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1 Jm flJcrmmf Ftniriarr Orlobrr,
at FT AIL.
-FrtH 4t lame. Port Si, Honolulu.
a WlvW Oo . rvrQown rorttr. Honotnlc
in Ah Wana. Vnrbtni ft, Tlonololn.
I Worey (H A o. Nutiano ML Honolulu.
li I O Hall A Soa, cor King A Fort Htm Hon.
in TA HfBfftBknn. Mrrrkanl St. Honolalu.
Ml Ckeac Co.. Xuoanu M. Honolulu.
U Afc Ha Break. Tiiiisbb ilk.
a-M PkUaa at Co.. Kaanomanu St, Honolulu.
rJ T a'arTtooae, yom Honolulu.
1 1, laok. uawm ml
r A Arfcork. kanpakuea. Il l
SI T C Aekoac. Kailua. tone Akao.
S-Jaka Worth, Flibonua, liuo.
HAWAII AN GAZETTE
AN INDEPENDENT JOUBNAL,
DEVOTED TO HAWAIIAN PROGRESS.
PI BI.IAHEI) AND EDITED BY
BEN BY M. WHITNEY.
t CX-. iee.-n St.
At Co.. Nuuanu St Honolulu
ACt. . cor tn A uoeeo sta. Honolulu
O Han A Hon. cor Khar. A Port sat, -
A Ackur Nuuaiu; HI. Honolulu.
Jum tads. Empire Hoow. Ilonolnlu.
n. M errkajil St. Honolulu.
k I rank Bn.i
MrKrroe. Hia. KoAlaupoko.
1 Ah Cbai. Nuuanu
rv-A Walter. Labalna. Haul
10 J H Black. Koua Oaha.
i-Tkxa W ttrmt I nlaud of MauL
I ABaa Herbert. No. c A .
a A P Kaaukau, No. II.
- -uarlh . N o. M A la,
11-Joka l-Itu. No. 1C St IT.
31 a .mat. a,, No. 2.. la. A SO.
72Joan Baker, labalna. Mat,:
. Honolulu. Oahu.
I W T Cooper. Makawao. Manl.
I-Jstanjan., Worth Kobala. Hawau.
' J II Keasraml,
. tt WaBrr. Honolalu
I Bell. North Kutuua. Hawaii.
Wi.liama, Honolulu. Oasu.
l. I'. .Iillint;.
I: H rn hikhoi h been Uiia day al-
i of the Inaam- Asylum and Port Plirsi-
' lb l'..p -' laVM MB PI B MBBHBB r. -aaai
W. I MokhukDa.
Minister of Uie Interior.
IntrrtarOOnr. Sept. lath. I7i.
Ma Jan E Hi-ma has thi day been appointed A.-nt to
ml la i lacenae ror me in. in. t or Kona. Iitl.nl or
W. L y i nowt a
Minister of the Interior.
taiKOrnn. Sept. tb. lira.
Eaaraaa raawrov ha. been tub da' appointed
r of Boon.lar,.-fur thi I aland of tlalm. in
place ml Ml. L. McOully. reateneo.
I. Miii iciM A. Minuter i. interior.
Ma. 7. Has:, ha. been thh 1a' appointed Arent to take
enme) o (loatrarl for labor In the lllatrlct of
W. ; x ! H INI A Mlulster of Interior,
lntrrior noire Sept. irth. lata
Tv-smc Noncm. On the Sid Kept. 1B7X. the then Minta
sr tkr Interior cautioned the public afalnat treanaasinr.
ar. aai uovemment land in tau Klocdum by the unaothnr
aat ssaa of timber or wood, or otherwise deapoUlllir aald
aaAae tttetr 'tauiral prudocuona A. the above notice
aa beea tncally dnrearmrded In maay diatrtrta of BM lal
uaoa Ike attention of the public b attain called to the mat
a, and tier ta hereby Riven that anybody dlsmrardinc
ae aaaae bereafver ill be piuanculed to the full ealeat of
ftar km. W. I. Xoaaiivi-i, Mlnialer of Interior.
BkaraartMBor Sept loth, iSTi.
llevara under the nmviiuon. of Bec-
I of the Ortl node :
(. A nV Honolulu
Km V alalia.
fJoorjre H. Iice.
John E. Vnauna.
XOfJOEAI at LANAI..
W. C Lane.
O. W. A. HapaL
T. E. Eldarta
W. T. Martin.
H-1 too per.
D. H. Nahinu.
.K. P. KulkahL
1. O. Eaarehe.
U A nolo.
1. A. Kaukau.
Iej I of Finance. A aa
I. H. Eapuinal.
X. W. WHcox.
A. K Wilcox.
Jao. s. w
: -f MlHUrt. rof Flnauce
oatrl (tiiobi r I . rm 1 N73.
Bcporc Hi Ji'kticb Jrpp.
Bats Bfc, Kaieobarjo. The Alt. rrey General moved
tkal tb firirouer be arraigned for judgment, but did
ktot ajtaaM far a beavy aeatanoe. Tba Court thereupon
aaatakoad the priaooar to pay a fine of $6, and coU
Bkrou Mb. Jnrici Harris
J . Mail rr..ataln. M.hiai at a! . Ejeetaarat. Tbe
jrnra asftar nearly ah bonr'r absent returned k unam-
aal verdict for tbe defendant. W. C. Jonei for
, E. Preator. and E. T. U'llaJlaran for de-
f The fall Comrt eat for a abort time to arranre
tare order of bearing of eaeet is Banco.
Avery at a km, atekmabip " Crpkrenw" aet for
the 14th ikitaat.
tw et Ala Jcanca Jena.
Bex ra. W. . KapkbokeLa and Naaohoanu.
Aaatharr The jury in thi cue returned a unani
aaaaa iiaail af guilty. Tbe Court aaktecead Kapa
i lint to pay a fcnr of till aad eorU (Is. 72 and
tMilint tx a toe of K and coiti fit. 73.
P. 6. Padekea ra. H B. Jackaoa. Demurrer and
paaa argaed and aabaiiUad. W. C. Jonej for plaintiff
A. f Barrareli for defaodaat. Utb.. plea adjudged
S H B. ChkA. Eanaiaa Ta. A. A. Baalelea.
Triad u part kadi the Court adjourned katil 9tii
i the jury in one hoar and 10 minutea re.
for the pikiattT. damagei $115.
A. S. Bartaell for plaintiff, B.
B &taaiey for del
J. K WUlanir BV H. Baekfeld a Ce. GxeeptioBi
ta the reUag of Chief Jaatiee Alice rcfuiiag new trial
a: tbe July term. Caaee beard aad rabmiued. A.
ft, Barta!! for defeEdant oo exception!. W. C.
' -F F Jajekaoa ra. F. 6. Padekra. Action of
Tan. Toad aad a ananimoai rerdict for tbe plaintiff,
aaaaaaajaa SkBM. The jury vereoat axaetlr one hoar.
WEDNESDAY. OCT. 13.
Ova harrl-hcadod contemporary still pcr
aiata in the idea of a " tank " in Jfnnann val
ley, where all the water that ever may be re
quired by the town may be held in store. He
thinks no "flippant," and is certain that we
"have given no consideratior to the subject
on which we vapor." By the bye, ".vapor "
is a good word to use in a discussion on the
water supply. It hag an appropriate look,
even if it be utterly meaningless in the con
nection. One of the definitions we have been
accustomed to 'attach to the word is " to
boast " or ' vaunt," but as the Advertiser
cannot have used it in this sense, we are
forced to the conclusion that by virtue of some
poetic license, he has engrafted a new mean
ing of his own onto the word. Our contcm
tiorary's plan, even granting that it would en
tail no risks, and that it wonld work as well
as ho anticipates, would be only a make-shift,
and as such, we still maintain, would be " im
mensely expensive." The first cost of three
utiles of ten-inch pipe would not lie a cent less
than $50,000, while it is doubtful if the
reservoir could lie built, and the necessary
lalor performed, short of $25,000 more. Now
875.000 for a temporary make-shift would Vie
" paying dear for the whistle." W'e call the
plan a mokt-thift, because it would merely af
ford a transient alleviation to onr trouble, and
the removal of the cows would still be our ul
timate resource. It would possibly prove
" immensely expensive " to buy out the rights
of dairy-men and other land-owners occupy
ing the water-shed of the valley, if it were
necessary to do so at their own extravagant
valuations, but by act of legislature the pro
perty can be had for its actual present value,
and one thing is certain, viz: its value will
never be less than it is now, but it will inevi
tably increase year by year. We believe that
these private rights could be obtained now for
a sum considerably short of $75,000.
Two correspondents in our last issue ques
tioned the authority, if any, for the disburse
ment of money from the public treasu- for the
building of a new steamer. In looking the
matter up, we find that the Legislative Assem
bly of 1872, with the approval of the King,
enacted the following :
"Sccnon 1. The Hiniater of the Interior la here
by antborized to purcbaee or to contract for tbe
building of a steamer for tbe performance of Ibe
inter island steam service and to pay therefor a sum
not exceeding eighty thouaand dollars; provided
that such steamer shall possess good sea going
qualities, and shall be competent to perform the trip
around Hawaii each and every week.
Section 2. In order to carry out the provisions
of this Act the Minister of the Interior Is hereby
authorized to draw oo tbe Ministerof Finance to an
amount not exceeding eighty thousand dollars, and
tbe Minister of Finance is hereby authorized to pay
such drafts oot of any moneys in tbe treasury not
This Act was approved on the 29th day of
July, 1872; the same day the appropriation
Act was approved, the fourth Section of
which reads : " The Minister of Finance shall
not cause or allow to be paid from the Trea
sury, any money for objects not provided for
by this law ; provided however, that all minis
temporarily deposited in the Treasury, for
which Certificates of Deposit are issued, and
the interest thereon, may be paid when due,
without special appropriation for that object."
By sonic oversight the amount for the build
ing of the steamer was not inserted in the Ap
propriation Act, the usual course in such cases.
It is known that the then Minister of the In
terior could not be brought to see the necessi
ty of purchasing a new steamer, although the
friends of the Bill urged the want as an imme
diate and pressing one. The Bill authorizing
the Minister to purchase or build a new steam
er was intended as a backing to the appropri
ation, as a warrant or spur to an unwilling
That this Act, authorizing the purchase or
building of a steamer, was not considered of a
two-fold nature, that is an Appropriation Act
as well, is evident from the fact that it was
not returned as an unexpended balance in the
report of the Minister of Finance to the Legis
lative Assembly of 1874.
Admit, if we please, that it was an Appro
priation Act, the 2nd Section of the Appropri
ation Act of 1874 reads :
" The Minister of Finance shall credit the appro
priations of tbe last Biennial Fiscal Period all tbe
amounts appropriated by tbe Act, approved the
2th day of July, A. D. 1872, and remaining unex
pended on the 31st. day of March, A. D. 1874, not
otherwise re-appropriated, and mirh tunouuU shall be
farmed no longer available Jor the objectl for vhich they
were originally appropriated.''1
The Appropriation Act of 1874 contains no
authorization for the disbursement of a dollar
for building or purchasing a new steamer, nei
ther was there any special Act enacted; but we
find in the fourth section of the Appropriation
Act the same mandatory clause. " The Minister
of Finance shall not cause or allow to be paid
from the Treasury any money for objects not
provided for by this law ."
We arc not advised that the Privy Council
has ever stretched the provisions of the 15th
Article of the Constitution, by which in case of
"public disaster" it is authorized to provide
for drawing moneys from the Public Treasury,
to cover the expenditure for a new steamer.
When we consider that the Legislative As
sembly will be convened within six months, it
is perhaps better to wait and have a snfficient
sum appropriated in a regular way, rather than
take irregular short cuts to attain our end.
merce. The interchange of the productions of
different parts of the country occasions the
necessity for roads, and it naturally follows
that good roads, and rapid and easy transit,
promote the growth of civilization and mate
The roads of this country are perhaps as
good, as a general rule, as could be expected
in a land so sparsely inhabited ; but in many
cases there might be a great improvement ef
fected by a little exercise of common sense.
Mnch skill in the science of engineering can
not of course be expected from our road super
visors with tbe small remuneration they re
ceive, but the public is entitled to the full
benefit of their judgement and faithfulness.
In a recent trip to the island of Kauai we
were struck with the excellent condition of
ils roads. From Waimca to Ilanalei, a dis
tance of nearly sixty miles, there is a carriage
drive upon which the traveler bowls along as
smoothly as if he were driving in some well
kept park. One reason for the superiority of
the roads on Kauai is the general use of cul
verts, in the place of the open drains which
disfigure roads, and cause a great deal of un
necessary wear and tear to vehicles, on the
other islands, even in the immediate vicinity
of the metropolis. This high degree of ex
cellence is maintained by a judicious expendi
ture of the road-tax for the island, which does
not amount to more than 31,500 per annum.
Xo additional aid being asked for except when
it becomes necessary to rebuild a bridge, or to
engage in some work of like magnitude. We
would mention as deserving special credit for
this praise-worthy state of affairs, the names
of Hon. 1). McBryde and A. S. and S. W. Wil
cox, and we wish that our road makers every
where might be induced to emulate their
Our law permits the Ministerof the Interior,
willi the approval of the King, to grant pat
ents for a term of years not exceeding ten to
any inventor even though he be a citizen of
some foreign country. Now it strikes us that
this is carrying the principles of protection a
trifle too far. The government is carried on for
the good of its citizens, and not for the advan
tage and benefit of the inhabitants of foreign
countries. Every government takes care of
its own, granting various privileges and im
munities in consideration of which every mem
ber of society is obliged to contribute his
share toward the support of the government.
But the subjects of foreign powers do nothing
for the support of our government, therefore
what reason or justice is there in granting
them privelegcs especially when the act en
tails hardship on the citizens of this country?
It iB universally acknowledged that the right
of an inventor in his invention is limited.
Government allows him to control it for a few
years for the purpose of stimulating inventive
talent, and to reimburse him for the time arid
money spent in developing it, after which it be
comes public property. No one can therefore
deny that there may be limitations of territo
ry as well as limitations of time. If a citizen
of the United States makes a valuable inven
tion his government grants him a patent for it
which affords him ample remuneration, or if
he can show upon the expiration of the latent
tliat this has not been the case, the term is
extended. The requirements of justice have
been satisfied, and it is a work of supereroga
tion for this or any other government to per
mit him to patent his invention in its territory.
Some of the powers of Europe view this mat
ter in its proper light and refuse to grant pat
ents to foreigners.
To illustrate the matter let us take the case
of Weston's New Centrifugal. In granting
a patent for this machine the government has
prejudiced the planters of the country in com
ielling them either to pay an extravagant
price for it, or to use inferior machines, while
Mr. Weston has derived no proportionate bene
fit from it , as the price has operated as a vir
tual bar to the sale of the machines here. The
price demanded for them is about $1000.
whereas, could they be manufactured here,
they could be sold for six or seven hundred
dollars. As the government has full discre
tionary powers in the premises, there is per
haps no occasion for an alteration in the law,
but in the interests of purchasers here as well
as of manufacturers, we think patents should
never be granted to non-residents.
ogy of the Bible, so this writerjeonsiders it " a
lofty and noble ambition to emancipate man
from this theology of coMciousn8 in distinc
tion from that of reason," ;f any one can tell
what is meant by this expression. He says,
" It is surely in the right direction that this
theology of nature," as it is often called,
"points." "Those who have been influenced
by the poetry of Wordsworth and the philoso
phy of Coleridge, have relied upon the healthier
teachings of God's spirit in nature, and less
upon the results of the distorted, overwrought
and diseased consciousness." Thus does he
leave the Bible out of the question, and decry
consciousness the highest kind of evidence,
and send poor mortals to the study of nature,
as though the teachings of Ood's spirit would
be more effectual and " healthier " there, than
iii meditating on the word of God. As " no one
having drunk old wine straightway desireth
new," for he saith, " the old is better," so we
say that the old theology of Moses, and David,
and Isaiah, and Christ, and John, and Paul, is
better than ny new Theology that any mortal
can invent. Having tasted the old we have no
desire for the new.
.tlrdlcinnl Properties of the Eucn,
Kt Editob : Baviaf tees t translation from
the Lm Haaaiii in the P. C. Adaertiter of Oct. 8.
I waatM like to aav eomethlnc about lay experience
wbiie ta hhc Qaeee's Hospital under the care of Dr.
I entered tbe Hospital A or. IS. 1873 and
Bl there onttl Oct. XT of the same rear, dnr
I had mat opportunities of ob-
I of the patients. Tbe transla-
i he the F. C. A davi-f ia-r I consider without anv
fBBBBBBisa whatever sad a base fabrication. Mr
ara car 1 fed waa dae aa much to the gentleman,
ty tiaataaitw of Dr. MeKibbtn aa to bis medical
i not an exception in my
R- V. HrsBAXTJe.
l Tba Bart Banana of la the law
Bear of kau week, aa paattaa; after the water brooks
at tUpasa Baits, Is tataaaw Hart who assisted large
ly ra arreting; aad adorning the new Government
nSJinia, Ijaaaaaaaatiasnlaara.aadothai andcrtakings
of bbIbb raMiBfii i to tab city. Fajbtut
An accurate gauge of the degree of civiliza
tion of a country is its highways. It is well
known that the Romans, those irrepressible
pioneers in modern civilization, marked their
conquests by substantial roads, many of which
have lasted to the present time. In China, and
Mexico, and other countries occupied by races
having a civilization peculiar to themselves the
same rule holds true : their roads are enumer
ated among the results of their enlightenment.
And at the present time we find the greatest
facilities for locomotion in Europe and Ameri
ca where the human race has made the great
est attainments. It is an exempli6cation of
the law of cause and effect. A country occu
pied by a savage people has no need of roads
for there is no trade. Every man is fed and
clothed by his own labor in hunting and gath
ering the spontaneous gifts of Nature. But
with a developement of the industries which
result from civilization, it becomes impossible
for men to supply all their wants by their own
exertions, hence ariginates barter, and com-
Xate New Theology.
In the Islander of last week is an article un
der this heading copied from the Standard of
the Cross. The writer of this essay is very
much in favor of a new Theology, though he
has no definite idea of this new theology. He
says " It is an indefinite term, and even in the
minds of those who use it, it does not have any
formal existence." People are dissatiBfiedith
" the old historic schools," and therefore new
theology is needed: and the writer asks,
" Must we not hope that in our day some addi
tions have been made to the slowly developing
doctrine of Christianity ? " This shows that
the writer is in a cloud ; as we hope for some
thing in the future, not in the present ; " For
what a man Beeth, why doth he yet hope for ?"
But notwithstanding the writer's uncertainty
of an advance. having been made in our day, in
" the slowly developing doctrine of Christian
ity," he goes on to say that, " the last half cen
tury has been slowly developing a theology
that has seriously affected the old views." In
his opinion Coleridge and Wordsworth are the
two heralds of the new Theology. Who wonld
have thought of these men in connection with
the new Theology ! Wordsworth's writings
contain about as much Theology as those of
Bums and Byron. And Coleridge, instead of
inaugurating a new theology, strove with all
his splendid powers to enable people to under
stand and embrace the old theology of the Bi
ble. It is concerning these men and such, we sup
pose, that the writer asks " Have not these men
who held to their responsibility to God's laws
and the freedom of their reason, who have en
deavored to base their theology on the immu
tability of the moral universe, which exists,
" not by the will of God, nor by tbe will of man,
but from the very nature of things," have not
they been the men who have, under God's
providence, done the most to purify our theol
When the writer speaks of the moral uni
verse existing "not by the will of God," &c,
we suppose that he simply refers to the immu
tability of moral distinctions : but the way he
expresses it is unfortunate, as some readers
might understand it as meaning that the moral
universe exists in spite of the will of God.
This and some other expressions remind us of
Paine's A g of Reason, though the writer may
not have the least sympathy with Paine in his
efforts to destroy Ahe old theology. A Paine un
dertook to emancipate mankind from the theoU
This wonderful tree appears to be a sort of
natural patent-medicine, to judge from thenum
ber of ills for which it is said to be a sovereign
remedy. As it is readily propagated on these
islands, and flourishes as well as on its native
heath, we would recommend owners of unoc
cupied lands to start plantations of it. Now is
the proper time as the Winter rains are coining
on. The yield of fire-wood, of itself, will soon
pay for the investment, not to mention other ad
vantages. Such lots as tint mautn of King
street, between the residence of the Hon. J.
Moanauli and the stream, which comprises a
number of acres, and is at present of no earthly
benefit to man or beast, might with a small ex
pense be converted into lovoly groves which
would shed their prophylactic influences on the
adjacent population, and delight the eye of the
passer-by with their verdure.
It is to a Corsican doctor M. Regulus Carlotti,
and Dr. Miergues, of Bouffarik (Algeria,) that
we are indebted for a series of extended obser
vations and experiments on the medicinal pro
perties of the eucalyptus, more especially with
regard to intermittent fever. During a Sum
mer and Winter when this malady was more
common than usual in Corsica, M. Carlotti was
enabled to test the powers of his new medi
cines to the utmost, beginning, of course ith
great care and increasing the doso only after
renewed trials. The results obtained fnun in
fusions and decoctions of the leaves wote most
satisfactory. In some respei ts the romwly was
more efficacious than quinine, preventing a re
lapse, which quinine often fails to do. Other
diseases arc amenable to the influence of the
eucalyptus, and it would tie almost impossible
to specify the numerous medicines and medi
caments discovered by these indefatigable pio
neers in a new field. We are told of a list of
twenty-four medical preparations discovered
by Dr. Miergues alone.
Eucalypsinthe is a tonic especially recom
mended for intermittent fevers, consumption,
rheumatism, scrofula; eucalyptol, in the form
of a pill or a lozenge, has been found exceed
ingly efficacious in throat and lung diseases ;
while a third is a substitute for the well-known
taffetas Anglais, or court plaster. The enca
lypaster has a most refreshing and agreeable
odor, as, indeed, possess all the other medica
ments. Then there is eucalyptus tea, eucalyp
tus cigarettes, also medicinal ; anti-rheumatic
eucalyptus oil, eucalyptus wine, eucalyptus
soap, &c, each stated to have some specific
quality to recommend it. But the uses of the
blue-gum tree do not stop here. Various pre
parations have been made up for artistic pur
poses, and a full account of them was given by
Dr. Miergues in "La Science pour tous,"
March 30, 1872. Tracing paper of unusual
excellence is one of these, and in insect drying
and preserving a preparation of eucalyptol is
most useful, also for the purpose of preserving
natural or anatomical specimens, the ei'iiliar
advantage of the new method being that the
color is thereb- retained. Paper soaked in eu
calyptus oil and pressed upon printed matter or
engraving receives an accurate copy, and in
this way Dr Miergues has copied many pages
of rare old books. Examples of this curious
process arc numerous. Of course, these must
be taken as only instances inter nlint and the
fact borne in mind that the attention of scien
tific men has only been recently turned to the
study of the eucalyptus. We may, therefore,
expect many more discoveries of a similar na
ture in process of time.
( ORRI-IPOMItM E.
Bah, or thi Hosoloxc Fibb DaTARTanirr, I
October 8lh, 1875. t
Diak Madam : I am directed by the Board of
Representatives of tbe Honolulu Fire Department
to communicate to yourscll and your children their
sympathy and condolence in tbe death of your late
lamented husband. Boo. E. H. Boyd.
Words are of little avail In an affliction like
yours, and we would not Intrude on your aorrow
bat to assure yon of the high estimation in wblcb he
was held by each member of the Department, and of
tbe sincere aorrow we feel for bis loss.
In the performance of tbe duties of Foreman and
Eosineer, offices which be ably tilled for eeveral
years, his fecial manners and efficiency endeared him
to all, and In his death the Department baa lost a
valued member and a trne friend.
Permit in then dear madam to asaure jou that we
deeply sympathize with you in your bereavement
aad feel that we are sharers in your grief.
I have the honor to be your obedient servant,
Cbas. T Gclice.
Secretary Honolalu Fire Department.
Chas. T. G Click Est).,
Secretary Honolulu Fire Department.
Dear Sir: I am In receipt of your letter of the
8th. Please return to the B.iarJ of Repreaentalivea
ol the Honolulu Fire Department my sincere thanka
and tboae of my children for your kind words of
sympathy tu those left behind to mourn tbe Irrepa
rable loss of so kind a husband, father and friend.
Be assured, if words like yours cannot allevi
ate grief and sorrow, they will at least give us
strength to bear tbe same and stimulate my children
to follow tbe example set by their deeeaaed father.
I am dear air, moat respectfully yours,
Mahia A. Born.
Honolulu, October Ulb., 1S73.
HotfiiLULD October 13.
Mr. Editor: ' Common Sense" baa bad a good
deal toaay heretofore, that weabould progress, and
oot go backwards, now he begina to talk about
rhabdotnancy ' he baa evidently become confaaed
and it ia not surprising when a man has steam on the
brain. I wish be would confine himself to tbe sub
ject at issue instead of boring ua with bia sense leas
twaddle ou tbe topic of the builditucuf a new ateam
er by Government.
He says, I do not disprove any of his arxaments,
1 cannot sec that he has made any, or advanced a
aonnd idea that has any bearing on tbe subject He
has talked a good deal aboal New Zealand and other
counlries, who have run ateaoicrs and Inaugurated
a mltrhty 6ystein of railway now, I would inform
bim, that all Governments assist sncb enterprises
when it becomes necessary lor the good of the peo
ple, bat not in the way of running the business on
tbeir own account but in the shape of subsidies,
grants of land dec. Again be tells ua that tbe peo
ple are clauioroua for Ibe Government to supply
tticin with public works, no doubt of it, especially
this steamer ri-. , but (he tax payers bare bad enough
ol this kiud of work, and desire no more of it.
If the building of a steamer is such an urgent ne
cessity and is so popular with the public, I see no
reason why the stock, would not be taken up at
once by them and relieve tbe Government from
great annoyance and trouble, as they bare no money
In the treasury for ihis object and no appropriation
fur same, and cannot aet in tbe premises until the
meeting ol the m xt Legislative Assembly.
The remarks of " Coramous M arc sound an Inter
island steamer Is a luxury. Bad I say with him, let
those who enjoy the luxury pay the bills. I belleru
this Is a sound principle, and worthy to be imitated.
Again, be lnfurme the public that be proposee to
hare aa much confidence in the Government as I
have. I have not proposed that the Government
should build a steamer, but I believe that they have
good sense enough not to be gulled into it, to please
this eoft-borned steamer ring.
Furthermore he says, the Government are too
sound to put new wine Into uld bottles, the wtue
being out, new bottles will not be required, which
will be a big saving to the Government. Iuaformcr
communication he told us a new 6teamer wasan ar
gent necessity, now lie says '.he question arises, (I
thought it had uriaen some years ago.) sball we have
a steamer or a tea-pot. I agree with bim, and as we
bave got the tea-pot Kilauea which has answered all
purposes tor a long lime and nu doubt will continue
to, we will stick by her, until the country is in a
more prosperous condition, and our tieeda for a
larger tea-pot are increased.
Before I close, I would propound tbe following
Interrogatory: If $200 worth of Iron, upon which a
retailers profit had been made, was wrongbt up in
tbe rough at an expense ol $1000 for labor. At the
same rate, what would the engine and boilers of s
800 ton steamer cost. Perhaps " Common Sense "
who is skilled in figures, will favor the public with
the desired iulormatlon.
I return my best wishes for the welfare of ' Com
mon Si me," and aa be has become legenerated, and
baa invested himself with the noble views and gen
erous sentiments tbat existed in the epoch In wblcb
bis great great grandfather prospered, I trust be will
hereafter avoid the steamer ring. Maliuini.
In Poor's Bailroad Manual for 1875, we have
a mass of tabulated figures and other informa
tion relating to railroad construction in the
United States, which renders it exceptionally
valuable as a book of reference. Its data is all
f rom authentic sources, and consequently relia
ble. Until a glance has been had through its I of the allied Powers
pages, it would lie difficult to imagine the great j lns Montenegrins would hare been subdued in 1SH2
progress made in this branch of industry during
I Ik- Turkiwlt Question.
Notwithstanding the fact that most of tbe direct
accounts of tbe flerieg-'Vinau insurrection come either
from Vienna or Trieste, roarces unfriendly to tbe in
surgents, those accounts show clearly that the upris
ing agaiost Turkish rule is something more than a
mere local disturbance. Instead of this it assumes
the dimensions of a general revolt against the author
ity of the Porte. Even tbe news derived from tbeie
suspicious sources shows that the Turks were defeated
after well-contested battles at Stolats and Neresinje.
There is no doubt at all tbat tbe Hersagovinan rebels
have received aid from the Montenegrins and tbe
Servians. And yet it is quite certain that Turkey, if
left free to act without diplomatic pressure from Aus
tria or Russia would be able to put down the insur
rection. The Porte, when left free from outside
interference, has always shown its ability to sup
press insurrections of this kind. Its regular troops
are more than a match in tba long run for tbe irregu
lar levies of the revolting Christian provinces. Even
the Greak insurrection woald in all probability have
proved a failure had it not been fur tbe intervention
There can be little doubt tbat
the last decade, and seem still more wonderful
that the ratio of increase in Railroads from year
to year should be so. uninterruptedly steady.
We find that at the close of 1 874 there had been
built in the United States and Territories 72,623
miles of railway, of which 1,940 were construc
ted in 1874. Of the aggregated railroads, Illi
nois had 6,759 miles, Pennsylvania 5,687, New
York 5,260, Ohio 1,898, or together, 22,064
miles. The Manual givee reports of the busi
of 6P.273 miles of railways in 1874, with
the following general results:
Qroaa earning $ A30.46S.010
Freight receipts JTS Me SU
Paicnffcr receipts 140.9W.0SI
Operating expense S30.tv2.06S
Net auoiota lSB.STO.&M
Paid as dividends 7,0.li
Aggregate cost (including; watered bonds) 4.Z2l.:S3.5l
Capital stock 1. MO W. 18
Bunded debt j SJSO.JM lot
Average coat per raile 00,436
The net earnings for 1874 were $6,000,000
greater than in 1873. The tonnage moved was
greater, but ibe rates received were less. The
cost of operating was so much reduced as to
cover the falling off in receipts and leave a sur
plus net earning as stated.
Postage. Last year the postage received
by the United States Government from news
papers amuiiiited to a little under eleven hand
red thousand dollars. Ongress last winter
abolished all postage upon nine-tenths of the
papers (weeklies) and reduced tbe postage
upon the remainder to two cents per pound in
stead of about six, but required prepayment.
The result shows that the receipts this year
will be three-fourths of what they were last
thus proving that if the old rates had been re
tained and prepayment required the revenue
from newspapers would have been some three
or four millions of dollars.
if Aostria and Russia bad not intervened. Servia
won independeoce not so much by ber own strength
and prowess as through the moral support of the
Governments of Vienna and St- Petersburg. Tba
present attitude of tbe Danubian Principalities is
simply a repetition of history. At tbe beginning of
tbe year 1862 Servia struok for independenoe of
Moslem rule. Montenegro, Moldavia aad Wallaebia
joined in the movement ; bat in a single campaign
tbe Turks demonstrated their ability to suppress the
insurrection if left to deal with their rebels free from
foreign interferer.ee. No such immunity was vouch
safed them. Russia and Aastria stepped in and Tur
key waa constrained to yield to a diplomatic pressors
wbicb, andar tbe eireum.tanees, eould not be resisted.
This led to tbe practical recognition of the independ
ence of the Montenegrins and the Servians. Tbe
Porte agreed to tba union of tba Principalities and
stipulated to withdraw tbe Turkish garrieone from
Servia. Some six weeks ago Milan, Prince of Servia,
H. HiCKFELD I CO.
EXPECT TO RECEIVE PER
GERMAN BARK CEDER!
SHORTLY Bt E FBtOVf BKEBIEW
A WELL SELECTED CARGO
GERMAN AND FRENCH GOODS!
cohsistihg in run or the fOLiowms:
A Fall Assortment or Prints, all styles,
new and desirable patterns.
White Cottons, Horroek's White Long Cloth.
A. n. and B.
Brown and Blue Cotton Drill, Brawn Cotton,
Blue Cotton, Heavy Denims. Hickory Stripes,
Bad Ticking. Turkey Bad Cotton.
Blue Flannels, White Linen, assorted
widths and qualities,
Water-Proof Cloth, White Moleskin,
Fine French Merinos, Raps, Buekskins.
Fina Ceaimeres. Blaek and Bine Baoadelaths,
Linen and Cotton Sawing Thread.
Albanbra Bed Quilts.
A Splendid Assortment of Clothing !
Fancy Flannel Shirts,
Denim Jumpers and Overalls,
Fine Merino Undershirts,
Cotton Soeks and Stoakings.
Silk, Linen and Cotton Handkerchiefs,
Fine Silk Umbrellas.
Assorted Burlaps andWoolpack, Sail Twine,
Imperial Nary Hemp Canvaa. No. 00 to .
Hair and Cloth Brashes. from J. Uosnell A Co.
Fancy Soaps and Hair Oil.
Shawls, Poaebos, Plaids, Needlework,
A VERY H I.I. ASMKTItT OF
GERMAN, ENGLISH AND FRENCH
Stearin Candles, rilramarine Blue,
Epsom Salts, Castor Oil,
Fence Wire. No. 4. 5 and 8.
Oalvanixed Inn Pipe, and I inch.
Hoop Iron, 1, , I and 1 inch. Rivets,
P. A P. Knives, Scissors,
Corkscrews, Tinned Spurs, Alas,
Wrapping and Printing Paper,
Paints and Oila. White Zinc, White Lead, 1c,
Caastie Soda and Palm Oil,
Hide Poison, Mirket Baskets,
Brooms, Casks and Barrels,
Cask Blacksmiths' Coal,
300 Tons Best Steam Coal,
Also a few Musie Boxes A Regulator Cloaks,
A Fine Assortment of Havana Cigars,
English and German Ala,
Bavarian Beer, in qts. and pts.
Champagne, neidsleck A Co., qts. and pts.
Champagne, Thoreau. qts and pts.
Rhine Wines. Claret,
Gin, in green boxes,
Samples now Open at onr Office, and Sales made to
Orders from Other 1. lands Filled, -acaf
can; arr or thj BMW a li ax
isr. tvrn. Ia Pinaaas. ra raw aeaavAsrereaa tan
of H' VaK-itr I.tN A LIU), dsresasrt.
trtbatloa of asuyans. At tssiS ia, eatkee ska Break
Ctsaa C. TraaiAv AaaBeaBe JaaaaBa af oW inpnai fW
On reading an.! filing tba pevMkaa aalasinaB afca
ft. RHn.ip. . lria Warner aa Bi IWBii rt aa.eavnei.i
of the will and eodlefl eaevfK tba sta laan lain if mt
lowed ts.ua SI
n. aaa enmrwm a'aai If waa aa.aiari, wm
that a final order may h meats of aWBaa af Baa aaa
aertv innailaa BBaaaBBBaakB aa t peraaaa lBiiiaieaa
Ued. and itawharwina- Mm aad has earaBee rasa atl aBHBsw
reDfinITlllltv aa voeft.
Iltoardeet that TIT I RBIMT. ike llthdavV '
her. A. t, tSTa. at Me'etne a. at. rterr m
at Oiamher", In the (Wart 1
ami ta herenr i
mted may thee and there appear east shear eases. sT aery
thav have, wh v the esaa saesaa aa aa eaaaaea, mm sear
preaeat evatene aa to waa are aafjBaj b ska aaat n
parte. And that tbJa order, tn tke KedMi aad Manas
languagra. he panltshed In the- geekee aad naassaa
UaartAe. newspapers printed and MM Bad at Pfaailwla.
far three aoeeeaalve a i eBa pn Itsea as Bar Baa aVearke
eppnlnteri for akl hear.
fated at Honolulu. H. I., tada sth day of newker, A. IX
WIS. rut r. mstfcr
Alteal: JwrBr mt tkr Merasae I'nwrt,
J xo. K. Baanraav. n.a i iri m' -wprame i uwt iei-it
RsTJIE rol tTT OF THK HlWaiiaw
In rrakssi. I tke arkre -tkr aitl W
ketrof Kaaaeaka. kraaaeaa SMvaaaaa. or-
nearer ia iraisi of J oka
!' ' mm, kweataar. preview a
illrAa am r
ilrr sa I how caaaa.
to sell real estate
Oa readme: and aim the p ill Baa of a
lale of .l Honolulu.
lire nee Ui sell a parval us rval
Knval Patent, .to. I.VX. and elttn- f.irtk i
ton why earn real escape asavaas Bar saaa
IX k herehv ordered. tkaS aB favaaaaa BsSBvseBM aa
aaat estate, appear heSar uaw roan m TV Kkua T Ua
day of Novkubkr. A. IX levy a w arrears a. a. a
i Hurt lloone. In Hiiootaaa, then and the aa akasr as
wkyaHrenae akeald aoc Wnaalil Bar tke eate afs
It k further ordered thai a poser mt leas unaev ka
llahe.! at leaal three .
A. Ktt . - J I , I
Jao. K- Biisixs. Isiwtv - lent.
Ilooolnla. reek September, rave.
nir. ii t want
pell lion aaat niiaasa mt Ska,
1. -U-V H..e.Juie ta-
i RT or
In Pn-raur. la I
of A I. late of Honolulu. Oaha.
i-namhers, hefore Mr. Jn
alkiwarK-e of accounts, .
Aitmlntatrator of we estate ..f
.-eased, whereto be a
himself wllh SIJS.AA, and aaaa IBM the
' amines ami approved, an.! Thai a t
of ltilrlhutlon of the pn.ps.rt; era
; tke persona thereto enUtled. aad 1
uretlea from all runhn
lite ordered, t
D. 17 i. as ten o'clock a. a.. Drears tke raaS In ilk i a
I Chambers. In the Court Roear. at tleavaaBBa, BBS Sat
! aarae herebjr a appointed aa tba lira aaat plana aav kaaae.
I In said petition and I
i thev hate, why tar i
prrtjr. And thai thi order. SB aha
nuh:lhed tn tke Hawaiian 'lawtte. BaaaaaBai p. la Mai aaa
puallahed la Hoaallk. Bar sfcrea. aavaeaaaaaa aareka as
vlona n. the time therein appointed toe aakt kikrka.
Unlades lluoolola. Ft. I . UUB tlst -aav mt pnsakll.
A. D. int. i H is C HABatje.
Aural! Jasrhs. of the saipi i as raaarv.
w i.TWa a Stemi. Casrk ml raw aaeerenee i ane. Aavks
I II lit I Its. I I HI I IT J I M.R.
B Jt nu 1 11. himi mi T. llawalaaa I
mailer of Ike estate of Has tU. P j AH lOLaU A af La-
07. ska laeekv-ae-aii isaka. a.
mm .in :.. sa i ;.: .. ksavavsa miee-
who are entitled ra tkr aakt Brw-
on hrarlnc and ft In- the petition of Kaa 1
Mrs Panne Yonnc K'kelaoAaianl. pea. in real Use aa
will and tetanierit or Ilia Ka. r .ta
Maul. II. I .le.-e.ae.
lettets teatameiitarv be l
lor ureter the will :
II IB ordered, that WF.nwfc.WDAr Use A dee oWoV BBt
BXR fcVja, ax la a. m. as -he l-aavt H ka I aai ma. aa,
and ihe w te krrekr art apart aa Ik raaar aaal i.
for hearing the sail petition and any ravteetjnaa 'Bat mar
tie offered thereto ; and all persona lasereatsaff Sa tkr sajkf
estate, are hereby nuUXtrd to attend.
I 'll 1,v isl.SK.
i lr. uiuu.ka. lad J at DfcatVart.
Labalna. sept lath. aM MB Ma
TitrTi r. or writ or cikittiw
aau.-d out of tke ikapeaiaa t eam af law aaat BeavArr.
al tke suit of ft. H. Stanley. laliiBmT. Par f sea AB, aBBBS
W relink ula "lev en, defewdaat. 1 have Lrvfcaf aakak aaat
.hall expoee fur eat, at 12 e'easr boob, aa AavBkwas Mara,
on KATt'KDAT tkr Id day of (XTnitKa. aB Ike east,
title, and Interest of Ik sakl .lei a SBi s aa aad ta tka tee
low In deserthed property, vva:
All tkal Pleee ar Parrel af
Kahlil. uahu. and known by the name of
ii., r tn ir , r 'en . .f i,n
rail! i purpose. I a
and my fe. and ripe
Honolulu. Kept. :.!. tar.
The above Male a postponed to sATVWOAT. OCT MS.
at tame hour and place.
D. DA YTO.W. Dap.tr - - a
Honolulu. Ort. las. 17. BBS
'ess saaa hansaaaaM, eaaaa,
are BSVerkrBBlv aafBMSed
HACKFELD ft CO.,
THE HAWAIIAN ALMANAC
A ii mm I for l-7 !
Will be iituetl in time far the
Steamers, or poesMy
teill ej--eed if j
of valuable inj
matters rtlatina tv 'se
mm- FOB HOKE OB FO a Slit- SJ iriBII
Price 50cts. per Copy !
rat m: ik io
h Ibis Hand-Hook met auk an Ka tksa .!
anor. and the eompleted arm Bl Bl SB SB Bar Us aa ssal Ik
- ulaiion Ikeoaatkoat la. r-arlfl. and a lira -aakak Ike
re aad .asSrra rar i aaa -
medium, for wka-fc I
fcarty application, a.
ted. Order from abm
can he remitted la alasx
iotlra a Xaa vow;
riMM et. THitrw
HAWAIIAN BARK R. C. WaTJE, UNION INSURANCE COMPANY
(SAILED FROM LONDON, JUNE J.rn. or li riAlrllf.
THE FOLLOWING GOODS !
WHICH THEY OFFER FOR SHE TO ARRIVE.
Groceries, Ilobbnck'i Paint Oil.
White Zine. Whit LeaJ,
Venetian Red, Yellow Ochre.
Caustic Soda, C. C. Tin Plat, Sheet fx I.
Suc Pans. Tea Kettles, Sheet Zine,
Galvanised Tubs, Fence Wire,
Reined Iron, Whit Bros' Portland Cement,
Godbt Bags, Burlsp Bsf.
Printing Paper, Petroleum Barrels,
New Oil Shook,
Boutelleau A Co., Brandy, in glass, oae to four
Boutelleau A Co'., Brandy in Casks,
Gin in Caaas.
Window Glass, 4a.. At., ia. i5 la
0rt4rnn Snvar VnreA Hams
- .v'gw'SAaj vitgni ta, mmm a i mm t
AFBEftH LOT, PER J. A. FAUHBllt,
fur sale cheap by
441 lm CATLE fXKKK.
THE NEW ENOLalND
Mutual Life Insurance Co., of
Thirty s T rates 1nadla I
Ta -ratMt liak takaa cb a Ufc.ttO.
CASTLE It COOKE ACENTS,
aaoat to leave
rtlTIZI! Attn u ski m Tk nar uuhl
went to Vienna in person to confer with the Austrian i sU LULU. Vat tin Friends and Htranfer generally are
curauauy urraBBB ui aiiena mnnc w svbj at rt'KT MT.
Government in regard to tbe revolt in Herxegorina.
Tbe Prince of Servia, next to tbe Khedive of Egjpt,
is the most important of tbe vsls of th Sublime
Porte. Though bis subjects number less than two
million, the population is bomoganeous ; they speak
the same language ; tbej bave tbe same traditions,
the same faith, tbe same laws. Tbe; ar passion
ately prond of tbeir ancestry and tbeir "blood."
They bave achieved their independence by tbeir own
vsIot. Tbey hre grand historic past, lb n titcm
plation of wbieh eauiea them to look forward to a fu
ture oo less imposing. Servia was once an "Empire"
which stretched from tbe Adriatic to tbe Danube.
Tbe memory of Stephen H. Dushan still lives among
the Servian peasantry as tbe names of Wallace and
Bruce lire in Ihe traditions of Scotland. Tba insur
rection may be put down, but it ought not to be pat
down. Tbe rule of Mohammedan power in Earope
is an anomaly. Tbe Mussulmans have on business
in Euroi e as the governors of Christian populations.
' European Turkey ." or ." Turkey hi Europe" Is a
derignatioa that inevitably suggests disagreeable re
flect ins. Let ns hope that Ibe courage of the insur
rectionists and th wisdom of European diplomacy
may moor tht aasataly.
Lilt ru It, where Mervloes are helil every -al.haih at II
o'clock A. It , and P. AA. Beat at provided far al I
WOO may be pleaaed to attend. There It a Wednesday
renin Prayer Meeting al 71 o'clock, ta Ike Lecture
Boom, to which all are welcome. IM y
are to reroxumead to Ik utvaUc aa m
lltTi ntsjsaiM. who- 1 I iBa 1 1 la
ei.nnaerare. I 111-. WM I. I H
me, m run streei, whack wM aa sad
uioer ne -am-l on or hloi fntU I
la- r. a.
WW from tke las of 'KfcaVrr. arrr aa rka I
heH nr lir. Tvouaaraa. at Iks (aTar ia w1 t-
a (Ive s T I '
aaa Bssaaa Yw
saaaaaaa ML r a
a aaarxxe mt tmm
reaa ska mne'uZ
lear. Rosaakara. 1 skat
aw ran an i pan .
a 1 1 I saw a a ra
by Mr. H. xt. farter, situated at the cot-uer of 1'ala. e
wai ana rnnckoowi st. rum In rten
aajr. -ii'-v ai mm
sAS Jm sfABSBAL'H Omt C
ne win . nappy to reertvr SsBssk BBavra, rata
ofWeaana aad Kakl nils ska aavaak
atnrir.. fl":.!1 L 'If ''
For Sale or For Lease
A IIAWDMtyfE COTTAGE. Pl.riSlvr.
ly located, with caseam, Ac. coakatalac parlor, three
bedrooms, two ckaata. dinUur room, kin-ken n.i
r-aaiey, oamroom. servant noaae, raurrkare l
stable, all very convenient, aad In perfect ordar.
THAT VERY DCSIRABLK n WELLING A H D
Premise, Ho It Kaaaas at anna. assllnT Bar
lor, dining room, bedroom, drsrajng room, i hlua. and
clothe ct-awta on Aral floor. -baaenvsnt under all : three
rooms on second Door, kitchen aad paatry moneetad. aaaa
with haaenienth.-i.eaih. -hattuiiAT and waebmom, carrlaaa
houe, stable, fowl house, ate. hi order, Apply to
Aug 10,il if J. H, WOOD.
ALSO the cotuvve aad pramlaea J g wllk at
rooma, Kitchen, bathroom, servana room, ate room.
r BtAea Ta sivra asa a
un a r.sinx aa
t aad r
u.-i aa .,n aa puaahlr. u aa to skSSBtaas tka afcasa af sat
xspt. ma iiTv
NOTICI M III Bl BY fciYf., t ALL PB
so.aB that oa tka Hot daw af Bs.aajtsr a. tV Mt.
a oksrtlag f tke owaen mi tka rar aSBAB
PLAN r.ATjo.wkad A TiBiTa. rSsaad aaM
mm aa aaaa mt the Wat
LLKf srBoa. a ike lata mmr mt asaaaamka. a. a
tasflanfc mt tk esaepaay, rk :
ST A. r. Carta . . . riaBJaas.
Daoieiamatk - - ABaBaa aaaaaaas.
Sotlco a farther srero tkal I III aa Baa arras.
ad charter, -aa BasBtillir staa H tm . mt Aaaa
I "tehui of tka corparaBaa Srya.C tat wkaa
I b'msilf '' " r C. SWllatl "ia.
i Honolulu. Dept. :i. irv MMI It I Ml