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RUMORS OF OFFICIAL
Has" there been a- graft on the Alameda?
Thnt Is the question that Is
waterfront men and others Just I
now In view of rumors of all kinds of i
trouble on tho favorite liner. Yesterday
and for several days past thcro
wns much gossip around town on the
subject and It was currently reported
that there would be a wholesale sweep I I
of tho petty officers of the vessel.
None of the rumors Involved tho navigating
officers or any of the higher officers
of the steamer. Inquiry at the
local office of the Oceanlo Steamship
Company elicited little Information. It
was calmly stated that no hint of any
trouble had reached the local office.
Such matters were generally attended
to by the head office In Ban Francisco
and the local office would not be likely
to be notified. At any rate nothing
Dad been heard. Officers frequently
retired, several had gone Into business
or professional life here and at least
CITIZENS SIGNED BOTH
PETITION AND PROTEST
A case where a dozen residents of a
district signed a petition of a prospective
saloonkeeper for the establishment
of a saloon and also attached their
names to a protest to the treasurer to
prevent a license being Issued, Is a
novelty which came to the attention
yesterday of Attorney Dreckons, Marshal '
Hendry and J. R. Gait, sitting as
a. board of arbitration. I
Tho new law on tho territory's statute
books gives the privilege to the residents
of n district of protesting against
the Issuance of a proposed license. If
a majority signs th0 protest, tho treasurer
Is to take cognizance of the fact.
The law also empowers the organiza
Acting-Governor Atkinson held a
hearing on tho subject of the proposed
HUo Forest lteservo yesterday afternoon
nt the office ot tho Board of
Commissioners of Agriculture and Forestry.
Among those present were
President Thurston nnd CommIsIoner
llollowny, representing tho board, Land
Commissioner Pratt, Jnred G. Smith,
in charge of the Federal Experiment
Station, and F. S. Dodge, representing
the BIMiop estate.
ThTO was no one present vho opposed I
tho proposition. Mr. Dodge
slated thnt tho Bishop estate was
strongly In favor of the proposed reserve
nnd had Itself reserved tho forest's
on Its property, not only within
tho proposed reserve, but further down
Land Commissioner Pratt stated that
ho did not have detailed enough knowledge
of the land to be thoroughly
satisfied that the line was properly located
on the lower side, but ns tho luw
now stood It would permit tho taking
out for homestcndlng purposes of land
included In tho proposed reserve on a
hearing by tho governor. He did not
enter nnj protest against the propocd
Th3 total area of tho proposed
U 110,000 acres. Of this approximately
one-third Is government land
nnd the other two-thirds private lands.
The government lands, which can now.
Mrs. Campbell-Parker has purchased
the Schmidt property on Pensacola
street, paying in the neighborhood of
JU.000 cash. Thero was also a
nn the nlaee. but the whole in
debtedness was taken up. The prop-
erty is quite extensive rand Is among
the One pieces along the street. ."he
residence on the premises Is quite large
and 'comfortable and standing on an
eminence commands a view of the city
from Diamond Head to Kakaako,
Pictures of Miss Alice "Roosevelt taken
during her visit to the Pall and her
canoeing rides at Walklkl beach were
iorwnrded yesterday to , President
It is safe to say, also, that enough
correspondence on the visit of the Taf t
party to Honolulu went forward on
the Alameda yesterday to flood the
country with the name of Hawaii. The
pictures that were taken nre to appear
In Collier's, Harper's, Leslie's and any
number ot newspapers all over the
eountry. Many articles were for large
syndicates ot newspapers.
M. 8. Dollar states that he will put
one of his boats In the trade between
Hawaii and the mainland regularly
for a time. She will carry Japanese
from this and 'other islands.
HAWAIIAN GAZETTE, TOMMY, 'libY
one was to retire soon, but as far as
known there was no trouble.
The rumors that have been going the
rounds are various. One states that
passengers have been carried for whom
tho company received no passage
'money. It was stated thit people had
virtually stowed awny and had been
shielded by employees on the ship and
tho purser and other officers hoodwinked.
Another rumor was to tho effect
that merchandise had been brought
down by members of the ship's
on which no freight was paid,
the local merchants losing considerable
trade through tho purchase of these
goods In San Francisco. One merchant
.stated last night that he did not un-
that this was the case, however.
He thought that freight was
Iderstand of the members of the
ship's company merely accommodating
frionila In Honolulu bv maklntr pur
chases In Snn Franclscofl something
that they could legitimately do.
The Advertiser does not feel at liberty
to publish various rather specific
charges affecting 'Individuals.
tion of a tribunal to arbitrate and the
decision of this body Is final.
When the two cases came up before
the Board the signed statements were
prescntedand there were representatives
of the license applicants present. Tho
applicants reside In Hawaii. In one
district for which a license Is asked
there are 107 citizens and of these ET
had signed the protest When the
Hon was taken up It was found that
a whole dozen of the names of signers
of the protest were also on the petition.
That practically nullified the
protest, viewed In one way.
An Investigation will be made in tho
district where the petition for the license!
originated to determine which
document was first signed.
under the law, be definitely set apart
as forest reservations, nro the forest
portions of the land of Ilonomu and
those back ot Lnup.ihochoe plantation,
known as the Papaaloa forest. Those
make a total now reserved of 12,771
The other government lands within
tho leservntion boundaries nro yet
Negotiations will be opened with stho
lessees to get them to release for for
estry purposes the port.ons of their
leases lying within tho reserve.
Negotiations will also be taken up
'with private owners and their
ntlon will be sought In making the
area a forest reserve. Tho Bishop
'ctate has nlready Intimated that it
would co-operate with tho government
by setting npnrt nil Us lands within
tho area named, for forestry purposes.
The foiestry law provides that all
private owneis who shall pet apart
lands for forestry purposes which may
bo approved by tho Board of Agriculture
nnd Forestry and the governor
shall be exempted from tnxntloh so
long as they are used for forestry purposes.
At the conclusion of tho meeting
Governor Atkinson announced that ho
appioed of the boundaries proposed ns
a whole and that he would set npart
ull tho government lnnds lying (w!thln
the leserve, which nre. under the control
of the government.
A Lasting Effect.
This Evidence Should Prove Every
Claim Made for Doan'a Backache
Kidney Pills in Honolulu.
Relief from the pains and aches of a
bad back Is always welcome to every
backache sufferer; but to cure a lame,
weak or aching back is what's wanted.
Cure it so It will stay cured. It can
be done. Here's the strongest evidence
to prove It: v
James E. Howard, a resident of Honolulu,
writes: "I feel It Incumbent
upon me to Inform you of the benefit
I have derived from the use ot Doan's
Backache Kidney Pills. I had been a
sufferer from backache and kidney
trouble for years, but after using a
few boxes ot Doan's Pills, have found
great relief and have had no recurrence
for at least six months. I am
seventy-two years old, having served
three years during the late Civil War
in tho United States where I undoubtedly
contracted the kidney disease by
exposure and hardships. I feel very
grateful for the relief I have received,
for I had previously tried various remedies
without success. Tou may use
this statement for publication as you
Doan's Backache Kidney Fills are
for sale by all dealers. Price fifty
cents per box, or sent by mall on receipt
of price by the Holllster Drug
Co., Honolulu, wholesale agents for the
Hawaiian Islands. Remember the
name Doan's, and take no other.
(Dy Sol N. Fher'dan)
The four hersts Ihut pulL the t. g'
from llonuapo, on the Knu c nst to '
Finals, nra so much better than they
look that It is really surprlilng when
they wpring awny ot a lively gait over
the dreuy uplands that lie b'twten ti e
cane tlelus uf Hutchinson und the sea.
It Is a wonder to me that somebody
has not, before now, suggested the
planting of the nlgaroba on that K.iu
desert If that waste of lava rock and
sand Is the Krtu desert. It Is soma
do'ert, anyhow, and the more desolate
because of the cane that gleams on the
highlands above It, and tho bluo rea
that sparkles In tho sunshlno lower
It Is a long, steady pull, uphill all the
way to Pahnla, yet the horses do not
seem to tire, and there Is the singing
ot tho trade wind In our faces as we
go, making the ride very pleamnt In,
the early morning. And, nt Fahala,
thero Is a change of horses and a
breakfast at tho Pako restaurant, ham
and eggs nnd coffee rathir
a wblte man lias any rignt to expect
so close to the coffee country. The one
ovll thing on the Mauna Loa had b?on
th rtnfTon wlitnli l'na nn nfffAieA rtnlv
to be condoned by the fact that she '
Is the Kona Koila grows tho
beH coffee In tho world.
Have you ever observed thnt peop'o
use beet sugar In Hawaii, and that
they do not know what navel
oranges are, by taste. In Los Angeles?
The principle Is the same. And tho
good coffeo nt the Pake1 place in Pahala
was therefore the more surprising.
OVCIt THE UPLANDS.
Tho new team wo found at Pahala
was mules, nil but one, and she was
an old gray mare of the kind that
mules delight to honor. And after wo
had got the new lot we did go galloping
over the uplands, climbing and
climbing the long slopes of Mauna
Loa, tho mountain. It is a good road,
In the main, although there are one or
two places In It that will be the better
for rolling, but It Is long. All day
we wound upward, higher and higher
through a dense forest of lehua trees
at last, across and 'across broad fields
of a-a, whero the rond had been literally
blasted out of the rough lava, and
down by old flows of the satiny
Tho thoughtful steward of the Mauna
EXTINCT CONES ON THE FLOOR OP THE MAUI CRATER .
L0.1 had put us up a luncheon before
leaving the stenmer, nnd if It had not
been for that I think I would have
starved to death on the road. For
there was no stopping place, whero a
human being might be fed, nfter we
had passed Pahala, nnd tho breakfast
nt tho Pake place hud been
of tho steamship brenkfnst.
... .. t i..i 1 ,..
i ... . V . ,' ""
.,uu ,B u.. ..UI. u.m imu
been rewarded by the good coffee as
lte.il hunger enmo Inter, far up In tho
Mauna Loa forest?, nnd then the lunch
saved my life. Still, until lunch time
nnd long nfter the roud wound up-
wnid, and yet higher upward. The
forests grow denser, nnd there were
occasional koa trees among the lehuns.
Also, when wo had crossed tho llrst
gieat How; of rough lava, I saw some
of the little red ohelo beiries the
rond, and Jumped down from the box
to gather these. BecnUse. they were
the first sign that the stage was nor-
lng tho Volcano, I suppose thnt ohelo
beiries grow otherwhere but they
graphed by amateurs and artists. And
1U '" "cro In Ita majestic grandeur
mm ucjicb .uiuulibis anu laymen, amateurs
and artisfs alike. For no human
being can describe Kllauei. The s'ght
is an emotion and emotions do not
lend themselves to description. Neither
does any picture that I have ever seen
do 'Justice to tho volcano.
A SEA OF AN ASPHALT
I do not know how KUauea originated.
And, If I did know, I would not
undertake to tell you. Because the
chances are that you would not
me, if you hal seen the crater and
had a theory of your own and If you
have never seen it, you could not believe.
As It seemed to me and It Is all In
the personal equation KUauea Is Just
a great ragged hole In the side of Mauna
Loa. It Is, niuybe, a thousand feet
deep In pome parts, but of very much
less depth than that as to the walls
that shut It In on the lower side of
the mountain slope. Directly across
from the Volcano House, the walls fall
away almost to nothing. In one place
there U Just a gentle slope leading up
to a long, level plain covered' with
ashes and sprinkled with rocks that
hnve been ejected fiom tho crater In
It Is entirely losslble that this ragged
hole was blown out by some terrific
explosion within the body of the
mountain. It is also entirely poislblo
muii ma inva now uurned Its way
through tho hill and found nn outlet
wUhout violence. I do not know. But
lt look8 vlolcnt The crater pnyway
is. something over three miles across,
and over nil the lloor of It is a black
lava How, both the lough nnd the
smooth kinds, which I have heaid
compared, poetically, to a sea of stone
frozen Into silence, but which looks to
m0 a good deal more like a gigantic
asphalt pavement that hns bsen heated
In the sun and that has run In waves
overlapping each other, ns asphalt will
when molten. And has then cooled. I
could think ot nothing fo much In
seeing it, as a bit of asphalt pavement
I saw once In the city of Washington
put down before Boss Shepherd learned
how, nnd' consequently put down crude-
nnd.ly. The pahoehoe lies exactly like that
and thq a-a stretches might be where
auine glum uei'si nau sieppeu in tne
molten stuff and' had let lt dilp from its
THE PIT OF HALEMAUMAU.
The asphalt Is cool now but Jt is, not
a)l cool. Over toward the side farthest
from the Volcano House, there yawns
the Pit of Halemaumau. J saw lt,
first, in tho night time, with the fire
that is in it dtiectly beneath my feet.
Then, It was fearful, Tho flow of lava
that stretched acro's the floor ot the
Pit, red hot, although lt was more than
six hundred feet'stralght down, seemed
frightfully close, and there were
spouting up from a cone below me
gouts ot red hot lava thnt came out
with a beating of the sen. of Are beneath
that shook the whole floor of
the crater. This sea, liquid fire literally,
could be seen beating back and
forth under the black crust that had
formed on the floor of the Pit, a black
crust that was lined and seemed with
Jagged cracks through which the red
I saw It. for the second time, in the
broad light of day. And lt was scarcely
less fearful. I do not see' how any
human being can. sit on 'the edge of
seem to be associated peculiarly
particularly with the Volcano nfter you
have tasted of tho hospitality of
George Lycurgus and Madame Pele.
THE CRATER LIVES.
Tho llrst glimpse of the crater of
KUauea Is most inspiring. It lies out
thero In Its black bed of tumbled l.iva,
In a sea that Is turned to htonu, 11
yawning pit thnt seems to open Into
I vuiiuiuii:?a utiui. uu up irum lt
icurl?, now, a lazy wreath of smoke
jthat yet suggests wrath even In Its
sluggish motion. Thero is no steam
coming from Hnlemnumau, It is smoke,
nnd angry smoke But every crack 'in
tho plain that lies nbout the Volcano
Houso Is steaming, nnd thero is in the
nlr ns you drive along toward the hotel
on tho Knu road a smell of sulphur
that s suggestive of a great many
The crater of KUauea hns been
described again, and again, and again.
It has been written of in all languages,
by men of scientific mind who could
talk learnedly of geo'ogUal cau es and
effects, and by tho myre laity who
could only tell, in part, what they felt
upon seeing It, but whose telling was
therefore the more satisfactory, perhaps.
It has been painted and photo-
PIT OF HALEMAUMAU
lisssnsseBBSsssssslBeTlTOlBt' sjissOBnYiitfjfesjMn fflflHBSssssssM
LOOKING DOWN INTO THE PIT ON THE LEFT IS THE CONE
FROM WHICH THEvLAVA SPOUTS.
that Pit and not feel that, although it
is certainly a great effort for the accomplishment
of so little a thing, the
fires of Halemaumau were kindled
especially for his destruction. KUauea,
lt is true, is a very well behaved
crater. Nobody has ever been killed
there, at least within historic times.
But still, but still, a volcano Is a volcano,
and the forces of nature are
mercllo's. Nature, because she creates,
also destroys , without compunction,
nnd you nre a mighty email factor
In her economy. However, you are
Important to yourself, about tho most
Important thing there is and if you
are llks mo, you feel a certain hesitancy
In trusting yourself around
where there Is a volcano loose. Because,
If the crater were to begin to
net up, you could not do anything to
stop it. You hnve three mlloi of lava
between you and tho real earth, when
you stand on- the brink of tho Tit, nnd
you could not even get out of the way.
It would not do you any good to try.
THE PIT CHANGING.
And so, while you go nbout from tho
Pit to Pele's kitchen, and Little Beggar,
and visit the caves, and oven take
your heart into yoiirmouth and descend
Into these, hurrying over the hot
places and not loitering particularly
over the places that are less hot, and
while you are drawn back to tho brink
of tne Pit again and again to look at
tho Are, which fascinates you, there 1?
a sense of unsafety with it all, not
strong enough to make you wish' that
you had not come, but still evpr present.
Maybe lt adds the charm'' of the
needed spice of danger. -v
Tho lava in tho floor of tho main
crater Is seamed with large nnd small
cradks, and in places these have been
red hot since tho present season of
activity In tho Pit began. There seem,
Indeed, to be lines of heat that radiate
from the Pit across the lava bed, a
lino running toward tho summit of
Mauna Loa, another jn of
the line of craters that go down to tho
sea through Puna, another toward tho
smaller adjacent crater called
still another in a direction
Close to the Pit of Halemnumnu
which has been Increased In size appreciably
since the beginning of the
piesent outbreak, for tho walls having
broken down on every sldo save one,
there Is a scries of hot cracks that extend
nil around the Pit and at about
nn equal distance from it on all tides.
This lino of cleavage seems to maik
tho radius of tho underflow of lava, and
It would not be at all surprising if at
any moment there would be a cave In
all around the line' or If a surface flow
Lshould begin anywhere on tho line of
In fact, tho lava (Within this lino Is
nlready beginning to brenk down, as
though Its support was being withdrawn.
I visited the crater every day
during six days, and I noticed changes
from day to day In tho surface of tho
lava within this, heated line. It Is one
of the peculiarities of KUauea that
part of tho lava upon which the visitor
stands to watch the volcanic phenomena
one day should have vanished on
PIT FILLING UP.
There can be small doubt that the
Pit of Halemaumau Is filling vlth lava.
That Is a thing that has happened
to lt several times In the past
Of course, having seen the volcano
very little, I do not know enough nbout
lt "to venture a prediction as t,o what
Is likely to happen there, but lshould
soy, from present appearances and
from what has been told me by those
who have seen the crater at its best,
that it will bo bettor in a month from
now or, rather, more active, than It is
now. And that perhaps the old lake of
flie may come back again before the
year is out.
Seen in tho daytimo from tho brink
of the Pit, the manner of Its filling Is
very apparent. The lava Is flowing
from two cones, one on either side,
and from a place In thi wall perhaps a
hundred and fifty feet above tho flqor.
One of the cones, strangely enough,
seems to give out a dull, red, steady
How, while from the ether there comes
the peculiar beating that shakes the
crater, and with every beat gouts of
lava are thrown a hundred feet into the
air from the very apex of the cone. '
It Is the beating of tho lava in this
cone that gives the effect of the rea
of fire, a moaning as of sea waves
accompanying tho beating, but the
whola underflow of tho Pit seema
liquid, toof la lt possible that thpre are
two sources of lava supply in the Pit,
and that the flows come separately 7
Anything In geology Is when
a man knows so'llttle of it as I know.
The gouts of lava from -the spouting
cone, and the flows, are red . in the
tafttircM NriHK ft
Tlit underfeed lnvlnir bn p-
pointed KKtiiU nf thi. ihuu
Prepared to Insura risks sxaJast
i oiuin ana uricu liullOUngs as4
n Merehandlia stored therein on th
ot favorable term. For particulars
Pply at the office of
F. A. SCHAEFEH ft CO., AtA
NorthlGerman Marino Insur'oe Co.
Fortuna Qenoral Insurance Oo.
The above Insurance Companies havs
Mtabllsbed a general agency here, and
the undersigned, general agents, ara
luthortzed to take risks against ths
langers of thA .m ut t. ..
.Die rates and on the most favorabls
F, A. SCHAEFER & CO,
General Insuranoa Co. for So
River and Land Transport
Having established on agency at Honolulu
and tho TTntnnllon T1J .
underslened ronprni arrAnta - ..!.
Ued to take risks against the danger
- u oca, ui iue most reasonable rates
u on mo most ravorabletterms.
F. A. SCHAEFER & CC.
Agents for the Hawaiian Islands.
Xh Overland Route,
It was tho Route In '49!
It Is the Route today, and
Will bo lor all time to oome.
THE OLD WAY.
THE NEW WAY.
"THE OVIRUNO LIMITCO.'.'
RUNNING EVBRY DAY IN THE YEAR
Only Two Nights between Mlulourl and
Montgomery St- Sun Franolicn, Cut.
S. F. UOOTIl.
General A cent.
daytime when they first Issue from tho
cones, but cool and rapidly become
black on exposure to the air and the
lava spouted up falls back with a dull
plop, like mud. And, as the black
flows course across tho Pit, there is
formed a kind of .carpet in dull greys
and soft blacks and softer browns that
is most beautiful as its patterns
HOW TO SEE THE CRATER.
Of course, to see the crater properly,
you should make tho flrst trip to it on
horseback, and you should have a
guide. AleJr., who leads all parties
down from the Volcano House, Is full
of the lore of tho place. He has been
thero, lt seems, for a great number of
years, and hns seen Mndnmo Pele In
all her moods. Also, he is In love
with her and her house. He almost
lives in tho crater, literally. I believe.
In fact, that he would rather live (here.
And I know he has petitioned George
Lycurgus to let him down on a rope
to where the lava Is coming out on tho
floor of the Pit, and has been somewhat
hurt and indignant because
George wuld not do lt.
"I could go clown there," Alex paid
to me. In a. grieved tone. "I have asked
them to let me. Well, they would
not. What can I do?"
I know what I would do, under the
circumstances. It Is what Ale will
do, too, but "from different; motives. Because
George Lycurgus will not let him
After Alex has shown you nil that
there Is to see, in the way of show
places, the thing Is to go down' by
yourself, preferably on foot, although
you can take a horse anl leave lt at
the corral on the lava if you like, and
study the crater, watching the flow
and flndlng out the hot places in tho
rocks. You cannot get lost, because
thero nro trails everywhere that lt is
entirely safe to go. Then, when It
overcome? you, as It is certain to do in
a little whiio despite Its fascination, go
back to the Volcano House, take a
steam bath heated In the same lava
flow that you have been watching, and
n long rest before you do down again.
And thq second visit should be,
night. If the volcano Is going
too busy, the, flames in the Pit will
light the sky as .soon as (ho. sun goes
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make no mistake when you miy this
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will tell you the same thing. Sold
by all Dealers and Druggists. Benson. ,
Smith & Co., Ltd., ugentsfor .Hawaii.
V - y a. . A ...;.. I
!&?SSJtt "1Tf " ' jmaJIaKI