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title: 'The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, November 12, 1884, Supplement, Image 11',
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Image provided by: University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI
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t TUti)lwl QUtlw
choose rather to shine in the reflected light
of my husband than to put myself forward.
It has always been my sole ambition to bo
a good and useful wife and a true mother.
I have been the companion of my hnsband
and I think this is the sole ambition of
the great mass ot American women, as it
MTOSTEKSrAKD COXXISSIOK HERCHAIiTS
. " ' i - ' Il.nolal. Palm. U. L ly
thouriit fit to act in accordance with the .resolution unanimously adopted
at last year's meeting, which instructed them to engage the services of a
competent chemist ns soon as possible.
UnriniT the ir.ist vear no new liroccsses or inventions of importance,
jilicabie to our industry, has come under our notice'.
process of slicing cane and boiling it under pressure lias apparently not yet
been tried on n large scale. '
The diffusion process has been attracting great attention in this and all
other sugar-growing countries, and so much lias, been written on the subject
in the Monthly and other journals, that planters may bo
assumed to ue lainy iamuiar wnii 11s. priiicipierjiuu
So much is known favorable to such general interest Is
felt In it, that your Committee Jfecl justified in recommending that n
thorough trial of Its merits be made in this country at the expense of the
nantcrs' labor and Supply Company v
It surpasses comprehension "that's 'process which has been .the salvation
of the beet-sugar industry in "Europc'should havD'liecn 'so almost uttcrly
ne"lected tlirough all these years in its application to the more easily manufactured
The diffusion process 1 no modern invention; a intent was taken out in
1847, no less than 37 years ago, by a r. "IiciIel,XorJts application to the
in French and British colonics. Dr. Evans, in the Sugar
llanlcrt' Manual of the same year, referring to this then new process, says:
Tills scheme presents much that is admirablcj nevertheless, like niany
others, it requires the touchstone of experience." Js it not wonderful that
so few and uch feeble attempts have since been made to apply the desired
"touch-tone." By all means ret the Planters' alior and Supply Company
take wine decided and active step in this" matter.1'' The process, we read,
has already been proved a success in application to the juvenile sorghum
Tie" KriiPiUer" stroiitiii proccsca fOrlcxtractingiUgar from molasses gains
ground in Germany. A second factory has been erected near Berlin. It
is possible that it might pay to have ' n factory in Honolulu for treating
molasses ly this plan. r. .....
The "Elutton process," described by Mr. Koelling in the letter which
accompanies this report, deserves attention, though as it is a somewhat
difficult process it might not succeed at first, lit Hie absence of the skilled
chemists w hich are attached to every German sugar factory. Mr. Moller
of the rionccr Mill, Lahaina, promises a taper on the subject to the
M.oXTUiiY at au early date, and hope tqJestTthe process practically
at Lflhalna before the next wmual meeting, when if successful he
will present for samples of succratc .of lim?,, and sugar made
from It, Some experiments have been made, wcHmderstand, Jby sprinkling
begnsse -with water or steam and and further expert-
Tills plan should prove advantageous w hqrc there is an excess of bagasse
for fuel, but it i" doubtful if it would where wood or coal have to be burnt,
nn.1 ihr. flrrf rushimr is t.roixuiyoKauacil. Your Committee has made
sotnc effort to collect statistic! of first, second 'and
. 1.1-1 Mr mi fivprnrw ml.irizations obtained at different plantations,
...i in lirt nhintations ana Kin Fnmclsco. Little
uuu cu..u.bv ? 5 ...- . . . f. ...' ,
encouragement lias been met with at the hands jf planters,! and for rhc
figures submitted in the accompanying table the Committee Is mainly indebted
to Messrs. T. IL Davlcs & Co., II. Hackfeld & Co., and Mr. R. Cat-ton,
-who haw obligingly furnished us with aU tJie information in thcir
IX5Thc great variety in the prorfcViJflJiCdaild'Sipir at tilnercnt
tilantations is remarkable and calls for attention.
The shrinkage in weight between plantations and San Is In
almost all cases greater than it fclwuld , btC aiid indicates that more care
should be taken in packing sogar and perhaps also jn drying.
Mr. Koelling f urnbhea a very IutcretiDg,)fiSblc 'of comparative
made on the Princcvillc plantation anlflft SfftilvWiri
shows the latter to be notably higher than the former. It Is a pity that
more planters do not furnish similar titements.
on these matters from a number of plantations could not fail
.. i. tnctnipttvn ami vnliiaWe. -. . y
In concluding this their fourth aimualjrciK)rt,fcyour committee cannot
but express regret tbat It has lottuccecdcd letter In collecting and disseminating
Information of value, and leg to suggest tliat if possible a
rh.irmnn nt iwt slmuld be annolntcd who could have, combined wun.
the ncccssarv iutercst in the subject, sufficient leisure to take much more
energetic measures than have been ll.utul liitherto r..ll,4.f.ntf4Jwf attempted. 3 . krt ,t
HoxolXLU, October, 1881
1I!5 1 Jl
Plantation Weight, etc.
I V ' 1
R. A. Macfie, Jit.,
- - iHaiairmanj
IUM.3 l,fOt J"""'
llu II t T
. .... 4 . . I
2-19' l13,CoO I WA '4 71
J-30) 38,350 I JCj; 5 33
1-21 50.TW Itfil. 3SM 2,
2-22 1VW Sl 4 i4
13 56,120 00' 5 (O
4.01 22,750 61 ! 3 60 ., TOTS
325 aBfW o. ttii ;
, 06 5 12 3,261 S3
2-271 20,670 Wj, 4 aSj
l-2 82,420 W m 4,172 51 1-20
1-34 100,620 87 ' 5 25 5,282 S5 1-31
., .n ll1r. ' M.fOR D7
l 2,01.5 fl-a l$'m
re. J'J ""1 I "'i
ll.MB ' JO
876 --1 i T Am 4. 92
Iiw 1 aw. ,i v.,'.
22.437 I 60
W,t4 I V
4.789 , 80
14,955 I 90
30,123 I m
5 521 ;
S 2,755 51
Loss in weight between the Plantation and Ban Francisco .
i)ss in value " " "
Average Polarization in San Francisco......
7 and :
96-97.9,89.9-91.5 85.5- 6
92.7-96 83-88.9 81.2-85.5
96.8-98.7 85.5-91 J 86-86.4
93.7-97 , 86-90.581.7-85.4
FbUtiution which shoold appear
in tbe next three ooiimms.
Sgi als isgjfl Sl; y
3 2 .aWiaW
::? )". i
rssB'S' r:: -
: Hi llil Si
i : : : :
SSSsPS tiSiiE?: e53fS
-1.44 per cent
Hanaxet, Kacai, Octolier, 17, 1884.
Mr. 11. A. Marfic, Jr., Chairman of Committee on Sugar Manufacture,
Ptantert Labor and Supply Company:
Deah Sin, The last season has been very unsatisfactory to sugar
planters and manufacturers here. Germany, wc are told, has paid from
0 to 35 per cent dividends. If this is so, it must be the result of the
science of chemistry and machinery as applied to it in the manufacture of
sugar. The German sugar manufacturers are unremitting in their task
of searching for something superior to that which they have in one or the
other brandies of this industry and apply it as soon as found. The
process in a Jactory near Hildeshelm, Germany, used for obtaining
all the sacharine matter in molasses as marketable sugar Is reported as
working very successfully, and one more of the kind lias been erected
near Berlin, Germany. It seems that process cannot be applied by all
factories, as the amount of molasses from one plantation would not warrant
the erection of such a plant But it would be our duty to ascertain whether
it would lie profitable or not should we have one or two such establishments
and work up nil the molasses of the island.
In nearly all German factories a practice called elution' Is used for
obtaining all mokisscs sugars, and it works very successfully. The mode
of operation, as far as I can learn, is as follows: TJnslackcd lime is
powdered. The molasses is then heated and run Into a machine ami
mixed with the powdered lime under heavy pressure. The mixture
which, when complete is a thick substance just fluid enough to runoff
through an oiien snout into tanks of about six cubic feet capacity, in
about two hours this becomes a hard substance. Tills is afterwards ground
into dust, and put into containers called ' Elueur," in- which it is treated
with alcohol which changes the flour of lime into a milky juice which is
then drawn Into 11 large pan called " Blader," In which the operation is
such as to extract nearly all the alcohol and leave a sacharat of lime,
which is then used as common milk of lime for clarification of Juice. AU
sacliarinc nutter is now free and crystallzes readily like fresh Juice In connection
with these modes of obtaining nil sugar, I most sincerely urge the
engagement of a good chemist, one who has made the manufacture of
sugar in all its intricacies a special study, and who is thoroughly acquainted
with the methods of operation as mentioned aliovc, so that we eould de-
nve all the benefit possible.
During hist season 1 jye been polarizing isirt of our sugars before
shipping to Honolulu in order to compare our analysis with the San
ones, and it might be interesting to others to know the result. I
have, therefore, enclosed a table showing the weights and polarization
here and In San Francisco in which you will see that the loss in weight
was 1.44 per cent, which was to somo extent Ixunnced by a higher
polarization In San Francisco due, I believe, to evaporation of water during
transit, The loss in value, if we calculate in plantation weight, was only
99-100 per cent, or a trifle leas that 1 per cent. I made one analysis of
each lot. In Km Francisco, owing to the sugar arriving there at different
times, sonic of the lots have two separate analysis, and it is astonishing to
note the difference between them. Only a few days intervening lictween
the and hecond sales.
I also send you a short report of the percentage of sugar obtained last
season : We had J,0S0,8p0 U. 8. gallons, average density 8 Baume.
1.603 lbs. sugar per 'gallon. Ti percent, first sugar, 19 per cent, second
sugar, 7 per cent third sugar, 2 per cent, fourth sugar. Total 100,
Yours very truly, Cuas. Koellixu,
Manager, Princccttte Plantation.
96.5 89.7 86.1 93.86
97.1 92.6 66.5 95.41
97.4 90.3 85.7 94.78
96.5 89.6 85 94.35
97.3 91.7 88.3 95.42
97.7 91.2 85.3 95.17
96.8 90.1 ,88 95.55
... ... j ...
These are the Idghest and lowest
polarizations ot sugars from
various plantations sold In St
Louis by II. Hackfeld A Co.
They are exceptionally high
1 P- C.
STATISTICAL TABLE FOR THE YEAR EfDlKO SEPT. 30, 18SJ. tJ
No. of Acres of
No. Acres Plant Cane
No. Acres Itataniu cut.
155 Ugr; No. tons Sugar made.
gas'. gis IUI
g riS Sgggft
l-,S-. 'SSg s
i 89i I . 361 33 ; : : is : : c : : .,,.: Sg: : S
10 iL stbsH n5r. Ml. ywS. 88. -S
tt i :
.: -a a.- tiJ
No. Acres plantoi.
No. Acres ltatoons for
Average No. of
Average No. of men
Average No. of men-not
No. of new men requir
ed during next 12
No. of Steam Boilers.
Tns Coal used past year.
Cords ot Wood used hut
EXPORT ON ItECinOCITY.
To the Preiident of the Planlenr Labor and SupiAy Company:
Sin, The Committee on lleciprocity feci it no easy task to nunc a report
which would bring forth any new feature or new facts of; interest to
the Planters' Labor and Supply Co. in regard to the subject of Reciprocity,
while everything in regard to It has already liecn Intelligently discussed
and become the subject of newspaper nrtkles and so forth.
The Society of Hawaiian Planters are so well conversant with the history,
the terms and the effects of the Reciprocity Treaty with the United
States of America, that this Committee would niako but a fruitless attempt
in trying to Instruct them on these matter". The Planters are sensibly
aware also of the manifold attempts made to subvert the existing treaty
stipulations, and we arc happy to record that these efforts have not been
The Reciprocity Treaty lias now nasseil tho eighth anniversary of Its
existence, and it lias fully realized tho expectations made of it at the
time of its tassarre. Althouch no doubt the benefits of the Treaty have
been felt more senslblly in this country, on account of Its' small size and
limited population, they have none the less lieen mutual and reciprocal
between the two countries. Carefully rrcnared tables and statistics have
shown an Immense increase in the tiriff and commerce with the United
States of America, since the Reciprocity Treaty went into operation, tho
benefits of which have directly and indirectly been enjoyed by all classes.
On the other hunt! these islands have lieen prospered in, their home Indus
tries in a measure, the full extent of the lncnts of which have been leu
in every direction, and we trust may continue to bless this country.
The average amount of the invoice value of importations of .goods from
the United States of America of the five years preceding the Treaty
(1871-1875) WTis $865,151, while that of 1883 reached the large figure of
$3,892,234. At the same time the export of sugar has Increased from
12,788 tons of 2,000 lbs. each in 1877, tho first year of the. Treaty, to
07,053 In 1883, and will lie further exceeded tills year. Anese ngures
show the reciprocal lieneflts to both countries, although it may be contended
with some justice that from this standpoint alono these Islands have
the better part of the bargain. AVe do not propose to discuss here the
political considerations which stronclv favor reciprocal relations with tho
United States of America and probably iuoro than off-et the difference In
figures against these islands.
Many and violent efforts havo been nude itli tho intent of abrogating
the Treaty and most of them were based on the grossest misrepresenta
tion of facts and on slanders of this country, its institutions and its people.
Tills Committee does not deem It necessary here to call to mind the
stories told of slavery, of fraudulent manipulations of foreign sugars', of
unlimited extent of cultivable sugar lands and of tno unlimited quanutj
of sugar to be manufactured here in the future to the detriment of tho
sugar producing States of the United States of America. All incse misstatements
hayc been successfully and substantially ref uteil, nnd can hardcover
again servo as a weighty argument before a Committee of Senators
of the House of Representatives of the United States of America In favor
of the abrogation of tho Reciprocity Treaty with these Still wc
should continue carefully to watch over our interests and legltiuuto
means in our reach to maintain the present treaty relations with the
United States of America. So far this has lieen faithfully accomplished
by the judicious and intelligent efforts of the Hawaiian Minister Resident
at Washington, of Dr. J. Mott Smith, Col. Z. S. Spalding, and a, lew outers,
auu 10 tiicm uue appreciation aim tiiaiiKS are accorucii. ;
Kmv mnro llinn f.VfT. xnmir urn low and likflv to rclliahl
so for n length of time, is the Reciprocity Treaty of great, value; to -the
sugar manufacturing' interests of this country in particular, and this Committee
beg to close their report iiy expressing tile hope that nothing-may"
lie done by which the icrmancuce of the Reciprocity
United States of ".America may be di- turbed. ,
F. A. SciiAevek.
E. P. ADAiis.
H. W. Mst.
Woi. 25 and 27 TSerchdnSSL.'BonolSlxC
PLAIN MD FANCY. PRIMW
""--a i'OF ALL ECRIlif f6NS t .- Ji
NEW MACHINES, NEW TYPES,
ST? J r i-J Ti
Wednesday. Subscription f 5 a year iq adranqo
Jgr Advertisementa and Subscriptions received for THE. PLANTERS'
rj ,'inu ' it jfev iyi
tor X .V
CAP, LETTER AND NOTBlMpBflfTA!
ENVELOPES, ' t -i - i.mii
' ; ' '
HAWAHAIT GAZETEEHBTJOCa: " '
a 11 rt I
No. SS Merchant Utrcet, -
Honolulu, H. I
i j a?iA
iluKcep coiistiutlj bh hau'I ifl'S&l&rtnlerit of .J . '
. :T ' '
yu&cnpuous roceivedjfijDlQU (ihehEocuiyitfNcwspapera urn
Periodicals, all P.iDora. PlantDM' Monthly. tcj
ir ,,sr i v , j""
. I r Ui
Red' Rubber Stamp Adsws!?;
NEW and 8TYLI8H
Ladies' JUnderyVear and
Ex Stmr Alameda andqli j4Je Arrlrati.
Mbs.W. H: WILKINSON
TUB t ASUIUXAOLE
OF FORT STREET, .
- v 1
Hfsa to inform Ladlrs uf Uoaolnla and the other
Iilanda tbat rbe h, now of 1 Celtic LAKUKST aad
J103T ELEOAMT ,1 Sljlee of
Millinery,- . " ."
Flowers, ( ,
. - am Etc,
To be fonnil In thlacltr and Ydlaiijptrdtotheeomlnr
UolldaT ,Taeettoot were Slelerltd aim Care, and
well Sailed ,0 tae euli of the LaOlea of Ilonolalu and
Cumnrtied la Mrj. WJlkJnwu'V s'iack mar be feind
SFA?rrai AJipr CnilgllUCTa
CLOTHING ot nll'Descriptions,
Ladles " '
Pftckrt U.rU;OwUtrLJlkf J
Invertta 1UU h1 Done tl, tat wt Mjle with rtow
en, r raUier. Ribbon. -k to utkk.
JLUnrauAottracH. of UtiUctaik1 School Htti.Ytrj
Cheap, aad jrivanct of otbcrGool,
1 toBioailou4owl.UhUioptcUonor the Ladlft
known to the Ladles, itlll conilnncs to pirHe in
the Trimming Department, which Kan aienrance that
the Lait4 will liava thtlr ilnailiucdone In the latest
Call and See the Novelties.
Irish Damask !
A EUY FIXE SSOIffMBSX OF
'1 ! it u
" Irislx Ddjitile iliimask.
,-- DIRBpT FUOll i
J- CO.NSlbTlHO Ol'i
Jl to Ut nil Ua-i ot, Dlnlrj Tablet.
Witfc iNapkinsTo .Hatch
... " !
Tleeo UNEHS.ais Iho FINEST rar
Importod to tiU llarietj aad v. Isrit
mr Trieadx to feifa, tteW'an IrtrDwetlaa
. O. Hall & Son
, . , CoWnsjaoia p Ja, l 1 In.
1 1 ALrj4v or
Hall's Steel jftoc&Breakers
yeuBtjiimjcaijraiUvf otict Breakrn and
Tfc "llM 1','l " .'.llrnmT
X 'IM ,t
i ! ,1: - la.f
i-OI" AI.I. ElZESi
PAINTS AHD all kfadaj
IA7B!tI0iTrNO stock in tbe marletl
iKEBTOikk t Loatral;
I SOLItJ Oothao Co.
TO WITEsIllfoattU. Powder Worts
i ill '!' t 'ax
., .j ,&.$pbssUd AaarUneati
f&aWWfV&tVl' UmfjiVqoalilyi an Iretilt
iuWotm.j rcQiJDS.la.DUfl IEV CtKSlFTIK
Lti7US!Jt. t)"iy fyl yj4 pt r"
jairaa, er caiiraa esipiouer ppi'noia aioea ei uooea
A'tHKK'TOSWarVcr.eTof M an.
J2 ue leateit itile, call at OAIETTEorTICS,
17 - ii . . j
mi 1 1 ifimi nirnrir tnrmitum ' ilr ..., , j
jf IU.VM CJ7J JtJXVSSSA
-sc .&sr y " "
k car - e -""" ' "ft TTTf1T
Uujanan&a2ttf SjtfT) f
. IU IN tsa I I
rrisusiist) bv "anKJHtC in in i
a, aea r
ROBERT GRIEVE & CO. BUI imi .am
uaea (achat ijs j
Qoaneer MaMllXllitMU U
ntrd afOaraai LtWlW 3tJ .
JvMv a.ir .1 (W I SM'li : 3
. ; P K IHH.USS PEri AKMSM Bf w. TTklnl Cataata It eat s r an 4
ooovorsant. . i " vo ra
ix tnrAXCE. - laatmie enrt skea rnfi
adteoMalln (ana uurt. wit. V t
Currlrt, Nutt.rrllters, t.S Itl At.nrt oO.W,, adetctlraamtavkaiiMHeeetartrd -- I
a. 3xn roratnamraamraifc
vltt tk waea aroarad tfiwar aa ana
Uaea. Tr&tafakraeaargttea alb
Office in Gazette. Building, 25 and 21 VOL. XIX.No..47. HONOLULU, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 19. 1884. WHOLE Nq, 1036. aerretnaaaarbe raalttaaeeefor laatara BUiMMtltlllr,;. AanrWaa adverts
.Vlerc&ant Strict. 44 naitoapa,
Work and LongcTitjr
Ericsson, the veteran inventor, -was
eighty jais old rpcenUy. He is in excellent
irsahti, and work, it is said, sixteen
hours s tUr, tlins proving and exception to
the general rate. Perhaps it rniclit hi
fairlv aerted that busy men live longer
than idle men: that work is. after all, the
tale durir of Kfe. 3Iany noteworthy instances
where longevity coincides with
remakablp mental activity will easily occtir
to the reader.
Was not Sophecles more than ninety,
when, to prove that he was not in his dotage
as his heirs claimed, in order to get
his money he wrote one ol hi greatest
tragedies Did not HnmboWt do more
work at f oar score than many bright .men
do at forty? Goethe, as every one knows
died with pen in hand at the age of
on J t ante, tite foremost of living
- 1 i
Attorney and Cortnaellor at Lr,
ty 9 Kaan.wang stfpet. Honolnln lttS
.mii x. ivai'i:kiii;m:.
I2P03TEE A5D,.DZALEK IK CZHESAL
taut i gJJHn frlrertl HoncaJn. II. I. lr
W L" W I J 1
JNO A KASSTWGER,
. BISHOP c CO..
UUXOLfLI. i J : HA1VAHAX IM.AXDS
DRAW EXCHASGB OX
IHE3XNH0FCHUF0MIA. : : x : S FRMCISCO.
A3IO THElIt JSCTT9 IS
Tb Coauartrtal nanfcln?rCo of ijiiney. Loader-.
Tbe Ccetnterctat BanVIn? -o. of Sydney, Sjdney.
Tee Bant ef 2Crtr ZeAUnd, Ancklantl, and it
lmcM I Cktiu!iiitli,poncdln mnj Wcnlnim.
TVe XlanV of IMUfIi CdnmbU, rortUnd, Ortson.
Tbc Azen and liadflnl JtUnd.
Th CtrtTd B4ft! of London, AttetralU an CMw.
lloa;kois. Tcbonami, Japan.
Atodtnai?taJrafralCaiiktnsCnFicee. W3 Xj "
:i. iiA;iii'i:i.i a co..
ED. C. ROWE
Homo and Sign Painter, Paper Hancer, &M
M ly So lg7 King SlrTf l, nonolala.
. t JOI.KJIA.t.
BLACKSMITH AND MACHINIST
Hor- M:olnir, Cnrrince Mork,
i'Unlnllau Jlnthlnrry, 4t
ion Shop oo Kmr Mrg?t. neat Cattle A Cooke a. lr
Importer and Dealer In Stores, Ranee.
XrUlf. Hmcm1 FnrnUhIns.ood. Croekeijr. Gla. and
Calaa Warr. Tracliral Mfetanle. Uonolntn, 1! I
jTmTo AT &. CO- SAIEMAKERS,
Loll In A V. 1'odV Ntt Xnltdln;. font
of Vann Mrett.
Iloo.lalo. II. I.
3 Floe- of all deerlptQBg made and repaired-
, . .
BROWN & PHILLIPS,
GASFITTERS AND COPPERSMITHS
Xo.71 JtlusSlrrct.lIonoliilu.il. I.
House and Ship Job "Work
i- rnouiTi.t . TI..N IED TO -so
Bath Tubs. .Water Closets, Wash-Bowls,
And all kinds Plumbing Goods
lOITo ALWAT" vMIOD
.CONFECTiO N 33R Y !
No. 71 FonSL, above Hotel St.,
Boston Board of Cnderwrittrs.
(1KST8 for the HawalUa Itlaada.
C. BREVTER A CO
Pbilidelpbla BoarbTor rndervriter?.
for toe Ilaieallan laUnda,
ACKSTS C BRBWIRJCO
F. A. SCHAEFEK.
Ami of Dmiln Board ar uacerirmerf,
Areot of Vienna Boatd of Cnderarltm
Clalma aalat Inmraoco Compal vllhla Ue
ot the aoore Board ot Underwriter! "til bare
to be cenlltd to br Ue alare Anal to Make tken
Talld. Wf It
AKEST FOIl THE OKI FISH Vor-
elm Marine ln4nranee Comnane iLtraRrltlbaa
rreelred Instrectlona to nerfneo the' ltate of 1
atrranee benreen Honolwltt and Ferra in Ine ractle, aad
now prepared to iF.at Pofle4oi tai loweat ratea.
wtta a rrxtlal redortlon on (taktskper tlramira.
Hawaiian Gazette Supplement RoYembeifBTlirtSSC
REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON MANUFACTURE OF SUGAR.
To and Stockholdtrs of Iht flantert' Jjabor and SiijyjJy
Gextlemi : The iat year, from u sugar-manufacturing point of view,
hai lwn mainly remartnlae for the lpjr price which raw sugar Ium been
commanding In the markets of the world.
ftajile has been ever liefore known in the history of
the industry. Itaw has lecn celling in Great Britain as low as $00
jer ton, and it appeara th.it it mayAlropj.01 loner price.
3Iajiufacturersliaelecii, therefore, pnxlucin" either ut a Urs or at
greatly diminished profits.
Tlin low ttrices are due to the fact that the production of sugar lias liecn
increasing more rapidly than the cojisuini'tion; a large stock of sugar
greatly in excess of tlic demand has consequently been accumulating. It
U, therefore, evident tliat until eonsuuiiUon ii suftrciently increased, or
production sufficiently reduced, to Swk.' on the accumulated stock and
lirinir Mintilv nnd demand into mure sitisfactory relationship, will
As the heavy stocks of sugar in the principal markets of the world have
not vet begun to diminish, it H by.no unlikely that prices may
n lower lwint beforo they
In the West Indies and other cane-growing countries where yields are
low. manv nlantations we are told are being abandoned, wnlcn mu"t un
doubtedly reduce the future supply, ana woum ieau 10 ueiicr reiurns were
there not a more tlian count Jnercase of production elsewhere.
Kven with the low prices beet sugar jnaking ha proved profitable in
Europe, and the coming beetrop"it Is Miniated will exceed any previous
one. The beet sugar industry can endure these hard times without seriously
suffering, because during fJ the time that sugar was comparatively
high in price science and ingenuity were being constantly brought to bear
011 it, and suggested improvements of merit have been promptly adopted.
AVe cane-sugar .manufacturer, on the other hand, have been 'bungling
along with our clumy rollers, independently contemptuous of science and
nonchalantly waiting" from 20 to 40 per cent, of our laboriously cultivated,
soil-exhausting agricultural product
For over thirty years on these Islands cane juice lias been extracted
olely ly three-roller mills, and these same mills, in proportion to their
size," extract no more now than they did thirty years ago.
Almost the only improvement, adopted' have been for labor or fuel-saving,
nnd have been forced on us by the scarcity of these
Kcommiy -of raw material has been apparently disregarded. The possession
of even double or triple effects is the exception, not the rule, although
beet sugar factories have been them for years
Unless we arc going to produce sugar from cane as cheaply us the beet-sugar
makers do from beet-root, we had better prepare for a gradual ex-Unction
of our industry, it behooves uslhercfore to lose no time in learning
and ndopting more pcrf ecV and nethods than those now in
As the improvements In the beet-sugar industry t arc mainly due to the
application of science, your Committee would urge that, at any sacrifice, a
nllr rheniist should be by the Trustees.
Your Committee ventures to express regret that Uie Trustees liave not
UNION INSURANCE CBIfASl
os- in mtaciico.
lit CO 1808
CASTLE COOKlr AClrf9
MS Far the Ilawallam lltaata. 1
or LOXDOX A.1 EOMUratOlf.
Artomalated and lamtrd Faail.
)Ttir. nDKWiuau iute bi
aoonlntAl AGENTS for the aandKha laiaade.
andareaatkorliedLoInaareacalkatfire on flToraMe
llMka inn in nj or ids manna on none
iwt nwrttn 1tnlld!aitni. ad tffrliaaiilsslBirftnt ll
I nf 'TnffTtriraB
Ilea all Clime
I or call on
n Lloth, and
h. - v
land I pwinta,
I Tarred Hope,
lie, 1, S and S
rtfnUj i .
WILUAX3, B1KMI7 & t
Sraippisff a4 CMMaterei 3!
W3 9 CaHrerau Street. Saa Vrer.
W- H. (JK&rfltaU, & BE
ns Otaavkcr nw'. Saw X
COM MISSION MERC
JOKDAN & CI
runts ov rnor
ot tnatmar tit w
anraraU. on tfcy aiuili
1A3HOOD, rinnisiAI, w
Diaauars ok ux
TDK URlUIAUlEvU USIiS -k-
Ad?) ti TW UH to Cktsl
frwhlrtg ilgra. tm from ba4atr, vm:ltw I
aasnlsl.. to caltt ttd imm? ft wesrr
twatlnrta,. dt ;. tnTtiroraltl tbe BgrwwUi
rrzslat tH elrUllBC tynrmw t ia
which he n thuanttf UHl0im&YS3
It admlurd br thfl
and Talaabl mneajr erpt dim
CooismpUna, Sraochiil. Ajt&xu.
cnLORODTXE KtUk aeharm '-
U the only t jwtlflc 1b thomi an4 DjtwzUrrr
CI1LO BOOTH rffectttalhr cat 1 1
KpUepry, UjHerla, Sil9paaaia,
cnLORODTNK tth mlv (
BheunatUn, Uoat Vca.ft
From Syat? t Co., rsaxnacviillt. t bTr il
Xm.. SL Clrfat ItaMrll Strt. Blmmtabntr?
Drar rabrac ihla t -.--?
ns Too ttjxm ta wraeprvaa i paut.aw
MtMnrit ncdlclai. Dr J Ceilla Brow ill.
ha earn for ttMlf notowly m Hiadv
or the A a rdT for Rrtera) U- y
aviiron whether bvttrr la tmDortKt it i&
ami wthaU be slatl te hear of uaiadn m il
Ttnr home. Tho other faoil I
aofy to mt, are now rIrcat4 to the t s ba4 1
jntlslas from thtlrle wo, Umrt ihtv --
will hehnt evaneKtat. Weooohi no.-,p;- I
BrovBi Lhlorodvae to Dtarrhir. aaU '
aaa aaa snrrai rruaiiTc,
txrrwmal obaerratlen tfarta nanr veare. u
Diarrhea, and even Jn the aero exr t,3
eraltaeir. wehatewtlhefaed tta
la power nenaaeTrroaf mmtr xra
BetlUlnethanQolHiBrowBe'e fronatrfii Car
thai It la deeldely the best, and sltw s jcb
woowa to tfa aroflon aadtbebfthU a w
the anballtotlon of aejotlier Ihc
rowne'a la aciuUTB Bru.a cr rrti
TAKt Or TM1 en a WIST TO rJtCAlaStf
iuki. We are. Sir, faith ytwra -!?
Membvra of the ttiarm. Swrfty of Circa m 3
IiHeney th Vlctroj'a OhrtaJita
CAU riOX. Bji W t
stated tbat Dr. J. CefHa Browne waa nz .
laveotor of Chlorwljne; that thratnr .
daat freeman waa deltberalely u
rrjrretted to mj had heea awora t
Sold In bMi at U. IMj. -' e
each None l eenelne wtttant h ware
Ha Browne a Chlorodrne cm the tOT t3
OTenihelmtBff ibedreal tevttiaooy ac
Canilon 'if Ptfaejr auO ' - "
ftnaaell Street. . L ottdo. ."-
WILDER $ CC
Impor,ter.a and Dealers an
L U MB K 1
or all ma on.
JUST ItJKCEIV KJl
URGEAND WELL-SELECTED CARGOE
ALL 1I1E USUAL Slot A 'Zl
TIUBB3, PLAHK, B0AHD8
IEHCIH0 ASH Jl I
A.JUSO, OIV II A r 1
A Kait Compiete Sto? of
A FINE ASSORTMENT OF WftlL FFEFil
BOLTS F'II n Us
Seantlins; 1'lirjk, nrlac and rcvb
Boards, surfaced ami roO(;l , Batfris
PfckeU. wnatfe, Iitlc, i Wjb .-i
Pant and Y: Brushes
. nniri: lca&,
METALLIC AND OTHER FAHHTS!
DOORS SASH BLINDS
Of Sastern nnd California Make.
MR SUE IS QfJlKTITlES TO SUIT
CRYSTAL SODA WORKS
0er Good are AdLareledged tiaJSeat
Singer Ale but ours
J L cniLDass ext ton
Carrfal alUaUen paM t JeHaA tWrtt
98- OTJi TSLSPHOSZ IS HO. 239.
Crystal Steda Works.
vOrnWibttwIia Beaaao, Stain S - a
v t.t will ..!. Biwrt .,&..
.. .,..- ,...