Newspaper Page Text
of Paao as Rend Before
It is perhaps impossible to decide
-what Dame should be placed first in
point of time in the list of those who
played the role of navigators during
the period of intercourse between
Hawaii and the archipelagoes of the
South. Xo doubt many names have
failed to reach us by having dropped
out of tradition, or having been so
overlaid with mythical extravagancies
as to effectually conceal the truth
that lies at the bottom of their story.
Of those that have survived, none
seem more worthy to bead the list,
both as to importance and priority in
time, than Paao.
The story of Paao so well illustrates
the disturbed conditions of the times,
and some peculiarities of Polynesian
life, that it seems worth while to give
it at length.
Paao and his older brother, Louo-
pele, were priests of Samoa, Paao
being the kahu fkeeper) of the god
Kukailimoku. They were both men
of authority and weight, highly
the arts of heathen life.
Paao was also skilled in navigation,
astronomy and divination. Both of
the brothers were successful farmers,
And each of them had a son to whom
he was greatly attached.
The relations between the brothers
were by no means pleasant, and seem
Jo have become so strained as to result
in open violence.
On one occasion Lonopele, having
suffered from thievish depredations
on his farm, came to Paao and complained
that Paao's son had been stealing
"Did you see him take the fruit?"
'2vb; but I saw him walking on
the land, and" I firmly believe that it
was he who took it," said Louopele.
"If so, my son is in the wrong,"
' Yes, he is,' said Lonopele.
"That being the case, I will cut him
open," said Paao ; " but if your stolen
fruit is not found within him, what
shall be done with you ?"
"That is none of niy affair," said
Lonopele; "who ever heard of cutting
open a man's .stomach to decide
-urn a question ?"
Paao then cut open his son's body,
and bade Lonopele come and witness
to the fact that the stolen fruit was
Paao, beside himself with grief and
regret for the loss of his son, immediately
began to plan vengeance, and
to seek the death of the son of his
True to the instincts and impulses
of his Polynesian blood, he determined
in disgust to abandon the scene
of his strife and seek a home in other
With this purpose in view, heat
once set his kahunas at the task of
constructing a large double canoe.
The work neared completion, the top
rails had been fitted and put in place,
the three cross-pieces (iako), hewn
into shape, the hulls of the canoes
smeared with black paint, and there
remained only the sacred task of binding
firmly together the different parts
with siuuet (aha). Paao ordered a
tabu ; for a month no fire was to be
lighted, no person was to walk abroad,
no one was to work on his farm or go
At the opening of the
second month Paao heard the noise of
some one drumming on the canoes.
On inquiry, it proved that it was his
nephew, a fine youth, the son of his
brother, Lonopele, who was guilty of
this impertinent breach of ceremony.
Seeing his opportunity, Paao commanded
his people to catch the boy
and slay him. This was done, and
the body of the hapless youth, after
serving as a consecrating sacrifice,
was buried under the canoe. The
work of binding the lashings was now
accomplished, and the tabu was declared
at an end.
As soon as the days of the tabu
were passed, Jxmopeie startea out
in search of his missing son,
and turning his steps towards the
house of Paao, he came to the shed
(halau), where the canoes were resting
on their blocks (loua), and stopped
to admire the elegance of their
proportions. As he stood at the stern
and passed his eye alone to the bow
in critical appreciation of their lines,
his attention was drawn to a swarming
of flies that had gathered. He
removed a block from beneath the
canoe, and, to his horror, their lay
the dead body of his boy. His indignation
and wrath vented themselves
in bitter imprecations against
the author of the atrocious murder,
and in irony and derision he called
the canoe 'the
swarming of the flies).
Astue preparations lorms
neared completion, Paao launched
his canoe into the sea, and began
to lay in supplies of food and water,
all kinds of stores for a long voyage.
The canoe was rigged with a mast
and a triangular sail of braided
leaf called a la, which was
placed with its apex downwards.
When the wind was contrary, or the
weather was so rougb that the sail
could not be used to advantage, the
' mast and sail would probably be unshipped,
folded up, and lashed to the
ia&os, or cross-pieces that held the
two canoes together, and progress
would then depend upon the use of
the paddle. There were seats for
forty paddlemen sitting two on a
bench. Midships of the canoe was a
raised platform (pola) screened off by
mate, and protected against the
weather by a roof, or awning, which
for the accommodation of Paao and
his family party, including an older
Paao himself was the priest of the
company, a most important office;
Makaalawa, the navigator and astronomer
upon him depended
the couxs&to be taken; Halau,
tie-sailing, ta aster
Pnoleole, tie trumpeter
besides these are mentioned
vers and stewards.
The most important piece of freight
that Paao took with him was the
feather idol Kukailimoku, which generations
afterwards plaved euch a distinguished
role as the war god of the
invincible Kamebameha I., who conquered
There is apparent reason to suppose
that Paao took with him the two
largo niaika stones, which popular
uuuiuuu uamea "xsa uma 1'aao,"
aud which only a few years ago Mr.
Pomander was instrumental in rescuing
from the ruins of the Heiau of
Mookini in Kohala.
Why the Ex-Minister of China
Turned the Cold Shoulder.
The Chinese merchants of this
city forwarded by Tuesday's
Bteamer China a petition to the
Emperor of China, asking for a
treaty to be made between China
and Hawaii. The petition, signed
by several hundred prominent
Chinamen, was handed to the ex-Chinese
minister, Tsui Kwo Yin,
before his departure.
It is understood that the ex-minister
replied that it was useless
to present such a petition to the
Chinese government, as he was in
clined to believe that his government
would not take anjr action in
the matter, at least for some time.
He reminded the petitioners that
treaties would not benefit China.
The treaty with the United States
was an utter failure, and the Geary
act is causing a great deal of inconvenience
to the Chinese in the
Departure of the China.
The "greyhound of the Pacific"
as some people are wont to call the
steamship China, left the P. M. S.
S. Co.'s wharf at 9 :15 o'clock on
Tuesday morning. Previous to her
hour of sailing, the Japanese ensign
and the blue-peter were floating
from the mainmast, but when her
bow swung seaward with the aid
of the tug Eleu, these flags were
lowered and the Chinese dragon
flag was unfurled to the breeze in
their stead. The Hawaiian band
played several selections on the
wharf. The big steamer was
crowded with people. The six
hundred Asiatic passengers in the
after part of the vessel were packed
like sardines. For several minutes
three Chinese Confuscians were
busily casting away strips of Chinese
paper in order to appease
the wrath of the gods and to guide
them to a safe haven. At exactly
9 :21 a. .m ) the China sot under-
way, her stern lines were cast off
and she glided seaward. When
passing the lighthouse, her British
ensign was dipped, and the salute
was responded to by the, U. S. vessels
Adams, Boston and Philadelphia.
Real Facta Plainly Stated.
The queen of Hawaii cannot be
restored to power.
The Provisional government cannot
be overthrown by her partisans,
or by intrigue, or by Spreckels, or
by dynamite, or by Nordhoff, or by
unpatriotic American newspapers.
The peace must be maintained
in Hawaii. The apprehension that
some disturbance may be stirred
up there is exceedingly injurious
to the interests of the people.
The American government should
not sustain a policy under which it
may be necessary for Admiral
rett to interfere for the preservation
of order in Hawaii.
The only way in which the peace
of Hawaii can be permanently established,
and the best welfare of
all its people promoted, is by its
annexation to the United States.
It cannot be believed that
barriers against annexation will be
successfully raised by any part of
the American people. N. Y. bun.
It Looked That Way.
Shortly after the arrival of the
steamer Mariposa last Wednesday,
two of the passengers evidently
Australians were proceeding up
Fort street. When they arrived
about the corner of Fort and Queen
streets, one of them made a slight
halt and looked around. Noticing
several stores in that vicinity closed
(on account of Jewish Atonement
Day), one of the gentlemen accosted
a passer-by with the remark,
"Have you had bank failures here,
Revs. E. S. Timoteo and Ezera
are doing noble work among
bringing about peace
among the discordant members of
the Kawaiahao and Kaumakapili
churches. One of the fruits of
their efforts was the conversion of
deacon J. Alapai, who was the!
main cause of the rupture between
pastor Waiamau and his congregation.
HAWAIIAN" GAZETTE, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1893. u
; A Tri-Weekly Japanese News-'
paper Soon to Appear.
A reporter of the "Advertiser
STEVENSON has been enabled to learn
PAYS A VISIT TQ HONOLULU.
He Hit- '
A (lair In
the passengers by the
Mariposa yesterday for
was Mr. Itobert Louis
the famous author and
journalist of Samoa. He is accompanied
by Messrs. Graham Balfour
and A. S. Goold. A Samoan servant
is attendant upon the party. Mr.
Stevenson's presence here is owing to
a slight attack of fever and a desire
for a change of scene, and the benefits
of a sea voyage. These induced him
to visit this city, where he is well
known, having made several previous
visits. He is pleasantly located at
Bella yista cottage out at the popular
San Souci resort Mr. Stevenson will
remain in Honolulu until the 2Sth, returning
home via the Alameda.
When a reporter of this paper called
to see Mr. Stevenson Wednesday p.m.,
Jiad retired, but
he arose and received
per man most
In reply to a
Samoa, Mr. Stevenson
was quiet there
nt. tliA nrpsjinf:
bobert l. stevessos. time, and would
continue so as long as an English war
vessel remained in the country. When
he left Samoa two German and one
English men-of-war were stationed
there. In the event of the British vessel
being recalled, Mr. Stevenson inclined
to the belief that war would
almost immediately follow. The German
vessels were not either capable
of controlling or defeating the natives.
Thev alwavs acted in conjunc
tion with the British commander.
There is considerable discontent
among the Samoans, and a change of
dynasty would surely follow if war
was indulged m. Tne natives in tne
southern portion of the islands are
actively engaged in warlike
at the present time. There
every reason to believe, continued
Mr. Stevenson, that theBritish vessel
now there will soon leave: if such
roves to be true, war would
S occur. What makes it probable
that the vessel would leave was the
ifact that the ship had been in those
waters for a longer period than heretofore.
There are no American vessels
in Samoa and haven't been for
two years. Regarding the workings
of the now famous tripartite treaty,
Mr. Stevenson said that what the people
of Samoa most desired was the
withdrawal of the three powers and
let them govern themselves. Of
course, there would be internal dissensions,
but such was of no great consequence.
News is expected to arrive by the
Alameda from the three powers in
regard to what disposition shall be
made concerning the deposed monarch
Mataafa, who, with a number of
his high chiefs, is now confined on
one of the islands. It is not likely
that Mataafa would ever again
become king, but some other personage
would surely find favor with the
neonle as a sovereign leader. The
present king, Malietoa, is a most
unpopular ruler, and is only kept in
power through the offices of the
three powers. An interesting exposition
on Samoan affairs was
recounted by Mr. Stevenson, showing
the habits and conditions of
He stated further that a mild type
of measles was epidemic in Samoa,
but no fatal results had followed.
Though the country was never visited
with such before, the people were
taking extraordinary coou care of
Of all the white persons resident in
the islands Mr. Stevenson is perhaps
better posted on Samoan affairs than
.any one else. This being generally
conceded, nis expressions, therefore,
can be relied on as being authentic.
Mr. Stevenson is at present engaged
on several new books aud stories. He
does not contemplate a visit to the
United States for some time.
Like most all noted journalists Mr.
Stevenson is most gracious to newspaper
reporters, and 'is available to
them at any hour of the day pr night.
Besides having these good and
charitable qualities, he is a most
agreeable and obliging gentleman.
An international and colonial exhibition
will be opened at Lyons,
France, on the 26th day of April,
1894. The president of the managing
council of the exhibition will
give a handsome prize if the Hawaiian
government will interest it-
jself in the work by giving offcial
notice oi the exposition and of the
opportunities it offers for commerce
by exhibits of commercial imports
and exports. Monsieur Vizzavona
will be pleased to furnish any information
desired relating to the
The itinerant Italian musicians
have returned from a visit to the
t lowing in regard to the new Jap
anese paper soon to appear in this
city : The name of the paper will
be Nijiuseiki, the meaning of which
is, the twentieth century. The
object of the paper is to advance
the interests of the Japanese people,
in this, in their own, and in
any other country where they may
be. Of course special attention being
to look ' after the best interests of
the Japanese population of these
The publishers of the paper will
be Messrs.Chester. A. Doyle,
and H.Aoki. As Mr.Doyle is to
be the business manager, it will be
of interest to Advertiser readers
to know something about him.
Although a young man he has
traveled considerable and has had
large business experience, aside
from newspaper work. He has
held several important positions in
railroad management and has been
agent for some of the
lines of America. In 1890
he published the Ju Ku Saki, in
San Francisco. The name of the
paper meant the nineteenth century
and had a circulation of 500
in the two cities of San Francisco
and Oakland, while the circulation
in Japan was 1500.
The paper took too bold a stand
to suit the authorities in Japan,
which, as is well known, is not tolerant
of criticism,and the paper was
refused circulation in that country.
In order to evade the prohibition
of the Japanese government,
the name of the paper was frequently
changed, so that in the
course of three years the name of
the paper was changed eight times.
Mr. Uoyie is proficient in the Japanese
language, speaking eight
dialects. He is the recently appointed
Japanese interpreter for
the Hawaiian islands.
The declarations of the projec
tors oi this new venture are certainly
fair and commendable, and
the paper promises to be successful
from a business standpoint from
the start, as they have a guaranteed
circulation of nearly 2000
copies. 300 on this island, 200 on
Maui, 200 on Hawaii, 75 on Kauai
and 1000 in Japan.
Messrs. Mezuno and Aoki are
highly educated Japanese gentlemen,
so the business and editorial
management is in good hands, and,
as the paper will appear three timeB
a week, it will be a ready means of
communication with the Japanese
Mr. J. A. Scott, the government
school teacher at Waianae, is an
adventuresome mountain climber.
For a long time he has desired to
scale the dizzy heights of Kaala,
the highest mountain on this island,
being over 4000 feet. Last
Friday Mr. E. O. White, of E. O.
Hall it Son, paid a visit to Mr.
Scott, and together the next day
ascended to the topmost peak of
the mountain. It required nearly
the whole of the Hay for the climbers
to reach the summit, having to
cut a road most of the distance.
After spending a few hours on the
top the gentlemen returned over
the-same course, accomplishing the
return trip in about two hours. The
regular route to the mountain top
is from the Waialua side, but
Messrs. Scott and White ascended
from the Waianae side.
A Boom For Hawaii.
We have not a doubt that ex-Minister
Blount, who has returned
from Hawaii, is justified in the re-remark
that "there will be a boom
in the islands, which must enliven
all branches of business as soon as ?
certain matters now in contemplation
go through." The chief matter
to go through is the annexation
of the islands, so that American
law shall be extended over them
and permanent peace and order
shall be established in them. When
this is brought about there will
surely be a boom in Hawaii. N.Y.
Mr. Abies. Injured.
The many friends of Mr. L. C.
Abies will be pained to learn that
he was seriously injured a short
time ago and is now confined to liis
home. Mr. Abies is a popular official
of the Peoples' Ice Company,
and his many friends will no doubt
see that he receives all the care
and attention necessary to a hasty
The next mail from the coast
will arrive by the Alameda due1 to
arrive here on the 23th.
ELEVEN OP THEM BROUGHT
One of the Female Lepers is a
Daughter of the Policeman
who Arrested Them.
The steamer James Makee came
in Thursday morning from Hana-lei,
Kauai, with only eleven of the
fourteen lepers arrested lately by
policeman J. Kakina.
Soon after their arrival the eleven
lepers were removed to the Kalihi
receiving station, where they will
remain until they are ready to be
removed to Molokai.
Of the eleven lepers, five were
young girls between the ages of 12
to 16. One of them, Hanalei Kakina,
is a daughter of policeman
Kakina, who made the arrest. Her
case is said to be a very mild one.
One of the lepers is Milimili. He
is the only one who escaped from
Kalalau valley last June. He says
that Koolau talked so much about
shooting Stoltz that it frightened
him, so he decamped to the
valley to join the leper3 there.
Paakiki was the first leper that
found out their stronghold at the
Wainiha gulch. Eight years ago,
when the first signs of leprosy appeared
on him, he segregated himself
and went up there to live
alone. Since that time more lepers
came from ttanaiei and rlaena
(the bulk being from Wainiha
proper), until their number reached
They built a grass hut large
enough to accommodate them comfortably.
Taro was plentiful in the
valley. There were over ten large
taro patches grown by old natives
many years ago. From the stream
near by they were supplied with
oopus, opaes andwi, a kind of river
mussel. They were well supplied
with food. Their families paid
them a visit occasionally.
Last Friday, Policeman Kakina
received word from a spy he had
sent that the lepers were all asleep
in their huts. Kakini and a force
of eight men then went there and
The lepers stated yesterday that
they had never supplied themselves
with arms at any time, and had no
idea of defying arrest. The three
lepers left at Hanalei were the very
worst cases. Two of them are not
able to walk and are not expected
to live long.
If Koolau had joined them, they
added, no one would have dared to
arrest them for fear of his deadly
aim. They know nothing of
Mrs. J. Kakina, wife of the policeman
who made the arrests, was
a passenger on the steamer
Japanese High Priest.
Hisanari Matsuda is the name
of a Japanese Buddhist high priest
on board the S. S. China. He is a
noble of the fourth rank of the
land of the Mikado and is the possessor
of an order of the Rising
Sun. The high priest, or Jushoku
as he is called in his own country,
is returning from a visit to Chicago.
He was a member of the
old House of Nobles, which was
supplanted by the present constitutional
parliament. Matsuda is
the head priest of the celebrated
temple Miidera at Omi, about 280
miles from Tokio. This temple is
said to be nearly 800 years old. Matsuda
was around the streets yesterday
taking in the sights, and
attracted much attention by his
strange flowing garment. His head
is clean shaven.
, New Hawaiian Paper.
Mr. J. K. Kaunamano, on behalf
of the Hui Kalaiaina, intends publishing
a Hawaiian version of the
Daily Holomua. The old type of
the now defunct Holomua was
brought to a house on Fort street,
opposite Mr. H. Smith's premises,
yesterday, from where the paper
will be issued some time in the
Saw President Dole. t
Mr. G. R. Grau has returned
from a week's visit to the Kahala
ranch, where he went to see President
Dole, who is visiting there.
Mr. Grau reports that President
Dole is enjoying a 'pleasant vacation,
passing the time in shooting,
riding and camping out. The president
will return home on the 30th.
Ho. 7 Kntni HI
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