It has H d Bin Majesty the Klnr lo appoint the Hob
B. a P. . n. r u be Kaesbt Oammander of Uu Order of
Kanjebamebe I. Jao. o. Domain,
Hay lot Hecrclarr.
Wmbmbaa the Board of Health are deelroaa of securlnt
the cleanliness of the rlty, all person, whether native, or
rosves-neve. 11 Vint la that part of the city between Punch
bowl atree ami neonates street and between Be re tan la
etres-t. oo the Ewa aklc of tbe city, are
to sweep the rubbish In front of their
ra Into piles, on tbe mornlnc of Friday
ext. Jane 4th, IS73, and the prisoners w!U remove the
eme oo laalarday. Jaaetth. JOHK H. Berrwx.
A (eot of the Board of Health.
Honolola. Jane Id. 1ST!
Koto-m la hereby riven that dorln the absence of
MotiikurThe, Hallleo from HonolaJo. Monsieur Charles
rVmet v ... art aa OommlsBiooer and '.msul for France,
and all persona are required to take notice of tbia fact, and
reaped his antborlty In that behalf.
W. L. OBKKX,
Minister for rureifu Affairs
Departaaant of Ftoretru Affairs,
Haaululu, May JSd. 1871.
AN IVDEPENDBNT JOl'ENAL,
DEVOTED TO HAWAIIAN PROGRESS.
PUBLISHED AM KDITKD BT
HEXRY M. WHITNEY".
The rerular annoal examination of the Government
Kui,l uf the district of aCona, .Honolulu lalaod of Oe.hu,
aril be beid durint: the etwuinc mooth of June aa follows :
Tuesday. June lib. at Pohnkalna mrl's school.
W edneeday. June tth. at Boyal School
Tburadav, Juoe leu, at Fort Street School.
Tuesday, June Kud, at Kamollllh ( 'Lurch, t schools
Wednesday, June tlrd. at k'aa-asehao C'bnrch, 4 achoola.
Thursday. Jane 34th, at K&walahao Church, & achoola.
Friday, Jaue Zsth, at Kasraiahao Cbarcb. 4 achoola.
The examinations will bagtn at ( o'clock A. M. ou each
of the above days.
The public is invited to attend.
All of the above schools will continue In vacation, from
the dates named, till Monday, a ujruet Id, 167A, frum which
dale a new term will bedn.
By order uf the Board of Education.
W. j at.. Muni, bec'y.
AJiioianl Hale. May 34th. ISTfc
A dkcimox of the Supreme Conrt will be
found on our first pape, which potweoscs inter
est. It pertains to the cane of a Chinaman who
married a Hawaiian rrirl, he havinp a Chinese
wife living in China at the time of this sacond
marriage. The first wife arrived here from
China a few daya since, and her hnsband peti
tioned tbe Conrt to annul the second marriage,
which Justice Judd, for reasons given, refuses
to do. We have been quite unable to keep
pace with the frequent changes in our divorce
and marriage laws, and are therefore not well
versed in their intricacies, which from recent
discussions appear to be beyond even the ken
of our most astute lawyers, if not of judges ;
but it appears to us, after reading this decision,
that Mr. John Chinaman is placed in a dilem
ma, with two wives a sort of legalized po
lygamy, which one might expect to find in
China, but not in Hawaii nei. What he pro
poses to do next, we shall watch with some in
terest to learn, as there are probably others in
the same dilemma.
NoTtra is hereby riven In accordance with Section 14.
of Chapter 41, of the IVnal Oode, entitled "Suppression of
Itrunkenoeaa, Manufacture aod Kale of Intoxicating
Itrlnks "(bat tbe limits or boundaries within which per.
eons obtalninf licenses to retail spirituous liquors may car
ry on and tnanaact such buatneea, are, from this dale till
further notice, as follows: On tbe westerly aide of Hono
lulu, either aide of Nuuanu street between Beretanla and
Merchant streets : on the southerly IsjsAal, aide of Hono
lulu, tbe maa Its side of Merchant street, between Nuuanu
and Fort streets ; ou tbe easterly side of Honolulu, either
aide of Fort street, between Merchant and Beretanla
streets . on tbe northerly imauka. aide of Honolulu, the
mauka side uf Beretanla street, between Nuuanu and Fort
streets. Tbe above limitations does not Include the Ha
Tbe above limits for the licenses contemplated In Sec
lions IS. If and 20, of the above named Chanter, known
aa a joh bine spirit licenses," shall be tbe same as above
1 for retail spirit licenses, except that they may be
1 on the makal side .f M. r. bant streeL and on either
aide of Kaabumanu street. license fur tbe sale of
apirituous liquors wUl be created for any place In the
Kluffduru outalde of Honolulu,
W. :. MoKHoiruA,
Minister of the Interior.
Interior Office, May 31st, 117a.
lKi'AJ(Tatka-T op FnsnoBT A FT AIMS, )
Honolulu, May t, 187a. J
Koncx M hereby siren, that at tbe request of F. Ban.
nine, fcaq . Mr. William Marians of this dty, will acidurias
bis absence as Consul for tbe Netherlands and Belgium.
And all persons are required to take notice of this fact,
aud respect his authority in that behalf,
W. u Oasan,
Minister of Foreig-u Affairs.
TKX annual examination of the Haleakala Boys' Board
ing School will lake place at the acbool-ruom, June 0th. at
t o'clock a. M. Tbe summer vacation ail I extend from
that date till tbe 14th day of July. Parents and guardians
who may desire to have their children return kaMaa fur
that period, must signify their desires to tbe Axdug Prin
cipal. 1. I - Baldwin : otherwise their children wUl be re
tained ou the premises. H. B- Uitchouck,
Inspector (jeoeral of Schools.
Department of Education. May 4tb, ls7.
.Iceaaea Expiring In June, 187S.
Oarc 1 Thos Lack, Fort SL Honolulu.
1 Mrs J B Black, Fort St. Hooololo,
2 Geetle A Oookr, King Ht, Honolulu,
a J H Thompson, Fort Ht. Honolulu.
t Chue Vlng, Msunakea St, Honolulu,
t H Borres, Nuuanu St, Honolulu,
13 H I Nolte, Cor Queen NunanuSt, Uouolulu
11 J L Lewis, Fort St, Honolulu.
It O 3 Emroes, TTIakohco, Honolulu.
Mat-i l Thos H Paris, Wslhee.
17 J W Kawaakoa, Kaupo.
Hawau I Ah Mjtkalappabl. Kohala.
3 Natnaou. Puualuu. Kau.
C-Akat. Ilunokua, Kobe.
It Altai. Honsunsu, Kona.
12 H I )ooier. Keopuka, Kona.
11 All Van A All choey, Napoopoo, Kona,
17 AiooA. Punahoa, Hllo.
SO Ako dt A wo, Kohanslki, Kona.
30 Chung IVu, Walohlnu, Kau.
SO Allen & ChUrlngworth, Kawalhae.
KataI . 1 Mon Chuck, WaloB, Hanslel.
2 Castle A Oooke. King St.
3 F A Schaefer, Merchant 8L
H at 8 Qrtnbanm, Queen 8t
I K HoRbchlaef er & Co, Merchant SL
22 F T Leneban A Co Queen 8t.
2a Lewers Dlckaon, Fort St.
Is Hoffachboager dt Co. Merchant 6t
t TLenehan A Oo, Queen SL
A Achuck, Honolulu.
Sikcf. penning the above, we find that the
Friend has become iuvolved in a discussion on
the mysteries of marriage, in the suit of one
of Itrighani Young's wives, for alimony. We
quote the editor's statement:
" Now as we understand the subject, this
woman was not Brigham Young's wife with
in the meaning of the laws of the United States
or common law, although she may have been
a tpiritunl wife according to the tenets of the
Mormon Church. Wc cannot see how accord
ing to the laws of the United States, any spiril
ual wife of a Mormon can have any legal claim
upon the property of her rpiriiual husband
while he lives or after his death, unless by will.
We would respectfully ask our neighbor, if, in
the United States, England, Hawaiian Islands
or any part of the world where the Common
law of England casts its shadow, any woman,
except the one to whom the man or husband is
legally married, can come forward and legally
We quite agree with the Friend in its opin
ion that the laws of England and America, as
popularly understood, recognize but one wife.
Hawaiian laws on the subject, as before hinted,
are just now somewhat mixed, and it is becom
ing hazardous for even lawyers to express an
opiuion as to their meaning and force.
Our attention has been called to a statement in
the Advertiser, that half a ton (1,000 pounds)
of opium was imported in the bark Kvik from
Hongkong, and that there are one and a half
tons in the country. On inquirv, we find that
but twelve cases of opium were imported by
this vessel, consisting of forty pounds each, or
480 pounds. Previous importations by the
licensed firm for tbe year were 70S pounds of
prepared, and 1,400 lbs of crude, equal to 800
pounds of prepared. Added to this was an
invoice which had been in the cuBtoni house in
liond, for two years, of 400 pounds, making the
total fortwo years 2,448 pounds. As these im
portations pass into bond, the enstoms author
ities probably know very nearly what tbe ac
tual consumption has been, and about how
much the stock now is. So far as we can
learn, there is no large amount here unsold
besides the 480 lbs. brought by the Kvik,
which is probably in bond, and if unsold when
the licenses expire, must pass into the hands
of the onlv party authorized to sell the
Board of Health, or be re-exported. The law
passed by the last Legislature forbids the im
portation and traffic in opium after the date
fixed by it, August 8th, 187S ; but like all
prohibitory laws will prove ineffectual, unless
greater vigilance is exercised on the part of
the authorities than is now done respecting the
traffic in liquors to Hawaiians.
The Advertiser of the 22d of May has
1 Katn uLint . No t. Honolulu.
10 Akana, Wailuku. Maul.
12 n I Nolte, Cor Queen A Nuuanu Bta.
17 Akong, National Hotel.
17 Kamapele, Hllo, Hawau.
A net torn.
1 D H Hitchcock, Hllo.
J B. Kinney, M D, King. lorn,
t Derby, Royal Hawallsn Theater.
In I'm nr..
May II Estate of Richard QiUiutDd, deceated
Before J est ice Jcpp, at Chambers. The account of
Godfrey Rhodes, one of tbe executors, having been
presented to the Court and approved, together with a
release for the balance due by tbe estate of ?I2S4.49
the Court ordered the exeenton discharged and their
May 16 Estate of F. E. C. Kruger, deceased Pe
utioa for adaMarareaient of d oarer by S. B. Dole,
guardian, and Mrs. Roth (late Kruger). Mr. Dole
having stated that tbe Estate has lost SI500 on the
Hatehieon premises, the Court decided that tbe widow
loss oa third aad the minors two-tbirds, aad ordered
a fresh appraisement of tbe premisei, appointing
Messrs E. p. Adams and A. Jaeger appraisers. The
appraisers having Bled their valuation of said premi
ses at fl?M, aad Mrs. Roth having decided to take
law premises at that valuation, payi at the difference
(JOSS. 82 1 between the sum she is entitled to for dower
aad the valuation, the Conrt approved of tbe same
aad ordered that spon the necessary deed being rc-
eordsd aod the balance paid to the guardian, that
Mrs. Roth as widow of the late Mr. Kruger, Bit her
receipt in fell for her dower.
May 17 Estate of W. H. Kaauwai, deceased Be.
fore Mr. Justice Harris., at Chambers. Petition of
J. K. Vnauoa for approval of his accounts as ad
saonief letor aad far sale of real estate to pay tbe bal
sas of the debts. The accounts were approved by
the Court as presented and order of sale of real estate
gnated. said tale to be fally advertised in the Bt.
asatsaa Cseatfe" aad Paeifit Cam mrreiml A aWti'err , ' '
lew rati " JTstaJbat suxd Auoloa" ' JCs Lakn," and
by posters, aad return of laid tale to be made for
oasrsaatioa on the 8 tbJuly next, at 10 o'clock As a.
May -Ettate of William Ljall, deceased-Before
Mr.JnjtsoaJrr.l, at Chambers. Petition of Theophil as
H. Davits, H. B. M't Vice Cossnl, for settlement of
the asscaaU of the abort tatou, at administrator.
TVs Cosrt, after eont paring the aenoanta with tbe
veaehais, approved aad patted the same, decreeing
the reside, af the estate u William Lyall, of Mont-
waa, KattVtas. aad aa tbe llingof his tscaipt in Conrt
to be ditthamd
of Andrew A aid, dtetated-PaUUon
I rf exeoators aoooaett. Continued
t of hit aeooonu as administra-
fMsSjsjiil sjatil ZJd day of Jaly next.
T. srtam.ssjtrwai'awiaAaaail, Ct- Ad-
ce ttitmH btraaftar, fifty esaviJ ; ehudica
A i.KTTEH irom Hilo advises us that the flag
ship Pensacola arrived at that port on Monday
morning, May 17, and in the afternoon of that
day the Admiral and officers of the ship land
ed, being conveyed ashore in two large double
canoes, made expressly for the occasion, gaily
decked, and manned with stalwart oarsmen
after the ancient naval stvle. Floral arches
had been erected in honor of the nation's
guests, and there was every evidence of a
hearty welcome from the citizens of Hilo. The
Chinese, especially, were very earnest in get
ting uji the decorations. The residence of Sir
Thomas Spencer, U. S. Consular Agent, was
assigned for the accommodation of the Admiral
daring his stay in Hilo. The Pensacola prob
ably left that port yesterday, and would prac
tice her crew in naval gunnery during the
passage, and will arrive here the latter part of
this week, probably Saturday.
The Norwegian bark Kvik brought 114 pas
sengers from China, who were offered free
passage by the Hawaiian Government, in con
sideration of their migrating hither to remain
as permanent settlers. They come in gangs or
companies of eight to se-enteen, each hav
ing its head or chief, and comprise the finest
lot of laborers that has ever landed here.
Most of them have been engaged iu rice cul
ture in China, and we understand that thev in
tend to continue in the same branch of agricul
ture, than which none is more remunerative.
Each of these expert laborers can raise annu
ally ten thousand pounds of rice, whicli
will increase our product of this article fifty
per cent. H e are informed that large num
bers of Chinese agriculturists are ready to
leave China, on the same terms a free passage
and liberty to engage in such labor as they
choose on arrival here. The question arises.
to what extent shall government assist them,
when the great need is for laborers on the
plantations ? Is there any practicable way of
introducing free laborers to work sugar planta
tions ? We think the system which has been
adopted will eventually remedy the want.
Nothing attracts more attention in England
just now than the monster gatherings of Messrs.
Moody and Sankey in London. The following,
from the pen of the London correspondent of
the Sydney Herald, will therefore possess spe
cial interest : " I was passed into the reserved
area immediately in front of the platform.
Last time I saw the hall it was at the Horse
Show, a huge oval being cleared in the centre
for exhibiting the hunters, and providing hedge
and water jumps. Now all was covered with
chairs, the parts beneath the galleries boarded
off, but space being left to seat over 18,000
people. At half-past 6, the second bell rang ;
tbe volunteer stewards hastened to their places,
and the doors were thrown open. It was a
ticket night. Nothing is paid for tickets ; but,
to prevent a monopoly, about half the services
are limited to those to whom the agents, work
ing all over the north of the metropolis, have
given orders of admission. There was no rush,
but gradually the area filled. Far away, in a
side gallery, were 50 to 100 telegraph boys;
close beside me were a party of 'Varsity men,
come down for the boat race ; -while on the
raised platform were gathering on one side of
the rostrum the ministers of religion, and on
the other a larre selected choir. Shortly after
7, a lady placed herself at the American organ,
and we were requested to sing a hymn ; then
another and another, so occupying the time
until 8 o'clock should arrive. Punctually to
the hour, Mr. Moody appeared in the rostrum,
his head seeming almost to touch the sounding
board suspended over it. When the whole
congregation sang the 100th Psalm and a fami
liar hymn-" Bock of ages "I was struck by
the poor effect, either but a third were sinirine
or the voices rose and were lost in the roof.
Mr. Sankey'g voice alone was heard perfectly.
and his clear articulation and power of expres
sion gave great force to his solos. After two or
three hymns, prayer, and a lesson of Holy
Scripture, Mr. Moody announced his text ab
ruptly in a single word the Gospel. On this
he preached for thirty-five minutes with an
overwhelming earnestness that forbade criti
cism indeed, to use an illustration of his own,
I should as soon have commented upon the
dress of a boy who brought me a despatch of
life and death, as animadverted upon a twang .
column pertaining to loans, in which it points
out how the money can be obtained, and how
spent. It favors borrowing abroad, on the
supposition that because other nations readily
make loans abroad, therefore wc can. Here is
just where we are liable to make a financial
mistake placing ourselves in bondage to for
eign capitalists. Oar views ou this subject
have been freely expressed, in the discussions
which took place last year. If we obtain our
money abroad, every dollar of interest due on
it must be sent abroad, and the incidental cost
of exchange and foreign agency, will swell the
rate to more than what it may cost to obtain it
here. Eventually, the principal must be Bent
The sum that we need to borrow annually
for public works, improvements, roads, har
bors, &c, is not a large one, from two hun
dred thousand to five hundred thousand dollars
at the outside. This amount can, with proper
effort, be obtained here by paying whatever
rate of interest money is worth, probably not
over ten per cent, per annum ; and under the
most favorable terms no foreign loan can be
mnde at a less cost to the country. The ad
vantages of a home loan are quite apparent,
as whatever it may cost in the way of interest
and charges will be expended here, and when
the principal is paid, the amount actually
borrowed, and not a premium of twenty or
twenty-five per cent, ou that amount, is pay
able to the bondholders. The original sum,
as well as the interest paid on it, remain in
the country to enrich our own people. This is
the secret of tho financial solidity of England
and France, and of the loyalty of their people,
who are bound together as with bands of gold
No nation which contracts loans abroad is
truly independent. The United States, during
the late civil war, sent to Europe where she
contracted the bulk of the present debt, under
very disadvantageous circumstances, and has
for ten years been paying dearly for it. The
constant drain of one hundred millions of gold
to pay the interest on the public debt due in
Europe, added to other European demands for
American gold, has kept the premium on it
from ten to twenty-five per cent. While the
debts of England, France and Germany are so
many strengthening bonds, those of the United
States, Spain and Turkey, mostly owned
abroad, are the sources of national burdens,
taxes and poverty. While the rate of taxes in
England and France do not exceed 81 1 to each
person of the entire population, that of the
United States is over 820 ! These are stub
born facts, irom which we should learn a
lesson in political economy. A national debt
owned at home may serve to bind together the
nation, but this cannot be claimed for one due
But some may say, we have not the capital
in the Kingdom to supply a loan of five hun
dred thousand or even one hundred thousand
a year. No one may assert this without the
proof to support it. The money wanted by
Government is not for hoarding, but to be
paid out for labor, materials, &c, and would
remain in the public treasury no longer than
is necessary to count and pay out. And when
paid out it would very soon return in the shape
of new loans. Thus one hundred thousand
dollars kept circulating might supply loans in
the course of a year for five times that amount.
Does any one suppose that if the bank engaged
to provide for Government 8250,000, at 10 per
cent, interest, as it might require it during the
next year, there would be any difficulty in
obtaining that amount ? And if 8250,000,
why not double that sum, by using proper
efforts to attract capitaKfrom abroad ? We
firmly believe that all the money required by
Government during the next ten years can be
raised on loans at home, and if bo, it is not
politic to go abroad for it.
are required for a speed of 12, ll.H?, and 11
knots an hour respectively. It is quite likely
that the present system of leaving Sydney first
and calling at Auckland and Honolulu, will be
Compulsory Education In Practice.
(Prom tbe Chicago Tribune.)
The New York press shows a commendable
spirit in printing frequent and full returns of
the workings of the new educational law in
that city. The record is of great interest, for,
if the experiment succeeds in the metropolis of
the country, its possible success everywhere
else may be taken for granted. It has often
been urged that compulsory education is an
impossibility outside of tbe rural districts.
When it is argued, on the other hand, that a
seventeen years' trial of the law in Massachu
setts has increased the school attendance 40
per cent, and made it difficult to find a child
who cannot read and write, and that the great
thrift and comfort of the poorer classes in that
State are mainly due to the strict enforcement
of the act, the doubters say that the Bay State
is a rustic community, with a few factory
towns, antl one moderately large city, but with
nothing which can be compared with New
York City, and that the admitted success of
the experiment there, although prolonged over
so many years, is no proof of the possibility
of applying the law to metropolitan communi
ties. This kind of argument is meeting with a
crushing reply. Compulsory education, tried
the largest city of America, is succeedinir.
The fact should be kept before the people
The new educational census now being taken
in New York City shows a school-population
of nearly 250,000. The attendance at the
public schools before tho new law went into
effect was less than half this number. After
duo allowance had been made for the many
boys and girls enrolled in private academies,
there remained a vast army of growing re
cruits for the criminal classes. Detachments
of this army are now being daily brought un
der the chaBtening influences of education.
The truant-agents make constant rounds in
search of children who are out of school.
They talk with them and their parents, and try
to persuade parents and children that the best
possible thing for the latter is to get an educa
tion. A policy like this has made the poorer
classes of Massachusetts the firmest believers
in the law. They look upon it as a safeguard
of their rights. Any attempt to repeal it
woultl awaken their liveliest opposition. So
far in the New York experiment, only persua
sion has been needed to convince parents. The
terrors of the law have' not had to be called
into play except in tho case of some homeless
little vagrants. The Superintendent of Tru
ancy has submitted a report covering the time
from March 17 to April G, from which it ap
pears that during that time 119 occasional tru
ants, 37 habitual trutnts, and 16 non-attendants,
many of whom had never been at school,
were reported. Of these 202 children, 121
have already been reclaimed. As soon as tho
niglit-Bchools are opened, the newsboys anil
bootblacks will be swept into them. " Many
interesting cases," says the New York 7WAu;ic,
"might be cited, all tending to show that tho
Compulsory-Education act is working satisfac
torily throughout New York ; that its practical
benefits arc already being made manifest in tho
increased attendance at the schools, and that it
meets with tho indorsement and co-operation
of parents generally, who recognize the impor
tance of an education for their children and a
removal from the demoralizing influences of
street association in a crowded city." We
trust to be able to say this of Chicago ere long.
Mr. MicbJe would shrink from facing the sav
ages amongst whom the missionaries were
labouring;. He could scarcely resume big seat
without an allusion to his recent travels in
Madagascar, and speaking of the injury to
European health caused by residence in tropical
climates. Mr, . Wilson, of Melbourne was
for leaving the matter to the initiative of the
shrewd men who were to be found in the Aus
tralian colonies. They had their eye upon the
case of New Guinea, and when they said the
time for annexation was come, we ought to
accede to their wishes. He caused some amuse
ment by referring to a party of Ballarat diggers
going to New Guinea, and confnsing them with
the affair of the brig Maria. Sir George Bowen
spoke of New Zealand as the Italy of Austra
lasia, healthier for Englishmen than even Eng
land itself, and for evidence he stated that
whereas the deaths among soldiers here were
20 per 1000, there including the men who had
been killed by the Maories, the mortality rate
was only 7 in the 1000.
The Auatralinn Mail Service,
Nothing new has transpired relative to the
contract for carrying the mails between Syd
ney, Auckland and London via San Francisco.
The date when tenders were to be in was to
have expired iu March, but has been extended
to Juno 5, to enable parties in Australia to
compete. It was reported by passengers per
City of Melbourne, that a bid had been made
by the " White Star Line " of Liverpool, and
it was thought that that line would secure it,
but of this there is as yet no certainty. Three
proposals are asked for, as follows :
A. From San Francisco to New South Wales
and New Zealand alternately direct, calling at
Honolulu and Kandavn, the mails to and from
the colony not directly served being tran
shipped at Kandavn.
D. From San Francisco to Sydney direct,
and New Zealand to San Francico direct;
mails to New Zealand being transhipped at
and forwarded from Kandavn, while mails
from Sydney would be forwarded to and tran
shipped at the same place.
C. From Sydney to Auckland, Honolulu, and
San Francisco, the contractors conveying the
mails from Auckland, Napier, Wellington, and
Lyttlelton to Port Chalmers. Each tender is
to specify the route chosen.
If A or B be selected, not less than five ves
sels must be provided, each of a minimum gross
registered tonnage of 2500 tons ; if C, not less
than four such vessels, and one of 1500 tons
minimum. Speed is declared to be of the
essence of the contract ; and separate tenders
Policy of til New Governor of Fiji.
Several deputations waited upon Sir Arthur
Gordon, K.C., M.G., the new governor of Fiji,
in order to present to him addresses previous
to his departure from London. The princi
pal one was composed of members of the Abo
rigines Protection Society, and included Mr.
M'Arthur, M.P., Sir Charles Wingfield, K.C.S.
I., Sir F. Fowell Baxter, Dr. Sandwith, C.B.,
and otbere. In replying to the address, the
Governor said :
"I thank you most heartily for the good opinion
which you have dooe me the honor to form, and to
express, with respect to my p,i9t adminlntralloD of
coloolcs placed under my government, and for the
kindly wishes towards myself personally which your
address conveys. Tbe foundation of the new colony
of Fiji is in many ways a matter of no slight mo
ment ; but It is, at yon hare observed. In connection
with Its bearing on tbe abuses of the so-called la
bor trade that it It chiefly Interesting to the society
which yon represent. 1 trust that In tte exercise of
the large powers wltb which it Is, I bcliere, Intend
ed to entrnst mo tt ber Majetty'e High Commission
er In Western Polynesia, I may be enabled material
ly to check, If not wholly to suppress, those actt of
plractlcal violence which have excited snch jntt and
general reprobation throughout tbe civilized world.
I perceive, however, with satisfaction that whilst
Btlgmttlzing tt tbey deserve tbe atrocities of this
nefarious traffic, yon arc not Insensible to tbe ad
vantages of a well-regulated 6ytlem of immigration
Into tbe new colony, without wblcb, I fear, It
would be impossible to antlcijiatet speedy or exten
sive development of its natural resources, and wblcb
may, I believe, under proper safeguards, prove to be
an eqnal benefit to the employer and employed.
The important questions to which you call my at
tention will all undoubtedly receive my most careful
consideration. I rejoice to know (bat you recognize
and appreciate tbe spirit iu which ber Majesty's
Government hat dealt with tneb of tbete questions
at ft bat already handled ; and I need, 1 trust, hard
ly assure you that It will be my endeavor to carry
out in tbe same spirit the Instructions I may from
time to time receive."
A full and influential meeting was held in
London April 15 at the Boyal Colonial Insti
tute in Pall Mall, the Duke of Manchester in
the chair, and three Australian Governors be
ing present, viz., Sir G. Bowen, Sir S. Fergus-
son, and the new Governor of Fiji. A long and
interesting paper on New Guinea was read by
Mr. Michie, the Agent-General for Victoria, in
which he advocated the annexation of that
country, separated from Australia by a narrow
strait, as important for strategical reasons,
because any hostile force occupying it could
cut off intercourse with the Queensland coast
from the north. Captain Moresby, of the
Basilisk, spoke of the survey he had made of
New Guinea, and testified to the broad dis
tinction observable between the mild, sociable,
and light-skinned people of the east coast, and
the savage ebony-black Papuans higher up in
the mountains . Whatever was done, he trusted
the rights of the natives would be respected.
Dr. Mullens, of the London Missionary Society,
next spoke, regretting the hard tone of the
paper, and its entire silence upon the Christian
view of the question. He wished the country
annexed, cot so much by the hand of force as
by the victories of the Gospel. He described
tbe similarity of New Guinea to Java, stated
that his society had a mission among both the
classes of natives mentioned by Captain Mores
by, and ended by expressing a belief that even
The Orthographic Rntre.
From tbe Phil North American.
We arc always glad to commend any popular
rage which combines pleasure, or amusement,
and profit. Pure fun is favorable to digestion,
and good digestion promotes public virtue. A
piece of poor beef two inches square poorly
cooked, sometimes grows into a cloud that to
tally obscures the summer skies of domestic
bliss. A hearty laugh sometimes clears the so
cial atmosphere as a thunderstorm purifies the
atmosphere we breathe. Wc have not, as a
people, too many amusements. Wo cannot
speak as unconditionally concerning the quali
ty of such amusements as we have. Somo of
them exhale the odor of stale jokes. Some
address themselves, or arc addressed to
low down human nature. Some of the wit
in vogue reminds one of the biggest kind
of an elephant trying to frisk like a lamb.
If we cannot laugh at the wit its awkwardness
generally provokes a smile. Somehow we ex
tract amusement from almost every attempt to
amuse. This shows that wc are a good-natured
folk, and reveals possibilities which of
fer very great encouragement to the gentlemen
who make it their study to enliven human so
ciety. There is a latent tendency in this coun
try to burst out into rages. We have had tho
" national game rage very badly indeed.
We have had tho " popular lecture " rage, and
tho " aquarium " rage. Wore the rages which
have assumed epidemic form in this country
during the last twenty-five years catalogued,
tho result would be a very respectable and not
altogether uninteresting volume; and sinco tho
book-making rage ranks prominent among
American rages tho wonder is that this result
has not been reached before this time. All
these rages are phenomenal. They are inci
dents of tho ferment of human natnre. Grave
people sometimes allude to them derisively as
follies, but it is extremely likely that but for
the arrival of these " follies," as they arc oc
casionally termed, we might havo hadljsoiiic
tliing in their place very bad indeed.
The orthographic rage, which appears to
have involved tho entire country in its throes,
is only a resurrection of something bygone.
It is one of tho6e good things which, like tho
human soul, bear resurrecting. It addresses
itself to the remedy of a weakness well nigh
universal, and though prosecuted previously
as a pastime, never fails to insure a largo meas
ure of actual profit. Very few educated per
sons can claim immunity from an occasional
"bad spell." This would happen in any case,
and under most favorable circumstances. But
where, as in this country, two standards pre
vail, variations in orthography constantly oc
cur. If this orthographic awakening shall
serve to convince the people that all writing
ought to conform to a single common standard,
a very desirable good will be achieved. It is
absurd to admit there can be two right modes
of writing a word in the English language.
There is one sufficient mode, certainly, and tho
sooner that mode is adopted the less frequent
will i bad spells " become. Whoever takes up
books printed two hundred years ago and com
pares the orthography with that now in use,
will observe that very marked changes liave
The reform has been in the direction of eu
phony chiefly. A great deal of what lawyers
call surplusage has been got rid of, and at tho
same time the language has become more dis
tinctive in form, sonnd, and application. Tho
practice of using silent letters has been mnch
circumscribed, but it has not been entirely dis
continued. A great many foreign terms have
been introduced bodily into tho English lan
guage, and somo of them have been orthograph
ically Conformed to our system. More still re
tain their original form, and the sturdy though
not altogether successful efforts of Noah Web
ster to Anglicize them, shows how tenaciously
people hold to familiar forms even where the
sound has been lost by use.
Apart from the efforts to introduce spelling
by sound, of which some have made a special
ty, the direction of orthographic reform has
been as heretofore stated. That is in casting
out silent and surplus letters. We doubt if
even the best English lexicographer can give
any reason for reducing "myght" to plain
" might," that will not work the change of
"honour." to plain "honor." The "u" is
clearly surplusage. Foreigners fling certain
orthographic inconsistencies in our faces when
we laugh at their blunders in English. Our
language is strong enough, bat it lacks homo
geneity, a very natural lack indeed, consider
ing, as we must, that we have not scrupled to
draw largely from other tongues in building np
our own. Some insist that the only remedy
lies in eliminating from the language the bor
rowed words. That is easier said than done ;
and were it done, the defects most complained
of would in good part remain to vex. We have
a lot of ugly-looking words ending in " ugh "
which can never be reconciled to a common
standard of pronunciation. These terminals
have sometimes the office of " w " and some
times of "ff" to perform. After long prac
tice we learn to spell 'laugh" and "staff" each
in its own way; and though "off" and
"trough" respectably rhyme, no man who
hopes to figure as a poet, ever spells "off"
"ough." It is not necessary to pursue these
flagrant absurdities further. When wit fails
and humor is at a ruinous discount, these or
thographic comicalities will remain to assure
the world that tbe stock in trade of laughter is
inexhaustible. After Joues baa spelled
"dough," Smith has only to spell "snow" in
the same fashion, and even the man who has
gone his length in Erie and failed, must smile.
Perhaps it is aa well to preserve these ancient
landmarks intact. To the risine generation ami
foreign born they serve as "shibboleth" did at
the pa see of the Jordan. No man can be re
ceived into the fellowship of good English who
does not know that "ugh" in cough, doe not
stand for "auf," or that "ugh" in plough does
not stand for "w." As some test is neoeManr
this may serve aa well as any other.
A Puma' I Touts AW tTT. A printers' tourna
ment, being a eonteat in type sotting, took place in
December last at Washington, with the following re
salt: First Class. The type nonpareil. Time, three
honrs. The flrtt prist a solid gold composing stick
wea by S. N. Btaaermaa, who set 5070 tttl ; sec
ond prise a solid silver composing; stick, fall news
paper site woa by R. A. M" Lean, who rat 4943 ami ;
third prist a JVsaaeu'a's Smeyetopadim of Printing
woa by W. W. M'Collom. who sat 1720 ems. See
ond Class. Tint, lb. Sm. W. W. Molloney was
awarded a silver composing stick, newspaper site,
having set 3278 ems ; Frank A. M'Oill. a German
silver composing stick, fall lilt, 32S9 ems ; H. W.
Hartmen. HarpWt Tjpojtvpk. 2IS7 teat.
Long Primer Class. Time lh.SOm. J. R. M'Bride
wtt twtrded the flrtt-elail prist, a solid gld com
posing stick, breast-pin site, having sat, 2123 ems;
ti. J. S. Hunnicutt, AatcrtVse Eneyctopeniia of Primi
t'sy, 2037 tmt ; H. C. Tnrtlttoa, a therm.. meter. 1938
Tbe tournament took ptaeo fn tbe Xntionol ATsvat
ficat ollict. Tbt decisions wen made in accordance
with rules previously established, aad none were
present except tbe judges, referee, and proof-reader.
The tournament was elosed with a grand banquet at
Ther will b Mtlmm of tUr AInn.nl
of OatbU ODilffe, oo tbe evening of Tliursdav, June 17tb
Tbe exercises will consist of addresses, touts and re
nitnLarei.ee, and close with s collation.
All wbo haw been connected wltb tbe Institution aa stu
dents, tbelr bosDevnda or wives, their parents, tbe trtisteea,
patrons and donors, and ail craduatea of coll err In other
coon tries, wltb tbelr wires, are Invited to attend.
J K P. CHURCH, Committee,
b JOIIX If. PITY YYII.I. ACT FOR HIT.
under power of attorney tinting my alrseorv from
Uiv Kloxlom. ;HZ In, ( HAS. it. BISHOP.
Si r u t nr. "oraTT
lalsusara tn Probate.
HO A rILl KAALWAt, a
J astk I Harris. Order of
OF TBI Hittllt,
Sanaa H. " 1 aifcs
administrator of tba Katate of Wl
u. !ha BtS Kstate WW 1-ot
.1 i .is to isfl in s-rr " a
dee of sale may be sraaasd to sell all Ike rest eaasttafaaM
decedent to pay tbe ssme
It la ordere-d that THURSDAY, IBS) Trth DAT Of HAY,
ItTs, be and hereby Is appointed tar bltrtat east Batjataa
before the aM Justice. In Use tussrt Besses af Bta CBSBrs.
at Honolulu, at whlcB tine and place all una at rsatlia
ed may appear iind show camss. If any Ussy Bars, war eats
prtitloii shmil.1 aot be tranleu. an I i
llsbrd In Ibe Hswsaw atl KlHrUah
In the Ita
Dated Honolulu, U. I., toU Uth day of JUT. A. K. f7K
n r.-. t . ii , it
Waltct R. sal. Clerfc.
oi FREvr. cot Y or this iiawaii a
29 ISLANISA In probate. In the matter of raw Basses
of AJrroxio sii.vikra ir. so, i
Island of (lahu, deceased, misstate. At I
Mr. Justice Jtul.L Order of notice of
ance of accounts, dsKbara, east anal dtatrStaeaaes at pea-
On r eading and mine tbe petition and arrewata as taaa
uel N. Emerson. Administrator of flat Kasatt af A Meats
KUslere de s. uxa. late of Waialua. 1 stent af Oaaw. as-
ceased, wherein he asks tn be allowed f I7I.BT. and r
nlms-ir rlth ami ansa iiasl te i
anunccl an.l fipprovcl. and that a I
of distribution of the property remaining la his I
the persona thereto entitled, and c
surriir rrnni all runner i
oinie niar be
mml iwdar asay aasaeat
naining la bit Itsaaa t.
la ordered, that TUESDAY the
IS7S, al lt o clocfc A. M., before the
hers. In tbe t'onrt House. Al
hereby Is appointed as the lime and place At
petition and accounts, sad that all ps renaa a
then and there appear aad show cause, if at
why the same should not he granted, aad
pat or jmn,
t property. AM
evidence as n, who are entitled tn the s
thai this order. In the EiavJas
eaumshsd In the Hawaual
newspapers printed sad estiawsd as 1
sasstaaarva wea as piesasaa as use
fur said hearlr.s.
Dated at Honolulu, B. I., tblt d day of Say. lvrv.
A. rRAMl-nt HDD,
Attest: Jamil i af tins -as nasi caatt
J wo. E. tUassaD. Dep. Clerk Nop. t'onrt. ttl St
A ItO IT TO LEAVE THE KIWI.
emowereil to receive any money that is due me from this
date, J .UN MANN.
May rtb, 1871. MS It
THE rnF.K.iIi.KI HEBEBY UITEft
notice that, from and after this date, he will pay no
debit contracted In his name without his written order.
H. PET K It-S.
Honolulu. June 1, 1S7&, Ml 31
REAL ESTATE FOB SALE !
Near San Francisco, Cal.
aTt IMt'l IT (KIRT A r I lit"
J.7 Judicial District. Hawaiian Islands, la
the matter of the Estate of P. KANEIHALAC. late at
North Kohala. Hawaii, deceased. Intestate.
On reading and filing the petition of Wax. Versebnrtb.
that K. R robot It be appointed administrator to the estate
of the late P. Kanribalau of North Kohala, I laws. .1.
reaeed. Inteetal. 11 ts ordered that SATt'RDAY the led
DAY Of JULY. H71. at 10 o'clork A. 3C. ha fae fstn
House at Kapaan, North Kohala, be the Unas aad glass tat
for hearing wdd application, and all objectlena thai but
be offered thereto.
CHARLES FTtEDEISSt'E HABT.
VII it Itr. Jialte. J
Notice to Creditors.
Estate or Jiso. D. tlsMa
TEX OR TWELVE IIO.WEATFAD
I.O I M, 100x120 I. -et la size. Iax mIsmI iiinju c.
six ndles from the City Hail, nesr the line of
the -..i Jose llallroad, aad will soon become a
thrlTlne part of tbe ctrr, which now numbers
ubouL ?O0.0O0 liihahitaxita. The- Iota will b
sold singly or together. Tertu- eat jr.
Kor further particulars, :.r of JACOB UARDY, No.
403 California St., Hao Frajiclaco, or
542 2m II. M. WHITNEY, Honolulu.
FROM PORTLAND, OREGON
Received This Day I
otiit. is HKur.n v mvr.x that the
WUl and feaasissl of lata aatt JOHN ra
HOUISMON navinf been admitted to probate by the Hew.
A. I. Judd, ant of the Justice, of the -uprvme l ean, aad
Letters Testamentary tsaneaio f.llsaasia JB. tasataaoa and
J. B. Kclilkanekaole. the Executrix aad Eaeeoeas aaaastl
la the anal Will, on the 7th day of May aasasat ; an per
son having any property bWoeartnr to or ewlsst debts ts
tbe said Katate. ars hereby required to deliver or pay the
same to the said Executrix ami Executor ; and aa pereaaa
bavlntt claims aasinst the said Katate. whether by aaarv
mure or otherwne, are hereby re, sired to pries al the seas,
duly authenticated aod with the proper voactsrre. It use
said Executrix and Executor, tt the oases of raw tastes
Unel, ut No. 39, Eon .-ttreet, Honolulu, s
from tola date, or they will be forever c
Attorney for the Fae
nonolnhj. May 12. IS7i.
Barrels Columbia River Spring Salmon
1 BACKED BY VV A KKEV A CO.. 1H7.1. AM)
warranted a superior quality. For tale by
Mny 31, 17.1. in ii. i. K A CO.
EITT3 SALMON BELLIES.
I V K I II 1st 1. SI-KI Vi. KKCKI s Kll PKtt
Jt 1 raliclnburKY this day.
BOLJ.ES dt CO.
Oregon Sugar Cured Hams !
PACKED BY J o II. so at tsPALDIXti nnd
warran ted superior, llecelved this day per Kullctn
rfl HE I ' BERN Hi MED H AVIS';
ja. pointed by the Hun. A.
Tlldebte.1 I.. VI,
will annexed of the Estate of late
nuaula, Maul, hereby notify all
estate to pay same and all persona havlnt
sauie lo present them within atx titalha froa
wti.i.iAw ataai .
Executors of Estate lass E. Hedrr.
rliipalaa-ua, ITonuaula, Maul. March at, lara, ttl tat
Executors' Sale of
at 12 noon.
bunt,' and for aule by
-M . ; 31, 181.
BOLLES A CO.
Oregon Leaf Lard.
- sTk I, It. C ASKS. RECEIVED per K A I.K I
JLW burf.' For sale by
May 31, 1S73.
BOI.MM A CO.
Oregon Dried Apples.
ECEIVED 'I'll IS DAY, A.'D I OK HALE by
May 31, 1S75.
JjOLLteJ tt CO.
25,000 China Bricks.
W71XTRA NIZE. WILL LAY ABOI'T SO PER
Kvik, and fur sale by
May 11, 1S7S.
BOLLES) A CO.
SAX JI AX KILX RECEIVED PER FAL
klnbura ' tins day, and lu perfect order. Kor sale by
May 11, 1S7J.
BOLLES tt CO.
THE I7.XDrRMIsA.XED HAVE I'll IS BAY
entered Into partnership under the Unit name or
si) le of HITCH LUCK at CO.
Hilo, April 2tb, 1875.
D. H. HITCHCOCK-,
K. O. HrrCHCOCK.
CllAJs. U. WETMoltK,
r it a x s. a r 1. a x r 1
INKS IXHI'RKD OX III II. DIXI. S
ctiandlae aud Kurniture, on liberal terms, by
H. UACKKELD A CO., Avnta
May Id. all ly
Inv oice of American Clocks.
J, Oil MALE AT HAS BAX ISCO PRICEM.
May TO. H7X. IH1 Im) H. II At K EKI.II A CO.
Invoice of Silk Foulards.
TMT RECEIVED VIA PANAMA.
I.X PlRfUA.XCE OF A.I
J. on the isth day of May, A. U. IsTI, by Honorable a.
t Judd. Associate Juetice of tbe Tiapreune Ourut af the
llawutlau Islands, licensing- us, J. Muananll and Maria Ka
hat, executors of Ibe leal will and testament uf J. Kahei.
uf Honolulu, deceased, lo sell at public
lauds belonfUuj lo said estate, si shall sell al 1
On tbe 3d day of July. 1875.
At tbe Court House atrpa. In HoouaWa, tbe fcaewrtag
The Land in Kamoiliili, jfaikju, Oahu,
" K alaepohaku;
Containing SM Arm more or leas,
100 acres of Land in Waikifu,
Part of the Land known aa " PAHOA,"
Also, a PARCEL OF LAND
On the mauka aide of the Government Road ts Walkull.
near the rvetdeuce of the Minister of that la tartar, eeav
talnlng 9 Merest of Laud.
Alao, a PARCEL OF LAND
situated lu WaDtlkl, oa the sea stda of the paad of Oopo-
: l si'ri s
Title perfect. lieeda al tbe expense of raw tents
l or further particulars Inquire at the iiffh of J. rsjR
TKR OHEE.X, Merchant street, Honolulu, or J. MUA.N'A-
l 1.1. Honolulu.
J. M.i .x At -I.I and
. ALOHA KAUAI,
By then- Attorney,
J. roKTER t.KKE.V
Honolulu, MayM, UTS. Ml tt
MT RROTHER-IX-LAW. MAX. ECKART.
will act for me duruuj. my abarnc freea tats ansa
dom. MKH. CHM. n K i .. .
Honolulu, May U, 1171. Ut rf
A SMALL LOT OF SUPEIRO
Ex. Lata Arrivals.
For Sale by
M 3m M. 3. OKI XBAUja CO.
May 30, 1871.
(Ml Sm) R. IIACKKELD A CO.
name c. it s vi.nox aud
Helllee, In brla, bf-brla aud kltt.
Pilot Bread, Floor, Mams aod Ores on lime.
For Sale tt
May , U7t. (Ml tan) H HACgPKLD A QO'M.
AM: scotch, ERXAS AND NORWE
GIAN, hi quart! and pints.
Clarets, Khlne Wine, Bitten,
Brandy In casks and cases,
Hawaiian Rata tt Alcohol. For salt al
May M, 1 171. (Ml tea) UACKKKI.D tt CP'S
NORTH BRITISH AUD MERCANTILE
OF LOIDOI AUD EDISCBCROII.
Accumulated and Invrated Fund, !l,3a,U
THR rXDERKIO.XED HAVE BERK A p.
POINTED AiiKNTd lor the Sead.ka Islands ... 1
FOR 8 A L E !
ONE Fill1 Y DOTY WISH I US MCHIIE !
ORE F1IILY UHIOII WISHIK MCHME '
WITH PATENT Kltt-I RS. IX PCB
fect order, and Juet what at wanted la a stealer s
family. (tat lsi, tt. ML WALUtt.
MATTING!! MATTiNG ! !
THE UNDEatalts-JED HAVE JUST
raoeiveu an Invoice of
No. 1 Extra
Which we wITI tell very krv.
a-Iwj mo tail hi In
authorised to Iniure atantit rite noon favorable I,
Risk t taken ia any pari of the Ulead ea Wooden Buildinrs
and Msrcbandite stored therein. Dwelling Rinaea aad r.ra
ture. Timber Coals. Ships In harbor with oe without urea,
or under repair. Mllyl at). UOIf sCULABOaa A CO.
Blacksmith's Shop to Let.
Tv II E It LACK Si! IT II SHOP, AXD THE
Hoots- and FrenuSet In Use rear thereof, situated at
Ktnr Street, Honolulu, opposite the Police Slatloo, aud
had on the 1st June next
For further particulars ajply to MB. JOHN rttEEMAX
.... me pi'Diin. or Hi st it. BAll.AItO at the (.lerti a Of
fice of the Supreme Court.
Fresh Meal, Corn Meal, Wheat Meal,
Cracked Corn and Bran for Chicken
and Horse Feed I
THE I'XDEMHsXED Buss naaiaaaainl tbe
manufacture of tbt above stAxttd articles, aad at ore.
Pred m deliver them fresh H -.stouter, on W-lu.-avL ,
eudaatara,f,.ch.et:. Orders Q ltb E. OTi!
A don ud rsihDtrham A Co., will b. Oiled by
ar - - - .. aUNTEB.
rurain irom tarn nfr lMmxkm MnrUtsil.
A" rmmm havixi. xaiw iin,t
the Estate of the late ALLA.V W. J LOO. 'Tins
Present them without delay lo either of the underekjned
CHAM. H. JL'UD.
Hotvauln. Karen . ,17a. "
K. O, HALL & SOs
ate ji wt art eited
SILVER PLATED WARE!
Meriden Britannia CwBsaar.
ITT A B I. a FOB WEDDIXQ nUMaCTTSL
First PrfBlnn wirafd ky 0 4axrkaa
IwUtote- W7S u mi.
btavTbact raon mmmr i
f h he ty av a
uata, era awMtjatt, Its ut arterial."
aaaaasflar tfet tJataa mm
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