Newspaper Page Text
SUED TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS
W. R. FARRINQTON, EDITOR.
Per month . . ... . .? .50
Per month, Foreign .75
Per year . .. - .'5.00
Per year, Foreiiru . G.OO
Payable Invariably In Advance.
LYLE A. DICKEY,
Attorney at Law. P. O. Box
196. Honolulu. H.I.
WILLIAM C. PARKE,
A ttornov at Law and Agent to
take Acknowlodffmonts No. 13
Kaahumanu Street, Honolulu, H. I.
W. R. CASTLE,
Attorney at Law and Notary
Attends all Courts of tho
Republic. Honolulu, H. I.
W. F. ALLEN,
Will be oloased to transaot any
buslnsss entrusted to his caro.
Office over Bishop's Bank.
WHITNEY & NICHOLS.
Rooms on Fort Street. Office
Dental In Brewer's BIock, cor. Fort
and Hotel Sts; entrance. Hotel St.
A. J. DERBY. D. D. S.
Street, Between Hotel and
aosrs: 9 to 4. Telephone, 615
W. C. ACHI & CO.
Biotas and Dealers in Real Estate.
We will buy or sell Real Etato In all
trt of the group. We will sell
on reasonable commissions.
03ce: No. 10 West King StraeL
M. S. GRIHBAOM & CO., Ltd.
Importers and Commission
SAS FrCICO AID Hoiolulu.
215 Front St. Quem St.
ED. IIOFFSCIILAEGER & CO.,
Importers and Commission
KInand Bethel Streets,
Honolulu, H. I.
II. IIACKFELD CO.,
General Commission Agents.
Quon Street, Honolulu, H. 1.
F. A. SCII AEFER & CO.,
Importers and Commission
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
JOHN T. Wa'IERIIOUSE,
Importer and Dealer in General
Merchandise Queen St., Hono-
. LeweiN. F. J. Lowrev. C. M. Cooke.
LEWERS & COOKE,
to Levror Je Dlck&on.
Importers and Dealers In Lumber
and Building: Materials. Fort St.
WILDER & CO.,
umber. Paints. Oils, Nalld, Salt,
- and Building- Materials, all kinds.
THE WESTERN - HAWAIIAN
Investment Company, L'd. Money
Loaned for lone: or short periods
on approved security.
W. W. HALL, Manager.
HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO.,
Machinery of every description
made to orde r.
H. E. MclNTYRE BRO.,
G rocery and Feed.Store. Corner
King: ana is., nonoiuiu.
HAWAIIAN WINE CO.,
Frank Brown, Manager. 28 and
30 Merchant St.. Honolulu. H.I.
CHAS. BREWER & CO'S
lii lis o n
The bark "Nuuanu," will sail from
New York for Honolulu on or about
June 1st, 1897.
For particulars call or address
CHAS. BREWER & CO.,
27 Kilby Street, Boston.
Or C. BREWER & CO., Ltd., c
ONE BOX OF CLARKE'S B 41 TILLS
Is warranted to cure all discharges
from the Primary Organs. In either sex
(acquired or constitutional). Gravel, and
Pains In the Back. Guaranteed free from
mercury. Sold In boxes, 4a. 6d. each, by
all Chemists and Patent Medicine Ven-1
1 dors throughout the World. Proprietors,
The Lincoln and Midland Counties Drug
Company, XJncoln, England.
Read the Hawaiian Gazette
U K is n m j ; wa ""&
HJvW! AT? r & : iv5
AT THE GAZETTE OFFICE.
Hawaiian Governinent to le As-el
WITH SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS
Naniwa is Bringing Commissioner
An Explanation of the Situation
From Japanese Point
The Japan Gazette quotes two papers,
published in the vernacular, on
the history of negotiations, resulting
from the sending back of the Japanese
free laborers as follows:
The Mainichi and Yoniiuri have not
eactly the same version as to the instructions
which Mr. Akiyama carried
oer to Hawaii. The former says that
the Foreign Office conceived the probability
of the Hawaiian Government's
shifting its ground as to the cause of
the rejection which indeed appears to
be the fact according to the Japanese
Representative's last report. The
Government, therefore, according to
the Mainichi, specially furnished Mr.
Akiyama with Instructions to meet the
new explanation of the Hawaiian Government
The Yomiurl, however, states
that the instructions furnished to Mr.
Akiyama were solely based on the original
explanation made by the Republic,
and hence Mr. Denison is now
engaged in drawing up representations
to be forwarded to Hawaii in connection
with the new feature of the trouble.
Be that as it may, the shifting of
their ground by the Hawaiian Government
may le taken in the sense of an
admission on the part of that Government
that its action cannot be borne
out by reason. From what the
has learned from certain quarters,
the points to be presented to Hawaii
in regard to the present complications
are somewhat as appended:
1. For a so-called contract laborer
there must be, either between the laborer
and his employer or between the
former and an emigration company a
mutually concerted agreement determined
in the form of contract to the
effect that the laborer will undertake
a certain kind of work or will be made
to undertake it.
2. The perusal of the Hawaiian law,
issued in 1895, clearly indicates that
laborers who have agreements wih
emigration companies merely in connection
with the process of crossing
over, cannot be regarded as contract
3. If the emigrants specified in the
second clause be designated as contract
laborers, what kind of laborers should
be designated as free laborers whose
landing has been acknowledged and
permitted thus far?
4. In view of the fact that the Hawaiian
Government formerly permitted
the landing of laborers as specified in
the second clause as free laborers,
why was it maintained as illegal in the
present case alone?
5. Was it not an act amounting to
a perversion of the meaning of the law
and calculated to vitiate mutual amity
as well as contradicting the best international
usage, if laborers coming
under the second clause were all the
time intended by the Hawaiian Government
to be dealt with in accordance
with this provision in Law No. 17, issued
in 1895, the effect of such an interpretation
being thai free laborers
who conclude contracts with an emigration
company shall be held as violating
The emigrants sent back on board
the Coptic are now in a distressing
condition, owing to want of funds, and
negotiations are now being carried on
between them and their emigration
agency, the Morimura Garni, as to the
payment of the return passage money-This
certainly looks as if the Hawaiian
authorities were correct in calling
them destitute; but the story now is
that, out of desperation, they took to
gambling while coming back to Japan,
and they do not readily consent to pay,
event when their agent tells them that
he will forego 10 yen out of the passage
money of 30 yen. Apart from
this question of money, the agent is at
a loss what to do with them, but it is
believed that, as most of them think
it humiliating to return home, they
will be willing to go to Brazil when
the Kissa Emigration Company succeeds
in concluding an agreement with
that Republic about the sending of Japanese
laborers. It is said that the
amount of damages which each rejected
emigrant claims from Hawaii is 313
The sudden disfavor with which Japanese
are now held In Hawaii has some
deep cause behind it, as Mr. Kai's information
already published in these
columns testifies. Several other points
not touched on in that gentleman's
statement ought to be briefly set forth,
so as to make the situation of the Japanese
immigration question very clear.
In the first place, while Portuguese and
Chinamen are generally permanently
settled in the archipelago, Japanese
merely go there to amass money and
to return home as quickly as possible.
Secondly, the recent increased influx
of free Immigrants from Japan and
the consequent lowering of the scale
.VOL. XXXIL NO. HONOLULU, H. L: TUESDAY, 31 AY 4, 1897. SEMI-WEEKLY. WHOLE NO. 1SG0.
of wages very much provoke the anger
of other laborers. And, while the Chi
namen import goods from America, the
.Tipanese, when they do Keep shops,
deal In goods exclusively from home.
The Japanese national liquor, for example,
being cheaper and more palatable,
has well-nigh superseded other
foreign liquors in Hawaii. This
of Japanese goods in the Hawaiian
market has unfavorably impressed
the other nationalities. All
these and other causes, already given,
have cojointly tended to bring the Japanese
into disfavor with the Hawaiian
Government. It ought to be added that
the recent restrictions placed by the
Government on the immigration of
Japanese contract laborers to limit the
proportion to 3 to 7 of Chinese, has
lately increased the influx of free laborers
objection- FKOV JAI'AN.
They ny Ilnil No Tllnlit to Iloftmn
n Lnndlnjr to .TnptuH)e.
YOKOHAMA, April 22. Count Oku-ma
having demanded of the Hawaiian
Government an explanation, through
Minister Shimamura, a reply was recently
given by that Government and
conveyed to Tokyo just after Councilor
Akiyama had left for Hawaii. From
the reply it appears that the Hawaiian
Minister for Foreign Affairs has given
up the reasons he had maintained at
first, and does not say anything about
the cash in the emigrants' possession.
Referring to free laborers, he says that
they had a contract guaranteeing em
ployment immediately after their
landing, and therefore they were not
really free laborers, but contract laborers,
who ought to have been sent
out after having gone through all the
steps provided in the treaty, and that
inasmuch as they had not gone through
such formal proceedings they were illegal
emigrants who could not be perr
mitted to land. But as they had
the regulation cash of $50 each,
according to the treaty, the Hawaiian
Government has, in fact, no reason to
object to their landing, whatever contract
they might have made with the
emigration companies. The fact that'
they had an understanding with the
emigration companies that they should
be given some kind of employment
cannot afford any pretext for saying
that thev arc not really free laborers.
The Japanese authorities are, therefore,
said to have found more than
ever strong reasons for putting the
onus of the question upon the Hawaiian
X.VXIWA IS POWKIIFUL.
Cnptnln Knro Oka Hfi. Hurt Deli-
onto Ml .Ion. Itoloi'o
The Japan Gazette says that the
was built in 1S85, and was the
first protected cruiser in the Japanese
navy. Her protected deck stood her
during the war in good' stead, deflect-a
shell which might otherwise have
played havoc with her engines. She
was struck two or three times, but re
ceived practically no damage and no
one was killed on board. The armament
of the Naniwa is of the most
formidable kind. Her big guns are
Krupps, fixed on Armstrong hydraulic
carriages, and her six-inch guns are
the most modern quick-firing weapons
to be found on any ship in the Far
East, though the Powerful, when she
arrives, will carry similar guns.
Captain was in command
of the in 1894 and captured
the Yik-sang off Taku when that
ship was landing contraband cargo. No
man in the Japanese navy, then, Is
better qualified to undertake the oner
ous duty about to be entrusted to him.
The further development of the affair
will be a matter of deep concern to
Japan and to Hawaii, while the United
States may be depended upon to exercise
all necessary vigilance.
Kobe irmlcrnttlon Compuny llns Claim
for Men Rrturneil.
The Naniwa is to leave today for
Hawaii says the Japan Mail of April
23. In the absence of telegraphic
communication with the islands, the
people of Japan will have to possess
their souls in patience. Probably ,
month will elapse before they obtain
any clear information as to the course
of the negotiations opened by direction
of Count Okuma. It is said that the
Emigration Company of Kobe claims
320.60 yen for every man turned back.
We are somewhat surprised that the
calculation does not extend to rin.
When a Japanese takes a soroban into
his hand, tenths of a yen become tangible
realities to him. The sum of 320.60
yen is to cover all the expense of traveling,
outfit and so forth. It sounds a
good deal . The Kobe Company had
313 emigrants returned, so that Its total
demand amounts to 97,893.18 yen.
The Japan Gazette of April 20th,
says, in regard to the Japanese-Hawaiian
affair that when the present negotiations
connected with the emigrants'
affairs are concluded, Count Okuma
intends to make a special convention
on the emigration question, in order to
avoid a misunderstanding in the future.
People StaeI nt Homp.
YOKOHAMA, April 17. With refer:
ence to the disposal of the 326 laborers,
whose departure for Hawaii by
the Hakusan Maru was stopped by the
authorities, owing to the trouble now
pending between both countries, a Tokyo
paper say? that 108 men, from
prefecture, have been engaged by
the Tokyo arsenal as coolies and 218,
from Kumamoto prefecture, have also
been taken over by the Yokohama
Dock Company. With regard to 32 females,
arrangements are now being
made to employ them in a certain cotton
Knglnecr Cnra to firlef.
YOKOHAMA, April 23. Nagasaka,
the third engineer of the cruiser
which left for Honolulu a few days
ago, has been arrested by gendarme's
on a charge of having overstayed leave.
When arrested he was found wandering
about Shinjiku, his ship having
left while he was on a spree. He will
be in a few days.
Will Call nt Honolulu.
The Japan Gazette quotes from the
Osahi that owing to the negotiations
with the Hawaiian Government and a
consequent increase of communications
all the steamers on the American
line of the Toyo Kisen Kaisha will b
ordered to call at Honolulu.
lln ClmnKPI Owners.
YOKOHAMA, April 23. The steamer
Shinshu Maru, owned by Mr.
which recently returned from
Hawaii, has been chartered at Kobe by
the .Nippon usen Kaisha.
Great Cure in East Loudon.
At the back of the Mile End-road
was once a house of sorrow and sadness.
Up to eighteen months ago, Rebecca
Emanuel bade fair to sustain
the reputation of her race for the
beauty of its womankind. Then thp
first symptoms of illness presented
themselves. She became emaciated,
and worn-looking;, from being brimful
of healthy energy, she became weak
that the last exertion was to great
to be borne, and all her friends gave
her up for lost.
"We all thought there was no hope
for her," said her mother, to a reporter
of the East London Advertiser who
called at No. 1 Beaumont-square, "Rebecca
could not even go upstairs by
herself. As soon as she had got up
two or three stairs she would have
to stop. Her heart palpitated so much,
and she was seized with such fainting
first that she was absolutely helpless.
Even a walk out of doors is impossible,
for over and over again Rebecca
would be taken with a fainting fit and
have to be carried home. Then it was
that we read of the wonderful cure of
Mrs. Haydon, of Corbon-road, and
heard of other similar cases, and we
thought that even if a trial of Dr.
Williams' Pink Pills did no good they
would, at all events, do no harm. So
we got a box, and the immediate improvement
was most astonishing. But
there, you can see for yourself," said
the mother as Rebecca entered the
room a graceful young woman of
nineteen, looking the very picture of
health, and of most vivacious manner.
It was hard to Imagine that but a
few months ago she was lying on a
sick bed, the despair of her relatives.
"I was as HI as anyone could be,"
she said. "I could scarcely walk, to go
upstairs was impossible. I shrank
from my food, and could do no work of
any kind. For four months I was under
the care of a doctor, who certainly
did all he could for me. I was induced
to try a box of Dr. Williams Pink
Pills. The change was marvelous. Be
fore I had used half the box my appetite
began to return, thQ palpitation
of my heart ceased, the fainting fits
departed, and I began to feel a changed
girl. I persevered with a second
and then a third box, and the cure was
"Now," continued Miss Emanuel, "I
can do my work without any weariness.
I can go for a long walk without
any fear of being overtaken with a
fainting fit. It is now four months
since I left off taking Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills, and although I have worked
hard since, I have not felt the
slightest return of my illness. I have
not the slightest doubt as to the permanency
of the cure." v
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are not like
other medicine, and their effects are
permanent. They act directly on the
blood, and thus it is that they are so
famous for the cure of anaemia and
rheumatism, scrofula, chronic erysipelas,
and to restore pale and sallow
complexions to. the glow of health.
They are also a splendid nerve and
spinal tonic, and thus have cured many
cases of paralysis, locomotor ataxy,
neuralgia, St Vitus' dance, and nervous
Sold by all dealers in medicine and
by Hollister Drug Co., Hobron Drug
Co., wholesale agents for the Hawaiian
TURKS ARE SUPERIOR.
Calmly Advices tho Power
LONDON, April 23. The Turks have
carried all the frontier passes commanding
the road to Larissa, and are
now bombarding Tyrnavos, to which
point the, Greeks have retired.
The Turks are greatly superior In
artillery over their opponents.
Despite a small Greek gain in Epirus,
it is an undoubted fact that, so far, the
Turks are victorious.
The Greek police have been ordered
to reinforce the army, whilst their duties
will be carried on by civilians.
Russia has sent a note to the other
powers,,advising them to remain In an
expectant attitude until one or the other
of the combatants requests their Intervention,
adding that meanwhile It
will be necessary that they maintain
the blockade of Crete and hold the
island in trust.
OFF FOR L
Hawaiian Delation to Queen's
MAJOR IAUKEA AS ATTACHE
tions to Queen.
On Previous Missions for Former
Government Some of His
Maj. Curtis' P. Iaukea, of President
Dole's staff, who accompanies the Hon,
S. M. Damon to England as attache
and secretary of legation, has on form'
er occasions represented this-
try abroad in various capacities, the
first being his mission to Moscow, as
the bearer of the King's congratula'
MAJ. CURTIS P. IAUKEA.
Attache and Secretary Hawaiian Le-
gation at London, England.
tions to their Imperial Majesties, the
Emperor and Empress of Russia, on
the occasion of their coronation in
As the representative of this country
on that occasion. Major Iaukea
was invested with the Grand Crow of
the Imperial Order of Saint Stanislaus.
On that same mission he was intrusted
by the then Government with important
matters of state, chief among
which was the East Indian and Japanese
immigration, the question cf labor
being at that time of vital importance
to the chief industry of the count-try.
As a result of this mission the Labor
Convention betweon this country
and Japan was successfully negotiated.
R. W. Irwin, the present" Hawaiian
Minister Resident to Japan, accompanied
Mr. Iaukea on his return to
Hawaii to conclude negotiations.
The last Important foreign mission
intrusted by the Hawaiian
to Mr. Iaukea, and one of which
he is most proud, was when, as Chamberlain
of the Royal Household, he accompanied
Queen KapiolanI, at present
the Queen Dowager, and the ex-Queen,
Liliuokalani, then heir apparent,
to London, on the occasion cf
Her Majesty, Queen Victoria's juMlee
In 1887. The royal visitors were graciously
received ly Her Majesty, and
during tlielc entire stay in Londin
were the guests of the British Sover
In commemoration of that v'slt.
Major Iaukea received the Tubllee
Medal, which he will probably wear
with distinction on the occasion of his
visit to London with Mr. Damon.
Among Major Iaukea's greatest
treasures are the various decorations
he has been invested with by foreign
monarchs jn occasions of his visits
to their courts as the representative
of Kalaukaua Some of these are exceedingly
high in class. Among the
decorations are the Grand Crosses and
Cordon of the royal orders of Saint
Stanislaus of Russia and Takoro of
Servla; grand officers crosses of the
Crown of Italy; St. Olav of Sweden,
and Rising Sun of Japan; ofilcer of the
Legion of Honor of France, besides
four of the five Hawaiian decoration?
invested by the late King and other
medals of lesser note. On the occasion
of his visit to England, In 1887, the
King intrusted him with a number of
shell necklaces, which he was to present
to the daughters of the Prince and
Princess of Wales. In acknowledging
Major Iaukea's kindness, the Prince
presented him with a handsome diamond
Mr. Iaukea has held with honor and
credit many important posts in this
country at various times during
reign. He has been Collector
General of Customs, Chamberlain of
the Royal Household, Secretary of the
Foreign Office, Governor of the Island
of Oahu, Secretary of the Privy Council
of State, Commissioner and Agent
of Crown Xands, Adjutant General of
the forces, as well as other honorary
positions. He was born in Waltnea.
Hawail. 41 years ago. He received his
education in the school conducted bj
Archdeacon Mason at what Is now-known
a3 IolanI College.
yenrs ago he was given a clerkship la
the Interior Department, under Chief.
Clerk Hassinger, and has remained la
Government service since then. He i
a genial gentleman and extremeir
popular with whom he comes In contact
He was a special favorite of
and when the remains of that
monarch were brought here on the
Charleston, Mr. Iaukea was selected by
the Queen Dowager to represent her
when the remains were conveyed to to
when the remains were conveyed to
the Palace. Just two years ago thl
lady presented him with the handsome
gold watch worn by
at the time of his death in San
Francisco. At present Mr. Iaukea U
chief clerk of the Government Land
Department, under Mr. Brown.
THINKING IT OVER.
Labor CommLiotier Fit7$;ruld
KntlicrcU Over Appropriation.
In a recent interview with the
Labor Commissioner Kit-gem' J
was told that the Government hud "o
funds available for the purpose of
bringing white laborers to the Mand
Some time afterward the
was given a copy of the last legls
lative reports, and in going over the
appropriation bill, found an iem
"For the encouragement of immigra
tlon other than Asiatics. $50,000 "
When seen at the hotel last night
Mr. Fitzgerald was in a quandry
"I can't say that I quite understanl
it." he remarked. "Mr. Smith toM me
that just now the Government hud n
funds available for thp purpose, sn
the most they can do is to reconinTn1
the 10 per cent of while labor provlde.1
for In the agreement. I don't Just
understand this $50,000 Item. Jttet
it Is ono for $10,000 for
Investigation, and I understand this
has been broken Into by the expense of
sending a commissioner to Enslan'
and bringing an expert here. I won! !
like to know about the other, beev'se
that Is much more than is nee -a r
to begin on. If the people here ' n
want white laborers on the Islim' I
vould like to know It now."
Attorney General Smith wan M-phoned
to later on the subject, and replied
that to the best of his
the Item was naseed for the
pose 0f using the money In defraying-
the expenses of the families of Euro-
P"-" 'S". T. T
try, uie planters uouuuug meir ainij
to stand all of the e.Tpense.
Board Convcno to
Arrival of China.
A special session of the Pm-d if
Health was held at 8:45 a m
for the purpose of taking ar-mi
on the arrival of the-P. M. S S f'hma
Thoge present were- President Smii'i
Dre. Day and Wood; Messrs. T F
sing and C. A. Brown.
President Smith reported on the
steerage passengers for this
were 6t Chinese and 25t; Japar
ceo. The latter had been in qudrant.c
11 days before leaving Yokoh tiua
There had been no slckneso ! iir
kind aboard the China.
A communication from Dr. EMreag
was to the effect that the smallpox
epidemic In Japan was about at an
President Smith recommended 'hat
the cabin passengers for this port be
allowed to land, and that the through
cabin passengers be allowed to mme
ashore If they cared. The boan' o
It was alio voted that tho ffpraga
passengers be allowed to land on completion
of IS days from Yokohama
In regard to the Chinese wof n who
had come in the European sUerag" the
board decided to allow them to 1 'id
with the saloon passengers.
At the suggestion of Dr. Day the
board voted to fumigate the frelgh of
ln Iliilltv tlim Atixtnillu Will - . u
w UuiSar One Guv.rumfit
WASHINGTON, April im
portant report upon the political '
of Australia, just sent to the Stat'
Department by Con.ii! General Man'
ta, says that tho Colonies are on 'h
eve of federation. An election is to he
held at once to elect doIegaf to a
convention to bring about a union f
the Colonies. It Is propoied to have a
governor general of the federation
be appointed by the Queen, with lie't
tenant governors for the different colonies,
chosen by people of the Sat-Many
differences of opinion, the Con
sul reports, exist between the lndi"?
premiers on minor points, but the cor.
vention Is expected to adjust these
He predicts that in a short time Australia
will be under one government
and known to the world as the Au?
According to the newspapers an Ohio
husband became the happy father of
seven children not long ago. Of the
seven all lived but one. It to be
hoped that he laid in a supply of Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy, the only sre
cure for croup, whooping cough, i-old
and coughs, ang so insured his rh
against these diseases. For
by all druggists and dealers Ben on
Smith Co., agents for II I