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i Iot Ui sUitl of January
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Km Wurlw.M r m per Kiraaea, Jul IB Bev J Bndger
Dr Vi4r, Un Obed, staler Phoebe, Ake ud wifr, sua IS
ror w.ariltwlli per tlluu. u IS Hii El J no E Bush,
Dr fhiplev. C Bertteman and son, J K smith, Mrs M 8 luce
W E Koalth, and S deck.
For Ooano Islands per C M Ward. Jan 1-E Wood, D
Tojmey, 0 Holme and Mr sea Bright.
For sat, Franciero pur Wacov.ry, Jan 19 8 P Kichardl, W
H Brancb, L Kapler, W Kaebn.
For Port Towueeod per Camden, Jan 1 Haylleld.
From Sawiliwlli per Kllanea. Jan a)th V Knuden. 0
Osy. H McBrydeand 4 hlldreu. Master Paul lsenberg. Mr
Spingn, Una paniwal, Kmeiia Kauhanr, Adudi, Anlm and
Windward Ports per Kllanea, Jan. 2i Capt J Ma
ker. Mrs Maker, Mow Maker, Ret J Bridger, Mss. U.lgate,
UK Hitcheirk. i C McLean and em. Mr. Wllliiixoa, Br
Etxler, Dr Lathr,,,, Mr Patterson, J J C. 'lent so. Mr Apai.
Mr Sam Kale, H IW!. D P Eldridge. Charles Silrs,
Mr Cake". J Pico. 0 ' i : rl.ne.
A Qaecnslander in America.
CANEFIELDS OF THE UNITED STATES AND
Varieties of Cne Grown. Desirable Sort in Losiai
ana. Rati and " Ruit." Exchange! with
Queensland. Sugar in Cnba. Comparisons with
Queensland. St. Thomas. Approach to Guade
loupe. Central Factories. The System in Mar
tinique. Cane Farming and Sugar Making.
A Great Sugar Firm. A Frugal, Industrious,
Contented People. Does the System Pay?
Double Roller Mills in America.
fct barioc brrn
M wear ara-r a .ilinr SatMSb
bar ear in Aae order, bad
af anu. ataal
m a., araa
r treat aaatmUa la aayecled earlj Beat
I lb. rasaru e( dcaaeatrr prj-
srirb ISTi A larje iauaaal
WJbaM btwaaa lafMr aabra. mmm.nuuf u,:.
IWTH OF I'll 1'. WEKK.
T tie steamer Kilaneawill not leave on Mon-
de, the 12iU of Febroary. an aunounced in her
liiue-iatile bcrelntore. but she will be detained in
port till Tuesday the 13ih.
Aliiohwi Hall FfwcE The shabby picket
lenec which has so lone disUirurod the ptvinisn of j
the GoTerntnent h :. .:. has been replaced with j
a verv neat one. couairtiar; of heary ornamental i
concrete posts and a paling of wood Of lea is to be
painted and sanded, so that it will hare a uniform
appearance with the posts.
Z. . ra
a-.r jM. I
C at c'k-
la. X wS.irst,-
psiajaj C H
By notice In the adTcrtisini: colnnjns It will
besueo that the Trustees of i lie Queen's Hospital
have decided to erect 1 in mediately additional bnild
i ix on the Hospital premises, the present accom
modations having tiecniuc too limited for the
demands made upon the Institution. We under
stand lust the proposed improvements are to be
Sti-s: or dfoiu Pt.rTvnos The Kenahala
Plantation was purchased last week by a gentleman
from Else East, for the sum of tii.OOO, of wliichfl5,
000 Is paid down. This plantation is one of the
smallest ill the country, but It is said to have paid
fair profits, almost from the begiuning. Belore the
passage of the treaty 11 would probably have been
difficult to bare obtained one half of the price it
has uow brought.
Lat'REL Hall. A kind friend has sent us a
" prospectus and register " of this ably conducted
institution, from which it appears that Its affairs
are in a flourishing condition. The seminary is
pleasantly situated at San Mateo, Cslilornla, and
I offers unusual advantages to parents desiring to
provide their daughters with a substantial and re
fined education. Among the patrons of the insti
tution we note the names of some of the worthiest
citizens of San Francisco.
bi'BOLAKT. It is uot often that we have to chron
icle the occurrence of grave crimes in this quiet
town, but we are informed that one night last week,
a dwelling house on Punchbowl street was entered
while the inmates were asleep, It is said that they
were put under the iutlueiice of chloroform, and
thoroughly ransacked, aud about $70.00 in cash ta
ken. The burglar in his haste to decamp, left be
hind a bowic knife, w hich may give a clue to his
"Tbe North and West Illcstited". In
noticing this little book MM weeks ago we failed
to say that the work was got up for the Chicago
and Northwestern Riil-Road, and Is an excellent
advertisement for that great overland route. A
copy will be sent free to all persons writing for it
to H. P. Stanwood, General Agent, C. and V W.
K. R. 121 Montgomery street. San Francisco, Cal.
Our readers thinking of goiug across the American
continent would do well to call upon Mr. Stauwood
when in San Frauclsco.
SKI IIOMU I I I
raaarb bk Kiartbwr Ubt.Hniltb fmSaui Francisco
ra. i.w awiirwm.
. Sot Windward Porta
f - Haaalel.
f ,r Naa-iltwiU.
.. .. .,, - .. : ,!.. 1i. s 1 ran. ,ar
I ..a . lu Kbbla.
. titka. tr.aa K. laaand WaimM.
, art lea, from b. a and Wain
s i - wmm
awawSJJaw ailba, Baawwasa, traSB Mlllksl
tr fa. avab rk. I .r liana
til a " Hatrlln da., fr.aa Talnw.
-i lasara. Pi an mead lit YirtnlekofT.
j, r-aVwa-SMtri aterrlt: O-aaw, tor Lahatna.
Sxtar la Mas. ata ilta.aWn Kabalat
r C K Ward . tor (iiaaao l.landa.
Kaiaa Irem aHialli
t In in HI. Ooabot tm San Fraariaot,
a. k..i.iu. i. KM T-wund
. alarrba.i.t. K w .ndward
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, far Sf alalia bod ttllo.
H I klsbf
tBBfapW1 VRTIf asWl-P'ar rWmm . O WKSfaaxtjlaaaaxaaBB
l.h rbara; Hare. Rwa daactaarfinr
nail nits Ibar
Die Har. ii k Bare. Me.!, r - I.rn
I Baa WrAlber aud varaable wind
aaaatered a s w (air la bat XSo V.
BB aabael for XR boar : tbeu bad
cbw the paaawft la It days and IS
tar aaaBWaB sbafinl i J a. LlaLon. Maater. Lett
aBaitrb twrS bal mialiralT '-- tbearr
aJraWwaj tbrrr bad a heart ibaader ruavn In
JZS the nta bark Tree BnSaa. which Tsaael
Lg. MBln If ca-TTia tear apart. Bad dotna
,, , . heart (alee sal the Hirer Plate
B rr altwr strrtaf suatberiy wladi : had
lav HOC SB uroiiiart i.u uoau
rBaaalw. iJlSta I SmSjqa.il-- W ; low tbe St
acjt as tbe i: llllli tn at. and had treah
. T la t"- Jk. ISO W. aaaaWenatn p-ant of tbe U-
LJaa:ltb Bad kaaf Itcbt ranawt iuos t.'
, l-ortreataj Jan lata at
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BiBililf see Faaaie Hart.
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IX-' pkCB a tbe. SOV Die euen.
SB Tl ca cutrrc S4 a. cbatu-
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lAlaWtfif 1 do bo card..
mmrt S o tfttttN bWtiii, U do
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i,lT- WtMi Mbv I vrmm ut a ou -bji
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New Bbtiiel Vestrt. This building U now
completed and will be occupied on Sunday next by
the 6uiiday ficbool. It make a commodious, lofty
and very pUai.tit room, and is most admirably
adapted for tbe purposes of prayer-meetings and tbe
Sunday School. In tbe rear there has also been
constructed a nice little room for the Mfl of the
Infant classes and tbe Chinese school. In addition
to tbce iojpnivrmeots the Bethel itself bus been
repaired and painted, and looks food for another
The Cum of Low Deobee. Tbe attention o!
the authorities Is respectfully called to the tact that
there are quite a number of mangy and diseased
dogs in and about this town, but especially lu the
suburbs, who are In such a state that any regard
for sanitary ethics would require their instantane
ous extermination. It is well known that dogs are
sometimes afflicted with tbe vilest diseases to which
the human race Is liable, and in every instance or
this kind the animal may become a disseminator of
contagion. In mercy to ourselves let every Infected
doc beat once shot and buried. It would not be
a bad idea to have one of the deputies of the agent
4 the Board of Health detailed for this special pur
pwae one day in each week.
Kara. Avis. A few days since a native brongbt
to the Gazette office a strange looking crab which
bad just bceu captured on the premises of His Ex
cellency Cbarles Kanaina, on Palace Walk. It was
luuud at a depth of about a foot beneath the surface
of the ground. In a hole evidently of its own burrow
ing. Tbe crab was of a mottled reddish appearance,
and some five or sir Inches In length, looking in
deed like a cross between a crab aud a lobster. It
was urrned with a most formidable pair of ulppers,
which were sunk deep into tbe slick to which it
was holding, indicating Immense power In those
members. Its origin Is a complete mystery, it be
lnjrvery different From any or the erustacea of these
Islands", but U is probable that it was brought here
from some of the islands ol the south Pacific
Feom Tahiti. Tbe ship Btngala, Captain Hodg
kint, arrived at tbi6 port yesterday morning, twenty
flre days from Tahiti. She is at present under a
sailing letter, aud is proceeding to San Francisco
for the purpose of procuring a register. She was
recently uudcr tbe Peruvian flog, and while taking a
load of lumber dowu from the coast to Peru, she
sprung a leak aud put in at Tahiti, wbere she
wits condemned, void, and bought by Captain Hodg
kins. He reports that the bark Beulab, after taking
la a cargo ut a thousand tons of guano at Euderbury
I!aud, while Id latitude 35" to 3r sooth, put back
into Tahiti ou account of a refusal of duty on the
ihrt or the crew, wbo were dissatisfied with their
rations. Tbe bark remained In port for a week or
two, and while endeavoriue to proceed to sea con
trary to tbe advice of tbe pilot, she got outo the
reel! where she still lies, and, It Is thought, will
prove a total loss. Tbe schooner Mabel Scott, Cap
tain Higgins, Is reported as having been at Tahiti,
and to have cone from there to Starbuck Island,
w here she will take on board Mr Arundel aud party,
and return ith them to Honolulu.
ftiupremr H our! ol tbe
, t r t f I J " " tlr 4 -- ItSta-J fete. baft,
ajj a ii i 11 1 " lw r
tlSBWaBiBBWir- SUEdBBBwlB Bl 1 1 fml M t-Ud.
, aTiir g.iirto. m9mrx.
J , w a arai. 4Mk C Whiu f labbaiaa, a
Present on tbe beneb . Cbivf JasVics Allen and Har
ris and Ju'id. J. J.
Catherins Warrea vs. T. W. Warren. Libel for
divoree. Case beard and deeree nifi granted. W.
C. sloaei for libeHant.
Nicholas Manini VS. Hark Robinson and others.
Poiats reserved at the trial of tbe cause for the coc
i. deration of the full Court. Points argued and sub
mitted. liahalepakai (w) vi. L. C. Yoang. Libel for di
vorce. Oa motion of Mr. W. 0. Smith, the decree
nisi granted on April 16, made absolute.
Before Mr. Justice Harris.
J. 0. Romtnis et al vs. Mansions et al. Eject
ment. The hearing of tbil case was concluded,
from the 12th instant, and the Court took time to
coasider of its decision.
P. M. Peterson vs. Kamaipelekane. Tbe Court
ordered judgment to be entered for tbe plaintiff.
Keauuti by his next friend Manuwai ra. Akuia.
The hearing of ibis ease was continued from the 12th
inst. and concluded, and the ease submitted.
Preston for plaintiff, and W. C. Joaea for defendant.
1. Baldwin vs. Campbell and Turtoa. Mr. Jui
tice Harris rendered bis decisioo herein giving judg
ment for the plaintiff, B. Preston for the defendant.
Mr. Preston noted his exceptions to the ruling.
Manini Manuel vs. Jiopu and others. Ejectment.
On motion of Mr. Preston, plaintiff submits tea
nonsuit, motion granted.
Eeannli by his next friend Manuwai rs. Akuia.
Mr. Justice li arris gave notice that be should order
a jury trial to be had in this ease ou certain issues of
Nahaku by hi- guardian. Cecil Brown vs. Elemana
Bright. Action for tbe value of a house. Appeal
from the Police Magistrate of Honolulu. Tried by a
aative jury who in half an horr returned a verdict
for the plaintiff (twa easeeatia,.
Keonoi vs. Keont. Divorce. Decree nisi ordased
absolute on motion of L. Keliip.o for the libeUant.
Before Mr. Justice J odd.
C. C. Harris em. J. O. Domints et al Commissioners
of Crown Lands. Mr. Harris moved to substitute
the names of the present Commissioners of Crown
Lands in lieu ol tbose holding office at the commence
ment of this aetioa. Tbe Attorney General making
do objection, the motion was granted and 11 o'clock
on Tuesday set for the hearing of the cause.
FoamosK. IS. B., Aug. 26, 1876.
The varieties of cane cultivated in the United States
and that section of the Wet Indins it has been my
privilege to visit are surprisingly few. In the United
States I saw bnt five varieties, four of which the
Malabar, Otabelte, green eane of New Caledonia
(uamei Creole there), and Treble are common in
Queensland. I did not see our old friend Bourbon in
tbe States, which was the mors surprising, owing to
a previous impression that that variety is nmongst
tbe hardy sorts, in so far as oold weather it con
cerned. The plaes of the Bourbon in Louisiana is occupied
by what seems to be a thoroughly gnu J variety of
Bobbin cane, which I hai not prerius y seen. This
variety is much the same in stripes and color as the
larg Rabbin of the eulonias ; but the joiuts are
different. The centre of each joint goes in instead of
bulging out, and the habit of growth is more like
that of Chigacca than ordinary Bobbin can. It is
undoubtedly a hardy variety tbe hardiest, richest,
and altogether the best grower in tbe States. Touch
ed by frost as most of their eanes are nearly every
year, they run greater risks, one naturally supposes,
of falling a prey to disesre than in more favored cli
mates. Yet the only complaints concerning this cane
heard in America refer to attacks by borer and by
rats. In Texas au'l Florida I heard of a disease
something like rust. The eaoo suffered badly from it
some years since ; bnt no specimens of e-ine so di
ceased eould be obtained. Tbe crop was growing
very thriftily while I was there. I hope to make
another visit however, bun,; desiroas of learning as
much as possible of this disease.
Bats are a rather serious pest, and amongst other
remedies it was proposed at one time t introduce va
rieties of snakes that war against rats that kill and
devour them. Just to think of such a thing 1 Cats,
it appears, become bewildered atnonat the canes and
will not hunt, as " 'tis their nature to." But the
trouble is not extra serious, although one sees a good
many gnawed canes thrown aside at tbe mills, aod a
still greater number in tbe fle d.
The ribbon eane referred to seems a desirable sort
for Australia, and arrangements havo been made with
gentlemen in Lousiana fur parcels of it being sent to
the colony in exchange for Bourbon, Salaogore, Chi
gacca, and some other sorts which American planters
would like to try. The road, I trust, is thus opened
for exchanges with planters in both countries.
In tbe places visited during this trip one sees a
great variety of machinery and appurtenances fur
making sugar, as well as considerable differences in
the treatment of tbe cano in the field, and tbe con
version of its juices into sugar. Yet there ia a simi
larity nearly everywhere to tbe machinery and prac
tice of one or other of the plantations of our own co
lony. To go through tbe whole sartfsrtiai, therefore,
would make these communications by letter tedious
ly long. To avoid this I shall, for the present, at
tempt to describe the most noteworthy and the least
noteworthy for Queensland pUnters tbe points or
practice from which we may be able to learn, and
those whose mistakes may form a something fur us to
iteer cle it of.
Tbe examples from which wo may be able to profit
are confined to Louisiana in tbe United States, and
to Martinique and Guadeloupe in the Fiencb West
Indies. There is very fine sugar machinery of Brit
ish, American and French manufacture, in Cuba,
and during a brief stay oa tbal : n. : I saw several
plantations on the route via Campo Florida to Mat
anias, but tbe conntry was so unsettle! by war, and
by military movements, thnt I was advised to keep
well within the lines of " the royal army." Prudence
added that this was tbe best course, but it prevented
my seeing so much of tbe sug&r business in Cuba as
I thould have liked. Visitors to the island aro much
restricted, owing to tbe activity ot tba " rebels "
(unfortunate starving Creole, negroes, and China
men, in so far as I saw) who were, judging by the
reports sent Into Havana, burning and slaying every
day. The officials were, therefore, suspicious and
cautious in granting privileges to foreigners (I have
been a foreigner for some ten mmb now), and a
jonrney or any investigation j i only be made
under surveillance. It was rough, while peaceably
looking through a field of cate and inspecting tbe
varieties, to be suspected of looking whether tbe
whole c ncern were in fit condition to burn, and sus
pected too by gangs of dark-vimged gentry, every
one of whom bad one or more shooting appliance,
and probably a finger on a trigger. Cuba is a very
interesting eountry, very ; but strangers do not re
main there any longer than tbey can help. That
was my case. In the neighborhood of Matansa are
several fine plantations, most of tbe labor of which I
was surprised to find is done by Chinamen. The tri
ple vacuum arrangement for evaporating, bone blaek
for filtering, the single vacuum pan for finishing the
boiling up to granulation point, and ordinary under
driven contrifugals, make up tbe machinery in use.
After a short stay at St. Thomas (the central point
of West Indian traffic) I reached Guadeloupe, tbe
nearest of the French West Iudia islands, which were
tbe main object of the journey . From St. Thomas
any of tbe islands can be reachod with comfort aud
facility. Sugar is the staple of conversation among
travelers in these mail boats, and one is thus enabled
to learn what is being done in tbe various islands,
und what improvements are going nn. The labor
question is a frequent snbject of conversation, and
speaking with and bearing tbe expressed convictions
of gentlemen of Jamaica, Demcrar-i, Trini lad, Gui
ana, and other sugar-growing countries where coolie
labor in one form or other is employed, and after
comparing tbe opinions of these gentlemen with what
one learns in Cuba and Porto Bico where slavery of
the patriarchal character prevails and again com
pares with tbe small tenant and absolute free labor
pystem of tbe French islands, the conviction is an en
forced one that the latter system is tbe best for a
country like ours. It certainly is the most reliable,
and. judging by the present state of prosperity of tbe
respective inlands, it is tbe most satisfactory to the
capitalists, as well as to the smaller land owners.
Although there is a similarity in tbe approach to
all the West India Islands reached up to this time,
Guadeloupe differs from tbe others in being still more
hilly and rugged than tbey ; that is a-t first sight.
Ai the vessel approaches the land, its character
changes rapidly, and we hare in each of tbe islands
visited pictures ou a grand scale of rich tropical
scenery. Although purely accidental, it has so hap
pened that each of the islands in succession has been
reached at nightfall, and it became an object of lively
interest to see tbe rough mountain outline of midday
(for these islands are seen many hours ere a landing
is reached) gradually melt into the familiar patches
of green indieatire of cane-fields, and then to see the
light glimmer out as night fell and the port reached.
The foreigner is not molested much on landing at
Basseterre, Gaudeloupe. Tbe hotel to which I was
recommended is Said to be conducted upon the
American plan. That is, tbe guests are provided
with board as well as sleeping accommodation. But
the Basseterre American hotel is the quaintest and
nicest of Its kind ; Us American features are not of
tbe high pressure order, and I, for one, did not re
gret tbe change from the excessively systematic life
of America to the extreme politeness of this ever
smiling French hostess. Next day I started for
Pont-Pitree, near which are tbe largest central sugar
factories in the West Indies. There are several other
factories on tbe island, or rather on both sections of
th.9 island, for Gaudeloupe is divided ioto two parts
by a narrow channel. The system of manufacture
fcllowed is alike in all, and all seem to purchase cane
from the growers, paying for it iu the same way as
the factory in Porto-Pico vis., by allowing tbe mar
ket value of 5 lbs. of " asine " sugar per 100 lbs. of
cane delivered to the mill, or rather to the tramway
of the mill, delivery in all instances, I believe, being
taken at the nearest point to the canefield of the
grower reached by the factory tramway.
With the exception of one American mill, all the
machinery is French and apparently tbe very best
of its class. Tbe rollers range from 4 feet to 6 feat
in leogth, and from 24 iaebes to 30 inches in diame
ter. The mills are neither so large nor heavy as I
expected to see, from what has been said of these
factories. Bat what is deficient in weight of crush
ing power is made up by multiplying the mills, of
which soma of the factories have two, aod occasional'
ly three, for supplying juice.
As oona of the fae lories were working at the time
of my first visit, I had to be content with noting
the order of the appliances. The cana-wagguns
(each carrying 4000 lbs., I believe) are made to tilt
tbe eanes upon an inclined platform, fram which
tbey slide upon a cane-carrier that conveys them to
the rollers. There is ninco ears devoted to regularity
in feeding and in straining tbe liquor as it flows from
tbe mill bed, both wire cloth and blanketing being
used for the purpose. As the juice of each mill is
strained it falls into general receivers, and these are
jacketed in all the mills visited the object being
(for these Frenchmen are exceedingly obliging in
answering all questions) to heat the liquor and add
lime-water when there are indications of acidity pre
sent from damaged eane, or cane that has been too
long exposed to atmospheric influence. Tba megass
is usually burned. Tbe mont-jus, or liquor pump, is
in general use for raising the liquor to eiarifiers,
where it is brought to the boiling point and temper
ed with lime-water. It is then allowed to subside.
All these West Indian and American sugar-bouses
are weU supplied with subiidars. After leaving tba
subsideri, tbe process of manufacture differs essen
tially from any I had previously seen, and being
still undecided whether the process is better than that
followed in the best colonial mills, it will probably
be best to follow out the whole in detail.
Animal charcoal is in general nse, bat as a rule
the fitters are much smaller than those used at Yea
garie, or the other eane sugar refineries previously
visited. Tbe filtering at these factories is, I believe,
more mechanical than chemical, in several eases the
bone-black looked like small dark-colored pebbles,
and was quite rounded from frequent use. I am look
ing forward with more than usual interest to a visit
during tbe winter and the crushing season, in order
to see bow this system affects decolcritatmn of the
liquor In arranging these factories there does
not appear to be any hesitation about raining tbe
liquor by means of pumps of tbe moot-jus kind. I
made carerut inspection and enquiry touching this
point, knowing well that many other conveniences in
the management of colonial mills hare been made to
give way that the liquor way flow by gravitation
from point to point in tbe various stages of manufac
ture. Here gravitation does not appear to be an im
portant consideration in arranging a factory. Tbe
liquors and syrups are just forced to any desired ele
vation ; aud the experience of these people is Wortb
something in such matters.
The triple-effect is in general use, although not in
general favor, for evaporating tho liquor. This ar
rangement is much the same as that used iu beet
sugar factories, of which I saw two in California. It
is the same also. I believe, as that used in the French
beet-root factories. Each trip e-effect consists uf
tl te pans of the form of huge, oblong, egg-euJ
boilers. Each of these is a vacuum pan in the ordi
nary meaning of the term. The liquor io tho first
plce is boiled by means of exhaust steam from the
engines; the seond by the vapor drawn from the
first; the third by vapor from the seeoud. In each
ease the condensed moisture .'rotn the hcatiDg coil is
discharged ioto water tanks. When discharged from
tbe last pan the syrup is usually of 2a Beauine.
Io theory tbe triple pan vacuum arrangement is
supposed to be the cheapest known ; theory says
there is no waste of heat io this process. But in
practice I am disposed to believe there is consider
able Ion ut time ; and in this bnsiness time is money,
literally. The appliances are alo cumbersome and
expensive, although irun is the usual material in
building these pans. There is also a defect, inas
much as the syrup while in tbe pan cannot he clean
sed by skimming. When discharged freui the pans It
is passed through n second series of charcoal filters.
In other factories the liquo." is made to pass through
the charcoal filters that bavebeeu previously used for
syrups. It theo flows ioto a receiver or subsider.
from which it is taken into the final vacuum puns.
Of these there are three iu the larger factories, which
turn out from 20 to 30 tons of sugar per day tbe
day in Gaudeloupe is as long as tbe men can see.
The average first sugars made here are much
darker in owlet and much moister than I expected
to find. But I was informed that much higher
grades are made for export.
Ordinary centrifugals, driven by overhead gear
ing, are in use. I saw do improvement in them.
Paoking is in hogsheads.
Guadeloupe is altogether but a smalt island, or
rather pair of islands ; but it is closely populated, and
tbe farming is really good. As in the other islands
visited, the common Urge Bihboo canes, and a pur
ple cane that I take to be Treoe, are in general cul
tivation. I also saw (to keep to Queensland names)
t e new Caledooiao green cane, and also the Mala
bar; ' i the verities cultivated are few in number,
and there was groat interest manifested amongst tbe
planters when informed of tbe numerous vari -ties of
cane grtwu iu Australia (which many of my good
natured friends cannot, I f. ir help belieriog is one
of tho United States). But they are not emigrating
Smalt plantations, "r farms, are the rule io Guade
loupe. Tbe soil is uf various Kinds, calcereous and
volcanic predominating. It is rich, and tbe rainfall
! having been regular during the eaion coming to a
elose, I bad fair opportunity to see tbe weight of
i enne raised per acre, aod should say that io Guade-
loupe (aod I travelled over tho large portiuo of both
I divisions) they will send to mill about 30 tons of
, cane per acre. This is not so heavy as might be
looked for; but then, in Guadeloupe, the cane returns
I mean an even crop alt over the island. The farming
is wonderfully even. Ibe canefields show a delight
ful repetition of simitar quality of sil, and manuring
and working, wherever we go. Tbe whole of the
cultivated lands abound in shells, to which the sur
prising evenness of crops is, no doubt largely attri
butable. From Guadeloupe to fit. Pierre, Martinique, we
had n nagging, chopping sea passage. St. P;erre is a
beautiful little place, reminding one to some extent
of Sydney, or of Woollooiaooloo, minus magnificent
Sydutjy harbor, however. But the houses, aud tbe
streets also, rise one behind the other, as in portions
uf Sydney, tbe whole representing a beautiful picture
as we approached the land at nightfall. Al at
Gaudeloupe, gardens and pretty villas abound In all
directions. Away up tn the mountain cliffs beyond
the city we could see the lights glimmer out as the
fine tropical summer sun sank behin I the hills, and
we came under tbo less stormy shelter of the headlands.
Few visitors go to these islands during the summer
season, at which time the weather is hot aod sultrr,
both io the day and night. Fierce storms also sweep
down upon tbee beautiful place, ami earthquakes
aro by no means uncommon. St. Thomas has, on
more than one occasion, been seriously shaken al
most out of cxisleoce. But it is about the most stir
ring place in the West In lies notwithstanding. Peo
ple get used to earthquakes, it would seem.
Pretty is St. Pierre, with it. fountains, continuous
water supply, quaint stone bouses, and the cbcerful
eft kind of hotels (French is tbe language spoken).
But we are after tbe sugar plantations and tbe famed
central factories, to cee which we had been traveling
fir weeks ; they are in another part of the island.
Next day was Sunday; but Monday morning, bright
and early, found us aboard a little coasting steamer,
e.i route for Port de Frauee. The distance is not
great. A landing was made at mid-day, and ere
evening I had been through tbe oldest central facto
ry in existence, as applied to cane sugar, and also
through some two or three other factories. Thanks
to the attention of II. M. cotmlar officers, and the
jolly affiability of these everagreeable French West
Indians, there was no difficulty whatever in gaining
every desired information. The factories are close
together too, and every facility exists for moving
about on land and water. The mills were not work
ing, so all that could be doDe during tbe two days'
stay in Martinique was to see what could be seen of
tbe machinery (mostly French and Belgian), the sys
tem of cultivation, varieties of cane grown, mode of
nelliog as between grower and manufacturing, Ac.
Id the islands, and also amongst planters from va
rious parts of tbe West Iodies, there are very confl.c
ting reports regarding the results of tbe system. Aod
it takes some lime to unravel the causes that exist
for this difference of opioion. One point is undenia
ble, and its force is visible in Martinique and in Lou
isiana, where the system has been most energetically
tested. In both these places, differeot though tbey
arc in many other respects, the sugar-producing busi
ness is most prosperous, and those connected with it
are most hopeful, wbere the growing of cane and the
manufacture of sugar are most effectually separated.
Wherever I have been, in tbe United States and
tbe West Indies, with very few exceptions, the sugar
business is depressed. From Guiana there are very
discouraging reports. We have seen how it is tn
Cuba. Jamaica is said to be in a very tow state ;
but there are marked exceptions to this deplorable
state of affairs in the French West India islands.
The farmers there are undoubtedly prosperous ; they
are a trugal, happy people, aod the factories pay fair
interest, I am assured, ou the money iuvested. Tba
most prosperous factories are those works 1 purely as
companies, and in which the cane growers hold con
siderable of the capital stock.
(to be costisceb.)
The Most Wonderful Discovery
CALL AND EXAMINE,
FOB HALE AT A. 1- SMITHS
SCS 1m FORT 8TBKET.
THE I Mi:itNI;XF.n HA VI We BKEJf AP
POINTED administrator of tbe estate of Jacinto
Dm (Ute of California,) (ires notice to all persons indeb
ted to said Jacinto Deaa, deceased, to pay tit- same to the
undersigned ; anj all havin. any claims on said estate to
present tbe same within aU montha from date or tfaer
will be forever barred.
W. C. PARKE, Administrator.
Honolulu January IJrd, lSTf all
Drnix; Hi' absence from the ha.
WA1IAN Kingdom, Mr. E. T. O'Halioran of No.
31 Fort Street Honolulo. will act for me under power of
Attorney. Id all matters wherein I am Interested.
M. M, INKUNV
Honolulu. January Ulb. 1877. 7
FOB THE CONSTrn CTION Of A r I I.I .
BY buildings to be put up on tba grounds of tbe
Queen's Hospital. Sealed Tenders to be banded in ten
days from date. For plans and specifications apply to
tbe Secretary. By order of Ibe Board of Trustees of the
&2S:t F. A. 9CRAEFER, Secretary.
Now is the Time.
rajlO SI Its HIKE FOR CALIFORNIA PA-
JL PErtt, commencing with tbe new year.
Weekly Alt Callfomw, . -1 i, ...f4.oo
" Bulletin .. 5.00
Heml Weekly Sac. Tnton 8-00
These are the rates only when prepaid for one year.
When bills are sent, one dollar additional Is charged on
each paper. (S7-:m) H. M Willi NEY.
Iron Water Wheel for Sale.
Maxifacti:bedbythe hco.me-s. is
Glaxfiiw. Tbe wheel Is In perfect order, and almost
new ; la -1 feet in diameter by 3 teet on tbe face. Tbt-re
are two spare section, of aide platea of buckets belonging
to It. Fot further particulars, terms, Ac , apply to
Dr. J. WIGHT, Kohala. Hawaii,
Or to J. T. WATERHOUnK, Honolulu.
THE AGENT FUR THE BRITISH For
eign Marine lururaiice Company, (Limited), has i e
rrleed instructions to r tlttct the ratea of lo.ur.nce
tirta-eeii Honolulu and Port, in the Pacific, and Is now pre
pared to iasu. Policies at tho lowest rates, with a sttecia!
reduction ou freight per steamers.
THEO. n. DATIEP,
621 ly Agent Brit. For. Mar. Ins. Co., Limited.
Received ex Doyenby.
CHOICE LOT DP EROCERIES !
Notice to Creditors
A THIRD AND LAST DITIDEND OF FOR
TY per cent will be paid by tbe Assignees of tbe
estate of Slemsen A Conway at tbe office of A. S. CJeghorn
A Co. on and after Wedneaday next tbe 17th Inst.
A. S. CI EGHORN. Assignee.
Estate Slemaen A Conway.
Honolulu lth January, 1177. 27-Jt
One Hundred Years.
OF AJIFRH AN INDEPENDENCE. A COM
PLETE History of tbe American Rtp ibilc, In one
volume, gas pages, profusely illustrated with several hun
dred fine engraving,. Price 16. SO
For Salt by
S7.tm H. M. WHITNEY.
Consisting in part of t
NE-HALF& UXK-HI ARTER SARDINES,
Pates Ab Fok-s Qrss, ir. and t tins;
Prunes, (in glass) 1 lb, 3 lb, and S lb;
Kleme Figs, In siaas; Celery Seed,
Celery Salt, Cocoa and Milk,
Cream and Chocolate,
Truffles, In glass;
Emnuinjiiis.ni jellies :
Ataorted Chutoeys, in J pint, plot and quarts;
Sliced Mango Chutney, Madras Sauces Kxtra Nice, Hot !
CAPT. WHITE'S PICKLES.
C0PELAND S PIE FETJITS,
Crosse & Blackwell's Sauces !
Lime Juice and Lime Juice Cordial,
Edam Cheese, Durham Moatard,
BEST TABLE RAISINS !
In one-half and one-quarter boxes.
Smyrna Raisins, Zsnte Currants,
Uaoary, Rape, Millet and Caraway Seeds,
ALSO, A FINE ASSORTMENT OF
Meats, Tongues, Arc,
AS WELL AS CALIFORNIA GOODS !
Batin Uloss Starch, Frh Oarden Seeds, Etc.
Sold on Reasonable Terms
it E. B. FRIEL.
THE CARUO :
FINE BRITISH IRON SHIP !
turn IHO 11 OTHEB HE
IX i: NEW STYLES OF PBINIjfl,
Blue Striped Denims, Velret Carpets A Rugs.
Hassooks Piint Clothing, Tnwels, Counterpanes,
White Moleskin), Skirl", Grenadines,
Bearrae and Ties, Silk Umbrellas, Blanket!,
Crimean, Oxford and Regatta Shirts,
Flannels, Tweeds, Ponchos,
SADDLES AND BRIDLES
Swiss Mulls, Printed Lawn,
Waterproof Clothing, Victoria Lawns,
Book Muslins, Lace Curtains,
Bags, Bagging, Canvas,
Twine, Leather Belting, Paint, Oils, Pipes,
Wire Rope, Corrugated Rooting,
Blue Mottled Soap, Oalranized and Tinware,
Fencing Wire, Hoop Iron, Holloware,
Charcoal Irons, 0-os', Cutlerj, Bar Iron,
Lea A Perrin's Sauce.
JAMS AND JELLIES
Uenneiiy's, Kartell's and Robin's Brandy, in casks
and eases ;
Fine Sherry, in quarter casks and eases,
Geneva, Whiskey, Rum, Hock, Moselle, Alcohol, Ac
Blood Wolfe & Co's Ii Bass Pale Ale
Edmund's Pig Brand Porter,
Bonehet't Napoleon Cabinet Champagne,
Lalande's Red Bar Claret, Dunrille's Whisky.
Boord'i Winaa and Spirit.
Silicate Faint Co's Paints !
POWELL DUFFRYN'S STEAM COAL !
WESTON'S CENTRIFUGALS 4 ENGINES
And to Arrive, McOnie's Clariflers I
WOU SALE BY
THEO. H. DA VIES.
By E. r. AIAnS.
REGULAR CASH SALE !
- January 26th.
At ttnlr-rmat A. 31., sit KBletaroom.
ASST. OF NEW GOODS
Fine Prints. Muslins, Linen Drills,
Brown Cottons, White Cottons, Merino,
Victoria Lawns, Bilk Handkerchief.
. Hemmed Linen Handkerchief.
Harvard Shirt, Fancy Flannel Orershirts,
Turkish Towels for Bathing,
Blaakett, White Shirts, Amuskeaj Denims.
Amoskeag Stripes, Cotton Drill, Brilliants,
Merino and Cotton Undershirts,
Fc t and Straw Hats. Ladies' Hosa.
Men's Sucks. Bridles and Bits,
Etc., Etc., Etc.
Yeast Powder, Sardines, Wrapping Paper,
Soda Crackers, Clothes IMns. Ilams,
Bacon, Candles, Pickles, Tobacco,
Cigars, Fine Tea, Oysters,
Salt, Pea Nut Oil,
Wash Blue, Pain Killer,
E. P. ADAJW. Auefr
Executor's Sale of
Valuable Real Estate on King St
Bj Order of M. Pico, Esq., Bzeeutor of the Es
tate of Antooe Manuel, deceased,
SATURDAY, - - JANUARY 27th,
At 12 o'clock Noon, on the premise,
WILL BE SOLD AT PUBLIC AUCTION
ALL THAT CERTAIN
PIECE or PARCEL of LAND
Ou Klna; Street, neavr Maunakea St.,
And recently occupied by Antuoe Manuel, deceased,
with a good
Store and Two-Story Dwelling House,
Both upon the premises.
Tho title to the property is perfect, and the Stand
is an unusually good one for the retail trade.
Plan of the property can be seen by application to
M. Pico, Esq.. or A. J. Cartwrigbt, Esq. A portion
of the parchaso money oan rem in on mortgage.
E. P. ADAMS, Auctioneer.
Real Estate on King Street,
2-Story Stone Building, &c
BY OKDEIl OF TUB MOKTUAGBB,
On Saturday, Jan. 27th, at 12 M
Or Imnmli-ytHy after Kxcutor's Hals ot Estate of A.
Matiuvl, I will olTer at Public Auction,
That Very Valuable Property on King St.
Nearly opposite the premises of Mr. Thrum
WITH ALL Tim
Buildings and Improvements Thereon !
Being the Iroperty recently owned and occupied by Mr.
I. B. Peterson,
TheLot has a franlng of aboul 100 feel, and
about the same in depth.
The Dwelling Home ii a Two-Story Coral
With Veranda In front ami rear. There are three Rooms
and Hall on eat-h floor. The Out-bulldlnga ara Servants'
House, Cook-house, Ae.
K. P. ADAM3, Auctioneer.
PASTURE LANDS 1
In Koolaupoko, Oahu.
Br order of CTGultclt, Eaq, Executor of Ibe will of H
n Sawyer, deceased, I aball offer at public auction,
ON SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 17,
At 1 - o'clock, noon, at my Sales Iloom, la Honolulu,
The Valuable Property
belonging to said estate, situate tn Koolaupoko, Oahu,
and described as follows, vts :
First, tbat Certain Piece or Parcel of Land
Commendna; at a point near Walkane, as per surrey uf
C i Ly.-ns, and called Int No. t, and running north Sw 3t '
west 100 feet ; aoulb 72, west 172 ft; aud ', east SS
ft : north 65' 40' eaat i ft ; north S OV. east 3 ft,
south ho", east 45S ft: north 51 0', eaat IS ft; north
14 iv west tn It, to initial point ; containing an area of 31
With the Buildings and Improvements
thereon, the same conelattnc of one dwelling booae, I
rooms ; dining: room and cotik house, store bouse and out
house with all tbe fttrnlture therein, conalstinw of beda,
taolcs, chairs, die.
A portion of thU land, say If acres, Is under leaae for
Ave years, frum Jan. 1, ttM, there being three rears ret
to run, at f I) per year, payable seml-ennuaJly, In ad
vance. Nearly the whole of thta land Is susceptibie
of cultivation for rice, as x here Is a sufficiency of water for
the purpose, and It ia really a line opportunity for culliTa-
This parcel will be put up at auction ia one lot. Includ
ing bouses and furniture.
Lot No. 1, That fallible Pasture Land !
Being an 111 of Walahole, K olaupoko, Oahu and more
lully described In surrey by C J Lyons, and containing an
area of 224 acres, with ail tbe building and lmprurementa
Tbe land has a number of streams upon It, and a portion
can undoubtedly be used fur caltivation of Bice. Sugar or
ColTee. Tbe upper portion is well wooded, and the pas
ture land la aa good aa can be desired
This piece will be put up In one lot with building.
TITLE FEE BIXFLE I
Plan of the peuperty can be seen at auction room, and
for further particulars enquire of C T Oultck, Esq or
E. P. A DAM., AactVr
At Private 8ale
A small lot of choice
Red Columbia River Salmon,
E. P. ADAMH, AotrNoaeer.
DISSOLUTION OF CO-PARTNERSHIP.
THE CO-PARTXEMHIP HERETOFORE
existing between E. B. FBtKLAR. W. IA 1 N E,known
as the arm of FlllkX A LAIPTE. Grocers, la this day dav
aolved by mutual consent- All outstanding account, will
be collected and all liabilities assumed by E. B. Frlel,
who continues the business at the old stand. Ma II, fort
street. Odd Fellows BatldiBff, where he will be happy tn
serve customers with that usual assortment of CHOICE
OB K.-EBJE8. E. B. FBI HI-
Dec. J8, I77. (Im g) B. W. LAI.NK.
SAM'L G. WILDER,
Hawaiian Steamer KILAUEA!
Sailing Days as per Schedule I
Unlesi Otherwise Advertised.
TICKETS ONLY AT THE OFFICE
FREIGHT BILLS DUE ON DEMAND
an (2 OFFICE WTTK WILDER A Oa.
r c. m. b4rtw.
ON THURSDAY, - - JAJPY UStlx,
Al 10 o'clock A. a... win b sow.
A LINE OF DRY GOODS
Hosiery, Boota and Shoes,
LOT OF FURNITURE!
1 Fainted Chamber Sat, Bsiastsad. Bureau.
4 chairs. Rocker, Towel Back. Wiskarand.
One gaatt chairs. Hair cloth Chain,
RuckUur chairs, aToa B.Utead, Tables, 1 Pump, Ac
AT 1J O'CLOCK !0O:.
One 2-Set.t Wagon and New Pole.
C. B. BARTOW. A
I.ILANCl. Jockey CWv and other perfusuee. swasn
VluewBT or worhl-wMe celebrity. Toilet Water. 'V""
WateTlTond. Water. Kat. .le Cohre. Lisa. Jag ud
Ulycerln. for the Hair. Ulycellne, Howoy, Whsay sgsj
other soape. Violet and J?"-,JH2P2
the Teeth. Ac. X. Strand. 1 f "jjr. a Cbeoittts'
Cort.hin. London. Sold by all Hlfutsra is t
Kectatrird trade mark an beraldrte roew.
HI CJ.DEaWHJ.1ED, FOOlMTwiT
Mr. Eckart. bs to Inform cltlaana of llaaa) lain aB
Street BWBtiaSaa twa IBS., etwwi 7--"-
Thoa. Tannait 1 where he will si" special atteBUSw. ta ibb
manufacturing; and repalrlnn 01 all ainosot
articular altrrBVin klren 10 Shell and stultal V. urk.
aver WUI suarant.. -detection In all bla work -ami
ffju 12m w al.
H.HACKFELD & CO.
KU GOODS !
PER HAWAIIAN BARK R. C. WTUE !
One Hundred and Thirty-one DajS
EW STYLES PM-TTbs-TCsbbIKT
n-l m.Ba1 white around, chocolate. ray aaO fancy.
Jaconets, Brown Cntloita, qualities: White 'ottoe.
Horrocks Lou (loth. A, B A II I Brown Drill.
Hickory stripes. Stripped Tfeklrw. Bsown Holland.
Linen Paddlni, nine Striped Penlma,
Blue, White and Fancy Flannel. Moaqalto Mettln,
Scotch Water-proof Tweed, S colors.
Black Merino and Cobonrg,
IJnen, assorted numbers, 12 yard pieces, Ac.
Victoria Lewis, Barece, Lasting.
A SUPERIOR LOT OF TAILORS' GOODS
Doeskin, Buckskin, Diagonal, Repps, Cashmere, Ml liaksl,
White Cambric White A Turkey Bed Cottoo, SUk,
White Cotton anil Turkish, Unen Turkkth.
Linen A cotton, Brooke' Patent. Thread, Black atertno
Men's White and dray Herlno, Brown A Blue MLsed
LADIES' STOCKINGS ASSORTED;
children's stocking, shirts, fancy flannel. Canton.
Union, Regatta, Denim, Ac
Uodersblru-Cottun, Merino and SUk.
Umbrellas, Italian black, Necktlce.
lack and Colored -Uk klbbuaa-ICntetlt caa.
A SPLENDID ASSORTMENT OF CLOTH
1NU AND SHAWLS.
Cloth, Buckskin, flannel. Cotton, Ac,
P. C. Monkey Jackets, Heary Wool Blankets, all colosw,
Cottoo and Hotae Blankets, Quilts. Ac.
Burlaps, Wool Pack, Canrss. uunny Bags.
Calfskins, Ac, Corks, Perfumery, Ae., Lobins Estrecte.
Kau de Cologne, Phllocomc, Hair Oil and Msraasar,
Fancy Soaps, Windsor. Ac
Tooth comb., Tooth Kruchea, Ualr Broahsw,
Leokluf Glasses snd Mirrors, imllalkia Jewelry,
Ledgers. Journals, Ac. Plat lug Cards.
Harmonicas, I K Balls, Featbej Dusters,
Pocket and Butcher Knrree, Scissors, In leather A tarda
Tinned Spurs, Lanterns, 0 1 irous,
(Islranlsed Corrugated sheet Iron. 4 atses ;
Oalranjed Pipe, all arses, Oaleancted Backets, lOslJ In.
Tubs. Tinned saucepans, Beat charcoal.
T.n Plates, Bancs Tin, sheet Lead and Zinc.
Bright and oued fence Wire. Moa. 4, t aod S,
Hoop Iron, arses ; Rivets. Moots Y allow.
Metal and -V illa. Bar Itnn. Oun powder. Shot, At.
Blacksmiths' Demi. Printing snd rapping I
(Jordsge and Packlug, Toys, Tumblers,
Baskets, Paints and OI's, Vienna Furniture.
Wall Paper, CrockeryJCauatlc soda. Tar aod
Anchors and t rutins, c-.i casus sou bouvbs,
Kerosene Barrels. Blrcb Brooms,
Cement. Fire Clay, fire Bricks, Gambler Cutch.
Crushed Sugar, Wash Blue, sardines. Salt,
Mustard, Pates. Ac. Ac
Stearin Candlea and eretv Matches.
Liquors, Ac, Bootelleau's Brandy I, A 1 A t c
Gin In baskets end greeo cases.
CtampaBiie Heklaleck, Rulnart. Thors g.
Sparkling Hock. Rhine Wine, Bavarian Beer,
St. Paul's .tie, quarts snd pints,
Jeffrey's Ale. quarts and puna 1 Bluer. Ae,
Oertnan and Havana Cigars, al low price, to close consign
meuu. In lota to soil, Ac, Ac, Ac
Order, ross Ik Otkrr sluade Prumpttf CtHaW
JYarisI raf.s Ut
CirrtZEXM AID KEN I It EXT OF HOS.
LCLV, visiting Friends snd Strangers generally sw
cordially Invited to attend Public Worship at FOaTT HT.
CHURCH, wbere Services ara held every Sabbath at II
o'clock A. M and JS P. M. Beats ere pesvided for ell
wuo may bo passsssd to attead. Thar la a Wadawsssar
eveulng Prayer Meeting at TM o'clock, Io tbe Lector
to whlt.h all are welcome. t:s ly
For Sale or For Lease.
hat A HAXDSoaC tOTTAttE. FUCAAAMT
flSJIy located, with garden. Ac, containing parlor, laves
aaaBvaoadroorns, two closets, dicing room, kitchen sad
pantry, BBthroosc, servants boose, carriage bossa, sad
stable, all very convenient, and lu perfect order Apply as
Ml tl 11UOO STASOKM WALD, M D.
MB ACCOCST BsfOiaS OF ALL
A. W. PEIRCE fe CO.
Offer for Sale
WHALE BOATS MO BOAT STOCK,
Flour cfc BreEic3L !
Lime and Cement,
y Stealer free 8ai Fnitrsee,
Potatoes, Onions, Ac.
Bnsd'i Bomb Lancet,
Perry DrU' P-iakiller.
P.mlo Salt Work
"""h. u. .hW: -