Newspaper Page Text
It . I F IIOI! I I ,
Licenses Expiring in Sept.. 1876.
Ah iMk. jWaaaah. K.tlia
:im ( a.. Kanaau. Knliala,
UArkoaK. Xapoupou. Kuui.
. iwiw Ktnc and Fort
BAWAII AN GAZETTE
ax Liuirusni mnML,
DEVOTE I TO HAWAIIAN PROGRESS.
II . -r
li Tnc T, nova
7u ....nr. U,
I I War! Xov I?
hmann and emted m
1IK, i; Y M . WHITXEf.
WEDXEUDA '. SEPTEMBER 13.
Tin: proponed lawin retrnrtl tostamps willbe
fonml in full on n:ir Inst pago, and every per
son should read it over. There can he no good
reasons advanced for the enactment of such an
odious law us this, which must lccoine very
anii 'vin;; to nil, whether foreigners or natives.
To the latter parii.-nlarlv, it would prove a
hurden. and in many cases cause the forfeiture
of their rights by ignorance or negligence. A
stamp act i always an ohnoxions one. It was
such a law that caused the trouble letween
England and America, which eventually led
to t!i ir separation. The stumps now iniiosed
by law arc comparatively light. Let these re
main, hut don't try to pass a law which can
only bleed discontent among the masses.
i to. si audi:,
k -' AUtI S,'-.
Ju.t- Jaurga:.. No AC
KM li t
lulu. Islam! of
BKOWN. Rrci:rar uf OotiTryaoc-
. , 1- NueliUUlia.
UOtrr. Honolulu. Anc- Ma 1'TS. CO.
MN iion oftMT.
Itahle ndosure wui b,.
hup.Mutii.ntj of nan
ZXZ at tbe tliii I
aa Co )bm : for i
. ' -- t .. ..:
.,.., Hi,. ru iMoii of BMME
tflr. 1 liav a;i"r.:.- I . kt-ktiiiitiii
a aborenameu' rtrautl in tue diiUH-l
I ... . r;l -r
e "onrl Its I'robair.
I AT CIlAtitltlUS.
acroac SR. JCTIC J
k. for probate of wiil aod that letter
dnisrar to fa its. The court after hoar
ier the eriirtice admitted the will to probate aaJ or
land letters of administration with will annexed to
be issued to the petitioner, tbe husband: without
assjls. lnrentorr to be filed io IP days and notice 'to
caaAasars to be airertueJ for 4 weeks.
" -ii'tate of Aoiani. p. deceased. Before
Mr. Janice Harris. Petition of S. Kamio for sottle
Ml af his aeeMDti ai administrator. The court
tUBiwi the acc uot and compared the fame with :
la rjachert, and after making deduction! therein to
taaaaaeaat of $Hu. ordered the accouut to be amend- '
ad mi iwf.r and cont.nued the matter until the 14th
Mat. fa eaable as amen led account to be filed, when ,
the question of heirship will be determined.
1c the matter of the proof of the will of James Rob
inson, dereased. Before Mr. Justice Judd by request
of Jastioe Harris at chamber!. Petition of Mark
Kobiaaoc. C. T. Ward and Samuel C. Allen for pro
bau of the will. The court after hearing the evidence
admitted the will to probate and or-
te:ajn:rr to be issued to the petition- i
e without bond according to the term! of the will. ,
7-. lertator died at hi? residence in Xuaanu valler
etc tba 6th of August last, Jearinr a widow and 10
cansaraa two of whom, James J. Robinson of Kauai
fet Charlotte, sow Mrs, Hasslocher. of San Fran
cjsteo. are be a former wife. Toe deceased leare real
aa paraoaal ptipertr amounting to (7U,0U0 and '
slamihwled it bj bis will as follows :
To his widow for life, or as long as she remains '
no married, the house and premise in Xuuanu valley,
and ait the goaashoid furniture and several other 1
a ; ul IL1 n vr.trjv.a-
Me quarterly. These provisions tjhe accepted in lieu
of dower. After the death of the widow the above
real pror-ertT is to go to Mark Robinson and John S.
lif and a::t-rt!;c loath of each,
at half to his heirs. To his son Jamre J. Robinson
IbeteatAtor leaves the income oftiOO for life and af
ter hie death the (MM toga to bit heirs, alto the
presanai at liaaaiei, Eaaai, oa like terms. To Char
lotte Haasloeher he fires the income of $12,000 to be
f aid quarterly for her life, and afterwardt the $12,000
to her children who maj turviTc her, alto to Mrt.
Maaalntliar the mm of $1000 aod to each of her chil
wna $!. The testator alto leaves $1000 to each
of kit ether children. The property at Pakaka, Ho
assala. the stone bnildinc on Kinr and Xuuanu st. .
aad the lead at Uoaese. Ewa. and all lands in Ewa. ;
are saft to his ma Mark and John X. Robinton for
the decease of each one half to the heirs
Alee all the cattle, horses and sheep and all
VCv. are requested by Mr. Hartwell to say
that it is nut his desire that his name be
brought forward as a candidate for any public
office, which we do with pleasure: and perhaps
we may with propriety add, although it will
doubtless appear superfluous to his numerous
friends, that in making the nomination last
week for the Chancellorship, we did it with
out the knowledge or consent of Mr. Hartwell,
but were actuated solely by a desire to promote
the public good, and to give expression to pop
ular sentiment. The numerous favorable com
ments which we haw received from all quar
ters since we made the nomination last week,
convince us more than ever that there is but
one opinion throughout the country on this
Tin: news of probable war lietween England
and Hussia, based on cable dispatches from
London to Governor Robinson of New South
Wales apparently from an official source is
somewnat Btanuog. let it seems very tm
prokible that these powerful nations will go
to war, bound together as they are by com
mercial iuterests as well by marriage of the
reigning families. Still it is jsissible that the
war party in ltussia, which has been very
clamorous of late, urging the government to
make an armed interference in Turkey may
impel it to take a step which will call for a
movement of the British forces, now in Bessi
ca Bay, near the entrance of the Dardanelles.
England had at the latest advices 31 ironclads
stationed there. The Russian and Austrim
fleets combined, lying at the same port, num
ler 2U vessels. Turkey possesses also 21 iron
clads in the same vicinity. In case of war,
the British and Turkish forces will be united
I to conteud with Russia, Austria and perhaps
! Germany, though nothing lias yet been said
i regarding the position of the latter power. It
It to be hoped that the war cloud may pass
! from the horizon without bursting, and that the
peace of Europe may be preserved.
In at other column we publish the bill now
before the Assembly to regulate the currency.
Its main features :tre these :
1st It establishes American gold as the
basis of all future contracts for debt in the 1
kingdom, which all will endorse.
2d. It provides that silver shall be a legal
tender, first, iu payment of all debts under
$50 : second, one half of all debts from $50 to
$100 shall be paid in silver, and one
half in cold: third, debts of from $100
to $1000, will be payable, one quarter
iu silver and three quarters in gold ;
fv-urili, debts over $1000, 15 per cent, in silver
and so per cent, in gold.
3d. The value of coins other than American
shall lie fixed as now, by the King in Privy
1th. A duty of ten per cent, may be im
posed on silver coin imortcd.
5th. Customs duties shail be paid in Am
erican gold coin or its equivalent, from the
date of the enactment of the law.
6th. Interest on the public debt shall bo
paid in American gold coin or its equivalent.
The suggestion which has been made by
Mr. Davies, that 25 per ceut. in silver shall Ite
the rule in all payments over $1000, is a
sound one, and would probably cause less de
rangement in our business than the adoption
ol 15 per cent, as the bill provides.
Sections S and 9 of the bill are entirely un
necessary, for import duties as well as interest
on the public debt should bo placed on the
same footing as all other obligations. A bill to
regulate currency should be simple and clear,
ana not nampereu witn any unnecessary res
trictions, which tend only to create distrust.
A bill has passed the Assembly which at
first sight may lie thought to 1 a step in the
direction of forest preservation and increase ;
a measure for want of which the Islands
have leen suffering for many years, and will
we fear, continue to suffer as long as the pres
ent inditTerence on this subject continues
But a moment's examination of the abovo
mentioned bill will lie sufficient to disclose the
fact that it is almost w holly worthless for any
purjHiscs of real utility. As it applies only to
gUIBtlaUieBl lands it will-of nec -ssity be so
limited in its ocnitioii as to utterly fail of its
iutended objects Tor the amount of govern
meut land on the group at the present time is
What is wanted here is a svsiein of forest
cull are and conservation similar to those which
various European nations have found them
selves forced to adopt or forfeit their national
existence. We must adopt a system whose
corner-stone is the axiom. "The greatest ginid
to the great est number." If historv, and ex
perience, and science have thoroughly demon
strated any one thing in the world of material
things, it is that forests are aBtiecessarv to the
life of a land as lungs arc to the life of the ani
mal. When a land is shown of its forests, its
green fields become barren wastes, its rivers
booptue dry in summer and raging, destructive
torrents in winter. Its inhabitants diminish
iu numbers, and it finally becomes a desert, fit
only for the abode of owls and bats.
This dismal condition is undoubtedly in store
for us unless we avert it by prompt and ener
getic action. And no half way measures will
mns If wo would make sure of success we
must boldly inaugurate a system which will in
all probability meet with strong opposition
from real-estate owners; a system which
may be regarded by the few as a violation of
personal rights, but which nevertheless must
be enforced iu the interests of the many. There
should be a Forester-in-chief appointed for the
whole country, whose business it shall be to
supervise and direct the operations of the Bu
reau. In each district there should be a ror-
ester who duty it shall be to take charge of all
forest lands iu the district, see that fences are
kept up, set out young trees to take the place
of those that are cut down, keep out all ani
mals, and enforce all regulations emanating
from the Bureau of Forests. Every man own
ing ten acres or more of laud should lie com
pelled to devote one half of his land to the cul
tivation of trees, and all forests now existing
should be maintained in vigorous health and
growth, and their limits gradually intrjased
year by year.
To carry out this plan would of course re
quire a degree of strength in the government,
which, under the present form no one can ex
pect. hen that happy day arrives when the
best talent in the country shall be called to the
front and the government shall be regarded as
an agency for promoting the interests of the
cojutry, and not merely an iiis'itntion for
providing support for an unnecessarily large
number of employees, then may we expect to
see this and many other needed reforms insti
tuted. Since the above was written, we notice an
article on the same subject iu the Advertfser,
for the pen of Mr. Gibson, which presents
some new ideas on this subject, worthy ofcon-
The currency bill passed its third reading.
A spasmodic attempt was mado to have
lunches provided for the members ; but the
time is not ripe for such action.
The bills amending the " master's and ser
vant's " law reported by the special committee
passed on their second reading. The bills es
tablish a day's labor at nine hours where the
contract docs not express to the contrary, limit
the term of imprisonment for violation of
terms of labor contract, and repeal all remedy
for collection of any sum paid as an advance
to the laborer.
The l. Kisliliii c.
The Appropriation Bill comes up on its
f third reading to-morrow, and it is to be hoped
j that the Assembly will improve the oppcrtu
I nity to reduce the item for the support of a
I" standing army." We have more than once
ii. without bonds. On the bearine. the
widow accepted the jrotisions made for hex in t'oe
will is liea of dower.
Cases for the eoming week.
Sept. It. Estate of Aniani. deceased.
-Lsta e of Matilda Elkhart, deceased.
Later from Australia.
Wolwrlr a: t.a, to the ab-re two sons
Tc theeafldren of his daughter. Mrs. Ward. $1000
assh. Te the trustees of the Queen's Hospital, $250.
To the (rasters ot the English Episcopal church $100.
To the trustees of the Bethel Church $100. To Ma
ria TatcflMfl, to Benjamin Hornblower $100. to Al
exander Smith $100. to Andrew Auld $100. to Thoj.
Callow CMC. he Lake Breriere $i00. and Solomon Ere
etere $SMt. to his nephew George Robinson $1000,
and te each of bis children $i00, to Daniel P. True
te. ta Emily Thornton $1000, to Rebecca Thomson
$ i!:.r. T.-. J;,. t Henry S. Swist r.
Etee. The reoideary estate both real and personal,
the testator leaves to be divided between hit eight
wMMaaa, by hit second wife, for their respective lives,
eF.VandMRXns'nn mZZ ' P" expression to our views on this subject
tot aad truteat of the estate and guardians of hit ; during the past few months, and can onl v re
iterate that we believe the institution to be
useless as a national arm of defence, and its
maintenance to bo an imposition npon tax
payers. The paid " standing armv " was in-
! stitutcd by the late Mr. Wyllie, Minister of
Foreign Affairs, War and the Xavy, about the
year 1&52, chiefly for the purpose of repelling
! the invasion of pirates or filibusters, concern
i ing whom there were many rumors rife at that
j time. The result has proved these fears to
, have been gronndless. There is not the slight-
est possibility of our "army"' ever being call
I ed upon to repel foreign invasion, and experi
j ence has shown that in case of internecine
disturbance it only adds another element ot
Two volunteer companies, one Hawaiian
and the other white, whicli might be kept up
by an appropriation of $5,000, should be am
ple for all purposes of quelling domestic
trouble, and of show. The appropriation of
$10,000 for the land, which all approve of,
added to this amount, makes $15,000. Re
flect, O Legislators, upon the amount of inter
nal improvements which might lie effected by
a judicious expenditure of the $55,000 repre
senting the difference between the above
amount and that which you propose to throw
away for a little "fuss and feathers." Think
of the bridges which might be constructed, of
the roads which might be opened, of the irri
gating canals which might be dug. Think of
the school houses which might be erected, and
the school-looks which might be printed.
We trust that on this the final vote the inert
comuon sense and patriotism of the House will
assert itself, and that the nation may stand
vindicated from so great a reproach before the
eyes of the world.
By the arrival of the P.M. S. S. Zealar.dia at
o'clock os Mocday morning, thirteen days and fif-
r h iasBklatd. w receive Inter r.ewi iroc
Europe War appears to be imminent between Eng
land aad Russia, in which eres: there it little donbt
bat that ail Earope will become inrolred.
There i nneh street talk here about the captain of
"Xyajph" receiving a telegram intimating the itn
of war between England and Russia. The
ssa the tact that the Commodore had
to the captain to hold hit shin in
i for roci a OBltnecncT. .Wioai .War
Ooea. Am St.
It it understood that the Gorernor had received a
aaafTi stating that war between England and
F.usana was 1st est. Ibii 28.
The occupation of Egypt by native troops from In
dia hat bees determined upon in the event of a genral
w. aad the break np of Turkey.
Great preparajios are being made in India. Snider
riles hare haaa aarrad oat to the native cava! ry.
i tae port ot hick.
rt tt i- t.aeed
Than was coined in the San Francisco mint during
the year easing Jane 30 . $3o.fd.MM. of which $27,
CX.aac waa ia gold coin. This it the target annual
coaiage of say aisl is the United Stales.
The sew Liverpool duckf are completed, to that sow
ta die i of port cover aa area of 20 acres, aad are
vaawtjha at SIM.eet.oec.
r at Cape Elizabeth. Me., took in
a! the other day CM barreii of
ocly hold SOt' barrels and had
gin the ether 60 away,
Newt will aooa be had. from Stanley's letters, at
the rata It of ait lax discoveries ta upper Kile basin
is reached, this point has hitherto been
bat Stanley's pluck aad persistency bare
On Wednesday last the Assembly received
the announcement of the death of the Hon. S.
M. Kaniakau, one of the members representing
Honolulu. The Attorney- General sjKike of
the Hon. member in a most felicitous manner
as a Hawaiian scholar and historian ; but as
statesman or politician His Excellency had
but little to say of the deceased, ami that little
had better have been left unsaid. The death
of the Hon. member for Honolulu afforded the
acquisitive members of the Assembly an op
portunity for another raid upon the Treasury,
which they availed themselves of. The first
motion was for carriages for the conveyance of
members to the place of interment of the re
mains. Criticism of the act would be ungen
erous, considering the precedents already es
tablished. This point havinir been cained. a
motion was then made by which any gentle
man member of the Assembly who might not
be the proud possessor of a black broadcloth
suit of clothes, was to 1)0 furnished with the
needed articles of apparel at the public ex
pense ; but the better sense of the majority
prevented the mourners from carrying the
motion. The Assembly theu adjourned for
On Thursday a resolution was introduced to
the effect that no more bills should be brought
before the Assembly, excepting those of which
notice had already been given. The inter
island steam navigation bill was then taken
up, consuming the remainder of the day's ses
sion, without coming to any decision; the As
sembly adjourning in, what that prince of in
terpreters, Ragsdale, would call, "a state of
metaphorical confusion." On Friday tho
steam navigation Bill again came up, and
after a tedious debate, and some show of Par
liamentary tactics on the part of the promoters
of the two schemes, the Act passed, with but
little mutilation ; tho most imjwtaiit change
being the substitution of fifteen thousand dol
lars per year, instead of eighteen thousand
dollars, as the maximum subsidy to be paid
Saturday was as usual a broken day. On
Monday the Attorney General led off with a
resolution to make the appropriation bill the
order of the day." The Hon. member for
Lahaina, Mr. Aholo, immediately opposed the
resolution, and expressed some anxiety as to
the fate of the bills passed into the hands of
the Enrollment committee. The Hon. Presi
dent, Mr. Rhodes, followed in opposition to
to the resolution. He thought that some very
important bills were before the Asscmbly
which should be considered before the appro
priation bill was finally considered : alluding
to the income tax bill as most important. He
then proceeded to express his peculiar views
in regard to the state of the country, and
painted the future of Honolulu in most sombre
colors. He admitted that some rich men
would become much richer uflder the present
condition of affairs ; but altogether the speak
er considered the state of the country to be in
a sad way. It was proposed to head off the
planters who would avail themselves of an op
portunity to ship their produce direct from
their several landings to San Francisco, by-
amending the law creating ports of entry bo
that Honolulu should be the only port of entry
and clearance. We trust that this broad and
liberal view of the situation will not find
many supporters. It may appear for the
nonce a slurp dodge, and it is, but time will
ahow the folly of such legislation.
" Each member of society " says the Ha
waiian Constitution, " has a right to lie pro
tected by it iu the enjoyment of his life, libertv,
and property, according to law; and, there
fore, he shall be obliged to contribute his mi
portionol shnn to the expense of this protec
tion." The object of government is to afford secu
rity, and the only reason for taxation is to pay
for it. The necessity of making taxation pro
portionate (as far as practicable) to each per
son's resources and condition in life, is obvi
ous, for otherwise, classes would bo arrayed
against each other more than capital and lulsir
now are. There are two modes of taxing, di
rect and indirect. The direct tax is laid upon
the person who pays it, including specific taxes
on property or incomes ; tho indirect tax is
levied on imported articles, or by imposing
internal revenue duties, requiring stamps or.
documents or on manufactured articles. Iu
the latter case, the importer, or manufacturer,
or iu many cases, the persons executing docu
ments, are not those who pay the duties ; but
the consumers or purchasers.
Indirect taxation is unequal, for poor and
rich pay alike, by the tariff of duties. Tho
poll tax and road and school taxes are not pro
portioned to each person's ability to pay, but
are made equal for all. One object of this is,
to give all an interest in requiring proper ex
penditure of public money, and to avoid reck
lessness in its outlay if the classes who have
Lno property, but have lower in legislating, were
allowed to think that they had nothing to lose
in public expenditures.
A direct property tax is equable, provided
it be not so large as to amount to partial coll
ocation, thereby discouraging permanent and
visible investments. The income tax may be
made fair or very unfair. If one whose in
come is a salary or the result of his day lalior
with his heud or hand, pay a tax on that in
come equal to that paid by the owner of an in
come derived from rents or interest on money,
the injustice is plain and gross. In the latter
case, the property owner having an income of
say $i000 pays for the protection of $10,000
or $50,000, and also of his income thereon,
no more than is paid by the person who is pro
tected in nothing but his earnings. This should
Heavy taxation on luxuries and on inheri
tances, except between husband and wife or
children, is generally popular and very fair.The
income tax is usually very odious, for besides
objections above named, those who are called
on to make public the condition of their busi
ness by showing their profits, either evade a
good deal o:" tho law, or if thoroughly honest,
are plact-d at a disadvantage, in some respects,
with other business men of less conscience.
Goldwin Smith says that, "The income tax
is a tax which ought to be resorted to only in
times of war, or in some national emergency
which excites the natural spirit as much as
war. It is only when the national spirit is so
excited, that there is a chance of true returns.
In ordinary times, the income tax is a tax on
honesty, a premium on dishonesty, a corrup
tor of national and especially of commercial
The alnive is no new statement of facts, but
it may show that the safest taxation will com
bine the least objectionable features of all the
modes, for it is certain that no one mode will
The H'nr Rumor.
(From the Xew iTHanil Herjl.l, Aug. 137(1.)
The intimation which wo publish to-day,
that war seoms to be imminent between Eng
land and Russia, renders it necessary for us to
narrate the events connected with the present
condition of Turksy. and to show the first in
tervontion of England in refusing-to be a par
ty to the Berlin note, and in sending her fleet
to the East.
The outline of the Turkish Revolution sup
plied by tho telegraphic news gave but a poor
idea of the political importance of that great
event. We speak of it as a Revolution because,
although rapidly accomplished and without
bloodshed, it has changed entirely tho Govern
ment of Turkey as well as tho entire aspect of
affairs in Europe. Regarded in the formor
light it was an uprising against tho Sultan
personally for the waste, extravagance and cor
ruption of which he was the centro and sup-p-jrt.
It was also the triumph, in a certain
sense, of progress and freedom, culminating in
the promise of a Constitution and Representa
tive Government, wheie all has hitherto de
pended on the Sultan's uncontrolled will. Iu
this sense if may or may not be successful.
The conditions of free government scarcely ex
ist in Turkey, but it is at least a movement in
the only direction affording the slightest hope
of maintaining national existence. In its bear
ing on European politics the significance of
the bultan s deposition cannot be over-rated.
Abdul Aziz was the pliant tool of Russia,
whose policy it was to encourage in every
quiet way the insurrection of the Slavonic pop
ulations kindred to her own people. From
Russia, or rather from individual Russians,
they receive subscribtions and arms while the
General of the Servian forces is a .half-pay
Russian offlcer. Russia thus gratified the lon
gings of a large portion of her people, main
tained her influence in the Christian provinces
of Turkey, and could yet boast that she was
doing her utmost to "localise" the insurrec
tion and avoid entering on a war with Turkey
that would involve all Europe.
The Sultan during this time was entirely in
the hands of the Russian Ambassador at Con
stantinople, who did with him as he liked. Tur
key was rapidly falling to pieces. The insur
rection was bound to succeed, and the success
ful insurgents were bound to form only so
many new outposts for Russia. Tho three
Emperors of Russia, Austria, and Germany
drew up diplomatic notes demanding from Tur
key certain concessions to revoked provinces
certain reasonable and absolutely neccessary
reforms which they demanded that they, fbe
three contracting powers, should be author
ised to guarantee. Turkey had made so many
promises and had so often paid no heed to tbem
when the danger had gone by. that this guar
antee was considered indispensable. Without
it the insurgents refused to lay down their
arms ; yet with it the independence of Turkey
was for ever, gone. She would no longer be a
sovereign State, but would be liable to inter
ference at any moment. In all these negotia
tions England appears to have been thought of
little account. So long as war against Turkey
was not declared she had no right to interfere
under the Treaty of IS56. Her ambassador at
Constantinople was slighted and his advice
was never sought. Russia was dominant and
jubilant, and a final note was prepared at Ber
lin to lie presented in the name of the three
Emperors who were parties to it. Enervated
and helpless, Abdul Aziz would havo accep
ted the note and himself and his country have
been put into the power of Russia to be dealt
with at some convenient opportunity in pur
suance of the policy so steadfastly kept in view.
At this juncture a great and powerful British
fleet appeared on the scene. England refused
to bo a party to the Berlin note, iu the MMN
ation of which she had not been consulted.
The Turks, excited bv new hopes, dethroned
their Sultan, discarded tho counsels of the
Russian Ambassador, and threw themselves
entirely into the hands of the Knglish Ambas
sador who hail so long been treated as a non
entity at Constantinople. Europe was elec
trified. The Berlin note so carefully prepared
and so ostentatiously made known, was pru
dently withheld, as it was certain the new
Turkish Government would refuse to receive it
and maintain its right to deal with internal af
fairs in its own way. The Continental news
papers arc filled with rumors and reports con
nected with this sudden and effective b terpo
sitionofa Power they had considered out of
the reckoning. England ami Englishmen are
now all popular iu Constantinople. The Am
bassador and his wife are cheered wherever
they appear, and England is using her influ
ence to secure for the Christian Imputations the
liberty and rights for which three Emperors
have beet) trying in vain. Of course great in
terests are affected, but the boldness of the
Uiove has for the moment paralysed Russia.
It is believed that Knl.ind has not moved
without securing an ally, and opinion is divi
ded as to whether the ally is Germany or
France. But it is quite certain that at the first
sign of Russian invasion the English fleet
would he put iu motion, ( onstaiitinople occu
pied, and the Turkish army supplied with ma
terial and skilled leaders- as well as probablv
an English contingent at a very short notice.
1 1 r
To Inckeise the Imi'out Duties on Ceutain
Be it enacted by (lie Kim; tad the I.'-islutlvc As
sembly of tho lltiirjiiun Tslsnils in the Legislature
of lue Kitigduui assembled :
Section 1. There shnll be levied, collected mid
paid upon the lollowinei uoods, imported Into this
Klagdosa, u duly ol IW'Miiy-live per cent, ud vulo
reui, to wil :
On Silks, ami ull liunuf.iclare of silk.
Oil Silver riatt', plated and Gilt.
On Jewelry of ull kinds, in whole or In pnrt.
On WiUehcs und Clocks, In whole or iu part.
Ou Edging. Insertions, and Laces.
On Carpets, Feathers, Artitld.il Flowers.
Ou Fire-works, Cigarettes, Pipes, und Pipe Ma
terial, a nit
Fire Arms mid Ammunition, of till kinds.
Sec -' There shall be levied, collided und paid
upou the following goods, imported Into this king
dom, specific duties us follows :
On PI ijing Curds, one dollar tier dozen packs.
Ou Mattluir, one dollar per roll.
Ou Kid mid all other Loathi.-r.iTid Skin Olovcs,
three dollars per dateil pairs.
Ou Cigars, and Cheroots, ten dollars per t.000,
und 10 per cent, ad valorem.
On Tobacco, other thai the inumilucture of the
United Slates, tlTly cenls per pound.
On Pen-nut Oil, twenty-Bra cents per gallon.
Ou Camphor Trunks, iu ucsts ol four, two
Ou Camphor Trunks, in ucstt of two, one
On Alcohol and other Spirits of the strength of
Alc.ihtil, ton dollars per gallon.
On Brandy, Gin, Whiskey, and all other Spirits
or Strong Waters, of whatever name or
description, below the strength of alcohol;
also on alt Liqueurs, Ourdtahsj Bitters, Brau
dii d Fruits, und other articles ol merchan
dise sweetened or mixed, containing alco
hol or spirits of the strength ot thirty per
cent, or upwards, tlve dollars per gallon.
Ou Port, Sherry, Madtira, und other Wines ot
like nature, above elgtiteeu per cent, of al
coholic strength alto on nil Codlals, Bit
ters, and other articles of merchandise of
any name or description, containing or pre
served in alcohol, or spirits above that rite
of eliengtli und below thirty per ceut., two
dollars and titty cents per gallon.
On Champ nine, Sp.irklimr Hoaeltw. and Spark
ling HOCks three dollars per dllavta, quarts ;
and one dollar and lllty cents per dozen, if
On Kliiue Wines, one dollar per dozen, it in
On Kliiue Wines, fifty cents per dozen, if iu
On Cider, one dollar per dozen, if In quarts.
On Cider, filly cents per dozen, II In pints.
Ou Angelica, 'Muscat, Port and White Wines,
commonly known as California Wine, rt0
dollars per doses', if lu quarts; one dollar
Ser dozen, If In pints,
ollled Ale aud Porter, fifty cenls per doz
en if In quirls; twenty-five cents per doz
en, if in pints.
On Draft Ale of all descriptions, twenty-tire
cents per gallon.
On Claret, in cask or bottles, fifty cents per
On Matches, twenty-five cents per gross.
PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPTS j SKXZ''SSSSBt
Australia and New Zealand Line
Ismia v v
In U mattsrof tho
hats- of wM anil
Tin: spi.i:.iii) steaviship
CITY OF SI DNEY !
now. renin inn kb.
WILL LEAVE HONOLULU FOR SIN FRANCISCO
On or about Oct. I Oth.
For PHSJwi ami Pas-uuce. or nnr farther iitftirmadon,
apply to M7) II. UAC.XFBI.P A I O , Afp'im.
i.l "r.t-r aaaaassasaa
poi o r n n u. iss ia.
rvpt. A. IX lira, baaa aaaaawasO a ante aoaaasa,
anil a pUtkui for the p-oll thr rsuf. aad asSsh
of letters leaiaamBsry m Mhai sviaonjr. af
into, bavins- been tiled ay aim.
II Is hee.hr oerte!-!. that FRIDAY", UW Set i
sun KMIIKK. A. !. 1ST, al IS o rtoe. a. a.afai
same Is. herehr
PACIFIC MM STEAMSHIP COMPTS
Australia . nd New Zealand Line
taid i iwrt. a tlftasaaa saaawe. a,
ame Is. berehr aasaaanoM Ok Saaa
i i .i.i.i i.eannc saaa saaaaawav
er n tin. n eat 4 aaaT appear acef raww m
the c ran riot- of letters asaaasavaaase
intercd. thai node ihrn-ar S ataaat a
hree .oere-.T. e m rB.
iper prime! anu pn'- he.i m lfiaasaaaa.
rr iin'-ered. that t HaSjiati 'a aaasew as am
rmmn to said wW. aad as Ike aralaw f
tafcl Hnmtlnla. to appear aa sap Sbm
Atleal : John E.
i H. I.. 1:1k Aaaaat. was.
. t B srr jrrso.
J;istlee ,. !ie "tiprense I
r trTM K.-1 x the i vmr.mr. m kt r
I th Hi Mint) Iiau.tcv tali u. fJULJ Jul? f-rfA. IWT
.itOTl for I l Vim r KakMKM (W. V KrH'tl, K.
THE N 1 L C I) I II NT K A II Ml I l
CITY OFJTEW YORK
' a V IKI.V. ominn:ilT.
Will Ijonxrc Honolulu,
Kandavu, Fiji, and Sydney. N.S.W.
I lit. ii cr tin ? at KaniUvu with ('oinpiuiy'i iimjir fur
A IV K LAND, .V. Z.. ItUtTt'll W.MK1LS, ami UiU-rtiutllat'
On or about the 19th of Sept.
Fur FrrUtht tuiil ru-n iar-'. atiil flirt hr Inrurnittlon, ply
lO II. tfACKKKLD A CO., Aitviiu.
itMtvc petition fttr ilivitir it t nmm nrti ruf Mat
oi illvurrr fnm th rMwato mf Man If a i t
n fceTor ot th tmtC Kiwik ;w.i flat atom rf tw
esiliillpry .T tha -mul keMtl fe. a Ml
th.- -1 pi rat toil f U monlhN fn.m th ax .f Utua .1
upon iVsmplsiiiH 'f the- trn
.nut,, -(mil ,,.n-r to the roatrarr.
Ami th'- MMN W MM l l
nf thin onlrr in th HawtuUn Oaajtt aad Kaa
pnpv rt for i Wrrka. uwwil
tni month rriini llw iUtt i.r t
i:)!ertttHl nw. within X nuMiU-a.
tl-VfVt 1I1.UI..I Hot tw ULavitf iatMoItllr.
w vi.rrn n. r.u .
I hrrvhT if rtify thai the tot-ina; 11 a tre md IktmM
ropy Ol th- orUclaai tiw-r :n the ahtT utm 1 mmm
n w ou 111 io in. tlrV tnOrm of th ?-up-m Cn f
tin- Hawaiian laOauUa.
VV.iLTKK It. -K-t
ttrti Miprrm Vmmn.
Ilonofnla, July U, 174. W M
1HK mi 1 1 1 it ii nit isrvn
WfTVmmm auin riaMUu, tat of
Jui 1 !-, .9a.
M I k si v 1 . : 1 1 1 AS IKK.
Soptemh-r H, Monday, 4 p. (1rralt uf Kanxil
(touching tint at NawlMwiii. returnliuc to Honolulu,
Krlilay. a. u.)
Seplvmorr 2,, Motiilay, 5 p.n Kilo,
(returnirut Krlilay, p. It.)
So more ircuU I rip until lurlher notlro.
On all Wlnilwuni Trips I lit- MaMMf will Iravf litr whurf
at 5 ; all trips to Kauai, wl!l U-avt at I p. M. Ou ilown
trip th .summer will not Icare Kawalhar bfbn l .
Makt-na an p?r uotii't tin up trip, Uaiji-a iluv not f fare
7 a. H. .toy cbuuge from tin itbovo will be a-lvertUni.
Oar o 4'redJt for Fnouu;e .Houe. au
Ticket .: the olliee only.
No !..t;!i will lipcoimliUTtfi ab taken until 1 n.t r. , Not
respond til for unmurktM llwwAge or any Freight or Jar
cela iinltMM receipted for.
Freight Money Dae on Demand.
W An effort will he made to have the MMMi reach
Honolulu uu the evening of the name day sin It uvea Maui
HAMI'KI. (i. WII.IrK.lt. .Krnr
OrtVe with Wilder . Co.. corner uf Fort . Queen street
hnrre.1 : ant!
miuirett to itiake immeiltate pa me it 1 to the
Iluiiolulu. AuA-ual irt, 17.
ANSA AHLA- y LAKTBU.
I'M II. RltOWTI.
AtlnilliLHlratrlv .U1! stint
Sablati 1 -astro.
tie of the late SlyHiaUl I
r-llest..l U. present TSe t
I the mul. named as N.. t I
wtllitn MX tnoatha rriai tap -S.C mi tm
tillun of thai r.olk-e. or Imry wttl tm looser
y ii i:
NEXT I t: It or OIHI 40LLUK
.1. (MituiriMf Welrtetalay iptiahr Sth.
mrr uf MaiiMLhiiailt. Msm Oasa ami MtaaMar
for n bt, aJI i'f whom ccie ta taaMgMy lw-omaae-II
lh pli-t" may l vacant ry to lascbOT who r-
.it-urnm to fnirr th vhtt will b ennptti
FOR KOLOA & OTHER PORTS ON KAUAI
K .V I V I 10 !
The will he e.uunlne.1 In Mental Arltametsr. Written
Arithmetic through iliviatun. tirpfrapfer Ifculaea t&s
I nltetl stall. HeMlina. U'rltlnp- aad 'INHliia
Letters uf Inquiry lua. b. address tn
I M ASA PRATT,
It-ew rtiawsnlaf OaJsa tsJaasa.
By viutie or MM
supreme ourt, itod ..im
from tin- h. Ir of tht. -Ule of
Cfuaeil. will be auld at pulvlte auct
at Waliuau, falni of Maul,
ON SATURDAY, OCTOBER 7. 1876.
al 12 (Ms nuua.
The fullowlng Ileal Kaale, situ., sa law dartrsrt of
K ul.i. In lit.- 1 it I t.f Maul :
AupueiM lit and anil lunre partlt-alarlf
fulluw.. via -
imuri ur rin
nder power as attera.y
Ludwwj Ii. ll teas. 4a-
1 Hie I our. Huu.
ill.pati-lt for k'ullal, a above,
Fri-lgltt anil laancnars taken
Will have regular
further notice, tsT
llOI.r.KH A til., Mjents.
P. ,8 Ttiia vessel haa Just In thnniiit-hly ri mlreil
newl-yi-oppi-retl, and put In In perfect order. V'2
a path at aaad uf
be Basarra haws af
To Regl-latg tub CuMUlrT.
De it Enacted tirtlie Kln and Lcgtssbtlhr Assem
bly of t lie Hawaiian Islands la tUu Legislature ol
tlic Kingdom assembled :
Section 1. From unit utter tbe flretdar uf Marcb,
iu the year of our Lord One Thousand Eight Hun
dred and SevenlJ-si ven, I lie gold coins of the
United Stales ol America shall be the standard and
a k-o-.il tender in this Kingdom in all nayments uf
debts at the nominal value.
Sec. 2. Be it lurllicr enacted, That the silver
coins of the Uuited Stales shall be a legal lender at
tbe nominal value iu paymeut for all debts within
this kinjrdom for any amouut not eXeeedln; lilt y
dollars, and for deblB between llfty and one hundred
dollars, llfty dollars may be paid iu silver coin, and
tbe remainder shall be paid in gold coins as alore
Sec. 3. And be It further enacted, That for all
debts of one hundred dollars in amount, not ex
ceeding one thousand dollars. Hie legal tender for
6ucli debts shall be twenty-five per cent, thereof In
silver coin of tbe Uuited Stales as aforesaid, and
seventy-Are per cent, in gold coin of the United
States as aloresaid.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That for all
debts exceeding One Thousand Dollars, for tbe first
thousand thereof tbe payments may be made as Is
provided in tbe proceeding sections, and for the re
maining sum, fifteen per cent, may bo paid in silver
coins ua aforesaid, and tbe remainder shall bv paid
in gold coins aforesaid.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the gold
and silver coins other than those of the United
Slates, bearing tbe lcgaltzt-d impress of any sover
eign state, shall also be receivable in payment of
government dues, duties und taxes, at Ibe Ex
chequer, and in tender or payment of debts con
tracted by private individuals and payable In this
kingdom, at their value as fixed by tbe King in
Privy Council, and published by tbe Minister ol Fi
nance. Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That silver
coins to the value of twenty-five cents or less shall
be legal tender lor all payments not exceeding ten
dollars. But Iu all other cases whenever silvershall
be paid in accordance with the preceeding sections,
coins of twenty-five cenls and less may be paid at
the rale ol Gflecn dollars to every hundred dollari
so to be piid in silver.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That there shall
be levied, collected and paid upon ill silver coina
imported into ibis kingdom from any country witb
which His Majesty lias not any treaty to the con
trary, a duty uf ten per cent, ad valortm. Provided
that this section shall not come into operation until
a proclamation to tbat effect bas been issued by His
Majesty, uy ana with the advice and consent of a
majority of His Privy Council at a duly convened
Sec. 8. And be It further enacted. That from and
alter the dale ol the passage of this Act, it shall be
tbe doty ol the Minister uf Finance to reauire that
all duties paid on imports shall be paid lu gold coins
of the United Stales or its equivalent.
SEC V. And lie it tur: Hit enacted. HI from and
after tbe 1st ol Marcb, 1377, tbe interest on all gov
ernment Bonds shall be paid iu tbe gold coins of
tbe United Stales or its equivalent, bet whensoever
the interest on any one Bond shall not exceed
Ave dollars it shall be paid in silver coin as alore
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted. That Irom and
after the 1st day ol March, 1S77, an Act entitled
"An Act to regulate the currency." (Chap. 27 of the
Session Laws uf 1872, approved tbe 20: n day of
July, 1S72.) shall be utterly void anu of no effect, as
well as all other Acts or parts of parts of Acts in
consistent witb and contrary to tbe provisions of
BOSTON AND HONOLULU PACKET LINE!
C. Brewer Sl Co. Agents.
yavoraMc -trranemeul- ran aluajH .... J
made for fttoragr- ju ahipmetit of Oil, Dons, Wool, Hj.Ir.n
other Merchanli to Now UtHlfonl, Ik-sttiii, New York an
ptllSf K. ii. ir t. Port. 4af C'fMh i li.i mado.
MMy C. B HEWER et CO.
DISPATCH LInIToRJAN FRANCISCO!
C. Brewer &. Co. -Agents.
Merchandise recei.etl silorapre s'rec anl
lliterat fasti aurance uiatle oU .liliinielil. I.e IhlM line.
Sl-ly C. DRKWKK k t'll
fruit: i Mii:iwiitvi:uiii;i.s to
s m lnr..riii lint Ti-:..... .... t
lV lJlS k't-ut rally tliat lie lia.t
REMOVED TO FORT STREET,
Opposite Oilit Fellows' Hal,
Where he will (rive strict ttlleiiU it In repairing I'hronome.
ters, Watches, and tiorts. anil hu watches will be
guaranteed to keep Unie for 12 months.
" S. I . i i:t. .
lass 11 aa taM
l .-art nasi aa Kate;
nit '- Kaal l.tl
1 Lin. .
tit. ol rukh wafer
:t .1 t
Mkal I raat of sir aw I iut.li
io -N.ttom oratslra i
BJlea 1 .1 1. it
h iwraie tats aussl fsaaa
uiaaat eutl if
hUofiiallv. tenants .
third In 1 ft
Interest at a p
inallon nf sale
deed of ennflruix
of tuce. ota-. r tl
jr all raali at option i
I! one-thirr cak. one.
I years tar a rani wis.
w. uretl by i
ntahe.1 wliii ,leet- of e
Wow ami la- heirs was ara
up. no- -,f piireaMr.
H W. KVKIttn r. Ita-t r.
Tin: im i i.i iMt not sr. i.atei.v -
UMJUI It-' the auhscrther. situated in Herruinla
Tills house Is In first r.te ri-nair. anil ntte,!
with all the cuurenleuc'-s of a flrsl elaas Uouae.
Intiulrc of 570 In .1.1.1 4k IX)
A PtKT OK I I.I ...i in. l mis.
on tin uunno Plaatawm. These risr.1
i.ir-- , iri(i-ly of f..r. tan M.-.l. atel caaraa-
lee'l the M ttellll.- hl-nl of Sllleh (,W In tt. KlawsWSBa.
Pj!' Pi J. U. WOOfx
August ism, is;o. pit tf
I 111 lf.ll. I l
i itlre. thai aa Bay w Ma.
New Zealand Oats,
New Zealand Potatoes
FOR HALE nV
H. MAY & Co.
. If iilaarilr s siM Inn.1
i.mwn ruu i'-ii m r tx-.i ao-i rxmr't wltaoat fsatt mmm aad
provecatiMi. I sball it i n-Hpf.Twlhle- for aaj inkm cao-
Iracted liy her on tnjr arcuonL
Koloo, August uMth, ICt fJraaa.
raniK imi:hsk.m:i ii iu i j
at appoo.t'il X.tiiimitrator -.f tlr --tit of th R--r
UK IIS TO I.i; I. lu n ilelrnll.
and central loaUon. the jam th.it hMI
bn occupied until now br Jwgr W. C.Jones.
as a law office ; also suitable for a residence.
Apply to HUGO TASIK.NWALD, M.I.
Lahaina, Haul. Sept. 1. 1971
A iiii ii;rte
I X THE HATTER
: in it ihBi i-n i
CimzEMH m innun aw n.
LVLU, VUritlnir Friends ami strangers generally are
conlially Invited to attend rnhllc Worship at KOBT HT.
t'Ht'IlCII, where Services are held every Xabbath at 11
o'clock A. M.. and 7S P. M s-au ate prnvkled for all
wno may he pleased to attend. There la a Wednesday
evening Prayer Meeting al 7 o'cloek. In the Lector
Room, to whli h all are welcome. , : t ly
Uunolulu, Aug. it. Is7a
COKRI IfliTD IRO.H.
In aheets of , 7, and J feet
Galvanized Piping, '-J and 1 1-: In. wide ;
Fence Wire, No-;
Hoop Iron, Inch assorted ;
Sheet Lead, assorted ;
Lead Piping, Mlaasi
Black Iron Wire, BWs. I to It ;
Tin Plates, assorted, at
" F. A. SCKAEFER a Co's
I In t it I. ml;n. ,1 .Inly
Justice of Ruprem. t'onrt. and having two .
InUrutuenu ia prepared to make Analyst of I
Polarization. Mav'ttg aviated oiouel Z. a !
year to polarUe hts porrhaae of reflnery i
flilenl of giving correct reawlta.
WM. li. 1KWIS
HorKilolu, March II. H7. u: ini
Columbia River Salmon.
HEf'EIVEOTHIM OA Y PER raislasr:
14 das from Pnrtlanil,
Half barrel ditto dltlu.
Half barroia BJsa 1 SAXJfosl.
SLLER A i ...
PALACE TRUNK STORE,
JO, 20 5W noiTGOnr.RY STKKET,
i -. . . Hotel, San ( mnefsco.
Tbe t rare! io; pah lie from Austrmlla and the Hawaiian
Inlands are Invited to Inspect tbe stock; now open at tbe
above central store.
Every article In tbe line of
Trunks, Valises, Traveling Bags,
Satchels. Straps, etc
Constantly on hand.
Ladles' nndl Heat's Fine Sole Leather and
Saratoga Trunks, a peeialiir.
Trunk of any pattern made to order at abort notice.
Drunks Repaired and Covers Made.
San Fran ctv-o, Sept. 1S7- 07-ly.
BOOT AND SHOE STORE !
Corner Fort a Merchant Sts.
fSECEIVKO pea ret lox, and fob ilk
HAS JCMT BECK1VEO
Por X3. O.
THE MOST COMPLETE ASSORTMENT OF
Ladies1, Misses1 and Children's
Cos torn-lijsfle, Extra Floe and Xedlom Qaalltr
Boots cfc SHoos
Erer cfrered In Hooolnla.
For Sale or For Lease
laf. A lliMisitii. iiirru.i: I
rt. 17 t- f t n wi tn a
staiii-. ail rery rastassisi. anil in pvrrert onJr appk I
mi tf in'tiosT.'iowtu),ap.
:n BI i - . -t.r-
I have i.imi urmr.D a
isOKrMKSTof oral rrasBea, assd ak a
iramin partare. Tary rary m
four lochea hi iratth. aad raasss t
can hare them thaw ia any slyl. 1
Kaatlc Pranies from s caa aata as
Oral Frame from sa rest ear lap.ai I
Square OM rramea from I'.oa aaaaaasl assrara.
Sqaare Blark Walnm from l on .ara aad sasnwd.
Pletar Mails, Coram, c, afes aa basss. saamay ea
H. TL WHTTHEY.