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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, April 21, 1875, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1875-04-21/ed-1/seq-2/

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Bamit
BAWAHAS GAZETTE
MTOTtP TV HIWAIUS PKviISSL
rrsusKsr asr xrcrxz by
HENRY M. WHITNEY.
seme iuvBKua of jYt.-v JaAi,
.-, LTtirt ti a&arv gi" cite pew.
wjsafcaBl pvwvcsiad at his Aecitioc wis
TVr .vr of J asto.-v Ji- MM
ai hpni at imbml tat wfl
aagast: tx feet rarat af Wwcaafee ppeal..-i
:. - -. i - i.e v
o.va fartiVr ,xaJara to Ww case. B
v - . . r. S.t t .ivaivr .?
writer; Nit be .iVwtwi hasaWf aaiv to tW
HpiaSv-n of hMcorv of val ai totayawty
iiakiEu.it. ssriaftyr i few yr kw taw Trill to
vvcjajrc ciartlj to la owa wtaatry.
' ai Lnm m Sw.
B 7 nin i A v."ta.. rowt, at. N muiua.
t B aahtaaea . nt nn A Intai aa
- . VM
Ab Swaaan ML Baaaaii II
3: Bad, Svr-LKna St. aaaaBBBB.
r. Hbbbbbii lljUtAIUL
" i
s.-.. -.jX-.t:
tkatet! Ik tiiBnBay far Ok Sr
ai a: 4'-. per
a.'
i::.;. . as: ,.ic . t.-.. cv:
.-L: . (.;
rilr.vis ami i.
T an out t tfciahf f rafeuuii. kJ ffta
mi b1 ; wMBmm Wfjt aafl M fus kre
in i null iii lia; iwahv kcUicin aai lariwn,
ujii m tvitrjc taunijTiaa to pevpfc; Hawaii-
Simii da aaaM it xtxguU? bat b; ihj piw
nt almoK 6Ser ibMriMaagl T rwctoc-re
I: lis..- j...ns Cm ' . - i ;'
; to - . ; - - . .
:..c u
: BB1 Boari of Hoaitfc ta
it b iaw to the aaMk tku tta
aatni ixixi b aut tin tas tvva
io..- .rwi iii "ii: :': -.r -.: ac.
aMjl cadue .f L-jfC.-wT m kj be toomi oalaaV
rf tht; tiiinii of ok Miiaiti" I.-cuf k-Ta1
-ar lam unk tv at once UiC tvtor;
a iri..c. v; ..c':c:-.-sb :aaj
t Ifcawajjti tUT'itfcjcatij.'a to be aiaii. Cstil
" aiiaa;if" h the cuoLarr a ptwiitoeii. th
na.T tnntt to A? flbrt ,-f the Bkaal ,,f
to cccSTji this diiwuee aiai ccevk its
TV &BriM; traot ftvm sa artid m
Use 3tajber of the San Ft.-!s.v (.
: ' .-.vvr-.-wes :bc -.vis'i.'
3e-.tiaaca of a trvojr of aajMM reeipev-
beew tW raaevi Slatos aad ;bv SaaO-
irkt Uaaat k TCacanK-v! Vv suay as the
stvp towurJs their aaraeiatt Wbi!e v re-
car-i tie trwitr as iestrabie ia Btaar
with taw rea the t mmI of ascevac. It
W 3. 5 hervtotofv beec iho iKjjev vf our tier-
r nt to laTv aar riViwhl atnoaKacita
it i watMaaUr vhether oor tora of i!ovt3-
- " to the ataiaateaww
we ovU minimi theoi with jvrv-iit to Aeir ia-
or to our own rwt le. There hare
arwajs beea a3K(f a atazv persons who ta
v. rwi sworaic the aaaexarxti of other terri-
uf oar national vtomnua.
The aoiiiHna af LioaaMaHV of Texas, aai of
p'.-rta.'Ot of Xeskv were atoWBeots in tht li-rwtt-.'c.
wfcjlch have proTwi aa..t desiraHe i-
to
atoc wrth it ia m eaer
1 The porchitde of Haiti
aad has prweti sc Ear aa
WkW ther bae beec of saia ia the
war of fsrs or ooaiawrvia! adinaSies has
beea mpei br ovrporato eaoeopolv . aai the
has teet bapja b the Go
acviaiti..ft of Cuba, ami St Doming has
the irsaa of acxeotarers and political
the sttBOboa of
tJ Sew
UUtai State of Ato bare no need
Sa:..ic Isiaac in tate of peace,
ttaafk their jvssess.. ia Bate of war tahdtt
add to oar aaral strecicth oe the MaW
Whiie we i. not waat them, it is true that we
; desir- that tar ..her powerfal
tovjuire them. So Iotc as the Islands
tine of Kings, so Iuoh; as the cac asaaase their
owa aiirs and w.vnain wish a their tk.-arest
and pa.
- a. r:s. a tZ that .-crat to r.-
tpcre.-
ihe rerN-toa It hajevi and biadiwr. TV ax
bv waiea Mr. ) jcave k po.pelT M the
MaV of CWnit was aot Kartilr deaa. bat
was oal cowyjwfcj after W of iMibera
txo. and h was swaademS a soleaai and irre
wvabJe as if at tad deeded il to aar cttiaea
of the state. Whether be wa Hue or iaaaws
the sr-astee bar bat oee Uae of Arty betor
taw to iatabj passive piitka aed re
tain (vwsessiv of rae pr.-(vrt r oatil it is hfi)y
takva trvm tkeaw dtsafmtabie as this coarse
siav be. Xo Calitorm a jurr will erer return to
Mr. lick .e dollar of this fund which he. of hi
owa accord, detaVcatoiv and jceoeroaslv eave-
to her p.-p4e. TV estate valued at tre
miUkw. and wiB increase ia value innaallr.
TV :' : '.o wia,c a list of tV Lack jtifts as re
porU'd ia tV & P. fauVtea
Te o--v MM fry sale of propertj ww
to be JeTOtvJ to tat Mtoa-aj jstrpwea; tlWvtXW
fcr naili tltat u stMecvat.'ry at lak Taaoe. and
reocartnac K-r It a taMeofn of catr Kaai tfeaa
aar one ret DMr. aai m ol4r nsceeta xprrtw to
rt; to ex rVotnalaat vVpaaa Aapaaa of tal city
aao. lia: o: JaaKaat to ta LaJses- rrottvUoa
9artrt at tab city. kaa; to the Ha-
ckaaic s lastltat tad tie BlJa toe the Prevva
ttoa of l.tj to aaaaala. et UJartqr. Maaca .
tattoa to t called ttw 1M U0'
Itttka erentloa of atwaitc bi-
aeet to O waon of aW tSer. Ms htasr. al
mi Ma Mater. tack; tor :a-
tie crwttoa of tooese OKWamest in Got
Jet bat M ai tbt bk::.tv oi Faasecort Key,
tat aataar of rv r w .law. tXMW:
!or M erect: M or llw Sut (.aptol o a t-oap of
Voae aUtaarr. to reanamt the kWort of Cajhw
T'u. coatWi ta toaai aai tdo the cviKvna
scaoo: of v- -. fAV..v v- ! .
erved to S;se tfte propertT is Ul bastaess offloe.
Lrllw
A KlinUaj
aai tat tatnart aaaaremeL t Ja-t-e the reaaia
4r W tt llM ot bis OooeueaJ prwrertv n Sat
,vwe. iwsk ( per i
a itaHtt oaT wtlb t eoawai
t. Ttf hit toother J.oj.n. k
to sis half brv-tien. Herry o J Samael LK. t.t
eaeo; to lis atrrs .-! two atotM M of tlese
tttawtatatt m tvnvmiuaww; wtweepiie.
i-va m Saora .Tara caaafa. JdiVV.
K. r-r San J.we. ttV. He
that if aaTtaimr rmaiBo .: :: . -v.-e!
aftr aa.:a( these" freo tests t: shoeld be JtvUeJ
lattj tt a tat tat rto-en aat tat Acaantr ut
Setencea, to erect haitltan lb these tatftttaa oo
str.J (itte them (or this purpose :z i Je-i ;-.!:
; reevMisi
The two societies named last become the
residuary Iecatoes. aael. it is thought, will re
al least one miltioa dollars each, provid
ed the deed
Oar Local ladastrlea.
A few i in thai aga I
the 1 1 il Hh. arer cue
ie news was spread by
YMBMUBs aau anuer oceuas
tes, that jis.et Lick of
mia r.u'. eec-t itoirier. estate, Tal-
- l' . .r ;v ziuii-.rttf ot douHk to
Sees t.c beceroleol porpoees. and praises were
eeerwhere accorded to the man who had doce
thai aobie act. Bat, alas, for the aacertaint y
of aii earthly rfifcajt. Jaws Lick has rv-
v'. iti h-s ii tnit attd. is tar as is in k
- -v : -. I - -;r-i.--v : et .:-
is was i.ce just before the departure of the
last steamer fr.ot San Francisco, and we will
to fire the tacts as they come to s.
Xr Liok made a deed of his property its
Jtme IS-1 to certain trustees ; bat as it
' t-d t-.r'.vt:-.. moth..- nsrr-t.-ect uxre ea-
piscit was drawn, op in Jaiy, ta which he con
veyed to TVmas H. Selfcy. H. JL Xewhall, D.
V - -.v ' i: A. r-i. tie. rv-e H. H- wari.
JaaaO. Eari ami James Otis, ali of his property
in trust to sell it and devjte the prx-eed to the
totaaraahle and
.-' ;aiif;raia. This cocvev-
i to be irrerocable.
iiti tt v.- - -- - -i
the abcee trustees a letter aateBaar nat that I
' w: -ad-. atLC ;a5.d :. be recoried a ieed
:. . i.re .-..cvod k
L. ti-is jitter he says :
room,
nanve v
-.'I-. -U J. . . '..
t-aataa laaanaaaa, ttaaaaa.
ttaagaaa a ot.. Eat St. aWataat,
c iiiitt'in, sbwii -t. aaaaaa.
tt t am a atatav. snaaaa s aaaaa.
3D a rtaaaaa. Itrc Sc. mumsrr.n
r-at Ta tn aiii taaM. Sm.ui
aa -w. raa Sjct.t. ttoauoim.
IS It Sciaarxr Ibnani t S jouOSB.
31 mii a Sao. r Srnr a iwiu . to
ti am xa. ntaaam. auouuuu.
a I wat tde aaaa Baaat
Imm vry ser.'is chances aJraxst
WWa
aa Tau Sfxwwa st, aaataa
Mimm Sam. traaif tii iinm.
. . r. -
tt auauv v mmouu. T-jixa. jaaa j parBadtatV
Itulm rial Caaaaaaaaaa.
-s- - - i - t
iast-aaafaTata rf ' daf fcataVjST'E'
" -r -u .. ifr.mi if. ii vjnat. ot aa eartniv :crs. James Laos: has re-
"."T T!j!f1?'- tt j wii'iintj of aawt p-ajahiti n. btu dropa the 1
ff i ii in if fima, j aaaaaa tad -a nt- , "ihji" ' aMtua aatwaar practi-.-al soiuto.-a
i m- C:r-iC' : "1 as aai. aaaliai Ibj llllBfj. aill ll a I ii il
Ainaae j.aara. x, , ,
ianmt tnailt a T iii. . . . at j , a . .-i - .
A-ata rwa. tVy tb go their irrrral WTaen the sac-
i.:.-...-r :,: i .:! ' s".i ,t autuai Si. ' '" " " :: ' : r;-"-1 ? - 1 "to-" t -. , i . iin lTTd : tkM
' -Tt aSjia. At the taaat tiaat we are weii aware that tar Tata aaat tfm ml Hi tn .i J I
StlmSmitmAS'' " i""1 , faVrd at aae etaBtrbaaabjaaai aiitaii at aat'aat "illif at to aakx. that ttotn
- ""InlaiaaTa aada ta a teak Aiwa tat Amerira and Enrooe. It if the inieL:- mBy Joiaii "J rro f P m
S2rSCSTXttZlSr wV a hita the .creat LlZ
- f- rth--.-tn. ttiaaoai. bar- " wvajth, wiick rltwiatf m rafifiy , f rtT) MM
Frwaa Fiji - " -n: . : ., . -
Oar Baa mt Uaaa pattn act to Xaara t, ra bettemVar their own. liWn, taaaiy ijililj atB Bat, ta as tat watts frrrcMatir c at least - to sfty thuosaod
Ta at aare-awataaaa ato iawatt agtast j -T Jta7 "-J f aTl"fl!ll C""t"
aTJAs. Taa! at-ri ""'" ' i: : ' " " "J "" l" a) III Ilia lit, ill. Jam Li-.rs.'
wlsa. rato j'l -fiff" f"i ll k n at haaac tad thtaad. lWldiM TV traabaes, ok the receipt of tV iettarim-
-a, -raitri .i r.umra patcaJ rV aerttaat. -B rP-: -" ri ' fwy I foa to trr Lack tV eoBtral of tV prsp. I aaaBtJ, akaO
Last week Mr. Wallace, proprietor of tV
asaasaaTT. atvited a aaaber of rentie-
men to visit his ostaNtshment. in which V has
lately infarjdajced tome tmproveawnts. which
cive it a place wortfcy of mention ar-totar oar
local irdastries. TV laandry located at
Palama, on the Ewa road, jost far enough out
of town to ai-rd the sedusior. necessary for
the saccessfal oc-rati..in of such an establish
ment. On entorin the baitdiisr. are toand that
an entire rerolatk-c has been onlvted. by the
of steam power, which now does
the work formerly done by hand. A larse
cylinder six and a half by five and s half feet
receives the
dirty dothes. of which s tiwesand or more
be pet in at one. This revolve
by steam power, aad so enVctsal is its work
that in the everse of ninety minutes, the larre
batch is turned out thoroughly cleansed. Prom
this washer the clothes ire removed to three
riaaiag tanks, then they pass throxh wrtarert
driven by steam, thence are taken to a steam
dryiaic room, where, after rentainina: fifteen
or so to dry. the pass to the irotantr
are employed from ten to fifteen
rotnec, sum of whom are as skilfnll in
this senrtoe as any foreign women in other
TVt irxi aKxit five shirts an
hoar, but the more expert of them average
seven or eurfet. One very smart woman named
Lokai tarns oat tec shirts an b.nir, when there
is a rash of business. Keems, collars and
anstiioxds receive as mfQ polish hen as
ia any laundry in America, and the whole
work seems to be as well executed. When the
last mail steamer passed thrtMarh to San Fran-
washeii artd icr up triit:z three fur fr--:
the time tVy were deposited at the laundry.
This will anbrd an idea of the capacity of
the estatlishaierit for execatinr orders in a
hurry. Ordinarily any personal work received
ia the utortdn can be returned, if desired, the
In every part of tV estabiish-
has been introduced wherever
it can be made to assist is the labor. For in
stance, all tV plain ir.Tdn, as sheets, tow
eitntr, socks, ic- is done by steam power, and
af Map very rapidly. In the whole estab-
Kuaa. Japan, Oec. lHh, 1ST.
Pitan GtaaTrsr- In my last I told yv-u
aaaaaiaf abort Oaaka. it appearatn-es insti
httxvas. boainesa. oic. im the nrtt tVtober we
aKred to Kobe. Lei me raw tpeak of this
place a far as 1 am able. I will pes yoa.
v vr 1 :Vk. a very i.'rl-t:! .xf i; la
the lataroare .f atKdVr. whvw cxporieta-o is
much tarrer than mine.
"Kkc is M vd the most pclatvwuely ait
oatwl places I have to far teen in the Kat. Its
arivach from the sea it really charming, and
resunda oae more of a Swiss svvoo than of aa
Oriental jvrt. Its ukwI strikine feature is the
qux-er but yajQCcd rattC vd hills, which lie
close behind tV town, rising to a rvinsKrorabls
Vieht. and prrsentinjr every variety vf Hphl
a.n.1 slvatle. in its elift ami wnhml shpe. anl
MrtaTae oft the place to treat advantage, as the
houses ami villas lie scaltored aloauc the in
clined plane, from the water to the base of the
hill, so thai from the tea all of Kobe b visi
ble at a irmnce. TV arm of iV bay narrow
considerably ; as we cokh up towards the town
and bleak ami roUh ratijres ot hills are visible
either hand. There is strait to the left,
which can be seen on;e distance ft, through
which the sliip passes .n enferimt tV inland
sea. Walking l.,!r thx water front of tho
place, we found a bread street and irrvxtt lawn,
with finer muses ami better taste l.iv.si
than anything of tV kind in tlie Yokohanta
settlement. In fact it reminded me not a lit
tle. V though of course .ui a vvry small scale)
of the street in Chicago facing .Hit on tV lake.
Kobe itself is not a lante place, being simply
the oorutuereial outlet of tVaaka ; and it has
only been built up during the last few years :
it is unite modern it; st le and very pretty in
appearance. The sttvvts are ltvul and smooth.
aad the wbxdo place has an airy, cheerful look.
Every body seems :c :: i-.is." He should
have said, except missionaries, several of wh.ua
by overtasking their tvains are breaking dowa
in less than two rears labor here.
Touching the place and its business. I give
a few items published in tho !tp.t .Urn for
July IS. 173. by tV English consul al this
port:
" TV municipal council has contracted for
the lighting of the settlement with gas from
the works of an English company, which are
being rapidly erectod. On tV hill slopes K
bicd the town and settleciont, comparatively
good roads have also been made oo a cheap
principle. The native town has increased with
astonishing rapidity. Fairly drained anil wide
thear multiform use ,d bamboo at traly woa
.lerful. TVy use it not oabjr aa tounduliott
tot fans, ami for rariowa beautlfnl toy, raaketo.
oic. ; but oven when split into strips ami hratd
od for hoH for larjto ami aiwall .nluer,
ud whs net tplil ami cul into proper length,
for fencing.
TVro are, il i id. Iwrniy light mMe
these coasts, ami all built ainoe foreigner
wer. freely lmittod.
Jan. I . A happv mw year to all our friend.
Wo now have very el weather ; tho mercury
.vasiaaily dwu to M and il i Fahroiv
Vit. ami k-w half inch thick. Aloha ia oukou
apau. r. i
bKS.-TV ruorvnrr ha fr.iueiitlr iood
at 10 , and below thai : and at ; and
we Vvo sven i two inches thick, ami MTtral
brief snow uall.
irniin. y,M,
NOTICW.
ait t"
a5a2,ia25
m mmm aa to i
aai saw aanrhtt
: :
mployed, and from forty
1 pieces ran be turned cut in a
Latmdry was ceaaateaeed
years ago by the late B. H. Lyon, and
was purchased two years since by the ptijeeaa
rcxil January of this year the
work was dose entirely by hand. Mr. Wal
lace aVserve great credit for providing am es-
raratie ; ; i-s ill a rk that
may V o&red to it, in a manner and wrth such
that -'. -ai. ha-e ca-tse f r
Visitors to tho laandrv will al
V aekuax on Wedaesdavs.
Aaatker Kecipraciiy Treaty.
Daring tV extra ressioB of tVSeamte, Pras-
in a new treaty of lgviptucitr
ratacxaat- An a aacaaage accDaspaaTtaag
avers that this is more in
the Carted States than the Treaty of July
The Baacatrre, in Us messige, sets forth that
all the diplomatic steps necessary to
its favorable recognition by Belgium have
bytV Ministers Brussels. TV
aa follows, sad has been ap
proved by tV Seaafc. Itsecaresto
they may
parti as desiring to
; r aaatt r.
of their respect-
oae of tV
the trade aorta sfixsd in tV
- rWaal
V strictly prohibited, and shall
fat daaaagss in favor of
to be proaeewted in the
to
a taasa mmk hi aiisl Oai
Sf the III Ifll may wi,h to
i bTm ::. :., Aai aaaaj kl
laagad as f til tan : TV aaarks i dttxens of
the Ciated gtate at Brussels in the oaVe of
the Clerk of the Tr&aaavl of Cna is i, sad
it shall Veqasily so in the
TV treaty is to ceaaaaa ta
.Zi.
party of s desire to
are to be exchanged
streets, at right angles, noa- divide Kobe into
large blocks, wVro many booses in foreign
style are eredeil The foreign shipping of both
ports, Kobe ami Hiogo. give a total of MO ships.
5TXlS tons, entered and cleared during IST3.
The bays of Kobe and Hiogo, the former set
apart for foreign shipping, the latter used ex
clusively for Japanese owned vessels, are sep
arated by a narrow point of land formed by the
deposit of the granite sand discharged by the
Mtnato at its entrance into tV bay. Both bays
are situated on the Jf.W. side of tho Osaka
Gulf. TV superficial area of tV bay is about
four square miles. It is open on the S.E. side j
the greatest depth being 3 V, fathoms, which
for a distance of about MO yards, gradually
lessens towards the beach. The hay of Hiogo
is in many respects similar to that of Kobe ;
but. if anything, it is loss exposed to the wes
terly winds. Southerly, and southeasterly
gales. wVn very strong, sometimes prevent
communication with the shipping in these har
bors. Tho superficial measurement of the sea,
known to foreigners as the gulf of Osaka, is
about 415 square miles."
It is stated in a document that the annual
income of Japan for tea, has averaged, for the
last 13 years. 810.000.000. For silk, silk
worai eggs, copper, ic., it has been considera
ble ; but I can't speak definitely. It is said
that silk sold so well a while since that quite
an inferior article has been brought into mar
ket, sad that the demand for Japanese silk
worm's eggs had led many to devote their time
entirely to the production of them. Hence tho
market had been glutted, and recently the
government burned up a large lot, having first
paid for them. There are said to V 33 mines
where very pure ore is found ; some of these
have a sprinkling of gold and others of silrer.
TVee mines if properly worked, it is thought,
would yield largely. There are at least two
gold mines, but they have not been worked re
cently. They hare also coal mines, which are
partially worked : but little of the coal, if any,
is of first quality. Wheat and rice are export
ed to some extent : also vegetable wax, cam
phor, floss silk aad tobacco.
Some scenes which I have witnessed illus
trate, clearly, expressions in the Bible. For
instance, Samson said to his companions, " If
ye had not plowed with my heifer ye had not
found oat my riddle." I have repeatedly ssan
natives plowing with s cow, or heifer, (never
with an ox or horse,) attached to a very small,
primitive plow. Again, we read of two milch
km, tied to a cart, on which the Philistines laid
the ark when they wished to return it to the
Israelites. In one iraaTinre I saw two cows
tied to a cart (with traces made of straw) and
loaded with grain ; rice I suppose. I often see
small carts (usually of three wheels) each
drawn by a single cow, with straw traces, aad
straw shoes ingeniously fastened under sad
around their feet. And they seem to V well
fed sad kindly used. TV third wheel is small
aad under the fore part of the cart. To hold
back they sotaetnaes throw out a drag, and at
others the driver walks before the cart and
leans against the head. TV yoke is a stick
tii or 3 inches thick, about 3 feet long with a
small curve. To the ends of this the traces
are tied, aad it is kept in place by a strap un
der the neck, and tied to the yoke on each side
of the neck. TV Whipple tree, is very simi
lar to tV yoke aad tied to the cart with a rope
sf straw. TV wheels are a single piece
of a log or plank, ingeniously fastened together,
and from 3 v 3 feet in diameter, aad some-
hooped with iron, and baring iron boxes,
nam bands on the ends of the axles : aad
all ease of wood. Cattle and horses are used
as pack animals, aad carry loads equal to a
St tanas-cart. Japanese cattle aad
horses are small, aad the latter are raw-booed
ni tempered, but better breeds are now
being imported. All the cattle that I hare
seen hare rings in the nose, with a string at
tached to it.
TV Japanese show their skill in many ways
atfhnagh they work very slow, their cultiva
tion of tV soil is admirable. They seem very
expert in making sad ajsing manure, and in tV
rotation of crops. They also show great in-
gaatsity is making ronttraeri of straw for rice,
barley, bras, ace. TVy first tie it ia small
d then bind these together so close
that small sprain, sad even salt sad bran, can
V securely carried in sacks made of this. And i
The use of tV spectroscope in tho crating of
tttotals is extending, and is regarded a t
pecial value where purity i otil. for
which reason it is employed in IV coining es
tablishment of Europe. nd ha leen recently
introduced into the Tinted Stato Mint. The
way iu which the instrument detects even the
ukwI minute quantity, is marvel hut.
Tho aajaau of 11. B. M Ship Challenger
promise to add a large store of useful infor
mation to those branches of science in which
ho was otigaged. Dr. Wyvillo Thonpson,
chief of her scientific corps, ha recently read
an interesting paper on the discoveries made
vvneerning tV bottom of tV ocean, and of cer
tain deposits now in process of formation.
It contain the resulta of doep-soa soundings,
which haw revealed the existence of vast area
of barren clay at the bottom of tho sea, in
depths varying from two thousand two hun
dred to four thousand fathoms, and more. In
other parts, the bottom is composed of tho so
called jjnVvrTtw mud ; that is, a thick deposit
of small creatures known to naturalists as .
.-f. :. which live near tho surface, and sink
to the bottom when dead. There they accumu
late, building up ch.dk for ago to cuius when
land and sea shall once more change plait.
But it is remarkable that at the depth of two
thousand two hundred fathoms, t V yiytria.1
thin off and disappear, and the gray deposit
merges into the barren clay above mentioned.
TV explanation is, tbat below two thousand
fathoms, the tiny shells of the o&tyerina are
.hssolvcd by some action of the water, and tint
the minute quantity which thoy contain of al
luinina and iron goes to form the areas of W
ren clay. TV extent of those areas is so great.
that it exceeds all other as yet known at tho
bottom of the sea, and it is the uuttt devoid of
I life. In this respect, the red clay now forming
j resembles the schist which at present occupies
so large a part of our earth's surface. We are
all more or less familiar with chalk ami with
rocks that show no signs of fossils ; and to be
thus, so to speak, made eye-witnesses of the
process by which chalk and rock were formed .
is unusually interesting. Dr. Thomson's paper
is published at length iu the froomiiaos of the
Royal Society.
aai aaadtasam tr
HxauHw ustaata, a i
a atk "' r.
...Mtaatau. i a ta
J Wa fw ttnytsanat a.
''Ztsa'iiravVlVai ssaata,
SmJ i ..... aa Sjkbm iaataaaaas attaaa
n a M.i m raitvav. ia raw tY .w ar ,
t i era. m it ..VMrt a a) . iara at, aat jaaaav
iai in, ia ta tvari itni i. m itasassaa ksn aai
mm a iiiataa - r tiM
iaaj .h an asswat . 'an. Saraaf
ho, H, aoMSMH . )-.-:
al rrWvar a aSM a a aat j ' "
sasllaaaiaa omw aaaaaa aaasajajaiaBa'
dates' afuTTi ri'a , ttt ,aTaijragTir aaam. aas.
mm ' ' tl III .
w . .. t a. Haa, CMt r t ivaa ua a
tfejt raticam aWHWr lJa ptifaaaaji
lil,n a, u I is a.aa r aa ataatt af ShSm?
mini !tM.. " nV"",a! a i!aaaaataiaaIaaa
"uwiwi srnTShtirria'i!7i.T?
.ho T AINU. V.U
Casta a puuun r la
tr
:!"S,ti.l J.-an MMaa araaTavaaaatjk"" "
1 1 a htu fUaru, imM I'uuva Y ia rat asaTaa
M vT u :-v at It oYket I a. aau tat at -a.
. .Mill r u.t . mt. i asaaaa. Hta, at aaanv
N, an.1 1 an a at at aa aaaaaai
iu aau kawaat aati ataaaav ataaa - i
" T Jtf tatw4MsWt VaTsVkW atpMPttf aHMt wtaVaNlaM starst
mil and ia traauaar of mm I laianmaaij.
ii a rr.tr ..Mrrri. mat aat irwr to te
wjik a'n.1 i ta Oaa ami Kataaa" aaaaBtaa
J and ranwtw.1 la II.. Mia.
vb 1 1 a Author taattaSSaiS aaa a - . i to ,
tan -f ai aUt Al th
tatu al H.aHula. U. t.. Itth .avj ajts. MS.
Xaaata 4 ia Kaaa"caa
Atlrat: Jmv K. IUuiu, ia-. iTaaa. vat
ht rrtUK en nr or Tan
.a I I lloata li
rolanlarjr hankrupl.
a he 1m ptaata
iI,tIm.. a v.auntar
n.. w,U h. h,IJ al
rrrnir iVar
MtV MM
.UMdl.
s aaataat ta tf Taaaat a
lauixrapl. , la aaaaaa a Stat
th ,Br af aa, (lata at tTa,
1 K llno,.l... .a, a ITTRMTS, ka tUT r
alM.Crkvk "- tlt ii - -r
th ai.t aalin aaaata taaataa m aa
Htaostla. itui April. t-v
i: r
joiis k. Haiui aan.
iviaiij tirrt !
tatt rauusK
Idan.lv aa. In
It
I.. ITohat. tataa af uaka.
th matwr lh Kua ,iT J
I IC S I
April A. a, ma, ha ytwaans ta aaai iiuiat. taawaaa
a u for th. l-TDhal. thn.rf. aaat Sar aaa
J. tartwrfeht. ha,li n.u Sard hy an. it
It a bantu .irdaml thai rraUu. th atk Ska
A. IV UTA, t It o'llllk, A. St . rf aafcl Aaj. at aha CM
art. ,i Aiixai
of akl l-oart.
avlai,tu ta aaaata aaaata,
issStaaaa, atoa aa atotaaar
m'oo aaaraat aa aVa at
raw wa ta tat Baaataaat
prtnaal aad pnMklkaal tt Oasa-
X E W A 0 VERT IS K M E X T S .
The St. Grorjf's Be nevolr nt Sorie iy.
The inru iitrivi. or the aboi e
Soci.ty w.a to htld od
Saturday Evening, May 1, at 7 1-2 o'clock,
AT THE ll.lft AIIAX HOTEL
TVkta tbr th sappr may h had at at aaa CLUlHOILX
a CB-a
JAMEH n WMI'KHiH SK,
H. & X'l CUmmhalonar.
Jxo. s. Sarrataa. Saa'jr. aat M
Uoooluln. ltth April. lSTX.
P. 8. Th TrMor,r varwatfr rowta tht th I
.aJr-nj,-; 11 '.;-;.. rn Vfort atoatSfl .-ValUt
aaU WlUaud Uariu- aakl I
iN'Pa.ii lotral.I
.... jr... up r i aaaai i
tt a runt., r ..nlrd. thai autk i
Bak Hi .. f..r Ihrr I
iitrrt," a niwaaaj
aaa
Daanl at Uoouaal. 11. 1.. lktjaa S aaaa.
a. a 17. a. rVt.v. is tx otv
"wi. j u nr r ta aaana
Jlc.v kt Baaxaatv tav. lTrt Sap. iwa
ii it nian.
I rial I "baric t. Haaratta lakaaaa ta
or O. J. II.VIIKIS, .rf lahahM. Xaat
hakia. Maul. It
all u. in it i. v
or may. net, i
lahalna. a th d
tkui aod tajr tah
Jlaw o. J llarria afL.
!oU b krT ft la
n Ksn.vY. is aaatur
at., ai aw v i a
v aa taad aaaaaa
nil. iMioiAXPaa.
ia a
Assignees' Notice.
TyoTirt in iicu:nv UITM TO iu
lattiT dulnc hualnrai oaStr tat Sna af aaa, tt aa
liomjuiu, Aprs u. ma ;an u
At- Lot la
Assignees' Sale.
IlT O,,,:B 'he iwitivEnai ii
'.v.. tl. V UkKMliaJ iSalshk.
Ik- Auction, no th 4th ta of Mar m tasatts. Si BW
Hwnoii(uo. Hawaii, u. ii.it'aK ml Lirr
w . r. cunwar : tnthr wit ntaa fktaaaat 1
iu auii. ra m, wki u mtf a ai
Tentiataah. Ii. II. urn Hi . k.
t.uu. iiawan. aafrh llafc. 17S.
A SMALL LOT OF SUPERIOR
OKSrtSB
FRENCH CALFSKINS
Ea laate Arrivals.
For Salt by
M ia M. 8. ORIrTBAl X sCO.
To Loan !
S15.000
us tt
-OS UOOD NE I'RITV. ISI
amofinta to soil inqoir rs
H. A. WIIiEMASS, or
A. JAJtUKR.
PURE LIME JUICE
Warranted to keep on the Longest Voyage
In ;, 1. ac'l I gallon DemUobna,
Prepared by George Morris
KAItHI. 0AHU, HAWAIUH ISLASD8.
Executors' Notice.
THE I Mil KS1..MI, limv.
p,.lnal b th lion. A.
win Aim. i of sat aaaa ot
Maol. hr.y notlfv
t.i pay aun,
to prvaentU
rw a. iaVV
"taw 'adisaaj aaat
Mupalakoa. Hona
anri 1 1 ita v rrtnT.
. aa. Mai'., '
Executors' Notice.
rrvHE
a. 9rmd andar th WW fc
(Yri-nlt Jaaa of klaal. r
It KMtY Cnrc. ku of Makcwao.
1- r .:!..! U Ik add Kaud
parmrnt. and all wko ba anjr riaoaa
I M1I. Ill A o
th. Itoa a aaaaaa.
. or thj will b
!RY W .Mi
CIIAIU.Em i jI-iv Jr.
Wttraaaa, March Mtk. ttra
r..iv
Notice to Creditors.
I- tttr matwr of taw
Flu V DRKWIK. kvia of
Ut- laal will ukI
rraoa urw feata b
For Bale by O. Brewer fe Co.
km it
BOOKS & STATIONERY
The Basis of Our Business.
WV I II ST. -To aaaafactarc all ,uch B--.k.aadSta
.BL I ii a ii J it ma ii tnti airi ii all aa laiakMi,!!
Ibttatj dbvctlj ktaatt tar tattoo! tad owtalvat.
SECOSD.-To Bar and Sail Book, aad Station
mj . aa to Ml. It to th. lawraM of lnl,n aad cooum
. to CM to aa ia pr.fer.aca to aradln Saat.
W. tnaaafactarr uid taport rT 1r.crli.tloa af Sto
H'aary. carry iaf lai ft Mock J Papar. Ba..lov aad SUak
J- 0cr 1,500 raltla of Blaak form. kpt ra Stock.
A. L. BANCROFT A CO.,
45-17 Saa trawaaaaa, OaL
Marshal's Sale.
Kkl tiES alXOBtH. BY BV B. DOLE, flaau-41a.i-IIAIUiAKFT
iilTH aod SAMi'F.1. KiiTIl
Oomrdaiaaiia ta F. V. KITCIfEBOIT and v.v.vik
HI T' BI..V. I.f.odou. BaSwa tk Hon. A. T. Judd.
ta laarlni JaaBra af tka Saattaw Ooan.
Br Tina of Stetaa fevaaa aaa at thw. bmbw iu.h
of Law aad Zaaltr of th. nawaBan labvada. In favor of
J.- 24ta tfay of April. 1171, at
' JKn IllAjw (if Ilni.loln af , W
'elaem aaatt, cxpoa tot mim all tha rklht, UU and hi
ttrttt of and dtfendanta. In aad to afl aad iai Iki
'-T- Maaaatl aaa aaat MaarSa, aaS atoaaaS
atasiat tSSI
Ta arc aa to a attaattd In rfamikakt Tlnikia.
Oaha. aodtwendad a foikrwi :rrom tha taw of th
Sakoad ma oorth wewt wakrht aiou tha ndddla of tb
aaww IM Cmc, It r w at ft. Ifttawitft. w MH . E
ia n, s w ajjft, shiiuiii. Stasi itaairir
aaaw a ana vraa. BBS BBB Bat 147 a IL aaafk lati I
Katasa wf JSUII
Ha kwki. In ii a
t.trom af th aM Asaaaa
"ca!jkD.
on ih. 2nd of Aprs. in, aad
(nan. notlcw tm hrhr ftr'
li Jionlha from data, or Ll.j'wtll u
Baotaala. April 3d. im
Notice to Creditors.
I" la uattrr af taw
Jt IlBYHUALK taiw. of
rrooala of laat
bavin baas rrau
na XInadois on
Jn.
of or.lr of Cotrt. nntlr. I.
ail cre.na.rt at Lb dlrtttij within ifak.
tltlkll if .."'-ife nS
Ewta w autt s wsrat
ad ta ta ati lata "oaart Jaw B.
Skttrd davofAjrS. im. aadkaaa.
kwnkrttrwa
nndiafta!a (ml? " ni a.ina wa-
UA.visx sarrcK,
Hoo-Julo. April 1th. l?a
Notice to Creditors.
rrii ar ths aswavn a
-tWYKR. .:. f if El
nai of Um WM an aad kwaaaw
tidl'toXib.0-ta ' ?'nr' n- ia . kawtas
ihday of lfaaet. lt aad kwaaaa awwaaaawatwawa
staaia ."'."K MtaBBBttja. f
ur'.in-r .ijchcr
L If ur .
JJJJj j BtaBai '.r, r.i
from lau or thr affl b ).,
a. itra.
Aaa S-S71 aera aaraaBBar a Award So. 11.0J.
to award So -al. from tha II imu. ,.t
ran s il ft aloe Lb road. .1 to w S7 a-il ft
axaj Kalwl'i land, a U W 11 all, H S3, W U7-IJ ft a,
a pwaa at raaaaa, I fKl CBata at ail ft
fajd or nw-. to th ttartlo point, arwa T7 w,or.
BBtawBBdJaasataa, Jm. mmm M stasj'ai;
taaaat bt pravtoawlr aadaSad.
C FAJtKE, Marabal.
HonMuio. Hafch 23. 1J7.
an-1
NOTICE.
VtTHES THE
r: a ta mwaj,
isa ""'
ASTEB YOB THE I Y
f !hc Britain lur l 1 1 ;
lot aar daa nnwlrartod or Iks
IHEli n. bAVIEH.
Notice to Creditors.
Y THE WATTEB OF
a uiamiuj ai.aAHT. oa 1
"grave, ot Dkt MM WH BBS 1
aaa mmm hawaaj kaa Stat
" aar at 1
arr kaoed to Lb I
trta and aaW iltratt.
In poraaaocaof Ordar of cam. .
Wt SMI
rat BtTATB or
'raaunast of tka wat (arw
itod la tkw a ai owart
dolr aauwnltraaad. and with tha r r - - T
,xm. Lb. .lain, m BBwaat! I bawarjatala BBS
Bkvaaataa Ma BjkawaiSikaBaaawaaBBBVa.
MAmiijiB acKaar. ui.au..
no.,iulu. r.brjary M, 17.
mt r
Dry Corn.
trarrER.
Auction Sale at Hilo, Haw.
May 8th, 1875.
OWE EH4IITE LATHE ABO TOO LA,
Oo ftcwaa Bwaat;
Oaa BtoAaaatt Faavs.
Sht placaa T4 SlfeiaSBc,
TWO
It-OxA. Iron Pullrfc
A of Fgoadrr Batrrial,
Two Uonaa,
I X iS
On WasBB,
Oaa Watch.
liWEtlOK, HOC-SB
aad IXaSBOT laid.
Tha ar win kt BM al Aacttoaoa tkatu. of Mar not.
Ow 10-0 af Etna Wat. UDOATB. I Balafclaar
ih. mm. ui rt
Adrxuniatrator'a Votica.
Wkereas the I sdenicaed aat tail daf
btoa MMiatad k, Una A .-- rw. a
Jadga 2d JadkiaJ DUtrwt, B. L, 1 ' I
ttt tf tk Batata tf 0. J. Fiaaara. Uataf Ukaraa
Msai
taring aiaiat. If tail
.-otio, i. harakv rirwa to ail 1
Bb I S-Uti I
BMBtBaai m -tharwi,. aithis Hz
or aa forortr oarrad. Aad
aid Ktata art roqooatod to
V, tue I
111
party
mm
saaBtalri Is aawtar ay taa
THOE.
Taatpra7 Admin itra Lor of
Lahaiaa, April 7, 1STJ.
tb 1 Ladtrrywd, at kit aaa. ia lb Cwart Paaaa
Iataalaa, ItasJ, aad afl Bat asraaf art r
nj or aaytbiaf of ralaa Wtoaaahf tt Ik aataav
1 .aid 6. 1. Ham la taair tat tt ' 111 aaa
W. ZVEhBTT.
iai i
Notice.
a atawrwaa aw
atat. of th. lata ALLAY W. JTJBtY, 1
Mr la 1
m0

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