Newspaper Page Text
Hawaiian Gazette Supplement NovemMrT2tSl
REPORT OF COMMITTEE OS MANUFACTURE OF SUGAR.
7b the TraidaU and f fr ffaHtrrr' Ixibor and Supply
: The year, f roni a sugar-nianufacturinj: point of view,
has lsro mainly reniarLal ie lor the low vricc rhich raw supir ha been
cotnmandinr In the marked of the wurUL.
Thl Uij'lc has lccn chcairlhan ever N-fore lucrum in the of
the Industry. Iia a?ar ha heen selling in Great Britain as low a in
rer Urn. and it ai'iars that it niav drop ton lower price.
Manufacturers have ln. therefore, prclucinr cither nt leu or at
The low trices are due to the f jet that the production of sujrir ha
Increasing more rapidly- than the consumption; a large of sugar
zrwrtly in circs. of the deruaml has uccn rumaiaung. it
i, tliercfore, evident that until couMiuytiyn i- Increased, or
Induction sufficiently reduced, to uff the arcumnlatcd stock, and
bring Rn& demand into more atisfactitry relationship, price will
As the heavy -tuck of in the princiul markets of the world have
iKtjTt hegun to it ifby.no ioin unlikely that prices may
touch a lower point before they
In the AVcst Indies and other cane-growing countrie where yields are
low. many plantations we are fold are wing alamloned, which nial nn'
duhtcdly reduce the future and would lead to better returns were
there not a more than of production elsewhere.
ff Kwn with the low price- iwl sugarmaung na proven prontaue in
rsr liurui ami tnc Cinung oeeirop it 1 umaiei wm ciceea any previous
V one. The lt sugar iudustry can endure these hard times without sc-
suffering, during njj the time that sugar was comparatively
high in jrice and ingenuity were being constantly brought to bear
on it, and suggested improvement- of merit have been promptly adopted.
We csncTigar manufacturer-, on the other hand, have ln lmngling
along with our dam-y rollers, independently contemptuous of science and
wasting from 20 to in jer cent, of our laboriously cultivated,
oil-exhausting agricultural product.
For over thirty year- on thoc Iland- cane juice has hccn extracted
ulcly by three-roller mill-, and same mills In proportion to their
size, extract no more now than they did thirty years ago.
the only Improvements adopted have been for Labor or fuel-saving,
and have been forced on u by the of thec
KcoDomy Jf raw material lias been apparently disregarded. The
of even double or trijlc effects is the exception, not the rule, altliough
K-ct sugar lactone have been them for year
Unless arc going to produce sugar from cane a- cheaply' n the
maker- do from beet-root, we had better prepare for gradual ex
tinction of our industry. It behoove ulherciorc to lose no time In learning
and adopting more and - ' methods than now in
As the improvements In the arc mainly due to the
apification of science, your Oraraiittcc would urge that, at any xacrincc, a
really cicntuie chemist oe uy me 1 radices.
Your CVmniittce ventures to regret that the Trustees have not
thought fit to act In accordance with the .resolution adopted
at last year's meeting, wnich instructed them to engage the service of a
competent chemist as scn as
the lust vpar no new or of import-nice, at'
plicable to our industry, has come under our notice.
process of slicing cane and Tolling it under pressure lu apparently not yet
!n tried on a large seuc.
The diffusion jirocess has been attracting great attention in this and all
other countrie. and so much has been written on the subject
in the Platee' Monthly and other Journal-, that planters may be
i 10 OCiainy lauiuiar muh lis ruaGTy".
1 tj much is known favorable to thcitfoces, and soch general interest Is
:1 Idt In It, that your CommIttce"fccl' justified In recommending that a
i thorough trial of its merits 1 made In thi country at the expense of the
Planters labor and Supply Comiony. v.
(.' It surpasses comprehension that hich has I-en the sahition
f pf the beet-sugar indttslry In Europe should 'so almost utterly
! through all these ear- in its application to the more
"jS ufactured sugar-cane.
The diffusion I- no modern indention: a intent was taken out in
IS17,no less than 37 years i.po. byaM. MJchlel, Ix M apptiration to the
In French and colonics. Dr. Evan-, in the Xiyar
i TtUfcr' Jfoiwaf of the same year, referring to this then new process, says:
' " This, scheme presents much that Is admirable, nevertheless, like many
i other, it requires the tooditone of experience." Is it not wonderful that
'. , jFW and nch f ccUc attempts have since lcen made to fcpplr & desired
"touchstone.' By all means rrt the llanters" JLa'or and Supply Company
late seine wj "-v , u i.,v. ..t , .. . -,
has already been proved a success in apjilication to the juvenile sorghum
ssrf.eiulci's slToutia process f3r txtrarting sugar from moUsscs gains
-,l In Oermanv. A second factory lias been erected near Berlin. It
is possible that it might pay to have a factory In Honolulu for treatln;
ninlwsx ,V this itlli. '
The "Elution descrilvdby Mr. KocUIog in the letter which
this reiort. deserves attention, though as it Is a somewhat
difficult process it might not uceced at first, In hv of the skilled
rhom!t which are attached to every German sogxr factory. Mr. MoBer
.J the rioneer Mill. Lahaina, promise- a iier on the sul ject to the
Mostiilv at an early date, and hold tojestthe itoccss
at Lahaina lrforc the next annual meeting, w hen If lie
will for sample- or succratc pt.lJmej, and made
front it. Jsomccipcrimciivsua": uuu uuuc, c .ran, j
ling begiwse with water or steam and and further
are to be made.
This lan should pro c iul w here there i- an excess of bagasse
for fuel, but it 1- doubtful If it would where wtJ or coal hate to be burnt,
and the first is prorcr!r"cnnduacd. Your Committee has made
-me effort tacTect sUtisticsaslohe proportions uf first, wcond md
third sogar, and average 1'jlarit.itwns bUineil, at different plantations,
and shrinkage In weight een ilanUtion an Sn Little
encouragement has been met with at the hands, -of pLmtcBv and for the
figure in the accompanying taUe tlie t'ommlttee is mainly indebted
to T. H. Davics A Co., II- Hackfeld i Co., arid Mr. I?- Cotton,
who have obligingly furnished us with all the information la their
The" great varict in the sugar at different
tiintations I cry "remarkable and calls for aUeutiou.
' The shrinkage In weight between and San is in
almost all cases greater tbui It dmubl L5 and indicate that more care
t taken In packing sugar and 'perhaps al-o in drying.
Mr. KocUing lurnishcsa very interesting 'feUeot
made on the rrinceville 4antation
shows the latter to be notably higher than Hie former' It"i a pity fhatj
do not fumbh similir httements. i
on these matters from a number of i4anatloQs could not fail
to be instructive and valuaUc. .- i
In concluding this their fourth annual jreport, -our- committee cannot
but exrres regret that It hal BOt eudrt'Caed Irtter In collecting and di-
Information of value, and beg to suggest that if possible a
chairman at should be appointed who could nave, combined with
the necessary Interest in the subject, sufficient leisure to take much more
nieaurc than have been tditherto attempted.
, R. A. MiOTE, Jit.,
n...,.-,i lsSI. "' "'Chairman.
namtat'nm JTctyW, Arc
San Fraxd Wciyht, c.
bVrfeht Valued i
.1 :-. -- i flgjjji:
'.!fl ws w
S5 I iS3i it45 "SSIB
a ill ' Ji mI.S
e rus i al I
S lil 54 S3 1-3.
4,172 51 l-S)
si ' r. .
"'i "775' '
5 dl S 51
i W S1 &
5 ail 1,TS TJ
3 lif ,
197 K '
Loss in weight between the Plantation and San Franclo
LVw In value " " ' .
Average Polarization In Ran Frnclscoi'l.
73.5 IP. 75
;---. - , i;
85.5-90.9 So. 7-56. l'
92.7-96 3-8.9 l-85.5
PoUnzttioa vhxfe ahenld appear
ia tb next Itrce ffrjomrw.
S 1 M
M f -.ISIS
C 5 Sua s is
" ISO. S g
These are the highest and lowest
polarizations of sugars from
various plantations sold lnfet.
Imls by JI. A Co.
Tliey are exceptionally high.
.L.4I per rent.
IUxaixi, Kacai, Octolier, 17, lSI.
Mr. Ji. A. JJacJr, Jr., Chairman of Omumttet oh Sugar JTaHitfacturr ,
TfaHttrt labor and Stfppty Company
Sin, The last seasxn has been very fo sugar
ptantcrs and manufacturers here. Germany, wt: arc Md, has paid from
." to 35 per cent, dividends. Lf this is so, It must be the result of the
science of chemistry and machinery as applied to It in the manufacture of
sugar. The German sugar manufacturers are unremitting in their task
of searching for superior to that which they have in one or the
other tranches of this Industry awl aprly It as soon as found. The
process in a Xactory new ILUdcshcim, Germany, used for otitalning
all the sacharine matter In molasses as marketable sugar I reported as
working very and one more of the kind ha been erected
near licrlin, Oermany. It seems that process cannot l applied by all
factories, n5 "e amount of molasses from one plantation would not warrant
the erection of such a plant But it would be our duty hi hethcr
It would 1 profitable or not should we have one or two uch establishments
and work up all the molasses of the Wind.
In nearly all German factories a practice called ' elntion' is for
obtaining all and it works very The mode
of ojHTJtion, as far a- I can learn, Is as fiJIows : lime Is
Ivwdcrcd. The molacs Is then heated and run Into a machine and
mixed with the powdered lime tinder heavy The mixture
which, when complete is a thick substance fluid enough to run off
through an open rout into tanks of about six cubic feet caincity. In
about two hours this becomes u hard substance. This Is afterwards ground
into dml, and put into containers) called Etueur," In- which It Is treated
with alcohol nhkh changes the flour of lime Into a milky Juice which is
then drawn into a large ion called " Blader," In which the operation Is
such as to extract nearly all the alcohol and leave a sacharat of lime,
which i then a common milk of lime for clarification of Juice. All
sacharine matter Is now free and crystallxes readily like f juice. In connection
with modes of obtaining all sugar, I most sincerely urge the
engagement of a good chemist, one who has made the manufacture of
sugar in all its intricacies a study, and w ho is thoroughly acquainted
with the methods of operation as mentioned atwvc, -o that we eould de
rive all the Itncfit
iiurtngiast season I Iiave been poiariting rt of our sugars before
hipping to Honolulu in order to compare our analyst- with the San Fran-
one-, and It might Iv Interesting to others to know the result. I
have, therefore, a table showing the weights and polarization
here and In San Frando in which yon win see that the hwi in weight
ivas L,lf per cent, which was to some extent Inlawed by a higher
Jarixation in Son Francisco due, I believe, to evaporation of water during
transit, The lo-- in valne, lf we calculate in plantation weight, was only
93-100 rer cent, or a trifle less that 1 per cent. I made one analysis of
each lot. In Sin Francl-co, owing to the sugar arriving there at different
time-, some of the lots have two separate analysis, and it i astonishing to
note the diflerencv between them. Only a few days intervening lictween
the and second ale-.
I al-o -end you a short report of the percentage of sugar obUlned last
Wehad J,OSOfsoo Li. S. gallons, average density 8j' Bamne.
L.M lbs. sugar per gallon. 72 percent, sugar, 19 per cent second
sugar, 7 per ccnL third sugar, i per cent, fourth sugar. Total 100,
Your- very truly, Cuax. Koixlim;,
Matmatr, FrinctrWe Herniation.
i P- e. 1
.-STATISTICAL, TABLE FOU THK YEAH ENDING SKIT. 3", 1--M.
I : 'T!
Xu. of Acres of Cane
No. .crrs Plant Cane
N". Acre- cut
No, tons Sugar made
No. Acres plantcL
No. Acres Ilatoou for
Averare No. i4 men
Average No. of men
. . ..,- ,- r 1 Average . oi
i;a;; -;;; ssssg ssagsesg 5 I not upper contract.
No. of new jsen
eu uunn; next i
No. of Steam Boilers.
Tns CoKlusd rst year.
Cords of Wood oxdlast
retort o.v nEcinucrn:
To the Pmhtcnt of the Ttanttrt1 Labor and Supily Company:
Sib, The Committee on Iteclproclty fetl it no task-to Inmic u report
which would bring forth any new feature or new facts of, to
the llanters' L.ibor and Supply Co. In rrganl to the subject orBeciprocily,
while everything in regard to it ha idrouly liecn Intelligently
and become the of newsiuiicr artkles nnd fo forth.
The Society of Hawaiian are -o well concrmt with the his
tory, the terms and the effects of the Kecirrocity Treaty with the United
States of America, that this Committee would make but a f attempt
In trying to In-1 met them on the-e mutters. The llanters arc sensibly
aware also of the manifold attempt- made tri uhvert the existing treaty
stipulations, and we are happy to reeonl that efforts hafe not leen
The Recinrocltv1 Trentv h.is uou ilismi 1 tha eiirhth anulverirv of Its
existence, and it has fully realized the expectations made of It at the
time 'of its passage. Although no doubt the benefits of the Treaty have
ocen felt more In this country, on account of Its small size and
limited population, they have none the le-s len mutual and reciprocal
bctw cen the twp ejountries. Circfnlly prcjarcd tables ami statistics have
shown an immense in the tiriff and commerce with the United
States of America, -Ince the llccipmcity Treaty went Into oiTation, the,
benefits of which Inc directly and indirectly U-en enjoyed by all
On the other hand these Hands have lioen prosified In their home
trlo In a measure, the full extent of the liencnts of which luvve been felt
In every direction, ami we may continue to Wen this country.
The average amount of the invoice value of Iniirt.tloiw of goods from
the United State? of America of the five years preceding the Treaty
(18711875) was $863,151, while that of reached the large figure of
3,892,231 At the same time the export of sugar lui Increased from
12.7SS tons of 2,000 lbs. each in 1S77, the first year of thd Treaty, to
57,053 in 1883, and will 1; further exceeded this year. figures
show the reciprocal Ijencflts to both countries, altboush it- may be con
tended with some that from this standpoint alone the-e Islands have
the better part of the bargain. We do not to here the
iWitical considerations which strongly favor reciprocal relations witli the
United States of 'America and probably more the difference In
figures against these
Many ami violent efforts hae been made with the intent ot abrogating
the Treaty and mot of them were lised on the
of facts and on sUndersof this country, its intitutions and Its ieopIe.
This Committee does not deem it here to call to mind the
stories told of slavery, of fraudulent manipulations of foreign of
unlimited extent of cultivable sugar land-and of the unlimited quantity
of sugar to be manufactured here in the future to the detriment of the
sugar producing States of the United Stites of America. All the-e misstatements
have been successfully and refuted, nnd can hanlly
ever again servo as a weighty argument before a Committee of Senators
of the House of lleprcscntativcs of the United States of America In favor
Of the abrogation of the Reciprocity Treaty w ith these Hands. Still we
should continue.carefuI!y to watch over our interests ami legitimate
means In our reach to in.ilnt.iin the treaty relation with the
United States of America. Si far tlds has I'cen faithfully accomplished
by the Judicious and intelligent efforts of the Hawaiian Mini-ter Heidcnt
at l)r. J. Molt Smith, Col. Z. S. Sidding, and a few other-,
and to them due appreciation and thanks are accorded.
Xowmore than ever, while prices arc low and liki ly to reinaiji
so for a length of time, is the Treaty of great Talue. to the
sugar manufacturing' Interest- of eounto" I" irticular, and this Committee
beg to their reiort ly cxprc lug the that nothing-may
l done ly which the of the Ilcclproclty Treaty with'the
United States oftVmcrica may be disturln.nL
F. .k, Suud'ei:.
E. V. Adams,
II. W. Mist.
PLAIN AND FASCY P1UKT1S&
' ''OF ALL DESCRIPTIONS
NEW MACHINES, NEW TYPES,
. . ' '' . ih'
First-Class ' Workmanship.
THE HAWAWAN GAZETTE.
PmbUhd crerx Sobscription fG a year In advance
taf ami Sulmrriptions received for TUE I'LANTKnA
Idu'-' ( : Jtm w ,
A'o. So Merchant Street, - Honolulu, Jf. I
.Keep coiLsLiiitlr fiti hand An xvtdrtinent uf
CAP, LETTER AND XOnvPAl'EiYH, r ' '
3HTILACE. , , -"
j e a w o nuysK books. EicJ,eto :
- 1 , . .
Periodicals, all P.iiiets, PJantarV Uonthlf, etc
r ,fr , . ,t
Red Rubber Stamp Agency
NEW and STYLISH
Ladies' .Underyrear and
TUB tlnyiUJi ULE
or roriT snunrr,
uT UonwUIa iim the stkrr
ItUndi ibat thK ttoorer tlnriht L.lKUEtT wd
JtU3 1 LUU-vi ii r
. ' BonncU,
. ;. Hati, Re-,
well llfrl to 1t vutt of Uflln of llmMtil w4
CaatprUnt la 3X AlIUaMwSik Hajbe fd
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CLOTHING o airDescriptioni,
lBwrt4 lUu a4 Bon nt. taut Mjles with
i Xhn, Uibbnmtt 4 to muh.
AiArw&MrtTHt at LJalklfiaa' ltrkanl IIatf.prv
Chfip, Mil crl vtnetr si etlKT ton
U conlUll llfltt 4L
MR5.DlYl.w!i(wf ciCfilleTituTiV Milllarr.U
lknoB totbLa11r?, itltlccmtlaacim prrwW i
theTr1nmlarIpitmC.Mklchlaii iititixr that
the L4ic U1 JUv Ibcir Titnaitaok In h Utft
Call and See the Noveltlls.
. HOI "
Irish. Damask !
We Have-Just Received
t ekt rixe .tssoiax bst or
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Irlsli Sottble TJrimask.
Jt aJL.ltr lMttJl ff,Wnl2THI,
ThtM LINENS aia 'thejFINEST Im
U tU Htrlstv and w
E. O.Hall & Son
HAi;i URN4rXA.nD OX THE WAT
Hall's . Steef Hows !
HALL'S BEAYI,STEEL BRE1KEES
'it' list or
PROMPTIiY ANDITEATLY Hal1'8 Breakers
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,u,f( wEuuu:riM fr nttiitn a4
wbv otDrvjotttmuut,llRrte Lyihe
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I.CBKIC.ITIN0 itock in Ibi nuiiltti
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LKATHKK Or All IMerlplion:
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fjf CtUkjaWfLll2ai. SrfanlCal!aU, Wl ttUtlt
tutomtn And CTS?D3 ( Wl ICW BOWTTm
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