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II Al THOKITl
of u-th are . - -. of aav-nnrr
irjeettr. all pr-sno. wMrruim or
t part cf th- rtty taHBllll Pasco-
AN INDEPENDENT JOrKNAL,
DEVOTED TO HAWAIIAN PROGRESS.
Pl'BUKIIEP AND EDITED BT
II E X R T M. WHITNET
asewi a"ws IMMkn street and Brrrtonr
aaaa as tbsKwa assorts car. an
t-ass USBBsd m saaaep or rMt b frost erf tbrtr
BB, an lb morr.lnc ft
Mr ca. tar, m uv pafc m
Aiot af the Board of
aa? Tax Assesses! i bc several tBtafo" da-
tra-asf ear Ekaroaai :
GeVBU' Hseaatora Oa BL Jodd.
Kara a Waaaaa 4. ajBBUko.
I. BL B. Mania.
Norsk Ksas 8. K. KaaL.
iwtt EotaUa 8. H. Mahuta.
Nns gitiii 1. mu.
tMaki T. jr. Birra.
Haas , ,D Kalutulrlax
soir-si: a lanai d. w. sua,.
KM AI-nuaM.H. Kaataba.
' ' ajapalioellma.
trass P. ranlola.-
Vskaaa B. K. Eaaptva.
IBBaaa a. W. Baaaaal
IT t of nnawri. Joa a. lrv
Js - Wiun.
Minister of Finance.
Iil'irins in Jalj, 175.
i: ! 1 1 1
A Bn. . avr-ham St. Hoooluln.
t A m. rca-orr Kin A V
Mao (-hue. Nnuaou St, Honolulu.
' mill 11 naMH
. -Akac A On . Suaans ft.
Ab KbL Aaaai, Hoaohun.
-B- ' aObbr. run St. Honolulu.
i:-Aa-aat israelii. Hotel St.
11 Aran A- Co., Kbar St. n.
II-:- X. raiser, kaahu
14-T. A- Uoyd. Fort St.
tt Ab Ha. B-rrtnla St. Hi
It-it. Mar. FtmBUl
cor Kmc A X
At BL B. aavrar A Bra. Nassau St, lloaolulo.
BUWraal.l-ab t o. Ealaaaha.
HWali-.tl L Orjoper KaSna. Kooa.
II B. X. oraamd. Kalakala. Kooa.
nana at Honolulu.
St J. I. XBav Paboaaa. Hue.
r-ia IBI ma.
1 Thro. BL Davie. Kaabumanu St. Honolulu.
l-Hymae A Bra.. etrTchai.l St. Honolulu.
W . Fort St. Honoiulu.
1 Thu. H. tarries. Eaahnnianu St. Honolulu.
t a lilarlaai afJastrrls. Royal Haw Theatre.
I. Nolle cor uurrn A Btaunakea Sta.
X. BaartM-Uor. Wslluku.
U-UCavr. Maaaalrra St. Honolulu.
U raaaaav, Xa. to, Haaolala.
I loan. Xo 8. Hobolulu.
SI S. Parser. WaOaku.
S BMML BrrkL KooUupoko.
WZDXESDA 1' JULYU.
At the request of His Majeelj, s number of
gentreineo nj-t At the palace od Wetlnetdav last
to eoo!r 00 the pfoprietj of bis creslioe a new
Order of Merit, to be termed the Oedkr or Ka
lakai'a. The preeeot Order of KamehamehA is
limited ia its sphere, restricted to a nmall Lum
ber of members, and caonot therefore serre the
object for which the new one is designed, i.e. an
incentive to loyal tj and as a reward to all who
mar distinguish thomselres under the Kalakaoa
dynasty and deserve ipecial recognition of this
kind, in the bestowal of which the King may fol
low bis own good judgment. Soch aa order is
the Legiun of Honor in France, which is awarded
for political, military, naval, scientific, professional,
mechanical or personal merit. Its membership is
unrestricted, as to numbers, and it includes now
a vast array, not only of Frenchmen of all classes,
bat of citizens of every nation, who have shown
themselves deserving of a reward from France.
The Japanese Government also has daring the
present year established an Order of Merit, which
provides for eight classes of rewards to be given
to soch as prove deserving of public recognition.
The result of the conference on Monday was
that such an Order will soon be established.
The King has the right, under the constitution,
to establish all orders of the kind, and it is not
to be aroodered if be desires to add to the fame
of his dynasty and reign by creating an order
which shall tend to increase loyalty to bim and
strengthen bis throne.
Oca young cotemporary the Islamier was
started professedly to take high ground as to
literary merit and journalistic honor an ambi
tion which seizes too many aspirants for literary
fame. Hut alas for the good intentions of even
". the best literary talent of the islands." if it fails
in its resolutions, it will have none to blame bat
itself. Could anything, for instance, be more
ridicoloos and absurd than its comments on the
Oazcttk, which it closes by saying. We too
shall have a proposition for the legislature at
the next session ; and this viil be (italics oars) a
bill for the suppression of ridiculous newspapers,
by which any paper on passing a stated degree of
absurdity shall be heavily taxed." If the next
Legislature, in searching for ways and means to
increase the revenue deficiency, decides to restore
tbe liceose tax of one hundred dollars, formerly
paid by newspaper publishers here, they will have
to thank the conductors of the Islatultr. As for
the suppression of " ridiculous newspapers." tbe
government censor, when appointed under tbe
bill which " will be " prepared by tbe lslimUr
corps, will have to read only a few such nonsen
sical productions as " The (joseipiog Woman,"
and " What do Babies go to Church for !" to
apply the law to at least one literary fledgling.
greater security at aea. In spite of all the im
provements in life-boats of late years, and in
life-preservers and lowering-tackle, lives are
hardly ever saved in a serious accident by any
of them, because ther all need an amount of
organization, discipline, presence of mind, and
powers of endurance which, in moments of su
preme peril, are not to be looked for among a
motlev crowd. &ation.
The haili ng, r.
(n Jul) Term.
Mr. Jaatie Habbjs presiding.
.'i. S Rx vs. J. L. Keauaa, Jobs Kukoe and
Caasala Kcaaaai Abdaetmi. 5o!fc prosequi en
tered. Ri t. Xapolaor Appeal from Polio Magiitratr.
Bawaaala. Piiaaaai, after consultation with bis
e-'Er-al. J. ST t'nanna. withdrew hif arpeal, and asked
;r a autigatior. ofmteece. The Court a firmed the
aaanamwe at the lower Court and remanded tbe priso
ner. Casts to be remitted.
JaJr 7. Bex vs. Saihebaa-Iadicted for murder,
law r-riaawar pleaded not guilty. Tried and found
(tilt?, fcv a Baaaiaaoas verdict, of manslaughter in
the 1st ls,iii. whereupon the Conn sentenced bim
t. iarr..crrci:; a! bard We r f r 10 rears. Res
Atteraev Ore era! for the Crown, J. PorterGreen and
E. T. O'Balloraa for the prisoner.
Jt'v 8 Kaoliko (k) vr Haawea (w) Actios of
Tort. iAaataeea daisied, $30. Motion to dismiss
argued by Mr. Dole supported by W. C. Jones. Mr.
fiartwaU aifwad eoatra and Mr. Joses replied, and
aaaa abtaitted for tbe eossideratioa of tbe Coart.
Bex vs. Twn Kan Fts Burglary. The prisoner
beit f -gal BJ ' '' .trt senteoev i
bbbb to i aapneoBBkest at hard labor for two Tears and
eeaw. 14.74. Aad for the larceny the Coart sentenced
Baa to one year at hard labor aad a far cf tiO.
CBaries Kaaaiaa vs. A. A. Haalelea (w) Action
c' Eiectsaast. Case tried by a jary, who returned a
verdict for tbe plaiatuT in the sam of too damage.-.
Exceptisas Bated as eontraryjto law aad tha evidence.
A. 6. Hartwe'i for the plaintiff, K. H. Stanley for
Jeiy J. Bex vs. Kahalelepo Oa motion of the At
torney General, the piisocei was arraigned for sen-
ct.k' afko-1 tha' the 0 on re-
r to the mercy of tho Crows. The
i that, if he waa ta die, his
The Coart sentenced him
ob the 4th Friday ia October next,
n. Haawea Moliec to diimisi denied.
BBMSMgMfJ 1 (M
rshnaaaBB (w) vs. W. L. Moehonaa, Minister of
asraaraat -Milaaa to dismiss argaed by Measrs. Stan
ley aad MrCauy. aad replied to by A. Kalasli. Tbe
Coart took baas to eca rider.
Srrrtaes ta Babco.
1 at the Bescb, Chif Justice Allib. Jurtiees
vs. Rath Eeelikolani Exceptioaa to
of Mr. Jastiet Harris. Briefs tied aad
asi sabaitted. A. S. Hartwell for
, B. H. Stanley aad L. McCaUy for defend
C. B. Biahar n. K. Everett. (B. F. Bolles Garni
shee ataBBBBsaaae te the raliag of Mr. Jartiee Jadd.
Case agreed aad sabailted. W. C. Joses for plaia-
A. 6. Hartwell for defendant.
. at al vs. ''.ahani at a. Motion to diimi.s
BB af aaasjaioai. as the groasd that bond was aot
hal BUaBa. The Court sattaised the motion, and
majHiaBi djaatiaaed. L. EeUipio for exceptions, W.
J. E. Wilbasas vs. H. Haekfald A Cc Kiceptiooi
war warhdrawB aad the parties agree to go to a jury .
I.C. Jssss te aWataf, A. S. Hart wall fa, deleadaat.
PsBBBBtea the Basra, Chief Jaatiee Auii aad
Jaitiaas Habbib aad JrB.
Jaly !ih Kaelik- fk) vs. Hat we (v Exeep.
: of Mr. Jutic Harris on motion to
alio wad, and aai
C"E.3ieci aawj ce:
aWath aaurht ha iaararlnfr
at al vs. Esth EeelikoUai Appeal froa
of Mr. Jastiee Jadd ia eoaity. Case argued
A. S. Hartwell aad W. C. Jones for
. . StBBlay far defendant.
fk) vs. Frank Aa tone Before Mr.
Harris. Assies af sjiitasai. Metisa to
rat F. a aVasBBMa Ha Oaart aamaal the amend
Bast tabs made, aarviee U he made as dafawdaat,
llarsikli at the Oeuher term.
Jwty tf-Eaawrai Wright st si vs. Eakabaala
tjmaaal Triad aad a verdict renamed tar the da-
J. Psrtar Green far BaaMaf. A. 6.
. JaBas Togei, the New Zealand
a i-night OBBtBBBderof
Uk Order at Macdaei aad rk. George, russisn
aVaaw BuBSBlBMB aad Mr. Layard receive the posj.
taOB af CaMasairiBi af St. Mlraatl tmt BL George
Tnr communication of oar correspondent " Ha
manitas." refers to what is no doubt a growing
evil ; bat if we mistake not. the laws of tbe king
dom provide a remedy, and any person can enter
a complaint and prosecute tbe offenders. But
then the time, the labor, the expense who ia
willing to step out and act the part of the hu
manitarian T Tbe chief advantage of a Society
for the Prevention of Cruelty is this that it
concentrates the influence and means of such
persons a desire to gee some action taken in
tbe matter, and enables them at the expense of
tbe society, and with its moral influence, to do
what one person single-handed might never be
able to accomplish. We should like to see a
society organized, and have once or twice sug
gested a move ; bat never has there been the
Tiiiei can be no doubt that the use of intoxi
cating drinks among our aborigines is increasing
throughout the group, and as a natural conse
quence, crime and more frequent sodden deaths
occur among them as they are certainly too fre
quent among foreigners. It is stated that on
tbe 3d instant, there were no less than ten deaths
! in this city, two of foreigners and tbe rest natives.
Of coarse this rapid rate of deaths will soon
I leave as without a people, and if we still possess
a government, it will be bat a mere form. How
I to arrest this decrease is the greatest question
! ever presented before the government. It must
be met. investigated and the remedy spplied.
The remedy will be found to lie in the example
of government officers, as regards tbe encourage
ment of tbe use of intoxicating drinks ; in prompt
bringing to justice of violators of the laws, and in
tbe encouragement of personal industry among
: all classes. " Like master like man," is s pro-
1 verb full of truth. And where a judge, a sheriff.
i or any other officer of the kingdom is seen to set
tbe example of a free use of liquor, the effect per
meates tbe whole district. What is not wrong
for the master is sorely not wrong for the man
and the result is disease, misery and death.
Thk loss of the SchiUer continues to undergo
a good deal of discussion in the English pa-
l pers, and, as might have been expected, a good
deal of attention is directed to the failure of
the captain to sound as he approached the
coast, during a dense fog. Several nautical
men of high standing have written letters as
serting positively that if he had sounded, the
character of the bottom would have given him
his position within sufficient limits. One cap
tain in the navy gainsays this by averring that
reference to the chart will show that the char
acter of soundings, even in the channel in which
the Sckilkr was lost, is often the same at
twenty-five miles apart; but this simply
amounts to saying that sounding in foggy
weather is not as satisfactory as an observation
in bright weather. That it does not give a
navigator his exact position is no reason for
' not resorting to it at all after several days of
reliance on dead -reckoning, as appears to
have been the case of the SchiUer, or as was
more notably the case with the Atlantic, where
the captain ran eight days in fug, never sound
ed, and went plump on shore on a calm night.
The answer of the officers at the subsequent
official investigation to the question why they
had not sounded was " that they thought it was
of no use ' or, in other words, were so stu
pidly sure of their position that they would
not take even a small amount of trouble to as
ocrtain it- It has beep suggested in England,
and very sensibly as it seems to us, that the
taking of soundings under given circumstan
ces should be made imperative by law, as well
as the record of tins result in the log-book,
thai its omission should be made a penal of
fence as regards the officers in case of an ac-
cident or the loss of the ship, and should, as
far as the owners are concerned, be made to
vitiate the insurance, and thus enforce greater
care in the choice of officers. It is evident
that it is in tnis direction, rather than in that
of life-saving apparatus, that we must look for
Wc last week announced the expected arri
val of this ship from Japan. From a Yoko
hama paper of May 22, we leam that she was
looked for about June 6 at that port, where she
would remain a few wrecks, leaving prolably
t r Honolulu atvut Jnlv 1, and will be due
here about the end of this month or early in
August. It may not be generally known that
she is on a voyage of scientific research, and is
fitted with the most approved deep sea sound
ing apparatus, which is employed wherever she
goes. There is also a scientific corps on board,
at the head of which is Professor Wyville
Thomson, wh'isc articles on various topics con
nectod with the service in which the Challenger
is engaged, some of which we have printed,
ha-e been read with great interest by the pub
lic. If we are not mistaken, this vessel lias
been out over three years, and is now home
While in the South Pacific, tho Challenger
made soundings for a telegraph -cable between
Australia and New Zealand, a report of which
has been published. Captain Xares found the
ocean bed to incline very gradually from tho
Australian coast into a depth of 2100 fathoms
67 miles from the shore, which is less abrupt
than in the Atlantic, and favorable for a cable.
The greatest depth was 2000 fathoms, or
15,600 feet, at a distance of 210 miles from the
coast. From this point the bottom rises very
gradually to New Zealand, and shoal water
(275 fathoms and less) was found to extend
i 200 miles from New Zealand. The Middle
Island was found to be the nearest land in New
Zealand to the Austral ian Continent. The re
port of Captain Narej is very favorable to tho
laying of a sub-marine cable on the above
route, which is now being prepared, and will
soon be laid.
We shall next week publish a report of the
voyage of the Challenger, prepared for us by
Mr. Ed. Beeves, Hawaiian Consul General at
Runi In Nugar Cane.
It would appear from an article in the Bris
bsM (Jueendtiuder, that the sugar planters of
that colony have a cane disease to contend
with, an aecotiut of which may interest our
readers. It is described by a writer in the
paper referred to, who says : " This 8.-called
' rust ' in cane first appeared in Queensland
about three years ago, and was then confined
to small patches, principally of the Bourbon
variety. When the plant is attacked, the
leaves show brown spots ; in severe cases, tho
whole leaf becomes brown or dry, suggestive
of the name, 'rust.' The cane also shows
discolored spots, and rapidly loses density.
The roots, on examination, will at this stage
lie found in a state of decomposition, and even
the aerial roots or radicals immediately above
ground, will be found to have lost their vitali
ty, the spongioles being completely decayed.
anous opinions have from time to time,
through the press of the colony, been hazanlcd
as to the cause of this disease, but none claim
ing positively to have mastered the subject.
Some think the disease is atmospheric and
contagious. Others attribute the cause to fungi.
Some to want of drainage and improper culti
vation. Mr. W. B. Alexander, in his articles
lately published in The QueensLtmier, gives a
most intelligent and exhaustive theory of the
cause, generally, of that disease in plants, and
notably wheat and potatoes in particular ; and
he supports his theory by the practical tests of
numerous writers on the subject, particularly
in America, tho euro in all cases being lime,
and an absence of that salt in the soil the
cause of the disease. I am sorry to say, how
ever, that neither a liberal use of lime, nor its
existence in the soil in large quantities either
prevents or cures the disease in cane. On a
plantation in my neighborhood the first canes
showing symptoms of rust grew on a soil
abundantly mixed with sea shells; and as a
corroborative proof that the cane had assimi
lated a large quantity of the lime from the soil
scarcely any was required for the complete
clarification of its juice. Nor is the disease
conveyed by atmospheric agency, from the fact
that I have rusted cane, and cane free from
rust growing in alternate rows, with the leaves
of the healthy and the rusted canes intermin
gling. This same fact also dispels the theory
of parasitic fungi. The diseased cane is the
Salangore, the jiealthy cane is the Meera, in this
instance. I have also ascertained that drain
age, high cultivation, and land most abounding
in plant-food (instance newly-cultivated scrub
lands) accelerate the disease. According to
Schleiden, plants in a high state of cultivation
are all more or less in a condition predisposed
to disease. He says there is an unnatural and
excessive development of particular structures
or particular substances and thus the equili
brium being destroyed, the plants are liable to
suffer from injurious external influences; he
further says the same of wheat, rye, or barley,
sown in land the first year after it has been
manured, or when the climate is very unlike
the original one of the plant, as in the case of
maize in most parts of Europe. Gentlemen,
my belief is that the disease in cane will be
found to be simply the effects of climate, it
will be found due to the sudden transitions of
our climate from great heat to a low tempera
ture, and from extreme and protracted drought
to a superabundance of moisture. Thus frost
coming on in spring, after the sap begins to
flow, causes injury, and either kills the plant
or weakens its constitution, rendering it liable
to disease. The plant thus enfeebled, meets,
as in the months of November and December,
extreme drought and heat, not a drop of mois
ture in the soil, and the thermometer ranging
from 90 5 to 110 in the sun, scorching not
only leaves and stalk, but roots of cane (which
you are aware, in this plant, seek for food
near the surface of the soil). When, succeed
ing such a state of things, an abundant rain
fall takes place, as in February last, starvation
of the plant is succeeded by plentiful moisture,
and as cane is a gross feeder, and absorbs a
great deal of water, which it consumes both in
its vegetation and in the formation of its juices,
the sudden reaction from starvation to a super
abundance of moisture (in which in rich soils
the cane rapidly assimilates plant-food) proves
too much for the weakened condition of the
plant, a sudden reaction takes place in the cel
lulose and in the contents of the cells, which
speedily leads to decay.
" Now, gentlemen, for tbe remedy and it is
most fortunate for planters there is one ; it is
most fortunate that we have several varieties
of sugar-cane sufficiently hardy to withstand
the rapid and extreme transitions of our cli
mate, and which, up to this date, have proven
quite free from blight of any kind. These I
will name in what I consider the order of their
merit, and of their importance to the planter.
The canes are Meera, Common Ribbon, the
two varieties of Bappoe, Black Java or Tre
boe, Djong-Djong, Shimei, and Malabar. Guig
ham I find a doubtful cane, showing latent
symptoms of disease. The following canes
take rust, and cannot uxi soon be rooted out of
a plantation ; and that, I am convinced, will
be found the only permanent cure, unless our
climate becomes more equable both in temper
ature and moisture : Tho Bourbon, Chigacca,
Violet Bibbon and its yellow sport, Salangore,
and the two varieties of Diard. There are
many other varieties, on which I am yet una
ble to pronounce positively. The canes I have
mentioned as keeping healthy and free from
rust, contain more wood fibre than the diseased
ones, thus strenghtening and protecting the cells
and vessels of the plant. By reason of this they
also resist frost better, come early to maturity,
and are for the most part rapid growers nota
bly so the Meera and the two varieties of Bap
poe. Battoons of these three named varieties
will, within twelve months, make eight feet of
clean cane on good soil and with-good cultiva
tion. The juice of the Meera, especially,
proves of good density, and granulates most
freely into an excellent sugar."
There is a disease of a somewhat similar
nature to be found in certain districts in this
group, which is called by the natives ilino.
It attacks not only sugar cane but potato vines, 1
and has not proved very destructive except in
the cane fields of Ulupalakua. It is believed
to be pnxluced in some way, not yet explained,
by the red ant, which is usually found infest
ing the localities where the disease exists.
These ret! ants are said to be increasing very
rapidly in this group, and if they continue to
do so, may prove very destructive to growing
crops. They usually make their nests among
the roots of plants and trees, and probably do
the same with the cane, which can easily be
ascertained by examination, wherever they ex
ist. This subject of ants, rust, or blight, or
whatever else it may be, that causes tho loss of
cane, is one which should be investigated, and
any facts learned regarding it should be pub
lished to stimulate further inquiry. In Queens
land, it has caused in the past year a heavy loss
to tbe planters, estimated at not less than one
fourth of the entire crop. While there is no
good cause to apprehend any such immediate
result here, it is well that all interested in cane
culture should know this fact, and endeavor to
gain information regarding the real cause and
remedy. It is well to introduce new varieties
of cane, wherever the disease is observed, as
is recommended by the writer in the alove ex
tract ; and, if necessary, to send abroad and
procure such kinds as experience in other
countries has shown to be exempt from all dis
eases. Regarding the "cane borer," which some
years since troubled our planters, but of which
we have heard little of late, a planter informs
us that he eradicated them by a very simple
process. Ho cut down all tho Btalks affected
with the insects, run them through the mill,
then passed them to tho trash house to be
dried and burned. Between the mill and fire,
the borers had a poor chance of escaping alive.
What was left of tho cane in the field was
plowed as deep under tho surface as jiossiblo
and left to rot, and the field left to lie fallow.
The result was not a borer was seen on the
estate the next year-
The Cost ori.ivinK.
The author of the paper on "Tho Cost of
Living" in the April number of the Cornhill. is
all wrong, and as, if he were right, he would
be a most aggravating person, it may be worth
while to tell irritated housekeepers why he is
in the wrong. All his facts are, we doubt not,
correct, but the instinct which so illogically or
absurdly denies them all is, we think, correct
too. In feminine phraseology, "He may prove
all he likes, and it doesn't matter, because af
ter all, you know it isn't so ;" or in more mas
culine phrase, he has omitted one essential da
tum in his calculation. His thesis as he puts
it is quite conclusive. You are bound, ho says,
when comparing the present with the past cost
of living, to compare actual prices, and not
prices as affected by new wants. You have no
right to Bay rent is higher because you seek a
bigger house, or education costs more because
you desire a higher form of tuition, or rates
are more oppressive when you want so many
new comforts paid out for them. Your expenso
for lighting is not to be calculated by your bills
for oil and gas, but by vour bills as they would
le if you required only tho light with which
your grandfather was content. You ought to
compare the old article at its old price with the
old article at its present price, and then you
will find that there has in most departments of
life been very little increase of cost at all.
You can get the bad old accommodation at the
old price. You need not give any more for the
apology for education. You can stay at home
if you like, as your forefathers did, in spite of
all the cost of modern travel. It is most un
fair to count your increased wants as if they
were increased privations, or as the writer
puts it, "Perhaps the oddest, one might ra
ther say the coolest, assumption often made in
discussions upon this subject, is one which real
ly amounts to a claim that all loss arising from
increase of cost is to be regarded as a priva
tion, and therefore a ground for complaint,
whereas all saving arising from all diminution
of cost or other directions may fairly be regard
ed as being swallowed up by the greater 'de
mands' of the present age. Beef and butfter are
dearer, therefore here is a privation ; but when
it is urged on the other hand that traveling is
vastly cheaper, the answer will very likely be,
'Oh ! but people are obliged to travel so much
more now than they used to do ; every one does
so now, even those who formerly never thought
of such a thing, and therefore we, like others,
are forced to do the same.' Still more is the
same answer resorted to in the case of every
sort of social display. It need hardly be re
marked that every plea of this sort must be per
After rejecting every plea, it will be found
that the cost of living has scarcely increased,
certainly not more than ten per cent., if so much.
Meat has about doubled in price, and rent out
side London is a trifle dearer, say 20 per cent.,
but every other necessary excepting service is
perceptibly cheaper. Taxes are less ; the cost
of traveling is less ; books cost less ; clothes are
nearly the same, and servant's wages, though
they seem to have altered, do not in a house
hold of 1000 per annum differ by 30 a year.
Every word of this argument is as true as to all
housekeepers over fifty it will be aggravating,
art the whole of it is all the same distinctly
false. The writer has forgotten or omitted one
great factor in his problem, namely, a defini
tion of his ideas of "necessaries." The ques
tion is not whether a pound of meat now costs
more or less than it did in 1800, but whether a
meal costs more or less ; not whether "educa
tion'' can be obtained as cheaply, but whether
education of equivalent use does not cost more;
not whether "living" is as cheap as of old, but
whether living in the same friendships is not
very much more costly. The essayist is right
when he says there is no justice in placing
good drainage against bad, and saying good
drainage is the dearer ; but he is only right
so long as the drainage is optional, and not a
matter of compulsion. The moment a purchase
becomes inevitable, and inevitable for some
other reason than the mere development of a
new desire, tho cost to the purchaser becomes
a true addition to the uost of living : and there
have been many such additions. This very one
of sanitation is such an addition. If it were
open to a man to live as his grandfather lived,
it would bo unfair to quote the plumber's bill
against the good old times, but in a city no
such a choice is left to the economical house
keeper. He must pay his plumber's bill, or be
fined, or die of typhoid, and that bill is a di
rect increase to his inevitable expenses. To
take an even Utter illustration, the oat of ed
ucation as a necessity has been extravagantly
increased. It is quite true that our sons can
get for 20 a year just as good au education as
our fathers got for that amount, that is to say,
as much of positive knowledge or positive dis
cipline of tho mind, but then of the direct ob
ject sought through that education they can
not get so much. The middle-class man of
1800 bought for his son with his 20 a vear a
chance of success in life which he now scarce
ly buys for six or seven times that sum. One
end, at least, of education is to obtain an ar
mor for the battle of life ; and if that armor is
essential, and not to be obtained without in
creased oxpense, there lias been a direct addi
tion to the cost of living. As a matter of fact,
we all know this has been tho case. The es
sayist's examplar, a professional man in a
country town with 1000 a year, would in 1800
have been liberal if, with a family of two sons
ami two daughters, he had spent 100 a year
that is, a tithe of his income 011 education.
He would now, unless very exceptionally for
tunate, have to spend 330 that is, a third of
his receipts to secure identically the same ar
ticle, that is, an education for his children
which should fit them for their position as well
as the previous generation was fitted for a third
of the money. It is nonsenso to say that the
education is better. So is the meat. But a
man wants within a fraction as many ounces a
day of good meat as of indifferent, and educa
tion lias become as great a necessary as food,
that is to say, without it the man or woman of
the professional grade is weak for the ordinary
work of life. Education is a necessity, not a
luxury, and its increased cost, which is exces
sive, and will bo greater yet, is a direct addi
tion to the cost of living. So is the cost not of
hiring servants, but of feeding servants when
they arc hired.
Peace In Europe
According to reports the civilized world has
something to thank Bussia for, in the net of
her Czar, who visited Berlin just as apparently
the long roll of great natious was being beaten,
und the world stood, ears erect, waiting for the
signal gun. Why it was that such persistent
reports were circulateel, breathing ominous
prophecies of closely approaching war, may
not easily Vie conjectured. But they were
credited sufficiently to make the civilized world
uneasy, and rulers who desired the continu
ance of peace anxious. Among these was Al
exander of Bussiu, who made a journey to Ber
lin to see his uncle, the Kaiser William, and
his terrible impersonation of destiny, Bismarck.
It is to his credit, to his glory, that be did
this, and to his good sense and his good for
tune that he succeeded in satisfying tho Court
of Germany that the sentiment of the world
was against another war between Germany and
France. Whether he intimated that in case of
an attack by Germany, Bussia would feel
obliged to aid France, is not known. But at
any rate arguments potent enough to silence
the rumors of war were used, and the official
organ of Germany announces complete harmo
ny between the two belligerents of five years
ago. Perhaps the Czar desired freedom of
movement in the designs of his Government in
matters connected with his new acquisition of
Saghalien and of Corea, which it is hinted Bus
sia intends to acquire. Whatever the basis of
his action, he has done humanity a kindness in
postponing, if not preventing, another war be
tween Germany and France. Meanwhile tho
Paris Figaro has created a sensation by advis
ing a postponement of revenge for a hundred
years. Good advice. AUa.
was now anxioss to see whether we should have
a survival. He aapreeated many of the forms of
expraeajoD which found carreoey in connection
with each movemeaU as those which had recently
been witnessed ia all parts of tie country, and
did not like to see young people who said they
had found peace thrusting upon tbeir elders con
versation on the most serious and sacred of
questions. What be wished his bearers espe
cially to understand was, that religion was meant
for everyday experience a thing which aar
cbaots could aad ought to practice through their
ledgers, and which ought never to be laid aside.
He did not want, be continued, young men to
deal too much in the suartier ta modb. He
wanted them to endure hardness as good soldiers."
CoscrrBlBS Thanas !ejaarr.
Pvs Alloc, July 12th, 1875.
EnrrtvR of tub Hawaiiax Oaiittk :
Dear Sir, Allow me to trespass on your
time and patience a little, in order to correct a
wrong impression which has got abroad in the
community, to wit, that there are uo trees
planted in " Thomas Square :" that it is simply
a wilderness of weeds. &c. I refer to the ar
ticle in the local columns of the ufreTfijsv, in
the last issuo of that paper.
I have heard it insinuated frequently, al
though it came second-hand of course, that
tbey did not believe tbera were any In the Square, and
have paid no attention whatever to the reports; but
thle communication coming la tbe manner It does.
! merits my attention, as I urn tbe one most nearly
concerned In tbe matter, as I planted tbe trees my
eel', and I know tbctn to be there.
I will venture to aar that there baa seldom been
planted a piece of ground with Algeruba trees, from
: the seed, with the same success that bas attended
; tbe plantlnK of Thomas Square. It Is true that there
are some vacancies In tbu trees, to be MM up the
ensuiug winter, (tbe proper time lor plaiiliug trees.)
by a well-known gentleman of Houolulu, who la
growing the trees uow In his garden, but tbu vacan
cies are few. Bat If tliero was aot another tree
plauted In the Square t bau there la there now, lu tbe
coarse of a few years. It would be one of the moat
beautiful, park-like places la tbe vicinity ol Hono
lulu. J. Montgomery, Esq., is deserving of a great deal
of credit for the Interest he bas manifested In tbe
place, furnishing seeds, ote., of tbe choicest kinda,
for the purpose of planting In tbe place. Ills desire,
in common with my own, la to see tbe naked plains
clothed with living vcrdure.
In regard to there being a " great crop al weeds "
on the place, I would say that tliry were K it tbete
purposely, experience having demonatratcd that
tbey serve the double purpose ot ahieldlnir the yoang
trees from the scorching rays of tbe auu, and tbe
drylne winds, till such time as they are strung
enough to lake care of themselves, which tbey are
nearly In a position to do now, being on an average
from two to four feet In bright at the present time.
The foliage of the Alireroba tree la thin, so that a
tree baa to be several leet In height before it can be
seen at a distance.
I would suggest to the Government, that they
bring the water Into tbe Square, (now that the preli
minary slcpa have been taken In plant inc trees, Ac.,)
and plant Samang and other choice trass and abrub
bery, In tbe vacant places, trees that will not grow
without tbe aid of water, which the Alireroba tree
will do. after It has once sent down Us tap root.
which makes It a most valuable tree for tbe dry
commons In these Islands.
Pardon me for trespassing so much on your val
uable space. Yours truly, Albkkt Scntbk.
At the request of the writer of the above
letter, we have been to "Thomas Square,"
walked across it, and find his statement to bo
correct. We judge that there are several hun
dred small trees, from 12 to 21 inches high,
planted in rows perhaps 20 feet apart. Al
thongh not quite so thick as the the trees in
Mr. Ward's or Col. Jones' premises, they are
thick enough to make a fine shady grove in a
few years. The weeds evidently protect ami
shelter tho young trees hidden among them.
NEW ADVERTISE M BNTS.
J3 Bankropu-ror OA vidswith. a TemwawT aaaaaaH.
Oa-vM SmttS of Honolulu, havfia eonaa ber was Heat.
a. at. al Um. court Roam af thaaaumaai cawrt at ASBv
laal Home, Ilooorolo. h O. una anal asm sssearaa
aaaSt tsa qnur. or lUnkraperr. saw dan aaaraaf ear
hrarlns SS puMBhed In IBr HawaBW OBI I IB, Sw aB as.
boo ihrrln ooocraed toappamr aad akww mam. IT as
there M. whe irw aakl HavM -uiOUt abookl aot aa Saasasa
naAkravt. By oetler of the CvmrL
J TO. K. tUaxtza,
St PBS-MK rOI StT or mi HAWAII aw
1SUNIK-la rvobate. Ia the matter af BBS BaaSB
of IIAKK1KT IIKCK. a Minor. ItnnolBra. Oaba At Caaaa.
rw nrrore the Hon. A. T Jat. Aaasrwaw jaaskwa BBS
llrrtee of 1.0UW of petlUoo (he bhraaaro
r. an .ItatrtWadoa of Hipem.
ami Sl-nx th- r-llliou and aeewaaM af Cwaa.
W. (lark, lloardlan of tbe KaUleof HarrrM Bark.. BTsaar,
of Honolulu, oahu. wnrnln he aata to be alk.we.1 la a,
an. I .-harrea hhnaelf wits aes It. arxl aawa Omt uWaaaas
mar he etamlord aad afveawaw. aaal IBss a Saai .rawe
n..v be mad- .tl tiarln; bim aa Una
aod Ifcal tbe propertr remalnliur In h 1
hlm aad lila .ur.u from aU Partner r-
II la ordered, ikat TVEHPA V. Ih. ism day af Aa
A. U. H7t. al 10 o'etasB A. B
t-lumrx-ra. In tha Court Itoi
aaroe hereby la apptHnlrd aa me u aau asaea aar aear-l.-.e
aaH prUUon and ae-evanta. and thai aB (iiresaa a air.
rated may then and there appear and aaow eawaa. If any
ther bar, way lb aaaa aha Hid aot ha ran tad. an! SBBS
Drerut erkleno a to who are entitled tolaveaMfSW-
prrty. And thai tbla urdrr. In ta 1
Bars - be puNtahed In the KB
llaartte newP-ra printed and
for three uvtr B'IibBB BSSSBB
api4lrd fur aakl twartns.
Ihtied at lloaolulB. H. I.. UUa fib day of JBSy. 1VTV
A. KKANl tB JVDO,
Alteat : Juatk-e at IXI I tS
Jxn. K- Baan.ao. nop. clerB Hap. Coart. vr n
SVrBME (-OIBTT or THw HAWAIIAN
IMLlNlBt In peoraue. In the mailer uf Ik Tea SB
of ICKAKA. w) tat of Waflukn. Maal. Je. -ai I. At
(.-hamhrra before Hon. CL C. Hants nreVe atfaasas af
petition for allowance of acroanla, dtsraaiwa. aad Baal JBr
trlbuuon of property.
i m leadline and nuns Hie perl linn and areoanaof n. .
ryft-. Vdiiilmtimior .1 boola aja. of IB Batata of k BBBB.
late f WalluBU. .le. eea.Hl. wherein h- aaaa to h aUowrd
ties IS, and rharre blmaelf with Stfs IS. and aak loas ta
aame may he etanilned bumI approved, aad IBM a Baal
ler may h ma.!.- or .!1"lr!miuon or we pn parte reniaio-
In In Ilia
ebanrlna him aad Ida aureUea from all further i
htlllv a urh.
It la ordered, thai MONDAY. 10 TJd day of Aa
li. n:V at ten o'clock A. M.. before lb SBH Js
Cham bent. In lb Court II
aame herebr 1. appointed aa II
Ine M petition and ao-mmta. ami that all
rated may then aad there appear and ahow eaaaa, !f aar
Uiev liave. why I
preaent eetdencc as to who are nUUd to lb aaal
tN-rlv. An-1 that tliKoroer. m me a.:.ein " n.
lanainwea, be puhllahed In the I
paper i-riMi.-.l nn.l iMiMlah.-d In
eeaalrr weeks prevlooa to the ante therein i
BasS a" Honolulu. IT. I tha h day of RM A.IX rsfa,
CHAW. C. IIAHH1H.
Attest Jnalk-r of Oi -luprem Coart.
W. R. K Bau derlr of tb Muprrm Coart. tat at
M 1IKI I I I' J I IX. I' l 1 II II
j Judklal Malrk-I. Hawaiian lalanda. katat uf JAMKH
DANIELS, lair of Walluku. Man, deceased. IB TH11M,
IL K. Morruaun. K I ecu toe of the will af Jamil laalaaa,
law of Walluku. Maal. dacraar.1, ha las lied In that Coart
la at-count. a uvli etectilur. o ner
ed IHi.Ti. and i-tuircea hlruarlf with STT7.es, aad
III,- luliu- ni.ii ' .-cuion...! an.l Pimv-,i. in- e
trlbllU-d to thuae enUUe.1 theretu. and the be
from all further reapouatrMllty a such eseruliar ;
ll ordered that nlt r.MuY. At'ilCWT IStB. IS7S, at
II A. St.. al tbe conrt llovae In w albino, h aspatatad a
Ul Umo and place for bearltuf aaal prlilkMi. aod ail pe
anna Interested are hereby anUSed then and there to ahow
cause. If suy tbey haw. wbjr aald pePilon ibuoM net bw
laluuua. J ntie tstb. 1B7S.
W7 It nr. Jnla. -a Jad. taasras.
sniaici rr ji'dcik, in i imshkbh. mvmmm
Judicial District. Hawaiian Idao.la Eataa of JO-
Manl. II. I., deceased. In
MKril SYLV A of Welaapu,
tin readlns and flltnar the PctluVn of Wm. II.
on of the adnilnburator of the ratal of IB baa JoasaB
Kylrn, of Walltapu. Maul, drreaand. p.ayins that a um
MS Pan- tic . t ror r.eartns
the creditors of aal
II la ordered lbs
10 A. M.. al tbe IV
i that nn u.iDir. irucwr ma. ists, st
the Court lloua In Walluku. he appoints! aa
be time and place roe hearms odd petltlnn. aad all per
one Interested are hereby notified then and iBec to abow
ana. If any they have, why aud claim aboukj not be a
i roved by the Court
Llialna. Maul. June XSIh. 171.
SI7 It Or. Juiurr. 2d Jad. Daatrtet. n. t.
u itt cui rt or thk rot srrii ji di.
nrtm In Prohaaa. laSasat
the matter of lbs
a cutl circuit,
of Kauai. Hawailsi
of KUAN'. 1IEUT1
appntntinc um Sir
SOLID METAL WORK.
aud a pe
C url lie
In the 11
ed tbe th
lion, ii li
lt la further ordered, that i
publlcat for thrH- Uc-ea!i
and " Kuukus. nwp.ivr printed and f
listed Wahlawa. II. I., lttb Jun. 17 J.
S4S3I Jostle of nr. Court. Ilk Jad. llrenlt.
IKirtliiK ui be the laal will and I.
inn deeeaasd. Marina oa the SS day of
been presented to sal. I PnaUi
the probate thereof, and Bw tb
ntary to ChnsUao HerUeniaon.
red. Dial MB las
71, al Hi o'clock A.M. of wad day.
Id Curt, al Wahlawa, lawlrtct af 1
aual. be aaal tb I
.1 BSJ -!
tare any a
kl will, and the t-rantlnir of latton I
uuue ut nereoy appwiiit-
h.i.I hrlo said .;-t. .
Xbe Bellsrloas Exciteaaeat ia Eng.
The religious meetings ol Messrs. Moody and
Sankey appear to be increasing in public interest,
and drawing larger crowds tban ever before. It
is estimated that over 500,000 of tbe inhabitants
of London have attended them. Tbe telegraph
reports, under date of London, May 25th : " The
Archbishop of Canterbury, writing to a Peer,
says : ' I have consulted with my Kpiscopal
brethren concerning the Moody movement. Al
though I do not speak in tbeir name, I may say
that the Constitution bas greatly strengthened
my views on tbe subject. It is impossible not to
take tbe deepest interest in the movement which
has been so wonderfully successful in drawing
great masses of persons to hear a single address
on Uotpel doctrines. These clergymen wbo
have beld aloof have not done so from a lack of
interest, but because, although they have rejoiced
that the truth was being urged upon people's
consciences, circumstances attended the move
ment which they were unable conscientiously to
approve of. and I confess that my original objec
tions still remain. I caonot but fear that the
counsels given after tbe meetings are often crude
errors of doctrine. It is also reported that the
revivalists ignore tbe fall Scriptural teachings
with regard to repentance. I trust that if these
allegations are true a friendly remonstrance will
induce the missionaries hereafter to avoid these
obstacles to tbeir success. The Archbishop then
concludes by quoting from Luke, loth chapter,
21st verse, and says : " I rejoice when Christ is
preached, whether regularly or irregularly, and
trust the clergy will endeavor to deepen the salu
tary impressions produced by tbe revivalists.' "
Iu Scotland, tbe Earl of Kintore delivered a
lectors at the City Hall in Glasgow, under tbe
auspices ol the Young Men's Christian Associa
tion, in which be said : " He was thankful for
the visit of tbe American Evangelists, Mr. Moody
and Mr. Sankey, but be was also thankful for
tbeir departure. We bad bad a revival, aod be
V llllll.lt TO CLOSE OCT THK III si-
l or the " i Three Tloaths,
Stock of Solid Gold and Silver
COLD AND SILVER WATCHES I
I ANFJt, nilEIX WORK.
And other Fancy Articles !
Call Soon and Secure Great Bargains
U7 At the Port afreet Iter toi
NEW GOODS !
NEW GOODS !
FROM CHINA DIRECT !
C1IBI I it oi rt. riiiRD jt nil i at. diw
J trie I In I'robal... lu the matter of IB aaSaaa af J.
W. NAII1K, late of North Koaala, Hawaii. Illiai 1. U
testate. Al Chanitier helure Jtiaiir Hart
On reaitlme ami niuut tbe peUUun an,t aresanaof Was.
M. r..-i. ir. ,vli.ili.ltrat..r at the etl of J.
tale of North K- hula. Hawaii.
to he alluwril IMI.17. anil
aak thai the aame may be eiamlnnl anil aaprtmrl. aad
thai a final nr. ler mar be mad of dJatrawBaas sf ta ro
psrty remain Ins In ala haada lo is parson tarb. null.-.
I. and iliarbarslns him and tuS suretie from an farther
It ia ordered thai Taaisatavv. the 3th aav af tv
wast, 173. at 10 o'elurk A. at, befW UM said iaaBSa a
N hereby apuninln! a tiie lime aud
BsattSO anil ar-.-nunla. ami that all perSBBS las
then and there appear and ahow esssa. If aay tsST BsasS,
why the aame stiould not to aran led. and
evtileneo m In ale. ara -
And Unit law order In
(uaa-e be published in UM BawaBBs taastl " and Is
ooa" newpap.r. printed ami publlah-d la I
lay of Jun.
uuv.1 u. tb- aaal property,
lb KilstiaS and HawaSan
pom usl fu, .aai bearnul.
Dated at Kohala, Hawaii, II. L, Ihl
A. U 1 Sit.
CHARI.EM KKSHKUIl K II AU f.
ts 31 JaaUc nr. Cuart, sd Jad. rasa
Postponement of Sale of Real
NOTICE IN IICRMT UITatS THAT TtWR
aal of landa raravsrsMJ Is IBs Baats af W . ft. KA
AUWAI, deeeaaed. advertised to take place at Wallaaa
on Ihe 2'. lb dsy of Jun hietaal. la snataaaiil bjr urate wf
the Court until Matarttaj' Save 7Ua eats art AaaaaS
aval, at the aame time and plats
JO U.N K '.III N li N I. I InilnaBSSSsraf
Kat, of W. II.
Per Brig 1 Hazard,'
OW OPENING AND FOR SALE BY
JEWELRY IS SETS, of Ssstt quality. fold
sod pearl, coral tiger clawi, Ac Ac.
SILK DRESSES of different pattarat, aad
PIN A Strlpad Osnis,
LADIKS SLIPPERS of fsaer stvlts.
Crap 6bawls, Orass Cloth. Silk Hssk Tiss,
TortoiassBsIl, Feather aad Bilk Pans
SsbosI Wood, Ivory, Tortoisssbtll, aad Las-
qaarsd War of sit descriptions,
Flowered Vassa of all liaei and davlaas,
Silver Wars. Very Bne,
White Matting of very Ssstt quality,
Whits Contract Malting Nos. 1 aad I,
Asiortsd Colored Matting Xos. 1 aad 2.
Camphor Wood Treaks la Xasts hsst quality,
Camphor Wood Trunks hi NaaU No. I,
Camphor Wood Trunks in Notts No. 2,
Manila Ropa bast quality aad of all stsss.
BASKETS OF VERT FTXB BREAKFAST TEA.
Preserved Ginger sad Chow Chow,
SUGAR MATS, SINGLE AND D0CBLI.
TEA ALL OF THE MEW 8EAS0.1 !
SoasBoog ia Chests, lib. packages,
Hyaoa, ia J lb. boxas.
Oolong sf vary fupsrior quality.
PRESERVED OiNOER AND CHOW CHOW,
Ci ajar as t Clsr ! Olgara t
Osaains Manilas and Imitatioas.
FIRE CRACKERS & FIREWORKS, ILL DESCRIPTIONS
Administrator's Sale of
IM PraWI ANfE t IN itlC.it K aTASrC
tha nth day of May, A. U ISTS, by IBs aVaBaasSss
rharlc C Harris. Flrat Aawaraal Jaatie of IS asassaaas
Court of Um Hawaiian laaanda. la man m. Jaaaw Baa
1'iiauna, Admlnietrator of the Kaaate of WILtdAM U.
STAAI WAI. late of Honolulu, deceased. Is aril .1 psMas
auruon rertaui lands beluo(ta( la Bald fiail. I IB aa-
deraufned aril! aell al on hue aaetfcaa.
On Saturday, the 7th day of August, 18T5,
At I Noss.
AT MOfaTBtAJt 3 rfrOStS.
In tbe Hrwn of Walluku. Maui, ail iws rtgBt. aa. sat av
11 aai of Um aU wuisuu it. kjaauwsa. aasaaaassl. m aad
I LI OF LAUD MOWN IS PAPOHAIUi
Minuted at WalluBU. MSB. a wit
Four pares.li of land let, 3 easSBfll
Id. 1 acre and I eusara chain . . lasers . stB, It i
I chain and 100 fathom auusr.
And like. a-. In and lo rsrrt
at Walluau. Maul, aforesaid. u I
tin lot -
TIB lot -
I am, .qnsr rods.
1 rood, il wiaass rods.
1 acre. I rood, at rasa,
I roods, a rods
a S.-T-S. i r.a-la. 17 raat
l ror.1, M nut
rood., a rsda.
sens, l rood. IS i
of land ataat al I
i SS-IOS arrea. aaa Baa Id lot. It I Bs i
and to all ptasas aaal Bare la of I
latent MIS, rWax IS tot of hand e
aaa Use. st. Bssswai. ala raker ar raa aaaa af Basse
pole ho. by a certain dead of rssrard hi taws 11. psass SSS
aad tvt. Ta Brat las of whk b .
aastts to Hales la, aa Waara-. an,
- tcioo acres, In Pwsko. Wallaaa.!
atWSf at BSfS, BaBata at Lbs I
I I. of in '
tad ltwk, , JBjBat, Tjttaad laaarsa .nB I
nw land Ssarasd to LawaCia wl I Awanftta ui
And alao, aal
ALSO FULL LINES OF STAPLE 000D9 TOO
HTTMEROCB TO MENTION.
AFONG A ACHUCK,
m t is MUUAMfi sTTmaar
B-MB arrssl to faror of A I
Asa bbswbw a TrwaS af Isaaa lisali
aaa. Bin la. Mam. imrail to Laad
card OAS, rnawtolaa IK ,
Th. arthr drtndo. of Uaa bbbob aaar k.
at lr Urk (Iflto af L
tb i:ia dsv of Jonas. 1ST a, aaal i
" " i a . aaiS
ERNOR-S Omil as 'rata Maal.
provsl af IB Caaat. at Le Caeart
JOHN KM I t'NAl'N t
af was. a. i