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title: 'The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, November 05, 1884, Supplement, Image 1',
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Supplement November 5th, 1884.
i4I r'tKT OF COMMITTEE OS JIACIIIXERY;
1 emf JVwfei &f tit Hauler Zatar J Siqyly Co
.mittce on Machinery are protslJc not able to recommend
- Tom-nts that aro radially new and likely to supercede no-
- xiiia'c. and perrons nil the snjrpestloos they rurvc "to offer
i n-petition c.tnose which hive how already rccsratod in the
Monthly. Still a the months p ry, facts accmnnlitc
. ' a: rirt af doubtful value i- prowl ly con tinned trial to bf
improvement. VhAt promised larpe ecoaomie results in
ins j met Vy counter dimndtics that diminish its. value.
" w do not at present fed inclined to pat in new machinery
- - th- ks of it, bat the low price of supir render!. docH- neetss
ad'ptioaoI any Improvement widen i- eertaln to accomplish a
" . .ther laKr or fuel, or a more eSdcntVxtraction f snjar.
jt annual meeting there wa- some d Ken-ion on the merits of
- - f nrnare.
, 'amares have Iven 1pci in for the foUownnr milk: Wailuku,
. Reciprocity, Pioneer, Onoroea. ranVaa, Pepeekeo, Kapaa, Li--
frflle, KcVaian, and SVaimanala.
-uly the same thine ha al-j been tried atWaihee, and by Mr.
rJiet of tho-e vrho have nod them is not uniformly in their
M- Ilalsteatf says hi? f umace barns preen tra-h without dif5eulry,
reeo txxtb doe- not produce .steam enough. In order to pet
s u-mv. with his tot ef boilers he mu-t dry the trash. He thinks
rit r ! teep up steam 'with preen tra-n, the numtier of furnaces,
thi-1 oiler capacity mu-t r larpMy increased.
t l"joneer MB, Lahaina, the Jarvis furnace in connection -with the
jrrate bar gives very sati-factory results. Abundant steam is
- is ithout any larger furnace or toiler capacity than was necessary
tra-h. The train goes directly to the furnaces from the rolls
rtrs fooi i required.
Ticctprocity MB1, it was found not practicable to pet sufadent
'- .. rreen trash, and tec tra-h is dried far two days before cson
r-... ville, a test was made of the evaporating capacity of dry trash
i'Tnaer aseoraparcd with that of rreen trash in the Jams.
v . u' dry trash evaporated T-J gallons of water in 64 minutes ;
1 a r toad of green trash in the Jarvr- furnace under the
Din- evaporated 416 gallons in 63 ruinate? : a gain of 45 per cent.
Civ. r ' thi jarvis furnace, to say nothing; of the saving in labor re
V put ta trash ia the hocse and brinj it out arain. In each case
v iter evaporated was measured by noting the cumber of inches cm
giagr gia-s which the water went down, -and calculating the number
es from the curac capacity or the twuer fetween tnc two points ;
xil water leing entirely shut off daring the test This result it very
and with such a showing; itkdiEcriU io? why increa.-d
- aau furnace capacity should be necessary to secure sufadent ?tem
thief reason for adepticg the Jarvis furnace is the expectation of
the cspercc of drvinr the trath, and If uu? result is not reached it
-appointing. The truth is no one ought to be satisfied with a tingle
' '. thb sort. If an engineer succeeds in maVing his Jarvis furnace do
;-.rcc2t- more work with green trash one day than he has heenacco--to
get out of dry, he ought to be aUe to do the same thing the
.1 day or know the reason why. In xrveral ca-cs the first trial of the
-vis furnace teems lb have been very satisfactory, while the regular
rt afterwards was less to. It i- possiHe that in order to secure uni--y
high duty from it, the floes next the air passages niu-t l-e kept
- "Iiy clean. The test alove raentioned should be repeated at imcr-
" weeks or months, and then it win be seen whether after being in
3siderable time this furnace wffl do as good work as at first.
"-.in-sras aprareat. the large mills which produce the dryest
- tbr nM.t successful in burning it direct from the rolls. So far
- fa mare iloes not secsu to have been is any easrmore saecessZul
n- -rvfi trash than the ttpreckels- f ornate.
voditkms in these furnaces are uniform feed, ojien grate bar, and
draft, with trash as dry as any direct from the rolls, and probably
- tioiianvof the smaller sixed inHls tan produce regularly. How
,.f this success is due to the secured pair of rolls with the hydraulic
anient would be determined by comparing the amount vf moisture
the trash here with mat at otner murs, aaa wnaicvcr uai may oe,
- no doubt but that the uniform feed and strong draft arc very im-
- -"conditions. We would reiterate what was said in the Heron on
n.-rv at the hut annual meeting in regard to the detrimental cSect
ir, rJd air as is done inevitably in furnaces tired by hand. A
- leter inserted in the smoke staei will tell in two seconds when the
j-acc door is opened and wril snow a oinuuuuou oi ncai 10 ine cxieni
. i.-degrees leiore the charge of fuel has been put in. "When
fed xutematicafir into a furnace by rollers only 3 inches apart.
r ivjid air tan get in than is actually needed for combustion, and
' salt is a uniform heat whien mu-t l-e oonstQerawy more emcieni
uodon Smoke Burner has been put in at the aunca JlIH, and
, -t in at Kcalia. It taasbts of.aa arrangement of tast iron pipes
j which tbe air passes and is heated before it i- delivered through
uin- at the lock of the furmee- The efieiency of the plan will
- t" i when the mHls start np.
. (i Vnr.wn that u( the beat setaaHy develeped in burning fuel a
- -ion ion is sever utiliieil. Some experiments ha U-en made at
' with reference to utffiiing some of the heat that escapes in the
-tack and if th results indicated by the tnals on a small scale are
" .' huge scale, the heat saved wffl be suSdent so that an extra
rolls can be run to take the final W or 15 per cent, of juice out of
-x-L, and the evaporation all accomplished without any fuel but the
This is done by means of an ejector which supplies artificial draft
t furnaces, and forces thehotgx-es through the tubes of a vacuum
KasaDy constructed with.rcf erence to the cleaning of the surfaces
- -cot and the products of combustion war be deposited. The heat
ises in the smoke stack will be found in every case to be at least
1 often womd prove to be SW or even more. 'When it is rernem-
- " hi juice under vacuum toils at 180, it will be seen what a large
- rv may be BtSiied by this method, and it is believed that the
-juired for the ejector wffl be a triSe eomraraU-oly.
. -x-ss his patented in this country by Jlessrs. Kiekard and
extra cnox or jvicn
admit the advantage of heavy rolls. As mentieoed lf ore, one
- ... wv the Snrecketsvwe lurnaecs ocm green irasa succes-
. '"nal the heaw roHs with the hydrauBe adjustment do their work
( umparatively few naffls would find it profitable to put in the
-fts-. bnt K is tobae teat manyot me smauer mills
"-jt woaht pay to repJaefc their roBs with others of larger
gearedtoxun s mnen slower ma. me jxwer requirco. to run
ld be only a little greater. Yet if any change is tojbe made,
-c Vst results should be sought, and it is doubtless true that no
- of rolls win take out as much juice as two sets combined. Double
- has been many times discussed, bpt only at SpreckdsviDe has
"ueen adopted. We may congratulate oursdvc that preparations
- mide to test the advantage of a second pairpl rolls, by putting
athe WafctoaMHL A spray ol hot water will meet the trash
, rota the three-roller mifL Thence it is elevated and dropped
- inte which delivers to the extra lur ol rofls ana Irom tnem tii;en
-ash house. TM arrangement permits the three-roller mill to be
" i roBBcoioa with the pair as maybe desired. The extra
t '-eared to the same engine that dri-e the present milL Repeated
- mecU have shown Out a gain of not less than 15 per cent, of juke
Uined from the trash in this way and the application of hot water is
ed h be the ioportantjort of the process.
i i. s vrar past the first of a style of boBer fundamentally different
- t .V n-. at the Islands previoosly, has been erected at the Rcci-
- Mill in Maui. It is a Babcoek 4 'Wflcox Water Tube Boiler of
" '-grower capacity.
-sral description t the l-oiter appeared in the Octol-cr number of
, vters' MostuXY, and need Dot be repeated here. The first ob
that style of boHer, which presents itself to one accustomed to
''res is the apparent shertnessof the space for the pasageofthc
i i- tbf- furnace to the smoke stack, suggesting the probability that
' - t-r t.Ttion of heat would escape in the smoke stack. Actual trial
C. this is the very pnt where this boBer has the advantage over
M Tussf .f the gases across the tubes instead of lengthwise with
- otart at every point, so that the heat in the smoke stack
-wtnt ajoe while in the case of two other boilers set alongside
:, heat wint far alove that point. A good pyrometer was Used so
-..rvful comparison was made.
rate surface it targe under this boBer and the draft excellent. The
lotion to be noticed is, that as the toilers are sent out, the furnace
ed forcout and not properly for trash. They can easily beset
, ii with a trash Isnaee which would take away the ejection.
It is admitied on all sides that diffusion i the method by which the
saccharine matter may be most thoroughly extracted fmni the cane, ami
iUs to to hoped that the planters will find It worth while to combine in
.tn-.TinHii wnicn wai settle the practical questions or the inemoi
without involving a heaw ratlav on The mrt of nnv ln.livilnal.
The experiments made by the Peixjrtment of Agriculture in the Cnited
States, with diffusion applied to sorghum, indicated that the machinery re
quired for a moderately sued plant to test diffn-ion on a working scale
neotlnot be very expensive. The machine em-JoTj to slice the cane
consisted of a conical cast iron di-k with knives set in slots as a plane iron
issietin carpenter's plane, so that the canes were fed against this re
volving di-k, and slices were taken tiff from v to 1 of an Inch in thick
ness. The cane met the disk, not at right angles tat obliquely, so the
slicing was diagonally across the cane stalk. It was estimated that the
power required to slice the cane in this manner was less than would bo
required to crush in the ordinary manner.
in the Turnphlei paKi-hcd by Mr. H. W. "Wiley, the chemist in charge
of these experiments, the diffu-ioa battery and methods of operatim are
carefully described and the results fully recorded.
The most serious, question in connection with the diffusion process seems
to be one of f ad. It is probable that the bagasse from a diffusion battery
willhe worth moth less as fuel than trash from a cru-hing mill, and the
qocstiGn whether the extra gain in sugar will pay for sufficient fuel to
supply this deficiency, as "well as to evaporate the additional water, scem
to he one that can he decided onlv by trial.
Believing thai snfScicnt time has been occupied by this report.- your
vwuimiuce respectluuy sntimll iu W. K. Uowkli,
II. V. GlVDE,
W. II. RrCKAKH.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE OX .TJlAy.SPOKTATlOX.
HoxounAJ, Oct. 2id, 1SS1.
Sm : Your Cmamittee to w horn was confided on yesterday the duty of
making a Report on Cane Transportation, beg you to accept the following.
Prom all we can gather upon this important subject at this late date for
'nqmry is, a little progress has been made the past twelve months. Some
chaages far the better, and some combination of two or more different
ways f transportation have been made with some degree of advance
Oxen in same cases, have been exchanged for mules, ami others con
Gravitation tramways are growing in favor in hilly regions, and are
worked quite sraecestfully in combination with carts, sleds, and horiiontal
Carts and sleds arc also used to transport cane to water flumes, from
points on plantations not convenient to be reached by a flume. Where
water can be had and grades suitable, flaming is preferred "to all other
modes of transportation.
The raH mad, where the country is comparatively level, yet continues
in most favor for transporting cane long distances. The intelligence and
experience of plantation owners and managers have enabled .them to
adopt thus far that partictAar mode of transportation best suited to their
Whore cewiitioBS are suitable and distances, nat toi great, carts and
wagons are the cheapest for transporting cane, the flume follows next in
There is some new idea sprung up in the u-e of wagons and horses
which may become of some advantage in localities where they can be
used. It has been adopted by Kukaiaa Plantation with fair pro-peets of
success. It consists of strong -light iron wagons, with low wheels (about
four feet ia diameter) with i and 6-inch tires, no bed, bul a rack io feet
long, with stakes 1 feet long, and liaecd 4 feci apart, this rack it placed
upon the wheels with a seat and a suitable brake ; 3 or 4 tons of cane can
be placed cro-sways upon it, and drawn by four horses down alongside of
the cane carrier. Then it is proposed to unload direct upon the cane
carrier, and while being-trrioaded the team it hitched to an empty wagon
standing near, and goes for another load. Hills of much grade, and bad
roads should be avoided.
As an auxniary, where there is a constant descent from the cane field
to the mill, a sled I. feet long and Si feet wrde, made of -1x6 timbers, and
stakes three feet long, can be profitably used, by attaching it to the hind
axle of the wagon, and l.CX) or 2,000 pounds of cane can be placed upon
it, and takes down at the same time with the same team. The wagon
palling the sled, and the sled acting as a brake upon the wagon. Thus
arranged, they are a mutual help to each other going down with the load.
and that ranch more cane can be landed at the mm, than if the wagon
alone were used. In taking the rig lock the team has more labor. But
the forward end of the sled is fastened up under the hind ixie dear of
me ground, that end oT the sled rode down on the wagon with its load
dragging the hind end npoa the ground, the load being now off. the hind
endis also rai-ed and booked up to the after part of the rack. -
Thus the sled is taken back on the wagon. hen again in the field
the after part of she sled is let down on the ground, when it is again
ready for loading. This rig, and thirty-five animals, and about as Jnany
men, is expected to deliver alongside of the cane carrier from 1-V to 160
tons of cane daily- Where the lay of the lacd is favorable and the
average distance not more thau one-half or Uiree-fourths of a mile, gravi
tation doing xoo-t of the heavy hauling and the cane having to be less
handled than in any other way recommends it for serious consideration
where it can be used. Respectfully, Join? M. Hobxek.
Ms. J. M. HOBXKK, CfarM0 fef" Qwuittee on Oute Trmvporiniom..-
As one of your Committee, I beg leave to submit the feHowing, to be
embodied in the report on the subject.
There arc -various means employed to transport cane to the mills, on the
Islands, -viz. : Steam tramways, wire ropeways, stationary flames, port
able flumes, mule carts, ox carts, Ac.
tome plantations have but one of these methods, while outers combine
several. To make a report giving the comparative cot of each with their
workings, and our deductions as to the most satisfactory methods and best
results, would be a. work of time, so that I shall only attempt to give a
short description of the different methods on the Paia Plantation, giving
the approximate cost per ton by each.
AN e use mamiy but two systems, naming, ana naming witmox teams.
We flume the cane from the upper lands. Using the water for irritating
the lands below the mffl.
We have five flumes about three miles each in length, and one mile
apart. We cart the cane from the field tome nearest flume, where we
have a gang of men stationed who cut the cane into short lengths and
put it into the flame, through which it is carried and delivered on to the
In estimating the cost of transportation, we assume that the grinding
season is 2 days, and that we flume cane Hi days, and cart direct to
the mHl 75 days. The cost of transporting cane by flame is about S6.10
per ton of sugar, and is made up as follows:
Estimated cost of 15 miles of flume, iJS3 per mile, flume to
last $ vears .. x. . .. Sl.-xn) 00
Par interest 10 per cent., and wear and tear 20 per cent. ier
Ttflyyp . o,oO uq
Loss of water safScjent to raise an amount of cane worth 1,600 00
fScartsft $l?acach, interest wcarand tear on same, 20 percent... 621 00
S yoke of oxen per cart j $75 per yoke, interest wearand tear
20 per cent . ........
Total for transporting cane for about 2,Q0f tons of sugar. ...
Or about ?S.0 per ton of sugar.
Then we have for labor per day, 3 bullock drivers, 12 men at
flume, men to watcn Eumc, s men at cane carrier, ana -
men at rolls, total, 45 men g, SI
Assuming that we make 17 tons of sugar per day, the cost per
ton for labor is about .....
Or a total of S6.10 per ton of sugar.
The cost lrotn the lower field is less, being as follows from fields average
distance from mill j of a mile:
35 carts $125 each, 20 per cent, wear, tear and interest. S75 00
pair of oxen per cart fi ?7S per vote, interest, Ac, -V per cent 1,0.0 ou
r per ton of sugar calculating 17 tore per day. 1 S5
Then for labor 35 teamsters per day, 11 men at cane carrier, and
2 men at rolls, total, 45 men p. Jl -Is 00
For 17 tons of sugar, ;2.S2 per ton, or a total cost for trans
portation by this method of S I. 0 per ton ol sugar.
Owing to the necessity W feeding mules grain "and truMXist of getting
cane tops for them, often from fields far distant from the mill, and other
reasons too long to be mentioned hero", the cost is greater where mules are
But in considering the means for transportation ot cane, the nature- of
the land and surrounding circumstances must be taken into consideration.
As for instance, at Waianae, where they have a comparaUvcly level
country with little avsihHe. food for working cattle, tho tramway is no
doobt the best. Although' not as cheap n some other method", for
although they have systcmallxeil tne work there as well perhaps as any
where else on the Islands, the 'manager states the cost to be about J7.00
per ton ot sugar. .
Humes arc probably best for llilo where water ! worthless for Irriga
tion, and there Is not nourishment enough in the grass for working cattle.
And so perhaps front the nature of the country mutes may be the best
for llonokaa. - t
While at Paia, the combined system of flumes and ox carts, using 4I10
water from the flames for the lower lands, seem to me to bo the best for
us. Respectfully, K. M. WaxsU.
Honolulu, Oct. 22, 1SS1.
REPORT OF CQMUITTEE O-V VARIIIES OF (tt.VJS
7b Me 2Ye?fit 0 tit J'Sanlen Labor and Sajjpty Company .
Sir, The fact that the,members of the various Committees liave rarely
any opportunity of meeting each other, except during the aiinoal session,
renders the preparation of reports, by the Committees collectively almost
an impossibility. .Vnd' there is tui additional difficulty in the way of tho
Oommittee on the varieties ot ctuic in that no two ot them are resident on
the same i-land, and -the. Chairman, who is chiefly responsible for tho
report, is probably less familiar with his subject than almost any gentle
men who listens to hliiii
It Is dear from the various replies I have received, that tho talk of our
planters are satisfied with.the .one valuable cano upon which they depend
for tketr crop. Some state that they are so far satitfied that they do not
desire any other on their land thau the Lahaina cane. This cane has un
doubtedly Iwen, and i, a great toon to us and we cannot tat admire the
loyalty ot those who speak well of the bridge that carries them over the
stream. But there are other proverbs Jutt as valuable, ami one is:
"Sever put all your eggs in one basket" Mr. Home, tho Curator of the
Botanical Gardens at Mauritius, warned me repeatedly when he was here
some years ago, not to rely absolutely on any single cane, but to be pre
pared with substitutes in the event of some sudden disease attacking our
chief variety. Again he wrote me, '-I trust it may be a long time before
you have to replace your Lahaina cane, tat there is no knowing, and it
" is well to be prepared."
I therefore believe that efery planter should prepare himself for an
emergency, by having a few acres ot some other well televted variety
planted every year to serve forseed in the event of failure of the Lahaina
cane, from the sudden dcvdupctnwit of some new txitvi or blight. It
was this conviction that led me to procure from Mr. Home at Mauritius,
the seventeen varieties of cane which have been so well cared for by Mr,
Jaeger, and from which ditrilution has been made to many plantations.
I received two Wardian cases from Mr. Home containing 25 or 26 different
canes, but ouly 17 lived, named -as follows : one ssunnci, three brchhet,
five home, six black cane,, seven canne morte, eight vulu vulu, ten inill-
gcte, eleven vituatuata, twelve nammi, fourteen vico, flf teen vagabonde,
seventeen samoa, eighteen seete, nineteen lomaloma, twenty-two kamtn
kamba vati, twnty-three green and red striped cane, twenty-four large
green cane. Amongst the canes which did not survivewas twenty-five
oetezuet, a rose coioreu canew nicg, 1 umiersiooti ironi .nr. Home, was
equal to our Lahaina caue, and the mainstay of the Mauritius planter.
This hdeguet b the cane I w-as most anxious to get, and I wits much dis
appointed at Irs failnre. I agree with Mr. Jaeger that further efforts
should bo made to procure this cane, and I hope this company will
autnonre tno small outlay.
The fir-t cuttings'ot these Mauritius canes were distributed during the
first half of the present year, and it is too soon to speak ot their relative
value. Some ot them are doing remarkably well at Lnnpahochoe, at
llonokaa, at Mr. Xotlcy's, and at several other places. At llilea, Mr.
Spencer ttates that the white varieties llanteil in January at an elevation
of 325 feet now strip six feetj.and that" there Is no cano on the plantation
that now promises is Veil as the striped varieties planted 1750 feet high,
and whicKstood as well a Lahaina cane. In rainy districts the Mauritius
canes Appear to grow too thick and may do better in drier places.
Xcc original plants can he seen now at the Agricultural Gardens In
King street, opposite the residence of Captain Luce.
Queensland has supplied its with some new Varieties of cane imported
first to Mr. Turton which have been tried on several plantation. Amongst
them'arc one yellow Caledonia, two big ribbon, three rose InniNxi. four
Ottmatie and five elephant. The result of these canes at OoknU has not
been satisfactory, as stated by Mr. Soper, after three years trial They
were introduced at llilea In July last and appear to be growing finely. Of
the result there It is too soon to speak.
At Laupahoehoe they have not done well and seem to develop a new
kind of borer which lias discouraged their cultivation. Mr. Kiekard states
that at llonokaa, at an elevation ot 500 feet tho vulu vulu, mlligcte,
namml. and loma lorru seem to do very well and look healthv and
vigorous, but the kamba-kamba and some other varieties are very poor.
Of the indigenous and aceiimatiezd causs there are at Hilca nineteen
varieties, including the Lahaina, which was brought here first from the
Marquesas and planted In Mr. Oudinot's ganlen at I-ahalna. In the year
1S65, 1 remember Mr. Hackfeld informing me that 1 toaswasannverago
and two tons a good yield per acre for sugar cane, and tho comparison of
the old with tho new canes at Lahaina may have had something to do
with the Incredulity with which tome of Mr. Oudinot's anecdotes were
occasionally received. Mr. Spenser states that nt Hilca, during the pre
sent year, he lias taken Cj tons per acre from, second ratoons of Lahaina
cane- lie also says tnat unuer lavorawe conmttons the ' China" yields
as well as the Lahaina.
Mr. Unna states that in 1S61 and lsi!2 he purchased all the varieties of
cane he could get on Mani and planted each variety by itself. He found
that the borer would penetrate all other canes before it would touch, tho
Lahaina. and that the latter having fewer and narrower leaves than the
old native canes, the sun can more readily get access to the sticks, ot the
same time ripening tho cane and hardening It against the assaults of its
enemies. Mr. Unna draws attention to the importance of frequent trans
planting of cane from a high to a lower level and vice versa, and from
island to island, and also from dry laild to Irrigated. He stales tliat the
natives pursue this course with their kalo and so keep up tho quality from
age to age. There are nine varieties of nlibon cane grown at Hilca, and
Mr. Spencer states that they all grow well to an altitude of 2000 feet
Mr. IL M. Whitney hasdis covered a cane which he calls " red La
haina," and which may be seen growing at his residence at Kawala In
this city. Mr. Whitney contiders this to be a valuable addition to a list
of canes, especially for higher altitudes, and I greatly regret that from a
slight accident Mr. Whitney has been unable to givon written description
of this variety for Incorporation in this report. I can only strongly recom
mend any members who are interested in the sulject to confer with Mr.
Whitney who will, I am sure, gladly give information reganllng It.
With'rcfcrcnco to tho character of nurindigenous canes, I was Interested
greatly in a statement found in a very rare work published In London in
t2, the diary of Dr. Ellis, surgeon on board the ships Rtrofutc and i
cowry, at the date of their first visit to these islands. Bt. Kills describes
tho district of " Amacooa" as appearing to be covered with gardens and
rJantations of kalo, Ac, bordered with sugar-cane, and he repeatedly des
cribes the sugsr-canc as more juicy than any found at other groups or
places they had visited. 'Ihcre seems to fc tticrclore historical its well as
practical ground for the belief that the soil of these Island? U pcculiarly
adaptcd to the cultivation of caue. rurthcnnorc we may lie satisfied that
we are In possesion 01 a cane inai is wormy 01 our nne son. uy careful
treatment of our canes and keeping In view the importance of transferring
from district to district as recommended Tiy Mr. Unna and as largely
practiced bv many planters, we may well hone to maintain our tositionas
regards yield and quality of sugar. This advantage will bo in no way
impaired if we add the precaution of supplying ourselves with a reserve
rI seed-cane In case of such a catastaophe overtaking us as lias twice over
taken Mauritius In the total failure of their single variety of cane, and
the necessity for -sending abroad Mr new seed. 11 To" close this brief
-report with another proverb :
For want of a nail the shoe was lot,
For want of a shoe the horse was lo-t.
For want of a horse the man was lost.
Tirxo. IL DayIes,
Chairman of Cemmlttcc.
NEW and STYLMH
Ladles' Underwear sih!
Ki timt. Ahacfe u4 !ht Ula arrlnlh
Milliner A: Dress .laker
Or TORT STREET.
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I' J that W. Km m ,!tw Ik LaKOfcST tad
HOST ELEOAXT A MMItllt LUttt SIjlM t
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rll s.lird taUtmuMllit U4lm 1 ueKt n4
CoitpttKj hn Williams 9nkujVtl.iH
isrATrs asp nttuiKcra
CLOTHING of all DcscripUoat,
U-llr.- Iliad 3m.
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r. rttlm. Elbboaa. J, to aiul
- mtw uaectsmt 1 I. LIMrr n x nil. Vary
Chtap. asd a crruraTkettkrrOavla,tnaaatf
m la orattaa. tawlkali latsmloa X lla UJIra
31 KS. DAVIS. aikoaaitcttWit last aa a XUUur.n
u kani to ua LiSn, ytUl toaUmaaa to prtaMa la
taa LuUn Ul Ua Urii Tttaalax tni la a latnl
a&4 T3tt ratbUioablc Sljk.
Call and See the Novelties.
Irisb. Damask !
We Have Just Receive
A VEST rtSB ASSORT. EXT Or
Irish Double Damask.
BELFAST, TRET, AND
OI . I . i aim at Dlat.J TW,
With apkinste Match
Tbax L,rNEN5 r tla TtrTEST Ett
Imported to tola Marlut. ua wo laatto
oar Friasia to utra tham a laapocUra
. O. Hall & Son
HA K rOR.SLi: A7.D OX THE WAT
HaU's Steel Plows !
1 tnn 5 la. talSll.
HAIL'S HEAVY TEEL BREAKERS
W. it. u ul It lack.
;also-. skw usx or
Hall's Steel Rock Breaker
' l-' ii IS tat.
I II EAT JIOUSl. WOW CO
C OOK STOVES
Or AZX SIZES)
KITCUEN aXTJ llOChElIOLD UTENHlL-oJ
rilSTS AND OlM-of all Uad!
KKEOSISrE OIlr-Domet'a, Nooodlj i. LoatiaJ;
SltVEE l'UVTED WAllE-frecn Itttd Barton
SOLID SILXU W.VHE-from lia Oortarn Co.
10 WDEIiS-aU Vinilj, from CaU. I'ordcr Wotti
ClIlliUGE AXD MAniDiE DOLTS-anatwii
A Splendid Auttrtmeatt
LKATHKU or AH Description;
nff-OarUooitar of ik bcit qaaHlr. ara tmaslt
rotcrxra aa rEItSDS to DOI IE KSOeftVH
UTIlNt'E. afd f wi.i ana to ar oaa tpcm aan
caliofl. or call aaa xanlsc mi SpIcadU Slock ef Coa
AT OUR WAREROOMS. conn ot Tart a4
Klat Slreata. Paa-atala. wrr
iron jo 11 avoiik i-xecutkii ilf
a r.X aa srusss nac lam xsum m
months. nd 1ms noc requxrt! "to l
wound up Knee it -b first t soisg- In
3d. S. GRUTBAlTal & CO.
jCSf?? c. WALLER, Proprietor.
JC'..- Irl. ll-lPlf .
c km noaa a a. aa. au u be-, notrm
iBStiate sorffrtaasK of a Ccarcst Clfii Caiiiaa
TBK Tf!CET ORAriES OF '
Sole igrmi tlawai Ian IalaBia.
I far Kta of laiaraBcc to WLnEB&i!,
Wtllo Zinc TainL