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Thirty-Three Mea LeaTe the Oahu
Fifteen Fardont Go to Hawaii For
Men Worklag on EoJ The
At 1 :S0 o'clock on Friday afternoon
Marshal Brown and ilajor
George C. Potter read the pardons
to the political prisoners at the
Oahnjail. The Council of State
pardoned forty-eight men all told,
hut fifteen are at present on Hawaii,
working on the Government
roads. Their pardons will go up
on the Claudine next Tuesday.
Thirty-three men were released
including Carl Widemacn and
"Cupid." There was no
of any kind j the men appeared
to be grateful for their release.
They were addressed by
Marshal Brown in a pleasant manner;
he gave them some good advice,
and warned them to be more
careful in the future. The following
is the list of the men liberated
Kalanianaole, Xaili, Kaae,
Beni, Elia, Henry Edwards,
Enoka, Kiliona, Kaona, Kaloa,
"William Kekoa, Keawe, Kawai,
Kanoho, Kahooniahele, Kaaihue,
Kolomono, Xeamupohaku, Koa,
Kamoka, J. C. Lane, Lot Lane,
John Mahuku, G. Makalena,
Xahinalau, Pahia, Pehu, M.
Rosa, H. C. "Ulukou, W.Widdifield,
The following prisoners are on
Hawaii: Kanenn, Hikilea, Keki,
Hokii, Hekipi, Kaohi, Kekaula,
Kahalewai, Kalehe, Kaniela, Pat
Lane, W. C. Lane, Henry Mahoe,
Mahoe, Iolela Kiakahi.
Liliuokalani was given her freedom
also, and iE now residing in
Washington Place. At 3 :25 o'clock
the sentry was removed from the
upper floor of the Executive Building;
at 5:30 o'clock the
left the building, where Ehe has
been confined since Januarv.
PEAT MARSH VALUABLE.
It Has Wonderful Absorbing Powers
That Commend It.
Extracts from the Agricultural Bulletin,
The largest areas of peat marsh
in Europe are in Russia, Sweden,
Norway, Austro-Hungary and Germany.
According to Eome authorities
there are more than 40,000
square kilometers in Germany, and
more than 56,000 Equare kilometers
in Austro-Hungary. This peat,
which is variously known as straw
moss, peat moss and vegetable felt,
and in Holland and Germany as
torf strooisel, is taken from the
upper layers of marshy areas known
as high peat bogs.
At the present time it is prepared
largely in Holland and Germany,
and is exported to England and
America. Various mechanical processes
are used in order to treat it
When it i3 used as a bedding in
Etables, three or four centimetres
in depth are quite EufHcient, and
will last a month.
About 175 to 220 pounds are
required monthly for each horse.
Its absorbing powers is more than
twice that of straw. It is particularly
valuable in large cities, as it
does away with the disagreeable
odors inseparable from a bedding
of Etraw, and because it diminishes
-the Epace required for the Etoring
of manure. In spite of these advantages
there is an obstinate
xesiEtance to its use on the part of
coachmen, because the market
gardeners and farmers will not pay
as high a pries for it. In England
the London Omnibus Company,
and most of the tramway companies,
have found an important
eaving from the use of peat.
Peat as well as peat powder can
be employed in water-closets, where
it prevents all unpleasant odors,
even during the handling of the
faecal matter. LaEt year, during
an exhibition held in Berlin, two
firms Ehowed closets arranged for
the UEe of peat. Manure from
these closets (which can be handled
without inconvenience) is rich in
fertilizing principles, and presents
none of the objections to the use of
faecal matter, when used alone.
Experiments made with it in Germany
and Holland, on vines, orchards,
kitchen gardens, and indeed
in all general culture, have entirely
succeeded. According to a recent
work by Dr. Carl Finst the results
have been conclusively favorable.
The powder which results from
the treatment of the peat has powerful
disinfecting properties. It is
a light brown or gray powder, and
is employed in Germany, Holland,
Belgium and England in closets
and pits to absorb faecal matter.
Its absorbent power is even greater
than that of the moss itself. The
f " ' $-
,5, i -' 'J-'" v..
HAWAIIAN &AZETTJC: TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER 10, 189 5. SEMI-WEEKLY.
annual consumption is about fifty
to sixty pounds to each person, and
the cost is nearly covered by the
Eale of the manure, which is of the
first quality and easily handled,
and leaves no odor.
It is of great value in the
The coagulated blood, the
contents of the stomach and intestines,
and much other waste, is deposited
on the floors while the work
is going on, and then put into
where it soon decomposes,
and infectious gases arise which
threaten public health.
If a few handfulls of the peat
powder are sprinkled over the
waste material the odors will be
prevented and the decomposition
Free Eating House Now Open on
Hawaiian Relief Society
Sum SabtcrlDed Merchant
The Hawaiian Relief Society was
organized on Friday, and the following
officer were elected unanimously:
President, Mrs. S. C.
Allen; treasurer, Mrs. Fred
directors, Mrs. Campbell,
Mrs. G. C. Beckley, Mrs. Haalelea,
The society was formed for the
purpose of supplying properly-cooked
food for native Hawaiians,
and to afford relief generally. At
the meeting yesterday J. 0. Carter
made a few remarks, suggesting a
check Eystem, and favored a house
to house visit by members of the
society to learn the wants of the
poor and grant them relief.
A building on Bethel street, next
to Castle & Cooke's, is being put in
order and will be used as an eating
place. Food will be provided for
natives free of charge. In the
morning coffee, bread- and butter
will be served; at noon, steamed
poi and boiled beef; for supper,
tea, bread and butter will be provided.
George Fairchild and Fred
canvassed the business
houses yesterday and secured
pledges amounting to nearly $7000.
This money will be used for charitable
purposes, and will be expended
under the direction of the society
above mentioned. No trouble was
encountered by the canvassers;
nearly everyone that was asked to
subscribe placed their names down
for generous sums.
They Have Supplies to Last for
Like Kauai, Iteiident Greatly Fear
Cholera and Think Quarantine Too
Brief The Kik Too Great.
The following is a copy of a letter
received from Lahaina yesterday.
It was written by a prominent
Maui citizen and addressed to a
member of the Board of Health.
The letter was written on the 5th
"I feel called upon to write you
concerning our quarantine. The
feeling at Lahaina is very strongly
that the Board of Health is compelling
this community to submit
to too great risks. Freight is not
needed or wanted. I have just
had a talk with Captain Ahlborn
and he says he has Eupplie3 for the
whole community for several
weekE he thinks two months
and wants no more till further
orders. No one here expresses
any confidence whatever
in a five-day quarantine of passengers;
if Euch passengers are allowed
to land here, it will be simply
because they are forced upon
us by the authorities of Honolulu.
I know the difficulties the Board of
Health has to contend with ; the
Honolulu merchants are eo constantly
bringing pressure to bear
upon the Board that I thought it
would be well to let you know
something of the sentiment at the
other end of the line ; from our end
of the line the merchants Eeem to
be willing to increase our perils
that they may increase their
It Value Recognized by Fhyilelan
As a rule I am opposed to proprietary
medicines. Still I valce a good
one, especially when such is the
source of relief from pain. As a
topical (external) application I have
fonnd Chamberlain's Pain Balm the
best remedy I have over used for
neuralgia of any kind. I have conscientiously
recommended it to many
persons. Wtt.t.tam Horse, M. D.,
Jenesville, Wis, Sold by all dealers
Bessos, Skith fc Co , agents for HX
The kahuna woman who attempted
to cure one of her own race
of cholera, has a private room at
the cholera hospital.
EX-QUEER'S QUIET DEPABTUBE.
j Terms of the Parole Pardon Signed
By the President.
Mr. nouitnU Mutt Ketide in
ton l'lace. Othertrlte ! Free
to More About the I1d1
At 3 -.30 p. m., on Friday, the 7th,
an orderly on guard at the Executive
building, announced to the ex-queen,
the approach of Colonel McLean
who carried the parole-pardon
signed by the President. On entering
the room with Major Potter,
the ex-queen, clothed in a holoku,
was seated by a table with her work
basket and a basket of flowers upon
it ; and on the floor was a glass vase
filled with water and holding gold
fish. Mr. and Mrs. C. B. Wilson
were present. Colonel McLean did
not require her to rise, but proceeded
to read to her the contents of the
parole-pardon instrument. Major
Potter followed and read a letter of
instructions or regulations, which
required her to maintain her residence
in Washington Place, with
freedom of movement over the island
but without privilege of residing
at any other place permanent
ly or temporarily, without authority
from the Government
"Colonel McLean then informed
her that the guards were removed
ansl she was free. She smiled and
At 5:30 the ex-queen, dressed in
a black skirt and black hat, descended
the steps of the Beretania
street side of the building without
assistance and with ease, and in
company with Mr. and Mrs. Wilson
entered a carriage and were driven
to Washington Place. Later on,
several express wagons containing
her effects used while she was imprisoned,
were taken to the same
Rev. S. H. Davis was landed at
Kailua by the Eteamer W. G. Hall ;
as a result the other districts on
Hawaii have quarantined North
and South Kona.
Will do better on
HAY AND GRAIN
BOUGHT OF US
Is the very best at the
VERY LOWEST PRICES.
on i shi
Nnuanu and Queen Streets.
MILL : ENGINE
Horizontal Slide Valre Engine
Made by Honolulu Iron Works Company
Bore of Cylinder 13 inches, Length of
Stroke 40 inches, Crack Shaft on left of
Cylinder, Hand Reversing Gear, Diameter
of Fly Wheel 14 feet. Size of Engine
Bed 3 feet wide by 20 feet long.
"For farther particulars, apply to
Theo. H. Dairies k Co., L'd.
Xrsle IfiU Food lot Jnfiats has, iztzng 25
Tears. Flora in favor rah both doctor aad
9 mothers thrtragbou; xfce world, and is now an-
j! questionably cut ojf the best sabtau'e for
B racthers" zauc, but the food which agrees with
Phe largest peiceaure of iciasts. k gies
Strength and vim ri to resist the wealea:&7
r rf of hot weather, and has ths lives ot
of rnfanti. To anr mother sending
1 a address, ard taentioairig' this paper, we will
& hiBLfxs suid description, of Nestle s Food.
tos.Lsecil3s&Ca,Sj Acts. 15 Mttrraj Si, N. r.
The Azency for
NSSTLE'S 2JXLK FOOD
13 WITH TUB
Hollister Drag Company, Limited
523 Fort Street. Honolulu, H. I.
MR. F. J. LOWREY WILL ACT
for me under fall power of Attorney
daring my absence from the Islarde.
OHiS. 31. COOKE.
Honolalc, September 5th, 1895.
The most Effective Skin
Purifying and Beautifying
Soap in the World.
The Purest, Sweetest, and
Most Refreshing for Toilet
Bath and Nursery.
Sold throughout the world.
Honolalo, IT. I.
"All about the Skin, Scalp, and
Pacific Guano and Fertilizer Co.
G. N. WILCOX. President. T. MAY. Auditor.
J. F. HACKFELD. E. SUHR. Secretary and Treasurer..
P. O. BOX 484. MUTUAL TEL. 467.
OUR NEW WORKS AT KALIH1 being completed we are now ready
to furnish all kinds of
Artificial : Fertilizers-
ALSO CONSTANTLY ON HAND,
Pacific Guano. Potash, Sulphate of Ammonia,
Nitrate of Soda, Calcined Fertilizer,
Salts, Etc., Etc.
special attention given to analysis of soils by our Agricultural Chemist
all Goods are Guaranteed in Every respect.
For further particulars apply to
PACIFIC GUANO AID) FERTILIZER COMPANY.
m;. V. Manager.
J. HOPP & CO.,
Cor. of King and Bethel Streets.
WE'EE NOT ALL ALIKE.
It 13 vain to treat merchants as if they were equal.
They are unequal by methods as men generally are by nature
Our methods are such that ifc enables us to place goods to
you and savl the usual profit
In Ship Crkndlery we quote you: Blocks, patent and complex,
fiom 3 o 6 inches; Manila Eope 6 threads to 6 inches;
Eatline, LanjWd, Seizing Marlin, Spun Tarn and all kinds of
tarred rope; Pg Lead for yacht keels; copper paint; sail duck;
Cotton and Ilax, every size; Iron "Wire Eope 1 to 4 inches;
Flexible Steel Wire Eope, to 3 inches; Stockholm and
American PinefTar, Paints in oil and dry.
In fact every conceivable article needed to make up a
complete ship qbandlery store.
E. 0. HALL &
Prior, 23c HENSO.N" SMITH CO,
Hair," 61 rC. mailed tree.
You the same attention
when you buy a Chair;
as ifv you were buying a
house full of goods.
It matters not what
the article is, how expensive
or low-priced, we
have it in greater variety
! Art just la rettttt or Urj leiporUtlw t
i tUir Irta Ntks " Piri tsMttrt" il
"J. C. Primer" from Emote ni
America ca jlstlni or x
Large and Complete Assorliert
Prints, Ginghams, Cottons, Sheetings.
Denims, Tickings, Regattas Drills,
Mosquito Netting, Curtains, Lawns.
A Flae Selection of
DRESS GOODS. ZEPHYRS. ETC.,
In the Latest Styles.
A Splendid Lino of Flannels, Black
and Colored Merinos and Cashmeres,
Satins, Velvets. Plushes,
A Fal Ajsortaeot.
Bilesias, Sleeve Linings, Stiff Lloen,
Serge, Kammgams, etc.
Clothing:, Underwear, Shawls
Blankets, Quilts, Towels, Table Covers
Napkins, Handkerchiefs, Gloves,
Hosiery, Hats, Umbrellas,
Rugs and Carpets,
Ribbons, Laces and Embroidery.
Cutlery, Perfumery. Soaps, etc
A Large Variety of Saddfcs,
Vienna and iron Garden Furniture, Rech-stein
& Seiler Pianos, Iron Bedsteads,
American and European Groceries,
Liquors, Beers and Mineral Waters.
Oils and Paints, Caustic Soda,
Sugar, Rice and Cabbages,
Sail Twine and Wrapping Twine,
Wrapping Paper, Burlaps.
Roofing Slates, Square and Arch Firebricks,
Lubricating Grease, Siieet Zinc, Sheet
Lead, Plain Galvanized Iron, best and)
j best: Galvanized Corrugated Ironj
Steel Rails, 18 and 20; Railroad BRsJ
Spikes and Fishplates, Railroad Stetl
Sleepers, Market Baskets, Demijohns
HAWAIIAN SUGAR AND RICE,
Golden Gate, Diamond, Sperry's, Merchant's
and EI Dorado Flour,
Salmon, Corned Beef, etc.
For silt on the most literal terns tnl at tkc
fewest trices ty
H. HACKFELD & CO.:
ICE & COLD STORAGE
AT NOMINAL COST.
London, E. C Patent Car
HALL'S, Hydride Refrigerating and
Ice Making Machines, In use throughout
Australia and New Zealand. By Hall's
process cold-beer dealers, hotels, butchers
and dealers In all kinds of perishable arJ
tides of food can have fitted small installation
machines thoroughly effective,
making their own ice at the same time as"
providing cold storage. No previous
Knowledge necessary. Any man or woman
can run the machine. Hall's Patent Brine
Walls, portable, may be used In cold storage
chamber. See illustrated catalogue.
Agent. Alakea Street.
P. S. By the above-named process one
to twenty tons of Ice per day an be turned
out at comparatively small cost.
Sugar! Sugar! Sugar!
If Sugar Is what you want use
The Hawaiian Fertilizing Company ha$
just received per " Helen. Brewer "
50 Tons Soft Phosphate Florida,
150 Tons DoiWe Superphosphate;
300 Tons Natural Plant Food,
25 Tons Common Superphosphate
Also per " Martha Davis" and other
Nitrate of Soda,
Sulphate of Ammonia,
Sulphate of Potash,
Muriate of Potash & Kaiait
To any analysis always on hand or
made to order.
A. F. COOKE, Agent.
Saddle and Harness Maker,
Single and Double Harness and
Saddles of All Descriptions.
He uses nothing but the best material
nd everything is made by
FIRST - CLASS WORKMEN
Under his personal supervision.
No machine-made or imported names-1
kept in stock.
A full line of Cliamois, Sponges, Combsj
Brushes, Oils, Dressing Soap, etc, and
rverything for horsemen's use kept constantly
Island Orders solicited and satisfaction
REMEMBER THE PLACE,
No. 92 KING STREET.
P. O. Box 13J. Tejepjione 811.
- Arr ; ,JJ..