Newspaper Page Text
ODSaU0E O, MATHE80N
HAWAIIAN GAZETTE, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1912. SEH WEEKLY.
JEnterci at the Postoffice of Honolulu, H. T., Second-Class matter.
Semi-Weekly Issued Tuesdays and Fridays.
Ir Montk n .25Pcr Month. Foreign $ .38
PnYf,, ,. 3.00 Per Year, Foreign $4.00
Payable Invariably in Advance.
CHARLES S. CRANE, 'Manager.
SUICIDE AS AN ATONEMENT.
Startled ns tlio entire Christian world wns by the dramatic suicide of
Joncral Count Nogi, conqueror of Tort Arthur, and his devoted wife, who
followed him to the crave the day of the Into Emperor's funeral, tho nbaorbing
question in this connection, ever since tho news was flashed nbroad, lias been
"Whyt" Why did tills national hero, who had won for himself a peerage,
nd the highest position a general In tho army of his country could attain,
besides tho favor of his ruler and the government, dio by his own hand! The
files of the .Tapancso papers, just received, answer the question from the standpoint
In Christian countries it is only such passions ns despair, sorrow or fear
which drives a man to it is hard to understand how a man
tonld determine to commit suicido through motives of patriotism. It has been
generally accepted that General Nogi killed lilmK from sorrow at tho death
of tho Emperor, Hut really this was only a t.imil incentive, according to the
latest information from tho little circlo of high odlcinls of tho .Tnpancso court
and few intimate friends of tho hero of Port Arthur.
According to the best authorities conjoined there were four reasons which
helped General Nogi to mnke up his mind to die at tho time ho did.
Count Okuma, ono of tho highest officials in tho Empire, is said to bo the
authority for tho first reason, lie attributes the general's death to the fact
that during tho great Saigo robellion, thirty-five jenrs ngo, General Nogi's
xegiment lost its colors In battle, and although they wore Inter recovered in
another engagement, the disgrace rankled in Kogi's heart all bis life, for he
felt it a great dishonor. Ho would have committed suicide nt that time, except
that ho considered his life belonged to his country, yet he always felt as though
ho should atone for this early fault. General Nogi, in lotters written jutt
fccforo death, mentions this ns justification for death.
Secondly, General Nogi deeply regretted the fearful loss of life nt tho
battle of 203 .Meter Hill, during tho seige of Port Arthur, in which ho nlso lost
.both his sons. Although this loss was inevitable under tho circumstances ho
iclt that tho blnmo wns bis, and do always regretted that, with his sons, ho
was not also killed. Ho marched in tho front rank.
In this connection an exceedingly interesting story is now told by n high
court official who wns present at tho interview between General Nogi and tho
Emperor, when tho former returned to Japan after the bnttlo to make his
In concluding his report General Nogi is stated to have said to tho
that ho felt that the i,acrlfico of so ninny lies at the scigo was his fault
and that only his death could tono for this fact. Then Nogi turned away
to leavo tho palace, tho Emperor hnving said little to relieve tho sorrow of
lint at tho last moment Nogi was colled bnck by command of tho Emperor,
-who told him that ho could Veil appreciate tho feeling he had, but added that
death was easy and ho must servo his country to the end of his natural life.
Continuing, tho Emperor told General Nogi that if ho felt ho could not bo
relieved of his sorrow excopt by his death to choose tho time to dio after his
(the Emperor's) death.
This, apparently, General Nogi did, enrrying out his resolution on tho
day of tho funeral. i
Hut thero' is a third reason given. It is stnted that General Nogi believed
that by his death under the circumstances ho could nccomplish moro than by
living out his old age; also ho felt that a spirit of loyalty to tho Emperor and
to advauco tho strict discipline of tho samurai class, which ho considered on
tho wane, demanded his sacrifice. Ho also thought that by his death ho could
rehuko certaia high government officials who because of their positions nnd
the favor of tho Emperor had enriched themselves nnd were using their positions
for selfish purp&ses. Ho hoped by his dentin to Testoro a feeling of loyalty
to the Emperor mid to tho country.
It Was also this feeling of loyalty to tho country which caused him to
refuse to adopt a son to inherit his titles and honors, holding that as ho had
won them by his personal services nnd efforts they should not be enjoyed by
ono who did not deserve them by any scrvico of his own to the country. He
did not approve tho inheritance of n peerage by a man whoso only titlo to
it was his birth, not personal scrvico to his country.
A fourth reason why General Nogi committed suicido is that at tho seigo
of Port Arthur ho lost all of his sons nnd heirs, following which his only
desire was to serve tho Emperor to tho labt, to whom ho wns personally attached.
Thcreforo upoa tho latter 'a death he felt that thero was only ono
thing to do nnd that wns to follow his master nnd to continue to servo him
as his retainer throughout eternity in Spirit land.
"Ilequicscat in pace." i - .,...,
7pV " -"" ' '"
WILL THEY PRACTISE WHAT THEY PREACH?
At tho recent civic convention in Hilo, tho representatives of the Honolulu
commercial bodies, tho chamber of commerce and merchants' association, voted
unanimously for n resolution pledging tho delegates and tho bodies they represented
to henceforth support candidates for electivo olUVo on their record for
efficiency and not on political lines. Tho resolution was a sano ono, backed
by sano arguments nnd following tho reading of a number of
papers on municipal problems in Hawaii, The men who voted for it voted as
the should, but
"Is it going to mean anything! Aro those who voted for tho resolution
going to rest satisfied with having voted, or aro they going to put into
they preached nt Hilot
Ts that resolution to bo taken as a part of tho general run of "hot air,"
of which Hawaii has had so much, or is it to bo converted into something
practical nnd real. At tho time the voto was taken, tho various pnrticB in Oahu
bad placed their candidates in tho field and tho voters at tho convention knew
who were in tho running. Now, is thero any ono of tho dozen or so Honolulans
who shouted for efficiency ahead of party in Hilo willing to publicly stand
by bis voto and help in tho general good by stating which of the candidates
now in tho field should bo supported because of their efficiency nnd which
should be cut because of incfllcioncyt
Tho Advertiser would like to hear from nny ono of them in tho matter.
Either their voto at Hilo meant something or it meant nothing. If tho former,
now is the timo to let their action back up their talk,
SMITHIES FOR TREASURER.
No good reason exists why Qcorgo Smithies, the Republican nominee for
tho city trcasurcrskip, should not poll tho full Iteptiblicuu voto in both fourth
and fifth districts, which voto will elect him. Mr, Smithies has n clean record,
is a business man mid has thcqunlillcntious necessary for tho position tu which
ho aspires. Thero Is nothing particular to urgo agnlnsf bis Democratic
nent, l .1. Mclartliy, except that ho will play politics with nny job entrusted!
to him, mid not always fair politics. It will bo remembered that, not so very
Jong ngo, McCarthy, while chairman uf tho Democratic territorial committee,
utood in with the liquor interests represented in tho Itepublicnii committee to
put up u job on on n of tho Itopublicun committeemen, Mr, Smithies, on tho
other hand, could bu depended upon to Van his office ua treasurer mid not an an
Tho buelnots men of this community have urged upon tlio Hawaiian
majority tho uot'tity of nominating qualified llavvuiiuti for olllco If tlio members
of that raeu wWh to eeuro lioolo nupport. In noiiiliiiithig Georgo Smithies
tin Hawaiian liavn uliovui that (hoy are willing to put forward for tho troll-
urmlilp one of tholr butt moil mid It I now up to tlio htmlum of
Urn community to iiMke vod '' tlnalr part. Them nro n number of Hawaiian
vu the lUpubllruu tlrlitl, who, from two ottiiiilpoliil of ifileltmsy, do not ilwmrvo
ruppnrt Tbt U nil the more ruswiiJ, therefor, why tho fourth ilUtrht should
pile up big mlutHf fur Mr. fcuiUilui, tu 4muia. train thai tilllduusy ami not
tulor u to be tU diruiiuiug femur ut tU Iwllwt Uu.
m ! i mmmmmuKmf n w wniiiiniini n uw,
9ri AHO I'AHKHW, rLOI'PJlUH,
Hi. l H'lyd wh utMHbw at tlm $mmUi$ rpajU t tiw lulwr iwiae
r!iiuUu on im&ut I fvr 11 tuitM. u a Mlw, MfertUic ud km
IwriiuK Um rnmhrnt ul tu iui iw i MnlUaiM far Amjk is i)m
present campaign. Mr. Boyd signcdlhe report ns one of tho majority members.
When tho report camo boforo tho convention, Captain Parker was ono
of those who voted for its adoption. Both men pledged themselves in this
way to support certain Democratic and Homo Itulo candidate if tho union so J-
Jccidcd, forgetting tho solemn, pledge each had taken a few days ngo to support
tyio Republican ticket, up6n which thoy aro candidates. After a vigorous
fight, the majority of tho union, delegates resolved to endorse no one, nnd when
this voto was taken, Mr. Boyd voted with the majdrity. Ho know, however,
that thoso who hnd presented tha'committco report -had become in tho minority
long before ho himself departed from that side. It Is ridiculous for either
Mr. Boyd or Captain Parker to announce now that they opposed what they wero
openly nnd desperately lighting for. Tho latter particularly wanted the union
endorsement against Jnrrctt and it was over this very endorsement that tho
big fight came.
A CONDITION WE FACE.
Believing that it is necessary to arouse the mnnhood of this community
with tho knowledge of the condition that exists, The Advertiser, on another
page of this Issue, 'gives the particulars of the most recent case of rapo that
has been brought to tho attention of the police. Tho details are not "nice"
and it may be that there will be thoso ready to censuro this paper for the
publicntion of the story, but it is essential that tho people of this city should
know that from one end of Honolulu to tho other oro like conditions, so horrible
that if they existed for twenty-four hours in the majority of mainland cities
tho telephone poles would bo decorated with strangled bodies or vacant lots
would witness tho writhings of tho victims of lynch law burning nt the stake.
Scarcely a week goes by in Honolulu that some report of rnvngo of little
girls does not come forth, either to the police, to the doctors or to those whoso
work carries them into the city slums. In the majority of cases the victims
arc littlo Hawniians girls, from eight to fourteen years old, and, likewise in
the majority of cases, the ravishcrs are' Chinamen. Hut the crimes against
littlo girls is by no means confined to Hawaiian victims. The ravishcrs knows
no color line. Within the past year there has conio to tho personal knowledge
of the writer cases in which white girls have been tho victims. The I'nlama
Settlement nurses enn tell of scores of cases.
If tomething bo not done to strike terror into tho hearts of thoso who,
today, stand eager to rob little children of their virtue, this city will soma
lay witness n lynching mob at work. Today, no littlo girl is safe. This is
i strong statement, but we make it advisedly. What aro wo going to dot
To tolerate further conditions such ns have been revealed -within the past few
months will lo to write Honolulu down ns a place where innocenco nnd virtuo
aro without value)
Tho AdvorWer'bdllovcs that the coining legislature should amend the
"tatuti" and provimj a llo'nyjp, punishment without alternative for rape the whipping
pott castration nftcrwards.
i'i ,'il'ii "
HONOLULU'S INTEREST IN THE MANEUVERS.
Because to many Honolulans may believe that tho coming army maneuvers
on Oahu willy constitute nothing more than n for the soldiers
of this department, and that nothing of real consequence to the citizens-at-largo
of Honolulu, will actually occur, n word of explanation may not bo nmiss.
Contrary to being n "tho maneuver season will bo a timo of
harder woik than occurs to a soldier except during actual war, Tho only
"play" that occurs is becauso blank cartridges aro used instend of ball, and
cavalry charges stop just beforo collision instead of in collision. From the
moment the maneuvers start, until the end of the stated period, the entire
Island of Oahu, us far ns tho troops nro concerned, will bo in a state of nctual
war. Not pretty, "boys '-brigade" W(ir, but hard-and-fast, grim, destructive
war, with nil the inconveniences, troubles, doubts, uncertainties and disturbances
of actual hostilities. The only omission from tho real things will bo tho lists
of wounded nnd dead and it is not unreasonable to believe that thero may
be somo wounded, nt that. - t
If the residents of this city should awaken some morning nnd hear that
an enemy bad landed, or attempted to' land, an armed force of great numbers
on somo isolated portion of tho Oahuan coast; that more men wero being landed
to swell tho numbers, and that an arjncd descent wns to bo made on Pearl
Harbor or Honolulu it can bo imagined with what confusion tho nows would
bo received. And it would bo impossible to pack up n few things quickly, and
take a limited train to some point out of ,the danger zone Honolulu would
have to grin and boar it, making wka defense she could.
The coming maneuvers will bo oriifiomcthing of this order. Problems will
include such things as:' protecting inhabitants who are non-combatants, protecting
tho transportation of food- and f other 'necessities, taking care of ihose
assumed to be wounded or killed, assuntfng charge of public buildings supposed
to be in danger of capture by tho enemy, defouding exposed portions of the
city nnd, particularly, preventing tho ecizuro of Pearl Harbor in fact the
island will bo treated in every respect ns if it were beseiged by a strong enemy
nnd that a force has .fought its way ashore. Every expedient used by homo
forces to protect pcoplo and dwellings will be used by ono of tho armies: every
oxpedient to eventually occupy tho city of Honolulu by an aggressive enemy,
except tho actual occupation itself, will bo used by the other nrmy tho umpires'
decisions taking tho placo of rent killings and real destruction.
Therefore Honolulu has as vital' an interest in tho coming maneuvers as
the men have to show Honolulu how, eliminating only tho actual destruction of
llfo nnd property, war would bo carried on hero if troublo over broke out with
an aggressive enemy.
There nre two things in this island worth whilo to an enemy and necessary
to the United States. These aro: Pearl Harbor and Honolulu harbor. The
former is much tho moro important. For a war upon tho Pacific, tho United)
States needs Pearl Hnrbor as a bnso for a fleet, to bo used cither to protect
tho Pnclfic flank of tho mainland or to beeomo an oggrcssivo aim of tho cam.
pnign. An enemy would require Pearl Hnrbor fts a repair and coaling station
for what ships it might wish to scud against tho Pacific Coast nnd would have
to hnvo the pavnl stntion in its bands in order to onsuro nn open lino of retreat
should tho fortune of war go against it in its attack. All tho defenses of Oahu
havo for their object the guarding of Pearl Harbor an,d of the harbor of Honolulu.
Thus, tlio coming maneuvers nro to demonstrate tho strength of the defenses
of theso two points "against an enemy who has landed in, force Tho
coming of so ninny important Army .officials to "umpire" tho maneuvers and
to act as observers show with what Importance tho maneuvers are regarded
by tho war department. All in all, tho coming "war" season should provo
of vitnl Importance to everyone in Hawaii and to Honolulans most particularly.
FIFTH DISTRICT LUAU
A REPUBLICAN FEAST
Achi Makes Threats Along the
Color Line Parker Is
Republicanism took n big boom Inst
night, ns the result of n lunu given by
the eleventh precinct of tlio fifth district
at the home of Cnpt. Robert Parker,
At this feast the Itepublicnii
for electivo ollleo und tho dole-
gates to the Inst convention from tho
fifth district met and partook of tho
good things tu eat us well us Kline
sound, progressive talk on thing Ho
('hurley Aehl, in belmlf of the eleventh
product, thanked ull present for
t licit help in nmhliig Hie lunu a sue
i'iWiiI iilfulr and linked tho fifth ilU
trlet ilclegiiten in work for the tringlit
ticket In nidi mid pvury precinct. Aehi
huh Himimi in hiww wiwi tiie linolo
Nule iu I lie IihuIk precinct of 1 lit
-. - ..... m w.m v. ...--fig (Mi
ill) Iwd bMi luttl that Kullr uouid
bf kmad Iu ltuM itfufliifU, ud if ihU
aw tu, he iiUu4a Ui l uut huiI
to see this dono. and advised tlio fourth
district to consider carefully tho fact
that the Hawaiian Republicans wero
MODERN WAY OF
Professor Home .Explains and
. Compares Montesorri aho
At thc'Kilolinna Art Lcnguoidatt evening
Prof. Pcrley L. Hornc,'head of
tho Kainclmmeha Schools, delivered a
scholarly address upon o training of
children, dewlling particularly upon
the Montessori method. His address
vvng as follows:
Education is a social process, the enriching
the life of the individual pupils
by tho life of others. To accomplish
this, schools were established; to begin
the process as early ns possiblo in
the life of the child, tho kindergarten
was conceived to give tho child a wider
circle of interest and activity than tho
homo could furnish. And, as play activities
nnd interests predominate in
child lifo, these were utilized bv grouping
children for the social participation
in theso activities nnd interests.
Let mo quote, "Tho kindergarten
may bo defined ns a society of cuidrcn,
engaged in play and its various forms
of thiongh which tho
child comes to leain something of tho
values and methods of social life, without
ns yet being burdened by its
Doctor Montesorri 's view of childhood
differs littlo in somo respects from
Froebcl 's, except decidedjy moro
radical. Both claim the right of the
child to be active, "to oxploro his
and develop nis own inner
resources through every form of investigation
nnd creative effort. The
starting point in tho cxpeiicnccs, the
nttitii'des, tho interests of tho child"
To etVuento is to guide this activity, not
The Montossori method teaches the
child, tho individual, with littlo
to group work, each child doing
about as ho pleases bo' long" ns ho does
not do wrong or in vvny injure others.
Any grouping is Imgely freo nnd
unregulated. Tho Montesorri vstem
carries out the principle of
liberty. It develops the pupils' mental
capacities separately. The diieoc
and formal training of the senses is
sought. Much of tho apparatus used is
designed especially for tho purely physical
development of the children.
Much of tho time is spent in handling
things, largely according to individual
inclination and under individual
The kindergarten organizes tho experiences,
attitudes, interests and activities
of the child nnd develop within
the group many of the typical and universal
experiences of the wide social
life or better, perhaps, the ideal of social
lifo toward which we strive.
The imitative quality is strong in all
children, nnd this is utilized. Tfio
grouping of tho children is often formal
and preBCrlbe'd. Grbun'.teaehing Is
developed, leading tho children' to definite
activities. The imaginative nnd
crcativo faculties aro especially aoucht.
Tho Montesorri method lacks the rich
imaginative quality of the kindergar
Still a few of tho imaginative Bocial
plays are used by tho directors. But
on the whole the MontesoTri Bystem
seems to lock the stimulus and the opportunity
for tho "adequate exercise
of the imagination in constructive and
creative Stress is rath
er upon "forms of knowledge'' than
upon "forms of beauty nnd even of
life." ' Sense perception and. nomenclature
are emphasized. Tho "mechanism
of language" seems over-estimated.
I quoto from Doctor Hailmnnn:
"Naturally, tho child has a. deeper interest
in events nnd meanines. in the
sympathetic and logical Bido of speech
man jii ua meciianism nnu even in
It wants to live
it analyzes the tools of life."
Tho Group System.
Teaching the individual without the
croup system does not seem to havo
general fnvor in tho United States.H
Wo behove in tho great leveling influence
of the public school system, whore
children can be taught only in groups.
I havo not felt that tho aycrago American
child needed so much an added opportunity
to develop his individuality,
but rather a training lending him to respect
tho individuality of. others. "Little
.children should be seen und not
heard" is not the slogaa of family life
today in America,
Tim preliminary training of tho home
entitled to tlie same consiuornuon iniu. and of t,,0 Undergarten should be an
Uieir wiuto Droiiiren ex.pecteu nt i introduction to tho subsequent
hnnils ol the Hawaiian voters. I j )relvnrfttioii fnr : nt ,,
Charles G, Bartlett, David Notley and
Edwin II. Paris.
NFAY YORK, October 1. Thero will
bo no mistaking the identity of tho
battleships which will bo anchored in
tho Hudson Hlvcr during the general
mobilization of tho fleet October 12, for
Ostorlnuis Las approved
of a scheme, suggested by several member
of the Mayor's committee to re
colvo tho ilt't't, whereby cac.i wukcI will
havo n birgo canvas stretched between
her limsts nnd oil each sldo of which
will be iialutod hor imino, At night the
searchlight of the bnttlethips will be
directed ugiilutt tliete nigns po ns lo
make tiiein eiwlly readable from
Burmnnna takh kotioq,
Tlmru l no neeemdty of your nelii(
luMrlJ, ,1Uirl.l in.l , do 4
throat, which keuin you rtmuhliiK RU')
diturl jour ult'tfp mid rent. A iou
or two of Olmmiciaii' Cough Hour
ijjy Will Mil llio pliloiiiu ulirh ti
iuTiaa it tint trill ill) it I) Mil itlitH Hid
lrt ih lwlifu tJwfmu tu ju TiWuiry jiibj I'ur .sle y Jih.
Ntayito h tit kMt MiuiMttMi. Ahl jmiil, k &, M,,, Hmiu fur
--O, " 4 ." --, " v-
Among tho other speakers of tho eve- Q JV C( ,it Gv(J
iiingwcro Samuel Parker, George i Davis, 'ears of child,g life
John W. Cathcart, George F. Ronton, H. his career," is , not
mo the first seven
and I will shape
on idle boast
Iu some ways it seems to me that
tho Moiitefom training iu toto !b mi
f.ttiug the child for his subsequent
training. At the school ho is free, with
few if any social restraints. True, ho
lias somo duties to perform, some regu
lutlons to lollovv, certain lines of con
duct to avoid, certain others to pursue,
hut lieyond this ho Is a citizen of tlio
littlo republic in which ho lives. Ho
Is .rarely interfered with, Ho has his
own purpiiBes and can carry them out
us ho pleases.
This cannot hold truo of the child
iu his home. Thviro he Is a member of
n family nnd, rightly, a subordinate
member, whone interest und plans aro
very easily set uildo for the adult. Ilia
vciisltive nature may be shocked, but
tho child mut conform, whether he will
or lio, Family llfo anywhere practically
prohibit any such freedom a !
iijciciei'd by tho child In the Montesorri
m'liool. And thin I even morn true of
tlio nclioul In which tho child imut
Here n evrtnui amount of workMnutt
bo covered und a fixed nrliedulo imut
follow. We may riMuoiiiuilr nk. 'an
no in tlm time allowed give up tlieic
nifi'uimriU of tliae mnl clumuie nini
lioim to ( tlm ork ilonnf Of I" tb
fhlbj'ii fr&lpiii tlm imp InniortHiitf
Ami Iu rpjilyluK w mml rii''r tint
Am you fciiiMWiU Dm nmgi aup
life nf Urn el'llil.
j JUST THE TONIC
I FOR PALE GIRLS
' A GoorlColor Means Better Heahk
J n arm- n- i- i).-n
auu ut. tt imams rins ruu
Ollrls wlio study hard or work hard,
who grow pale and thin, who como
homo from Bchool or shop too tired to
do anything even in Co way of
these aro tlio girla who will get
most benefit from a course of treatment
with Dr. "Williams' rink rills for Palo
Peoi le. No medicino ever ofTcrcd tlio
public has been such a boon to suffering
women and girls as this tonic
remedy. These pills nro not a Jncro
Stimulant, giving temporary relief
up the body anew by making:
rich, red blood that imparts splendid
health, brightness, cheerfulness, energy
Dr. Williams' rink Pills begin their
work of improvement with tho first dose.
Tho first sign of improvement is usually
an increased appetite, the absence of
distressing symptoms after entitle, moro
refreshing Bleep, a belter color In faco
and lins. Theso nro signs that puro rich
Wool is now circulating through tho
body and that, with this necessary assistance,
nature is effecting a cure.
Mrs. Richard Ahrens, of Cole Block,
Braincrd, Minn., says "Owing to a
run-down condition of my blood. I suffered
for over two years with debility
and nervousness. My nervous system
was in a terrible state. I lost flesh and
suffered everything a woman could. I
had sovcro pains through tho top of my
head and across my temples. "When
theso spells came on mo I would havo
to give up nnd wns often confined to
bed for a day or po. After theso headaches
I -would feel weak for days. T
had no appetite whatever.
"Tho doctor did not help no much.
For a timo I would feel better under
his treatment nnd then would bo worse)
ngain. Through rending about Dr.
Williams' Pink Pills I was led to givo
them a trial. I soon felt bettor and
gained rapidly. I gained in flesh, had
a good color nnd could cat n henrty
me.il. I tako tho pills now onco in a.
whilo for a tonic and always receivo
benefit from them."
Two booklets, "Building Up tho
Blood' '.and 'Tlain Talks to Women,"
will bo sent freo upon request.
Dr. "Williams' Pink Pills aro Bold by
all druggists nt 60 cents per box; Bir
"boxes, J2.60, or by mail, postpaid, upon
receipt of price, by the Dr. Williams
Medicino Co., Schenectady, N. Y.
Knowledge of liberty.
, The answer seems obvious. Wo cannot
trust tho child to bis liberty. He-does
not know what real liberty is, and
what ho -thinks
might'bo liberty may-soon
become license. If h"0 is to be
guided, to benefit by tho result of experience,
a certain amount of restraint
and compulsion is necessary. All children
need discipline of somo kind, and.
no child would choose to accept it.
On tho other hand we could not advocate
a rule of inflexible.' severity. It
is not a of
question total liberty or no
liberty at all, but how to steer a safe-course
between theso extremes. And
the emphasis given by the Montesorri
system to freedom, liberty, will lead
to modification tof, kindergarten ways.-Many
other experiments will, bo tried
with success. Conditions aro not- the-same
hero as hold in Rome.
In Bame ways we cannot rightly compare
our system with Doctor
's. We have our littlo peoplo a.
few hours a day; she for tho full day.
Italian children are not liko American
children, and neither approach closely
to the Oriental. Again,- some children
need sense training more than' others.
Tho purely formal exercise fascinates.
Doctor Montesorri aims to make the
senses more ncu'to. Her apparatus satisfies
sense hunger and combines witlr
it a puzzlo interest always .appreciated
by the child. And this training is certainly
At Hnrvard, Professor James used to
deploro the lack of sonso training of
tho child. But this alono will not
A certain danger arises in
isolating the senses. For defectives,
stress mnst be lnid on sense training,,
but for tho normal child, whilo this-training
may result in accentuating tho
senses, it should be used in combina
tion with formal work.
Tho Montesorri system in somo as
pects exists in many American cities-
Her book teems with suggestions that
cannot help but be beneficial to tho
kindergartens, tho homo and public
instruction. Her work is a distinct con
tribution to the educational study of
CHICAGO SHRINE TEMPLE IS
FINEST IN THE WORLD
CHICAGO, October C Tho now
Tcmplo, at Cass and Ohio streets,
erected nt n cost of more than $750,QOO
nnd declared to be the largest and finest
Shrine headquarters in the world, ia
practically finishod and will bo formally
Tho new building will givo to tho
Chicago members of tho Ancient Arabic
Order of Nobles of tho Mystic Shrine
the most distinctive homo occupied by
nny of tho branches of tho organiza
tion throughout tho world. In keeping
with tho traditions of tho organ
ization, tho architectural schemo is
strictly Arabic, While not a copy of
any pattfctilnr Arable edifice, tho new
structura embodies all the lending fea
tures oi tnnt typo or architecture, Tho
ornamentation throughout is executed,
in Moorhli detail, comprising tho characteristic
tracery design nnd Involving
numerous brilliant color
The mnln central dome, viencd from
within The auditorium, will how a ro
iiiarkiible Arable color effect A tcoro
of nrtlut hnvo been rngngeil In tinting
the Interior turfnrV of tlm domo
after the fuulilon f rbururtenitio
A ruble fri'stof.
Tlinro nr tlx iimm onlrHiire (a tlio
tliilnc, t'lieli leading Into a inurbla ve
tlbllli' wlilb If flnliiliftl in elulioftttii
menu!. The Interior of tlio building
HiriiUMliiiUt I ilutit In innlioymiy ami
llicittVittlon for (lie lrlure wn boll
mi on Hfpteiaber f),lPll.
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