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F, T. LENEHAN CO. H A WilUS GAZETTE
LADIES TO KNOW
Thm: tin rrv:" Aav
irriEB LINK OF
AND SILVER GOODS
SUITABLE FOK THE
wy a-aacA wiU mt fvmmd,
Front taw A I
British Barqoe ( anoma
ArTf OTtmi LATE ABBrYAL",
rirntMfm. of rie JMMAm Jtaeiantry :
AN 1SPEFENPSST JOIBJCAA.
DEVOTED TO HAW MI AS PROGRESS.
rCBUUlXV ASP CWT1D BT
HEXKY M WHITNEY.
WKItSKsVAV. JAM iKy SI, IS".
A ttMe-s-aalaBdcr la Aaavrrlra.
'ASK JttUH or THE VMTKP STATES ASP
r c i oir.i
S Caster IwaiJ bUbs.
Mat ImI'i Salatwaies.
tmi " Swaa-tir. tad Fasti Baag-.
?. sjwrwee. lMMn. Mm A i
aat aai attar Aaasrwa: ami.
M Caw ui iaft wiU Kit Etas te
a rise awvktcd mm or una
mmttm, at ajtr$t-.
ct r- r Baa-.
Ladae ol tfeaniaa.
LaiSat a deat', alaiVta '
Laata MtaC Ear Eaart.
1 Mm nil1 1 1 -ii ' - r r i
Laiae if Sasas.
.III! SI1FE1 WAIE
Celebrated Cooking Stoves
BBLS BEST WHITE CEMENT!
Hmrnr cvv-e Bavr Xrvc. or. aAMS ;
ba. Mto. 1.-V4U mrTKit KM S lV true-
PHIHTS AKD OILS!
FIRE BRICKS. SQUARE AND ARCH
K tT Bl ll Kvlini H VI
tw-ta lraaaw tu-. avaaw aB.iTasvoB;.
--' Backer, eawirait low.
A General Assortment of Supe
As bar a at Mirttox). tbe FVnch
:b 5m to adopt at a mn the narrtas
of can IrMta farmers and grower, tnd to Mii
factare I agar Ivves raoes gsowu in 'hie war.
Tata tap cad applying the pnaotpt Utowea
in keen -rarar roan'.rre to cane tarraing . TV
tsauvie of tjaadeloape aai Martiaiqoe air awca
imrtr well fit I (si lor as experiotrot of Ik kind.
Hack of Ik islands is tkiea.lv ropantted. largs
section of Ik kaad are kWd by aaaall owners--a
steady, coateote-i. retnarkaUv arstt-lo-uV p
pa). At Ik pwwil oar lata saut!l land owners
am aaU MBahad wilk eiceireat cattK Tat
first factory was cvmmersceu some tkirtT rears
ago and by "an Kasrtitasaaa. according, to the ro
mantic Ul of amriy Bags growing of tba coan
try. At tkat tinw lb Freock isiand SKirted
hirti aad era. and fS iradnc in tb Wt
lodj toaad aamptiw ; tk'n wj hir voyapf capital
. j Taa Waaa Laaa. Tfca wm B.- raaaV
TUB feact mi Bta raksts.
lmi. r.jlirf luwrJ
ar Taa Sfaoaa.
saai str Cau aai Pm Kairw.
I t ka.re Fjj aai Saaa.
1 8aar Bcaar Kairat,
aaav Caat aaa Maa.
fthi sOwm Dmirt FarAi aaa ?p i an.
Sab aaa kUak Baaaa
Jb vast 9ytkimjf m tie abort Lint.
Fate '.'r I
.. ...... ; : r
Sa a aar taa k Baj ai ia a utu
I kta aaaot a ft. ban u paj aaar tb
Nt Taraf H aar aaa: aura far aai
Caai a abiri Las.
pV agar aaa W ILeady for
- a Fait 1 1 tati at tka taHkliikaiat -3
also a.- as. amt.NT ok
Caax BtaUaiek's Cbaapac. pints aaa quits'
JUakau Laartaev's Caaapa'a. pU aad qts.
Basked Lavrvoc' Cbaapayaa. atra axjr.
last hs&aassjr i-ra4j.
Caaas Xararil's US Eramiv.
Casss PUeat' Eraaar,
Cases SasaU tiara.
Casas Baa: Gecava,
Cases Best Old Ta Gin.
Cases Bast Kiaakaa's L Irish Vkiskay.
Casaj PutUW's Irish Wkiskej,
Bast Scotch W h'jkse .
Qaaiw Casks Best HtanessT's Pal Brandy.
Qaarur Casts Bast HintSt Braniy.
Qaartar Casts Jaaa:ca Ras.
BEST AMERICAN WHISKIES !
Occideatal. Heraie and O.F.C.
Casas Bast Pale Skerry.
Cases Best Old Part,
geaner . asks Paia baarry.
Ijsarar Casks Irish Whiskey.
McEwan's India Pale Ale,
Pints aad Quarts.
Ale. plats aad qaarts.
India Pal Ale. p
Bass A C. Uda
.'raaf bitters, ".a rases.
E RsaataM C's 1. Z. i aad 4 iiaataad Brandy
Cases Sapeoor Veraxca.
Cases F star's Biturs. Cases Ssperur Claret.
hi rp a hm av
t a Xia3( f -
aaa a lac to tare- . t
atataaaal Oea. rnaaaa.
Tier earr fr
taari Cat ta a ft fAJ aadtaaa aaamrA.
teas AaaA casa. eav. atab aa aw saa& eaasa. I
H M W HI INK?
t-wTr mv r ?tti-vt
PLANS AND ESTIMATES :
lW aaHBT aaTMttK ktMaM. taTaat aataV PttfaV - J aU aite
itaaT M? tataf af MMsatTC T
A Csrag-e Worfc.
ImuIh i oi nil kind
l 1'EWA.r XXX STOtT. la stone Jux-v
PtTS AXD QCAKTS.
a F. T. LENEHAN A CO.
EECRTTED BT LATE ARRIVALS,
A LARGE SUPPLY OP
.merirao aid Knjlhh Book
Omci STATTOSIET le., ., A.
CAFPAFEAUXAL CAP. LFTTIA A5D
Se Strle asa Frea..4 Lew aaa X Papers.
EareJoaeaaf e- Stilea,
flianh Bocks. X-ccraadlaa: Books.
Packet Kafres aad rokt Pa.
SHIRK'S NURSERIES !
SHINN & CO.
MB; mm tMUiTT, CAUFOWBA
FRUIT TREES !
NU -BiAAtNC TREES!
RAP and POSTAGE STAMP ALBUMS,
Sierweopet a W Srtaacxipe nvA
teta " Book .auea.
Leader TSaraiicx Utrsmts
an ': awl r-ad'-aV- laViaa'i
Flat VaBea. Pmsse and Bars.
FAP'Ul HCHE UO I0ROCCO P0RTF0U0S !
Pr1 aad Sretrtl Can? Cmr.
Lease Ctorr Bmi a Braaaaa Caprac Paper.
CaJdreal AlpkaM Blocks.
Eye Glasses. Reading Glasses.
- - A O
fatMl fa iMii.ii i'v Prrr' zif nzhtr ribn.
CryMMtta-M. IBM J.
iT-jry rv- K- v a.-.!
Tflak aCxtTVaPaaCB tataad pMaBNr.
WRITING DESKS. A FIRE ASSORTIEIT
ar A3 eraez iniwainj SSed. -SB
Pacific Bubber Paint Company's
AITKIX IB TOm SAXX fttT
Haatau laPaaaaaflaaa avl Ian, J1
r.Vliim; Oam ta eacAetr. pasr Tra. j The 11 i Fatal a Ja reJebeatea. aad Is iakf
r, , Tea, si aa Bkae . Tl daaaaa. Faaaaaa. fcat ini aaii.ani' aUa am cteaa tt a aasi atratp
mm I wa fee a:n 2 i An
TaaacatA. ear - ate.
S1MI-TM0PICAL FRUIT TUBES.
a tan t lasai. Uat etc. etc.
A Or-.ie:u; Sr.-b$ A WMtm is
' as Msaam. (dU A COOKS- M. a raratea j a
OtAJBI A Co.
r. A. as lAJEX Cm. IXtrjEXB
itm. Kaaj caaaraead aBB rafl
JXA LXALfA Ft! t a at a reaard a ase, ;
MOTICEa aaa prepared a W Ititraillia a trajaal rata- j
"BaTaaaF mT. ,T1V gao-n. nBfJT CAUItKIU M MAT e Sale tr
CaaatpaBtn ar-dar. 19 BW BOLLBB A CO
kear. ted alema lesa cvmuioc than do
TV? ptantatioo were tko all larr Uit this
t'.iarlisaaMB taaakt be coaU induce tbc bratias
caM ul hual ovaam to rnt can. He offered
IB porcbu ; asd id onier to make tb cane into
Le oa.it toe lactory no kuoao as rotate
Mioo. lit M Bat avecapd. After a Krvff
srie h dropped oat of lb bjios : bat ee tkat
iiase olber had cocaneoced hi purchase cane.
it ail 1 ran galmtr. it aoaU aseai tkat tb
aataati made bat Ittti bedt until the Krenct
firai of QaS Co.. of ran, took the tactortea
ia ban I. It appears tkat tkw brat aere. aad are
till, manufacturers of sugar BachiDCrr. TUt
inlrodacvd into Vartinioae th njnch-iaprcd
system foUowai ia lb 1'reocb beet aajpar aaa
UanaA Still aaccaM aana). but atoatr. Kre it
as aKsrai. Qk A Q hsu lake oier tral
of Lb sugar eetates icto their 0n hands, aad
placed tkm under the control of what proved to
b a rerr tapenor rlaat of oiea aorkia u.e
chnaiCAl eostaeers. aroetly. 1 beliere. trained in
Ibetr oaa aorks ia Franc
Caul Ob art to aork s tboufh aatistjed
that Lb way to make sugar par was to separate
Caao-erowiaf from sutrar njakitvg. They aere
aideii b: Ike r reach Gorerument asd oaBdab)
in the efort to etHtraze the satalier Uod owners
to trruw cane for sal. They went (anker, and
ludaced person aho did not own laud or aho
bad not a suf5c.et.cy of their own. to lease at
rent poruoo of the estates that had fallen iato
tbetr bands, to trow cane at stipalated prices,
and to dispose of it at the r factories only. This
appears to bar been the successful commence
ateat ot th " asine ' or central factory system
id the Kreocfa islands. At the present day that
system is admittedly s lom way ahead of aoy
ta seen in the Australian colonies, yet it is
almost matter of satprtse, oo seeioc these Ktean
tac French works lor the first time, sod oo leara
cx the details of the system, to Sod boa cfuweay
they approximate to what has been done in th
Iatao dtstncl by Messrs. Fryar and Slrachan.
and other gentlemen.
It seems to me a fortunate circumstance that
the first decisi re efforts to assimilate lb pro
dactioo of tagar can to that of tb beat sugar
factory system were made in the Freuch West
ladies. Holder of sroaH areas of land were at
that tiste store enmeros in these French isiucds
than is aay other sugar producing coon try Aus
tralia Nftag unknown as a ssgar -pr ducer for
can, ta as of ttareedsentt. cattle. Ac It a
rwstoaaary sM orar tb islands for Bsantfactirert.
or th bankers or apents of maaafactarera. to
matt adrtncM to rrowera. I tna oataal
I CtatoaB to kaow apo what rtiwrd (hit latter
feature of tb wain syatea is worked, sad tb
friend who to patiently cleared p cay otliiaaal
in irattuk at lb deutU satisfactorily wound ap
1 tb a hole, waaa with a ruccsaticn of the ia
i citable sArugs and smiles v-f a KVencbataa trying
to explain matters to os ako it bat ry in
dioVrenlly acquainted with th polilsat language
, oa earth. wilk a Battle thai stud much Monsieur
added. - 2 bo-tbuc t Ua oa crop : dipt ad a
real deal upon te ladastre aad capable am
of a aaa who wants to borrow T Ha lold the
whole story. I tiacerety belwr.
The first factories were sstablabed by iadi'Ma
als, or by anrat anas. At oa lime, wkd th
sugar basin aa rery dopreesed. some fifteen
yeart since, ta Boos of Itul and IV appear to
bar held nearly tb whole producing trade ot
th island. At business rerievd, they told ia
sereral case to tb men who bad been their
manager. At the present liat it dot not ap
pear that Oali aad Oo. hare a single factory ia
lb French I stands , bat indirectly, by holding
shares, it., tb firm hare Urge interests there.
Sereral of their former managers bate become
wealthy, aad ha interests second only to the
great house itself.
Bat taa txaapaay system, par aad simple, ia
considered Lba best for all concerned ia the busi
ness. It aoaki seem that (althottgh want of
cooSdeoc it by no means common') the pro wars
are beet satisfied who dispot of tbwir cast to
and work with manu'acturia; companies. Th
of these compauie tanes. iu Bnluh
money, from jKO.OtV t-' 15.AK, aud th quan
tit ot sugar made tanas from fir to twenty. fit
tans aach day- I heard a iaptoaca aT 40 tost
each day aad night betas turned out for
week in the largest factories, aod do out doubl
tb statetaeot after seeing lb atachiavry aad the
men aho control it- This heaty aork it sot
shirked, it was etident, wheu it became necessary
to posh in order to get off la rroa. At awe
times the lactone art worked day and night :
but. as a rule, day work out from dayliglil tu
dark appear lo oe lb system moM in faror.
The workmen, it woard appear, djo not like night
work, and the employer find it lo their interest
to adopt tkat coursa of working, except iu caaed
of emerge ncy.
As might be expected, heary expense were
incurred in lb earlier lactones for appliances
aud machinery that are now proved lo be unne
cessary. I bis is particularly noticeable in the
many coothranoe obtained at oo time and
another for filler: jg liquor and syrups, and now
abandoned. Indeed the whole of the filtering
processes for this purpose hate lost furor ; the
press of tartoo kiuds. bag. Ac. aad animal
charcoal itself has lost favor Kveii in these
high clu.-s factories, with every facility for wash
ing asd rwburaiig aaittal cbartoil. oaa cannot
but see that the use of this material on the plan
lalious do not giro tb fine, perfectly pure
while sugar whio . refiners turn out. I hart be
fore me at this moment sugar from half a doaeu
first-class West Indian factories : the syrup of
ibis sugar has been through animal charcoal (the
process adding a', least Is. per cat. (o the cost),
and yet it do not look any belter, nor would it
sell for aay more per cwt. than the sugar exhi
bited in the l leeusiand Court, Philadelphia,
from the plaolalioo of Mr. Brown. Mary Rirer ;
Messrs. Fryar ai d Slracaan. learan ; Mr. Ilatid
po. Fort Maoiiu : Mr. I'ouldery, Logan ; or
Mr. Mair. Nerai r. none of ahm. as I beliet.
us animal charvjal. (Mr. Uppeen. a planting
friend from Uuaieloupe. compared with me the
West Indian with the Aaitraliao sugars uauied,
. -.d is quite agrteJ that tie latter are etpecially
good with the t est Indian )
Draioing is t i conimou in lha Watt Indies,
and also in Louisiana, perfora ted hogsheads being
used lor th pur ; and rery excellent sagur
is made by this process, but it is not likely to
succeed with nt Where draining succeeds, the
atmosphere is noist and still ; and unless that
state can be maintained by artificial means, the
Ik Frtatk islands and lb deotily of their Oines
I will b In a batter position to offer as opinion
after tariaa tb factories at aork. wklek I par
pot soling during th asprvvtchiiif )lat tat
too. Tk average dentny of tan at th mill
teem to b wonderfulW eo. It range. 1 bo
lie, between 7 and 8V, Haaam. They do
not purchase ran by doaily. weight alone tal
lies that matter but th factory director decides
aboa tb ran is to b cat. aad 1 heard no com
plaint concerning that pari of the arrtnetmtat.
H pec ting the machinery employed, my belief
U that it will pay aay party, about to establish a
1 .rye factory, to rtsil the islands aod Louisi
ana Something desirable can be teen in each of
them, and something like a correct estimate CBS
b format1 of tb respective merits aad cost of
hotting io Ttcao, ia steam nans (a plaa largely
followed ia America), in opens or ballary. aod
ia th coocretor tray. T "bat, at a whoi. the
open pas tyateia for boiling it most effectit tor
plantatioc at. 1 aa vary much dispose) to ba
lier. For drying aagar. a decide.! improvement
is made ia th I .iftVny cealrirugal mschin. an
American contrirnace. The vacuum pan (same
design at that common in tb rokvnros) is every
where in favor. la mill, th most decided im
provement of all aaa seen oa the plantation of
Mr. John Hytaoad. Belair. lower coast of Loui
siana. As a whole, Mr. Dymond't is. I beliet,
the best orrlvrccl so itnnng lb whole trip, and
he. aa well at albert amongst the highly intelli
gent planter of America. :t working towards
the central lactory system. 1 spent several days
rery profitably at Belair. and the manager. Mr.
Brady, hat famished me with minute particular
of lb system ol working followed. On this e
lale caa is purchased fnm outsiders, and some
1 n acre are tubditideil and let lo tenant tann
ers both white and colored men. On an aver
age 93.50 per Ion is paid for th cane groan by
lenaalt, aud they are aided by adraucot in money
and goods, the use of mulas. etc. I had every
opportunity to see how lha system worked, and
feel assured it will toon become general io the
At lie 1st doable sets of roller are employed
for crushing. That it. lb cane pa list through
an ordinary thiee-rollers mill, and again through
a second set of three roller. A revolving band
car ria the crushed cane from the first lo tha
second set of rollers. There it soaking or
sprinkling ol the caa lor the second crushing ;
vet the gain In liquor is louud to be l'i per cent.
The total return of juice at the Belair mill it
belaeen 6o and 70 per cent, of the weight of
cane crushed j and. as a whole, this Is in all
probability the highest return of juice I have
yet teen. The first let of rollers ant i feet by
30 i ce ties, and the second set 5 feet by 30 inches.
1 tie first are run at 13 (eel per mlnate. and the
second 13 feet : the complete machine taking in
from 375 to 300 tons of cane daily.
During my trevele I have seen nothing to sur
pass the Belair mill, bat lha tendency every
where is lor heavier crushing machinery, and
enough bat been done in ibis direction to prove
that ore uf tha first steps io profitable sugar
manafactora it to gat every possible drop of liquor
from the cane.
manr Tears afterwards And the people are of
a fixed type : they do not appear to have any 1 dry air of Auttrilia mikes draining a much more
d :.' .i.ie tl r i.laads. they seem quite ' uncertain operat on.
aatatfied wbez a living is earned fa- the main- I am in poss, ston of agreements drawn up
UBtnif of their families. Thev are the most between grower? and manufacturers in Marlini-
eoclected people I have seen yet : sad. as a
whole, are belter off have more of the real plea
sorer and enjoyments of life than any others
met ap to date.
From the outset of the attempt to separate
cace-growing from sugar mak ng, the French fto
v era meet aad officials have encouraged the sys
tem. They hate aided the subdivision of plan
tations into ft rata Where property of this kind
sat owned by or under Government control,
every iiaiaceoteat was bald out for the growing
of cane by tenant farmers : asd this. too. daring
a locg tenet of years, while planters ia the other
islands, and the executive of the islands as well
fat I am to d), sneered and laughed at their
French neighbors for their romantic notion of
It was fortunate, too. that the hoot of Call
A Co. took the basic eea to hand. Ttis firm, at
I believe, bate bad locg experience in the 'beet
root sugar bsasataj. both as manufacturers of ma
chinery and aa owners of factor. in ivirop.
They sent, aad have coc tinned to send, the very
beet ciasc of machinery to Oaadefonpe asd Mar
tinique. They also sent first-class men as man
agers. The huge mills in use there, the tripple
effect apparatus "for radadsg the liqaor to strop,
the fillers, vacuum pans, and centrifugals are at
of the beat kind that European beet i agar -makers
employ, aod although the appliance are not
each ted all the best' of their kicd known to and
aaaa upon the sugar plantations of the present
tar. they are still, as a whole, ahead of aay tin
pie system seen daring the whole of this trip.
Small holdings are common in the French is
kode. In Marur. aa: there ar irLendVot
cane farnte-s who have not more than a few. aay
twelve, acre, and ev:n Ibis small holding the
owner, if he it a family man. is disposed to sob
divide. Alt over the territory colooixed by the
French, in Louisiana as well as the island, we
see that Idle parents will subdivide and ssbditidd,
;s Ihfir detire to bars their lamilies teUle itar
tcem. It is quite a common thing to see - the 1
old homestead. ' and around it it may e yards
or rod, or acres apart, axxordiag to tfce ne of
the tcaifcg gr.gpe of cottages occupied by the
toss and daughters of the old folks, aod their
fatsiaaB. Perhaps there it not oca to admire
in this system, beyond the remarkably domestic
character of the people. But we do cot see the
poverty and sqsaJor that might be expected were
the system followed by others than French : and j
lake water thai become uuo much rssddied. it
Its oero care. Io tra-ding ott the rs-
qae. I Ley are itnogot. but in practice the
whole process is very simple. Usually (in all
cases. I believe, where the factory agrees before
"and to take the .-op) the cane is delivered at i
fixed points iato punta, boats, or tram cars that :
belong to the factory. The nsual arrangement
in such cases is to pay the current market value
of Iroui 4 to 5 lbs. of sugar (the character ul the
grower and the usaal quality of bis cane ail
counting in the arrangement) for each 100 lbs.
of cane delivered to the mill. Should oppor
tunity offer. I sha'l send along to the colony
sample glasses ol Ibe -taodard sugars of the cen
tral factories, and also sample glasses of the
usual grades of sugar made io the West Indies
In the asm system, where tramways are laid
down, the factory is at tha cost of them, but
ihey pass through the lands of adjoining pro
prietors (generally indeed in nearly all cases,
contributors to the factory). The manager of
the osine decides as to whose cane shall be cut.
aod who shall load certain tracks each day.
There is. it would ansa, a great deal of working
ioto each others bands at this stage. The
grower does the cutting and deiivenng ; ba
makes hrs own ixranements about bow the cat
ting is dooe. and neighbors evidently help each
other a good deal. But I hope to get op the
marrow of the whole when visaing the islands
during the approaching crushing season. Where
cane growers are deficient in mule or other
draft animals. Ibe factory manager supply them
for a consideration.
The cultivation or farming of cane is decidedly
wsll done, althoogh by a slower process thin we
hare been osed to. Heavy wooden ploughs of
the French or Spanish pattern are used for
nearly all the labor of cultivation. I taw but
few horse-hoes or scarifier?, and the people do
not - go in " mncb for bard labor, for which I
do tot Mast them. The lest ol that tort of
thing in a warm cl:n.ate the belter; bat I think
they could do a great deal more with the scari
fier. However, that is their affair.
Sugar being the product of the French islands
every facility exists for telling and buying the
article. The process of telling it much the tame
at that followed in New Orleans. The sogar
barrels are exposed on the levee or market p'o ..
in toy number the seller has to dispotr of.
Holes are bored at each end of the cask (is New
Orleans they bore in the centre), to as to get at
an Average of the quality of each. Sales are
then effected by accepting the highest offer. It
i It Inn aad Japaa.
Froa oar China exchanges we giva the folluwlog :
Ntwt has reaehsd this purl uf the total loss of tha
American bark Jfile. of Bostun. Captain KraohU Sba
was hoand fraa Singapore for Shanghai with a oar
go ot Strait' tiaber and spars, aod put into Amoy
six aontht ago in a ltaky stale. After effecting the
necessary rtfairt the p roes. ted to tea, but again
sprang a Irak, aad was lost toaswhsra tar Fyra
atd Poiat. balow Oekssa.
Froa the Japaa tlstetle wt tummarits at fotlowt :
At about h tlf past II o'eloek on th night of the
fOtb attiao n fr broko out in the hoase of ons SuJ
tnki. at N- I. Sukijaoho, in a densely populated
district of Tokio. A strong wind wat blowing at the
time and the flames spread with frightful rapidity.
Atl tht efforts aade by the local firemen, the polie
and the ward officials to get them under proved quite
unavailing, and aa enormous block, bounded on all
sides by water, was oumpietelj destroyed as far as
regards the dwelling houses on it. The muo-go-downt
only were left standing. The area cleared by
the fire it estimated at covering about on square ri,
or about lit square aiiet. Many lives, certainly
not lea than fifty, were lost. One hundred thousand
people were rendered homeless and comparatively or
totally destitute. Ten thousand houses, mora ur lest
Tbe great lire in Tokio on the 9th ultimo wat fol
lowed by another on the morning of tha Id instant,
which destroyed 226 houses.
Her Majesty the Empress is now in Kioto. The
Mikado will go thither neat month. So will the Em
Agrarian riots ef a rather tsrioas nature art repor
ted from some of the pruriacat. In one place they
killed a tax-gatherer and wouaded two policemen
18 7 7
PERIODICAL AND NEWS AGENCY
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from tht daU of publication.
And at prices that barely cover the cost ef tcbscriplloa and
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lands, one it constantly hearing o" eo-abers of is not to taction, although something like it.
email holdings that bare come into toe care of
huge proprietors, and been by them coavertad
into caosfieidt: for here lb end and aim of
every one. even dote to the lawns, to have as
ranch land as possible tnder cane.
The French esrse system hat a dooMe tspect
setcta! oi the res psrehase all. - very
deany alt. their cane from land owcr .1 uieir
qaighbnrksTod OtAorsowa tkw) kttkt, t.d real or
lease it oat to coalribolory tenants, i rom the
:" rer days ef finaars, at katMi who own the
land they work, the factory agrees to purchase
the whole crop : and tb Law. wbOe it compels
tha factory to take or pay for all the can grown
under agreement, pro vide for the infliction of n
severe penalty should tbe grower aetl bit cane to
axsjiAer Bamalatnarer. Then is, I Savrjoad aay.
ens: ierabi con pet '..on between tbe factories :
ban there does sot appear to be mack dittarbance
through breaking of contracts by either grow
ers or nnafaclareri. Is Uit respect lha
Frees have evidently rswcaid a degree of per
fection last aceoanu largely for lee comparative
prcajperi'.y of their itaaods eves at th pt -agist
tiste, when we hear everywhere esse that togar
b a poor investment ".oat neither iadsstry nor
capital prevent rsio to that basin. All the
parties ia tka aagar industry in these islands,
grower, rrrtntifartgreri. agents, merchants,
bankers, evidently act aad work a though aware
tkat they thrive best who act fairly aod stand
aaoafctar to asonlrlfr with aH who haver banness
rttotioBt wits then. It it bejond dosbt to an
derttood principle ia the French togar prod act ng
district, thai it doe act pay to beggar or eves
to pat tka tcrww aavarely npoa taur poorer
jhnsi who do baaisea with the r. Were
the earse p i '. mAcbs applied in several leas prospe
rous coaatriaB tkat have been taited. there it
mack to eocjage a befief tkat they troald proa
par. Th ia araaaTahag. of catrta. ia tat esav
tected. LUtaWiaf,, and I have do hesitation in
addirar. the koaaaty of these Freoch rxstooitU.
In ca-et wtore lh laad is twaed by tb fac
tory or oase, cpeeial arrsBgaaraU are avad
with tto) leoaatt ia-Hwaaw, its price pud for
Jl VEMLE PKRIOOICALS
St. XlchoUs, f 3 W;LilUe Corporal. ...f ISO
Tooth's Companion XM5arsery 3 50
Weekly Balletin .
Tbe teller name his price, sod if be do not get
it taa bogsbead may remain over lor another day.
We now come to tbe main point of the whole
question Hor doe it pay ? Wherever I have j
been there is a desire to approach the factory j
system, and from every direction we beaoof com
missions toA to iavesligale what is being done
in ,Iia Prarrh ial.n.la ami in rpneiet nrvin the
aprJficabilhyofth.,y.t. to oA esne-r-oduc- I ZSun&VSlI:
ingconotnet. main win answer everywnere t FaatJc OFmtoa laati
do col believe. It answers in the French a
. .1 4 00 Weekly Chronicle f 4 00
.. i telSiaata'Xeilang ta
... it OOl french Courier IS
RELICIOt S PAPERS
Indeseadent f 4 0015. T. Bvanjeiist I 400
Chrlftlan Colon. 4 BOIB. T. Tablet to
Chicago Advance 4 00 Boston Pilot tt
X. T. Obeervvr 4 Oo)
IIL Bews 14 00; UojsTt Weekly Times. . 1 0
Graphic IA GO Weekly Time. CO
Pall Bail Bods. t UtO Dersautb tOt
lands, because then iaaiarze body of landed
propnetori there ; sod boeaase tie people are
fragal aod thrift, aad of a decidedly dotrtesuc
torn ; and also because the larger land owners
work is harmony with their poorer brethren.
LAbor of a perrnioeot ebirtcter is abondant in
the islands ; fair average men costing about 2s.
British money per day. This soar privilege ii
more marked in tbe Freoch islands than any of
the others visited. Indeed Martinique and
fsiadeloape are the only togar conn tries I bare
ever been in that have oo complaint oo tbe labor
Tb capital stock of tb central ktctorrat it
besrf b all cl of tbe catwotoa-ty. What tbe
rout are I eoold not T with certainty : bat Ii
aai assured tkat bsnwoe awto. botes keepers,
farmers and others invest their tarings in factory
t lock. They look upon it as a safe thing, and.
as a foreigner among! I Ikesi, I could expect do
There have been yean of devjreaaioa in the
F rents itiaods ; they have droughts aod barn
canes there. Tbe depression ia price common
all over the West Indie m felt ia the French
itaaods bat test to tkat, io lbs others.
Coder tbe tavorabie eoodiUooi stated, tbe
cootral factory rystetn msamaafaj beyond ad
doubt. Aod a (taailar iy stats, I fed aaaared,
woaid toeesed with as were tbe improvetneiiU
io tsacbixery Been ia the -arioat tatar-prodarjag
1 1 111 nnmimi I. and aande, io AastraJia.
to eoantsrfaoauce tb cost and diaactdty of aV
'..r. iT lataatM
ToaehiBg tb rsareeolage of aagar ohttiatd ia
Art Soars!- tl400:TU Bar Ba(aane..S tOt
Corakill Meaarhte tOaJaagfksk Society tte
All the Tear Bowad.... (OWVettavlaater Qaar 4 0
RUckwS't Monthly t . Edinburgh Qaar 10
Cfcaaber'. 'onrnal t to Brhak Qaar 4 00
OoodWoras 4 atlUadea Ojaar. .. 4 tt
AMERICA M JintTHLIEl
Litt.li'. Living Aga . ..U0t Lcatle't Otni'ltegisierJ 5 oo
a.,-:;, tmt n. I SO Record oT tbe Tear 1 tt
Beteette Wakatln.. S 00 Uptnertt'. Hacaaia. tat
X ABevtcan Beslsw... I BFDeBore.l's SowUry ... IB
P easts I tie ask t t!Tas Oalaay S 00
BarpeV. Baaaalne .... . 00 'Appletaat Boorbty Jonr 4 00
Atlantic Boatkly . Petarwn'. Baawarae... 4
crfbwer'. Monthly ... If Irtfar'. Lady's Mag.. . tat
Uette's Bagutn. ISO tabaatka iScsse 1 1
Oodey'. Lady'. Book ... i 01 Aaertrnn Acricaltarlat. fas
Aastralaefaa, weakly. I00C;MeIsorae Ler. I St
Town A Coaatry Journal t 00 Sydney IIL Haws. ... . 4 00
jdn-yBeal OS yda.y atauer Harass 2S
- AayPeriwlieala, sat la ikes Hat. wttJ best aa ed at any
Has, as ewpptla nt cost aad eaaSwsv
H. M. WHFFMRT.
That well-flltesj and Soluble Stare
Bar a r-US at 'faweaale liaf ii ia Odd FwBows
Salt, a rear mt
TTenslT- Oct. It. irrt.
W. C. FABBE.
I. O. CABTBJt.
A. 8 CLdJUHOBB,
B.VKOSJ. ABt AFTER TMTS BATE . BF,
AT MAiT wgi act ror me hi an swaltarsaf tiatti ii nt
proved by ray Attorney be tore mer are carelteet.
inn, i Til.
V. TT. FACABT.
77U f'actVr .iyi Ant tW'rW,
:c"i:.v im: vii i.'
A Splendid Line of
LADIES LEATHER WARE
Sr IT A BLR FOB
HOLIDAY PSfiSBiVTS !
C O M P R IfS 1 N O
A GREAT VARIETY OF
ENTIRELY NEW STYLES
.... OP ....
Ladies Bags and Reticules !
Ladies Solid Sola Leather Traaks. rivlltad edgss.
ladies' Solid Sole Lea I bar Trunks, sewed edges.
LaJias' Bridle Lather Traakt.
Ladles' Leather Covered Saratoga Traakt,
Ladies' Stabs Room Traaks,
Lad os' Composition Traaks,
Ladies' Princess Alio Bags, wilk halts,
Ladies' assorted Colored vails,
Manilla Sehoal Bags.
Grain Leather School Bags,
Split Leather Sekool.Bags,
Real Russia Leather Bags A Valises.
Ladies' Russia Dress lag Casas,
Oaats' Solid Sol Leather Trunks. Revetted a Sawed
Gent's Leather Trunk. Canvass Covered.
Gent's Klcgaat Solid Sol and Bridla Leather
Gent's Russia Leather Vali.es,
Gent's 0. G. Traaks,
Gent's Russia Dreeslag Casas.
Coat and Blanket Straps.
Solid Leather Coat Casas,
In fact Xotrhtr in or out of HonoimU
can such an Elegant Ditplay of Lea
ther Ware be Men in anyone store,
Thets goods having soma in Duty free Lady Pur
chases will gat tha Benefit of tha 10 pat oont.
THIS FINE LINE OF O00OS
Ready for Inspection and Sals on Wednesday nxt,
M. 'KIN HUM.
BOOT AND SHOE STORE !
Corner Fort A Merchant Sta.
HAS JL'ST llECKtVAUl
For X. O. TArX. LJ lllTAY
THE MOST COMPLETE ASSORTMUT Of
Ladies1, Misses1 and Children's
Cnatum-Made. Extra Pine aad Msdiam tluallty
Boots db Slrocs
Ever offered In Honolulu.
im IRA RICHARDSON.
DIARIES FOR 1877.
JIBT RECEIVED FROM I.O IM, V, A FEW
OF TB E CELEBRATED
LETT'S DIARIES For 1877
In cap, post and pocket styles
PER (TBAKKB Al'STRALtA."
American Excelsior and Perpetual Diariei
In great variety, far ladle and genu,
atr Prices vary from Mete to 13.00, according to flnksb
aod style of binding.
H. M. WHrrxK y.
Knowles' Patent Steam Pumps
C. BREWER & CO.,
Sole Agents for Hawaiian Islands
Pox Syxon from Boaton
IBOVE CELEBRATED PUMPS. FHOI NO. 2 TO I.
Awn ABE RCA FIT TO RECEIVE tlRDERB
for any of tbe pumps of this make to be furwanSad
ui.ianu u n
BOILER FEED PI RP,
DIPrTI LLEBT Pt'JIPM.
VAC I'm PI BTPB.
Pttaaaa for Hot ar Cold Water. Ball Wat
Prices and other laformardon given bp
tso tat c. But; w Bit a CO.. Agena
THE I BDSTAtBIUBED BKIifTO I.VWIK
tne nuienir Honolulu and trie pnrsllr generallr
BVat be nas move-l to tbe new I Hon on Mere an i
Street, next to Dr. BorTmaon'o lama fstor., where
Btea SB 1 1 I.I satBtttsa to a Stasia of Wmu h.
Oloeka, and Jewelrp Renalrtng. EnalaiiaAa, At All park
ages from tb other Bland. ssldiiawiTm him. ltalnln
artb-lea tar repair, will receive prompt at Motive, ueoers
aancttssa tar an aaa me av wraseoaa ov a
D. WILNOB CLABK.
THE CBDEBPJItJBED HAVIBS THM DAT
been etrraohTt Adsedolstretor neo tern, nf .k. - -
of th. law Fredartek Welch, of WiBBke. -time, t. er lha
; s. . j awaa mis is i str
are rnvl Mil Is at tka sam- to the anrleraWnad with,
bt ax wawaas of car data eg Oa Bra ewsaVaatnw eg taa
ui aid muus are "rrw'- paaaas
owtog wttboat delar, ts
" c-s rtr w. daxibl.
pas tea. af ta- eeut. 'A at Pdaaattt
ifailako. Dae. list, 1171, 2VIm
X0" ECM FED-ia.B whiu bsuTand color
" a watsoeo.
Large Letter Envelopes,
For sals la
ta wat aad at ractprocity prleea.
a at. WHITBBI.
Importers and Dernier ia
BUILDING MATERIALS !
iWWrst SfaatHis, Wmrh !
Taagwsd A tfroeeo. rsatpassl.
Planks. Battens, Pickets !
I ia. a 4. 1st, aad la, asr
Scantling. Boards. Ptaak,
Baltaas lal. tat. Maata aad 1-Aat
FWhats s Ba.gh aad P. aay .
SurlWI Boards aad Plaa. T t : i la.
Toagaad aad Uatavat
TIMBER FOR SHIP USE
Clear Nor" West, for Planter's Use
EASTSRjT WHITS PUB.
California and Eastern Doors, all sizes
3 AS 11. ii siawa . BU.1D, all sues .
WHITE LEAD and ZINC
paivt oil a MMAs.1. raitr tttir.
Part aad Varnish,
ili.se, .. la aad ,
Wall Paper and Border
Iron aad Tinned Tasks,
Paint aad Whilw.asa. Brethas.
METALLIC AND FIK-PWJOF ?W
For PlaaUtioa or aay Otaat fat.
He. as aad By.. Aa
Salt in Quantities to Suit
C. BREWER & CO.
OFFER FOR ALE.
UPON LIBER Alt TEEMS'
The ' n. r y o
American Bark Ceyk'
Sow Da froat Uoalaa. Baaa
New Bodrord Oil Shook,
1 Skip's Caboot.
Cass Toltacco. ( Kalakaoa't Ftvonla.)
New bodford Cordaga, 1 ia. to 11 at,
Net it of Trunks (oar io a nest.
Ica Chests, Assorted Sizet,
Iron i (salvaniaai Paat, 1-2 in. to 4 to
Lawnwoa'a Dock. No. 1 la 10,
A Very Choice Asst. ol Dry
' i assi a Past ur
Mjattc Uiv.-r T iilkuaa
Boat Mils aai Mtaa,
Start a 1 1 iaw
atataasd tasoekaaj oiteo
Brown aod Hlaataal Faaaest,
Amoskeag A Pearl River Deiiims
IsBBSEaT tMBIWU tAAIAtaV
ONE BUCK WALNUT
CeSar stMogiaa. tprae. Soasaa.
Carted Hair. Paper Baa, aa. ta !b.
oaa! Baskets, rami tin n.
3 JUMP SEAT CARRIAGES
Knowles1 Patent Steam Pomp .
C. BREWER k CO.,
Sole AfaU tor the HwiUa IttaaVstt,
BAVE BAX KIVaUs
Per Syren from Boston I
Akeve fflftritiirssBatJiso lis Till
Aod an ready at raeasr aeaer. Aa- aay mt am twwi.i
of taa aaa at, eewt I inlaw I If iwaai :
BOILER PKgrj Fl Un. STTRrP FVStFtt.
bisnuraa rtAOa, vtrtra rrratra
Pnapa sbr Hot or Col wrasae. Bast Waa Paaaaa.
r PtIbbs aad ataar brfinaBiaa F
a bsaewrr a oa, tans.
TO WOOL GROWERS.
COTTI-JrE TO) srv
SpVaTkaT PatlafwaaaaaTly 6sLfsfaHff atT bTsbTJbbbT I
HIDES, SKINS. TALLOW.
rpHE L BOEBEItiWEB mm TIBAE Ta FAT
A tWragJwatatwrteteaasBtawBvy EVtea saataanea.
Colored Corals and Shells.
B MAPI BF tt
S sFawat-aatawtlBL CB
few oof each, aad laws
As ta all 1 1 reeael wW
starawaas. lasraat aaaa
wkw aa at BBtar Ota aaat was
antillp aastrrtai Bar aaa
a will Be taaeaay latin ar