Newspaper Page Text
SAVE TIME AND EXPENSE !
BUT THE CHAMPION POST AUGUR, OR POST HOLE DIGGER !
oK ' "
IU TH IT IN
trH iri p ro oMXrr. ay ost. op
ate aaaaeraaeM ts Mr (Wo to t: cfyrvsr.
AX IKPEPKXDKXT JOrEXAL,
PEVOTEP TO HAWAIIAN PROGRESS.
.. lnllrr ,r ,h , Uot. at XV ti
U eI UK KM It or the
.1 U hao,.;. sac ib, wu, f; to:
ertre It anarple Into tbe cmaad.
or nnb Mi-it ic ibe
rrBLISHKH AXP EDITED Hi"
HENRY M. WHITNEY
We also Offer For Sale,
M JfoLUe I'V-wv tMf Plr.
1n Hi VMrtnc TTsikaai ..
rV Ain. rseA- )Btrrav 00,
l-sat tae halve. Ox Ihwa. C
Ftitcrm. Hoy rune
v nanw. iSjrrtvators.
feelers' Hm. ra tim. f
e: Wood, Iron and Steel.
"A- t-cytbe f-natAv lirtod
I alters. Who.-; ukI (.ask
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF HONOLULU.
Bt w, lsiei Mocaaroo-
IV avvj. oi Adits' o Spletniid Artmfht of
Builders' Hardware k Mechanics" Tools
Aw! at. cnutti cakinx aAl.-tiotA thereto. We moke tawrsaibr, of
House Furnishing and Ornamental Goods.
Lamps. Lanterns. Chandeliers, and Oils.
O UT Hi 1 : I Y !
Fish Hooks and Lines
Seines and Twines
Affenls for the Averill fhwnfr.il Paint fo
THL PAIXT is MIXED EEADY FOE USE,
p iMil ttf- or.i-
Wf 3T ib CammmmicMim wM Mmufattitrr and Jjwfi or"7 feW of
IMPROVED FARMING TOOLS AND MACHINERY!
AM T.tPIXTI I LLY
Solicit Orders for any Class of Goods in Our Line !
ill IXntKT TO OK1I1.E t :
OILLiNCHAM & Co.,
3 nurl ? Kiur KhMVl.
C. BREWER CO.
OFFEE FOB SALE
IT UTE ARRIVALS FROM BOSTON !
I Lt To'owe Astcrtmert of
And For Sale by
P. T. LENEELAN & 00.
I Am ItsHosi, Hi T i Tli Tbbb.
Jaaa saW Bale cf F.cp.
Caa Cairn. Calibrators.
Casts Haad. Mm and Horse.
Caaaat Pax:. Canal Barr-.-ws,
Cumberland Coal in Casks
FESCE WIRt. BEST QUALITY:
FIRE CUT. FIRE EXTINGUISHERS1
11 r l-s
Yellow Pine Well Seasoned
Tasks Haul. It t S at,
it it- s.irs
EX 'AG LAI A' I 'CEDER;
And other latelarrivals.
The Foflowing Machinery,
OXL si '.vi: mi. MfUB
MAC IIIXEK :
nvr vthm i.iBiritns. cki
an 4 r.wu LLO.S.
Prints Desirable Styles
at QwtUiry Kaaa.
7s -At Isnaal Sail is Oak Evnj
S Paraasi TW.
Of Various Descriptions.
Casks of ECC COAL
Ex Favorite. From Victoria
laf Bai Iwi Fraacr Rirer Salaoc.
2 lalf EarraW Fraatr Btrar Salts co,
Erary Barrai n Perfect Orarr asi,
5. f .r V: LOW FIultE.
Lwm Tine Suar Stab I
WILI. BE SOl-I
At L-rr Priet Than Ertr Ikfort Offer
erf am 77, iV .VStrtcT
These Shocks are Thoraughly Seasoned
SOLD IN THIS MARKET:
St par taca- S par eact. at tmtaag aa aaa rafjairisf I
OF THE ABOVE GOODS I
ill b told Low
aaa raaa far aca gostk cxpadca par
roil miti Ci-lon :
TO ABaJYE EaELT sext fall.
nrroicEs of which areespectel
C BREWER & CO
i ud qoarU'
Cw Bet KitiAhftn' L Irih Wtitker,
Cant Danri'lat Irih Whirkrr,
Br?t Scotch Whifkcr.
' Qsarier rjaaka Bert Hraorot'i Pale Braaar,
Qunn CAtkf Beet Hartrll'i Erao ix,
vfiAner Cukf Jasaica Roai.
BEST AMERICAN WBTISEIES I
Otciletu!. Bensiurv aca O.F.C.
Cmstt Best Pa!e t berry.
Cafes Eeft Old Port,
Vainer Cttkt P;e Sberry,
Vurter Caekf Irish Wbifker,
McEwan's India Pale Ale,
Pint Asd Qatrtr.
Indie Pe!e Ale. finl Axd qsertr,
Be 4 Co't tmUt Pale Ale. pioU asd qoartr,
BosteileaA A Co't . . ,
Caere Snpcncr Vettcbetb.
Caeej F karH Citterr, Cae Saperior Claret,
Ac, Ac., Ac.
Caaea I'EfiTS XXX STOTT. in alaaejor.
riXTr- a2ti grABTs.
Bark Ka Moi, from Bremen
A rear aco I le'l Soolbampton in aearrh of a
better clima' than 1 bail bn able to fiod 3u
inc an eiji-rif rca of laeira rears on the shfrc
nf the MeititcrraDean. fr on the bank of lb
Nile. It troe ibat in Nubia, between Ihe fiit
and eecood ca'iracte.oce ikaaM perfr-ct i foonrf;
bat an iaraild'e May in that reCuD limited to
a morith or rix week br the tiifficoltr of pAaeiog
tbe 6rt nUract after certain reason. If he re
main lonccr. be nin1 he content lo lire on chore
amonf a half ririhi".! race, and depend i-otiri!r
on hi own reeoorce for nineinent.
IWloa Assouan 1 fjnnd (.wintet oflt72-3) the
Eerptian climate cold, odes damp sometime
wet. the winds strorc and penetrating, the ran
lioo bflw-eeo tbe night and dv temperatore
moat trrine. and inralids renrraiiv, that witter,
rathar worse than belter for tbcir e.-jjuro M tbe
land of loe rbaraoh.
llivinc impr-.red in health while in N'nbia. I
reaolred to travel around the world in search ot
j a climate correspond! n? as nearlr aa poeibie to
' ibat foand i.n tbe bjr.k of tbe Nile between the
parallels ol 23c and 24 North Utitude. and in a
I iocalitr where some ut tbe " apreoiens " ol soc.ei J
: ami cotnforls o! civiliied life cuaM be foand.
Bomtiar. Irinc under tbe nineteenth parallel of
:ude. I tried 6rst. urririne thene : the com
mencement of last winter ; but, cot finding it suit,
went on to AusWali. spendinr sevn months in
ihose moel inleresting colonies, with no betler
success : the rariati -:.s of li.nir tesipcrature ' e
j in ereater tliere perhaps than in any other part
of the world.
Leaving Urisbane in Jane. Sydney in July, the
I depth of an Australian winter. I arrived at Hono
lulu in tbe height of summer (eod of July.) and
: bare spent some three months in that city. Par
ing that lime. I bare kept an si-cuiate register of
the variations of temperature at 7 a. .. 3 f. ..
; and 10 r. H. ; the result being that the highest
i dav temperature in my apartmeut has been SO0,
the lowest bight 70 B . tbe extrenje and only oc
casional rariauon being 10 . the average 5 -.
M rooms look to the net (irhaf as the
French ay. on to a balcony 10 feel wi-le, wlurh
! .Ui-s ir. vi the san : the ure 12 feet above
the level of the ground, about 25 feet above tea
It is thi slight variation, this imperceptible
eliding of the day temperature into that of night,
of nigbt into ibat of day. which constitutes tbe
great value ot Ibis climate.
I'unng ibe past five yew. whether on the
shores of the Mediterranean or bank of the J
Nile, i bare always been obligedto carry a coat
or plaid lo protect myself ag-jicst chance of tern- .
peratare. even in going from one room to acotb-
at : and Lave led Ibe life of a recluse, unable lo
visit or receive company, togo to church or to
any place of amusement, for fear of a draught or
chill. Here, from tbe day of landing. I have dis
carded overcoats and wraps and. each is tbe
rquab e nature of tbe climate, that 1 am able to
drive out in an open carriage at any hour of tbe
djr or evening without wearing any extra wrap
to'protect roe from the night air.
But tbe benefit of this equable temperature ia
tell in another and peibsps more important way
cce most important to persona suffering from
diseases cf the chest or circulation.
You can live and sleep almo.-t wholly in the
open air with impunity ; to do so a: the Medit
erraneao health resorts, or in Keypt. would pro
uuc cv'ds and fatal complications. Here, glass
windows are seldom or never used. French fold
irg shutters fitted with Venetian blinds, taking
their place, affording tbe needful privacy and pro
tection, but Ireely admitting the air.
The consequence if, that by night or by day
the cool refreshing; N. K. trade wind circulate
through every room passacsand corridor of every
buuse m ibe place, uffording lo invalids a constant
supply cf oxygen, so necessary fjr the proper
aerati-m of their blood.
About 10 a. at the N". E. trade seta in. and
continues until 5 r. H. From that hour, and un
til 10 a. v next day. the evenings and n;ghts ere
quite calm. I be average number of days during
tbe year when this health-giving wind blows is
273. On the remaining days, the south wind
takes its place, or tbe atmosphere is calm.
Tne force of tbe wind seldom or never exceeds
4 or 5 of the Admiralty standard, that is what is
generally known as a moderate breexe. A gale
of wind is unknown.
M'hen ram clonds come up from the sea ct the
windward side ol the island with the K.B. trades,
the moisture is wrung oat of them by coutact
with tbe bille behind' tbe town. Tbe lerel to '
which the rainfall descends, about 226 feet to 300
fj tbe bouse, its cleanliness, tbe comfort of its
beds, the deiightful airiness of its public and
private sitting-rooms and corridors.
A most obliging host, hostess, and manager,
willing to do all Ibat is possible to make their
guests comfonale. succeeding in all things but
I one. but that one a most important exception.
tbe " cahvine."
Of this I cannot speak highly : it is not that
i the food is not abundant and good, and the
- menu " raried. that the manipulation of it is
Tbe dinner hour is from fire oclork to seren.
long befi-re which time the several plats " are
prepared and kept simmering and slewing in
American hotel fashion, until ail flavor and fresh
ness are taken out of them, so that when serred
; they all laste alike.
The Contirenta! - table d'hote." Ibe Parisian
restaurant system d ies nrt seem urderstood
With a good French or firstrate Chinese cook,
tbe hotel would be perfect.
Situated in a large garden in the midst of
magnificent algeroha. cuara tamarind, and papaya
irees. the balconies sbaded with beautiful creep
ers, it reminds me nl those at many a pleaeunt
t'on'.iiiental wateriug-plare. the comparison been
complete when tin special evenings of the week
the king's Royal Hawaiian Band is permitted to
piav on the smooth-shaven lawn, and tbe "elite"
of the town and neighborhood promenade in its
spacious drawing riont. or spices and lounge in
its ample corridors and balconies.
Tor those wbo like to live a qtieter life
apartments with board in private families or fur
nisbed hoasns mat be obtained.
Society is cosmopolitan, agreeable, and easy. '
keeping early hours with a most courteous and
kinc-like monarch, surrounded hr a a-cli-ordered i
Court, la which is accredited an American Minis- :
ler. a Bntisfa and French Commissiuner and
Consul Ueneral. society at Honolulu will l '
foundequal if noi superior lo that of many of the '
winter lesorts of Enrope.
lbcner parties, balls, croquet parlies, and con-i
cerls are given in a style and witb a cnmplele- i
r.ess a hu h would be thongbt very pleasant at !
home There is a freedom from formality, a des
ire on the part of h --t or hostess to ensure tbe
happiness of everyone present nana marked, and '
this f.rnis lo a stranger a most pleasing feature
of Haaauan hospitalities. The general dinner !
hours is iroai fire to six except ia families where ;
tor the sake of the children two o'clock is rnjre
Breatiast is from 7 to 9 t. jj.. early boars in a '
warm climate being conducive to health ; but the
French style of living, tbe early cop of coffee and
a roll, a dejeuner a la fourchette " ut eleven and '
dinner at six. is by no means uncommon.
Comfortable carriage and good nding horses
may be purchased or hired on moderate terms.
For those who prefer a promenade on the
water gnj boats are not wanting. The water !
in tbe harbor, protected by the con reefs from
Ihe heavy rollers of the Pacific, i quite calm,
and the view ol Ihe town, empowered :n tropical I
vegetation and foliage, with its noble background i
ol mountains, most picturesque ami sinking.
English is universally spoken, by the king and
Court down to the working man. The visitor is
not put to tbe trouble of learning a new language
to interpret bis wants or trisbes.
For gentlemen of sporting tastes, fair duck,
plover, and quail shooting may be had in the
season, good fishing in tbe harbor and :n Pearl
River. On Ihe adjacent island of Molukai "
pheasants abound, though introduced a few years
: ago. Fine turtle mar be caught in plenty N
windward side of Ibe island.
Purine the past two month? Honolulu has
been enlivened by risits from II. M.S. Challenger '
Captain F. Thomson. R N.. with the scientific
corps in charge ol the deep-ea soundings under
superintendence of Professor Wyrille Thomson,
of Edinburgh : from II. M.S. 'Repulse.' Rear
Admiral Cochrane. K.C.B. II. M.S. Peterel."
Captain Cookson. R N., is now here, and likely
to remain some time.
The U.S. frigate ' Pecsacola.' Rear-Admiral
Alrry. has jast left, after a stay of eight months.
I he ofiicers or all these resselsiave formed a
pleasant addition to Honolulu sorietr. and much
hospitality has been exchanged between tbe in
habitant ashore and officers afloat.
tireat icterest was exci'ed by the sight of tbe
numerous cariosities collected on board the
' Challenger,' ibe results ol her cruise around the
world, an interest enhanced by the courteous ex
planations of those in charge.
The simplicity of the nppanttas by which each
great and impurtaiil ecienlific results have been
obtained from Neptune's submarine depths, was
perhaps one of ihe most striking features of the
exhibition. King Kaiakaua. on bis visit to this
vessel, was very much pleased wiib all he saw.
and. from the pertinent nature of his inquiries-,
showed how much interest be felt io tbe objects
of the expedition.
Tbe U. S flagship Pensac4a ' sailed on the !
25: h sit. for ibe coast of Mexico, baring been
here Tor eight months, and has left behind many I
reminiscences of hospitable and pleasant recep- j
Hons. cans, ana parties on ooam. Among
the tradespeople more substantial tokens, her
2500. sterling per month a large cunt to fpecd
ia a small community.
This letter would be incomplete without some
which feed cattle and sheep. Scattered here
and there are deeper patches ol green, revealing
the presence of sugar plantations, interspersed
and mingled with which rise tbe white bouses
and factories of the planters, giving Ufa and ra-
neiy lo tne landscape, far beyond is seen tne
i blue Pacific Ocean, it wares breaking witb hea
vy measured swell against the coral strand flash
j ing and glistening Jn rainbow hues beneath the
; tropical sun. To (he west rises a chain of
; mountains, ragged and bare, forming a boandary
j and framework f r this beanliful picture.
Tis point of view is the one which every tra
i veller is anxious to sec. not only for its mere
beauty, bat as the locality where the ancient
: inhabitants were finally beaten and conquered by
; the Nttpolwn of Hawaii. King Kamehameha I.
In the islands are 242 schools wiih 7755 scho
' lars. who are educated in the native and English
languages, (iovernment expending 40 000 dollar
annually in support of them.
In addition there are the American Mission
schools, and those ol the Church of England.
For Ihe education of tbe children ot the better
' classes there is a Urge American establishment
al Punahon. and sereral verr good private boys'
and girls' schools, conducted by master of
In connection witb the Church of England is
a targe girls' school, ucder Ihe superintendence
. of Sister Bertba. flood musical instruction, and
instruction in Continental languages, can also be
had. so lhal no parents coming for health need
' apprehend any difficulty aj to edaciling their
! eat Urea.
Church accomodation is provided by the
Cb.rcb of England, the C : relational and
' Roman Catholic Missions and clergy, but none
are so well attended ns might be expected from
! tbe length ol time these island have bee christ
iinixed. There is also a large Church conducted by a
clergyman horn in the island, and attended by
natives, exi lasnelv.
At the tempomrr wooden church in which
; ihe Episcopal service is held. 1 was surprised to
i find that His Hawaiian Majesty. King Katakana.
bis consort the Queen, the Heir Apparent, the
Powager Queen Emma lake precedence in the
prayers, and are prayed for helore Her Most
Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria.
That this should be so appears to me to be a
mistake, and thai wherer.-r an Anglican Church
is established, supported by English money,
worked by English clergv. drawing its chief in
come from the Society for the Propagation of
the Gospel, the government of such Church
should place our Queen before all other poten
tates, power, and tillers whatever.
In earing that tbe establishment of this
Ctiucch. with its bierachy of bishop and clergy,
it originally High Church ritual, was a mistake.
I feel thai I am trading on tender ground ; but
in doing so I only echo the general opinioo ot
tqe chief residents of the place.
That a clergyman, and a building in which to wot
ibip after the forms of the Church of England, were
wanted for Ibe Enfl.'h oammuniir of this place in
1S6I. I fully admit ; but to tend out a buhop and
Kvcral clergymen to administer to the spiritual want
of a congregation which does not exceed one bun
Jred parsons appears to me to be uncalled for. I
speak enly of the white population. The American
missionaries had already christianised the natives, so
that any attracted to ibe Cborcb of England services
would only change ont form of our reformed religion
for another, and this attempt to make them change
has a very . bad effect . They cannot distinguish or
understand why the forms or the different services or
religion with a common basis of belief shoald be to
different, and the attempt to draw them from one
Chareh to another bas only confused without eonnrm
j ing their religions convictions. In proselyting, per
haps the Roman Catbolie Mission has been the most
Among a population fond of music, of flowers, of
gorgeous colors ia dress, this is not to be wondered at.
Ths present Anglican bishop and his clergy in no
I wise responsible for the errors cf their predecessors.
More earnest, devoted, hard-working men can no
where be found. They have arranged the ehurth and
the service now s that ni one can take offence at he
! ritaal. wjich in England wauld be considered low.
rather than high ; bat tbe intonation ia still a stumb
' ling block to many simple-minded people, accustomed
to tbe forms of Congregational worship, and in
emission would. I think, increase the now limited at
In eoacluding the'e remarks on the Church I
! willingly bear testimony to the aeal of Ibe present
clergy, and to the liberal way in which they not only
i give their labor (there are six services on Sundays,
1 and twelve during the weeki. but their private means.
to further the interests cf tbe Anglican Church. but wiib
: little apparent result, as the following extract from
! the Bishop's printed Bepnrt furlS74 shows.
" Three years is too brief a period in the Church's
' life to enable on to speak of results : and to those
who expect that tbe fruit of mission work must im
I mediately appear, tbe records of tbe past three year
! will seem eminently disappointing, when it is found
that the records consist of little else than an account
of the agencies that are at work, and bare but little
to tell of any change brought to pass in the life of tbe
people." Aad these remarks of Bishop Willis will, I
believe, be endorsed by the clergy of other denomi
nations, and by the missionaries.
It seems vain lo do more than has already been
done for the adults.
Attention may with more probability of success be
given to tbe education of the children and youth of
tbe islands. Tbe efforts of the Anglican Church Mis-
In ! their numbers were ...
In 175 "
outlay o: a ssaall sum ia irrigation might he mad to
grow aay kind of produce.
Tha want of labor and decrease of the native popu
lation have aloa thrown ihee lands rut of prutta
bl cultivation, aad until the former want be sap
plied more aad more load will yearly lap into a
stat of nature.
Ihe aativ rac is dylag out vary fast.
Pecreaseln six yeara. TJ
Thirtr raars aro there was hardly a tre ia tha
town of II. n W.'t. it stood on a barren, tnataa plain
of ashes, sooria. and alluvial soil. Watr being re-
qaired for th shipping, and brought from tie bill lo
lb prt, a distance of Ihre au'es. (rst on, then an-
other householder arplie I for permission to draw wa-
I ter for doalic and garden purposes from the eon-
I Jail pine, until the government of the dy increased ;
j the site of the ma-n and supplio.1 tha town as well as
I the shipping with water. Th result ia seu to-day ia
i gardens possessing th Haul and greatest varwly of
i tropical tre I hav aver seen, bAiinf fruit of all
kinds aad dscriutions , producing rgetb!. poto
; toes, pumpkins, melons, strewberrva. grass of a ver
dure all Ibe year round that English gnrdnrs would
1 eary. and all this tb result of irrigation. There is
abundance, a never failing supply of water on tb
hills at a d.stanc of two to threw mil fr.sa ta sew.
Tbe garden of Honolulu show what can ba d n for
1 th wast lauds around the coast by irrigation.
Capital and labor are only wattling to make tha
' island a garda of KJn th climala bas uo draw
back. Honolulu has heretofore been a port of call for th
mail stasrs on th mail route blwa Sydney and
San Francisco. It is not certain, under the new con
tract , wbother th Pacific Mail Company's boat will
stop hr or eat tb contract lAVs it optioaal.
Th traffle ia passogrs and produce lo and from
this port. San Francisco and Sydney, amonnt to aa
average of or 1490 laonlhly. and is increasing
a sum nearly equal to th expenditure for coal for
tbe round trip so that it ia expected tha steamers
will have sufficient inducmnt to enntinu this as a
port of coll. if it does not delay them to long a to
prevent thm keeping contract tim on th main
It is much to b rgrttd that the Imperial aad :
Colonial govrninuts hav allowed this ooatract to
fall into th hands of our enterprising American '
cousins, who by this, and their several steam tins to i
China. Japan, Mexico and Panama, aad now to Syd
ney, New Zealand and Fiji, will dumianta ovr th
steam trade of th Pacific.
It is important to British interests Inat our flag !
should not only appear in theso waters iu tim of
peac. but that w should be prepared for action in
time of war : and it would have been easy and not .
costly for our (.iovernment to hav arranged that this
service should hav been conduct.! by British officars.
the vessels built and adapted for carrying on or more
guns, so that in time of war (which Hava arartl w
micht hav had in these waters an efficient fleet of t
fast-saiting cruisers, dispatch boats, or transports.
The natives of these islands bav always regarded j
with favor our national flag. Now that it is with
drawn they will think we car little for theia, and 1
have left them to their fate, whatever that may b ;
but in th present rapid development of trad in Od j
anica. in China. Japan, and tha Eastern sea, it ap
pears something worse than a blander to have ail- j
lowed its steam and mail communications to bar
passed from under our control.
It only remains for me t say a word or two as to j
j how to get hero.
A pisienger leaving Liverpool witb tbe mails may j
be lauded at Honolulu, ia 24 days from the time of
I leaving that port, traveling in the best appointed
steamers, and by th most comfortabl railway oar-
riages in th world ; if be wishes to stop on :ho way
bs can break his journey at many convenient points.
If an invalid finds this climate too hot or relaxing ba
can easily fait back on CaliforoiA. wber every vari
ty of climstc exists, from thai of Sicily aad Algiers I
in the south to that of England in th north. Ob all i
ths matters be will find detailed i. formation and j
pteasant reading in Mr. XordhorTs book on Califor- 1
nia aad the Sandwich Islands, and in Mis Bird'
book on the Hawaiian Archipelago.
H. HACKFELD I CO.
F O IF. SALE
Per Hawaiian ' Hark Ka Moi1 !
M HlKKKAMX. M on'M,
Just Arrived from Bremen.
piNK PADS, CHOCOLATB ASD WRTTK
UBOPND PRINTS, Mt'SLINS.
Burrocks. Long Cloth, A JJ la. A 34 ia. B
aad H Ja ta.
Turk Red. Browa C-tua aad Drill.
Bin Cotton Drill. Ticking. Hickory Utilaaa.
Coitus $heting. 71. 90. M. aad IH ia.
Mosqoilo Nvttiag, w alar-proof Cloth.
Black and Colored Merinos,
B!ck Cnboart ud lulUa Cloth.
Bsbtc. ia alt ootora ; Ltaca.
TwtUed Cambric aJ -'...
Btae Lajliav;, FUx Paddiaff.
Cotton aaJ Liaoo rtirtaJ. whito, aUaft aa j
briWO. .'.. i nun; r.
White A Brown Cuttoa Taraiaa, Tow alt, fta.
SILK FOl" LARDS!
Linan aad Cotton Haadkarehiaf. wtta a4
torka.f rati .
Tabla Cloth, Maw't
l.atJias Stoaatiofa. i.
White and Browa Ctt.n l adanhirta, sod
WaUr-proof and Fiasoel shirts,
Blaek L .c Shiwli, .ilk t'mbiw.la.
Plaids, Poaebot, Monay Jacked,
FLANNEL SACKS AND PANTS,
Buckskin and Cloth Socks and Pants
An Aasorliaant of FINK SI' ITS,
White Cutum Bi
Light and Hear
Rug and (. arpata.
Robber (iood Garten
n, blaa aad whit :
uikcu. florae B.ankel.
LARGE ASSORTMENT OF SADDLES,
Bridles, Bit, and Span.
French anj Oeraaan Calfikiaa.
India Rubber Balls. Feather Dwstera,
Blank Books, Blaak Xott,
Genuine Gold Leaf,
Jewelrj, sueh as Rar Riap, Bra as has, la.
Harm -ni-'a. Mcm Pipes.
London and M?ercbaum Pipaa,
WILDER CO., Genuine Eau de Cologne
in. Labin's Extract's Soaps, Tooth Braaaa.
Importers and Dealers in Dres,mS c..mbs.
J J-VJ L I -L-Vt Pocket Knives. Sei sors. Cbnreoai h
ashing Tubs, lialv. BuckU, It aad I ia.
GERMAN, ENGLISH AND FRENCH
BUILDING MATERIALS !
Wax Tapers, Cl
Sardines. As., A.
mphor. Safety aiausb.
FISE PRIT ol. N. . m-..-.
sTtae vraare Groaad Prsnta. new axftea.
Waste KArvlrA. Waste Iwiisa.
raapirtirr flnahl.r rpks siist Detinxav.
Ssspersoc Tweeaa. tuaawss Aawortea, Ac., etc.
ALSO A FECK LOT OF
Superior Brands Champagne.
F. T. LENEHAN 4. CO.
f a, as Kr-tT-Q 1 ha aa id A i ' V ttl ft f is . I tiC I ha
brown and ereen color of the verelatron o'n tbe j description of the town itself.
CotDparatively little rain falls al Honolala or
w::bin sorre miles thereof daring Dine months of
Winter, or more correctly speaking, tbe rainy
season, lasts from the end of October to the end
of December a period of twa months. Iiaring
thai time a considerable amount of rain fall, if
meastred hy incnes. In November. 115 : De
cember. 1136 inches : bat. as the rain is tropical
rain, a praa! quantity fall in a short space of
lime, rapidly Boding its way to the sea through
the porous subsoil, so that tbe snrlace cf the
ground soon dries op.
ll seldom raios more thao 4 boor at a time ;
a week' consecntire bad weather is unknown.
Dnring the rain, when the sun i ob
Ecored. the thermometer stand steadily
at 70 s and 72 c, and the atmosphere is moist
and warm. It is nerer cold with rain. The ar
erage monthly temperature from October to
March ll as follows ;
s-enrise. s r.
October 71 as
Noreoaber. Tt SI
Ueeesiber 71 7S
Jar.oary , SB SI
Presentation Books !
aarAaww aualy te-w
wall w Iota lasw r iw
w-of a r-s-wi ac Paecrr or Aaarnra.
Oanu ITnswa Pwesa.
II Piass ..tsu.iia iw xraamUvias; Awibsra
vraMqra aoasl j
SawlitTaiaar af'cs s'llic . ww tST T
asai. i a steaii Znm.wr
lasaT VV)wval atarw.
alaaox sW aoaasaoawSA. sa voarw ty
4m aaamar iwiicaan Wonpaa. aaa aaaaawpaaw aa aaaaac.
o, BOOT AND SHOE STORE !
Corner Fort t Merchant Sts.
HAS JOT RECF.rVED
ivx u A-tjrA-"V".
THE WJST CMPLETE USSOfiTalOIT Of
Ladies , Misses" and Cliiliren's
Ccstoni-Xa'- Kxtra F.: arjl Merlii
Boots dSs Sliocs
- Ever o3ered is Boaotala.
-"' - IRA RICHARDSON.
i CAS rAlEB-i:. II aad IS Max.
ax. asaa. nuJfi a oo.
Lecmi Car Paper 14 and IS Ida to tbe room.
Bnaa aad Narrow BE Popes.
Flo Kaaed Letter Paper.
n aiamiisl aaa FnsarA Rules! Note Paper.
Lacae ' Bsaxaaial Passer aad Ksree&oae. .new sarlisAl
I.sssts Waste ajsefplaA Ii,:Ua. IVi-raos! Envelooea
IniMl I-aper arKl Enl 1 1 SB OA
A creot variety of
For sale by
s Atsds arst! sale of Envelope
H. X. WHTTXET.
Oold or Pocket KaJfe I
A LAKE YAatlETT. AXD TO BE HAD AT
IUU I tbe Boot aa,! News Ivpo: of
U. M. WBITN-ET
DoriDfT tbe early morning, wheo tbe air is calm
end evaporation active, the tnermometer will
J sometimes fall to60c. Only once dnring the
; past five years ba it fallen as low a 56 3 .
j From tbe forezoing observation it will be seen
; that while tbe summer temperature show only
1 a variation of from 5 c to 10 between day and
i eight, the variation ol the winter or rainy maoth
arerares 12 . ibat of Janaarr. February. March,
tbe most trying monlh in Europe, not ezceed
i inr 12l4 o
In hrypt tbe variation i not less than 20 3
ondar favorable circumstances. At Paris and
Lsadoo in May and June it i often 30 and
There is very little ozone or electrical disturb
ance in tbe atmosphere of tbe Hawaiian Islands.
Tbe humidity of tbe atmosphere varies from
C9 in July to -67 in January, the mean of tbe
year being -78.
For inrormation a to the weather I am in
debted to the courtesy of Captain Smith, tbe har
bor master of Honolulu, who bas kept careful
record of temperature daring many years.
I otigbt. perhaps, sooner lo have mentioned
that Honolala is situated in 21s 16' Northlati
tode. aa nearly a possible that of Nubia, between
Ibe Errt and second cataracts 0f the Nile, thedi
mate ct which region I have taken as my stand
aid of comparison.
If a cooler climate tban Honolala be desired, ;
an invalid will fiod it in tbe neighbor-in? islands,
where any temperature may ba obtained, from j
80 s to 20 8 ; the most desirable i that of tbe ,
plain of Mas- or Hawaii, u r aboot 10 9 '
below that of Honolulu-. This temperature is
reached at a height of 1500 to 2000 feet above I
tbe level of tbe sea.
Next to climate, an invalid want to know
osaaat kind cf place is the locality where it is lo be
Hotel or other accomodation, food, society,
amofssvawnt all bear directly, and indirectly in a
Bore or lea marked degree, on the well-being,
the comfort, tbe possible restoration lo health of
A to hotel, there is an excellent hotel at
Honolulu, better planned and more comfortable
than any I found to Australia, far before those of
Cairo or Bombay. I speak only aa lo the plan
inn in thia i i r..( i.-.n sh it a r.r. rl:fVrnt retnlf to
the town averaging 20O0i to j that of proselvtiiing. not onlv in the island of Oabu.
IT 1 1 H ' ll 1 . n... .nn. . .1 t .... RMntntM ta 1 ..-.-O Cn. ..n La lli. ialant - I
There eiiti a great desire on tbe part of lb
I native that tbeir children should learn the English
: language and have English schooling : to gain this
end ther are willing to pay aceordiag to their means.
They look on inch knowledge as the key to success in
' future life ; tb consequence is, that while Cburcb
service ar badly attended, the schools are well filled.
Th-.se f r girls established by Miss Sellon at Ilono
: lulu under Ststr Bertba. at Labaina. on tbe island
. of Maui, under Sisters Phoebe and Mary Clara, are
; thriving : tbe former requiring it accommodation in
! creased before it is able to receive more pupils.
Tbe one great fact in eocnectioo with the Anglican
Mission appears to be, that while as a means of prote
lytisiagthe natives from the American Congregational
to the Anglican Church it bas failed, on the other
' haad, in tb establishment of schools and in the
number of scholars, male and fern!, it is able to at
tract to them, it has been a great success, and will ba
t so if funds ar fouad by lb people of England to
; earry oa the work. Tbe Government grant to the
I schools of th Anglican Church is CtO dollars per an
The Hawaiian Government bas lately concluded a
I reciprocity treaty with that of tbe United for a period
j of seven years.
Under this treaty it is proposed to admit a great
i variety of article free of duty from lb United Stares,
; the United States reciprocating by admittiog duty
free from Hawaiian ports rice, sogar, tallow, bides,
I aad various agricultural prudacts.
The treaty is ratified, bat retires confirmation by
I Congress next year before going into operation.
Opinions diffar as to iu value. Great expectations
Are held out ibat will increase the cultivation of sugar
and rice lo a coasiderable extent.
On tbe other hand it is admitted, that if, attbeend
nf seven years, it be not renewed, the state of these
islands will be worse than at present.
Practical men in possession of sugar and rice plan
tations, who understand their business, and bar not
to borrow money at the high rate current her (10 to
12 per cent, per aaaum) to earry on oparatious, mak
money under th present system. Men working on
borrowed capital, or in tbe bands of their agent or
bankers, do not as a rule succeed.
It is supposed that tbe treaty will indue) people to
iareit more capital in plantations; but th difficulty
bow experienced of want of labor will (Ml be lessend,
but enhance! by increasing the demand for it.
What tb islands require is ehap labor. Tb pres
ent rata of wage is as follows :
iitaated on the south-westerly lope of an ex
tinct volcano on tbe leeward tide of Ibe island of
- Oabo." its streets and bouses cover an area ex
tending aboot two miles inland, atuLoce mile
parallel to tbe tea, eff rding shelter la popula
tion of about 12.000 native, and 3000 while
Facing ibe sea are commodion wharre with
convenient shed aod warehouse, alongside
which vessel of 3000 ton and upwards can lie
afloat to land or receive cargo.
In the immediate proximity of these wharre
are situate the stores and office of the merchant
and traders who supply the people of thi and
tbe other island of tbe croup with the Koglish
and American good, taking in exchange and
shipping ibeir produce, consisting of sogar. coffee,
nolo, bides, wood, tallow, whale-oil. rice. ic.
Tbe trade in wbale and spertn oil. formerly the !
chief support of ihe place, ha fallen from
2551.000 gallon in 185S lo 403,e76 gallon in I
1874. and i yearly decreasing ,- but. notwith-
standing the losa of thi valuable commerce, and j
the expenditure of the fleet of whaler (in some j
years numbering 200 vessels), the customs reve- I
nue bas risen from 116.000 dollars in 1858 to
163.000 dollar in 1874. In 1870 it attained it
. maximum, and was 233.000 dollar.
Running np from Ibe wharves and landing j
places are several main lines of street, one only j
of wbicb, the " Nuoana " AreHae, is prolonged
into tbe country beyond Ibe town. It form tbe
main artery of communication with tbe windward
side or tbe island, rising 1000 feet in til mile
from the sea to summit level.
At this point, called tbe " Pali," it cease to ;
be a carriage road, and i continued by a mule
j path of rapid and steep' descent to tbe plain
On each side are built tbe residences of tbe
principal European merchant and natives ;
charming uonses and bungal-iw of one or two
stone in the cottage "ornee " style. 'Jeep varan
dabs shading them from the beat of tbe midday
sun. and forming delightful open-air parlors in
which to receive visitor during tbe evening.
Every bouse is detaefaed. standing in tbe midst
' of a charming garden, in which grow the choicest
tropical and other tree, tbe tamarind, breadfruit.
, monkey pod. kokni. cocoanut, and dot. palm af
fording grateful shade. A great variety of creep
er, ol tern, of beautifal climbing plants, gire
color and charm to tbe house, rounding in tbe
most graceful and natoral way any defect; in
Lheir architectural proportions
Wood is favorable material for building, but
there are many stone and fcdobe bouse.
About three miles from town tbe Nuaanu
Avenue roasse ibroagh an extinct volcaoo ; iu
serrated and precipitous tides, nearly 4000 feet
high, clothed with vegetation, the light ereen
foliage of tbe kokui tree forming a graceful con
trast lo tbe deeper shade of tbe ferns, tbe
lichen, and turf below. Gradually, as yoo ad
vance into the volcano, tbe road contract in
width, Dtdl at ill eastern exlremil it is only a
few baodred yards wide, a deep rent in tbe pre
cipitous rock showing where tbe boiling lava
locg years ago escapes! to ibe plaia beneath.
Standing on the edge of this precipice, and
looking tbroagb ibe rent at through a window,
ibe visitor sees below a riew unique of its kind
At riew for wbicb thi iehnd it celebrated. A
vast plain lie before tbe spectator, green a
Erin's Isle ; from it aarface nse bills and rocks
ol fantastic tbape, tbe off issues of exlinct vol
canoes in pan clothed with timber, in parti
with brushwood, in part with rich grime on
...SI per month.
...tt. per day.
.... per week,
-.11. w 1
Plantation bands .-
Porters or quay servants
Men ) coots-
t Moese I grooms
,. i nur t uajrwuitea 3t. per year.
remA.es y fcouetnaaOl. Eogllah SOL "
food bein; found in all cotes. About 200 Chines are
imported aacnally, and iod immediate employment.
A few Portugu Also arrive and succeed wall, first
as servants, and then, after laving a little money, as
Small tradesmen, dairy farmers, Ac.
English hoase servant, especially cooks and enrse
Bxid would do well.
If cheap labor be provided capital will looa find it
way, tbe one is dependent on the other: but until
torn well-considered plan of introducing both be de
vised tbe proposed treaty will only bar th affect of
placing present proprietor in a better position to pay
off tbeir mortgages.
It is useless to look to tb native rac as laborers,
they will not work. Blessed by the most eqaoble cli
mate ia tbe world, which indisposes lo exertion, tbeir
want being few are easily and cheaply supplied.
Pish and poi, breadfruit, nsalon. and other aatira
fruit ar to be baa almost for the asking, and, except
for decency' sake, clothing is hardly required
What indacement hav they to work? Ifoaa that I
can tee, sat a much as will enable them to buy
tobacco aad spirit and soma other (to them) cheap
luxuries. Before sugar and lie coloration can ba
extended or mad profitable, thi labor question must
be settled. One it is, the island will offer great
inducement to eoung Englishmen witb capital of
from 1040 to 3004, which ibry eaa successfully em
ploy in the eultiralion of trepiea! produce, on tholow
grounds, or in forming sheap or cattle on lb aputnds
r slope of th bill.
Iti dirt resting to so whole tracts of land former
ly in, high eultiralion bow lying wast, which by the
or West Scanning, Boards !
Toogucd -t Grooved, Sarfaead,
Planks. Battens, Pickets !
U iu. x 4, lxo, and 1x0, fur
Scantling, Boards, Plank,
Battens 1x3, 1x4. 1-2x3. aad 1-2x2
Pickets Rough and Fancy,
Surfaced Board aad Plank, 7-8 to 2 in.
Tongued and Grooved
TIMBER FOR SHIP USE
2x12 to ,loxlo :;
Clear Nor'West. for Planter's Use
EASTERN WHITE PISE,
California and Eastern Doors, all sizes
- A -II. all six ,- BLI.VD, all sis ;
WHITE LEAD and ZINC!
HAI.vr OIL A si 1. 1. paixt oawaaan,
Pn'.ty and Yaraish,
Ola, No. 2x2 and 2,
Wall Paper and Border
Iron aad Tinned Tacki,
Paint and Whitewash B nil bet,
METALLIC AND FIRE-PROOF PAINT
For Plantation or any Other Us,
Butts and lling.
, Hooks and Eys, Ac
FT A I LS!
Salt in Quantities to Suit.
A. W. PEIRCB & CO.
Offer for Sale
snip ( in dm; it ,
WHALE BOATS AND BOAT STOCK,
IFVLotjli efc Bread !
Lime and Cement,
B7 Steamer from Saa Francisco,
Potatoes, Onions, dec.
Brand's Bomb Lancet,
Perry Dam' Painkiller,
Paaloa Bait Works
While Zinc. Whit LaaJ.
Berlin Bin, liubboek'e Paiat Oil
W 1 IS B8 :
Johanniibargar. LicbiraaenmiUh, Clarat.
Champagne, ilaidaiaek', a.
Sparaliaa; iloek, iuarta and piate.
Key Brand, St Pasl', Lager Br,
Jffry' Al A Porter. Bavarian Br, at at
Cognac Brandy. Gia, A.. Alcohol ia Dwotijoka
CIGARS - - HAVANA & GERMAN
Fence Wire, Xo. , i and SI.
C. C. Tin Plate. rhl Ziu
Galvanised Iron Pip. ) .
BabbltU Metal. Uoop Mt.
Wrapping Paper, Hone
Corks. Moulding. Looking
Demijohns, , I, Jand ogaid
! la. I la. 1) b,
t.i. I. Ii.
Rope, waiu ;
ios A Carasawi.
ambler aad Cat..
. Varkrt Ba..l..
Birch Brooms. Cram. Fir Clay. Fir BrWk,
.-late, P.arre' and Cask, A., Ac
Orders from ibe other Islanda larelill
lOMiioon- Whirr. In
. Ke.lnrwo.1 La
California Lime & 'White Brother'
EXGLiNn pnnTttsn cmwr-ttm sju
Uy. Portal by in ar,it. a OO.
In. SURFACED REDWOOD
1-2 In. Surfaced Redwood
1-4 In. Surfaced Redwood
1 1-2 In. Surfaced Redwood Planks.
1x6 In. Tongued Grooved R W,
1 1-4x6 In. T. 4 0. R. W. Flooring,
1-2 In. Redwood Siding,
1 In. Rough Redwood Board,
1-4 In. Rough Redwood Boardt.
2 In. Rough Redwood Plank,
4x4 Rough Redwood -f.
4x6 Rough Redwood Scantling.
6x6 Rough Redwood Bwitliua,
8x8 Rough Redwood ooaatling.
1-2x3 Redwood Battens,
'' FA YES" " 8TJP. REDWOOD
ALLEN & ROBINSON.
Ml a SB.
CALIFORNIA OAT HAT.
CAUFSBBWI4 ultkbT sMKU eSMM.
Bereaved p Murray, ana for i ky
in BAtfaUES t fcs