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TEL FIXE IKON
pmriA i RnmiATK or boo-
BARQUE " CARN TUAL
ftwm. MIMltM Mi MMM
HAWAII AN GAZETTE
AN IXPKTKNPKNT JOVRXAI.,
DEVOTE! TO HAWAIIAN FKOT.RFSS.
Is lurdinjr her Carpo in
lVii.li,l Ortior !
m n u. ASSORTMFVT
H. HACKFELD & CO.
Offer for Sale
The Following (iooik
PER HAWAIIAN BARK KA MOI
ENGLISH STAPLES n
OUT CARE FOR THIS MARKET!
1T Ol I'WORITR AS1
ft . i -
rr wnm; cotton?. pesin.
1 .XtX.-, VKLVKT KVGS.
UMtv; A1 BBRUOtBTfl SCARFS, j
rSUNS. r ATISTKS. lc, Ae.
teiia. Saddle and ( anvas.
1W Books, fiano Fortes!
IlTBrncs, .1 e.
m' Alt, Blood's Air ud Tortcr,
'. Ale, lad Cm .c 1 Co.'. Air.
:. IIcdmoti'i, and Rubin' Brand, of
I Soap, Earthenware. Glassware,
rijwe. rarnilarr. Paints, Oil,
BRASS AND IRON BEDSTEADS
lortiassd Cement. CorrwgateJ Iron, Hoop Iron,
Fencing Wire, Hollow-ware,
EKST WELSH STEAM COAL,
Also, Ouo Pair of
WESTON'S PATENT CENTRIFUGALS!
With imfiroTed Wrought Iron Monitor Cu
ings, Exjtlo5ion Proof,
NOW ON VIEW.
THEO. H. DAVIES.
BY THE UNDERSIGNED
H BEST SMITHS' COAL,
Ton. Bpt Ulaspow Splint Steam Coal,
- liar Iron, in assorted cues.
LIME JUICE CORDIALS!
In 1 dot. cases of tbc celebrated manufacture of
JOHN OILLON A Co., Glasgow.
ALSO A FEW OF
Smith & Wellstood's
CELEBRATED STOVES and RANGES,
Highly recommended by thoe who hare tried
them. Mill on hand, and will be disposed
of at LOW Rate, to en it the time;.
The Following Machinery,
One Sugar Mill. Complete
WESTON'S CENTRIFUGAL MACHINES.
1 I T PINK PRISTS, LARUE PAT-
Aseeitsavni Fancy Pi lets, new styles.
White Or...nl Prints,
Black and Watte IV nt. V re neb Muslias,
Heavy I'lae lvoipn. pl.in and stried,
FJae and Wkite Striped Ticking.
Brown Coltoni, r'l-.l qualities.
It:e Cottons, White Cottons.
llorrockset bite Long Cloth, A and B, Jf Inch
and SI inch wide.
Linen Sheeting. 7. SS. 9 and 100 inches wide,
C. tt n hretiag. ' '. ??. M an 1 W inches aide.
Victoria Lawns, 7 yard pieces. asixtUd quhlsee,
Indigo Tllue Flannel. Black Silk Alpacas,
Black I'obonrgs, Bne and medium,
Scotch Waterproof Tweeds, all colors.
Silk Corah Handkerchiefs,
Turkey Red and Yellow Cotton Handkerchi.fr,
Ladies' Cotton Handkerchiefs,
Assorted Cotton Stockings and Socks,
Linen Thread assorted,
Black and Colored Silk Neckties, new styles.
Monkey Jackets, assorted qnatities.
Heavy Woolen Blankets, Scarlet, Orange, Blue
Fancy Flannel Shirts. Linen Shirts, Cotton do.
Merino Finish Vndcrshirts. Cult n Vnderehirts.
Assorted Burlaps, French Calfskins,
Genuine Kan de Cologne,
Macassar Hair Oil, Lubin's Extracts,
Fine India Rubber Pressing Combs,
Fine Woolen Shawls and Traveling Plaids,
Fine and Common Ten and Pocket Knives,
Fine Steel Scissors, Common Scissors,
Tinned Spurs on Cards, Iron Teakettles,
Galvanised Bails, 10 and II inch.
Galvanised Washing Tabs,
Perforated Metal for Centrifugal Machines,
Charcoal Box Irons,
Bright Fencing Wire, No. 4. & and ft,
Full Assortra't of Best Refined English Bar Iron,
Mui.ti' Yellow Metal Sbeithing, and Composi
tion Nails, Block Tin,
Galvanised Iron I'ipe, Hoop Iron.
Borons Water Monkeys, Pressed Tumblers,
Cut Porter Glasses.
Hubbuck's Patent While Zinc Paint,
Hubback's Patent White Lead Paint,
Hubbuek's Pale Boiled Linseed Oil,
Black Paint, Paris Green, Red Lead.
Caustic Soda, Best Lagos Palm Oil.
A large Assortment of
German, English and French Groceries
Liebig's Extract of Meat.
Stearine Candles. 4, 5, and 6 to a pound,
Castor Oil, in tins and glass,
Epsom Salts in bulk and boxes.
Nests of Trunks, Birch Brooms,
Wrapping Paper. Market Baskets,
Assortment of Blank Books,
Press Copy Books, Shipping Receipt Books.
Assorted sixes Horse Rope, Hemp Pocking,
Spunyarn, Flag Line, Log Line,
Marline and Housing,
Swedish Safety Matches,
Bcvoe's Kerosene Oil, in patent cans.
Ilcidsieck A Co's Champagne, in qts and pts.
Ruinart Pcre t File' Champagne, do. do.
Sparkling Hock, in quarts and pints,
Genainc Hollands Gin, in jugs and baskets,
Genuine Holland; Gin, in glass, green boxes,
Boutellcau i- Co.'s Brandy, in glass, 1 to 4
Boutelleau A Co.'s Brandy, m casks,
German Ale and Lager Bier, in qts. and pts.
Jeffrey's Edinburgh Ale and Stout, qts and pts.
Assorted Clarets, very fine to common,
Lieofrauenmilch A Laubonhoimer Rhine Wines.
Small assortment of Hungarian Winos,
Bitters, Alcohol in 1 gal. demgohns, 00 per cent.
German and Havana Cigars.
Fire Clay. Coal Tar, Stockholm Tar,
Empty Petroleum Barrels for Tallow Containers,
Oak Boats for Coasters,
Etc., Etc., Etc., Etc.,
Etc., Etc., Etc.,
The above specified Goods, together with a well
assorted Stock now an band ex recent arrivals, are
offered for sale in quantities to suit the trade.
& Orders from the other Island' filled at lowest
market rates. 542
STEAM f LUtlFIERS. 100 and 500 Galls. NEW GOODS!
DRY GOODS !
Of Various Descriptions,
Per Bark D. C. MURRAY.
Assorted Brands Champagne,
Henneesy's 1, S and 3 Star Brandy,
Assorted Brands Brandy,
Best Scotch Whiskey,
Best Holland Gin,
Best Holland Gin, stone lugs,
Beet Old Tom Gin, Cases Assorted Clarets
BEST AMERICAN WHISKIES !
Occidental, Hermitage and O.F.C.
Case Best Pale Sherry,
Cases Best Old Port.
Casks Hennessy's Pale Brandy,
Casks Pale Sherry,
- Casks Irish Whiskey,
Quarter Casks Jamaica Rum.
McEwan's India Pale Ale,
Pints and Quarts.
Bleod, Wolfe A Co's India Pale Ale, pts and qts.
Baas A Co's India Pale Ale, pints and quarts,
ALSO. JUST RECEIVED PER KB MOI!
JTEWAJTS xxx NT IT. In atone Jog.
QCS.KTB AND PLVTS.
POST W1MK. lw , essr ; SHERRY Wisie
tat ooa- awarr or an port or quality .
at F. T. LENEHAN A CO.
Hawaiian Mess Beef,
CKI.D FT II. BKRTLEMAK. AND
aTrrTl For Sail by
BOLLr 4 CO
Just Received by
AFONG & ACHUCK,
White & Colored Rattan Matting,
matting, Rattan Chairs,
Manila Rope, Peanut Oil,
Nests Camphor Trunks,
Fine Tea, Basket Tea,
China Hams, Nankin Cloth,
Japanese Umbrellas, Assorted Silk,
Silver Ware, Ivory Ware,
Sandal Wood Ware, Lacquered Ware,
China Ware, Canvas Shoes,
Straw Slippers, Clothes Baskets,
Flower Pots, Wrapping Paper,
Dried Ligee, Dried Dates,
Gold & Silver Jewelry,
Tortoise Shell & Crystal Jewelry,
Gentlemen & Ladies Paty Hat.
China Brick & Side-walk Stones
(STKOLE AND DOCBLK
SUGAR NAT BAGS
A Great TaririT ot
OTHER CHINESE GOODS
Too ssnmoroato mentions.
FOB RATE BY
AIONG A AS.HI I'M,
' Nuuanu Street, near King.
Scientific Voyage of H. B. M .
IsV MR. KPVAttr KVK,
Hawaiian Consul General for Aaatrellaand Tasmania.
During tiu max of th Challenger at
tho "C.tv" not tVwvrthsn wwnty loi
of apocimet), oolt.vtod in tho oonra ot
her voyage up to that point, vm pMsM
ami s,nt o(T to England; and from thf
port ot Sydney alnxtt tho aame num. tar of
OA of dtvp Fauna anil Vegetation
are, it h understood, atattt to ta dia
patched honteward ly lVfesor W.
Thomson. The arrival ill London ol such
a oarot'ully-disrvstod mass of information
in its most sinitioant tortn nottosHak
of the valuable soioutifio nort which
will aoeompany those cases o an not hut
1h- deeply appreciated in the (Jreat World
ol Science throughout all Kurope and the
Vnitetl States. Doubtless, in some great
National Work mete record will ta duly
made of those triumph ot sciontitio re
search, so that the knowledge thus gained
of the secrets of nature may bo availed of
by all that are studious or learned, with
out any regard to nationality. Pending
tho appearance of such a work, a few notes
)however imperfect) taken by a Sydney
visitor to the Challenger relative to some
of the discoveries which have been made,
will, perhaps, be not unacceptable. Tho
various objects discovered, preserved, and
commented upon, will be simply mentioned
and described just as they were seen on
board by the writer and explained to him,
in more or loss popular language, by the
young person who thou had them iti his
The scientific staff of the Challenger
have since they left England, collected a
vast number of specimens of the Animal
and Vegetable Kingdoms and esocially
objects belonging to the former. These
rare collections of living forms in the
"Kingdom Aniinalia" include samples
from both of the two great provinces, or
"sub-kingdoms" of invertebrate and ver
tebrate animals, the Yerlobrala being
according to Professor Huxley such as
are possessed of an internal skeleton of
cartilage or bone, a distinct vascular sys
tem, containing blood with suspended
corpuscules, and (nearly all of them) a
single, valvular heart. In their speci
mens coming under the head of " Vete
brata," the talented Staff of the Challen
ger have collected many new and hitherto
but imperfectly known fishes and birds,
with some few other animals of a superior
nature, not necessary here to particular.
In the Invertebrate Province of the Ani
mal Kingdom the specimens of the Chal
lenger collection are understood to be ex
tremely rich, chiefly to what are commonly
but rather vaguely known as belonging
to the classes ot the "Radiata," " Arti
culata," and "Mollusca" it being, of
course, understood that the whole of these
lower classes of the " Invertebrate Prov
ince" of tho great animal kingdom are
now variously subdivided and arranged.
The classification of all these lower ani
mals is now in a sort of transition state,
passing from the old plan laid down by
Cttvier to the latest system devised by
Huxley ; the classification by Cuvier and
his followers having been practically
abandoned, and nothing yet permanently
established in its place, although the clas
sification invented by Carpenter's system
arranges the descending series of lower
animals as follows : After the class Arach
nida (in two orders,) the class Crustacea
in fourteen orders. Then the Vermiform
Classes: 1. Annelida, for leeches and
worms, te. ; 2. Entozoa, for trichina and
tapeworms, fcc. ; and 3. Rotifera, for
wheel shaped animalcules. After the Ver
miform Classes, the Classes of Mollusca,
which he (Carpenter) separates into the
seven different subdivisions of 1, Cephalo
poda cuttle-fish, &c): 2, Gasteropoda;
3, Pteropoda; 4, Lamelh branchiate con
chifera; 5, Palliobranchiata; 6, Tunieata;
and 7, Polyzoa. Below these different
divisions of Mollusca Carpenter places the
Class Radiata, which includes sea urchins,
&c. Then comes the still lower Class of
Polypifera; in which are ranged all kinds
of Polypi ; and after the Polypifera comes
the yet lower Class of Hydrozoa, in which
are the jelly-fish, and its congeners. Last
of all comes the Class of Protozoa, which
contains " Infusoria," ami all the inferior
forms of animal life. A large number of
objects still remain at the bottom of this
classification, respecting which the learned
have not yet accurate'v determined
whether they are animals or plants.
Amongst these "things" that stand on
the " debatable ground " between the an
imal and vegetable kingdoms, the re
search of a great German zoologist has
already distinguished the different forms
ofMonera, Amceboida, Flagellata, Catal
lacta, Labyrinthulea, Diatomea, Myxo
mycetes, Acyttaria, Heliozoa, and Radio
laria. In the Protozoa, the lowest divi
sion of the animal kingdom, reproduction
takes place, it seems, in two ways : by
fission, and by " gemmation " (or bud
ding) somewhat after the manner of cer
tain of the lower plants. This gemmation
is the usual form of reproduction in the
case of the Foraminifera, the Spongiae,
and the Infusoria. In the Ccelenterata
a primary group established by Frey and
Leuckart reproduction by gemmation is
of almost general occurrence in the classes
Hydrozoa and Actinozoa; and in the
Molluscoids, it occurs in the Bryozoa (or
Fishes are " vertebrate " animals, but they all
hare the heart divided into two chambers, one auri
cle and one ventricle, Only the Lancet (amphloxas)
is devoid of a heart.
IVOvroa) and in the Tnntcata. The Aea-
leph.r, or sea nettles, arc now (by unani
mous consent) placed in tho Ccrlonterata
one of tho primary group of Frey and
leuckart Of the Polypi Uiow with cil
iated arms (Bryoiro or Polyitoa, of which
the Fhistra, or Sea Mat, is an example
are now usually placed with the Lower
Mollusc which under the name of " Mol
hteooida," are considered by Professor
Hnvloy to constitute otto of the eight pii
mary group, Ho places the remainder
of the molluscs amongst the Coelonterata.
Tho KohinodormatA have since ISfW taon
included by Hnvloy in the " Annnloida"
one of his eight primary groups ; but
Victor Cams (" llandbuch dor Zoologic,"
1S0.1) place all Kehinodorms in a separate
and independent group. Although Car
lontor's classifies.) ion is now moat com
monly adopted by sciontitio men, the gen
eral classification of Proloioa, Ctolcnter
ata, Kvhinodortnata, Annelida, Arlicnhtta,
Verlebrata, Ac., has obtained the sanc
tion ot several great names. Those oo
logists place the Hydrozoa and AnttrOftOt.
designations which shadow forth what
they are amongst tho " Co'lenterata."
Amongst their " Keiiinodermata" group,
they place the fllolothuroidea (or animals
of the nature of the sea slug,) in which
there is (as to individuals) no distinction
of sex. lit the same group, however, are
classified the Kchinodea, the Asteroidea,
and the Crinoidea, in which the sexes are
separate. Tho " Annelida " of this elassi
float ion represent the Vermiform Classes
of Carpenter; and the " Articulata " in
clude the Insects and Crustaceans. Then
comes the group of the Vetebrntes. Those
who prefer this late classification appear
to distinguish particularly the mode of
generation peculiar to tho animal. In the
Crustaceans it has been remarked that
the organs of reproduction are always
present, and the sexes distinct ; excepting
in the one order of those animals, No. 13,
known as Cirrhopods. Those Cirrhnpoda,
or Cirrhopeda (curly-footed animals) form
the genus Lcpas of Linnteits, and arc
ranked by the learned Swede amongst
the Multivalvo Testacea. Recently, how
ever, the Cirrhopods have been assigned
a place amongst the Articulata. The term
Crustacea has, it will be observed, a very
wide ami comprehensive use ; being ap
plied by Carpenter, lor example, to no less
than fourteen different orders of animals
bearing a certain degree of analogy to the
Arachnida snd Myriopoda.
From a perusal of the foregoing general
remarks, the reader will at once perceive
that in the different contending classifica
tions of all the lower animals there is at
present such a chaotic confusion that
nothing but a very greatly extended
amount of knowledge can possibly reduce
the whole to order :and he will, moreo
ver readily sec how the spirited and intelli
gent researches of the Challenger's scien-'
tific staff amongst all deep-sea animals
some of the very lowest developments of
animal life must go materially to extend
the domain of Reason and to add to hu
man knowledge. Even tho few stray
notes subjoined will probably be sufficient
to show that many of the specimens taken
and preserved must for ever settle hun
dreds of moot points, about which the nat
uralists have hitherto disagreed. Those
of our readers who have not paid much
attention to zoology may thus now be en
abled in a general way to recognize seve
ral of the individuals whose right place
has been in dispute, and also be able to
form some idea as to the whereabouts in
which the strangers will probably have
eventually to locate themselves.
Pcntacrinus. This is an animal plant
of a very complex and beautiful structure,
found at the depth of 350 fathoms. It is
described in general terms as a sort of
star-fish ; but it lias this peculiarity, that
at its base (centrically, and below the
frondlike radiating arms of the creature)
there are strong, curly, rootlike appenda
ges, which it buries in the sand. Thus
steadied, as it were, by the roots, the
Pentacrkius expands, at will, its five radi
ated fronds on the surface of the sand be
neath the sea. These arms when half
folded up (as it appears in the bottle) bear
some resemblance in shape to the upper
fronds of the Araucaria or Eutassia
Excelsa. The color of the Pcntacrinus
is a sort of grey or drab. Its extreme
length is about six inches.
Archastcr. This is a new deep-sea
rudimentary star-fish, found off Cape Howe
in Kerguelen's Land.
Silicious Sponge. Visitors to the Chal
lenger are shown many very curious spe
cimens of Silicious Sponge; the delicate
fibres composing which appear to be of a
vitreous character. Some of this sponge
found at the depth of 1,800 fathoms as
tonishes the observer by the strange com
plexity of its organic formation, as viewed
through the medium of a powerful micro
scope. Bryozoa. A specimen of this kind of
animal plant (understood to be identified
with the " Polyzoa," or seventh class of
Carpenter's " Mollusca ") is shown to the
visitor. It was found at the depth of 100
Holothuria, or Sea Slug. There are
several curious specimens of the Holothu
ria, or Sea Slug, from six inches to a foot
f The Holothuria with its allies is known by the
comparatively small amount of calcareous matter con
tained in its skin, whioh is son, and very distensible
and contractile so that the sixe and form of the body
are capable of great variation. The tubular feet
usually exist, ana are arranged in distinct rows. It
has the power of drawing inwards its tentacula, and
of closing its month around them, so that no appear
ance of them can be seen. By the flexibility of their
integument, and the muscular fibres with which they
are furnished, they ars able to swim and crawl with
facility. Some of them frequent deep waters; whilst
others are found among rocks and floating sea-weeds,
at no great distance from the shore. The Pentacta
and Psoins are " Holothnriss and so, too, is the
Trepang (beche-de-mer, seacomberor sea-slug,) found
on the North Coast of Australia, of which largequau
titiei are annually dispatched to the Chinese markets.
(See Dr. William Carpenter's Zoology, vol ii, chapter
IS.) . A
long, and from an inch and a half to two
inches wide. They were fonnd at a trreat
depth, and are of varied colors red,
white, yellow, and brown. Some very re
markable specimens were obtained at the
depth of I, M0 fathom, in latitude
ottth, and longitude IrtftM et,
Antedon. This specimen is a radiates!
animal, found on tho 00th of June lat, on
water, at Royal Sound, in Kerguelen's
Land. Tt has some rosomhlanoe to the
Pcntacrinus but its nether appendages
are far less like a root,
l'toiroerinus. - This is a very peculiar
animal, having long, pointed tentacles
like dried stalk of grass, with a sort ot
tnU or tassel at tho end of each -ialk.
The end which compose these tuft each
taper to a point. It was found in 13TS
fathoms, tat ween Kerguelen's Land and
Opholid Annelid. TWi very singular
oreature, about the length, sixe, and shape
of a man's forefinger, is also an inhab
itant of the great deep. Its color is bluish
grey, and it skin look like velvet, or
very fine cloth. At that end which is
probably to lw considered as tho head,
there is (on one side of it) a small mark,
or orifice, of a deep violet color, which
looks not unlike a closed ovo, but is in
fact its mouth. Like all deep sea animals
it ha no eye, having no use tor them in
its normal state of perpetual darkness.
Above and around the mouth are long
brownish bristle in straight projecting
clusters; whether as feelers or to feed
with docs not appear. This annelid's
body is described as being not very flab
by, but moderately tough. It was found
at the depth of 1,950 fathoms, off the
const of Portugal, and (like all the other
objects now mentioned) is entirely new to
Deep-sea Star-fish. There is a very in
teresting collection of deep-sea star-fish,
found at the depth or l,8W fathoms.
Large Crustacea or Shrimp. A largo
and curious Crustacea (a kind of shrimp,)
more than 5 inches long, was found at the
depth of 750 fathoms off the llraztlian
port of Pernambuco. This crustacean is
furnished with two wing-like shields
(jointed on to the top of tho back.) by
means of which it can propel itself with
great velocity through the water. Its
color when caught wits of a bright
Vermillion. Even as preserved in spir
its it retains a beautiful deep, rosy tint.
Sea Urchins. In tho collection are nu
merous "sea urchins," of various sizes
(purple and other colors), found in the
South Atlantic, at the depth of 1C00
The Admiralty Worms, or Synapta.
These wonderful microscopic animalcules
were fbund in the Atlantic Ocean at the
depth of 1500 fathoms. Magnified about
2000 times, one dried-up drop of moisture
containing these beings displays hundreds
of them distinct, but near to each other.
Each individual appears to be a small
globular being, in which are seen smaller
globes, which are probably its undevelop
ed offspring. At one side of its globular
body (which is transparent) swings an
appendage, about twice the length of
the diameter of the body, and also trans
parent. This appendage is exactly like an
anchor, with two sharp-pointed flukes,
from which this animalcule takes its name,
the " Admiralty " worm. It is stated that
this animalcule secures its prey (yet
smaller creatures that surround it, but so
minute as to be still invisible) by striking
at them with the hooks or points of its an
chor. Hyalomena. These animals are shown
(like the " Admiralty worm ") by the
aid of a powerful microscope. The Hya
lomena consist of glassy spicules, and each
animalcule is furnished with an appendago
reminding one of the Admiralty worm.
It is however different in shape, and per
haps in use; and it is much more like a
double grapnel, thus presenting four sharp
points instead of two.
Diatomesia. These inchoate creatures
(apparently to bo identified with tho " dio
tomca " of tho German zoologists) ocenpy
a very low and doubtful position. They
are minute hollow balls ; and the speci
mens secured were found at the bottom of
the Antarctic ocean, not far from the Ice
Shells, &o. Foraminiferons shells and
globigerniaj were found in 1900 fathoms
off Kerguelen's Land. Several of these
iiny shells (many of which are of tho
purest white) appear very beautiful when
viewed through tho microscope. They
are set up with mnch cleverness, and prove
to the visitor in a very pleasing manner
what kind of shellfish live in security at
the bottom of the stormy sea.
Spicules of Sea Urchin. One of the
most curious things brought under the
notice of the visitor is a section of one of
minute spicules of asea urchin, got in deep
water, off the Burmndas. It presents an
elaborate circular pattern of different grad
uated shades from purple to white, the dif
ferent successive rings coming to a point
in the centre and divided at regular dis
tances by dark Hnes diverging from the
circumference. This object which mani
fests in a surprising manner Order and
Beauty in one of the minutest points of
creation, has had its elaborate outlines
not inaptly compared to those of an ex
quisitely finished drawing-room " tidy."
GIobigerintB, Ac. South of the Cape,
in 1900 fathoms, globigerinse and fora
minifera were found in considerable quan
tities and preserved. Many beautiful
specimens are shown of both.
Skin of the Chirodota. The visitor is
shown a microscopic object which is ex
tremely curious. It is a greatly magnified
piece of the skin of the Chirodota a deep
sea worm fonnd in about 2600 fathoms.
On this minute bit of skin arc numerous
The oircn ro
ll ia ifterfSfkft a
: is well Known as me nut nor oi
a a. l
work on seaman-nip, tnuen in
well defined wheel-like object. Each of
those circle has a centre resembling the
nave of a wheel, from wh
distinct, equidistant arste.
ferenco of the wheel (inside
if provided with sharp teeth. All the out
line are double, and very clearly marked.
Reside these object the visitor is
shown a new vitreou sponge (Poliopounn
Amadon) crossed by " noodle " of gUaa
ill all direction. This wa found In
depth of ilOoo fathom. Also a new Hol
othuria, found in the Southern tVesn, "
depth ot neai l I 4o fathom. Al M T
irooii and l.orn.vid. together with lh
I In .'oriiwi. the Scroll and oilier such am
The Challenger is, we believe, to pro
owl hence to New ZosiUinl, and tler
uard to make a short cruise in the P
rille. Should she iit the Ki.pan Group,
many interesting discoveries will doubt
less lie made. Amongst other thing, the
rather m Mi lions s ri..i, n ol t rem irk
aide oa w'orin (which regularly make It
npcaraiicc once a year about the end ot
N ov ember on some of the roe is, in i . ro
Sea) may porhap 1 satisfactorily nive
tigatcd and explained. The native call it
the " balolo," and it existence seem to
bo well known to KuropcAii. Whether
il is a species ol Holothuria or an Ophelid
Annelid does not aiqioar to have Is'"
ascertained. Thu Fijian esteem it a very
great delicacy. Some low liirllu r obser
vation relative to the I'hallenger and her
expedition, derived from a reliable, au
thority J, may, in conclusion, ta not unac
ceptable to our readers. It appear that
the Challenger, selected for this great cir
cumnavigating Exploring expedition, is a
main-deck corvette ol 0f tons, whose
commander (Captain G. S. Nan', R. X.)
use in the
1'ritish navy. Captain Nare lias, we bo-
lieve, seen a great deal of active service ;
having been engaged at ono time in tho
exploration of the Arctic regions, and,
subsequently, in the survey in tho tiulf of
Suez. From tho last named duties he was
called home to take charge of this expe
dition. Second in command according
to tho authority above referred to is
Commander J. P. Maclcar, R. X (son of
Sir Thomas Maclcar, lato Astronomer
Royal at the Cape of Good Hnpcl who has
also seen a great deal of service in various
parts of the world, and whose name i fa
miliar front his having taken part in the
Eclipse Expedition to Spain, and also in
that to Ceylon. Captain Maclcar under
takes, wo believe, tho magnetic observa
tions, which form part of the work of the
expedition. The other naval officers are
1st lieutenant, Pelham Aldnch ; 2nd
lientenant, Arthur 0. Ilromlcv ; 3rd lieu
tenant, George R. Bethel ; navigating lieu
tenant, Alfred E. Tizard ; sub-licutcnant,
II. C. Sloggett and Lord George Camp
bell; paymaster, R. R. Richards; chief
engineer, James H. Ferguson.
Of tho scientific staff of the Challenger
Expedition the following distinguished
gentlemen received their appointments
from the Admiralty in October, 172:
Professor Wyviflc Thomson, K. R, S. Ac,
Director of tho Scientific Staff. Under
i Professor Thomson, arc (1.) Mr. J. J.
Wild, of Zurich, who accompanies the di
i rector of the staff as his private secretary.
: This Mr. Wild was for some time private
secretary to the learned Abbe Moigno, and
j is an accomplished artist. (2.) Mr. J. Y.
Buchanan, M. A., ot Edinburgh ; who is
the chemist to the expedition. This gen
tleman was formerly se.iior assistant in the
Chemical Laboratory of the Edinburgh
University, and had the advantage of
prosecuting his studies in chemical science
in Germany at Leipsic and elsewhere.
(3.) Mr. EL N. Moseley, M. A, of Oxford,
one of the three naturalists of the expe
dition. Mr. Moseley is a pupil of Professor
Rolleston, and was enabled by a ltadcliffe
Traveling Scholarship " to study biology
further " at Vienna and Leipsic. He was
also a member of the late Eclipse Expedi
tion to Ceylon. (4.) Dr. Von Willemoes
Suhm, also a naturalist to the expedition,
was for some time assistant to Professor
Von Siebold, of Munich. Dr. Suhm has
distinguished himself by his papers in
Siebold and Kolliker's Archives on An
nelids." (5.) Mr. John Murray, of Edin
burgh University, also a naturalist to the
expedition, is a Canadian by birth, who
has great experience as a taxidermist, and
in the collection and preservation of verte
brata generally. He has traveled exten
sively in Canada and has also been far into
high latitudes on a whaling cruise. Over
all this staff of picked tren, Professor Wy
ville Thomson has been placed bv the
Admiralty authorities ; it being under
stood that all his time not taken np with
the superintendence of the scientific inves
tigations in their various branches, is to
be devoted to preparations of reports, Ac,
and zoological work. Dr. Suhm and .Mr.
Moseley direct their attention principally
to animals of the sub-kingdom of inverte
brata, and Mr. Murray attends to the
" vertebrates." Botanical collections de
volve chiefly upon Mr. Moseley. An
exprienced photographer (who is non
commissoned officer in the Royal En
gineers), is also attached to the party.
The expedition is under the hydrographic
department of the Admiralty, but the ar
rangements have been made with the ad
vice and direct concurrence of a committee
of the Royal Society.
The Challenger has an auxiliary screw
of 400 nominal horse-power, ami is adapt
ed to carry about a month's supply of coaL
She carries also two cutters, a steam pin
nace, a whaleboat, a jolly boat, two gigs
and a dingy.
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Doors, H P. lmo., 2mo., tt Sash
SASH AND BLINDS.
NAILS AND GLASS.
Wall Paper and Border.
In LsSTfP Variety.
PAINTS. OILS. TURPENTINE. VARNISH.
falsa! a sad Whltewaai la sssasaasa.
Sash Weight Iuae.
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FROM B09T05. A LOO.
Garden and Plantation Floes, !To. I aad J
C. S. SpadeshoveU, Seooas aad Raae.
Handled Axes, UateheU 3hia(lia( aad Axa
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Clothe Pins, Raw Hides. Saab Corda.Baad Paper,
Sash Cord. Sjriafee, Meeilage. Bern Cards.
She Was specially fitted OUt j 31edws. Champers, Horse Nails aad 3be lak.
for her present use ; the arrangement for
the scientifac work having been made un
der the eye of Professor W. Thomson. The
forc-maguazine has been prepared for the
stowage of the large quantity of spirit,
necessary for the preservation of natnrai
history specimens, and of the many thou
sands of stoppered bottles required to con
tain them. The apparatus and appliances
for the operations of the scientific staff
are (as we have already intimated) of tho
most elaborate and complete description.
As the Xaturt has rightly said, " It is dif
ficult to over estimate the immense bene
fit which Science most derive from an ex
pedition such as this." Apart from the
deep-sea work, and the accurate explora
tion of entirely unknown worlds of animal
and vegetable life, investigation of the
flora of remote and seldom visited islands
cannot fail to prove instructive not to
speak of the singular attraction which
will, of course, be presented by the reports
of a scientific visit to New Guinea.
t Jfalmrt, a Weekly Illastrated Journal of Science,
vol. vi., page i19.
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