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HELP THE EARTH
EARTH WILLHELP YOU
We make fertilizer for every product
and put on the market only what has
ben proven of real -value. Lot na
know the purpose for which you want
oil helps and wo will supply you.
Pacific Guano and Fertilizer Go
Honolulu, H. T.
The .Famous Tourist Bouto of the
in Connection With tho Canadian-Australian
Steamship Lino Tickets
TO ALL POINTS IN THE UNITED
STATES AND CANADA, VIA
VICTORIA and VANCOUVEB
BANFF, GLAICEB, MT. STEPHENS
AND FBASER CANYON
EMPRESS LINE OF STEAMERS
Tickets to All Points in Japan, China,
India and Around tho World.
For Tickets and general information
THEO.H. DAVIES&GO., LTD
Agents Canadian-Australian S. S. Line.
Canadian Pacific Railway.
Castle & Cooke Co., Ltd
Honolulu T. H.
Ewa Plantation Co.
Waialua Agricultural Co., Ltd.
Apokaa Sugar Co., Ltd.
Fulton Iron Works of St. Louis.
Blake Steam Pumps.
Western 's Centrifugals.
Babcock & Wilcox Bollors.
Green's Fuel Economizer.
Marsh Steam Pumps.
Mataon Navigation Co.
Planters' Lino Shipping Co.
Kohala Sugar Co.
Bank of Hawa-i
Incorporated Under tho Laws of tho
Territory of Hawaii.
PAID-UP CAPITAL 5600,000.00
UNDIVIDED PBOFITS ... 157,692.92
C. H. Cooko President
E. D. Tennoy .Vice-President
F. B. Damon Cashier
O. O. Fuller , .Assistant Cashier
R. McCorriston Assistant Cashier
DIRECTORS: C. H. Cooko, E. D.
Tennoy, A. Lewis, Jr., E. F. Bishop,
F. W. Macfarlane. J. A. McCandless,
C. H. Atherton, Geo. It. Carter, F. B.
Damon, F. C. Atherton, R. A. Cooke.
COMMERCIAL AND SAVINGS DE-DEPARTMENTS.
Strict nttontion given to all branches
JUDD BLDQ., FORT ST.
Castle 8c Cooke Co., Ltd
Life and Fire
General Insurrance Agents, representing
Now England Mutual Llfo Insurance
Company of Boston.
Aetna Fire InBuranco Co.
Wo have just accepted tbo Agency
Tho Protector Underwriters of the
Phoenix of Hartford.
Theso are alio among the Boll or
Honor In San Francisco.
GIIPTJIIN GRRTER TO
FORT HER MAY 1
On Wednesday next Captain Clifton
O. Carter, coast artillery, assistant to
tho chief of staff of the Wostern Division,
San Francisco, attached to tbo
headquarters of tbo Dopartment of Hawaii,
will leave headquarters and tako
up bis duties us captain in tho coast
arUHory at "Fort Ruger.
Tho ofllee of chief of staff for this
department was practically- abolished
last October, when the officer serving
as such here became only an assistant
to tho chief of the weitern division.
The duties performed by Cuptaln Car.
ter will be taken up by Major
artlng adjutant-general, The Utter,
however, may not nerve mueh long
or, nt lid promotion to Die grade of
lieuieUAiii comiiei was announced on
A prll I, and be Is slated for 'Illy el'
w Iiere, probably In . New llgglamf.
While ftllliiu a trre ou lili farm, iimr
Wbltvibwrg, Kentucky, Morgvn Clark,
uliuly years old. an uncle of Champ
l lark rMr of the hvuia of ff
itfutalivr. l4 (liilitlt for Iba no ml
nation for L'ltWru, MM bill
W. H. HOOOS WILL CALL ON LOOAL
AGENTS SO TALK XT
(From Saturday's Advertiser.)
Discrimination against Honolulu by
tho Union Steamship Company, operating
steamers beteweon Australia and
Canada, via tho Hawaiian Islands,
has been tho charge irhich has
frequently reached the promotion committee,
and was confirmed by several
statements presented to tho organization
yesterday. To some extent also
aro they confirmed by W. H. Hoogs, a
member of the committee, "who recently
roturned from Australia, and who was
deputized as a committee of one to interview
T. H. Davies & Co., the local
agents, rclatlvo to tho matter.
W. II. Mclncrny and Mr. Hoogs both
stated that complaints had boon made
to them that tho Australian agents of
tho lino discriminate against this port
In their sales of tickets and adviso
patrons to go through to Vancouver and
not risk obtaining steamer accommodations
out of Honolulu for San Francisco.
Tho statement made also that
tourists traveling on a steamship recently
up from Australia, were told by
the Australian agents that thoy had
cabled to Honolulu and learned there
wcro no accommodations to bo had
from Honolulu to San Francisco, and
on this statement tho passengers
bought through tickets for Vancouver.
On tho last steamer from Sydney several
persons aboard desired to stop
over here, but wcro advised to tako no
chances as to accommodations, with
tho further probability of being
"marooned" hero indefinitely. Instead
of taking in tho sights of nnwnii thoy
continued their journey on the samo
vessel to Vnneouvcr. .
Pulling for Vancouver.
"We arc pulling for Vancouver, and
not Honolulu," was the statement of
nu agent in Australia to Mr. Hoogs.
As to tho charge that tho pursers on
tho Australian liners do not furnish
literature on tbo Hawaiian Islands to
patrons, Mr. Hoogs said that it was
only about six days before reaching
hero that ho found that literaturo was
in the hands of passengers.
The charge has also been mndo that
passengers on these liners applying to
the pursers for literaturo on the Hawaiian
Islands, hayo difficulty in obtaining
any, although each steamor is
supplied each timo it visits this port.
Cook Says Not Guilty.
Tho promotion committee roceived an
answer from Thos. Cook & Son, at Sydney,
relative to certain complaints made
here. With reference to tho complnint
of two gentlemen named Baxter, Thos.
Cook & Son, say: "Theso gentlemen
have evidently misunderstood the information
which was given them nt
this office. Thoy particularly wished to
book for a Toyo Kison Kaisha steamor
from Honolulu to San Francisco, and
wero informed by our booking clerk
that it was impossible for them to
travel on this steamer unless they were
prepared to pay tho fine of $200 imposed
by the American government, as,
of course, tho T. K. K, is not allowed
to carry passengers between Honolulu
and San Francisco.
"With reference to tho other passen
gers, Miss Cookson is apparently tho
only one who booked at this, omcc, ana
she certainly was not told that alio
could not break tho journey at Hono
lulu. -In fact, we cannot romember tbat
she expressed any desire to break jour
ney en route.
Travel Should Improve.
"Tho Canadian-Australian line has
now made it possible for passengers
holding through tickets to break their
journey at Honolulu, and continue to
San Francisco by Matson or Oceanic
steamer, on payment of an extra chargo
and this privilege should lead to a far
greater number of through passengers
stopping over at your port, and should
lead to increased travel in Hawaii. It
is a privilege that has been greatly desired
in tho post, and wo think in future
a very largo proportion of the passengers
will stop over at your port.
We aro drawing- special attention to
this facility to all through passengers,
ana supplying them with the
you regularly send us, onl we
cannot suggest any other means of directing
tourist traffic to Honolulu."
All of which indicates that Thos.
Cook & Son aro doing their part toward
helping the promotion committee in
its work of attracting tourist travel.
ADVERTISE FOB. BHS.
Superintendent Campbell of the de
partment of public works yesterday
completed tho advertisements for the
bids for tho construction of tho Ililo
wharf at Becd's Bay. There are two
alternates, ono a wharf with concrete
piling, concreto caps and wooden sun
crstructuro and the other with wooden
piling. Both plans aro along the samo
general plans. The bias will bo opon
ed on May 20.
HIGH OFFICIALS AT
FUNERAL OF GRANT
NEW YORK, April 20, President
Taft, Ylco President Shorman and General
Wood and other distinguished civil,
military and ofllcial representatives urn
prominent figuri's at tho funeral services
of tbo late Ooneral Grant.
BBVEIUDOB FOB TBDDV,
BAN FIJANOI8CO, April 80. It was
announced at the loeul Roosevelt kMd
quarter that former Senator Jleverldga
will reach hero Friday to htfgln tn
active fttinpaltfu for llooievelt throughout
MILES CUIIEO IN U TO M DAYS.
.i0 UINTMBNT l rwrntee4
'Uiii wiy PMH of Jteliliij. Nllml,
nWliMjf nt l'roini!llri 'Ho in o to
I rufunilet) - MB,9 ,y
' "ft Ul'llfCINK .0 . Halnl Luul
HAWAIIAN GAZETTE, TUESDAY, APRIL 30, 1012 SEMI WEEKLY.
ARRIVAL OF THE CARPATHIA HEIRESS TIES UP CAVALRY F E
LINE IS UNFAIR IN NEW YORK HARBOR iiEracE NOT TO BE CUT
Graphic Pen Picture of the Hours of Anguish
When All the Worst Fears of Many
By Patrick Gallagher in San Francisco
NEW YORK, April 18. Clothed in
a whlto mist of fog, dronched by a
drizzling rain, tho Carpathia, grief ship
and floating hospital, stole like a black
snake into port tonight to land its suffering
hundreds all that Is left of thoso
who sailed on tho first voyago of the
Tho hull lay low down in the wator
weighted by tho saddest freight that
over ship carried; its speed was the
funeral noto off seven knots, just half
of its steaming capacity; its onsign
trailed at half pole, wet with tho tears
of elementary naturo for nature's grim
conquest of marine man.
Almost overy stateroom was a sick
bay. Tho call of tho sick rnd suffering
had broken down oven tho heroic nerves
of the ship's surgeons. They wero dizzy
land faint from doing, striving with all
thoir might to keep nlivo tho living
which tho death doomed Titanic 's lifeboats
committed to their care.
Manfully they defied naturo, fighting
off the weariness of braiu and huuJ
and foot. They, stayed by their posts,
going from stateroom to stateroom, from
cabin to cabin, from berth to berth, administering
to rich and poor alike, without
thought of preferenco or recompense.
As far as thoy could, tho mon and
women who Bailed from Now York on
tho Carpath'ia offered willing nad cheerful
holp, turning themselves into nursos
at a moment's notico, giving up suite
'and berth without a thought of their
Demands Too Great.
Great and vital has bcon their aid;
yot, for all that, sorrow and sickness
have bxceeded tho desiro and tho power
Many of tho moro dolicato women
wcro piercing the dock with their
screams when not kept under tbo influence,
of thought-stilling opiates, and
tho doctors wero dealing out thoir
stores of medicines daring tho sorrowful
voyago In fear that more urgent
need for their use might disclose itself
before tho last sufferer was placed within
the ambulances lined up at tho
Cunard pier. Tho sceno on every deck
was awo inspiring, fearful.
Suffering of Girls.
Somo of tho younger women aro the
most difficult to compose. And this is
particularly truo of thoso who were
taken off in tho first boats which wero
lowered from tho Titanic 's davits
girls who hitherto had known Bor-
tow but from hearsay; who wero rear'
ed in tho lap of luxury, waited on
and petted; thoir least thought a mandate
a poor preparation for thoir harrowing
experience in tho boats, many
of them fresh from their beds and in
their night clothes, with but a thin
wrappcT or raincoat between shivering
hmlu atiH hiiinn trlnl
(Jlothing was cheerfully otTorca them
when they wero raised over tho rails
of tho Carpathia, but in most cases tho
oners were unnecessary, xrey wero
unfit to leavo tho cabins generously
bestowed upon them by the Cunardcr's
first-class passengers. Wrapped around
with blankets, tonded to by tho doctors
and tho volunteer nurses, thoy havo
passed from ono delirium into another.
And, sad to tell, somo of them do not
yet know the worst.
Facts of Disaster Withheld.
To many, both conscious and unconscious'
aboard tho Carpathia, even tho
limited facts which wcro sent to land
by wireless wero unknown. Until tho
arrival of the rescue ship hero some
did not know that tho Titanic is lying
at tbo bottom of tbo Atlantic a hopeless
wreck, and that thoso who remained
aboard have been lost. And
the doctors and ship's officers dared
not tell them.
Many of them will remain in ignorance
of their losses, tho deaths of their
nearest and dearest to them, until they
havo been nursod back to health nnd
strength, and can boar tho blow they
must Buffer perhaps weeks or months
Tho life and tho1 ultimata sanity of
more than ono is in grave jeopardy.
Thoso who have held their nervo
through the fearful oxperionco suffered
a terrible shock when they learned
what was known ashore. And this
shock was re-echoed by tbo shattered
hopos of tho hundreds who bad eountod
tho hours and minutes hero in New
York, hoping against hope tbat their
ulster, wife, daughter or cousin, or dear
friend, was among tho number of those
roscuod and yet unnamed.
Tho suffering of those thus far saved
is in many cuton physical as well as
mental, Tho hours of exposure to the
ice chilled elements while in the boats
have been succeeded by pangs of fover
and tho pain of pneumonia. It Is
doubted whether it will not be fatal
to remove some among these patient
from thoir wurm beds In the Improvised
Front blttuu, bruised and marked by
wound uuituliied whllo hurrying from
their berths in the wreckuge strewn
corridors and compiinlonwayi 0f tjl8
TlUnlo, both men and woman will, If
they live, bear for many days to coma
legacies of their hour of (mule ami
dread, Havural nro reported malm(
A ilUtreMing iioIh of iiixsuliar jiatboi
coimci from among Urn implnM wuiii
vf from ilia TiUnlti'f At
la uiunlly the cmu of every Uvft fail
log liuiit !uroj In Mvtv Y"ik, tiir
wet wlttfia Jwh famll flliu "I'M
all their possessions from tho rulo of
blood in the ghettos of Bussia to the
realm of peace in tho now "land of
Widows and Orphjuu.
Tho husbands of several of tho
women In this little band of persecuted
wanderers went down with the lost
liner. Until they arrived in Now York
they did not know that thoy wero
widowed nnd then thoy reeeivod that
black news sentenco of widowhood for
life. According to the strict rules of
their ancient faith thoy never oan
marry unless the bodies of their drowned
husbands aro recovered.
And, turning from theso adults to tho
children, what a soul piercing picturo
theso littlo ones present.
Most or thorn aro tearful and wan
faced, ropulsinc food and friondlv
cheer. But sovoral of them aro dry of
oyo, yet more crlef strickon than tho
others. It is awful to look upon thoir
little pinched faces, sot in a pitiful
staro of unconsulablo sorrow. The shock
they havo passed through has dazod
them deadened ovory emotion save
that of hopeless woo.
Stunnod by Calamity.
On tho threshold of lifo nnd tho land
toward which their young hearts had
been turned so joyously while hearing
tho hopes pictured by their paronts,
thoy havo been struck down by a calamity
which has aged them in a singlo
night. Theirs is tho mast thrilling
noto in tho Carpathia 's mournful dirgo
of many griefs for tho lost Titanic.
Tho Carpnthin put out from Now
York with a numerous passonger list
of pleasure scokors going to tho placid
waters of southern Europo to pass tho
plonsant months of spring nnd early
summer. Many of tho women in tho
first and second cabins hnd trunkfuls of
light, lacy gowns nnd lingerie.
Gavo Up Clothing.
When tho lifeboats enme nrongsido
with tho women and children snatchod
from tho jaws of death, thoy rushed to
their staterooms, plucked their finery
from tho lockers, had their trunks
opened and turned over their most
cheriehed garments to tho distressed
people, in many cases ripping up tho
finest clothes to sow and fit littlo gar
ments lor children.
All through tho voyago from tho vicinity
Of tho wreck to tho Hudson thoy
woro busy doing something to manifest
their sisterhood with tho sorrowing.
And grateful wero those among tho latter
whoso minds woro not wandering
on tho wings of woo.
Laboring until human enduranco
could stand no more, the two wireless
operators, ono aftor tho othor, collapsed
at thoir keys.
So came tho Carpathia from Cape
Baco to Now York, tho saddest ship
that ever sailed tho seas. Ab it crept
slowly up to its berth through the polo
pall of tho fleeting fog, tbo waves sobbing
along its sides from forefoot to
stcrnpost, a resonant requiem, hopo still
flying at tho main, though despair and
death lay cabined below, ono could not
but contrast this funereal actual ending
with tho joyous welcome to port
which had bcon prepared for the then
towering Titanic wbon it sailed from
Southampton but little moro than a
brief week ago.
"Man proposes; God disposes. Tho
Lord giveth tho Lord hath taken
AT LEAST, IT IS SAID LINK IS
PABTIAL TO THE PLAN
IXEN FOB. SHERIFF.
I If somo ono don't stop spreading
' these political rumors somo one is going
to got hurt, particlarly if they
spring anything liko this last one which
says that John Efllnger is going to be
the Link McCandless nominee for mayor
. of the biggest city in tho world, to wit,
Honolulu and that "Our Joe" Fern is
golntr to run for sheriff. Thero is a
loud silenco about tho Domocratic incumbent
of tbo sheriff's office, William
l Jarrett, and if Link will not stand
for tbat rumor, then the discharged po
licemen who gather round his banner
havo got to, for it comes out of tbo
Whllo McCandless himself is said to
havo emuluted tho happy littlo oyster
. when the matter wns put up to him
'straight and even boeu so cautious as
to say ho knew nothing about it, tbo
John Efllnger rumor has made qulto a
hit with tho political
They auv that Kfllnger's jump from tho
ranks of tho McCurtbyltei to the
crowd wns due to the promise of
i.inx mat no wouii give mm tnu
At that time, Mayor Joe Vem was almost
n MuCarthvlte and It was n lead-pipe
cinch that hi nucmtury was, If bu
waiu't. Ko It looks hi If Link Intend
ed to chuck him logetlmr with Hlierllf
Jarratt. Tim rurt tnat urn rumor
ertlll J'orii with tho ihuriffshlp only
iimkim II looli bettur, for when Jon
into the Md'andlcr vamp,
tlm lire nil Md'unillin IihiIum and
uriRuluu with all ut his uruiiiluiutlisr'a
until, Mitk mum Iiuvk hud hut I In
to ul bliu III on the dull hih smiMn't
iiireir v.!ui iiuvh m tus may'"
iiruiiuiti Mm hu ii e lliu ahwlif ium
In Id our mayor
WwwMii'I it j.r )uul
MISS PARKER SIGNS TRUST DEED
APPOINTING A. W. OABTBB
fFrom Saturday ' Advertiser.)
The truH deed by which Miss Annlo
T. K, Tarkor turns over hor property
to bo administered by Alfred W. Carter
was filed yesterday with tho registrar
of conveyances. Carter has boen
hor guardian for somo years and has
vory successfully managed tho big property.
The deed has been planned for
somo time, ns already stated In The
AdvertUor, having been In preparation
b'oforo the announcement of the
of tho young holross. On hor becoming
of ago, Cartor's duties as guard-inn
expired, but his management had
bcon so satisfactory that arrangements
wore at onco mndo to havo him con
tinue in chnrgo under a trust deoJ,
which fully protects Miss Pnrkcr and
her mother ns to income.
Tho trust deed gives Carter full pow-or
in tho management of tho estate,
and is irrevocable. Miss Parker is to
bo allowed an incomo of $2,000 per
month, until tho prcJcnt indebtedness
of tho property Is paid oil, nnd ber
mother, Mrs. Elizabeth J. Knight, is to
have $1,000 per month Incomo.
Tho trustee is also given $5000 per
year to spend as ho sees fit for
and caro of aged, disabled or
indigent employes of tho ranch or
After tho Indebtedness of tho ostato
Is paid off, 75 por cent of tbo not income
is to bo paid ub follows:
Two-thirds of it, or CO por cent of
tho whole not incomo, to Miss Parke?
and or 25 per cent of tho
to MrB. Knight. Provided that
MiBs Parker's incomo shall not at this
timo bo less than $3000, and her
mother's less than $1500 por month;
any deficiency as to these incomes to
bo in ado up from tho remaining 25 po;
cent of tho net oaruings,
Tho 25 per cent of the earnings, not
definitely provided for, Is to bo used
by tho trusteo for educational,
or public wolfaro purposes, or for
tbo purchase of real ostato or other
The trusteo receives compensation in
foes and commissions provided for by
law in administration of estates, nnd
ho Is required to givo bond in sum of
Ho is to mako Miss Parker a quarterly
report, but is not roquircd to filo
any account with any court "it
tho wish and agreement of tho par-tics
hereto that iccourso shall not bo
had to any court . . . unless ab
Verdict for Plaintiff.
A verdict for tbo plaintiff, 'for the
full sum asked was rendered yesterday
in Judgo Cooper's court in tho enso of
tho HonTy WntorhouSo Trust Company
vs. J. D. Paris. Tho suit grow out of
the old case of W. W. Bierco nnd Company
vs. O. J. Hutchins, and wns for
$3,070.11, being tho defendant's shares,
aa alleged, of tho judgment of $30,002.-08,
obtnined in that caso. The jurors
were out about an hour. The Jofenso
noted an appeal. Tho following wore
jurors; Win. Lishmnn, Arthur Coyne,
L. M. Undorwood, A. A. Itussoy,
Sam A. Green, A. F. Gortz, Win. P.
Thomas, B. H. Zablan, Thos. L. Mc
Quire, Win. H. Smitu, Sam P. Nott, 6'.
K. Hao, Jr.
Robert A. McWayno hns filed in tho
circuit court a roplovln Buit against
Sheriff Jarrett to recover a fifty-horse
power Pony Tonnoau Kissel Kar, or its
value, ?ioou. no niso asks damages in
tho sum of $600 for what ho clnmls 1b
its illegal rctontion by tho shorlff.
J. II. aclinack has brought an action
in tho circuit court ngaiuit Elizabeth
K. Booth, individually nnd as guardian
of tho estate of Loa E. and MaTJorio
M. Booth, for partition of property
located on Gulick avonuo, which ho
claims is owned half by him and half
by tbo defendants to the suit.
David K. Kahea has been appointed
administrator of tho cstato of Mallo
Judge Whitney has approved tbo
final accounts of A. D, Castro, 'administrator
of tho estato'of August P. 0.
Correa. Tho final accounts of Margaret
P. B. Oat, widow of J. M. Oat,
and executrix of his estate, wero also
Threo moro divorce Bults, tho charges
being drunkenness and dosertiou, wero
SPENT ON SEWERS
In a report prcpnrod yestorduy, Superintendent
Cumpbull uf the department
of public works declared tbo totnl
amount of monoy spent on tbo Honolulu
sowers und water works sinco November
1 to bo $248,024.00,
This sum Includes tho contract price
of all work now under way or on contracts
that havo already been let as
well aa the mony spent on work that
hns been completed,
HuoriiiUiiilunt Cambiil is
over tin work that la now being
performed, vstimatiiig tbo Walijopllo
ewer syaUm, among olhur (blags, to
be completed wUhlii live months. Thlt
system intends ovur Ihrtxt mlli'n. Tim
ItlehuriU itruut wharf alied l alio at
most cumpletwl ami muoh nf tlm work
tiirM y Mr iJampheil wider apuriijiri
attorn by tlm last leuMBluro t ,t,
ri)iiiiUlni before tin rMllrni from h
ilniarlmnl on Jnuw I
W II iiubbltt ruturutid mm a i rt
In Kiiii.ii yuMnU) ii ii itit lOiiUu Hu
iienuuitiiMHd Jiiuiuii llvUi'iil nu $ luur
f ih pUuiatiuiii
HAWAH TIQUBES IN BOTH' SIDES
OP DISCUSSION IN DEBATE
IN THE SENATE.
WASHINGTON, April 11. Bonate
Democrats today turned on tho army
reorganization provisions inserted by
tho Domocratic houso Into tho army
appropriation bill and assisted tho Republicans
in striking from tbo measure
the clauso reducing tho cavalry force
from fifteen regiments to ten.
This waa tho first of tho houso legislative
provisions reached, and it is con.
sldorcd llkoly now that all of thorn will
Aftor dobato that lasted all day tho
committeo amendmont striking out the
houso provision was ndopted by a voto
of to six. Sovontccn Demo.
crnts voted against tho house plan and
only fivo voted for It. Thoy woro Senators
Clarke, of Arkansas; Goto, of
Oklahoma; Ovorman, of North Carolina;
Swauson, of Virginia, and Williams,
of Mississippi. Tho one Republican
to voto with thom wns Senator
Gronna, of North Dakota.
In tho dobato, Williams, formerly
leader of his party in tho houso, trlod
to got his colleagues to support the
houso provision. He declared that tho
only branch of tho army that should
now bo lnrgor than it was boforo tho
Spanish War is tho coast artillery.
Tho Philippines and Hawaii, ho said,
had not been considered in an argument
for 'a larger army, as our first
move In enso of wnr would bo to abandon
thorn, trusting to their rccovovry
later wlion wo negotiated for peace
Senators Warren nnd Uriggs Topliod
to him on tho Republican side, and Senator
Murtine, of Now Jersey, answered
for tho Democrats. Mnrtine said that
only tho throo senators who had voted
ngainst tho arbitration treaties had a
right to voto now for a lnrgor army,
but ns ho was ono of tho throo ho would
voto to retain tho fivo TCglmonts of
cavalry. Tho millcnlum of pcacco, bo
said, bad not yet come, find bo road
from a statement showing that Groat
Britain now has ten dreadnoughts, four
armored cruisers nnd somo smnllor craft
ready to launch.
Du Pout's Explanation.
In n memorandum submitted by Senator
du Pont ho says of tho son.ito
changes in tho Army bill:
"Tho proviso which reduced tho number
of cavalry rogimontB from fiftoen
to ten has bcon omitted for several
"First, It was InBertod without consultation
with tho military authorities
and is strongly opposed by them as
groatly wcakoning tho regular army,
or first lino of dofonso, which should
bo strong in cavalry for tho reason
that if volunteers be called out
of cavalry cannot bo organized,
instructed and mndo efficiont nearly na
quickly as can regiment of infantry.
"Second. Tho number of cnvalry
regiments is not moro than is needed
under present conditions.
"While, ub compared with tho
of existing infantry regiments, tbo
number of cavalry regiments is rather
moro than is considered theoretically
nccossary for a well balanced force,
tho conditions in our Army differ from
continental Europo, whenco wo get our
ideas of a well balanced force. The
numbor of cavalry Tegimonts for tbo
regular Army wob flxod by law in 1801.
aftor caroful nnd mnturo deliberation.
It is to bo remembered that tho regular
Army is our first lino of dofonso, and
that after it comes the militia, which
has not a suffcient forco of cavalry to
bnlanco tho militia regiments of infantry.
There are vory few militia organizations
of cavalry, nnd tho fow tbat
exist usually hire horses wbon neoded.
"Tho servico that out cavalry is
actually performing on our southwestern
boundnry cannot bo performed efficiently
by foot troops, nnd in this
connection it may bo stated that oven
with our present fiftoen regimonts of
cavalry it has boen found necessary to
augment out mounted troops in that
region by a forco of Texas rangers.
"It is submitted that when, in addition
to tho previous duties of the
regular Army, at least 15,000 m'on are
nolthor the proper nor tho appropriate
moment for tho reduction of tho military
"Third. Tho resulting economics
will not componsata tho country foT
the diminution in the efficiency of our
first lino of dofonso."
required for the defense of the Canal
Zono and at Pearl HarboT, Oahu, it is
COL HAYNES ONCE
Ira A, Haynos, Coast Artillery
Corps, promoted colonel from
April 1, 1012, vieo Brooks, rutirod, was
born In Kentucky September 10, 1850,
nnd la n graduate of tho U.S.M.A.,
clans of 1883, when ho was promoted
In tho Army second lieutenant, Third
Artillery, Prom his lint service and
to December, 1800, Colonel lluynoa wns
dm duty at various post In the southern
Atlantic Cunit stutM, and then
went to Honolulu for luty, lie served
Most at l'ort Mouroo Mini lort Sill ami
In the J'hlllpiiines, and liU last post
of duty was at Port MHiy, California,
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