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VOL. VMV.. XO. SS. HOyOLULTJ, U. I., FRIDAX, OA'EMBER 9. 1S94. "WnOIiE 2TO. 1601.
Hawaiian Gazette, Semi-Weekly
HAWAIIAN GAZETTE COMPANY
XTIST IUISBAT 1KB FEID1T Y0S5I5G
Geo. H. Pari5, Business 5Ianaer.
W. y. Armstrong - Editor.
Per ....... o tX)
rer year, Foreign .......... 6 00
Fayabl Invariable in Adin.
apAddress all coamnaications
Hawaiian Gazette Company
P. 0. Box 0, Honolulu, K. L
CARTER & CARTER,
K5S No S4 Merchant Street. 7
So. 15 KaaHrxas. steii.
MSS Hogolnla.H.I. .
WTTJTAM C. PARKE,
Aad Afient to lake Acknowledgments.
OFFICE: IS KaaErxasr Srcrr.
lKH HonolBlB. H. I. Q
W. R. CASTLE,
And Notary PaMic Atteads sJl the Coarts of
1366 tie Kingdom. J
J. ALFRED MAGOON,
Attorney and Counselor At Law.
OFFICE it Merchaat Street,
Honolaln, H. I.
El UOFFSC1UAEGEBA: CO.
Xing and BetielStreets,
Honolnln, H. L,
Importers and Commission Kerehiits,
H. L. HOLSTETN.
Cezzxcnes! Pnoxrct.T Attendm to.
ll KOBALA. HAWAII- lj
JOltX 11. PATV,
0TA3Y PUBLIC and COKSaSSIOITEB
For the states of California and New York
OSce at tie Bisk of Bishop Co., Hoaolala.
Importers of General Hereiandiie,
FRANCE, ENGLAND. GERMANY AM) THE
So. 5S Qaeen Street. Hoaolala.H .1,
SM Front Street, San Francisco.
Particnlar attention paid to illing and fb pplng
ins Islaxd orders. 7
JP. A. SCHAEFEB A: CO.
Importers Commission Mrc's.
1SS6 Honolala, Hawaiian Islands, y
II. IlACIiFELD Ac CO.,
General Commissio:: Agents.
1S56 Qaeen Street3onolnln, H. I. y
G. W. MACTARXANE & CO..
Importers and Commission Merchants,
Honolaln, Hawaiian Islands,
Hirriees, Watsoa A Co., Scotfand Street Iron
Join Fewler 4 Co., (Leeds! Limited Steam Plow
1SS6 tad Locomotive WoAs. Leeds, ly
XIEEO. It DATIES Ac Co.,
Importers and Commission SUreixnts,
AITD aSETTS XOK
Lloyd's and tie LiverpoolUnderwriters ,
British and Foreign Marine Insaratcc Co.
1BI And Northern Aaraae Ccrapaay. y
Candy Manufactory and Bakery,
JE . O JEL 3XT ,
Tactical Conf eetloter. Pastry Cook and Baker
1B6 1 Hotel St.. bet. Ximi ard Fort y
(Formerly with B. F. Bolles fc Co.)
Wholesale and Retail Crocer,
111 King Street, nnder Harmony HaH.
Fa'clly, Plantation, and Ships' Stores
at short notice. "ew Goods by eTery
eteamer. Order lrom the other islands
M. E. JIcEXTTKE &. BKO,
Grocery, Feed Store and Bakery.
Corner King and Fort Streets,
135 Honolclc H. I. T
TTTR AND HAWAIIAN
Investment . Comoant.
JioneyloaaedforlongOf soon periods,
ON APPROVED SECURITY.
ApjJy to W. W. HALL, Xanager.
1S5 BeaTerBlock.FortSt. y
WILDER Ac CO.,
Lesser, Faints, Oita-Suli, Salt & Ecilding
SS6 KaterUt 7
Hiin.Crrrnarr and Tomrr Aetistx.
S80 Market ii oppo. Fonrth su, mi Fraccitco
E. O. UALLASO.A.
Importers and Dealers in Hardware,
Plows, Palals,.Oils aad General Xerchandise,
Ta W Hall Presideat and Manager
EO White. ....Secretary aad Treascrer
Wa F Allen .... .Auditor
Tios Stay and T W Hebron .Directors
1S56 Comer Fort aad Kinc Sts y
n. niwrKs. t. 1. nowKir. c x. coosx.
LEAVERS A: COOKE.
Ssccestors to Lxwxns Sicxox,
Importer 1 ad Dealers is Lumber,
And ail kinds of Bailding Materials.
1S55 FonStreeHoaolala. y
J. OLDS. ::::::::: Proprietor
Comer Nanaaa ATeaae and Hotel Streets.
Choice Als, Wines and Liccon
HONOLULU IRON WORKS CC
p? Suam Eacine.SncrMiHs. Boilers,,
Smo Coolers, Iroa.BrafsandLead Casting
Machinery of Every Description
.- Md to OrUer. C
Partlcalar attentlos paid to Ships' Blackt
smitiiag. JOB WORK xctf don
1SSS aotict. y
H. W. SCHMIDT & SONS,
JOIL T WATEKKOESE,
L5IP0STE3 A5D DEALEB IS GFJTIEAL
1S56 Qceen Street. Hoaolala y
7. M. "vTHITlTEY, iL D., D. D. S
Dental Booms on Fort Street,
Omce In Brewer's, Block. comer Hotel and Fort
1S56 y streets Eatraace, Hotel street.
WILLIAM 0. SMITH,
AT TO R N E Y-AT-LA W,
66 Fort Street, : .- Hosolala.
E. G. HITCHCOCK,
Attorney and Counsellor .t Law.
OSce at HILO. HAWAII.
(. Li W 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 in H,
Inporter. Kasaiacrnrer, Upholsterer,
axd nranxn rs
FUBMTURE OF EVEBI DESCRIPTION.
Pianoa and Mntlcal Inatrnments.
1S69 lt FOBT STBEET. ly
M. S. GRINBAUM & COM
Genl Merdiandiie and Commiaaien
1SS6 Merchanta.HonoInIn.H.1. 7
M. S. GRINBAUM Si CO.,
So. 215 Froat Street. San Francisco, Cal.
Post 0ce Box 603.
HAWAIIAN WINE Cd.
FRANK BROWN, Manager.
2Sand30 ilerchact Street. - Hoaolala, H.I.
Hfi. W. F. ALLEN,
AX OFFICE 07TB ilESSES. BISHOP fc
CO,,coraer of Merchant aad Ea&baraann
streets, and he will be pl.ased to attend toasy
cslney entrntted to him.
BISHOP & COMPANY.
ESTABLISHED XV XS3S8.
DBAW EICEASGS OX
THEEAKKOF UUFORftlA, SIN FRANCISCO
aSD THI1K 1GIKTS H!
w York, Chicago, Bostoo, Farla
Messrs. M.X. Kothicbild i Sons London
The Commercial Banking Co. of Sydney,
in London, and Sydney.
The Bank of Sew Zealand in Acckland,
Christchnrch, Daaedic aad Wellington.
The Hoackoaj and Shanghai Banking
in Honciong and Shacchai. China;
and Yokohama, EQcgo, and Xaguail, Japan.
The Bank of British ColanMa la Victoria,
2analmo, and Westminister, B.C.; and
And tie Azores and Madeira Islands.
DB. E. . AHDEESOH,
DRS. AXDEESOX & LTJXDY
Hotel 8U, opj..Dr.J.S.McGzevr'
Xmas! Xmas !!Xmas!!!
Don't forget this is the store for all
kinds ot presents.
SEAT., ALLIGATOR akd CALF SKIN'.
PURSES and POCKET BOOKS.
PRESENTATION BOOKS of all descriptions
at Publisher s prices.
IXL Pocket Knives
REES i SON'S PAINTS AND DRAWING
Calendars and Booklets.
HAND SEWING MACHINES SS.50
DOMESTIC SEWING MACHINES.
TOYS AND GAMES.
BASE BALL AND LAWN" TENNIS.
FINE SOCIETY PAPETERDZS AND
Hair BrnsL.es and Combs.
VELOCIPEDES asd WAGONS. '
GUITARS from S4.00 rip.
This store is absolutely a Cash Siobe
and prices are cash prices.
W. F. REYNOLDS,
ORIGINAL AND ( NUT GENUINL
DR. J. C0LL1S
Sir. W. PAGE WOOD stated
pablidv ia Coart that Dr. J. COLLIS BROWKE
wasaacoabtedly tielSYEXTOR of
tiatthe whole story of the defendant
Freemaa was deliberately nntrne, and he regretted
to say It had bee swom to. See The
no i rniiK RRnxP5 PHinRnnYNP
Is a liqnld medicine which assnages PAlX of
EVERY KIND. ai"ord a calm, refresilnsr sleep,
WITHOUT HEADACHE, aad IMTIGORATES
thscerroas STstem weinexiaasted. is the
GREAT SPECIFIC FOR
CHOLERA. OYSEHTERY. DIARRHCA.
THE GENERAL BOARD OF HEALTH. LONDON,
REPORT that it ACT a. a CHARM, one
dose generally s cmcient.
Dr. GIBBON. Armr Medical StaJT. Calcatta.
statt 'TWO DOSE'S COMPLETELY CUBED
ME OF DIARRH02A."
OR. J. COLLIS BROWNE'S CHLORODYNE
is the tkuc riLLUint in
NEURALGIA, GOUT. CANCER,
DR. J. COLLIS BROWNE'S CHLORODYNE
RapidlT cats short all attacks f
EPILEPSY, SPASMS. COLIC.
IMPORTANT CAUTION.the immense
SALE of this REMDEY has giret rise to many
N. B. EVERY BOTTLE OF GENUINE
CHLORODYNE BEARS on the GOVERNMENT
STAMP the NAME of ths INVENTOR
DR. J. COLUS BROWNE. SOLD IN BOTTLES,
is. Ssl.,ani4:. Cd.,byxH Chemist.
J. T. DAVENPORT,
H Great Ros-ell Street. Locdon. W C
Canadian Pacific Railw'y
Thx Faxors Toceist Soctx or thx Woeijj.
IN CONNECTION WITH THE CAN
LLNE, TICKETS ARE
To Aix Poets is the UNITED STATES
and CANADA, via Vicroma axd Vas-
EanS; Glacier, Mount Stephen and
Tickets to all points in Japan, China, India
and aroond the world.
f" For Tickets and General Information
THEO. H. DAVTES & CO.,
Agents Canadian Pacific Railway and
S. S. line.
With Notes of theirethodl of Coffee Culture
Practiced in Guatemala,
Brazil, Liberia and Ceylon.
Giving fall instructions bow to plant,
cultivate, clean and prepare Cofiee for
market. Also estimate cost of a coffee
plantation of 200 acres.
EDITED BT H. 3T. TTHITNEY.
PRICE : 50 : CENTS.
tljtt For sale by all news dealers.
HAWAIIAN GAZETTE CO.
IK BEHALF OP THE LITTLE 0IIESiin'u,u"orOd'8rten
in uuinLi ui mil li i ill uiiLui r
already establislied in theyears
! for the Hawaiiaus, Portucuese, Chi
Glorious Mission of the Effective
DOING GRANDLY IN EVERY CLIME.
A. Letter On tie Subject From a Honolulu
Teacher Some Practical Information
Is Given The
l'lan of a Lady Philanthropist.
the very young is
now more than
ever engaging the
attention of those
rz -1 ID school and
- - l , J i .::
i-"ST work. A few years
ago this writer interviewed Miss
Kate Drexell,a Philadelphia young
lady of high culture and enormous
wealth. She had just then become
wedded to the Catholic Church.
She was the head of a sisterhood
and was known simply as Mother
Katherine. At that time she had
just then inaugurated an extensive
mission work at the Wind River
Indian reservation, south of the
Yellowstone National Park. More
than $100,000 in preliminary work
and building had been expended.
"How are you going to civilize
theEe Indians ?" was asked.
"I am going to get their little
children into our kindergartens.
That is the only way to civilize the
tribes. Every other method has
failed. We will thus go to the
root of the evil, as it were."
Mother Kathrine, like all persons
of advanced thought is an enthusiastic
advocate of the kindergarten.
Following is a treatise upon this
subject from the pen of a Honolulu
teacher. It is interesting and
Kindergarten education is one of
the most beautiful achievements of
this century. And the free kindergarten
movement is the flowering of the
wonderful plant, whose reed was germinated
in the soul of that "apostle
of childhood," Froebel about sixty
In beginning an article on this sub
ject to awaken thought In the minds
of the mothers, sisters, daughters, and
lady teachers of our islands, I trust
the words may be of interest and be
read also by fathers, brothers and
My object is to state in a condensed
form, the system of kindergarten education,
and to awaken the desire in
many women to investigate this subject
for the sake of their own children,
and to enlist young ladies to
take the course of study for kindergarten
teaching. The day may yet
arrive when a young lady's education
will scarce be considered complete
without some knowledge of kindergarten
I may be pardoned in extracting
freely from the most
Annual Report of the Golden
Gate Kindergarten Association. Mrs.
Barah B. Cooper, the founder, in an
address delivered last year to Christian
workers, explains her own Inception
of this work in San Francisco as
follows . "The Divine teacher when
upon the earth took a little child,
and set him in the midst saying,
'whosoever receiveth a little child in
my name, receiveth me.' The little
child has been left standing in our
midst too long. The world is just beginning
to understand that the little
child is the important factor in this
universe; that the quickest, surest
route to Christian manhood is over
the old fashioned turnpike road, 'train
up a child in the way be should go.'
Believing this with all my heart I
turned the thought of my class, rMrs.
Cooper, as it is well-known is the
teacher of a large Bible class in San
Francisco, of both ladies and gentlemen,
numbering always a hundred or
more some fourteen years ago, to
kindergarten work among the poor
waifs of the by-ways and alleys, children
from three to six years of age,
too young to enter the public schools,
but not too young to learn the entire
vocabulary of wickedness from their
older compeers iu the streets; children
of I rutal fathers and mothers,
children of vice and crime growing up
to become candidates for our prisons
'the riotram and jetsam on the wild
mad sea of life,' children who have no
childhood, and noiie to call them by
dear names, who have almost forgotten
the knack of play.
Among just such children m these the
members of my Bible began
their successful work. From
that time to the present over 16,000
children have been gathered into
kindergartens, no less than thirty-seven
having been organized during
It is well known in Honolulu that
an enterprise of this kind has been
established this year with Queen
Emma ball for its headquarters, and
that an able, trained Kindergartner,
Miss Hannah E. Eastman, one of Mrs.
Cooper's own choice workers has been
nese and Japanese, have been placed
under her supervision: while the fifth
free kindergarten, for the children of
( American, English, German and peo
ple ot various nationalities nas been
opened under Miss Eastman's particular
She has a training class for teachers
which includes all the teachers already
employed in our mission schools,
as of necessity in beginning the work
we could not secure teachers who had
taken the regular course. And it is
to awake the desire of others to know
and possibly enter this class in future
that this article is prepared.
To give a little Idea of what kindergarten
teaching is, and how it lays
foundations for future work, I condense
exceedingly the programme of
the two years course laid down for
teachers in the Golden Gate Association.
1. Observation and Work First
Year. Games and songs with form
gifts, by which the square, rectangle,
oblong and circle are all made familiar
to the little eye, with recognition of
angles. By form gift is meant, that
after the children have learned all
these things, they receive as their own
the article that gave the lesson.
2. Observation and Work Second
Year. Analysis of the cube in the
fifth and sixth gifts. Much combination
and practice in making all these
forms in clay and paper.
3. Modeling and Drawing First
Year. Automatic exercises for both
hands in games, songs and dictation.
Tracing outlines with hands and fingers
and with pencils. Cardboard
sewing. Drawing simple objects constructed
in the kindergarten.
4. Second Year. Drawing from
simple forms in nature and art. Outlining
and shading. Modeling In clay
5. Color Work First Year. Color
and rainbow games. Recognition of
the standard prism colors. Matching
colors. Second Year. Selecting colors
in nature and art. Testing the
children's color perceptions. Water
coloring, after nature, fruit and
6. Number Work First Year.
Number game with beads, blocks,
sticks and reeds to develop the idea of
one and more than one. Counting in
groups of twos, threes, fours and fives.
By the end of the first year children
should be brought up to ten or twelve
7. Number "Work First Year.
Giving and guessing gnmes. Developing
in simple ways formation of
numbers In groups of twos, threes,
fours and on to higher numbers,
counting backwards and forward.
Dividing and selling with toy money.
Training of eye in size, length and
wiuiu; accuracy oi me aim. Second
year Weight and measure by object
lessons and practice in inches, feet,
and lifting different weights.
9. Life and Nature. Lessons and
talks on plants, flowers ; observations
and stories on animals all to develop
a direct love and sympathy in the
child; lessons en the human frame
from their own bodies.
10. Locality and Geography. Talks
on earth and sky; develop ideas of
right and left, In direction, and the
points of the compass ; observation on
the locality of the homes; on rivers,
lakes, earth, air, sky.
11. Physical and Chemical Properties.
Recognizing plants, animals,
and minerals; simple experiments;
making cabinets of natural objects.
12. Training in morals and politeness
by talks, stories and influence.
13. Biography and history.
14. Language, free hand drawing
15. Physical training.
It Is evident from this brief review
of the course for kindergartners that it
is no trifling affair to be a successful
teacher, and that the course for children
is an education as well as pastime.
In the words of one article in the
valuable report already alluded to:
"It goes without saying that there
must be good, moral character, sincere
love for children, and an enthusiasm
for teaching; also, good, firm health
to be a successful kindergartner."
iei it is nopeu mat mis
for humanity" may spread, and
that many who cannot devote themselves
to teaching may catch this
spirit at home, and that those who
have means mayheln in the establish-
ment of the Free Kindergarten on all
It Is earnestly desired to form a
mothers' class, which may meet occasionally
and have the benefit of lec
tures on kindergarten methods, illustrated
by the educated movements of
the little ones in classes; but this
must be developed in the future. Such
classes are now quite a feature of this
kindertarten work in Chicago and
other cities. A Teacher.
Frank Dekum, who is known
here, died at Portland, October
19th. He was a pioneer and leading
man of that city. The two
Misses Dekum, who had etarted
for Honolulu, returned to Portland
Henry Wilson, the postmaster at
Welshton, Florida, says he cured a
case of diarrhoea of long standing in
six hours, with one small bottle of
Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and
Diarrhoea Remedy. What a pleasant
surprise that must have been to
the sufferer. Such cures are not
unusual with this remedy. In many
instances only one or two dosea are
required io give permanent relief.
It can always be depended upon.
When reduced with water it 13
pleasant to take. For sale by all
Dealers. Bessojt, Smith & Co., Agents
Board of Health Secretary So Reports
A WARNING ABOUT DRINKING WATER.
It Should lie Boiled In All Cases Bad
Drainage Near Town Mangy Dg
to Be Destroyed License Issued for
a Woman Physician to Practice.
? ST? ACOINATION,
drinking water, dogs
dangerous to public
health, new physicians
and letters on
various subjects were
considered at a meeting
of the Board
of Health yesterday.
President Smith was in the chair.
The following members were in attendance:
Doctors Day, Wood and
Emerson and Messrs. J. T. "Water-house
and Lansing and Executive
Officer C. B. Reynolds.
Doctors Day, Emerson aud Wood
reported adversely on the application
of a Japanese doctor, named Hirano,
for a license to practice medicine.
The doctors were assisted in the examination
by Dr. Kobayashl. The
report concludes: "The examination
was made with all fairness and was
eminently practical In its scope, and
so admitted by the applicant."
A letter was read from a kokua,
now at tho leper settlement. He Is
anxious to leave the dace, and asks
for the board's permission. The matter
will be considered when the hoard
visits Molokai next week.
Dr. Mouritz, Government physician
on Molokai, sent in his monthly report
and asked for more vaccine, stating
that the opposition to vaccination
in his district had greatly decreased.
Mr. Smith said that it was
very gratllylng to the board to know
that the natives were taking more
kindly to vaccination, and much of
the credit for the change of front was
due to the discretion exercised by the
Government physician. Mr. Smith
added that the supply of virus was exhausted,
nut another shipment was
expected next week.
The secretary presented a report on
vaccination. It states that 1330 children
were vaccinated during the last
three months. This amount covers
the whole group. The money expended
during the time for vaccination
Agent Greene of the Humane Society
addressed a letter to the board,
calling attention to the large number
of mangy dogs that are at present in
Honolulu. He considered their presence
a menace to the health
of the community and wanted
the board to give him power
to put the curs out of the way.
The matter was discussed and it was
finally decided to declare war on all
mangy dogs. Hereafter, whenever
any are caught they will be killed.
Dr. Wood stated that every fall a
large number of cases of malarial fever
were discovered on the Ewa plantation.
This state of things was caused
either by bad drainage or from water.
In his opinion the latter was the chief
cause, as the water Is stored In tanks
and is kept sometimes until It becomes
foul. The same trouble was met with
on Kahuku some time ago but a remedy
was found for It. This matter was
disposed of by deputizing Dr. Emerson
and Agent Reyuolds to make an
Investigation and report to the next
Jennie L. Hildebrand, M. D., applied
for a license to practice medicine
and surgery. Her diploma was exhibited
along with some good recommendations.
The li ense was granted.
A report from the health acent at
Hilo was that the town was free from
scarlatina and German measles.
Dr.D.Hardy, of Brisbane, writes that
a meeting of a science association will
be held at Brisbane in January, and
requested the Board to send photographs
of cases of leprosy with explanatory
notes. The Board decided to
grant the request.
Dr. E. 8. Goodhue, of Riverside,
Cal., applied for a position. His application
was placed on file as there
are no vacancies at present.
It was decided to warn the public
regarding the dangerof drinking water
without taking the precaution of boiling
it. The Board considers tnat the
Importance of boiling water for drinking
purposes cannot be overestimated
as there is always more or less typhoid
and malaria during the rainy months.
Jpp j !
Bulletin "Seems to me you look
Stab "I only told the office cat or
the Advertises she was no good. I
ain't feeling weil thlB morning. I
hate cats." Life.