceanic Canal surveying party on
the Isthmus of Panama has been received at the Na
vy Department Be speaks favorably of the pros
pect that now opens.
Tu steamship lines Malloy's and Baker's plying
between New York and New Orleans, have dtscon
tinted their trips is consequence of the great depres
sion in trade.
Wasaiaeros Piasoaau. Mrs. Bea Holliday hat
bought the Philip Bouse for Ico.OOO and paid $10,000
for as adjoining lot. Mr. an 1 Mrs. Sartoris have re
turned from a visit to Chicago. General Frank Blair
is sinking, without hope of recovery, but his father is
yet bale and beany for a mas of his age. Elisha B.
Allca, the Hawaiian Minister, is working hard to ae
cure the ratification of the reciprocity treaty with the
Sandwieh Islands. Senator Andrew Johnson is the
most popular man here, and B. F. Butler, Esq.. is
busily pmctisisg bis profession. Cor. 9 Bmi.Mek. It.
Joan Mitchell, after having been twice elected to
parliament, died sa the list of March. It is estimated
that over ten thousand persoas attended his funeral
at wrv, Ireland.
A dispatch frtaa Washington shows that the late
John Mitchell, who was recently elected to Parliament,
was really a eitisan of the United States.
General Sir Charles Yorke has been appointed Con
stahea of the Tower of London, vice Field Marshal
tioma, deceased. Henry Cole has been made a
Katght Commander of the Order of tbe Bath.
Tbe Germ ax Government proposes an amendment
to tbe law against Jesuits so as to makefit apply to all
othel rcligioas orders.
Caetellar has resigned his Professorship in the Uni
versity ob aeeoBBt of the Government mterfaring with
the text books, and going back to those of the days
DrLT, March iid A conflict occurred here to
day between Bishop Moras, aad Father O'Keefe's
parties, durtsg which much violence was used and
O'Kceff'f chapel was completely wrecked.
Paris. March lath. Minister Buffet, to-day. in as
addaoas to Use staff officials of the Department of In
terior, dwelt emphatically cm the fact that the present
ministry is assaatiaily Conservative.
Lose ov. March isth The attendance aad ecthn
siaam at the rariral meetings of Moody and Saakey
II IBlisBBI Las: Bight thousand f of persons wars
turned away Boat Baa Boors. The
cthsr criticisms at the anaaini a
Moody and Saakey, taw Americas revivalists.
BTBBewii last SaBsay' BtoriuBg, BftarBooB aad even
ing at Agricultural Hall. At the Una meetings the
SBiiSBts numbered raapactiralT If .BBS sad It,aaa.
At the Moody aad Saakey meeting fat Load on Mos-
day, isaaa btaaiey aad sixty Aagfisas eaargymee
out ax) seats oc the piatlarm. IB
c pawed by Bar. Wat. Cosway ,Caaua of Wa
It lias been stated tliat the Hawaiian Trcaty
" will doubtless go into effect within the next
thirty days." This is not so. One clause
of it stipulates that it shall not go into
ojieration until Congress lias passed an act
making the revenue laws conform to the treaty .
This provision was inserted as a concession to
Congress, which some years ago claimed
that the Senate had 110 power, in a treaty
with a foreign nation, to appropriate mo
neys or to alter the revenue laws without
its consent in other words, that the Senate
alone cannot enact or reiieal revenue laws.
The Senate possesses two distinct functions
executive and legislative. The former, united
with that of the President, constitutes the
treaty-making power : The latter, united with
that of the representatives, constitutes the leg
islative power. The treaty, as it now stands,
is a law of the land, made and confirmed by
the constitutional treaty-making power, (the
President and Senate,) and the faith of the
American Government and people has been
solemnly pledged to Hawaii by the President
and Senate. There can be no doubt that Con
gress will, when it assembles in December
next, pass the necessary act, for no instance
has ever been known where it has failed to
sustain the treaty-making power. The treaty
will take effect after tlie law has been passed,
and proclamation thereof made. This cannot
be before January 1, 1676. Of course no Ha
waiian products can lie admitted free into
American ports, until this is done; nor can
American products be admitted here free till
When we last week referred to the rejection
1 by President M"Mahon, of tbe Duke d'Attdiffret
Pasquier as one of his Cabinet Ministers, we
j did not imagine that his triumph would come
so soon. He was rejected by the President,
I because too Rrimhlioan in his politics. But
1 the Xational Assembly did not think so, for
1 they have chosen him to be their president by
the most extraordinary vote of 598 out of 700 !
, He takes the place of Buffet, as presiding offi
j cer, and of course bocomes, next to Macmahon,
I the most influential man in France. He is evi
j dently destined to become the leader of the
coalition which has taken place between the
! Republicans and Monarchists. If he be the man
that we take him to be, a conciliatory and con
servative Republican, able to fill any position
he may occupy, it speaks well for the future
of France that he has been brought forward,
with so much unanimity, into the front.
At a late meeting of the San Francisco Micro
scopical Society, a letter was read from Mr.
Joseph Beck of London, which may interest
the Members of our Honolulu Society. He
says : "It is for those enthusiastic and ardent
workers with our favorite instrument, living in
new countries and surrounded with objects in
viting their examination, that we expect fresh
contributions to our stock of knowledge. In
microscopical apparatus there is but little new.
We have increased the angle of our Achromatic
Condenser to suit the purposes of those who
are still studying the ultimate structure of the
diatoraacese, and under the direction and with
the assistance of Mr. Sorby, are introducing
various novelties in connection with the spec
troscope, which is still claiming much atten
tion. The intricate natttre of some of these
investigations, and the uncertainties attending
some of them, have led some even to doubt the
value of results obtained ; but each new fact
is a step in advance, and I cannot bnt believe
that in due time the appearance presented un
der this instrument will be of great value to
science. We have yet much to learn, and I
think that one branch that may be of use
will be the ascertaining of the time re
quired for the absorption by vegetables of
certain substances, thus aiding both the farmer
and the fruit-grower in the cultivation of their
crops. Some of the most interesting lectures
we have bad over here, have been on the in
stincts and query reasoning faculties of insects,
by Sir J. Lubbock, and on the great discoveries
of submarine matters, resulting from the ex
pedition of the Challenger."
General Butler ia a late latter says the Civil Rights
bill does sot give tbe negroes Bay privileges or social
nghts more than they have at common law ia barber
shops, saloons, ate , bat was intended lb ipply to pub
lic convey as eai. lieaneed amaaemssts, ate.
Popular Demonstration !
A Welcome to t ommissloacr i nner
nia .Tlojestjr rex-elTes I lie till,
ems at t tie Woveramcat
II a esse.
On Thnrsday evening last, the day on
which the mail steamer arrived there was an
impromptu demonstration consisting of a
torchlight procession to welcome home Hon.
U. A. P. Carter, the Hawaiian Treaty Com
missioner to Washington, who brought the
news of the passage of the treaty in the Senate,
by an almost unanimous vote of 51 to 12, as
well as the treaty itself.
It was proposed to visit His Majesty first
and congratulate him on the successful issue
of the measure. But on learning of the plan,
the King gave orders that the procession should
first visit the residence of Mr. Carter in Xuu
anu Valley, after which he would be happy to
meet the citizens, adding that he " considered
that the first honors were due to Mr. Carter."
The procession formed on Union Square
aliout p. u.. near the Engine House of Xo. 2,
j and headed by Berger's brass band of twenty-
four instruments, moved through Beretanta
ami Nuuanu streets, to Mr. Carter's residence,
bearing several hundred torches and a few
banners hastily got ready for the occasion.
Arriving in front of his dwelling, the band
played a national air, after which Mr. S. B.
Dole, on behalf of the citizens, addressed the
Commissioner. Kith standing on the verandah :
Mr. CtrtTBh t In the name of tbe citiiens of Hono
lulu, and indeed of all these Islands, we weleotne you
home again. We appreciate the sacrifice of personal
interest and comfort which you made in accepting tbe
difficult puat of Commissioner to Washington. Y'ou
bare fulfilled our higbest expectations. Tbo success
that has crowned tbe labors of yourself and your as
sociate, shows that Uts Majesty's selection of Ambas
sadors was wise and most appropriate. We bare
come to congratulate you upon your success and to
thank you heartily for your faithful and patriotic ef
forts in a measure which is full of bope and promise
to this nation. Y'ou bare accomplished the first great
step, aud with you. we look confidently for final suc
cess, and for the prosperity wbtcb as tbe natural re
sult will coma to all classes, and every man. woman
and child in tbe country. Will you, Mr. Carter, ac
cept this demonstration as a faint token of the feeling
of the whole people toward you 00 tbis occasion.
Hoping that you may long live to witness and to en
joy the blessings and national strength which this
treaty prumises to the country, we again welcome you
home to Hawaii Net. tbe laud of your birth, and as.
sure you that these yuur public services will never be
forgotten by yuur fetlow-citixcns.
Mr. Carter replied in the following words,
which were interpreted to the natives by His
Honor Justice Judd :
I thank you Mr. Dole, and all of yoa ray kiud
friends, for your cordiil welcome to mc on my re
turn from this service.
Tlie policy of makiug a closer commercial connec
tion with our near neighbors tbe United States, bas
been & Ba'aiian idea for nearly twenty years, and 1
am a wars that this demonstration la In gieat part
owing to patriotic pleasure at tbe success of a great
nttional policy. I accept your congratulations as
not only for myself but for the Chancellor of the
Kingdom, with whom I was associated, whose
strong faith In tbe success of such a mission bad
much to do with this attempt to make a successful
negotiation ; also for those wbose former efforts did
much to pave tbe way to success.
Y'ou all know how much was due to the very fa
vorable impression made in tbe United States by
His Majesty the King, whose good fortune It has
been to succeed in inaugurating tbe policy which
tiis predecessors have favored, from the days of Ka
mehameha HI. Very much, also, was dne to the
kindly feeling of the President, Cabinet officers, and
Senators of the United States, who were most gen
erously disposed towards our little nation ;fand their
action was the endorsement by American statesman
ship of tbe policy persistently pursued by tbe phil
anthropists ol America towards tbis nation for more
than half a century.
All of those influences combined to secure tbe suc
cess of our tniasiou, and I trust tbe operation of the
Treaty will prove beneficial to botb countries, and
believe that it secures the progress and prosperity
of Hawaii Nei.
As I am told it is now your purpose to proceed to
pay your respects to our King, I beg you to allow
me to jiiin you in this most deserved mark ot respect
to the Sovereign, who has done so much towards ac
complishing tbe object wbieb we have atl desired.
Mr. Carter's remarks were frequently inter
rupted with cheering and the discharge of fire
The verandah was crowded with ladies and
1 gentlemen, among whom we noticed His Ex
cellency the American Minister and the vener
able Mrs. Thurston, the only survivor of the
pioneer band of missionaries who landed on
Hawaii fifty-five years ago last month.
The procession then formed again, and mov
ed down Xuuanu Avenue, the numerous torch
es turning night into day. The streets were
lined with spectators, and some of the dwell
ings were illuminated, among them Dr. Hoff
mann's, Mr. Afong's, Daniel Foster's, Peter C.
Jones', Mr. Brewer's, Mr- Xott's and others.
The Chinese merchants and citizens had turn
ed out quite strong, providing torches of their
own, and in addition brought a cart-load of
fire-crackers and bombs, which were dis
charged as the procession moved through the
streets. At times, when whole boxes were
fired, the noi sc was deafening.
Arriving at the Government House, the citi
zens formed in front of the entrance, where
were assembled His Majesty, his Ministers and
other government officers, and many specta
tors. When His Majesty advanced to the plat
form erected for him, Mr. H. M. Whitney ad
dressed him in behalf of the citizens, in the
following words :
Sire: The 1; . :" Honolulu have taken tbis
mode of showing their appreciation of your efforts
to secure for Hawaii tbe benefits of a Keciprocity
Treaty with America. Tbe gratifying news has tbis
I day been received that the American Senate his, by
; an almost unanimous vote, approved the treaty. To
! you. Sire, more than to any other person, is due the
honor of its success. Tour recent visit to tbe
1 United States created a new aloka and sympathy for
your people and country, which bas culminated in
' securing for us tbe treaty. So long as it shall re
! main tbe law of tbe land. Hawaii's independence
I will be assured ; wbicb we hope may be for all time.
I Sire, we congratulate you that tbis result, wbicb bas
: been coveted by each of your predecessors, has been
reserved for you. We congratulate your govern
: meat and tbe people of Hawaii nei, for the welcome
j news tbis day received.
His Majesty replied in English quite briefly
as follows :
Gentlemen : It is with great pleasure that I
congratulate you upon tbe passage by tbe Senate of
the United States, of tbe Treaty of Reciprocity ne
gotiated between oar good friend tbe United States
Government and Hawaii nei ; and I trust that after
its ratification by me and tbe passage io tbe Con
gresa of the United States of toe necessary law to
carry it into effect, it may redound to the great
prosperity of our country. (Cheers.)
In Hawaiian he spoke at considerable length,
explaining the details of the treaty and how it
would prove a benefit to all the people, who
chose to be industrious. This, he added, is one
of the great measures desired to restore life to
Hawaii and to perpetuate our race.
His Excellency Wm. L. Green, Minister of
Foreign Affairs, having been loudly called for,
It is now twenty years since tbis country first
commenced its efforts to obtain a Reciprocity Treaty
with the United States of America. To-day you
have received tbe news that tbe Senate has passed,
by a handsome majority, tbe Treatv wbicb His Maj
esty and His Envoys have made such efforts to se
cure. This question of reciprocity trade with oar conti
nental neighbors Is no new subject. I need not tell
you anything about the advantages wbicb must re
sult from it to every one of ns. Ton know tbem
as well as I do. I bare lived in tbis country and
been identified with its industrial progress twenty
five years, and I may safely say, that bo event Ibat
baa occurred in that time haa been ao full of promise
to tbe true Interests of this country as tbe passage
or this treaty by the U tilted States Senate.
I may add one fact more so long as this treaty
with tbe United States exists, tbe Independence of
tbis Kingdom Is secured, (loud cheers.)
His Excellency the American Minister was
also loudly called for, but declined to make a
speech, though he said he must congratulate
the citiiens on the receipt of the news of the
ratification of the treaty. Three cheers were
then given for the treaty, when the procession
returned to Union Square, and quietly dis
jierseil. irrom tbe Phil. North American. 1
The Ilsawnllun Treaty.
The Senate has done a very sensible thing
in ratifying the Keciprocity treaty with Ha
waii, and it is a little remarkable that after so
much talk in opposition there should have been
only twelve votes against the treaty. The
truth seems to be that there exists an indispo
sition to approve of any act of the present na
tional executive that is likely to be a distinc
tive and conspicuously successful measure of
national progress. It was this that defeated
the San Domingo treaty, that prevented the
acquisition of the Xavigator Islatids, and it is
this that prompts an immediate assault upon
every action of the Treasury Department, no
matter what it may lie. But in the matter of
the Hawaiian treaty, this senseless and gene
ral opjwsition seems to have overshot the mark
and defeated itself. For there on the one hand
was Senator Morrill, of Ycrmout, opposing the
treaty on protectionist grounds, and on the
nther hand free-traders opposing it because
" we do not want the islands." But the course
of the delate ex(Ksed the utter hollowness ot"
the oprxwition to such nn extent that a nuniWr
of votes were gained for the treaty as it ad
vanced : that in, the more the opposition talked
the weaker they grew.
The truth is that the stateniunship which is
in opposition to all further territorial afrgrnn
dizeineut and insensible to the importance of
commercial power all over the world is about
" played out." The halo thrown around this
order of public men by the opposition of Henry
Clay to the annexation of Texas and of Daniel
Webster to all further territorial acquisitions
has done a world of mischief in our national
politics. Sumner bad to contend against it
when he advocated the purchase of Alaska,
and he succumbed to it entirely when he op
posed the annexation of San Domingo. But in
the present instance no annexation was pro
! , I by the treaty, though it is well known
that if there were any show for the ratification
of a treaty of annexation we could get the is
lands at any time, as the American influence is
largely predominant there. With a keen scent
for positive and progressive measures, the
regular and determined opposition promptly
begun to array itself against the reciprocity
The same class of expert fault-finders who
can discover no permanent civilization or pro
gress in Xew Mexico, who think Colorado of no
account, and who seem to look for exact copies
of Xew England in every new territory, have
drawn discouraging pictures of Hawaii. It is
true that the islands have been civilized and
christianized entirely by Americans ; that their
religious devotion ia sincere and that the peo
ple are orderly, easily governed and progress
ive. It is true that American capital has es
tablished commerce at Honolulu und agricul
ture on a considerable scale in all the islands.
Hut the decrease of the native stock is kept
ever in the foreground, though if the Ameri
can population goes on increasing there we
really cannot see that the decrease of the na
tive stock is an argument that we should cease
to take au interest in the islauds. On the con
trary it is apparent that if the whole popula
tion were American the islands would at once
become ten times as important as they now are,
and that Honolulu would become a leading
commercial citv in the Pacific trade.
I From the S. t. Connaerdal Herald.
From all that we can gather out of the
Senatorial debates on the question of Keci
procity with the Hawaiian Kingdom, it seems
that the impelling cause fir a favorable deter
mination was the probability that if the Unit
ed States did not confirm it the opportunity
would have been offered to Great Britain, in
which case our Pacific Ocean commerce would,
in the event of war with England, be entirely
at the mercy of that power. Among those
who figured prominently in this view of tho
subject were General Schofield, of the army,
commanding the Department of the Pacific,
and Admiral Porter, of the navy. These gen
tlemen hold that with a line drawn from Brit
ish Columbia to Australasia and the Hawaiian
Islands in its possession, England would have
almost absolute control of fhe Pacific Coast,
whereas if they were held by us, either throngh
treaty or otherwise, such a result could not be
possible, because they could not then be used
as a coaling station for heavy British ships of
war. This national consideration appears to
be the one which carried the most weight, as
those referring solely to trade and commerce
were treated as mere appendices. By this
treaty the Hawaiian Government binds itself
not to cede or lease any bay or harbor, or any
portion of its territory to a foreign power
other than the United States. Some Senators
appear to regard the confirmation of the treaty
as a sort of entering wedge for a permanent
tenure of the Islands. However that may be,
it is gratifying to know that the subject has
been disposed of finally. The nncertanties
connected with it have been a source of irrita
tion for some years, but now that it is settled,
everybody will know exactly how to tiase his
business transactions with the Islands. As
there seem to be some grave misgivings in
reference to the conditions imposed by the
treaty, we have no possible doubt of its being
already a fixed fact, and will go into operation
at the period named in the instrument. The
House of Bepresentatives has nothing what
ever to do with the matter. It has already
been signed by the high contracting powers
and is perfected ; neither is it subject to any
tariff amendments, because it is in itself an
exception in tariff charges on all Island pro
ducts to be admitted duty free under its stipu
lations, and, moreover, it is a contract between
two sovereign powers, and not a mere domestic
arrangement to procure revenues.
Fbaxcb aan ran Cbbtbbbiaj.. Pants, March
20th. In consequence of a recast appeal made by
Minister Wasbburne to the Deputies and principal
merchants of Paris, a committee of Patrons has been
formed to make arrangements for the participation of
France ia the Philadelphia Exhibition. The Marquis
da Lafayette has bean chosen President; MM. Diati,
Monriea and Valewakie, Vice-Presidents, and Deputy
Flotard, Secretary. Of tbe Committee sixteen are
Deputies, including MM. Labaulage. Fawsy, Maz
risehard, Arbel, J alien, Johnston, Joubert and Pascal
Duprat. The committee is considered aa exceedingly
Passage of tbe Hawaiian Reci
All Raw Sugars Free-Rice to be Free !
On Thursday morning last, tho Mail Steamer
Macgregor, Captain Grainger, appeared off
Diaruoud Head, gaily decked with flags, and the
international code signal, announcing the treaty
passed. On entering the harbor the welcome
news soon spread that the Senate had rati
fied it by a large majority of 51 to 12, or about
four-fifths of the Senators present. As the
mail ship passed the I". S. war steamer Pensa
cola, the vessels exchanged salutes, arid the
band of the latter played a national air.
The details of the discussion will lie found
on our fourth page, which were published in
extras on the day of arrival. Further details
are given in our columns to-day. It is under
stood that all grades of raw Hawaiian sugars
and rice, with the articles before published, are
to be admitted free in all American ports ; while
a large list of American products, specified
in tlie treaty, are to lie admitted here free.
The text of the treaty cannot lie published,
until the ratifications are finally exchanged, and
Congress has provided for its operation. This is
owing to a rule or custom of the American gov
ernment that no document laid before the Sen
ate in its executive capacity, can be publish
ed until after final action has been taken on it.
The only material amendment made by the
Senate was, that during the continuance of the
treaty, the Hawaiian government may not cede,
sell or lease any portion of its territory to any
foreign power. This was evidently done in case
an attempt should lie made by another nwer to
acquire au advantage or foothold hero ; though
it is well known here that the Hawaiian people
are strongly opposed to ceiling away any part of
their territory. This clause will only render
the treaty more popular with them than it has
been, and is, moreover, an additional guaranty
of the independence of the group, to secure
which has really been tho impelling object of
the American Senate in ratifying the treaty.
There is nothing iu the treaty giving privi
leges to American citizens or ships over those
of other nations. The reciprocity clauses apply
exclusively to goods and merchandise named
Hawaii has obtained this special favor, not
liecause the reciprocity between the two
countries will be equal, but because the Am
erican people feel a great interest in main
taining our national independence, and they
are willing to make a sacrifice, in a fiuancial
point, for this purpose. For this Hawaii owes
a debt of gratitude to America. To all tho
Senators who voted for the treaty, but more
especially to Senators Kelly and Mitchell,
of Oregon, Senator Cameron of Pennsylvania,
Hamlin of Maine, Sargent of California, und
Jones of Nevada, as well as to the President
und his Cabinet, the Hawaiian people will ever
feel grateful. The American press has also
shown the wannest friendship for as in this
effort to form a closer commercial union.
The visit of King Kalakatia, no doubt, aided
much in securing this boon for us, as his man
ly and modest bearing won for him and for us
an unmistakable friendship. The Alhi gays
very truthfully : " It is more than probable
that the recent visit of the Hawaiian King to
and through a good portion of our country
materially aided the passago of the treaty.
He came, although a King, democratically,
and us fur as possible, without any of the pon
derous formalities which monurchs aro so fond
of wrapping themselves up in. He proved
himself an agreeable, intelligent, well-behaved
gentleman, and in those characteristics we see
more of the qualities which honor the n?me
and state of King than can all tho form and
ceremony of Courts, even that most pretentious
one of China." The same paper atlds : " The
Hawaiian Treaty has passed the ordeal of tho
Senate, the telegraph says by a vote of fifty
one to twelve, a very decided majority. Wo
think that besides any prospective pecuniary
and business advantage which the Senate and
tho country saw in this troaty, there was a
strong feeling of sympathy for a weak people
and Government who appealed to a great na
tion for a favor. It may be that some see in
this an eventual acquisition of the Islands. It
may be so; but we think that idea hail but lit
tle to do with negotiating the treaty."
There is nothing in this treaty which any
European power can take exception to. The
principle of reciprocity by treaties has
been recognized by England and France, and
both these Governments will probably fully
endorse it in this case. The chief benefit which
Hawaii will derive under the treaty will be the
impetus which it will give to industry among
all classes, natives as well as foreigners. It will
be Hawaii's great opportunity a measure
that will attract immigrants from every
quarter of the globe, and speed her and her
people on the ocean of prosperity ; while
America will secure an increased trade in
lumber, flour and manufactures, the demand for
which will constantly expand as our products
and industries increase. In this way the ad
vantages will be mutual, though they may not
be equal in value.
fnri,M or botal aim h i
,VtrrXo 1 are reooeasjad 10 mka notu-. t th rr
'Wlar monthly meeoaaj of tBaA body wmJ
Thursday Bi-morrow, rvrsOnc. ax IS o rlocB.
mm- TV., nitm. Thill.- T.x! V,i 1 of ttlS
order of Oood Tempters, wilt catoorat tb Sth Anniversa
ry at their onranliatlon on Saturday evenlnar ml IB ITtB
mat at 7 JO o'clock, at tbelr rooms on King Mlreet Tb
pobne are cordaUly InvlteiL
A CARD. L17CT L THlBtWTjr kMsarS
haa been f ery tenderly touched ami obtained hy lb synv
pathlalna: acts of friends. When the neWHwad widow Bad
acromplhbed her uibak-n abroad, an Biuret f merry
named Help, moved among us In familiar rommunloii.
Then he took hb ftlarhl to another coon try and IhjhBrd
down by an oft-freooenteit evttace tn a forest eklrteri town
In North Carolina. He entered with thbt addreaa aayaas.
.. Mary, aloha. I came from your native lalan-la, beartrax
bbbbbbBbj of love- It was uot a vain thaw iha yo waa
drined away to this far nfT abode, to drink alone from tbe
run cup of sorrow. Trials aarrrnfled become a iwod. Now
O. return to voor mother's home, and lei the remnants of
three ran-ration, become tinned to aire attraction, to tb.
path way of tb Ion pUartm, preaatos throuch Urn and
death to the lieBnurul."
Nuuanu VaDey. April IXth. UTS.
BTBaBjBQM tBJMB WB jdtBBBBBaB
Aprs a. a, ivts. rj!rr?z!r.n? J'i.'f'jy. B
a aiawliii r tb rrnbat tlx list aaat far Bas Bbbbbbbb f
J. cartwr-A-ht havtnc ba MB Mr, tel. Ban Lsbbb,
It la hrny ordered, thaw rnawr. tJB, an daw aawa.
A. a HTX. as M.Vtoefc. A Bt f WAV I4BW. Bt BBS (kSBt
Rorun of akl OMarx, as AtBsBal Hawe Hi m k BkwaaaaBa.
be. and ttv. . .
aakl Will and hearti
pu Miration, f r three
Paasd at Haw 1,1 asm.
A. IX 1ST
Jo. K. It. ax .an.
To Loan !
-OX OOI Nil I KttS. IS
amount, to "wit. Inquire of
II. A. WmRJIANN. or
amaarei wBa sa IB Haw ,gw
It. L. Bats xaas Br af AwaS.
tax CBIBW, BBSS. CBBWB. BBVS
V K at I pen
rPBEBI SOtBVT- I.
he mailer or in raaaai iBj r 1
O w. a VttilBBBsrT BamSrapx
Whereas, oa IB IBB duty ot BBll H. A. IX I
Oajiarupl : and whereas.
the prayer ot a.1 petitam dm
ut,l iii, mas II. Harrha b i
w Be ears on lb- Ud JtaBaaw 1
day th 3th BBS ot aakt
OB the aakl HlB day ol
r .( Mjurer,
a. A. Bt UTS, I
- 'it fas bubTT
BSrad at IB MaWaaaaar tu.
ka Baa catr ot "-- ilaBi
XEITHF.B THE BtHf SOU rill. I
denurued I'onaarue of the Bnuali Hark I'.tll.N
Tt'AL will be responsible for any debt contracted by th
Crew of said vessel.
JJJ.XL THEO. H. DAVIES.
THE FOLLOW!! KTKYH ARK Im
pounded at the Koholaloa tloveriiineul Pound, Ho
nolulu i 1 bay burs, white hind feet and forehead. Bl
trur on th back, and haa a protuberance on tbe brlty : a
spotted (whlte and rvdi cow, with a calf, the cow branded
on th riant I'M, left J I and h. These animals wst Be sow
at public auction on rSsstunlny. April 17, l'7S, a! 15
o clock noou. If uot released belore that .tale.
n. it. KAitANAxn,
April llth. IS7S. s tr jsd'a. 1-oon.l Maater.
NEW GROCERIES !
PER STEAMER MACGRE60R,
of l li.arlnsT had brer
aarrTB a nwiaapr put.
no per-.it. ha Tin mad
Detltkin heloa; arinted.
Sow TMBBkruaa It ra i.e.irr: kr IB CWan Bass at
aal.l Thorn II. Ilsrna h. aaat k B) Bssawj IB) kj, i .
bankrupt 1 and IS k) fBflBar ordered hat ewaBws at aB
bankruptcy be err. In th II .w.n.a tl
oii-utl.n week. .Blllnw
Thomas I! Harrtaon Ui
was HI tb city at
hers on FRIIIAV. tb !lh day or PKft A. Bt XBB, a
to o'clock ,. St.. to prove taekr eaAsae ka aaaEBaaaa wBB
the proTtakjna ofrirm as; raf IB TB IkaBa.
A. rB-tNl twirptx
J.iv F n.asraBD, pa pasty 0rk.
IWteil at Honolulu IBB) BMW Bay ot March. A. a tSTX.
1 4 II k S ltt.lt. I 1 1
-I II I IB, S IBS I.
. 4i iBl.
ale and FTSed wwB Ska
narrk. r le
SI St 1, Alt II HI II II I MS.
t'aaoa .Hln-nky Itateou
Proper application bavin t
t'onrt by Tho. W. Kverett, of I
merit or ailtulntntrator on tbe 1
liaioa. Maul. H. L,
all whom It may roncern. thai TVKStiAT. ta. IBBj BUT
UK MAY. KJ. at 10 .,', lock V M. at tb Oawrt Btesawra
tton and anv objection, that may h ,i
(1r Jm. :d Jsanrml IBsBrkL K. L
laitalna. April Sth. tars. xa at
-BXJ-OTI4 K IN IIIIRKIIT lilTH T AU R
. -w .. . . lebted u. tb ratal, ot A
lately dolna noalneaa under tb Itna of Aaat, a
meduie payment to Apaua. whs b) atrXbarrard
all bill.. 1. C. CZJkV.
Honolulu. April IS. HTV SAS It;
Notice to Creditors.
f V lb ana Iter of the Bjwtwkw aj jots' A
m pmAjta niti:wF. iai oriiiwavjaBB,.
Cases California Cream Cheese !
Cases Pine Apple Cheese.
Cases Eastern Gu(lhh.
Gises Limn Deans.
Cases Green Corn,
Cutting & Co's Assorted Fruits,
Ami. ('rufker In tint. 4 nl. Onrkrr omp'y.
CMPAmnd qr. bote Saloon Bread,
i '.in rallfornta Oatmval. lotb 'ur.
Ctv ' -:.f .mi;. T i. k-l Wheat, tOLb bags.
Canes California. Wheat Meal,
Cala. Golden Gate Flour, qr. ska
Kraut Itrewea bar
on tbf "'ill of Apii
to the ualraica
Court, nolle ta b
asaafts to pn-afitt
i niivntlut front JaU. ur they will he I
J. C. i.Utl-K.
Honolulu, April 21. 17 14-41 KcXUm Olllie (nmI
e-l.rT-n Lar '
aaasre mi mr4t ef
.tairito the utiaryJffawaJ vtSJaMB
Oregon (Jala, Oregon Bran,
Notice to Creditors.
IN the nartller of lb CX.Sr St" AUtXAVBOI
having been ran led In the n,.prm Cwart ot th It. a a.
Ilan Kliudlont on th inl day at Aprs. Itrx. asJ Iibiis
teatanieotary lauil to th uuderatMil aa K terMSa at IB
j Katat In that Klncdian.
In pursuance of order of Court, noek-e la brB as
all creditor of th .lereaeed within that Krrurdna. as pt
atnl their i-lalma duly auibentk-alrd aad with IB
voucher. If any exist, even If rlasan b arurd by iwrv
Bwae, at the office of the Harbor Matter. HuMdala. wttB
Ul tlx tuoutht fruiu itate or they will be Btrerer harrW.
Kxerutor in thai Kkaadkva.
Honolulu. April Xlh. 17. ua-4i
HE I lr KH.:i HATIO BEE
point! hy th tln. A. rnrwifr, wLl r witr
uinextHl of the Katate of lata Kitmtre aarSbry of He
BAGS HEW CALIFORNIA POTATOES !
la tea California Oilloua,
Case California Tnmlpa,
Casta Orr-ron Preth Hal mini, l and 2 ltx time.
I'aara 1'. At M. Yeast I'owdtr.
For Hale Low at
H. E. MclNTYRE & BRO.
BY THE UNDERSIGNED
will Aiiiiest-.! of the Rata
ntiauia, Maui, h.rehy n
j entate hi par uitn ana
wine to pr.-fiit them wl
ii Ii.ehw-J to !
iv tag rleim aeat
ha frven tat h feint.
i tale lait- K. mttoy.
SB. ' T
1 ol l.l 114.) tin VSMt.NHHi.l-Mf 1
lie Auction, ou tl
town of lllto, lie
W. F. Conway ; 1
to same. Tbe wl
Toriii 4 r.-sli
Marrh lUt. I
e-r'-lAjtla-.i wtll BB-U t ,
lay of May n"t timurasr la
iw Horn1 ani lATT evmytmtl hy
with certain furnttarv amww0Baj
I h sokl tMJttJrrt to a, tmotXtfmfv
1 1 !l HITi ll"et h
in in t-.. i.i:iiki.i: it. it ti i
IMAHKl. Jlcl)l HAI L. .,r
the benefit of tbir cred-
k . pCle'
trail awl lahrl aVlmataJI.
rtlet owtn to tb aaat. k
to present then, to, and
link.' immediate payuarl
Kb. Hi. I I HI.Vhi.KIl t .
Honolulu, 'rtth March. I7J. US. at
r Ol I I' N hi KSII.M II II t I Ml,
BL rlrm.-d under the will try IBs Hum. A
l lrrult Judae of Maul, aa Kxentsra ot Bat
II K.N It opr. late of Makawau.
persons Indebted to til said Katat to
payment, and all who have any talma
hi present them with Tour be ra u
tlx mouths from data, or thy wll
u lervcned wlthaa
I r ; - I
mOJiS BEST SMITHS' COAL,
JL Tons Best Ulasgow Splint Steam Coal,
Bar Iron, ta assorted sixes.
LIME JUICE CORDIALS !
Ia 1 dos. cases of the celebrated manufacture of
JOHN OILLON Co., Glufow.
AL80 A FEW OT
Smith & Weilstood's
CELEBRATED STOVES and RANGES,
Highly recommended by those who hare tried
them, still on hand, and will be disposed
of at LOW Rates, to suit ths times.
Notice to Creditors.
Is i n i niii it ssr the i hi" i r i. or
III. Ml V II. H.tWYKIt. late of Knukta. laBaad rf
: Oahu, deeeaaed. Probate of tbe laat will aad
with rwdXCH ,i,,nex-. of the wud Henry H.
been granted In thi
! .".Hi day of Marrh.
I to the utnerdtii-il.
Coart, nolle kt hereby ctven to ail
; eeaaeii to preterit their - hum. duly
tbe proper vooebtra. ir any exist, evea If th eaasas Bt aa
currd by mnrttras on real eatal. at IB idle of IB at
deraurned In Aluolanl tloua. Honolulu, within at aaoatha
from data or they will b forever havaad.
CUAB. T. Ul'UCX.
Kxerator of tB WO).
Honolulu, Marrh , ISTl.
erne Court, In probate, aa IB
letter, tealameniary kaned
-In pr.rrBBc af ef
The Following Machinery,
One Sugar Mill, Complete
WESTON'S CENTRIFUGAL MACHINES.
AM. riitsoNs intiNi. i i. linn .,...
the KaUte of the late AI.I.AX W Jt"TD. wgrllsBl
present Ihtm without delay to either of lua aalirrtsja n-
CUAfl. H. JVDD.
A. PKASCIB Jt DD.
Honolulu, March . 1ST.
ROYAL HAWAIIAN THEATRE STE.tH CLARIF1ERS, 100 and 500 Galls.
Saturday, April 17th, 1875.
Amateur Minstrel Troupe !
Their Introductory Performance before
the Fnblic of Honolulu.
AN I11M1-N.-K BILL WILL BE PRODUCED
COXIC AXTt srXTIXE.VT.II. SIM.IM.,
XEf.RO SKI I HI S
CVOfi AMUII. 1I1M IM1.
With Mr. Joseph Mnrpbj's Ureal Sketch
The Chinese Intelligence Office I
BIS MAJEsTY THE KINO
Aad Suite are expected to be present oo this occftjion
S. B. Tbe Peniaeol full Bras Baud will be ia
attendance aad discourse soma of their choice selea-
Ticket fur reserred Beats can be secured at ths
Hawaiian Hotel, ThursdAJ, Fndxj aad Saturday.
For farther particular let small bills.
OB fUTI'KEV FEED For Bale By
K-U A. BUjiTr.B.
mtsvm Aarncix-For ssi by
I EOU.KH A ro
DRY GOODS !
Of Various Descriptions,
Per Bark D. C. MURRAY.
Cue Reidaaiek') Ch xmparne.
Cases Atsurtad Brandt Champagne,
Cases HeoBsaej't I, J and 3 Star Brandy,
Cat Assorted Brands Brand,
Cass Best CI tret.
Cases Best Scotch Whiskey,
Cases Bast Holland Sia,
Basket Bast Holland Oia, itoa js(f.
Cue Best Old Ton Oia, Cases Assorted Clarst.
BEST AMERICAN WHISKIES!
Oecidentnl, Hermitage sad O.P.C.
Cases Best Pale Sherry,
Cas Bnt Old Port,
Quarter Cask Hsnnassi' Pais Braudr,
(.uartar Casks Pal Sherry,
Quarter Cask Irish Wbiky,
Quarter Casks Jamaica Bum.
McEwan's India Pale Ale,
PiaU sad Quart.
Blood, Wolfe A Co's India Pals Ale, pts aad au.
Bas k Co's India Pais Als, plat aad quarts,
0 ranee Bitter.
ALSO, JUST RECEIVED PER KA MO I!
EWAJ'I XXx arrelT, Is jwra.
QUA am AID PTSTB.
POST WISE, 1st S alar, eases t SHERRY wise
la S dos. est bs, f aastrrtwr quality.
' r. T. LENEHAN at CO.
Mars ha Ts Sale,
Kit! l.l It UNOKS. BY H. n. DOLE. Uaar-dlan-MAIUlARET
KlTH an. I HA at C KI. BaTTaf.
(iiuiplalnanta. Ta F. W. IHTCHI)W aod WMK
HI'TfJHlnO.w. Uefeodanta. BeBir th HOB. A. F. Jrxn.
Jnd AsaorUU JuaOr of th Supreme 'Wirt
By tlrtue of a III else ttaraln out of the Mupreme i .urt
of Law and Eqnltr of th Hawaiian taaaat, kt Bitot of
the abovH named plalkUflk. for !B turn of BIBal.BB. I
thall.on Saturday. BBS 'All, atay mt 4 awl I ItTX, at
the front iloor of tb Court Houa f Honolulu, at 19
o'eloek ttOM. expo, for sale all th rtsht. Ml aad la-
lereai or aat 'lernaanta. in ami to all
ijx.rucaire.1 rirmiw. el forth ami 'leaerl
(ace wl .i.mplalnant In ihacana t.1 forth, aad i
as tollowt Tnt :
Thow lire in I tew wtnatnl In
Oahu. and boondad a foliowi i nu la kaafc of uaa
Sah pond ran north wrat .traajht alatut th Matt ef ta
auwal IBS feet, - vr U ft, XtPWBa
iwi j rt, m to-, w :i,rt, ,v u E i ft Bsath
asawsrs mill wall, and hau tree 17 M n. i
pond. Area 171 acre arr-.nnn ta Award u USBB.
Alan, accoiraraj to Award .So SAX, tnm IB SB oaraa af
the nam, run f Uht ft aaarax th road, w 17 -i! ft
alon atalwl'a land, nirwil HI, M BBS W ta 7-11 ft k
the pood of Paaoao, B V E 1 ewaua IB a. I s ft akaas ta
pond of nana to the Martina- iiolnt Area B77 at,
"da and 7 feet with all the nshta tad piliilawa, aw
proTmnta and appurtesancea to IB aaaae iU.Tr.
W. C PARKE, aarBBal
Honolulu, March 33. 17.
Auction Sale at Hilo, Haw.
May 8th, 1875.
V. F.wijsj LATHE A. SB TBI B) law.
1 . j i . nnrw-rio.tr.
On lantaaBBS Pnmp,
BU ptacrs 2 MhafUruj.
fix It-Inch Iran Pullera.
A Lot .if K.iuudry kilrna..
On DWfcXtraiJ HOCsl aad LBUSB OT LA-SD.
Tb ahOT will Im told at Auction on tb. Sth of May attl
In th town of Hilo. WM. UHUATk. Adraatejtrasar
YjUMUi at H. aaaCBBawa,
Hilo, March lata. UTa. bm 7t
Notice to Creditors.
Is Ttu "irriR or TalK emtate or
CHBWri tT H'KaKT, of Hooolalu, liiiiiawl,
Probat. of the last will .,i 1 ralaavrat of ta. aakt Orb
nan Eckart bavin; taata ran ted ra ta. SB I B I IBS Casrl
ran tb lad .Ur of February. IBTS, aad Lran rwaaaaaaat-
ary isaue.i to the I nil
tnx and tola iMrkr,
In purtaaoe of Orrlar of Cowrt, aaAa B)
to ail cre.iio.rs nx the
duly aalaenrarautod. aad with ta proawr Toscaara. If .
exist, eeen If th eUka nearrd by
BE t !
montht from date, or they will bt forrrtr k
uoooiuiu, reriruarr 14. 17.