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VOL. XXXL NO. 37. HONOLULU, H. L: FREDAF, MAT 8, 1896. SEMI-WEEKLY. WHOLE NO. 1757.
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South African Revolutionists'
NONE ARE - TO BE EXECUTED.
Cleveland "Will Xot Recogalze Cuba.
Mas Given Practical Assurance to
Spain Cubans Most Do More than
They Have Reforms Promised, Etc.
CAPE TOWN, April 28 John Hays
Hammond (American), Lionel Phillips,
Charles Everard, George Farrar and
Colonel Francis Rhodes (Englishmen).
of , the loaders of the Johannesburg Re
form, Committee, who pleaded guilty to
high .treason at Pretoria, were to-day
sentenced to death. The sentence of
he-others is two years' imprisonment,
,pne year's banishment and a fine of
2,0Q0. In default of payment of the
.fine they will suffer an additional year's
SENTENCE TO BE COMMUTED.
Hammond and Others Need Not Fear
PRETORIA, April 29. The sentences
of death imposed upon John Hays
Hammond, the American engineer,'
Colonel Francis Rhodes, brother of the
former Premier of Cape Colony; Lionel
Phillips, president of the Chamber of
Mines at Johannesburg, and George
Farrar, proprietor of Country Life at
Johannesburg, hare been commuted.
In passing judgment upon the prison
ers yesterday the Judge said It was
his painful duty to impose the extreme
sentence, but he hoped that the Executive
would exercise the same degree
of clemency toward the prisoners he had
shown at the beginning of the year.
LONDON, April 28 The trial of Dr.
Jameson, the Transvaal raider, and his
associates in that undertaking, was resumed
at the Bow-street Police Court
to-day. After immaterial evidence had
been presented the trial was again ad
journed until June 11th in order to permit
the arrival of important witnesses
from South Africa.
"WON'T RECOGNIZE CUBANij.
President Cleveland Gives bpalu
' ' tfcal Assurance.-
NEW YORK. April 29. The Journal's
Madrid cable says: Suspecting
that recent dispatches of Minister Du-
puy de Lome were not 'the only motive
for the categorical assurances given by
the Government respecting the action
of the United States, I have made a
careful, investigation, and have learned
on the very best authority that United
States Minister Taylor received, not
many days ago, full instructions from
Washington regarding Cuban affairs.
The Minister subsequently paid a
long visit to Premier Canovas del Castillo,
and in the course of the conference
gave in the name of President
Cleveland the strongest assurances
that as long as the insurgents do not
gain advantages sufficient to enable
them to place themselves in the condition
required by international law and
the usages of war, as defined in General
Grant's message, the President will not
grant recognition of belligerency.
In reply to these assurances, Premier
Canovas communicated to Minister
Taylor, for transmission to President
Cleveland, the intentions of the Span
ish Government regarding the granting
of political and economical reforms
in Cuba as soon as the insurrection
is definitely checked.
BREAK IN NEW ENGLAND.
Vermont Comes Out Fiat-Footed for
iONTPELIER, Vt., April 29. Reed's
candidacy met a crushing blow today
when the GreerijMountain State Republicans
declared their first choice for the
presidency was McKlnley. There were
no instructions, but the enthusiasm left
nOiroom for hope for the Reed follow
NEW TRIAL. ORDERED.
Cranstoun-Mueller Cnse Acaln Before
i the Court.
' . VICTORIA, B. C, April 22. The full
court yesterday morning delivered its
judgment in the appeal of Cranston vs.
'Bird,, setting aside the non-suit gjven
JiyrMr. Justice Drake, and orderlhg a
newUnal. The full court held that the
plaintiff should be allowed to give evi
dence as to his statements when nut
aboard the Warrimoo at Honolulu. The
plalntlH gets costs of this appeal, the
costs of the last trial to abide the event
of the new one. John Campbell for the
plaintiff, E. P. Davis, Q. C, for the defendant
The P.lajrue In China.
LONDON, April 28. Sir William
Robinson, Governor of Hongkong, telegraphs
that there have been seventy-five
new cases of bubonic plague and
seventy-five deaths from the disease in
Hongkong for the week ending to-day.
German Sugar Tax Bill.
BERLIN, April 28. The Reichstag
committee by a vote of twelve to nine
to-day passed the sugar bill tax.
Helen Tries the Navy.
SAN FRANCISCO, April 30 Helen
Dauvray, known to the theatrical world
as "Little Nell," and "the California
Diamond," has for the third time ventured
on the matrimonial sea.
When seeking her divorce recently
from John M. Ward, the 'famous New
York base ball player, Helen solemnly
vowed that never again would Cupid
ensnare her. It now appears that she
could not adhere to her resolution. As
soon as the knot that bound her to the
base ball star had been severed "Little
Neil" returned, to the stage and made
a trip to Australia. On her return she
played an engagement at the Columbia
Theater in "One of Our Girls,"
written especially for her by Bronson
Howard. While here she met at the
Baldwin Hotel Lieutenant Albert G.
Wmterhalter, a dashing young naval officer
who had been sent from Washington
to joint the Bennington, then- at
It was a case of love at first sight
Winterhalter finally took the steamer
Australia for the Islands, and pretty
Helen Dauvray, accompanied by her
sister, Mrs. Keefe, started for New
York. Before the separation, however,
the lovers had agreed
g3t married as soon as the Bennington
returned to this port and the Lieutenant
could see his way clear to securing
a leave of absence.
-Helen's most intimate friends
city were not aware of the engagement,
nor did they suspect that she was soon
to return to this city. Indeed, they did
not know that she was here yesterday.
A marriage license was issued In Oakland
yesterday afternoon to Albert G.
Winterhalter and Helen GIgson Dauvray.
The couple quietly made their
way to Alameda, hunted up a minister
and were married. Then they disap
peared for a quiet honeymoon where,
nobody seems to know.
NEW FRENCH CABINET.
M. Mellne Succeeds In
PARIS, April 28. The announce;-4
mem was maue tnat Al. Mellne
had succeeded in forming his Cabinet
as follows: Meline, Premier and Minister
of Agriculture; Barthou, Minister
of Foreign Affairs; Cochery, Minister
of Finance; Lebon, Minister of Colonies;
Valle, Minister of Commerce;
General Billet, Minister of War;
Minister of Justice; Admiral Bernard,
Minister of Marine; Jacombe,
Minister of Public Works; Rambaud,
Minister of Public Instruction.
CRIPPLE CREEK WIPED OUT.
Second. Fire Finishes What First One
CRIPPLE CREEK, Colo., April 29.
fire which broke out in the Portland;
Hotel shortly after noon today destroy
ed aoout all that was left of Cripple
Creek after the great conflagration 'of
last Saturday. Four persons were killed
by explosions and at least fourteen in
jured, several of them fatally.
ine nre not only destroyed all the
business portion of the town, but ex
tended to West Cripple Creek, and that
suburb was about entirely wiped out.
THE AUGUST ECLIPSE.
The yacht Coronet, with Professor
David Todd and party on board, may
be looked for any day. This is the fifth
scientific expedition that ProfessorTodd
has conducted. The expedition is on its
way to Japan, and will probably stay a
fortnight on the Islands.
This is by far the best equipped ex
pedition for observing an eclipse of the
sun that has been sent out Means have
beeen devised for controlling all the instruments
in the main station by electricity.
One instrument, the electric
onsumtator, which will control everything,
is well worth description. It is
a ten-inch copper cylinder which makes
a complete revolution once a minute.
This has pins on its sufrace, just as the
barrel of a music box, with a set of fifty
keys which control by electric connections
the photographic apparatus of as
many telescopes. As a pin in a certain
row touches its key the circuit is
closed, the plate drum of the
revolves and a fresh plate is
ready for exposure. Thus everything is
calmly arranged with mathematical
precision, and the element of human
nervousness, which has spoiled so many
efforts in the past, Is now entirely eliminated.
There will be twenty-five instruments
at the main station, and it is calculated
that between 400 and 500 photographs
will be taken during the two and a half
minutes of totality. Besides the main
station, there will be two auxiliary stations.
Some of the photographs of the
disc will be three inches in diameter.
This expedition will probably furnish
the most accurate data of any yet to
hand of the phenomena of the corona
and the vast rose colored hydrogen
masses which become visible during
an eclipse. Our theory of the sun is a
fairly good one, but there is much to be
learned yet, and the progress made in
the manufacture and adjustment of scientific
instruments is so advanced that
there is every reason to hope for much
additional knowledge from this expe
The regimental parade and review
by President Dole at the parade ground
last evening was witnessed by a large
number of people. All the companies
showed a large attendance of members.
The various movements were well executed,
showing the companies In gpod
The Zealandia, which has just
completed her charter to the Pacific
Mail Company, will be surveyed
and then laid up for an indefinite
period. S. F. Examiner.
ON MOKOAWEOWEO'S BRINK.
lid Snow ed Ice, Scenes of. Magnificent
Volcanic Grandeur Are Yieied.
Story of the Trip From the
. of Man flight of
Volcano House Party Under Direction
Description of the CraterSigns' of Activity is Kilauea.
Jews of an eruption of
having reached Hpnolulu on Wednesday,
April 22d, the writer prepared
to visit the crater at the first opportunity
and left Tort on the Kinau at
10 a. m. on the 24th, with a number of,
Pit of Mokuaweoweo as seen at night, showing the two great
fountains photographed from a cliff about a mile distant.
passengers bound for Hilo and the volcano.
The Likelike had arrived in port just
before our departure, with news that
confirmed the earlier reports of light
having been seen over Mauna Loa during
the week. At Lahalna, just after
dark, all eyes turned toward Hawaii to
get a glimpse of the glow from the crater,
but not until we had anchored at
Maalaea bay did we succeed in locating
the light After leaving that port, the
glow of fire reflecting upon the overhanging
cloud was plainly visible all
night, and on arrival at Kawaihae at
4 a. m. the 25th, we were treated to a
fine view of the mout tains of Hawaii,
with Mauna Loa in cue middle of the
group, and Its fire fountains lighting up
the heavens above. The atmosphere
was beautifully clear at that time, and
the only visible cloud was the one hanging
over Mauna Loa at an elevation of
perhaps 12,000 feet above the summit.
Soon after leaving Kawaihae at daylight
the passengers on the Kinau lost
sight of the mountain, and turned their
attention to the nearer scenes along
the coast of Kohala. We left Mahukona
auuui J a. ui., unci seuuiuK wurii iu
Io to arrange the details of the mountain
trip, but these arrangements had
to be changed on arrival.
The trip by steamer alons the coast
of Kohala. Hamakuafand Hlio hi3 been
described so weltantTso often uy oth
ers that it is not necessary to dwell upon
it, except so far as to say that it
gave us a fine opportunity tr. see the
country at its best The waterfalls
were never more beautiful nor the forests
and cane fields greener than in
April, 1895. The seven hours sail was
most interesting to the end. 'r'hera was
some rain along the coast near Ookalu
and Laupahoehoe, and the Kinau did
her usual amount of rolling during the
last three hours of the trip, but finally
rolled us into Hilo bay in good reason.
It was the intention of the writer to
join with D. Howard Hitchcock, the art
ist, in organizing a mountain patty to
make the ascent of Mauna Loa and
spend a day or two on the summit, but
on arrival at Hilo we learned that F.
M. Wakefield had already started to
form a party of en to make the ascent
under the guidance of Julian
who was to have the entire care
and responsibility for the safe conduct
of the party. We immediately accepted
the conditions offered, and joined
forces for the expedition, and it proved
to be a perfect success from start to
Start from Hilo.
Leaving Hilo by stage on Sunday
morning the party arrived at the Volcano
House at 4 p. m. in a cold rain,
but were made comfortable at once by
the genial host of the Volcano House,
200 FEET HIGH.
Hardship on Mountain Height.
Peter Lee, who has done everything: for
us to make the trip a successful one.
The Kau telephone was immediately
brought Into use. and arrangements
made with Manager Monsarrat' of the
Kapapala ranch for the transportation
of the party to the crater and back.
We hoped to make an early start on
Monday morning, but were obliged to
delay the expedition until Tuesday, the
28th, as the necessary number of horses
and men could not be obtained. After
an early breakfast on "Tuesday ten of
the party left the Volcano House at 6:30
a. m. for Ainapo, one of the ranch stations,
where fresh horses were to be
taken for the ascent of the mountain.
Proceeding down the Kau road, and
across the lava beds, we left the main
road about seven miles from the Volcano
House and struck across country
several miles to Ohaikea, after passing
around the lower end of the Kau branch
of the flow of 1880. Three hours riding
brought us to Ainapo, where we
found Mr. Monsarrat with the rest of
the party and guides, packs and the
whole outfit for the three days on the
With fresh horses and mules for the
entire party, five guides and packers,
and six pack animals, with our tent,
blankets and the provisions, we were
ready for a start from Ainapo at 11
a. m. We were an enthusiastic company,
ready for hard work and any
amount of discomfort, for the reports
from all sides indicated that there was
great activity in the summit crater of
Mokuaweoweo. From Kohala, Hama-
kua, Hilo, Puna, Kau and the Konas,
the telephone brought the same message
of a constant increase of fire at
the summit, and consequently, we were
impatient for a start
The party, as finally organized, was
as follows: Mrs. E. K. Graham of New
York, Julian Monsarrat (Commander-in-Chief),
Rev. Dr. Dllle of San Francisco,
B. H. Phillips of Buffalo, N. Y.,
Messrs. F. M. Wakefield and E. D. Bald
win of Hilo, J. K. Farley of Kauai, G.
W. Paty of Pahala, H. E. Wilson of
Puna, Peter Lee, of the Volcano House,
Howard HUchcock, artist, Daniel Lo
gan, and Frank S. Dodge of Honolulu.
Begin the Ascent.
The next stage of the ascent was to
be the long climb to Kipuka Kakina,
the upper camp of the Kapapala ranch.
where a small building had been erected
for mountain parties, just above the
timber line, at an elevation of about
9,000 feet There we were to spend the
first night in comparatiye comfojt,
pack up a supply of firewood and water
for the next day, and then push on over
the lava flows to the second camp on the
very brink of the crater.
We left Ainapo about 11 a. m. and began
the ascent over a very good trail
through the pasture lands of
riding in single file, and making
quite a cavalcade with our twenty-five
riders and packs.
The trail led us for mile after mile
over fine pasture land, and through Koa
groves, always climbing, at a pretty
steep grade, but we kept on at a goe
gait, making an occasional stop to allow
the pack, animals to catch up with
us. Near the upper limits of the grazing
lands wild cattle were seen ia
small numbers, and our brave artist
hunter tried In vain to provide some
fine, juicy fresh beef .for the use ot
the party on" the mountain. He succeeded,
however. In kiltJdfc.a youag
wild bull, aftfer filling him full of cold
lead, and th"eET brought up the tongue
for his own private use, but if I am not
mistaken. 'he had no appetite for bull
tongue whUe on. the summit Later ia
the day oneTef the guides shot a young:
bullock, andve were well supplied with
fresh meat for the rest of the trip.
First Night In Camp.
After riding on for miles .through the
ranch lands, we reached the upper Umber
line at 3 p. m., dismounted and prepared
to spend the night The tent
was pitched for Mrs. Graham and her
native attendant, near the small house
to be occupied by the men of the party,
and the natives put up a shelter for
themselves near the camp fire.
The elevation of this camp is about
9,000 feet, and the temperature began to
fall rapidly toward night; reaching 42
degrees la the evening and 40 degrees
at sunrise next morning. With twelve
men packed' in rows in a small house,
only 10x12 in size, they could not suffer
much from the cold, even at a muck
lower temperature. Our supper around
the campfire was an ample one, and
heartily enjoyed by every one, after the
long thirty-mile ride from the Volcano
House. The night was passed very
comfortably, and long before sunrise we
were called to prepare for an early
breakfast and a start for the summit at
8 a. in., expecting, to get our first
glimpse of the crater at noon if not earlier.
In this we were disappointed, for the
hard climbing soon began to show its
effect on some of the pack animals, and
frequent stops had to be made to allow
them to rest, and for a readjustment of
One poor horse had to be left on the
lava beds and his pack divide among
the five remaining animals. On our return
the next day his carcass was found
on the roadside by the guide. This was
the only mishap of any serious nature
during the whole trip to the mountains
and back to the Volcano House though
three of the party went over their
horses' heads rather unexpectedly on
the downward passage.
All the forenoon of the 29th we were
climbing up, over and across the rough,
pahoehoe flows that form the mountain
sides at this elevation, following the
general direction toward the crater, but
tq,mos,t of our party there were no indications
of a trail until we struck what
is now called the Wilkes trail, at an
elevation of about 11,000 feet Occasional
stops had to be made along the
line, but Monsarrat's "get a pil mai on"
would soon start the procession moving
at a rapid gait, and very little time was
lost in breathing, spells.
Scene or Devolution.
All vegetation was left behind soon
after leaving Kalpuku Kakina, and we
entered upon such a scene of desolation
as few people have ever seen.
In every conceivable form and degree
of roughness, was on all sides of us,
with an occasional aa flow to break the
monotony and to bar our progress for
short Intervals, but in every instance
the old guide iound a way across the
aa, to the dimly defined trail.
A thunder storm came on in the middle
of the forenoon with a patter of
hail stones for a few minutes, and then
a blinding flurry of snow, which shut
out our view of everything around us.
The cold was Increasing all the time,
and the party got out their thick coats
and wraps, muffled up their necks, but
still insisted that they enjoyed it. Soon
after noon our guide announced that we
had reached the summit of the mountain,
but that did not mean that the
great crater was at hand, for we still
had several miles of hard, rough road
to travel to reach the brink of
We had only arrived at the
outer edge of the great summit plateau
that is many square miles In extent,
and is practically on a dead leveL
Crossing a great "mawae" or crack in
the. pahoehoe, the cavalcade moved on
slowly In the blinding snow storm, pick
ing its way very gingerly among the
many cracks and pitfalls that were par
tially concealed in snow, wending Its
way Westward, and trusting entirely to
the guide to find our way to the desired
camping place. It was about the middle
of the afternoon that the guide
sighted through the driving storm the
tall pole left at the camp by the last
party and we hastened on to get our
first view of the fire, which we knew
must be there. In a moment more the
leaders of the party were on the brink,
and for just an instant, in a slight lull
of the storm, the writer saw for the first
time the two great fire fountains which
had been our goal. Only a moment,
however, for the clouds drove dver the
crater again and all wa dark as before,,
and we could see nothing, of the
lake or fountains, but could hear the
sullen roar when the storm abated a
Reached tho Crater.
Our climb was at an end, but our discomforts
had only begun, for the storss
kept on in Its fury, and shelter must tie-
arranged for the night, supper provided,
and all preparations made for oar-stay
on the summit Poles had bees
brought up from the timber line, aad
soon the tent was up, with Its pegs driv
en into the cracks in the lava, and its
sides anchored with large slabs of rock.
One of the party, the host of the
no House, had fully expected to find a
warm, comfortable nook in the steam
cracks along .the edge of the crater, bat
(Continued on Sixth Page.)