HAWAlli GAZETTE: TfilBAY, fUABY 4, 1895v-3glCI..WKB&I,Y.
aisicsibet shires v V - -iUlKJU
"vctkm. fi lie lease or rental oi the land is capitalized
st $SQ330: the banana plantation belonging to TfiJt
p. TAfnison si 5100,000, maldng a total of $400,000.
Tics -wffl require for payment in full, 4,000 paid-up
4 at par - - 4,000
Bi-A sSwressasoH 16,000
The reisaming 16,000 shares sold at par to be issued
a Hereinafter provided -will, at eighty-seven and one
p1f per cent, of their par Tlue, equal the amount of
cash, required by our foregoing estimate. The proceeds
to be used as follows:
"K and jumping -ite in fee and water
neb: in perpetuity $ 90,000
7. .-r -rase plaal new on above property 5,000
BcJiciacs, sjkailtaral machinerv. tools.
lire Stock, etc . 215,000
Eaiiray sad rolling 'stock 100,000
K22 sail TRachinery -complete 450,000
Pcaspiac plaat complete 340,000
ExjSKe r Scst crop. 200,000-
li the capital expenditure does not exceed the es
timate we have made, which seems liberal, there "will
be "called up7 only eighty-seven and one-half per cent.,
of the shares now offered.
Aggnmintr that all the stock will be subscribed for in.
time to plant the first crop in 1S95, the subscribers may
expect to be assessed approximately as follows:
.37 per cent-
Tteal 87-J per cent.
We estimate the necessary outlay will be asiollows:
rardiiise of ld for mill, water and pump-
Panisse of Robinson pumping plant . . . . 5,000
Purchase of a portion of pumping plant. . .$ 175,000
Purchase boldinggj tools, machinerv,
lire sioefc. etc i ." . 215,000
Labor iar phuisiag and irrigation . 100,000
R&ijwmj- maA roiling stock , 100,000
alii: aaL jnucniaery 4.50,000
Lir ir cakivarion sad irrigation.. 100,000
SiUtf ji" projmr plant. jx etc.
H e befr so call the attention of our readers to the
lollowrmf maps showing the general outline and situa
tion to She land in question, location of the Mill and
PctapiBg Plant; also comments made upon the pro
posed enterprise by gentlemen thoroughly competent
to judge of the fertility of the soil and the pos
i;jiliries of the water-supply. The opinion expressed
bj men of experience m sugar culture, such as
Messrs. Lowrie. Marsden and Kopke will be highly
valued by tliose who know them. Dr. A. B. Lyons, of
Oahu t'ollege, analytical chemist for the Republic of
Hawaii, whose thorough analysis of the soils of the pro
posed sugar company are hereunto annexed, is a chemist
of high, authority. The letters from S. E. Bishop, C. Ev
and FroL W D. Alexander, surveyor-general, are strong
endorsements of the land and water supply. Mr. IQuegel,
as- an engineer, needs no word of commendation from us.
Finally, we add an interesting extract from a "Report
on Water Supply for Irrigation on the Honouliuli and
Sahuku Ranches, Island of Oahu. Hawaiian Islands, by
James D. Schuyler and G. F. Allardt, Civil Engineers.
1S39 " Mr. Schuyler was formerly Assistant State En
gineer of the State of California : Mr. Allardt has for
several years been Consulting Engineer for the Spring
Talley Water Works and' the City of Oakland, Califor
nia. Both of these men are so widely and favorably
known in their profession as to need no introduction.
In conclusion we desire to call attention to the fact that
xbere is not in this country any other large area of sugar
land equally fertile in soil, as favorably or desirably
located, as the one offered for the Oahu Sugar Company:
OAHU RAILWAY AND LAND COMPANY,
B. F. Dillingham,
KOnCE TO IfiTEIiDlflG Ifltf ESTOPS.
Smbscripiions for Stock will be received at the Office
of the Ckku Bail way and Land Co.. also at the offices of
F. M. Hatck, Esq., J. B. Atheetok of Castle & Cooke,
X O. Cuexxk. Esq- P. C. Jones of Hawaiian Deposit and
InrH&Mtit Co., to whom reference is made by special
X Mtwincnts will be made upon the stock until all
tares hare been allotted, and the company or
sococdine to existing laws of the Kepublic of
. uec Booce wiu D given xnrougn cne local
we. tae allotment of .shares have been com
4 a. meeting of all subscribers to shares will
. he called, foe tbe psrpose of organization.
If the Wlumwc of the proposed Oahu Sugar Company
is to be commenced at the time suggested in the fore
going Prospectus, no subscriptions for shares can be re
ceived later than April 1st, 1895.
If applications for shares exceed the total number to
be allotted, all applications made prior to March 1st,
1895, will be first considered.
OAHU RAILWAY AND LAND COMPANY,
B. F. Dillingham,
LETTER FROafrw. J. LOWRIE.
Honouliuli, Oahu, H. X,-Oct 26, 1S94.
. Mr. B. F. Dillingham,
General Manager 0. i?. & L. Co.
Dear Sir: I have carefully read over your prospectus
of the propose'd Oahu Sugar Co. and can say that I am
quite familiar with the lands you propose to cultivate,
while I do not in the least depreciate the lands held by
the Ewa Plantation Co. I believe your lands are fully
capable of growing as much sugar per acre (if not more)
than ours. The soil is of a dark red color, very deep
and mellow, splendid for steam plowing and slopes
nicely for irrigation. One great advantage you will
have over other places is that scarcely any clearing is
to be done on the lands. It is a common thing on many
plantations to expend $50 and even $100 per acre for
clearing some of their lands, this expense you are
almost entirely exempt from. Your estimate for plant
cane I think is very conservative.
When I gave you the figures I note in your prospectus,
I did not suppose they were for publication, but they
are all the same true, and if you can manage to plant
the acieage you propose, there is no doubt in my mind
about your estimated yield coming out all right. By
having plenty of water to give the cane during the grow
ing months of July, August, September, and October,
the growth is wonderful, and our experience during the
past four years shows conclusively that there is no
diminution in the water supply, as the gauge on the
wells indicate the same figures whether it be July or
January, providing the engine run the same number of
revolutions. During planting season, if more water is
required, all we have to do is to burn a little more coal
and speed up our engine a few revolutions per minute
and the water is forthcoming.
W. J. Lowrie,
Manager Eica Plantation Co.
LETTER FROM J. MARSDEN.
-' Honolulu. November 2Sth, 1894.
Mr. B. F. Dillingham,
General Manager 0. R. & L. Co.
Dear Sir: In reply to your verbal communication
requesting me to give you my opinion regarding the
prospects of success of your proposed plantation at
Ewa on the land of Waipio, Hoaeae, and Honouliuli, I
would say, that I have carefully gone over and exam
ined said lands and also the water supply with which
it is proposed to irrigate the said lands.
In the first place, the topographical character of the
land is extremely favorable for carrying on, in the
most economical manner, all the operations incidental
to the working of a large sugar estate.
The land lies on a gentle slope rising from the banks
of Pearl Loch and extending several miles towards
Waialua until the 650 feet level is reached. The lay
of the land in the other direction from the base of the
Waianae mountains to the foot of the hills above Wai
pio is practically level, affording unbroken stretches
of land many hundreds of acres in extent. In several
places, fields of at least 1000 acres in extent can be
found unbroken by ravine or gulley.
The greater portion of the lsfnd is perfectly clear
from any growth except grass, and plowing could be
commenced at any time. Other portions of the land
are covered with a light growth of mimosa, which could
be cleared off at a trifling expense.
Thus the operation of clearing land, which generally
forms a large item in the expense of starting a new
plantation, would in this case be a very small affair.
The land is admirably adapted for the economical
working of steam plows for there are no rocks or stones
to interfere with the work.
The topographical features of the land are most
favorable for carrying on the important work of irriga
tion, lying as it does on a gentle slope in one direction
and level in the other. The work of making the fur
rows so that the water will be evenly distributed will
be comparatively but a simple operation. In some
plantations where the land is rolling, the cane fur
rows have to turn and twist in every direction
in order to preserve the proper fall for the water. On
the lands at Ewa the cane furrows can be laid out per
fectly straight and equidistant.
The character of the soil is a dark, red loam, which
when very wet is somewhat sticky but when dry crum
bles into a very fine powder, being so it is very retentive
of moisture and will require less water than most soils
on these Islands. The analysis of the soils of these
lands shows them tp be extremely rich in all the ele
ments requisite for producing the highest development
of the sugar cane.
This has received substantial proof in the results
obtained on the Ewa plantation, whose lands are part
and parcel of the same tract. The yield at Ewa has
exceeded eight tons of sugar from all plant cane har
vested this year, and the nighest yields 9 and 10.06
per acre was obtained from the upper red. lands which
adjoin and are part of the same tract on which it is
proposed to start the new enterprise.
Unlike the soils in many parts of these Islands which
are composed of an upper layer of rich loam from one
to two feet in depth lying on a clayey sub-soil that
has little or no fertility, the lands at Ewa are com
posed of soil, many feet in depth and of apparently
the same composition throughout. In order to abso
lutely determine this, I would advise that an analysis
be made of the soil at one, two, three and four feet in
Judging from the analysis made by Mr. Lyons of soils '
from different parts of the land, and also from the re
sults at Ewa, it is certain that large yields will be ob
. tained for several years without the application of fer
tilizers. But it would be a wise course to commence
the application of fertilizers almost from the start, thus
ensuring the keeping of the land to its maximum pro
ductiveness for an indefinite period.
One of the first requisites in the soil for the successful -growth
of sugar cane is lime; in fact, lime is the first
thing eliminated by the growing cane, and planters all
over the islands are, under expert advice, applying lime
to their lands. Soils that have oeen growing cane for
the last twenty years, and upon which the yield has
become less each time planted, have been analysed, and
the analysis has shown that the soil still possesses all'
the elements for a good growth of cane with the excep
tion of lime which seems to have been almost totally
eliminated. Lime has been applied to these lands in
liberal quantities and the results are very marked. One.
very important advantage he enterprise at Ewa willl
have over almost all other plantations in this country
is the close proximity to the immense deposits of lime
stone which surround Pearl Lochs. In many places the
lime is so soft that it can be plowed up. This is being .
done at the Ewa plantation.
The lay of the land presents no obstacles to the
economical and easy construction of the necessary per
manent and portable tracks for the conveyance of large
crops to the mill.
The available water from the Waipahu springs, which .
collectively show a flow of 42 cubic feet per second, is a
permanent and reliable supply, and can be augmented
at any time by boring artesian wells, the springs being
situated in the artesian belt, two fine flowing wells
being within a few hundred feet of the pumping site.
The problem of pumping the water fo'r irrigating the:
large area of cane wbichitis proposed to plant, appeared
to me to present a serious obstacle in the way of sue- -cess;
but after consulting with engineers who have
, made careful calculations as to the cost of raising an
ample supply of water to irrigate the areas of cane
which it is proposed to plant, I find that the whole land--can
be irrigated at a cost of not exceeding $50 per acre
for each crop grown.
These calculations were made on a basis of using coal:
for fuel to do the pumping. It is extremely probable
that if in this enterprise the manufacture of sugar is
earned on by the use of the most improved grinding
and maceration machinery, and the most improved
forms of evaporating apparatus, then there will be avail
able a large surplus of bagasse or trash which can be
used as fuel for the pumping works, thereby materially .
reducing the estimated cost of irrigation.
I have carefully gone over your estimated expendi
tures for bringing the enterprise to a productive condi
tion, and I find your estimates to be of the most liberal
character, and in several instances more than ample
for the purpose mentioned.
While I am of the opinion that you have acted wisely
in providing in your estimates for every possible.conr
tingency, I cannot but think your estimate of the yields
is too low. Judging from the returns of the fields at the
Ewa plantation where the yield of the whole acreage
of plant was .over eight tons of sugar per acre, and
the highest yield was over ton tons from the upper red
lands which are adjoining, and are part of the same
tract, I think that under the circumstances an estimate
of seven tons of sugar per acre would be quite safe; and
I feel certain that your enterprise will be successful
with even lower prices for sugar than is estimated in
your prospectus. Among the important advantages
possessed by this enterprise over many plantations in
these islands is its close proximity to the port of Honolulu:
and connected thereto, by the Oahu railway, thus ensur
ing the produce being placed on board deep water vessels,
at a lower cost than from any of the other islands with
the exception of Kahului. This will work both ways.
The saving of one dollar per ton on all the freight
carried to and from a plantation of the magnitude of
your enterprise would in itself make a respectable
dividend. The proximity to Honolulu as regards the labor sup
ply is a distinct advantage. I find that free field labor
can be obtained in Honolulu at less rates than on the
other islands. The gravitation of unemployed labor to
Honolulu from all parts of the islands is constant, and
I have no doubt but that all the free labor required for
the preliminary operations could be obtained at once in
In closing I would refer to the fact that during the
last three years these islands have suffered from severe
and protracted drought entailing great loss on those
plantations which depend upon rainfall for growing,
their crops. The district of Hamakua has suffered
greatly from this cause, and at least one-half the crop
has been lost during the three years past, while planta
tions that have water for irrigation have done well. It
is quite safe to say that the lost crops in the Hama
kua district wquld have paid for the cost of irrigation
if the water were available, and would also have paid
handsome dividends to the stockholders. Instead of
looking upon the question of pumping water for irriga
tion as a bugbear, those who will go into the question
thoroughly will come to the conclusion that pumping
for irrigation is an absolute insurance of full and con
tinuous crops, and it is only a question of how high the
water can be pumped profitable, which question
is simply a matter of figures easily determined
when we know the cost of coal delivered at a given
point and the elevation to which the water has to be
lifted. ' i
The only fault I have to find in your scheme isr
that it was not started ten years since. A veritable
gold mine has been lying at Ewa, and you are the first
one who has had the courage to dig.
Wishing you every possible success. :
I remain yours truly,
'. Cammissiqtwr of Agriculture mid Forestry
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