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title: 'The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, November 05, 1884, Image 8',
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Image provided by: University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
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L ., .Slj,, J-.
-1- 3torisrgs ;:
&.T fStes. ST ,wigw)'"
104 Fort St., -
On Saturday Next, October 25
y VLL ARK
I9TD1A RICE MILLS
107,109 111 FREMONT
Tin: ixiM v l:itT nitAtt, MrrRKasTivithoriMtACTifAMi'Uiu.
wmii aiMiMjti il . , i i ti hH are now the ncan ! n iterfectloa
o'tiTlkrt S!iUi.'i'if u.. lirlu u hi . ..and of Wotllliry stand onriralln! Thi jleM at these
JditelXM'jriJttiiiatvrgi r l"l pound, of 1'addr acrordln;: loquilltr,,f tbd'aiMj hlcb
I.StoSprr.eM .ntunbiT i -it nf any other Mills Hj these Jale changes ana iraprcncuiini. lb Proprietor
Is enabled to largely Reduce the Rates for the Hulling Cleaning of Paddy.
AHOM11III. MM AIAT.t;i tH" MIll'l'J.MI IMI! lOMIV IlIAMIMO
-AMI ll.Vll.l.IT,..I.I.:,.M.I.AT.TIli; K: FltAM'IHUI HILLS,
.im. i'iilumim nAiui.Am;i:
l.l orWntlt si llu San Francisco
Mllnchi tin-J Id. 1 M rt liinialili Klei
ns. har riml
u i mium iiini i.trititt". I i liIUi ot i
atli l'nirurliilt tmilllfmilllicNH rl'aikar.i.s
CONSIGNMENTS p? PADDY SOLICITED.
rJf iji. iGREEJN "WOOD-
General Conim Union Mcrdin.nl and Proprietor ot tbj
wt' INDIA RICE MILES, San Francisco, Cal.
lew by Late Arrivals
FROM SAN FRANCISCO,
NEW YORK & ENGLAND,
Received hj Castle & Cooke
ALSO. TO ARRIVE BY VESSELS DUE FROM ABOVE PORTS. AND
To K'jiiOAli AUCXOWJUST 11 AT IE
Suitable for Plantations,Country Stores
OrF.UULIBS. UnliaFilled.atSIiortcNl Xolice awl with
faction (o rnrcli.itcr& Attention i. Called to Our
Improve'd Paris PLOW
T1,E OS1A OEVT IVt TXItls IXOW MAI)!. 01' 1 0L)SII1.I I VT bTEEL. and (.naiant.til
ilal ltl lu Hi m an. M. f . UrraUDK I'low In tht SlatWrl Aho olLwm.k."
1 JIM mi 1 1.1 1 1 1 HI Mmmr 11 I n 3Jin 1 a !-. - i-
n.. n... rt , ,. . .. i . ,.- .. ""
...... . '." "i.'" luwr vi
nana, ail a AiK
tj.tbn tMUi "': "'
Ilalduin Vec.1 Callrr.
VVr j,," '. i.i)..ik ndS
ftirn"i uiu) inul I'urlalilo I rtf T!r. I. .Ut-n i'.,.n - ""
a. . ... . . . ... . . .. .-
l"Scr' "WW ' MHC JKal llat India Knbbvr Meam Tackllm. V- ti. k lurJi
T",3",1 I-.cl.lni: nwndtidinr, a'zl,
A.lat B.lte t . vedar a4 iii.i di. O.I. "l"r
lanl, w.lor and , Hi , N, at, I o,.i oil
DISSTONS CELEBRATED SAWS AND TILES. ALL SIZES;
I JaiLin .andStnbl. Hlc IlanimiTK forU
ut ana n nntnlH ' ill' llnriK and JIii)r Mre.
lIbW..l.l.Uil liii Ion jtrf IIubbnd.'a tthl.cand Jtod !. ail.
Zinc, fcmall rtlata in Oil
Blab. r!T., ""'.
v,, y,n Irrirallnr and nennra fninn ..!. .
in 1 am I
i ii bal.anlicd ItooOni;, ""'"""W"
'Knjw TJibuj. t V,
trim n and Blrackml Drilln Lim i hbr. Ii;, Motqtllo Lace ct, I.luc and tltla.l UllpI
I mi .Mirtiniut nf V Int. Also,
vTAI'LE G1MCEUILS, Golden Gale, Siar"& Superfine Flour
to itnbu RIm .a m i J I i il AI-i California Linic.rortlanil and Ilxcranlic Ccnipnl.
For Kerosene Oil We Offer THE PALACE, and Guarante
itcannotbebeatfor quality or price; also, THE
VULCAN, a good oil and above test:
WOODWARD & BROWN'S CELEBRATED PIANOS
The ( lieaprM (.'ood Piano: ett
No. 5 NTTUANU STREET, HONOLULU,
Agents for tiieSuperior' Stove
6 s &:l liiiiiS
TELEPHONE No 211
BILLIIGHAS & ig.,
Ha.ve Received a Tull Line of tlie Favorite
Billingiiam Breaking Flaws
Cultivators, Horse Hoes, & Harrows i u Pl ,,;
Old Pattern Moline Plow
Plantation Tools, all kinds :
Diflerential Pulley flocks, -
tPT HydrauUc Jacks.
Fodder Cutters, Garden & Canal Barrows,
Xrubricatiiig Oils, Turpeniiiae, Kerosene Oils
rants, Faint Oil and Varnishes, Sttuleb&lcefc 'Wacons, Baies n,l n,
New Ifcml, cowUMI. axritfty; ' Wc Urn lo Iccp "Cljlhlnj nnTtTfirM In onr 11m Ed tall . a't W-l IMt, . ,
Ftectical Watchmaker and Jeweller,
So.MKm; Strct.. Honolulu opposite
1 T Wstetaeip.
Tatdia - fl iia B4aiit:d ia a XaiUfactorr
KlBtram 4 Xcuonbla Meet Idaud Onlcra at- f
Kft&ec Uinta r)iNBltUica? and all wort donr bj na Is
6aatf tf EiwSaUalactlcm. 0S6I
TaaW9"HltX HKnClfiiWirrv v.....
If c EirtiaiouJjEjBiciailiiOitetttOflceja
- - -
(.til I.cHrr I.inliillt, liittrclll.
7tlil.iitlrr 1 rcitum from Ship Mm 11 ao
ofitn com lalned or in n illicit like
ptotti il villi encar cnrn
AMI tlli Tin- Jlillcr ItnKi luaj. com
maud orf T.land particularly la
trim loonromcr I'll
""- "" - vaul imiUltF.
larMniaia. KtBrl.mtn. A, IloriiCiibucrs
ytlbs, (ialr .Nail. CM bHk, i nlr sh.
in Shelf Hardware
3Z HFLY S
llaien Organ Co.'f l'arlor On r ans
STOVES AND RANGES
V o, Etcrjr Dcrinlion ot
SHEET METALWABE QN HAND
on MADE TO ononK.
'WATER PIPE FiniGS,.i,c.
Sole Ajitttlnthcfc Jflanilsfortti!
ALL izes l: STUCK.
CIRCULARS DiPRICES QN APPLICATION
3 la Inrli.
M..,MAt! Aitt j orl Mrect.
, ei a, eti
Saves 2D per Cent, of Fuel-
PRICE REDUCED TO 7.50 BBL.
WEDNESDAY, yOVBMBEB 6, 1664
SESSION LAWS OF 1884.
To MAK FoRTIlEIt AND BETTER PnOtlSIOS
roa the PKZvmnos or Cbuelti to
Bo it Enacted bv the King and the Legislative
Assembly of the Hawaiian Islands,
in the Legislature ol the Kingdom assembled
Sectios 1. If any person shall overdrive,
over-load, torture, torment, doprivo
of necessary sustenance, or cruelly beat
or needlessly mutilate or kill, or cause or
procure to bo over-driven, over-loaded,
tortured, or deprived of necessary sustenance,
or to bo cmelly beaten, or needlessly
mutilated or lolled, as aforesaid,
any living creature, every such offender
shall, for every snclr offence, be guilty of
Sectios 2. Any person who shall keep
or use, or in any way bo connected with
or interested in the management of, or
shall receive money for, tho admission of
any person to any place kept or used for
tho purpose of fighting or baiting any
bull, bear, dog, cock, or other creature,
and every person who shall encourage,
aid or assist therein, or "who shall permit
or suffer any place to bo so T:cpt or used,
shall, upon conviction thereof, bo adjuged
guilty of a misdemeanor.
Sectios 3. Any Foundmaster who shall
receive into his Pound any creature, shall
supply to the same, during such confinement,
a sufficient quantity of good and
wholesome food and water, and in default
thereof shall, upon conviction, bo adjudged
guilty of a misdemeanor.
Sectios 4. If anjr person shall carry or
cause, to bo carried, in or upon any-
or other conveyance, any creature, in
a cruel or inhuman manner, he shall be
guilty of a misdemeanor.
Sectios 5. Every person who shall wilfully
set on foot, or instigate, or movo to,
or carry on, or promote, or engage in or do
any act towards tho furtherance of any act
of cruelty to animals shall be guilty of a
Sectios G. Any person who shall sell
or offer for sale, or use, or expose, or who
shall cause or procure to be sold, or offered
for sale, or used, or to be exposed, any
horso or any other animal having tho, disease
known as glanders, or farcy, or.any
other contagious or infectious disease,
known by such person to bo dangerous to
human life, or which shall be .diseased
past recovery, shall bo guilty of n misde
Sectios 7. Tho Acrent of anr Society
which shall be formed or incorporated for
tho prevention of cruelty to animals, upon
being appointed thereto by tho President
of such Societv. in nnv district in this
Kingdom, mar within such districts make
arrests and bring before any District Justice
or Police Magistrate thereof offenders
found violating thojprovisions of this Act,
to bo dealt with according to Jaw.
Sectios 8. Any officer, agent or member
of such Society may lawfullyinterfere
to prevent the perpetration of any.act of
cruelty upon any animal in his presence
Any person who shall interfere with or
obstruct any such officer, agent or member
in tho discharge of his duty shall be guilty
oi a misaemeanor.
Sectios 9. "When any person arrested
is at tho thne of such arrest in charge of
any vehiclo drawn by or containing any
animal, any Agent of such Society may
tako chargoof such animal and of such
vehicle and its contents, and deposit the
samo in asofo ploco of custody, or deliver
tho samo into tho possession of the police
or Sheriff of tho place wherein such arrest
was maae, wno snail thereupon assume
tho custody thereof.
Sectios 10. Upon complaint under oath
to any District Judge or Magistrate authorized
to issuo warrants in criminal cases,
that tho complainant has just and reasonable,
causo to suspect that any of the
provisions of law rolating to or in anywise
affectinc animals are beintr. or aro abont
to be, violated in any particular building
wi i'juiu ouui .muiauuiu uiuii uiiuivumieiy
issue and deliver a warrant to any person
authorized bylaw to mako arrests for such
offences, authorizing him to enter and
search such building or placo and to arrest
any person thero present found violating
any of said laws, and to brinir such
person before tho nearest Magistrate of
competent jurisdiction, to bo dealt with
accoraing to law.
Sectios IL In this Act and in oven
Jaw passed, or which may bo passed,
'"o " ul uuucuug uiuuiius, mo singular
shall include tho plural. Tho words "animal"
or "dumb animal" shall bo held to
include every livinir creature: tho words
"torture." "torment." or "crnultv." sTiall
bo held to includo overy act, omission, or
"vicvi tmurouj uiiiu&uuaLuo piiyHlcai
pain, suffering or death is caused or permitted;
and the words "owner" and "person"
shall bo held to includo corporations
as well as individuals.
Sectios 12. Any person-convicted under
tho provisions of this Act shall forfeit
and pay any sum not exceeding twenty
dollars, with or without hard labor'not, exceeding
one month, in tho 'discretion of
Sectios 13. And bo it further enacted
that Chapter XXIV of tho Penal Code bo
and tho samo is hereby repealed, as well
as all other Acts and parts of Acts inconsistent
with and contrary to the provision
of this Act.
Approved on this 21st day of August,
A D. 1881. KALAKAUA, BEX.
To PncvEST TJjiLAwnjL Secret
Bo it Enacted by the King and the Legislative
Assembly of the Hawaiian Islands,
in tho Legislature of the ' Kingdom as-
Sectios L It shall not bo lawful for
any persons to Organize, form or mnin.
tain any secret association for anv trap
poso whatever except under tho provisions
in this Act set f ortL.
Sectios 2. Anyjtersoiw desiring to organize,
form or maintain a secret association
in this Kingdom shall apply to tho
ujiuoivi ui mo xnienor ior license to
organize, form and maintain a secret association.
Such application shall bo in
writing stating tho object lor which'such
association is organized, for med and maintained
and shall bo verified1, by tho oaths'
vl ni leasi iwo ot tno persoi is mating tho
Sectios 3. Such applies tion shall
submitted to tho Kinir in "Prirv nnnnoil
who may grant or refuso tho -request made.
Sectios 4. If such nppli cation shall bo
granted tho Minister of Ui& Interior shall
free of any cost or charge issue a licenso
to uio applicants to organize, form and
maintain a secret association. The said
license shall state the name of iho
tion, tho names of the applicants and thcr
Sectios 5. Such licenso mar ln
ed and cancelled at any timet by thofKing
in Privy Council. " v
Sectios C. Anv rierstm nr tktkohs trim
r a1fl ",
auuu uimuxLte, jturut, mainram, join,
a member or romain a member of
any secret association not licensed as provided
for in this Act, shall bo guilty of a
misdemeanor and upon conviction bo punished
by imprisonment not to mxedd three
months or oy a fino not exceothng' one
hundred dollars or br both such fine and
imprisonment in tje discretion Df ;tiio
oEcnos . Airy person owning or
".UW'"K preimses npon wmen an. un
licensed Secret crviiii;nri nccoTTiMiw trho
shall permit such assembly
; uv jiui iianea on conyicuon uy imprisonment
not t0 exceed six months or
by n finoap'.t to exceed two
iars CT DT lvfll KTlMi fino nTiil
ii -10 ojBcreuon ot tne uourt.
oeciioj 8. All secret
existing jn tMs Kingdom shall within
thirty dj 1TB aftr the approval of this Act
apply ft jj. the license provided for in this
Act, an a if such license be refused .shall
thence forth cease trf assemble, and any
t)uw j or persons who may bo members
of eu ch association and shall assemble or
rcuw jn a member or members of such
ccr et association shall bo guilty of a
,oanor and punished on conviction as
pro vided for in Sorlinn fi of tin's: Ant
Sectios 5. The provisions of this Actj
st all not apply to such secret associations
which have obtained and have or such
which may hereafter obtain charters of incorporation
under tho Laws of this King
Sectios 10. This Act shall go into effect
from and after its passage.
Approved this 20th day of August, AJX
1884. KALAKAUA, BEX.
To Begulate the Patiso or Labosebs
Sebvtxo TJsdeb Costbacts
AVhebeas, Laborers -serving under writ
ten Contracts are sometimes oppressed
through having their wages excessively
recucea tor lost time, tneretore;
Bo it Enacted by the-King and the Legislative
Assembly of tho Hawaiian Islands,
in tho Legislature of the Kingdom assembled.
Sectios L Every laborer servimjunder
written contract snail be entitled to Ins
full pay under the contract, according to
the time he has worked. And no master
shall deduct from the wages of any such
laborer for lost time, more than the
amount of money representing such lost
Sectios 2. This Act shall take effect
from and after the time of its publication.
Approved this 29th day of August, A. D.
Mottoea ef the United States.
Following is a list of the mottoes of
tho States and Tcrriloricn. I cannot vouch for
their absolute correctness, and Bhall.be glad
if any one can suggest any addition or correction.
I think that a liic of the mottoea of the
various cities of the United States would prove
interesting. Can any reader or the, Notes and
Queries furnish one?
Alabama "Here wc rest." (Am I right in
supposing that this is a translation of the In
dinn name of the State?)
Arkansas 'Kegnant Populi." (.Tlie people
California "Eureka." (J have found it.)
In allusion to the discovery of gold in 1619.
Colorado "XiJ sine Nnmine." (Nothing
Connecticut "Quo Transtulit Sustinct.))
(Ho who transplanted protects them.) This
motto and tho three grapevines in the arms are
in refcrenco to tho founding of the colony.)
Delaware "Liberty and independecce,"
Florida "In God we Trust."
Georgia "Wisdom, Justice, Moderation.
Illinois "State Sovereignty, National Union."
Indiana Has no motto-Iowa
"Oar Liberties wc priio and our
Bights wo will maintain."
Kansas "Ad Astra per Aspora." (.Through
tribulation to glory.)
Kentucky "United we Stand, Divided we
Louisiana "Justice, Union and Confidence."
I havo also seen for this State tho motto "I
livo and die for those I love," in allusion to
the Pelican and her young ia the Stato arms.
Jfaino "Dirigo." (I lead.) Perhaps in reference
to her position as being tho nearest to
Maryland "FaltL maschile; parole femine.
(Manly deeds, but gentlo words ) This motto
and tho arms of the State were thoso of Cal r
ert (Lord Baltimore,) who founded Maryland.
The State also has two other mottoes, viz:
"Cresito et multiplicamini." (Increase and
multiply.) and "Scuto bonas voluntatis tuoo
coronasti nos." (With the shield of thy favor
hast thon protected ns.)
Massachusetts "Enso petit placedam sub
libertate quictem," This motto has quite a
history attached to it, which has, I think, already
been referred to in the Notes and Queries.
It lias been thus translated by John Quincy
Adams: "Seeks with tbo sword fair freedom s
soft repose." (Seeommodore Preble's "History
of tliS American Tlag.")
Michigan "Tnebor.' I will defend it.)
And also "Si qoxris peninsulam ameenam,
(If you seek a happy peninsula
look about you.)
Minnesota "L'Etoile da Nord." (Star of
Mississippi Has no motto.
Populi Snprcma Lex Eato."
(Let the welfare of the people be the highest
law.) And also "United wc Stand, Divided
Nebraska "Equality before the Law"
Novada "Volens ct Potens." (Willing and
Able.) And also "All for our Country."
New Hampshire Has no motto.
New Jersey "Liberty and Prosperity."
New York "Excelsior."
North Carolina Has no motto.
Ohio The motto "Impcrium in Imperio" is
sometimes used. (An Empiro within an Empire.)
Oregon As a State, has no motto, but when
it was a Territory it had "Alis volat Propris."
(It flics npon its own wings.)
Pennsylvania "Virtuo Liberty and Independence.
Ithodo Island "Hope," with an anchor, the
emblem of hope.
South Carolina Tho State has several mottoes,
tho principal ono of which is "Animis
opibusquo pcrati." (Ready with Lives and
Property.) Also. "Dnm Spiro Spcro." (While
I breatho I hope.)
Tonncsseo Agriculture and Commerce,"
Texas Has no motto except tho fivo letters
T.E.X.A.S. sometimes put between the five
points of tho "lono star."
Vermont "Freedom and Unity."
Virginia "gic Semper Tyrannis." (Thus
ever to tyrants.) In allusion to tho arms,
which represent a warrior trampling upon a
fallen king. It was this motto which John
Wilkes Booth is said to havo shouted when he
shot President Lincoln.
West Virginia "Montani Semper Libcri."
(Mountaineers aro always free.)
Wisconsin "Forward." I havo also a seal
of Wisconsin of 1810, upon is "Orvilitas
Succcssit liarbarum." (Civilization superseded
District of Columbia "Jnsticfa Omnibus."
(Justice for all.) - -
Arizona "Ditat Dcus." (God enriches.)
Dakota "Liberty and Union." "Now and
Forever. Ono and Inseparable."
New Eundo." (It increases
in its course.)
Montana "Oro y Plata.'' (Spanish for Gold
and Silver.) " "
Utah Has no motto, though I beliovo that
tho Mormon "Holiness to tho Lord," is some
Washington Territory "Al ki." (Indian
Wyoming "Ccdant armatoga;." (Let arms
jicld to the toga, i. o., Let war givo place to
Indian Territory Has no motto, neither has
Alaska, Cor. Boston Transcrijtf,
' Ruins in Constantinople.
Constantinople is notoriously a city built on
ruins. Every time a new house is erected
numbers of ancient relics aro brought to view,
tho trustees of tho American Bible House in
that city aro making an addition lo their fino
building, and have found a regular maze of ancient
foundations at from ten to twenty-five
feet below tho surface of tho ground, Some of
the old walls contain great bricks fourteen
inches square, as hard as stone, and each
stamped with a name in Greek characters. It
seems to bo uncertain whether the name on tho
bricks is that of the maker or that of the Emperor.
Some of tho bricks are marked Koulan
others Konctans. Others yet have besides a
name a date which corresponds to the year 607
A. D, Tbo cement in which tbeso bricks are
laid is as hard as a rock, and it is difficult to
get them out unbroken; but specimens of quits
n number of stamped bricks will be preserved
at the Bible nonse for the inspection of those
In one put ot tho ground is a large cellar
which extends under an adjoining street and of
which the vaulted roof is supported by great
monolithic columns which bear the cross on
their capitals. It is quite probable that a
Christian Church or monistery once occupied
this site, although not a single inscription has
been found whereby to identify tho structure
Under the foundations of this Christian edifice
were found fragments of sculpture that date
from heathen times. A Corinthian capital and
some fragments of cornices in beautiful red
marble suggest that a splendid building
Btood here before the Christian Church was?
built. In one part of the ground were found
severai graves, iacu one was covered with
tiles evidently made for the purpose; they were
about Bixteen inches wide and thirty inches
long. They were, when in position, arranged
on edge, meeting over the body liko a roof to
keep the oarth from contact with it. Thero
was no inscription on anv of these tiles, and
nothing to fix the period of the tombs,
U- ... ; v , . . . ..r
mis tuypcr turn wuicu nao. oeen piaccam the
mouth of each corpse for Charon's fee. -These
coins are from 2C0 to 282 A. D. in date. The
skeletons found in tbeso tomb wcro naturally
mere dnst after 1,S00 years of inhumation.
The great joints of the legs alone remained intact.
Tho skulls fell to powder at onco upon
exposure. In each tomb was a glass vessel,
but in every case hopelessly broken. In one
part of the ground, several feet nearer the surface
than these tombs, three skeletons wero
found erect in an old well. These hsA hn
hnt a century or two iu the sround, and
uajra maritcu mc scene oi somo tragedy ol tho
harem. At all events those three grim forma
emerging under tho pick from a mysterious
past would serve a Hawthorne or a Poa
capital for a story that would insure for weeks
to tho bravest of us the habit of looking over
the shoulder when left alone and in tho dusk.
A trftalt nfnnn n,r! nilrii. artr1 in .!.
nf trnfur will imnart . n iitnin . .. - .
- " " - .j - um
hogany to pine wood that does not contain
much resin. When the wood is thoroughly
dry shellac Tarnish will impart a fine polish
to the surface. A glaze of carmino or lake
will produce a rosewood finish. A turpentine
extract of aTkanet root produces a beautiful
stain which admits of French polishing.
thinned with turpentine makes an excellent
mahogany color on new wood.
Bolivian Cinchona Forests,
The Journal of ih: Society oArtt (London)
The great progress made in tho acclimatization
of cinchona trees in Indii, Ceylon and
elsewhere has awakened the governments of
countries wbero the plants are indigenous, to
the necessity of conserving from recklees
and replanting denuded forests, so
as to be able to keep up the supply of this valuable
In Bolivia, since 1878, according to the report
of tile Netherlands consul, private individuals
and land owners have taken np the
question with great earnestness, and at the
present time, on the banks of the Map.ri, in
tho department of La Paz, there are o er a million
of young trees growing.
Kcw plantations have also sprang up in
various other localities, either on private
ground or that owned by government. The
competition of India and Ceylon in supplying
the markets has had also the effect of
I more care in collecting, and also of revisiting
uiuayvm, oiieu wiin toe result oi a ncii Harvest
of bark which had been left on partly denuded
trunks, and the opening up of new localities.
The new shoots springing up from tho old
stamps havo yielded much quill bark, and the
root bark of the old stumps has also been utilized.
The replanting entails very little expense.
The Indian tenant on an estate has a house and
land from the owner (hacienda) of the estate.
For this he binds himself to work for two to
four days a week, at from 28 to 30 cents per
day. Thus the planting, weeding, etc., during
the first two years is but nominal in expense;
after this period the trees may bo left lo themselves.
On government land the expose is greater,
as after an application bcinc made the land is
pnj np at public auction, and may fetch a very
low or a higher price, according to tho bidding.
Tlie land secured, contracts are made
with natives of the lower class to clear the
forest and plant cinchona. Tho contracts aro
often sublet to Indians. Tho youus plants are
planted from five to six feet apart, with banana
trees between, on account of thpir rapid growth
and tho shade tho latter afford From March
to June, after the wet season is over, is the
best time for planting, and tho contractor
keeps the plantation free from weeds and in
good order for twelve months, when it is
handed over to tho owner. The following is
given as tha cost of the Mapiri rivor plantation
of an area from sixty miles or more in extent:
Three hundred thousand plants at It cents...... 43,000
Superintendents, bnlMin, etc a,0
Till the plants are above two years of age
they are liable to dio from drouth or the at.
tacks of ants, and during 1878 many thonsands
died from these causes. At the'end of tho
fourth year some proprietors began to collect
the quiUbark by the method of coppiccicg.
It is feared by somo that should this new
venture bo successful it will prove a daDgerous
rival to the plantations of India, Ceylon and
Java, and lower the price of bark considerably.
Sons Hovel Industries.
The manufacture of iron wool has begun at
tho Isabella blast furnaces at Sbarpsburg, Pa.
It is produced by throwing a jet of steam
against the stream of hot slag as it Hows iroiri
the furnace. The product is similar in appearance
to third-grade cotton, but is eighty
per cent, heavier. It is incombustible, anil
when placed ia the fire it remains unaffected.
It has been used for packing to deaden sound,
for protection against fire, and for various
other purposes. It is an excellent polishing
agent. Hundreds of people aro visiting the
furnaces to witness this novel manufacture.
A great trade in paper bottles is growing up
in Germany and Anstris: ten per cent of rap.
forty of straw and fifty of brown wood-pulp
aro used in makinc them. Thin mner is
coated and impregnated with a solution com.
posed ot sixty per cent of defibnnated fresh
blood, thirty.fivo of lime, and fivo of sulphate
of ammonia; dry and coat again; put ten or
tweivo sneets togemer, and then dry in hratcd
moulds under pressure. They are mado in
two pieces and ioined afterwards, and ora
said tobo perfectly proof against spirits and
Making bricks of cork now constitutes ono
of the new German industries. The tisnal
size is ten by four and three-fourths by two
and a half inches. They are prepared from
small corks, refnso, and cement, and have not
oniy Deen used lor certain building purposes,
on account of their lightness and insulation
properties, but aro also employed as a covering
for boilers, in preventing the radiation of
Stationers and News Dealers,
Unwnllnn Onreltc IllocW,2T JlcrclinntSI.
Haie Just Received ex Mariposa, a Fine
AMOXG WHICH .MAY BE FOU5DI
.wtv i apcr.
Broad and narrow; bj tlie ream; Mocted, or br Oolre.
Memorandum Blocks, c, 4c, Ac,
BI.A1C BOOKS t
Fall Bound, Half Bonnd.
"v""u '" '
Bankers' Large, Bankers' Small,
In fact, wc hare Inkstands for all
PObT OFFICE IiETTEIt SCALES,
CARTER'S Combined 4 Wrltlnr.
in plnti, S5 plnti and cone.
Violet Ink, qtet pt. ' plot & cones,
lirvr.T tvu .... v.aw.v lU,tVIll,
HU.1VHU 13 (1 IltlU f JUiU,
fn qnartcWnts, !J pints Jt cones,
8TAFi0HD3 In jnarts and PUIS.
ilCTPtisn Perfumed Int.
MUCILAGE! In qts. lls. K rjts and cone..
10x1: full bonnd and half bound,
ltfitl mil bonnd and half bonnd,
PmiROLDEBS s In cHa&StgF WpW'
Automatic Pencils, Copjlnj Pencils,
-...- Faber's rencils, Dixon's Pencils. 4c.
DKAWI.tC rAl'EH: plain and monnted; '
TIME BOOKS, assorted; Hummed Label.
Invitation Paper Envelopes to match,
Bill Programme Cards, Pencils and Tassels,
LETTER PRESSES, IAE0E & SMALL ;
.......... Itnbber Bands, all sizes;
.. ,, .GIi2ES and SCOIIE BOOU8,
And man j other articles loo numerous lo mention.
HrSrnsCBIPXIOJIS received f or anr
Paper or Masaiine published, at anjr time. Al'o.fot
all the Local Papera and Magazines. Seasides, Brook,
sides, Family Library, etc, alwaja on hand, and special
snmbers sent for to order.
- SPECIAL Orders Received for BOOKS, ETC.
RED RUBBER STAMP AGENCY !
and Agcnta for the Sncrclopcdla Britannlcil.
ty All Island orders ailed Promptly -Es
J. M. OAT, Jr. & CO.,
IfftT tf Gakttc Block-, 2S Merchant St,
OPTICIAN, JEWELER and
And Dealer in Musical Instruments.
JlcmoTed to more commodious qurtert
Ctunpbeir rfew Block, .Vcrch.nt Mrctt,
H$ RECEIVED. PER LITE IHPORWIOBS,
Larje Additions to hla former Stock
FUSTE GOODS !
ar ES X7" BLR. --,
IX GOLD. SILVER, 4c.
COLD I SILVER WATCHES
of the Best make and Inlsh. A Large A'lL of
From the most Celebrated Manufacturers
B" CUBIOS IK ENDLESS
Call and examine his extensive Stock-, and ran vin
not fall to bepleased. if 93
C. BREWER & CO.
JUST EECEIVED !
- PF.n ATiEniCAjf :
Which will be Sold at
LOW RATES !
tt Electric Oil JJ
IJOS WATER WHITE; PATENT Kozzle Cans
LARD, in 5 1 10 lb. PAILS
ix mnuEivs jlio casls
Tar and Pitch,
In Casks for Family Use.
Fairbanks Platform Scales,
A Choice Selection of
New Styles of Carriages,
EASTERN MADE OX CARTS
C. BREWER & COMPANY
SAMU EL NOTT.
Tinsmith & Roofer3
Hi I HI.
CAJIPUKIiLys NEW ULOCK,
FOBT STREET, Opposite Wilder i. Co
r.QBox.iai in-, ,r
pXVlTESSlIl.SVECTIOSr OP Tin;
Following Goods Just Received
Black French Merinos,
Ladies' and Gent'a Umbrella.
Linen Sheeting. Fine SllU
Ladies1 and Gent's Hosier.
(Embroidered Cloth Table Covers
Ladies' & Gent's Underwear,
"Woolen & CottonShirts,
LAItOr; A.SMI 31 EXT III'
White Linen Shirts and Collars,
Wool Dress Goods.
Ladiea' Hats, trimmed and nntrimmed.
Edgings and Insertions,
A FINE LOT or
New Designed Prints,
tindla Crcrt Variety of both
English and American Goods
too .ivncnocs to itxxTiojr.
II, 111 ((!(),
No. I 13 cJlvfiS FORT STREET
DEPOT FOR EOEItlCKE &
ITES :OL & TJ TUT. IE3 S
BENSON, SMITH & CO-1013
ADDRESS ASD HC9TJTESS CARDS
done at tie Gazette once.
acvsiuu ururv, ah wr
ffio Gxizx 8nzsT. But
f CnnrtnrtM try Qr1Ifl1 Pnritflari and
J a suusi
F- " .'Vram inBdicln.iintirasrTCliT Asd
"- - r .- - J--
th ISlood. Mkln. HldBT.
" "" "'
I71erm.01d Sore. iwiil
vri11fiklai fmra !& aTatom fcff llf.
rainaaDHmxaaVEii nifwii sumi
exk tja, StsntM Omtepmiat
tub txc&e3 vjwuitunuMbw juij
eal kllluid cxprln.eoatsDlB the oM Knropn PajiteUn
at oner, llbeplnloo costs notnlo,Klm4yTefiiair BLwrrand
hm.WliiitoconToiottoTtsttti rio tor treatment, niactat3
csa b s t tTtrjwben by cxpren lire rn otetrvmicK, 1 1
Is that & DhTdcUa wbo Hires bia whole attntoa to n
Irian of dtoMses atlnrimfcIlI,ndpbTalclan4tiroQiont
i un vinm a prriuui, 117 wona
fay a dko. ins octor Ar
BOpinKjnci iBinriUB impntww.
iimrtMttwYialtartnnm hnt thai
10a Mtrrau enieiii. cnn
UUn?nawiBwtMnefipM3&iiro)icneai vemnewa3esao 1
acwnucrirn, noicorra. uuiorvritA noons lMUT.ironx
aa. ismu 1 jbw ivoiieuiai, nunuija, ji v w mm mij nun I
Iw ustn imnWUm "TI
o DR. UEEIC'S WUHDD?nJl
tuars uro mrmnortw nv
www, mrsnniin um woois
1 Kiiuct.a io ueum mm iihtmck
iMrWjum mmmwtmunmm rm
UaMLMtt. -- Mpm (V m
I ytJi HlfsMit.THfiJI;wUJtWIWI
jt.sn1 i'nw ymimm
ftsvt, tmnfmmrupMft jTWWf.i
. rnra ininnMK lis i
S iaWgIJ vwWmij'ilT h
Bowrfal rtwtrx WIU trm m'.
v Trm rf tb liTMnttw, A
uxnio DMrEisAnr, n
FriiuaEairuc J SLiaa urtf. tifxl m Omrt rmL from t
GROSS CUT TOBA
W. Dukes & Son,
FOR PIPES AND CIGARETTES
BEST IN THE MARKET
Fajjrcnco. cu. '
to iho CtrftM PUtrt 1
af iim iiM. .-
smini iJHfK. srmi
Wnttaax fill to MmmaAt
tnptdmwts u MirrtJrtv u IV
(u j?navjtmttj ua
ncamDuttd tiifflcaltcasnto I
rrrrr nwn sww rrw
ana xpcrlcnca mako tO$ I
TVirtil' lnmnl Kf trtrm fmi I
worn a&rs uuea ia 00- 1
wuturra w tanai .iw ior 1
TTlj I T tT II nFi "Tip'' 1
bihbcips cnna inw J
incem, moa restores ue i
Jim mmmr.tmr 1
MtM f K03TJTtlKMlM& i
! to ctw
cr, si. t.r,cu.
, ytaa. ftnrtlf P turnq JJiugJlpm
8 Kaahuiuaiiu Street,
SHEET IRON W0EKE1
aU its branches;!
Pipe, all sizes;
l'alacc, Flora, May, Contest, Orsml I'riie,
Pipe, all sizes,; and laid on
Ironand Lead Soil Pipe,
Galranizcd Iron, bheet Copper. ShMt ImJ.
blabs anU llowlii, Enaieiid WaaJt Stantto,
ViflJSSIlS ! Vnuss jbS I
of the Celebrated
for Adjusting TRUSSES.
St&, & 59 Nrraanu St.
33 R-T ' ( Htp
At the Old Stand, No.
TW, COPPER &
Undo Sim, JloJallion, ItichmonJ, Tip Top,
Galvanized Iron Water at,,.
Lowest Rates; Oast
KUBBKK SIZES AND
nnd Force I'nmps. Cistern ramps,
Lcaa Tipe, Tin l'late, Water CTosctg, Martto
A Large Invoice
We Uavo Especial FACILITIES
Cor. Fort and Merchant
O I. LIST
Have Just Received the largest
LOT OF PERFUMERY
EVElt DIl'OltTED ISTO THIS KLNtiDOfl, COXl'SISCK.
Over Fifty Different Odors of the Celebrated
Odor-Cases, Fancy Boxes, Bottles, &c.
Hollister & do.y
59 KuTiana St, and Cor. Port'and Mercbant St.