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IA8S00IATKD PBEBB CABLEGRAMS.)
SHANGHAI, Aug. 19. The Russian cruiser Askold will be
allowed to remain in this port until the 23d of the month when a
lay's notice will be given her to either leave or disarm. The Chi-
inese squadron is expected here to enforce the decree of the Gov
ST. PETERSBURG, Aug. 19. It is understood that .Russia
will recognize the American and British differentiation between
conditional and absolute contraband.
WASHINGTON, D. C, Aug. 18. Japan has notified the powers
that she will not surrender the Russian destroyer Ricsitilini
which was seized in the harbor of Chefoo by the Japanese forces,
.after she had taken refuge in-that neutral port.
SHANGHAI, Aug. 18. It is reported that the Japanese fleet
is coming to this port to seize the Russian warships Askold and
The situation is acute. The consuls are determined to
-preserve the neutrality of the port of Shanghai.
1 ST. PETERSBURG, Aug. 18. Every officer aboard the cruiser
; Posbia the Gromoboi was killed or wounded in the engagement with
-Admiral Kamimura's fleet August 14th. Both of the Russian
els were riddled and the guns and engines partially dismantled
Washington, 10:25 a. m., August 18, 1904.
Received at the Consulate at 8 120 a. m.
The Commander of the Port Arthur besieging army reports
that on the 16th of August he sent to the enemy's outposts a
entaire "bearing the communication embodying His Imperial Japanese
Majesty's august wishes for the relief of the non-combatants
"in Port Arthur and also a letter advising surrender. These docu
ments were handed to the Chief Staff of Garrison and on the 17th
the enemy's parlementaire came with the reply to the above, refusing
TOKIOfAug. 17. A demand has been made for the surrender
-of the Port Arthur garrison. It was delivered yesterday and anMll','''lcmifcett3 st,lte Kepubiican
j I j tu t j rr t ventloiis of 1871, 1877, 1882 and
.nn'swpr i: pvnpctpn tnnav. The Iannnp rnmmanrier nffprpcl tn . . : .
xelease all non-combatants.
THE DIANA AND PALLADA.
ST. PETERSBURG Aug. 17. It is reported that the Diana
and Pallada have arrived at Vladivostok.
CHINA MAKING READY.
PEKING, Aug. 17. The railways have been asked if they are
able to transport 40,000 troops to Shanghaikwan.
f Shanghaikwan is an important strategic port on the Gulf of
1 Pechili. The place is on the railway leading from Peking, via
l Tientsin, to Sinuintun, west of Mukden, and to Yinkow, the latter
It place being in the possession of the Japanese, From Peki to
anangnaikwan is a distance 01 aoont 150 nines, wnue irom
to Mukden it is about 200 miles. The railway stretches
north to Sinuintun near which a Japanese force is now said to be
operating, and should the Chinese assist in the war they could be
hurried north from Shanghaikwan very rapidly.
NOVIK AGAIN SEEN.
YOKOHAMA, Aug. 17. The Novik has again been sighted
in Vandieman Strait.
TOKIO, Aug. 18. Port Arthur has refused the summons to
surrender and will not release non-combatants.
CHEFOO, Aug. 18. Port Arthur is being subjected to a
tremendous bombardment from the Japanese siege batteries. The
shells have demolished many buildings and started conflagrations.
Hospitals are crowded.
FUTURE OF THE ASKOLD.
SHANGHAI, Aug. 18. The arrival of the Japanese squadron
is expected to compel the dismantling of the Russian cruiser Askold.
ROSSIA AND GROMOBOI SAFE.
VLADIVOSTOK, Aug. 18. The cruisers Rossia and Gromo
boi have arrived here.
A POINT OF VANTAGE.
MUKDEN, Aug. 18. The Japanese have occupied Tsian Hill
on the extreme Russian left,
KUROKI'S FLANK MOVEMENT,
1IIAOYANG, Aug, 18. A Japanese flanklnR movement Is tic
veloping eiisi of and parallel with the rnilroml,
KNIOHTS OF PYTHIAS,
1 OUIRVU.MC Auff iq C It Rluvrly uf JmlUnj m bi'Fii
bMfii Hiii'ivine Lhiuf IIj uf Hit? Knight uf I'yililtu
H. M. WHITNEY.
SENATOR GEORGE F. HOAR
DYING IN MASSACHUSETTS
WORCESTER, Mass., Aug. 18. Senator Hoar is dying.
George Frlsble Hoar, the veteran Republican
Senator from Massachusetts,
has seen seventy-eight winters since
he was born at Goncord, Mass., -where
he received his early schooling. He Is
a eraduate ot Harvard. He settled In
Worcester after being- admitted -to the-bar
and as far back as 1S00 one finds
him listed as city solicitor. He was
elected Representative to the
F01 Forty-third, and
Forty-fourth Congresses;- declined a
1 enomlnation for Representative In the
CotiKress; was an overseer
ot Har.vurd College, 1874-1880; declined
but wns re-elected In 1896;
Is niesltlent of the Association of the
Alumni of Harvaid; presided over the
was a delegate to the Republican national
conventions! of 1S76 at Cincin
nati, and of 1SS0, 1884, and 1888, at Chicago,
presiding over the convention ot
1SS0; was chairman of the Massachusetts
delegation In 1880, 1884, and 1888;
was ore "f the managers on the part
o tne House of Representatives of the
Belknap impeachment trial in 1876;
wns a member of the Electoral Commission
in 1876; was iegent of the
Smithsonian Institution In 18S0; has
been president and Is now
TmKf iWml, ' J
1 t t 9mm&mmXt CmFx
$- if JE
torlcal Society, of the American Hlsto
Hcnl Society, the
hoclety, the Virginia Historical Society,
and corresponding member of the
Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences;
Is a trustee or the Pcabody
fund: Imh recehed the deirrno nr ilnntnr
Amarlnnn AnltnHnJm. 0 i , m ... ... - -
". .vii.iiiuuutt ou. j ui iiiwh iro n wiiiiinn ntn Mnrv Am.
clet, president ot the American herst, Yale and Harvard colleges; was
rlcal Association, president board of elected to the United States Senate, to
trustees of Clark University, 1900, succeed George S. Houtwetl, took his
ire ui me inuse,um ot seat March E, 1877, and wns re-elected
ology, trustee of 'Leicester Academy; In 1883, 18S9, and 1S95. He Is chairman
is a member ot the Massachusetts His- of the Committee on Judlclnry.
CITY OF ASUCNION
CAPITAL OF PARAGUAY
BOMBARDED BY REBELS
(ABSOOIATED PBEBB OABLEQHAMB.)
ASUNCION, Paraguay, Aug. 19. The insurgents bombarded
this city for forty minutes yesterday. A truce was then granted to
permit tne women and children to leave. The Government has 5000
troops in the defences.
The city of Asuncion is the capital of Paraguay and is situated
on the cast bank of the river Paraguay, O45 miles north of Buenos
Ayres. The place has a population of over twenty-five thousand.
Its houses are built mostly of brick, high.
DEATH OF THE WIFE
OF CHIEF JUSTICE
WASHINGTON, Aur. i0 The wife of Chief JiuUce Fuller of
im wniicii otitic niiprcmo uourt tt dam,
Alii, 'Miry U. l'ullor, wlfu uf fliui Jn.ikr NILi. ,. mu
yltMUtafiu lu WitlijitgHiii Q a iiwIkI MiW. Mtw w ittP
ulU'vi M'i.Mul wlfu mI w a i)tmilHr WtllUw I' ftttlbiuyfc
hi iiUtiii Mr Mini Mi. hilUi . ititriiH in itt. iliwiiiy Ju
ll'IH liitfl I'i. t h I I t'lik v. .l . Mll j rt hi ' I !.,
fy 4 j JJlf
wrss&iZmfm B m V
?-i VOL. XXXIX, NO. 67, HONOLULU, H. T., FRIDAY, AUGUST 19, 1904 SEMI-WEEKLY. WHOLE No. 2617.
CRUISER ASKOLD MUST
LEAVE SHANGHAI SOON
r L Three Chinese Warships to Enforce
H. M. WHITNEY
POUNDER OF THIS
PAPER IS DEAD
The Useful and Honorable Career of the Nestor
of the Hawaiian Press Island Boy Who
Became a Distinguished Man.
(From Thursday's Advertiser.)
Henry M. Whitney, founder of the
Aderttser and one of the best known
of the older roidents of Hawaii, died
suddenly at elcen o'clock yesterday
morning at his home on Piikoi street,
near King. The cause, of his death was
heart failure. Although eighty jcars of
age Mr. Whitney was rohust and active
up to withm a few hours of his end.
No doctor attended him until yesterday.
The funeral will take place from the
Whitney residence on Piikoi street at
3:30 o'clock tins afternoon, the Rev
H. H. Panccr, of Kawaiahao church,
officiating. Interment will he in
' The surviving children arc II. M.
, uiutiicy, jr., and .Mrs. H. W. Kellcy
of Honolulu, and Mrs. W. W. Goodalc
of Waialna. A son was murdered in
Idaho several jcars ago and another
had a fatal fall from a horse.
HORN IN IIAWAIL
Henry M. Whitney was the sou of the
Rev. Samuel Whitney, a teacher and
mechanic of New IIaen, Conn,, who
was a member of the pioneer company
of missionaries that arrived in Honolulu
on the briu Thaddeus in 1820. Tln
Kev. bamuel Wlutncv died at Lahaina-
luna, Dec. i";. .1845. His mother, Mercy
wiutney, who lived lor
years in Hawaii, died at Waimca,
Kauai, Dec. 26, 1872. Mr. Whitney
was one of four children. His sister,
Maria Poguc.the first white girl born
in the Hawaiian Islands, died at the age
of seventy-nine at Santa Clara, Cal.,
April 20, 1904. He left one surviving
uroincr, oamuci wiutney, wno lives in
Mr. Whitney was horn at Waimea.
Kauai, on June 5, 1824, four years after
tue arrival ot ins parents in these islands.
He left Hawaii" when a very
young lad to secure an education in the
States. Going to the home of relatives
in New E11gl.mil lie secured an education
and at an early age leared the
He was a young foreman in the printing
house of Harper & llros. in New
York, when" his thoughts first ag.mi
turned to his birthplace in Hawaii,
He served the Harper's two cars
and the publication office of the
liible Society two years. Then the
opportunity arrived to return here,
lie journeyed to San Francisco bv wav
of the Isthmus of Panama and at San
Francisco met Dr. Judd who was then
travelling abroad with the two young
princes who later became the kings
IV. and Kaiuehamclia V. Dr.
Judd wantul a practical man to take
charge of the Pol)iicsian. the government's
paper. He told Whitney that
they had had several editors who had
thrown up their jobs and cleared out
to California, joining the rush to the
newly found goldfields. The young
man agreed to take hold and came to
Honolulu. The work on the Polynesian
vyas not uncongenial to wiutney, but
like most Americans then resident in
the islands, he was irritated by the
government's policy. The whalemen desired
an American paper and the white
residents wanted one which was not run
ny autnonty. Whitney gave such a
paper to them, calling it the Pacific
Commercial Advertiser. He got from
New York a Washington hand press,
(still in the Gazette office) which had a
capacity of only 600 papers an hour, and
this had to he propelled by hand novvcr.
1 lie tirst number oi the paper was a
little four page, five-column sheet. It
was a weekly. Among Mr. Whitney's
first employees were the late James
Auld the late Alexander Bolster, and
Henry Smith, the present clerk of the
judiciary, who learned the printing trade
and was a compositor for Whitney. The
paper Had not been established two
the, outcome of the Civil War In the
United States and Mr. Whitney at once
announced himself a,s in favor of Lincoln
s policy against the Confederacy.
I he American lmn ..
southerner, a Judge llordcn, and one day
he visited Mr. Whitney's office and demanded
that he stop publishing editorials
in support of the Union. Mr. Whitney
told the minister that he did not
propose to he dictated to hy anyone, at
which the minister became very angry.
Borden drew a long Whitney
jumped to his feet, sciml a chair
and pushed Borden against the wall with
it. At the noise nl cniill T, ,,!,.
Austin, who had offices below, rushed
to Mr. Whitney's aid and disarmed
Borden. a Brcat crowd collected
around the office when nnv nf i,
affair got on the street, hut Borden was
allowed to depart unmolested, although
there were threats of doing him violence
for the paper was always popular on the
streets of the town and among the
Yankee whalers Mr. Borden was distinctly
unpopular. The American government
STORIFS OF EARLY HONOLULU.
"It is just fifty years since the writer
arrived here from San Francisco "
wrote .vir. Whitney on Jan. 1, 1000. "m
company with Gorham D. Gilman, of
Boston, Dr. Robinson. George Hardy of
Hawaii, and several other fellow passengers.
As we had left that port with
a forest of shipping in the bay, all were
surprised to find another similar forest
here comprising the large fleet of
vvhalcships, which at that time found
the Arctic and Okhotsk seas nearly as
profitable as were the gold placers of
California. , There were not far from
200 ships in the Pacific whaling flccf
........ .hi ui wmcii made the harbors of
Honolulu, Hilo and Lanaina their recruiting
stations. Honolulu harbor has
never since held so many ships as it
did 111 those prosperous years, and at
one time over one hundred vessels were
m port, packed as closely together as
was possible. It was difficult even for
boats to steer among the fleet, or at
night to find the vessels that they belonged
ORIGIN OF THE ADVERTISER.
, Concerning the origin of the Advertiser,
Mr. Whitney wrote three years
ago: 'In 1S50 tl.n nl :
owned hy the government was the
principal paper here, though there vycrc
umer Miian weeKiy and monthly
papers issued, the onlv one among them
that has survived to this date being
Ihe I'riend. which is really the oldest
publication here. Early in the fifties
the writer of this article was strongly
urged to publish an independent paper,
free from government control, This
finally resulted in the establishment of
uie iacuic commercial Advertiser;
named after the well known New York-Advertiser,
with which the writer had
been connected. The first number was
issued July 2, 1856, from new types,
new press, a new building and in short
everything new from the ground floor
iu uie rmge beam. And the paper has
been regularly nrhitccl from time to
tune until now iu its forty-fifth year.
It is not claiming to much that it has
been a credit to Hawaii and throughout
its long career a powerful agent in laying
the foundation stone in this country
s prosperity and happy union with
the Great Republic.
"Before closing it may not he out of
iucc 10 mention one ot the pleasant
incidents that have occurred during this
paper's prosperous life. It was in the
early sixties, when a stranger entered
its sanctum, and introduced himself as
the correspondent of a California paper
the Sacramento Union perhaps and
offered to assist in newspaper work, if
agreeable. Having then one good as-
months before the young publisher had sjstant Nat Ingalls who was a very
fought and won, out of court, his first ,c,.cvcr"..r.,,cr no opening offered for
l!l.i . . 1 r r ... .... I III til 1,11 ... n.nn. !n.,l :!. l 1
libel suit, iu which R. C. Wylie. Minis
ter of the Interior, was the complainant.
.ir. wiutney sold the Advertiser in
1870 to Black & AuU. hut took charge
of it again in 1878 and did not finally
give up his connection with it until 1800,
Iu 18W he took the editorship of the
Planters' Monthly anil conducted that
journal until April nf last year,
lie imported tne nrst power press to
Miiwiiii, an mums, iinngiiig 11 across
The old tune vignette nf Honolulu,
primed on ilic title pngc nf the
vvn frinii n ikrlcli made in
H hy Mr Whitney. Ho iki tclivil
lhi nlnlo cIiiikIiik Iu lite nwlli'j(ii u(
, Mr NVWiiwr'i wr wlior at ilw
AtlmiUvr In w vtrh itn j 4i
lintM .(iiltr in 11 1..,, , Winn , ,itt. t.
iu lla uj uJ i - 1 1I1. UI u
miMiriii Imlliliiitf imm WiUlil nf ilw
11 ilumi lilti 41U 1 flili tt.lUjiu
n ., ,, , , !i. VU, (1) ImI .
. 1 I . 1 1 ll 1
w.m, .,,, wii.iaiWII.II jimc li;iyCtl OH
an iiiisusncctimr victim, and n n ;i.-.
of news, made the stranger's visits very
welcome, and showed that he had a
fund of humor ready for any occasion.
Jle was not only an inveterate joker but
also smoker, at least one box of cigars
disappearing every week, on an average,
lie made himself perfectly at home in
my office, hut would seldom leave with-
out a parting joke. 1 became quite
in the stranger, who proved to be
Mark I wain, a nom tie plume then
hardly known hejoud Ihe borders of
lie vns Just cmimiciicIiik
III llmrary carter
A MAN 01' AI'i'AIKS,
Wliil Mr wi In charm' of
ilw titittrniiiiiii iirimliiH hhiK uh hi
Mr.i muni lUwii' 'if muJMluok l(n
iltluliinriil ,,( ihr lUnolJan )utH
11 mi ami II uj. nihil r hT rtwUil iHtl
1 1.. m.i p. .(..(, .iiMu m imiimI
Mt Hhui vmi ih nil) Piwiiim.Ih
1 '( ni 'i 11 -hi h ium nA iiiiii
1 I I! 111 l4lHM. ll I. .11,. I )
II WKDI'ii.tt ul '4u I I