Newspaper Page Text
(From Wednesdays Advertiser.)
Soldier Poole, who is wanted in Sac
Tamanto for the theft of some valuable
jewelry, was eapturcd by Dotective
Reeves yesterday afternoon at "VYaianae
-unexpectedly. Hooves was sent down
the road to investigate some burglaries
at Waianae, and on his way on the
train heard of the trip of a strange
white man through tie conntry the daj.
before. On inquiry the description of
the stranger seemed to tally with that
of the missing soWier, and when
was reached Beeves started on a
Strangers, and especially white
strangers, are a seven-days' wonder in
small country places here, and when inquiry
was made among the re3idents,as
to fne whereabouts of the stranger
there -was plenty of information forth
coming. Xne ollicer was toiu inai we
liaolo was playing cards with some
-women at the beach. Reeves got the
Deputy Sheriff and an officer and went
to the place where the stranger was enjoying
himself, and, recognizing Poole,
placed him under arrest.
Poole offered no resistance whatever
and did not appear to be the very dangerous
man that his friends had tried
to mate him out to be to the police.
He is now in custody, and will be held
pending directions for his disposition
irom the Chief of Police of Sacramento,
who has been notified of the capture of
A diary was found on the prisoner
when searched by Keeves. It reads as
The first trip around the Hawaiian
Island on the 29th day May starting
irom Honolulu spending the first night
at Iwea (Alea) visiting the Iwea
(Alea) sugar plantation next morning
took the limited on the Ocha (Oahu) R
R. to Ewa Mills where I spent a very
pleasant evening with the natives with
their singing and string music and
above all the Hula dancing biding them
pood bye the next morning I took the
train for a very beautiful beach town
called Walanae where I was greeted
with another feast corresponding to
the one at Ewa Mills with the exception
of the wine and gin which were
added to it which made us all very
lively and full of fun but yet very
peaceable a native as a general rule
under the influence of liquor is a very
quiet and peaceable person to get along
with but I stayed all night which was
Sunday and until Monday afternoon
after biding them adieu at 4:30 I took
the train to another beautiful plantation
called Waialua where I met with
a German and his wife and told them
of my experience with the natives and
when they found out that the native
songs made a hit with me they first
got busy with a grapahone and played
about 150 or 175 pieces consisting of
American and native music and then
they sang lots of native songs and of
course the Germans are very fond of
beer so we had several bottles of beer
" and then we sang and danced to the
music of the grapahone until we were
tired and sleepy then we retired for
the night not expecting such a surprise
when about 10 o'clock in the
mcrnlng a native and his wife who
were just married the night previous
were shlveered and we were aroused
from our slumbers and Invited to attend
the party which In their language
Is called Luah (luau) so we were practically
up all night and we had eaten
and drunk so much during the night
that none of us cared for any breakfast
the following morning at 9:30 after
biding all my strange but true friends
good bye I took the train again for
Kahuku where I spent another pleasant
evening with a large family of natives
this little town I forgot to mention
Is right at the end o' the R. R.
after spending a pleasant evening and
"most of the next day here I took the
train at 4:30 P. M. toward Honolulu
again and stopped at a little Japanese
town which I passed on my way
out by the name of Puulki where I had
an enjoyable supper consisting of rice
and many kinds of meat and Japanese
wine I spent the night here with a Japanese
family and next morning took
the train back to Honolulu and I can
truthfully say that the trip I just layed
before you Is worth any mans money.
Poole made the following statement
at the police station last evening:
"I first knew of the trouble I was
in by reading of it in the paper. I
did not want to go back to the Coast,
as I was being treated right here and
liked it at the barracks. That Is what
made me beat it. I read the paper
and then came down town. I went
around among the boys a little and
they were all talking about what the
paper had to say about me. I went
out to the barracks again and a cop
in t buggy stopped me when I got off
the car and asked me If I was Poole.
1 told him that I was not and then
made for the country.
"All I know of the trouble in Sac
ramento is that early in December
there was a woman whose father ran
an ice cream parlor on K. street be-
tween 5th and 6th. She lost a watch
from the store and asked me if I knew
anything about It I did not. After I
first heard of the loss of the watch I
weeks and then enlisted In the Army.
I came down here in February."
A CERTAIX.CTJIIE FOR BOWEL
When attacked with diarrhoea or
bowel eomplaint you want a medicine
that acts quickly. The attack is always
sudden, generally severe and with
increasing pain. Chamberlain's Colic,
Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy has
never been known to fail 'in any case
of colic, diarrhoea or summer complaint
in children. For sale ly Benson, Smith
& Co., Ltd., Agents for the Hawaiian
11 POLICE COURT
(From "Wednesday's Advertlter.)
United States District Attorney R-W.
Breckons was arrested yesterday,
on a warrant sworn out by Theodoiw
Richards and Issued by District Magistrate
Andrade, charging him with violation
of Section 30SS of the Revised
Laws of Hawaii, in being present at
a prize fight.
The arrest, which was formal and
purely technical, was made by Sheriff
Iaukea who, in company with Judge
Andrade, went to the Judiciary building
with the warrant. Mr. Breckons
was In Judge Dole's court room at the
time engaged In the trial of the Kokl
case. A note was sent to mm saying
mission, formerly served the warrant.
and Judge Andrade took his recognizance
until this morning at 9 o'clock.
The action In swearing out a war
rant under the Territorial law was not
the action of the Civic Federation, but
of Theodore Richards In his capacity
as a citizen. Mr. Richards wished this
clearly understood. It seems also to
have been done without prior consultation
of an attorney.
Theodore Richards and Rev. E. "W.
Thwing had a consultation with Breckons
on Monday concerning action to
be taken regarding Saturday night's
contest. Breckons refused to take any
action pending instructions from "Washington,
he having' written fully regarding
the matter to the Department of
Justice, Mr. Richards and Mr. Thwing
having been made acquainted with the
tenor of the letter.
Richards and Thwing then consulted
Judge Dole, urging him that he issue
a warrant. Judge Dole took the ground
that while he had the power to issue
a warrant, still the matter having been
reported to the Department of Justice
at its request, he thought it only
proper to wait until the views and
wishes of the department could be
learned. Though he might issue warrants
to bring persons accused before
him, and though they might be committed
to await the action of the grand
jury, even If the grand jury found Indictments,
the District Attorney could
nolle prosequi them. Judge Dole expressed
the opinion that if those interested
were determined to take action
at once, the place for them to
proceed was in the Territorial courts.
"When Theodore Richards applied for
a warrant for Breckons it was suggested
to him by both Sheriff Iaukea
and Judge Andrade that a penal summons
would answer every purpose of
bringing both Breckons and the whole
matter before the court. Mr. Richards,
however, said that as he was the one
responsible for the action he desired
to take, he felt it must be In his own
"Warrants were also issued on Richards'
complaint against Jockey Willis
and Ah Sam. "Willis was booked to
sail by the Mauna Kea for Hilo where
he is engaged to ride. He was required
to give bonds in th- penal sum
of $500 which were speedily secured. Ah
Sam was released on his own recogniz
ance, as Breckons had been.
The cases being in the District Court
they come under the jurisdiction of
County Attorney Cathcart or some one
of his deputies, to prosecute. Ly'e A.
Dickey was later in the day retained
to assist the prosecution. He went at
once to consult with Cathcart. The
latter said that the thing had been
sprung without consultation with him;
that he did not intend that his efflce
should be used to work the whims or
purposes of individuals. He should
therefore consider the matter whether
In his opinion the cases ought to be
prosecuted or not, and would act accordingly.
If he determined that the
cases ought to be prosecuted he would
personally be in court to prosecute
them. If he decided that the cases ought
not to be prosecuted he would nolle
prosequi them. So that it will not be
known until this morning what will be
done, whether they will be nolled or
prosecuted, or whether Dickey will be
allowed -to appear on behalf of the
A number of lawyers have volunteered
to defend Breckons. Among
them are Holmes & Stanley, "W. A.
Kinney, M. F. Prosser and Frank
The list of witnesses named on the
subpoena is as follows: Frank E
Thompson, "W. C. Peacock, Charles E.
Meston, George F. Henshall. C. S.
Crane, Edward Dekum, John Lucas,
Dr. F. H. Humphris. Edward Dekum
is In (Europe. Just how he came to be
reported as among those present at the
contest was a subject for quip and
joke around town.
Breckons declined to discuss his arrest,
further than to say that several
lawyers had volunteered to defend him.
The section of the statute under
which these warrants have been sworn
out is as follows:
Section 30S8. Any affray is the fighting
of two or more persons in a public
pice; and includes any prize fight or
other premeditated contention, where
no weapons are used. "Whoever takes
part in, encourages, or promotes an
affray, or is wilfully present as a spectator
at any prize fight or other premeditated
contention, shall be punished
by fine not exceeding five hundred
dollars or by Imprisonment at hard
labor not more than six months.
FEDERAL COURT PAYING
THOUSAND A WEEK
was around in Sacramento about three The United States Court is
Ing Federal money in this Territory at
the rate -of about $1000 a week. This
rate has been going on for about three
Monday and Tuesday, United States
Marshal Hendry paid out $1264.75 in
jurors' fees alone. Something over
$800 was paid out last week.
SIGNED FOR SIX MONTHS.
The crew of the yacht Hawaii have
signed for the round trip. The articles
read that they will take her to any
California port and return to Hono
lulu at a regular stated wage per
month, the trip not to consume more
than six months.
HAWAIIAN GAZETTE, FRtDAY, JUNE 5, 1908.
Princess Kalanianaole, who had been
summoned from Washington, are expected
today. It is probable that the
body will arrive here on the Manchuria
about June 14. The funeral will doubtless
be conducted with royal honors
and the body placed in the Mausoleum
after lying in state at the Roman
Catholic cathedral.- The completed arrangements
will be made known In a
born February 19, 1S6S, at Kaala, at
the mouth of Pauoa Valley, Honolulu,
on the old homestead of Kapiolani,
queen-wife of King Kalakaua. He was
the son of the High Chief David
Piikol and the Princess
Kekaulike. David Piikol was
the son of the Chief Piikol and the
High Chiefess Kekahill, the latter being
the sister of Kapakea, father of
Queen Lilluokalani, thereby making
the late Prince David second cousin
of the Queen. The Princess Kekaulike
was the daughter of the High Chief
SA -k iltA C HH Cm A- rttf&.A . f l 1
- "U-J -
Francisco June 8, arriving here about
June 14. As there are a large number
. of Hawaiians in San Francisco,
eluding many of Hawaii's sweet singers,
it Is likely that a death watch
will be maintained over the remains,
much as if the body were In Honolulu.
On arriving here It Is likely that the
body will lie in state, possibly at the
Catholic cathedral, the Prince having
' become a Catholic about a year ago.
Until that time Prince David was a
member of the Masonic fraternltj, a
32nd degree Mason, but he withdrew
. U 7,, , oa" muiry ocnooi hls membership then
ill (.atuuuiiu. lie VtiUJ uiicinaius &CUL
to England, where he attended school
for two years traveling much on the
Prince David was ill about ten days.
At first it was thought his illness
might not be dangerous, and Mjss Sar-
continent and being received in many gent of New Tork who arrived Mon.
of the royal courts of Europe. His
brother, Prince Kuhio Kalanianaole,
the present Delegate to Congress from
day on the Siberia to be the Princess'
guest this summer, was charged with
the information concerning his illness.
n it u h i i i'I'iiiiiii;i iiikii n l m inrnmrnniir . ....
.., , ..v .. .....v.ue,.uu.. gne arrjveti tne morning news of a
u,rpe" , turn for the worse was cabled here
When King Kalakaua
was Wo 1pff wnnnintti rv s n iho s
In ISM (about nine years after his
slberia, intending to remain on the
accession to the throne of Hawaii), Coast several months for the benefit of
Prince Kawananakoa, with his two is health
brotlfers. Edward and Kuhio, was cm- PrlnCe D'avd dled at the Hotel stew.
ated a Prince of the Crown of the
art, whlCn ls located on Geary street,
Kalakaua dynasty, so that he would Opp0slte St. Francis Hotel. The hotel
be in line of succession
to the throne
nas become a sort of Honolulu head-as
Kalakaua II. The Prince was al-
nuarters and was under th
ways present with the King at state ment of Xoah Gray, formerly manager
receptions, banquets and levees, and of the Alexander Young Hotel of this
on all formal occasions he received Pitv
with His Majesty. Whenever the
King made calls aboard foreign warships.
Prince David accompanied him.
After the death of Kalakaua, the
Princes David and Kuhio resided with
Prince David's uncle, the late King
Kalakaua, also died in San Francisco,
his death taking place at the Palace
Hotel in 1S91.
The death of Prince David Kawana-
the widowed Queen Kapiolani, mainly nakoa. will stav nroceedines set for
at her home in Waikiki, which is now hearing this week before Judge
home of Prince Kalanianaole. say. Frank J. Kruger is the plaintiff,
In 1900, when Hawaii became a Ter- with the Kapiolani Estate and
Prince David was the candidate ander & Baldwin as garnishees and
of the Democratic party for Delegate enjoined as to certain property. This
to Congress, running against Colonel matter was argued before Judge Lind-Samuel
Parker, Republican, and Rob- sey yesterday and further argument
ert Wilcox, Home Hulev, the latter was continued until Thursday,
ing elected. Prince David was also There was filed for record yesterday
one of the delegates to the Democrat!'; with Registrar Merrlam a deed by
Convention at Kansas City in 1900. The which Gilbert J. Waller was
silk banner borne to Kansas tuted for Samuel Parker as attorney
City by the delegates Is now an in fact for David Kawananakoa. The
ment of the Kawananakoa home on j deed was executed May 8, 1908. It is
Pensacola street. signed by both Parker and Kawana.
On January 6, 1902, Prince Kawana- nakoa. At the same time there was
nakoa married Miss Abigail filed a deed by Kawananakoa by which
ahuula Campbell, daughter of the late he conveyed Jo E. A. C. Long, trustee,
James Campbell, at the old Occidental all the unconveyed portion of the
Hotel, San Francisco, just three days premises described in Royal Patent
after the marriage of her muther, Mrs. (grant) 4636, situate at Auwaiolimu,
Abigail Campbell, to Colonel Samuel , Oahu. The Princess Kawananakoa and
Parker at the same place. On the the Princess Kalanianaole both join
caslon of the Kawananakoa nuptials, I the deed to release any right of dower
DEATH OF PRINCE DAVID
Was Heir Presumptive
of the Throne of
(From "Wednesday's Advertiser.)
Prince David Kawananakoa died at
the Hotel Stewart, San Francisco, at
5:15 o'clock yesterday afternoon. He I
had been taken ill ten days before, a.
cold developing into pneumonia. Col. !
Samuel Parker, Mrs. Parker, the j
Misses Muriel and Beatrice Campbell
ana jonn oiiker 01 iiiio
he was wanted in his office. "When he i are supposed to have been at the
thpre. Sheriff Taukea stated his I side of the dying man. Prince and
THE LATE PEINCE DAVID
moon, remaining there two weeks, and
then returned to Honolulu.
For the past four years Prince and
Princess Kawananakoa have resided at
r.s r,...j t ,, ...... 1 their attractive home In Pensacola
Kahalepouili Plikoi was not only ere- stf,eet' 1"': elns fil,led 7"? Tf
of the reign, Including
ated a prince as a member of tne
Kaiakaua dynasty, but he was de-, " - ,, " .. -, , . V,
Besides his brother, Prince Kuhio
Wnrt.fl f ,.,-.
both of Hawaii and Kauai, and was
l Kalanianaole, the deceased leaves sur-
the great grandson -of Kaumualll, the w"? ' """" """"
last king of Kauai. Prince David was'and thelr "j"? cnildren.
L.1U1H111, icu 11 xz vent a, iratiu AUIU"
kaua, four years, and Lydla
At the Kawananakoa. home there
also reside an old native couple, Kauai
and his wife Kellikele, both of whom
have been with the late Prince since
his birth. Kauai is S7 years of age
and his wife 83. Kauai has been
Prince David's personal attendant always,
and accompanied the young
Prince when he went to Europe. He
traveled with him on the mainland in
later years. The old couple feel that
tn Vtnvtn 1sft Vniti" nTtn rY 111
Kuhio and the Princess Kinoike, the, ", u " ,' ,", V
' , ,
,.. ..j ,. .uJ With Prince David at the time of
latter, as above stated, being the
daughter of King Kaumualll, last king
of Kauai, who relinquished his rights
to the throne to Kamehameha the
Great. King Kaumualll married the
Princess Kapuaamohu, his half-sister.
his death -were Colonel and Mrs. Sam-
In a" the body will
tTXT JtTirJi !- Probability
kahele. Prince David's grandmother, i . . . . , ."' ,
be brought to Honolulu the Pacific
the Princess Kinloke, was called a
"mauplo," which means that she was
the issue of two high chiefs, thereby
giving her the highest rank known in
Prince David's great-grandfather,
Kuhio, was a son of Laakea, a high
chief, who in turn -was a descendant
of Queen Kalanlkaulelelalwi, a queen
of Hawaii. On both sides of the house
Prince Kawananakoa comes from royal
lineage of Kauai and Hawaii.
The Prince was educated under the
late Alatau Atkinson and at Punahou
College, and later he became a
uel Parker, ex-Governor John Baker of
Hilo, the Misses Muriel and Beatrice
Campbell. It is likely that Prince and
Princess Kalanianaole will arrive in
San Francisco today from Washing;
Mall S. S. Manchuria, sailing from San
Archbishop Reardon, Bishop Mont-' in the land. The consideration
and Father Prendergast pressed Is one dollar. There Is no
ated. The entire party went to Wash- j statement of the trust upon which the
ington, D. C, to .spend their honey- land Is to be held.
A. L. C. ATKINSON COUNSEL
FOR ANTI-SALOON LEAGUE
On Monday the Anti-Saloon League
voted to engage Hon. A. L. C. Atkinson
as its legal adviser. He has accepted
the position and begun work. This
action means the prosecution of the
campaign against the saloon with fresh
vigor and resourcefulness. An enfirelv
new line-up of supporters for this
cause has been assured Men like Hon.
H. P. Baldwin of Maui and Hon. George
R. Carter are behind the movement,
while as representative of the new blood
in the organization Mr. J. P. Cooke has
been added to the -finance committee.
The first objective in the campaign now
on foot will be a local backing of the
Liquor Commissioners in their determination
to weed out the saloons which
most glaringly menace public order and
decency. The second number in the
program will be the safeguarding of
the present liquor law, the slogan being,
"Let it alone." The third will be
local option. Those unacquainted with
the Hawaiians do not know what a deep
interest they arc taking in this conflict
against tne saleon. They have begun
to see that alcohol me?ns death to their
race, and that they have been deceived
by those who have led them to believe
that liquor drinking is a mark of
progress in civilization. AH along the
line recnits are rallying to the Anti-Saloon
cause from the ranks of leading
Hawaiian3. The Teoming campaign will
be a hot one, and the new attorney of
the league win put all his enthusiastic
resourcefulness into the battle to win.
HONOLULU, T. H., May 12. Sugar
is King. To Hawaii he Is a most indulgent
monarch, for he has brought
this little group of islands to the point
where it Is the greatest exporting country
of Its population on earth. This
iear tho Hawaii sugar crop will sell
for between $40,000,000 and $50,000,000.
The price Is high on account of great
shortage in Cuba, Java and elsewhere.
The crop here Is larger than ever before.
Last year it was 410,017 tons.
This year it ls estimated at from
475,000 to 500,000 tons.
Hawaii has been growing sugar for
nearly a century. By 1S75 the production
had increased until the annual
crop was 12,500 tons. Then something
happened. The United States made a
reciprocity treaty with the Kingdom of
Hawaii and the sugar from the islands
was admitted to America free of duty.
Immediately the sugar business began
to take on new life, although the crop
returns did not show an enormous In
crease for some time. Sugar cane cannot
be grown over night. Each crop
grows two years In Hawaii. Even the
two-year period was not the beginning
of the greater day, for all great business
must grow. Modern methods of
agriculture have brought the Hawaiian
cane fields to their present productivity,
but It was the abolition of the duty
on sugar entering the United States
that made this development possible.
Twenty years after that treaty went
Into effect Hawaii became frightened
lest the United States might abrogate
It, as it had the right to do upon one
year's .notice. Hawaii was clamoring
for annexation. The war with Spain
came up, Hawaii's great strategic value
was impressed upon Congress, and annexation
came. Free sugar was made
a fixture by that act, for Hawaii was
annexed and made a part and parcel
of the United States before the "insular
possession," to which the Constitution
does not follow the flag, was invented.
The treaty of 1875 was made before
there was any beet sugar interests in
the United States, or it would never
have been made at all. If the American
beet sugar Industry had been as
great in 1S9S as it Is now, Hawaiian
annexation probably would have" been
Hawaii, having benefited by these
things, is now a unit 'n opposing the
extension of like assistance to the
Philippines. The worst nightmare
that can come to a Hawaiian planter
is the dreamof Cuban annexation.
Hawaii has the backing of the powerful
beet sugar Interests in this, and the
beet sugar people have the backing of
the entire "stand pat" party on principle,
so its danger Is remote.
It is interesting to take a retrospective
glance at the industrial history of
Hawaii to show what King Sugar, with
an American free market, has done.
Just twenty-five years ago a pamphlet
was published in Honolulu reviewing
the sugar industry of the islands.
Maps of the various islands were given
with the plantations marked on them
in red. Tables showed how much land
was planted in sugar cane and how
much more there was available for that
purpose. At that time, 1882, there were
55,000 acres of cane, and the estimate
of the "maximum possible" acreage
was 72,500. As a matter of fact tho
present acreage Is 213,400, or nearly
three times the "maximum possible"
of twenty-live years ago.- The same
authority said that on the island of
Oahu, where Honolulu is situated, the
acreage was 3,000 and that Its maximum
extension would be 3,500. The
sugar acreage of Oahu now is 36,532.
The statistician of 1SS2 was honest
and painstaking, and his estimates of
the maximum possible extension of the
industry were not made by guess, but
by careful surveys. But he did not.
and could not, take Into consideration
the present methods of irrigation and
The irrigation plants now in use on
Hawaiian sugar plantations cost over
$14,000,000. As there are only fifty plantations
of considerable size this indicates
a great expenditure for individual
plants. In fact only twenty-six
plantations have Irrigation systems at
all, the others depending on rainfall.
Six plantations have plants which cost
over a million dollars each. A good
rain that will fill the reservoirs means
a saving of a thousand dollars a da
for pumping on more than one plantation.
This kind of agriculture- requires
capital. The sugar plantations of Hawaii
have a combined capitalization of
something over $70,000,000. The ownership
of this is- divided between about
7,000 shareholders. The control of the
sugar industry is centered in the hands
of half a dozen big companies in Ho
nolulu, sugar factors. These companies
act as agents for the plantations, and
they are not prohibited from owning
shares In plantation -stock, not by any
means. There are fourteen suga.
agents on the list, but there are six
big ones. These big companies grew
out of small stores established many
years ago in the days when nobody
dreamed of doing business bJ the millions.
The small sugar planters of the old
days had to have supplies for their
places. They obtained them from a
Honolulu trading store. When the crop
was made they sold their sugar to the
same store, or employed the store to
act as agent for Its sale. As the sugar
business grew from a small matter of
farming to the proportions of a mighty
industry, the factors grew with it. But
the old ways are strong, and these old
Institutions can today sell you anything
from a million dollar steamship
to a box of carpet tacks. They are
still supply stores of the general type,
waxed great and rich.
As .half a dozen firms and a dozen or
so men control the sugar business, they
control the business of Hawaii. They
are King Sugar's ministers. Up to this
time no one of them has been charged
with disloyalty to his monarch. They
are faithful servitors. It was inevitable,
of course, that the concentration
of this economic power Into a few
hands would cause strife. There have
been sharp contests, there are now
murmurlngs and bickerings.
It is said that a total stranger can
buy machinery or other supplies from
a sugar agent much cheaper than one
of that agent's plantations can buy it
A muck raker would undoubtedly find
some molasses on the tines of his Im-
The T. M. C. A. has secured for a
series of men's meetings, the man who
is recognized as the greatest speaker
to men in South Africa. He Is making
a two-year tour of the world, and In
response to urging from both the Newr
Tork office of the T. AT. C. A. and from
the local association has consented to
stop off one boat In Honolulu. He will
arrive en the Manuka June 27, and
spendabout a week in tho city.
Mr. Russell will preach In Central
Union church both morning and even
ing the last Sunday of the month, and
meetlnga for men will be held In
ent places and at different times, the
plan of these meetings to be made by
the religious work committee of the
Y. M. C. A. at a meeting Thursday
Since being in the States the past
few months, Mr. Russell has won for
himself the name of "the Moody of
South Africa." both his personal appearance
and great success with men
suggesting the title.
Speaking of his work in Washington,
D. C, one of the T. M. C. A. secretaries
say3 of him: "He has the hap
py faculty of adapting himself to the
meeting at hand; whether at the university,
car barn, with the soldiers, at
the engine house, or at the association,
he has made himself .it home, and
given a straight gospel talk that touched
the hearts of the men."
Mr. Russell has been in evangelical
work in South Africa for thirty years.
The story of his experience as a pioneer
evangelist is a thrilling one. In
the gold fields, with the Boers after
the war, in Cape Town, then up and
down over the whole country he went,
everywhere welcomed and meeting
with marked success In every field.
The visit of Rev. David Russell will
be made the occasion of the greatest
series of meetings for men Honolulu
has had for many a day. He is a
great man. and will do a lot of good
while in the city.
JOHNSON AT PALO ALTO.
J. A. M. Johnson, well known to the
trade as an importer of paper at Honolulu,
and later at Yokohama, Japan,
has resigned his position with tho Japan
Development and Trading Company,
Yokohama, and is now at Palo Alto,
Cal. Paper Trade.
A. W. Carter, manager of the Parker
Ranch, accompanied by his wife, returned
to Hawaii yesterday.
plement If he trailed It over Hawaii.
On the other hand, the prosperity of
the islands and everybody in It has
been made by sugar, ls supported by-sugar,
and without sugar would perish
miserably. The sugar barons hav
brought a great curse upon their land
by the Importation of an excess or
Oriental labor, perhaps, but whatever
blessings the country has they also
Politics in Hawaii is not ldeallv fr
from corruption. It wasn't in the old
clays of the monarchy, and It isn't now.
But it Is to be doubted If any state in
the Un'on has laws which throw as
much light Into the inside worklnes
of corporations as do the laws ot Hawaii.
This in spite of the fact that n.
dozen men control all of the one great
Industry of the country. It is not
meant that these laws are Utopian, or
that they accomplish great resuts. It
is merely the wonder that such publicity
laws are on the statute books.
The sugar barons apparently have-not
been put to the necessity of studying
politics. They had a bill In tho
legislature two years ago to enable
them to bring In some Portuguese and
Spanish Immigrants, badly needed to
relieve- the labor situation. They didn't
mention it to their leader In tho
Senate and It went to the table. If
he had known It, It could have been
passed without a word. As it was. It
required hard work to pull It through.
On the whole, the sugar barons seem
not to be such bad barons after all.
The community knows that they
have built its prosperity and. In a
measure, the community is grateful.
These things may change. Some or
the sugar barons are placing obstacles
In the way of homesteadlng and other
efforts toward Americanization, fearine
the effect upon their system of labor.
This attitude Is antagonistic to the
moving spirit of the territory, and .
when the clash comes It will be the
sugar barons' heads that are cracked.
Some of the sugar barons, especially
the British and Germans, still believe,
or affect to believe, that the United
States will again open the doors to
Asiatic Immigration so far as Hawaii
Is concerned. The majority of the
American planters look toward tho
south of Europe for help.
The sugar planters have problems, of
course, but in Hawaii their outlook Is
rosy. Just now they are glorying In
the biggest crop of their history and a
top-notch price. Even If the dreaded
thing happens and Philippine sugar, or
even Cuban sugar, is admitted Into the
United States without duty, the sugar
planters may find consolation In the
rapidly Increasing consumption of su
gar, years ago the sugar
crop of the world was two of three million
tons each year, over half of which
was made from cane. It did not reach
four million tons until 1S83, when for
the first time tho beet sugar production
was a little the larger half. The
crop reached the ten million ton mark
In 1902, six of which was from beets
and four from cane.
The last annual statistics reported a
world's crop of over twelve million
tons, seven from beets and five from
cane. The Increase of consumption of
sugar In the United States, as might
be expected, has been startllngly rapid,
having tripled in a quarter of a century.
This growth continues all over
the world, and the sugar producing sections
are called upon to do their utmost
So far as Hawaii Is concerned,
it is believed that practically all the
available sugar land Is now under cultivation.
But such predictions are uncertain,
as witness the "maximum possible"
estimate of twenty-five years
ago. In the meantime. King Sugar
smiles on Hawaii, and this territory 13
one part of the United States that
knows not the meaning of industrial!
adversity in the good year 1903.
l "wor Star