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The Hawaiian gazette. (Honolulu [Oahu, Hawaii]) 1865-1918, January 04, 1895, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025121/1895-01-04/ed-1/seq-4/

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SEMI WEEKLY.
FRIDAY.
JANUARY 4, 1895.
THE EDITOR LEAVES.
1&
With today's issue the temporary
editor resigns his office. Ab the
nautical men say, he hauls down
his fla-g, and gives back the com
mission which he has held for a
longer period than he intended to
hold it.
He finds the Advertiser to be
a-istaunch old cruiser, rated in the
trade register as "an armed mer
chantman." Her temporary cap
tain has found it pleasant cruising;
Eometimes getting pretty close on
the lee Bhore of error ; sometimes
lying in the doldrums of doubt;
Eometimes suddenly Btruck by the
squalls of offended opinion ; Eome
times repulsing the yelling sav
ages of the Hale Naua, who 6warm
into her rigging, with the black
flag, and skull and bones of mon
archy; eometimes chasing the
"Flying Dutchman" of vague ru
mors ; sometimes taking soundings
in new channels of political action,
and putting up signal buoys over
dangerous shoals ; and often lying
in the home ports, exchanging and
bartering the commodities of newB
and thoughts which the commerce
in ideas demands or supplies.
As the .resigning editor hands
back hia commission, he becomes,
for a moment, confidential with his
readers, and tells them that the
publication of an acceptable news
paper in these islands, is an
uncommonly difficult task. The
high average intelligence of the
readers, demands the best journal
ism. But journalism has its com
mercial side, and a costly one. A
email community is confronted
with the fact that it cannot, as a
rule, give sufficient support to good
journalism. Journalism in any
community is, in the long run,
juEt what its patrons make it.
Newspapers are not charitable in
stitutions, but mercantile ventures,
supplying what the market de
mands, and ythey are not prone to
, greatly vary from the average de-
V mands pt the readers.
'Itthe racial contest, which the
Caucasian, here, has on his hands,
and which will grow sharper, as
time goes on, and the iEBues become
clearer, there will be a supreme
need of unity of thought and ac
tion. In this, good journalism
should become a powerful agency,
and for thiB reaEon it should com
mand the constant, cordial and,
indeed, unusual support of its
readers.
- - - -nti-a m A "w iaiuiiak.w m.. k mmm m wv m. mm M II I .
- n w w i-m UdMiJBA m9mmw -
! I I
WHAT MUST LAWS BE ?
"A little work, a little play
To keep us going and so, good day!
A little warmth, a little light
'Of love's bestowing and so. good
night!
A little fun, to match the sorrow
Of each day's growiDg and so, good
morrow!
A little trust that when we die
"We reap our sowing! And so, good
bye!"
From "Trilby."
Y
"is!
ill
The name of B. F. Dillingham
will long be remembered in these
islands. In the face of strong oppo
sition and at the risk of being
claEsed as a visionary enthusiast,
Mr. Dillingham has pushed for
ward improvements in this country
which cannot be overestimated in
development of our great sugar in
dustry and of Oahu island in par
ticular. He took a step in advance
of the slow plodders and has lived
to see the day in which the good
reEults ai his application of push,
tact and principle have been clear
ly demonstrated. The country
would advance with greater rapid
ity if more of its inhabitants had
the same energetic, Yankee spring
in their business boot-heel. We
publish this morning the prospec
tus of the Oahu Sugar Company, of
which Mr. Dillingham is the lead
ing spirit. The advantages offered
by the company are clearly ex
plained on another page. The co
operative scheme, which Mr.
Dillingham suggests in connection
-with the establishment of the new
plantation, is worthy of more than
a passing thought.
We think our correspondent in
his criticism on Mr. Carter's arti
cle fails to Eee that - Mr. Carter, in
a brief address, confined himEelf
only to one phase of a great ques
tion. To have done more would
have required a volume. He did
not pretend to treat the' subject of
ethics which underlie all laws and
constitutions. He attempts to show
that "rights," however existing, or
obtained by Eociety, take the form
of "customs, usages and thoughts,"
and that these govern Eociety,
in the unwritten or what law
yers term the "common law,"
and eventually, by statute law.
Our correspondent forgets, per
haps, that the vast mass of
law, today, is wholly unwritten,
and lies in the customs and
thoughts of society, and that judges
and lawyers, do not apply their in
dividual opinions of what is "right"
in these cases, which would pro
duce utter confusion in the law,
but simply find, as Mr. Carter says,
what the customs and usageE are.
The laymen, generally, do not un
derstand this, and some lawyers
don't. It is for society to change
or modify its ideaB about ethics,
assisted, of course, by all good
men, and the judges apply the gen
eral idea. Much legislation has
been of the kind suggested by our
correspondent's illustration, that of
giving a man medicine or drugs in
the hope of putting a new nose on
him, or restoring a lost arm. The
value of Mr. Carter's address is in
the analysis of the actual "mechan
ism" of the working out of politi
cal institutions.
Our correspondent says that gov
ernment does not depend upon the
"whimB" of the populace. What
is a whim? It is, essentially, an
opinion, and it certainly does make
and unmake governments. One
day. in 1871, the French people
supported the second Napoleonic
empire. The next day, by a whim
or opinion, they upset it, and es
tablished a republic, which now
stands. The British nation, today,
maintains a Houeo of Lords. To
morrow, by the whim or opinion of
the majority, they may abolish it,
and rule through the House of
Commons a situation which the
Americans would not accept. Tol
stoi says the Czar of Russia rules
only with the implied and effective
consent of millions of peasants.
If they changed their minds, and
acted together, he would "go" at
once. The eventB which lead up
to these changes the evolution of
ethics belong to another branch
of historical treatment.
Our correspondent Eays that
"every Government to be legiti
mate must conform to the ultimate
rule of rights." Who, indeed, is to
determine what "right" is ? Eng
land believes it "right" to unite
Church and State. Americans do
not, who shall determine ? The
State of Connecticut allows abso
lute divorce for four separate
causes. The State of New York
allows it only for one cause.
Which is "right ?" A man was
granted a divorce by a competent
tribunal, in the State of Ohio. He
then married in the State of New
York, and is now in prison for big
amy. The New York judges re
pudiated the law of Ohio. Which
is "right?" In New England a
man is punished for taking over
Eix per cent, interest. In Colorado
he can take ten per cent. Which
is right ? The law of New York
forbids a man to leave over one
half his estate to charity. In
Pennsylvania, he may leave the
whole of it to charity. Which is
right ? Who is to determine it ?
Mr. Carter tells us, that effective
laws express the thought, customs
and usages of people, whether they
are right or wrong, and that if they
do not, they are not enforced. As
society improves, customs, usages
and laws improve.
We have a law, here, forbidding
cruelty to animals. It is not en
forced, excepting in this city. It is
a dead letter. Everybody knows
it. And why? Because the cus
tome, usages and thoughts of men
are not elevated enough to enforce
it. If a horse is stolen, then cus
toms, etc., work with wonderful
celerity.
In these islands, the Anglo-Sax
ons have now established their own
ideas of "right," and maintain
them with the bayonet. We all
agree to it. We have simply and
effectively established our own cus
toms, usages and ideas, and ended
the "Empire of the calabash," be
cause we don't like it. We may be
all wrong, as many communities
do go wrong, but we have done it.
There is no profound metaphysics
about it. We look at things one
way. The kanaka looks at them
in another way. We are the
stronger. After awhile, the Portu
guese and the Japanese, with great
er numbers and growiDg intelli
gence, may say, "We will enforce
our way of thinking." Then, their
customs and usages and thoughts
will prevail. Our correspondent
infers, from Mr. Carter's argument,
that we deem that che customs and
usages of the Calabash Empire pre
vail under the Republic. They
do not, because we have, for the
time being, rooted them out; not
with ethical methods, but with
the bayonet. Give the kanaka an
unrestricted vote, take away the
bayonets, and the Calabash Em
pire'would reappear, in some form.
We tried for sixty years to make
the natives think as we did. They
would not, and in self-preservation
we ended their rule. W. N. A.
LONG LEGGED-MEN, OR "OALIPIRS."
Captain Younghusband, of the
British army, in his book, "On
short leave to Japan," says that
the Japanese cavalry are not effici
ent because their legs are too
short. "Generations of riders be
get sons with legs long in propor
tion to their bodies, and so formed
as to fit, readily, the horsea back."
This statement is rather startling,
because we are a horseback riding
people. After President Dole has
finished his draft of the land lawE,
he should take up this subject.
The existence of a race of men,
here, who will resemble "calipers,"
or walkers on stilts, may have im
portant industrial consequences.
If the sugar and coffee indus
tries fail, and canaigre gives
out, there is no reason why
we should not fall back on
the "caliper" industry. A com
munity of long-legged men, or
"calipers," having legs and heads
only, wearing only trousers and
collars, would attract intelligent
tourists, and divide honors with the
volcano.
Besides, if the industry is de
veloped, we shall be able to send
out hundreds of college-bred, re
spectable young men, of the "cali
per" order, to the numerous dime
museums of the world, where, as
intelligent "freaks," by their ex
ample and conversation, they may
elevate mankind, and perpetuate
the work of the "wicked mission
aries," besides remitting home
enormous incomes.
Of course, an Anti-Caliper Soci
ety would be started at once, which
would take the absurd position,
that "the horse was made for man,
and not man for the horse." and
that if the horse, directly or indi
rectly, encourages the abnormal
growth of legs, he should be wiped
off the face of the earth.
We should class such conserva
tives with the royalists, and Eet
Marshal Hitchcock on them.
Our great thinkers on political
economy in theEe islands, insist
on "diversified industries," and
here is one which can be developed
under the most favorable condi
tions. In time, the man with the
longest legs and the shortest body
may be entitled to the Presidency
of the Republic, on the principle of
natural selection.
ON TO WASHINGTON!
The natives were much disturbed
on New. Year's Eve by repeated
and unusnal rumors of uprisings.
Positive statements were made by
many of them that at last the hour
had come and everything was
ready. Some of them left town
through fear of trouble. But there
was no gathering of the clanB, and
the prison was not approached.
Peace everywhere prevailed, and
on New Year's Day the natives
scattered to their luaus.
W. R. Castle will appear for the
people at the coming term of the
Circuit Court at Hilo.
The mission of Minister Hatch
to the United States can be made
one of great benefit to this country
in the interests of annexation.
There has been a growing feeling
in the country of late that the Gov
ernment could increase its activity
with advantage by presenting its
plea of annexation before the pres
ent administration notwithstand
ing its attitude against the Pro
visional Government. That Min
ister Hatch is going to the Pacific
Coast is an assured fact. On his
arrival he will place himself in
communication with Minister
Thurston who has undoubtedly re
turned to Washington from Por
tugal, and learn the true situation
of Hawaii's hopes in the preEent
Congress. Far better would it be
for Mr. Hatch to go directly to
Washiagton and again place the
cause of annexation before Presi
dent Cleveland and his Cabinet.
While we do not. believe that
the present Congress will take
any action on the matter
Mr. Hatch will at last have
the opportunity of letting the
administration know that annex
ation is still a live issue and in
connection with Minister Thurston
can do much heroic work among
the members of the next Congress
if not the present. He can also
obtain a much clearer idea of the
situation by personal contact than
by telegraph, and bring a thor
oughly comprehensive statement of
the outlook for Hawaii to the citi
zens of the Republic. By all
means, Mr. Hatch, On. to Wash
ington !
DOES CLEVELAND KNOW?
At a recent meeting in this citjT
at which annexation was the one
topic discussed, several speakers
gave voice to the thought that
President Cleveland was not to be
called to account for much of the
peanut-politics-policy, to which
this country has at times during
his administration been subjected
by the United States Government.
At hat time there was a possible
room for doubt that President
Cleveland had been misled. Since
the publication of Admiral Walk
er's report, however, none can say
that President Cleveland and his
Cabinet are not in full possession
of the true situation, given in all
its details by a well balanced,
clear beaded, unbiased American
citizen. There is no shadow of
turning in the position occupied
by Admiral Walker. Without re
serve he maps out his impressions
of the policy to be maintained
toward the protection of American
interests. Admiral Walker does
not stand alone, but has the sup
port of Americans who from many
years of experience in the country
know whereof they speak. Form
erly we could give the President
the benefit of the doubt, but at the
present time if the administration
of the United States is still wan
dering in the wilderness of doubt
as to the necessities that will Berve
the best interests of Hawaii it is
because it has eyes and sees not,
and turns a deaf ear to the truth.
It was only a short time since
that the people repudiated the for
eign policy of President Cleveland.
Possibly he bearB the punishment
for Eins which have been commit
ted through the misinformation of
underlings, but that there is little
tendency towards action to right
the wrong done is evidenced by
the reluctance with which Ad
miral Walker's report was
made public. That President
Cleveland may on some happy day
come to a realizing sense of the
mutual benefits that would accrue
through the annexation of theEe
islands to the United States, we
still live in hopes, but that he is
now delaying, action because of a
lack of knowledge, the events of
the past few months give no reas
surance. The failure to station an
armed cruiser at this port, where
American interests are paramount,
might well bring a blush of shame
to the cheek of the Yankee, who ia
proud to claim the protection of
the American flag. The petition
of fifteen Englishmen waB sufficient
to hold the Hyacinth against .man
datory orders. The voice of the
whole American people or the na'
tion's special envoy fails to have
an effect on its present administra
tion, though men and ships are ly
ing idle in the Pacific navy yard.
The administration, by its inaction,
iB acting in direct opposition to
American sentiment, irrespective
of party, as expressed by legisla
tures and the press.
Whatever else may be the source
of President Cleveland's policy, it
is not ignorance. Whether it iB
due to jealousy of Mr. Blaine's
policy, ill-feeling for Mr. Harrison
on the part of Secretary Gresham
possibilities which have been set
forth by the New York Sun or
stubbornness, we are not prepared
to state at this time, but we believe
nothing can be gained by laying
aside the facta we have stated, and
seeking consolation in the thought
that President Cleveland's tree of
Hawaiian knowledge has not been
properly nourished.
A NEW PENALTY.
In these days of political reform
a crank in England, who claims to
have mastered the science of good
government, insists that in an ideal
State there should be a pond in
Eome public place at every capital,
and that high officials who neglect
their minor duties should be ducked
in it by a committee of eminent
citizens, under certain regulations.
Whatever the condition may be
of other States, wa believe that our
Republic is not advanced enough
for Buch ideal punishment. The
danger is that such an arrange
ment might become a popular
amusement, and the Cabinet might
be, on the slightest offense, hustled
off to the pond by public spirited
but indificreet citizens. The old
way of holding conspicuous offend
ers up to the "scorn of mankind"
is not very effectual, but it iB con
servative, and really hurts nobody.
That editor is fortunate who can
give the strong personality and
character to his paper through the
editorial columns, after the manner
of W. N. Armstrong, the retiring
editor of the Advertiser. Person
ality in journalism cannot be rele
gated to the archives of past his
tory when he is in the. editorial
chair. Mr. Armstrong, by long
residence in the country and years
of experience in the diplomatic and
political circles of this and other
countries, has a wonderful store of
cold facts, which peculiarly equip
him for a leader of progressive
thought in Hawaii. As a news
paper man, Mr. Armstrong has the
right spirit, and those who have
been associated with him regret
his early departure. Although the
editorial management changes, the
Advertiser will continue in the
even tenor of its way, with no sky
rockets or red fire accompaniments.
We shall continue to furnish the
people with the latest newB, and
the truth about it, and shall en
deavor to direct the public mind in
the channels which will always
prove the greatest benefit to the
citizens of the Republic of Hawaii.
Now it is the Japanese women
who are posing for recognition in
the civilized world. Marriages of
foreigners with Japanese women
are becoming quite the fashionable
thing in Yokohama, according to
a foreign contemporary. During
the month of December it states
that tbirty-four such uniona were
Bolemnized. English and Ameri
cans are said to lead the list.
Whether the foreign husband be
comes " Japanized " or the wife for
eignized remains to be seen.
Commissioner Hawes will be
amused to learn that Katser, who
would not lead a revolt here, gives
the following statement to the New
York Herald :
"He (Mr. Hawes) is still called the
Father of the Chinese navy, having
supervised its reorganization shortly
after the Tae-Ping rebellion."
Some time ago Mr. Simon Gold
baum of San Luis Rey, Cal., was
troubled with a lame back and
rheumatism. He used Chamberlain's
Pain Balm and a prompt cure was
effected. He says he has since
advised many of his friends to try it
and all who have done so have
spoken highly of it. It iB for sale
by all dealers. Beksox, Shith St Co.,
Agents for H. I.
(December 2g, 1894
That there is more or less
opium brought into the coun
try contrary to law no one
will deny and most people
believe that a large portion of
it comes in vessels plying be
tween ports on the Pacific
Coast and the Hawaiian Isl
ands. To acknowledge this
as a fact is to argue that the
men who bring it here and
land it successfully are smart
er in their business than the
men employed by the Govern
ment to keep it out. Where's
the remedy ?
On the other hand it is
believed that opium is landed
from numerous small schoon
ers sailing out of Victoria and
Vancouver, which clear for the
Japan Sea with permission to
stop and trade at ports m the
Hawaiian Islands. If the
sands on the beach, of the
small islands to windward
could bark their information
of the doings of these "long
rakish crafts" what a yelping
there would be. There might
be a check put on this class of
customers if the Government
would petition the Custom
House authorities of the
United States and British
Columbia at ports along the
Coast to deny the masters of
these small sailing vessels
clearance papers, such as is
mentioned above. A request
of this character would be
honored without a question,
and opium smuggling through
that source might have a set
back. If, in the opinion of the
Government it is not a good
thing to license the drug it
looks to a man up a tree, as
though extraordinary means
should be taken to .prevent its
importation. Vhaf s the matter
with organizing a revenue
marine service and have a cut
ter that could do patrol work?
We are now handling the
celebrated "Victor" safe made
in Cincinnati and used by
three-fourthy of bc-postmas -
ters in the United States. It
must be a good thing when
Uncle bam adopts it. We
have them in small sizes and
have larger ones on the way.
They are not "just as good"
as some other makes they're
a trifle better. They are well
finished and strong; having
double doors they are not easy
of access to persons who have
no business with the contents.
The price is about right.
You will find a hanging
lamp useful at all times even
when you have electric lights
in your dwelling. You will
also find after you have exam
ined lamps in evei other es
tablishment that ours are just
a litde mite better and a great
deal cheaper. They have the
B. & H. burner with the
patent arrangement that obvi
ates the necessity of taking off
the chimney when you light
the wick. The decorations
are degant, and the material
holding the founts as good as
can be made. We, have a
very nice assortment of Ean
quet lamps that are much
sought after by persons who
want something elegant for
the parlor or dining roon.
The name doesn't signify any
thing; they give just as good
light in the parlor or bedroom
as they do in a banquet hall
try one of them for any pur
pose and you will be surprised
with your purchase.
Our last lot of Cocoa Mats
is about the best we have ever
had. Those with "Aloha"
on them are exceedingly well
made and will last a life time. . f
There's a big stock and the
prices run from 50 cts. to $8;
depends upon the size and
quality.
a
TkBirinu taint Gtlfl.
lV.r.Ut I In thuca m onrlc Iho lnn C. ! I Irnnit I 'nil., a Uiln ' J -I J mi . . -- I "J uocucio. JJtriSUM. OMTTH Al n yyuw
a jiiueuj wuuguki .-"- 'oi-uvin, ugiu-kja.-1 vji-u.b ""u. uaiuiy oruers. ine voice ot the j Agents for H I ' j piotr '

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