Newspaper Page Text
Aammm m j ) u iwj" '
Ti! i i "TiTjfcT .TTT". ' .irT P?"' ' ' " wl iiiarffiissri sp -'-: cw
"e1, e "-
HAWAIIAN GAZETTE, FRIDAY, AUGUST 2, 1907. SEMI-WEEKLY.
Entered af the Postoffice of Honolulu, H. T., Second-class Matter.
' Semi-Weekly Issued Tuesdays and Fridays.
WALTER G. SMITH, Editor.
Per Month t -25 Per Month, Foreign
Per Tear 3- Per Tear, Foreign
Payable Invariably in Advance.
CHAELES S. CRANE, Manager.
THE PRESSING QUESTIONS OF HAWAII.
Secretary Straus -will hear the main question in Hawaii described by one
party as labor and by the other as land. Both questions are so "important, that
lhey belong side by side; they are inter-related, and the proper settlement of
;he one can not cure the ills of Hawaii without the proper settlement of the
Apparently, the need of laborjin the caiys fields is being fairly well met.
There are thousands of laborers here, more are coming from Japan, and some are
being brought from Europe. Doubtless, with the full protection on the mainland
frontiers from contraband Japanese which is being organized, Hawaii's
Asiatic labor supply will increase rather than diminish. It is of first importance
that nothing shall happen to cut off the European labor supply and
that Congress shall amend the immigration law in our behalf.
It is pilikia with problem number two, the land question. Little has yet
been officially done to carry out the policy of President Boosevelt for the
development of Hawaii in the "traditional American way;" for getting
farmers on the land not needed for sugar, and to save Hawaii from the fate
described in the President's message to Congress a Territory in which "a
governing class of rich planters shall exist by means of coolie labor." The
fcubject is one which many approach with dread. This is a conservative 'place
and oldtimers naturally cling to the old order. Would the farmer, if he came,
draw on the planters' labor supply? If so, he must be kept out. Would he
create a demand for land so as to keep plantations from staying on the government
domain at a nominal price? If so, away with him. ITwo or three years
tgo the Hunker opposition here expressed itself in doubts that anything
salable always excepting sugar could be grown on this soil; but since then
the enormous development of the pineapple industry and the splendid prospects
of rubber, sisal and tobacco, have made crops for the farmer and driven the
opposition back to other arguments. The finishing blow to the one-crop idea
was given by the planter who testified before the tax commission not long
ago that pineapple land stood at a greater valuation than sugar land.
The simple, everyday truth of the situation is that sugar uses but 200,000
acres of land out of a total of about 4,250,000 acres, enough of which latter
is arable to support as many fanners as there are planters and field hands
combined; that the utilization of the surplus land by farmers would treble the
txport returns of Hawaii as well as steady the electorate and give deep rootage
to American ideas; that in such event Hawaii would keep its prosperity even
if, by the admission of Cuba to the Union and the passage of a Philippine
free trade bill, sugar should cease to yield a fair profit to local growers; that
American farmers, holding the land, would" simplify the question of defense
rnd. create taxable values by means of which there would be more schools,
ltetter roads, an increased population in towns, more villages, a greater commerce
and vastly more money in circulation.
That, in brief, is the argument for the American farmer in Hawaii. There
is land in plenty, there is a growing demand for its diversified crops, the
farmer is needed to save the Territory to American ideas. He means future
safety and prosperity. Without him the land must become entirely feudal and
un-American. . '
Secretary Straus will hear much to the contrary, but he will not be deceived
by it. He will see that there is a way to get over every obstacle so far
named and that, the President is right in saying that Hawaii can be reclaimed
and made typically as well as usefully American. Perhaps some help from
Congress may be needed, but there is nothing in the way that can not be
FARMING AND LAND AREAS.
If we get the thought of C. W. Brash, whose letter on Farming is printed
elsewhere, he has no faith in small tract agriculture here and thinks the only
solution of the problem to be the free allotment of farms in quarter-sections
of 160 acres. This plan, as we shall explain to Mr. Brash, was discusse'd in
Congress and rejected on what se'emed good grounds, namely, that there is not
enough arable land here to allow the individual farmer so large an area as
360 acres; that he does not need so much for his support and profit; and that,
in a broad, general view, it would be practicable here where there is no
winter and where something better than mainland staples may be raised, to
support a vastly larger population on the land than the mainland plan of
subdivision would permit. It is demonstrable that forty acres in pineapples
will yield more profit than ICO acres in anything on the mainland; so why
give four times that acreage to any one man and cut off the chance of getting
Congress eliminated the gift or pre-emption scheme altogether and, as we
believe, did so wisely. Such a measure would have brought here the speculative
farmer; the man who would simply take land to sell, after he had proved
up, to great corporate estates. If that has not usually been the case elsewhere,
it is because the great estates are not on hand to buy. Here they are always
ready, the more so because of the 1000-acre clause in the Organic Act. And
the temptation to sell at a good price, land that had cost nothing, would be
too great for the average pre-emptor.
Of course, if Mr. Brash refers to the garden-patch scheme used as a sop
to get European immigrants, we quite agree with his view that nothing valuable
to agriculture can come. An acre or so affords merely door-yard and hen
room; and even an acre can't be cared for by men who have toiled all day
in the sugar cane. There must be from twenty to forty acres according to
the crop raised and a farmer with no other' business to attend to them.
Now, is our rule likely to keep farmers from coming to Hawaii? It has
not worked that way in Southern California. -The greatest development there
came long after government land had withdrawn itself to the high hills and
the dry mesas. Farmers came to Southern California and are coming, from
the East and from Europe, to buy at a fair price a higher, average price, it
may be said, than is paid for land here under the auction system. We do
not doubt that, whenever the Territory gets ready to put large tracts of
susceptible land on the market, the same class of settlers will take it up.
And that is the class Hawaii wants. The Advertiser knows of no well-informed
sentiment in favor of opening the country to the long haired, unshaven,
farmer, with a dog, a large family and seventy dollars in cash.
America is full of well-to-do farming people, who drive good horses, have a
piano in the house for the girls, pay for a pew in church and give their
children a sound education. Tens of thousands of such farmers are the basis
of the agricultural prosperity of the Pacific slope; and the more of them
Hawaii can put on its pineapple, sisal, tobacco and rubber lands, the better
for the Territory and all its interests.
Senator Foraker's anti-Taft letter did not stem the Ohio tide and the big
Secretary of War got the indorsement of the Bepublican State f Committee.
The next fight will be to get a convention endorsement; but: with the influence
of the President exerted for Taft, it is fairly certain that Foraker
will be beaten all along the line and tha T?'t will have the solid' vote of
Ohio. Foraker is popular at home, as Boscoe Conkling used to be, but the
Bepublicanism of Ohio, like that of Xcw York, is too deeply and sincerely
felt to enable a leader who is fighting a Bepublican national administration
io get much of a following.
THE MELON FLY.
It is to be regretted that the committee in charge of the Planters' Experiment
Station could not see its way clear to grant the request of tne Board
of Agriculture and Forestry to give Entomologist Muir a leave of absence, in
order that he might go to India or China, on behalf of the Board, to seek the
natural enemies of the melon fly. Mr. Muir is in the Far East now, and. has
been for some time, searching for insects beneficial to sugar cane growing.
It was the thought of the Board of Agriculture that -while he was there, "not
tar from either India or China, if he could be given a leave of absence by the
planters, he could go to the original home of the melon fly, secure its parasites-and
-natural enemies, and send them here at comparatively small expense to
the Territory, and at a small loss of time but at no expense to the planters.
It is not so many years ago since muskmelons were abundant and cheap
in Hawaii, and of a quality excelling that of even the famous Eocky Ford
melon. Watermelons were raised with no difficulty. They were plenty, they
were cheap, and they were good. They are good now, but no longer cheap.
The American cucumber, erisper and superior in every way to the Chinese
variety, which is the sole representative of the species that can now be
brought to maturity, could be raised in any garden. The introduction of the
melon fly without its natural enemies, put an end to this. Muskmelons can
no longer be grown, no matter with what care they are attended. Watermelons
are raised under difficulties because of the melon fly, which makes
watermelon a luxury. And the ,housekeeper is forced to the necessity of
using the Chinese cucumber, because it alone, of cucumbers, can be raised.
The wh.ole experience of Hawaii indicates that the introduction of the
natural enemies of the rnelon fly, the enemies that render it innocuous as a
pest in its native home, India, would very quickly change conditions for' the
better. The community would very soon be benefited by an abundant and
cheap yield of one of the wholesomest elements of food supply, the melon
element. Economically, the Territory would be benefited by not having to
import, as it now does, large quantities of some of these varieties.
The question is, ought not the Board of Agriculture itself, since it can
not get a man who is already nearly to India, send a man from here? It
has competent entomologists in its employ. There seems to be no expense
too great to incur when the question is the protection of the sugar crop.
Is it not worth while to devote some thought and some effort to the
of other products products that minister to the heaith and gratification
of the entire community, and which may be made economically important?
BUNKO IN DIPLOMACY.
It appears from Japanese files that the Korean deputation to The Hague
was the scheme of a crafty American named Hurlburt who got the confidence
of the hermit Emperor. Hurlburt went to Seoul a few years ago and
started a paper called The Korean Beview. This paper was unfriendly to the
Japanese and by that token, gained the favor of the Korean sovereign. Then
the publisher was able, for a consideration, to get mining concessions and
other good things for his friends; and he managed, in a purely incidental
way, to tap the Korean treasury on his own account. .
Hurlburt 's final touch was for 20,000 yen "to restore Korean independence."
He pointed out to the avid Emperor that The Hague Conference was
a sort of court in equity where the grievances of nations were redressed,
thus avoiding war. What could be easier, he said, than for some responsible
man, used to European ways, to go to The Hague, explain things and get
a judgment restoring independence to the Korean people. The Emperor was
delighted. Would Mr. Hurlburt oblige? Mr. Hurlburt would consider it and
he did. He would go, providing he were given 20,000 yen for expenses.
Should he take some Koreans with him? Hurlburt thought that would be
unnecessary and expensive. Instead he would pick up some who were stranded
in Europe and would come cheap.'
This choice American grafter, handsomely endowed with Korean gold, got
away, went to Paris, drummed up two or three Korean waifs, dropped in with
them' at The Hague and was snubbed by everybody there. Then he went
back to Paris and announced that all was lost. He would remain in Paris,
however, to recuperate his health jind he wished conveyed, to the Emperor
and the Minister of Finance, the assurance of his distinguished consideration.
Unhappily, by the time Mr. Hurlburt 's polite message reached the palace
at Seoul, the Emperor and his Minister of Finance were minus their jobs. The
embassy to The Hague had mixed cthings badly. It had denied the suzerain
power of Japan and insulted the noble Nipponese, and had dona so with the
open connivance of the Korean 'sovereign. And now a Japanese pro-consul,
backed by several thousand veteran troops, administers Korea and the end
of the dream of independence has come.
Now on late afternoons, no doubt, Mbnsieur Hurlburt, a rich American
in Paris, exquisitely dressed, may be observed in an . open-air cafe gazing
into the green shimmer of absinthp and figuring out the next move in the
game of livelihood.
FOR CLEAN BARBER SHOPS.
The regulation of barber shops, as directed under the law by the Board of
Health, may be a measure aimed at the Asiatic places but it is none the less
commendable on that account. There are few if any barber shops here that
take the trouble to keep clean in the way laid down by the letter of the law.
For instance, an uncleaned lather brush is used over and over again; likewise
unsterilrzed brushes and razors; while nobody thinks of cleansing the powder
puff or the alum block. Hereafter sterilization will be the rule, neither puff
nor sponge may be used at all, and alum, where applied to cutSj must be in
pulverized or liquid form only.
A law of this sort is needed in Hawaii more perhaps, than in any other
part of the United States, because of the nature of the population. The great
bulk of our people come from the lower classes of many nations, the
skin and blood diseases of which range from impetigo contagioso to
much graver maladies. It can not be shown how much damage the baroor
shops, particularly the Asiatic ones, are doing, but it is fair to infer that for
a great deal of the communicable sickness, of a certain sort, they are responsible.
The new law, as we say, is excellent, but what of its enforcement! Is it
to become nugatory like the law against promiscuous spitting? Much will
depend upon the ability of the Board of Health fo provide inspectors and the
willingness of the patrons of baiber shops to enter complaints when they know
the law to have been violated.
The statement that Pearl Harbor is to be fortified first means, if true, that
the government intends soon to build a navy yard there. Otherwise there
would be no sense in mounting heavy guns at the harbor, as large vessels, in
the present condition of the "channel, could not get into the place if they
tried. Just as it stands, Pearl Harbor is not worth fortifying, as landing
forces of an enemy could be kept out of it or destroyed when once in it, by
field artillery alone.
But if a navy yard is to be built, that is another matter; and if the
construction of forts is to be rushed, we mayinfer that the building of arsenals
and a drydock will go on at the same time.
Few people realize what the establishment of a navy yard at Pearl Harbor
would mean in the development of this island. Given an average of 1200
employes, and a village of from six to eight thousand people, mostly consumers,
would rise near-by, a village tributary to Honolulu and doubtless connected
with it by electric trackage. It would be another "Vallejo. Every line of
business from dry goods to agriculture, would feel the good effect of the new
There will be mighty little complaint among business men here if a navy
yard, half a dozen well-garrisoned forts and an enlarged military post- can
be had to contribute to their welfare.
JAPANESE IN BRITISH COLUMBIA.
As Great Britain has, through the Dominion authority, the right to disallow
any act of the British Columbian legislature which it may deem inimical
to the welfare of the empire, the labor union row in Victoria and Vancouver
over the admission of Jaapancse coolies, is not likely to make a serions international
British Columbia politicians may succeed in passing some kind of an
exclusion law to save their own -faces, but Great Britain, an an ally of Japan,
will not permit its enforcement. It will simply drop a word at Ottawa and
the latter will do the rest. o
Very likely the outcome will be that Japan, toisave embarrassment to her
ally, will pnt the clamps on the emigration which now reaches British Columbia!
That would be the simplest method of avoiding friction between friends.
AMERICA'S FOREIGN COMMERCE.
The most striking characteristic or the foreign eotaaic of
States in the fiscal year just ended is the large- inereaseinraports. Tim Talwe
of merchandise brought into the United States from foreign, countries izzimg
the year ending June 30, 1907, was $1,434,000,000, an incrtase of aate than
$200,000,000 over the immediately preceding year and mare than dWU e
total for the fiscal year 1S9S or 1S99 Exports, which amounted to
show and increase of $137,000,COO over the immediately precedis; yew
and an increase of but 53 per cent over the figures of 1S99.
This increase of more than 100 per cent in imports and of bus abased
per cent in exports in the Tast eight years lends interest to sce eoatptrsrlh'
figures prepared by the Bureau of Statiic of the Department of C5as
and labor showing the principal articles- and grouta of articles in wStcK ti
growth has occurred. Taking up the imports, which have increased from
in 1S99 to $1,434,000,000 in 1907, the Bureau's figure show ttst e,n4t
materials for use in manufacturing have increased from a little mere tlwa
$200,000,000, dollars value in 1S99 to nearly $300,000,000 in 1907, tae fiacre
for eleven months of 1907 being $444,000,000, while the figure for June, set
yet available ia detail, will, if they approximate those of May, brinj tfce total
for the year to fully $4S5,000,000. During the same period iporta f
for further use in manufacturing have increased from $9iW60
1S99 to about $275,000,000 in 1907; manufactnres ready for consumption, fraar
$170,000,000 to upproximately $365,000,000; foodstuffs in a crude comlfciaa, zm
a little less that (100.000,000 to $150,000,000; and foodstuffs parrW c
rnanufactured, frt.il $123,000,000 in 1S99 to $160,000,000 ia 1907. Daring tto
eight years under consideration imports of crude materials for u ia
have increased approximately 130 per cent; manufacture, fer fcrtJwr
use in manufacturing, about 200 per cent; manufactures ready for ctranaptfca;.
about 115 per cent; foodstuffs in a crude condition, about 50 per cent; awS
foodstuffs partly or wholly manufactured, about 30 per cent, all of ttose statements
being based upon estimates for the details of June imports in tfc fbcal
year 1907. Crude materials for use in manufacturing, which in 1599 farmed
30 per cent of the total imports, formed in 1907 about 34 per ecnfc
for further use in manufacturing, which in 1S99 formed 13 jer et
of the total, forped in 1907 19 per cent; manufactures ready fer aeasuzsptiea.
which in 1899 formed 24 per cent, formed about 25 per cent of the total m
1907; and foodstuffs which in 1S99 formed 32 per cent of the total tcaperie,
formed 21 per cent of the total in 1907. .
Turning to the exports, the total value iv 7 is given at $I,5SljtW
against $1,227,000,000 in 1S99, an increase of tt per cent, these tts
the foreign merchandise reexported which amount;, hovtevsr, t Jess
than 2 per cent of the total. Of the domestic "tTehandise exported,
ready for consumption have increased from $263,000,000 in 1SU9 i
about $470,000,000 in 1907; manufactures for further use in manmiiuitmdar
from $11S,000,000 to about $255,000,000; crude materials for use ia an
facturing, from $278,000,000 to approximately $600,000,000; and foodstafiis faxtly
or wholly manufactured, from $305,000,000 to approximately $345-,000,0; wfc
foodstuffs in a crude condition have fallen from $233,000,000 in 159 tv stoat
$170,000,000 in 1907. Thus, during the eight years from 1S99 to 1097. axgwcfe
of manufactures ready for consumption have increased about 75 par Mat;
manufactures for further use in manufacturing, about 116 per cet;
for use in manufacturing 116 per cent; and foodstuffs partly r
wholly prepared, about 13 per cent; while foodstuffs in a crude canditfea bav
decreased about 27 per cent. Manufactures ready for consumption ia XSffct
formed 22 per cent of the total domestic exports and ia 1907, 2S pr cb4;
manufactures for further use in manufacturing in 1SC9 fonaed 1 per era,
of the total and in 1907 about 14 per cent; crude materials fer se i auf
facturing formed in 1S99, 23 per cent and in 1S07 abont 33 per ctat f ifte
total; foodstuffs partly or wholly manufactured formed ia 1S99. S3 pr mat
of the total and in 1907, IS per cent; and foodstuffs in a erode wm.lithw ia
1899 formed 19 per cent and in 1907 about 9 per cent of Use total daasi
The principal increases during the last eight years are, on the m$z
side, pig tin, from $12,000,000 value in 1S99 to $3S.QflQ0O in 1905 w V
$32,000,000 to $72,000,000 india rubber, from $32,000,000 to 50,OOtJHM; war
wool, from $S,00Q,000 to $43,000,000; copper, including ore, from 37,$XMflp i
$49,000,000; hides and skins, from $42,000,000 to $2,000,000; unmana6trI
fibers, from $20,000,000 to $43,000,000; while in manufactures those ef cattae
show a growth from $32,000,000 in 1S99 to $75,000,000 in 1907; of fibers, Ismm
$25,000,000 to $07,000,000; of iron and steel, from $12,000,000 to $ii,tmjK&i
those of silk, from $25,000,000 to $39,000,000; and of wool, fram $14,Q0f
to $22,000,000. On the export side the principal increases occur in iraa aaU
steel manufactures, from $94,000,000 in 1S99 to $179,000,000 in 1907; leattttr
and manufactures thereof, from $23,000,000 to $45,000,000; copper, exehutw
of ore, from $36,000,000 to $92,000,000; mineral oil, from $56,000,908 t
raw cotton, from $210,000,000 to $4S9,000,000; and meat and. diy
products, from $176,000,000 to $202,000,000; while breadstuff3 show a faH fxM
$274,000,000 in 1S99 to $1S7,000,000 in 1907, all of these figures for lfiOx M;
based upon an estimate for the month of June.
The choice of San Diego as a naval station was long ago made ytlmMn hp-the
isthmian canal enterprise. As the nearest western part Um IJtm!
States to Panama, San Diego has advantages, from a naval stnnilpeiat, nkwt
can not be overlooked. Happily there 13 now-plenty of land room fer a am
plant, facing the sea on the one side and the channel of the bar as tk tUttx.
The place is readily defensible, being commanded by Point Lama m tfc earth,
and by Coronado Heights on the south and the harbor has lanniiiinri hlifaw
for a large fleet. With five naval stations in the Pacific, Pearl Harbex, BrMc
ton, ban Diego, Honolulu and Subig Bay, the United States will ba Ik
shape to protect its, 'interests here, at least it will be as soon as tlwse
have been properly fortified.
The grafters who pose as professional Americans here are alxoaV si
signs of anxiety over the course to be taken by Governor Frgar; Y? dEwc'S
wonder. It has not been the habit of Washington to give HawaS gvsw
of the sort that grafters admire and Judge Frear is the kind of a aaa S
make the pastures very scant for them. More power to him.
Mr. and Mrs. Longworth are welcome here for their own sakes as w&
as in respect to the President. They have already been here and are poniitrxr
known and liked. We do not doubt that they will find Hawaii as pfeasac st
they anticipated and that they will come again sometime and bring iaikve.
The militia was out to greet the Governor but for some reason the; Katz-
jammer Dana did not play Herr Berger's celebrated anthem, "Carter has
Carter has came."
Speaking of the friendship of the administration for Hawaii, Straus stows
the direction of the current.
ULEIi LOT OWNERS
A meeting will be held at the
pavilion oi the Young Hotel on
Wednesday night at 7:30 of the local
people who bought lots on Alewa
Heights at the auction sale on Monday.
The object will be to form a
club which will look after the Interests
In that section and will bring
about the building of roads as soon' as
possible. There las been $2100 paid
In already on the lots that were purchased.
Of this gum, $1600 must be
paid over to obtain the rights of way
for the road through the Ballou and
Andrews property. Thjs will leave
only $800 available for building roads
It Is proposed to ask those who are
able, to naV the wnnr1 InnHllmsnt
of twenty per cent, immediately. This
wm amount to zKJ which will be
more than enough to build the road
from Wyllle street up to the top of the
trill. The following request is being
Issued to the holders of the Aitr9
"It has been proposed to organize
a club to advance the Interests of
Alewa Heights. A meeting will b
held at tht makal pavilion of We
Toung Hotel at 7:30 Wednesday evening
next, for this purpose. Please1'
make a special effort to be present aer
officers wilt be elected and matters 'r
importance to all purchasers of Alewa
lots will be discussed."
George Freeth Is giving surf riding1
exhibitions at Venice, -a summer resort
in Southern .California, and la ma Mng
a success of his work, sccordln? to a
letter received on the last roall by the?
Promotion Committee from their asent
In Los Angeles. The letter aiLtes taat
Freeth and Kenneth Winter tried surf-riding
at Long- Beach, but found the-rollers
there unsatlsfactorr. flnaltv
Knaklng a contract with Manager Haa-
na. oi Venice. There, exhibitions are-given
by Freeth every afternooa.
drawing Immense crowds along tae
beach and on the piers to tsratch Ws
Letters from C. Hedemann of the Honolulu
Iron Works from Germany indicate
that b'.s health is much Imprnvd.