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title: 'The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, February 28, 1877, Image 6',
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Image provided by: University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
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THE LUDIES TO KNOW
77a! j7ie Cndrrsiffned has
JUST RECEIVED A
supkiib LIXE OF
GOLD AND SILVER GOODS
CUSTOMARY CHRISTMAS GIFTS
"Among trAtcA trill be found,
E3tvst Gtafter DUmond Ringi,
LkJi ud Cent' So!iloire,
Ruby. Eaer&ld, Sapphire and Pearl Riogf ,
Oryx, Anrlli jt, G ratt, Ptsxrl.TurqaoUe, Mom Ag
ate ud other different seltlogi.
Xiei Jett Oajx,
yk Chain axd Lockcti with Est Rint to
I .a Jin Scperb'Ataetijrit, acj other S1U
XUea Coral Srtt,
T... flirt a childreni Xeclc Chains,
Ladle A Childreni Locteti A Chalni.
Bilj EhonlJer Loops ,
Child! Fiscei Klot,
Ldic Gold BraeeleU,
Ladies aGent'f finest gold Watches,
- 3th KtX" itm Winders,
Lad e G arnett Ear IUngi,
LadieJ Coral and other Setting Ear Rings,
Xadie Jtreast Rm, aiiorted designs,
Ladici Jet Setts.
SOLID SILVER WARE
Solid Silrer TaUe Forks and Spoont,
Solid EH ret To Spoom,
Solid SiWea Sngar Shell:,
Solid Silier Emit Spoont.
Solid Silrer Cake and Fie Kniret,
Solid S3Ter Berry Spooni,
Solid Silrer Child's Ksirei, Forks and Spoont,
Solid Silrer Batter Knirei,
Solid Silrer Copi and Goblet!, '
Solid Silrer Dessert Forkt and Spoont,
Solid Silrer Match Boxes.
In fact Eccrything in tlie above Line.
Ladies. No is your tine to Boy ai In a little
Time fieoee 70a will bare to par under the
2ew Tariff 2i per cent extra for any
goods fa the abore Line,
Goods now open and Heady for Sale.
f3T- 3fo Plated goodl In thii Eitahluhment. -ft
CSS Sm 31. McIXEHNV
Tlie Undersigned has Received,
A Splendid Line of
LADIES LEATHER WARE
A GREAT VARIETY OF
ENTIRELY NEW STYLES
.... OF ....
Ladies Bags and Reticules !
3 Ladies Soli J Sale LeatherTrnnks, rlrtltod edges
Ladies Solid Sole Leather Trunks, ewed edges,
Ladies' Bridle Lather TrunVi,
Ladles' Leather Coiered Saratoga Trunks,
Ladies' State Room Trunks,
LadieV Composition Trunk.
Ladies Viincefs Alioe Bags, with belts,
Ladies' assorted Colored rallies,
Manilla School Bags,
Grain Leather School Bags,
Split Leather School Bags,
Real Russia Leather Bags A Valises,
Ladies' Russia. Dressing Cases,
Genu' Solid Sole Leather Trunks. Kc retted a Sewed
Gent's Leather Trunks, Canrais Corered,
Gent's Elegant Solid Sole and Bridle Leather
Gent's Russia Leather Valises,
Gent's 0. G. Trunks,
Gent's Russia Dressing Cases.
Coat and Blanket Straps.
Solid Leather Coat Cases,
In fact JToichcre in or out of Honolulu
can sudi an Elegant Display of Lea.,
ttcr Warebesccnin any one store.
These goods baring come iu Duty free Lady Par-
chases will get the, Benefit of the 10 per cent.
THIS FINE LINE OF GOODS
Heady for Inrpeetion and Sale on Wednesday next.
Xoremter 2Sth. 31. McINEHXY.
Pacific Eufober Paint Company's
niS ARTICLE IS roB HALE
BOLLES & Co.
Trie Robber Faint la Justly celebrated, and In comlnc
Into CrfMT&I use, and all who hare ren It a trial hfxbl j
rrcommrnd It. Tbe tinderaitrned hare a general aMrt
mentvTall calm and ahadea, and win kwp up the assort
aamt, and be ready to fill ordera at tlie shortest notlre.
Of BOLLES & CO.
mirr rvnrnifirn Iir.tiS TO 3COTIFY
JL the people of Koloa and vkinlty that be U pre-
parea to exreate
PLAITS AND ESTIMATES
Fur tboae wUMas; to build, and Is al& prepared to take
a lor any tana or Douamc or
Cart & Carriage Work.
All Undof brlidlac ntatrrUlon band and wlU be 1 urnlsbed
mi tbc oU ataoa la Koloa, aucb aa
Lumber of all Kinds.
Doors, Sash Jfails, faints, Oil, etc
AH of wfcjch -wlU be aold at lewest prieev fta Lumbfr
at tvoy of tbe WtdiDrs, froca E0I0& to Walmea at lowest
rate. No chare for plans, or eabmatea to those pur-
fatwy Bkatenai zrom xur.
Xdoa. Zacal. XWe- li.l8?6.
IV. II. WBIOIIT.
S 3 S O
THE THALBERG PIANO.
Tim wttt ha lanr been Mt of a rood useful Family
Piano, to meet tbla want tbe Tbalbert; riano U now lotro-
daoea Into vat nur; ana tne pairoaaes 01 w r-uouc u
ranfidMiUy aoUdted. Tbeaa are made ot a uniform
Full Seven Octave Solid Iron Frame.
ovr.nsTKi:(i IU CarTed )m rtoood Front Cor
nera, SerpasUn. acooldlnca and Dooble Tfnrd Koee
wooa .Cure combined ritn CJ-EAn?rESS and
iucii.mivs or tuxe. beauty or amah and or
Most Celebrated Make !
I UK CX I AS ECi may tberefore order tbeoe lnstru
ssenU wttb confidence aa eacb la fatly warranted. Aa
tnese InaCrmneota win b largely oaed in aeboola and
Qonrenta. aDedal lndocemenu will be riren to rarchasers
for sorb purposes and also to tSerrymeu for the use of
It tuaj b Afcd how It Is poslble to aopply a GOOD
Varrantod 1'IAIVU at about one balftbe price freoenUy
cfeancd.M Tbe aaswer U plain. There are no large abow
Booms to keep up, do grand Music HalTa to maintain and
&oMpexifclr trarelHapaxenU to pay TbeItaiiocan tbere-
rore be offered to tbe rubnc at sottoin pnees. Toe
aCottoea of tbt Ttiabert naoa are
A Piano for Every Family
With JOarge Saks, and
CHEAP FOR CASH
'Gainst Dear on Credit.
THE acU: points of advantage of this ISBTBTT-
KET JLK E S V.XSO S E I 3IATi:UIALa,hOrSD
V'ortaoansblp, Uniform quality. Full, cuaranteed richness
OlTooe and JtOUESJLTlb i'lUU.
Samples of tbese rtanos and foil partlciilars can be ob-
Agent of the Th albert runos for the nawailan Islands.
X. B. Parries resldlttr on any of tbe other lalaods can
bar Photographs of these InatrumenU furnished on ap
plication. t0 lyr
Colored Corals and Shells.
I HAVE OW OX KALE THE BALANCE
of the Fine bbells. Colored Corals, and Coral Bowls
'bronjrbt from Kicrouesla In the ilomlnc frtarfM the
Sural froodi la this line ever seen here. There are but a
few of each, and tbose w bo wish to secure the beat wtU
please apply early.
s th fthor rami -m vrobablr not brlnr any mora
f tbece cuius for sale, tbla will bs the only chance for
obtaining them. Apply to
H. M. WHITNEY.
- AX ISDErKKDEJJT JOCENAL.
DEVOTED TO HAWAIIAN PROGRESS.
PUBLISHED AND EDITED SY
HENRY SI. WHITNEY".
TTSDXESDAr. MARCH 1$, 1S77.
Supreme Conn oftlic Havrntlau Is.
H. A. WTDEMAXX ts. His Ex. J. M. KA.
PEXA, MinistT of Finance.
Submission of Controversy withont action.
Harris, C. J.; Judd and JlcCnlly, J. J.
18 7 7
ERIDDICAL AND NEWS AGENCY
AMEEICAIT, ENGLISH AITS AUSTEALIAH
J-VruUJted to Siibtcribers tcWdn Ten to TttxnlyDatjt
from va aaie oj publication
And at prices that tar el j corer the cost of scLrScrlptlon and
poiages i Hereon.
Papers Delivered Free of Postage in any par
of the Group,
No Subscriptions taken for Lees than One Year.
Files made up at abort notice for Whalemen JL TraTtlers
SUBSCRIPTIONS PAYABLE ALWAYS IN ADVANCE.
V. T. WAl.j Uerald.. .1 S 00,
Tbe S. Y. Nation 600
N. Y. WeeaJj Times ... 800
Jt.Y.IrUh American.. 6 00 1
If. Y. Ledcer 6 00
Weekly Tribune 4 00
weeaiy zeltong. . e uv
Cornier desEtata Uuls 800
Boston AdTertlser. $ 6.00
Bokton Journal. ....... 6 00
Scientific American,... 7 50
Army and NaTy 4 00
American Artitan 4 00
Boral New Yorker 4 00
teouDtry Gentlemen.... 400
nanwrHl.WeklT...f (OOiLondon Pnnch I S 00
" uatar. ... sou London 111. aews. iuu
Isliea " Weekly... S 00 London 111. GrspMc. . 14 00
I L Zeltonc & 00 Cbrbtlsn Weekly 4 00
" Cbimney uoroer., . a wiueartn ana uome 4 w
' BudcetofFun 21C
ft. Nicholas. I 3MIUttlel3orporaL I 260
loutu'a companion.... s&uiAnriery zeu
WeeUj A1U f 4 OOIWeeklj Chronicle $ 4 00
Weekly Bulletin.... ft 00 EtaaU Zeltonc 8 00
acramento Union 6 00 French Courier 12 00
u&rwiau union. .
Chicaro Ad ranee..
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Graphic la ou weeaiy iimes ouu
I'U Mill Bndiret 12 W Deriaicb OW
l.rc Mail (trl-weekly.. 2S 001 Home newg (monthly).. 4 00
Satnrdsr Kerlew 12 00 The British Atall(do; 4 00
rutiuc upinion juwj
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Temple Bar Magazine. .$ A 00
KDgluu society ow
Westmloater Quar 4 00
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LIttcUiIJTins:Are....ll0001IsUe'8Cenl. RecIsterS 8 00
B ou itecora di ue 1 ear, ow
SOO Llpplncott'a Miratine.. &00
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6 00 The Galaxy 6 00
600 Appletoo'aMonthlyJoor 4 00
& 00 Peterson'a Mara tine,.. 4 00
6 00 Arthnr'a Lady's Mar... 4 00
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5 Wl American Agriculturist. 2 6
Auatralaalan. weeklT...S10 OOIUelbourne Leader. S 00
Town A Country Journal 8 00i Sydney III. Xewa. 400
B-tiatj MaU.. . 8 OOlSydaey Et earner Herald. 26
ara- AnTPeriodicala. not IntbIaust.wllIbeorderelatanj
time, ana tuppueaai coat ana cnareea.
Addreaa II M. WIT IT KEY
N American KerUw...,
Popular Science... ....
Ilarper'a Majrazlne ....
Allan tlo Monthly
Bcribaers Mont my tf,
Godey'a luj'i hock.,
IXE ACCOCXT BOIU OF iU SIZES
ir. vc wnrrsEY.
Mj andtnaeua, Foraalelr
The snlimission made in tliis case is very
barren of facts, lint we will take it into con
sideration as it is, and give tlie views which
we have arrived at. The submission read as
"Tho above named parties agree that a
clearly crroneons -assessment was made of
said II. A. "tVidcmann's taxable property in
this Kingdom for the year 187C, and that said
assessment was not made known to said II. A.
Widcmann in season for him to appeal as pro
vided by statute. And that the said Minister
of Finance is desirous to make an equitable
abatement of said assessment, provided he has,
under the law, discretionary jwwer so to do
which is the question respectfully submitted
for tho decision of the Honorable Justices of
the Supreme Court, without prejudice to the
legal or cquitablo rights of II. A. Widcnann
in tho premises."
Tho Section -too of the Civil Code enacts
that the assessors shall be appointed on or be
fore tho 1st day of July, and shall make a
faithful assessment of all tares imposed by
law within their respective districts on or be
fore tho 1st day of September of each year.
Tho Section 405 provides that tho assessors
shall return their tax lists to the several Gov
cnors on or beforo tho 1st day of September.
Tho Section 502 provides "that tho Governor
shall deliver to each tax-collector a copy of
tho tax list for his district, and said tax-collector
shall proceed immetlialely to collect the
The Section 0th of tho "Act to amend tho
law in relation to tho assessment and collec
tion of taxes" of 16C0, enacts that'during tho
months of September, October and November
tho tax-collectors shall deliver certificates of
appeal to any person disputing the amount of
assessment, ana depositing tne costs or .oilier
wise as in tho said Sections and the succeed'
imr Sections provided.
The Section 14th of tho act referred to above
provides for a " Board of Appeal and Sec
lion 15th enacts that tho " Board of Appeal"
shall sit on the -first Monday of December of
Tho manner of collecting tho taxes is set
lortli in tho 503 bection ot the Civil (Jodc, and
is as follows: "The said collector shall call
".on each tax-payer at his residence, or usual
" place of business, or otherwise civo notice
" to the tax-payers to meet him at convenient
" joints or settlements of the district in tho
" months ot beptember, October and govern-
' ber, to demand payment of tho taxes
" assessed as aforesaid : and u any pcr-
" soiiAJiall neglect or refuse to pay his taxes,
" when so called upon or notified, until the
" last day of November, tho tax-collector may
" levy the same by distress upon so much of
the good4 and chattels o: such rorson, as ho
" may deem sufficient for tlie payment cf taxes
and expenses of collection, and sell tho same
" upon the order of the District Juugo or To-
" lice Magistrate, after a public notice of five
" days. In case no property can be found
"thereon to levy, then such person, ifablo
" bodied, may, by sentence of eaid Judge or
.Magistrate, bo compelled to discharge tlie
" amount of his tax by labor on tho public
" roads or other public works, at the rate of
" twenty-fivo cents per day."
Thus it is apparent that it is ii.tended that
i i n i..t
lax-coueciors suau commence meir iuuur in
the month of September, and that a citizen has
up to the last day of November in which to
pay his taxes or appeal, and that ho may 'not
bo destrained upon before the.last day of November.
Now tho submission says that in this caso a
clearly erroneous assessment was made, but
it docs not state whether -Mr. it idemann gave
in his own list as required by the 402 Section,
or not ; if he did not give in his own list, then
by tho 492 Section ho trusted himself to tho
discretion of tho tax-assessor, and his assess
ment is binding uon all persons interested.
And again, the submission says that the as
sessment was not made known to Mr. Wide
mail in season for him to appeal, but the sub
mission does not say whether or not the
tax-collector called at his usual residence or
place of busircss beforo the 30th day of No
vember, or gavo a public notice to meet him
at some convenient point in the district beforo
the 30th day of November, hs is"providcd by
the 503 Section, so that if the court was asked
to afford relief themselves, they would not
have sufficient foundation to proceed upon.
But we arc not asked to afford relief ourselves
but we are asked to adjudicate as to whether
tho Minister of Finance lias the authority to
afford relicr, and upon this question we are
referred to the 514 Section of the Civil (3odc,
which reads as follows: "Tlie Jlinister of
" Finance, with the consent of tho King, shall
" have power, and it is hereby made his duty
" to prescribe all needful rules and rcgnla
" tions for the assessment and collection of
" taxes, in cases where no such rules and ro
" gulations are definitely made by law ; pro
" vided, however, that tho samo shall not be
" in contravention of any existing statute, or
inconsistent with the Constitution."
And it is suggested that a rule somewhat
in this form might bo mado : " That where a
tax-payer has made his return in compli
" ance with the requirements of law in form
" and manner, unless tho samo is objected to
" or an approximate -assessment made by the
" assessor and notice thereof given to the per
" son thus assessed in ample time to enable
" him to appeal, then theeturn of said tax
" payer in form and manner made by him
" shall be taken as conclusive, and the pro
" ceedings of the tax-assessor be disregarded."
This stafnte (Section '514) means that the
Minister of Finance may make "general rules"
and nothing else, and may make such rules
only in cases not provided for by law.
But the Legislature has enacted that a citi
zen may have up to the 30th day of November
to make his appeal and no longer, and has
likewise constituted a tribunal to try that ap
peal, which tribunal is not the Minister of
Finance, and therefore tho Jlinister ot-Fmance
can have no authority to abate taxes, and can
make no rules bv which taxes can be abated
Certainly he could make no general rule now,
which would apply to a case already past.
It was suggested to us at the hearing of this
case that every wrong has its remedy, and
that it may be that unless this remedy is pro
vided by the court in this case there would be
We admit the force of the maxim, but can
not conceive, as at present advised, of any
wrong contemplated by this submission in
-which the citizen askimr relief, has not par
ticipated himself, which this court is not com
petent to remedy, upon a proper showing.
CnAS. C HasRis,
A. Fkincis Jctro,
J. M. Davidson for plaintiff, Attorney Gene
ral Hartwell for defendant.
Honolulu, March 0th, 1877.
I HAVE I.ATF.I.V RECEIVED A FINE AS.
SOBTXEXTof Oval Framra, and alra Xoaldlngs for
framing pictures. They varj from on. Inch toUireeor
roar lacne. in mam. ana loos, wisiuag picrares inuaea
can bare tnem none lo an7 njit requireo.
Ensue Frames from 0 cents each and npward.
Oral Frames from M cents each and onward.
Bqnare Gilt Frames from LOO each and upward,
Square Black Walont from 1 1.00 each and upward.
tictnre Nana, Cords, etc., also on hand, eqnally cheap.
H. H. WHITNEY.
The Bine Gln Deception.
In our lssHsioe'we reviewed tba alleged capa
bilities of eun-Iifht filtered through blue glass, io
caosing plants to grow, etc ; and by reference to
numerous experiments, we reached the conclu
sion that tbe light tnuemttted through the
violet-blao glass is nothing more than normal
sunlight diminished In intensity. We propose
In ike following to finish our discussion by ex
amining into the effects of light and darkness
upon organisms. And we may especially nero
recall tho fjet that General I'leasonton claims
that not bnly does the blue light stimulate
growth, bat that it is a positive roineilial agent
for such severe ailments as spinal meningitis.
nervous nutation ami exhaustion, rhcumslum,
hemorrhage of the langs, deafness, partial paraly
sis, chock doe to severe contusion, and oiners,
of nil of which he cites cases.
The theorv that varions colored lichts exercise
different elfects on the hnmnu system is an ota
one. In 1631. Dr. Newtiory or this city asserted
that yellow light stimulates the nervous, pink
the nutritive, and blue the locomotive tempera
ment; and recently Dr. I'onia, an Italian phy
sician, has asserted that lunatics are gically
affected bv beinc placed in different colored
rooms, ltcd hgbt, be says, remores feelings of
depression, blue induces calmnsss, and by violet
light a cruzy pcrren wax in one day cured.
It is a thoroughly demonstrated fact that light
is an 'important vital stimulant! and that, if its
operation be excluded, the development or the
uealthy bodily structure ts artestcu. .aiurausts
tell us that in tho absence of light the transfor
mation of a tadpole into a frog is stopped, and
the reptile remains a tadpole. - Plants in datk
ness become blanched and stunted in growth ;
the process of mixing tho carbon iu their tissues
is arrested, a modification ortlio coloring princi
ple takes place, nod tlicy appear white instead
of green. The sad effects of deprivation of sun
light nre especially observable utiioog thoso who
live in crowded ulleys or cellars, or who work in
mines, where the lisbt ot too sun seldom or
never penetrates. I tie total exclusion ot the
sun's beams produces an impoverished and dis
ordered state of the blood, emaciation, muscu-
debility, and the diseases due lo imperfect
On tbo other hand, it is known that for cer
tain purposes darkuess or shaded light is advan
tageous to tne bodily condition. 1-owis, lor
instance, may fatten much more rapidly in tbe
dark, and it would seem that tbo absence of
lisbt exercises a very creat inlluenco over the
power possesed by food in increasing tbe size of
animals. It likewise teems to exercise a sooth-
in" and quieting influence, increasing tho dispo
sitiou of animals to lake- rest, making less food
necessary, and causing tbem to store up more
nutriment in the form of fat and muscle. Now,
if tbe organism to. bo treated is snbjecled'to
tbo heht, all or which is uttered through bluo
violet glass, then, as we have previously demon
strated, it is in light which is considerably suau
ed. And very probably to this cause and not
at all to tbe peculiar hue of the light is to be
attributed the quieting Inlluenco on nerroaj and
ins mo people which Dr. l'onza has remarked.
Hut Uencral i'leasontun does not as nine-
violet glass alone. On the contrary, he employs
a combination ot blue light and pure snnliglit,
tbe latter very much preponderating. In bis
cranery. lor example, only every eigntn row ot
panes is blue. I ue mingled ngnt consequently is
merely pure sunlight, very slightly shaded ; and
the animal or plant exposed simply takes a sun
bath tbo solartum nt the ancients, who, Know
ing the vivifying influence of tho sunbeams, had
terraces built on the tops of their liou9es so that
they might bask in tbem. This sun treatment
is now frequently recommended by physicians
for nervous diseases. Dr. Hammond, in one uf
his lectures says, ' In convalescence from almost
all diseases, it acts, unless too intense or too
long continued, as a most healthful stimulant
both to tbe nervous and physical systems.
Tbe delirium and weakness, by no means seldom
met with in convalescents kept in darkness, dis
appear like magic when the rays of tbe sun aro
allowed lo enter the chamber."
To recapitulate in brief. General Pleasonton's
claims, of any superior powers Tor blue glass on
account of the color which it produces in trans
mitted light, are, wben tested by the result of
previous investigations, nntonnded. In some in
stances, where it IS desirable to reduce tbe in
tensity of the light, blue glass may bo used ; but
any otber mode of shading tbe light, as by
ground glass, thin curtaius, etc, would without
doubt serve equally as well. The cures produced
are ascribablo to two causes : nrsl, 10 uie
healthy influence of the sun bath, and secondly,
to the very powerful influence of tbo patient's
imagination. Thero are abundant cases known
where imagination has so powerfully affected the
body as to causa to death.
Experiments upon criminals haro shown that
in one instance, where a person wes placed in a
bed which, he was informed, bad lust been va
cated bv a cholera pationt (but which had not)
DO exuiuueu uu lue by miliums u luaiuiBcucii
Another person is reported to have shown oil
the Eizns of collapse from loss of blood, from tho
suppositions idea that ho was bleeding to neaiii.
As reirards tbe animals fattened under tbe glass,
all tbe circumstances go to show that the. result
was duo to tbeir enforced quiescence, tneir shelt
er fiom tbo weather, and their free exposure to
It is hardly neccssnry to odd that in our opinion
the use of blue glass, as advocated by General
I'leasonton, is devoid ol bencbt. act. American,
TITST BECEIVED-IOO.000 white buff and color.
tv ed envelopes.
Tiarge Letter Envelopes,
For sale la quantities to salt and at rectprocltr prices.
t2ra n. m. wHrrsEV.
Science proxIieMlcw the iature ot
M. Alphonso de Candollel is to be credited
Wlin lue siriKlugiy umnuai men ui uppiviu lue
principle of the Dirwinian theory to determine,
not tbe past, but the tnlure ol me human race,
That principle he detines as" tne lorced auapta
tion or organized beings to surrounding circum
stances of every kind, the result of which is that
tbe modiuottioDS preserved aro sometimes good
sometimes bad, ihut is. according to' our human
conception of whit is good or bad." Reasoning
from the truths determined as to the past history
of the world as demonstrated by geology, an,
from the known records or the origin -and pro
gress, extinction or growth, of the various types
ol mankind which Dave existed or now exist upon
the earth, he deduces a logical conception of life
on our planet centuries hence.
The argument presented is based on these
premises ; first, that organized beings endowed
with will and the faculty of locomotion always
seek to adapt themselves to their environmen
and none do so more effectually than mac because
of bis superior intelligence, secondly, tnat those
individuals least able thus to accommodate them-
selves are most likely to perish, and hence pop
ulations are principally recruited by individuals
that possess Ibe.qualilies best adapted to the cir
cumstances of tbe country and the age in which
tbev live. I hirdly, that the violent contests bo
tween nations and individuals accelerate modi!
cations and adaptations to new circumstances,
It will be evident that, in considering tbe subject
two possible conditions ot the race at once pres
ent themselves, or rather two questions nre De-
fore ns to onswer : What will be tbe state of
mankind one thousand years hence, daring which
period it is reasonably certain that the physical
cooailion wnicn unec. iue epecies witi remain
stable t And what will be the state of mankiod
several hundred thousand years in the future,
wben vast cosmical changes may possibly have
The period of one thousand years is an ex
tremely 6hort one in'the earth's history. We have
historic documents datioir even-farther back ; and
since their origin, no material chance in climate
has taken place, nor have tne conngnraitons ot
tbe clone altered. The supposition of a contii
nation of present physical conditions daring sev
eral generations ol man is thus presumanie : on,
such being the ca9e, two phenomena may be fore
seen, namely . The land will be more thickly
inhabited, for everywhere the population is in
creasioir and seekinc new places of abode : and as
a consequence, there will be more frequent ming
ling of races. Conformably to the doctrines of
natural selection and survival of the fittest, tbe
weaker races must then either be desroyed or ab
sorbed by the stronger ones. .This is already tak
ing place with the Indians, the Australians, the
Hottentots, and other aboriginal tribes. There
are three great races, however, endowed with ad
mirable qualities for invasion, which will mix with
the inferior races more or less, according to cii
enmstances. These are tho white race, represen
ted by the Europeans and their American descen
dants, the yellow race or Chinese and Japanese,
and the negroes. The whites have the advan
tage of intelligence and ability to bear cold cli
mates , bat they cannot endure tropical heats.
Negroes possess physical vigor ; but as regards
bearing cold and heat, they are the reverse of the
hites. the Ubinese can exist lu all latitudes.
bat they lack courage and progressireness. The
mingling ot the three races wilt ihererore never
be complete ; and although, ten centuries hence,
hybrid peoples of every degreo will be found in
Africa, in LDina, and In the north ol buropn and
American, tbe primitive races. will predominate.
Before the far more remote period designated
in the second question shall arrive, great changes
may, as we have already intimated, occur. The
entire habitable surface of the globe mny be al
tered by the depressions and elevations ol Us sur
face, constantly, though slowly, in progress. New
iseases may sweep off whole nations, or tbe race
sett. I he accumulation ot ice at the poles may
produce changes in win 's, in currents, eventually
in climate ; and another glacial period may su
pervene, the effect of which would be lo drive all
organized beings toward tbe eqnator ; and this
change n habitation wnnld result in the extinc
tion ol many species, uur entire solar system is
moving with great rapidity in a certain direction.
It may enter a warmer or colder purl of the Uni
verse, cr the son may blaze up and be destroyed,
as did that otber sun in tho constellation of the
wan quite recently. But setting aside these
hypothetical cases, let ns see what Science pre
dicts ns absolutely certain :
I hrough the oxidizing action nr the air and by
human labor, the quantity of melals an 1 coal on
the surface of tho earth is constantly being dimi
nished. Undoubtedly as this occurs, new way of
working mines to great depth and of utilizing na
tural metallic oxides will bo discovered ; but these
resources can never be so ndvantagvons ns Iho.e
we now enjoy. As they become rare, so will pop
ulation diminish and industries decrease ; und this
result will bx the more marked in countries de
pending upon such resources. We know that the
terrestrial surface is constantly diminishing, and
elevated regions arn being lowered through tbe
ncessant action ol water, ice, and ntr. I no curlby
matter, washed or ground away, is carried to
the sea. which is thus filling up. The result.
however, will bo a tolul submersion of the land na
it now exists, and the destruction of all organized
beings which live thereon or in fresh water. Hut
the human species, because of its intelligence,
will survive longest ; and perhaps the last man
will yield up his lite on some isolated coral reef in
tno vast waste of water. Before this extreme
period is reached, however, as the treasures of tho
earth disappear in certain localities, poopla will
seek mem elsewhere; and thus the race will con
gregate in masses on smaller areas of terrestrial
surface. This concentration will be enforced by
other causes, as, combustibles and metals being
scarce, intercommunication will bo difficult;
through the depression ol mountain chains dimi
nishing tho condensation ot aqueous vapors, now
fertile countries will become sterile, and popula
tions will accordingly diminish. Then, as the
continents deprived of mountains become partial
deserts or archipelagoes, the people will become
more and more maritime. I hey will draw their
sustenance Irom the sea, which will form a bar
rier to the mingling ol races. Tbo whites who
will avoid equatorial regions will sutler most from
ice invasions from tbe poles; und tbe colored ra
ces in tbe central archipelagoes, remaining pure
as at present, on account of natural selection du
ring their long Isolation, will probably be tbo sur
vivors of the race.
To recapitulate, M. do Cundolles believes that
our period and that which will follow Tor the
next thousand years will be characterized by a
great increase in population, n mingling of races,
and a prosperity mora or less marked. Then will
probably follow a long period ol diminution of
population, of separation of the peoples, and of
decadence. Scientific American.
There is much that is strange in the blao glass
theory for instance, the conjunction of opposite
electricities, the expansion of the molecules of tbe
glass, and the generation of currents of eloctro-
mognelism. Another strange thing is the occult
relation existing between the number of miracles
wrought and the business enternrise of the class
dealers. The remedial action depends quite as
ninch upon the number of squares taken by tbe
vitreous advertisers in tbo local papen as upon
the number or size of the panes. In ProriJimoo
bluo gUse ia wurking well. A book-keeper who
had been tortured with rheumatism for several
years inserted six panes of blue glass in his office
windows, oxposed his toot, arm und shoulder lu
tbe light, and within 48 hours was cured. An
elderly lady, whose left knee, ankle, and foot were
swollen lo twice tbeir natural size, bathed
bine light, and in three quarters of an hoar tbe
soreness ami inflammation disappeared. An old
gentleman, whose right foot has been useless for
n year, is slowly recovering behind tbreo maza
rine panes. The wife of a prominent manufac
turer, who lias been alllcted with paralysis nnd
unable to walk lor three vears. was carried down
stairs to the parlor and immersed in, blue light,
in the course ornn Hour or two the family below
were startled by sounds overhead, and, on enter
ing the parlor, what was their astonishment to
find that she had arisen from her chair and walked
across tho.floor. ..Strength had retnrned to her
limbs, she was able to move her arms, an 1 imme
diately incredulity in the efficacy of blue glass
was uanisneu irom that House.
CONSTANTLY ON HAND
A GENERAL ASSORXilT OF
Ship Chandlery and Ship Stores!
BREWER & CO.
Offer (or Sale lo Arrive,
PEE AMERICAS SHIP CORIKOA
JFH-OiLYi: BOSTOjN !
Due In Much ntit, tbe Larfnk and
Most Complete Assortment,
ETcr Imported Into this Country, coo statin la prl ot
Steam Coal, Red Oak Casl fortr jtaUoos neb,
Cumberland Coal, 30 ft. Itra Timbered Vhle lloata.
rtteh. Tar, Rosin, TtirperiUnf , Vrn!h, Ltnserd OH,
Mineral 1-alnr, Lamp HUcK, limr, Hide l-oi-on,
CHOICE SELECTION OF GROCERIES
Xsmtl: Curn Surch, Chun. Lemon Hrrap,
tlreen i'rai.Tomsu Ketchup, Msescrrl, foiled Utsta,
Lobsters, Tumatoos, isauiajts Meat, limn Ins,
Cider Vlirtar. II rem Corn, I.V CltOIX It HAND ;
White Cuba Sujr. Mock Turtle Tomato soups.
Barrels snd catrs tall, fnmllj Port, In barrels ;
Sperm Canities, Mason's Mocking,
Gold Leaf Tvbacco.
Ox Rows, IK, I .V. and 2 Inches;
A Choice Assortment of FIRE WORKS
Confuting of RocKrtn, Densobu and Roman Candles,
,n Invoice of Cni NolU, 3d to 40: Oftr,Axel!and!e-.
lloe Handles, Hand Carts, luntajd Heavy ;
Cultivators. Side Hill flows,
Paris Flows !
Leather Belting, Pit Inches: Falrbanlt'ifValef,
Hunt' Hatchets, axe and shlnjllnic, AXES,
4d Itirets, Ilabbltl McUl, Hemp Twine,
.lubber I"actct(i(r, l-t Inch; Hemp rncklnjr. Solder,
a I'ly Robber Hose. H Inch, for Barden urn ;
CIIAIU'OAI, IltO.NW. 31 nle Collars.
Hrasv Wire Sieve, LVDtnrujral Linings, Grindstone.
Tluntrs. Ilirch and Corn 1! rooms. Zinc Wash Btiardv
Maynard & Noye'i Ink , Yellow MeUl it Sheathing
New Bedford Corda jte, thread to 4,4 in ; Whale Lint
An Invoice of Kenned Iron, iisorted slxea; Norway
A VERY CHOICE SELECTION OF
CoBsIsMmr of. Itollinr Tod office Desks.
Black Walnut Wardrobes. Ubrarj Cues, Becretarlea,
Ash ana uiacK walnut MUenoara.
Ash and Black Walnut Washatands,
Ash and Black Walnot CHAMBER SITTS,
LadteV Black Walnut Desks,
Ijulle' t Gentleman's Easy k Rocking Chairs.
Fbldlnir Chairs. Foldlotr Tables.
Painted Chamber Seta. Imitation of chestnut and oak ;
Black Curled Hair, an asst. of Dinning s Oillce Chairs,
A Well Selected Lot of Dry Goods :
Constating of. Brown A Bleached Cotton A She tier.
Chintz rercaies, caniinai itobes, Hamilton rants,
Pearl River anil Hay Makers Denims
Ticking. AmoHkeag Shtrtine, Brown Flannel,
Bine Drilling, Overall. Dciilm Pants and Jumper,
riald Hhlrtf, ralm Leaf Hats, Lanrence Duck,
No. 1 to 10 10
Raven's ditto. Cotton Twine,
500 Cases Pratt's Kerosene OIL
500 rases Downer'a Kerosene OIL Black Walnut
Ash flank. Nests Trunks, Oakum.
EASTERN EES and BARREL SHOOKSt
nonp Iron, .V, .l, 1 Inch; Caustic Soda, falm oil.
The Largest Assortment of Carriages
ever imported in one vessel, consisting ort
1 Jompseat Carryall. 2 Extension Top Caorloles,
2 Canopy Top Btsttet Phaetons, 1 CalTra Wagun,
1 Spring Urownell Wagon. 1 Puny Phaeton,
1 Express Wagon, 1 Park Phaeton,
THREE OP THOSE JUSTLY
Celebrated Wood's Organs
vAnAsst. of Ready Made Clothing
from the house of Mcurs. Isaac Fen no it Co.
An Invoice of McMurrav'a Fresh Oysters.
A full asst. of Knowle's Patent Steam Pumps, Noa. 2 to
All of the Above Merchandise
K A 8 BKES1 CAREFULLY
SELECTED EXPRESSLY for this Marlet
rurcbased for Cash, and will be sold at ' 'fry Low
ltates opon reasonablo time or a LIB .RAL
DISCOUNT for Cash
Mm C. IlltCWEt ro.
For Snle by
PER bark R. C. Wylie from Bremen
25 IRON STOCK ANCHORS, sizes from SOnp to ?3M lbs.
SHALL CHAIN, In quantities to suit, sUes H Inch to
v-is or an tncn.
CHAIN CAULES, 3-8, 3-1, 7-8, 1, 1 14, 1 3.1, and 1 5-S
Inch. Vor salo low by
6t: BOLLES A CO.
IS BAIinKI.S AJTO CASUS.
For Male by (012)
BOLLD) ,t CO.
Wilmington Tar and Wilmington Pitch
)EU SHIP SYItEX.
For sale by
BOLLES k CO.
PER CITY OP SYDNEY.
ICinojr'jiA-iritiv mnEcr, via bast fbax-
JL' cisuu, anotner lnTotce or moss
Put np In boxes of :t0 each.
For S.ie by BOLLES CO.
California Beef in Bond.
"nCCEIVBIl PER It. nrXLF. ROBERTS.
JLB. For sale by BOLLES A CO
Columbia River Salmon.
In Barrels and.half Barrels :
OATOS: OI 187 O.
n ECKIVED PER It II " KniVAItDJAJIIM."
a W For sate by
t!I BOLLES & CO.
Oregon Pilot Bread.
In Small Cakes.
11EB BE " EDWARIJ JAMES."
JL For Kale by
California Lime & 'White Brother
I7-.VOI.ISn PORTLAND CEMEST-Best quai
ls It? Forsalsbr iS!l ROLLESCO.
TO. 3 HAVANA SHAPE I And a rood quality.
BOLLES. & CO.
FRESH SALMON !
r?i i asd r,n. cask, -fresh packed.
J. of Catch 157a. Also, COLUMBIA BIVER SALMON
In Barrels. is;s.
For Bale by BOLLES & CO.
ixes from i-i to i.a inch. i?r qvax.
TITIES to SOIL
For salt by
bolles a co-
Saloon Pilot Bread.
CARES AND QR.
For salt by
CASES Fer M. EtIlEF.ro belts
13SJ & CO.
PEST CALIFORNIA OAT WAX For Bale by
SUSr .0. 1JULLJ23 A W
FINE BRITISH IRON SHIP i
mi ma mi mi
jTINE NEW STTI.ES OF PBISTt,
Bine Striped Denims, Vtlrst Carpets Jt Res...
tTaitoeis rilot Clotnraf, Tewtls, Cosjntarptan,
wntte .MoleiiiDl. Skirts, GrrnsJiees.
Fearrn end Ties, Silk Umbrellas. Blaassts.
Crimean, Olford and n(tta Shirts.
Flannels. Tveeds, roaches.
SADDLES AND BRIDLES
Swln Mails. Mots J tawn.
Waterproof Clothing. Vietoria Lawns.
Book Muilini, Lara Curtains,
Blags, Bagging, Cnnvas,
Twine. Leather Eelliojr, Paint. Oils. Pipes,
Wire Rop, CormgiteJ Roofing,
Bias Mottled Soap, flftlrinlsffd and Hawaii,
Fencing Wire, Hoop Iron. Hollo war.
Charoaal Irooa, 0-o, Cutler, Car Iron,
L .i PerrlVa Saaea.
JAMS AND JELLIES
RECEIVED BY LATE ARRIVALS,
A LARGE SUPPLY OF
American and English Books
OFFICE STATIONERY Jtc.,
Consist! off of
-f-lAPPAPKIl, JLEGAI4 CAP, I4i7rTI.lt AND
New Style, thin French Letter and Note Papers,
Envelopes of all Styles,
Blank Boots, Memorandlam Books,
rocket Knives and gold pens.
Oval and Square Hcture Frames,
SCRAP and POSTAGE STAMP ALBUMS
Stereoscopes and Stereoscope Yievs.
Letter Clips, Book Slates,
Glass Metal and Leather Traveling Inkstands
Choice Wood and Tearl Office Inkstands,
Fine Wallets, Vur.es and Bags,
PAPIER NICHE AND MOROCCO PORTFOLIOS'!
rear! and Scotch Card Case.
Letter Copy Books and BrashesCopy Inc Paper,
letter Pressts, Mathematical Instruments,
Oreen Spectacles, rocket Compaiwes,
Chess Men, Dominoes, Cnbbaffe Boards,
Children's Alphabet Blocks,
Eye G-lasses, Reading Glasses,
Tortolie Shell and Buffalo-horn setts.
Quill and Wood Toothpicks.
Pteel Pens GUIott's, Perry's and other makers.
Crystal and Diamond rubber.
Ivory l'aper Knives and Kranon,
Ink Kit rasters and pounce.
Microscopes. Wood and P.uWxr Bolers.
WRITING DESKS. A FINE ASSQRTMEN
OjT All orders promptly filled. -
303 IX. M. WiUTXET.
SAM'L G. WILDER
Hawaiian Steamer KILATJEA
Sailing Days as per Schedule
Unless Otherwise AdiertUed.
TICKETS ONLY AT THE OFPICE
FREIGHT BILLS DUE ON DEMAND
lm tM OFFICE WITH WILTJEB A Co.
BOOT AND SHOE STORE
Corner Fort fc Merchant Sts.
MAS JC8T RECEIVED
2?or 3D. O. M.UXtnj3."V
THE MOST COKPLETE ASSORTMENT OF
Ladies1, Misses1 and Children1;
Cus torn-Made, Extra Una and. Medium Quality
Boots dk: SHoos
Ever offered la Tlonolato.
For Sale or For Lease.
u A IIAXDHOWF. rriTTicr mriuiw
Mix located, with arden, c, eoatalolag parlor, three
bedrooms, two closets, dtnlns- mnm. Vttv.n
Wtn-. bsthreom, terrains house, earrlaee house sad
. l "ij cuH.cutent.maa in renecioroer. Applv 1
HUUO STAXOESWALD, 3CD.
Henneis'i, MsrteH's and Robin's BrsaJj.lti cuts
and cases ;
Fine Sherry, lo quarter casks and cases.
Genera, Whlilej, Cum. Heck, Moselle, Alcoa.!, 1
Blood Wolfe & Co's & Bass Pale Ale
EJmuad's Pie; Brand PorUr,
Bonchet'i Napoleon Cabinet Chaiapagst, j
Lalande's Red Bar Claret. Dnoiill.'e Kklskj.
Board's Wines and Spirits,
Silicate Faint Co's Paints!!
FIRE JJ RICKS,
DWELL DUFFRYN'S STEAM COIL!
WESTON'S CENTRIFUGALS & ENGINES !
And lo Arrive, JlcOnle's ClarLflers tt
fur sale nr
THEO. H. DAVIES
WILDER $ CO.,
Importers and Dealers in
ftor'Wcst Scanllins, Boards
Tongued 4 drooled, Snifseed,
Planks. Battens, Pickets
U Is. x 4. liS, and III, for
Scantling, Boards, Plank,
Battens 1x3. 1x1, l-2il, and l-2iZ
Pickets Koafh and Incj.
Surfaced Boards and Plank, 7-8 to 3 la.
Toosnctl and Groove!
TIMBER FOR SHIP USE!
2x12 ta KxlS;
Clear Nor West, for Planter's TJsel
EASTERN WHITE PIKE,
California and Eastern Doors, all siz
SASH, all sites ; BLIND, all tisss .-
WHITE LEAD and ZINC!
PAI.Tr OIL, Jk KHALI. MUT CHEJtF,
Pntt and Varnish.
Glass. So. 2x2 sad .
Wall Paper and Border
Iron sod Tinned Taekr,
PaUt and WhltawaiK BmYu.
METALLIC AND FIRE-PROOF PAH
For Plantation or asj Other Cm.
Batti and Ilinaas,
Hookl and iju.
Salt in Quantities to Suftj
Tux i7?nEB.iiaxi:i. roRnrKt.T wrr J
Mr. Eckart. beta to In form clQscns ot noaolani 1
the public cetverallr, thai Mm has US en ta. stoe. "J 1
ittreet nppMlteOdd FettowiHan, (foraerlr ersp" 1
Thoa. TaautU where h will irr. wU aueatloa " 1
maaauctnruif; and repaJrma; or au amdsar jeweizj
A 11',.. tl.r..'u. In .1. , vatftr. "VS
CmzcxN asd KiaiDrjTS or HOj
LULU. VUtlax Friends sjmI Straoxen (taS3aa71
cordUllrlnnted ta arte ad Fnttlc Worshrs al niH:
ClICRCII, where Serrices an held ertrr'ahbaasl
o'clock: A V . aod 7VCr.lt. Seat, ar tmrrtfed .
wbo mar be Meased to attend. There ia a ttccaw
evening- Prajrer Ueettax at 1t o'clock. Ia ta
Koora, to whk h all sr. wlcice. I"