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THE MAOTAMITS CASE.
Snpre.nr Court or IhT "
.IHTlol Trim of neeember.
In tie mitta of U pplinti' c"tla
n4 other, for Writ ct JlandunM to be dirtcv
c4 to nu Eill" John M. KT. 3Iinittr
ai liTjui rrox cHitr icrncr jctd is csisrana.
(ipiaioK Court .VrCaEj, J.
n -rc'-UontliKt forth thlt tlcT cjtiieni
Jl uiprt of the Kingdom; thit thcj- re in
Sied and belie" tht the reitwndent, in hi of
STr.citv, La. prepared icdli new about to
bond to tit amount of One Hnndred nd
TLjrj Tfconana Dollar, purportine; to be jmr
Ti? r. a,, r.f ttiAt Sth. 16S2. UVinetn
r,mcnt thtxet'or f liter coin, w bielr ionlj-1 ibont
SWtworerctntof the faltic of United State.
flit thej .ball be I.reed t telowTar
Elites 01d coin or ranin
rropo5 Ismm the petitioner., u citizen, and Ui
thit the. bare made a
ieiarTd wluch the reer..dent '
fore tout KUtioncr. pray that writ of mandam-
nVdo tone out of thU Honorable OourJ, requmng
the eid Minuter 01 i" -I"n.
T--1..J stitn cold coin or lt Mniri
lent, end not to Accept therefor the filrcr coin,
tforeaid, ndnottoioeudi bond, except for
their r "1 to CnitcdSUtM gold coin or it
couiriW md for further relief " etc.
The return and an.wer of the reisondent. denj-
tD the aofficicner tn taw ran negicci vi uui., v.,
tht be u about to isane bond, to tho mount
,"! ,t the interent lUtcd. end in .ccordincc with
the Act referred to by the petitioner.. denie. that
hi intended ixue if below par, in J aver, that he
. , . - !,- KnJa t liar, denies that 11
i. LU dutj to iaane alid bjudi only upon irrOTr, of
their oomrilent lne in United Mate, cold coin
uenieTttat be intend, torecwre or .ccept therefor
coin of lea ralne tuan -
fnlmoneTflhi.KinSdom, and ,bj amendment)
'"" S i.. i. ieeiie for uij bond iilrer
Murium isianus; -
Ii Tident thit if tIo respondent were ibout
tooxle Ugil iue ol bondi. tho pctiUoners
MUia obtiin no order oC the Court in rwtrdnt
lLcreor. The Act referred to, which Ii Chip. XXIX
dfthe Session Liw. of lSa2, rroTidet by Section
Tint, as follow :
The JlinUtcr of linanee under the direction
of the King in CaWoM uonnai, i wtitoj iu4
7 i ri: T. rmUt of the IIwaiin Got.
. tim to time darinc the iienod of
three run ifw tho pge of thU AcU suchsum.
not ciceeding In the hole the wm otTwo-luhon
DolUu for the TrtirrHwef in thU Act htrrrinafter
MrtfortU for which nm tho Minuter uf Financa
mT cxiifC cod poo bond to bo irtticd from tima to
. 1, )fl tmr iLTm iddt.
time I or nrn iiowuu j
.nM. lSnnJi to Ik. hwnvd t not lesi tli&n P".
..j mtfr(Mt noteiceedinc nix vet cent i-cr
nnnm, prUe eini-innnlly, und mid bond to
be ctetnpt from ny Gorerninent tax whatsoever,
and to be rudmUe in not lew thn fire nor more
than twentj-flTi: eare, the prineijal and interest
being pTble in Umi'-d hUtc BM coin or itt
Tho reniitnt ad argument of the ptt-Uoner i
u fnt.lMt ine uonld be illenl. becanfle
J-racd at Ich thin pr. They aver that tho ulrer
couii, whkh the respondent admiU be mllreeei,
are worth only about eighty-two -cr cent of the
Tilne of United fttatea gold coin, ami the rwpoad
cnt Joea not deny thi in LU anffcr, and couccdut
in argnmtnt thit aacli i the relaUro intrinsic
Taioe 01 ince ww
rrindralandintcn!l,in unueuDiiw goiu
Uu MTtiTilraL AVhiti tlteir Par Yiloer
r. t, T.tin word for eaaL It hii bven
adopted Into tho Engliih language, and continne
y haTe the aame meaning and no other. W ebster a
Dictionary, In illustrating it mcanicg. uys: "BdU
i:it, .r .tmrvhcnthCT are aold at their nomi
nal amount for coin or iU equiralent." BonTier'a
Latin Duonary nsca we riiw
Xow, the nominal value, the Taloe cxprocd in
thee bond na uicir wujviu,
United State gold or ita equivalent. "When aneh
bonds are iwucd or sold for the amount expressed
in them, paid in United Statca gold or ita cquixa
ltint, are tliey told abore par? And if they are sold
for any sums of money, not being the same amount
in ueli gold or it oquiralMit, arc they sold at par
or below par? Thette qnestion answer th-mselres,
but it is not putting the case too strongly to say
that eighty-two per cent of a gold dollar is not
equal or par to a gold dollar, althoogh the eighty-two-pcr-cent.
coin may be usage or legal tender
statute circulate at a Taluation of one hundred
-The statute under which these bonds may be is
roed determines the standard for their payment,
Irrespective of any other statute regulating cur
rency, and their par valne is the amount named
In each bond in such expressed standard coin.
The question of tho par valuo of bonds was con
sidered In the case of "The btate of Illinois vs.
Delafield," S Taige, 526, and the same, by appeal
to the Court of Lrrors, In 2 Hill. 159. where tho
decree of the Chancellor was affirmed. Bonds of
tho State, issued for the purpose of making a
canal, and by the eUtrtc required to be sold at not
less than par.were sold by the defendant on credit,
whereby tha purchasers received interest for a
term before ihe State received payment. This was
held to be a sale at less than par, although it was
shown that his allowance of Interest was neces
sary to male up the cost of exchange In maUng
the payment from New York to Illinois. Branson,
J. in delivering tho opinion of the Courl of Errors,
""The bonds were not to be sold at their market
value, if less than the nominal cum secured by
them. They were six per ccat. bonds in all mar
kets, and the Commltioners were forbidden by
their power the statutes of Illinois to sell them
at less than their par valne. This can, I think,
mean nothing tlso than pound for pound or dollar
After quoting tho illustration boe taken from
Webster the learned Judge continnes-
"It is a question about par value, and if that
does not mean in this case dollar in money for
every dollar of security, the wit of man cannot
tell ns what it does mean."
It will bo noticed that the case at bar resembles
in sundry particulars the cane above stated. Our
Act pro viJes for a loan for certain purposes, which
arc Fpecinednd what amounts from the lan may
Lc applied to each, if the loan shall be made. The
authority to the Minister is an authority to issue
at not less than par. Oar bonds arc to be six per
cent, bonds in &U markets, and payable in United
States gold coin. The language of the Court is a
full reply to tho argument made for the respond
ent, that a construction cf the Act to require that
thtt bonds be cold at par in United States gold or
its equivalent, would defeat the statute, and there
fore, to effectnate the statute for a loan, it must
bo construed so that a loan can bo made; and thai
as United States gold or its equivalent cannot be
got for the bonds, something of less value must bo
taken. Tho Minister of Finance u not held to se
cure the sale of the bonds. It is only Lis duty,
when directed by the King In Cabinet Council to
make the loan, to offer it upon the terms and with
the limitations prescribed by the statute, the sole
authority for the bonds. If they, cannot be placed ,
accordingly, the loan fails.
In this view, tho Minister, in issuing the bonds
lielow par, was abont to 'do an illegal act. No
doubt a loss and injury would accroo to the coun
try thereby and to every taxpayer; and tLc ques
tion is raised, whether the petitioners can resort to
this Court to protect themselves.
It is said, for the respondent, that as tho peti
tioners suffer no special and private injury, they
cannot claim a standing in Court, There 'is au
thority for this position. Under some tircum
etanccH.Itwouldbefor tho Attorney-General, or
officer occupying an analogous position, to bring
proceedings. In some cases, private parties, mov
ing proceedings for mandamus or injunction.bring
H in the name of the Attorney-Gercral, and pcr
musion to do so Is accorded as of course.
Merrill xa, riainfield. 3 N. II. 12C, may bociUd
as one of the cases supporting the right of indi
viduals to bring action In a public matter; the
Court saying that as the town by vota undertook
to appropriate money In a manner unauthorized
by law, any person who ii a taxpayer in town, and
kMc- to be assessed for any part of such sum, may
properly interfere to prevent its payment andmhv
P5jctl0n' granted a perpetual injunction.
The principal objection to permitting suits to be
brought by private taxpavcrs Is said to be, the
annoyance to public officers liy multiplicity of
suits. The answer to this, as well as tho doctrine
in such cases, is act forth in a recent case in tho
Supreme Court of the United Bute. Crampton
vs. Zabriskie. 101 U. S. Benorts.heard in 1S79. TTc
quote tho language of Mr. Justice Held, at Urge:
'Of tbe right of resident taxpayers to invoke the
interposition of a Court of Equity to prevent an
illegaI'cUiposltioif tf themoneyiof the cosntv or
Hawaiian Gazette Supplement Jan. 9
the illegal creation of a debt which they. In com i
inon with other property holders of the county, j
may otherwise be compelled to pay, there is at this
dsy no serious question. The Tight has been rec
ognized by the fctatc Courts in numerous cases and
from the natare of the powers exercised by ma-
mapai corporations, uie reai aangers 01 mcir
abuse, and the necessity of prompt action to pro1
vent irremediable injuries, it would seem eminent
ly rrcper for Courts of Equity to interfere, npon
the application of the taxpayers of a county, to
prevent the consummation of a wrong, when the
ofSccrs of those corportions assume, in excess of
ineir .powers, 10 create nnroens upon property
holdcrs. The Courts may be safely trusted to
prevent the abutc of their process in such cases'
Anoiner ennea state supreme uour; antuority
UU. T. Bail Boad Company va Hall, 91 U. S, 313,
In 1675, where Strong, J. eay:
"Thcre is a decided preponderance ol American
antuority in favor cf tha doctrine that private per
sons may move for a mandamus to enforce a public
duty, not due to the Government as such, without
the intervention of tbe Got rumen t law officer."
It is apparent that if there is to be a proceeding
In the case at bar, it must be brought by some
other person than the Attorney-General. The
Attorney-General is bound by the statute defining
his office to appear in defence of actions btonght
agaimt government officers. He doc so in this
ease, and the respondent herein acts under the di
rection of the King in Cabinet Council, of which
the Attorney-General 1$ a member.
But does the jurisdiction of the Court extend to
the King's Minuter, acting under the direction of
the King In Cabinet Council? lie ii an Tli.xiit.Vft
officer, at the head of ono of the Departments of
mc government, ana uc Constitution provides
that the three branches of the coTernmenL Hi
executive, the legislative, and the f odicial, shall
be forever distinct. We find an explication of the
state of this question in High's Extraordinary
Jjegal Bcmedies, Sec 11S to this effect:
"The jurisdiction of the Courts by mandamus
over executive officers, including "Governors of
States, heads of the executive departments of the
tbe general government, etc, has given rise to
questions of much difficulty, and not a little con
flict of authority has resulted from the efforts ol
the Courts to apply the law of mandamus to such
cases. Especially is there a difficnity with regard
to l lie control oi tne uourta by mandamus over
tho Chief Executive. " It is settled, and it was
conceded by all counsel in argument of the case at
bar. that mandamus would not lie to compel
purely executive or political functions and da tic
neccsfiriiy inroiTing me excrasn oi oinciai judg
ment and discretion.
The respondent here is not tho Chief Executive,
and we must look for our precedents to case
where mandamus has been song lit to be applied to
the heads of the executive departments such as
cabinet officers and state secretaries. TV writ
has been granted In England to the Xord of the
Treasury, to compel payment of a pension. op
portcd on tho two grounds, of a clear legal right
on the part of tho claimant, and the alwcocc of anv
adequate remedy at law, in the ordinary course of
proceeding.!. See i Ad&EI, 2SC; also Bcgma u
The Lords of the Treasury, in re the Queen Dowa
ger' Annuity, reported in I Eng. Eaw A Eq
mbere Lord Campbell. C. J. ssfd no objection
could be made to the jurisdiction of the Court to
issue the writ of mandamu to the Lord of tho
The ab-enee of other remedy is always a strong
consideration In the application of extraordinary
remedies. Tho remedy of impeachment in sug
gested for this case. If these bonds shall be issued
illegally and at alos to tho taxpayers of the
Kingdom, tbe impeachment cf the Minister, if ear
ned, while it discredit him, docs not make good
tho lot to the country, nor recall tho bond; and
tho Minister may not bo in office when the Legis
lature next meets. Impeachment would not be an
adequate remedy. Do other remedies lis; and is a
Cabinet Minister amenable to the Court?
Our own statnte concerning Mandamus. Chap.
30 of the Acta of 18TC. Section 5 is that "It ythe
writ) may bo directed to public officers to compel
them to ful&ll any of the duties attached to their
office or which may legally be required of them."
II a Minister is a public officer, he must be includ
ed, for he is nowhere excluded from the forco of
the above provisions. It is claimed for him that
he is not in that respect a public officer, for ho Is a
part of the head executive, and the Crown is not
ETsonally subject to tho jurisdiction of the Court,
ut the Constitution provides that the Ministers
are responsible. It would be an intolerable doc
trine in a constitutional monarchy, to extend tha
inviolability of tho Sovereign to his Ministry, to
claim that what Is directed to be done by the King
in Cabinet Council, and is done by any of his Min
isters, is to bo treated as the personal act of the
Sovereign. Art 42. " No act of the King shall
have any effect unless it be countersigned by a
Minister, who by that signature makes himself responsible,"
me application oi tne a do re quoted bcction a oi :
Ihe Mandamus Aet must be f arefnllr made, ic-
cording to the principles partially expressed above
respecting matters of discretion. The Courts will !
not undertake to guide the Judgment and ditcrc- ;
uon oi puoiicomcers, wmcn would be to assume ,
1L snrterrisifm of all tinncriM nf tho nnvornnient- !
but will only intervene to compel the performance :
of purely ministerial duties, bee United States vs. :
Ourthle, 17 now.-28i Brashcar vs. Mason, How. 1
tt; Kendall vs. United States.12ret.524; Decatur
vs. i-auiaing, ll ret. 437. To that jurisdiction the
Ministers of the Crown and all other public officers
in this Kingdom are subject.
But It must have been perceived that tho Stat
ute, at which we have quoted Section 5, as well as
all the authorities we have cited, refer to the per
formance of some da It. This is indeed the nature
of a Mandamus, a command to do something.
, nat is it nere prayed tnat tne Minister oi r inance
be commanded to do? FtrtU to accept for such
bonds only United States gold or its equivalent;
second, not to accept therefor the silver coins
aforesaid; lird, not to issue such bonds except for
their par value in United State cold coin or its
inese arc au prayers lor a command to do oi
certain acts or act that is, for a restraint or in
junction. TSliat is the province of a writ of Mandamus, as
compared with a writ of Injunction, Is set forth in
Section C, of High, on"' Extraordinary Legal Bem-
"'A companion of the writ of Mandamus, as now
ued in both England and America, with the writ
of Injunction, discloses certain striking points of
resemblance as well as of divergence in the two
wnt.Both arc extraordinary remedies, the one
tho principal extraordinary remedy of Courts of
Equity, the other of Courts of Law, and both arc
granted only in extraordinary cases, where other
wine these Courts would bo powerless to administer
relief. Both, too, are dependent, to a certain ex
tent, upon tho exercise of a wise judicial discretion
and not grantable as of absolute right in all cases.
It is only when we come to consider the object and
pnrpose of the two writs, that the most striking
points of divergence are presented. An injunction
is essentially a preTentive remedy, a mandamns a
a remedial one, Tho former is usually employed
to prevent future injury, the latter to redress past
grievance. Tbe functions of an injunction are to
restrain motion and enforce inaction those of a
mandaniafc to set in motion and compel action. In
this seosc an in! one Uon mar be rc-cardcd it a con
servative remedy, mandamns as an active one. The
former preserves matters in rtattt 0710, whilo tho
Terr object of the latter is to chance the status of
affairs and to'snbstitute action for inactivity, Tho
one 19 lucrciore a positive or remedial process, tue
other a negative or preventive one.'
Wo cannot command that the respondent bor
row money and insoo the bonds, for it is clearly
aiscrcuonary wiiu ine iingiu wauiuct uouncu to
direct, and with the Minister to offer them. We
cannot compel the Minister to take United States
gold or its eqnivalent, for he may not bo able to
get ic 11 no lakers are tonna on mo terms pre
scribed, the bonds cannot be issued at all. It is
impossible to compel the Minister of Finance to
take what is not offered. What was sought was to
enjoin the Minister from taking silrer half-dollars
for gold par bonds, an act wldch we have pronoun
ced illegal. But the distinction between mandam
ns and injnnction must not be nullified. This
Court is not diposcd to enforce technicalities. But
mi is not a tecunicaiity. it gees to tuo very c
Hence of tho rcmcdr applied for. and could nroperlv
have leen raised by demurrer, as it is a matter ap
parent on the face of the petition.
Here arc two forms of proceeding, having differ
ent origins and plain differences ia application.
The petitioners ask for the one remedy, wliilc the
case csecntiallr demands tho other. Tin issue of
mandamus on this state of facts would afford a
precedent for a disregard of modes of procedure
which it is important to preserve, and for which
we una no auiooniy.
Tho writ is therefore discharged.
A. T. Jctd,
Bexj. II. Arsrrs,
Mr. Uartwell for petitioners ; Mr. Attorney-Gen
cral Neumann and Mr. Treston for respondents.
j Honolulu, January 2nd, 183.
. am k Co.,
113 Tort Su : : : Honolulu, H. L
DEPOT FOC EOEMCKE & SC1IBECKES
CELEBRATED mm HHEDB.
A SELECT STOCK OF
TOILET SETS !
BRUSH AND COMB SETS.
. . AND ..
VERY Arl'KOrlUATE FOR
Trusses! TliUJSg ! TjhussjsS f
A Large Invoice of the Celebrated
Dla-cct From tlio Factory.
Wo Have Especial FACILITIES for Adjusting TRUSSES.
Hollister & Co.,
Cor. Fort and Merchant Sts., & 59 Nuuanu St,
Perfumery ! Perfumery !
Perfumery ! Perfumery
IE & CO.,
Have Just Received the I argest
LOT OF PERFUMERY
EVElt IMPORTED INTO THIS KINGDOM, COMPRISING
Over Fifty Different Odors of the Celebrated
Odor-Cases, Fancy Boxes, Bottles, &c.
Hollister & Co.,
Agents for KCa.-vcra.iia,ix Tcingtir-tn
59 Nuuanu St., and Cor. Fort and Merchant St.
Teas ! Teas !
We bT fast RwclTci from Ihe Celebrated
TEA HOUSE GF L. P. MOORE 4 CO..
Of Yokohama, Japan, a well selected Asst. f
Pure Japan Teas !
To wbtch we call the attention of the trade, and hes
to rrfer them to lae followtnr certificate!:
Sworn Certificates of Purity from
leading Physicians and Analysts.
CoxiTUTt or His Iwkrlil Jinxwc Msjestt, I
S11 FnjLxeuco. f
1 liirli rfrtlfr that th TEA marked I Jt."
(In diamonds), parked ly L. 1'. Moore, Yokohama, and
vnbmUtrd to me. It, In mr opinion, a pure. anJnltcr
atrd, and natnral leaf. KKNTAKu YANAOIYA,
lilts imperial Jipancpc lajeiij v-unmi ai ssan ru-
Orriot or F. C. Km, riij.iuuczrncAt. Cuisirr,)
M tt kit Snutrr 1'iiari act. y
SnntliwMt Cnr. Market and 4th M San Vrnrico. 1
To whom it iut concern: I hereby certify that I
nsTfc erammeu toe Tariona Drmna vi jj-hpo ich,
11 nt which haa hn tmrfhaaed br dUlntelvatetl tlir-
uep, arm iohdu to cm an iu uc iuuid ut c luuiiriitii
with eolnrice matters and other inbittancea lWeln to
Tea wnn tne exception or lots maracu - it a-. .n
(In dlamonrH). packed by L. p. Moore, Yokohama,
j no anaijFis oi iwcitc uincrcm uranus ritc mo iui
No. 1 -LarzeamoDDt of coloring, conslillncot lro-
nan uine (.utto cjaiuacoi iron;, ujpinm ina ogp
atone, 'o- 2 La re o amount of coloring, conilitlnz of Indi
go and atuniinont earlli. This brand contains a large I
quantity of Jcarts only rctcmtlln tea In color.
o. o voiorvu wnn jnaijro anu niuniinuaa rsxm.
No. 4 Colored with Pros tan lilac and Urn? tun. anil
mixed with lesYcs. from other plants.
jo. a-voiorcu wun rrutsian iiae, i-yprum aati
No. e SHcMly colored with Indigo, I'lumbao and
day. , , v
.o. toiorea itiiq inuizo. mmrai nuu it-juanm.
No. 8 Mlsbtly colored with I'lnmbazu and Indigo.
No. 9 Colored Ith I'lnmbafo and Clay.
Ne. lO-bllrhtlr colored with Prussian Illne.Soatv
tone and Yellow Ochre
No. ii Colored with indigo ana rinmoa-o.
No. 12 L.3I.I' fin diamonds. L- I. iloore.
Yokohama, perfectly free from dust and any arttflclai
colorlnc or other foreign snbetance.
Subscribed and snorn to beforeme. this IJth dar of
January, 1SU. F. C. WEUGNEU, Notary rnblfc
Sas PmsCisct). Jsnnaiyltth, ISfCI.
L. I. Moona. Kpq., Dear Mr: HsTln? read the resnlt
of the analyeis of vanons brand ( of Japan Tea, c
consider No. 12. marked I, 31. !., (In diamond),
packed by yonr firm In Yokohama, tho only Tea of tho
twelve samnlca fit for ne andnerfrctlr vholesome
the other brands containing more or Ws Injurious tab-
stance", anu nnucrno cirrumnancvs vcoaiu oaauuncu
to OC BScd. A. UOCICTZ. M.
IIEO. J. ItUCKNALL. M. D,
J, L. MEAKEb, 31. D.
cr For Sale reasonably low and on mott favorable
G. W.MACFARLANE & CO.
G. BEEWEE 4 GO.
Offer for Sale the Cargo of tlie
JUST ARRIVED I
LIST OF MERCHANDISE:
Light Express Wagons,
Ex. Top Carriages,
Com. Wood Chairs,
PINE MOLASSES SIIOOKS,
ICE CHESTS, '0S. 2, , AI) o ;
Lobsters, lib. tins ; Beans, 31ib.tns
HAY CUTTERS, H0S.I.2&3;
No. 7, 8. 10. 11, sndln,:
Centrifugal Lining, I4in.;
Comp. Nails, I 1-8, 1-I4ln
MAMTLA. CORDAGE, Asstd.;
Galvanized Fencs Staples,
FARMERS BOILERS, 20 and 25 Galls.
SISAL ROPE, Assorted;
Ash Plank, .
Y. Metal Sheathing,
16, 19, CO, 22, S! D(1 G ex..
Crindstonet, Rubber Hose,
Hide Poison, Barbed
Wire, Refined Iron,
ANNEALED FENCE WIRE
Screws and "Washers
TUE LACfllST .l.D HOST
FOUND IN HONOLULU"!.
TTc art CoajtaatV 1b Receipt of
Fresh Supplies If ;
rnoa the "
Most Reliable Manufacturer
IN TIIC l.MTi:l) STATE.
P. Lorillard & Co:'s'
Tin Tag Tobaccos,
Vanity Fair Tobacco and
ScW n cL OtHo r-s.-i
i 1 1 $
Tlie undersigned effers to
I PflRTARI P OR DCDM AHCNT
SeU or Lease . ' -"
15 rt, lengths; 14 lb. to the yard
Jost rwlrej per "Dok. .f Abfrcorn,
WApplxto W. L. GREEN, or
"0. W. MACFAELASE i Co,
THE IIILO TAiiKRY
ox lii:Aso.Al:i.r. tkbms.
For rrlkltUrs pply to
UUo, IIllr.il, Kor SOti, 1K)J. Kit
Stationers and News Dealers,
llnnnllnti naelte IJIoek, 27 Mcrt-Iintit bU
IHxe Joel Recelrcd ex Mariposa, a Fine
STT IO 1ST E EY,
AUOXO WHICH MAY BE FOUND
Broad and narrow; by the ream; blocked, or uyQalre,
.urinuranuam jjidcsf, ac, sc, ac,
III.AMC II (to KS i
Foil Bound. Half Konnd.
Bound to Tleaie.
Bankers' Lare, Bankers Small,
la fact, we hare Inkjtandt for all.
vost orricE r,i;TTEit savx.ES,
CAItTER'S Combined Copying Jt Writing,
In quart, pints and !S pint;
CAKTEIJS WRITING FLUID,
In qnartd, plnti, H pints and conea.
i loiet in it, qit pu, 'i pinii k cones.
ARNOLD'S Wrlllng Fluid,
STAFFORD'.? In quarta and
lehble Ink, aortcd.
In quarts, pint, J pint coney.
Egxplian Terfumed Ink,
?il'riLAJi; i in nu. vtt. t nts and cones.
Terfcct Muctlaco Bottle,
MAWS ropy hooks i
10x1? roil bound and half bound,
lUxI I fall boend and half botind,
Alann'a Copjleg Taper,
IKXS A IIOI.IKRS t tn great varieties;
Automatic Tencilt , Coprlng TcncIIs,
Fabcr'i Tenelh, Dixon! Tenelle, Jtc,
DKA'W.m; I'Alt:it: plain and mounted;
Manila Deuil Taper,
PI.AY1NO UATlDS: round corner A plain,
MOIOlt t.Mil ?l ItoOKS, alatreTarlety:
TIME BOOKS, aiiortcd; Gnrnmed Labels.
Invitation Paper & Envelopes to match,
Ball Trogrammc Cardi, Tenclls and Tauclf,
LETTER PRESSES, LARGE & SMALL ;
Robber Banda, all elret;
tit ints andNConnnnoKN,
And vxtrtj othrr articles too namerooi to mention.
nr-M'irtHirTIOXS recrlTed for any Foreign
Taper or Magazine published, at any time. Alo, for
all the Local Tapers and Magazines. Seantde. Brook
sides. Family Library, etc, ulnars on band, and Fpccial
nnmbera sent for to order.
ov bl'ECIAL Orders Received for BOOKS, ETC.
RED KUHUKR STA3IP AGENCY !
.04 Agrnt. forth. Enrrctopnlla ErtUnniet,
tST" All lil.nd order, filird rrompllj "9
J. M. OAT, Jr. & CO
SSf It llmm Block.S Krrclunt t
Cordage: Hemp & Manila.
Avurr. assortment or ni:v
BEDmim Hunrutnrc, Khlch bo .old it
th Ijowrct rrlcc
- UOLLUt A. O,
US & r-, w
If IfaW S
Hollister cfc Co
Nuomo St. and Cor Fort Merchant it a. SC9
xo. A. 1'atxiB.
E. II. WOODSTOKTBI
-rcornixTOca or tue -
CRYSTAL SODA WORKS
Onr Goods are Acknowledged the Best !
We Use Patent Stoppers
In all ourBoltlr
FaniU a Ufo ao
Ginger Ale but ours
CIIILDEEX CRY V"OB
OUR SOD A WATER
rWc dcIir.T oar Goods Frc of Cbaro to all parts
or the City.
Careful attention paid to Island Ordm- Addreia
The Crystal Soda "Works,
T. O. BOX 397 HONOLULU. II. T.
IfiT OUR TELEPHONE IS NO. 298.
-Orders left with BenMsu Sfulth & Co , No- 113
Fort Street, will wetre prompt attention. V77
a. ore atVarlety
CIGARS. MEERSCHAUM I
Briar3?lpos, cfcc, cfco
Hollister & Co.
Wliolealenntl Itetall TolMrronlst.
WEV1. WENNER & CO.
NO. 92 FORT STREET,
VDnTaiTCRtlU A5D M1UU 1
Fine Jewelry, "Watches
Plated Ware, &c. ,
Have Just Received ex Late Arrivali, a'
fine Assortment of
GOLD & SILVER WATCHES.
Earrings, Finger Rings, .
EE.vcTiirt.Lir set wm:
Diamonds & other precious Stones
ALSO- An Elruml Dl.pljj ot
WALKING CANES, RICHLY MOUNTED
A call Is Invited from Id tending pjirchaaer l as tz
amination of nr magnificent aruCK audi we feel
aaanrcd thrv will not leave with oat makinc a pnrthatt
from arnons the many StriHns; article arrajvi befort
ttelr aatonlahed virion.
The Ladles are particularly tn tiled to call and exam
ine onr Kxtenslrc Mock of !opeitof Jrwalrj.
WM. WENNER Jt CO-
have alto Imh apU&tetl ftwlct ArerAa foe IhlJUwaljL.
an Klojrioia, for "T
Kinff's Celebrated Eye Preservers?!
bo ban been Instructed in the nae of his pjstem
for teuton the human eye.
Theses Glasses arc drserredry popatar. and the at
tentloa or those Uteresled is called to their rrt-epU-nent
GIVE US A CALL.
WM. WENNER &. CO.,
WT Fort Street.
LAINE & CO.
have: a iMtni;Tont ottiik t j
Hay, Gr ain, &Cg
WllICll IS OFTEEED AT THE "
Lowest Market Prices
0 DELIVERED FREE TO DT MAT OF THE CITT
Pacific Mutual X.lfe Insurance Company.
AgenU for the "HOOVER TELEPHONE."
COMMISSIONER OF DEEDS A
ItrTElErilOXE XO. A7. Ktf
True to the Test !
Macneale & Urban Safes.
DtiR Sib: ItaVecrratpUaaareloIarona jn thi
the No. 3 Macneale JtVrban fire-proof Pafs parthased
some years ao has passed throng h thedisstreat are
oflastnlshttoioy entire sa til faction. I epfj4.-aa
same on tho comtltutloti (tips, eic La ail 1 Vav ffjt
melted off), wlthoat toy dimcnlty, and ftraed eonteata
ta perfect condition. Yon rs Very Traly,
HaB0laln.It.1..JMtvata,lHn; ' lETK
X Lar?c Aovortmcnt of thtle'Jtwtl? TOrvT
lirateA SAlXS'CantfaBUjr n fcaml.
OLD SAFES TAKEN IN EXCHANGE.
C. O. BERCER.J
f) 2u Oc:n'l.ArfIlUI.li.. IJ.li..
For S.le br HOLLES 11 1
Wo want tho Public to undorflC
stand that tho
Union Feed Company,
I.IIcalr.IWUIi!toFnil.hll to. . .
MY, OMS, BARLEY, BRAH. ic. &c
. ...IT MAY SEED .
AT THE LOWEST RATES.
Aa we want tt raaVa raori terr a Lar7
Mock on the way.
Cir All orders pr (mplly attcndtvtl ie. Goods deSterwl
(3rrTelophono No. 1 73." yrtsa-s -
WATER. NOTICE !
OWING TO TUB SCAUqiTA- ,01-
WATKIL the Iloira for Irrtiailoa wtTI ol,IlmItMj
to 4 hoars per day. from 6 to 8 a maad from' lo
nu,notlltBrthtri.onct. CIL. U. WILSOX,
SapU Water Work.
HonolBln, Majltb, IfcQ3. t
tm n. i2i mnn n . an 'i anri 1 ,im
ft COUBiruCUoa Wlnrh wftnM in ofTiW iW.
-j - - aniiua vin tuaiur,
Ctaate 3 of iho contract says: TIio nxtj
.t f nl 1.. KM f nnl In -
And.bv clanaeono, tho party of &nt
1-efaitlj aaia Uiai clause five refer to tho
c aaS when the contract vai made.
For Ibis reason ancS for tbe reasons rriren
bj the thiel Jnatice, c think the award ac
corded mm the submission.
If tlieqaeation as to the 31 acres or cane
was not properly submitted it may stilt be
miaieo. iiic object of anbmissions to
arbitration is to avoid litigation.
"The DresniDDtisn in it., r..-f
will be that the dntj -as righty perfortned."
Vot dem. Clark and another vs. SUIsrell
and another b Ad. and Ellis CI5, Lord Den -
Tlie jod-rrrent ranst be affirmed witli cosls,
r. 24. Ilateh far nlamtJfr c i n.t. r.
Uonoluln, Jan. 7th, l&Sl.
Royal 9op Oomp'y.
7 Jo.lJneen ht Uonolala. 11. 1. ly
43. AV. A:rAKl.Ai:VJO..
XXFORTERS AHD COXKISSIOK MEECHAJfTS,
Itobinson'a rire-IYoof ColMln,
Qneen Street IIonoiala,lI. I.
The Glass1 and Iloaolola Line of Tacketa.
John Hay JE Co's Urerpool and London rackets
Tbe Waifcapa llanUtion. . .
.UlalaarianUtJon.lIilo. - -
Mirrlees. Tall A VaUOQ, oar Alachlnnry.
The maioa Sheep lUnch Company. W)
i.ciiux. .p- noaasoa.
Al-I-B.'a Av ItOIU0.
At Hobln son's HTiiif,
Dealer! ia Lumber aad all kinfli of Eoilding
XaUrials. PaiaU, Oili, Vails, Lckc
sira or tcaoosxK
X UlY SIXES,
CI LAX A.
9 notioluii.IIasralUnlalands. ly
tiios. a. x ii it v yi
larorna a an xAxcTacrrKtss
STATIOSTK, KEW8 AG EST, BOOE-BIRDEB AKD
Merchant M- "Urar Fort, and Fort St near Hotel. Uono
AlsOtFaMlahetor the riavrallan Almanac and Annas!
and Hawaii aa Directory and Calendar, Ac.
Th MercbaftttreetStore The Fort street Mot will
rlii be devoted to General embrace Fine Stationery.
Stationery. Blank Books.! Rooks, Artists' Materials,
News and Btadlac Depart-'Toys and Fancy Goods,
BEER and PORK!
VtlT YORK EXTRA FAJI1I.V nCt.F 1
IV bm. Mi FriMim maw m:U' i-.. m.
dH. Liim i-AHii.r iiEr.rip ntn. -kimi;
JIIO a(IIK u Bb. riu rwKKii u.
qutlrr h.l.sub Kc a.d Sib Tin.
mr Al 1. prim erdn. for Mte r
FJlAh'OE, ESOLAXD, OEKilA M AXD
Sto.S'JVi-tth.ntbtrcet, . Honolntn.il. 1,
SIC and SIS California fctrcct,
3ryartlciilat attention paid to flIIInz and shipping
liland jrdcra. ly
e. n.casTUU i. a- ATHiaTon
(MSTI.i; A; CUOKK,
SHirPIKQ AHD COatltlSSXOX MERCHANTS
Dealers in General Merchandise,
o. GO King Mrect,lIono!sls, U. I.
Tht Kohala Safar Co. TL Tlalslrad. ficWalalaa
The Alexander BaW- A. H. Smith Jt Co.. Ko
wln llantailcwt. t loKaaal.
Hamalaa rUntaUoa. 1 J. Alexander, Ha Iks.
The Hltcheoea: Co. Kant,
The t'nion laanrante Company ot an Franclsen.
Tlie New Ent-latrdUfeUsaraare Cct pany,,of Dofton
The BlaV ManafartBrins Co of Boston.
I). II. Weklon'l Fatenl Crntrirazal Machines,
The New, York and Uonolala 1'md.H Line.
The Mere hatita" Doe, Honolaln and a Franciscsw
Dr. Jayoet Jt Ns' Celrbraled Modldnes.
TiIt-or OibVa, IHIncer MannfarttiTinirCfrtnpaay. and
$mj Wa"lerJte WtlssK'yesiIng Machines. ly
South Kona, Hawaii.
TUB rXDBnSICXKI) JtKGS TO
lafAtm hie friends and the pabilf la general that
his well-known HOlK is ajsln ready lo receive
The H(MU Is fiTaated tmlleslnlandfromKralakckna
lm-tlAt nf mAnt 1.M frwt and ofllrra a
tnot charttla view in addition to the ever pare and
balmy air of the district, the delight of both toarM aad
Invalid. Bath 11 oases connerf with the establish
jT II. II. TODD.
KlitR Street, llonolnln.
Choice it Meats from Fin eft Herds.
SOLE &' SADDLE LEATHER,
Tanned Goat and Sheep Skins
COSTAXTI.YtN II A.N O ASID I'OK HALE
from tbe well known
Wnlmrn Tnnti.rr. J. I. I'.rk.r. lrpr.
llil. T.nnery. r. N. I.ymnn. rr)prlel)r.
h ly A Cl.ECUOlty Jt.CO..Acal..
Fruit Preserving Co.
Put Up in Cans, 2 lbs. each.
Tkli Ii rr.llj A DELICIOUS FrXIT. .nil
CarefiUy Prepared. For
Sale at Wholesale
IMi If by BOLLE. AC.Arml
TTTIIKTtKAS A lATI2fT WAS IS
I I taedlo Klnbory M. J.rvl.. on IbrSftb Jinn-
.17 U.I. b, tbe Mlat.trr ot the !ntert. nndn tbe Ui
of thl. Klnrdom. for 4.. .e4 Cue Tre.b L'on.nmln;
Fnnt.ce, thl t. to wm nil pmon. .ln.t .n Infrlns-
men vot the Mid Illent.
C. BREWER Jt COMPAST,
Asmtsef the J.itI. FntnercCo
I'frJ O. Cbtb. See'r.
Kemp and Flax Canvas.
AXASftOimiKST; IX HOKD.OIt
: dolus ro.
And .11 kind, of Woodwork f'lnl.b.
Turning, Scroll and Band Sawing!
ALL KINDS or
Planing and Bawiny,
Morticing and Tenanting.
OHDEHS PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO
Ami Work unitrante.it.
r Order from the other I.tnndi eotlrllrd.
llonolnln. M.yy. In. ws era
A. A. MONT ANO
Cor. Fort andKlngrSts.
Desires lo inform his numerous friends and
the public generally that he hat
Reduced the Prices of Photographs,
Which for Style. (Jnallty aad Flnl,h, raaaot be
cacelled, from Loekei lo Llfp tlteloerrry
Style. A splendid Astenmrnt
NEW PHOTO FRAMES
tn Mlk, Sails, rio.h. Leather. 4c. cf the LaUtt
MT.cs. Al-o, a Larse Collection of
. . . IXCLVI1IM. T1IE ...
Votrann, Lar Plow.
Sr Mill, nod Plantation.
tironp or Il4Wlln.
In Ancient and ii.wl'in't.n.tain.
If o. 87 Fort Street. Oppoiite C O. Ilall
ft. S ' 6m
ToUl.. ..'.. ltftoneaiuk lfT.l.m
NORTH CERM AN
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY,
CablUl of the CornpaftT A neer9..nlch.nMrk JVH
their l.n.ttr.&c.t.'wnrnle. v,uii;uij
Total Ilelch.Baik U,n0
iitiii: L.ni:iniii.M;i, tirji i.u.v 1. Aiirji r,
a of the abora thrte rorapcnle. for tb. Hawaiian
l.land. an prepared lo l..re Bnlldtni. Pnr.ltare.
MerchandlM aad lrodnte, Macblaery. Ac , alMbnsar
abd lUc. JtlUa. and ,ef.f. I. tb. harbor, again.! H.
or damar by Ire. on tb. Moel favorable term.
wnly II. UACXrtU) . CO.
New England Mutual Life Insurance Co.
or BOSTOS, Jt US'
ixconroRA run, iia.
Ihe OVlttl Partly Matunl hiftlutratux Co in
r.llclet Iiittd an th. mart farsnhl. Tare.
Knmnpl. orX.n.rorrellnrc I'lnl.
ISHCnED A0E.S3 TXARS-OItDIXAKr Lire
I Annnal prentlara eootlnae Iott-y year. 3 day.
4 A.nal prenttan eontlav Policy 4 year f Sday
3 Jlkaaal prenlnat. contlna 1'iallcy b year. S7 day.
t Annua! prejnlciK. contlna I'ollry t year. i day
i Annnal frevlsa ceatlnne Policy 1U year SA day
kjoniot.. s 910,000,000!
Lone Pulil thmnsh It.M.lMln Axener,
CASTLE 5t COOKE, AiENTS
T1 VOlt TI1K II tWAII X t.LAXUW
Mule) Cart.;Oi Cart.
IInd Cairts. Ac. Ac
Ul4t t OTnnw.ul vV, nan4 wewbwa. .b.a.n u
aknet nmltim, gfi ylrrnan.
BUCKSMiTfilNG fa all its Brincl.es.
Artt.n tVell W.rl.
Or Mjeblnerj lorjlnx.
Horse-shoeing: a Specialty.
Vt eMT ao Imi tk st ?il(fal Vfttaaarses
a4 naTKKlAa. la AU
Mrders froM tho mlht Islastds resptrTtfsBy salisfts-d,
!" (fit- as a call Bfr ssth!"; it -afrw
ATTENTION GIVEN TO REPAIR WML
- AjjtjEK.oRni!u tti r o eoiM.
WHITMAN & WEIGHT.
! irvir WAsr riiu isiat .ninu;o
( 1 fa.MOA tnybocltr ji m ' oniW, ;nrt d
M'lIK CiYJIVAtillM OK Tim HO-
. J al.AlhliieAaocUtlMlMrew'tb.w
al is nber erery dy (uday .ceptedl t f f. m
MVmQMJ. tt.4 laarMay wt antw, mmm im -i re
atmcthn wilt b eJb eeesiac ta. U tarton
braMbe eyvasetlc .
1-4 U S. EVDOLX. Pn tidtlt.
UawwUIaLIItMC"!)1 I !
ttUatWul jriTfli . ..!. um
atr..tl. tfBSl w 4.'U.fMr
aau.w itncb' Ptt JIk raw wm i.4P
atli... .barb.' MSMB 1 HMt In
gorwaTIVIain! WWI. n a , wr
ItfitCUM 13H ! si . 4.VT.
.tVcwm t mm Taw. r.Llr.ffc Ti
s. b. Alt wr 1 1 1 1 1 1 ai oTai Mndb ni ..mi
wb r. fmy vb ww4 be, m a anfffip .
Hwa. Tb.TWWbyr.Bi,t. jfcnaderw.
leaaict. nto Tail... AhmtWm antHferM, art
ll, iba. aMy b .. h b.. hfmlmmfm .era w
wititixs, aossaa a'sUr
M SS CaSrent. Mrrrtvha 1
w. casessua .
119 rhaabrr .Ire.. Jew Twn.
3rw0l rm iri.TT
H. W. AXCX,
DR. JORDAN A OO.
rwiTj ok rnnrvHr.
nironii, ren. .,!i mr
immfmm? tUi I w
ii, tiiiiiw... r ii i ii ,
itt... astT lm nr
w vtuoiio uiul iuuix
ni.lU-.Eir TUS fcc A3t A4X
INDIA RICB MILES,
Fremont Street, ta
-Tin; ixnLvmcK MiLtxirncit
X ft TS-ars of rrseslesjt stitsssta tsss tlM
CSBOatlts Watry XkWT4 sn B-mt ls'sSssit.
irsssar Hte psaes1 sw fsSfs'W tmr Bbs
hra. rtr TlwrsssctomM mm fsstnarii a at Mm
Sh7 X4 aaraUiwoL TsrHattasS XMtm
tl psr4 ml mhaatehk Kk fasssa tM f n aajii t
r.Mi. Mwif m iimui i rtbi, im
ft pT (. creMre tMm ituU tasr ass SsUt.
lmyrarraarats) hate ehr-i Lha frmftttm s
To 50cts. for ti
and . it i vaa altno aa rraa-rfsnsj was.
If iuiMitc " wfc
la- mfmm lUy mt Wsih tM ta tst f ijiil
-iN4 -.vii1mz tn ylelflsf rW 9
at 1-1 rWftl
3vU Mlsc Rsss Sam Hetpf ssss?Tias
Ills rsv-atsBM-M MStMt Ktvsisasma m Miref f
2lt V M i f-VWm tl T SISMl rWBBlSSBMMfSSW
aiti iwpf MsiMtiir so n .
7h- CsHrSFrisssisas Km -sSssH.-i
rt. n t'Aia4 1 a is'asisia Simm sS
Consignments httf StiiiHtL
Wm. M. GREENWOOt.
Cnml r nalll Mmaaat aaaaj
Prwwrl.t.r mT ta. IaAU WM1
rittir. ttMuwitiD abc .rnitut
SUPPLY THE KXVMULS tSXASSS
lli;ht (.ratfr of Cotton 5fttlinr,
A.t mu BFtw
Nets and Seines te Ortfer,
Cotton, is Bghttr tluta Hemp, sua CvrcM.
aad lt EiynxttT.
aTntlTwruallr tm ta Car4 Stetar.
American Net and Seine C9.
DR. J. COUIS BROWttFS CiiLQilim.
thi om;rr t sj "-ttT f.mrtE
Istlli 1 it tavaJaaW 'f t rwa im iMkta Mfae -m
9tmmmfp r- r-r mmm mm
sanssth, i pahs. 1 nil- ir ftmm
sjSMrlnl f ovtfmsr tw wm mt . mmt
taw rtit rtf
ssllsvpa' i ' itu ffrM iii jaii Ussaftttn "asrt
M Ifcr MSB-- t t mJSSJSSfl rtH shk-Ib
B""' "w "SI " IS".)!..!)!
rmiWUBTlVK aer. taa il si ps tHite-tii. mA
ts tWs-aey wmm 'a tlsrtnsj SSsbT issi
thkkjajf lsjsrtSA, ftnatnsaaa. sa fmmm
tmUmOWtXM s-aJrn a. 1 tm Xvl
sal HaH mm, a.-
M ' - - fr- yst.i, '
fltttwEsst t-irtr. - i'-tmwmS sSamy m
SSJTT bt m. mm - . . - ' asnr-
aisas blMssaVst- riT in rml
fsMsa, tssat. 'h- sasessjsjsi ti,,,,i
asjnS ss a assaasaJ n ssam r p w,, mm m.
SSBaMl iniiss' satnw prt.r f . sa t -Tm
liMiimsBitM'rktr. Ms . x a
(Cfsatt W mm" - -mm
sBs.mj tasta '-
ta hi. sTtaS-ir sfWatMltMsa
ymBtmt lasM fsW HvlM u 'aMsSW ta a
tsM tfeM to i nrmmmm a, a wtfat
tlWm mi 1 tW,. rasx W. -a 4mw
tr i -.. w vt l U t
t SsVr rTsajTTi-- iJst
Comer Scale ad Vnrni
w. h. tatioi. rt,'. nnnc zaou,
BUHJEES OF STIiX
St.ambs.r. Sraam.Mtt, Laer
ENGINES AND SOiLElS
f'. i-E-l n ir . mrnrj
ara."! wiwaa. .n miw..! wt-'S
tfaia. e b,
canii akt cwKitm ab,
irtl LtCICIICa. aW ... . wen -m
aCd ..al. efi'i m tt. ... mm fc bp
mt dM C
ta- .mi r i-m m ,
arutr. aiiuu tr iinkibsr. nm-
It!. CUT ana.
Ah. aa najbr. tea. ar
1 bi-Ka. rin.rfb..Min. .
road, h iiii.iiwi . 4Hi. .
al t.ml ul m r-4 I
SeSaSS aS fcaS tStfSaraSl nSSS SJTaaaV
ItTrJRtrLIC niTaTTIiaa. M,Virsj4v
- 84 t W safcssstssssasV ira4! tr
H rsVaajase Pt&Qmyf JkNftlSTasrsa floassvaal9lr mt
Wssia fss mwymfHrn r mm4 wmmm.
tltr StaiK. aarry mm ai r,, ,, , mmmmrn
Tnswfcsa Afraaa rprrafcia' raasa Msaprsa
K SaW IsatsJSSaaaaa V CrSf'
WaSM Vas-tta asssvasssssvssi
Ytvrta MMdaaa, soys tea ia mt W sina
stum in TiciiK mm
X faiimA as Aaata Tawsi tassa amiaaaa tmm-
tssttaarml "t lasesa sain ss-at tl tmimwU m mmmmmm
wi tm hm slMtvnr a 'tt Vmmm aay satsar mrf mT
ms9 imvwt&L Wd-ssaW'Wsavwiisiasy asaissn pas-laaiiartralAaTa-rs
fts4 aa as hi aaaTaca hta Uaa aaiaoe isrsaa m
3SB C. nlWWaM