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It ka Hiii l R M.w snug t- xiwmim Mr
Ok Bran a M PcKir ft IW laand of (Mm.
I a BSBat Batt r:. BaK uc
nnnanaa r Bear Health are I of eecsrrlag
DMttfo(ltr. OS mm whether urm or
aunistratc- t4 ordered to f ie torentcrr
nt beat frrOM. within .V dars.
Estate of J. Kaalia. iWn.il-Sundry claim ap-
B.w: Street UK
I port af lb city wit.
street usd teewwee Br
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kb a wnii i i a Eaoiik
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Nora, Bosnia. I. Wight.
naSnha T V Bach-
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tTllii R Fwhioia.
Hna JrxT It. 15TS.
of Kacrhcrjenoko. deceased Petition for
adraicistratrr. Kecle airvitted edn mistral or tad
rrdered to f.v Iaveatory of property aad a bond for
XH. within ff dorr.
Estate of Hooola. dmnd-Petition for adminis
tration. A boot 13 nan hariar elapsed fine tb
death of tot intestate, and there being only real B
tat, it if BBSBal to tb representative of T. Neha
knelnx. tbe role beir. aed the matter dismissed.
Estate of B. MeCabbia. deceased Sundry elaimi
Jut s Abo (Pair , diemiered from Prison under
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Ham a whxta
. Jane A. im. atinnter of Finance
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la B. Ma . Fort BV Dmaila
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1 Tboo. B. Haka, Kat-inmaac tst. Haaatala.
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i iralimi LaLaiaa.
r.-R. Parcrr. 'i.ukc
t Kobal Hreav Koolaapoka
rrrar(,iirl Jul lira. IMS.
Batou tbi Fru. Corar.
Jc 19 Aat: aad Kaopaa rr. Kamiirncnaa Ar-
arroW aad aMMl
I : ami a
. of Mr. Jaftm Karri Cam
. C. Joa for Ami'r hein.
J. Ko:: Vnaaaa for Kaopaa. K. H.
:i itfrciat '
BT. K. Saaa as. r. F. Aiira. CaUattrr tirorral
Araoai Croat dmnoa of Mr. Janice Jadd. ai ictrr-
id irw JaVC Caoc arfaod aad rabaiiUad. A. E.
HartwaC faraiaaataT. E. H. Staalrr fir dcfradact.
Jar I NaCM at a! rt. Naaoa et ai Earoptioat
a Ow raUar af Mr. Jaatior Jadd. A. S. j
for fjaiauf . E. Prartc-a for defeadaat oa cxccptioar .
a; r. B. I. JCarrhaot Lib: for divorce.
W. C. Job for plaiattf.
a: praraxr f - -:r:'rz iar :.
Kit: Haka ra. Ab Tai Exerptioaf oa matter of
law u tk inMiiB of Mr. Jcnie Barru. a libel for
J. Porte- lirrrt far aauBtaT. A. S. Ban
i ... a;; - .'a.--, f.lttif.ei.
: HAWAII AN(tZi:TTE
AX IXI1EPKNDKNT JOfRXAL.
DEVOTED TO HAWAIIAN PROf.RESS,
PURUSHEP ANP KPITKP BT
HENRY M . WHITNEY".
WKDXKSDA r. TUT. Y J8.
Thf eworxi paper on the cruise of the 0viJ
Irmptr will be found on our fourth page. It
detail some of the diacorerfea made in ocean
vejretAtjoti and fauna. The Treat depth at
which eonie of the apecimens of the acimal
kingdom were discovered and brought to the
aurface will attract attention sea olupw and
shells from a depth of 1950 fathoms, and urch
ins from 1600 fathoms, and sponge from 2000
fathoms. Near the close of the article. Consul
Reeve introduces our readers to the individual
members of the scientific corps of this ship,
whose researihes will add much to the limit
ed knowledge heretofore possessed of tbe ani
mal life of the deep sea. The arrival of tdo
Cix0rr at this port yesterdav, will give
additional interest to these reports.
The communication of Mr. navies, in anoth
er column, refers to a matter in which all are
more r les interested, on which there is con
siderable uneasiness felt among merchants.
Tbe fact that but few here can know what the
stipulations of the treaty are until after it is
finally ratified, and perhaps a month after it
has been a law in America, places us in a very
disadvantageous position as compared with
merchants residing in America, who may be
only too eager to glut our limited market with
an overstock of free goods. It is possible that.
now the treaty has been signed by the Presi
dent, it has been published in America, in which
j case all may be placed on the same footing.
Another topic to which Mr. Itavies alludes
that of labor is equally important, and one in
which some prompt and definite action should
be taken, if it has not already been. The po- j
sition which he occupies, as agent for sev
eral sugar plantations, enables him to speak
knowingly and feelingly on this subject.
By the mail steamer from Australia, we
have the gratifying news that a contract has
been closed in London for the performance of
the Australian Mail Service via this port and
San Francisco. Its details are these :
The contractors are John Elder and John
Macgregor of Scotland, with the Pacific Mail
Steamship Company and the Central and Union
The term of service is for eight years from
November 20, lt75, when , the service is to
The contractors are to receive $449,750 per
annum for thirteen trips performed each way,
boats to leave Sydney and Otago every 28 days,
commencing November 20. the snbsidy to be
shared equally by New South Wales and New
The rate of speed is to be 11 knots an hour,
or 204 knots a day.
The vessels are to touch at Honolulu and
Fiji, on both the outward and return trips.
The " forked service " has been fixed on,
viz : that which requires two steamers to per
form the service between Fiji and Sydney and
Auckland. By this arrangement both colonies
are placed on an equal basis. This last plan
was originally suggested in 1872 to Mr. Webb,
by the editor of this paper, in which it was
first published early in 1673. When fully
adopted and carried into effect it will be found
to be the most popular as it is the most equitable
nal on its millennial period. As its founder,
we were invited to take part in the festivity,
an honor which we heartily accepted. At one
end of the table sat the present proprietor, Mr.
Black, at the other tbe worthy editor, Mr.
H. L. Sheldon, while around were seated near
j ly all who have ever been employed in the
The occasion of course recalled many old
time incidents, and among those present were
! several who assisted in getting out the first is
' sue. which appeared nineteen years ago July
2, 1856. We well remember when the first
j number was printed. There were some fifteen
I or twenty of our fcrroer resident merchants
and others eagerly waiting around the press
to witness the birth of the infant Cyclops,
which has more than once controlled the des
tiny of Hawaii nei. and which has now reach
its present maturity. There were present.
Barnum Field, Captain Snow, Fred. Hanks,
Captain Spencer, Dr. Wood, Dr. Judd, J. C.
Spalding and others, interested in its establish
ment. Mr. Field secured tbe very first copy
struck off, and many veare later, when we met
him in California, he said he still retained it
as a memento of tbe halcyon days spent in
Honolulu. Dr. Judd obtained the second copy
printed. It was then a small sheet, but pos
sessed a very neat and attractive appearance,
which has never since been excelled.
We congratulate the proprietor and all con
nected with it on its auspicious entry into its
millennial eriod, and we hope it may enjoy a
prosperity greater than it has ever had. With
the reciprocity treaty fully ratified, with an
impetus given to agriculture throughout the
group, it ought to, and doubtless will, share
in the increased prosperity of Hawaii nei.
With the same ij,'uii we have always had for
the -4rfr,'iser, we wish it continued success.
Hawaiian (.Bide Hook.
This is the title of a small hand-book of
about 140 pages prepared and issued by the
1 publisher of this paper, the printing of which
is nearly finished, so that it will be ready for
circulation by the end of August. The plan
on which the book has been compiled is to treat
of each island separately, having something re
lating to every place or object of interest, so
that the traveler, with the aid of this volume,
can visit each locality and pursue his inquiries
regarding it There are, in this way, over one
hundred topics or places referred to under sep
arate heads. After concluding a description of
all noteworthy places in the group, there fol
lows a chapter of information for immigrants,
on various subjects. This is prepared in the
form of questions and answers. Then the pop
ulation of the islands is given observations on
the weather hints to travelers table of dis
tances, by land and by sea government statis
tics, &c., concluding with a table of contents.
There is also a small map of the group, a pic
ture of the Hotel, and of a Hawaiian female.
The volume is of a handy sire, such as can
readily be carried in the pocket or mailed, and
will be sold at the moderate price of sixty
cents per copy, or six dollars per dozen. It
can lie mailed abroad at a cost of ten or twelve
ccDts, and will doubtless prove an acceptable
reference book in foreign countries, where it is
intended chiefly for circulation.
An edition of 4,000 copies has been issued,
and a few advertisements will be received for
insertion on the fly leaves. Those who wish to
take advantage of its large circulation, for their j
own benefit, will please to hand in their notices
without delay, as the book will be completed j
within two or three weeks at the farthest.
It has been said that every well-to-do trav- t
eler who visits this group and remains two :
months in sight-seeing, spends at least five '
continuous through line from San Francisco to
Sydney, calling each way at Honolulu and
Fiji: from which latter port the colony not
served by the through line will be served by a
branch. This arrangement has been adopted
as that which beat distributes the advantages
between New Zealand and Sydney, and as
that which best anita the trade, as well as
being most convenient to the contractors. As
to any communication letween Sydney and
Otago. that will probably be left to the con
tractors to arrange at their pleasure, but seems
to form no part of the stipulation. The speed
as guaranteed is to be eleven knots, and the
contractors are said to be willing to commence
in November. The latter voyages completed
under tbe auspices of the Australasian Steam
Navigation Company have certainly shown
that, with powerful boats, the journey, either
from Auckland or 8ydney to San Francisco,
can be performed well within the thirty days.
Pending the commencement of a permanent
contract, the Government has completed nego
tiations for the continuation of a temporary ser
vice, so that there will be no gap, and this
route will be kept open.
Malatair Ice in the Sinmahlae.
Ice has always been esteemed a luxury in
warm weather, and is regarded as a great boon
in hot countries. We read that the Greeks,
and afterwards the Romans, at first preserved
snow closely packed in deep underground cel
lars, and that Xero, at a later period, ,:., .
lished ice-houses in Rome similar to those in
use in most European countries up to the pres
ent time. Most of us are also familiar with the
story of the great indignation of an untutored
chief towards one of Captain Cook's officers
for saving that in his country water became so
solid that men could walk upon it; but few
persons are aware how speedily ice can lie
made by artificial freezing aided by the mighty
and all-conquering power of steam. This, how
ever, was demonstrated before our eyes a few
days ago when we hail the pleasure of witness
ing the operation of a new patent improved direct-acting
ice-making machine before being
shipped to the Mediterranean by Messrs. Slad
den Brothers & Co., and upon which much tal
ent had been brought to bear in constructing a
machine capable of producing 125 lbs. of ice
per hour, at a working cost of about 7s. 6f. per
day, or I5.. for night and day work of 24 hours.
We were informed that the cost of this machine,
with engine, boiler, and all apparatuses, for the
particulars of which we refer our readers to
the advertisement in our advertising columns,
costs, 135, and makes about 7'.j Hie. of ice for
one penny. Tbe larger machines, of course,
will produce as much as 23 lbs. of ice for a
penny, but the machine which we saw in opera
tion has finally settled the question of produc
ing ice in hot countries at a cheap cost on the
spot, and for a comparatively small outlay, in
stead of importing ice, which in addition to its
great cost, is not easily preserved in tropical
The cost of natural ice exported to many
ports is from 10 to 20 per ton, but machines
are uow constructed to make ice on the spot
at 10. per ton. The practical value of this
operation was tested during the late Ashan
tee war. The riotor Emanuel at the Gold
Coast had a small machine, and notwithstand
ing all the inconveniences of shipboard, in ad
dition to the severe test of a tropical climate.
the process proved a remarkable success
correspondent of the 77ms said " a glass of
bright and sparkling water, well iced, was
highly appreciated by the poor fellows who
bad sickened or been wounded far in the inte
rior, and had been carried down in litters in
much suffering. The machine turned out solid
ice in great abundance, so that the I'l'etor Em-
Hned to prove more accessible refuges than
those in any other part of her dominions. The
newly acquired territory is also rich in mines
and oil, and its only weak point appear to be
its deficiency in agricultural products. One of
its merits is its accessibility in Winter, the
narrow Gulf of Tartary being froacn over ao
firmly as to admit of the passage both of men
and provisions, which are transported across it
in carts drawn by Siberian dogs."
A Walk Boaad the World.
The Philadelphia Isiiyer says : -" Mark
Grayson ha undertaken to walk round the
world, starting from the City Hall, New Tork,
and to return to the same place on Thursday,
November 23rd. 1876. The distance inelnded
in the entire route ia 19.220 miles, which will
require from him a daily walk of a little over
thirty-two mea. A large part of the trip, of
course, will be on ocean steamers, during
which he will make up his daily average by
walking on shipboard. Should he fall short
of making his daily averago on shipboard, for
any reason, ho will make it up on land.
The route of his walk is as follows : From
New York to Liverpool by water; thence
to Havre, passing through Manchester, Shef
field, and London ; from Havre ho will walk
through France to Lyons: thence, passing
through Genoa, Florence, Rome, and Naples, he
will go to Constantinople : from there, crossing
the Bosphorus, he will walk through the inter
vening countries to India : then to Canton and
Hongkong, China ; at Hongkong he will take
ship to the Philippine Isles : thence to New
Guinea. Australia, the Sandwich Islands and
San Francisco. The walk across the continent
will finish tbe undertaking. The total number
of miles he is to walk by land ia computed at
15,712 miles, and by water 12,935 miles.
Grayson is 2S years of age, 5ft 7in high, and
weighs 130 lbs. He has been in active train
ing since February 15th, at Wilmington, Delaware."
! hundred dollars while here. If this be so, this
' little volume may do much towards introducing I was not only able to supply her own
strangers and their money among us, and in
this way adding to the general prosperity; for,
by being mailed abroad, it will attract vioitors
to our shores, and prove a messenger to direct
hither many who otherwise might never visit us.
I lie Australian nnd Caliiornla Tin it
tit Fsssses Hickii.
tb. A. A. HbbIbIbb Mnrinri t I for the two colonies served, the through boats
Motioa road axd arrwed. wbec tbe
be rsrdiri vacated. R. B. Staaler
:;. A. f. Bar:e:: for
JrwTtra Aiirw Parsirre.
Jai.r XI J K WiUiatB! SB, B. Backfe.d Co..
MeAawc foe aw trial- Arraed aad robuittod. W.
C. Jaaas far jihatTaT A. K Hart well hi defendant.
Btroai tbi Fru. Coi bt.
Jar T1 TabianiBl SB, L. Moe&OBBa, Miaif
Brr of raw Iaawrior Caw Board, arrwrd aad n bm it
Bed. A. Kalaaliaad J. K. Cbabm for plaiatiff. K.
B caaiw far tat dwfetdaat.
Mb. Jrmci Jrrt Par ft firs.
Jalv If C. E- Bawwp tb. E. Ercrco, B. F. Boll.
art BBS saBBBrtted. w. c. Jon
A f Birr,-: for defBdaa.
Tb Owarrt till B al prwWbilitT aajoara naw dor
: feck, deceased Before
: of hi BBBBSBBl .
bj tat Coart aad eotn-
1 and diocaarwiB: tbe admioiftrator.
u .11 . : i -if ts rwee:pt of lb
Jajy i JaTi r of t-bermu
JawTAte Jadd. at Caanbtn. Peutioo
BBBta aTt"vwWMrr. asd
tar of taw aaa
t take efec: fr
aXeriKiting first to Sydney and then to Auck
land, a reserve boat carrying the mails, pas
sengers and freight to or from Fiji and the
The contract requires to be ratified by the
parliaments of New South Wales and New
Zealand ; but as both governments have adopted
it as a government measure there is no doubt
it will be ratified. Should it, however, be re
jected byNew South Wales, the government of
New Zealand will undoubtedly ratify it, and
carry it out single-handed.
It is understood that Mr. John Elder of
Glasgow will provide the two fine steamers
lately built by him for this service. Mr. Mac
gregor will provide the Mikado, now employed,
and the Pacific Mail Company will furnish two
vessels, probably the Yasco ie Gams and Van
couver, as they must be under the English flag.
(Prom tbe Srdnoy Herald.
The mail service via San Francisco, which,
since the failure of the last contract, has been
temporarily carried on by the Australasian
Steam Navigation Company, is now at last in
a fair way to be placed on a more permanent
basis. The Postmaster-General of New South
Wales announced in Parliament, on Tuesday nomical production is a great desideratum to
wants and those of all the other ships which
were used for the reception of invalids, but also
to send ice to the hospital ashore." Perhaps
the modus operandi of making ice by artificial
means, and by the accelerating process of
steam power, cannot be easily explained. Suf
fice it, however, to say that the action consists
in evaporating ether in rncuo and again con
densing the vapor to liquid so as to be used
afresh, with little loss. This continuous action
is indeed a most valuable feature in this im
proved machine, because when once charged it
may be continuously worked for months, simply
requiring the cost of fuel and attendance. We
were particularlv impressed with this. Eco-
evemng, mat tbe tenders called for in Eng
land had resulted satisfactorily. The Govern
ment maximum for the subsidy was 90,000
a year. That this was their limit was known
private persons and in localities where there is
only a small demand. By this machine, when
the air is pumped out of the ice-chambers the
liquid ether is poured in subject to tbe influ
in the colony, because the fact had been pub- j ence of the pump, which, in drawing off the
lished in some Parliamentary papers that had
l been moved for. Whether the information had
leaked out previously is uncertain, and has
; been both asserted and denied. At any rate,
after its avowal in Sydnev, it could no longer
be concealed in London, and it is quite certain
that intending tenderers were acquainted with
! the fact. We had previously been informed
i that several parties, owners of steamships.
All these boats, except perhaps tbe last named, were, more or less, desirous of undertaking
ia kit adaat. t bold tb trait as- j and accommodations.
are very fine ships. Regarding the Vancouver,
we are not so fully informed, as to her speed
Ihl ! trt Afcrtd Mr. Bord'i resit
u.. . a;i a r. : :-ar: x
I of said etiat. vitboat bend.
Ms- Jj tici Bakbib.
of Matilda Eckart. as isaBB perser.
Ecfcart to be appointed
af it. !! T ;.f Ma; ,0 Erbart :::
f -i tt :Vr ! - t,-
Coart af can fret tin of tb eowiai imrat of Matilda
hatart to tbe 1 weave ArtliB at ScorBtoa. Tb
r-ar-ec ;r --v'- .' : :- r Bataanfa,
tawlenaVer Califoren. or tb .-wr-otarT of Stat Sm
cbe Saw : or tb Hawauaa Coatal. eertifriar of hi
sen fca i aladgi. at tr tat jariedKtio of tbe Probate
Jeaaw af rbeCirr wf tan Fraaeueo, is tb preatit'f.
! tt be lied ia tb tan of
I tb Honorab'i F. 6. Lrmax .
Catena; Jatew at Vb".b:es Eaa. Hawaii
Jan li at 14 Bex ts. Makaba (k Cbargwd with
I taxaar tot taAB. lftsr Barfed .
fpe Aeeaalt aad BaUtrr.
The Colonies will be very fortunate if they
ratify tbe contract made with this strong com
bination of Scotch and American capital.
Messrs. J. Elder of Glasgow and J. Macgregor
of Leith are well known to the commercial
world as wealthy ship builders and owners :
while the Pacific Mail Company, with the
Central and Union Pacific Railroads represent
a capital of one hundred and fifty millions of
dollars. It is for the interest of the railroad
companies to attract all the travel across the
Continent that is possible, while the Pacific
mail company has the reputation of providing
travelers with unsurpassed accommodations
on every route which it controls. It is more
than probable that the rates to through passen
gers from Sydney or Auckland to London, or
vice versa, will be put at figures which will
i r- SLakaAae ..a Aaaaait I
Ban vs. Earn w dir-.t
man na. rtbiatl (ki rnttlil ef Coart. Fistd
D. tawa.Banaa DeeeTtias esatnet atrriea.
9UJM ' jaaiat'tar a'aThaaT 34J aad tnetxl
Arena, rasas Bt Caraaat Conn.
.-c r.r.a-- tt .". WKxpaae. Secd-r-
wrabn? aVs!J 11 ' r
Kane of Eanae. iimii.-ftonew. far adaxnat-
iitmnlf int'la iiatiij aad a bW Bar tie, niabat
Ei of XAttaktt-.sB. deAe:-r:iticc for
attract a Terr Isree share of the ! . ananta m - .
Fined . outward-bound travel.
Tbe new boats which Mr. Elder puts on are
understood to be provided with ample accom
modations for passengers 100 saloon and 120
second dans. Anything leaa than this will be
too limited for the tide which will soon com
mence to flow over this Pacific route, when the
line is fairly established. The crowd of 150
which left here on Saturdav last in
o, will then appear here regularly
A Newspaper's nillraalsraa.
On Saturday last, ss some of its readers may
have notiend, the 1000th issue of the Adrerti
ssr appeared. Tbe proprietor of that journal,
with becoming taste, provided s dinner in hon
or of the onraaVin, which -was served in the
jnassiriuai of tbe establishment, and about
twenty-fate gentlemen of the press joined in
raisia slinj tbs entry of that prosperous jour-
the Trans-Pacific mail service, but that they
looked for a subsidy of from 100,000 to 120,
000 a year. We are not acquainted with all
that took place in London when the tenders
were opened. We do not know how many
: parties tendered or for what sums ; our infor
i mation was limited to the fact that there was
one tender sent in just 50 within the limit,
i and it has since been announced that this ten
der is accepted. The offer is said to have
been made by a combination consisting of Mr.
John Elder, of Glasgow, a steamship builder,
i who has on hand two of tbe vessels ordered
; for the late contract : Mr. John Macgregor, of
Leith, interested in two of the vessels now
I engaged in the service ; and the American
Pacific Company, which is supposed here to
mean the Pacific Mail Steamship Company.
The nature of the terms and conditions of this
combination have yet to be ascertained, but it
is said that the colonial representatives in
London are fully satisfied of the 'bona fides '
and capabilities of the parries concerned.
New Zealand is trebly represented in London,
j by Dr. Feathers tone (the regular Agent-Gene-
I ral,) Sir Julias Vogel (late Prime Minister,)
' and Mr. Russell, who assisted in the negotia
1 tions of the previous contract New South
Wales, whose Agent-General Sir Charles Cow
per is, unfortunately invalided, has been rep
resented in the matter by Sir Daniel Cooper,
which latter gentleman deserves the cordial
thanks of the colony for the earnestness a1
thoroughness with which be has gone into the
business. The agreement will not take effect
until it is approved of by our colonial Parlia
ment, and resolutions inviting that approval
I will be shortly submitted. The mode in which
the service is to be worked is, that the line
I shall be a continuous through line from Otago
i to San Francisco, and on the return voyage a
vapor emitted by the ether, accelerates tbe
evaporation and thereby effects greater cold
ness. After tbe vapor is drawn off it is passed
into another chamber where it liquefies, return
ing back again to the first chamber for re-va-poration.
Noth-ng could be more perfect in
regard to economical production, as the same
ether'is made to do its work of freezing over
and over again, and so rapid and effectual is
the operation that we were surprised to find
how soon the latent heat extracted from the
water in the first chamber under tbe process of
freezing made tbe pipes warm in the second
chamber. It was literally " blowing hot and
blowing cold by one operation the cold mak
ing the warmth and the warmth making the
cold. Euglith Paper.
Annexation of :ih:ilien to Bauln.
The London Globe says : " A treaty recently
concluded between Russia and Japan cedes to
the former power the southern portion of the
large island called Saghalien, the exclusive
possession of which may some day prove ex
ceedingly important to the subjects of the Czar.
The island occupies a noteworthy position on
the map, situated as it is on the northern ex
tremity on the line or belt of islands which
form the Japanese group, It extends from
north to south from tbe fifty-fifth to the forty
fifth degrees, with a breadth of from twenty to
one hundred miles, having on its northern and
eastern side a vast gulf known as the Sea df
Ocbotsk ; on tbe west tbe narrow Gulf of Tar
tary, which separates it by s small interval
from the rocky Siberian coast ; and to the south
the Straits of La Perouse, dividing it from the
island of Yesso. The Russians had long ago
established themselves in the northern part of
the island, where its breadth is greatest, but
they were particularly anxious to extend their
sway over the whole territory, chiefly for stra
getical reasons. The island although possess
ing no good harbor on its own coast, commands
in a great measure the mouth of the river
Amoor, through which the most valuable pro
ducts of Eastern Siberia bad their way to tb
ocean highway. The forts erected at Sagha
lien are also destined to protect the formidable
ports which Russia possesses in the Sea of
Ochotsk, and which, in time of war, are deal
HoxoLt-Lr, July 26th, 1875.
Sib : If it be true that the Reciprocity
Treaty has received the ratification of both the
Hawaiian and the United States Governments,
we may assume, I suppose, that in a few
months we shall be in possession of those bene
fits which we have so earnestly sought, as a
relief to the agricultural interests of the country.
It is doubtless true that this change will di
rectly or indirectly affect all other interests
here, and for the most part advantageously.
At the same, time I venture to think that no
such radical changes as are contemplated un
der this treaty, can take place without giving
riso to considerations of a very grave character,
and which it is the especial duty of commer
cial men to anticipate.
It is, I believe, a free trade maxim that
commerce should be as free of legislation as
possible ; and whilst we claim to have special
reasons, and perhaps justification, for violating
this maxim at the present moment, it can
not be wise for us to permit a commercial revo
lution to come upon us, without our having
discussed, even if we cannot mould its condi
tions and results.
So far as I can judge, the secrecy in which
the clauses of the Treaty are involved, is
very unfortunate ; for we arc unable to make
any preparation for the change that awaits us.
It is, I think, a very inconvenient necessity
.pp that has compelled us to give up all control;
and to leave not only tne existence but tbe
time of operation of a Treaty of such import
ance, to the vote of the first Congress that
chooses cither to confirm or to postpone it.
This would matter less if it had been stipula
ted that either six or twelve months should
elapse between the publication of the Treaty
and its coming into effect. But what will be
the position of importers after December 4 th ?
Any day may bring word that the Treaty is
law, and the same day will probably bring a
glut of goods which the enterprising California
bouses are only too glad to throw into a free
market. Or, this may be delayed from mail
to mail, until in March we may find our vague
expectations put off until another December.
In the meantime with a threatened depreci
ation of at least ten per cent, on many classes of
goods, dealers will be hardly likely to keep
more than a hand to mouth assortment. This
suggests possibilities sufficiently harassing to
those interested, and something ought, if pos
sible, to be devised, that should enable tbem to
regulate their supplies for months to come
with some certainty.
A second very Important consideration affects
those wbo bare the disposal of next year's sugar
crops. I believe the plan now iu operation bat
worked Bdraotageonslj for planters and refiners;
and that most planters would be satisfied to renew
tbe system for next year. In two or three months
at farthest, it will be necessary for the refiners to
know whether they may depend upon ns for next
year's supplies; and how are we to answer them?
If we agree to sell, subject to all remission of duties,
we shall be told tbat we Jeopardize tbe treaty in
Congress. And if we decline to sell, and then miss
tbe Treaty, planters will bare to face a very omi
nous year. In fact tbe uncertainty of tbe action of
Cocgress compels planters to make prudent terms
for themselves, sud there is no doubt many will
close witb tbe refiners if tbey can arrange tbe terms
at the risk of delaylug, or ereo sacrificing tbe
A third question is labor and it demands tbe
earnest attention of the Immigration Society, or
the Chamber of Commerce, or both.
The Treaty offers as mucb to Hice planters, wbo
invest almost nothing, as it does to sugar planters,
and therefore threatens to draw heavily on cur
scanty supply of labor. In many placee, cane la
dow being planted without the owner bating any
clear idea as to how It Is to be taken care of. The
pincb is already very acvere, and aa tbe present con
tracts rno out, the scarcity of labor is becoming
more serious. What will It be when every laborer
baa tbe cbance of cultivating a little rice patch that
will pay bim better than any sugar planter can pay
Is there not a possibility that tbe sugar planter
may yet starve in tbe midst of tbe plenty his Treaty
has created ?
These are tbe practical point which present
themselves to my mind ; and 1 do not pretend to
do more than give tbem expression. My first In
tention was to briog the subject before tbe Chamber
of Commerce, bat if it baa any Importance, it la im
portant to many who are outside tbe Chamber.
And if bappily these thoughts sball prove to be only
fancies of my own, I cannot think it wrong tbat tbe
subject should at least be ventilated.
I do not know tbat tbe discussion of tbe Treaty
by tbe Chamber of Commerce, especially under tbe
secrecy In which it Is bidden, wonld be beneficial;
bnt I do tblnk tbat tbe bearing of tbe Treaty on our
future commerce are at least worthy of tome formal
recotuition even at Ibis early date. With tbe diplo
matic points, if there are any, I have nothing to do.
I merely wish to regard steadily tbe Treaty at it is
liL-lw in aflVor na t.rr nn thr falanita I think ttj
document itself onzbt to be before tbe publlcfin ad
vance of its operation ; and if tbe Government bat
not tbe power to grant this facility, it certainly
would oof be asking loo much if tbe Chamber of
Commerce requested from Ibe Government such in
formation as should enable tbem to consider tbe
new conditions tbat prudent men should prepare for.
New condi' ions ol competition are Id atore for
planters, merchant, traders, mechanics; and some
may bate to contend with serious changes, actions
enough to justify all tbe information, and all tbe
preperalioa tbat are within their reacb.
I am air, your obedient servant,
Thso. H, Davixb.
Wtaarar and CosTV la
EntTOB 0 axbttk : " It is worthy of notice
and will he of interest both to residents on the
Hawaiian Islands, and also to stranger land
ing in the country with a view of entering into
the culture of augar and coffee, to find the in
ducement for the cultivation of these two ar
ticle better than ha been offered for many
years, if not in fact with a better prospect than
ha ever gleamed in thi Kingdom.
The first augar plantation in the district of
Hamakua ha been provii ed with a mill, an. I
under the management of Mesr. Mrden and
Sieraaen, ha proved to be a welcome anccea ;
no more ao than they deserve, for their energy
and perseverance in endeavoring to open up
the reonrce of Hamakua for thi valuable and
ultimately extensive industry. Native as well
a foreigner are planting cane, and I have not
the least doubt that in a year or two we shall
see a profitable plantation at Honokaa, which
will undoubtedly lead to the commencement of
others in the district, for which there are ex
The diatrict of Hamakua i ono of the finest
on the Islands, and offers facilities porhnp un
eqnaled on Hawaii for extensively cultivating
the sugar cano a well a other industries at
present unknown in the kingdom.
A gentlemun who haa lately settled at Hono
kaa informa mo that in planting coffee he be
lieves that Hamakua can not be equaled. The
plants, after transplanting, do not even shed
their leave, but appear to thrivo better after
being taken from the virgin aoil and planted at
a higher elevation. He further Bays, tbat if
the coffee is attended to and properly cured, he
cannot see the reason why it should not be
equal to any raised on the Islands ; the climate
is suitable for its cultivation, and it is less lia
ble to be affected with blight than the coffee
raised in Komi. Nova Lux.
Honokaa, Hamakua, Hawaii, July, 1875.
In tus vratraiK (orsT or law asm
nut' try of lb llaweaaa titaixh. wabbpta a
TiniMr-n. and JOlt n. THOJfrso. alaer, ay a
T tirt.lt 'K. Onwllan. re. JF.BOMK PatABT ami KARA H
FKAHY. hli. win- rvtimm l.r foiwrleanro of Vo
Nourw M herrtiT firm to aUl
Million ni.il II ID 1
ckaair of a errlaln nwirtanr -rolrt or Jeroo.. rwr
ami Sarah fcarr. Ma wlf. on all their rtaht, ttU and ta-
tre.t Innn.l to all mo or;in pvmw iwnn
mmLl mnnmr. an.l I1.1111wl.1l nn.l ., -rth.i aa
That iwrtaJn t-nt of I ami atnet In Honolulu. .Iterrtbod la
It.,, j Patent No. (tea, oaara on laon lannianm la
No. W. contatnlnx on aero I lalhemaanfl 14 rawx
thai tot of 1-an.l oonrornt to Jerome Kearr hr '
laOirop, m dewrrtonl In deed of record tn Latrr 11,
in li-' and ;..t of Hawaiian Rewtatrr, ind attaab
Honolulu. Aad alee, thai certain Lot of Land In Hooo
Inle. aa ronrered tn Jerome Kearr BW DawM Kalekoaa. 0
sites of record In Ubr , oa tasraa as, a ean tt, eataeeM
Bel premlw ilearritied in lloyai i-awni .mi ;eaa a aaav
hue. txuMvl on lan.i . unimiwon iwwi .in. nn, i
with all and atuuUr the I
portrilMioea thereof, whk-h aM
e.ite.1 nv in
p-e I.-.. It anil l of Hawaiian ran
three I -' of land dtuated mi col
tum-hhowl ttm. for the payment of the .uiii of SITM wtth
Interest, to Sarepta . rhmpm. and Joho BL TbeSBI
minor, by CL T.
So all peraona til
appear and who
Coort, on WKle
l;a, at 10 o'rtra
Hal, why tb prayer of east!
Hooohila. Joly U. 1STX.
a arr or rxrr
ti-onted In Ijherlt. on
rryancea -am helnx
-ner of HeretaaSs end
Nonce la hereby riven
nvta, Beeon the aaat
IF Al'tlfST. A. IX
rt room In AUnlaal
petitlomTI should not be
iV. 11 PAKKK. MaraaaL
T TIBTI K OK
.eti.il out . f the lil.
of um NWAi.n a writ
ail. 00. I hsr levied a pon
th premiers al KeniutllU! i
OK AOirST. al 11 oouo, al
saal Kahele In and So a
HiH SK, uol said Jwlslo
and my fee and commlaak
llenolnlo. July a, istv
RBAY. the ruh PAY
ht. title and Inlrreat of
f ml and cats of all I
PA UK IE. Marshal.
TJ. S. FLAOSDIP " PSMSaCOLA,"
Off Honolulu, July jOUi, 1875.
To thi Editor of Ou llamtiian OatttU :
Ubak Sir: Id laat Saturday's issue of tho InriJIe
Commercial Atinrtuer, under the bead of " Recep
tiooa oa shipboard," it remarks tbat "Admiral
Alniy's fortobzhtly reception on board of tbe Pen
sacola was numerously attended on Thursday laat,"
I bew leave to eay, tbat these " Reception," which
teem to bavc conferred much pleasure upon tbe
good people of Honolulu, have been tbe joint efforts
of the Rear Admiral, Captain, Ward-room, and
Steerage Officers of tbe ship combined.
As the Captain and several of the officers of the
ship exerted themselves to msko these pleasurable
entertainments. It Is but fair tbat tbey should re
ceive a due share of the credit.
Will you please give this an insertion, and oblige.
Very Respectfully, Tours,
John J. almt. Rear Admiral U.S.N.
Notice to Creditors.
fTVJITATF. or rBtHBEBTEI StVY. LATE
CJ of Koloa. Kauai. dfciaasiL Notice la hereby xiven
that the last will and t.-stament i-f tile said Krans HerSrl-
mann bavin been admitted to prorate by the Hon. rme
ran Mcllryd. l lrcuit Judtv f haual. and letters tea
tamentary loaned to Raptfca llevvelaiaan, I'artstieB It.
Rerb-lxnano. aod Henry Brrtelmenn. tb acetrta and
exewtnra named In th add wul. oa th I7th day of July
Instant ; all persons bavlnx any property helonxtna to or
nwln ilhta to tb said rstass are hereby required tn ow
llrer or pay the same to the said elecatrtx aad seen tors
all nersons haviur claim, axniiKt Ihe add estate, whether
hy innrtxaa or nlherwlae. are hereby renulred to
Uie same, duly BBSBmVaaaBBa and wlUl the proper 1
era ui Ui aahl executrix and oxerutora. al tb Blare of
th nodenaa-oeit within atx month from tbla dale, or they
WIU be forever barred.
I'HRIHTIAM H. BRRTRLaAXTt.
Administrator Kslalvof Fraua bVr Irioiann.
Moloaa. Kauai. Aux. I at, IS. a. xanim
mi rt or mi. hawaiia
In Probate. (Inlet of Nottr of PeUUnn
Administration. Herum Mr.Jttstic Harris. Ia the
le of THOMAS 1...V. of Honolulu. Island of Uaba.
On Hendliix anil Flllnx th Petition of ANNA IWHITH
I.HNU. of Honolulu, Island of nahu. allexlnx that 1
linx. of said Honolulu, .lied Int. stale at mid Ho
on tbe sth day of Joly. A. a ISTS. aod praytnx that Let
ters of Administration uaiue to her.
tt la Ordered thai THURSDAY, th Sth DAT OF AU-
(ItfTr, A. D. IS7S, be aad hereby to appointed fhr heart
said petition before th said Jaatk-e. in the Court Ream of
tbla Court, at Honolulu, at which time ami place aU per
aoua concerned may appear aod show cane. If any they
have, why eakl petition should not tie (ran tod. eaa that
this onler be published In lb KncUab lanxuaxw for three
aacceealv.wKa In tbe Hawaiian Oeaetle newspaper la
Holed Honolulu, July 20, IS7S.
CHAS. C. HARRIS,
Attest I Justice or the Hnpmne Coart.
JK-o. G. Rabjssbd. Oepuly tier. set It
Notice to Postmasters.
fcnM PRKNi: HU RT
onsiil A. Knurt Jutl
(1t-lit.r-l hi ill at if Ba
the (tTtl Cod, U wai
that KrM.r. thTWrn
a. kt.. aU the Coart K
Unt M'nt HonolOln
lrM th(t quef.Um ul
hfi.rlnT l niihllithtl
In the n
f DAVIPHMITH, Tnliintsei-r rlswImipL
Honolulu, IvstTtnc com be for lh Hon
JiMld. JiMtirv of th Supcvmf Court, svimJ
thin tsy onlf rrO br the mkt jMlttt,
r-thlnl tuv of July hurt., ml lOo iSork
om of the supreon Court, ml Altto
be the time antl place to ht-avr avml
ifauik riipu'v. Veil UksU notice of juch
th' Ilawlli.n (;iutMt, nr ail
TTKSTIOoi IN KIF. I ALLY t'AI.LF.D TO
th new Tariff of Postairea In tbe t tilted Stales,
in Jiilv I. 1HT.1. whereby ureiMsv men I of I . St.
I'lestAeTi to smi.lrs cMslllltrlc oiilil.lo of Ihe
fulli-il Stntea le matte ((HtPlLSttBY. (see C.
s. Mail. 3d pex-e, June. 1S.7&.
letters not proper!!- pr. pul l catitint he mrwariled.
THE l-lKSTMAMTKR IIKN KKAI.
Honolulu. July It. 1S7B. UK 3t
eons I be tin concerned to appear and show cave. If any
there he, why the said Invltt smith should not be decreed
ItankrupL Hy order of the Court.
Jwo. B. ItaawABn.
Honolulu, nth July, IsTt. Deputy Chirk.
Postponement of Sale of Real
XonrE in ii r it Kit x (iivr.w that the
sole of lands beli.nichia Ui tbe Kslate of W. II. K A -
A Limited Number of Orders
TAKEN FOR GREEN PEAS !
j on the : r !i .w
the Court until
nest, at the mi
-I to takf plsbct at Wallnkn
kiit. Is ptKponet1 by oftlrr of
Ihe Tin timj ! AeBfpMt
N W NA, AdmlnlMrattir of
of W. II.
II F WATER RATE! FROM THE FIRST
dmr of July. 175. to the flmt day of Jwiuary, 1
, luvarUbly paabir in a-lvam . , hi intc now due, ail per
Administrator's Sate of
IX PI RMI A E OF AX OBDCB HADE OX
the ::th Uy of May. A. D. r74. by the Iffwiomnie
. M..rr!i, FlrM Int.- JuaUe of the itpr-Tjn
the Hawaiian lauuida, llcefustrur me. John Mot.
Administrator of the Estate of WILLIAM II.
sons bavins water privileges are n -quested to call at my t ICA AUWAI, late of Honolulu, dereaased. to sell at public
office, foot of Nuuauu Street, and pay op their water rates.
W5 lm Superintendent Water Works.
UK llll sn iS TAKE PIsEAMI RE
auction certain uuitts teliiur1n to ssfcl Katate,
isTMifii-.1 wtllaell st puhllc suction.
On Saturday, the 7th day of August, 1875.
At 13 Noon,
AT MO.HeiMAN.S HIORE,
announcing that MR. A FHATT, A. M recently of i ,n U)Wn of Wailaku. ManJ, all the right, dtie ,
the siolden tiat Acsileniv, Oskl&nd. and sn lni true tor if
much experience mil excellent repute, will be In charge of
this InadttaUon the coming year.
He will he arsusted by accomplisheil teachers In the Tbv
Mr. P. W. Damon, A. H. . wHJ continue to Instruct In the
Miss Fannie MerrUt, recently a teacher In the Man Kafael
Institute, and Miss M P. Eckley, for two years a teacher
In the Bench Female Seminary, will Inatruct In drawing,
music, and other studies.
Mrs. Pratt will act ss mat on.
latrons of the school may expect a year of superior ad
vantages. The next term will open on Wetlsaeailrsy the th of
Btyptember. .Ms imj BY THK COMM1TTK1C
EDEN HOUSE SCHOOL,
For Girls Only.
PBIXCIPAA, : TT: MKJs. OWES.
Hi: st II I to I. Mill. RFeOPES ox
DAY, Uie sth nf Auxnal.
For tb term of in weeks for xlrls over fourteen,
Incladln French and Drawing - 111 00
For Rtrle under fourteen, Inrludln French aod
Drawing, 1! 00
For toe plain English Coarse, 10 00
Latin and Freneb TanBbt, ir requires!.
Music at the Usual Rates.
NEW GOODS !
NEW GOODS !
FROM CHINA DIRECT !
Per Brig ' Hazard,'
NOW OPENING AND FOR SALE BV
JEWELRY IN SETS, of ttnest quality. fold
aad pearl, coral tiger elawx, kc, ko.
SILK DRESSES of different patterns, and
PINA Striped Game,
LADIES SLIPPERS of fancy stylet,
Crape Shawls, Grass Cloth. Silk Neck Ties,
Tortoiseihell, Feather aad Silk Fana
Sandal Wood, Ivory, Tortoiieibell, and Lac
quered Ware of all descriptions.
Flowered Vases of all lisea and devices.
Silver Wart. Very line.
White Matting of very Snest quality,
Whit Contract Matting Not. 1 and 1,
Assorted Colored Matting Not. 1 and 1,
Camphor Wood Trunks in Nests best quality,
Camphor Wood Trunks in Nest, So. lf
Camphor Wood Trunk, in Neils No. 2,
Manila Rope best quality and of all site.
BASKETS OF VERY FINE BREAKFAST TEA.
Preserved Ginger and Chow Chow,
SUGAR MATS, SINGLE AND DOCBLI.
TEAS ALL OF THE SEW 8EA80.1 !
Souchong in Cheats, lb. packages,
Hyson, in 7 lb. boxes.
Oolong of very raperior quality.
PRESERVED GINGER AND CHOW CHOW,
Olgftu-nt I 01cnx-ax ! Clsa.x-a t
Genuine Manilas and Imitations.
FIRE CRACKERS 4 FIREWORKS. ILL DESCRIPTIONS
ALSO FULL LINKS OF STAPLE OQpDS TOO
NUMEROUS TO MENTION.
AFONC & ACHUCK,
sis it is m i im BTBnrr
tetest of the aaal William H. Kaaawal. ilarawcea.
ILI OF LAND KNOWN AS PAPOHAKU!
situate, I at Wailuku, Maul, to wit :
Four parcels of hunt 1st, 2 chains and I fathom square;
'-'I. 1 acre and I square chain ; 3d, latre; lib. II arree,
a chains and loo rathoma square.
And llkewlae. In .ind Ui certain lands situate,! in llaiaula,
at Wailuku. Maul, aforraald. to wit : IS Iota, aa follows :
1st Kll COttbUUUlK II
U ISA X SB M M
Bd lot 14 " "
4 lb lot I err. IS SQUar rooa.
Sib lot 1 rood, SI sqoare rtMhs.
Stb lot ' S wauare rod.
"th lot " 1 mat.
Stb lot I ac.-ea, I mud. a rod.
tth lot I rocela. IS rod.
10th lot 1 acre. I r... I,. 17 rot
Ulhlot I rooda, S BBS
11th lot a rood. U nala.
13th lot J rode.
Hlh lot a rooda. n rod.
IV. b lot x acre. I rood. It roda.
And also a portion of land situate at l-alkl. VJaul. the let
lot containing s 31-IOOarrea, and Ibe 3d lot. It 13 suae
Alan all the Hlght, flUe and Interest of the die a. ml Li
and to all piece, and parceU of land I
l-alent ac, tieitig tbe lots ,f U
and ileo. K. Kaaawal. his brother Or th heir, af Nais.
puicbo. by a certain deed of record In Uber II, page IAS
and 154. The flrst lot of which contains I is.ino sere
situate In llaiaula. In Wailuku, BBBBBBSBl : IB ttntnS BBV
I X.oo acre. In Puako. Wailuku, aforeeaid ; and th third
ii-iuoor an acre, situate at the
1-10 of an acre.
n-l Ukewto. all the lught. Title and Inlerem i
ny ttie ri,.,.,-,L.. rr..ui A. Pepeand Kaumi. I
to the land dearnned In Land ( omtn Baton Award No alt.
oontalnlng U-IW of aa acre. In the town of Wailuku, afore-
And alw. all SBM laaU alasanSeal a Baalaea.
Kola. Maul, 'lew-iihett In land r-omtnawlnn Award Sa
i33, and conuinlng s-loo acres In favor of X. If if ml
And likewise tract of land situates! at Wat.
Award ilex, containing I screw.
me rartner ciesrnption or l
plication at th Clerk's rnce of the Hupretae feart wngj
SMIurdar. the 13th day t Jun. ls:, and afterwarda.
at MIL MOMelMA.w M HTuHK.il Wlaka. and al UawOOT-
EKNOB'H OFFIi.'K In tahaina. MaaL
Ral subject to the approval of tbe Court, al IB Coart
jonx koii i-Mtrvi.
Aduilnlatrator of Estate of Wm. H. Kaauwai. I i saasil
Estate of Atai (Amoo;, Bankrupt.
As t it ii mi riSAL nniiinn
amounting 4o 3 sw-100 per oeet- wUi aw ttaa a Baa
office of H. llackfekl 4 to. ou lb I Sth of July, 171.
st tt j. r ot-Anit.
Estate of Walker A Allen.
A MKvr AJ1 I'l N 1 1.
7T. approved etaiwis aaaln.t the Katan- of WW
Alien aui be paid at tbe tsOee of tbe aanwrsagnen oa east
after that dale. K. r. APABBt,
Ansjasw Estala Walker a alien.
Honolulu, June 16th. 17. X44 Tea
FKOW AJII AFTEB THIB DAT
daratgnrd .alio that all letters east coa
nraaaawa auoieaaed aal
Honolulu. July 12th, 1B7A
CHI J AFO.fo
Of Aroaa A Acnwen.
LIFE INSURANCE CO.,
I. JIM I S HOTI.nf. IB AI TIIOBIZED
from Uda day to eta oar fir by procuradoa.
F. A. SOHAKFKB A CO.
, iniy i. unt. vn it
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY
la (he I nit- ataf ra.
SAM'L 6. WILDER,
Oregon Dried Apples.
KE4TEITED THIS BAT, AT rmm MU hy
atay 31, IS7X eOIXSB a cu