Newspaper Page Text
Roccption at Iolani Palace-
Oa Saterduy the SU of April at U o'clock A. M
Sex Eoyal Higlmcsis the Princess Hecent received
at latest 1'aJ.ce, Rig Ex. James XL Comlj. C. a
Minister Resident, who presented toller Royal
Commander P. LnIL U. S. X., com-
raa&jCS. S. WarlHtttU, vbo introduced to
Her Bora HiRbceRS the f ollowins: officers of that
ship : J. B. Parker, Saron ; William A. Mc an,
A. C DiHfajjhum, Lictrtennnts ; Pad ilcllorphv,
Utesant of Marines; E. AT. Fischer, Eaiign;
aiarta) EerxBgtoa, Cadet Ecrinorr.
Her Royal Bignness tram attended on this occa
sion far H. B. H. the Princess Likeilke, His Ex.
v. L. Greco, Minister of Foreign Affairs ; His Ex.
J. S. Walker, Minister of Finance : His Ex. J. O.
BeanniB, GoTemor of Oabn ; Colonels W. F. Allen.
Ccrtis P. Iaukea, J. H. Boyd and Major A. Rosa.
Reception at Iolanl Palaoe.
Oa Saturday the 33d of April at 2 o'clock r. il,
Her Royal Highness the Princess Recent received
iSonseer P. Itatard. Acting Confml and
Reeer tf Francs, who presented Monsieur A. Far!'
xaL CepitAine de Fregate. cotntnand&nt 1'aviso da
la zatrfee Frarrgsuse JfmwnC, trho introdared to
Her Royal Highness the foUowinc officers of that
Eblp: M.Darand, M. de Caladon, Enscigne de
Tajswdio ; M. Daytoni, Aide Ccrsinissaire.
Her Hoyal Hish&ess was attended on this
liy Her lloyal IlisUness the Princess like-
rfete, His Ex. W. L. Green, Minister of Forcicn
Affairs, Carter, Minister of In-
teriar. His Ex. i S. Walker, Minister of Finance,
His Ex. J. O. Dorainis, Governor of Oahu, Eon.
A. S Oecbom, Colonels W. F. Alien, C. P. Iankca,
w. a. itoyu arm any. a. itosa.
Reeeptios at Aliiolanl Halo-
Oa Monday, the Sad inst., at IS o'clock noon,
Her Royal Highness the Princess Regent received
at .Uiirfani Bale Hk Ex. James M. Cotnly, C. S.
Minister Hdent, wbo" presented to Her Royal
Uiteefcs T. H. Stevens, Command.
int V. S. Naval Force, Pacific Station, trho in
trodeced to Her Royal Highness the following
oftews of the V. 5. S. YnMoaia .-
E 9 Beta. Fleet Eactarer: Rules Parks. Fleet
IXmww: w. k. sceaeM. Ftet Sat on; Cant. F II.
Corrle. rivet Marine OOoer: L. K. narvey. Pasted
Am-X. Bagiamr: 3i. R BaTeid. Tbo 11. M iltson. T.
H sterna. W n. lrt(m. LimtrBiBte; n. II.
Ba. saro : w k. Matrt Lawirace, itn. aciseer;
A. D. ydlliMer, Caukia; W. H. Wollenbenv
BIp Ka. Jtatc JJ. Tweeeated S. A.
V.t.Ctl; Fiaak B. llutlacc. C. S. YtoCoaeaL
Her Eoyal Hipfcn? xr&s attended on this
occaues by Her I loyal Hichness Princess
H. K. H. Itath EeoHkotani, Honorable Mrs.
lSov, Mrs. C a Harris. Mrs. H. A. P. Garter,
lx..L. McCcUy, Jlrs. W. F. Allen, Mrs. J. M.
Eapesa, Miss Hams Mrs. Wilson, and Miss
HoaonUe C C Harris. Chanceliar of the
Their BxosilescMe W. Xu Minister of
FvFeka .Vffairs; 1L A. P. Carter, Minister of the
lataiwc. J. S.Walker, Minister of Finance.
Hoaorables A. F. J odd, L. McCallr.
A'aUej. Hons. G. Shodes, J. Ml Eapena, J.
Pritf E. 0. Hall, W. C
Parke. J. W. Eawauioi, W. M. GilKon, M. Rosea,
Ita BaeUe, W. P. AVood, and D. Kahann.
His MistTs Staff Cokmeis W. F. Allen,
OortM P. laakea. J. H. Boyd.
Governor Staff Major Antone Eosa.
Ibre trere also presented to Her lioyal
on this occasion, Mrs. James M. Comly. Mrs.
T. H. Stereos, Mrs. D. A. ilcKinlev, and Miss
MtJ.W. GiBnx aubees appoiated by the Board
vt Ttacattau Sool. Area! for the dletrirt of Wailakc,
Imkmt of IhL, vice thr late Heary A. KlnDer, de-
W JAS. bUITH, S'y.
Court. Third Judicial
i H atttiy cnea tkat tk Hi?- term ot the above
I Coart will.aot W hoMea. Br oraer of the
J. K. SAKKABD. Clcrt Sinne Court.
awKmrnn, Afttt sr, rct.
Tat Jaetioee af the FaBcr ad District Cworts of the
Klauraai aie hereby airwtea that, hi all eae of
by theai totbe lafane Aytam,
caay ef the erMeace takea in each oik easeld be
lwrai with the militant, to the officer to ttwn the
atotanc k aatmrea. II. A. V. UARTEB.
Attorney General ad jnerim.
Attaraey Genera!' oOee. i '"
April Irt. lsI. f
EST IIODTS IS BEBTTS.
WEDNESDAY, MAY i, 1SSI.
Tw&sz once more seems a cleam of hope in the
The number of oaes has fallen off,
and a treat effort is jo now being made by the
ntttfcoTTties to stamp oat the disease. The people
inanaiberof the quarantined bosses haTe been
removed to the reef, the booses have been I
and very few infected hocuses, as far as the
police kscnr, remain inhabited at 'present. At
least loch is the information -which has been Riven
to as. Of coarse it is impossible to predict whether
the lev eases reported within the last two or three
days indicate thai the disease is dying oat, or that
it is merely a temporary lali, sseh as ire have experienced
before. We devontiy hops that ocr next
issse wiU be able to announce that the disease is
ready held in check, and that it no longer hag the
ripper band. It is jnst at moments like the pros-cat
ttat doable precautions should be taken ; a
little oaretessaess now, and we shall be thrown
back, perhaps lor months longer.
The number of deems from as compared
with the number of cases, is exceptionally
" large this week : indeed, the death-rate has been
steadily increasing for weeks, and this week it
steads 9&S per cent. Those, who say that the
epidemic has come in lijtht form, had betterstndy
the figures and they will certainly change their
minds. It is satisfactory, however, to notice that
the total number of deaths for the month ending
Apr 9 33th is less than it was in March. We then
bad 126 deaths and this report gives ns , a considerable
redaction. This ought also to give cs
bops. We look forward with great anxiety to the
reports for the next few days.
Ox Monday evening, standing on the Hotel
Teranda, we looked towards the pavilion and
thought what a pretty scene it was. with its twinkling
lights, and the busy movement of the crowd ;
bet v at the same time thought that the authorities
were very enwise to let such an assemblage
gather together. We have quite agreed with the
regnlabOBSof the Board of Health; we think that
erei precaution ought to be taken, even if it involves
very Benous inconvenience to whole classes
of citizens ; but what common sense is there in
closing schools and the theatre and then permitting
five or six hundred people to crowd together
in the szsall space before the Hotel? If any one
in that crowd, on Monday night, had the seeds of
about him and there is no reason to
hfert or even to hope that there were none in such
condition an excellent opportunity was given for
spreading, the disease. The crowd was so dense
that one had to elbow one's way through it. It
rsnst have been evident to the authorities that if
permissos was given for the two bands to play, a
great cumber of peoplevrera likely to be brought
together. If regulations are to be kepi up, they
should be so thoroughly or not at all; and if other
public gatherings have been put a stop to, so
should this. That i was in the open air does
xsot help the matter at all, for, as we have already
said, the people were in close contact. Personally
ce enjoyed the evening very much, and we should
have been aorrv to have missed such a musical
treat : nevertheless, we consider, that under the
circumstances it was wrong at this time to allow
o many people to collect, or if it was ml wrong,
then certainly the theatre and the schools might
ie opened. -
Tin: arrival of the Htgl>r with a number of
Portuguese is eminently satisfactory ; we are only
jmij that comparatively no single women have
come. In getting Portuguese the Government
gent should remember that it is population, not
jabor, that is required, and that this country can
very easily find comfortable homes for a considerable
number of women. However we pointed out
some time ago that it is not very easy to obtain
tingle women of desirable character, who would be
trilling to come, so we suppose wemnttnot
and crust be thankful for what we have re-cejred:
tow much more satisfactory to the think-
&K miad is tie arrival of this vessel than that of j
ter a; fee. Sixty-five forrflirtt ere certainly a
valuable addition to We can look
forward to thsse people making their homes
amongst ns, bringing up large families, who will
gradually fill the many voids in our domestic
economy, and forming a class of decent law-abiding
citizens. A hundred and tocr children is
a good and in the course of time we may
confidently hope that the number will be very
much larger. The Portuguese is certainly the
best immigrant we bait yet had experience of; the
Norwegian is good, but we have to wait and sec
whether he will remain in the country, whether br
not, after be has made a little money, he will not
be off to San Francisco ; but the Portuguese will
always stay with us ; the climate suits him, the
absence of too much activity suits him, the soil
suits him, and California will seldom offer him
anv inducement to leave ns. As people
gradually settle down and. as it were, shake them
selves into their places, we may expect to see them
take cp the cultivation of many of those products
which the Sifurrfav Prru mentions in its last
issue. The Portuguese is our small farmer of the
future; as such we welcome hira to our shores,
and wo trust that wo may soon see a further addition
to his ranks.
Wrtx, it, or will it not, astonish the quiet, stay-at-home,
church-going portion of the Honolulu
world when we tell them that gambling under its
very lowest aspect is one of the vices to which a
large section of the youth and alas ! the riper age
of this town is addicted? The authorities have
very rightly been making a raid upon the Rambling
houses, and revelations as to who frequent them
have been made, which may"well surprise even
those who are accustomed to the ways of mankind
in largo cities and who are not too easily
shocked at the slight "tr ptuT of their fellow-creatures;
but we must say "that with men who
frequent such low dens we have little sympathy.
We all know the Chinese, we know his style of
life, and it will not require a larfm stretch of
imagination for any of our readers to form some
idea of what a Chinese gambling hell is. Men
who habitually go to such places certainly have
gone far astray ; they have lost most of their self-respect.
There are degrees even in vice, and to
sink down to a low Chinese gambling hell is certainly
to reach pretty near the bottom rung of the
ladder. Thus far for reprobation of what all, even
tboso who participate, will acknowledge is a very
vicioos habit and subversive of all moral character.
Xow let ns look upon the other side of the.
In this city merchants and storekeepers employ
a considerable number of clerks. Most of these
young men have no chance of enjoying " home
life ;" they engage a single room, nsually destitute
of those comforts which make a home attractive ;
they go to their work early in the morning, eat
their meals in a restaurant, and return to their
room say about six or half-past. What are they
to do? One in fifty a liberal allowance may
be of a studious turn of mind, and in spite of
the discomforts of his room, and any outward
allurements that may be spread before him, he
will keep at home study for some object, or
merely improve his mind by reading; but he "is
after all in fifty, and very frequently not
the best out of the fifty. Now it certainly is
the duty of the employer of labor to do what he
can for the well being of the employed. Do our
employers make any effort in this direction ? It
ns ask how many clerks habitually-visited and were
entertained in their employers' houses during the
last six months ? The employer may reply, " JJot
in other countries I have little or no nsd to trouble
myself about the amusements of the young
men I employ.'' Very true ; bat he must remember
that in other countries innocent amusement is
cheaply obtained. A man can while away an
evening at the theatre for twenty-five or fifty
cents; he can go to hear a lecture for a less sum ;
he has usually a number of houses owned by men
of his own class in society who are only too glad
to welcome him. Eut here things are changed.
There is seldom any theatre ; lectures and such
forms of amusement are very rare ; men who have
houses of their own ere nsually engaged in trying
to court the society of those who are not necessarily
above them in the social scale, hut who are
above them in means; and the young men are, as
a rule, left to their own devices. We would
arraign the business men of Honolulu upon this
point. We feel disposed to fay, gentlemen, if
your young men gamble; it they take inordinately
to drink; if eventually they rob your tills, it is in
a great measure your own fault 1 What have you
done for these young men beyond paying them for
the work they do ? Have you tried to fathom their
characters ? Have you tried to make their lives
more pleasant to them ? Have you tried to direct
them in the rieht way to become honorable men ?
The answer will in a maiontr of oases come back.
No. We have never interested ourselves in their
home lif e ; we have simply employed them for their
work during the day ; and even when we knew
thev were men of loose lives, as long as thev
suited us we winked at it. no matter what our own
moral views might have been 1
Xbese are nam taings to sav, but are oasea
upon facts which have come under our own
knowledge. "We do not propose, and indeed we
know too much of a considerable portion of the
young men of Honolulu to make a strong defence
lorinem; out two wrongs ao noi mate a ngur,
rind if man v of our oon? men are ntrn v. their
employers bear a certain share of the blame for
mis naie oi anairs.
AiTLXcaxzos has been made, and leave has been
given, by the members of the Cabinet for Consuls
to visit the other Islands in despite of the regulations
of the Board of Health. Nay more, there is
one instance where a gentleman, having been refused
permission one day, appeared the next,
stating he was drlrjalri by a Cw to visit the
Island of Maui to look into certain matters there
connected with the Consulate, and that upon these
grounds he claimed permission to go, and actually
he was permitted: and to our mind a dangerous
precedent was established.
We have studied the respective rights and privileges
of Ministers, Commissioners, and Consuls
as laid down by Vattel, and we cannot find any
grounds for the latter claiming to be above regulations
laid down by the country to which they
are accredited. Tattelsays: "Tkt Comtml it no
pUic mtinttUr, ani canttet prtfmi It Ike jmiltgtt
anntsfi to tuck ehoroclfr.'' We know that Major
Wodehoose and Moo. Eatard have visited the
other Islands during the time our quarantine
regulations have been in force, but this has quite
been within their rights, and those of General
Comly, because as Commissioners they enjoy " an
entire independence of the jurisdiction and authority
of the State in which they reside ;" but by
the quotation made above from Vattel no such
privileges oan be claimed by a Consul. Wo consider
the privilege which has been conceded in the
case we cite as a far more important matter than
the case of Mr. P. C. Jones, which the J.&rertir
took np on Saturday last. (By the way, why was
no mention made of Mr. Pierce and his gang of
men?) We have here a principle involved, and
our authorities have been weak enough either not
to understand their own rights or else to have
culpably neglected them. Our country is certainly
small, but it is an independent State, and as such
its rights will be readily recognized by all countries,
if it will only take care that in all cases these
rights are respected, and that if they arc not, protest
be entered and appeal made to the law of
nations. Small as we are, it is doubly necessary
for cs to be punctilious in everything that is connected
with our honor; it is incumbent
on cs to exact to the uttermost what U due to us.
Among men, it is not always the big who are most
respected. A little man, in stature, will frequently
enrnmarid more deference than a giant. Foreign
nations will give the same honors to our sovereign
as they do to the sovereign of the greatest
nation upon earth. They may nt4 exert themsel res
so much in the way of private entertainments, but
in all official acts they will receive him as they
would the mler of thirty millions of people. .The
size of a country has nothing whatever to do with
its legal status under the law of nations.
Kow, in the case to which wo have alluded, two
points arc involved. In the first place, this Government
have allowed that a Consul should delegate
his power to another; if he can do so to
one, why can be not do it to twenty. He may have
interests in and about every plantation in the
Kingdom, and if the Government recognize his
right of appointing a deputy, with consular power,
why should he not delegate Fcch power to every
sugar boiler or plantation mauager with whom he
may be connected, and thus save them from tatting
on juries? People are apt to say, " Oh, this was a
special case ; such a combination of circumstances
is not likely to happen again.' Truo enough;
dui wu&re a prmapje is invoiveu, tmo uoxui 10 pe
very careful how a precedent should
established. The second point of course is the
one already touched on that is, that the Consul
cannot the privileges extended to diplomatic
representatives, and that permitting a
at a right, to disregard the quarantine laws, is
again establishing a precedent which may some
day be appealed to.
Before we dose we -would like to point out that
these gentlemen who are Consuls, and are at the !
same time Hawaiian subjects, are "obliged in all 1
things to conform to its" (their own States)
"orders." The privileges of a uiitsut Consul, a
gentleman sent sptciilly by his State, are greater
than those of a citizen of this Suite who has re
ceived sseh an appointment, no may miuu
the subject again.
Ax excellent book has been published by Chief
Engineer J. W. King of the V. a Navy, entitled,
"The War Ships tnd Navies of the World." It
contains much valuable information which may
be of interest to our readers.
The main stay of modern navies is supposed to
be in their armor-plated ships and with these tho
book principally deals : indeed in estimating the
relative strength of the several navsl nations he
casts aside wooden -vessels altogether. It is curious
to note that the idea of protecting vessels by
armor is by no means a new one. As far back as
the sixteenth century the Knights of St. John had
n vessel protected by a sheathing of leadi at
various timea other materials have been used
npon special occasions. In 1S12 Mr. Sttvens of
New Jersey constructed an iron-plated floating
battery which, on his death, he bequeathed to his
State: she has proved n white elephant to tho
tros.'ees who have lately applied for authority to
break her up. But it was in 1S33 that the armored
ship really camo into use : since then tho advance
has been rapid and improvements in construction
are being made continually.
First among the navies of the world stands that
of Great Britain ic number of effective iron dads,
in average thickness of armor and in average
speed. Mr. King gives England 23 armored ships,
with 11.6 inches of average thickness of armor,
and average speed of 13.7 knots: while France,
whose navy at the time of the second empire
threatened to outstrip that of Great Britain, has
now 21 armored vessels, several having wooden
hulls, an average thickness of 11 inches and average
speed of IS knots. In modern unarmored
vessels Great Britain also stands first with "two
frigates, 21 corvettees and two vessels of the rapid
typej" France having "four frigates and 12
corvettes of modem construction.' There might
also be added to the calculation Great Britain's
419 merchant steamers from 1,3X1 to 5,000, most of
which could be easily turned into fast cruisers,
should occasion require it.
Italy and Germany dispute for the third place
among the navies of the world. The fleet of
the former contains vessels which canr heavier
guns than the ships of any other nation, the
famous 100-ton guns. Two new iron-dads are
shortly to be added the Italia and Lepanto, thty
will be of 13J0J tons burden, 15,000 horse-power
and will have a speed of IC knots at sea. The cost
of these vessels is enormous, about $3,ST5,0CO.
The policy of putting such a largo quantity of
valuable eggs into one basket is certainly problematical.
Germany possesses no ships which
can compare with these either in size or in weight
of metal, llcssia has no Sect which can compare
with those of the powers already mentioned,
though she has spent considerable sans in building
and equipping the vessels she has : her great
effort has been of late to create nleet of swift
unarmored cruisers, and says Mr. King " not only
has the Russian Government itself expended large
sums of money in the purchase and construction of
cruising ships but a private committee
has been formed at Moscow" which have raised
5,000,000 roubles for the same purpose.
Of the United States navy there is not much to
s-iy, indeed one has only to look at the columns of
the intelligent portion of the United States 1'reoa
to see in what an unsatisfactory condition it is.
There are no armored ships, " no armaments of
modern rirled guns." Of course by keeping only
a small navy afloat, a great expense is saved for
the present ; but in the event of hostilities break
in out a very heavy expenditure would be entailed.
Thus during the late dvil war a sura of over
?Ct,000.OJ0 was expended by the United States, to
bring their navy up to the necessary strength.
Among secondary States probably Holland has
the .highest place. She possesses two
and seventeen monitors. The navies
of Sweden and Denmark are also by no means
despicable. The unspeakable Turk, who lately
possessed, as far as timttritl goes, a fine raw,
in the war with Hussia proved himself incapabfe
of taking care of the good things he had ; and it
remains to be seen whether the Chinese and
Japanese will make better use of the naviea they
have. Chili and Peru have lately been testing
their navies almost under our very eyes, and the
result is that the Peruvian navy has almost ceased
to exist. The Chilians have two of
their own and are now possessors of the celebrated
Peruvian turret ship Hnatcar.
It would be interesting to follow out this subject,
more ih txttmo, tareview the strength of the
various nations in men, to compare vessel with
vessel, and to see what expense they are put to.
We have only space to say that the" ordinary expenditure
of the principal European nations for
e verv ton of their national vessels runs as follows :
Kus'aa 500, France 271 50, Germanv .23l CO,
Great Britain 219 SO, Italy 201, Austria 157,
but the two latter maintain no squadrons abroad.
Fob many years past the only government
officers who have been disciplined have been the
Cabinet Ministers ; they have lost their position
time and again. By the recent "changes in the
police force, however it teems that disdplining
subordinate officers will now occasionally be
AVe publish to-day the mortuary report for the
month of April. Deducting the 77 who have fallen
victims to the epidemic of small-pox. we have
51 left as the death-rate from ordinary diseases.
This is lower than it has been during the same
month for the past three years. Nine deaths
appear as unknown ; when is this disgraceful item
going to be wiped out of our mortuary report.
Ax exchange says : "It is said of Senator lien
Harrison of Indiana .that few faces in the Senate
hae more character than his, and yet few are
more difficult to describe. None of the old Senators
resembled him, and none of the new ones are
like him in face or figure. He has taken the
2uick recognition of his rank quietly, and at his
esk has much the manner of Ha treating hU
mail as though the proper disposal of it was a
matter of interest and importance."
Tax British Benevolent Society will shortly hold
its annual meeting and we may reasonably hope
that it will be well attended. This society in
common with others of a similar character has
had a great strain upon its resources during the
past year with every prospect of the strain continuing
during the coming twelve mouths. Everyone
in this country who belongs to tho British
nation, should subscribe to this institution. AVe
hope to see a considerable increase in the roll of
A sotice appears in one of the Chicago papers
about the political outlook in Florida, which
seems to be quite bright. The State Government
is in the hands of the Democrats, but it is well-known
that the vhite Eepublieans assisted in
patting them there. Maurice Thompson, who has
lately visited the State, says, "I have talked with
many pronounced Bepublicans here, immigrants
from New England and elsewhere, who vote with
their political party in national elections, but who
are staunch opposera of Negro and carpet bag
rule in the State." The whole white population
intact have united to prevent the State Government
falling into Negro or carpet bag lands. At
the same time the leading men of the State are all
strongly in favor of the education of the Negro.
The case of Mrs. Fredeuburg which the
cites, certainly was a very hard ono ; but it
mart be remembered that her application was
made at a period of the epidemic when the quarantine
regulations were more strict than they are
no-; that when she applied, no one was allowed
to go backwards and forwards. It may also be
interesting to know that at the very time Mrs.
Fredenburg made her application, another mother
made her application to go to a sick child in Maui;
this request was also refused, and four days after,
the woman had broken out with small-pox and
and was in tie hospital on the reef. In this caee
too we suppose, that the Marshal of the kingdom
ought to have earned the mother to the bed-side
of her child, but he would have csoorted as well
the grim spectre of disease, which, once landed on
Hani, would have stalked through the island with
as fell results as he has here.
AA'e are authorized to contradict a statenent of
the Editor of the P. C.J. which appeared in last
Saturday's issue. Ho there states that "a scorn of
-vaccinators who offered their services, the Editor
ef thit Journal amamg tkt number " could have
aonn a great deal of good. Some time ago the
Editor of the -P. C. A. took a letter to Mr. Carter,
in which he said that the time had now come to
lay aside political feelings, (by the way, a confession
that political feelings hid had influence
at first) and assist the Government. Mr. Carter
accepted the letter andsaid that the Government
were in need of vaccinators to look after the several
districts. The Editor of the P. C.A. said
that was oof the land of work which suited him,
he wanted to take charge of a hospital which he
wished to have erected on shore, and in
?uence his services were not put to practical use.
t is rather amusing therefore to see the statement
in he Adnrtittr, that the Editor offered
himself as a vaccinator, when it was work which
he poativdy declined to da
Tnx following account of General George W.
Jones of Iowa is interesting : General Jones left
the United States Senate on March- 4th, 1KB. On
the 4th of March, 1S81, he was an honored guest
of the Senate, entitled as an ex-Senator to the
privileges of the floor. All the members were new
to him except one, Mr. Trnmlin of Maine, and the
next day even he was gone and a younger man
was in his seat. General Jones is to-day the most
historic and. perhaps, the most remarkable character
in the West. Ho sat in tho Senate with Clay
and Welater and Calhoun, with Silas
Wright, Kenton, Crittenden and Jefferson
Davis, with Sumrer, Seward, Chase and
Doaslas. When General Jackson was President,
he sat in the House of Representatives
with Henry A. Wise and John Quincy Adams.
His district includedall of Michigan, Afiseonsin,
Iowa and Minnesota ; it now has over thirty representatives
in Congress. He left tho Senate, not
because of personal defeat, but because his party
had gone out c f power in Iowa. The intimate and
trusted friend nf Andrew Jackson, the partner of
Daniel AVebs.ur, he remembers Jefferson. On
terms of pcrs oal acquaintance with nearly all of
our celebrate', warriors and statesmen, ho numbered
among Ins friends and enemies the mighty
red kings BI ck Hawk. Keokuk and Howeshiek.
A soldier in the war of 1S12, General Jones is a
young man yat, He walks erect, without a cane,
with a light and springy step, and claims none of
the indulgence and immunities of old age.
Ix a recent isse we mentioned an alteration recently
agreed to in the "Manila bisis," npon
which so large a proportion of tho Hawaiian sugar
product is Bold, an alteration by which ?2 50
more comes to the producers for every ton of
sugar sold upon that basis. AVe learn that Mr.
Theo. H. Davies of this city has been for a long
time past collecting and arranging information as
to the prices and analyses of -various sugars, with
espedal reference to the terms upon which thp
Hawaiian product goes to San Francisco and other
places; and we are now permitted to print portions
of a letter addressed by that gentleman
whilst in San Franrisco to his office here, giving a
interesting resume of tho circumstances which
led to the change.
Sax Fmxcisco, Teh-nary 25th, 18S1.
Thomas R. AValker, Esq., Honolulu. Dtar Sir ;
Ton are aware that during tho uast six months, I
have been investigating the accuracy of the Manila
btsis upon which our sugars have been sold
to the California Eofincry. After many enquiries
in many places l came to tnc conclusion tnat mo
standard of 35 was too high, and on my return
from England in Noveraberl broached the subject
to Mr. Spreckels. Ho frauklr told mo that ho did
not thiuk !G higher than the Ex. Sup. Manila D.S.
actually polarized but he would get samples from
Manila, and investigate the matter. My letter to
Mr. Spreckels of December 20th will indicate the
position in which I left the question when I sailed
for Honolulu Iecember J3d, and 1 gave j ou a copy
of the letter. Yesterday I saw Mr. Sprecksls again,
and he was quite prepired to carry out the idea
suggested by me. Fortunately, C. A. Low & Co.
have just received 600 tons of Ex. Sup. Manila, just
under 10 D. S and Mr. Spreckels requested them
to send him 2 mats from two lots of same grade.
These were to bo placed at mv disposal for
and we agreed on the following modus
ojirramli. The mats f unopened ), were sent to the
Itefiners and I requested Mr. AVelch and Mr.
Dimond to let their chemist meet me there at three
o'dock that afternoon. At that hour Mr. Spreckels
and I'drove down, but before we went, he showed
me a note from Low A. Co. saying we make the lot
90.5 and 00.9. The refinery cnennst, and the other
two, then prepared the simples together, and having
placed the tubes alternately in tho polariscope
they tested the degrees septrately. The refinery
chemist tested first, and whilst Mr. Welch's
chemist was doing so, the first named wroto down
Mr. Welch's then wroto down his test 91.
00.C. I then dedared myself perfectly satisfied.
Mr. Spreckels claims that this cargo being below
10 D. S ho could fairly contend that an actual
10 D. S. would give nt least 1 . more. He however
waives that, and agrees that all cargoes coming
in under the Alnnila baos and arriving after thU
date shall bo on tho basis of 91 10 D. S.-a
virtual addition of 7g lb. or 2 50 per ton. I havo
written this out dearly in order that you may
send a copy to each of our correspondents, who
will, no doubt, be gratified nt this audition to our
prices. Mr. Spreckels will treat us all alike and
therefore you can explain this to any who are interested
in the Manila basis. The 1.7o'a cargo
will come under the new rule all others to Feb-
Lruary 15th are Lrre. I ought to say that Mr.
I IWt bound to thaak him for making a concession
which though not legally due, he never once tried
to evade. Yours very truly, Trrzo. H. Davies.
From tie Golden Era. April 9, IStl.
Moro and Moro Unsavory-
When wc commenced holding the shortcomings of
the Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Co. op to pnblfc Inspection,
we hoped that much of the damaging Information
that came tonauould prove to begreallj
exasperated If not wholly unroandeu. We hoped that
this t o-called Life Insurance Company woold be able
to ref nte the f Uteraents we received and published for
what they we c worth, end prove itwlf to be au Incorporation
upon which the charge nf conducting life
insurance on a basis of legalized robbery, could not be
ratened. We hoped It would free itrlf of those
chaises, aud that uo mure of a ihmari.it; character
would present themselves. We hae been disappointed
2Co such defense a conJoos innocence would hasten
to oner, has been pre.ented, and evidence of ways that
are dark and representations that are false, continue to
ponr In upon ns. The readers of Oregon and Washing-Joa
Tcrritorj papers are familiar with the following
THE PACIFIC MUTUAL LIFE INS. CO.
Gives a Policy
GUAIUXTEED BT THE bTATE OF CALIFORNIA.
A. SIcKINME, Manager
For Oregon and Territories of Washington and Idaho.
Offices: Seattle, AT. T. ; and 102 First Street, Portland, Or.
To the man at all familiar with life insurance law, or
to the man of ordinary Intelligence, we need not say
that this advertisement coaeye a false impression
that it is intended to deceive and delude the
into the belief that the Mate of California cnarantees
the payment of all jKjIicies issued by the Mutnal Life
Insurance Company. The man who pays his money to
thearentsof this Company on the assumption that the
assertion made in the above advertisement is trae, will
ultimately find that he has been deceived and most
likely robbed. How much bow very little the State
of California guarantees the payment oftue policies
Issued by thl deceptive, and. we fear, but indiOrrently
honest Life Company, will be definitely and
exactly learned by those who read the following com-xnnDicatlna:
These "-concerns" have resorted to almost' every
conceivable device to sell their policies. The local
board t slem was. a favorite decoy, for the time, with
half adczen of them, now netTly all in bankruptcy,
lint the registered policy systtm (recalled), nhich
originated and exploded in New Yoik as a fraud. Is
probably the most wicked, because the most mischievous.
Yy this rule it is sought totrhe the impression
that where life insurance companies are permuted
to register a policy with an officer of State, depositing
the or " net value " of the same, that the State
becomes responsible to the insured fsi the amount of
the policy, and "gaarantees its payment."
For mure than a year past the statement has been
sown on our streets and has confronted every reader in
Oregon: " Wc rive a policy guaranteed by the State of
California." This Is saying, in effect, to perrons
desiring the protection of life and endowment assurance,
all cither companies arc of questionable safety,
buy our policies; the great Stale of California will
guarantee to pay them if we don't. We had hoped a
decent respect tor truth. In the absence of modesty,
would, ero this, bare stayed this presumption of
ignorance, on the part of our people, and forbearance
iuthe rrieuds of cenuine hie insurance; but. die.
appoln ted in this, to protect other, who are without
the means of better information at hand, from being
misled, we will uncover this deception.
In the explanations we willrive, we are sustained
by authorities unquestionable. The policy registry act
of California section 6)11. nolitkal code) reauires a
by the company uf an amount equal to the frill J
net value or all policies: registered cplo the time off
making said deposits, etc. The reader may ask, " vsat
Is Ibis rull net value f We answer: The lull net value
of a policy Is the difference between the present value
of the sum Insnted and the preseLt value of the future
payments to be made to secure it- Lest this answer
may not be clear to all our readers, we will give an example,
f uriihed by Parka Fackler, an eminent actuary
ana insurance writer:
'The net value, cr reserve of a life policy of $1,003.
isaed at the age of :5 years, is as follows: First year,
S7.80; secund year, $16.45; third year, $SJ6; fourth
year, $31.l; firth year. $MJU1. etc"'
This enable a registered nollcv holder to ree lost
hovr much of his money has gone" into the treaiury of
the state. ShonM tue insured (in meaoove eiampic;
die. hat ins paid ave years, the company will have received
from him about $U5. only $40,311 of vrtrich bad
been tamed over to the State of Canftriiia. The state
holds, a we tee, hUJ0 of bis money. Is It probable
th.il it will pa bis family SIMM In the event ol the
company's failure f Not much ! And no Legislature
would make a law lequiring It 10 do sc. So much
orwhat the registered policy system is.
DR. THACHEK, DEMIST,
Will visit the IIanils of Hawaii and Alaul as as
travel is allow-d between the Islands. Intending to be
absent on tbo Islands about three months. Those
wishing to have work done before bis return will please
cail immediately. Sit
pniutH.v ari: ritoiimiTED rnoji
Au shooting, or entering without permission,
the lauds Klpu. Kapu kal, Ilalku, and
on the Island of Kauai.
Any persons found tresspassing on the above lands
w.U be prosecuted. W. II. ItlCE,
S3) -It Owner and Lessee.
HAV12CG BEES' AIJFOISTED BY
ilr. Jastice Tlartly, Circuit Judge of the Fourth
Judicial Circuit, executor cf the last will of JOSEl'H
THORX15 RICE, late of Kapaa, on the Island of Kauai,
deceased. I notify all creditor of the deceased
to present ticlrdalms duly verified, to me within clx
months from this date, failing which they will be
f orerer barred. O. H DOLE.
Kapaa, Kauai. STUi April. 1SS1 ba
TS HEREBY GIVES' TO ATjXi
sons, that at a Meeting or Ihe Shareholders of the
STAR MILL SUGAR Co, held on the 2ilh day of
April. I5SL it wa voted to acce;it the Charier ot In-,
corporation granted to theo tad their associate and
successors under tae corporate uas and style of the
STAR MILL COMPANY,
And that the Corporation under said Charter waa duly
organized and following named oilcars, viz:
President WM. R. CASTLE.
J- B. ATnEKTOS.
Sec'y and Treasurer WM. O. IBWIS.
Auditor. DANIEL R. TIDA.
Notlce la alio given that to the lirai of raid
Charter no Stockholder shall t Individually liable for
the debU of the Coiporatios beyond the amount which
shall be due upon the share or shares owned or held by
himself. wr r: Rnv
35K.1 -It Sec'y Star Mill Co.
A MATCHED SPAS' OF TJOKSES,
warranted aoend In every re-sect, kind and trestle.
yet etroii?. good traveler. I tie hiring; horses that j
win mi me aoove oraer wuipieascjra.cuiuwita
63) Id CASTLE & COOKE.
THEO. H. DAVIES
Offers for sals, to arrlrc,
Of the Fine Iron
NOW DUE, CONSISTING OF
Galvanized Iron Roofing-,
in 6, 7. 8 and 9 feet lengths.
Galvanized Iron Ridging-,
ia 6 feet lengths.
FENCE WIRE & STAPLES,
Hardware, Cement, Saddlery.
Oils, Itcd Lead, Door Mats,
Hice Bags, Sugar Bags,
Burlaps and Twine,
Clothing and Dry Goods,
Haberdashery, ic. Jfcc.
BLOOD, WOLFE'S ALE!
"Pig Brand" Stout,
Cider, ic, Jtc
RIOW OU HAftSD!
BT LATE AKUIVALS,
Asbestos Felting, for Steam Pipes and Boilers.
Cement, Fence Wire,
Railroad Iron with Spikes,
Bolts, Switches, ic, complete.
Gal Iron Ware,
Blue Mottled Soap, Tellov Soap.
Saddlery, LUerpool Salt,
Crockery and Glassware.
Dry Goods and Clothing,
Fire Clay, Canvas,
Tobacco, ic, ic.
JUrrless, Talt & Watson's
Ac, ic, ic
35 Kil THEO. II. DAVIES.
Grand Racing- Tournament
TD"r"3 II, 1881.
The following gentlemen comprise the Committee
of Arrangements, viz:
C. E. WILLIAMS,
OAPT. A. 31. TBIPr,
J. II. BLACK,
C. E. WILLIAMS, Chairman and Treasurer.
J. E. WISEMAN, Secretary.
Princess Hegent Purse,
Running Race, for all horses bred in the Kingdom.
Mile beats; best2InS; catch weights.
Running Race. 2 mile dash. Free to all.
Trotting Race, for all horses bred in the Kingdom.
Mile heats; best 3 In 3, to harness.
Running Race. Mile dash; for all horsea bred in
Trotting Race. Mile heaie ; best 3 in 5, to harness.
Free to all.
Kapiolani Park Purse,
Running Rae. Mile dash; free for all under 3
years old; equal weights to be carried.
racing Rice. Mile beats; best 2 in 3, to harness.
Free to all.
Running Race. Mile dash. Open to all. t&
MnleRace. Open to all. Mile dash; catch weights.
Running Race. Half-mile dash. Open to all.
Each horse to carry 100 lbs. weight.
RonnlDg Race. Open to all ponies not over i2M
hands high. One mile dash.
Sporting Purse, '
Donkey Race. Free to alL Each to ride his neighbor's
deakey. The last one In the. winner.
Hurdle Race. One mile dash. Free to in.-
No horse allowed to trot or run except in one race.
There must be three entries in all races, and two to
The entries will be closed on Saturday, taeCSthday
of May, at C o'clock p. m. Entries to be made at the
oBm of C. E. Williams, Furt street.
The purses will 100a be published and trraaged according
to the liberally of tie (ubscrlpttoni.
(Successor to P. Dalton.)
Ho. 02 TTlnf. Street, Honolulu,
Saddle and Harness Maker and Importer of Leather
and Saddlers' Hardware. All wort dona In ray
establishment Is under my direct supervision, and.
will use my but endeavors to please my customers.
tag- Ulra ne 1 call. 87
All PERSONS INDEBTED TO
Jas. Richardson formerly of the Kohala store, are
requested to make Immediate payment to Jaa. Vt ooda
ofKohala, or W Tuto. B. DaTies, Honolulu, failing
whtca legal proceedings win betikerj for thdi collect
Ion. SI? 33 St THEO. D. DAVIES.
G. W. & CO.
Tho Cargo of tho
BRITISH BARK "AIKSHAW,"
Just Arrived from Glasgow,
A FULL LINE OF GOODS !
. Specially selected for this market, and our Plantation ana
Country Requirement, namely.
Tm tv tnan
Prints. Long Cloths, Muslins. Shirting. Linens, Terns. Wwgea OtwK BStnsMj,
ilandkerchlef.. Ur- assortawsit: SWItaur urf Pllloir
dFancyOoods. In variety; a
"n, So?k", French MlrlX: ShlrO, Braid-. Laces'rlDgM. FbMTWedj7i.
Corrugated Galvanized Iron,
Of the best Scotch mate, of the Celebrated Smith A Maclean brand, w"8' "SLSfi 2JM"r
and Screw ibrsaai.
extra wide 38 inche. Also, Ridging
scale, 0, T, Hand feet lcnjths.SI gauge,
Best Annealed Fence Wire,
Sos. 1, 5, and 5, Also, a few tons of Best Galvanized Fence Wire, aud Staales for tame.
HOOP IROK, Ja. S indl lath.
CEMENT, best English brands; Knight, Brown Co's- and J. B. White.
A. Large Assortment of tne Best Refined Bar Iron.
LEATHER BEIriJf G best English. 3, 4, 5, o, 9. 10 and It Ineh. lad Leiog teniae.
IIUllUEIt PACKIJiO.lIemp Packing, and Centrifugal Cloth.
Best Scotch mado Galvanized Buckets, 10, 11 12, 13 and 14 Inch.
The Celebrated Blue Stripe SUGAR BAGS, forwhleh we hate the sftle aseoey; also. OnJfcary
Plain Burlap sugar Bass, and extra heavy Coal Bags, different !.
Best Wnite Lead, Wnite Zinc, Red Lead, & Black Paints,
In 12S and 25 lb. galvanized Iron Kegs. Boiled and Raw Linseed OH, la 5 giH. Iron drama.
Hydraulic Pumping Jacks,
To raise -I, Sand 8 tons: every plantation ahoukl have a pair. .
BLUE MOTTLED SOAP. 23 bars In box. English Crown brand Teflow Soap. bars to box.
Galvanized Iron Pipes, ii, ft, 1, 1U, 1M, 2 Inch Sixes.
COILS WIRE ROPE, ill slae.
SEAMISG AXD ROriSG TW1XE. BARS CAST STEEL, assorted sUea.
A Large Assortment of Crockery.
Tlaln and Colored Granite and Fancy China, comprising Bowls, Cap. Sawtrs, Ewers and Baste, riates.
Breakfast and Dinner sew, China Sets, Fancy China Vases, Flower PoU, Ac.
Anico assortment of Glassware of finest quality.
Best Anvils and Vices, different sizes ; English and Scotch Fire BrUka aad Flra Way.
4 foot square, -too gaUona capacity.
In large quantities, tn bulk and cases; Hennessy, Marteir,Bt;qalt, Dstosche Jt Cou, and other beat brand
Best American, Irish and Scotch brands. In bulk and cases.
ALES AND POUTER,
Bass, McEwan's, Foster's, and other English brands, In glass and stone, cases and casks.
Baskets, Stone Jog, and Oreen Cases, (small); tdso a few cases of Celebrated Koya! Batara Ota.
HOCK WINES, estra. quality.
Finest Sherries and Port, wood and cases. A small invoiced 'Cachet Blanc" and Green Seal OHAM-
FAdXES, guaranteed the best in the market.
A fine assortment in cases, besides a full line or other Ales, Wines and Liquors.
MIRRLEES, TAIT & WATSON'S
Clarifiers, Coolers, and Evaporating Pans.
237' Tns Scotcn Splrt GosH
All of which will be offered on very reasonable terms to the trade.
Country orders faithfully executed on the best terms. .
ZjZTA full assortment of General Merchandise constantly on hand. For particulars, please address or
apply to PO 831) fl. W. ACAItT..n CO.
EXTRACT FROM ANNUAL STATEMENT
ENDING JANUARY 1st, 1880, OF
Life InsHPanee Companies I
Carrying' on Business in the Hawaiian Islands.
Figures taken from the Annual Report of tho Insurance-Commissioner of tho Staio of
California, except thoso of North Western Mutual.
Z ", Total admitted . , . lvid.l to Ratio of Ulttdeada
Companies. Assets Income. Policy HaMm t. total
fai Cash. Income.
MnWliife .'.'. . $83,212,700 $17,030,093 $3,427,470 .$ 19.44
New York Lifo 38,858,830 7,837,120 1,514,551 19.20
Enuitablo Lifo 37,000,917 8,347,030 1,410,399 iGM
New Etipland Untual. . . 15,131,240 2,419,109 410,000 16.95
North Western .Mutual . . 18,340,212 3,144,957 788,201 25.06
Pacine Mutual, . . 1
ll777QQ 39iiQ0 g519 g
Of Sacramento, '
Mutual Lifo $1C,038,G54
New York Lifo 5,843,888
Equitable Life 6,204,905
Now England Mutual. . . 2,343,431
North Western Mhtnal . . 2,081,722
Pacific Mntunl, . . . )
Of Sncramcnto, f 419,302
iijiBans.1 jut jB If sfiAisc!Mku w fe - Jfef ju&aza. &m
WILDER it CO., Agents Mntnnl Life Insnrnnco Company.
H. HACKFBLD & CO, General Agents New York Lifo Insurance Co. "
C. O. BERGBR, Special Agent Now York Lifo Insurance Coromnr.
A. J. CARTWRIGHT, Agent Equitable Lifo Insurance Company.
CASTLE A COOKE, Agents New England Mutual Lifo Insurant Co.
J. S. WALKER., Agent North Western Mutual Lifo Inanrance Co.
AEJESIAN WELL TUBES,
The Honolulu Iron Works
is cow prepared to
FUHHISH PRICES AND SHOW SAMPLES
OP Tit U AlitsVi: FltOJf
National Tube "Works Co's "Works,
And to make contracts to deliver it In large or small
quantities in this city. SHU 29 tf
SEIBERT'S AUTOMATIC STEAM
FOn SALE BY THE
HONOLULU IEON WORKS CO
This lltt'e apparatus oils the cylinder constantly and
perfectly. So little oil Is used that a savins; nf oil lid
wear equal to four times Its cost may be esccted In one
Pint Size, $45. Half Pint Size, $30.
STEAfil AND WATER PIPE.
We would call the attention of those rrqnlrinz Piping,
to oiir lanje lock ot
154,000 Feet On Hand!
Black Welded Steam Pipe U to 7 Id. diameter.
Galvanized Water Pipe Si to 3 In. diameter.
fS7 The above at Moderate Prices.
THE HONOLULU IRON WORKS COMFY
THE HAWAUAtt HOTEL,
JNO. 21. IiAWXOR Si CO., Proprietors,
nOTHL STBEET, HONOLULU.
Entrances on Hotel, Richards, and Beretanla Streets
FIRST-CLASS IH EVERY RESPECT.
Prices ths same as First-Class note s In San Francisco.
Jnst Eeceired per Bark Edward May
From Boston, a few bbls of the
ROCHESTER (NewYork) BOTTLED BEER
In quarts, a very fine article.
ForSaleby , BBOWJT & CO
BB Ha II Merchant Street.
Expenses or CostiRatto of dBoitsrM
Ul carrrlna' cm to
the basin.. Total Ibhsm,
$ 2,043,179 $ 11.G2
AFTER THIS DATS
X Is strictly prohibited, except betv a Its. hmnat
(I lo h n. in., Hnd I to O p. ns. O. I). FREEH!.
Approved: SnperlBtrMlent of U'ller Wka .
SlinirdJ H. A P. CattraB. Jlrnl.ter of lulertav.
Honolulu. April Wtn. I8fl. MM it
ITO FOSSESSIO.V Al'HII. 1st. THAT
Terr deatrahla mridrae. Xa. rftn. Vu.u
Avenue, conialntna; eight rooms. hHehen. putter. blt
room, servants' room, coach home, stable aad few I
house. Apply to J. IL UTtjOD.?
BBMtf J. E. WISEHAX. J7 MfTChaat St.
Practical Painter, Paper Hanger,
No. Ill Fort Strec4, near Hotel Street.
Plain and decorative bos, palatini; and kattwatstas
done In the best nancwr aad at imooiMe prfert.
CEO. C. STRATER1EYER,
PltACTICAL SIGX AXD SHOW XM1STEE,
No. 8ft Hotel St.. oppa.Hr Family Mrtet.
SIT 31 ly
HOIXISTER & CO,
jto ixroBrrssa nr
W. H. KlmlxJI Pair. Oooowin CV Otd
Jodie. Butt loan A Lrle'a I'tlsbrMnl Pt.g TcJw,
l'rjni I'rfy, of Loedoa. Hihrrya'
SpectBc, Ac. At !
.70S. E. WISEMAN,
Real Estatsr Broker & Employment
rb;nw Booms. Cottage. Hiwss., aad mHs aad lea-a
Koal Estate la all parts or the Kingdom.
found IW tho. seeking work ia all the nrlbw
branches nl business eoanerted with then Islands.
DP S- B lznl Document drawn. Mils OtireUr,
Hooka ana Acoaat kept and oaeralo3 work transacted.
Patronage solicited. Coffimlaaloaa moderate.
Honolulu. II. I. ju
H. M. MOORE.
(Formerly In the employ of Caslt k Coke.)
Practical Job Printer,
NO. 104 TORT STREET,
Over Malllt' Store.)
JO RB All orders fallhfalty allfaded to. ly
SEW GROCERY & FEED STORE.
H AS OVKJTED A GROCERY AND
No. 100 KINO STREET,
he will be pleased to aerv. hi friend aad tTw
public la general with any atticia la hit Hoc at Hie
lowest market prices.
Fresh Ijlanil Ratter rcceired eierj
30 8K 01VU HIM A CALL. rf
pOIl CARRYING MERCHAKDISS
rv P BAOOAQB. Oaee. at Pickering Jfc Csr