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m A I THORITT.
It . rr") Til M4j-ty th Finr To appoint Portor
Twm J. Tornor, t H. N, to b Knlffat (Vmpnlon of
ta- nymA OrVr of Kamchtm lit.
ly in. irrfc. Jxa O. Downm, Bec'y.
llceae Expiring; In Kept., 1875.
Oat.v . 5 Kffr Rack. KarnollilM.
- V Warrr-n. Nntunn at, HonoJnla.
t Oc Nuunu At, IIodoIoIo.
t Ah Chnac P ('. nrnT Kins A Nnuanu lit. Bod
? Ho Olir-unlf. Hot, st, Honolota.
V Qrlntmam .o. Quern :. Honolulu.
16 E Amu. comer Klnc Pnncbbovl at, Hod'Iu.
19 Ab 8w, N'uuano st, Honolulu,
tl Ah Zu, K a . hti,; Honolulu.
3ft Ab Pan. Pubmlkl, KooUulo.
M i i . 1 Owahft Wallaku.
fc AfL Lfthiuna.
Hawaii 1S-I, Puaeo. Tlilo.
lft Atonft. Walplo, Hamatvoa.
-A pii. M'alohiiiu, Km.
22 W F Conway. PDhooaja, Hilo
301, Miroinber, Waiohlna, KM.
KacaiM S P iftHfta Waime.
RUttl N. ril.
1 Wm nughp, BatUelt llwtrt, Hcmoiara.
S3 1 1 W Houtiuilinir, lta Horse, Honolulu.
AN INDEPENDENT JOURNAL,
DEVOTED TO HAWAIIAN PROGRESS.
PUBLISHED AND EDITED BT
HENRY M. WHITNEY".
I ' W Dann", Nouanu at. Honohilti.
I E AMfrut, North Kobaia, Has u:.
S J Hapuku, Llhue, Kauai.
14 E If Boyd. Honolulu, Oahn.
It W H Used, Hilo, Haws...
lft n Iioopli, Libne, Kauai.
II Wm Mctsuidless. Finn Market, Honololu.
2a J H S Martin. Waiohlnu, Kau.
I Moanaull, Honolulu.
1 C p Ward. No 28, 20. U, tl, Honolulu.
IS Wanloe. No 10. 11, Honolulu.
IT Wahlnears, No 11, Honolulu.
24 Malfcai, No 12, HoDulalc.
77 Kauualu (It), Halaws, Ewa, Oahu.
1 Leung (Ti-r k. Nuuanu st, Honolulu.
1 Awal. Lahalna, MauL
- Philip Milton, Lahalna. Maul.
t ki PeddUaf.
12 Ah gau.
It Ah Bon(.
IS Ah Tat.
IT Ah Chin.
17. (Ion Ban.
IB Wal Lum.
21 Ah (mo.
25 Ah Bee.
7 t'na Kakamu.
1 a W. Wilcox, Kauai.
The follow In persons have bees rommls-
loncd u T tollcelors under the prsctalotu of Sec
Hon MO of the Civil Code :
OAHU Honolulu George H, Lore.
Ess a Walanae John K. Unauna.
WaaUua. .. T A rmara.
Koolaupoko W. c. Lane.
HAWAII Hllo O. W. A. Hapsu.
Puna T. a Elilarta.
Eau W. T. Martin.
tkralb Kona. H. cooper.
North Kona. D. B. Nahlnu.
North Kohala las. Wood.
South Kohala. R. P. KuikabL
Hamakua. c. William.
MAUI Lahalna J. o. Kaweba.
Walluku .....I. Aholo.
Makawao J. A. Kaukau.
nana .P. Kamal.
XOLOKAI t UNA!.. -8. Kuplhea.
KAUAI Walmaa I. H. Kapnnlal.
Llhue 8. W. Wilcox.
A n alio la B, Kamabalo.
Hanalel.... .....A. M. Wilcox.
Nlihan Kahn Kanoa.
Jno. H. WitKU,
Dep'l of Finance, Aug. 24, 1976. Minister of Finance.
Notice la hereby given that the Hon. A. FuaJCCTB Jr-DD,
Justice of the Snpreme Court, sill ait for the hearing of
appeals from the several District Courts of the Island of
Oabu, as follows :
At Ewa Court House, on Thursday the 26th InsL, at 1 1
At Kaneoue Court House, on Tuesday the list Inst, at
11 o'clock A. M.
At Kahoku Court House, on Thursday the 2d of Septem
ber. 1117ft. st iz o clock M.
And st Wslalua Court House, oo Friday the 3rd of Sep
tember, 1075, at II o'clock A. M.
By order of the Court.
Jno. K. harsard, Dep. Clerk 8up. Court
Honolulu. Aug. lc, IS76. 661 It
WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 1.
An election takes place in California on Mon
day next, when a Governor, State officers, and
representatives for Congress will be chosen.
The result will probably be the election of the
entire Democratic State ticket, headed by Wm.
Irwin as Governor. This result is attributable
to divisions in the Republican party, which has
been broken into three tactions ; and it deserves
an overwhelming defeat, for this want of har
mony, and fnr the manner in wbich the cam
paign has lieen conducted. We have never
seen more bitter and defamatory language ut
tered in any political rampaign, than in the
present enc inCalifornia. Those who censured
our local journals for indulging in heated ex
pressions during the political excitement here
a year or more ago, have only to peruse arti-
cles in the California press, to find that even
in localities claiming a higher state of civiliza
tion, writers can be found ready to stir up cess
pools of filth to blacken the character of the
best citizens, who may chance to be named
as candidates for election to public offices.
Reoabding the steam line, we have but
little new to present. Sifted of all conjectures,
the facte appear to be these : The City of
Melbourne, Macgregor, and Mikado will con
tinue to run, under the present contract with
the Australian Steam Navigation Company till
October, the Mikado leaving Sydney on the
23d of that month the last steamer to be dis
patched by this company. These boats will all
touch here on the outward and return trips,
the last named vessel leaving San Francisco
December 6, and carrying the last London
mail for 1875. The Pacific Mail Company de
spatch the steamer Vasco de Gama from San
Francisco on the 9th of October, so as to have
a vessel at Sydney to take her place in the line
November 20, the date when their term of eight
years' Bervice commences. This steamer will
touch here on the trip down to Sydney, and
will be followed by the Colima or Grenada,
which will sail from San Francisco in Novem
ber, to take her place in the line, leaving Auck
land (the alternate port,) December 18. By
the Cyphrenes or the Vasco dc Gama. an agent
of the new company may arrive hero from New
York, to arrange terms and subsidy with this
government, if it is disposed to enter into any
arrangement with the new company. We trust
it will lie able to do so, and to secure the regular
stoppage of the ships of that line at this port,
as thereby a monthly connection with the
Australian colonies and eventually with Japan
and China will be secured for the next eight
si up rem e Court In Probate.
Before Mr. Justice Jrnp, at Chambers.
August 27. In tbe matter of the esUtel of Kuaalu
(k), Kshiki (k) sod Eusieu or Kubcuheu (k), all of
Wsimslu, deceased. Petition of Joseph Msnuela, ad
minitrator and guardian of the above estate! for
settlement of bis sooounts and for tbe spprorsl and
allowance by tbe Court, the administrator claiming s
balance of $213. The Court allowed all the expendi
tures but could not find any balance due the guardian.
Tbe guardian was ordered to pass over to the execu
tor; of Anton r Y. Manuel all the deeds of the lands,
sad the administrator and guardian was discharged
from all further responsibility.
August SO. Proof of will of rjlueelui (w), de
ceased. Before Mr. Justice Harris.
Continued until Monday September 6th.
Estate of Keska, deceased. Continued until Mon
dsy 0th of September.
Late Foreign News.
The Great Ktuiem has been chartered to run be
tween Philadelphia and Liverpool during the Centen
nial. United States war vessels hare been ordered to As
pinwsll sod Panama, owing to political disturbances
in the United States of Colombia.
And now eetneth a wicked rumor and deposeth and
ssith that the silver discovered in Newburyport Mas
sscbusetts, was buried for the purpose by tricky specu
lator. The assets of J. B. Ford t Co., publishers of New
York are stated st $200,000, largely printing material
sod stock sod books. The assets are, however, esti
mated at their cost value. Their liabilities are given
New Yore, August 12th. The discovery has been
made tbst s large amount of the indebtedness of Hun
can, Sherman A Co., was accommodation paper in the
form of drafts drawn on them by a confidental clerk
in their office, accepted by them and sold to various
banks through note brokers. Of this paper probably
not less than $500,000 is now held in Providence,
where the family of Duncan has been long and favora
bly knows, and tbe agent met with little difficulty in
disposing of it.
The population of New York State Is expected to
reach 5,000,000 by the result of tbe new census, sgsinst
,382,957 in 1870. Should this prove true theincrease
will be unusually large, and demonstrate that the long
continued drain of emigration to the west from the
State is about stopped. New York and Brooklyn to
gether will show a total of about 1,656.000 inhabi
tants. The population of Buffalo 1.15,000, Lockport,
14,828, Rochester. 8113, Utica, 32,689, and some
county re turns show s decrease in the rural districts.
CrtMTia, Pa. .August 4. To-morrow, between four
and fire o'clock, bat been fixed for the launch of the
new iron Pacific Mail Steamship City of Sydney at
tbe ship yard of John Kosch A Son. This is the
third vessel of tbe last contract, the predecessors,
City of New York and City of San Francisco being
early ready for sea. The ship yard employs be
tween 1000 sad 1500 bands, and has work enough
wmgul for many months to come.
WtsAutcroK, August 12th. The Postmaster .Gene
ral bss arranged with tbe agents of tbe Occidental
and Oriental steamship Company for the transporta
tion of the Csiled States mails by their steamers ply
ing between Sas Francisco, Jspan and Chins for sea
postage of mails ooveyed as fall compensation for
this service. The steamer Belgic of this line sails
fren ftsa fiueiseo with mails for Japan and China
on tbe 1Mb of August, sad it is understood that the
Company will dispatch a steamer monthly hereafter
sailing from San Francisco oa er shoot the 15th of
sash moath. The sea postage rates which tbe Com
pany has agreed with tbe Postmaster-General to sc
sspt as fill compensation for tbe service will not
ft i ii Ajrar A&00 ner month, and it is thouffbt it
will sMst oalf about $5,000 persnaom, agakst loOO,-
In case, however, that no arrangement can
be entered into with the Pacific Mail Company,
and their steamers give us the go-by, we under
stand that Messrs. Goodall, Nelson and Perkins,
of San Francisco, stand ready to purchase a
suitable boat for this route, and perform a
monthly service for the moderate subsidy of
twelve thousand dollars a year. Many think
this service will be preferable to the other,
inasmuch as this becomes the terminal port, and
is a greater convenience to our travelers and
traders. But there is this great disadvantage,
that we lose thereby our regular communication
with Australia, New Zealand and Fiji, and
destroy all chance of a permanent connection
w th Japan and China, by which we hope to
secure laborers and immigrants at a small cost,
and thus aid our sugar, rice and other indus
tries. These advantages should be considered
in deciding this question, and the value of the
steam service to this group. The Advertiser
may sneer at those who aim to secure the ad
vantages of so extensive connections with
Asiatic and Australian countries as the Pacific
mail enterprise offers, at a small subsidy cost :
but if it succeeds in driving away the steamers
of this Company, and the chance of securing a
cheap conveyance for laborers from those
countries, our planters and others interested in
the labor question will have no one to thauk
but their pretentious friend the P. C. A.
Our Commerce ivlib San sFrancIitco.
A careful estimate of the commerce between
Honolulu and San Francisco, based on the
figures of the past two j-ears, will show that
nearlj' two hundred thousand dollars are annu
ally paid as freight and passage money. The
details of our estimated export trade for 187C
may be seen below :
Sugar crop of 1174, about 25,000,000 lbs. say... 12,900
MolsA.es, average of a years... 100,000 gUs. ... 1,000
luce a Paddy, estimate for 1M7S 2,000,000 lbs. " ... 1,000
Wool, estimate for 1 876 400,000 tbe ' ... 500
runanas, (chged 75c per bnch) 12.000 bu. .- 1.500
Hides Skins 21,000 pes. " ... 1,000
Pulu. fungus, coffee oil a bone,
tallow, fruits, A . Ac 5,000
F-sUmated outward freight to San Francisco 21,500
Estimated inward freigb t from ban Francisco. 7,500
Total both ways SO.000
At Ore dollars a ton, this amounts to f 150,000
During 1873 and 1874, there were 1778 pas
sengers left and entered the Kingdom, most of
whom were from or to San Francisco. Esti
mating the number who annually travel the
route between this port and San Francisco at
600, (which is below the actual number,) and
the rate of passage 50, (it varies from 850 to
$75,) we have the total of $30,000. Here,
then, we have the estimated expenditure for
freight and passengers between this port and
San Francisco, of $180,000 per annum, which,
instead of decreasing, will be likely to show a
large increase, under the operation of the
reciprocity treaty, and may safely be put at
$200,000 for 1876.
We have not included in the above estimate
our trade with Portland, Victoria, Boston,
England, Germany, or other countries, but
only what it is likely to be with San Fran
cisco, which must be our great market.
Tbe Assses-icam OiiK-nninl.
ceed with it, it will be necessary to suspend receiv
ing farther applications for space. This will proba
bly he done about the first of September, su that
those who fail to engage space within the next six
weeks will be In a fair way to find themselves exclu
ded from the Exhibition."
There is a great deal of work to be done
bere, if-we expect a full exhibit of our industry
at Philanelphia, for every article intended for
exhibition should be ready by January next, at
the very latest. Our centennial committee is
not as large as it should be, consisting of but
two Hawaiians and one foreigner, His Excel
lency the Minister of the Interior, J. U. Kawai
nui and S. G. Wilder. The two former can
hardly be expected to take hold and do much
service in the practical work of stimulating
and encouraging proper efforts for a creditable
show. It should have comprised a larger
number of foreigners, who are willing to work
and to make special efforts and see that every
man in the kingdom (native or foreigner,) who
can assist, makes a contribution of whatever
he can lest produce.
Another very important thing is to have an
agent at Philadelphia to see to the reception,
careful unpacking and proper exhibition of
every articlesent from here ; and to see to ilsdis
posal when the Exposition isended.sothatthere
shall le no loss to the exhibitor on what he
may contribute, or as little loss as possi
ble. The experience which our people had
with their contributions to the Paris Exposi
tion in 1865 or 6, when every article sent from
here, was disposed of, nobody knows how, and
the receipts gobbled up by nobody knows
whom. The total value, as sent from here
must have amounted to several thousand dol
lars and no returns were ever made to the own
ers. All this was done strictly in conformity
with the rules of the Exposition, which declare
that if the owners or agents of articles exhibi
ted are not present to remove their propt rty,
it will be sold for costs and charges. The
same rule is adopted for the Philadelphia Ex
Now some who expend a few hundred dol
lars in making specimens of handiwork, de
signed to reflect credit to the country, cannot
afford to lose the value of their labor, and wish
the articles sold for their benefit, or placed sub
ject to their order. To protect exhibitors, it is
necessary to have an agent stationed at Phila
delphia, some one who will take special in
terest in our department of the Exposition, and
see that Hawaiian contributors receive jus
tice, and that the articles exhibited are disposed
of in accordance with the wishes of the owners.
It is much better if he could be personally ac
quainted with all of them. To expect any con
sul or consular agent to perform this service
gratis is too much ask of any one ; and if it
must be paid for, then it is better that an
agent be sent from Honolulu to remain during
the whole term of the exhibition, and see that
the work is well done. This is what other coun
tries do to protect their own exhibitors. In
this way only can Hawaii and Hawaiians re
receive full jastice, and secure the credit of
whatever efforts are made, with the least pos
Hotjpl 1:1 lit ic to the American .uv.v.
We are indebted to the Hawaiian Centennial
Commission for copies of the regulations re
lating to the exposition which will open at
Philadelphia in May next. We have frequently
called attention to this great international ex
position, and while other countries are getting
their productions together, we hear of little
being done to represent our own industries.
The Phiiaddphia North American utters the
following words of warning to those who are
"The season of preparation for next year's Exhi
bition is fast wearing swty, jet there ere many who
still seem to cling to tbe delusion tbst "there is
plenty of time." Bo far is this from being tbe case
that every one who purposes exhibiting ought not
merely to know to day precisely what be will brine
hither next winter, but be should have given to the
From the Phil. North American.
Rear Admiral Almy, commanding the North
Pacific station, in a report to the Secretary of
the Navy, dated on board his flagship, the Pen-
Bacola, off Hilo, Hawaii, on May 31 last, gives
an interesting account of a cruise made by him
among the Hawaiian group of islands and the
reception given to himself and the officers of
the Pcnsacola by the Governors and people of
the different islands visited.
The Pensacola proceeded from Honolulu to
Lahaina, in the Island of Maui. Relative to
his reception at this port the Admiral savs ;
" at Lahaina a very enthusiastic public recep
tion was given us, held at the Government
House and headed by His Excellency the
Governor and the principal officials of the
island. At this time a very handsome and
original address was delivered by one of the
native citizens, to which I made a reply.
" Then followed a native feast called Lnau,
to which about 200 people sat down and which
was one of the handsomest entertainments of
the kind I had ever attended. The first toast
given at the end of the feast, and by a native
member of the Hawaiian Legislature, was the
health of President Grant, which was received
with great enthusiasm.
" After a short visit at Lahaina I proceeded
to Hilo, in the Island of Hawaii, where the same
cordial, enthusiastic reception awaited us but
somewhat varied in form. The natives par
ticularly requested, in which I acquiesced, that
they should land us in their large canoes es
pecially fitted up with platforms and canopies
highly decorated with wreaths of evergreens and
flowcre, as they were wont to do In the days of the
old chiefs, and as they sometimes do at the present
day, when they wish to honor their King during his
visit to tbe place. Accordingly, in the canoes my
self, the captain and officers were conveyed from
the ship to the shore. Upon landing wc were re
ceived by bis Excellency the Governor, and other
officials of t he island, and a large concourse of people,
and then proceeded to the Government House. On
our nay wc passed under arches decorated with
flags, evergreens and flowers, and bearing inscrip
tions, as Kalakana and Grant, Hail Columbia, Wel
come to the Admiral and officers of the U. 8. ship
Pcnsacola, etc, etc."
The Admiral says that himself and tbe officers of
the Pensacola are looked upon as the medium
through which tbe people of Hawaii desire to ex
press their warm gratitude for and feelings of high
appreciation of the hospitable and courteous treat
ment bestowed upon their King during hla recent
visit to the United mates.
Tbe Admiral considers that it must be gratifying
to tbe government and tbe people of tbe United
States to know of this evidence of gratitude mani
fested in so many ways on the part of the officials
and the people of the Hawaiian Islands for the
hospitality extended to their King and his suite
while visiting this country.
into the interior. He has also built a railway
172 miles long, fromChimboti to Huarcz, 1 1,000
feet above the sea, and another 136 miles long,
connecting Lima with Aroya. The latter has
45 tunnels, one of which is 4000 feet long;
23 bridges, including one of iron built at Balti
more, 576 feet long, with a central iron pier
252 feet high. It climbs to 15,645 feet, or 645
above the line of perpetual snow. From Mollen
do runs the Arequipa road, 107 miles long, with
a grade of 80 feet, built by Meiggs for $12,000,
000. He continued it to Pono, 232 miles, for
$25,250,000, reaching 14,665 feet, and then
built on to Cuzco, 230 miles, for $25,000,000
more. When the roads in progress are com
pleted Peru will have 2000 miles, built at a
cost of $200,000,000, averaging $114,000 per
mile, of which Harry Meiggs built and is
building five-eighths. " The superiority of the
American locomotive (says the report,) has
been demonstrated on them, over every com
petitor." A Notable Death.
In the death of Hans Christian Andersen,
not only Denmark but the world has lost one of
its most entertaining authors. There is scarce
ly a language into which his stories have not
been translated. He died on the 4th of
August, aged 70, and the telegraph reports
that on the 1 1 th his funeral was attended in the
Frau Kirche Cathedral, and that the exercises
were touching and impressive. The King and
Royal Family with the Ministers and chief of
ficers of the Government assisted with deputa
tions from various parts of the Kingdom. In
the Cathedral were representatives of the pub
lic bodies, State and city, diplomatic corps,
faculty and students of the University, work
men's societies, gentlemen of the press, with
several connected with American journals and
an immense congregation of citizens who filled
every part of the edifice. The casket was cov
ered with hundreds of wreaths of laurels and
floral offerings, many of which were sent from
Germany and other countries. The day was
made one of national mourning throughout
The cw Motor.
Those who are skeptical about the new mo
tor, may be interested in the following commu
nication published in the New York Sun : It
may be that Keeley is no humbug, after all
that the Scientijk American and. other papers
have had to say of him and his motor :
I have received by mall from some unknown
source a pamphlet entitled 77i Keeley Motor. The
Iiit paragraph ol this pamphlet is a quota'ion from
a paper published by me some two years ago, In a
.New rork scientific journal. 1 know notblngof the
Keeley Motor nor any of tbe persons connected with
it. But for the beoefit 01 the public, I will say that
I have in practical operation, capable of doing use
ful work, n simple uppanitna which geherates a con
stant pressure ol filtcen pounds per square inch.
without heat, chemical or electrical action, or the
employment of any other materials than a small
quantity of air and water. I use this low pressure
only for convenience, but at pleasure can Increase it
indefinitely in the tame apparatus. I can assure tlie
public that producing a prcaanre only limited by the
strength of a generator from no other source of
power tnan a small quantity of cold water and air
moving slowly therein, 1 no "liumBug," nor uew
discovery, but is a fact, long known to scientists and
mitthetnatlclans. And, lurthermore, the apparatus
I hare for effecting it, cannot be patented by other
panics. Respectfully yours, A. Arnold.
1ENAF1.T, N. J., July 4th, 1875.
Centennial Commission sncb thorough
about it as to enable those charged with the work
wbich Congress agreed to pay to the of installation to fix upon the location of bis exhi-
Psailc sisal Steamship Cote pas y for the earns fOissi bit. Tbe allotment of space, we learn, will be com.
and ameaoi of serriee menctd wllblu a few weeks, sod, D order to pro.
During the present month of September,
there will be an international exposition a'
Santiago, Chile, as we have before advised our
readers. But we have not learned of any arti
cles having been forwarded from this kingdom
for exhibition at this fair. This is probably
not because no interest is taken in it by our
citizens, but on account of the want of direct
communication with Valparaiso. From a
pamphlet issued by the directory of the Expo
sition, we learn that the building is completed,
and everything in train for the opening at the
date set. The Government of Chile, as well
as the directory of the Exposition, invite for
eigners to visit the country, and no better time
could be selected by any who contemplate do
ing so. The pamphlet gives a map and a
graphic description of the scenery from Pana
ma to Valparaiso. The voyage along the coast
is charming, and the winds are gentle as the
transfer proceeds by Guayaquil, Chimborazo
and Cotopaxi to the great peak of Aconcagua,
interior from Valparaiso. Guayaquil is in
Ecuador. From Paeasmayo, Henry Meiggs,
an American, has built a railway eighty miles
Kobe, Japan, July 1, 1875.
To the Hawaiian Gazbtte :
Dear Qnzette : In my last, I told you of the
stir, occasioned by the recent introduction of
Christianity into this nation ; and the prospect
of its rapid spread. I will now speak of the
origin of the empire and its antiquities. The
people are said to be an amalgamation of Chi
nese, Mongolian, Corean, and probably, Malay
races ; there are a few Ainos, viz., original
inhabitants. The Ainos are a very stupid,
hairy race, and chiefly crowded into a northern
The rulers claim to be descendants of the
Gods, and to have governed bere many thou
sand years. It is said they have true history
from the year 667 before the Christian era, and
can fairly claim twenty-five centuries of na
tional life, with cities, temples, and literature,
of such ripe maturity. But to citizens of the
United States, who can't quite claim one cen
tury of independent nationality, they seem to
Bhow but small improvement as the fruit of
their great age.
But wo must remember that they are in the
East, where to do as their fathers did is
deemed the mark of wisdom. And it cannot
be denied that since they came into close con
tact with western nations, they have shown
remarkable shrewdness and capability for im
provement. Witness their light-houses, post
offices, steamers, railroads, telegraphs, mint,
schools, hospitals, &c. They seem to deserve
the name of Yankees of the East. Their re
luctance to open the empire fully to foreigners
may be, in great measure, owing to the char
acter of a majority of the foreigners whom they
have seen, and of whose doings in China they
have heard. They doubtless, and I fear justly,
think that their objoct in coming here is to get
rich, and that they are not scrupulous about
the means, if they can accomplish their object.
I trust they will le&m, that not all who come,
have an unselfish object in coming heie.
But to return from this digression. In the
Japan Mail, of June 12, 1875, we find some
striking items, concerning the Japanese anti
quities at Nara, which is a large old city,
about 20 miles due east of Osaka, and was the
residence of tbe Mikados, from A. D. 708 to
782. Soon after this their residence was re
moved to Kiyote, where it remains to this
day. Seven sovereigns reigned at Nara, four
of them females. Their rule was generally
prosperous and glorious, distinguished by the
cultivation of the arts, literature and religion.
In this period copper was first found in Japan.
In 711 Kojiki, an ancient history, was pub
lished. In 713 the Fatoki was written, con
taining a description of all the previous cities,
mountains, rivers, vallies, plants, trees, birds,
and quadrupeds of Japan. In 718 a collection
of laws in ten volumes was made, and shortly
after, a history of Japan in fifty volumes was
The Mikado Slomo Tonno, who reigned from
724 to 748, among other things, founded a dis
pensary. He had relations with China. In
his 8th year, two Budhist priests arrived, one
from Southern India, the other from Siam.
About the fifteenth year of his reign a cop
per image of Budha, overlaid with gold, was
erected at Sitaraki, in the province of Omi. It
was done by a priest who went over the em
pire to collect funds for this purpose. In 745
this statue was transported to Nara, and now
exists there ; and is the famous Daibuts, or,
big ivutg. It is 53 feet high, but was cast in
several parts, and hence could be transported.
It is so nicely fitted together, that it seems like
one solid mass. It is said the gold that was
on it, has almost entirely disappeared. There
is near Yedo, another Daibuts, of copper,
which ia said to be several feet shorter than
At this time Budhism was making great
progress in Japan. One priest brought from
China 5,000 Budhist books. In 749 an edict
was issued forbidding the slaughter of any
animal in Japan. Previously to the removal
of the court from Nara, an immense wooden
magazine, had been erected there, in which im
plements, furniture and property of all kinds,
were deposited. This building exists to this
day, in perfect integrity. It is of massive
timber laid horizontally ; being raised from
the ground 8 or 10 feet upon pillars of trunks
of trees. It is said to have been examined every
61st year, and repaired when necessary. And
most astonishing ! it is said, the articles de
posited there by Mikados, have been kept per
fectly safe from the 8th century to this time ;
fire, robbery and turbulent times notwithstand
ing. Some fresh articles have been added ;
but those belonging to the first depositors are all
named in an inventory, made and deposited wltb
them ; and they can be identified. The temple of
Daibuts affords a convenient place for the display
of these curios of tbe eighth century, and they have
recently been ou exhibition, during which tbe writer
In the Mail says he saw tbern. Among them may
be mentioned, scenes, pictures, books, masks,
sculpture, pottery, glass, copper-bowls, dishes,
spoons, soap, in laree cakes; tortoise-shell back
scratchers, beads, ornaments, weapons, utensils,
dresses, hats, Ac, affording, it Is said, a fine atndy
for the antiquarian.
Although Japanese seem to bare but little
taste fur the poetry, sod almost none for music,
they have a collection of short poems, called
"tbe hundred Odes," which, it Is slid, are familiar
in every household, and that every Japanese child
has bis memory stored, with at least sutne of tbem.
Each one ol them seems to consist of a single stanza,
snd that usually very brief. They have very little
poetic merit, are in a kind of blauk verse, and are
chanted iu a monotonous style, similar to the
Chinese method of leading. An English lawyer
has made, what be says, 1 a pretty free translation,
of tbe hnudred odea.
The following are specimens of bla work. Al
though there is very little poetic merit In tbe origi
nal, yet the frequeut allusions to important places,
persons and events, render them extremely popular
wilb tbe Japanese. The author ol the Ude 4 lived
early in tbe eighth century:
" From whert my honss,
-My lonely bouse on Tagn's shore
Doth stand, the wandering eye may roam
O'er Fujiyama's summit boar,
WhuSa lofty brow
Ia whiteued by tbe new fallen snow."
The author of Ode 7 dates from tbe eighth century :
"On every side the vanlted sky
I view ; now will tbe moon have peered,
I trow, abovs Mikaa-t high.
In Kasuitga's far off land, npreared."
Tbe author or tbe ninth Ode was a female, and
may have flourished early in tbe tilth century:
" Tby love bstb passed away from me,
Left desolate, forlorn,-
In winter rains how wearily
The summer past I mourn.
The author of Ode 20 died A. D. 943:
" Distracted by my misery.
How utterly forlorn am I;
Oh that I niigut tliee. once more tee,
Tbu' It should cost my life to rue."
Ode 93 Is inscribed oo a serene in the palace of an
Empress, at Nara :
" For Nam's streamlet softly blow
The wiods in the now diui twilight,
Tbe Uisogi thereby yet show,
That summer has not yet gvoe quits."
They have some poetic fmicy, as shown In calling
now, 'Angel's rubes.' Yours truly, P. J. 0.
The Misogl, are short bits of bamboo split at the top.
and having luserted in thiun a niece of paper on which ia
written a prayer or a sacred sentence, are stuck up by a
stream. This was always done on I lie last day of summer.
For San Francisco.
T1m Favorite America
H&D. C. MURRAY
FI LLER, MAJITF.R-
Will Sail This Day !
Wedaefday, pt. lut !
star For Freight oe Pwswssre. hsrvlnsr superior sreemmi)
datiouj tor Cabin and Steerage Passengers, apply to
SiS a BREWER ti.. ArentA
KstSte of A AS ft-lSai,
For San Francisco
TH F FINE BMOAjrtTNst
J. B. FORD!
u. W. JEXKa. .Wsuster.
NOW DUE FROM HCStBOLDT BAY,
Will have Quick Dispatch on ArriTaJ.
For Freight or Passage, apply to
&M H. MAt kKKLD sj CO.. Agents.
FOR SAN FRANCISCO.
The As 8. S. Co.'s Fine Steiatsblp
CITY OF MELBOIRE,"
CAFT. J. W. BROW V,
WILL SAIL for SAN FRANCISCO
On er about Sept. lStls.
. . - a MmJt r kUre..l w I sVss w, n rs. ffthtr tn
sr- es nia.ui mm thai rnnlM will b rVCClVPtl III Ul
Th AgeilU Will Fiafcutiiiat-isrv-rsK'
ClUUUIlSe PUT. WUi UUi W5 ICOfsrviaaasssessi
ir For FrelKtat aiiti
matiou, apply to
or any further Lafor-
c. miF.wKR a co.. itr
For Sydney, N. S. W.
The As S. N. Co's Fine Steamship
T. WOODS, t'OJIWA.f DElt,
WILL SAIL for SYDNEY, N. S. W
On or about Sept. SSd.
a it rrpleht Intended for Mhloment per Steamers either to
ban Francisco or the Colonies wUl be received In the
Steamer Warehouse Free of Alorssapp.
The Agents will give a Warehouse-Receipt for all Mer
chandise, nut will not be responsible for loss by fire.
.. , . -.. . I tn Stvilnev. NsW
.l;..;M and Melbourne, apply to
.... . ' iii.i-i.-l-k U ft. t V . t a
nrssen iTftl RT
S Istaoda tn Probsts. In the
man) of HoooiatB, dsesssi
On reading and filing tbe swtfttoa of ASsJ of llll HsJi,
alleging that Ana ifhmsrasn) of Honolulu. eM Maau
st Honolnlu on Uie :rth osty of August, una, sad sraytag
that letters of atlmlnsicraOVin basse to ktm Use saM Asst.
or axis other suitable person, and (tssrOaaa of taw SstSsr
heirs of the decesaed Ana.
It h ordered tbst TTEMDAT the list day of smtm
BER, 1175. be sod hereby at spsointed for kssrsag ssM
petition before the ssld Justk-s. to the Cosset Bassss at tkss
Court, at Honolats. at which tlstsMd sssse sOpiissss
concerned may appear and show cause, tf any they hsvs.
why said petition should not be granted, and that tsss ss.
der be published Is tbe Knsllsh Isismsgs tor Urn MOT la
aire weeks In the Hawaiian l lasetus newspsossr nasi
listed Honolulu, August 17th, 1TS.
a. FRANCIS rrDt,
Attest: JnsOre of the rsupeems Owart.
IXO. E. Bastvaas, Pep. Merk Hop. Court. .Ms st
ai i-REJiE roi arr or Tn bawaui
15 isla Mm. in probate. Islam! of Oabu. ss laths
msttrr of tbs Estate f it I:, it. KKKArt-tollt. .ie
resuse.1. order appointing rime for preassi of wm sad
directing publication of notice of tbe ascne.
A peUtlon setting forth tbe contents of s Jot aw lent, al
leged to be lost, purporting to he tse taw will and tests,
meat of Keksaluobl, deceased. hsTlng on lbs Ud day of
August. I STl, been presented to saM Probate ( own. asd
praying foe the probate thereof asd for tbe Hmsssre of
letters testamentary to Charles ganslBa, aartng sees glad
by Charles Ksnslns,
It Is hereby ordered, that WEI'XESPAT, tbs lilt day
of MF.FTF.MHKK. IS75. at 10 o'clock. A. If., of saM Jar
the Court Room or ssht I oorr. st 1
Oshn. be snd tbe same is. hen-tiy
nrnving said will and hearing said 1
where any person Interested may appear and 1
ssu will, sad the granting or letters ti'slasasaaary.
It Is further ordered, tbst notice lb snag be grvew by
publication, for Ihr.-e successive weeks, la tbst Has slats
Ossette snd Knokos. newspapers printed sad suh risked la
And It Is further ordered, that illaUaas be bsnsed to rss
subscribing witnesses To said win. sad to that sears of tbs
testatrix In Honolulu to appesr and contest lis probate of
ssld will, st tbe time appointed.
listed Honolulu. H. I., August :d. IsTi.
IUSHA H. 41XB3C,
Jssore of tbs Snpreme roan.
Attest : Jno. E. Bjaisiao. Deputy tier. sM n
Notioe to Creditors.
aO STATE OF FRASIE BEstTEIJBJAlT
sTd of Kolos. Kauai, deceased. .N oucs st serstry
tbst the last will snd testament of the sals! I rsns B.rv,-
mann having twn admitted to f
can MrRryde. Circuit Judge of
tamcnlary issued to Kaplka
Bertelmann. and Henry Keltebaasaa. tbs
executors named fn tbe ssld will, oe Use I" th dsy 1
In. tan t : ail persons having say property
owing dents to the ssld . state srs hereby
liver 1 r pay the same to tbs seal executrtx and 1
all persona having claims against the as
by mortgage or otherwise, are hereby
the ssine, duly authenticated I
era to tbe said executrix and
the underalgnetl within all months from that dais, or I
will be forever bsrred.
CHRISTIAN It 1
Administrator Kstste of
Moloaa. Kauai. Aug. 1st, lara.
0.1 --state, whether
required to present
md with the proper vssarh
executors. si that sasss af
ARRIVAL 0FD. II MURRAY
59 Fort Street,
HAS FOR SALE
QASKS NEW HAMS "STAR BRAND,"
Cases Lard in S and 10 lb. Caddies,
Cases Smokod Beef,
Cases Smoked Salmon,
Half and Quarter Barrels Clear Pork,
Half Barrels Mess Pork,
Cases California Cream Cheese,
Kits No. 1 Mackerel,
Cues Pickled Oysters,
Boston Dairy Salt, 10 lb. bags.
Cutting's New Season's Fruits,
CASES TABLE PEACHES, PEARS, APSIC0TS,
Grapes, Egg Plums, Quinces, Strawberries,
Cases Mince Meat,
Cases Roast Mutton,
Cases Roast Beef,
Cases Sugar of Lemons,
Cases Stuffed Peppers !
Cases Brown's Essence Ginger,
Cases PickM Walnuts,
Cases Borden Milk "Eagle,"
Cases Swiss Milk,
Cases Little Neck Clams,
Russian Cavair in small tins.
Half and Quarter Boxes New Raisins,
French Stewing Prunes,
Small Boxes New Figs,
THE CALIFORNIA COMPANY'S CRACKERS I
Cases Saloon Bread,
Boxes Saloon Bread,
Cases Buckwheat Flour, 10 lb. bags,
Cases Small Hominy, 10 lb. bags.
Cases Oatmeal, 10 lb. baga,
Cases Cracked Wheat, 10 lb. bags,
GOLDEN GATE EXTRA FAMILY FLOUR
Oolden Oate Oraham Flour,
New California Potatoes.
New California Onions,
Oats, Bran and Wheat,
Boxos S'reaili .pploai I
Australian Sheep's Tongues.
FOR KOLOA AND WAIMEA I
Wtll have regular dbpatch for the above nsmed Porta,
no and after tbe Stb of November next, until further notice
Freight and Passage taken at the lowest Kates.
JU BOLLES t CO., Agents.
BT TIBTTE OF A W KIT OF mXT.CTTlHI.
Issued out si the Police Court of Honslaja, ka taps
or ORl'NWAI.1) A srlUTTK against K til ELK. tsf
fit. 00, 1 have levied upon snd shall expose for sale, sw
the premises st Ksmoulul on HATUHDAT, use XSth DAT
OF A flit XT. at II noon, all tbe right, title snd Interest of
said Kshele In and to a Nt' WOOilaCf 0WKIXiO
HOCSE, unless ssdd lodgment. Interest and mate sf suit
snd my fees snd commissions be prevksxsay asswnWd.
V. C. PARKE. Marshal.
Honolulu, July .'.1, nr.. SM 4t
THE I'XnERSHJSEn II MM. BEEX ap
pointed administrator nf tbs Karat, of JtstKPH
HYI.V1 A lalrof Wslmea. Island of Hawaii, dseiased. miss.
tste, notice La hereby glvn to all owing .sld ratate t..
liom.-.liut payment, and ail u whom
ed bt present their ctslma within six
he forever hsrred, sad soy one having property
hi ssld eatst" In their disrate or keeping, are re.
hand the same to tbs undersigned without further
d. r. Aroiti.
Mi It Administrator Ksl Joseph "tjlsrkv
STEffl MM VMM
rgMit. I intii.i;i. iinnixiKiT
.nn mtatH nil'M M Ii.M, tat of 11..
Man-1 of Oahn. In tbe Hawaiian IIanla. tHmmt In
tsmtf. Iift-fby rt-'j ut- I" hM p-ntiwii havina t-lairrw mmt
mll ftau to pr.-i.Mi I il. munr- .July vrtflpt. ami alt
HABllEslXT. I t l X M A.NTEB.
SepL Monday 5 P. M...
13 Monday s P. M...
illlo and Kaanakafcat, both
" 13 Thursday.... S P. M....NawllwllL
m 27 Monday S P. M....Clrcott of Hawaii
saBr When there are no cattle to land at Maalaa Bay,
an effort will be made to reach Honolulu Saturday r. m.
ay On Down Tripe the Streamer win not feaye Kaalualu
until 9 A. M. , or later ; Makena until a. in. or later : and
MaaJaea Bay until 8 a.m. or later, without due notice of
any chance being- given.
Rates ofPanage will he
To or from Kaunakakai, MolokaL
To or from Lahalna, Maul n n'mni
To or from Maalaea. Maul as an-aaiwai
To or from Makena, MauL
To or from Mabukona, Hawaii
To or from Kawai hae. Hawaii
To or from Kaliua. Hawaii . .
To or from Kaawaioa, Hawaii
To or from HUo, Hawaii mm
To or from Kau Coast, Hawaii
Circuit of Hawaii, Round Trip .-
To or from any Port on Kauai - ...
Circuit of Kauai, Round Trip - -..
Deck passage for natives only wiii.i
I '- "'
mw No red It for PiuwiMte Money.
Tiekta at the otUce only.
No berth will be considered as taken until paid ttt. Not
responsible for unmarked Baggage or any Freight or Par
celsunleis receipted for.
Freight Money Due on Demand.
mr An effort will be made to hare the Hteamer reach
Honolulu on the evening of the same day she leaves MauL
SAMt'EL G. WILDER, Agents
Office with Wilder t Co.. corner of Fort ft Qnen treta
DISPATCH LINE FOR SAN FRANCISCO
C. Brewer Jk Co. -Agents.
t Merchandise received Storage Free and
liberal caan advances made on abipmenti by inn una.
Ml-ly C. BKEWKK A CO.
BOSTON AND HONOLULU PACKET LINE!
C. Brewer A Co. Agents
Favorable arrangements can always be
made fur st.iraau and shipment of Oil, Bone. Wod. Hides and
other Merchandise to New Bedford. Boston, New York and
other Kaatern Ports, -tar Cash Advance made.
Ml-ljr C. BKKWKR CO.
4, wink d-hfi to tin- nni. I eatatte to nav LIW
delay, at the office of aLFHKD 9. UAHTWaXU Esq.. as
tuiiirj ni-uiw, in imiti uonoimo.
.MBM. ANNA LOXCl.
Atinilniatratrt KaUt-1 hua. Long, i
Honolnlu, H. I., Aug. 5th, IS75. u
THE GREAT CENTENNIAL
I Iji-s Just Received
Expects in Thirty Days !
A FRESH INVOICE OF
Including CROSSE BLACKWELL'S
Pickles, Sauces and Condiments !
" HENRY MAY.
Columbia River Salmon.
JI KT BECEITEO PER J, A. V K I.KI tBI SU
in barrels and half barrels- For sale by
M BO IX EM st CO,
1 FX-EIVED FEB CETLO, AND FOB RALE
Per Cevlon. Direct from Boston.
'VSJ'ltAI.EsiEsj'N 0.4BN, FROM 10 FEET TO
WW zz reet long, or tne best qnaurjr.
For sale by
BOLLES A oa
FRESH FROM THE FAITOBV OF LOI'M
Mc Murray A l 'o., received per Ceylon, Id cases of two
doxen each 4X Do sen In one sod two pond cans.
For sale low by eU BOLLES at CO.
JTEW LOT OF THE LAWafEXCE FAC
I tory an assortment of X ambers received par Ceyton
1 for sale low by (Ma BOLLES A OO.
THE 1'N'DE Rx Hi F II BEHH LEAVE TO
notify has former customers and the public In gen
He will Resume the Baking Business
On Monday, Aug. 23d,
On King Street, Oppoiita O. wfolier' Market.
He wishes to return thank, for former patronage, and
hopes to merit s contlnustlon of the same.
M St. WIIXIAK MINN
J. T. WATERHOUSE.
Per Steamer "Mikado,"
FH.OM IxOKmOBT I
A Large Assortment of New and Fancy
O O X S I
NOW BEING OPENED AT THE
NO. 10 STORE.
jrjOaPBIMVU AMOMJ OTHER, LIMES
FRENCH KID GLOVES,
White Java Canvas, Worked Slipper
SS4 It JOHN THOS. WATKRH0C8E.
Oregon Dried Apples.
FXEl VED THIS DAT, AMD FOftt MALE by
") i, "I J- UbUl SS CU.
Oregon Sugar Cored Hams !
PACKED BT JOHMROM at SPALDIMU nasal
warranted superior. Received thai day par Falkln
bnnt,' and for sale by
May II, 18TJ. BOLLES A CO.
CJ AS JFAM KILSf RECEIVED
K Klnburg' this day, sad In
May II, in.
Carpet Bags, Ac.,
Ever Seen in this City!
Ladies' Riveted Sole Leather Trunk,
Ladies' Bridle Lrnlhrr Tra.ki,
Lodiet' Zinc Embossed Snrotoqii Trunks.
Ladies' EUqant Leather Covered Saratoga
Ladies' State Room Trunks.
Gents' Eivt'd Sole Leather Trunks
Gen la' Riveted Bridle Leather Trwaaks.
Osnta' Riveted Hols Lesther Vslssss.
Oeuta' Brktla Lssihsr V slaws.
Oenta' Boston Valises.
Usui.' Faisal Cover VaUasg.
LADIES' am, OB2(TS
Russia Leather Dressing Cases.
MISSES' AND BOYS
Eeeather and Tlaalla Mctaool Basra.
Trunk and fshnwl Straps
This Elegant Line of Goods
Ready for Inspection this Wednesday.
gar "i-TT-nns ftnai ra.aahai lihail i
tag anything la the sbove lias, win do wstfl ts sscars oaa
or more a one.
ALSO, FEB SAKE ABBIYAL,
M DIFFERENT rsTTLEB OF MaOPS
SIB AI SLJPPM Will!
Which have oulv to be seen to b appnclaasd.
THEY SPEAKFOR THEM&EL VES
Watches, Chains, Silver Ware, (soM.)
Diamond Jewelry, Ac,
W Ixloix xc- lii loo Sold X-so-wr
CALL ARB EXAMINE FOB Y0CB8XLVTA.
THAT VERT DganUBU DWaXUNO ASD
Premises, No ISO Ncaaam A reuse. . sanas par
lors, dining room, bedroom, di again Hi, fataa. sn
clotbe. closets oo drat aoor.-lasemtml aassr ail : tares
rra-ina on asexssd Asst. kitchen and psntT 1 1 1 1 I I. seas
wltb basement benesth.-bsilatog sad wsaArnai, emnrnm
bouse, stable, fowl house, Ac hs ordssr. Apply a
Au. lo.-..! af J H. WOOD.
ALSO tbs corks ii and prsxnaww astysassM. wits att
raasaa osrrtawuas1 """ Kr