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APPEAL TO CITIZENS
FOB SINEWS OF WAR
Mosquito Committee Gefs Downlo Work Will
Have Captain of Campaign Aid in
An Immediate canvas3 for the sinew s
of war required In the mosquito destroying
campaign la to be made.
All householders of Honolulu may
have their empty tin cans taken away
free of charge on Fridays.
A competent man Is to be employed,
with the least possible delay, to captain
the crusade against the pest.
The foregoing results are the outcome
of a short meeting held by a
small contingent of the Citizens' Mosquito
Committee held at the Board of
Health headquarters jesterdny afternoon.
After hnlf an hour's wait over the
appointed hour the following named
proceeded to business: Dr. C. B. Cooper,
president of the Board of Health
and chairman of the committee; Dr.
L. E. Cofer, Chief Quarantine Officer
of the United States for this Territory;
W. E. Row ell, acting Assistant
Superintendent of Public Works; C. H.
Tracy, City Sanitary Officer; Capt.
Sam. Johnson, In charge of the Public
Works garbage service; P. M. Pond,
P. R. Helm, P. W. Macfarlane and D.
I Van Dine.
Dr. Cooper announced the object as
being to get down to a plan of operations
Boird of Health ofllcers were
already working. Means of raising
funds were to be devised. Somebody
wao wanted to take the head of the
movement. Mr. Tracy's hands were
full of his own duties, but whoever was
appointed should be under his direction
so that the movement would have
authority of the Board of Health.
Dr. Cofer said there had been much
talk over the means of raising funds
at the time of the rat crusade.
Mr. Macfarlane thought the first
business wns to consider the methods
to be employed and after that was settled
they w ould have a .better Idea of
what It ias going to cost. Though the
matter was entirely foreign to him he
wns In sympathy with the movement.
The Board of Health should suggest
something about the method of starting
Dr Cooper replied that the Board
had already started In by Instructing
the sanitnry Inspectors to ndvlse people
to clear off empty cans, fill up stagnant
pools, cover cesspools, protect
tanks with wire gauze nnd treat standing
water with oil. The Inspectors
could not do this work themselves but
onlv advise householders
Mr. Macfarlane spoke of the difficulty
of filling up ponds from his observation
nt Walktkl, where for two years
material had hpen going Into a pond
without producing appreciable effect.
Individuals could do a great deal by
giving Instructions to natives living
Dr. Cooper told of a pool of abomination
he had dlscoered at Kakaako
on a rpcent call there.
Mr. Pond advocated that every division
of work should bo given to a
separnte committee. There should be
a problem committee, nn investigation,
a community, a school, and a press
committee, with effort concentrated upon
Mr. Van Dine thought committees
should report to the president of the
Board of Health to have the work proceed
In a systematic way.
Mr. Macfarlane flnld the work should
Tie under authority of the Board, otherwise
people would not respect the
Dr. Cooper anticipated an earlv
deendenee of public Interest, which was
reason for pushing the work at the
Mr. Mncfarlane held there ought to
bo enough public Interest to ensure the
funds required. They could nt least
start In on a moderate scale nnd have
the smaller nuisances abnted first. He
gave an Instance of wnter left standing
In a horse pond for several days
In which the horses had not been
bathed. If the chairman could give
an Idea of what the cost of campaign
would be, a finance committee might be
appointed to devise means for raising a
Dr. Cooper, replying to Mr.
questions, said there wns nothing
available from the Board's appropriation,
but the Board could give
commissions and badges to workers.
Besides, some nsststanco was promised
from the garbage service of the Public
Works Department. They wanted
n man, however, for the head of the
Mr. Trncy did not think a suitable
mnn could be obtained for less than
J125 a month, as he would be on cnll
both day and night. Another necessity
would be a cleaning gang. Captain
Johnson would gle the use of a
wagon and two men part of the time
for gntherlng up tin cans nnd other
rubbish. This would bo every Friday.
He hnd followed up the work of an Inspector
for two days nnd found good
results, but there were empty lota with
nobody taking care of them. Ho did
not think It necessary to have any new
regulations ns yet. In answer to Mr.
Macfarlane, he Bald people generally
would donato needed kerosene oil. Replying
to Mr, Pond, ho thought $200 a
month would bo enough with volunteer
Mr. Row ell said the storm water
sewers were In charge of the sewer
Mr. Van Dine thought treatment of
these sewers once In two weeka would
bo sufficient, but Dr. Cooper and Mr.
Row ell said together once a week
would ba safer,
Mr. Pond asked If there was any
possibility of having the garbage collecting
changed back to a free system.
Dr. Cooper said that was a question
for the Publlo Works Department.
Captain Johnson said the pay system
wns started by Mr. Bovd and
might be done nwny with by
B3JJ 11 43JJ0 PinOO OH U 8JU3J
uvv a3JBiD auL (Ed oj
iu.3no oili,, ouuijujouk 'JK) '3UT!d
8J3v oidoad otn ;o luao jod .(jaunt
lUSnoiu oh 'asotto oq j jadooo luapuaj
collection of cans, etc., every two
weeks with n wagon nnd two men.
Dr. Cooper suggested the preparation
of n circular In various languages to
be generally distributed.
Then followed a general talk on
modes of raising funds, which ended In
the appointment of Messrs Pond nnd
Helm ns a finance committee. They
will prepare n circular of Information
to go with subscription lists, different
from the one of Instruction proposed
by the chairman which will not be
It was voted, on motion of Mr.
Pond, to give the chairman authority
for deciding Incidental questions.
Superintendent Atkinson wns appointed
a committee to direct the campaign
in the schools.
Dr. Cooper, repljlng to Mr. Macfarlane,
said the published account of
a species of mosquito that destroyed
the biting kind would be Investigated,
ns well as the reported discovery of a
parasite that got away with the pest.
Captain Johnson wanted to know
what about appointing a man In
charge of the campaign.
Dr. Cooper replied that they ought
I to go very slow. He must do a gooa
man. The Board of Health should appoint
him. On motion of Mr.
seconded by Captain Johnson,
this suggestion wns adopted, Dr. Cooper
remarking that nothing would be
done without consulting the committee.
Mr. Pond remarked that If the business
wns going to throw any extra
work on Mr. Tracy, he ought to be
given compensation out of the fund.
Mr. Vnn Dine said nobody knew the
town po well ns Mr. Tracv. Ho moved
that the chairman be empowered to
employ some person under the direction
of the city sanitary officer nnd
that this officer receive some compensation
to be fixed by the committee.
Dr. Cooper suggested an early meeting
for receiving reports of progress,
nnd the meeting adjourned until
Wednesday next nt 1:30 p. m.
At a meeting held yesterday by the
Hawaiian Promotion Committee It was
,ioni.iii tn iinvn nrlntpd Immediately
i a folder for the Information of passen
gers touching at Jionoiuiu. ine worn,
of the committee has been so far
that this wna decided upon as
The folder will contnln much of
alue to the stranger In the city.
There will be a map of Honolulu with
a description of the points of interest
and the easiest methods of reaching
them, also cost and other Information
which a tourist might want.
Reports were nlsa received from the
committee which had been raising
funds Indicating that the movement
was being generally supported In the
It Is surprising to hear that a telephone
line which Is hardly strong
enough to carry n message can kill a
Chlnnman. Still, it claims to have
got help from the Rapid Transit, which
perhaps accounts for it.
If the natives have nnythlng left they
w 111 probably take It to that paw
shop, when It opens, and then lay
thn loss to the missionaries.
(Conri.iued from page l.
until It came to a defect In the who
which broke and the end dropped Into
the street. There were then two II vo
wires hanging down to the street but
It was the latter wire which killed the
After hearing evidence from one of
the witnesses of the nccident .he Juty
retired nnd nfter fifteen minutes deliberation
brought in the following verdict.
THR JURY'S VERDICT.
Thnt the said Chang Yce Tong came
to his death nt Honolulu, Island of
Oahu, Territory of Hawaii, on Wednesday,
August 19, A, D, 1003, at or
about 11;3S p. m. of said day, from an
overcharge of electricity passing
through hla body, cnuEed by coming
In contact with a wire belonging to
the Mutual Telephone Company nf
said Honolulu and receiving current
from thn trolley wlra of the Honolulu
Rapid Transit and Land Compnny,
We further find that the vvirpj of tl.c
Mutual Telephone Company wvre defective
In the Immediate vicinity of the
accident and that the trolley wire of
the Honolulu Rapid Transit and Land
Company, Ltd., was insufficiently protected
nt the place of the accident.
geo. e. baker.
john f. doyle,
M. C, AMANA,
D. M. KUPIHEA,
II. W. KINNEY.
Crowded and Too
HAWAIIAN GAZETTE, FRIDAY, AUGUST 21, 1903 SEMI-WEEKLY.
Following Is the report of C. II.
Tracy, City Sanitary Olllcor nnd Inspector
of Cemeteries, for the month of
Six new cesspools hao been located
to be dug.
Three 43-hour notices havo been served
nnd tho nuisances were abated
within the required time In ench case.
Seventeen restnurnnt, eleven lodging
houses and two hotels applied for
lflcates of sanitary condition to obtain
licenses, nnd all save one lodging
house were Inspected and passed. Tho
four lodging houses held over fiom
last month arc still In hand. One
case Is nn nppenl to the Chcult Court
for running without n license. 3.14S
adults can by law be lodged In these
There hnve been seen arrests made
and In each case a conviction was secured.
One mnn ni rested for violating
Section 321 of the Penal Laws
of 1S07 wus fined $25; two hog raisers
who allowed their pig pens to discharge
Into an open strcnm were fined
25 each, and thlnl for the same
was find J10 lhue different
men, arrested for carrying slops
through the streets In contnlneis such
ns did not prevent suilllng am' linkage,
were fined $10 ench. The hog
raising business has grown to ouch
prcportlons that the gardeners are up-able
to tnke caio of lite superfluous
sewage, and wo ato having considerable
trouble watching out for men
dumping it Into the streams and ponda.
This is extremely dllllcult, for tho
many ditches and streams and ponds
are so scattered ard drain In so many
different directions that the souice of
a nuisance Is hard to trace.
During the month my assistant nnd
I have made 1,293 Inspections nnd hell
a half horn meeting each morning
with the Inspectors These Inspections
repiesent' visits to premises to Investigate
sanitary conditions, or nie made
to ascertain the necessity or method
of remedjlng cond'tlons, and are usually
to assist or advise the lns''ictoi .
The districts have been sllghtlv
changed as to boundaries and the men
hnve been changed about In tho
of Instances, and one man Is-tending
to nothing but the hog and
duck lanches nnd the swill wagons.
BURIAL CONDITIONS BAD.
I have had considerable difficulty In
my inspecting of burials,
and removals, but have now
gotten fairly good contiol over tho
situation. Hardly a cemetery was In
spected but that I found that the
graves weie less than six feet deep
some being as shallow as three feet
The enforcing of the law has shown
up conditions In several cemeteiles
which should not be nllowed to con
tlnue. Tor example. In the cemetery
at Wnlkikl water 13 reached at a depth
of from four to five and haK feet, depending
on the tide, and it Is
necessary to bury In the watei.
The same i;.mditIon exists In the
half of the Catholic cemetery on King
CROWDING THE DEAD.
Again, in digging graves in the different
cemeteries, except the Chinese
gi.ivey.aids. It Is glaringly apparent
that the location of bodies is no'
known nnd with few exceptions old
graves have been opened In digging
new ones. The lots are not marked
and as many ns three giaves have
been exposed In Jigging for one.
a funernl will be stopped until
a hole can be dug In another place
Rock Is often struck nnd the burial
of the body has to be postponed for
a day. This obviously should not
It seems to mo thnt the opening of
nn old grave Is a serious menace t
henlth, especially ns It Is often unknown
which body 13 being exposed
nnd the paitlculnr disease which caused
the death consequently being unknown
us well as tho length of time since the
Interment. Also graves nro being
dug so close to each other that les"
than six Inches of soil lies between the
Something, It appears, should bo
done nnd I .should like to havo a committee
from the Boird of lle.tltli Investigate
these conditions nnd make
recommendations for their abatement.
INSPECTION OF SEWERS.
J, T, Klernan, assistant lnsr3tor of
buildings, plumbing and house sewers,
reports tho following work for tlw
semi-monthly period ending August 13:
Number of plans filed 32; permits Issued,
32; Inspections of plumbing, 92'
Inspections of new and old buildings,
7, final certificates issued, 32; sewer
Seven building permits were received,
of which six were approved. One
Is held until tho premises are put In
a sanitary condition,
D, L. Bowman, sanitary Inspector ot
Hllo, reports for the month of July that
six 48-hour notices had been given and
obeyed. A Portuguese was
for common nulsanco, fined and
ordered to put his premises In good
snnltnry condition, which he did. Orders
for abatement had been given
and the work done In 143 cases. Six
hundred Inspections were made.
An Official Report
Made by an
Olona fibre Is of no value commercially
according to n report received
from the Dep.i tment of Agriculture by
Director Jnred G. Smith of the United
Stntes Experiment Stntlon.
Tho olona fibre grows wild In the
Olna district on Hawaii and many
j ears ago was believed to be very valuable.
Tho difficulty has always been
In obtaining n suitable mechanical extractor
and the Department finds tills
to be hopeless. The sample of specimen
of fibre obtained from the material
sent by Director Smith was sent back,
and Is apparently ot little value. It
nppears to be very fine but lifts little
The Olona Is a native name for a
Hawaiian plant which was much used
In years gone by for the manufacture
of fish lines and nets. These were of
course mnde by hand, and the fibre
wns extracted through the same primitive
methods. In tho seventies tho
fibre was exported to Switzerland
where It was sold to Swiss Alpine clubs
It being much In demand because of
Its light weight and great strength.
The sample obtnlned by the government
Agricultural Department though
of light weight Is not of grent strength.
The letter received by Mr. Smith
from Lyster II. Dewey, tho botanist In
charge of fibre plnnts, contnlns also a
communication from tho chemistry
bureau where tests were made of tho
fibre. Mr Dewey nlso says ho Is glad
to learn tnnt me sisal inuusiry is oe
coming well established In Hnwnll
The wo letters are as follows:
I nm forwordlng to you herewith a
copy of a report of the Bureau of .
Chemistry on investigations which
they made at my tequest In icgard to I
methods for extracting tho olonn fiber.
When submitting the specimens, I
asked especially to have the nature of
the cum determined if possible. Their
report indicates that water-retting at - agreement with the U. S. Mnrlno
to be the most practicable I uu Serlce, These have been at'end
od for dissolving the gum. I fear that , , ,. . , ... ,
cu b" Marlne """Pltal surgeon,
water-retting Is Imprnctable. from a
commercial standpoint. I forward to One hundred nnd sixty-eight prlvnto
jou herewith tho specimen of fiber room patients hnve been admitted. Of
which they obtnlned. Fiber of tins ,
charactei would have no vnluo for nnv
manufnetures so far as I am aware.
Washington, D. C , June 1903.
Mr. Lv ster II. Dew ey,
Division of Botany.
Denr Sir: Wo have subjected tho
fiber plant, Touchnrdla latlfrlla, to an
elaborate Investigation for the puipose
of determining. If possible, somo moans
of removing the gum, In nccordanco
with jour suggestions. Various .re
agents were tried for the puipose of
separating tho outside material from
the fiber, but Its reagents were found
to bo water at about 30 degrees C
which softens the material so that
washing In flowing water and combing
the straight flbr will remove practically
nil the material surrounding thn
fiber. The nature of this material has
not been definitely determined, but It
Is little nffected either by hydrochloric
ncld or by least. It Is probably
a gum or non-fermentable adhesive
carbohydrate. The material which
was treated is enclosed herewith to
show the success we hnd with It. Tho
sample has been over-retted and consequently
somewhat weakened and
darkened. Rotting from 15 to 20 days
will probably so loosen tho fiber that
the outside material may be removed
by com! mg the straight fiber in running
H. W. WILEY,
THE QUEER LOT
Editor Advertiser Not long since an
ncqunlntnnce, n layman, expressed the
view that the eminent physicians and
scientists that I have had tho privilege
of quoting for jears past In jour Journal,
wero "a queer lot." I havo yet
another of that kind, not however
this time a physician but a naval officer
who In the past few weeks addressed
a letter to King Edward asking if
he might issue an order stating that
His Majesty did not consider It necessary
that avhen his health was given,
It should bo drunk In wine. Tho
King's secretary replied that "His
thought tho Lords of tho Admiralty
would not like his Interference by
Issuing orders, but ho would be glad
if it was circulated privately that His
Majesty considered that his health was
as much honored by those who drank
It In water as by those who drank It In
wine". Swift on the heels of this
pronouncement comes word from Germany
that Count von Haeseler, lately
commander of tho sixteenth army
corps, has Issued a strong protest
against tho use of Intoxicants. He
sajs: "Tho soldier who obstnlns altogether
Is the best mnn. Ho can ac
complish more, march better and Is a
better soldier than tho man who drinks
even moderately. Mentally and
ho Is better."
FOR A PAIN In tho side or chest
there Is nothing better than a piece of
flannel dampened with Chamberlain's
Pain Balm and applied to tho seat of
pain. This samo treatment la a sure
cure for lame back. One appllcct'on
gives relief. Try It. All DeaJrn and
Druggists sell It. Benson, Smith & Co.,
Ltd., Agents for Hawaii.
For the Two
The quarterly nnj biennial meeting
of the trustees of the Queen's Hospital
wero held cstutddy moining In tho
offices of F. A, Schaefer & Co.
Tho report of J. F. Eckhardt, superintendent,
wns submitted for the two
yenis ending June 30, 1003, It wns In substance
The number of patients on June 30,
1901, wns GG: admitted during the 21
months, 1393. This makes a total of
1464 patients as against 1S35 for the
previous biennial period. Of this number
522 were Hnwnllans (309 males,
153 females) 232 Amci leans, 1G" Portuguese,
94 Porto Rtcans, 01 Germans, 47
English, 44 Japanese, 42 Norwegians,
32 Chinese, 17 Scotch, 114 Dinlsh,
South Sea Islanders, 7 West Indians, 13
Swedish, and the remainder scattering
among a large number of countries.
The number of deaths wns 02 In a
total of 14GI patients, giving a percent-
nKe of 52s per cent as against 9 3 pe
cent for the previous blennlnl term.
There have been Ol major nnd 128
minor operations nnd 12
Two hundred and thirty-seven Amer-
Cnn seamen, of whom 41 weie Hawaii
an born, hnve been admitted under nn
these. SI wero attended by the hospital
stnft and 87 by members of the honorary
The endowed beds have been occupied
ns follows: C. R. Bishop bed No.
1, by 20 patients, G70 days; same No. 2,
by IS, 721 days; same, No. 3, by 12, G12
dajs; same, No. 4, by 18, G39 diys;
A. A. Cnrnlot bed, by 10, 678 days, F
M. Irwin bed, by 20, 034 dnys;
bed, by 11, G29 days; T. R.
by 1, 730 days.
A communication was received from
Governor Dole announcing the appointment
of five trustees for tho government
Us follows: II. A. Iscnberg, F. J.
Lowrey, Geo. W. Smith, David Dayton
and W. II. Mclnerny. r. A. Schaefer
was also appointed a vice president by
A committee was appointed to amend
the by-laws to conform which chnnged
political conditions, chiefly In the title
of the ofllcers.
The trustees chosen by the corporation
to serve for tho next four years are
E D. Tenney, M, P. Robinson, Henry
Waterhouse, F. A. Sdiacfer and A. J.
The following quarterly report was
submitted by the physicians:
Tho number of patients nt present
111 the hospital Is 71; viz.: 36
(30 males, G fqmales), 1 Japanese
and 34 of other nationalities; 18 pacing.
Tho number of admissions was 201'
viz: 7G Hawallans (52 males, 21 females),
G Chinese, 2 Japanese and 120
of other nationalities.
Discharged 19S; viz.: 70 Hnwnllans
(4S males, 22 females), 6 Chinese, .1
Jnpanesc and 119 of other nationalities.
Died, 7; viz.: 2 Hawallans (1 main,
1 female), 1 Chinese and 4 of other
The causes of death wero: Chronic
nephritis, 1; enteritis, 1; hemorrhage
after coollotomy, 1; hemorrhage, 1
shock resulting from railroad In-
Juries, 1; valvular heart disease, 2.
Of these, 1 died within 6 hours and
1 vvlthln 16 hours of admission.
The highest number of patients was
82, lowest 53, dally average 70. Number
of prescriptions, CIS.
The 204 patients ndmltted may bo
divided as follows: Free patients 115,
viz : Hawallans G6, foreigners 41, Endowed
beds occupied by 8; by patients,
93; viz.: Private 22; Ward 24,
U. S. seamen, 43.
Tho total number of patients has
been 410; viz.: April 128, May 140,
June 142; the number ot hospital days
has been 6,267; viz.: April 2,035, May
2,073, June 2,109.
There have been 13 major nnd 23
minor operations and 1 post-mortem
Twenty-four patients wero refused
admission; of these two were sept to
It Is getting towards time when the
henlth authorities must tnke up the
question of city burials nnd settle It,
The need has long been apparent.
Nearly four years ngo tho Hoard Issued
nn order closing the city cemeteries' to
new business thnt Is to soy to the
burial In them of any but lot-owner
and their families who had acquired
their rights before the order wns Issued.
However, little attention Wins
paid to this decree, burials went an
Indiscriminately and Interest In tho
matter died out, as It had a few yenro
previously, when It was proposed to
substitute a burial ground on Punch
bowl for those In the settled districts
of the town.
It Is only a few months ago that
tho mnttcr ciimo up again. Another
order was Issued and then, at the demand
of people Interested In the pres
ent cemeteries, It wns rescinded. What
wns tho result? What but a postponement
of the Inevitable, tho taking ot
further publlo risks, the deprivation
of the coming dend of prlvncy In their
own graves? ,
Meanwhile deaths havo gone on la
Honolulu nt the rate of from .fifty to
eighty reglsteied ones per month and
most ot tho bodies nre,belng put In
cemeteries already full. Now In digging
graves three burial places are
sometimes exposed to make one, letting
loose no one knows how many
germs of disease on the community.
In plnces the soil Is packed with bodies,
somo of them In water which dralnt
upon land nearer the sea where people
live nnd where vegetables are grown.
Of couiso tho more bodies, tho more
danger, and It Is plain that sooner 01
later this cemetery and other burial
grounds must be closed ns a measure
of sanitnry Importance. Why not
do It sooner inther than Intel? Why
wait until some cineigeiicy demands
stimmnry action? 1
Is there no suitnblc site on government
land for new cemeteries which
will be within reach of the electric car
and yet not In the wny of progress?
The ofllcers at the Navnl Station mar
well tiiku ,1 tumble to theinselvca or a
tumble will bo taken for them.
ot the Islands nro not disposed
to stand much mnro monkey-business
In this line. Independent.
Why ot couise. If ofllcers ot the
United States navy do not heed the
orders they get from "cltbens" of the
Teirltory they mny bo dishonorahty
dlscharged per direction nt the Home
Rule pnrty. It's a simple case ot superior
ntithoilty. But where Is the
native statesman who proposed to have
the Legislature abolish the United
Stntes quarantine laws? He also
ought to unllmber.
And now tho Chinese nre "Insulting
Rusfiinn otnclnis In Manchuria." Thlr
will, of course, require the Introduction
of more troops nnd the building of
more fortifications. It never takoi
the Russians long to invent nn excuse
for staying In a place they don't want
When Shamrock I. raced, she won
the first day's light wind match ana
everybody thought the cup would be
hers. Hut things wero so different
the next morning. If this Is an omen
let bettors mnko the most of It.
Tho nntlvo, however, does not relish
work oj the ronds any more than any
ether popIe. Independent.
Then why does ho demand a monopoly
of it" .
When tho electrical Inspector wa
k glslnted out of office It was predicted
that tho neglect nf wires would brlnr
death to somebody.
Gaffney Going Away,
Jnpancse Interpreter Gaffney, who
has been connected with the United
States Immigration station for several
years, leaves soon for Puget Sound.
Ho has been transferred to that district.
Friends of Mr. Gaffnoy Including
Japanese aro o give him a farewell
banquet Saturday evening.
Knlllil detention camp, 8 wero suffering
from tuberculosis, 3 from other
lucurnblo diseases, and 11 were not
proper hospital cases; 8 patients, after
receiving treatment, did not remain lc
C. B. WOOD, M.D.,
CHAS. B. COOPER. M. D
W. II. MAYS, M. D.
E. C. WATERHOUSE, M.D.
Tho ofllcers elected were Henry
Waterhouse, treasurer, M, P. Robinson,
nudltor, and a, W. Smith, secretarf
Tho election of physicians was postponed
to a special meeting to be held
Consideration ot the proposal to build
a new wing for the hospital will als
be acted upon at a special meeting
The current expenses for the blennhl
period amounted to (78,308.33 and the
payments by patients to $28,044.75 for
tho same period.